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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, March 06, 1866, Image 2

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Staunton ppcctator.
Tuesday, March G, 1806.
The List of Letters, remaining in the
Staunton Post Office at the end of each month,
is published, by authority, in the Spectator.
Zzsf Capt. Jos. M. Stevens is authorized to
make contracts and receipt for advertisements for
the "Spectator.'' . .
Mr. J. Frank Davis is autnorized to re
ceive subscriptions for the "Spectator."
To Business Jlen and Advertisers.
The "Spectator" furnishes one of the jvkst me
diums for advertisers in the- State. It is one, of
the oldest papers in the State, having been estab
lished near a century, and been published to.
▼ears under its present title, and, in consequence
of its locality and large list of substantial patrons,
has been justly recognizcd by business men as
the Best Medium, in the interior ot this btate,
for advertising. i
The President and the Radicals.
It is really amusing, says the Lynchburg News,
to Avitness the dismay and indecision ofthe Rad
icals produced by the recent acts of the Presi
dent. Recent intelligence exhibits the fact that
the whole programme of tbe Radical party was
arranged, even to the most minute details, long
before the meeting of Congress. The bottled
beast, Butler, and Thad. SteAens, the "free
lovier," had every thing cut and dried, in read
iness for action. KnoAving that the adrrission
of. Southern Representatives avoul<l endanger
the success of their revolutior/ary views, by
strengthening the conservative element in Con
gress, and thereby preA-entitig the passage of
disorganizing measures over tbe A'eto of the
President, in case that, functionary should prove
unexpectedly refractory, the first step was to
ensure their exclusion. For this purpose the
Speaker, Mr. Colfax, contrary to all usage, and
in violation of all considerations of courtesy, in
advance of Mr. Johnson's message, gaA*e \*ent
to those remarkable utterances, intended to
forestall public opinion, and defeat the object
of the message. KnoAving al>o that if the cre
dentials of the Southern delegates should be
permitted to follow the usual course when pre
sented, that it AA-ould be impossible to exclude
them, except by such palpably unjust action as
would drive from their party all right minded
men. they adopted the expedient of organizing
the famous ''Committee of Reconstruction" to
whom all credentials of Southern delegates
should be referred, with the understanding that
they should not report upon tliem at all, thus
practically settling that question.
Their next moAement was to cut off all debate
on the gravest Constitutional Amendment, by
moA-ing the "preA-ious question," and thus by
the arbitrary exercise of despotic poAver, pre
vent even the semblance of a protest against
their fanatic schemes of di.-organization.
The establishment of universal suffrage in
the District of Columbia; the convening of
meetings of ultra radicals, to be addressed by
the' most rabid of their orators, Avhite and black ;
the inauguration of eA*ening sessions for the in
dulgence of the most violent, incendiary, and
revolutionary declamations; the persistent in
vention and dissemination of false and slanderous
reports, of disloyal sentiments amongst the
Southern people, of cruel, and intolerant perse
c,i_iiou*> of the freedmen, and a savage determi
nation not to permit Northern men to settle
amongst them, were all parts of the same grand
system, by which it was fondly hoped the Pres
ident could be overawed, the Conservatives
crushed, and the Radicals secured in the full
exercise of poAver, and enjoyment of Govern
ment patronage for an indefinite period.
The scheme seemed for a Avhile to work ad
mirably—every part of their programme was
being successfully played, ancl they were al
ready entering in anticipation upon a length
ened lease of office, revelling in public plunder,
and gloating over the prospects ofa ruined and
impoverished South, with dim visions of hang
ing rebels and confiscated lauds closing the dis
tant vista.
The silence and reticence of the President,
whilst it seemed occasionally to excite surprise,
gave rise to no feeling of apprehension or dis
quiet, when the recent veto message came thun
dering down upon them with such crushing
force, as completely to stupefy and confound
eA*en their chosen leaders.
Fluttering, wounded, and demoralized, they
called a meeting to devise means of opposing
the views of the President, and repairing the
damage inflicted on them. We are informed
that no definite plan of action Avas indicated.—
Various suggestions were made indicative of a
malevolent and vindictive determination, on
their part, to thwart the patriotic plans of res
toration indicated by the President, and to an
noy and harrass, by every means at their com
mand, legal or otherwise, the Executive of the
A circular, it is said, was issued to the Radi
cal Legislatures noAv in session, instructing them
to pass resolutions denouncing the veto mes
sage, and sustaining the action of the Jacobins,
and some organized effort to manufacture a pub
lic sentiment of similar character was determin
ed on.
In the mean time the President is accused of
plotting the destruction of Congress, by arrest
ing its Radical members, and thus enacting the
part of Cromwell and Bonaparte. Per contra,
the friends of the President allege a determina
tion to impeach and depose that officer, as hav
ing been definitely decided on by the Jacobins.
