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Staunton spectator, and general advertiser. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 183?-1849, December 01, 1836, Image 1

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®TAtJI¥T#W |J|^ SPECTATOR,
___' . A WENER AL ADVERTISER.
Vo L. XIV.
STAUNTON> (V1R^»NIA,) THURSDAY, DECEMBER^ 1, 1836.
No, 1.
POETRY.
F'rom the Token.
A NAME IN TI1E SAND.
DY H. r. GOULD.
Aloxe I Walked the ocean strand,
A pearly shell was in my hand,
•I stopped and wrote upon the sand
My name, the year, the day,
As onward from the spot I passed,
Une lingering look behind I cast;
A wave came rolling high and fast,
And washed my lines away.
And an, taethnught, ’twill shortly ho
With every mark on earth from me!
A wave ol dark oblivion's sea
Will sweep across the place
Where I have trod the sandy shore
Of time, and been to me no more,
Of me, my day, the name I bruo,
To leave no track nor trace.
Any el, with Him who counts (he sands,
And holds the waters in his hands,
I know a lusting record stands
Inscribed ugainst my name,
Of all this mo*t;>| part has wrought,
Of all this thinking soul has thought,
And from these fleeting moments caught, !
For glory, or fur shame.
" *Ti 3-or.T5»mpB«asnsas^cu
MISCELLANY, j
THE BEAUTIFUL CONVICT.
This singular Story is actually Irut.
Rosa Mac Orne was a rare sample of'
Scotch beauty. Her eyes deeply blue, a» !
Loch Lomond ; glowing cheeks; hair light i
• od glossy, parted over her broad (orelieud, !
like folds ol a (Lx colored satin; features!
which a shrewd and active mind had strong- '
!y developed; a tall, mu-culur frame, ol j
atately proportions nnd a firm, elastic rapid i
(read, which she had acquired in earlv days '
when
Down the reck she leaped along
Like rivulets in May.
Her ynuth was unfortunate, for her moth
er had died during her infancy ; and her prof
ligate ami selfish lather had abandoned her
before she had readied the age of filieen.
Many were anxious to lake Rose into their
service; for she was neat nud ihrillv as a
brownie, and had the obsequious manner of
her countrymen, united with their pro\erbi- j
al knowledge of the most direct road to favor
andfoituna. Her greatest misfortune was
her beauty. Often, after the most unrcinit
led efforts lo please, poor Rose was accused
of a thousand faults, and dismissed by pru
dent wives and mothers, lest she should be
come too dear a servant. Scutch discrimina
tion soon discovered the source of the diffi
culty, and Scotch ambition resolved to make
the best of it.. To lovers of her own rank, j
she was alternately winning and disdainful
—determined that none should break her
chariot, yet dealing out her scorn to each, as
their characters would bear. With her su
periors she played a deep and insidious game,
trusting to her own strength of pride, she
resisted their arts, while she almost invaria
bly made them the victims of her own. In
all this,,Rose was actuated by something
more than a mere girlish love of triumph :
she was ambitious, and had formed high
hopes of opulent marriage. Many a Cantab
and Oxonion, many a lesly batchelor and
grnaty widower, had got entangled in her
foils, and been extricated only by tire early
interference of proud or prudent relations
At length, notwilhstanding her modest man
ners and apparent arllessness, the intrigues
ot Rose Mac Orne became as proverbial as
her beauty : she could obtain no service in
any family where there was a youth to ba
fascinated, or wealthy old age to be cajoled.
Hearing that an East Indiaman was about
to sail, with many ladies on board, Ro.-o te
•ol veil to seek employ merit among them:
• nd succeeded in being appointed dressing
maid lo an elderly lady, who was going out
to Calcutta lo reside with an invalid. India,
mutch making India ! opened glorious pros
pects In Scotch ambition. Rose took unex
ampled pains to please her new mistress—
and in two days she was a decided favorite.
