OCR Interpretation

Staunton spectator, and general advertiser. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 183?-1849, March 05, 1846, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024719/1846-03-05/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

t Minton jiectotor,
V»l niii._m<BTOW, mMSIA, TllliBSDAy. 1IAKC H a. IX4«. \o. l.T.
C3" The “SPECTATOR” it published once a xctrh,
«t Two Dollars a yrar,\f paid in advance, or Two Dol
lars and Fifty Cents if delayed beyond ihr expiration qf
the year, JVo subscription will be discontinued, but at
the option of the Editor, unlit all arrearages are paid.
03- All communications to the Elitor by mail must b* j
post paid, or Utey will not be attended to.
03" AD VER TtSEM ENTS qf thirteen lines (or lest,)
inserted three linns for one dollar, and twenty-fire cents
fbr each subsequent continuance. Larger advertisements
in the same proportion. A liberal discount made to ud
oer liter $ by the year.
Mr. V. B. Palmer, American Newspaper and Ad*
vertiting Agent in the cities of Baltimore, Philadelphia,
New York, and Boston, has been appointed Agent for
receiving and fbrwardiug subscriptions and advertise*
meats for this paper, at his offices iu those cities respec
tively, via:
Baltimore, Southeast corner of Baltimore and Cal
vert Street*.
Philadelphia, No. 59 Pine Street.
New York, No. 30 Ann Street.
Boston, No. 14 State Street.
EAGLE H0rl ™
^■MIE subscriber having purchased this old es
tablished House, lately kept by his father,
has taken charge of the same, and is prepared to
accommodate the public. He begs leave to in
form citizens ot the county and travellers that
he is making preparations for an enlargement of
his dining room, and other improvements in the,
interior arrangements of the Hotel, and an exten
sion of his stabling.
He promises constant attention to the comfort
of his guests, and respectfully solicits a continu
ance of that patronage which has been so long
•xtended to his father.
November 6, 1815.
ESPECTFULLY informs bis friends and
the public, that he has just received a large
supply of
and all other articles in his line—consisting in
part of the following articles:
Fresh Bunch Raisins, m quarter, half and
whole boxes, Figs, Prunes, Citron, Cur
rants and Sultana Raisins.
Also, Almonds, Palmnuts, Filberts. English
Walnuts, Peacon and Peanuts, Preserv
ed and Ground Ginger, Ground
Pepper, Alspice and Mustard,
Sardines, Scotch Herring,
and Pickled Oysters.
Also, Loaf and Brown Sugar, Tea, Coffee,
and Cheese, Cigars, Chewing and Smok
ing Tobacco, Pipes and Stems.
Also,a general assortment of TOYS, CAKES,
&c., all of which will he sold low for cash or
on short credit to punctual customers.
N. B. I have made arrangements by w hich I !
expect to keep a regular supply of F R E S H
O Y STE R 8.
Staunton, Dec. 18, 1815.
ID ESPECTFULLY informs the public that
in connection with his Watch and Clock
business he is prepared to execute all work in the j
such as extracting, cleansing,
VT ■ ■ ^ ft /plugging. Separating and set-1
**l\*Ai&a* ling TEETH, on plate or pi-!
▼ot, and warrants all to he done in the best and
neatest manner.
of all descriptions carefully repaired, and all good j
nes w arranted to perform well for twelve months.1
IIis shop is one door east of A. D. Wren’s Apo
thecary Store on Main street, and nearly opposite
B. Crawford & Co’s Dry Good Store.
Nov. 6, 1845.—Cm.
0. SP, OOOSEIBAjT & 0®.
IIAVE just received a large assortment of su
at prices to retail at from 8c. to $1,00 per pound,
embracing 5s, 16s, £ and 1 lb. Lumps, put up in
different sized Boxes, which we will sell to Mer
chants as low as they can purchase the same
brands in Richmond or Lynchburg, thereby sav
ing carriage.
Imported of all the various brands, and a largo
stock of their own Manufacture.
J?appee, JYIacabau, Scotch and Lancaster.
In connection with the above they have a fine '
assortment of
CLAY AND CHALK PIPES. Also, a fine !
assortment of Smoking Tobacco, viz: Spanish i
Trimmings, cut and dry, Turkish and Havana, j
Ate. Wrapping Paper.
Country Merchants will find it to their interest
to give them a call, as they are now enabled to :
soil at Manufacturers’ prices.
Staunton, Feb. 12, 1846.
