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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, April 12, 1870, Image 1

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Volume XLVII.
|itatraton
PUBLISHED EVERY TUESDAY MORNING BY
Richard
~""~~ SUl^iCTuTl'T^^
For 1 yr. $3 in currenev or equivalent in specie.
For 6 mo. 1.50 " "
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Read This !
_3i, To any one who will send us two new sub
scribers and m dollars, we will send the Specta
tor for one year gratis.
To such as may send us five or more advance
paying subscribers, we will allow a commission
of 25 per cent, on the subscriptions obtained,
which may be retained by the persons sending
them. .•''___ j
Subscriptions will not be discontinued,
except at the option of the Editor, till all arrear
ages be paid.
ADVERTISING RATES.
Advfrtisements will be inserted at the rate
jf One Dollar per Square of Eight Lines or less,
'or the first and 50 cents for each subsequent in
-rtion. Unless the number of insertions be
maked upon the manuscript it will be publish
ed until forbid and charged accordingly.
.22_*" Obituaries, Announcements of Candidates
for Office, Communications calling upon, Advoca
ting or Opposing Candidates, and all Communi
cations or Notices of a Personal or Private char
acter, or intended or calculated to promote any
Private Enterprise or Interest, will be charged for
as advertisements.
Special Notices will be inserted at double
the advertising rates.
p&~ Address—"Staunton Spectator," Staunton,
Augusta County, Va. _____________________
Professional Directory.
|-|AVID FULTZ A ALEX. H. FULTZ
Counselors and AMorneys-at-Law,
Will devote their whole time to the business of
their profession.
The Senior Partner will give Special Atten
tion to Casks in thk Court of Appeals
and in the federal courts.
aps- 2m
EDICAL NOTlCE.— Doctors C. R.
Harris and B. P. Reese having formed a
copartnership in the practice of Medicine, very
respectfully tender their professional services to
the public. __■_*".
Eighteen years' experience qualifies the junior
partner for the general practice of medicine, and
will enable the senior partner to devote especial
attention to the diseases of females and children.
Calls in the country promptly attended to.
Office—Main street, 2 doors Bast of Dr. Chap
man's, D. D. S.
All letters strictly on professional business,
should be addressed to ___~—
janll-6m Dr.s. HARRIS & REESE.
"J. M. HANGER, M. D. J. H. FULTZ, M. D.
riRS. HANGER A FULTZ having form-
JLf ed a co-partnership in the practice of medi
cine, offer their professional services to the citi
zens of Staunton and vicinity. When not pro
fessionally engaged they will be found at their
office on Augusta street, two doors North of the
Spectator office. _____________
JOHN B. BALDWIN. GEO. M. COCHRAN, JR.
BALDWIN A COCHRAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Staunton, Va.,
Will practice in all the Courts holden in Augus
ta county. ____________
DR. JAMES JOHNSTON,
DENTIST,
.Main Street, Staunton, Va.
Offiok-.— Over Cease's Confectionery Store.
dec2l—tf .
A CARD.-JAMES H. CALLISON,
_f\_ Practical Surveyor,
Notary Public and Licensed Auctioneer,
will continue to attend to all calls on moderate
terms. Address Middlebrook, Va.
nov2—tf _
bolivar christian. j. w. green smith.
CHRISTSAN A SMITH,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Staunton, Va.,
Practice in Augusta, Rockingham and Rock
bridge counties. Office on Court House Alley.
oct!9—6m
TRAYERS PHILLIPS,
. ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Staunton, Virginia,
Will practice in all the Courts of Augusta and
Alleghany, and in the Circuit Courts of Rock
bridge and Nelson.
Special attention given to collecting.
auglO—ly
WM. M. MCALLISTER,
Attorney at Law,
Warm Springs, Virginia.
Will practice in all the Courts of the counties of
Augusta and Alleghany, and as a partner with
the'distinguished William H. Terrill in Bath
county. Prompt attention given to the collec
tion of claims exceeding $10 each, or $20 in the
aggregate. Attention given to business in any
county in the State if specially employed.
j u1y27—12 m -
4 B. ARTHUR, D. D. &., (office one door
A., from corner of Beverly and New streets,
Staunton, Va.
Artificial Teeth mounted on Gold,
Silver, Platina, and Vulcanite. The j|ij|£3_s__w
greatest improvement yet introduced off§j§Elr
into Dental Science is conceded to be r
»he Vulcanite process; it being four times lighter
than gold, and much cheaper, embracing superi
or cleanliness, nicer adaptation, and many other
advantages. All the various operations of Den
tal Surgery performed with strict reference to
permanency. March 20—tf
JOHN ECHOLS, R- H. CATLETT,
Monroe county. Lexington.
H. M. bell, Staunton.
ECHOLS, BELL A CATLETT,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Staunton, Va.,
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts at
Staunton, and in the Circuit and County Courts
. _ Rockbridge, Rockingham and Alleghany.—
• _.hey will also attend to special business in any
part of Va. and West Virginia. [Sept 12—tf
Saddles, Harness, &c.
HARNESS AND SADDLES.— The un
dersigned, having opened a first-class har
ness shop, is prepared to manufacture harness of
every description as low as it can be done. Will
also keep on hand a good assortment of Carriage,
Buggy and Riding whips, Saddle Blankets and
Spurs, Curry Combs, Brushes. &c, and. in fact,
everything usually keDt in a first-class shop. He
will give special attention to repairing.
Don't forget to call at Grubert's New Building,
immediately south of the Va. Hotel.
" aps—tf. JAMES M. CARTER.
LATEST NEWS! War Declared ! !
ANNEXATION OF CUBA ! !
General Grant, or any other man, who wants
SADDLES,
BRIDLES,
HARNESS
new or second-hand —
WHIPS, BITS, &c,
must go to Ed. Hall's, where he will find thebest
assortment of the kind this side of New York,
ali of which can be bought cheap for cash.
