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Staunton spectator and vindicator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1896-1916, July 04, 1902, Image 1

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VOL. 81. STAUNTON, VA., FRIDAY, JULY 4 % 1902. NO. 27.
Story of the Movement Culminating There
In 1863.
(Lynchburg News)
Instead of at least throwing a cavalry
force between Staunton and Waynes
bona so as to intercept trains and fugi
tives which he must have known were
moving on that road, Hunter on the
sth of June issued for the next day
specifications as to the exact order of
march for every command, using all
the precautious that are employed
when moving in the presence of a su
perior hostile force. The two guns of
Bryan's Battery were as muchsurpris-
Ks relieved, when on June Glh, hay
slept by the road-side some miles
ot Staunton, they came unmolest
-5 the army near the west end of the
i Ridge tunnel. On the same day
army, now under Vaughn, retired
to the summit in RockfUb Gap and
took position, while Hunter occupied
Staunton and burned Confederate pro
perty except what he could use. About
noon on the Hth. Crook and Averell,
who had been marching from western
Virginia, joined Hunter at Staunton,
having been retarded some by the
cavalry under McCausland. The com
bined army remained here the rest of
the Bth and all the 9th, reorganizing,
sending off prisoners, and making oth
er preparations for a vigorous attempt
upon Lynchburg.
In the meantime Breckinridge's com -
I mand had been sent back from Lee's
army, reaching Rockfish Gap on the
Bth, under Brig.-Gen. G. C. Wharton-.
Breckinridge himself having gone to
Lynchburg. At Wharton's urgent re
quest be went to Rockfish Gap on the
Pnd assumed personal command.
. Jones' cavalry brigade, now
commanded by Col. W. £. Peters, had
also reported there. The troops re
cently defeated feit that they had done
their part toward winning a victory
and were not so demoralized as some
have supposed; but they had a danger
ous lack of confidence in their tempor-
I ary commander. Wharton's arrival I
encouraged them, and when Breckin-I
ridge harangued the assembled army
from the porch of the old house which I
is still the main building of "Moun
tain Ton " their soirits rose to a high I
On the 10th of June the Federal army
entered upon the last stage of its cam
paign against Lynchburg, or moved,
as Hunter put it, "toward the accom
plishment of its mission." Grantsug
gested going by way of Charlottesville
and destroying the railroad to Lynch
burg; but Hunter, who was allowed
discretion, adopted a plan submitted ,
by Averell, Probably because it was !
feared that the river might prove an
obstacle if Lynchburg was approached
from the north or east, it was decided
to cross it at Buchanan aud make the
approach from the west. This plan
increased the distance, but secured
better roads than those running from
the gaps between Waynesboro aW the
river. Sullivan's, Crook's, and Av-1
erell's divisions were to march to I
Buchanan, while Brig.-Gen. A. N.
Uuffie [now commanding the cavalry
division of Stahel, who had been
wounded at Piedmont] was to move
along the western base of the Blue
Ridge, making demonstrations at the
passes and sending raiding parties to
destroy portions of the railroad. On
reaching Buena Vista, he was to pass
through White's Gap to Amherst C.H.,
and from here send a force to destroy
the railroad to Lynchburg, while he
was himself to conduct his main force
across the James below Lynchburg,
destroying the canal and the South
side railroad, and finally to pass around
and join Hunter west of the city.
Duffle was unjustly held responsible
for the failure of this plan. He did,
it is true, manage his part badly. If
he was allowed discretion, he acted
wisely in marching through the first
pass he came to—Tye River Gap—for
there was nothing to demonstrate
against in the passes, and no sense in
his going to White's Gap. But when
he left a whole regiment to watch a
pass behind him and sent a sergeant and
ten men to destroy the railroad at Ar
rington, he committed a double blun
der. If he had left his sergeant's guard
in the pass and sent his regiment to
Arriugton, Early would not have
reached Lynchburg on the 17th; but
this still does not mean that the city
would necessarily have fallen. Ou this
day, June 11th, Douthat's Battery was
oo its way by train towards Charlot
tesville, and seizing some muskets and
ammunition that were ou the train,
easily disposed of the sergeant and his
ten men before they did serious dam
age to the road. The train, however,
could not proceed, and Douthat re
turned to Lynchburg, which was for
tuuate, for had he gone on he would I
have reached Rockfish Gap after Breck
inridge had left.
