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Staunton spectator, and general advertiser. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 183?-1849, January 12, 1837, Image 1

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V»I" »'v-_STAUNTON, (VIRGINIA,) THURSDAY, JANUARY 12, 18377 s7.7.~
jlW ■ I !■! 1 ljjj|
Emblem of Everlasting Power,— I come
Into thy presence! as an awe-struck child
J*?fore its toucher. Spread thy boundless
And I will ponder o cr its characters,
As erst the glad disciple sought the lore
Of Socrates nr Plato. Yon old rock
Hath heard thy voice for ages, and grown
Boneuth thy smitings,—and thy wrathful
Even now is thundering ’neath its envern’d
Methinks it trembleth at thy stern rebuke:—
Is it not so?—
Sj>eak mildly, mighty Sea!—
I would not know tho lerrois of thine ire,—
That vex the gasping mariner,—and hid
The wrecking argosy to leave no trace,
Or bubble, where it perish’d—Man's weak
Tho* wildly lifted in its proudest strength,
With all its compass,—all its voluiued sound,
Is mockery to thee.
Earth speaks of man,—
Iler level’d mountains, and her cultur’d
Town, towel, and temple, and triumphal
All speak of him, and moulder while llioy
-But of whose architecture and design,
Speak thine eternal fountains, when they rise
Tacombat wiib the cloud, and when they tall?
Of whose strongculture tell thy sunless plants,
And groves and gardens, which no mortal
Hath seen and liv’d—
What chisel’ll skill hath wrought
Those choral monuments,and tombs of pearl,
Where sleeps the sea'boy ’mid s pomp that
Ne’er showed her buried kings?
Whose science stretch’d
The simplest line to curb thy monstrous tide,
And graving ‘Hitherto’ upon thy sand,
Bade thy mad surge respect it? From whose
Came ferih thy drapery, that ne’er waxeth
Ner blanchetli, ’neath stern Winter’s direst
/rest ?
Who hath thy kays, thou deep?—Who tak>
eth note
Ol all thy wealth? Who nunribereth the hewt
That find their real with thee? Whet eye
doth scan
Thy secret annal, from creation lock’d
Closo in those dark, unfathomable cells,
Which ho who visited), hath ne’er return'd
Among the living?—
S“lill but one reply ?
Ho all thine echoing depths, and crested
Make the same answer?—Of that one dread
Which he whodeepest plants within his soul
Is wisest, though the Woi Id doth call him fool.
-Therefore I come a listener to thy lore,
And bow meat thy tide, and lave my brow
With thy cool billow,—if perchance, my
> soul.
That fleeting wanderer on the shore of lime,
May, by thy voice instructed,— learn ot God!
A very entertaining article in tho Iasi
Asiatic Journal, on the subject of "Rejected
Lovers,” enumerates some striking us well
as startling love adventures which have oc
curred among the society of the English in
India. We give below the most remarkable
anecdote which is told in the circles of Mo*
dras.—Nat. Gaz.
"An affection had sprung up bet ween two
young persons, acquainted with each other
from childhood, which received the approba
tion of their mutual friends : the youth of
the parties, however,—the lady being only
fifteen, and the gentleman three years her
senior,—rendered it advisable that the mar
riage should not take place until both had
roachcd a mature age. The failure of some
expectations obliged the lover to nccc ;
cadetship; and with the lull consent of *hi>
relutions, he went out to India under an en
gagement to send for his betrothed as soon as
circumstances would admit ol his taking up
on him the expense of maintaining a wife.
The youth continued true to his first attach*
ment during a considerable period, and the
receipt of the lady’s portrait which was for
warded to him just as she had attained tho
loll bloom of womanhood, shewed that the
promise she had given ot beauty had been
mor. than fulfilled. At length, feeling him
self to be in a condition to support an increas
ed establishment, he wrote to the lady re
questing her to come out to him, and she,
never having thought of any one else, obey
ed the mandate ns soon as it wa9 possible for
her to embark upon her voyage. Some de
lay had taken place in consequence of tho
death of her father, and the gentleman at first
grew impatient, then angry, and finally
meeting with somebody who struck his fan
cy, transferred his affections to n new object.