ANY person wishing to purchase a valuable I
TRACT OF LAND, situate in the county [
of Albemarle, containing about 180 or 200 Acres !
Mof Land, located in a good neighborhood,
withagood DWELLING HOUSE, &c.,;
a Meadow and good lyater, can be ac
commodated by applying to the Editor of tiiis
There are few, if any, better situations in the
county of Albemarle for a Blacksmith.
17" Possession given immediately.
Dec. 18, 1815.—tf.
S TORE-HOUSE and Comp ting-Room, near
the Post-Office, and a small building attach-!
ed to it all in good order. Any one wishing'
such a stand may know the terms by applying
to the subscriber, now residing on part of the
premises. Possession given on the first of April
John McDowell.
Staunton, Feb. 19, 1816._3w.
P S.—I will also rent my HOUSE in Gallows
Town, lately in the occupancy of John Cousins.
It has a good garden lot attached to it.
Feb. 19, 1846. j. McD.
ed fresh and genuine, just received and for
»"J by „ E. BERKELEY.
Staunton, Feb. 12, 1846.
LI*BoniJl«and,nAP PAn:l*’ ’”(I BLANK
BOOKS |H9t received and for sale by
Doe. 18, 1845. ROBERT COW AN.
IP ® m IP IB ■ST 0
When first the lonely May Flower threw
Her canvass to the breeze,
To bear afar her pilgrim crew,
Beyond the dark blue seas,
I'roud Freedom to our land had flown,
Aud chose it for the brave ;
Then formed the Nation’s coruer stone,
Aud set it by the wave,
That, when the pilgrims anchored there,
Their stepping stone might be
That ciusccruted rock of prayer,
The bulwark of the free.
And there they aluui each pilgrim brow
Was wan with grief and care,
And bent each manly form—but, oh !
Another sight was there ;
Fond woman, with her sweet sad face,
All trembling, pale and chill ;
But oh ! there was in that lone place
A sight more touching still—
The cheek of childhood, pale with fear
And hushed its voice of glee;
And they arc gone, but we arc here,
A bulwark for the free.
Our pilgrim sires are gone, yet still
A nation in its pride
Hath poured o’er every vale and hill,
In a bright unbroken tide ;
And still their sons shall flood the land,
While that old rock appears,
Like a pilgrim’s spirit born to stand
The mighty wreck of years ;
And oh! while floats the wind and wave.
That hallowed rock shall be
The threshold of the good aud brave,
The bulwark of the free.
Ifi S S <D XB & & iV SS1o
At the commencement of the war in Flori-:
da there were among the Indians many slaves
who had escaped from their masters in Flori
da and Georgia, and taken refuge in the ever
glade' and thickets with the Indians. In most
cases they were more blood-thirsty and des
peiatc in their attacks upon the whites than
the aborigines themselves, and whenever a
settlement was to be burnt or an outpost at
tacked, they always led the van and if suc
cessful, woe to every man, woman or child
that fell into their power,
j A powerful and athletic negro named Jim
i Bowlegs, from a more than ordinary curvitnre
ior his lower limbs, bud run away from his
master, Dr. S.-, ol St. Augustine, and
joined the Indians some three months before
the war broke out. lie was by nature, a
Ciuc! and bloody fellow, oj great strength i
and most brutal sensuality. Indeed the chief)
• cutise ol liis flight was lor attempting an un-j
i natural outrage upon a defenceless woman
who was fortunately rescued when nearly
exhausted, by the approach of some men, who
were drawn thither by Iter screams for aid.
At Dade’s massacre, a massacre that will
long be famous in the annals of the Florida
peninsula, Jim fired the first shot that killed
the commanding officer, and during the rest
of the conflict so gallantly maintained by the
little band of one hundred and twelve regu
lars against a thousand concealed Indians and
negroes, the power of Jim was conspicuous,
and his voice pealed the loudest in the war
whoop on that bloody and fatal day.—When
I Basscnger, the last surviving officer fell, Jim
led the Indians over the temporary breastwork
erected by the soldiers, and his tomahawk
clove in twain many a heart, throbbing with
life, for vain and idle was the cry from the
whites for quarter.
By his desperate valor, and his cunning on
a hundred occasions, Jim gained great power
over the Indian hands, and from his know
ledge of the whites, and their most defenceless
locations, he was truly an ally of no common
importance and pretensions. But Jim’s sen-1
siiidity and lust were destined to work his
destruction, even from his Indian friends.
