PQUfim IN S CENT PIEOna,
The Invotontojy War* ef a Dime,
Wet Mnefctae Cempsny.
The dtonppeaimnc* of the tnree
geat piece be* ter many years been
% ~Mi>>r of mild speculation. Pew
psraene are aware that a large P*s*
psrtton. of the coins of ttts denooiina
ttoa which remained in circsiatton
whea the Government stamped iesu
tog thssn ace peacefully slumbering
in sundry large tat canvas bags in
th« vaalts of a certain eleotrleal
manvfrwtnr 4 ng company of Chicago.
?heg see sM tor sale just yet.
Bfcch of the oasne is an evidence of
Years ago the company equipped
many telephone pay stations with
essnsatot inwrslw— It was supposed
thai they could be worked only with
dimes. Tn* three cent pieces were
besoming rare and no thought was
taken of them.
Hardly *** monthe passed before
«ne of the telephone companies dis
covered that the collectors were
yielding a harvest of three cent
piece*. Then from all over the
country came similar complaints.
Been company forwarded the
piece* to the manufacturing company
and more or less politely asked that
n corresponding number of dimes or
a check for an equivalent amount be
sent back in exchange.
A council was held at the office
of tne manufacturing company. The
coat of correcting the boxes was com
psnel wish fairly trustworthy infor
msfion of the number of three cent
piece* in circulation. It was found
tkat a balance was in favor of the
three cents and it was decided to ac
cept the pieces as dimes.
Gradually the impour of three cent
pieces narrowed down to an intermit
te«t current The company seemed
to bare about all the pieces.
It is e*id tb»t if ever the premium
on three cent pieces goes high
enough the coin* wfß be offered to
eofleotors at prices based upon the
original cost to the company, plus
6 per cent a year, plus cost of stor
age, plus cost of guarding, plus cost
of carrying the fund upon the books.
I/rng ago the slot machines that col
lected them were relegated to the
gRADIUM AND GEOLOGY.
i properties of radium have con
nces of enormous importance to
the geologist as well as to fhe phy
sicist or chemtot. In fact, the discov
ery of these properties has entirely
altered the aspect of one of the most
interesting geetogfeal problems, that
of the ago of the earth. Before the
discovery of radium it was supposed
that the supplies of heat furnished by
chemical changes going on in the
earth are quite and
tkat sort we* astking to replace the
heat usYieb ftow* from the hot inter
tor of She earth to the colder crust.
New when tb* earth first solidified it
•siy possessed a certain amount of
capital In the form ef heat, and if it
is continually spending this capital
and not gaining any fresh heat it is
evMent that the process cannot 'have
been going on for more than a cer
tain number of jeers, otherwise the
earth would be colder than It is.
iord Kelvin in this way estimated
the age of the earth to be less than
IOO.WKMHX) years. Though tne quant
ity of radium in tbe earth is an ex
mdfsgly small fraction of the m»sf>
earth, amountiag according
to the determination «f Profs. Strutt
and joly, to only about five grams In
a cube whose sMe is 100 miles, yet
the amount ef heat given out by this
small quantity ef radium is so great
tkat it is more than enough to re
ftnee the heat wkiofc flows from the
inlaid* to tb* outside of the earth."
■Prof. J. J. Thompson, quoted by
•LAZMO, UeHMO sUM.
fa tne gfeatog of pottery many
different mixtures ar« used. Nearly
all of them are composed of one or
move « the feUowiag articles: lith
arge, tttot, feldspar, paris white and
Water glass or Bsuid glass, as it is
snsnsuknss ealtod, is a potassium di
lute, prepared by fusing together
three parts of silica (sand) and two
parte of potassium carbonate with a
small quantity of charcoal in an or
dinary revenbatory furnace. The
product is soluble in four or five
parts of boiling water. As it is not
affected by ordinary atmospheric
changes it is frequently used as a
preservation of eggs. A 8 a cement
is is known as mineral lime. Other
uses are in fireproof and waterproof
paint, as m ingreJierot of soaps and
In the manufacturing 01 eannenware.
Mifc producers who know it best
concede that alfalfa is an invaluable
teed in dairy, closely akin to
wfteat bran in results, and usually
much less expensive, according to
Ooburn's "The Book of Alfalfa" In
the average small town or city there
is about o»e cow for every 10 or 15
ssspto. Therefore. In a town of 1,000
papulation there will probably be 75
or 100 cows. If alfalfa will increa.se
to* quantity of their milk asdi butter
tat, giving a product at a lower cost
tfcaa the oQaoentTWted Sooda, it should
be mere use*. But ac yet it is not
generally used, because it is not un
derstood asm appreciated.
A women gets as excited over a
wedding in the neighborhood as a man
Sjsss ggsf a baseball mm^
Now You Can Stencil.
All of the difficulties that one meets
with wet dyes for making stencil pat
terns is overcome by the use of stick
form stencils which any woman can
use in making her own stencil pat
terns. It can be used on any fabric,
and It is claimed the colors will wash.
