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PQUfim IN S CENT PIEOna,
The Invotontojy War* ef a Dime, Wet Mnefctae Cempsny. The dtonppeaimnc* of the tnree geat piece be* ter many years been % ~Mi>>r of mild speculation. Pew psraene are aware that a large P*s* psrtton. of the coins of ttts denooiina ttoa which remained in circsiatton whea the Government stamped iesu tog thssn ace peacefully slumbering in sundry large tat canvas bags in th« vaalts of a certain eleotrleal manvfrwtnr 4 ng company of Chicago. ?heg see sM tor sale just yet. Bfcch of the oasne is an evidence of petty larceny. Years ago the company equipped many telephone pay stations with essnsatot inwrslw— It was supposed thai they could be worked only with dimes. Tn* three cent pieces were besoming rare and no thought was taken of them. Hardly *** monthe passed before «ne of the telephone companies dis covered that the collectors were yielding a harvest of three cent piece*. Then from all over the country came similar complaints. Been company forwarded the piece* to the manufacturing company and more or less politely asked that n corresponding number of dimes or a check for an equivalent amount be sent back in exchange. A council was held at the office of tne manufacturing company. The coat of correcting the boxes was com psnel wish fairly trustworthy infor msfion of the number of three cent piece* in circulation. It was found tkat a balance was in favor of the three cents and it was decided to ac cept the pieces as dimes. Gradually the impour of three cent pieces narrowed down to an intermit te«t current The company seemed to bare about all the pieces. It is e*id tb»t if ever the premium on three cent pieces goes high enough the coin* wfß be offered to eofleotors at prices based upon the original cost to the company, plus 6 per cent a year, plus cost of stor age, plus cost of guarding, plus cost of carrying the fund upon the books. I/rng ago the slot machines that col lected them were relegated to the gRADIUM AND GEOLOGY. i properties of radium have con nces of enormous importance to the geologist as well as to fhe phy sicist or chemtot. In fact, the discov ery of these properties has entirely altered the aspect of one of the most interesting geetogfeal problems, that of the ago of the earth. Before the discovery of radium it was supposed that the supplies of heat furnished by chemical changes going on in the earth are quite and tkat sort we* astking to replace the heat usYieb ftow* from the hot inter tor of She earth to the colder crust. New when tb* earth first solidified it •siy possessed a certain amount of capital In the form ef heat, and if it is continually spending this capital and not gaining any fresh heat it is evMent that the process cannot 'have been going on for more than a cer tain number of jeers, otherwise the earth would be colder than It is. iord Kelvin in this way estimated the age of the earth to be less than IOO.WKMHX) years. Though tne quant ity of radium in tbe earth is an ex mdfsgly small fraction of the m»sf> earth, amountiag according to the determination «f Profs. Strutt and joly, to only about five grams In a cube whose sMe is 100 miles, yet the amount ef heat given out by this small quantity ef radium is so great tkat it is more than enough to re ftnee the heat wkiofc flows from the inlaid* to tb* outside of the earth." ■Prof. J. J. Thompson, quoted by Science. •LAZMO, UeHMO sUM. fa tne gfeatog of pottery many different mixtures ar« used. Nearly all of them are composed of one or move « the feUowiag articles: lith arge, tttot, feldspar, paris white and waits etoy. Water glass or Bsuid glass, as it is snsnsuknss ealtod, is a potassium di lute, prepared by fusing together three parts of silica (sand) and two parte of potassium carbonate with a small quantity of charcoal in an or dinary revenbatory furnace. The product is soluble in four or five parts of boiling water. As it is not affected by ordinary atmospheric changes it is frequently used as a preservation of eggs. A 8 a cement is is known as mineral lime. Other uses are in fireproof and waterproof paint, as m ingreJierot of soaps and In the manufacturing 01 eannenware. —Boston Globe. Mifc producers who know it best concede that alfalfa is an invaluable teed in dairy, closely akin to wfteat bran in results, and usually much less expensive, according to Ooburn's "The Book of Alfalfa" In the average small town or city there is about o»e cow for every 10 or 15 ssspto. Therefore. In a town of 1,000 papulation there will probably be 75 or 100 cows. If alfalfa will increa.se to* quantity of their milk asdi butter tat, giving a product at a lower cost tfcaa the oQaoentTWted Sooda, it should be mere use*. But ac yet it is not generally used, because it is not un derstood asm appreciated. A women gets as excited over a wedding in the neighborhood as a man Sjsss ggsf a baseball mm^ Now You Can Stencil. All of the difficulties that one meets with wet dyes for making stencil pat terns is overcome by the use of stick form stencils which any woman can use in making her own stencil pat terns. It can be used on any fabric, and It is claimed the colors will wash. The discovery was made a long time ago that colored crayons such as chil dren, use at school could be used in Stencil work, and they can be used for making splendid little doilies on which to place jardineres. These, however, can not be washed, since the spermacetti washes off from the mus- Laundry Tips. The best fluid to wash muslin