While in the height and frenzy of this pas
sion, news reached him that his first love
was on her way to India, and he was obliged
fo make arrangements for her reception at
the house of a female acquaintance, and to
proceed himself to Madras to give her the
meeting. She arrived, delighting all who
beheld her with the beauty other person, the
clagance of her manners, and the accom
plishments of her mind.— Capt. S-was
considered to have gained a prize, and
she, in the fond expectation of the warmest
welcome which love could give, awaited an
interview which was to lead loan union of
the moat indissoluble nature. The gentle*
man made his appeurance, but I he coldness
and constraint ol his manner showed that nil
was not right. He either averted his eyes,
oriaised them in displeasure at nn object
formed to attract and captivate, and refusing
an invitation to dinner upon the plea of an
engagement, quitted the house, leaving the
lair stranger in dismay at conduct so cruel
and so unaccountable. Adding insult to in
jury, the inconstant look every opportunity
which offered to utter slighting ami dispara
ging remarks to one who had anticipated tho
most affectionate treatment. At length the
change in his sentiments was so glaringly
displayed, that site felt obliged to inquire the
cause, and tq come ton linn! explanation.
He then acquainted her with the truth, taking
no pains to spare her feelings in the recital,
and offering some provision if she chose to
remain in India. Indignant at a conclusion
so different from that which she had n right
to expect, and disgusted by the conduct of
the man who had induced her to quit kind
friends and a home for a long and dangerous
voyage in the full confidence that she wns
seeking the arms of a protector, she declared
her intention of returning to England; nor
could she be dissuaded irom a measure res
solved upon in the bitterness ol a wounded
spirit, though several families of the highest
distinction entreated her to mnke their hous
es her home, end though the gentlemen of ,
the Presidency shewed an earnest desire to j
induce her to give hersell away in marriage. I
Poo deeply distressed in mind to think of
the latlei alternative, she sought her native
shore, where, but for some unfortunate cir
cumrtance, she might have lound peace. Her
mother had died during herahsence, and imas
gining that sho was provided for, left her so
small a proportion of her own very limited
property ae to oblige her to be in a great de
gree dependant upon an aunt. The treat
ment which she experienced .under the roof
of this relation surprised and alarmed her ; j
upon some pretext or other, she was sent a- j
way whenever any visiters cume tothehouse: J
and, at length, when a parly were to assem- i
hie, was told that she must not make her j
appearance, as her returning unmarried !
from India had given the world reason 1o j
suppose that her own misconduct had caused i
the nunfulfilnient of her engagement, and the j
apparent disinclination of other gentlemen to !
form an alliance with her. She had never ^
contemplated such a view of the case, and
conscious of innocence, immediately made 1
up her mind to go back to Madras, and ob- !
lige her faithless lover to vindicate the fame '
he had so deeply injured. The spirit which
had prompted her to leave the country which j
hail been the scene of disappointment and in
sult, supported her through her new deter*
minalion ; she proceeded w ithout delay to
London, where she found the captain who
had taken her out, nnd brought her home a
gain, on the eve of sailing. He instantly of- !
iered her a free passage, and other friends
coming forward to assist her with pecuniary
means, she embarked for the second time and
pursued her voyage. Her beauty remained
unimpaired by the trials she hud encounter
ed, and her manners and disposition having
lost nothing of their attraction, she won the
heart of a fellow-passenger, a Colonel in the
army, who was icpairing on military duly to
Ceylon. She would not, however, consent
to enter into an engagement with him until
she should have procured a written testimo
nial from the pen of her first lover, that she
had given him no cause for the imputation
that had been cast upon her, either through
his on n report of the affair at home, or (he
uncharitable supposition of (he world. No
argument could induce her to forego this
resolution : and, notwithstanding the Colo
nel’s unwillingness to submit to what he
considered to be unnecessary delay, she went
J to Madras. Cupt. S-was up the coun
try at the time, but letters were immediately
despatched to him, demnnding the contra
diction of the scandal. Meanwhile, the re
sidents of Madras came forward in the hand
somest manner with assurances of respect and
regard, and in due course of post the docu
ment arrived which sho had travelled so far
to obtain. She had now to nil appearance,
surmounted the evils of her destiny ; the pu
rity of her fame was established, and nn im
passioned lover waited to receivo her hand.
