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Staunton spectator, and general advertiser. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 183?-1849, January 14, 1847, Image 1

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tounton pcctot
AND NERAL ADVERTISER.
VOL. XXIV._STAUNTON, (VAQ THURSDAY, JANUARY U, 184,1. NO VluT
•ISLA-L.._»■ - - .-l! .1
STAUNTON SPECTATOR.
BY KENTON HARPER.
T E RMS.
^ The “SPECTATOR” it published once a
week, at Two Dollars a year, if paid in advance, or
Two Dollars and Fifty Cents (/ delayed beyond the
expiration qf the year. J\’o subscription will be dis
continued, but at the option of the Editor, unlit allar
rearcages are paid.
03* All communications to the Editor by mail must
be post-paid, or they will not be attended to.
09-ADVERTISEMENTS of thirteen lines (or
less,) inserted three times for one dollar, and twenty
five cents for each subsetpient continuance, Larger
advertisements in the some proportion. A liberal dis
count made to advertisers by the year.
Mr. V. B. Palmer, American Newspaper and Ad
vertising Agent in lliecitiesot Baltimore.Philadelphia,
New York, and Boston, has been appointed Agent for
receiving and forwarding subscriptions and advertise
ments for this paper,at hisoffices in those cities respec
tively, vix :
Baltimore, Southeast corner of Baltimore and Cal
vert Streets.
Philadelphia, No. .r,9 Pine Street.
New York, No. 311 Ann Street.
Horton, No. 14 State Street.
NEW GOODS,
(D222A2 202 CASE;
A. S. KINNEY,
Respectfully informs the public that he
has just returned from the Northern cities, and
is now receiving a large and well seleeted stock of
FALI WINTER GOODS.
His st-,ok consists in jiart of ••—
Dry Goodx, Grocrrics, Hard
ware, Booh and Mliocs,
Hats and Caps, Ar,
which he will sell as low for Cash, as thoy can bo
purchased in the County.
Persons are requested to cull and examine before
purchasing elsewhere. A. S. KINNEY.
Staunton. November 5, 1840.
REMOVAL.
A. M. SIMPSON
HfOULD respectfully inform the Ladies of
** Staunton and its vicinity, that he has remov
ed his Shop to the Store Room next door to Mr.
Merrill Cushing’s, where he is prepared to make
£ ADZES’ SHOES AND GAITERS,
of the latest fashions and of the host
^tarf^^inaterials. lie thinks that after a long
^^^HBB^exporiencc in the business he will lie
-enabled to give satisfaction. All his work will he
warranted to stand.
Misses and Children’s Shoes made in all of thoir
various forms.—Also, While ami Black Satin Shoes
for Weddings and Parties, on the shortest notice.
lie will wait on Ladies at their houses
and take their measures, if desired.—l ie will also
take Gentlemen’s measures for Boots, and have them
made to order in the best and neatest style.
Staunton, Sept. 24, 1840.
CCy*A. M. S. has just received a variety of ma
terial, among which Ls a superior article of While.
Kid, for the manufacture of Shoes for Wedding and
other parties. Dec. 3.
rIMIE subscribers are now receiving and opening
■*■ their supply of
FALL AM) WINTER GOODS,
which have been selected with great care in the
Northern Cities, and embrace a general assortment
of such Goods as are suited to this market.
They feel grateful for past favors, and are confi
dent their present Stock will compare in quality and
prices with anv in this market. . Their friends nnd
the public generally are respectlully invited to call
and examine their Stock.
MOSBY Sc TAYLOR.
Staunton, Oct. 22, 1810.
KEE &L TINrSX,EY.
GROCERS AND COMM MISSION
ussoikarus,
NORTH SIDE OF THE BASIN,
Richmond, Va.,
I2J.IVE their personal attention to the sale of all
kinds of Merchandize, and of JCheat, Flour,
Tobacco, and other Produce.
f&er Particular attention paid to forw-ding
goods free of extra drayage.
R E F E It E N C E S :
DUNLOP, MONCURE & CO., »
DAVENPORT', ALLEN & CO., < K,C,,MI°VD'
LEE & ROBERTS, )
BltY.A NT & TINSLEY, \ LYNcimeno.
MILLER RUCKER, >
August 20, 1840.—6m
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
WOOD & DANNER,
AVE just received their FALL AND WIN
” ter SUPPLY OF GOODS, consisting in
part as follows, viz :
10 Hogsheads P. R. Sc N. O. Molasses.
10 do. P. R. &. N. O. Sugar.
~000 llis. No. 1,2, Sc 3, Loaf Sugar.
4 Barrels Pulverized and Crushed Sugar.
130 Bags Rio and Gov’r. Java Coffee?
10 Hair Chests (inn Powder.
'Imperial Yung llysou and Black Tea.