dress es of delicate color In is rice water; use no soap. Boil one pound of rice tn a gallon of water. Reserve a quart ef the water for starching. Then wash the dress in the remainder. lUnse in clear or slightly blued water. Starch the dress in the remaining rice water. Dresses with a colored pattern on them should never be hung in the sun to dry. Closely woven goods requires less starch than others. Kid slippers, purses, belts and gtoves are best cleansed by rubbing ■isn MmLaWuP vWhsv THE WORD J)F_A COWARD. When Evan Bancroft, a young Vir ginian, went to study at the Univer sity of Heidelberg he promised Ma mother that he would never fight a duel. But Bancroft did not conaider it necessary to refrain from Joining the fighting corps and engaging in harmless encounters. Indeed, there was phsnty of fighting material in him inherited from his progenitors, and this was why his mother had ex acted the promise. Her father had been killed in a duel, one of her brothers through reckless exposure In the civil war, while another had been shot attempting to defend a prisoner from a mob. These shafts of death, striking so near her, caused her to brood and induced a fear that her only son should fall through a similar cause. Bancroft at Heidelberg proved so handy with all sorts of weapons as to distance all competitors save one. a young Englishman named Horcut The two held the record for being the best swordsmen at the university, and there was a desire among the students that they should fight for the championship. When the terms of the fight for the championship came to be arranged Horcut Insisted on certain innova tions rendering the affair dangerous. It was suspected by a few that he considered Bancroft the better swords man and, judging him to be timid, wished to force him to decline the combat. This would give Horcut the championship without fighting for it or risking to lose it He would then return to England to enjoy his hon ors. Whethe? or no this was his object, it was accomplished. Bancroft de clined to fight except under the rules for friendly contests. Horcut accus ed him of cowardice, and there was now nothing for him to do but chal lenge the Britisher to an "unprotect ed" fight or be cut by the members of his corps. He declined to fight either for the championship or to vindicate his courage, but he wrote his mother the facta and begged her to release him. She declined to do so. Besides, frienda at home assur ed him that she was in a critical phy sical condition, and if anything hap pened to him it would kill her. Bancroft neither cared to give his true reason for not fighting nor be lieved that it would be accepted. It would have been accepted and he would have been respected for it if he could have satisfied the students of its truth. In no country in the world are parents more beloved and respect ed than in Germany. But to convince a couple of thousand of young men that he was not hiding behind his mother's skirts was out of the ques tion. So Bancroft finished his university career a cut man. though he was burning to meet hie adversary. When he went home to Virginia, finding that the story had preceded him and prejudiced some people against him, he went to the farther west and en gaged in sheep raising. Soon after this his mother died. Several years passed. One day Ban croft was treading his way on a path barely a foot wide around the side of a precipice. While doing so he saw a party of tourists coming. Personi meeting on the path must pass care fully, the one taking the outside, the other the inside. Bancroft was ex pecting to take the outside when sud denly he recognized In the leading man in the line of tourists his old enemy at the university. He was also recognized. "Wait there," said Horcut. point ing to a place where the path widen ed a little. "I pass inside." He spoke with his old domineering tone. Ban croft stepped to the Bpot indicated, saying as he did so; "I pass inside." "You pass outside, I say," growled Horcut, remembering that Bancroft was a coward. "Are you armed?" asked Bancroft quietly. "No." Bancroft took a revolver from hit hip pocket and flung it over the precipice. It struck 500 feet below. "What do you propose?" asked Horcut, blanching. "To settle a feud of long standing. We are about the same build. Let one of us throw the other over. If I am victorious I will pass inside the rest of your party." Horcut stood aghast. "My God, man that would be certain death for both of us." "It wotld prove us both brave men.'' "We are keeping your friends wait ing." - The friends were as termed as the principals. They begged Horcut not to accept such a fearful challenge, "Do —do I understand." faltered Horcut, "that you will pass inside those behind me?