1 he Colonel had commissioned the Captain
of the ship to make several expensive pur
chases for his bride at Madras ; thesehad ell
J been embarked for Cey Ion, but the lady for
whom they were intended did not live to ac
company them. The excitement which had
so wonder fully enabled her to brave every
difficulty having censed, she sunk rapidly,
and hail scarcely received tfie congratulations
I of her friends upon the triumph of her in no*.
; conce, before the pulsations of a too deeply
agitated heart stopped, nnd life ebbed away.
'I his melancholy event occasioned the deep
est regret to all the society of the presidency,
and is still remembered by many with al
most undiminished sorrow.J>
Tub Ciiine.sk.—Notwithstanding the
singular qualities which distinguish the phy
sical geography ol China, the chief object of
interest is the remarkable people by whom
that country 19 possessed. They have, in
deed, labored to overcome, and, as it were,
to obliterate nature; to bring its boldest
scenes under (ho control of industry and art.
Not only has the indigenous vegetation been
every where suspended by culture, but the
highest mountains have been levelled nnd
terraced almost to their tops; cities have
been built upon them, nnd extensive ranges
of wall erected along their summits. They
practise upon a vast scale all the industrial
arts, whether rural or manufacturing, and
maintain a population the most numerous
that is any where united under one system ol
rule. Five hundred years ago, they were
undoubtedly the most civilized nation on
earth, with the doubtful exception of the
Hindoos; and if the latter display intellec
tual powers of a higher order, the attain
ments of the Chinese appear to be more sub
stantial and practical. Since (hat lime, in
deed, the Europeans, by their rapid advances
in science and in the arts, both useful and
ornamental, have far surpassed all the inhab
itants of the East. Still (he Chinese seem
fully entitled to stand next in order, while
they have the additional right to boast of a
much more ancient improvement. Their
civilization, too, has been developed under
peculiar forms, altogether differing from
those which are presented by tlie nations ol
(lie West. The dissimilarity is perhaps as
w ide as can possibly exist between two races
ol beings having the same common nature
and wants. A people, among whom inven
tions which are esteemed the pride of mod
ern Europe—the compass, gunpowder, print
ing—were known and practised many ccntu
rieseatlier—who probably amount to more
than two hundred millions, united in one sys
tem ol manners, lettors, and polity—who in
every province have towns that rival the
greatest capitals in our part of (he world—
who have not only covered every spot of
earth with inhabitants, but have streets nml
cities on (he wators—such a nation must in
deed occupy a conspicuous place in the his
tory of mankind; and the study of their in
stitutions cannot fail to throw an important
light on the progress nnd arrangement of the
socidl system.—Edinburgh Cabinet Eibraty.
The to ay to cure a bad husband.—One far
mer Potter, of the parish of Bow, in Devon
shire, a man much inclined to sottishness,
having occasion to sell a yoke of oxen, drove
them to Crediton fair, about six or seven
miles distant, nnd meeting with a good fair
entertainment and jovial companions, he was
mightily in his element, and did not cry to
go home, hut tarried there some weeks, sing
ing the songs of (he drunkard, until at last
he was disposed to set out for Bow, and, tak
ing his landlord with him, they soon arrived
at the farmer’s house, where he expected to
meet with a warm reception from his wife;
but the good woman had formed a better res
olution. Upon the sight ol his wife, who
came to the door, he accosted her with—“So,
Grace, I am returned j” to w hich she an
swered, “I see you are, my dear; you are
very welcome.” “ But,” said he, “ I have
brought another man with me.” Quoth she,
“ lie is welcome, too, for your sake.” “But*
my love,” said he, “1 have sold my oxen.”
“Aly dear,” said she, “you went to the fair
for (hat purpose.” “I’ve sppnt the money.”
“If you have,” quoth she, “ ’twas no more
than your own.” “ But farther Ilian that,”
said he, “I have gone a score to the amount
of forty shillings, and bore is my landlord
come for it.” “If so,” said she, “I’ll go up
stairs and fetch it for him,” w hicli she did
immediately ; and afterwards treating the
landlord with a pitcher ol cider and a pipe of
tobacco, in an amicable manner, he took his
leave. The farmer being so much charmed
with the good economy of his wile Grace,
told her, with tears in his eyes, he would
never do so any more, and declared her his
darling, and the best of women ; and from
thence lived temperate and happy with dame
Grace to the day of his death. But had she
stormed in the manner too many women are
wont to do on such occasions, there ia the
greatest probability in the world he would
have pursued his vicious course of life, and
brought down poor dame Grace’s hairs in
sorrow to the grave.