The proceedings of a meeting of "our Ger
man fellow-citizens," is quoted to sustain this
assertion, in Avhich it is distinctly announced,
that the abolition ofthe Presidential office, and
the establishment of a sort of Executive Coni
mittee for the Government of the country, is
strongly recommended.
We view with great equanimity, and com
mendable self-possession these indications of a
coming storm. The mutterings ofthe thunder
and the flashings of the lightning give amp'e
premonition, that it will shortly break in all its I
fury upon the country. When the storm shall.
have passed, and the zir shall have been puri
fied by the strife, we shall see President John-
Bon at the head of the Conservative party,
calmly looking upon the scattered fragments of,
what once constituted the most formidable and [
dangerous organization for the destruction of
civil liberty that ever had an existence in Amer-;
No fears need be entertained as to the result, !
by any lover of his countiy. No party constitu- j
ted as this Jacobin party is, can possibly Avith-1
"-tend tho cm-dung blows inflicted by an oxocu- I
tiA*e veto, and the no less damaging effects of
excluding them from a participation in the rich
patronage of the Federal Government. When
the conflict shall have terminated, and the
country be once more restored to quiet, then,
ancl then only, will Aye have assurance of the
perpetuity of our Government anl the future
prosperity and poAver of our nation.
Proclamation of Peace.
The President, says the Richmond Times, no
longer makes a State secret of the fact that
he will in a Aery short time issue an official pro
clamation that the late civil Avar is ended.—
When he does this he will have accomplished
the last and highest act wb'ch the Executive
Department ofthe Government can perform to
wards the restoration 0 f peace.
He cannot coi>*.pel Congress to admit Repre
sentatives fr r ,m the Southern States, but his
proclamation will subordinate military to civil
authority, and place all the States composing
the Union upon a footing of equality in that re
The privilege ofthe writ oHiabcu corpus will
then be within reach of the humblest citizen of
the South, and our State governments will be
come supreme within the limits of the States
for the protection of whose citizens they were
Martial law, which now reigns supreme in
eleven States, will then only be potent for the
[ control and punishment of those who are con
nected with the army, in the manner defined
by the xYrticles of War. Every great right guar
anteed by that grand and famous Virginia Bill
of Rights, which looks very sadly out of place
in front ofthe "Alexandria Constitution," will
then be enjoyed by our citizens. Particularly
dear to every honest, fearless, patriotic journal
ist will be that Article which declares that "the
freedom of the press is one ofthe great buhvarks
of Liberty, and can never be restrained but by
despotic GOAernments."
The Southern people, after a probation of
nearly twelve months, will hail the proclamation
of peace with great joy. And yet, as far as our
resistance to the authority of the Constitution
and laws of the United States is concerned,
there has been peace the most profound and un
disturbed since the Ist of May last. The his
tory of civil wars, ancient and modern, furnish
no more remarkable and striking instance of
the o-.cedy and honest acquiescence in the re
sult of a contest than the people of the South
have done since their armies capitulated, The
sun ofthe Confederacy sunk, leaving no margin
of gradually darkening twilight. The blackness
of darkness fell upon the "lost cause" as rapid
ly as night follows the setting of the sun in Eas
tern countries.
The inexorable logic of the war convinced the
people of eleven States with a rapidity without
precedent in the history of the world. No
thought of resistance to the Federal GoA r ern
ment kept a single guerrilla in the field an hour
after the capitulation of Lee and Johnston. —
The utter futility of further resistance was uni
versally admitted, and in the heart of Virginia
and North Carolina, a sergeant's guard made
arrests as easily as they would have done under
the guns of Fortress Monroe.
The good faith of the people ofthe South has
been, during the last ten months, manifested in
many different ways. A labor system, which
the habits, customs and usages of many genera
tions had rendered part and parcel of the South,
was annihilated in a day, but despite the terri
ble temporary annoyances which its destruction
visited upon our people, they bore the change
with wonderful fortitude and equanimity.
Indeed, in an infinite variety of ways we have
demonstrated to all impartial, unprejudiced per
sons, our fitness for the judicious exercise of
those great civil rights Avhich are so soon to be
restored to us by the President. His forthcom
ing proclamation of peace will be recognized by
all conservative Northern men, and by all Chris
tendom, as a most Avise and statesmanlike exer
cise of the most important functions of his high
Treatment of Negroes.