*' "That is my intention." "And you will permit me to pass you on the outside in safety?" "You have only the word of a cow ard for that." Horcut consented with a hanging head, and the passage was made. Some of the tourists —one had been a student at Heidelberg during Ban croft's disgrace—returned to Europe, and the story got to the univarsity. Bancroft was invited there and when Courtship by Pants, 'Recently one of our most fastidi ous young men bought a pair of over, alls and found in them the name of the sewing girl who made them,'' says the Muscotah Record. "He very promptly wrote her a letter with all the effusiveness necessary in such a case and in due time received a re ply, which, however, was void of the romance usual in such cases. Here it Is: "I am a working girl, it is true, but I make a good living and I do not care to support a husband, as I would do if I married some silly noodle who gets mashed on a girl he never saw. Permit me to say that I do not know how my card got in that pair of overalls, and that when I do marry, if ever, it will be some fellow who can afford something better than a 47-cent oalr of breeches." J***** ftama/JM, who is described as the meat leaned woman in "India, h " *•» ~*ofttam on * translation ol the Bible, for nearly fiye years. She has something like 50 assistants at All brass dinner gongs with six takes are *7.80. Smaller ones with tour tubes are $4.80 and $6. There is less sense and more mon ey in the world than ever before in THE YOUNG TELEGRAPHER, j Marlon of the revolutionary wsx | and Morgan of the civil war occupy similar positions in history. General | John Morgan started on his military i career as commander of a company I of young Confederates and operated always In the middle southwest. His career was full of daring. He would approach a Union picket, assuming to be a federal officer, reprimand him for some negligence, get possession of his musket and thus-capture single handed a whole picket post. It was during the campaign of Gen. Halleck against Quaker guns at Cor inth that Morgan was operating In Halleck's rear in western Tennessee, harassing lines of communication. This is a very important service. An army must be fed. That means that the avenues of communication must be kept open and the supplies passing over them to the men at the front must be protected. The telegraph office at the town of p., a station on the railroad supply ing the army before Corinth, was in charge of Tom Venable, who lived with his family on the upper floor of the two-story station building, the telegraph and ticket office being be low. One night when Venable was in his office sending the dispatches necessary to get a heavy train lo&d of supplies south he heard a tap on the window pane. Looking up, there stood a man in Confederate uniform covering him with the muzzle of his pistol. The officer had tapped with the pistol to attract Venable's atten tion and ordered him to throw up the sash. Venable did so, and the officer climbed in at the window. "I'm John Morgan," he said. Morgan usually declared himself la this fashion. It was the best pos sible way of striking an enemy with Meanwhile the station was sur rounded by Confederate cavalrymen. Morgan put his own telegrapher at the key, who began to telegraph the train Venable had been in communi cation with. The conductor had been warned that the Confederates were making a raid in the region and was waiting to be assured that it was same to advance. Morgan's tele grapher sent a dispatch that Morgan had gone off in an easterly direction and an order signed by a Union com mander for the train to come on. Now, there is a hero to this story, though he is asleep in his bed above the telegraph office. But a clatter beneath awakes him. Being not over thirteen years old, he doesn't awake in a hurry, but his mother helps him by telling him that the station is in possession of the dreaded Morgan. Jimmie Venable was of a scientific mind and had already a miniature telegraph outfit in his own little room. His circuit was but ten feet and was confined to the room, but it was big enough to play with, and he knew the dot and line alphabet. His father was a prisoner downstairs, but he heard his mother say that doubt less Morgan had captured the tele graph in order to decoy a train into a trap and destroy the supplies in tended for the Union army. Jimmie got an idea. The telegraph wires passed within ten feet of his window before entering the office be low. He told his mother what he Intended to do. and she helped him. He took his play wire, tied a hair brush to one end of it. threw it over the line wire and completed his cir cuit by means of a lead pipe extend ing to the ground. It didn'Cmake a very good connection, but it sufficed. He didn't know the calls of stations nor what station to call. He waited till there was comparative quiet be low, then clicked: "P. station. Mor gan here." This he repeated several times. It was heard at several sta tions up the road, and the conductor of the train was advised of it at once. One man heard it for whom it was not intended. That was the Confed erate operating In the office below Jimmies room. He was sitting near the key when he heard the words clicked and knew that some one had outwitted him. He notified his com mander, and a search was made, and Jimmie'B hairbrush was dang flng from the main wire. It. told them the story. Going upstairs, they dis covered Jimmies device. The gen eral was the first to enter the room. Jimmie was still at his key. "Have you been sending Informa tion to the-enemy?" he asked. "Yes, I have," said Jimmie proudly. He did not know the extent of the service he had rendered, but was sure he had done something valuable to his cause. "Do you know what we do with lit tle boys who are spies?" asked Mor gan. "No."' "Well, it's something very terrible. But in this case the boy is very bright, brave little chap, and we will give him something for candy." He drew a roll of Confederate bills torn his pocket, picked out a ten dol r note and handed it to Jimmie. "H-m!" said Jimmie looking at it mtemptuously. "Taint worth a United States fifty-cent postal shin plaster." This postal currency was used during the war in lieu of silver. Morgan laughed, took out a roll of greenbacks, doubtless captured mon ey, and, handing a five-dollar note to the boy, went downstairs and rode »way. followed by his troopers. Tho Biggest Check. The Royal Mall Steam Packel Company's cheek for £1,347,825 foi the shares of the Pacific Steam Nav igation Company is not by anj means the largest that has evei been drawn. The Manchester Shli Canal Company on acquiring th< Brtdgewater Canal in 1887 drew ( cheek for £1,710,000, and it will be remembered that it exhibited it ii the city as the biggest that ha< been drawn up to that time. —Man Chester Guardian. "Then you are somewhat disappoint ed in society?" "I must admit that I am. I feavt been to seven teas and four recep tions and haven't heard an epigran yet.''