Dut the Herious blunders now begin.
On this same day Hunter sent a per
emptory order to Duflie to come at once
to—Lexington ! And, still more won
derful, he waited for him. Duffle's
was pushing on towards Amherst C.
H., still intending to destroy the rail
roads leading to Lynchburg, when at
10 a. m., ou the 12th, he received Hun
ter's order and went at once to Lex
ington by White's Cap, having some
skirmishes ou his way. On the day he
reached Lexington, June 18, Hunter
had sent him another order [of which
we hear no more] telling him where
Amherst C. 11., was, and that he was
to go there and destroy a certain bridge
and do other damage, and then go up
tne north side of the river to Buchanan.
And yet Duffle has been blamed by Av
erell and others for the failure to take
Lynchburg by causing Hunter's delay
hts unsuccessful attempts to do him
any harm or seriously embarras him
would not be worth narrating. Duflie
came upon and captured part of the
train of wagons removing Confederate
stores from Staunton, the rest having ,
been destroyed by the convoy. This
was a serious loss to the Confederates.
On the 12tb, Averell, "fearing that
he [Duffle] might fail in the execution,
of the most important part of his
work," dispatched 200 men, who pass
ed by way of White's Cap and Amherst
C. H. around Lynchburg, doing some
damage to railroads, back to the main
force ou the loth, near Liberty. This
"fear"of Averell's is characteristic of
his whole report, which is a loug series
of absurd libels on Duflie. One can
sympathize with Hunter when he
speaks of "the stupidity and conceit
of that fellow Averell."
The main force marched from Staun
ton on June 10th, and entered Lexing
ton about 3 p. m. on the 11th, al
though McCausland obstructed its
march and disputed its occupation of
the town. This was a remarkably rap
id advance so far. No attempt will be
made to tell about the rights between
McCausland and the Federal van dur
ing this march or that which followed
from Lexington to Lynchburg. He and
his command [consisting of the bri
gades of Jenkins, W, J. Jackson and
Jones, reinforced by men from Imbo
den's command near Lynchburg] per
formed their duty well. The fighting
was frequent, sometimes sharp; but of
course, a battle was out of the ques
tion aud the losses were trifling. The
great service consisted in retarding
the march of the Federal column by
forcing it frequently to bait and form
Ou the 13th, long before day, Averell
moved from Lexington to Buchanan,
forcing McCausland to retire. The
burning of the bridge there did not ac
complish much, as the river was ford
able. On the afternoon of the same
day, Duffle reached L,exington; and a
supply train for which Hunter says he
was awaiting having arrived, the
whole force marched at dawn on the
14th, and came up with Averell at
liuchanan. Moving by the Peaks of
Otter, the Federal advance on the 15th
occupied Liberty. Here Hunter be
came awake and ordered an advadce
upon Lynchburg with all possible
speed. Duflie was sent on the Forest
road. Crook followed the railroad, de
stroying it, and Averell followed by
Sullivan advanced on the Bedford or
Salem road. At New London late on
the 16th the cavalry, now reinforced by
Imboden and some of his men, made
the Fedeials form line of battle and
then retired. It was on this day that
Breckinridge entered Lynchburg with
his army, and here is the proper place
to examine the strength of the two ar
mies about to confront each other at
the gates of the city. This is, perhaps,
the most important subject connected
with the campaign as viewed from the
military standpoint. For a third of a
century it had been the fashion to as
sert that General Early arrived ou the
17th of June barely in time to insert a
line between the Federals and the city
[one writer even saying that he saw
two trains run in with men Inside and
out,they jumped out and rolled off and
formed line of battle just in the nick of
time] and that he had only four old
smooth bore guns; and even to this day
it is sometimes asserted that not a gun
would have been fired in defense of the
city but for the arrival of Early. Re
cent investigation has made a long
stride towards the truth; but there are
still some facts that, have not been
brought out. The Action has extended
itself even to the weather. One writer
lay all day on the 18th in the cemetery
with the cadets exposed to a constant
cold rain, and at night stood in several
inches of soft mud in the trenches.
In fact, the weather was clear and hot,
and the ground dry and dusty.
It is not possible to ascertain the
exact number on either side at Lynch
burg. The best that can be done is
to determine approximately the numb
er of June 10, when the Federal ad
vance from Staunton began, and as
sume proportional diminution of both
armies up to the 18th.