300 Sacks G. Alum and Ashton Fine Salt.
Cheese, Crackers, and Spices,
with all other artices in the Grocery line.
Also, a full supply of STAPLE and DOMES
11C
it it V €4 O O it S ,
all of which they will sell low for cash,or exchange
for Flour. Wheat, &c., See.
Whichestcr Depot, November 12, 1846.
SIPUEstti ^IS^
DAVIS ATKAYSER,
111 AS just received an additional supply of Color
* * ed Cambricks, Bird Eye Diaper, Irish Linens,
■Satin Vestings, Black Ilallian Cravats, Cashmere
IIosc, Kid and Silk Gloves, Satin Riblions, and a
variety of other Goods, Also, another lot of those
Fine Cheap BOOTS and SHOES.
Staunton, December 10. 1816.
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, &C.
^ y > (TON YARNS,at Factory prices; Batting
Or/, per lb.; good Sue Leather Is, thin 14 cts.;
Boots, Shoes, Hats, &<•, at much reduced prices;
Nails and Brails, also, at reduced prices; Bacon
cts.; Corn Meal 40 cts.; Oats 2d; Buckwheat
Flour 24 ; Cheese 8 to 12J ; I lops 20, or 6 lbs. for
$1 ; Variegated Steam Shaving, and Rosin Soaps,
- very cheap. K MAY.
Oo I be subscriber also wishes to hire or buy a
good female cook without incurnbcranee, and will
give a liberal price. je’ MAY.
Staunton, Dec. 10, 1846.
ANCHOR
HO LTING-C LOTUS,
OF superior Quality, just rcrrivrd anil for
br B. CRAWFORD k CO.
JBtauntea, August 20.
Writing i*itprr,
OC REAMS Cap and Letter Paper, just rccciv
ed and for sale by
^ ROBERT COWAN.
Staunton. Dec. 10. IS16.
LAW NOTICE.
IOHN nr. HENDREN, lias removed to
the room formerly the office of.I edge Baldwin,
in the Northern end of the building recently occu
pied by the Deaf and Dumb Department of the
Virginia Institution,and will attend with fidelity to
business entrusted to him in the Counties of Augus
ta and Roekbridge.
As a Commissioner in Chancery for the settle
ment of accounts, &.C., ho offers his services to the
public.
Staunton, Decemlior 3, 184G.—tf
'if© BIST ffl0 W
ATTIIR UV AT I.AW,
STAUNTON, AUGUSTA CO., VA.
X'kFFICF. at present, up stairs in the building of
the Mercantile establishment of John B. Breck
inridge, Esq.
October 15* 1846,
FRANKLIN T. GEIGER,
! ATTORNEY AT DAW,
STAUNTON, VA.
WILL practise in the different Courts holden at
Staunton.
j gCT Office next door to the Bell Tavern and
i nearly opposite the Court House,
i July2, 1846.—tf
! WILLIAM B. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT DAW,
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA,
j ^L7ILL practise in the Superior, County and Cor
| ” poration Courts of Staunton, and will be found
at the office of C. Johnson, Jr.
December 3, 1846.
1) K. D. (i. MALI PIN,
! MAYING permanently located in Middlehrook,
! ■ * iH'gs leave to offer his professional services to ]
the citizens of that village and vicinity. He may j
| at all times In' found at his office at Gardner’s Ho- !
tel unless professionally engaged.
December 31, 1846.—tf.
1)R WILLIAM C, BKIFFY,
HAVING permanently located at Mt. Sidney, Augus
ta county, Va.,respectfully tenders his professional
services to the citizens of the Town and vicinity.
May 7, 1846.—tf
WANTED
2000 BUSHELS Oats, 2000 Bushels Corn,
which we will exchange Gixids for.
PAUL & RIDGEWAY.
Staunton, Nov. 26, 1846.
Groceries.
J'UST received 20 bags prime Itio Coffee; 2 hogs
heads Molasses; 2 do. N. O and P. It. Sugars;
Refined Loaf Sugar, Crushed do., Pepper. Alspice, &c.,
&c., for sale low by PAUL & RIDGEWAY.
! November 5, 1816.
WOOL ML1TS.
S for seventy-five cents. For sale'by retail
PAUL & RIDGEWAY.
Novcmbor 5, 1846.
MLRML1TS.
A FEW Cases superior Fashionable SILK IIATS,
at unusually low prices for cash.
PAUL & RIDGEWAY.
November 5, 1846.
SALT ! SALT !! SALT ! ! !
; ¥ UST received in store 100 sacks Liverpool Salt
| ** in fine order and condition, for sale low for cash.
I Purchasers arc invited to call and see them.
PAUL & RIDGWAY.
October 22, 1840.
Just Received,
ONE Cask only of that same pure CIDER
VINEGAR, for table use.
COWNE & DEAKINS.
I November 19, 1840.