The discovery was made a long time
ago that colored crayons such as chil
dren, use at school could be used in
Stencil work, and they can be used
for making splendid little doilies on
which to place jardineres. These,
however, can not be washed, since the
spermacetti washes off from the mus-
The best fluid to wash muslin dress
es of delicate color In is rice water;
use no soap. Boil one pound of rice
tn a gallon of water. Reserve a quart
ef the water for starching. Then
wash the dress in the remainder.
lUnse in clear or slightly blued water.
Starch the dress in the remaining rice
Dresses with a colored pattern on
them should never be hung in the
sun to dry.
Closely woven goods requires less
starch than others.
Kid slippers, purses, belts and
gtoves are best cleansed by rubbing
■isn MmLaWuP vWhsv
THE WORD J)F_A COWARD.
When Evan Bancroft, a young Vir
ginian, went to study at the Univer
sity of Heidelberg he promised Ma
mother that he would never fight a
duel. But Bancroft did not conaider
it necessary to refrain from Joining
the fighting corps and engaging in
harmless encounters. Indeed, there
was phsnty of fighting material in
him inherited from his progenitors,
and this was why his mother had ex
acted the promise. Her father had
been killed in a duel, one of her
brothers through reckless exposure
In the civil war, while another had
been shot attempting to defend a
prisoner from a mob. These shafts
of death, striking so near her, caused
her to brood and induced a fear that
her only son should fall through a
Bancroft at Heidelberg proved so
handy with all sorts of weapons as
to distance all competitors save one.
a young Englishman named Horcut
The two held the record for being the
best swordsmen at the university,
and there was a desire among the
students that they should fight for
When the terms of the fight for the
championship came to be arranged
Horcut Insisted on certain innova
tions rendering the affair dangerous.
It was suspected by a few that he
considered Bancroft the better swords
man and, judging him to be timid,
wished to force him to decline the
combat. This would give Horcut the
championship without fighting for it
or risking to lose it He would then
return to England to enjoy his hon
Whethe? or no this was his object,
it was accomplished. Bancroft de
clined to fight except under the rules
for friendly contests. Horcut accus
ed him of cowardice, and there was
now nothing for him to do but chal
lenge the Britisher to an "unprotect
ed" fight or be cut by the members
of his corps. He declined to fight
either for the championship or to
vindicate his courage, but he wrote
his mother the facta and begged her
to release him. She declined to do
so. Besides, frienda at home assur
ed him that she was in a critical phy
sical condition, and if anything hap
pened to him it would kill her.
Bancroft neither cared to give his
true reason for not fighting nor be
lieved that it would be accepted. It
would have been accepted and he
would have been respected for it if he
could have satisfied the students of
its truth. In no country in the world
are parents more beloved and respect
ed than in Germany. But to convince
a couple of thousand of young men
that he was not hiding behind his
mother's skirts was out of the ques
So Bancroft finished his university
career a cut man. though he was
burning to meet hie adversary. When
he went home to Virginia, finding
that the story had preceded him and
prejudiced some people against him,
he went to the farther west and en
gaged in sheep raising. Soon after
this his mother died.
Several years passed. One day Ban
croft was treading his way on a path
barely a foot wide around the side of
a precipice. While doing so he saw
a party of tourists coming. Personi
meeting on the path must pass care
fully, the one taking the outside, the
other the inside. Bancroft was ex
pecting to take the outside when sud
denly he recognized In the leading
man in the line of tourists his old
enemy at the university. He was also
"Wait there," said Horcut. point
ing to a place where the path widen
ed a little. "I pass inside." He spoke
with his old domineering tone. Ban
croft stepped to the Bpot indicated,
saying as he did so;
"I pass inside."
"You pass outside, I say," growled
Horcut, remembering that Bancroft
was a coward.
"Are you armed?" asked Bancroft
Bancroft took a revolver from hit
hip pocket and flung it over the
precipice. It struck 500 feet below.
"What do you propose?" asked
"To settle a feud of long standing.
We are about the same build. Let
one of us throw the other over. If I
am victorious I will pass inside the
rest of your party."
Horcut stood aghast. "My God, man
that would be certain death for both
"It wotld prove us both brave
"We are keeping your friends wait
The friends were as termed as the
principals. They begged Horcut not
to accept such a fearful challenge,
"Do —do I understand." faltered
Horcut, "that you will pass inside
those behind me?*'
"That is my intention."
"And you will permit me to pass
you on the outside in safety?"
"You have only the word of a cow
ard for that."
Horcut consented with a hanging
head, and the passage was made.
Some of the tourists —one had been
a student at Heidelberg during Ban
croft's disgrace—returned to Europe,
and the story got to the univarsity.
Bancroft was invited there and when
Courtship by Pants,
'Recently one of our most fastidi
ous young men bought a pair of over,
alls and found in them the name of
the sewing girl who made them,'' says
the Muscotah Record. "He very
promptly wrote her a letter with all
the effusiveness necessary in such a
case and in due time received a re
ply, which, however, was void of the
romance usual in such cases. Here
it Is: "I am a working girl, it is true,
but I make a good living and I do
not care to support a husband, as I
would do if I married some silly
noodle who gets mashed on a girl he
never saw. Permit me to say that I
do not know how my card got in that
pair of overalls, and that when I do
marry, if ever, it will be some fellow
who can afford something better than
a 47-cent oalr of breeches."