—Washington Herald. Three Stages. When a woman marries the firs time, that's love." "And the second time?" , s , "That's loneliness." "And the third lime?" "That's habit"-—Washington Ha Mrs. Hoyle—My ancestors cam over in the Mayflower. Mrs. Doyle—-Tro captain of thi boat must have had to put up st*n« The Washington Plate •Don't think it is fair," cried Net tio Bourn. "To think that one hor rid old plate should make all this trouble! It was mean of Uncle John to make a will like that" "He didn't make a will like that," continued Harry Warren. "How was he to know that one of the plates should be broken between his death and the reading of the will? He was fair enough. He left one to your mother and one to my father. Sure ly that was a fair division of the two. His intention wag all right." "Well, then," said Nettie, stamp ing a very pretty little foot, "It's skameful that our parents should be so horribly stubborn as to fight over one miserable old plate." "You can't blame them, exactly," defended Harry, charitably. "You've had your fadß and you know how it is. Your mother's collection of china is so close to my father's that the possession of that single plate would determine the supremacy. Natural ly each one wants it, and they are going to fight for it." "And in the meantime we can't even announce our engagement," wailed Nettie, "to say nothing of get ting married." "We don't want to get married un til spring," reminded Harry, optim istically. "Something will turn up before then-—if I have to turn it up myself." Ever since Jason Pomfret's will had been read, and it was found that' the two famous Washington plates were left to his brother, Silas War ren, and to Martha Bourn, there had been a bitter warfare wagid between the two legatees. In the bustle of preparing for the funeral one of the plates had been broken beyond the skill of the most expert mender to put together, and Mrs. Bourn and Silas Warren, who were both' a little mad on the subject of china, had taken the matter into the courts, each insisting that the re maining plate was the one Jason Pomfret had repeatedly indicated as the one he wished the claimant to have. But Harry did not let the grass grow under his feet. He went to see his closest friend, Dick Lyons, who was noted as an expert in old porcelains. "I dent want to see you get the worst of this row over that Wash ington plate," he said when he had aroused her curiosity sufficiently. "I've often studied that- collection of Jason Pomfret's and other experts had always agree with me that his Washington plates were not genuine. The plate that is left is merely a copy of the real ones—an awfully good copy, you know, but bogus for all that." "Don't tell me that," she command -3d with a sniff. 'I've seen the plate a hundred times and I know very well that it is a real Washington." "Look here," suggested Dick. "You can look the plate over closely so long as you don't take it out of the executor's office. You've seen it a hundred times, but you never looked at it with doubt because you took it tor granted that it was what Pom fret said it was. You look it over carefully and you'll get the credit for dropping the fight over a plate that is not worth fighting over." "If this Is a trick " began Mrs. Bourn, and 6he paused. _ "It's not a trick," assured Lyons is he turned away. "It is the same that I took from the jabinet," declared the lawyer tartly, oot relishing the suggestion that was conveyed in their demands, "It's not that," Mrs. Bourn hasten ed to explain. "I've always had an Idea that the plate was not genuine and I want to make certain that the slate is worth fighting over." "Funny you never though of that le," commented Silas Warren ciously. "I've always had my is." he added with the collec vanity and pride in his know . "Harry told me the other that one of his friends also had >ssed his doubts. I'm going to bring another expert In." "I don't think that will be neces sary," hastily said Mrs. Bourn, eager to maintain her reputation as a keen collector who could not be deceived. "Now that I look at It carefully I'm willing to abandon all claim to the legacy. It's n&t at all genuine. "I don't want ever to see it again," he declared. "To think that a cheap copy should have spoiled our friend ship all these months! That's worse than the loss of the plate. We used to be pretty good friends, Martha. "We can b4 good friends still, Silas,' she reminded. "Let's go out and have luncheon and talk It over," suggested Silas; and they talked it over with such good effect that they went from there to the jewelers, and when they came out a solitaire on the widow's finger announced that she expected shortly to change her state of loneliness. Nettle and Harry, washing across the street, smiled at each other. "That will