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Staunton spectator and vindicator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1896-1916, June 09, 1911, Image 1

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Going to distant parts to
reside, should be followeel
THE SPECTATOR.
ALL OF ONE NAME.
Bo They Had to Tag Each of the Many
Tom Hazards.
Perhaps no community more care
fully aud frequently set forth its er
ratic fancy than did the early settlers
t>f Narragansett, R. L, of whom W, B.
tVeeden tells in "Early Rhode Island.-"
There were so many of one name that
the bearer must have a descriptive
prefix! lest he be lost In a concorelant
multitude. Mr. Updike cites thirty
two Tom Hazards living at one time
and thus illustrates'a few:
College Tom, because he had been at
college. Bedford iCom was his son and
lived at New Bedford. Barley Tom,
because he boasted Low much barley
he raised from an acre; Virginia Tom,
because he married a wife there; Lit
tle Seek Tom. from the "farm of that
name; Nnller Tom, the blacksmith;
FirTdle Head Tom, an obvious resem
blance; ristol Tom, wounded by an
explosion of that arm; Young I'lstol
Tom, his 6on; Short Stephen's Tom,
♦be father low, against Long Stephen's
Tom, the father tail; Tailor Tom needs
no explanation.
The Georges were not so numerous,
but they were distinguished as Beach
Bird George, of little legs; Shoestring
an opponent of .buckles; Wig
George, Dr. George and Governor
George. ■
Flogging, claimed'by some to ue a
survival of barbarism in England, ia
given credit by others as being the
most potent factor in ridding London
of petty criminals and assuring public
safety. Many criminals become
miliar with the prison routine
lose all horror of it In fact, L
wretched for certain classes ol
sirables in London tbat they would
commit petty crimes as a means of
gaining entrance to a prison were it
not for the wholesome fear of flog
gings. Tbe cat-o'-nine-talls used for
the floggings has been deprived of its
knots and is # not laid on so strenuous
ly as in the old days, while with young
offenders the birch rod is brought into
play. A physician is always on hand
to stop the flogging should the culprit
evince signs of fainting. Although the
flogging punishment h.-is thus been
mitigated, it does not s.-ein to have lost
its effectiveness.—Popi,lar Mt*-ri->nica.
Sub, rfcTtotoe Spectator
"IS YOUR BABY RESTLESS?"
Pee the anxious mother bending over the sleepless babe! What tender
Solicitude 1 lirr heart aches fur him. Wise mothers use
I Dr. FAHRNEY'S TEETHING SYRUP
% Which liahies like because it cures them. Prevents Cholera Infantum,
cures Colic in ten minutes. Keep a bottle at hand. 25 cents at drug
cists. Trial buttle free if you mention this paper.
.Made only by DRS. D. FAHRNEY & SON. Hageksio-vn. Md.
mjfy
The Kind Yon Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 80 years, has borne the signature of
.->—-- - — and has been made under his per-
£j&£¥fl-f~~tf U S ona l supervision since its infancy.
\4aX?wJS'£UcJU4£j * Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children—Experience against Experiment,.
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare->
{roric, I>rops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant, It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
Mibstance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea—The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA > LWAYS
Bears the Signatureof^ m
The Kind You Me Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THE CENTAUR NMMN TT MURRAY STREET, CIT*.
Chesapeake=Western Railvay
Schedule Effective Dec. 5, 1909.
20 I 6 4 STATIONS. & 19
T¥ TmvT II ' r M AM
143 841 LvS N. River Gap. Ar 658
12 45 202 843 Slokesville. }°? 6g} «*Q
12 57 212 857 Mt. Solon. J » 6fH\f *|
103 218 902 Walkers, f. J|2 6 IS, 10 54
119 221 907 Mossy Creek. 1|» « »&i }° 49
127 227 914 Sluing Creek, 1 } M « 09, 10 39
142 236 924 Lridgewater. * | £<« 10 29
148 240 929 Stemphleytown, f } » | « J" "
153 2 45 1 933 Dayton. J| g |°° 1( > g
212 2 511 9.40 Pleasant Hill, f. Jf * |46 957
218 254 940 A U46 &41 9 W
Harrisonburg.
2]BB 3to2| 955 D Jl £ 1 « q7*
245 3 0 7l 10 00 Rutherford, f. 1- [•' \ » "{'
252 3 12i 10 05 Chestnut Ridge, f. \\ » & « 910
'2 58 317 10.10 Karmans, f. J| 23 522 008
325 320 10 16 Keezletown. Jf 23 \ » ■ "JJ
833 326 10 23 Perm Laird. 12 J« |°» °*!