The following singular instance of the ef
i fects ol the expansion of water by freezing
; is related in the Cincinnati Whig of the 22(1
i The attention of many of our curious and
scientific citizens was yesterday very pleas
ingly arrested, by an occurrence, at the Iron
Foundry of Alessrs. Darkness, Voorhees &
Co. in thiscity, exhibiting n specimen of the
extraordinary power ol (lie expansion of wa
ter by freezing.
An immensely large iron Anvil, weighing
between three and four tons, and measuring
three feot in diameter, had been left lying by
1 the door of the Furnace, exposed to the at
mosphere. The Hnvil was perfectly solid
w ith Ihe exception of a very small crack or
crevice in (ho centre of one of the sides, a
■ bout five inches long and about four inches
in depth, which from the rain had become
filled with water. The quantity of water
, which the crevice contained could not have
exceeded half a gill. In the course of the
night ol (he twentieth instant, this water be
came frozen, (and, extraordinary ns it may
appear,) its expansion completely severed in
two parts the immense mass of solid iron,
and so great was its expansivo power, that
when the separation took place, n large log
of wood which lay on the top of the anvil,
was thrown to a distance of several feet.
Had the crevice been filled with powder,
and the powder ignited, the effect would r.ot
have been c thousandth part as great.
From the /Baltimore American.
The following amusing calculation is from
a late London paper. It should cause the
bosom of every American to swell with
pride, at the contrast between England and
the United States. W bile the former is bur
dened by an enormous debt, the latter lias a
surplus revenue of 840,000,000 in the pub
lic treasury.
The weight of the national debt, in gold,
amounts to 14,088,472 pounds, or G282 tons
9 cwt. 3 qrs. 13 lbs.; in silver to 200,GG6,
GGG pounds, or 119,047tons 12 cwt. 1 qr. 14
lbs. To transport this debt across the seas,
in gold, it would require a fleet of twenty
five ships of 250 tons burthen each. To
[carry (he whole debt by land, it would re
quire 12,580 one horse carts, each cart being
loaded with half a ton of gold. These would
| extend, in one unbroken line, 35 1 2 miles.
II conveyed by soldiers, and every soldier
j were tocarry 50 lbs. weight in his knapsack,
it would require nn army of 281,769 men.
Eight hundred millions ol sovereigns, piled
one upon another, or formed into ohc close
column, would extend 710 miles. If this
column were commenced at the Lizard, or
extreme point of Cornwall, and continued
northward, it would reach ten miles beyond
John O’Groat’s house, at the extreme point
of Scotland. The same number of sover
eigns laid flat, in a straight line, and touch
ing each other, would extend 11,048 miles,
or more than 1 3-4 times round the moon.
Eight hundred millions of one pound bank
of England notea sowed together, would cov
er a turnpike road 40 leet wide, and 1050
J?,1)** 'on£i or from Land’s End to John
U Groat s house, and nearly hall way back
ugain. If the notes were sewed together,
end to end, they would form a belt long a
noug o go four times round the earth, sr
sixter i times round the moon. The whole
population of the world is estimated at one
thousand millions of souls. An equal distri
bution of the national debt would give six*
teen shillings to every man, woman and
child ; or four pounds to every family on the
face of the earth. Were England to con
quer ah Europe, and levy a general poll tax
to pay off her present debt, the must have
from every man. woman and child, 61. 17s.
4 3-4,; or from every family throughout Eu
rope 291. 8s. 2 3 4d. Supposing, for e mo
ment such a thing possible, as that we could
procure from the Mexican mines silver in
sufficient quautily to pay off the debt, it
wouhi require to bring it to England, n.fleet
of 4/G ships of 250 tons each. To carry it
to the bank of England in one horse carts,
each containing half a ton of silver, it would
take 238,095. Those ranged in one unbrok
en line, would extend 676 miles, or from
Land’s End fo within 24 miles of John O’
G mat’s house. If carried by men, each
loaded with 60 lbs. weight, it would require
! 5,333,333, or 1,391,033 men in addition to
i the whole adult male population of Great
| Britain.
Curious Experiment in Natural His
i tory•—A lady of the name of Lendon,
particularly attached to the study of na
ture, had a fancy to attempt to hatch an
egg by the natural heat of her bosom.