No wonder the gypsey began to feel proud
of her power ; for she never tried to please
without decidedly effecting her purpose. But
when was inordinate ambition known lobe a
safeguard cither to talent or beauty? In two
days, Rose was lo leave England, and her
mistrcps haying granted her permission to
attend the races, she hr the laHt act of kind
ness lo one of her lovers, consented lo ac
company him. Ro-e was very fond of or
naments, and it chanced that her heart was
particularly set on a pnarl pin which her mis-1
tress had said she seldom wore, on account of
•ts antique fashion. Rose had more than
once signified how pretty she thought if —
•nd wondered if she was rich enough to buy
pearls whether they would become her full
andsnowy neck. She dared not to ask for it <
outright: and she never in her life had
thought of taking any thing dishonestly. But
vanity, vanity—that foolish and contempti
ble passion which Las plain its tens of thou- 1
sands, and that loo among the fairest nnd
brightest of God’s works, prevailed over the
better feeling* of Rose Mac Orne. She took
the envied pin, wore it to the races, heard
James Mac Intyrc praise it, told him her
new mistress had given it to her, and then,
dreading the discovery ol the fact, bpgnn to
devise schemes for exchanging the bauble.
The path of sin is steep, nnd every step
Kresseson with accumulated power. Rose
ad already committed a second crime to
conceal the first—and now the hope of secu
rity urged her to commit others. She sold
the breast pin and bought a ring with the
money, in nope* fhe pearl would never be
inquired for this side of India. But in this
she was mistaken—that very day the lady
missed the jewel; and Rose went even deep
er in falsehood than was necessary to keep
up appearances. *
1 will not fellow her thtough every sfep of
this shameful struggle. It is sufficient to
say that the thief was discovered—and Rose I
instead of sailing for glorious match making
India, was in a few weeks hurried on hoard
a Vessel) in which sixty-two other convicts
were dvstmed for Botany Bay. This is a
painful reverse lor one so young, so beauti
ful, so inordinately ambitious. She looked
back upon Knglatid with mingled feelingsol
grief mid burning indignation, contempt of
herself and hatred of the Ihws by which she
suffered. And for what had she endured this
conflict, which first and last had given her
more unhappiness than had been crowded in
thevyholeof her previous ^cistence? Why
nothing hut the foolish vanity of wearing a
cast off peat I ! “
. ^u* Mac Orne had a mind elastic and
vigorous : it soon rebounded (nun depression,
bhe looked around among her companions,
most of whom were tall and robust—some
of whom were handsome women. She
Counted them and counted the men. There
were sixty convicts and fifteen men. Be
fore they were half cross the Atlantic, Rose
h id lain a plan daring enough for the liel
meted Joan of Arc, in the lull tide of her in
spiration. She c'.-mmunicaled the j Ian to
tin* women, which they entered into heartily
and warmly. Rose might have found lovers
enough nn board, notwithstanding the strict
orders of tho ofiicers; hut she chose hut
one, and that was the pilot. Glances and
tender notes soon passed between them un
pcrceivetf by others: for the artful Rose was
like a glacier « hen the ej e of the officer was
upon her; and her lover was capable ol play
ing as deep a game ns she.
At length the important hour arrived : ev*
cry precaution had been taken : all were in
readiness. I he vessel stood tor La Plata to
exchange cargoes and take in refreshments.
I hey entered the huge arms of ihal silvery
liter, ami cut its waters with the arrowy
flight of a bird. Al lenglli Buenos Ayres
lay before them in the distance, with the
broad, clear, bright moonlight spread over it
like a heavy robe. The wind died away,
and the vessel lay gently moving on the bo
som of that majestic river, like a child play
ing itself into slumber, Midnight came —
Ro e had an eye like a burning glass—the
crisis was at hand, and all looked to her for
direction. Iler lover,according to promise, j
had taken bis turn to be pilot; and all slept
save him and the convicts. He sat at the
helm looking out nt the waters, and listening '
to the ‘silence audible.* There was a slight
motion in the sails—then sounded the whistle
of the pilot. In twenty minutes, every man
was bound fast and gagged, the convicts
were armed, and (lie vessel was in full sweep
for Buenos Ayres. There il arirved a prize
fo tho prisoners 1 Great noise was made about
the vessel seized by women, and brought tri
umphantly into port. The‘Lady Shore,’
for that was the vessel’s name, was crowded
with South Americens. The bravery of the
women was loudly applauded : and in three
days the richest young Spaniard in the city
offered himself to the beautiful Rose Mac
Orne. Her promise to the pilot was forgot
ten. The ambitious Scotch woman now
wears pearls and diamonds in plenty, and
most of her sister convicts arc now at the
heads of respectable families in Buenos Ay
res.
