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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, September 21, 1816, Image 3

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wed down tohi*hoof; all attempt* tor-**.
g* .,[•(iVfl unavailing, the bee* attacked with
ue „ersm who approached^r-Vhnn at length
r'Vi *a»rtlievcd by the killing ot the bees. lie
"« l only afr* hour*. It n truly astonuhrog,
*‘"rl 0 jntebplate the victory over so lorinala
wl***. nu as thi h irse, by such an apparently
•Wc J"Li foe a swarm of bee* ; it ought, how
ina^1* e Acuution against the practice of lying
{„ the jciuity of bee-hives.
Montreal, -dug. 31.
n > MandsvJiK excellency, Sir John C. Sher
hii i*(f and suite arrived tie re in tli* steam*
or0OlC' . (»n jec ; and immediately alter wards
W" r„ The Countess of Selkirk, and
J^enersV tjton, have .d»o arrival from Mue
bee.
A writer in (Montreal paper hintt, that tlieliest
_. ,.of Lr, to render useless the Americm
on 1st Champlain, would be to drain the
te • wliichjc intimates, could be done, by acut
• r.Li deeir tbau the rapid* of St. John ; and
Bk^ h” would lost lea* money than the budding
W W-oiiipmeiforthe si|Uadrou, which was captur
ed at ti*e bstllwofore 1‘lattsburg !
[F m the -Monlreul Herald.]
Mu Mown
The great commercial house o.
(• ,nlon M" ill*, O'barrel V. Co. of Condon and
MHilr»l! ba< g suspended payment, and which is
iiStt lV to be < i of the roost extensive ind uiischie
wIS failure* >at ha* ever taken place in Km ope,
von might If -efore insert the following particulars
from a persii intimately acquainted w ith their con
cerns, and •aich might be interesting to some of
>00.. niercȣilwreaders.
3 \lessr*. ' onion, Murphy, O’Parrel ?c Co. were
for a twin r of years bankers at the Court of Ma
d id, brok- and money agents to the Spanish go
fi-nmeot I nil her affairs with South America, sole
monopolist: of all the wool from the ttoyal Spanish
flocks, csth *ted »t 300,000 head of the best pauler
d niciin( need, they were extensively concerned
..,.h Vfrxieiv. lima. Vt I T Or U. llueitOS
Avres am) Uavanna. They were int. usted by tlic
Spanish goernment with freighting all tlie register
ships forSAth-America, with Europc*.i produce:
they re tnouri their chiefestubbshmeut to Ijowlon n
sliort tiroejefore the French entered Madrid in
lSnfi.hut hve on the return or Ferdinand resumed
their banki£ business in Madrid, all hough they had
b'ltti small share of the government transactions,
/mat bavin; been for these three years past transac
ted by the treat Loudon house of Firniaiu do Tatt
ictt, Sotilll 3c Go ) Messrs- Murphy, Gordon be
Co. employed upwards of fiO clerk^ in their Lon
don hese^nd upwards of 300 in their different
cstablishmtnts.
They Mtiioutnl their profits in 18H at 237,0001.
and return* at 7 millions. Mr. Gordon is a mem
ber of Panianieutfor the Gi'y of Worcester, in
England.
Mr. Mirphy and Mr. O’Farrel enjoy in Spain
the rank if Hi dal jo*, or Noblemen. The father of
Mr. Mutpliy has withdrawn from the concern some
wars sgi, and has purchased near Carlow, in
Ireland, ifnotile estate, formerly belonging to the
Ilaniagkp family, tor which he paiJ 370,0001.;
he has a son Dean of the Cathedral iu Tole
do. and tone of the royal almoners. A succes
sion pfhiavy losses is assigned as the cause of their
failure, (specially by the great banking house of
Lord ifemb, in Dublin, with whom they were in
contractfor supplying the allied armies in the pe
ninsula,' also, by the house of Emanuel Gomez
dellallirra, Macarrado and Co. Thehouseot U
j-ielly, l/oange ft Co. which has also failed, was al
ways cissidered as an accommodation house for
Messrt. G oral on, Murphy k Co. This failure is
thegrtatest shock that Manchester, Glasgow, and
Yorkshire ever experienced, the two aforesaid hou
ses exported more manufactured goods than any six
houses ; their account current with one house in
JLceils generally exceeded 170,000/.
Boston, Sc/it. 12.
BOUNDARY COMMISSIONERS.
The Coiumisaiimtv's,under the fourth article of
the late treaty of peace with G. Britain, will, we
}i ur, meet at Saint Andrews, in the province of N.
Brunswick, on the 13th of this month. Uy treaty
t'iey are constituted judges o>’ this question: To
Thick nation belong the fslanth in the Hays of Pas
* nnaquoddy and Tandy ? So far as they agree,
their decision is tin:.I and conclusive on both nations.
It'they disagree, the question will be suoinilied to
the determination of some friend*/ sovereign. The
honorable Thomas It-.relay, formerly conoid-gene
ral of his Britannic majesty, is the Commiisiorfer
appointed by the British government ; and the hou
se* tile John Holmes,by the government of the U.
States. 'I hi y are authorised to appoint a Secretary
! ami Surveyors, if any are necessary.
Tiie cause will he conducted before the Com
hii.sioners by agents appointed to manage the
claims of the contending parlies. The honorable
H'urd Chipman, Esq. formerly King’s counsel and
attorney-general of No w-Bruns wick, i3 the agent ol
G. Britain—The President of the U. S. has entrus
ted the claim of the American government loJu.iiei
'/’. .Instill, Esq. of this town.