[which was the whole of the field force]
in the Valley] has already been esti
mated; but it is more convenient now
to estimate the entire army in a lump
The returns of May 31st, five days be
fore the battle of Piedmont, are ex
tant. These include the "lieserve Di
vision," or the forces under Sigel pro
tecting the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road, which did not accompany Hun
ter. Three or tour regiments were
added to the held force, but two of the
regiments named in the field returns
for June 10 23 were at Martinsburg,
I and 800 men were sent from Staunton
to guard prisoners through to Ohio.
It is safe, then, to assume the addi
tions and diminutions as counterbal
j ancing each other. So toe troops that
escorted the train to Lexington are
j counterbalanced by an equal number
sent back- with the empty traid from
I On May 31 there were In the depart
ment "present for duty, 32,100," "ag
gregate present, 30,509." In the Re
serve Division and two small detach
ments there were "present for duty,
15,457," "aggregate present, 16,829."
Hence there were in the field "present
for duty," 16,543; "aggregatepresent."
19,680. L ( )t these the infantry number
ed "present for duty" 10,802, "aggre
gate present," 12,107]. These same
figures may be found by adding togeth
er the numbers of each command in
the field.
The number of guns is hard to deter
mine. They are estimated all the way
from 32 to 54. Crook certainly had ex-
Sullivan and Du(lie was Captain 11. A.
Du-Poht's "Artillery Brigade." oper
ating independently, though two pieces
were permanently assigned to Duffle.
This "brigade" was the artillery that
fought at Piedmont,- which Imboden
confidently says numbered 31 pieces.
The number of artillerymen present
for duty [oOO] was enough for that
number of guns at this stage of tne
war. But Hunter, when it was to his
purpose to make his artillery seem for
midable, speaks of his "30 pieces,"
when two were absent with Duffle; but
Crook's 12 guns were present. If he
included these, he had only 32 in all,—a
surprisingly small number; if not, he
had 44 pieces. When Hunter was al
ready near Lynchburg, Imboden was
perfectly satisfied that he had over
15,000 men; with 42 pieces of artillery."
This estimate of the whole force agrees
with McCausland's, who does not give
any eetitirate of all the artillery. Im
boden "h statement that some of the
guns were said to be heavy probably
was based on the enormous supposition
that the Fifth New York Heavy Ar
tillery had cannon.
Allowing then, 1,000 for the aggre
gate losses of Hunter in the Valley
[including the battle of Piedmont]
and Crook [with in Western
Virginia from May 31 to June 10, we
have "'present for duty," 15,643 [agree
ing with the estimate of McCausland
and Imbodenl, "aggregate present,"
18,(i80, and at least 32 guns. The 3,037
[difference between the above figures]
were presumably made up of trained
guards and other details, with the sick
aud tired. Of course this force was
considerably reduced when it reached
Lynchburg; but a corresponding re
ductioti of the ('onfcdf t'llph Li'id tnWpn
Fortunately Bieckenridge had exact
returns made on June 10—the day on
which the final movement began
though he had to estimate the strength
of McCausland's brigade proper, and
W. L. Jackson's command. Jones' bri
gade, under Col. W.E.Peters,number
ed 1,100 on the Bth. The Jenkins bri
gade and that of Jackson must have
brought the combined brigades close
to 2,ooo—say 1,800. Imboden, after the
return of Breckenridge, had 2,000.
Even after his march to Lynchburg he
reports that number. This gives 3,800
as the number of mounted cavalry
which agrees with Breckenridge's re
port—nearly 4,000. The infantry, in :
eluding dismounted cavalry, at Rock
fish Gap, June 10, numbered exactly
5,023 present for duty. On June 14.
when Imboden had 2,000 cavalry, he ,
reported that Gen. F. T. Nicholls had j
not more than 1,300 effective men in ,
Lynchburg. Afterwards detachments
amounting to 600 were ordered in. The ,
cadets probably numbered about 200
and the artillerymen 500. This gives
an aggregate of 11,223,
There are some unsolved questions
in regard to the artillery. On June 16 .