THE WINTER—THE POOR.
The high price of almost every article ot
living at the present time,often leads rhe be
nevolent, w ho have a heart to feel for the
wants of others, though their own arc sup-<
plied, to inquire, “ What will the poor do for
fuel and food, during tho approaching win
ter?**—It is well to think, thus early, on
this subject. That the poor will not be able
to supply themselves with food and fuel, in a
great many enses, in our large towns, and,
perhaps, to some extent, in our country tow ns,
during the coming winter, it its severity is
like that of the last, is unquestionable. That
they must not I e left to perish in this Chris
tian land, is equally unquestionable, though
they must invilahly suffer if the present pri
ces continue. II ow, then, and by whom
must their suffering be mitigated.
To answer this inquiry, we must, proba
bly, search after the cause of their poverty,
"’hat is it that exposes them to pinching
want? Why have they not laid up some
thing during the summer, to meet the de
mands of winter? How comes it that in
this Dnd of abundance—in this land where is
more labor needed than can be obtainerl, and
where the price of labor is high—how comes
it that the close of autumn finds them with
out funds for defraying the cxpences of
winter? Doubtless no one answer can be
given, which would cover every case. There
'is a diversity of causes, if we take the whole
range of poverty in our land. There arc
sickness and accident, and disappointment,
am! other dispensations of Providence, which
leave somo destitute of the means of provi
ding food and fuel during the winter, after
all their care and industry, and economy.
•Such cases call for the warm sympathy ami
generous reliefof the charitable. Then there
are widows, all w hose efforts and sacrifices
are not sufficient to procure more than e
nougli to meet the daily commands of their
fatherless children. — Connecticut Observer.
Experiment* tried in a well or drill hole
S00 feci deep at Montpelier, V’t. have shown
Ihnt the increase of heat in descending is at
the rate of one degree for every 80 feet. Such
nn increase would indicate that in descend
ing towards the earth’* centre, at no very
greBt distance from its surface, the heat mu«!
he such as to hold in a state of fusion any
body with which we are acquainted, and
would seem to prove that the globe is in fact
in the depths of its interior a huge mass of
materials heated to melting, flow far the
above experiment* may go to account for the
existence of the hot springs which are found
in various countries, we leave it to the scien
tific to decide; one thing is certain, that
whatever may be the stale of things at the
centre of our ball, people on its outside are
toooften apt to g«t into hot water.
= - '-j__■ »
Tne Engineer of the steamboat Royal
I ar has been taken to St. Johns, to he
tried for murder.
77ic Spirit of Insubordination.
^V.® derive the following pregnant ex
tract from a recent address by Dr. Beech
hr, entitled "a plan for colleges.” It
will be read with interest and profit :
“This tendency of personal liberty to
the subversion of laws is with us the ep
idemic of the day. The genius o(. our
government has breathed a spirit of re
laxation through all our systems of edu
cation from the cradle upward. Instead
of increasing the efficiency of early dis
cipline ana liability of subordination
thro’ every form of social preparatory
government, we have thrown the reius
presumptuously upon the neck of child
hood and youth, trusting to the efficien
cy of law to meet and curb and tame the
fiery .spirit of insubordination.
In our contempt of the arbitrary in
equalities of monarchial governments,
our zeal has overacted to the overthrow
of those constitutional distinctions of
intelligence, aud virtue, aud authority,
inseparable fiom the existence of well
regulated society.