simplify matters a great deal," declared Harry In tones of relief. "We'll give them the Wash ington plate for a wedding present." "But that's not worth anything." objected Nettie. "The real one Is," explained Harry. I good cause the end justifies leans. I got Benson's clerk to nge the plates. It cost $5 for f that had the same pattern. It worth It, for it brought about üble wedding and quadruple of the Car In a Railroad Wreok. »teran railroad man gave a piece uable advice not long ago. you ever get into a wreck," he "and have time to follow out uggestion remember this: Al stand in the aisle. Most of the as that are suffered occur be the victim is crushed between the seats. If you are in the aisle you may be thrown forward and bruised a little, but there is much less chance of receiving serious hurts. It isn't always possible to get out of your seat before the erase comes, but if it is follow that advice." If we had one, we wouldn't call it a machine. "Machine" applies atoo Piing machine, sewing ma resiling machine, and a hun trumeate of labor. To sail ke an auto a "machine" Is it suggest Monday morning, rones is a coniirawa jwssi- He—Yes; tne only time that he doesn't have the blues is when he sits In a poker game. alter—Haven't you forgotten „__*tbing, sir? Guest—Certainly; I always foi B «t In the witness chair and tie dining room chair. . »« m » i -> Subscribe to the Spectator IS HEN A BIRD? IS UP J COURT ABB EGGS THAT HAVE BEEN SMASHED, EGGS OK ALBUMEN? ! FUNNY QUERIES j New Customs Court Will Have Many Odd Questions to Decide. Washington, D. C—lf a hen is not a bird, why is a pair of rubber boots an article of woolen wearing apparel? Simply because the highest customs authority of the land held that because the boots bad linings in which there was an appreciable quality of wool they should bear the rate prescribed tor woolen apparel. That same high est authority decided that frogs' legs lire dutiable a* poultry, not because Srogs' legs are physiologically the lame as the drumsticks of the do mestic fowl, but simply because by luch a decision the treasury of the United States was made richer than tf they had been admitted as some thing else. The board of general appraisers Mice was the highest authority, but the last word hereafter will be sr.id by the customs court a new Judicial body that is just getting under way here. Hereafter there will be no ap peals from the board of general ap praiaers except to the customs court, except such as were on their way tiirough judicial channels of the time the new court was organized. Thi» new court is ihe final judge as to mat ters of fact and law. The court already has many caser that will excite the risibilities of the public. One of the first questions th« court will have to decide is whethe* the domestic hen to a bird. Ornith ologists without hesitation will say she is, but the court is not composed of ornithologists. If the court can be induced to decide that the 'hen is a bird down goes the tariff bar tha' makes every importer of edible eggi pay five cents for every dozen toiough) into the country. Bird* eggs an» on tne free list Another case is one in which the qur tion is whether 'hens' eggs thai have been broken up shall be taxed as eggs or albumen. Chemically the mess ready for making omelets is al bumen, but if the court holds that* they should take the albumen dutj It to feareu every importer will see to it that every imported egg is smashed before it gets to the custorr bouse. The cracker trust woul£ doubtless be pleased to have such s decision made. A hen may not be a bird, but an im porter in New Yoric hired a lawyei *to prove that capers, the things used in caper sauce, sauce tartar and othei things, are a crude drug and no* pickles. He takes issue with the dic tionary, which says they are pickles 1 He admits they may not be a crude urug, because, they may be a little a* vanced over the crude stage, but t drug they are to h.m, and he will no l pay the highest pickle rate until the I customs court says he must, if at all Is half a duck, imported from .China, two years ago, and still used as an exhibit in the courts, a bit ol preserved meat or dressed poultryl The government Insists it is the form er and the Chinese Importer insist) that it is not. When is an artificial flower not ar artificial flower? When it is an ar tide of manufacture of metal an* dutiable at 45 per cent At least thai is what the importer contends, heing desirous of avoiding the heavy duty His contention is based upon the fac that the flower has been coated wltl gilt or silver, but the customs officiah see their wives wearing them upoi their hate, wherefore they insist thai the imitation of a flower is really an artificial flower and should be taxed as such. The customs court will have the last guess. A man may not know a f eatherstitcl braid from a copy of ithe Rosette stone, but the customs officials said it wa sa braid and not a binding or tape There are hundreds of cases on tha 1 point. Is artificial horsehair, wherewitl the national guards decorate thei helmets, a cotton or a silk parn The rude colectors of customs) saj that by similitude it is a silk yarn though .they admit it Is made of cot ton. Another nut to orack: Is an auto mobile a household effect? Patriotic Americans returning from motoring in Europe will be pleased to have tha court say It is. Under such a decis ion they could take over with them a. few real household goods, set up light housekeeping for a while, buy a French automobile, and