Just Reeeived,
1 4500 LBS LEAI) PIPE. Size, li inch, 1
! inch, and 4 inch. For sale by
PAUL & RIDGEWAY.
November 19, 1840.
‘\aal* am! Window Glass.
1 OO KEGS assorted sizes Nails. OOBoxesTX 9,
,UU 8X10, 10X12, and 12X10 Window
Glass. For sale low by
WOOD St DANNER.
Winchester, Va., Depot, Nov. 12, 1810.
Jnd Received,
At\ BOXES of Superior Manufactured Tobacco,
comprising all qualities and prices, which
will be sold extremely low. Also, a large assort
ment of Imported Segars, of celebrated Brands.
Just received by C. T. COCHRAN & CO.
Staunton, Nov. 19, 1810.
Blanket*•
1 I | W j HEAVY BLANKETS, suitable for Servants,
I J V/Y." at a great deduction for cash. For sale by
PAUL & RIDGEWAY.
November 5, 1846.
Wanted Immediately.
A JOURNEYMAN CHAIR-MAKER, ofstca
* *• dy habits.
IIENIIY R. MATl’HEWS.
December 3, 1810.
C/lieapside.
WOODEN Clocks for £2 00. Vcrv mysterious_
yet some things can be done at
C C. LEWIS’S.
Staunton. Oct. 15, 1846.
~C»I \{ IlSTiVlAS GIFTn
A BEAUT4FIJLlot of Fashionable Ornaments,
just received at No. 4, Cheapsido.
C. C. LEWIS.
Sttanton, 1 he. 24,1 £ 16
AXES! AXESII
A FEW dozen Colliers and Petersburg celebrated
Patent Axes, warranted to stand the test, for sale
by PAUL & RIDGEWAY.
November 5. 18-46.
Varan ^ uMflAizusjSa ’
Si I ILL continue to pay the highest prices for ov
i cry description of suitable produce, at the Sign
of the Striped Umbrella.
Staunton, Nov. 19, 1810.
PICKLED OYSTElis.
¥ UST reeeived a fr<-sh supply of PICKLED
OY S PEKS. Also. Fresh Commits.
M. CUSHING.
Statin tort, Dee. 31, J810.
«I"M KcccYvcy\a
I,OAT) of nice Butter, in rolls and firkins, and
a few bushels of very niec dried Peaches, peal
ed and cut, Cherries, Apples and Vinegar. For
' I’y E. MAY.
’ Staunton. Deeemher I7t
POETRY.
new tsar hymn
TRANSLATED FROM THE HOLLAND LANGUAGE BY
JOHN FRANCIS VAN EDEN HOLLERMANN.
The t er and Coodnrsx qf the Lord Acknowledged j
at the Ilenctcal qf the Year.
The Sun takes up his course again ;
A year has passed the line—
Wake, then, my soul, thy grateful strain.
To sing of love divine !
The year that's past,
Front first to last,
I owned His ruling hand ;
And often found,
That grief profound.
And ills, howe’er distressing.
Give way to joy and blessing.
Why should I then court anxious fear,
T hough years do close their pages ?
God’s grace, whate’er may disappear,
Outlives all time—all ages,
In heaven above
His boundless love
Prepared for us a blessing—
Those realms arc there,
Unchanging—fair —
There angels pure His glory sing ;
The Lord Eternal Sovereign King.
That self-same King, He rules below,
Directs our fate—our way—
To Him our praises then we owe,
Who spared us till this day —
^^hose bounteous hand
•Protects our land,
Our homes, our kindred altars.
^ Even evil lie
So turns that wc
Experience blessing, taste His lore,
Adore His guidance from above.
Oh Father, with Thy love go on
To cheer Thy children dear ;
As e’er Thou didst since first the sun
Shone on our earthly sphere •
All blessing hand.
Let thy command
Be ever our delight f
Then cares or fear,
How great, how near,
•Shall never shako our trust in Thee,
In life—death—or eternity.
THE BIRD OF PASSAGE
BY 8. E. CARPENTER, ESQ.
Spirit of Summer—away ! away !
Why should we wish thee here to stay?
Fly to those realms where the sunbeams lie
On gorgeous plains ’neatli the tropic sky ?
Stern VV inter approaches—from hence ! go forth !
Thou art too bright for the gloomy north ;
Spirit of Summer—no longer stay ;
Thy mates are assembled—away ! away !
Spirit of Summer—oh ! would, like thee,
T he weary could spread their wings and flee !
Could fly to that bright and brilliant shore,
And dwell amid sunshine for evermore !
Would that earth’s wand’rcrs all might come,
Like thee, bright bird, to their early home,
When flow’rets were blooming, and all seem’d gay,
And NOT in the Winter, when tliou’rt away !
Spirit of Summer and beauty, go
’V° tkr |olilin south, where the bright flow’rs blow ;
Yet, bird of the swift, air cleaving wing,
Greet us again with returning Sunils' :
Dreary aim sau inougii tlie Winter be,
And gloomy our pathway devoid of thee.