338 331 10129 Montevidea, f J2 12 503 8 m
347 337 10J38 McGaheysville. 1? g* 4 » ° ™
3?4 342 10 42 || Mauzy, f. 11 » 450 822
406 348 10 48 Inglewood, f « » 4** ° »
420 351 10 57 Elkton. Lv 1145 488 800
r-Al | P M A M AMP M A M
All trains eheily except Sunday. T T T . , rf ,,.» T
W E. D KrOKKS 0 B. WILLIAMSON,
President. Superintendent.
C. A. JEWETT, Traffic Manager,
Harrisonburg, Va.
The Spectator $1.00
Statttitoti UB opecktot
AND VINDICATOR.
VOL 90
CAMELS OF THE ARABS.
Various Ways the Desert Nomads Use
the Animals' Milk.
Nearly 00,000 camels are used in the
vilayet of Bagdad as blasts of bur-,
den, and with donkeys .they form the
only means of carrying goods to in
land points. For a common burden
camel $30 is a fair price, though tVe
trotters, or swift messenger camels,
are worth more. A young camel can
sometimes be had about Bagdad for
as little as $3 or ?4.
I sides its use for riding and enrry
mrposes, the Mesopotamia!! Arabs
nd on the camel for milk. Shoes
made from its tough,
and in times of famine its brit
itrong tasting flesh is eaten. Con
ed milk, made by boiling fresh
?1 milk until evaporation leaves
only a bard, chalky substance. Is
prized among the desert nomads. By
rubbing this substance between the
ha«ids it reduces to powder, and when
mixed with warm water it makes a.
refreshing drink, highly esteemed
among the desert folk. "Mereesyj" as
it Is called, will keep in good condition
for two years. When made from but
termilk it tastes sour and is prized
among Arabs who have eaten much
of sweet dates. Fresh, warm camel
■is also tho food of many "valua
orses owned by desert sheiks,
nel calves are weaned in their
nth or twelfth month. When a
camel j caravan 8 on the march the
very young camels pre often tied upon
"le muLher animal, since
iidnre the fatigue of a
r alua.ble dogs and Arab
called "slugeys." also
same way.-Chicago Rec
r .
uurte rretty.
"I am not ashamed of my latest
book,"'said.the author.
"Of course not," said the local critic.
"I notices! its gilt edges aud the beau
tifully colored frontispiece."—Atlanta
Constitution.
He Got Her.
"Do you prefer beauty or brains?"
"Does not the fact that I have pro
posed to you repeatedly prove that 1
prefer both?"-llouston Post.
Fly the pleasure that bites tomorrow.
Sub scribe to the Spectator
NAVAL DESERTERS.
They Face Fine, Imprleonrnent and
Losa of>Citizsnship.
Every time a fleet of naval vessels
visit's port there are sure to be~a num
lof desertions. These come.abdut
i various causes, and 'among the
rters Is always a large percentage
■ecnrits that come from inland
w. To these young riTen the con
nent of a ship and daily drills
become Irksome. This, added
easlckness, to which they are al
most invariably subject, produces an
irresistible desire to .desert. In oth
er' Instances desertions come about
through the men becoming intoxicated
irresponsible
shore leave. In the meantime their
vessel may sail. These men are not at
first termed deserters, but are set
down as stragglers. If, however, after
a period of teu days nothing is henrd
from them by the ship's officers they
are then considered deserters,
i At the end of tbe teii day limit their
allotment is stopped, the bureau of
navigation notified, " and, in con
formity to an act of congress, their
sold before the mast The
amount realized is placed to .their, ac
count and the latter transferred to the
deserters' roll. At the end of sljr.
months,. If tbey still have-not been
heard from, their* wages, are declared
I forfeited to the United States. The
penalty for is fine and im
prisonment as well as loss of cltizea-
I ship.
! The reward for the recovery of a
deserter, may not exceed §20, and for a
straggler the limit It $10. This sum,
together with any expenses incurred
hv the person capturing and delivering
Siserter or straggler, when it is paid
the government is charged against
account of the*man. If the enllst
ihan finds he has been left ashore
if he really .had no intention of
deserting he may report to the 'nearest
naval station or if ia a foreign country
to the United States consul. When
this is done he is immediately tak
en off the deserters' roll and accounted
merely as a straggler,' the punishment
for which as a rule is light—Marine
louruai.
Might Spars a Pe.v.
It is said that never eras there a gen
tler critic than Dr McCiinte>ek of Dick
inson college- One day a y;>un? orator
presented* his speech for l>r. 1 IcCUn
tock's approval. He evidently <lid not
anticipate adverse criticism, lie re
ceived it nevertheless, given in the
doctor's gentle, humorous way. which
never could offend.
"It's a good speech," he said, "but
there is r?ernups a little luo much of a
certain sort of rhetoric. Fur.lnstance,
I find in It two midnight owls, tw/>
midnight wolves, three American ea-
Si and four Unfurled banners. It
ms fty*nie that the supply exceeds
•demand.'•
Merriory Resents Distrust.