Imboden sent a request that McClan
ahan'B Battery—which had been rest
ing its horses at Lynchburg—be sent
out to him, and on the same day he ,
reports that he ha* 'oly 7' pieces at
New London. Four of these were ,
Lurty's; the other three could hardly ,
have been McClanahan's battalion, but
possibly two of the guns were with the
cavalry. The Itinggold Battery is left
unaccounted for, but was probably not
at Lynchburg. Whether parts of Jack
son's and McClanahan's batteries were
with the cavalry or not, the whole
batteries were in Lynchburg the even
ing of the 17th and during the 18th.
The 'Boy Battery' of reserves from
Staunton was with Breckenridge at
Rockfish Gap before the march began,
and was in Lynchburg on June 27. It
seems fairly certain, then, that it
marched with Breckinride. At this
time it had a 24 pounder and a Im
pounder howitzer, having exchanged
its 20-pounder Parrott for Bryan's 12
--pounder howitzer. About the other
batteries euumerated there is no seri
ous doubt. The artillery in Lynch
burg, then, was as follows: Bryan's
Battery 6, Chapman's 4, Don that's 6,
Jackson's 6, Boy Battery 2; total, 38
pieces. If the three unexplained guns
with Imboden did not belong to any of
these batteries, the total is 41. If the
Federals captured one on the evening
of the 17th, as they claim, these figures
must be diminished by a unit.
■l. :«„„ n f TJ....„..",, nn A Tin,.
The services of Bryan's and Dou- '
that's batteries at New River bridge i
have been referred to. At Lynchburg
on the 18th, Capt. Chapman claimed
to have bsen able withjhis four guns,
to repel the entire columu of infantry
and artillery that attacked the centre; I
aud on the same day three of Bryan's
guns fought a successful duel with 8
or 10 of trie best Federal guns, chiefly
McMullin's, not to give further illus
trations of the efficiency of the Con
federate artillery at Lynchburg on the
next day the accuracy of the artillery
was the talk of the army. And yet,
for a third of a century, the men who
worked these guns with all the enthu
siasm of an athletic contest and the
zeal of duty well performed, had to
hear and read that not a round would
have been fired in defense of the city,
had not Early arrived. The historian
, recorded and the orator portrayed, in
all sincerity, how Early saved the city
, with infantry aided by only four old
smoothbore guns. All this has recently
1 changed, but still the facts have not
been reached. The origin of the story
.of those four guns is mysterious. If
Gen Nicholls had four local pieces,
they are to be added to the number
• given above.
Then the baby Is most like-
I ly nervous, and fretful, and
| doesn't gain in weight.
j Scott's Emulsion
I is the best food and medicine
j for teething babies. They,
i gain from the start.
Send for a free sample.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists,
! 4C9-415 Pearl Street, New York.
50c. aud $1.00; all druggists.
Kirn ness to Animals. j
One of the highest and noblest ten
dencies of modern civilization is evi
denced by its pleadings for kindness to
the dumb animals which Providence
created for the pleasure, the profit, and
the protection of man.
Be it said to the honor of our in
stincts, our education, and our coun
try, the Instances of wanton cruelty to
animals, such as arise from the dark
passions of a diabolical mind, or the
lack of sympathy of a coarse grained,
sordid nature, are comparatively rare.
Yet there exists a large class of cases
of cruelty to animals that arises from
ignorance of the effect of certain modes
of treatment, and an underestimation
of the degree of sensibility of the ani
However, the object of the Humane
Society is the same in both cases, i. c.,
the prevention of cruelty, no matter
what form it takes, or wbat its origin.
Bat the remedy is different. In the
one case, the Society mast rescue the
animal and punish the offender; in the
other, a process of education must be
systematically followed.
Begin the campaign by organizing
societies wherever the soil promises
growth,—in the schools, in the church
es, and in every city, town and village.
Get the young people thoroughly in
terested. Raise funds and apply
them to the dissemination of appro
priate literature, to the purchase of
food, shelter, and equipment, for the
protection and amelioration of the
condition of such animals as the so
ciety must needs care for. Petition
the State and National legislatures for
the enactment of salutary laws to fur
ther the good purpose.
In short, let it be the aim of the so
ciety to create a strong public senti
ment against all forms of maltreatment
of animals, and a new era will grad
ually dawn for the long-suffering, ill
requited work animal, the faithful per
sonal protector, the dog. and all the
various creatures that minister to the
amusement of mankind.
Need More Help.