Having selected a new laid one o/ a fa
vorite breed, and put it iuto a flannel bag,
she placed it between her breasts, care
i fully attending at night to secure that
portiou of warmth necessary to perfect
existence, during incubation. At length
the time came to relieve the nalcent
chick Irom the brittle cell of its confine
| ment; the moment was perceptible by
J the appearance of its little beak through
the large end of the shell—but lest an
injury should arise in the animal by loo
precipitate a wish to emancipate it from
its prison, the lady frequently applied a
drop of water to the bill of her nursling,
till at last it had acquired strength to ef
fect its own deliverance.
It appeared in every respect as per
fect as if it had been reared by its nat
ural mother; but its foster parent, not
thinking her task finished, attended to
its feeding with the utmost assiduity ;
vigilantly protected it from the cold ; and
in due time, had the pleasure to find it
a fiue benbird, of perfect growth and
In the course cf three years it lias lain
300 eggs, and brought up several broods
of chickens, and one of ducks ; but its
singular habits are yet to be remarked,
and are well deserving the notice of the
curious in natural history. Its domestic
qualities are numerous. It constantly
prefers the house and the company of
its kir.d protector to that of its own spe
cies, and shows a desire to accompany
her wherever she goes.
This extraordinary hen obtained the
name of Fanny ; seems to understand its
mistress’s language, and by marks of af
fection shows it is not insensible to grat
itude. In a w’ord, it appears to have
lost many ot the natural habitudes of its
kind, to have acquired some of the best
qualities of the human race—a sense of
I attachment, and a desire to render itself
General Intelligence.
By and with the advice and consent of the
Charles E. Anderson, oi New York, to
be Secretory of tlie Legation of (lie United
States lo the Court of His Majesty the King
of the French.
Theodore S Fav, of New York, to he
Secretary nl tlie Legation of the United
States near IIis Britannic Majesty.
Jesse Miller ol Pennsylvania, t» be first
Auditor of the Treasury Department.
James Whitcomb, ol Indiana, lo be Com
missioner of the General Land Office.
Martin Gordon to he Superintendent ol
the Branch Mint at New Orleans.
Joseph J. Singleton to he Superintendent
of the Branch Mint at Dahlohnega, in the
State o| Georgia.
John M. Moore, of Washington to he
Principal Clerk nt the Public Lands in the
General Land Office.
Samuel I>. King, of Washington, to he.
Principal Clerk of Private Land Claims in
the Genera! Land Office.
! William J. Stcrger, of Maryland, to he
Principal Clerk ol the Surveys in the Gen
eral Land Office.
Rev. Mr. Goodman has been elected
Chaplain of the Senate of the U. S.
Rev. Oliver C. Ccmstock lias been
elected Chaplain to the House of Rep
resentatives on the 3d ballot, receiving
103 voles against 100, divided among
several competitors.
R. M. ^ ot NCi has been elected a Senator
of the United Slates from the State of Illi
nois, for six years front the 3d day ol March
i next, when the term of Senator Ewing, ol
| that Stale, will expire.
| We hear nothing further of Gen. Santa
| Anna, except that he passed by Natchez, on
his way up the Mississippi river, on flic
morning of the 14 th of December. Unless
i 'l'9 passage has been In some way obstructed
or delayed, he ought to have reached this
city some days ago. In the New York
Courier and Enquirer of Saturday last, we
find n loiter from the Texas correspondent of
that paper, an extract Irom which ia aub
joinod, which throws a new light on the pur
poses for which the General has been releas
ed by the Texans, one of which, it appears,
is te make a treaty, as Sovereign Ruler of
Maxica.eith the Executive ol the United
Stales, which treaty the Government of
Tmas («t least the correspondent of the
Couriei) seems to consider would be binding
upon tha Republic of Mexico. This we
apprehend to ba altogether a mistake, even
though the Government of M kxico had not,
as it nas, renounced beforehand all obligato
ry authority upon that nation of stipulations
or promises which might bo made by their
captive chieftain.—JVat. Jnt.
Correspondence of the N. Y. Cmir. tf Enq.
