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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, September 02, 1817, Image 2

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Dt my sex. The principal cause of it is,
that they had rather be deprived ol their
favorite pleasure, than to submit to a vex
ation of a new kind Every person who
intends to give a private ball at his house,
is obliged to notify it at the town ottice,
to give the names of the guests—get per
mission—pay 60 francs ; and then have a
constable at the dancing room door, to
whom you must pay six francs for his ser
vices. Such is our situation.
FRO 31 NAKTZ.
in having escaped trout the oppression
aud crucify of our rulers to the shores ol
North America, you have great reason to
think yoursclt Imppy. I regret that I am
unahlt* to meet you in your adopted coun
try, and live under its blessed uud liberal
laws ; but l cannot break the sacred tie
which attaches me to this country. Du
ring the few months which have elapsed
sii.ct your departure, nothing motncii
toux or extraordinary has happened in
tiu- aftairsofthe government. Arrests,
as m ual, are common. Among the ar
i ol d 1 have to tut'lition some 1'or whose
welfaie your felings are engaged. Vour
ancient co npanion in arms, L'aptaiu F.
a gallant and distinguished otficer;—
G"*sn, a merchant, \v ho was nuderyour
command in the 3d company ; G" “et, a
member ot the late patriotic corps of ar
tillery—were appieli. mi* d, taken from
the bosoms of their families, an*l without
further enquiry, sent to Bordeaux, to un
dergo a trial for supposed conspiracy. -
Our celebrated fellow-cid/en, general
Canibronue, is restored Jo his titles and
honors. The infamous viscount ofCar
daillac,' a monster, abhorred by ev ry
party, is gone, tl.auk God ! [*S'ai>. 11 pub.
* A special Commissioner of the Police
sent to Farts, bp the benevolent Lotus le De
sire, with great power, 'j'hi rc are but few
families in this place who were safe from lus
infuriate persecution.
Jpr MM9BK. » ssr-w ' stss. jerrr/TSMWftr rr
FOREIGN,
Lon iu n*, J 1\ 6.
It appears that 11 ie designs of the Por
tuguese conspirators were skiifully plan
n • *. Four committees bad been formed
in Lisbon. The principal committee a
lone was in possession ol the whole ma
chinery of tfie plot; the others co-opera
I v » 1 Ulllt M *HI mx V V1IIIIIMH V,
and tlit* Provident ot' the one inuiiediut: lv
above and below their own in numerical
order. Nothing less was aimed at than
the entire exclusion of the Braganxu fam
ily. Marshal Bcresford and the other
English officers were then to Irate hecn
secured, and tlie Portuguese army iisvi
tcv! to join the standard of insurrection.
A provisional government was then to
have been formed—and, ultimately, a
Republican form of government estab
li lied.
Land lias so risen with the funds, that
in the groat common ial counties of Lan
caster and Glamorgan, estates have lately
been brought in at 31 and 32 years pur
chases.
The Diet of I'raukfortliave unanimous
ly adopted a resolution, hav ing for its ob
ject to adjust b> mediation all future dis
putes between the States, members ofthe
German Confederation ; in the first in
stance' by the Diet nsoif, and if that body
is unsuccessful, then to constitute an
Austrega! tribunal with judicial powers
for the purpose of finally deciding the
points in difference.
DONA PA PTE.
A letter from St. Helena, states, among
other occurrences, that the Corsican is
greatly enraged at die publication which
appeared here under tlx title ol letters
written on b ard the Northumberland, by
the Surgeon of that ship ; and if is s'ated
that the persons who compose his suite
are equally incensed. It is even said to
such a height has tiie passion of Napole
on risen, that lie has formally, through
Bertrand, protested to Sir fludsou Lowe
against the authenticity of the work, and
has even gone so far, it is added, as iodt -
sire that no person who may visit St. He
lena shall be permitted to publish any
thing concerning him !
Toe boiler of Lie Richmond Steam
Yatcht, lying off Westminster Bridge,
burst outlie top on Saturday week, while
the owners were trying its power; three
persons were injured.
The quarter’s account of the revenue,
made up to Saturday, leaves, we under
stand, adeficieni y, or an excess of charge
bevoud the income of 3,800,00111. ; from
which, however, is to be deducted a sum
of about 900,0001. on account of Irish
payments on mils.
AGRICULTURE.