After meeting at Saint Andrews and viewing the
vners will adjourn to some place, probably llo,ton,
for the purpose of attending to the discussion tc
whieh tliis question will naturally give rise; but we
tru'd, the discuss'on will be made in a few
months.
The subject before this Hoard is of very consider
able consequence- The Islands are large, valuable
ard cor.ve'.lent. To the fishing business they alfor.
important facilities in their numerous harbours and
places of resort. Some of them abound in valuabh
timber and are capable of becoming places i f ex
tensive trade ; on more than one,are extensive set
hem* ntv. The flourishing town of Ksstport or
Moose Island, which from its situation amlf.icilitie!
for business has most rapidly increased, from its
first settlement wits considered an integral part o
this Commonwealth, flat the chief interest in tin
decision of these Commission* rs will he found ir
fte permanent arrangement of a most importan
frontier, where the rights of each nation are conli
ntielly in contact, and which, unless settled to mu
t'i»l satisfaction, tuay in the progress of populaiiot
bvc' nie the source of numerous collisions. \Ve an
auxious, therefore, that it should be properly am
harmoniously settled. In the appointments mail)
by the President we perceive a particular .ittentioi
to the interests of Massaehnv;tt8t we have ever;
confidence -i the. gentleman by whom the claim o
1 the IJ. States will tw vindicated, and we wish
spec iy anil favorable conclusion to his interesting la
boi-s.
I he Commissioners w ill prob.«bly return to Hoj
i *n by tlie last of September. [ Chronicle.
“ Honour to whom Honour is due!” '
T be (Corporation of the City ot New-York, as
tribute to the rrrutnory of the celebrated Robert Fu
ton* have changed the name of Heekman-siiip, Fail
"I*?'’** a,,d Partition street, to that of Fution-stree
>*hie,h consequently extend* from the. Hudson t
*"iat liver.
Flritish IVest- Tndlea.
It it curt iin, that so gr *at have been the appn
betv-ions at -lam iicn, tiiat the females and child™
o*-one of the roojt respectable fannies in the 1«
and, have come for security to the U. States. Tl
'*•'■'• informed planters in the West-lndics tires
•he consequences of the registry of slaves.
[ Hem. Press.
JVorrrn, f Ohio,"] August 20.
DISTRESSING.
\ distressing a-'ei lent happened at Ashtabula,
•'■w daj s since. The circumstances, as far as s
h ve h-aent them, are these :— V vessel belong'u
to ^’“ssrs. I^ret Si Harman was launched, t
bo-ir\l of which were about I .TO (a rsons, men, w
toen and children ; nfter the vessel wits lautiche
v “le rocking her she upset, and seven young m<
y ere drowned \ four of them belonged in the vici
*ly id Asti tabu I a, and two were strangers.
Mr. F.ustaphicve, thtRtittitn Consul
Boston; h^s given notice, that, to guard *
i Finnst th“ introduction of t?ic yellow t
v«r and other contagious disease# into tl
P *rU of KusDta, the Government of 1
r
-
Imperial Majesty has given the strictest
orders not to receive into the ports of the
Baltic or of the White Sea any ship or
vessel which is not duly provided with cer
tificates of health from some quarantine of
Great Britain, Denmark or Norway.
RISING OF THE TEMPEST.
At a meeting of the Citizens of Fluvan*
na, convened by public notice at the court
house, on Monday the 26th of August, the
following Preamble and Resolutions was
unanimously adopted :—
The Citizens of Fluvanna, in the exer
cise of their constitutional right, as a por
tion of the American people, to review the
conduct of their Representatives, have
assembled at the Court House, in pursuance
of public appointment, and after due con
sideration of the subject, have tho’t pro
per to declare to the world, their senti
ments in relation to a late act of Congress,
commonly called the Crjtn/iensatiori Law.
— Attached from principle to the repub
lican administration of the government,
and willing at all times to judge with favor
of its measures, it is with regret that they
nnd themselves obliged to censure on the
present occasion—hut nevertheless, they
owe it to themselves and their country, to
avow their utter disapprobation of this law,
which, in every point of view appears to
them indefensible. After so free an ex
pression of their opinion, they feel it incum
bent on them to state concisely, the rea
sons upon which this judgment has been
formed.
The grounds upon which they rest their
opposition to the Compensation Law, are.
chiefly these :—The change in the mode of
coinpens ilion, and the unreasonable in
crease of the pay, together with the man
tier in which the law was procured to be
passed. On the first point, the citizens of
Huvanna believe it wrong in principle, to
give to the members of Congress a stated
salary. Salaries have heretofore been be
stowed on those officers of the government,
whose time and labors are exclusively de
voted to the public service. But member*
of Congress arc not precluded from engag
ing in private pursuits, by their duties to
the public. 1 lie sittings of Congress vary
in their length, as the public exigencies re
quire—and it is believed, that in time of
peace, not more than three months would
be necessary, on an average of sessions, to
go through the business of the National
Legislature. This calculation would leave
them three-fourths of the year to attend
to their private concerns, and without pur
suing the subject further, suffices to shew
that members of Congress are not fit ob
jects of stated and annual salaries. On
the other hand, it would be hard to devise
a mode of compensation more just in itself,
-nr more obviously appropriate to the na
ture of their services, necessarily indefi
nite in duration, than the old per diem
compensation. Such is the plain view of
the subject, which naturally presents itself
to the common sense of mankind—and
such, as far as the enquiries of the peo
ple of Fluvanna have extended, is believed
to have he«n the practice of all Legisla
tive bodies heretofore, in relation to the
compensation of their members.