Columbia, (Texas,) Poc. 4. \
Our Administration have made a bold
stroke ol policy, and in the propriety of
which I have fuily and cordially concurred ;
not only frona the facts and evidence which
the Executive had received, hut from the
argumeats adduced in consequence. Ob
Saturday night last, Santa Anna it Almonte,
under the charge of two gentlemen, were
started by land for the city of Washington ;
and the concise grounds lor adopting this po
licy are, that Mexico ia in a -tale of revolu
tion. Bustamante will take command of the
troops against us, and is the known and a-,
vowed enemy of Santa Anna; the partias of
these two rival chiefs are bitterly opposed,
and some of (he minor ones are looking on
to side tha first convenient moment with the
strongest. If, therefore, Santa Anna should
personally appear among them, it would
throw consternation in the political ranks ol
his enemies, and fir the wavering course of
tho doubtful; there will then be two power
ful tactions, and each will have enough to do
to attend to his own concerns, without troub
ling themselves with us; added to which, I
have every confidence that Santa Anna will
keep his faith with us. Tho moment he
laftds in the United States he ceases to be a
prisoner; consequently, any treaty he there
may make will be valid. He goes to Wash
ington at his own request, in preference to
embarking directly for Vera Cruz, to pledge
to General Jackson what he has staled here,
to wit, that lie will immediately recognise
our independence on his being placed in
Maryland.—The Legislature of ths
StMe has passed an act for accepting tb o
Stale’s proportion of the Surplus Revenue o I
the United States under the Distribution Act
of the lust session of Congress.
A Bill has been reported to the Seri
ate of Pennsylvania changing the legal
rate of interest from six to eight per
cent. Banking institutions are excepted
from the provision of the act.
John TV. Crockett, son of the honest
hearted Davy, is proposed as » candidate
lor Congress in the district formerly rep
resented by his father.
Morris Canal Company. — We understand
the Board of Directors of this inst iiution hdv<
leased the canal for ten j’ears, at six percent
per annum on its cost. This is a very ad
vantageous arrangement for the Company,
and cannot fail to have a beneficial eflocl
upon the stock.—A. Y. Gazette.
It appears to he certnin, on further exam
ination, that, besides those in New York, a
number of the Electoral voles given at the
late election ol President ol the U. States
were illegal, in consequence of the disquali
fication of the persons chosen as Electors.
One would have supposed that they had none
of them ever in their lives read the Consti
tution of the United States. The New
Hampshire Enquirer informs us that in that
State alone at least two, if not tlireo, out of
her seven Electors were illegally chosen, one
being the Pension Agent of the U. Stales
for that State, another n Postmaster, and a |
third believed also to he an office-holder. |
The Constitution (our readers will recollect)
expressly declares that “no person holding I
an office of trustor profit under the United!
States, shall he appointed an Elector.—Nal. !
Li tters have been received from Mar j
soilleo, dated November 4lb, and mention- !
ing a report that the people of Napi.es had 1
risen in rebellion against the King, and dc-!
clared in favor of the Prince of Capua. I
Commodore Porter, Charge d’A(fibres of|
the United States to Constantinople, was nt'
Marseilles on the 4th. Sloop of war John j
Adams was expected daily.
Spontaneous Combustion.—M. dc Lcrcey,*
a captain in the French navy, was found
dead in his bed at Cherbourg, on the 27th
October, the upper part of his body being
burnt to ashes. It appears that the evening
before he had provided himself with a large
bottle of brandy, which was found lying be
side him almost entirely empty. He was in
the attitude of a man in deep sleep, and by
the medical examination of his body it was
evident that he had been suffocated, and that
the cause of his death arose from spontaneous 1
combustion, the flames of the candle having i
communicated with his breath.
Wine and fruit Trade. — As an instance
ol the amount of fruit trade from Malaga to
the United Slates, it was stated the other day
that no less than sixty five sail of American
vessels sailed from that port in one month
(October last) laden with fruit.
Mtr.Tox, (Pa.) Dec. 29.