I remember telling the bishop of Ri
pon that I envied him his splendid
memory. "I seem to remember a
thing quite well," I told him, "then I
get frightened."
The bishop said: "That's tbe worst
thing you can do. Memory, is a very
delicate organ and resents distrust"—
Ellen Terry in MeClure's Magazine.
"iaTiwinMi!
Crimora June 2—Mr E. A. Blake
superintendent N. and W. Ry., paid
our town a visit today in the interests
of his company. He is a very fine
and pleasant gentleman.
Mr. W. H. Beale of Baltimore spent
a few hours with us today.
Mr. J. O. Plaine was in Waynes
boro today.
Mr. W. T. Gentry of Rocky Mount,
Va., is filling Mr. Walters place as
agent and operator during Mr. Walters
absence.
Miss K. Virginia Burger has return-'
eel from nursing Horace Bruce through
a ease of typhoid fever, she being so
| much belter now as not to need her
Crimora, is holding its own. Oar
j merchants are busy, and everybody is
working that wants to. If you want
] to be happy come to Crimora.
NEW¥TEIOSE
! Penrose, June 3.— Mrs. Annie Reese
I anel children have returned to their
I home in Fairmont W. Va. after visit
ing friends here.
Mr. Painter, of Rockingham, spent
a few days of th is week with hi:
daughter, Mrs. John Houff.
Miss Kulah Stover left this morn
ing to visit relatives in Lexington.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Thompson,
spent Sunday with Mr. anel Mrs. John
Dry weather is doing some injury to
the crops in this section, very little
rain has fallen this Spring.
I Ell SHITE.
Elk Run, Va.. June 3-Mr. R. S.
arioofe and wife and Mr. B.D.Hun
ter aud wife will spend Son-Jay at
Mr. Warren Bhiplett's near Hebroi
oliuroii. _ "**"'
Mr Fulton is expactn-i tscy
Bhortly to t»ae otiarjj« v.l bi... ft
Springs. He is iroa Sew Ye *r*i^
Mr. D. E. Gllkersnn wt.. kl ■~ ti
ill lor some time is ttg*ui K> ... k
ont. ;/"^r.s>affSS
Mrs. Henry Hoover, of Staunt li
visiting at Mr. W.J. Shiplett'a, \
Mr. Bruce Diokle nas beeu iadis
poeesl for soma days.
is almost the worst thing for
consumptives. Many of the
"just-as-good" preparations
contain as much as 20% of
alcohol; Scott'a Emulsion
not a drop. Insist on having
Scott's Emulsion
FOB BALE BY ACL DBPQQISTS
STAUNTOX, VA., FBIDAY, JtJNB 9 1911
I WRESTLING BOUTS
; One of the Oldest Forms of Sport
Known to Man.
THE ART IN ANCIENT EGYPT.
Records Show That tho Early Athletei
Were Masters of Over Four Hundred
Different Holds—Many of the Old j
Grips Are Used In the Modern Game.
The strenuous wrestling game Is as
old as the hills. In the days when
men lived in caves, clothed themselves
with fig leaves in summer and girded
their loins and limbs with skins of fu
in winter wrestling was part of thei
mode of fighting. That the change in
the mode of life during the long circl
of years to the present day has no
Injured the art, that it exists practical
ly as it was in tlfe dim, uncertain
ages of the past, softened and Kiel
lowed perhaps in some of the rud
essentials, is made manifest by tbe
records which have stood all these
years, mocking the attempts of Father
iime to efface them.
In the temple tombs of Benl Hasan,
located near the»bsfnks of the Nile,
hewn in stone, wrestlers are depicted
in various positions, exemplifying all
the holds and falls that the modern
exponents of wrestling now use in
their bouts. In tombs Nos. 16 and 17
the figures of the wrestlers represent
nearly 450 positions. It would seem
from this tha* the Egyptians were
masters of the nrt of wrestling and
that the present day athlete scarcely
deviates from" the methods employed
by men in this sport when the earth
was young and Egypt was the head,
legs and torso of civilization.
It w.as from the Egyptians that the
Greeks obtained their knowledge of
wrestling. The figures in the Benl
Hasan tombs prove this. The Greeks
were the greatest fighters of those
days, and'it was'but natural that they
adopted sports as a means to develop
their physical condition; hence It was
that at their pames held at Olympla
and elsewhere at stated intervals
wrestling was part of the program.
At these games the champions of the
friendly nations met hi rivalry. There
was great glory attached to a victory.
The successful competitor was treated
like a hero. His return to his native
land and his entry Into his home city
were made nn occasion for a trium
phant procession. lie was the hero of
the day, of the hour.