Why should we wish thee here to stay,
Spirit of Summer—away ! away !
MI St! E1. LAN V.
A JOLLY VOLUNTEER.
Some of our Volunteers remind us strongly of
the old song—
“How happy the soldier, who lives on his pay,
And opeuds all he gets, though but sixpence a day.”
Such a one is Capt. Tobin, who writes to the
Picayune that he is oil’ to the war again—lie goes,
he believes, as a private this time, for want of time
to raise a company ;—lie returned a Captain last
time, and may come back a General next. In per
sonal matters, we must let the Captain speak for
himself. He says to the Picayune editors—
You were kind enough to get me out of trouble
| "ilh Government about the $15,25. which had been
all paid a week before I received Gen. McCalla’s
letters. I should not have written to the'General
j ils I did, only I knew he’d take it as a joke; for I
presumed he had Milesian blood in his veins, from
his having a Me to his name. You know the old
saying—
“Per Me atquc O,
Tu veroa cognosces Hihcrnos,
His (loubus ademptis,
Nullus Ilibcrnus ad est.”
As you got me out of that difficulty, please ex
plain another.
Uncle JSain accused me in 1838, of circumvent
ing him out ot 750 pounds of fresh beef, for which
he charged me the modest sum of $12.50. Tell
| him how it happened.—I acknowledge the soft im
; peachmcnt.
After a heavy march to Fort Bassinger on the
Kiss-him-me river. (Florida,) I received from lit.
Lamotte three very thin cows, (maybe they were
1 heifers, and I should not wish to sully their reputa
tions.) I shot them, and issued them to the men
as extra rations, by order of Col. P. F. Smith,
making no return.
Now as it’s so long since I’ve seen a dollar that
I forget Whether a dollar is square or round. I of
course cannot pay the $12,50, but I ain ready to
! make a compromise.
Let Government furnish sufficient and safe trans
portation for the valuable animals, and 1 shall hunt
through Attaknpas and forward tie three thinnest
kino I can find. 1 say the thinnest, liecausc those
that Lt. Lamotte delivered himself of to me were
evidently lineal descendants from “the seven lean
| kine.”
I would suggest I lie propriety of sending on the
! Princeton for the cattle. Nhe can easily get across
I the liar, by heaving over the guns and starling the
j water ; if they could start the grog, too, it might
help to lighten the ship, and perhaps help to chris
tianize the. sharks in the Gulf, as it has tx.cn so
eminently successful in christianizing the Indians
on shore. It would lie expensive, but principle’s
every thing—
“Kio-at Jmtilia, ruc-at Co*lnm.”
The Captain concludes his letter with some in
valuable hints to speculators, which wo transcribe
for the benefit of all interested :
Get into partnership with a manufacturer of An
g'esea legs and patent arms. There must soon lie
a plentiful scarcity of both.—Gel in company, too,
with a dentist. I’ll send yon all the teeth j can
find. Mexicans have fine ones. If my head should
, be blown off. I’ll send it to you. You'll find a beau
tiful tooth in front of my mouth ; it was knocked
out a year ago.
Victor r on Dr.\Tit.—A story is told of a wor
, thy lad from “old F.dgefirld,” who was recently
doubting whether or not he should volunteer for
Mexico. One of the flags waving in his eves Some
what discouraged him. “Victory is a good thing,’:
said he, “but why put ‘Victory or Death.’ Put it
'\ ietorv nr Cripple,' ’’ said h'. “and I’ll go that ?"
SCOTTISH NATIONAL FEELINGS.
The beautiful and pathetic song of IjocUaher is
known to ami admired by all w^o have an ear for
music; and its effect upon the Highlanders, when
absent from their homes, is well shown in the fol
lowing incident which occurred in Canada several
years ago, and which also proves how powerful is
the sympathy between this our tenement of clay,
and its celestial inmate, the soul:
“It was the fate of Dr. C. to accompany a High
land regiment across the Atlantic, to ‘a far distant
shore.’ The station where the troops were en
camped was very healthy, the climate particularly
good : judge, then, of the surprise of the good doc
tor to find his soldiers falling sick daily, and his
hospital filled with invalids,—whilst, as he could
not discover tho disease, he could apply no remedy.
Ornwyoning the moon shone so unusually bright,
these* frv>.> Ins window was lovely, as the
beams played upon the rippling water, or gave light
and shadow' to the magnificent forest-trees near his
abode, that lie was tempted to take a solitary ram
ble,
“Musing on days long past.
And pleasure* gone forever by
the sound of the IngpifN' struck upon his ear, and
attracted him towards the liarraeks, where the pi
per was playing, in the most touching manner,
“Lochaber no more !
May be to return to Lochaber no more.”