Often the over-taxed organs of diges
tion cry out for help by Dyspepsia's
pains, nausea, dizziness, headaches,
liver complaints, bowel disorders. Such
troubles call for prompt use of Dr.
King's New Life Pills. They are gen
tle, thorough and guaranteed to cure.
25c at B. F. Hughes' drug store. ,
Puzzle for Medical Men.
Great interest is again beiug display
ed in the case of Mile. Bouyenval, who
for nearly nineteen years has been in a
state of catalepsy, takiug neither meat
nor drink, and to all appearance dead
save for the regular but almost imper.
ceptible beating of the heart.
Marguerite Bouyenval, who lies in
a little bed on the ground floor of her
mother's cottage, in the village of
Thenelies, near Baint Quentin, is now
nearly 38 years old. She has been vis
ited by hosts of people, including a
number of medical celebrities, and ail
sorts of theories have been put for
ward by way of accounting for her
condition. The local physicians are of
opinion that the trouble was caused
by some violent emotion, and this view
was set forth by an expert in his report
to the Saint Quentin court, which years
ago went into this very peculiar case.
Now, however, the idea is started
that Marguertie Bouyenval may have
been magnetized, and, not having af
terward been properly aroused, may
thus have remained in a state of hyp
notic catalepsy.
If a Man Lie to You,
And say some other salve, ointment,
lotion, oil or alleged healer is as good
as Bucklen's Arnica Salve, tell him
thirty years of marvelous cures of
piles, burns, boils, corns, felons, ulcers,
cuts, scalds, bruises and skin erup
tions, prove it's the best and cheapest.
25c at B. F. Hughes' drug store.
One on Depew.
In the smoking room of the Kaiser
Wilhelm der Grosse Mr. Depew had
made himself entertaining all the time.
On the last day he turned to a man of I
the party who had been exceptionally I
silent aud suggested that he tell a story I
or do a stuut of some kind or other, I
sing a soug, recite, do his share, any
way, of the general entertaining.
The man, rather taken back, regret
ted that those things were i ot much in
his line, but that he would Use to ask
Mr. Depew a conundrum, which was,
"Why was his (Depew's lot harder j
than that of a Christmas turkey?"
No suitable answer being forthcom
ing be said:
"A turkey is stuffed with chestnuts
only after be is dead."
Saves a Woman's Life.
To have given up would have meant
death for Mrs. Lois Cragg, of Di r,he.«|
ter. Mass. For years she had endured j
untold misery from a severe lung
trouble and obstinate cough. "Often,"!
she writes, "I could scarcely breathe I
and sometimes could not speak. All
doctors and remedies failed till I used j
Dr. King's New Discovery for Con-1
sumption and was completely cured."
Sufferers from coughs, colds, throat
and lung trouble need this grand reme
dy. for it never disappoints. Cure ia '
guaranteed by B. F. Hughes. Price I
50c aud fl. Trial bottles free.
A Comparison.
Grandpa—l had afellowout walking
yesterday, and—well, I guess, I tuck
ered him out. Bat then he is old.
Bobble—Why, grandpa you are eighty
two yourself.
"Well, maybe I am, but this fellow
was at least a year older."—Detroit
Thar Gold spoon, i
There are some men who seem to he
favorites of fortune. They are indus
trious, cheerful workers, full to over
flowing of the energy of splendid health,
and success seems fairly to drop into
their hands. It is of such as these that
the less hardy
and less success
ful man says
"That fellow
was born with a
gold spoon in
his mouth."
And yet on
analysis it will
be found that
this success is
largely due to
splendid health, the endowment of a
healthy mother.
Dr. Pierces Favorite Prescription gives
the mother health to give her child? It
cures nervousness, nausea and sleepless
ness. It makes the body comfortable and
the mind content. It gives physical
vigor and muscular elasticity so that the
baby's advent is practically painless.
"I will endeavor to tell you of the many
benefits I have derived from taking Dr. Pierces
Favorite Prescription, ■ writes Mrs. B E. Robert
son, of Medicine X,odge, Barber Co., Kans. "In
the fall of 1899 I was expecting to become a
mother and suffered terribly with pains in the
back of head, in fact I ached all over. Suffered
with awful bearing-down pains; I was threat
ened for weeks with mishap. A lady friend
told me to use Dr. Pierces medicines. She had
taken them and felt like a new woman. I began
using the ' Favorite Prescription ■ and took four
bottles before my baby came and two after
wards. I suffered almost death with my other
two children, but hardly realized that 1 was
sick when thlp baby was born and she weighed
twelve and one-qnarter pounds. She is now
eleven months old and has never known an
hour's sickness; at present she weighs thirty
seven pounds. I owe It all to Dr. P'»rce < s
Favorite Prescription." !