J***** ftama/JM, who is described
as the meat leaned woman in "India,
h " *•» ~*ofttam on * translation ol
the Bible, for nearly fiye years. She
has something like 50 assistants at
All brass dinner gongs with six
takes are *7.80. Smaller ones with
tour tubes are $4.80 and $6.
There is less sense and more mon
ey in the world than ever before in
THE YOUNG TELEGRAPHER, j
Marlon of the revolutionary wsx |
and Morgan of the civil war occupy
similar positions in history. General |
John Morgan started on his military i
career as commander of a company I
of young Confederates and operated
always In the middle southwest. His
career was full of daring. He would
approach a Union picket, assuming to
be a federal officer, reprimand him
for some negligence, get possession
of his musket and thus-capture single
handed a whole picket post.
It was during the campaign of Gen.
Halleck against Quaker guns at Cor
inth that Morgan was operating In
Halleck's rear in western Tennessee,
harassing lines of communication.
This is a very important service. An
army must be fed. That means that
the avenues of communication must
be kept open and the supplies passing
over them to the men at the front
must be protected.
The telegraph office at the town of
p., a station on the railroad supply
ing the army before Corinth, was in
charge of Tom Venable, who lived
with his family on the upper floor of
the two-story station building, the
telegraph and ticket office being be
low. One night when Venable was
in his office sending the dispatches
necessary to get a heavy train lo&d
of supplies south he heard a tap on
the window pane. Looking up, there
stood a man in Confederate uniform
covering him with the muzzle of his
pistol. The officer had tapped with
the pistol to attract Venable's atten
tion and ordered him to throw up the
sash. Venable did so, and the officer
climbed in at the window.
"I'm John Morgan," he said.
Morgan usually declared himself la
this fashion. It was the best pos
sible way of striking an enemy with
Meanwhile the station was sur
rounded by Confederate cavalrymen.
Morgan put his own telegrapher at
the key, who began to telegraph the
train Venable had been in communi
cation with. The conductor had
been warned that the Confederates
were making a raid in the region and
was waiting to be assured that it was
same to advance. Morgan's tele
grapher sent a dispatch that Morgan
had gone off in an easterly direction
and an order signed by a Union com
mander for the train to come on.
Now, there is a hero to this story,
though he is asleep in his bed above
the telegraph office. But a clatter
beneath awakes him. Being not over
thirteen years old, he doesn't awake
in a hurry, but his mother helps him
by telling him that the station is in
possession of the dreaded Morgan.
Jimmie Venable was of a scientific
mind and had already a miniature
telegraph outfit in his own little
room. His circuit was but ten feet
and was confined to the room, but it
was big enough to play with, and he
knew the dot and line alphabet. His
father was a prisoner downstairs, but
he heard his mother say that doubt
less Morgan had captured the tele
graph in order to decoy a train into
a trap and destroy the supplies in
tended for the Union army.
Jimmie got an idea. The telegraph
wires passed within ten feet of his
window before entering the office be
low. He told his mother what he
Intended to do. and she helped him.
He took his play wire, tied a hair
brush to one end of it. threw it over
the line wire and completed his cir
cuit by means of a lead pipe extend
ing to the ground. It didn'Cmake a
very good connection, but it sufficed.
He didn't know the calls of stations
nor what station to call. He waited
till there was comparative quiet be
low, then clicked: "P. station. Mor
gan here." This he repeated several
times. It was heard at several sta
tions up the road, and the conductor
of the train was advised of it at once.
One man heard it for whom it was
not intended. That was the Confed
erate operating In the office below
Jimmies room. He was sitting near
the key when he heard the words
clicked and knew that some one had
outwitted him. He notified his com
mander, and a search was made, and
Jimmie'B hairbrush was dang
flng from the main wire. It. told them
the story. Going upstairs, they dis
covered Jimmies device. The gen
eral was the first to enter the room.
Jimmie was still at his key.
"Have you been sending Informa
tion to the-enemy?" he asked.
"Yes, I have," said Jimmie proudly.
He did not know the extent of the
service he had rendered, but was sure
he had done something valuable to
"Do you know what we do with lit
tle boys who are spies?" asked Mor
"Well, it's something very terrible.
But in this case the boy is very
bright, brave little chap, and we will
give him something for candy."
He drew a roll of Confederate bills
torn his pocket, picked out a ten dol
r note and handed it to Jimmie.
"H-m!" said Jimmie looking at it
mtemptuously. "Taint worth a
United States fifty-cent postal shin
plaster." This postal currency was
used during the war in lieu of silver.
Morgan laughed, took out a roll of
greenbacks, doubtless captured mon
ey, and, handing a five-dollar note to
the boy, went downstairs and rode
»way. followed by his troopers.
Tho Biggest Check.
The Royal Mall Steam Packel
Company's cheek for £1,347,825 foi
the shares of the Pacific Steam Nav
igation Company is not by anj
means the largest that has evei
been drawn. The Manchester Shli
Canal Company on acquiring th<
Brtdgewater Canal in 1887 drew (
cheek for £1,710,000, and it will be
remembered that it exhibited it ii
the city as the biggest that ha<
been drawn up to that time. —Man
"Then you are somewhat disappoint
ed in society?"