ED. HALL,
mi Wharf opposite Smith & Elder's law office.
Tailoring.
TAILORING ! TAILORING ! !—The
co-partnership heretofore existing between
Graves & Sprinkle has been mutually dissolved
and the business will hereafter be conducted by
P. B. Graves alone.
He has reduced his prices for ci.sh, and will do
all kinds of work pertaining to the tailoring busi
ness, in the very best manner, and at figures so
low that no one will fail to be satisfied. He has
remove 1 his shop to the room formerly occupied
by Dr. B B. Donaghe as an office, and invites
all his fi lends and the public generally to give
him a call.
*W, p. B GRAVES
Gloves.
HW. DONNALLY,
• Glove Manufacturer,
Near Lewisburg, West Va.
The public will bear in mind, that I am still
engaged in the business of manufacturine; the
CELEBRATED DONNALLY r GLOVES,
and that I am prepared to execute all orders for
ladies' and gentlemen's Buckskin Riding Gaunt
lets, Half Hands, and Gloves of all descriptions.
Orders from a distance are solicited.
A i ac assortment can be found at the store o
Messrs. Roane & Alby and at D. A. Kayser's.
«ep2l—ly
§t«iilw
Insurance.
PIEDMOMT ASP ABHIfiIOI
HOME OFFICE, Corner Ninth
Officers : W. C. Carrington, President;
John E. Edwards, Vice President; D. J.
Hartsook, Secretary; J. J. Hopkins. Assistant
Secretary ;B. C. Hartsook, Cashier; Prof. E.
B. Smith, Actuary; D. P. Fackler, Consulting
Actuary; Drs. C. H. Perrow, C. H. Smith,
George Ross, Medical Advisers; James E.
"Wolff, Superintendent of Agencies.
Directors :— Wm. B Isaacs, D. J. Hart
sook, W. G Taylor, R. H. Maury J. J. Hop
kins, A. Y. Stokes, John Enders, John E. Ed
wards, C. H. Perrow, "W. C. Carrington, Wm.
H. Paimer, John C. Williams, George 3. Palmer.
ALLEMONG & BERKELEY, Staunton, Va.,
Ggneral Agents for the Valley and Piedmont.
John F. Balthis, Capt. N. Fountain, R. N.
Nelson, Rev. A. Poe Bocde, John Pilson,
Job G. McVeigh, Chas. Withrow, SOLICI
TORS.
DIVIDEND paid policy-holders, Ist April,
1869, forty per cent.
This Company has met with a success beyond
all parallel in Life Insurance, and offers to the
Southern public a Home Enterprise equal to any
and surpassed by none in existence.
Commenced active operations about Nov. Ist,
1867.
Assets 15th of Sept., 1869, $1,500,000—n0w
much increased.
Policies issued, 8,000.
It has paid for losses of $31,000 and in every
instance waived the ninety days time and paid
at once.
It advises the payment of all cash premiums,
because then dividends will continually decrease
each next payment until nothing will be requir
ed, and the policy may be a source of income,
but it will allow one-half loan on life and joint
life policies. One-third loan on other participa
ting policies.
It requires no notes for loans of the part of
premiums, but endorses the loan of its policies
until absorbed by dividends or policy is payable.
It has no restriction on residence or travel. —
All its policies are non-forfeitable and the right
of parties guaranteed on the face of the policy, as
part of the contract.
It has the following feature which no other
company gives : The late war taught many the
penalty of being separated from the Home office
by having their part payment forfeited. "The
Piedmont" guards against this in her policies and
in event of separation from its office by any in
tervention guarantees to such all the right of non
forfeiture, paid up policy, surrender value and
reinstatement as though there had been no inter
vening cause.
Its investments are made for benefit of South
ern advancement.
It brings money to our people—keeps money
with our people. Then why should they contin
ue to impoverish themselves by sending money
off which can as easily—as safely—as profitably
be spent at home ?
The Piedmont asks all who wish to insure to
compare its rates —terms —progress with any
company, and feels confident its merits will equal
any other company.
TTOW OFTEN is THE HOUSEHOLD
LOAF buried with the Household Head, and
families that might have been comfortably pro
vided for, left destitute by the want of a proper
foresight in its deceased protector?
The Virginia Insurance Company.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA,
Offers to every head of a family perfect secu
rity against this melancholy condition.
rr is
FOR LIFE INSURANCE ONLY.
ITS CHARTER IS PERPETUAL.
Its Cash Capital 9135.000.
It is organized on the basis of the old Mutual
Life of New York, and its successful experi
ence.
THE PREMIUMS ARE PAID IN CASH
ITS DIVIDENDS ARE PAID IN CASH.
ITS POLICIES ARE PAID IN CASH
WITHOUT DEDUCTIONS.
There are no premium notes, and hence its
assets are ali cash, which presents the only solid,
substantial basis of business for individuals or
corporations.
IT INSURES ON ALL PROPER, SAFE
TABLES.
IT PUTS NO IMPROPER RESTRICTIONS
ON TRAVEL.
IT INSURED UNIMPAIRED FEMALE
LIVES.
The Company is a combination of the pro
! prietary and mutual system*, securing the ad
vantages of both.
Its Policies are nou-forf eitable after two years,
and incontestable after five years for all mis
statements and errors in application except as
to the age of the applicant.
THIS IS A SUBSTANTIAL HOME
COMPANY.
The Assets will be invested in Virginia, and
help to build up our own interests in Virginia.
It commends itself for its safety, management
and organisation, to every Virginian and other
Southerner in search of a safe Home
Life Insurance Institution,
Live agents wanted in every precinct of ev
ery county in the State. Send for circulars.
REFER TO THE FOLLOWING CITIZENS
WHO HAVE INSURED I_T
THIS COMPANY.