Dr. C. approached the large room unobserved, and,
looking in, found all bis men assembled, and all in
deep emotion—some recumbent on the floor, some
reclined against the wall, many in tears, and one,
burying bis face in his hands, sobbed aloud. My
friend retired to his quarters: on the following
morning he sent for the piper, and, bribing him to
secrecy, commanded him in future to play nothing
but lively airs, reels,strathpeys, and marches; lnit
never, on pain of his displeasure, to breathe Loclia
ber again. The piper obeyed : the effect was mag
ical—the invalids revived, and in a very short time
not one remained in the hospital.
This anecdote, which I know to lx? true, inspir
ed me with a most ardent desire to see I.'xdiaher—
scenes must he beautiful which produced such a
powerful effect upon the mind. Last summer, pass
ing through the magnificent scenery of the north
ern lakes of Scotland, I came upon Lochalier:
Ben Nevis reared his crowned head—at his base
suxxl a cluster of miserable hovels, in a swamp
where every breeze that passed by whispers ‘ague’
—each hut is formed ol’ wood and turf gathered
from the morass beneath their feet—a hole in the
roof forms the chimney—a hole in the side is tho
window, and in some of the lints, window and
door in one—not a tree to be seen ;—yet, dear as
life to the Highlander is the memory of Lochaber.”
The Norwegians.— Mow little is required to
make a people happy. A traveller in the North
ern counlri»,s of Europe, speaking of bleak and liar
ren Norway’, says :
“I have often felt that I could live and die con
tented among its rocks and woods and dales, in the
midst of its quiet anil virtuous people. No one
ever left Norway without regret. It is a country
in many parts of which a child might walk about
with a bag of gold, and no one would molest him ;
where foe stranger, by day er night, may knock at
any door be conn & to and be welcome.”
I Ami yet this same writer describes the Norwe
1 gmns as l An eiimgiy deficient in wnai are usually
[ considered comforts. With one large bed, like a
deal lx>x, into which they’ all creep, some straw is
spread at the bottom, and sheepskins serve fir co
vering. Their wainscots aro composed of trees,
with moss stuffed in the chinks, and in some houses
the whole stock of utensils were one large pot, m
axe, one knife, and half a dozen wooden bowls
and spoons. Still they were very happy.
ritOM THE LOUISVILLE JOURNAL.
P U NGEN T I* A RAGR A PHS.
We perceive that Lester, formerly a Iaxiofoeo
editor in Mississippi, whose chief business was to
abuse the Ixiuisville Journal, is now in the peni
tentiary. Wc think we must take some early op
portunity of making him a visit in bis new home.
We are curious to see whether he is as good at
peeking stone as he is at writing scurrilous para
graphs. During our visit, he may look at us. hut
lie must not s|>cak to ns, nor must he stop jieeking
stone. Like the carrier pigeon in the song, ho
must—“Turn up lus bright eye—and peck”
Mr. Ritchie, of the Washington Union, says
that “one would think, from reading the papers,
j that the American people care for nothing hut
wealth.” He need not trouble himself a bout the
tastes of the people. They are reputed to be rather
mercenary , but they have read his paper and that
| of his two sons at Richmond until they have come
j politically to despise all Ritchies.
Mr. Polk is opposed to laws for protecting the
American people against foreign nations. Blit he
would like mightily about this time to have a law
| to protect his administration against the people.
An exchange paper asks whether Santa Anna,
1 if he were to catch Sir. Polk upon the high seas,
would give him a free pass into the United States
If Santa Anna is the enemy of the United States
he pretends to lie, he certainly would.
The editor of the Democrat says that our face
“looks thin and gaunt.” If that’s the ease, we
save the mortification of resembling him in one re
i sped at least. If wc arc thin faced he is doublc
! faced j so that each of us has a spare fare.
THREE CLASSES.
The world is made up of three classes—the corn
! parativelv happy, the miserable, and those u ho an
j ticipa:e happiness. The la»ter are l»y far the most
| numerous, while the former arc exceedingly scarce.
| It is a singular fact, surrounded as mankind arc,
j with everything to gratify the taste, please (ho eye
i and entrance the heart, these sources of constant
{ enjoyment arc all passed by to get a poop at defer
mity and misery, round which they hover and to
j which they cling with a tenacity so great that the
stroke of death alone can break the spell. We
have always maintained the opinion and still adhere
to it, that the world was made for the happiness of
! man, and that no individual, wherever placed, nerd
be otherwise than contented and happy. If man is
1 miserable the fault lies at his own door.
by is the letter D like a ring ?” said a lady
toher accepted, one day.
The gentleman was as dull as a hammer.
“Because,” added the lady, with ft modest look
; at the picture at the. other end of the room, “he
! cause tre can’t he teed without it.”