We are forced, says the Rich. Whig, to the
conclusion that these Radical fanatics desirfe' to
compel us to treat the negroes harshly, and that
to this end they are endeavoring by law to es
tablish unpleasant relations between the two
races. They want the negroes to look up to
them, and they propose to confer upon them
the elective franchise in order that they may
exercise it in their interest. They make so much
fuss OA*er them that their heads are completely
turned. Their poor intellects are bewildered,
and they really do not know what to do or
which way turn. So many promises are made
them, so much time devoted to measures rela
ting to them, and so many expectations excited
in their minds, that they are kept in a state of
feverish anxiety. They are cajoled out of the
larger portion of the little money they get, by \
hook or by crook, by school manns, or preach
ers, or pedlars, or^—worse than all—politicians, |
who get up meetings among them and induce j
them to contribute money to various projects,
chief among which is the appointment of dele-1
gations to go to Washington to act upon Con- j
gress and pay unwelcome visits to the President, j
Where there is one honest man and sincere
friend of the negro thus engaged, there are a j
thousand rogues and wretches who are using \
them to promote their own selfish .ends. They
make more out of the negro than the negro will j
ever make out of them. Leaving out of con- j
sideration the bounties of the Government dis
tributed through the officers ofthe Frfeedmen's
Buieau, where is the negro who has received
any help from these pretended friends. They j
have had advice—volumes of it; and oaths— |
volleys of them ; but when, where, and from
whom haA'e they received private benefits and
charities? When the negro wants to be flat- j
tered or fleeced, he may go to these people— i
nay, they will go to him. "* But Avhen he wants
a scuttle of coal ora stick of wood to keep him j
from freezing, or, to use his own language, "a j
of victuals" to keep him from starving, or:
clothing to cover his nakedness, he neither goes j
to.these people, nor do they go to him. He j
goes to "his natural enemies—the Southern ,
whites"—and gets what he wants. His pre- j
tended friends are ready to give him suffrage to :
spite the South, and to vote him kinds, and j
food and clothing, when it costs them nothing, j
or to get up subscriptions to relieve his wants, j
when the money is to pass through their hands, j
and they can keep back a large share of it as j
"the recompense of their reward" —but when [
it comes to giving of their own substance, they j
would see him in Jericho first.
John F. Lewis—his Testimony.
Mr. John F. Lewis, of Rockingham, was sum- j
mooed to give testimony before the re-construc
tion Committee of Congress in reference to the
loyalty of the people ofthe South. We under- !
stand that a portion of his testimony was as
When a_ed, "If the people in his part of I
the country were loyal," he replied, *"J-<5» as \
loyal as the members of the re-construction Com
mittee." His interrogater then asked, "If it !
would be pafe for a Northern man to travel j
through his section?" He replied, '"Perfectly j
safe, unless there should happen to be a Yankee \
soldier there, tcho might knock him in the head j
to rob htm.' — -Spectator, Feb. 20th.
In our issue of the 20th ult., we published \
the above as it was reported to us. We pub- !
lish below a card from Mr. LeAiis, from which it
will be seen that his replies to questions were
not reported to us correctly. In an interview
we had with him, we learned that the error Avas
more __ the form of expression than in the pur
t'ort of the answers given. He testified that
there was no necessity to have troops in this
section, that Union men would have justice
awarded them in our civil Courts, and that the
people were loyal to the Government in the
sense in which they understood that term. The
following is the card of Mr, Lewis received by
us for publication;
For the Spectator.
Mr. Editor: —I was much surprised on
reading your paper this morning, to see what
purported to be my answers to certain questions
asked me by the Re-construction Committee.—J
I gave no such answers as reported. I endeav
ored to answer all the questions asked me, in
such a way as to faA*or the people of Virginia,
as much as I could do, consistently with the
truth. I thank you for the kind intention of
your editorial, designed as it doubtless was, to
remove some ofthe prejudice which exists to
wards me on account oi my refu>al to take sides
with the Secessionists in their attempt to sub
vert the Government. But I should be want
ing in the honesty that I hope will always char
acterise my intercourse with the people, were I
to take advantage ofa mistake to advance my
popularity. I have no apologies to make for
my unwaA*ering devotion to the Union, cA T ents
having proved that I was right; lat least have
the approAal of my con.-cience. which is worth
more to me, than all the political honors AA'ithin
the gift of the people.
Feb. 27th 1866. JOHN F. LEWIS.
"What the South Did.
Eight years ago the present Secretary of State
(Mr, Seward) said in the Senate that it was the
intention of the North "to take the Govern
ment from unjust and unfaithful hands and
place it in just and faithful hands," that it was
the intention to consecrate all the territories of
the Union to free labor, &c. He was replied
to at the time by a distinguished Senator from
South Carolina, the late Governor Hammond,
in words which may now be aptly revived :
"You complain of the rule of the South:
that has been another cause that has preserved
you. We have kept the Government conserva
tive to the great purposes of Government. We
have placed it, and kept it, upon the Constitu
tion ; and that has been the cause of your peace
and prosperity. The Senator from New York
says that that is about to be at an end ; that
you intend to take the Government from us ;
that it will pass from our hands. Perhaps what
he says is true ; it may be ; but do not forget —
ii can never be forgotten—it is written on the
brightest page of human history—that we, the
slaveholders ofthe South, took our countiy* in
her infancy, and, after ruling her for sixty out
of the seventy years of her existence, we shall
surrender her to you without a stain on her
honor, boundless in prosperit}*, incalculable in
her strength, the wonder and the admiration of
the world. Time will show what you will make
of her; but no time can ever diminish our glo
ry or your responsibility.''