A Micanopy chief, called Grey Wolf, had
“one fair daughter” about sixteen years old,!
remarkable for her beauty. Jim’s brutal pas
sion getting the better of bis fears, he one day
surprised the maiden while gathering berries
along the edge of a swamp, and by main force
violated her person. She escaped to Iter tribe,
with sobs and shrieks related her melancholy
fate, then, like the Roman matron, Lucretia,
ended her life by plunging into an adjoining
lake, preferring death to survivitig the loss of
her virgin purity.
Among the Indians no crime is considered
so hideously execrable, as that of violating a
woman of their tribe; no matter who the
criminal, his death is certain. Jim knew this,
and fled ; but the warriors of the tribe were
on his trail, and they tracked him as the wolf
follows the deer, until from sheer necessity,
he was obliged to fly into the power of his
enemies, the whites, by taking lefuge in a
t small advanced fort, or stockade occupied by
j a few United States’ dragoons,and two or three
i hundred Georgia volunteers. Jim was too
well known for his murderous cruelties, to
; receive any mercy from those among whom
he sought shelter; a brief drum court-martial
convened, and closed with sentencing him to
be hung iri two hours. After a consultation
j with his officers, Major II- told Jim
’ that lie would pardon him on condition that
' he would pilot two hundred picked men to
the "belter of the tribe from which he fled.
i To this he consented.
The night but one ensuing, two hundred
volunteers issued from the stockade, led bv
Jim with a file of men prepared to shoot him
dead, if he led them into an ambuscade.
The second morning after, at daylight, they
reached the fastness oi the Indians on the
| borders of Lake Micanopy. The nltack was
instantly commenced by the soldiers, and a
j very bloody slaughter ensued, for the tribe
| little expected the discovery of their retreat.
One by one of their warriors fell, and their
ammunition being exhausted, they were forc
ed to use their bows and arrows, but all was
in rain, the whites triumphed, and but two or
three warriors out of the many hundred that
saw the morning light, in the course of an
hour survived. One of these wasGrev Wolf.
Suddenly his eye glared with unwonted lus
tre; from behind the'shelter of a Palmetto
tree lie bthcld the negro Jim ; the violator of
his daughter was also the betrayer of his tribe!
—with a terrific yell he fitted an arrow to his
bow, and took deadly aim. The barbed reed
passed with unerring precision into the heart
of the negro. Jim leaped from the earth in
agony.and fell on his back dead. With one
bound Grey Wolf was beside liiin, his scalp
ing knife passed round his skull, he held aloft
the bleeding scalp for an instant, then gave
his war whoop, plunged into the thicket and
was seen no more. His revenge was accom
A funny story is told or an old friend of
ours—one who, sick and tired of the care and
bustle of city life, has retired into the coun
try and “gone to farming,” as the saying is.
His land, albeit well situated and command
ing sundry romantic prospects, is not so par
ticularly fertile as some we have seen, and !
requires scientific culture and liberal manu-j
ring, to induce an ubtindant yield. So much
oy way of explanation.
Once upon a time, as the story books say,
our friend, being on a short visit to this citvj
attended an auction sale down town, and it so '
happened that ihey were selling damaged sau- j
sages at the time.—There were some eight
or ten barrels of them, and they were “just,
going at fifty cents a barrel,” when the auc
tioneer, with all apparent seriousness, remark
ed that they were worth more than that to
manure land tcil/t. Here was an idea for our
farmer friend. “Sixty-two and a hair,” said
our friend. “Sixty-two and a half—going at
sixty-two and a half—gone /”
Our friend got them—and how to get them
to his country seat as quickly as possible was
his first movement, for it was then planting
tunc, and the sausages, to use a common ex
presssion, were -getting no heller fast,” and
it was desirable to have them under ground
as soon as possible.
He was about to plant a field of several
acres of corn—the soil of the pine woods
species; and so here was just ihe place for
this new experiment in agriculture, this new
wrinkle in the science of geoponics.
One “link” of sausage being deemed am
ply sufficient, that amount was placed in each i
hill, accompanied by the usual number of ker- j
nils of corn and an occasional pumpkin seed,!
and ail were nicely covered over in the usual
Now, premising that several days have
elapsed since the corn was planted, the sequel
to the story shall be told in a dialogue be
tween our friend and one of his neighbors :
Neighbor.— Well, friend, have you planted
your corn?
Friend.—Yes, several days since.
Neighbor.— Is it up yet ?
I Friend.—Up! yes; up and gone, the most
i of it.