It i« curious to imagine what must
it'rve been tin* face of this country prior
to the reign of Henry V III. at which pe
riod seems fust to have been introduced
si great proportion of those fruits and
flowers which now iiiorn our fields, gar
dens and orchards. Until then, cherries
and currants were unknown ; no mulber
ries, nor even clover grass, were any
where tube met with—to say nothing of
potatoes. In fact, elegance must have been
unknown, and even comfort but little at
tended to.
Foreign Miscellaneous Items—translated or abrid
ged Jar the Columbian.
M Humboldt, in the introduction to les new
Genera ami Specie* of plants, Ims computed
that the ancient Greek. Itoinan and Arabian
writer* have not named and described above
1100 plant*; there are now reckoned 58,00 ) ia
the ditierent quarters of the world ; in i .urope,
J000 ; in the temperate regions of Asia, 1500;
ia Asia, near the tropica and islands, 1,500 ; in
Africa, j.ldO; in the temperate regions of both
Americas, IW)!); in America, between the Iro
pirs, l.l,‘tin) ; in Now Holland and the isles of
the Pacific Ocean, 3000.—Total 38,000 -[Jour
nut du i 'ominerve.
The first Volume of M. Schelte ua's work,
entitled,“ Husain and the. Netherlands, consi
der. ;I in their reciprocal relations," ita* just
appeared at Amsterdam.—[Annulet Palilipies,
tf.-.
(Jtievalier Brnn it, cotisul general of Kusvia,
h is | ii bibbed at Amslcrd mi. a notice in Ger
man and Dutch, addressed to families who
should intend to establish themselves in the
kingdom of Poland, relative to (lie obligation*
whirl) arrjnnpo-ed upon I lien), and the advan
tage* that would result to them from their es*
t.iiili.ihmciitin lhatconnti v Th»y will he bound
to !< el.ircto what classol colonist' they belong
wixlix r artificers,furinersor dvydaburrt*, .vc.
and h'.» uiltclt properly they posse**. I bey
mtisi pfove beside* that tliey were of good oe.
liav.or in iheir native country. Coloni-t* are
•hoi ail wed indemnity for expense* of journey
or settlement ; lhe*o will be provided on their
arrival in Poland.—[ll>.
iVf. G.nrd. ancient member ofthe (nstitnte
of fcgvpli h is read at the Academy xftfcienctjs,
a curious im moire on the valley of the Nile. -
He bus determined bv a* Inal observation*, the
dltn»- istons apd windings of this valley, as well
a* the x'iiure of tire soil and maintain* of which
it i* farmed. The latter part of the me moire,
iclativrf to the Delta, hv not yet communicated
• . <■ • .lei. 1.*r11-» iii! of muchinterest, to which
• ':< . at », « "ii *iix s< of style uieatly conlri
Lutus— tiiis tuciii is very icuiarkabU iu a work
of geology, embracing n description of tiling* of
w tiieli it is difficult to speuk.without boi row in;;
frooi varioussciences those technical phrases
which have not the advantage of painiiug ob
l jeets promptly and c!e;i. Iv.—[Ih.
I < Inca's ll'oi.'e*.—New und improved editions
of Volucy’s Ruins, hi* catechism, entitled Law
of Nature, Ac. are advertised lor sale. After
mentioning the improvement* of the “ Ruins '
in this edition, the French Ixlitor proceeds ;
The same bookseller lias the Woik of tiie
same author, eutitled Sew Researches in -in
ch nt History, ‘.l vols. Svo. Paris, loll. This
woi k treats specially, in chronological order,
of (lie principal event* of antiquity. The 1st vo
lume discusses the chronology of the free Jew s;
the second, the chronology of Herodotus, con
cerning Asia; the third, the various systems of
authors on the Babylonians and F.gyptians.—
The results differ totally from those which
have been hitherto received on several points
The Gottiugen Journal ha* spoken of this hook
as a work of t!*-a first order in its kind, which
may he celled The Mathematics of History.—
There is not a word of declamation in it. A*
it is tit only tor a small number of readers, the
author editor has had hut 500 cepies printed,
the greater part of which have been taken by
foreigners—price Io francs, und ’Jfi) tr. by post.