then return to this country and do It all for lose than the amount of duty on a high priced automobile made in Europe. The wol schedule has been the most sacred thing in the tariff law for 50 years past. That's why a pair of rubber boots with a wool lining becomes a wearing apparel of wool the minute it lands in the customs house. The duty on manufactured rubber was 30 per cent, until the re cent bargain day in tariff rates, when Senator Aldrich marked it "down" to 35. Because of. the scantity of that schedule the "God Bless Our Home" mottoes are also articles of wearina apparel of wool. The letters, are Water For Colds. Not everyone knows that the drink ing of large quantities of cold water lan old fashioned remedy for cold* an old prescription book of a fa ous physician of more than 100 years O, this curious remedy for cold is und. "Let ye patient who feels a cold coming on eat 6f a fine, big, salt herring Just before going to bed. This will make ye patient drink plenty of water/ The trouble with most people who think they are giving this remedy a trial is that they do-not drink enough water. They take a glass or two a day, and think that that is enough. To really give the remedy a fair trial much more than this should be taken. As soon as the first creepy symptom is felt or the head appears stopped up, drink a glass of cold, clear water, not iced, and repeat at half-hour intervals, until relief is felt. If hot water is easier to take, it can be substituted for the cold, particularly in the morn ing and at night. There is a red-hot discussion among the Milwaukee papers as to the best hot-weather drink. No one I expected any of them would suggest I Subscribe to the Spectator . — . " j a For Use on Farms In Lighting end In Running Msohinea—Sites in New England. We hear considerable about waste or barren land in the eastern states, •ays the Kural New Yorker. This land once produced good crops of grain and was a live factor in supply ing food for the people. Now much of this land Is Idle, possibly usiod for rough pasture, but of little use to the world. We must remember that along wWi this land other forms of Industry have gone out of service. In New England, during the old days, the hill towns were full of fine water powers, at which small mills or fac tories were located. Wt.h the de cline of farming In these section* came abandonment of ti.*se powers, and many of them are now approach ing ruin. There is such a power in a Connecticut town, and the follow ing description of it is given by "J. ! "The water goes under instead of over the dam. The fall Is a ledge about 15 feet with a dam of logs about four feet high making a fall of 19 feet. The &ause of this leak and consequently the loss of power is neg lect. It has been in one family since it was built. It was left .by father to son; the last owner had no children. He got old and feeble, and could not do much, and did not feel tike hiring help. He died within a year, and the mills are left to ess wife an old lady. In a few years ifcere will be nothing to tell that it was a mill cite but the ledge. There are within a radius of 10 wiles fr° m I am five diairis where there have been mills in times j;one by; one of them was used 10 ye;-.rs ago, ,but it is down now. The eaune: of some of those going down in the failing off in grain growing and the s earn eSJWtBIBs that have left the country pretty free from timber Tbere are soi"e fine places for v.'ater-power in sections of the country, and no one sufficiently interested to consider using them. Surely their usefulness is not wholly gone." It seems a sVme tbat the.;© fine water powers slhould be lost, contin ues the Rural New Yorker, when there are so Many uses to which electric power can be applied. With proper capital i.nd fair neighborly spirit, such a power as is here described could be made to light .and heat a dozen or more farmhouse, and tuirn the wh&eles of most ordinary ma chines. While a bitter fight is being made to prevent corporations from stealing water privileges on the Pa cific coast, these old mill sites in the Bast are being abandoned. It is a shame that they are permitted to go. THE FRIENDS OF BRUGES. That the "frteate of Bruges" have formed themselves into a society to protect the giand old city rrom van dals is an excellent piece of news, ' for til-ieir intention is to buy up every old house as it is put on sale and to let it or make use of it for purposes not requiring any serious modifica tion in the architecture. Bruges is, in the opinion of many, the most beautiful and suggestive of Europe's Old World towns so long as it .be left as it stands now for the .admiration of future generations and so long as its stones will hold to gether. To wield the pickaxe there is every wh.it as cruel as it would be to lacerate the consecrated master pieces which hang on museum walls. Beautiful towns should be protect ed along with other works of art, and if for sanitary or other causes they become uninhabitable there i 3 no reason why they should be inhab ited. Peoplo must be made to pitch titeir tents elsewhere and the mason ry they have vacated may be turned to other ue«® or simply put on one side and preserved for archaeologi cal or artistis ;*udy—The Queen. The pieces commonly used for corning are itihe cheaper cuts of meat, such as the plate, rump, cross ribs and brisket, says W. H. Tomtave of tbe university farm of St. Paul, Mfhn. The meat should be cut into medium sized pieces, so that it will pack well in a jar or barrel. It should be well cooled or corned before decay sets in, or it will spoil the brine. For each 100 pounds of meat weigh out eight pounds of salt, and sprinkle a layer of about • quarter of an inch in depth over the bottori of the ves sel, and then pack in a layer of meat five or six inches in thickness. On top of this put a layer of salt, follow ed by a layer of meat, until all the meat is packed in the vessel. Keep enough salt for & good layer over the top of the last layer of me*. After tbds has stood over night add for every. 