Action of the Radicals.
The Radicals in Congress have no regard for
the Constitution. Notwithstanding the Con
stitution, in express terms, makes each house of
! Congress the "judge of the election, returns,
l and qualifications of its OAvn members," the
i Radicals have passed the following concurrent
resolution which requires the consent of both
Houses before members from any of the South
ern States can be admitted into either House of
' Congress. Being a concurrent resolution, it
does not require the signature of the President.
The following is the resolution as passed by both
"Be it resoK-ed by the House of Representa
| tiA*es, Senate concurring, that in order to close
i agitation upon a question which seems likely to
; disturb the action of the Government, as well
! as to quiet the uncertainty which is now agitat
i ing the minds of the people of the eleven States
' which haA'e been declared to be in insurrection,
; no Senator or Representative shall be admitted
| into either branch of Congress from any of said
| States, until Congress shall haA - e declared such
I State entitled to such representation."
Gen. J. C. Vaughan, who commanded at the
Piedmont fight, after Gen'l Jones fell, writes to
a friend in this county: "I have never returned
to Tennessee since the surrender. My wife and
children were all arrested and sent North, as
prisoners (his home was on Sweet Water, Mon
roe county, E. Term.) and all Aye had confisca
ted ; eA*en our wardrobes were destroyed.—
Therefore, I brought my family to this point on
the Florida line, only forty miles from the coast,
and am trying to support them by hard labor.
I had nothing left at the close of the war.''
■ ■ ■
The Legislature has passed a stay law which
stays till January Ist, 1868, the collection of
debts contracted anterior to April 2nd, 1865,
with certain enumerated exceptions, except that
the interest for one year may be collected on the
Ist day of January, 1867, and the Ist day of
January in each year as long as the act may re
main in force.
Rate of Interest.
The Legislature passed a bill authorizing 8
per cent, interest Avhere there was a written con
tract for that rate, but it was reconsidered and
lost, so that, as heretofore, only six per cent.
can be charged.
■ , ■
The Washington Star says a Connecticut
Yankee is in town with a patent labor-saA*ing
Constitutional Amendment Machine, for the !
use of members of Congress, warranted to turn '
out thirteen hundred amendments per hour.— I
He'll make a fortune.
-+* —— _.
The New York World says that Forney is
doing his best to convince his readers that he is
not a "dead duck," but only a live goose, He
evidently don't like being made game of,
Gen. Grant and Gen. Sherman both say that
an attempt to force negro suffrage upon the
people of the South would deluge the land in
A nuniber of Gen. Grant's admirers in New
York, haA*e presented him with a purse con
♦Rining #100,000,
The Great Political Struggle.
The-President has pointedly aad emphatically
charged that the parties who are leading the
Radical moA*ement, are "opposed to the Union," ■
and "opposed to the fundamental principles of
tfijß^government," and "are laboring to destroy
It.remains to be seen, says the Sentinel,
whether this revolutionary, disunion enterprise
will succeed. The men who head it are bold
and unscrupulous. Nothing of their underta- |
' king will fail for want of will and hardihood on
their part. But for success they must depend
i upon the following they may be able to secure
: among the people. It is here that they will
• fail. Men of violent tempers and distorted fan
cies, are never popular and trusted as leaders. ;
The following from the Intelligencer, describes ;
how they are about to leap into the death-grap
ple, not with any mere supporter ofthe Adminis
tration, but directly with die PresicbMk himself:
A project exists for the removal of Andrew
Johnson from the office of President of the U.
States, We say it exists. We do not say that
it has been definitely compassed by these bad
men. But that it exists in the bosoms of men of
?nind, of will, of influence, and of high official
station* there is no doubt.
The first step toward such a result must be,
of course to promote a pretext. This would be
fittingly initiated by the measure passed already
b*** the "House, \ r irtualiy declaring by resolution
of Congress, a secession ofthe Aorth and West
from the South, We insert here the resolu
Resolved by the House of Representatives (the
Senate concurring), That in order to close the
agitation upon a question which seems likely to
disturb the action ofthe Government, as well as
to quiet the uncertainty which exists in the minds
of the people ofthe eleven States which have been
declared in insurrection, no Senator or Represen
■ tative shall be admitted into either branch of Con
| cress from any of the said States till Congress
j shall have declared such States entitled to repre
! sentation.