—t
i\l.Gosse,jun.physician, has made important
experiments on the means of preventing the
action of gas, which renders an approach to
sewers, vaults, privies. .x.c. so dangerous, and
lit* was preserved from il» effects Ivy the very
simple precaution of placing sponges, dipped
in vinegar, in his mouth, nose and ears.—[O »
st it ut ion net.
Usury.— I’he Paris Messengi r (printed in
F.nglisli; gives the following opinion, when ic
ferring to tile debates on l i.iyinthe British
Parliament :—“The law regarding Usury has
long been deemed one very iutxpedicnl in a
country devoted to comm*rev : ami it is hinii
’.y probable that it the present law is repealed,
n considerable diminution in the rat-of interest
in borrowing nioney, will be imnicduti ly per
eciv u. Perhaps this law i* one cf the nio*t
tuipolilie ever enacted in (ireat-liiituiu, if con
sidered in regard to it.- present state, and its
mei canlile lute-rests.”
Boston, August 28.
r.v the ship Para gnu, l 'apt. iM'tiovvan.which
arrived .it tins port yi -tordnv, in Vi days from
(■ i('fiiiii'lv, w have received the papers ot that
place to the 1 l*h ult. containing London d ites
to the ev citing of thc>tli,one <lav later tluui be
fore received. The following is the only ad
ditional intelligence which they afford.
f I). liiv.
] .ONU0N, Julv S.
mu. rossostiv.
It is probable that onr readers are prepared
forthc intelligence we have now the pam to
communicate the death of this ex« client gen
tleman. He departed this life tlii* morning a
bniit ten minutes alter six o’clock. Weiuidi r
staml that at one this morning he was insensi
ble, and continued so till he breathed his last.
All men of all parties may well deplore the loss
nt'cunli ...... II.. ..on./ilicnili til 1 Ilt» 1 l.l !*! V fit'
which he was the leader, by the talents he dis
played in his public,.uni by the virtues he ex
hibited in his private character. Opposed, as
wa have always been, to the line el politics
which he pursued, we should be ashamed ot
out selves if we withheld our acknowledgment
of the sincere conviction upon w hich he always
acted. Hence, he was not one of those who*1 to
party gave up what was meant tor mankind.”
One ot the principal features ot his character
was libera.ity. Knowing that he acted from
his conviction of what was right, he never tail
ed to allow the same merit to others, however
opposite iheiropiuioiis and their conduct. And
therefore we never heard from him that coarse
ness of invective, that arrogance ot censure,
that meanness of •• aspicioii. which have been
ton observable in others. Fearlul and irrepa
rahle inroads have hi en made upon the Oppo
sition within thesetwoycara — \v hitbread,Hor
ner, (a man not to be replaced—quando ullnm
internes parent!) and now, Fonsonbv! Mr.
Fousonby was, we believe, between 50 atidtiO :
of a frame and cast that promised annirh long
er life; his person rather inclined to plethoric;
his countenance was strong and mark. d. He
was called to the Irish liar in 1730 ; was pre
sented with a silk gown in 1782, and .mine first
Counsel to to the Commissioners of the R •ve
nue. He was then brought into the Irish Fai -
liament. During tlic administration ot l.ord
t.ren.i lc. lie was raised to the Chancellorship
of b clan i.
Tiie Funds continue to fluctuate. 3 percent.
Consols yesterday wt re 77*. As the <h»v nilaii
ced, the chert ofihe deficiency <u ;l.e 1.avenue
ceased. The Stocks rose with rapidity, and at
the close of the market yesterday, 3 per cont.
Consols were 78. To-day at 1- o'clock they
j were 78j.
TRADE OF BRISTOL.
I V/e stale tlie following gratifying fact upon
the best authority “ On comparing the pre
sent quarter, nearly ended, with tho corres
ponding quarter in tiie last year, a conside. i
Irie increase is found in the number ot vessels,
l (particularly to foreign ports) and also in the
tonnage duty received. This circumstance,
viewed in connection with the revival ot the
Manufacturing Districts, fully justifies the ex
pectation that we shall soon witness a general
augme ntation of trade.”
On the Till of July IhcFriucc Regent signed
tiie bill for continuing the suspension of the
I labeasCorpus Act.
It is suggested that a second lifth of the fo
reign army in France wiil be withdrawn tiro
pr • out year.
Tin* Archbishop’s Secs are to lie restored
in France—some additional Bislioprieks are
to be established—and Archbishops, if not.