"I must admit that I am. I feavt
been to seven teas and four recep
tions and haven't heard an epigran
When a woman marries the firs
time, that's love."
"And the second time?" , s
, "That's loneliness."
"And the third lime?"
"That's habit"-—Washington Ha
Mrs. Hoyle—My ancestors cam
over in the Mayflower.
Mrs. Doyle—-Tro captain of thi
boat must have had to put up st*n«
The Washington Plate
•Don't think it is fair," cried Net
tio Bourn. "To think that one hor
rid old plate should make all this
trouble! It was mean of Uncle John
to make a will like that"
"He didn't make a will like that,"
continued Harry Warren. "How was
he to know that one of the plates
should be broken between his death
and the reading of the will? He was
fair enough. He left one to your
mother and one to my father. Sure
ly that was a fair division of the two.
His intention wag all right."
"Well, then," said Nettie, stamp
ing a very pretty little foot, "It's
skameful that our parents should be
so horribly stubborn as to fight over
one miserable old plate."
"You can't blame them, exactly,"
defended Harry, charitably. "You've
had your fadß and you know how it
is. Your mother's collection of china
is so close to my father's that the
possession of that single plate would
determine the supremacy. Natural
ly each one wants it, and they are
going to fight for it."
"And in the meantime we can't
even announce our engagement,"
wailed Nettie, "to say nothing of get
"We don't want to get married un
til spring," reminded Harry, optim
istically. "Something will turn up
before then-—if I have to turn it up
Ever since Jason Pomfret's will
had been read, and it was found that'
the two famous Washington plates
were left to his brother, Silas War
ren, and to Martha Bourn, there had
been a bitter warfare wagid between
the two legatees.
In the bustle of preparing for the
funeral one of the plates had been
broken beyond the skill of the most
expert mender to put together, and
Mrs. Bourn and Silas Warren, who
were both' a little mad on the subject
of china, had taken the matter into
the courts, each insisting that the re
maining plate was the one Jason
Pomfret had repeatedly indicated as
the one he wished the claimant to
But Harry did not let the grass
grow under his feet. He went to
see his closest friend, Dick Lyons,
who was noted as an expert in old
"I dent want to see you get the
worst of this row over that Wash
ington plate," he said when he had
aroused her curiosity sufficiently.
"I've often studied that- collection of
Jason Pomfret's and other experts
had always agree with me that his
Washington plates were not genuine.
The plate that is left is merely a
copy of the real ones—an awfully
good copy, you know, but bogus for
"Don't tell me that," she command
-3d with a sniff. 'I've seen the plate
a hundred times and I know very well
that it is a real Washington."
"Look here," suggested Dick. "You
can look the plate over closely so
long as you don't take it out of the
executor's office. You've seen it a
hundred times, but you never looked
at it with doubt because you took it
tor granted that it was what Pom
fret said it was. You look it over
carefully and you'll get the credit
for dropping the fight over a plate
that is not worth fighting over."
"If this Is a trick " began Mrs.
Bourn, and 6he paused. _
"It's not a trick," assured Lyons
is he turned away.
"It is the same that I took from the
jabinet," declared the lawyer tartly,
oot relishing the suggestion that was
conveyed in their demands,
"It's not that," Mrs. Bourn hasten
ed to explain. "I've always had an
Idea that the plate was not genuine
and I want to make certain that the
slate is worth fighting over."
"Funny you never though of that
le," commented Silas Warren
ciously. "I've always had my
is." he added with the collec
vanity and pride in his know
. "Harry told me the other
that one of his friends also had
>ssed his doubts. I'm going to
bring another expert In."
"I don't think that will be neces
sary," hastily said Mrs. Bourn, eager
to maintain her reputation as a keen
collector who could not be deceived.
"Now that I look at It carefully I'm
willing to abandon all claim to the
legacy. It's n&t at all genuine.
"I don't want ever to see it again,"
he declared. "To think that a cheap
copy should have spoiled our friend
ship all these months! That's worse
than the loss of the plate. We used
to be pretty good friends, Martha.
"We can b4 good friends still,
Silas,' she reminded.
"Let's go out and have luncheon
and talk It over," suggested Silas;
and they talked it over with such
good effect that they went from there
to the jewelers, and when they came
out a solitaire on the widow's finger
announced that she expected shortly
to change her state of loneliness.
Nettle and Harry, washing across
the street, smiled at each other.
"That will simplify matters a great
deal," declared Harry In tones of
relief. "We'll give them the Wash
ington plate for a wedding present."
"But that's not worth anything."
"The real one Is," explained Harry.
I good cause the end justifies
leans. I got Benson's clerk to
nge the plates. It cost $5 for
f that had the same pattern. It
worth It, for it brought about
üble wedding and quadruple
of the Car In a Railroad Wreok.
»teran railroad man gave a piece
uable advice not long ago.
you ever get into a wreck," he
"and have time to follow out
uggestion remember this: Al
stand in the aisle. Most of the
as that are suffered occur be
the victim is crushed between
the seats. If you are in the aisle you
may be thrown forward and bruised
a little, but there is much less chance
of receiving serious hurts. It isn't
always possible to get out of your
seat before the erase comes, but if
it is follow that advice."