Now let us consider:
The President, in his recent annual message,
gave Congress, as required by the Constitution,
j information ofthe state of the Union, and now
i stands awaiting, as the executive of the laws,
! the action of the Legislature. The National
! Legislature is to declare a part of the Union out
of constitutional relations with the remainder,
and proceed to legislate for it as an alien terri
tory. The President may shortly issue a proc
lamation declaring that the constitutional rela
tions are restored between the States and the
General Government, The President must ex
ecute the laws of the Union, and preserve, pro
tect, and defend the Constitution ofthe United
States. But he, as the Executive, is necessa-
I rily the judge of obstruction to the execution of
! the laws, its measure, quality, ancl tendency;
! and the question is, whether, if he meets no re
sistance to the laws of the Union, there is any
i other power to declare a state of insurgency,
: contumacy, or abnormal relation between peo
| pie and G?OA*erninent ? And if laws be put on
| the statute book declaring the fact ofa state of
| popular contumacy, how are they to be carried
j into executive effect by a magistrate who makes
; the competent decision that there is no subject
! matter for them ? Upon such a conflict an im
| peachment would be essayed, and the matter tried
I amid unspeakable calamities,
Mr. Seward demonstrated, in his speech of
; Thursday, 22nd of February, that the attitude
| into which the revolutionary cabal (in Avhose aid
|we grieve to hear the poAverful Senatorial voice
\of Mr. Fcssenden) are seeking to place the Na
j tional Legislature woidd be a revolt against the
\ lawful authority of the United States-, We say
'he demonstrated that in his speech. He did not
iso characterize it. To anticipate a crisis is not
' Mr. Seward's method of averting it, It is suf
ficient for us that his cautious and gentle analy
: sis of this astonishing measure resolves it into
1 either nonsense or violence.
If it is to pass, let the country be prepared to
! understand—whether they regard it as good or
j evil— the momentous significance of the step.
Lee Endowment.
Our readers will be pleased to learn that the
Agents engaged in soliciting subscriptions for
| the "Lee Endowment" fund of Washington
I College are succeeding very well. Rev, S. D.
I Stuart is still operating in New York city,
! where he has received some very handsome do
| nations. Rev. E. P. Walton, of this place,
| who has been but recently engaged as Agent
for the same purpose, is noAv in Memphis,
! Tennessee, where he is meeting with encoura
\ ging success in securing contributions for this
! fund, Mr. Walton is an energetic man, and
|we are satisfied that he will make an efficient
j agent. The following is from the Memphis
| Appeal of the 20th of February :
The Lee Endowment,—Rev. E, P, Walton,
of \' irginia, is now in our city, representing the
i Gen. "Lee Endowment Fund." He will be re
-1 ceived with open arms by till the friends of the
j Southern Chieftain; ancl all liberal minded men
| will co-operate AA*ith him in an enterprise for the
| resuscitation of the exhausted educational re
sources of the South j and consecrated in the af
fections of all her citizens by. the connection of
her illustrious and beloA-ed Chief. Mr. Walton
is at the Wor.-hani House, and will be glad to
see all ofthe General s friends.
The New York Times makes the following
proposition to the Radicals, which we take to
j be President Johnson's ultimatum :
"The exclusion of loyal men from Congress,
; in violation alike of their rights and of the Con
! stitution, is the main, if not the sole, cause of
i the present difference of sentiment between
j them. If the Union majority in Congress had
been in its action true to the principles of the
Union party, and had not allowed itself to be
swerved from those principles by the adroit and
reckless machinations of men who have with
them no sympathy whatever, this conflict would
never have arisen. Whenever that same ma
jority can throw off the influences by Avhich it
; has thus been misled, and come back to its ori-
I ginal and true position, that conflict will end,
and all the dangers which no*»v seem to be im
pending over the Union party and the country
will be forever ' in the deep bosom of the ocean
: buried.' ".
Mr. Johnson's Backbone.—Since the only
question concerning the success of the Presi
dent's policy is as to whether he yvill falter or
: not, every Southern man likes to be assured of
Mr. Johnson's firmness. Upon this point,' Hon.
: Sherrard Clemens, in a recent speech at Wheel
| ing, bears the following testimony:
"I knoAV Andrew Johnson well. Some years
' ago, in Washington city, while he was a mem
ber of the Senate and 1 ofthe House, we board
jed together, roomed together, slept together,
; and Avere intimately and closely acquainted. I
know him to be a man of the people, a man of
j iron nerve, and he has a backbone made of
steel." —[Laughter and applause.]
Mr, Sea\*ard is said to haA*e sent the follow
ing enthusiastic dispatch to Washington from
New York on the 23rd ult: "It is all right
"and safe. The Union is restored and country
"safe. The President's speech is- triumphant,
"and the country will be happy,"
This is certainly a very hopeful view of the sit
uation, but really Aye think the Secretary is con
siderably in advance of the mail. If the Union
is restored, it is time our representatives Avere
in Congress, agitation had ceased, and habeas
corpus been re-stored. We don't see much of
the" "happiness" down here either, that he tells
about, but that may come after awhQf, We
: hope so at letet, — Ifaetrniner,
Commissioners to West Virginia.