With regard to the second objection, a
difference of opinion may honestly exist as
to the adequacy of the pay under the old
law, and therefore the citizens of Fluvan
na, will not affirm positively, that no ad
dition to it ought to have been made ; but
they are prepared to say decidedly, that
the increase proposed by the late law is
excessive, and out of all proportion to the
scale, upon which the other officers of go
vc ament are paid. Admit that three
months, upon the peace establishment of
the nation, are sufficient to transact the
public business, which, if the members of
Congress are diligent in t e discharge of
their duties, is allowing them time enough ;
it follows that they have paid themselves
at the rate of six thousand dollars a year—
Or suppose the sessions, one with another,
to last 100 days, th^n their daily com
pensation, under the present law, is
or an advance upon the former pay, of
150 percent—an augmentation in cither
point of view, manifestly enormous. Had
the Congress of the United Stares added
two dollars per day to their pay under the
old law, and voted that their successors, not
they, should be entitled to the addition,
the case would have presented a very d.f
ferent aspect. But to rise at once to g 1500
, per annum, and to vote that themselves
who enacted the law, should receive the ad
I ditional emolument which it created, is a
transaction upon which the citizens of Flu
! vanna cannot veflect without feelings of
P the deepest mortification and chagrin. In
, the history of this law, there are other
. circumstances which cannot be wholly pas
sed over, but which shall be briefly touch
ed upon. The manner in which it was
hurried thro’ both “houses—the unconsti
tutionality of its ex post facto operation ;
the refusal of Congress to augment the sa
» laries of other officers of government,
'* known to be inadequate—and the haste to
terminate the session, after placing them
J selves upon the footing of salaried officers,
are facts upon which the citizens of Flu»
vanna cannot forbear to comment. They
are sanguine in the hope that the ensuing
•- Congress, in obedience to the voice of the
n nation, loudly expressed, and out of a re
'* gard for their own honor, deeply involved
e in the result, will hasten to expunge from
1,1 the Statute Book, a law which casts so
dark a shade over the purity of the re
presentative character.
That the citizens of Fluvanna may not
be wanting in their humble efforts to the
a attainment of an end, which in every point
'c of view they deem so important :
ig limlolx/ea, That it is expedient to instruct
n our representative in Congress to use hi?
best efforts, at the Approaching session ol
,tj that body, to obtain the repeal of the Com •
pensation Bill.
Renolvejl, That our F( lUw-Citizcnn
throughout this Congressional District, an
at hereby invited to co-oporate with us, ii
l- the above mentioned object, by siinila
meetings in their respective counties,
te Iienolvcd* 'That a Committee lie ap
is pointed to communicate the proceedings c
^I
fh’s meeting tn Hugh .\rlsQ> '>>r re
presentative in Congress, an v ;i. out ro
oecdings, together with the i- no ;> m tence
of the Committee w»th Mr. '.<_•!-.on. he
forwarded to the Editor vj the Enquirer,
for publication.
Fluvanna, August 28, 1816.
SIR,
At a late meeting of the people of
Fluvanna, we were appointed a Commit
tee to communicate to you, as their Kepre
sentative, certain resolutions then adopt
ed.
In performing this duty, we derive great
satisfaction from the knowledge of your
cordial and hearty concurrence in the sen
timents of your constituents. In common
with our fellow-citizens, we heard with in
finite pleasure, your eloquent denunciation
of the Compensation Law—And we feel it
due to you to add, as the sense of this meet
ing, that, as it regarded you, the necessity
of instructions was entirely obviated by the
frank and unsolicited pledge by which you
anticipated them—but the people being
convened, it was thought proper that they
should avail themselves of the opportu
nity, to express their sentiments of the
measure in question, and that supported
by their voice, you would be strengthened
in your efforts to effect its repeat
We are respectfully,
Your Fellow-Citizens,
JOHN TIMRERLAKE, Jr.
JOHN H. COCKE.
WILSON J. CARY.
KARRETT G. PAYNE,
JAMES CURRIN.
Hugh Nelson, Esq.
MB. NELSON’S REPLY.
Albemarle, Sept, 4, 1816.
GENTLEMEN,
On the 2d inst. I had the ho
nor to receive your favor of the 28th ult.
containing the resolutions adopted l>y tny
fellow-citizens and Constituents oi the
County ol Fluvanna. I acknowledge my
selt flattered by the polite and approbatory
style oi this communication ; and, without
hesitation, assure my constituents, that,
influenced by a conviction of the impro
priety of the measure, as well as by a just
sense of respect for their Instructions, my
best exertions shall be used to procure the
repeal of the Compensation Lawi
Accept, gentlemen,
Assurances of my respect,
And believe meyour’s respect
fully,
HUGH NELSON.
To THE Editoi: ok the Enouikek.
So ranch has been saiil of where our great naval
establishment in the southern department shall be
erected, and the subject so completely exhausted
by persons swayed by their individual local interests,
some ol whom have handled the subjsct with so
much talent, that 1 Itel considerable diffidence in
advancing an opinion, and sir nld certainly not ha
zard one, di 1 I not know myself perfectly free from
any thing like interested motives, local prejudices
or partialities, or in the smallest degree actuated by
any other feeling than the true Interests of my
country—in which assertion l hope I shall be be
lieved, when l declare myself a transient person,
whose information of the country has been gained by
travelling, and that I own no property in tue state
which holds the site l shall recommend.