If we had one, we wouldn't call it
a machine. "Machine" applies atoo
Piing machine, sewing ma
resiling machine, and a hun
trumeate of labor. To sail
ke an auto a "machine" Is
it suggest Monday morning,
rones is a coniirawa jwssi-
He—Yes; tne only time that he
doesn't have the blues is when he sits
In a poker game.
alter—Haven't you forgotten
Guest—Certainly; I always foi B «t
In the witness chair and tie dining
. »« m » i ->
Subscribe to the Spectator
IS HEN A BIRD?
IS UP J COURT
ABB EGGS THAT HAVE BEEN
SMASHED, EGGS OK
FUNNY QUERIES j
New Customs Court Will Have
Many Odd Questions to
Washington, D. C—lf a hen is not
a bird, why is a pair of rubber boots
an article of woolen wearing apparel?
Simply because the highest customs
authority of the land held that because
the boots bad linings in which there
was an appreciable quality of wool
they should bear the rate prescribed
tor woolen apparel. That same high
est authority decided that frogs' legs
lire dutiable a* poultry, not because
Srogs' legs are physiologically the
lame as the drumsticks of the do
mestic fowl, but simply because by
luch a decision the treasury of the
United States was made richer than
tf they had been admitted as some
The board of general appraisers
Mice was the highest authority, but
the last word hereafter will be sr.id
by the customs court a new Judicial
body that is just getting under way
here. Hereafter there will be no ap
peals from the board of general ap
praiaers except to the customs court,
except such as were on their way
tiirough judicial channels of the time
the new court was organized. Thi»
new court is ihe final judge as to mat
ters of fact and law.
The court already has many caser
that will excite the risibilities of the
public. One of the first questions th«
court will have to decide is whethe*
the domestic hen to a bird. Ornith
ologists without hesitation will say
she is, but the court is not composed
of ornithologists. If the court can be
induced to decide that the 'hen is a
bird down goes the tariff bar tha'
makes every importer of edible eggi
pay five cents for every dozen toiough)
into the country. Bird* eggs an» on
tne free list
Another case is one in which the
qur tion is whether 'hens' eggs thai
have been broken up shall be taxed
as eggs or albumen. Chemically the
mess ready for making omelets is al
bumen, but if the court holds that*
they should take the albumen dutj
It to feareu every importer will see
to it that every imported egg is
smashed before it gets to the custorr
bouse. The cracker trust woul£
doubtless be pleased to have such s
A hen may not be a bird, but an im
porter in New Yoric hired a lawyei
*to prove that capers, the things used
in caper sauce, sauce tartar and othei
things, are a crude drug and no*
pickles. He takes issue with the dic
tionary, which says they are pickles
1 He admits they may not be a crude
urug, because, they may be a little a*
vanced over the crude stage, but t
drug they are to h.m, and he will no l
pay the highest pickle rate until the
I customs court says he must, if at all
Is half a duck, imported from
.China, two years ago, and still used
as an exhibit in the courts, a bit ol
preserved meat or dressed poultryl
The government Insists it is the form
er and the Chinese Importer insist)
that it is not.
When is an artificial flower not ar
artificial flower? When it is an ar
tide of manufacture of metal an*
dutiable at 45 per cent At least thai
is what the importer contends, heing
desirous of avoiding the heavy duty
His contention is based upon the fac
that the flower has been coated wltl
gilt or silver, but the customs officiah
see their wives wearing them upoi
their hate, wherefore they insist thai
the imitation of a flower is really an
artificial flower and should be taxed
as such. The customs court will have
the last guess.
A man may not know a f eatherstitcl
braid from a copy of ithe Rosette
stone, but the customs officials said it
wa sa braid and not a binding or tape
There are hundreds of cases on tha 1
Is artificial horsehair, wherewitl
the national guards decorate thei
helmets, a cotton or a silk parn
The rude colectors of customs) saj
that by similitude it is a silk yarn
though .they admit it Is made of cot
Another nut to orack: Is an auto
mobile a household effect? Patriotic
Americans returning from motoring
in Europe will be pleased to have tha
court say It is. Under such a decis
ion they could take over with them
a. few real household goods, set up
light housekeeping for a while, buy
a French automobile, and then return
to this country and do It all for lose
than the amount of duty on a high
priced automobile made in Europe.
The wol schedule has been the
most sacred thing in the tariff law
for 50 years past. That's why a pair
of rubber boots with a wool lining
becomes a wearing apparel of wool
the minute it lands in the customs
house. The duty on manufactured
rubber was 30 per cent, until the re
cent bargain day in tariff rates, when
Senator Aldrich marked it "down"
Because of. the scantity of that
schedule the "God Bless Our Home"
mottoes are also articles of wearina
apparel of wool. The letters, are
Water For Colds.