On Friday last the Legislature, by joint vote,
sleeted the following Commissioners to West
Virginia, to negotiate relative to the restoration
of the State and the adjustment of the public
debt: For the district South of James River,
William Martin, of Henry county; North of
James River, John Janney, of Loudoun; West
of the Blue Ridge, A. 11. H. Stuart, of Au
gusta. The following are the joint resolutions
defining their powers and under Avhich they
were appointed:
"1. Resolved hy the General Assembly of Vir
ginia, That the people of Virginia deeply la
ment the dismemberment of the "old State,' and
are sincerely desirous to establish and perpetu
ate the re-union of the States of Virginia and
West Virginia, and that they do confidently ap
peal to their brethren of West Virginia to con
cur with them in the adoption of suitable meas
ures of co-operation in the restoration of the
ancient Commonwealth of Virginia with ail her
people," and up to her former boundaries.
"2. That resident citi
zens of this State, shall lie appointed by the
joint vote of the the two Houses of the General
Assembly, to proceed forthwith to the seat of
GoA*ernment of West Virginia, for the purpose
of communicating to the Governor and General
Assembly of that State a copy ofthe foregoing
resolution and the report of the committee ac
companying the same, with authority to treat
on the subject of the restoration of the State of
Virginia to its ancient jurisdiction and bounda
ries : provided, that the result of such negotia
tions, if favorable to such restoration on any
terms, shall be subject to the approval or disap
proval of the Legislatures or Conventions of the
respective States, as may be hereafter mutually
agreed upon.
"3. The Commissioners appointed under the
foregoing resolution are empowered and direct
ed to treat Avith the authorities of West Virgin
ia, upon the subjects of a proper adjustment of
the public debt of the State of Virginia due or
incurred previous to the dismemberment of the
State, and of a fair division of the public prop
erty, subject, however, to the approval or disap
proval of this General Assembly.
"4. The said Commissioners are hereby au
thorized to treat upon either or both of the sub
jects mentioned in the two preceding resolu
tions, as circumstances may demand, with in
structions to suspend or forbear any action on
the subject of adjusting the debt of' the State,
or a divi-ion of the public property, if in their
opinion the probable restoration of the State of
V irginia to her ancient boundaries may render
aii effort at such adjustment unnecessary; the
action of such Commissioners to be subject to
the approval or disapproval of this General As
sembly, ''
Richmond Enquirer.
Mr. Nat. Tyler has sold his interest in the
Enquirer to his partner, Mr. Coleman, and the
latter and Mr. Smith of the Sentinel have
; agreed to consolidate the Enquirer- and Sentinel,
and will, in future, jointly publish the Enquirer.
iln the Enquirer ofthe _nd inst,, in auuoune
i ing his retirement, Mr, Tyler says :
*1 cannot close my connection with the press
| without expressing my deep regret that the no
-1 ble profession is at present trampled down by
! military power, and deprived of that brightest
of its jewels—its liberty.
On yesterday I received an "order," by com
mand of Major General Turner, to "fonvard by
mail or carrier to Major General Terry, com
manding Department of Virginia, a copy of
each issue of the Richmond Enquirer on" the
day of the publication of the same." "'Each
; issue" ofthe Enquirer is my private property,
! and should be paid for by those avlio desire to
read it. If I do not comply Avith this order
|my paper Avill be suppressed; if I do comply j
j with it, my property is taken from me without
compensation, I know of no right or law under
which Lieutenant General Grant, or Major
General Terry or Brigadier General Turner has
the right to "direct that copies of {newspapers"
shall be sent to their "Headquarters."' As
soon, therefore, as I read the late order of Gen
j eral Grant, I determined that I would no long
i er remain connected with the press —Avhere nei
! ther its liberty nor its property were safe from
! General Orders. A week's absence from the
j city has preA*ented this announcement ofmyre-
I tiring. Hoping that the days of "General Or
; ders" will soon pass away, I close my connec
j tion with the Enquirer, wishing its readers a
I speedy return of the happy days and prosper
| ous country which we ail enjoyed when that
\ connection began," T Af. Tyler.
■ * ■
The Only Difficulty.—The N. Y. Times
! says that the only difficulty in the Avay of peace
j betAveen the Radicals and President Johnson is
| the exclusion by Congress ofthe loyal reprcsent
j atives from the South. Admit these, and, ac
i cording to the Times, harmpny rules—the Presi-
I dent and the Union party will be cordially uni
i ted and the dangers now impending over the
I country "be forever in the deep bosom of the
I ocean buried."
Great Inducement.
RE-COXSTRICTio.*-..— Having rented
Mr. Benj. Crawford's store-house tor a term
!of 5 years, commencing June Ist, 1860, and the
| lease of my present store-room expiring by the
; first of April next, I will either have to give my
friends and the public generally an inducement
:to buy my present stock of goods or box it until
| the first of June. I prefer the former mode, viz:
\to Offer my stock on band at first cost, for cash,
and only for cash. None need apply for credit,
except regular customers, and _1 those not pay
ing cash will be charged the old prices. The stock
consists as follows;
Silks, bombazines, merinos, alpaccas, brown
and bleached cotton, from 1 to2i yards Avide, cot
; ton yarns, hosiery, perfumerA', dress trimmings,
plain, white, and figured cambrics, Swisses, mulls
and Tarletons ; 200 pair ladies and misses' shoes.