Instead of environing the rising gene
ration with parental vigilance and a
mild efficient government, to qualify
them by habit to coming responsibili
ties, we have blamed the severity of our
fathers, and ridiculed their paiticulariiv,
and in the supremacy of our wisdom send
our children, uugovernred at home, to
meet the responsibilities of the school, of
the college, aud of public life. And
they, rocked to sleep in the nursery, by
the soirgs and eulogies of liberty, deem
it unseemly indignity to their native
independence, to be compelled to obey,
aud their republican blood makes insur
rection, and the wise, weakheaited pa
rent submits, hoping they will be asham
ed of their conduct when they come to
years of discretion—an era which few
ungoverned children ever reach.—The
same uusubdued spirit of republican in
dependence goes murmuring through the
common school with oft repeated break
ings-out of a rebellious will. The acad
emy sometimes conquers and sometimes
is conquered—sometimes compromises,
or concludes a truce; while in the col
lege, with increasing frequency, it at
tempts subjugation of the powers that be
to the popalar will.
In the mean time, our patriotic politi
cians, (and never was there a nation bles
sed with such a multitude of them.) have
so long aud so constantly assured the sov
ereign people of their power, and their
own implicit subjection to them, that
they have taken it into their heads to be
above not only their servants, but above
themselves, as acting by their own offi
cers and their own laws ; so that, by the
deceitful influence of our institutions,
that efficiency of government, and those
habits of subordination, so indispensable
to qualify us for spontaneous obedi
ence to law, are fast failing ; and the law
is called to disclose its impotency to con
trol a population, from abroad" and at
borne, furious in passion, haughty in
pride, and indomitable in will. The
result is, that in the absence of power,
and in contempt of the dignity of law,
brawls and batteries, in high places and
low, anJ duels and assassinations and
j robberies, and conflagrations, and mnr
j ders, and mobs, and treasons, and all the
symptoms of a fast approaching dissolu
tion, begin to appear.
The truth is, we nre fast going down
stream with all the accelerating power of
passion, wind and tide; AND UNLESS
THE NATION CAN BE AWAK
ENED, WE SHALL GO DOWN.
Interesting Anecdote.—In the de
bate on the removal of Washington’s re
mains, in the House of Representatives,
Mr. Howard, of Maryland, related the
foil owing interesting historical anecdote :
"When the British fleet was passing up
the Potomac, with hostile intent, dur
ing the late war, the commander direct
ed that when he arrived opposite Mount
i Vernon, he should be informed of the
! fact. When he was told that the ship
was opposite the tomb of Washing
! ton, the officers assembled upon deck,
j and passed by uncovered and in silence.”
An instance of female devotedness was
i lately exhibited before the Legislature of
I Rhode Island, in the person of a Airs. Salis
i bury, whose husband was confined for theft.
This affectionate wife, whose devotion was
per haps worthy a better cause, besought the
House to permit her to appear at their bar in
behalf of her husband. The request being
granted, she presented herself before them,
and slated that she had been married four
years, had four children, one of whom had
been sick for the last seven months: that she
and her family had nothing in the house to
eat save a little corn meal: that her husband
was able to work. wa« affectionate, and when
at liberty provided Well for his family. She
therefore prayed for his deliverance, if re
quired, on condition of his quitting the Slate.
I lie arguments<il the good woman in behalf
of the freedomof her dishonest husband were
irresistible—her prayer was granted without
a dissenting voice. Thus it is that we see
I the female character shine out under the tri
als of adversity, and coming in aid of those
who would foolishly claim to be paramount,
when their folly or their wickedness has sub
jected them to its necessary consequences.
[ We can admire the devotedness of this poor
how mVch we despise the hue*
band whose conduct has put her to the trial.
Baltimore American.
SANTA ANA AND TEXAS.
General Santa Anna has addressed a com
munication to the Texan government, de
claring his having complied .with the terms
entered into by hitn, and protesting in the
lirsl place against his having been treated
more as an ordinary criminal than rs a pris
oner ol war, the head of a respectable nation.