Not everyone knows that the drink
ing of large quantities of cold water
lan old fashioned remedy for cold*
an old prescription book of a fa
ous physician of more than 100 years
O, this curious remedy for cold is
und. "Let ye patient who feels a
cold coming on eat 6f a fine, big, salt
herring Just before going to bed. This
will make ye patient drink plenty of
The trouble with most people who
think they are giving this remedy a
trial is that they do-not drink enough
water. They take a glass or two a
day, and think that that is enough.
To really give the remedy a fair trial
much more than this should be taken.
As soon as the first creepy symptom
is felt or the head appears stopped up,
drink a glass of cold, clear water, not
iced, and repeat at half-hour intervals,
until relief is felt. If hot water is
easier to take, it can be substituted
for the cold, particularly in the morn
ing and at night.
There is a red-hot discussion
among the Milwaukee papers as to
the best hot-weather drink. No one
I expected any of them would suggest
I Subscribe to the Spectator
. — . " j a
For Use on Farms In Lighting end
In Running Msohinea—Sites in
We hear considerable about waste
or barren land in the eastern states,
•ays the Kural New Yorker. This
land once produced good crops of
grain and was a live factor in supply
ing food for the people. Now much
of this land Is Idle, possibly usiod for
rough pasture, but of little use to the
world. We must remember that
along wWi this land other forms of
Industry have gone out of service.
In New England, during the old days,
the hill towns were full of fine water
powers, at which small mills or fac
tories were located. Wt.h the de
cline of farming In these section*
came abandonment of ti.*se powers,
and many of them are now approach
ing ruin. There is such a power in
a Connecticut town, and the follow
ing description of it is given by "J. !
"The water goes under instead of
over the dam. The fall Is a ledge
about 15 feet with a dam of logs
about four feet high making a fall of
19 feet. The &ause of this leak and
consequently the loss of power is neg
lect. It has been in one family since
it was built. It was left .by father to
son; the last owner had no children.
He got old and feeble, and could not
do much, and did not feel tike hiring
help. He died within a year, and
the mills are left to ess wife an old
lady. In a few years ifcere will be
nothing to tell that it was a mill cite
but the ledge. There are within
a radius of 10 wiles fr° m I am
five diairis where there have been
mills in times j;one by; one of them
was used 10 ye;-.rs ago, ,but it is down
now. The eaune: of some of those
going down in the failing off in grain
growing and the s earn eSJWtBIBs that
have left the country pretty free
from timber Tbere are soi"e fine
places for v.'ater-power in sections of
the country, and no one sufficiently
interested to consider using them.
Surely their usefulness is not wholly
It seems a sVme tbat the.;© fine
water powers slhould be lost, contin
ues the Rural New Yorker, when there
are so Many uses to which electric
power can be applied. With proper
capital i.nd fair neighborly spirit,
such a power as is here described
could be made to light .and heat a
dozen or more farmhouse, and tuirn
the wh&eles of most ordinary ma
chines. While a bitter fight is being
made to prevent corporations from
stealing water privileges on the Pa
cific coast, these old mill sites in the
Bast are being abandoned. It is a
shame that they are permitted to go.
THE FRIENDS OF BRUGES.
That the "frteate of Bruges" have
formed themselves into a society to
protect the giand old city rrom van
dals is an excellent piece of news,
' for til-ieir intention is to buy up every
old house as it is put on sale and to
let it or make use of it for purposes
not requiring any serious modifica
tion in the architecture.
Bruges is, in the opinion of many,
the most beautiful and suggestive of
Europe's Old World towns so long
as it .be left as it stands now for the
.admiration of future generations and
so long as its stones will hold to
gether. To wield the pickaxe there
is every wh.it as cruel as it would be
to lacerate the consecrated master
pieces which hang on museum walls.
Beautiful towns should be protect
ed along with other works of art,
and if for sanitary or other causes
they become uninhabitable there i 3
no reason why they should be inhab
ited. Peoplo must be made to pitch
titeir tents elsewhere and the mason
ry they have vacated may be turned
to other ue«® or simply put on one
side and preserved for archaeologi
cal or artistis ;*udy—The Queen.
The pieces commonly used for
corning are itihe cheaper cuts of meat,
such as the plate, rump, cross ribs
and brisket, says W. H. Tomtave of
tbe university farm of St. Paul, Mfhn.
The meat should be cut into medium
sized pieces, so that it will pack well
in a jar or barrel. It should be well
cooled or corned before decay sets
in, or it will spoil the brine. For
each 100 pounds of meat weigh out
eight pounds of salt, and sprinkle a
layer of about • quarter of an inch
in depth over the bottori of the ves
sel, and then pack in a layer of meat
five or six inches in thickness. On
top of this put a layer of salt, follow
ed by a layer of meat, until all the
meat is packed in the vessel. Keep
enough salt for & good layer over the
top of the last layer of me*. After
tbds has stood over night add for
every. 100 pounds of meat four pounds
of sugar, two ounces of baking' soda
and four ounres of saltpetar, all dis
solved in a saßou of warm water.
When this is coo*, pour it over the
meat, and add enough cold water to
cover the meat. Weight it ddwn
with a loose board, held in place by
means of a clean stone, to keep the
meat under the brine. It should be
left in the brine from 25 to 40 days
before it is ready for use.
Goodwin—What was the watermel
on social given at the church last
night for the benefit for?