A person threw the head of a goose on to the
! gtngr of the Belleville theatre.—Cot fa. advancing
to the front, said. “Gentlemen, if any amongst you
has lost his head, do not l>e uneasy, for I will re
store it at the conclusion of the performance.”
in the list of articles far which premiums wen
! awarded at the Agricultural Fair in Lewis county,
| NrW Vork, is the following : <4Best Comforter—
Miss Harriet Sheldon.”
A soldier who was once Wounded in battle, set
Up a terrible bellowing. An Irishman who laid
near, with both legs shot off, immediately sung out
j “Bad luck to the likes of ye- do ve think that
nobody i« kilt hut yorself?”
ImOM THK RICHMOND WHIG.
MR. ROOT’S SPEECH.
Among tho speeches delivered in tho House of
| Representatives on tho Mexican War question. that
j of Mr. Root, of Ohio, is particularly distinguished for
j wit and humor, as well as for argumentative |x>wer.
> We regret that our space will not permit its pnbli
i cation entire. Some of his admirable hits, however,
| arc too good to be lost. In reference to the estab
lishment of civil governments in California and New
Mexico, Mr. Root said, the President, in his late
special message, “dodged behind Mr Marcy. and
Mr. Marcy dodged behind Com. Stockton and Gen.
Kearney,” whose conduct is somewhat unexpected
ly disapproved by the Executive, while, on reading
the instructions given to them, it is obvious that
they were invested with the widest discretionary
powers. Mr. R. is particularly felicitous in expo*
ing the redieulous position of those members of
Congress, who, under the natural presumption that
our Military and Naval commanders had not trans
cended their instructions, set themselves diligently
to work to find, some, like Mr. Seddon, in the
Constitution, and others, like Mr. Rayly, in the
I^ates ,>f Nations, authority fbr those high handed
proceedings, in order to screen the President from
censure, for acts, which th.it officer himself, inca
pable of defending, promptly disavows! Referring
to Mr. Seddon’s most extraordinary argument—ex
traordinary, we mean, in the positions assumed,
which nevertheless, we admit, are sustained with
no little ingenuity—Mr. Root says—
“He knew that gentleman justified the acts of
the President and his officers, and one very learmxl
gentleman especially, (Mr. Seddon.) He found the
power of the President to do all he had done some
where in the Constitution. He did not know just
exactly where it might lie—in this article.or it might
lie in that, or it might be in a third. The power
was there somewhere. Mr. It. said he never knew
an abstractionist, a strict constructionist, to he hard
pushed in his life to find a justification for any fa
vorite measure, but he could always find it in the :
constitution. The good old constitution ! lie rc
spectcd it, and lie loved to defend it. J fe had no
notion of seeing it submitted to this stretching and
puckering process. The learned gentleman’s search
fur Executive power to set up civil governments
reminded him of a sort of game he had -mcc sin'll
played with thimbles and lialls—he forgot now
how it was played exactly, or what it was called.
[A voice: thimblerig. A laugh. | Vi's; it was
likely that was it. It was played with three thim
bles and a ball, and the ball was sometimes found
under one, and sometimes under another—luit it
was there somewhere. The thing was to tell un
der which thimble. [Much laughter. |—Nothing
hut the governing habit of the abstractionist school
could have produced such a reading of the constitu
tion.”
Mr. Seddon has found the constitution equal to
till emergencies heretofore, and ho was satisfied that
it would not fail in this—and so, lie made the re
markable discovery that the President, as “eom
mandcr-in-chief” of the army, is clothed with such
j vast powers. that, wore he to exercise them, as a
Civil Magistrate, it would make him an Imperial
dosjxjt!
Mr. Rhett, of South Carolina, though belonging
to the same .school of jxditics of which Mr. Seddon
is so prominent a member, denied that the constitu
tion, in any one of its clauses, vested the President
with imperial powers—and, so far, we agree with
him. That is an “emergency” never contempla
ted, in our humble estimation, hy the framers of
that instrument! Yet Mr. Rhett defended the.
President, whose subsequent disavowal of the acts
complained of, unfortunately for his champions,
shows that he deems those acts wholly indefensible!
Mr. Root answers Mr. Rhett in this wise :
“But another gentleman of the same school came
out and admitted that the power under w hich the
President had acted was not to he found in the con
stitution. No: it was above and beyond it. How,
then, was it authorized ? The very fact of con
quest conferred the authority. The President was
a conqueror, and, as a conqueror, had authority to
do all that he had been doing in these Mexican pro
vinces. lie was placed in loco parentis to the peo
ple. This was a new sort of Isjco. | Roars of
merriment.] If he was a parent to the Mexicans,
j judging from the freaks and antics lie had been
' playing ix'fore his bantlings, one would conclude it
I was rather a new business to him. ( Renewed fun. |
; But, as lie seemed a little indiscreet in the thing,
there was some danger of spoiling the children.”