Secondly against the treatment of Adrian
V all, a Mexican General, who had entered
the Texan camp witha flag of truce, with
me consent of the Cabinet, and under the
word of honor of General Houston. Third
ly, against (he non-fulfilment of the 9th ar
ticle of his capitulation, which provides for
the exchange of prisoners, asserting that al
though the I exuns had been freed, not a sin
Cle Mexican bad been set at liberty,
rourlhly, against the non-pcrlormance of
the condition which was a sine qua rum, that
he should he snot (o Vera Cruz vv hen the go
vernment shall deem proper—they being
satisfied that the conditions of the treaty had
been fulfilled on his part, which, as he alle
ges, had been done so far us he was concern
e< i iflhly, against the violence commit-!
ted on his person in foicing him to return on i
s.ioro after he had embarked, and exhibiting j
him to the soldiery. And, finally, against
his being kept in u narrow prison calculated
to injure liis health, guarded by sentinels,
and suffering nil the privations which make I
life insupportable; also for tLe uncertainly J
in which he has been kept in regard to his |
own fate and that of his fellow prisoners.
lotiie protest, of which the above is an 1
abstract, President Burnet, ol Texas, has re- j
turned an answer, framed in a courteous and '
becoming style, in which he admits that cir- I
cumstances of popular excitement had con- !
strained him to deviate slightly from tho i
terms of the treaty respecting Santa Anna’s !
icturn to \ era Ciuz—the excitement having j
been caused by the cruellies committed by
the troops lately under command of Santa
Anna, upon Colonel fanning and his party,
of the Mexican General’s participation in
which slaughter, he expresses himself un
willing even to conjecture. lie says that
the embarkation of Santa Anna on board of
the Invincible, lunl been the result ol the
government’s determination to comply
strictly w ith the terms agreed upon, and that
ois subsequent deharcation was owing to po.
pular excitement, which rendered it indis
pensably to postpone bis departure—To the
first item in the protest the President states
that the accommodation of Santa Anna had
been the best within the power of tho au
thorities, as he had exposed his own sick
family to privations, in order to make him
comfortable, and that the want of the com
forts of life was ow ing to the visit ofthe Mex
ican army. In reference to die treatment of
General Wall, he alleges that every thing
had been done to afford him a safe return,
but thnt the order to tGat tffact having been
contravened at a distance from the seat of
government, the reasons for it were not
known, but were alleged to originate in in-,
discielionon the part of General Wall, w hose
conduct during his sojourn had not been
prudent.
Touching the non fulfilment of the 9lh ar
ticle respecting prisoners, the President de
clares that he has no official knowledge of a
single Texan prisoner liberated under the
treaty, although sonic of the survivors of
h arming’* command had managed to escape;
whereas the Texan government had released
several Mexican captives and paid their ex
penses to N. O., where they wished logo. Of
the admission on the part of the Texan cahi
net that Santa Anna had performed his part
of the conditions, the President says that so
far from having done so, cattle had been dri
ven off by the retreating army, and brass
pieces ol artillery, trfund at the Alamo, had
been melted down and destroyed, both of
which acts were in contravention of tho trea
ty. With regard to the exposure of Santa
Anna’s person in his deharcation, the Presi
dent disclaims any intention to make a show
of him, however natural it might have bycn
/or tlie people to desire to see an individual
so connected with the late occurrences, and
that he was aware ol no act of violence com
mitted on his person, which, as that of a pri
soner of war, was held sacred. He concludes
his answer, by alleging that tho apartment
of which the general cmijilaios as a narrow
prison is larger and more commodious than
that which constitutes both his office and tho
residence o( Ins family, and reminds Santa
Anna (hat the best accommodations which
the new government had enjoyed, hail been
broken up about two months previously by
the army under tho immediate command ol
bis excellency, at the burning of the town of
11 nr risburg. — Haltimnre American.
FRANCE AND SWITZERLAND.