Neighbor.—Now is that.
Friend.—Well you see 1 bought a lot of
j damaged sausages in Orleans, the other day.
j ^ie auctioneer saying they would make excel
• lent manure, if nothing else. Well, when 1
planted my corn, I pm a sausage in each hill.
Some days afterwards, I went out to my field
to see how my corn was coming on, and a pret
ty piece of business I have made of trying agri
cultural experiments.
Neighbor.—Why, what is the matter?
Friend.—Mailer! ivhv the first thing I saw
I "Pon reaching the field, was the-lot of
\ dogs, digging mid scratching all over it !—
i T here were my dogs, and your dogs, and all
I l^R neighbors’ dogs, besides about three hun
dred strange dogs I never set my eves on be
i f°re» and every one hard at it after the buried
i sausages. Some how or other, the rascally
Whelps had scented out the business and they
have dug up every hill by this lime. If I
| could set every one of them on that auction
eer 1 d be satisfied.—Neic Orleans Picayune.
‘How do you do, Mr. J ones—how d'ye do ?’
said a young swell recently, in front of the
Picayune office, with more beard than brains,
to an old glossy-faced gentleman, who stood
behind a pair of gold-mounted specs, and
; whose locomotion was assisted by a gold
i headed bamboo cane.
‘Excuse me, mv good sir—excuse me,’said
the old gentleman, in a falsetto voice—‘but
j you have an advantage of me.’
‘My name is Kid, sir—Kid,’ said whisker
ando. ‘You remember Thomas Kid—Tom
j my, you used to call hint—don’t you ?’
! ‘Bless my soul, ves, and so | do,’ said the
| old man—‘I remember little Tommy Kid, sure
enough; and how do you do now. Mr. Goat V
‘Kid, sir, Kid, not Goat,’ said Thomas, pee
■ vishlv.
! ‘Ah, true, you were a kid then, Tommv,”
j said the old gentleman, ‘but I perceive, by the
quantity of hair or. your chin, that you have
since berome a goal /’
Tommy stroked his beard with his fingers,
| and went off without bidding Mr. Jones, good
I bye.’
Always pursue what you have reason to
think is the tight course without regard to
lease on the one hand and interest on the o
; titer. Go straight forward, determined to
j breast tfic floods of iniquity, or perish in the
! effort. Never stay with the multitude through
i fear or worldly policy, and never listen to the
I adviee of those who, rotten at heart, move on
I with the popular current. Keel that you have
something to do in the world, and go about
it forthwith—taking Truth for your guide,
, and Virtue for your companion. Then you
j will have nothing to fear.
Why are Indies’ bustles like Walter Scott’s
Novels? Because they arc fictitious tales
founded on realities.
Why is a tear shed in secret liken ship?
Bcraure it’s a privatc-tcar.
Speech of Mr. Alkxanubr, Chairman of the
Investigating Committee, on the proposition to
reduce the University annuity to $7,500.
Mr. Alexander rose and said, the motion of
the gentleman Irom Loudoun, (Mr. Taylor) he
conceived to be, in effect, u motion seriously to
injure, it not to destroy, the institution itself. It
therefore becomes a grave question, and demands
the most serious consideration of this II ouse.
I hat a prejudice has been excited in the public
mind, Irom recent disturbances which have trans
pired there, 1 shall not pretend to deny. But it
is important to enquire, whether they are of such
a character as to liavu forfeited public confidence
in its uselulness, and necessarily involve the fu
ture existence of ihe University ! I will not -al
low myselt lor a*moment to believe, at this en
lightened day, Uihen mankind have so far advan
ced in civilization, improvement and knowledge,
i that an act withdrawing the annual appropriation,
or any part tnereof, so suicidal in itself, can be
committed by gislaiure of Virginia. !Lr
own character, the virtue and intelligence of her
citizens, lead me to hope, Ilial the spirit of de
struction, if il exists any where, will not be car
ried into the sanctuary of learning, as 1 am sure
it will find no response throughout her wide ex
tended territory.