Mr. Bayly, not content with the arguments either
| of Mr. Seddon or Mr. Rhett, though one ot the same
! school of strict constructionists, finds authority for
| the ads complained of in the Laws of Nations_
i contending that because ‘‘•sovereigns'" may exercise
j certain powers over conquered regions, therefore
j Mr. Polk—who is no sovereign yet, Whatever he
I may ultimately become, in accordance with the re
j solutions of “’9?-’99”—may play the King over the
j provinces wrested from Mexico! Mr. ILxit thus
j replies to him :
“Another learned gentleman—(lie ought to he. a
Virginia judge was always presumed to he learned.)
i read them a decision of lsird StowoH's, formerly and
| better known as Sir Wirt. Scott; hut it was all the
I same. From this opinion itappeared that a conquering
i sovereign might hold conquered territory as his own.
| and might even cede it to a third party. A certain
island had liccn conquered hy Great Britain, and,
; until the war was ended.it wassnbject to the right
of the losing sovereign, who might reconquer if if
' he could. And then the learned gentleman affkcd
j for our authority in opposition to thin. Why. no
j body controverted the position. Mr. I{. need not.
j controvert it; he knew the respectability of the
j judge who made the decision. It was a sufficient
answer to say the case was not in point. It ep-ike
; of the power of a sovereign ; but .lame; K. Polk.
' thank God, was not yet the sovereign of these Uni
, ted States by the constitution, whatever he might
l>c hy the sufferance of Congress. I lc had no right
j to establish any civil jurisdiction over a State held
I in military occupation without nn act of the sovr
\ reign—that was, of the legislative body—No mere
I military commander, whether President or general.
, or commodore, or captain,could do any thing of that
j kind ; it required the sovereign authority of the
State.—And where was that? In the President ?
! No, in Congress: and nothing short of the act of
i Congress could create any such government. Bo
j foie we could establish any civil government there,
w? must annex it as a territory of the United
States; then we might liegin to se t up a govern
ment for it.”
Mr. Hoot closes this branch of his subject by the
i following nilnsion to tho unfortunate predieainent in
which these over zealous champions of the Presi
dent had been thrown by the disclaimer of that
gentleman of all responsibility f>r the of his
subaltern*:
I “But all the labor and research and eloquence of
! these very learned and eloquent gentlemen were
i thrown away. The President, who had one*'
• made tip his mind that the* territories could all
j cnnie into‘the Union, had airs'c Iwekrd outj now.
| it seemed, he disapproved of those act* of hie euh
] ordinates which these gentlemen hod taken so much
1 pains to sustain. His last message was a funny
one. Mr. It. suit! lie had long had a strung fivno
nal admiration for the character of Cion. Jackson,
though he had never been his jiolitieal friend.
There was one tiling about tho old man which
strongly distinguished him whenever he got into a
scrape, or got his friends into one—he never dodg
cd ; he looked the whole matter square in the face,
and not tin frequen tly looked it out of countenance.
[Loud laughter. J That was tho Old Hickory,
le hail an immediate successor who alwny* seem
| ed to think that lie escaped a danger if he could but
I shun it. Whenever ho found one of his measures
unpopular he dodged behind his Secretaries; the
Secretaries dodged behind tho Clerks; and the
Clerks dodged behind their—insignificance. ( Roars
of laughter, j
“So those gentlemen had lost all their eloquence.
Mr. R. presumed they did not consider therfteelvcs
bound to stand by their opinions so elaborately de
fended. They might perhaps excuse themselves
1 as they attempted to excuse the President; if they
had fallen into error, it was only through excess of
patriotism. Happy party! Even the faults and
failings of its leaders “leaned to virtue’s side.”—
| . worc certainly a choice set of jxditical boau
— —
FROM Till; LEXINGTON GAZETTE.
TO THE MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Gentlemen :—A memorial will soon lie pre
sented to you. on behalf of tho citizens arid mem
liersof the Bar of the 12th Judicial Circuit, pray
ing that the salary of the Judge of that Circuit may
bo increased, so as to make it, in Some measure,
commensurate with the amount of labor he has (0
perform.
By way of introduction to llral petition, I beg
leave to present a few facts, derived from official
documents, for your consideration.
'flie 12th Judicial District is composed of th«
counties of Albemarle, Nelson, Amherst. Rock
bridge and Augusta, which contain a population of
about 80,000 souls, engaged in almost every varie
ty of occupation which can give rise to litigation.
Within the Circuit, too, are situated five large pub
lic institutions to which peculiar laws an* applica
ble, and which require the constant 8U|)crvision of
the Courts, viz : Tho University of Virginia,
Washington College, the Military Institute, the
Western Asylum,and the Institution for the Kduca
tion of the Deaf and Dumb and Blind.
An inspection of the annual reports which tho
clerks of the several counties arc required to make
to the Legislature will show that.for the last three
years, the average, amount of business which has
originated and been despatched in the 12lh Circuit,
has been almo&t twice as great ns the average a
mount in the other Circuits.