I have watched our now growing Na»y, as a fond
father would a darling child, from its earliest in
fancy, with alternate hope and despair. I have seen
it prematurely advanced by the ambition of one
party, when it must have been evident, to its war
mest friends, that its mushroom growth would de
stroy even the possibility of its efiicieucy ; for, ships
are useless fabrics, without enlightened and accom
plished oificcrs to conduct them ; and to hr come an
experienced and intelligent tea officer requires tal
ent, application, and years offline practically used.
They are not the offspi log of even a seven years'
growth—France, Spain and Holland, with all their
line ships, bear testimony to tins assertion.—Anoth
er party in power, from what moth es I am inca
pable of judging, though I cannot doubt their puri
ty, levelled almost to its foundation what the first
had prematurely reared, and by a luistak-n policy,
exhausted such sums upon an expensive and useless
flotilla establishment, all ef which was chargeable,
by the nation to that of the navy, that it hail well
nigh proved its total ruin. This long shore navy,
too, has proved the destruction of many fine youths,
whose habits of steady discipline had not been fixed
previously by mnn-of trav service, and who would
otherwise, at this time, havermiked among the few
whose persevering spirits have soared above every
embarrassment, and made tlipm tin. nc.-f..1
while they are the piidc and glory of a grateful
country.—Always having considered an efficient na
vy as an iudlspensible prop to a cm.internal nation,
and having, w ith the utmost solicitude, watched ours
through its clouded tack, ami traced it at length,
(thanks to the indefatigable exertions of its gallant
officers, arid the unshaken courage of our teamen,)
to a period when its sun o!‘prosperity is gleami ig
above the horizon of public prejudice, 1 cannot re
main a silt nt spectator when I s>eils well-doing
tampered with by a s. t of self-interested and parly
serving individuals. To become pre-eminently groat,
and useful to the nation, it must rise free and un
shackled by individual or local interests, or party
views. Let U3, then,when fixing on our dock-yards,
the bases front wtiich our navy is to grow, spurn
from us all such selfish motives, and look forward
lor centuries to come, viewing the future as well at
the preseat advantages which may grow out of the
selection. \V<- must choose tmr sites h-at calcula
te* I to serve the purpose for which they are infra
ded, and if we can combine with such choice other
public benefits, it will be desirable to do so ; but we
must not regard the benefit of this or that town,
district or individual ; and above all, let us avoid
any party views, as party-serving is the most degra
ding, the least useful, and most dangerous mntivs
that can sway a free people.—I shall say nothing ol
the ciaiins of the Eastern people, as every good ci
tizen must know that their patriotism during the
late war has given them none on the nation ; bin
from its strong defensible situation, its depth ol
water and contiguity to the sea, I will allow that
Boston, already fixed on as agrtat naval depot, hai
been a judir.ion* selection, r* icgnrls th.ne points;
although it is much to be wished that the cliinau
was less frigid and its toast less dangerous (hiring
the winter months. Our shipa are endangered ii
approaching it at. that season; arid I can scarce!;
conceive a more cruel punishment than to bring i
set of men from a tedious and laborious c. tiize
snd winter them in Boston, where the lime whicl
ought to be devoted to their eomforts, is taken u]
in freeing their ships of snow and ice.
New-York, New-Lcndon and Newport have al
been spoken of as proper sites for navy arils, and
second of great magnitude intended io !>e erectei
at our of the three places—Each of tli«m has ii
advantages and disadvantage* ; but I really cannt
see the necessity, in the present infant state of nv
navy, to have three large establishments of iMs kirn
and twoof them so very contiguous to each othe
ascitherof those would be to Boston — Howcvei
the Executive are better capable of judging than
am,and should the) deem it expedient to establh
more tliRn two, there is no doubt that. Newport hob
out more advantages than either of the others, as
is perfectly accessible at all time*, to ships of an
draft, possesses a sale and excellent harbor, eanab
of strong defence, and more difficult to Idockai
than either of the others.
, I wid now go further snath, am! endeavor toshr
• that nature has pointed out the Chesapeake, fro
t its central situation, easy aceess, mild climate, ai
r numerous other advantages, as the most prop
place in nor country for a most ex*cn*i"e raval d
pH. The question then is, where shall th.s dej
" be situated within in waters f It is not difficult
‘ **y thntii must, of *> ins, bo so contiguous to t
/
oc at no toad ml' ops'iip* getting to sea, k clearin
he hind, he, ween dark and ifiy-! ght, which, in OU
holiest li ghts, ij little more than six hours ; i
must no , therefor-, exceed 50 miles at the outside
uiiil it will hr very desirable to have it within tW
ot crurisc, the most important telvautage to whicl
the oati ti (*-’ loohing, thalol avoiding the possibility
ol hi. ilf, will be elite e|y lost.—lam intimately
aomi.intid with Mil tin* in incipal harbors of thr
ext ••siv« liny : Ii.4iii.i4, therefore, find language
to express inv HitiHirshuient at thu want of juug
I tti nl, or what b worse, interested motives, of some
writers, wl , have recommended ditibrent sites,
suited to their own iuU re.I or views. One of these,
(a Farmer, must lit, 1^, IWr he has no nautical
knowledge,) recommends St. \Iary’3, .vhieh [date,
he says, oiler* greatatlvantages to the adjacent coun
try, and exte nds tli'n.*- advantages to Baltimore ; but
he more particularly recommends it as an appen
dage to the buildr g yard at Washington, which,
according to his views of the subject, could not ex
ist withoutit. We must, then, upon the same princi