We are then led to enquire into the causes
which have produced this distrust and dissatis
faction in the public mind. They may bo traced
lo the lamented death of one of her distinguished
Professors some time since, und the unfortunate
disturbances within the past year. These arc
occurrences to which every institution of a like
character are occasionaliy liable, and they do not
appear in this case to be owing to any defect in
the organic law of the institution, but rather lo
the want of efficiency in the administration, or,
to a more rigid discipline which it may he proper
to introduce into its government. Equally seri
ous disturbances have occurred in the Northern
institutions, and to a more alarming extent, when
the armed military has been called in to suppress
them, and it they should ho found more common
with us, they may be attributed to a difference in
climate, and a more irritable and easily excited
constitution; to the ardour and impatience of
youth under the restraint of law ; and still more
to the want ol early moral instruction, and strict
obedience to parental authority. It is even won
derful that, lor more than twenty years, the period
ol the existence ol the University, occurrences of
the kind have not been more frequent.
Another cause may be found in many who no '
there, not sufficiently advanced to qualify them
for entering upon the higher branches of litera
ture; who, feeling their own deficiency and ina
bility to master the most difficult, naturally be
take themselves to idleness, dissipation and riot
ous assemblies. The only corrective, in my o
pinion, lor all these evils, is to be found in re
quiring a bitter preparation when they matricu
late; and when, Iro.n idleness or want of cnpaci
ty, they are unable to advance, they should ho
advised to withdraw from the institution ; and
whenever a spirit of insubordination manifests it- t
sell, to cause them at once to bo dismissed, j
1 heir example is pernicious and corrupting, and ■
tiie more steady and studious are easily drawn
11,10 "l|al seem at first innocent, but soon
becomes dismganiziitg and rebellious. Withal
view to this end, the committee are of opinion '
that there should be appointed a President ol the I
University—au officer better calculated lo com
mand respect and ensure obedience to the laws i
ol the institution; who, !>y I:is hi_;h moral worth, :
literary attainments and civil deportment, added
to great energy of character, wilt do more to in-'
spire awe anu enforce submission, titan the sys
lent that has heretofore prevailed. Tho head of
no Goyeriiim tit that is weak, or deficient in those
requisites which qualify it to command, can ever
claim respect or obedience from the governed. 1
,do not mean by this lo say, that the gentleman
who now occupies this position is without these
j qualifications, il he does not posr ess them all,
lie certainly does many of them in an eminent de
| Bree* In litis opinion of a change in the head of;
tho institution, the committee have the entire I
I concurrence ot the Board of Visiters who were j
assembled. It is at least an experiment worth '
I the trial, and is one that has been generally a- I
dopted with success throughout the colleges in I
the several States.
'Phe financial affairs of tiic University came I
likewise under the investigation of the committee, I
and although it is extremely desirable that the j
expenditures which seem to he large should be
diminished, yet, Irom its present condition, no j
great reduction, if any, can be made, without in- j
; jury to its progressive improvement. The repairs |
I "hiclt heretofore have formed a largo item in the :
expenditure, may lie diminished to some extent, !
! but from the extensive surface of grounds and :
buildings, they must necessarily be irreat.
I lie whole lucerne aecruing to the University !
the last year was little more titan twenty thou
sand dollars, arising from the annual -appropria
tion of fifteen thousand from the Literary Fund,;
am) ihe rents of dormitories, hotels, tuition fees ;
and fees for tho use of the Library; while the ex
penditures, including the interest upon the debt, !
very nearly reached up to that amount.
1 lie salaries ol the Piolt-ssors are in a me a-I
sure dependant upon the fees for tuition, which |
seemed lo have been deemed necessary- in the
early establishment of the University, in order to
excite a proper emulation among them to raise
the standard of their respective chairs—the stu
dents being permitted to select their own Profes
sors, instead of confining them to a particular
course of studies. In its present state, the num
ber of students not exceeding one hundred and
thirty-six, the salaries will be scarcely sufficient
to command the talents and acquirements which
tho character ol the institution requires. Should
it again reach the point of its most flourishing pe
riod, these may he reduced w ithout injury to its
prosperity and with advantage to the student.