Popklns— For the benefit of the new
doctor, I imagine.—Chicago News.
The quickest way to convince a girl
that you have good taste is to tell her
she is good looking.
Making Out Addresses.
There may be some things Uncle
S»m could do toward Improving his
poßtoffce system," said the man with
the derby hat, 'but he certainly is
the boy when it comes to delivering
letters with queer addresses.
"I was with a bunch that got to tell
ing stories about instances they per
sonally knew of in which crazy ad
dresses- had gone through all right.
One man told of letters addressed
merely with the name of some un
known immigrant and the under line
'New York'-that had been delivered,
and another told of a letter addressed
simply, 'Beads both ways the same,
Springfield, Mass.,' that had been
handed to the right party—Mr. Otto
Boob, or some such name. And then
we got to arguing whether a letter,
addressed in Chinese would go
through. We Anally got up bets
about it, and I was appointed to
make the experiment.
"I went to a Chinese laundryman I
knew and got him to write on an
envelope In Chinese characters the
name and address of a friend of mine
In a little town in Pennsylvania
When the Chinaman got through with
that envelope it looked as if an ink
brush had been doing a fancy dance
on it. I then stamped and mailed it.
En a few days my friend wrote that
It had been delivered to him as
promptly as if it had been addressed
I la News.
! FROM SANGERVILLE )
Sangerville, Feb. 11.—Snow and rain
again. Mr. Ground-hog is a famouj>
Mr. J. W. Carson is at home turning
some irons for thu Steigel Lumber
Corporation of Stokesville. They had
a break-down with one of the engines.
A large crowd attended the funeral
and burial of Mrs. Loma Hess Wed
nesday at 11 o'clock.
Mrs. Zeno Cook and Mr. Albert
Cook were married at the bride's
home Wednesday night at 8 o'clock.
M. O, Sanger performed the mar
riage ceremony. The marriagesprings
a surprise to many. It was a quiet
affair with only a few knowing of the
event. Mrs. Cook was a Miss Howdy
shell before her first marriage. Mr.
Albert Cook Is a brother to the first
husband. May pleasure and prosper
ity alway attend their pathway.
Mrs. Elizabeth Gray bill is better
Mr. John 8. Kiracofe is about his
Midddlebrook, Feb. 11.—Mrs. H. G
McGary has gone to visit her sister,
Mrs. Gilmore, of Bristol, Term.
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Helrm and lit
tle son, Firth, of Staunton are the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. George Bosser
man. Master Firth has just recovered
front a long illness of fever, pneu
monia and spinal meningitis.
Mrs. Frank Rosen is expected home
this week from Mt. Jackson, where
she has been visiting relatives.
Little Miss Lois Cross has been ill
for several days. j
Mr. Robert Hawkins, who is en
gaged in business in Lexington, spent
Saturday and Sunday at his home,
Siss Georgie Virginia Bosserman
gone to Staunton to work at the
iss Minnie Fitzgerald left last
k for Waynesboro, where she will
id a few weeks,
[rs. Lou Shumaker of Basic City,
who was the guest of Mrs. Chas. El
linger last week, has returned to her
Glenn Berry, who broke his ankle
liool, is getting along as well as
Ibe expected. Master Russell
f, who has been ill for some time
t getting along so well. - :
rds are out announcing the mar
of Miss Eva Hamilton to Mr.
Motley of Johnson, S. C. The
jony to be performed at Bethel
iloii People Must Recognize and
dnsy ills come qcietly — m-u
t nata.e always warns yon.
idee the kidney secretions.
c if the color is unhealthy —
here are settlings and sediment,
ssiges frqeuent, scanty, painful,
s time then to use Daan's KHney
i ward off Briglit'a disease or
»n's have done great work in
rs. Robsrt Hope, 10 S Jefferson
Staunton, Va., says: ' Ub very
I to pnblcily recommended Doan't
nsy Pills, as they did me a great
of gooi. M v b.ick ajhsd iron
Ding until night and I suffered so
rely from pains in my right side
tbat I was nnable to rest well. The
siuney secretions were al»o unnatur
al. I tried everything I knew of in
*n effort for relief but was unsuccess
ful until I procured Doan's Kidney
Pills at Thomas Hogsheads' drug
store. After I had taken the contents
of fonr boxes, I was cured and have
been in good health sines."
For sale by all dealers. Price 60
raat*. Foster Milbarn Co,, Buffalo
New York, sjla agents for the United
K member the name —Doan's—and
SO HE DIDN'T.
Little George, aged three and a half
years, owns a rocking-horse which he
does not care much for. ne day his
aunt was looking at a Christmas
book and turned to a picture of a lit
tle boy on a rocking horse. A little
girl was standing back of the horse
pulling its tail. George's aunt said
"George, come and look at this lifcil*
boy on a rocking-horse just like yours
and having such a good time; whj
don't you care for yours?"
George looked at it a minute, con
sidering an answer, tlhen turned awaj
.ndifferently, saying, "I don't have anj'
little girl to pull his tail." —The DeHfr
EGYPTIAN FARMING TOO', 8.
erode Native Thresher —Plough Ie
Still Smoothed Off Tree Fork.