To prove the truth of this assertion, I refer to
the following facts*
By report made to the Legislature on the 15th
December, 18-13, [Doc. 10,J it will be scon that
the number of causes at law, which originated in
Judge Thompson’s Circuit wa&2310, and the num
ber decided was 2340—whilst the average number
which originated in all the Circuits was 1 161, and
the average number decided was 1172.
In Chancery, the number commenced in Judge
Thompson's Circuit was 231. and the number of
decrees, final ahd Interlocutory, was 405. The
average number commenced in all the Circuits was
135, and the number of decrees was 226.
The number of Criminal prosecutions in Judge
Thompson's Circuit was 215, whilst the average of
the District was 95.
The mnulier of days daring which Judge Thomp
son held Court was Ilf), whilst the average of the
Circuits was 83.
In 1844, it appears by Doe. 5, that the number
of cases in Judge Thompson's Circuit was as fol
lows :
Cases at law, commenced, 1886—decided, 1986
—-whilst the overage in the 8tato was,commenced,
465—decided, 863.
In Chancery, the No. commenced in 12th Cir
cuit was 257—No. decided, 580—the average
throughout the State was, commenced, 137—deci
ded, 283.
On criminal docket, in 12th Circuit, 159—ave
rage number in State, 82.
Days court was in session, in 12th Circuit, 141
—average, 87.
In 1845, it appears by Doc. No. G, the number
of eases at law commenced in 12th Circuit, wa#t
1084—No. decided, 1090—average in the State,
commenced, 476—decided, 560.
In Chancery, number of causes commenced in
12th Circuit, 187—number decided, 1333—ave
rage, commenced, 143—decided, 275.
Prosecutions, in 12th Circuit, 111—average, 73;
Number of days in session, in 12th Circuit, 110
—average, 85.
In tin' three years above referred lo, it appears
that Judge Thompson rendered 5116 judgments at
law—2383 decrees in Chancery, and tried 485
criminal cases, and was in session 361 days : whilst
the average of the business done in the State was
as IMlows : judgments. 2603—decrees. 784—crim
inal cases, 250—and number of days in suasion,
255.
It will also appear, that during the year 184*5,
the amount of business done by Judge Thompson,
Ixith at Law and in Chancery, actually exceeded
the amount done by Judges Robertson, Clopton and
Nicholas, together! And yet, these gentlemen re
ceived for their services near $2,00Ucach, or ait
aggregate but little short of $3000, whilst Judge
Thompson receives bltf onc-lburth of that sum, of
$1500!
Tho petit ioners ask that Judge Thompson’s corn
pcnantioii may lie proportioned to his lalx>rs, or, iri
other words, that h:s salary be made at least equal
to that of the Metropolitan Judges, $2,000; They
ask this as an act of justice and of sound policy.
They wish him to receive a salary which will
cnahic him to devote his whole time to his Official
duties; and not require him; in order to eke out a
support for his family, to teach a Law School, lie
is in moderate circurpstanccs, and when Ids travel
ling expenses am deducted from his salary and
mileage, he has hut little over $1290 to apply <o
his household support, and the education of his
children. 'Phis is not sufficient to maintain his
family, and (hose who know the fidelity and abili
ty of the .hulifr, and the noble character and refined
feelings of the . 5/cn, ask that justice be done to
him. \\ ill such an appeal be unheeded by a wise
and generous Legislature
A MKM 15Kit OF THE BAR.
There is now lie fore Congress a plan of a fire
shin, made by Mr. Brown, of I llinois, for marine
and harlxiT defence. It is constructed so as to re
flect oil shot, while it is capable of enveloping in a
single moment, an enemy’s ship in a sheet of in
extinguishable fire. It. is not against shij»s alone
that this dreadful engine of destruction is used ; hut
in land service, in defending passes, it would also
prove Invaluable.
A Cextkf. Shot!—The WnshiegNiti Union;
some days ago, said : “A federalist, of fine, taste
and talents pronounces the President’s Message to
lie conclusive or! the Wat question.” Who in that
federalist, (asks tho I*ouisviUe Journal.}---Mil. Bu
chan \ n ?— - // Vug.
\\ bat if you have fallen in business—you still
have life and health. Don’t sit down and cry over
vour mishaps, for tint will never gct you out of
debt, nor buy your children frocks ~G<. to work at
something, eat. sparingly, dress moderately, drink
nothing exciting,and abtrtr all. keep a merry heart/
and you will lx* up in the world again.
Iowa ic still in a fog. The legislature assem
bled at Iowa city on the 7th nit. All the officers
of the Senate are I.ocofocof, and all in the other
branch are Whigs.
“John, is my coffer hot ?”
‘•Not yet. mass*—me spit jtt him and he lift

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