We publish lo day, from the New York
American, some interesting foreign articles
relative to a dispute between France nnd
Switzerland. The impudence of tho French
Government is only equalled by its inso
lence. It wantonly seeks a quarrel with
Switzerland, because Switzerland is weak,
and because it is the sole depository on the
continent of free principles.
France nls,. geeks the quarrel (oget out of
a difficulty into which her police agents have
brought her by sending spies into Switzer
land, one of whom has been discovered, nnd
bis conduct made public. Through some
mat-adroitness on tho part ol the French
embassador, conjoined with an equal want
of tact on the part ol the spy, his business
and bis connection with the embassador was
discovered. 'I be spy, lo save himself, let
the whole secret out—and to save himself,
and the 1* rench M blister of the Interior, a
quarrel is attempted to be got up about
something else. A nd to add to the impudence
of the thing, this very thing of the spy is
made a cause of complaint against the Swiss
Government. They have dared to make
known lo the world the confession of the spy,
and Iiis connection with the embassador and
bis Government!
• i
THk PRIMARY SCHOOLS.
I he School Commissioners ef Loudoun
County, at their late Annual Meeting, be
lieving that their occasional presence al the
Schorls where the State scholars are placed,
would lc attended with the happiest effects
in uncoureging the diffident, reproving the
uiuolcnt, and bestowing deserved praise on
the diligent and studious youth ; believing,
too, that the practice of regular visits would
awaken a feeling of gratitude to their bene
factors, and prove a powerful stimulant to
greater exertions and more correct habits,
siuopfcu the following resolution :
"Aesolvcd, That this Board will hereafter
regard it as a duty to visit the Schools un
der their protection, once in each quarter,
and oftener, it practicable, to examine into
*« 1V1 aVI0Ur, in‘,us,ry«an(1 progress of the
children, and bestow approbation on those
| “who merit it.”
L '‘'e especially call the attention of those
School commissioners absent at the last an
nual meeting, to the foregoing praise-worthy
resolution, and request that they would re
port their observations from time 16 time, to
the ( lerk of the Board. Their last report
for the current year should be made by the
1st of September next, in order, that whntev- I
cr factsor opinions contained in these reports
in relation to the condition of the Schools, or I
the improvement of the present School ays-I
tem, that should be deemed of sufficient val- |
uc, may be included in the next annual report
to ihc Legislature.
Some of the finest geniuses, and subse
quently distinguished for their useful attain
ments in science, have been tree scholars at
schools founded on public or private munifi
cence. Our own county may contain many
oiphans, poor, and nearly friendless, who
need but some cultivation, and now and (hen
a kind word of encouragement to convince
them that there are kind & benevolent hearts
Hint leel interested for them; that they are
not alone in the world i. nnd these same or
phans may hereafter repay the Stato ten
thousand told, by the useful application et
their talents thus developed and improved.
The duty now imposed on the School Com
missioners is a solemn and important one,
and will, we trust, be faithfully attended to.’
(Jcnius of Liberty.
ISrcckcnridge’s Letter.
Rev. Robert J. Breckexridue.—
The subjoined highly interesting letter is
from the pen of this distinguished individual.
It was elicited by the following circumstan
ces, which we extract from the Journal of
Commerce.
Mr. Breckenridge went out to England as
Delegate from the Presbyterian church in
the United Stales to some of the churches in
Great Britain, and purposed no doubt to
confine himself to the legitimate objects of
his mission. But scarcely had he landed on
these shores, when he received a challenge
from the notorious George Thompson to
measure lances with him on the subject of
American slavery. Although there was
nothing in the character nr standing of Geo.
Thompson which entitled him to make the
challenge, yet Mr. Breckenridge, thinking
that a refusal to accept it would he construed
j >nto a sense of the weakness of his cause,
|nnd hoping by his remarks to enlighten the
public mind in Great Britain on a subject
I concerning w» w:h, as applicable to this conn
■ try, they are strangely ignorant, took up the
gauntlet which Thompson had thrown dow n.
The discussion was held in Glasgow, before
a select assembly of 12 hundred people and
continued for several evenings in succession.