A. F. Ackerman, H. Ker,
E. W. Bayly, James Ker,
H. M. Bell, Mrs. C. M. Kelley,
John A. Bickle, Dr. W. S. McChesney,
H. R. Boykin, W. J. Nelson,
Orris A. Brown, H. L. Opie,
W. A. Burke, J. N. Opie,
R. L. Cleveland, W. L. Olivier,
Dr. B. B. Donaghe, C. W. Parker,
James Fagan, B. F. Points,
S. N. Giles, "W. R. Pointdexer,
Mrs. Julia Gorman, R. T. Phillips,
A. A. Grubert, E. H. Sears,
C. "W. Hunter, James E. Taylor,
C. A. Holt. W. H. Tarns,
Wm. T. Jewell, D. S. Williams,
Charles E. Young.
Address, PHILLIPS & MAYO,
General Agents for Virginia and W. Virginia,
Lock Box 216, Staunton, Va.
STAUNTON, VA., TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1870. '
Insurance.
w \munmnm
& Main Sts., RICHMOND, Va.
Look at Exhibits:
From Official Reports is made the following Loss
es of other Companies compared with the Pied
mont and Arlington :
0 ! : &Jj -■_. ! -
- COMPANY. : -g^:~_j«o
1 ! !*___=. WIST
1843; Mutual Life ! 60872396 i 154
1846 New York Life i 28340:199 j 142
1847! Connecticut Mutual i 55691:424 i 131
18-0: Manhattan I 186251112 i 122
1850: Charter Oak, I 19028:137 i 139
1851; Massachusetts Mutual, 10396; 72 I 144
1851;Ph__nix J 17761:107 ! 166
1858 Northwestern I 27887:178 I 157
1859: Equitable i 27666:185 ! 150
I860: Washington i 8885: 43 ! 207
1860: Home 10311: 65 i 159
1862 North America : 11328: 78 i 145
1862 John Hancock j 5018: 26 i 193
1862 Security ; 10603: 64 ; 166
1864: Widows and Orphans : 3452: 21 i 164
1864: National, N. V ; 2093: 13 i 161
1865: Universal, ; 3832: 20 i 192
1865 Hahneman j 2452 11 i 223
1686; Great Westeru j 1472; 5 j 294
1866; Atlantic Mutual i 2675; 15 I 178
1866; World I 1423; 9 i 158
1866; New Jersey Mutual ! 2691; 19 j 142
1866 Travellers' i 3568; 17 ! 210
1866: Hartford Life & Annuity: 1105: 1 I 105
1866: American Popular ! 2604: 16 j 163
1867 : Piedmont & Arlington...; 3122: 10 j 312
Average of all companies organized since 1859,
one in 188.
Average of all companies organized prior to
1860, one in 145.
Average of all companies, one in 153.
Following Companies have no exhibit as to
number of losses, but show amounts lost:
1868, "St. Louis Mutual," policies in force Ist of
January, 10,056.
Losses by Death, Policies and Reversionary Ad
ditions $455,838.46
Losses admitted and not yet due 85,600.00
Total Losses in 1868 $541,438.46
Piedmont and Arlington had 3,122 policies in
force Ist January, 1868. Losses in 1868, $42,000,
and for present year, (1869) losses of Piedmopt
and Arlington is far under experience of general
ayerage of Companies above stated, all which
show this company has lost less than any other.
Agents wanted everywhere
jan4—ly "__
JA.HES KER. LIFE AND FIRE INSU
RANCE AGENT-OFFICE over Ist Na
tional Bank. —Buildings, Merchandise, Furni
ture, and Personal Property of all kinds, in town
or country, insured against loss or damage by
fire at the lowest rates, in companies of the high
est standing.
Write five year policies on detached buildings.
Life Insurance effected with the best compa
nies. mar 2
FIRE INSURANCE effected at the lowest
rates and on the most liberal terms, with the
SOUTHERN MUTUAL
Fire Insurance Company.
Authorized Capital $250,000.00
Accumulations, 175,089.03
CHARTERED BY THE COMMONWEALTH OF VA.
Office N. E. Corner Main and Ninth Sts.,
RICHMOND, VA.
This Company issues Participating Policies on
Farm and City Property, by which the insured
becomes a member of the Company, sharing in
its profits. A semi-annual Dividend of three per
cent., payable to the Mutual Policy-holders of
this Company, declared July 1, 1869; also, three
per cent. January 1, 1870.
J S. CALVERT, President.
JORDAN H. MARTIN, Vice President.
H. B. PRICE, Secretary and Treasurer.
Dr. H. G. DAVIDSON, Geneial Agent.
STATEMENT
OF THE BUSINESS OF THE
SOUTHERN MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE
COHPAJS V, OF THE CITY OF
RICHMOND, VA.,
January Ist, 1870.
Number of Policies issued 2,486
Amount of Property insured $3,477,996.67
Amount ef Premium Notes deposit
ed with the Company 135,861.89
Amount of cash premiums and fees
received 76,136.36
Amount paid for Losses and Expenses 46,310.66
Losses adjusted not due 2,025.00
Persons in town or country having property to
insure will find it to their interest to call on me
before insuring elsewhere, and learn the terms of
this Home Company.
H. H. PECK, Agent.
Office with Drs. Hanger & Fultz. 2 doors North
of the Spectator office, Staunton, Va.
marß
Chesapeake & Ohio Bailroad.
f"___."" ■~T~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~rrt8!¥~"~~"'~l f w W^ff___-___!___!aE M _
I___"__"•. — P-rrirSrHr■!—-^rP' ; I ; S~i"si~~r_r_S[;_i"-; |T_K^^_^Tr_____rr!
_&» *^a iB ** a _g^*-Br M -_si'mar""_?»