The Olympic games—their, revival
date's from 770 B. O.—were held every
four years at Olympla, in EUIs. They
were started as a religious festival in
honor of Jupiter, but the games, like
the play, soon became the thing and
the people lost sight of the solemnity
and sanctity of the meetings and as
sembled there just to see the sport
It. jvas in the eighteenth Olympiad,
107 b/c, that the first record of wres
tling was' established. Eurabatos, a
Spartan, was the victor. He carried
off the prize, a crown of wild olive
made from a tree which stood within
the inclosure at Olympia.
It will be seen from this that wres
tling is one of the oldest sports, pas
times, means of attack or defense, call
it what yeu will, known in the history
of man. From the dawn of literature
there are records of wrestling bouts
To Homer we owe that glittering,
glowing description of the encounter
between AJax and Ulysses.' He Im
mortalized AJax, who was the incar
nation of strength, the physical power
in man, and Ulysses, the crafty, the
champion of every art and wile. Ho
mer before he was stricken blind wit
nessed many great wrestling bouts In
the Greek cities. In his "Iliad" he
graphically describes the wrestling
bout between Ulysses aijd AJax.
Nor is that nil. In the convulsions
of strife which followed among the
fighting warriors, down through many
out of which empires
rose and fell along the path of time,
In periods dull, creaking, rude and
gross down to the present decade,
Eing*was known, understood and
its part. That Shakespeare in
ly realized its popularity and
use of it is evident in that scene
>n Orlando and the duke's wres
i "As You Like It." Although
ly was supposed to take place in
France, the wrestling in this scene is_a
reproduction of that practiced in Eng
land at that time.
In fthe long time that wrestling has
held sway there have been mahy styles
—catch-as-catcb-can, Greco-Roman, col-
I md elbow, recumbent and upright
nlnology of wrestling terms Is
ger. The names in many in
ces were purely local—as, for lu
ce, Cumberland and Westmore
(, which in "this country is called
c wrestling. Collar and elbow
stling originated In the countiesof
lwall and Devon, England, and
is'practieed there. -
le catch-as-catch-can and Greco
lan styles are now the only ones
I in championship matches. The
aer is all that Its name Implies,
vrestler may catch his adversary
my part of the body, neck, head or
>s. In the latter style the hold Is
ricted to that part of the body
ye the waist line.
Wrong License.
The Stranger—Are you quite sure
that that was a marriage license you
Erne last month? The offlcial-Of
el What's the matter? The
ger-Well, I've Hved a dog*" li*«
ever sincle.—Bondoa Sketch.
fin mr m ins—»a»
These Newspaper Yarns.
I A worthy old dame of New England
once invited her husband's attention to
what seemed to her a curious Item, in
the journal she was looking at. "Lis
ten to this*, said she, reading.
"The Mary H. Barker of Gloucester
reports that she saw two whales, a
cow and a calf, floating off Cape Cod
the day befere yesterday."
"Well, what about it?" asked the
husband.
"Only this;" replied his spouse. "1
can understand about the two whales,
but what beats me is how the cow
and the calf got way out thace."-Ltp
pincofct'a.
HE FINALLY GOT WARM.
A Writer's Indoor Experience on a Cold
Night In Bordeaux.}
What beautiful sunshine we had at
Bordeaux, and how nice and warm it
was in the daytime! As long as the
I sun kept out it'was lovely; but, oh,
when the sun went down!
They gave gave me a beautiful, large,
lofty room at the hotel with doors and
windows all over it. After dinner I
went up to try to write, and then I
found that Siberia had come again. I
put great logs of wood upon the fire
and ' blew* them with the bellows till
the flames roared up the chimney, but
still I shivered in blasts that
' blew through every crevice. I put on
my ulster, I dragged the blankets from
the ied, I ran races around the room i
and Vractlced the Indian clubs with a j
heavy portmanteau in each hand, but
still i felt my blood congealing, and the
horrors of the early morning came
back again.
In this dilemma my companion's Su
dan experiences stood us in good steaa.
He was with Gordon in the expedition
of 1576-7. He took onr walking sticks
and,umbrellas, and with these and the
blankets and the rugs he rigged up a
nice, comfortable tent iv front of the
Sitting In this tent in our big room
we at last got.warm, and my fingers
were able to hold a pen—George R. |
Sims in "Dagonet Abroad."
AN ARCTIC DELICACY.
Eskimo Soup Would Hardly Tickle Re
fined Palates.
Kane and Dr. Hayes, the first white
men—apart from an occasional whaler
—to visit the Eskhnos, found some dif
ficulty in accommodating themselves
to'loct:! customs. In "The Toll of tbe
Arctic Seas" D. M. Edwards'quotes
Hayes* account of his first visit to a
native hut. After a cordial welcome
he was pressed to eat.