Air. Breckenridge labored under some dis
advantage from not having within his reach
the various data to which he wished to ro/er,
while Thompson on the other hand was a'
hundantly fortified with Liberators, Eman
cipators, ami other publications ot the A
: merican Abolitionists, all of whose slate
menls, no matter how extravagant and false,
■ are received as law and gospel by (he-people
• of England. Yet notwithstanding this un
j favorable circumstance, and the fact that he
j *as consciously addressing an assembly
whose verdict wa9 already made up against
him, he acquitted himself with great ability,
—so much so that it secnw the Glasgow Ab
olitionists deemed it necessary to guard by
I published resolutions, ngainst the impression
| that he had carried off the palm, both in ar
gument and in the goodness of his cause.
, These resolutions, being spread before the
public, were the immediate occasion of the
letter being written; and we are sure the
American people will rejoice that the occa
sion was afforded. Avery intelligent and
judicious friend, who has read the letter sev
eral limes, declares that it is not, in his opin
ion, for pilh and point and real eloquence
surpassed by the Letters of Junius.
To the Rev. Ralph IVardlaw, D. D , of
Glasgow.
Sin, I observe ii the London Patriot of
last week, an abstract of the proceedings of
the Glasgow Emancipation Society, on the
1st of this month, at a public meeting held
"for the purpose of expressing tiie senti
ments of the society in reference to the re
cent discussion on American Slavery be
tween the Rev R J. Breckenridge and Mr.
George Thompson.” The giealer portion
of the report before me, is occupied with a
speech made by you on that occasion in pro
posing to the meeting the following resolu
tion, viz., “ t hat in the deliberate judgment
of this meeting the wish announced by Mr.
George Thompson, to meet publicly any an
tagonist, especially any minister of the gos
pel from the United States, on the subject of
American Slaveiy, or on any one of the
branches of that subject, was dictated by n
well founded consciousness of the integrity
of his purpose, and assurance of the correct
ness of his facts; and that (he recent discuss
sinn in this city between him and the Rev.
R. J. Breckenridge, of Baltimore, has left,
not merely unshaken but confirmed and aug
mented their confidence in the rectitude of
his principles, the purity of his motives, the
propriety of his measures, the fidelity of his
statements, and the straight-forward honesty
and undaunted intrepidity of his zeal.” This
motion was seconded by the venerable and
respected Dr. Kidstone, whose speech on
the occasion is hut bristly reported. Other
resolutions—some of similar import, some of
a general character—were offered and «•
E"*, Dr HeuJ$ H"d Messrs. Eadie.
King, M Laren and Kellie. But above all
the proceedings bear the signature ol Robt
brahame, of Whitehill—whose venerablo
name is dear to every good man.
These proceedings, Sir, have relieved me
from a state of great and painful anxiety, aa
to the view my countrymen might take of
the propriety of my taking any notice, more
or less, of Mr. George Thompson. For
while nothing is further from my purpose
than to wound the feelings of any friend of
that individual, it is necessary to say, that hi
America, every one who is not an abolition*
ist,or in other words, ninety-nine hundredths
nf the people, consider him, not only un
worthy of credit, but unworthy of notice.
Al length, I have a tangible proof, by which
to make my countrymen leel, that persons of
the utmost respectability, excellence, and
piety, in Britain, not only concur in all the
principles and proceedings, but partake of
all the prejudices and ignorance of that in*
dividual, and openly defend his flagitious
conduct. I' rom this day forth, 1 deem my
self fully acquitted, on the only part of the
subject which filled me with personal anxi
ety. For although you have aot hesitated
to speak in terms sufficiently disparaging of
my humble efforts to defend this truth; yet
as you have given no reasens for the judg
ment you have delivered, those who read for
themselves may escape the influence of your
authority. And as you have been pleased to
decide on the whole merits of the cute, as
well as on the whole merits of tha parties
involved in it,— I escape, of course, from the
whole blame of having damaged the truth
by feeble ndvocacy.