ON and after WEDNESDAY, 2nd of Febru
ary, 1870, the PASSENGER TRAINS will
run as follows, viz:
MAIL TRAIN will run daily between Rich
mond and Staunton (except Sunday, between
Gordonsville and Staunton); leave Richmond at
8.35 A. M., and arrive at Staunton at 4.20 P.
M. Leave Staunton at 9.20 A. M., and arrive at
Richmond, at 4.40 P. ___~ making close connec
tions at Gordonsville and Charlottesville with the
Orange, Alexandria & Manassas R. Road Mail
trains for Alexandria, "Washington, Baltimore,
Philadelphia, New York, &c.; also for Lynch
burg, Knoxville, Chattanooga, Memphis, New
Orleans, Montgomery, Mobile, &c.
MAIL TRAIN will run tri-weekly between
Staunton and White Sulohur Springs on TUES
DAY, THURSDAY", and SATURDAY*. Leave
Staunton at 4.40 P. M., and arrive at White
Sulphur Springs at 10:05 P. M.; leave "White
Sulphur Springs at 3.20 A. M., and arrive at
Staunton at 9 A. M. And going West will con
nect with stages as follows —viz: At Goshen
with stages for Lexington, Natural Bridge and
Rockbridge Baths. At Millboro' with stages for
Bath Alum and Warm Springs, and at White
Sulphur with stages for Lewisburg, Charleston,
etc.
STAGES will also leave Staunton on TUES
DAY, THURSDAY", and SATURDAY morn
ings for Lexington and Natural Bridge.
NIGHT PASSENGER TRAIN will run be
tween Richmond and Washington nightly,
without change of cars, leaving Richmond at
8.30 P. M., and arrive at Washington at 5.35 A.
M. Leave Washington at 6.35 P. M., and ar
rive at Richmond at 3.30 A. M., making all
through connections at Richmond and Washing
ton. SLEEPING CARS will be attached to
this train, and will be run through between Rich-'
mond and Baltimore without change.
THROUGH TICKETS issued to all points
North, .Vest and Southwest.
JAMES F. NETHERLAND,
febß General Ticket Agent.
— ■
Fay Up!
.—. _.
"T^rOTICE. —My Accounts will be ready on
the Ist day of January, and as no bills
have been rendered for six months, I hope my
friends will feel the importance and necessity of
a prompt settlement.
_ec2B-tf DAVIS A. KAYSEB.
The circulation of the "Spectator"
is about as great aa the combined circula
tion of both the other papers published in
this place, and has as many subscribers in
this county alone as are contained in the
whole list of either of the other papers.
Poetry.
The Stream That Hurries By.
The stream that hurries try yon fixed shore
Returns no more;
The wind that dries at morn yon dewy lawn
Breathes and is gone ;
Those wither 7 d flow'rs to Summer's ripening glow
No more sh«ll blow ;
Those fallen leaves that strew yon garden bed
For aye are dead.
Of laugh, of jest, of mirth, of pleasure past,
Nothing shall last;
On shore, on sea, on hill, on vale, on plain,
Nought shall remain;
Of all for which poor mortals vainly mourn,
Nought shall return ;
Life hath his hour in heiv'n and earth beneath,
And so hath death.
Not all the chains that clank in eastern clime
Can fetter Time;
For all the phials in the doctor's store
Youth come-! no more ;
No drug on Age's wrinkled cheek renew*
Life's early hues ;
Not all the tears by pious mourners shed
Can wake the dead.
For all Spring gives, and Winter takes again,
We grieve in vain ;
Vainly for sunshine fled, and joys gone by,
We heave the sigh;
On, ever on. with unexhausted breath,
Time hastens on to Death ;
Even with each word we speak, a moment flies,
Is born, and dies.
If thus, through lesser Nature, empire wide
Nothing abide—
If wind, and wave, and b'_f, and sun, and flow'r,
Have each their hour —
He walks on ice whose d;illying spirit clings
To earthly things;
And he alone is wise whose well-taught love
Is fix'd above.
Truths firm as bright, but oft to mortal ear
Chilling and drear,
Harsh as the raven's croak the sounds that tell
Of pleasure's knell;
Pray, reader, that at least the minstrel's strain
Not all be vain ;
And when thou bend'stto (iod the suppli'nt knee
Remember me i
j ..~ — ■
For the Spectator.
Bachelor's Appeal.
Iv pursuance of a long cherished purpose I
desire through the popular columns of tlie
Spectator to address one other and last appeal
to my unfortunate single brethren and ia order
if possible to arouse them out of their too long
indulged lethargy of the heart and induce them
while yet they may, to exchange the cheerless
and fruitless legions of eeiibacey for the more
congenial and comfortable cHuies of matri
mony. Some years ago, when endeavoring to
stir up the fraternity on this iuspiring subject,
I presented a general outline of the great prin
ciples necessitating and miking so desirable the
institution and relation cf marriage with the
hope o' rekindling love's latent sparks in the
bosoms of my brethren and so alluring them
over into the hotter State. But finding my ap
peal, though so earnestly made, to tali harm
less at their feet and to leave little or no salu
tary imp. car ion upon their strong hearts. I
vow wiil try to probe into their very innermost,
with the sharp javelin of personal experience
to ascertain if life be yet there, and so awake
them to a sense of their duty and their danger,
or. as wi'h a cod of fire en the t.rtoise back,
drive thejn out of their shelly retreat and start
them for the conjugal land.