"This," says Hayes, "was an invita
tion**wh!ch I feared, but now that # it
■jme I knew,that it would be un
to decline it. The expression of
s was one of the few in their
ige that frknew, and I made the
.„>,..v. of this. They laughed heartily
when I said koyenak in reply to their
invitation, and immediately a not very
Itiful young damsel poured some
ie contents of the pots Into a skin
and, after sipping it to make
as I supposed, that it was not
lot. passed it te me over a group
>ads. At first my couraffj forsook
but ail eyes were fixed upon me,
it would have been higWy impo
lite to shrink. I therefore shut my
I held my nose, swallowed the
a-id retired. I was told after
-1 that It was their gceatest delica
te soup made by boiling together
rl, 0U and seal intestines."
"Three Sheets In the Wind."
That was the origin of the phrase
drunkenness, 'three sheets in the
1?'" a landsman asked a sailor the
r day. "Weß," said the sailor,
explain that matter to you. The
lower corners of a ship's sail are
taut by V two ropes, one called a
: and another called a sheet. The
: is always kept very tight, but
sheet is loosened according to the
a, and the looser the sheet Is the
c freely the sail swings. If the
is quite free its sheet is said to
In the wind.' Now, suppose that
three of a ship's sails were quite
'. They would then fly about very
crazily, and the ship would wabble.
The course of the ship would be a zig
zag one, and the reason for this would
be that she had 'three sheets in the
wind.' That, I guess, Is why a man
When he zigzags in his course is said
(c 'three sheets in the wind' also."
' He Was Not Laconic -
hn Morley In his life of Gladstone
tells the story of the statesman's ex
amination for admission to Oxford uni
versity when he wiis a youth. The ex
aminer, having utterly failed to floor
the candidate on some point of the
ology, said, "We will now leave that
part of the subject." "No, sir," replied
tbe candidate; "if you please, we will
not leave it yet," and proceeded to
pour forth a fresh stream. x The dean
in Mr. Gladstone's day was Galsford,
famous among other things for his
trenchant brevity. "This laconic gift,"
observes Mr. Morley slyly,
evidently had not time to transmit to
allot his flock."
Genius and Goodness.
I have bad sometimes in mine the
gloved and,white palm of the upper
class and the heavy black hand of the
lower class and have recognized that
both are* but of men. After all these
have passed before me I say tbat hu
manity has a synonym equality and
thaLunder heaven there is but one
thing we ought to bow to, genius, and
the only thing before which we ought
to kneel,'goodness.—Victor Hugo.
Saving.
Saving produces a peace of mind un
known to him who in time of misfor
tune must depend on tbe bounty of his
friends. Determine to save, for will
power is the prime essential. Deposit
regularly. Lay aside some portion of
each week's or, month's income. De
posit extra and unexpected receipts.
Worse Than Hard Words.
"Why.did you kill your parrot? The
poor bird meant nothing by its pro
fanity."
"I could stand its profanity, but It
learned to Imitate the lawn mower last
summer."—Washington Herald.
-:■ - - ■ V
A Complex Accomplishment
"I understand'you speak French like
a native."
"No," replied the student "I've got
the grammar and the accent down
pretty fine, but it's hard to learn the
gestures."—Washington Star.
The Surest Place.
Speaker (warming to his subject)—
What w"e want is men with convictions,
and where shall we find them?
Voice—in jail, guvnor.—London Tel
egraph, '
When. One Loses Confidence.
After a man loses confidence in hlm
aelf It is not likely that anybody else U
going to exhibit ntnch enthusiasm over
his abilities.—Chicago Record-Herald.
BOMJjYMARKS
Limits a Fiery Orator Once Gave
the United States.
THE CANADIAN LINE FENCE.
Monuments That Cleave the Two
Countries West From the Lake of the
Woods —Irregularities in State and
County Boundaries.
The fates of empires and of dynas
ties have been involved in the struggle
for boundaries. The figment that the
Rhine was the natural frontier of
France ended in the downfall of the
Bonapartes and the exaltation of the
Hohenzollerns, thus rearing the neo-
German empire upon the ruins of the
upstart French empire.
In our own country the cry of "Flf- j
ty-four-forty or fight!" held a threat
of the mighty conflict that eventually I
proved Irrepressible. And in our own
day the dispute over the Venezuelan
boundary nearly precipitated a war
between the two greatest nations of
the earth.
It was a startling figure of speech,
that of the western orator who, mount
ing higher and higher to a climax of
Bom be, described the United States
•untied on the east by the Atlantic
n, on the north by the aurora bo
renlis. on the west by the setting sun j
and on tbe south by the gates of helL ■
Still, it was only a figure of speech
Canada lies between us and the boreal j
aurora. The Latin American states
Ibe south hardly deserve the lnfer
comparison. As to the oceans to [
east and the west of us, they may
eft to themselves. Not mine the
of determining what the wild
waves are saying.