"Favorite Prescription" makes weak
women strong, and sick women well.
Accept no substitute for the medicine
which works wonders for weak women.
most desirable laxative for delicate
miiirjff HAIR BALSAM
BBBHp^ J *HEl' r ' ,l(it ' ; ''" & luxuriant gruwtn.
■BSjtt--"-" vfiNMcr Fulln to Gray
Cures scalp di.»**t« & hair faiiiag.
IF Yftll U/ll I PUT a'teaspoonfulof Mexican Mustang Lln
• I IUU IKLLrUI lment into a. gliiss half full of water and
with this garglo your throat often it will quickly euro a Sore Throat.
•Ml* r**?h&l±-T*/ HasaamsmMammmaam
Keep this
fact always fresh in your memory:—» ' >.
For Cuts, Mashes and all Open Sores, you j
need only to apply j ;
Mexican ff)ustang Piniment i ;
\ a few times and the soreness and inflammation will
be conquered and the wounded flesh healed.
' To get the best results you should saturate a piece
of soft cloth with the liniment and bind it upon the
wound as you would a poultice.
85c., 50c. and $1.00 a bottle. * I
i/rrn a ai CYC ON your poultry and at the very first sign of
rXtCr Rn Lib UH Roup, Scaly Legs, Bumblefoot or other
diseases among your fowls use Mexican M v stung Liniment.
yoo are Wasting timee-—•
By waiting much longer to buy your Spring
and Summer Suit. Our stock is now at its
very best, and, prices considered, values can
not be any lower than they are at present;
that is if you want a suit in thisseason's style
and of this seasou's make.
We would like to show you our collection
of thoroughly well-tailored, perfectly-fitting,
stylish suits in three and four button single
breasted sacks, and the new two button dou
» breasted sack that we areselling at $12.00.
The fabrics include fancy Cheviots, Ser
ges and Worsteds. We have excellent val
ues in
Mens Suits at $10.00
and also exquisitely tailored clothes. At
any price that you pay us, we guarantee you
your full moneys worth, or we will cheer
fully return the amount you you, upon re
quest if you are not satisfied with your
You may not be aware of the fact that our
Boy's Clothing Department
is showing a larger variety of styles and
quality considered, at lower prices than you
will hnd at any otner store in town. If you have not been to see us
recently, come in, look around and make comparisons.
Our stock of Negligee Shirts, Neckwear and also
the necessary Small fixings for Men are ready for 'your
Just received a full line of Coats and Pants, the
wear you want for hot weather. Also a full line of
White Vests and White Duck Pants.
| Staunton, Va.
Our readers will find
correct Schedules of the
three great railroads of the
State regularly published
in this paper—the C. & 0.,
the N. A W. and the
Teeth Extracted
Without Pain!
We use the "Cady System" to make ex
trating, filling and crowning painless Our
"corrugated suction plates" tit were others
fail—made ami owned only by us.
Sets of Teeth, »S.ooup
Gold crowns, (22k), 4 00
Porcelain crowns, 2.50
Killings, 25c up
All work guaranteed or money refunded,
(y Oaa and vitalized air also used.
We have removed our office from
the Crowle building to the Marquis
building, corner Main and Augus
ta streets. Phone 52.
I3T Entrance on Augusta St.
Baltimore Denial Association.
mar 28 6m
'Magnesia Flexible Cement Roofing,
Durable, Economical, Practical. la es
pecially suitable for buildings, such aa
Factories, Foundries, Warehouses, Barns,
Boiler Houses, Engine Rooms, Dry
Houses, Cattle and Lumber Sheds,
Distilleries, Powder Magazines,
Elevators, Flour Mills.
Railway Shops, Round
Houses, Dwellings, Saw aud
Planing Mills, Store Rooms,
Business Blocks, etc., etc., etc., etc.
CEMENT ROOFING affords thorough Fire
Protection to the building and lsanon
conductor of heat and cold.
J. E. TODD, Agent,
mar 28-6 m Johnson St., Staunton, Va

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