How has it been, how is it now, and what the
prospect before you, Oh ye bachelors of Au
gusta ? Because of circumstances over which
you had op control, you sei out on your mortal
career some tony, fifty or mayhap sixty years
ago a single individual. However after grow
ing up to mature manhood with ali the force
of parental example and precept before you,
together with all the inspiration of youthful
hopes and prospects ioomiug up in the dis
tance, you h;ive for some one or more real or
imaginary reasons allowed the morning and
prime of your days to be frittered away in your
restless wanderings o'er the bleak hills, or up
and down the spewy valleys of celibacy, ail the
while hoping and now and then making some
spasmodic'effort to enter that State of duality
lor which you were so wisely and graciously de
signed. But now childless, and weli nigh hope
less, with your hoary locks streaming in the
breeze, or denuded pates glistening in the sun
beams—let me implore you to waste not anoth
er hour in useless lamentations over the past
or your usual speculations about the future. —
Rather turn a deaf car to the syren voice of
procrastination—lay manfully and determinate
iy to your oars once more, and press if possi
ble, your rickety barks into the placid though
sometimes "squally" harbor of conjugal rest,
ere you may be stranded upon the . hoaisof in
difference, or engulphed beneath the waves of
despair. Let me ask you my dear brethren if
the sad and impressive experience of your past
lives, is not or ought to be quite sufficient to
lead you or to diive you to seek out and to ap
propriate unto your own use and behoof, that
other and tenderer and better half of your
selves, without whom you must, like disjointed
scissors, go on to haggle your course through
the remnant of your days, going down to the
grave covered all over with the gteeo scum of
discontent, and having your survivors to mark
your last resting place with this sad and sug
gestive epitaph :
Here lies old Bach—stone dead,
Here's his feet and there's his head-
Where old Bach is, and how he fares
Nobody knows and nobody cares.
Finding, as we always do in the divine econ
omy, means adequate to the end in view, and
acting upon this great principle in every other
pursuit and relation of life, why do you not
avail yourselves of the fast-escaping opoortu
nities of securing one of nature's last best gifts
to man—so wist ly and so graciously adapted to
your want.- in every depaitmcnt cf your being
as to divide your sorrows and double your joys,
and in my opinion calculated to be the most
available human instrumentality fur elevating
you to the peac-J and the happiness of heaven.
Look abroad upon the face of nature and
see how yon and your suicidal condition of life
is contradicted, condemned, and ignored.—
Throughout the wide domain of things ani
mate atid inanimate we discover the organiza
tion and relation of male and female so ar
ranged and provided as to constitute first the
physical ba.-.is of successive continuation of be
ing, aud second that higher and more won
drous life of moral and intellectual enjoyments
and endearments, growing out of or flowing di
rectly from the perennial springs of matrimo
nial union Where—where amidst the ice
bergs of celelnn-y do you find this wise and be
neficent adaptation of means to an end so pro
motive of man's temporal and external welfare
and so pregnant with tbe interests of succeed
ing generations? No where—no where, but
in its stead disunion as cold as the grave and
as d_integratij__j a3 death—reigns supreme
freezing up every avenue of tho hearts affec
tions, paralyzing every manly effort of the
wilting the entire bodily corpo
rf_j_lP*- leaves the poor unhappy rotary, lean,
lank, cross, and crank-sided, and reminds one
very much of the poet's expressive lines—
And say without our hopes, without our fears,
Without the home that plighted love endears,
Without the smiles from matrimony won,
Oh ! what were man—a world without a sun.
Oh, unfortunate brethren ! why remain ye
shivering and perishing amidst the stormy and
heights of Switzerland, when with a
Napoleonic crossing of the intervening Alps,
you might so safely and so joyously descend
and dwell under the life giving beams of an
it »
§«i?Wk.
Italian sun, where her fertile valleys and ver
dant fields would revive your drooping spirits,
and soon would have your prosperity to be
commensurate with your posterity, and both
with the ultimatum of your wishes. Brethren,
the foregoing metaphor teems with its own
suggestions, and will you not so act upon them
as to lead yourselves, and an equal number of
the gentler sex to rejoice over your mutual de
liverance from the bonds of single-wretched
ness? Quitting for a while -this sublunary
state and soaring upon the wings of the morn
ing to the uttermost parts of creation, let us
trace there, if we can, any analogy between
your condition and course of life and the con
stitution and course of the worlds or system of
worlds as they move on in their appointed
spheres. Science has informed us that all the
elements of matter composing this and all the
other heavenly bodies are held together by the
cohesive power of gravitation, that somehow
draws them towards one common centre of at
traction and union, and but for this great fun
damental law of nature these worlds or systems
of worlds would so far as we know, tumble in
pieces or be dissolved into infinitismal atoms,
filling the boundless ether with their nebulous
floatings and leaving no foothold or foundation
for the existence or maintenance of any living
thing—no not so much as for one lone bache
lor. So we discover, dear brethren, from the
tiny flowers blooming at our feet, upon the vast
and ponderous globes filling the regions of im
mensity, the presence and necessity of the
great sustaining and life-giving principle of
union—union, and hence it is as clear as a sun
beam and as inevitable as fate that our lives of
disunion bearing no analogy, but a sad excep
tion to this all-wise arrangement of all things
and keeping us far beyond the range of cohe
sive influences of Hymen's sun, must be the
means of scattering our hearts' affections and
our hopes to the four winds of disappointment
or despair. And having all our powers and
purposes of mind and of heart, drawn into
this great maelstrom of disasters, they must go
down like the ill-fated ship and be dashed in
pieces, or else weak and lonely and wan, we
are left to perish in the wilderness of celibacy,
whilst the Calebs and Joshuas go on to pos
sess the promised land of conjugal felicity.—
Now, dear brethren, since we have failed to
take time by the fore-lock in this delectable en
terprise, and as many of us can not be taken*,
by the top-lock, let us be persuaded to better
things, if not by the impressive circumstances
of our present unhappy surroundings, by the j
very inspiring political and material hopes and
prospects looming up all around us. In as
much as the old Commonweakn, long under
the dark cloud of military despotism, has just
passed into the bright sunshine of the union,
and started, as we trust, upon a new aad more
lasting career of prosperity and renown. So
may we very soon be emerging from under the
dark and rainless clouds of celibacy and come
out into the gladsome sunshine of connubial
felicity. Then moving on in our normal, nat
ural and appointed spheres of action, with all
the powers of the inner and the outer life in
full co operation and play—dispensing like the
king of day the rays of parental solicitude and
care on all the young satellites around us, we
shall cease to be the mere chinking aud daub
ing in the great structure of society, and must
become the nonored and happy instruments of
enlarging the bounds of human hopes and hap
piness, as they are to be found along the bright
and brightening vista of posterity. Now, dear
brethren, will you not be persuaded to leave,
right away, the Sodom and Gomarrah of single
life and tarrying not in ail the plains, flee to
the "better state" ere your decrepid and tot
teiitig locomotives may not be sufficient to bear
you onward, and so you be left, if not a pillar
of salt, yet a shrivel!ed monument of the help
lessness of your lot,'"and 1 hope a sufficient
warning to ali succeeding generations.