/In /fioful Warning.—Jacob Farley, of
Lycoming county, and John Foust, of U
nion county, were both found frozen to denlh,
seme time in the last week. It is, perhaps,
proper to add, that both were so much intox
icated as to be unable to help themselves
More Warring*.—On the night of
Saturday, the 17ih ult. a notorious drunkard
was frozen to death on the hanks of the Del
aware, in Lower Penns Neck Township,
and on the following night (Sunday) a wor
thy compeer and fellow-devotee gave up hie
life, a voluntary sacrifice to the shrine ol this
modern Moloch, it has not been long einca
another of the fraternity, brought up in thn
midst of plenty, and left by his parents in
the enjoyment of an ample competence, after
eight years of misery, beggary, and degrada
tion, at last died drunk, upon a wheelbarrow,
in a tavern yard, unattended, end unmourn
ed. And still further to add to this dark and
painful catalogue, but a few weeks have pats
■ed since we saw committed to the grave the
mortal remains of one whom Nature teems
to have formed and placed for the purpose of
exemplify ing in its strongest celers the pow
er of this curse of the human kind, fiara
in affluence, he enjoyed ia youth all its ad
vantages. A naturally fine mind, ha receiv
ed all tho cultivation which the best schools
and colleges of the country could bestow.
To a tall, well proportioned, manly figure,
and handsome countenance, were added aa
honorable spirit and generous disposition.
And yet, with all these advantages, be for
sook home, friends, fortune,character,health,
intellect, and life, for nvu !—Salem Union.
A Dreadful Cask.—A poor labour*
iug German on Monday went into an
apothecary’s store down town, and pur
chased some rhubarb, which lie wished
to administer to bis children. He gave
each of them a dose, and dreadful to re
late, both of them died. He took the
medicine to the upper police, and had it
examined, when it was found to be halt
opium. From the imperfect knowledge
of the city by the German, he is unable
to find the shop where he purchased the
drug ; so that for a time the murderous
negligence of the druggist may escape
the general indignation, if not punish
ment, that awaits him.—N. Y. Star.
The Grand Jury of Overton county,
Tennessee, have presented Hopkins L.
Turney as a suitable candidate for Con
gress. The New York Courier pre
sumes that the attorney for the state will
prosecute the indictmeut, and that the
culprit will be sentenced by the proper
tribunal to two years confinement in the
national penitentiary at Washington—
that is, if they find him guilty of the ne
cessary qualifications for the office.—*
Lynchburg Virg.
Mad Tailors.—A work published
in France states that no less than 751 in
sane tailors were confined in one place
alone ; and that on an average, there are
195 mad tailors in every thousand. Me
dical men have attributed this great pro
portion of mad caps to the sedentary
position required by those in their pro
fession. The reason, it is hinted, why
Turks are not similarly affected, in con
sequence of their sitting habits, is that
they keep their heads shaved ! To save
the wits of so respectable a portion of the
community, therefore they- must submit
to the tonsorial operations.
"A Turn Out.”—The prisoners, mala
and female, at the Maryland Penitentia
ry, refused to goto work this morning,
slating that as yesterday was Sabbath, as
well as Christmas, they would have to
day holyday in lieu thereof. The keep
er promptly iuformed them that this
would not be granted, and aftar arming
a number of the citizens, and placing
them on the walls, they were ordered
to tHrir cells, where they returned peace
ably, to spend the day in fasting.—Balt.
Patriot, Dec. 2G.
Chapped Hands.—There is not a
more common or a more troublesome
complaint in the winter season, especial
ly with females, than chapped hands. It
is rather remarkable, that few individ
uals seem to know the true cause of the
affection. Most people attribute it to the
use of hard wafer, and insist upon wash
ing, on all ooeasions, with rain or brook
water. Now the truth is, that chapped
hands are invariably occasioned by the
injudicious use of soap ; and the soap af
fects them more in the winter than in
the summer, because in the former Rea
son the hands are not moistened with
perspiration, which counteracts the alka
line effects of the ^oap. There is a small
portion of alkali in hard water, but not
so much as there is in soft water with
the nddition of soap. The constant use
of soap in washing, even though the
softest water be used, will cause tender
hands to be chapped, unless some mate
rials be afterwards used to neutralize its
alkaline properties. In summer, the oily
property of the perspirable moisture an
swers this purpose ; but in the winter, a
very little vinegar or cream will, by
being rubbed on the dried bands, after
the use ol soap, completely neutralize its
alkaline properties, thereby effectually
prevent tlie chapping of the band. Any
| other acid or oily substance will answer
the same purpose. There are some ve
ry delicate hands which are never chap
| ped. This exemption from the corn
1 plaint arrises from the greater abundance
| of perspirable matter which nnnoiuts
| and softens the skin. Dry and cold
| hands are most afflicted with the coru
| plaint.—Boston Post.

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