100 pounds of meat four pounds of sugar, two ounces of baking' soda and four ounres of saltpetar, all dis solved in a saßou of warm water. When this is coo*, pour it over the meat, and add enough cold water to cover the meat. Weight it ddwn with a loose board, held in place by means of a clean stone, to keep the meat under the brine. It should be left in the brine from 25 to 40 days before it is ready for use. Goodwin—What was the watermel on social given at the church last night for the benefit for? Popklns— For the benefit of the new doctor, I imagine.—Chicago News. The quickest way to convince a girl that you have good taste is to tell her she is good looking. Making Out Addresses. There may be some things Uncle S»m could do toward Improving his poßtoffce system," said the man with the derby hat, 'but he certainly is the boy when it comes to delivering letters with queer addresses. "I was with a bunch that got to tell ing stories about instances they per sonally knew of in which crazy ad dresses- had gone through all right. One man told of letters addressed merely with the name of some un known immigrant and the under line 'New York'-that had been delivered, and another told of a letter addressed simply, 'Beads both ways the same, Springfield, Mass.,' that had been handed to the right party—Mr. Otto Boob, or some such name. And then we got to arguing whether a letter, addressed in Chinese would go through. We Anally got up bets about it, and I was appointed to make the experiment. "I went to a Chinese laundryman I knew and got him to write on an envelope In Chinese characters the name and address of a friend of mine In a little town in Pennsylvania When the Chinaman got through with that envelope it looked as if an ink brush had been doing a fancy dance on it. I then stamped and mailed it. En a few days my friend wrote that It had been delivered to him as promptly as if it had been addressed I la News. ! FROM SANGERVILLE ) Sangerville, Feb. 11.—Snow and rain again. Mr. Ground-hog is a famouj> character. Mr. J. W. Carson is at home turning some irons for thu Steigel Lumber Corporation of Stokesville. They had a break-down with one of the engines. A large crowd attended the funeral and burial of Mrs. Loma Hess Wed nesday at 11 o'clock. Mrs. Zeno Cook and Mr. Albert Cook were married at the bride's home Wednesday night at 8 o'clock. M. O, Sanger performed the mar riage ceremony. The marriagesprings a surprise to many. It was a quiet affair with only a few knowing of the event. Mrs. Cook was a Miss Howdy shell before her first marriage. Mr. Albert Cook Is a brother to the first husband. May pleasure and prosper ity alway attend their pathway. Mrs. Elizabeth Gray bill is better again. Mr. John 8. Kiracofe is about his daily duties. MIDDLBEROOK ITEMS Midddlebrook, Feb. 11.—Mrs. H. G McGary has gone to visit her sister, Mrs. Gilmore, of Bristol, Term. Mr. and Mrs. Walter Helrm and lit tle son, Firth, of Staunton are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. George Bosser man. Master Firth has just recovered front a long illness of fever, pneu monia and spinal meningitis. Mrs. Frank Rosen is expected home this week from Mt. Jackson, where she has been visiting relatives. Little Miss Lois Cross has been ill for several days. j Mr. Robert Hawkins, who is en gaged in business in Lexington, spent Saturday and Sunday at his home, Siss Georgie Virginia Bosserman gone to Staunton to work at the iss Minnie Fitzgerald left last k for Waynesboro, where she will id a few weeks, [rs. Lou Shumaker of Basic City, who was the guest of Mrs. Chas. El linger last week, has returned to her home. Glenn Berry, who broke his ankle liool, is getting along as well as Ibe expected. Master Russell f, who has been ill for some time t getting along so well. - : rds are out announcing the mar of Miss Eva Hamilton to Mr. Motley of Johnson, S. C. The jony to be performed at Bethel vary 15. . NATURE'S WARNING iloii People Must Recognize and dnsy ills come qcietly — m-u --msly, t nata.e always warns yon. idee the kidney secretions. c if the color is unhealthy — here are settlings and sediment, ssiges frqeuent, scanty, painful, s time then to use Daan's KHney i ward off Briglit'a disease or etas. »n's have done great work in nton. rs. Robsrt Hope, 10 S Jefferson Staunton, Va., says: ' Ub very I to pnblcily recommended Doan't nsy Pills, as they did me a great of gooi. M v b.ick ajhsd iron Ding until night and I suffered so rely from pains in my right side tbat I was nnable to rest well. The siuney secretions were al»o unnatur al. I tried everything I knew of in *n effort for relief but was unsuccess ful until I procured Doan's Kidney Pills at Thomas Hogsheads' drug store. After I had taken the contents of fonr boxes, I was cured and have been in good health sines." For sale by all dealers. Price 60 raat*. Foster Milbarn Co,, Buffalo New York, sjla agents for the United States. K member the name —Doan's—and no other. SO HE