ple, have at least another fortified [dace between
that and Cape llenes , as a plane ol protection to
our slops, as it would he impossible to gel clear of
the (Japes in one night, eve;, admitting the navies
tiotl to he ever so easy ; when, on the contrary,
the passage by York spit, the tail of the middle
grotmd and Horse-shoe, renders the navigation ex
tremely dangerous anddillicult, in sdnrk night.—
Were tile nation blind enough to cl'tct a navy y aril
at St. .Mary’s, a war with F.ngland would cause Bal
timore, Alexandria and Washington to feet its ef
fects most sensibly—It is well k >own that theTxn
gier Islands, extending over to the westward,draws
the bay, at the niou»h of the Potomac to a narrow
locus; couaeipiently, a large three, properly ar
ranged, anti which would certainly hi h ought there
by an establishment uf this kin.', between Smith’s
Point sod the Tangiers, would elV. dually block up
thuse three towns. Me v-ill then, while in our
right senses, place St. Mary’s out of the iptestiou,
and cn-.ie dow n to the next point below, which is
York Iliver. With this river 1 tint intimately ac
quainted, and must agree that ;l is one of the bold
est and most beautiful emptying i to the Chesa
; mm, non) its contiguity nine nci a », pos
sesses the advantage ot*ships getting t'» sea in n lew
hours—indeed, it possesses every possible adur tage
over St. Marv’s, which, none other than a person
i’lflnt-nced hv the most selfish motives, would ever
baveremiiiniended—Tf necessary, ta make a retreat
for vessels hound up or down the l»ay and f*nto
»nac, erect, in time of war, a sinail Km t there;
not making it an obj- cti fldockade, by placing there
the great naval arsenal of the nation, its n conve
nience In cover the retreat of merchant vessels.
Were it impossible to fortilj Hampton Hoads,York
River would, in my opi- ion, atf nloneof the most
eligible situations on the Chesapeake ; hot when we
know, from actual survey, th t this important point
can be made vny strong, with as little expence in
the work? themselves, as will he required to protect
the establishment only, on York River, without .af
fording one other solitary ad vantage ; and, that in
war, a large force must be kept purposely to ga>’ri
son it ,—why should we be mud enough to remove
our ars-nal from one r4 the safe«t, and, in ei'ery re
spect, after fortif- ing Hampton Roads, the best cho
sen in the Union ?—not only giving up the valuab'e
works already erected on it,out going totheexpence
ofre-ereetingthem on York. River—-And wearetold
too, that the Ii stsit which ccnld he found there, by
Commodore .Si-.ulair, the olficer sent by the gov
ernment to select one, was situated four hundred
yards from the channel; consequent1*’, a large ad
ditional expence must he incurred, in filling in, and
making land, to such an extent.
I will, therefore,go on to recommend onr contin
uing the navy-yard,where it now is :.t Gosport, and
increasing it to any extent which circumstances may
require; and I will not give it a more empty re
commendation, without pointing out most clearly,
tothe dullest comprehension, the Many and incalcu
lable ndiantages it will afford, not only tothe first
great object; but,while ;r cures eveiy possible ad
vantage to that, it will give a strength to the coun
try and security to its commerce, beyond our mo9t
sanguine hopes—1 mean If it is established here, by
fortifying Hampton Roads; without which, l would
by no means advocate it. Such a fortification is, in
the first place, a complete lock to the outer door,
leading to the Capitol of the State; it forms Hamp
ton Roads into one of the most spacious outer har
bors that can bo co .c ived, from which a ship or
squadron, after ruling in the utir.o&t security, can
choose their opportunity and be at sea in 2 hours,
both light bouses being i- sight at the same lime,
and the channel wide, bold, and uninterrupted—It
alio affords a safe and sure protection Jor ships run
ning through a blockading sqtia i;v. i, and hound to
Norfolk ar James River; while it tiff rs a double
security t» the navy-varil,situated on one of the fi
nest inner harbors in the world. Timber of every
description, (particularly spars and yellow pine
plank,-) has been, and still is continued to be car
ried from this to every otheryard in tire Union, and
especially to that of Washington.
In tiroe of war, this transportation was found
impracticable, which served to shew the advanta
ges this scite has over every other In the procurin{
this indispensible article. On the shoalicst pari
trom Hampton Roads f ading to Gosport is a tunc
fit-l <>f about a quarter of a mile in extent, where
the Commissioners themselves sounded, and, iat
low water of a very low tide, 21 feet was carried o
4 ftet ; so that there is no want of water lea
di>g from the inner to the outer harbour. Why
then select any other spot, when the whole woth
scarcely affords one equal to this f This dock
yard has the Canal leading from the Caroliras t<
it, through which the live oak of the south can ea
si!y he conveyed during war, when all other yard
in the Union must find it impossible to procure it
H has <dl other timber in abundance on its branches
The garrisoning the town of Norfolk always af
fords a sure prot ction to the navy-yard,withoutom
dollar additional cxperce ; which, when estimates
at from five totight thousand, the number station
ed here during the late war. is an expence worth'
consideration. Even were the general governmeni
to .lose sight of this important object, Virginia her
si if would find it to her interest to fortify Hamptoi
Roads—She would br a gainer in n three, years
war, not only in the facility it would afford her co o
merer, b'-th external, anil by the way of the Dii
rsal Swamp Canal ; but she would be less harras
sed in her most vulnerable point, leading direct t
the capital ; consequently, the expense of immens
numbers of Troop* being called out, w ould be ss
ved, and t most desirable tranquility on the water
courses, thus secured, preserved.