Gratuitous instruction is already afforded to all
candidates preparing for tho Christian Ministry,
and the Professors have been at all times dispos
ed to give their time and labors to any number of
indigent persons free of charge, whom it may be
to pleasure of the Legislature to have educated
there on Slate account. This the committee arc
disposed to think, can be done advantageously to
the community at a moderate charge, and will
tend more to quiet the public mind, and reconcile
I conflicting feelings, which so unhappily exist a
l rnong us upon this subject.—Wc must meet the
prejudices of ihe people, and if wo cannot over
come them, we must minister to their remtire
moms in a reasonable way. An opinion Isenter
tamed with many, ill founded as I believe, that
i tins institution tvas intended exclusively for the
rich, in winch the poor are permitted to have no
; participation. It matters not whether the fact
j really eX'sts, or is imaginary. It is calculated
seriously to affect tlm institution, and to cn^ert
| ***** noatile feelings townnls iig conliniuincp#
In - the course of our examination, it appeared
in evidence, as well as from the report of the
Alumni, that a latge proportion, if not -a majority,
j oi those who had been educated there, were from
| what may he t< rnte.l the middle class of society
—many of whom have gone forth as teachers a
mong them, augmenting the general stock of
! knowledge, and in this wav its benton influence
j 18 sensibly felt by them. The whole expense of
. education, it is believed, has been reduced as
i low a# con b. found in any other institution,
where the sciences and literary attainments art
curried to the same high degree of perfection, a
| •out not exceeding three hundred and litly dollars
. lor nine months, and may be reduced to less,
j with economy. If young men choose to expend
| more, and tail to comply with the regulation
which requires them to deposit their funds with
•lie patron, that is a mutter between them and
their parents or guardians, for which neither the
visiters nor faculty are responsible.
l'lie charge of nepotism, as it is called, or the
, appointment of relatives of the Visiters to offices
connected with tho University, was likewise
brought to the consideration ol the committee,
which, perhaps, it may be necessary to notice
hcie, Irom the importance given to it in some of
the public papers. In the one ease, that of Pro
I lessor Cabell, who was nephew to tho Hector, it
i appeared that he received his appointment from
the Board ol Visiters while the Hector retired and
declined voting on account of iris relationship;
and another ol the V'isiters, who stood related to
i fi?1"* voted against him, it being a principle with
him, which he had laid down as a rule of con*
| duel in such cases, acknowledging at tin* same
j time Mr. Cabell's distinguished ability for the
! office, in another, that ol Professor Johnson,
j Mr. Chapman Johnson, his uncle, w as not a mein
| her ol tho board at tho time of his appointment,
| and the only Visiter w ho was any wise related to
; *,im* vt ted against him. 'l'lie case of Mr. Minor
was, that he hud martied the sister of the laic
I Professor Davis, who had married the third or !
| fourth cousin of one of the Professors. The JSe- ]
[ crotary ol tho board ol \ isiters happened to have
I *,a<J a“ uncle who died twelve years before he j
was born, who was tbe nephew of Mr. Jefferson, j
the grandfather of one of tho Visiters. Other J
cases ot like character were also presented. In
almost every instance, as will appear from the I
testimony, the gentlemen elected were well qual-j
tiled to discharge the duties of their chairs. How ■
tar the degree of consangpinity should operate an 1
exclusion trom office, the committee are not pre- I
pared to say. It seemed to them more delicacy J
had been observed than perhaps was consistent!
with the interest of tho institution. Thi3, how
ever, is a subject which must always be between \
them and their feelings in the discharge oT their I
public duties. We saw nothing in their conduct
which led us for a moment to believe, that they had j
been wanting in that vigilance so necessary to !
guard the interests of the University, and to sup-I
press the disorders w hich prevailed there ; but, ou
the contrary, much to commend lor their prompt
action in delecting tho delinquency of tho late '
l rector, so soon as known to them, and providing !
in future against any possible loss of the funds ol
the institution. It is gratifying here to state,'
that not a cent lias been lost, or unaccounted for
since its establishment. The committee are of i
opinion that there should be an increase of the
number ol \ isiters, dispersed more generally over
the .State, to produce a more lively interest in its
welfare, and to ensure more certainly an annual
meeting ol the board, having always a sufficient
number convenient to the University for lempora* j
ry purposes. 1 his will likewise remove some of ■
the prejudices existing in the public mind.
I tie cause and progress ot the riots are so fully j
detailed in tho report of the committee, that it
can be scarcely necessary to detain the House
with any further recital ol them. As the best
mode ot suppressing them in lulvire, various o-'
pinions are entertained. The removal of ili^sc
students who are dismissed to a distance of five
miles beyond the precincts is absolute!v necessa
ry for protection and safety. One thing 1 be
lieve we ail agreed in, that when young men
slioulu so far forge; the character whn-h belongs
to them as gentlemen, by outraging the laws "of!
society and putting those of the land at defiance, j
when die the loice. ol moral power has ceased to j
influence their conduct, no alternative is left but;
to call in aid the civil authority. They must he i
made to know and feel that they owe a duly to
ihe laws of tho land as citizens, which must be
lespecled and observed.