! ready made clothing, boots and hats, cambric
■ edgings and insertings, French corsetts, 150 la
dies' and children's hoop skirts, ladies' and chil
dren's balmorals, with many other goods not here
in mentioned. S. H. HILB.
A FIXE lot of ladies' cloaks to clear out a con
signment at S. H. HILB'S.
SU""l*"f ER and Spring muslin at 35 cents per
yard at S. H. HILB S.
A FIRST rate article of Spring and Summer
calicoes, 25 cts per yd, at 6.11. HILB'S.
THIRTY sacks of salt at
LADIES and Gentlemen indebted to the above
firm will please walk up to the Captain's of
fice and settle. S. H. HILB,
j Staunton, Va., March 8, 1866. Captain,
; EOST.— Lost early last week be
j TT tAveen the A. P. Seminary ancl the Luthe
ran Church, or between the Seminary and the
Blind Asylum. a. Gold Hunting Case Watch, Avith
guard and gold slide. A liberal reward will he
given if left at the Seminary or
Celebrated Whisky,
I l_% KEli, STEVENSON, A CO., Agents
I tor sale of
For sale by 5 and 10 gallon runlet, or by the bar
rel, at Distiller's Prices.
Mar.— if KER, STEVENSON & Co.
Southern Monthly.
•»*»rTIHE ©ED til ARI>,"
X "■ beautiful Southern Monthly, published
in New "York City,
Each number containing a splendid Steel Plate
Engraving ofa Southern General,
for sale by B. F. FIFEK, Pierces Corner.
Mar 6—lt
__r> jVAPBiMTfer sale at _hk office" nt $1,
per hundred.
Auction Sales,
npUC SALE.— Will be sold, on Thura-
JL day, the 22nd day of March. 18G6, seventy
acres of land, of Wm. F. Cullen's estate, on the
road from Coyner's mill to New Hope, adjoining
the lands of Gideon Barnhart, Thomas Turk, and
D. A. Cullen and others. The land i 9 of tolera
bly good quality, is on the North end of the old
tract, and contains 7 or more acres of woodland.
Terms made known on day of sale. Sale com
mences at fl o'clock. THOS. CULLEN,
_March 6—:?ts Executor.
i 7th, we will sell, at our auction room,
•urt street, in lots to suit purchasers,
alt"Skin Dres- Boots, 50 pairs heavy
airs Brogan Shoes, 100 pairs Children *
airs Ladies' Morocco and Cloth Glai
rs Misses' Shoes, assorted.
umraence at 11 o'clock Terra.3 Cash.
able Real Estate in the tovrn
ie*»boro* and vicinity.
decree ofthe Circuit Court of Augusta
ted the 20th day of Nov. 1805, we, aa
tiers appointed by »aid Court, Avill offer
ule on the premise*, on Tuesday, the
April next, the following desirable
in the tOAvn of Waynesboro, and
guous, viz:
rge Brick Dicelling and Store House,
a common in the centre of the town,
the hest stands for business in the
c building contains ten rooms, well'ar
all family and business purposes.
the Mum Street, also a corner lot on
three framed tenements, now occupied
? and as business houses.
Main Street, on which is a good framed
ouse, sufficiently large for any ordinary
;>* superior Town Lots, on which ifl a
"rick Dwelling house, and out houses—
a half Acres of No. 1 meadow land
the town; and equal ta any in the
grass and other crops,
inn containing y6 acres, one-fourth of
D the Corporate limits, on which there
c timber, This land lies beautifully,
foot of it can be cultivated,
raetofland lying on Back Creek ia
■of Augusta, and adjoining the lands
\ Alexander, G. B. Stuart.&c, and ia
of great Mineral Wealth, containing
ed acres.
I: The costs of sale in hand, one-third
due on the Ist of July, 1866; one-third
July, 1867, and tho remaining third _.c
-ot- JOHN E. KING,
IC SAXE.—WnTbTofffered at publio
o the highest bidder, on Thursday, tbe
*eh, 1860, my farm lying near Middle
itaining 204 acres. About GO acres is in
er. It has on it a splendid brick dwel
. a good barn, and all necessary out
t has three springs. It
ged that stock can be watered in every
igant meadoAvs and a variety of fruit. —
and schoolhouses A*ery convenient,
nade knoAvn on da\* of sale.
FOR »AJ__.—The undersigned, Ex
rs of Emanuel I\indig. deed., will sell,
motion, on Tuesday, the 20th day of
j March, if fur, if not, the nest" fair day, the nirm
jof the deceased, containing 175 Acres, about 66
;oi which are in timber and the balance cleared.