Norfolk, which nature has pointed out as th
great Commercial Town of Viiginia, would deriv
incalculable advantages, by having s cured to lie
such an outer harbor as Hampton Roads—Vei
sets, which without such protection, would find
impossible to get to sen, would ho enabled to dm
down under cover of the fortifications, and aw
themselves of dark nights to clear n hlnckadin
squadron, wiiiie those coming in with a fair wit
i for the Roads,and a-head to Norfolk, would fir
equal security. In fact, with Hampton U.K.'s s»
! cured, the world scarcely possesses a situation hr
ding out so many advantages tor an extensive nav
i arsenal as the one now occupied at Cospnrt. Mm
has been »;tid about the cheapn. ss of work done
i the north, when compared with that done to tl
, south. Musi this not be owiiij to worse than bi
i management t Can it be possible, by any ratioi
t mind, that such a difference can exist when it
known that much of the timber used in other yai
I is actually carried f rom Gosport, and that at an e
* pence of freight, in some instances, nearly eqti
I ling the first cost f And in the cose of spars fre
s the above yard to Boston, the transportation I
t fully equalled their cost—if then building, repair
r he. be done upon better terms to the north, an
I, have clearly proven that the principal material!
r ship building are greatly cheaper to the south, i
•, difference mnst be in Uboor,
I A difference of this kind most grow out of 1
h management, than which there is nothing more
Is s.lv remedied } and now we have men of pract
it knowledge and sound judgment at the helm of
y VS I affuri, a change mmft take nlace—active,
le lightened officer* will be placed atthe he*! of s
le establishments, whose judgment and panetra
will aoon enable them to separate the chaff fi
w the grain ; and by'discountenancing idleness, cm
m raging industry and establishing proper
id they will brmg together industrious. enterpri*
'r and deserving mechanic* ; and as Virginia exr
c- much of her produce to her si ter States, it will
ot strange, indeed, it those persons cannot be fed
to cheap, and therein enable them to work upon
■e [p>d, or better terms, ttuu to 0<c north. '
. _ 0.
% •niW'te®* of climate which Virgin!* powsses, over
p Moston a:nl other eastern naval esmblidiiaenU, gives
t Iter great ail vantage !■• working hours, far it il im
, povaiMe to <lo nil your work untler cover, particu
larly iu repairing ships ; anil for caulking, nnJ otli
i <*i items in graving a ship, mihl weather is indis
pensibiy necessary. May I not then, with s fety,
hazard an opinion that when we provide in a dif
ferent wav lor our meritorious, though snperowui
trd Ctiou anrlcrs, than placing them, as they now
•ire, where youthful vigour is not required, with ail
Mir lord advantages, X irgima will he found at least
as wt-il calculated, in every respect, as any other
part ol the Union, for a large naval establishment,
sod Uie work w ill he done us weii, as cheap, and
with as much facility as in ltoston >
A KKIF.Nl)TO THE N AVY.
The last accounts leave Lord Exmouth’s
arma'la t-n his way from Gibraltar to Al
giers—with the Dutch fleet ir. his wake.
Thanks to our stars :—the American fleet
is not there—for they are not accustomed
to lag in the rear, or join in an expedition
whose object is unknown or which may be
insidiously levelled against our own inter
ests.—As counts from that quarter may
every moment prove interesting. Every
breeze whi h blows may ivaft to our ears
the result' of this memorable expedition.
We confess we tremble for the result.—
\Ve confess we are jealous of the use which
England may make of her power.—Such
is the effect ol a bad reputat'ou ! Site has
been godly of so many sins ; her navy of so
many usurpations, that we tremble fer its
exertions, even against the Turks. May
she not employ her force, not so much to
chastise the pirates, as to rivet her chains ?
To extend her influence to our annoyance,
as well as of other neutral nations ?—AYc
said a few days ago, that she would do e
nough, if she but dismantled the fortificati
o.'s, ooMroyen me mumry w- ras, oc seized
t!;e fic-i-tof the pirates—but, that she ought
not to nc upy the laud, or “ erect a fort
for the s ike of repression”—as “ It would
throw them too much into hen.rms.” VVe
have fears, however, that she may attempt
this—in order to plant her influence in the
heart of Barbary.
The Democratic Conferees of the City
ayd County of Philadelphia, and County of
Delaware, have nominated as candidates
for the ensniig election—in the first Con
gressional District, the fol owing gentle
men, viz.—William Anderson, Jacob Som
mer, Adam Seybcrt, and Alexander J.
Dallas, (the present Secretary of the Trea
sury.)—Previous to any nomination, the
Conferees entered into a resolution not to
“take up any candidate who shall not be
pledged to do all in his power to procure
a repeal of the Compensation Law.”
General K. Van Hems: Uer of Albany,
died on the Vth inst.—He distinguished
himself during the Revolutionary War—at
Fort Ann, in July '77, he received a ball,
which broke the thigh bone, and lodged in
the upper part of the limb.—It w ,s never
extracted until since his death ; having
borne it about him more than 39 years.
On the 5th instant,th it illustrious Patriot,
Governor Shelby, whose virtues would
reflect honor on any “ Grecian or Roman
name,” ceased to be the Governor of Ken
tucky—on that day, he dined with a num
Uer of his fellow—citizens, and in th-- even
ing was escorted by a troop of horse seve
ral miles on the route towards his residence
in Lincoln. At the moment of his depar
ture, an affecting compliment was paid
him—A national salute was fired by the
Independent Company of Artillery, with
that memurable piece of cannon taken at
Saratoga, surrendered at Detroit, re-cap
tured on the Thames, and presented by
the United States to Governor Shelby.—
Major George Madison, (brother to the
late Bishop of Virginia) a distinguished
Patriot, succeeds him.