The question now properly to be considered is,
whether the University can he sustained without
the annual appropriation of SI 5.000? and unless
the House is disposed to destroy it altogether, 1
think it hazardous to make the experiment, i
now a debt hanging over the institution j
of *>17,500, which it is calculated with the usual ;
number ol students can be redeemed in seven
years. Unless, therefore, the legislature should !
think proper to cancel this debt, or the interest,
which 1 am disp set! to think the wiser course,
this sum is absolutely necessary to aid in its re
demption. 1 would even go farther in this re*
spect, and surrender to those colleges end acade
mics toe interest upon loans received from the
Literary fund, and grant to others, well establish
ed, an amount that would satisfy their demands.
In this way the cause of education would he
more essentially promoted, by sending forth a
number ol young men better qualified to take
charge ol your academies and primary schools,
which can he supplied in no other way. The
University has contributed her full quota to
wards this purpose ; and we "now see in every
part ot the Commonwealth fl-juriHiing institu
tions grow ing up under the direction an>rmanagc*
ment of her alumni. Not Its* than half a mil
lion of dollars have been brought in and saved to
the State by the youth of other States, and in the
education of tier own—adding so much lo her
wealth, a great portion ol which would otherwise
have gone beyond her borders to enrich others,
i Independently ol this they have been instructed
in the principles of their ow n institutions, and
not come hack, as they would have done, instil
led with prejudices and notions foreign lo the
■ hind of their fathers. If there w ere no other con
! •‘‘•derations, that ol itself would he sufficient with
i me to sustain it at a heavy expense, in accom
plishing 30 desirable an object. Let her, there
, fore, remain as a monument of the wisdom of
; those who brought her into existence; and if she
must fall by the hands of violence, we, whose
duty it is to cherish and support her in tho last
hours ol affliction, will not be held responsible
for the consequences of so lamentable a catastro
phe I

The Rev. Hr. Dowling describes in the New
1 ^ ork Sun a “Mechanical Chirographpr,” a ma
i chine by which the Blind may be taught to write
with the same facility as those who can see. The
instrument is said to be, in appearance, precisely
like a small piano, or parlor organ. Kach key is
| marked, {raisedIdlers,if necessary, for the blind.)
; I he keys are struck by the fingers precisely as
in playing on the piano forte, and a small pen
I with common ink makes a letter at each touch of
1 n no‘c with the finger, on a sheet of paper fixed
up in front of the instrument. The inventor is
Chawlks I MuntiKR, Ksq., of Norwich, Oonnecli
I cut, a graduate of Brown University. Mr. T. is
at the Aster House, New \ ork, at present,and
i has exhibited bis machine to several distinguish
! ed persons, all of whom have expressed them*
selves highly gratified with its operation.
Sinking out licaviirs.—‘Pray, Tom, did
l not I strike out some beauties in Hamlet last
; night P
; •Faith, mv hoy, yon struck out every beau
• ty in the character.1
•1 prelly 'J’/iovghl.— A coquette is n rose
j from which every lover plucks n leaf—the
thorn* are reserved for the future husband.
All hardy fruit trees, more especially ap
f pics, will bear a considerable portion of ma
1 nure in the soil, provided it ha? been previ
ously intermixed with the soil, and thorough
ly rotted.
A very successful experiment was made
two years ago, by the writer, the results of
which arc now very striking, by digging very
lurge holes for apple trees, and filling them
with a mixture of soil and rotted manure. A
’ thorough intermixture of the soil and manure
1 was eflected as they were gradually filled in,
1 by meaii9 of a large toothed iron rake. The
' I holes were about seven feet in diameter, and
a foot deep. In setting out the trees, com
mon garden curth only was placed in contact
with the roots, consequently the effects of the
mixed rotted manure was not visible the first
year. The present year, however, its influ
ence has been most obvious in the rapid
growth of the shoots, and in the uncommon
ly dark and rich hue of the large and luxu
riant foliage.
It is hardly necessary to odd that the soil,
, as a matter of course, was kept clean and in a
mellow state, and that the trees were tied to
un upright stake, driven into the hole beforo
i filling, to prevent shaking and loosening by
■ the wind.
Let the coll run with his dam until winter
ijuwtcr. in the stable ; then tic marc and colt
j hi the same stall, but in such a manner that
: the colt cannot suck except when he is loos
[ ed lor that purpose, once a day, until the mare
is dried of her milk. Feed him alternately
with oats, shorts or roots, once or twice a day,
and all the good bay lie will eat. Give him
plenty of exercise twice a day in leading to
water; curry or card him clean, daily, and
let him be well bedded with straw.