I The land is good with a first rate orchard, and
: contain, a good Brick Dwelling House, a large
! barn, good granary, apple house, wagon shed,
I blacksmith's shop and other necessary outbuild
' bigs, and has a good spring cf never-failing water.
This land is situate on South Hivsr, 6 miles a
bove Waynesboro', and adjoins the lands of Dr.
Hail, Martin Coiner, H. L. Gallaher and others.
It is seldom that as good a farm as this is offered
for sale.
They will also sell at the same time 100 acres of
i land well timbered with good pine, lying on the
j East side of South Ri%*er, adjoining the lands uf
1 Adam MeChesney. Johi; Hunter and others.
A good two-horse wagon will be. sold at the
same time.
Tkrms.—For tho sale of the 175 acres, one
fourth cash, the remainder ia one, two and three
year"?, with bond and approved security, and title
retained till full payment be made.
I For the 100 acres of pine land and such person
al property as may be sold, the forms will be oa_d»
known on day of ss,ie.
Executors of Emanuel Kindig, dee' 4.
Private Sales.
PATTOIVSB l T R-G F«Dlijj iDHY—For sale
privately, until the 20kb of March, with lots
I and houses for hands. Detached a tract of land
| mostly in wood. If not sold, it will be rented on
j that day to the highest bidder. We also offer a
! quantitA' of pig and bar iron, and other property.
' .___■ 2 _Z_l____ J °__ gS * FIXNEY.
m% .
BOARDING. —The undersigned will receivs
live or six boarders at the rate of §5 per week
I i payable in advance. He will furnish board, but
i ' not lodging. WM. CRAIG,
I j March 6—tf Staunton.
j VM7AI. TEJ> TO KJEJIT.—A un__ House,
| V ¥ by a respectable family; or 3 rooms in a
private family with the privilege of a kitchen and
cellar, Apply at this OFFICE.
Feb. 27 tf
of White Corn for cash.
_____ Bit UCE A_ PECK,
' ED.—The American Telegraph Company wish
Jto purchase immediately, about 12,000 Chestnut
j Poles ofthe following dimensions: 30 feet lone ;
| six inches in diameter at the small or top end ;
! straight and sound, well tripufted and skinned. —
■ About 2.000 are wanted along the R. F. A P.
i Kailroad ; 5000 on the Va. Central Railroad be
| tween Kichmond and Staunton ; 2000 on the Or-
I ange and Alexandria extension between Char
lottesville and Lynchburg, and 3000 on the O. and
: Alexandria Kailroad between Gordonsville and
, Alexandria.
The undersigned invites proposals from Farm
' ere and Timber Getters along thesee routes for
Poles of the above description and dimensions—
deliverable eom*enient for loading on the cars, on
or before the 10th day of March. Cash will be
paid on delivery, No proposals received for leas
than 100 poles. Address
Feb 13—5ts J. M. CROWLEY,
Asst. Supt. A. T. C, Kichmond, "Va.
ton desires to purchase Specie and Uncur-
I rent Bank Notes. Highest market price given.
Revenue Stamps of all denominations kept on
hand for sale. E. M. TAYLOR,
Staunton, Va., Feb 9—4t Cashier.
AOS, BAGS, RAGS,—Wanted 10,000 lire,
, Avhite and mixed cotton rags, old books,
| pamphlets, railroad receipts, and papers for which
highest price will be paid in cash.
_Kebl_— 2mos_ A. M. PIERCE,
1 -11TANTED.—1000 bushels Flax Seed.
1f f Dec f2— ISA ACPA UL A DO. -
. tice is hereby given to Tax-payers in
I Augusta county, Avho were assessed Avith Licoa-r
j ses, Income, Manufacturer's Tax, or other Inter*'
i nal Revenue Taxes, during the month ofNovewv
j ber, and December 1865, that I have received a
; list ofthe assessments and will-beat the following
places in said county, and at the times specified,
to collect the same.
Persons Avho failed to pay the assessments mads
during the previous months will find it to thair
interest to attend.
Greenville, March 6th,
■■ AY avnesboro, " Bth and Oth.
i Staunton, " 12.13,14 4 15th.
; Mt. Sidney " 16th and 17th.
DeputA* for Sam'l R. Sterling, Collector
Feb 20, 1866—8t 2.1 Dist. of Vs.
For Rent,
FOR RENT.-My Tannery in Middlebrook,
one ofthe best in the County, for one or mora
years on reasonable terms. Apply to
Feb. 27 tf near Middlebrook.
Pay lip !
■ ■ ■
SETTEE IP.-The undersigned, surviving
partner of the firm of Hanger A Patterson,
would request all persons indebted to said firm to
i come forward and =eUle up, either by note or by
h Feb_n--?„ JOHN M. HA>GER

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