VVe are ob iged to the Federal Republi
can for the compliments he pays us—and,
without entering into a dispute as to the
comparative defects of the Constitution- f
Maryland and Virginia, (about which we
should be sure to differ), we make this pro
position for an amicable com/iromise with
him :—will he press the defects of his Con
stitution, with as much sincerity, as we shall
uo our own r it wm not menu tne naws in
the Constitution of Maryland, to pick a
Maw in our own.—Is it not more manly ami
I patriotic to mend both? Will he, then,
■ join us in this honest endeavor for political
1 reform ?
1 We understand that 6 drills. ],as been offered
for corn, (new crop,) iu the county of Cumberland.
It is calculated thit it may average there about half
a crop. Accounts from moat quarters of the slate
j are inauspicious; though iu some plac's, the crop
is not on'/ good, but excellent_In case ofgr. at
’ scarcity, it has been asked, whether we may not
have a supply from the Western States t The com
meal, which reaches us by the Mississippi, must
( lie hiln-drieii; otherwise, it is apt to spoil—Ac
< counts from Kentucky are generally favorable.-—
We learn from a Gentleman, whom we saw yester
day, that in E.Tennessee, the next crop is not expec
ted to exceed 1 dollar a barrel—Down the Ten
, nessee,the Onio, and Mississippi, and round by the
, sea, give9 us a water-carriage nearly the whole wa ,.
' We merely throw' this idea out—those who arc con
versant with such matters, will treat it as it deserves
Hut we look to this only “in case of great scarcity.”
r We yet hope for the best.
e " ’
r Wonders will never cease—The V* drrsd Repaid
k lican has akeiifirc at the trratv of Nepmil—\Vba
it (says he) after obtaining nil this range of cession'
, all these high land* and low lands, shall th--y “ ex
it ercise a supervisory jurisdiction over the remained
g provinces which are still in the possession of tin
,1 Rajah,and exclude foreigners from booming hii
(j subjects wilhout Hritish ass.'iil l” Shall they pro
_ test against our treaty with Algi r», which give;
j. us the right to sell our prizes in her ports, to th*
,1 exclusion of all other powers,and shall they now
:b dictate to an independent power an axclusinn o
to the subjects of all neutral nations from his service
,e —The argument is eogent ai d conclusive.
1(| There are indeed few treaties which breathe s
nj more domineering and ambitious spirit than tii
is one before us; mure lust ofconquest, or morej a
,1, lousy of other nations. As to the rights of th
x- Chietisins of lmlia, that is entirely out of the quo*
il- tion. England do* s not disturb lier head with sue
m notions of ideology— All that sho aspires to do, i
,aj to get what she can, and guwd what she gets. Th
ng is the source of hercxti erne jealousy towards th
1 I subjects of Europe and the citizens of America. Sib
in dreads the intro*luction ot th' ir skill into the ban*
he of the flajah—The Jmericttm to be excluded
Aye (says the Federal Republican,) what right hi
>*d she to demand it ?—And wc say so too.
c*l j)/* We understand that yesterday w;
n*' the set clay for taking up the rpirgtion of f
extraordinary meeting of the Legislature
,„n The Kxectitive Council met ; but nothii
ora was done in the business—perhaps, bccau
oa- the meeting was not a full one.
*m, ——
,r,K» il/* Toe Convention of Banks.which rr
r’j|* at Philadelphia, on the 6th August, has
M leng h made known their Proceeding*
I they ore short, and the sum of them
1’hs I -hat they recommend to the Hacks of PI.
adelphia, Baltimore and New-York, m
declare that they will resume their spec*
payments on the first Maud iy in July next
—In consequence, the Bunks of thus c
ties have acquiesced in the resolution, ami
make the declaration recommended: ,
STAPLES OFT!IF. MARKET . .
Fro a. 1). (I. to If. f .
Tobacco 111 UO IS J!>
Coro 6
Meal 1 rS
Wheat 1 VI 1 Rh
Flour 8 SO 1> oo
Gen. JosF.r't Alston, late Governor
| of South'Carolina, died on the l'jih insl.
$7" Addhkss Co the Virginia I. rtf is fu
ture—No. 111.—:n our next.
BY LAST WIGHTS .MAIL.
Washington, Sept. 19.
Joseph Lewis, now a Representative in
Congress from the stare of Virgin.h, de
clines being a candaduteat the next c ec
tion.
Extract fa letter from an American offi
cer in the Mediterranean to his friend in
this city, dated
U. S. ship Washington, ^
Naples, July 20, IS 16. \
“ We arrived at tnis city on th : 14th,
after a short and pleas .nt passage, thirty
three days from the Cape*, stopping six
days at Gibraltar, yviiere we copimunica
ted with the Constellation, Java, and Eiie.
The Dutch squadron is now th re, but a
fiaid of the Alger nes, notwithstanding
men iwtc nr superior 10 uiat comman
d'd by Com. Decaturjlast summer. Much
attention was paid to our Minist* r and
Commodore bv the Gove nor of Gibraltar.
On our arrival at this place we were qua
rantined for twenty-one cl vs, including
our passage from Gibraltar, so that we
will not land Mr. Pinkney for at least ten
days.”_ [Ah*, bit.