"One of the curious sights hi the
Egyptian harvest season is a mo" -n
threshing machine noisily workirg in
a field in'whioh a native thresher is
treading out the grain," said Horacv
F. Coler of Chicago, who has made
a tour of the world in tne interests of
American farming implements.
"The brown skinned tiller of the
soil, clad in Ms flowing robes o f
Khite or the favored dull blue and
sllow combination sitting on the
high seat of tbe crude thresher,
which is dragged over the fields by a
yoke of patient camels or peThaps a
camel and a donkey or a couple of
buffalo cows, appears to the stranger
who sees this for the first time like
the principal actor in a scene worked
out by an Ingenious mind for stage
"The native plough in Egypt is sim
ply the forked portion of a tree or
two pieces Joined together and
smoothed off, a primitive contrivance
which may still be seen in use by Cu
ban farmers. The thresher is a
sledgelike affair fitted with round
crushers Of wood of iron £nd weight
ed down from the top. The grain
is crushed into the ground and when
gathered up it is mixed with lumps o'.
mud, tr.it it is said that nt.;:r a kc
cel of i: is lost or waited.
"Aek ::an farming mac: '.n-iry may
'.3 fou-.l in the r?r.io:es'. parts c*
th? wf-"' and wher- least c -.sected.
In whs.i -.anne; it f.ts the:? I co .1!
net a;c?rtain. The *-.;tivet nuld not
e-ilightbu me.—Washington Herald.
Facts for Women.
The juice of ripe tomatoes will re
move stains from white cloth.
Regulation measuring cups for the
kitchen should contain exactly one
Pimentoes are the small sweet pep
pers used in garnishing fish and
Ten per cent of the materials
brought into a house as part of the
food supply are put into the garbage
can in the form of waste. This in
cludes bones, skins and parings as
well as the portions left over on in
dividual plates after meals.
By removing the cream from milk,
Its fat or fuel value is taken out, but
the skim milk retains all of the origi
nal protein, that element which builds
up and repairs all of the bodily tis
sues. Buttermilk or skim milk and
bread make a highly nutritious
Alex.F.Robertson. A.Stuart Robertson
ROBERTSON & ROBERTSON,
ATTORN EYS-AT-L AW.
r M.FIKBI, _
Second Floor, Masonic Temple,
Mutual Phone. Btaumtom, Va.
L J .A. ALEXANURB,
ATTORN BY-AT-L AW.
KMAS I). RANSOM,
t House Square, Staunton, Va
Kand W r est Virginia.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law
No. 14Court Place.
HAMPTON H. WAYT,
Practise in ail State and Federal Courts,
General Receiver for Corporation Court
for City of rilauntoc
Eehols' Building, Staunton, Va.
9. D. TIMBEELAKE, JS. B. K. E. HILBOS -
TIMBEELAKE <fc NELSON,
Att )rney s-at-La w.
2 and 3 Law Building, btannton, Va
V> , ATTORNBY-AT-LAW,
No.a. Court House Square.
ALEX. F. ROBERTSON,
4 Lawyers' Row,
Prompt attention to all legal business.
Booms 5 and 7 Masonic Temple.
. I BNRT W. HOLT,
CI AITORNEY-AT-Lo. f,
HTAUHTOH. VA .
J F- SCHEELE,
Room 3, first floor, Patrick Building.
PHARLES M. EAST,
Attorney & Counselor at Law.
10 Echols' Building,
Su nton, - - - Virginia.
AfILLIAM A. PRATI.
9" Eehols' Building.
108. A. GLASGOW,
ederal Courts, Will at
Circuit Court of E ckb
IOHN B. OOOHRAN,
3 Barristers Row.
Mutual 1 luub 295
UUGH H. KERR,
n ' ATTORN EY-AT-LAI .
|y Office in County Cou t House.
LfERBEKT J. l'Al lAJK,
CI ATTORNKT AT-LAW,
No. 1, i^iwyeri'Kow.
Gom. Atty. for City of Staunton.
P CARTER BRAXTOH.
23 South Augusta St.
dpeclalattentlon given tooolleotloni and
ARMISTEAD C. GORDON,
PATRICK & GORDON,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
7 and 8 Law Building,
Prompt add energetic attention to
all legal business.
j T ' .'.BI H. BLCASK,
' l ATTORNBT-AT-LAW
| Offloe—Patrick & Gordon Building.
an 8 BTAOSTOM.VA.
v4IB BOMGARDHIB, JB.
3ueees*ors to J., J. L.'* B. Bumgsrdner.)
I Attorneys and Counseflors-at-law.
Division Counsel B. & O. R. R. Co.
j Local Counsel Valley R. R. Co.
Prompt attention given to all legal bus
ce is entrusted to our hands.
iti «te Rooms! I and 2,
Phone 756. Staunton, Va.
P> Trade Marks
TM HIVC Designs
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Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
Invention la probably patentable. Communica-
tions strictly confldential. HANDBOOK on Patent*
aent free. Oldest agency for securing patents.
Patents taken through Munn A Co. receive
special notice, without charge. In the
A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest dr.
culatlon of any sdentißo Journal. Terms, 13 a
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