DIDN'T. Little George, aged three and a half years, owns a rocking-horse which he does not care much for. ne day his aunt was looking at a Christmas book and turned to a picture of a lit tle boy on a rocking horse. A little girl was standing back of the horse pulling its tail. George's aunt said "George, come and look at this lifcil* boy on a rocking-horse just like yours and having such a good time; whj don't you care for yours?" George looked at it a minute, con sidering an answer, tlhen turned awaj .ndifferently, saying, "I don't have anj' little girl to pull his tail." —The DeHfr eator. EGYPTIAN FARMING TOO', 8. erode Native Thresher —Plough Ie Still Smoothed Off Tree Fork. "One of the curious sights hi the Egyptian harvest season is a mo" -n threshing machine noisily workirg in a field in'whioh a native thresher is treading out the grain," said Horacv F. Coler of Chicago, who has made a tour of the world in tne interests of American farming implements. "The brown skinned tiller of the soil, clad in Ms flowing robes o f Khite or the favored dull blue and sllow combination sitting on the high seat of tbe crude thresher, which is dragged over the fields by a yoke of patient camels or peThaps a camel and a donkey or a couple of buffalo cows, appears to the stranger who sees this for the first time like the principal actor in a scene worked out by an Ingenious mind for stage "The native plough in Egypt is sim ply the forked portion of a tree or two pieces Joined together and smoothed off, a primitive contrivance which may still be seen in use by Cu ban farmers. The thresher is a sledgelike affair fitted with round crushers Of wood of iron £nd weight ed down from the top. The grain is crushed into the ground and when gathered up it is mixed with lumps o'. mud, tr.it it is said that nt.;:r a kc cel of i: is lost or waited. "Aek ::an farming mac: '.n-iry may '.3 fou-.l in the r?r.io:es'. parts c* th? wf-"' and wher- least c -.sected. In whs.i -.anne; it f.ts the:? I co .1! net a;c?rtain. The *-.;tivet nuld not e-ilightbu me.—Washington Herald. Facts for Women. The juice of ripe tomatoes will re move stains from white cloth. Regulation measuring cups for the kitchen should contain exactly one half pint. Pimentoes are the small sweet pep pers used in garnishing fish and chicken dishes. Ten per cent of the materials brought into a house as part of the food supply are put into the garbage can in the form of waste. This in cludes bones, skins and parings as well as the portions left over on in dividual plates after meals. By removing the cream from milk, Its fat or fuel value is taken out, but the skim milk retains all of the origi nal protein, that element which builds up and repairs all of the bodily tis sues. Buttermilk or skim milk and bread make a highly nutritious luncheon. . PROFESSIONAL CARDS Alex.F.Robertson. A.Stuart Robertson ROBERTSON & ROBERTSON, ATTORN EYS-AT-L AW. Staunton, Va. r M.FIKBI, _ I. ATTORNBY-AT-LAw Second Floor, Masonic Temple, Mutual Phone. Btaumtom, Va. taaJ — I AWORIOIOI L J .A. ALEXANURB, ATTORN BY-AT-L AW. Nt.B Lawver'sHow, KMAS I). RANSOM, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, t House Square, Staunton, Va General Practice—Virginia Kand W r est Virginia. ON COCHRAN Attorney and Counsellor at Law STAUNTON, VA. No. 14Court Place. HAMPTON H. WAYT, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Practise in ail State and Federal Courts, General Receiver for Corporation Court for City of rilauntoc Eehols' Building, Staunton, Va. 9. D. TIMBEELAKE, JS. B. K. E. HILBOS - TIMBEELAKE <fc NELSON, Att )rney s-at-La w. 2 and 3 Law Building, btannton, Va . V> , ATTORNBY-AT-LAW, Stadstoh.Va. No.a. Court House Square. sag!* ALEX. F. ROBERTSON, 1 ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, 4 Lawyers' Row, Prompt attention to all legal business. CITZHUGH ELDEB. " ATTOENEY-AT-LAW. Booms 5 and 7 Masonic Temple. Staunton, Va. . I BNRT W. HOLT, CI AITORNEY-AT-Lo. f, HTAUHTOH. VA . J F- SCHEELE, 1. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Room 3, first floor, Patrick Building. Staunton. Va. PHARLES M. EAST, Attorney & Counselor at Law. 10 Echols' Building, Su nton, - - - Virginia. AfILLIAM A. PRATI. ** ATTORNEx-AT-LAW, Staunton, Va. 9" Eehols' Building. 108. A. GLASGOW, • ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. Staunton, Va. ederal Courts, Will at Circuit Court of E ckb IOHN B. OOOHRAN, ' Attorney-at-Law 3 Barristers Row. Mutual 1 luub 295 UUGH H. KERR, n ' ATTORN EY-AT-LAI . |y Office in County Cou t House. LfERBEKT J. l'Al lAJK, CI ATTORNKT AT-LAW, No. 1, i^iwyeri'Kow. Gom. Atty. for City of Staunton. P CARTER BRAXTOH. Attorney -at-Law UNTON, VA. ÜBHWDg, ATTORNBY-AT-LAW, 23 South Augusta St. Stadmtoh.Va. dpeclalattentlon given tooolleotloni and shanoery practice faaJtjj ARMISTEAD C. GORDON, Successor to PATRICK & GORDON, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. 7 and 8 Law Building, Staunton, Va. Prompt add energetic attention to all legal business. j T ' .'.BI H. BLCASK, ' l ATTORNBT-AT-LAW | Offloe—Patrick & Gordon Building. an 8 BTAOSTOM.VA. v4IB BOMGARDHIB, JB. EUDOLPH HCHGABDNI BUMGAKDNER& BUMGARDNER. 3ueees*ors to J., J. L.'* B. Bumgsrdner.) I Attorneys and Counseflors-at-law. Division Counsel B. & O. R. R. Co. j Local Counsel Valley R. R. Co. Prompt attention given to all legal bus ce is entrusted to our hands. DRrwrF7DEEKENb* SURGEON DENTIST OFFICES: iti «te Rooms! I and 2, Crowle Building, Phone 756. 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