FOR FREIGHT ok CHARTER,
To any Port in Great Britain, or a Port
or Ports in the Channel,
■£<" TtlKliEW Si SOIHT NT! AE IlItlriSH UITlO
ALU »\,
:£“5Bto Captain DAVIES,
Burthen 1»>G tons, now v. It tokens, a.ul in com
plete order to receive a Caryo.
Apply tu the (Japtuin on heard, or to
Di lot, Moore l? Co,
September ‘21. s;|.*f
f fl‘Si tb. Sale ot Dabney Williamson’* property, ad
3. vt r.i I by tlie Subscribers, to t:.ise place on
the -25 th insl. at Hanover court-house, is postponed
until Tuesday, theta-lav of October.
Benj. Sheppard,
IVm. B. Chatnherluynet
Thos. Burton, jr.
Sept mb rSt. It
FALL GOODS.
Per the Ships Kent from Liverpo ol and
Edward from London,
Napped cottons, rose and striped blankets, green,
blue and dr^b plains, blue and white,and red and
white kersey *, white, red, crimson, yellow, green
and scarlet llaeiuls, twilled flushings, 6-4 and 7-i
common cloths, double milled drab do. casks hard
ware, asso. ted, boxes cutlery, borabazetls, assorted
colors, twilled cords and vt-lvotee is, toninelt and
moleskin vestings, sup. fine cloths and cassim.rc*,
extra do. do. pelisse cloths, assorted colois, Irish
sheeting and Demy lawns, 6-4 dark ginghams, o>.8
and C-4 cambric muslins, su p. fine pink aril idm.
plates, dark i .cy prints, dark fancy chintz, fi-ncy
chintz shawls, cotton and thread laces, riei. .tistrcs,
worsted and lamb’s wo» I hose, men's beaver and
buck gloves, milled stock ingnett, brown cotton
Holland, Marseilles ipiiitings, ready-made horse
men’s great coa»s, London porter.
For sale, by
T. &D. HIGGINBOTHAM.
Sept. 21.89 Cw
FOR SALE,
A Very likely, strong, and healthy YOUNG
XX NEiiRO -SlAN, an excellent crop hand,
now in .fail, in R rhraoud, to which he was com
mitted as a runaway.
For terms, apply to Randolph Hat-risen, jr. at
the Auction Slav- of Brown bi Finney.
RANDOLPH liARlUSON, sen’r.
Sc.pt. 21.39-wtf
NOTICE.
A LL PERSONS bavin? claims atainri the e*
^.jIl tateof John Baugh, dec. of Powhatan coun
ty, are desired to hi iog them forward, well authen
ticated, as I then mean to make a distribution of
the estate to the legatee*, and tiiis notice will be
plead against any utter claims.
JACOB MICHAUX,
Administrator with the will annexed
of John Italic;h, dec.
Sept 21. 39-9P
LINEN WARE HOUSE.
WE have just received, an additional supply
of fine IRISH LINENS—And in daily ex
pectation of several cases assorted Damask Ta
ble-Cloths.
THOMAS GUY £j? Co.
September 21. Si-2f
10DOLLARS REWARD
lyihl/ he given for apprehending AMBROSE,
Y f 2o or 21 y -arsof . ge, about five feet*even or
eight inches high, stout, well made, and a phasing
countenance, particularly worm tpoxen to ; rather
of a yellowish complexion. When caught, he will
probably say lie belongs to Mr. J aim }). Brown, of
Henrico county, us I purchased him mice lie ran
*way. J. P.APPEKSON.
Sept. 21. 39 2t
V'h.y DOLij.ili.'i Still. at j'r>
STRAYED from tlie Sui>scriber, while in the
neighborhood of Cartersville,« smallDark-B. g
M-l ItK, about four years old, marked with a white
spot between the nose and left eye, somewhat In the
snape of a hoof; roughly gailed, and holds an un
commonly high head.
The above reward an 1 all reason >ble charges
will he paid for her delivery to the Subscriber, re -
i sidi g within 3 miles of Manchester—Or, F.ve Do’.
. lars, for such ini',rotation as mnv 1. .id to her reco
very. MARTIN PH It,L.IPS.
Chesterfield, Sept. 21. f>9-3<*
con n gcsrucTT
rj'VlIE Subscriber will a il to the highest bidder ."*1
2 Friday, the 4th of October next, the whole of
! his Stock of Ca>tle, Corn, Fodder, House-hold and
Kitchen Furniture, and Plantation I tensila, on the
■ plantation whereon Mr. George Markham former
ly resided, and fltxjut 3 miles frotn Mini better, be
1 tween 'be Turnpike and River Roads.
'* Cash will he required for the Corn, Fodder nnd
* Stock—On the balance, a credit of rdrefy «tay* will
- be allowed the purchaser, Hr giving bond and ap«
* proved 9 curitv. MARTIN PHILLIPS.
* Cheolerfield, Sept 21 39-3/*
. AT a Coot* held for Louisa County, the "Unlay
of September, 1816—
Ordered, That Frederick Harris and Ralph S.
Sandidge, he appointed Commissioner*f c- the pu -
pose Of receiving proposals, and to contract for ma
in king an aeenmte Survey sod ('luv t of his County,
— according to the Aot of Ass-mbly in that esse mad#
ig an<I provided, suhieet to the rev isloo of this Court,
sc at the November TVi-m next.
A Copy, Teste,
JOHN POINDEXTER, C. C.
TMF. above named Commissioners s-Twii the at
tention of rtersons qual ft d for that titt-4 «ri iirinp:, ar*l
will receive Prcpoma to that < dfret, at the Conn f
**• Odice for two mo.itlu frat tue Jute !i tire of

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