Hitting.—'Fake your colt when he is com
ing four years old into a square box stable;
put the bitting apparatus on him twice a day,
lor a half hour or an hour, (not longer, as it
is painful to the muscles,) gradually drawing
in the nose each time, until it is to your lik
ing. When he becomes accustomed to it,
turn him into an enclosure to stand, walk, or
run, as suits bis inclination ; then go to him
after half an hour or so, take oil’ the billing
bridle, and give him an apple, scratch his
nose, and, in a kind voice, tell him to come
along, and he will follow you into the stable.
Have a trough instead of rack for his feed,
ami so constructed as to oblige him to raise
bis head a little, and curb in Ins nose, in or
der, to get his food, having one apartment for
hay, and another for outs and roots. Have a
high window cut out at one side of the stall,
where he can stand with head up and amuse
himsell in looking at the other horses and
eolis in the yard. This will greatly relieve
the irksomeness of his confinement and make
him more gentle. II of a had disposition,
however, he may require close confinement in
rather a dark stable.
time to cut timber.
In a paper by lion. Timothy Pickeringi
presented to the Agricultural Society of Mas
sachusetts in 1821, it asserted dial oak felled
in May lasted 22 years, whereas that cut in
bebruary lasted but 12 years, though exposed
under the same circumstances. A farmer in
that State cut a birch for it well sweep, in
May, and pealed the bark off; it lasted seven
teen years: but birch lelied in the winter
season and left with the baii; attached, does
not last more than a year.
An English writer,speaking of tlie prejudico
against deep ploughing, says* *>|t would puz
zle a conjurer to tell why a farmer digs his
garden 20 inches, (where lie always gets good
crops,) and ploughs lor his field” crops only
five inches.
Value ok a newspaper.
Sir John Ilerschel snvs, of all amusements
which can possibly he imagined for a hard
working mun, alter his daily toils, or in its
intervals, there is nothing like reading an en
tertaining newspaper. It calls for no bodily
exertions, ol which he has had enough, or too
much. It relieves his home of its dullness
ami sameness, which in nine cases out often,
is what drives him out to the ale-house, to
his own and to his family’s ruin. It trans
ports him from a lovelier, graver and more
j diversified scene—and while he enjoys him
self there, he may forget the evils of the pre
sent moment, fully as much as if lie were ever
so drunk, with the great advantage of finding
himself the next day with the money in his
pocket, or at hast laid out in real necessaries
and cointorts lor himself and family,and with
out a heudache. Nay, it accompanies him to
j bis next day’s work, and ii the paper he has
! been reading, he anything above the verv
! idlest mid slightest it gives him something to
think ol besides the mechanical drudgery of
his every day occupation—something lie can
•enjoy while absent, and look forward with
pleasure to return to.
The editor of an exchange paper has been much
; amused at vhnt lie terms the juvenility ol a lit—
: de hoy of his acquaintance. He was about going
| to. bed and was kneeling at his mother's feet,
; with his hands clasped between lier’s, as she rc
1 cited to him the Lord’s prayer; which he repent
i C(' alter her—“Oar Father which art in Heaven”
; —“our Father which art in Heaven”—“Hallow
I id he thy name’ — “Hallowed he thy name”—
“Hive ns this day our daily bread”—Oh, mamma.
! let's ask for cakes !”
j UW illiam,” said n Carpen’er to his appren
; lice, “I’m going away to-day, and want you
: to grind all the tools.”
i ‘’Yes, sir.”
The carpenter came home at night.—“Wil
liam. have you ground all the tools right
j sharp
‘•All hut the handsaw” said Bill; “1 couldn’t
:get quite all the gaps out of that.”_Prov.
‘Some men by affecting to be wise, nclnal
My prevent themselves becoming wise; for he
: who labors to make others think he knows
| more than he does, necessarily takes a posi
tion beyond their power to instruct him.’
A Bi i i r.ni i.Y 1 lowf.it.-—In the gardens of
San Joseph and its environs is seen in its great
est pei lection /<■ pupillan vcgrlaf, which grows
on a species of ivy, entwined round a poplar
or any other tall tree. This blossom is nn
exact representation of a living butterfly •
most unfortunately, there is no method of
preserving it, even fora time; no sooner is
it gathered than it withers and falls to dust —
■ ('nl- fa pa dose's Sixteen Years in the IF

xml | txt