The Canadian boundary presents its ;
idiosyncrasies and eccentricities. The
eastern part of it follows naturally
and spontaneously the regular water
line formed by the great lakes and
their outlets. Thence from the Lake
of the Woods on the north of Minne
sota a more direct course, man made
and mechanical, is taken through the
wilderness and over the mountains of
the west to the Pacific coast Nor has
this course been suffered to remain a
mere imaginary line. Man, having
made it, has marked it well. Between
the Lake of the Woods and the Red
river cast iron pillars have been
placed one mile apart alternately by
the English and the American govern
ments. These are hollow castings in
pyramidal form eight feet high, with
a base eight inches sejuare, an octa
gon flange one inch thick and a top
four inches square surmounted by a
solid cap.
Into these hollow posts are fitted
well seasoned cedar joists, with spikes
driven through boles made in the cast
' lag. The pillars are flrmly imbedded
I the ground. Inscriptions "in raised
ers face north and south. The
th side reads, "Convention of Lon
i;" the other, "October 20, 1818."
rond the Red river the boundary
i is generally denoted by earth
mounds and stone cairns 7 by 8 feet
though these are occasionally diversi
fied by wooden posts of the same
height as the iron pillars and painted
red above ground. Through forests
elearlngs have been made a rod wide.
Where bodies of water are crossed
monuments of stone rise several feet
above high tide. Over the' mountains
•hafts of granite supersede the pillars,
mounds and cairns.
There are eccentricities in state
lines as well as in-those which limit
the confines of the United States.
Thus the line that separates-Delaware
from Pennsylvania (Newcastle and
Chester counties respectively) sudden
ly curves upward and forms a semi
circle Just above the ancient town of
Newcastle.
The explanation may be found In
history. At the time Delaware was
set out there were few points of lati
tude and longitude definitely estab
lished In the polonies, so that bound
aries were generally expressed not by
latitude and longitude, but by refer
ence to some known location. In the
deed by which Delaware was trans
ferred there was ceded all the land for
twelve miles round Newcastle, togeth
er with certain other areas. In estab
lishing the boundaries of the present
state of-Delaware this description was
taken literally, and part of a circle,
with the center at Newcastle, was sur
veyed upon a twelve mile radius.
No other state has an arc in its
boundary line, but many of the coun
ties of Kentucky and Tennessee do
Warren county, Term., Is almost a com
plete circle. In many instances coun
ties formerly circular have be«n ex
panded into irregular polygons.—Wil
liam S. Walsh in New York Tribune.
The Diminutive.
At the age of three Janet was an en
thusiastic student of entomology. One
day she discovered a caterpillar for
herself, a very tiny one. "Oh, come
here!" she called. "Here's a carterpil
lar, the cutest little tiny thing! I be
lieve it's a klttenplllar!" — Woman's
Home Companion.
A Hard One.
"Of vrhat famous novel are you re
minded by the extra charge rich people
are willing to pay for the privilege of
riding on a special flier?"
"Gee, that's too continuous for me.
What's the answer?"
"'Vanity-Fare,' of course."—St Louis
Post-Dispatch,
The Business of Life.
Life is a business we are all apt to.
mismanage, either living recklessly
from day to day or suffering ourselves
to be gulled out of our moments by the
inanities of custom, fWe should de
spise a man who gnve as little activity
and forethought to the conduct of any
other business. But in this, which is
the one thing of ail others, since it
contains them an, we cannot see the
forest for the trees. One brief im
pression obliterates another. There is
something stupefying in the recurrence
of unimportant things, and it is only
on rare provocations that we can rise
to take an outlook beyond dally con
cerns and comprehend the.narrow lim
its and great possibilities of our exist
ence.—Robert Louis Stevenson.
NO 17
CHILDREN OF UAP.
They Don't Have to Worry About
Food, Clothes or Shelter. j
In describing Cap. one of the Caro- j
line Islands, Dr. W. H. Furness says j
that children become more or less pub
lic property on that island as soon as
they are able to run about from house
to bouse.
They cannot without extraordinary
exertion fall off the island, and, like
little guinea pigs, can find forJd any
where. Their clothing'grows by
roadside, and any shelter or no shelter
Is good enough for the night They
cannot starve. There are no wild
beasts or snakes to harm them. What
matters it if they sleep under the high,
star powdered ceiling of their foster
mother's or curl up on mats
beneath their father's thatch?
There is no Implication here that
parents are not fond of their children.
On the contrary, they love tbemraso
much that they see their own children
in all children. It is the ease of life
and its surroundings which have atro
phied the emotion of parental love.