Oh, but after al! you msj**be ready to say,
we would prefer your exainple*t§ your precept,
and if you give us that we possibly may be led
to follow iv your illustrious footsteps. Well,
dear brethren, I do declare to you that 1 am
just now quite as much, if not more in the con
jugal mood than ever before, aud as I have
wandered just long enough along the borders
of the great moral Sahara of single life to dis
cover that within her wide wastes there is not
one single oasis upon which my eyes or my
hopes might rest, I am resolved and re-resolved
very shortly or very soon thereafter {Deo vo
lente) to shake the very dust of celibacy off my
understandings, and to take up my line of
march, gladly and joyously, for
That land of mixed delight
Where bachelors no where tarry,
Where Hymen's ra_ r s dispel the night
And lead one on to —marry.
So you will please announce to all the world
and the rest of mankind, or rather more of
woman-kind, that I remain yours for a little
while in the bonds of single-wretchedness.
Unus Singulorum;.
N. B. —In view of the urgency and impor
tance of this appeal, the Vindicator and Vir
ginian will please copy. U. S.
Warm Springs, Va., \
March 30th, 1870 J
Messrs. Editors .-—As our Virginia delegation
to Washington has got the blacking licked off
of "old Spooney's" boots, and we all have be
come "reconstructed," I find it in my head and
heart to pen you a line in order to inform your
readers that there is a little county out. here,
rolled up among the mountains, called Bath,
and that there are people living in it too, some
of whom by the way, are people of sense and
education. As an evidence of this, our little
village abne can boast of four schools—two fe
male, one male, and one mixed (boys and girls).
I would especially call the attention of those of
your readers, who have daughters to educate,
to the boarding school for young ladies under
the charge of Miss Julia Dangerfield, who,
with a thorough education, together with an
experience of twenty years in teaching, and
natural capacities lor instructing, is one of the
most efficient teacheis in the State. But per
haps her substantial, old fashioned manner of
infusing knowledge into heads of young ladies
would not suit some of your highflung readers,
who prefer sending their daughters to some
fashionable school where the., can get a slight
touch of French and German, Algebra and Ge
ometry, Music and Fancy Needlework, and
then come out with a gold medal swinging
around their necks, indicating the highest de
gree of scholarship, and fully prepared for the
matrimonial market.
But tbe educational is not the only advantage
we possess. Our agricultural advantages are
rfo less worthy of mention. The soil, though
•somewhat undulating, is rich and well adapted
to raising grain and fruit of all kinds, though
the farmers, for the most part, direct their at
tention to raising stock, to which the land is
peculiarly adapted, and I think your Augusta
stock dealers would do well by investing some
of their surplus cash in grazing lands.
Before I close let me call your attention to a
very peculiar kind of bird belonging to the
Aquiline species, which is said to abound in cur
mountains: A "gold eagle." Isn't that won
derful, Mr. Editor? A gold eagle, which, for
the novelty of the thing woukhearry off a good
sized heifer—not presuming to doubt the truth
fulness of our friend C.'s assertion, yet in my
opinion, in the absence of a "heifer," tbe
"spread eagle" might have selected a more jit
venile inhabitant of the farmyard in the person
of a This eagle, our friend
C. inlurmajrt Bpon exhibition at the Healing
SpringjJMhJphe will bo "kept to show to the
vi-itors tli proper to pay this de
iightful w_pat__jHnacc a visit." A powerful
1 Yours truly, SUB.
* *
A colored brother in the Louisiana Legisla
ture objected to an adjournment of that body
fsine dine, and suggested as an amendment c
In the«hree days that Jefferson Davis was
at Huntsville, Alabama, he took over 500 lite
insurance policies.
CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS.
FORTY-FIRST CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION.
Senate —Friday, April 1. —A petition was
presented from O. B. Hart, of Florida, setting
forth that the election of Senator Gilbert, of
that State, was illegal and void; that he (Hart)
bad subsequently been elected in compliance
with the terms of the act of Congress regulating
the time and manner of holding elections for
Senators in Congress, which law was disregard
ed in the election of Mr. Gilbert, aod asking to
be admitted to the seat now occupied by that
gentleman. It was referred to the Judiciary
Committee. Mr. Morton introduced, as a sub
stitute for the former bill on the same subject,
a bill to enforce the Fifteenth Amendment to
the Constitution of the United States, which
provides for the punishment of persons in any
State denying or obstructing the negroes in the
exercise of the privilege of voting The discus
sion of the resolution of the Judiciary Commit
tee, declaring General Ames not eligible to a
seat in the Senate from Mississippi was resum
ed. Several speeches were made, after which
a vote was taken, and the word "not" was
stricken out from tbe resolution by a vote of
40 to 11. The resolution was afterwards adopt
ed, as amended, without a division, and Gen
eral Ames was sworn in and took his seat. The
Senate then went into executive session, and,
at its close, adjourned until Monday next.