In this state of the case, it cannot surprise
you, that I turn with delight trom those who
have hitherto assailed me, and address my
self to you: that I avail myself of the right
arising from your free and repealed use of
my name, and your judgments both upon my
character ami ucts, to speak freely in return.
Let us forget the miserable trifling of Mr.
Robert Bernard flail. Let us pass over
poor Moses Rober, who, it 'is but just to say
has written the most modest and sensible at
tack yet made on me. Let us even be mod*
erate in having absolutely silenced tha gar
rulity of Air. 1 hompson, who begs off hi bis
last note, which has just reached me, in the
Patriot of the 17th instant. I have that te
say vvhich you have not only invited, but
challenged me to utter, and to which I ask
your serious regard.
I have manifested my deference te tba
judgment of a Christian people, by discuss
ing at its bar, questions purely national and
personal, into wInch, under erroneous pre
texts, they had interfered in a manner the
most vexatious. I believed they were in
ftreat error,— 1 presumed they were since**,
y disposed to do good,— I knew the** w*r„
really doing us, and theraselv*9 ' j .l”
world, harm ; and challenged and forced into
the matter I have discussed i( on i(9 mero
merits adrn111ing you -nd your peo le to le
all you professed bo-and only endeavor*
•tig io proYC that we were not as evil as you
made us out. So far aa you and those you
can influence are concerned, you have de*
dared that you remain more firmly than
evei settled in your harsh judgments of us,
and your fixed purpose to follow out all yoar
offensive courses. Nay, you plainly declare,
that rather than alter a title of your conduct,
principles, opinion or dejnands on this sub
ject, you prefer that all fellowship between
us and you should terminate. That argu
ment and conclusion, then, being complete
and final, vve need say no more. I am con
tent to wail and see, whether the American
people will, at your suggestion change their
national) constitution; or whether, in the e
vent of the adequate majority for that pur
pose not being attainable, they will, as the
inference of your argument, break up tha
confederacy—to regain your good opinion.
1 here is, as I have said, quite another
view of the whole case. You say in the
courso ol your speech. “ If our American
brethren saw any thing in us which they
thought, and justly thought, was an evil of
sufficient magnitude to induce their kind of
fices for its suppression, wo ought to feel ob
liged by their using their endeavors to stir
us up to a due consideration of it, and (6
practical efforts for its removal ” And in
the context you are somewhat pointed fn en
forcing lhis idea, as containing in it a great
rule of duty. In general we have consider*
cd the ill-doing of this delicate office more
hurt Ini than its omission. In particular, it
has appeared t« us ns a pretext liable to in
finite abuse irnd practically resorted to most
by those « ho had least ground and least right
to display it. But, sfr, ? can hardly, either
in faithfulness or honor, abstain any longer
from its use. — And the main object of this
communication is to point out, in the actual
condition of considerable portions of the Brit,
ish empire, evils which leally arc, or which
your party has declared tl> be,of so palpable
and so monstrous a description, (bat decency
would seem to require you to repress them,
or to bo very modest in rebuking others
while they exist.
1 To conic nt once to the grand cause of
outcry against us— ihe unhappy and indefen
sible existence of slavery in many of the
States. W ill you !>«• so good ns to turn your
eyes to the map of Africa, and fix I hem on a
spot larger than half ol Western Europe?
At its southern extremity, find Cape Town.
I lien find the speech ol Dr. Philip, deliver
ed in Exeter Hall ten days after you deliv
ered yours —In that town and neighborhood
are 9,000 British slaves!! Scattered over
that vast peninsula arc numy thousand more
of British slaves !! And yet the ear of day is
(dull with being told that in the Biitisli em
pire there were no slaves; and the very
j speech lhat has elicited there remarks was
made at a meeting on Ihe anniversary devofo
e»l lo a glorious lad that never occurred,
namely, “Slave emancipation in tRe British
colonies.”
2. Tutn, now, f pray you to the map of
Asia, and find the vast dominions which God
has lent to you there, embracing a popula
tion of one hundred and thirty millions of

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