When a father has merely to say to
his wife and children, "Go out and
shake your breakfast off the trees,"
or, "Go to the thicket and gather your
clothes," to him the struggle for ex
istence Is meaningless, and without a
struggle the prizes of life are held In
light esteem.
Somebody's children are always
about the houses and to the fore in
all excitements, and never did I see
them roughly handled or harshly treat
(MASTERING A TEMPER.
he Method by Which Marion Craw- l
, ford Controlled His Anger. i
Mrs. Hugh Fraser, sister "of the late
F. Marion Crawford, tells some inter
esting stories of him in her book. "A
Diplomatist's Wife In Many Lands."
It was at the Villa Negroni, Rome, that
Crawford was born, an event which
so delighted his father that, as Mrs.
Fraser says, "my father was beside
himself- with joy and showered pres
ents on all of us to make us understand
When young Francis was about ten
years old It dawned upon him that he
had a violent and uncontrollable tem
per, and with*Xhe simplicity which
marked all his character he decided to
' get it in hand.
"One member.of the family constant
ly Irritated him'to the verge of frenzy,
and he Invented a form of self disci
pline which very few children would
have thought of imposing on them
selves. My mother entered his room
one day and found him walking round
and round it, carrying on bis back a
heavy' wooden shutter which he had
lifted off its hinges at the window.
*"My dear child,' she exclaimed,
I *what are you doing?'
"'Getting over a rage,' he replied
doggedly, continuing the exercise.
'When I am so angry that I want to
kill somebody I come In here and carry
the shutter three times round the room
before I answer them. It is the only
way'"
Women and Tea In Japan.
No Japanese society woman has com
pleted her education unless she can tell
Just what grade of tea Is being served
to her—UJi, Mikado or y a hundred oth
ers—and at least be able to distinguish
by taste at least a dozen "blends" in a
brand that has that many or more.
Such accomplishments are partly a
matter of inheritance and environment,
for Japan is a country where tea has
been raised and used for centuries.
With tea plantatlens five centuries old
and tea plants 200 years of age there
is no need for tea commissions to fix
customs standards. As for the house
hold "standards, the Japanese house-
I wlf eMecides them herself. tVi
The Cock Lane Ghost.
j Bt John's, Clerkenwell, Is a. mean
structure architecturally, but possesses
two interesting historical associations,
one romantic and the other ludicrous.
It is the headquarters of the Order of
St John of Jerusalem, part of the
Kof whose ancient priory can still
en In the early English crypt
•rypt was the haunt of the "Cock
ghost," which excked all Lon
don in February. 1702, and attracted
Johnson, Goldsmith and Horace Wal
pole. The "ghosty proved, as Dr.
Johnson surmised, to be the mischiev
ous little daughter of a parish cleris,—
I minster Gazette.
A Regular Attendant
the new minister of the village
on his way to' evening service he
a rising young man of the place
n he was anxious to have become
ruber of bis church.
bod evening, my young friend,"
aid solemnly. "Do you ever at
a place of worship?"
es, Indeed, sir, regularly every
lay night," replied the young fel
with a smile. "I'm on my way to
ter now."—Metropolitan Magazine.
Hie Complete,, Triumph,
ncle Rastus, I thought they had
yon to Jail again on the usual
tvA"
c, suh; I's vindicated dis.time.
ledge couldn't quite'make up his
1 an' he turned me loose" an' said
istn't do it again."—Chicago Trib-
An Uphill Job.
gg—Don't you wish you conld live
• life over again? Fogg—Well, I
lid say not! I've got a twenty
• endowment policy maturing this
th.—Boston Transcript
Vhat ufthe flardesl work you do?"
iy hardest work," replied Senator
ghum. "is trying to look like my j
tograph and talk like my speeches
?n 1 get back to my home town."—
shington Star.
An Easy Task.
Pa, what is a philosopher?"
k philosopher, my boy, is one who
s other people that their trembles
ton't amount to much."—Detroit Free
Press.
A Finishing Touoh.
"When Esau gave up his birthright
for mere pottage"—
"Yes, I know—he made a mess of it"
—Exchange.
' _ -~
Jey comes, grief goes, we knew not
: how.-Lowelt
OUR Readers will find
correct schedules of the
Chesapeake <fc Ohio,
Southern, and Chesapeake-
Western Railways, publish-
TATOB.
FORGOT HIS ORGAN.
Co Filkins Had a Little Talk With tha
Customs Inspector.