House.—The consideration of the Tariff bill
was resumed in Committee of the Whole, and
Mr. Garfield made the final speech in general
debate on the bill. The bill was then consider
ed by sections. The first section was amended
so as to provide that the bill shall take effect on
the first day of October, IS7U. Pending dis- ,
cussion on tbe section fixing the duty on teas,
the committee rose. Biils were passed to pay
Janes Fowler Kirtland sixty thousand dollars for
losses incurred by tho stoppage of work upon
the dome of the Capitol; authorizing the Li
barian of Congress to return to the executors
of Thomas Jefferson certain papers now in the
possession of the Librarian, and giving the con
sent of Congress to the construction of a bridge
across the Delaware river, between Camden,
N. J., and Philadelphia. At 4:30 P. M. a re
cess was taken until 7:30 P. 31.
Evening Session. —The evening session was
devoted entirely to general debate.
Senate, Saturday, April 2nd.—The Senate
was not in session ou Saturday.
House.—A number of private bills were ta
ken up and disposed of. A bill was passed pro
viding for the establishment of parks in Wash
ington city. The discussion of the tariff bill by
sections in Committee of the Whole was re
sumed. The sections relating to tea and coffee
were discussed, but no amendments were made,
and they remain as reported in the bill—twen
ty cents per pound on tea and five cents per
pound on coffee. Pending discussion of the
duty on sugar the committee rose and the
House adjourned.
Senate—Monday, April 4.—A number of
bills and memorials were introduced and referr
ed to committees. The order of arrangements
agreed upon by the presiding officers of the two
Houses for the memorial services of General
George H. Thomas, in the Hall of the House
of Representatives to-day, was submitted to the
Senate, and a committee was appointed to at
tend the funeral in Troy, New York. The
Georgia bill was taken up, the question being
on the motion to strike out the proviso known
as the Bingham proviso, and an amendment
was offered, to be inserted instead of the pro
viso, declaring that the term of service of the
General Assembly shall date from January 26,
1870, and shall continue until the persons to be
chosen on the Tuesday atter the first Monday
in November, 1872, as members of the General
Assembly of said State, are qualified. A dis
cussion ensued and several speeches were made.
Mr. 1 rake withdrew his amendment providing
for sending troops into the Southern States and
quartering them on the inhabitants. The de
bate contiuued until at 4:30 P. M., when the
Senate went into executive session, and at its
close adjourned.
House—The usual number of bills and re
solutions for reference only were introduced and
referred. A bill was passed fixing the time lor
holding electious for Representatives and Dele
gates ia the Congress of the United States. It
provides that elections shall be held in ali the
States on the second Tuesday after the first
Monday in November, 1872 for the election of
Representatives to the Forty-third Congress,
and the elections shaii be held on the same day
in every second year thereafter, for members of
Congress, to take their seats on the succeeding
4th of March. In case of a failure to select, the
vacancy shall be fi led by a special election, to
be held under the authority of the several
States. A resolution providing for the final
adjournment of Congress on the 10th of May
was offered, but, on calling the previous ques
tion on it, only twenty-three members voted in
favor of it. A resolution was offered by Mr.
Porter directing the Committee on Reconstruc
tion to inquire what legislation is necessary to
put an end to the municipal difficulties in Rich
mond, Virginia, but objection was made, aud
after a little filibustering the resolution went
over temporarily. A committee was appointed
to attend the funeral of General Thomas in Troy,
New York, and the arrangements lor the ser
vices to be held by Congress in honor of his me
mory was communicated to the House. The
consideration of the Tariff bill was resumed in
Committee of the Whole. The clause relating
to sugar was discussed and amended. Pending
additional debate the committee rose, and the
House, at 4:50 P. M., adjourned.
Attempt to Burn a Bank.
It was discovered at 3 o'clock on the morn
ing of Saturday week that the First National
Bank building in Harrisonburg was on fire.
The Old Commonwealth says :
"Between 3 and 4 o'clock in the morning the
alarm of fire was given by Mr. J. M. Wellnian,
who resides in the upper story of the First
National Bank Building, who was aroused from
sleep by smoke forcing itself into his apartment.
The fire was found to be iv the Bank, and only
by the most strenuous efforts it has extinguish
ed. It is presumed the fire had been burning
a good while, but being confined to a closet
made but slow headway. Its timely discovery
saved a good portion of Harrisonburg from de
struction. The building is very much injured,
and it will probably be some weeks before the
damage is repaired, aud the cost will be no in
considerable sum.
* • *****
The building was probably entered by false
keys, and the thieves failing to gain an entrance
to the vault, resorted to firing the building as
the surest means of leaving no trace of any one
having made the attempt In a closet, und.r
the steps leading to tbe upper parts of the
Bank building, were kept a large quantity of
the old papers belonging to the former Bank of
Rockingham. To tho tire was
communicated. The 'he usual
mode of ingress and Wellnian and
his family, and being on fire, he found it neces
sary to luwer himself and family from the third
story by means of a rope. In the descent, Mr.
Jas. M. Weilman, unable to keep his hold on
account of the rope being very wet and slippery,
fell the greater part ol'the distance and sprain
ed his aukie and otherwise injured himself, be
sides being knocked unconscious by the fall.
D. A. Wellnian, who attempted to descend by
the same means, had hardly commenced the
descent when the rope broke precipitating him i
to the ground injuring him quite seriously. I
Mr. Wellman's family had descended without j
injury.
.0-,
There are now living in Maine, in good health,
five brothers named Lambert, aged re_pective
ly, 96, 92, 87, 81, and 79 years.
Biacquc Bey, the Turkish Minister, returns
to Turkey on a six mouths' leave ot absence,
in May.
. 0 , .—
Through tickets are now sold from Chicago
to Yokohama, Japan, for $390.
Number XX.
For the Spectator.
"Hither Pilgrim."
BY A STUDKXT OF RANDOLPH MACON CO-LICK.
Art thou sorrowing o'er the past,
Now hidden from thine eye,
And finding naught so pure to last,
When earthly joys in ruin lie ?
Come to Jesus.
Art thou friendless and alone
Upon the journey of this life,
Round which many a storm has blown,
And hours gathered full of strife ?
Come to Jesus.
Art thou a wandering, homeless one,
Without a Father's words of cheer?