Filkins had Just returned from a six
months' tour of the continent and his
trunks and boxes were numerous. With
considerable anxious care be hod pre>,
pared bis declaration, but when he
saw the eagle eyed inspector plunge
into his work a wave of fear spread
over him. Could he by any possibil
ity have forgotten anything? And If
so and It WuS brought to light would
he have to suffer the pain and humil
iation of arredt? Rapidly he ran over
in his mind the dutiable objects that
he remembered having heard tbat oths»
ers had brought in—clothing, objects
of art, books, bric-a-brac. Jewels, mu
sical heart stood
still—musical instruments—pianos, vio
lins, flutes, organs—
With beating heart he approached
"Is there any duty on organs?" he
asked in a trembling voice.
"There is," said the Inspector, fixing
a cold, steely eye upon him.
"Then," said Filkins, "I desire to
withdraw my declaration for a mo.
"What for?" demanded the inspec
"l wish to amend it" said Fllklna.
"I've had my nose repaired and made
over on the other side, and I'd hate to
have that organ seized because I'd
overlooked it."-Harper's Weekly.
A STARTLING BILL
Five Thousand Reis For Two Meals In
a Brazilian Hotel.
Hotels are few and 111 conducted In
the Brazilian coast towns, although
an occasional good one is met with.
Americans who patronize a Brazilian
hotel or restaurant for the first time
are generally treated to a surprise
when the bill Is presented. Two
young sailors had dinner one day in
Pernambuco, and, to their horror, tbe
bill was 5,000 reis.
They nearly fainted and would have
fled without attempting to settle; but,
there being no chance of escape, they
clubbed together all the, money they,
lad, about $12, and humbly offered It
\> the proprietor. Instead.of having
them thrown Into Jail, he laughed and?
jxplained that their bill In American
join was $2.50.
He furthermore explained that the
easts of Brazilian currency is an Im
aginary coin called a reis, 1,000 of
which mak« a mllrels. Everything
is counted In reis, and tho figures have
a very imposing sound—2oo reis* for a
ride on a street car, 100 reis for hav
ing your boots blacked, a million rela
for a bouse," and so on. It la a silly
system, but the Brazilians seem to
think it perfection.—Exchange.
the Stealing.
The Rev. Joseph Erskine of Edin
burgh at one time In his life lost band
kerchief nfter handkerchief. Hefound
on Investigation that it was on Sun
day these losses occurred, and accord
ingly Mrs. Erskine sewed his handker
chief in the tail pocket of his coat
"Noo," said she—"noo lat us see
Kwull happen."
Erskine, with the sewed in hand
ler, passed down the aisle of the
h that morning, as usual, to as
cend to the pulpit, but as he sailed by
the amen corner he felt a gentle tug
«ad, a delicate nibble among his
alls. Thereupon he turned on the
ipointed old woman in the corner
said, with a triumphant smile: i
"No' the day, honest wuman; no' the,
X Window Leaves. '
species of plants that poßsesw
w leaves have been dlscovereur
ith Africa. They are all stem
lucculents, and the egg shape*
leaves are imbedded In the ground.'
only the apices remaining
The visible part of the leaves is flat 1
or convex on the surface and color
-180 that the light can penetrate
d reach the interior of the leaf
r, which is green on the inside,
the exception of the blunt apex
irt of the leaf is permeable to the
being surrounded by the soil In
b it Is hurled.
Broke 62,458 Bottles.
the morning of April 18, 1906, the
r of Faul Masson, a wine mer
t of San. Jose, Cal., contained a
siocu of 125,000 bottles, all neatly ar
ranged. Then came the earthquake,
and when tho proprietor was able to
enter his cellar again be found that
G2.458 bottles, by actual count, were
broken and the remainder thrown
about In the wildest confusion. It la
curious, with such a large number of
bottles, that the quake should have
come within a few dozen of demolish
ing an exact half of the stock.—Wide
World Magazine. j
Then She Digs the Spurs In.
"Wives are amazing helps—splendid)
spurs," said a senator at a dinner In
Washington. "No young man shonld'
be without at least one.
"Whenever a man falls bis wife tells
the public thtrt be was too conscien
tious ft succeed. tells him
In private Is a different "matter.'*—Ex«
shange.
a
A Better* Trade.
"I understand young Briefless 1
about to marry the daughter of olt
Bonds, the millionaire ?*>
"Yes, so I am told."
"Will be give up the law business?"
"Tes. He will give up the law bus!
Kand go into the son-in-law bus!
" ■ —;.-
Told Him So.
"See here, landlord," said an angry
tenant after he had signed the con
tract for a year, "this house is full of
Pas." |
that's what I told you,'"
me?"
You asked me if there was gas
7 room, and 1 said there was."—
Tatler.
Where They Parted.
Meyerbeer and Rossini, in spite of all
their rivalries, were the warmest of
friends.
Rossini once said, "Meyerbeer and I
can never agree." When some one in
surprise asked why be replied. "Mey
erbeer likes sauerkraut better than he
does macaroni."

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