A mother's love ? Oh, hast thou none
That lights our path when else 'twere drear!
Come to Jesus.
Art thou tempest-tossed upon the sea
Of -want, which chills the heart
Of man. when toiling wearily
For food to drive away its smart?
Come to Jesus.
Art thou standing by yon grave
In which thy fondest hopes are laid;
While o'er it softly, gently wave
Bright flowers which mark a duty paid ?
Como to Jesus.
Art thou now in search of rest,
Since thou hast toiled so long in vain,
And fonnd that all eludes thy quest.
And nothing's here for thee to gain ?
Come to Jesus.
Art thou now in search of peace—
Peace to thy mind and aching heart-
Peace by which to find a sweet release,
From earthly cares and every dart?
Como to Jesus.
Art thou in need of one "loved friend,"
Whose love for thee still knows no bound;
And one on whom tbou canst depend
And in whose heart alone true love is found?
Come to Jesus.
Art thou out looking for a homo
Where flowers bloom and never fade,
Around a quiet, peaceful dome
Whose sure foundation in eternity was laid?
Come to Jesus.
Oh, sinner! trembling sinner, hear
This kind, this tender melting voice
Which says : Give me thy hope and fear
And thou shalt in my love rejoice !
Then come to Jesus.
If thou wilt come, He has promised thee,
Peace here in life and rest in death ;
Home, Happiness and Heaven, all three
Will crown thy last expiring breath.
O 1 Come to Je*u_.
Talleyrand's Death Bed.—For nearly
half a century, this veteran diplomatist acted a
prominent part in the affairs of Europe. As
the prime minister or embassador of the di
rectory, the consulate, the empire, and the
monarchy of Louis Phillippe, he negotiated the
important treaties which determined the bound
aries of empires and the fate of kingdoms, and
formed plans which made Napoleon au emperor,
and the emperor an exile. Such a man's view
of an eventful life of fourscore years, furnishes
instructive lessons to men who are wasting the
energies of being on political ambition or world
ly aggrandizement. Just before his death, a
paper was found on his table, on which he had
written by the light of the lamp, such lines as
these:
'Behold, eighty-three years passed away!
What cares ! What agitation ! What anxieties!
What ill-will! What sad complications ! And
all witbout results, except great fatigue of mind
and body, and a profound sentiment of dis
couragement with regard to the future, and dis
gust with regard to the past!"
Contrast with this the exclamation of "Paul
the Aged," as ho was about closing his earth
ly career : "[have fought a good fight; I
have kept the faith ; and henceforth there is
laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which
the Lord the righteous Judge shall give me at
thatday." A death bed is the triumphant
chariot of the useful Christian, however hum
ble ; it is the executioner's cart of the worldly
unbeliever, however exalted.
•-_-. .
Gop's Omniscience.—God never forgets
anything. All His works from the creatioa of
the world to the tinting of the leaf, are finish
ed, perfect. Did you ever stand under a full
boughed, heavy-fbliaged tree in summer time,
and pluck oneof its myraid leaves and examine
its delicate tracery, its coloring, the very per
fection of its finished beauty, and then think of
the countless number of such leaves, of the
mighty forests whose luxuriant growth covers
so much of the world, and reflect that among
them all there is not a leal unfinished, each
perfect in its form and color. And did you ever
pick a flower, either from cultivated garden or
by wayside walk, enjoy its odor and bless its
beauty, and stop to think how all the wide earth
blossoms with such fragrant beauty, and no
flower of them ali forgotten—the same careful
hand filling each glowing heart with prefume
and coloring eacn leaf with care. When we
think of this omniscence, of this never-failing
care, we feel something of the attributes of that
Power —unseen, yet ever present; untouched,
yet ever felt, —who gives to the violet its color,
to the rose its fragrance, who tints with beauty
tbe planets in their courses, whose fiat rules the
countless worlds.
A Good Name.—Before all things, and be
yond all price, is a good name. Eminent wis
dom has declared that it is "rather to be chosen
than great riches."
It stands for, and is the label of a man's
character. The name one bears, or the ac
credited reputation, representshis manly worth,
his solidity, his virtues and honor.
No power can bring back the fragrance of a
good name once blasted. No tongue can de
clare its value, no mind can conceive the vacuum
made by its loss. Without it poverty becomes
a hand maid, without it wealth is a disgrace.
With it the humblest relations of life are
blessed and ennobled; without it the highest
titles, the most honorable positions, aud the
most favorable human relations are marks of
humiliation and insignia of worthlessness.
A good name is the blossom and fruit of
goodness. It is not a mark pasted on the char
acter by some outside hand, but it is the proper
development of the inner man —the shining
light which a pure and good soul puts in sight
from within.
►♦-.
Reasons For Dressing Plainly on the
Lord's Day.—lt would lesson the burdens of
many who now fiftd it hard to maintain their
places in society.
2. It would lesson the force of the tempta
tions which often lead men to barter honor and
honesty for display.
3. II there was less strife in dress at church,
people in moderate circumstances would be more
inclined to attend.
4. Universal moderation in dress at church
would improve the worship by the removal ot
many wandering thoughts.
5. It would enable all classes of people to at
tend church better in unfavorable whether.
6. It would lesson, on the part of the rich,
the temptation to vanity.
7. It would lessen, on the part of the poor,
the temptation to be envious and maliciou?.
S. It would save valuable time on the Sab
bath.
9. It would relieve our means from a serious
pressure, and thus enable us to do more for
good enterprise.
—.. , «-.— ~ '
If a fee were charged to see the sun rise,
nine tenths of the world would be up in the
morning.
However the wicked may thrive for a time,
the path of virtue is the earliest one to travel to
the end.
— .0. ,
The chain of love is made of unfading flowers,
but that of wedlock, of gold—lasting as well as
beautiful.
The future has a rich harvest in store for
those who rightly cultivate tbe present.

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