Bishops, are to be placed in the Chamber of
Fecrs.
Generals DomageanJ i.clair, and the Mar
chioness LdvuleUc, have been arrested in
France.
Af.i,.,.! ._-d -ii.c
A letter from Halifax, August H, says, “ the
detained Vincriean Fishing Vessels yet remain
at Dartmouth Cove, (20 sail,) the new Judge of
Admi'alty, Mr. I 'MAt K, not lining yet arm
ed, and the parties not consenting to the decisi
on of the Instance Court."
Hon. Francis Forbes, appointed Chief Justice
of .Newfoundland, has arrived there.
EAST LXDIA ARTICLES.
[FHOM THU ASIATIC MIJIKOK, OF .VIAHCH 12.]
tlxlruel of a Utter from t rue, (count of Suma
tra, jdated dun. 13.
About two days ago, three people arrived
here from the .Southward, who proved to be
J .a-cars, belonging to the ship Union, captain
Barker. This vessel sailed from Calcutta about
|.» months ago and lias been missing ever since.
She hud a cargo of cotton, hound lo Java fu st,
and then to Canton, bat unlortiinately on pas
sing the Island of Kngano, she struck Oil a reef
of rocks, about 8 o’clock in the morning, and
about-I o’clock, I*. ,M. she sunk. Two boats
got on shore, with the captain, 1st officer, and
about 50 men, but as scon as they readied the
shore, the natives rented them, and plundered
them of every I bint;, even the very clothes they
had on their backs. '1 ne two boats they broke
np.
The remaining crew, nearly 50 in number,
were seen on a rail, attempting to make the
shore, which they could not eject, ami have
never been heard of since. Yne Captain and
chief officeis, with about 19 Unseats, a t stiil
on the ls|und, at work at their Dobec nr I am
I'lantations, no rice growing ti.cn>. These peo
ple declare, that whenever any of them proved
to be incapable of working, their hand* an I
feet arc tied together, and large -tones bung
to them, after w hich they were thrown into
the sea.
I’ooloo B irtallnnjong is the Malay name for
F.ngano,(or Island of Descent,) lies a little to
the Southward of Bcncoelcn. It is the usual
laud tall ill the North W ed Monsoon, when
hound to the straits of Siimiii.
W e arc happy to learn that the ship flood
Hope was dispatched on the 81*1 of January,
oil a mission by the government of Benrcolon,
to the Island of Cn ,auo, to recover Capt, Bar
ker, . Ifeves and crew, whose late was ascer
tained by three men that stole two narrow ea
woe*, and fastening thenmirte by Fide, got ova r
to the Island of Sumatra, A parly of tr a.) ,
goes over in the (moo Hope- I lie vessel cm i .u
besides a number of tilings as j.resents, money
not being known there.
(’ADlltO, January 22.
Srtme Turkey Opium ha* recently been im
ported into tin port, in live Hercules, from
r.iigh-.tid l»y way of au experiment: but it m
•Htistactor'y to bcituve, that the project wilt
wholly tail, a* it i* understood that the native* i
will not purchase it. At present it i.* supposed |
that the- importation of this kind of Opium
i ilimit lie prevented—but is subjected to a
much hi :her rate of duty, on the coast, than O
pium from Bengal.
Four MARtBOROURGIt, )
Ileucoolcn, ^Sumatra. J
Intelligence tram Batavia, states, that tin1
A'nbassadoi.s from several ot the native princes
of Java, who were proceeding to pay the roiii
plimeuts of their masters to the Dutch (iovern
inent, were stopped on the road, and not allow
ed to advance tin ther towards Batavia. The
reason was not known.
The 1’ungctui of Soongye Lamovre, has pre
sented a vci y curious and u very rare animal
to Mr. Siddonx. 1 lie natives call it the Tan
uoh. The I’aiigeran stales, that he recollects
having seen one in the interior, when he was
about 1*3 years of age, which is full t>> year,
ago—hut neither lie, nor any one else! has
cvei seen one, or even heard oi one, situ e. It
rcsemhlcs very closely, but not entirely, the
Tapir, ax described by Bnlfon, who does not,
however, describe it as an Fast India animal.—
It is evidently very young, not being much tal
ler than a Bengal goat, though much more bul
ky—it is perfectly tame, extremely lazy, and,
when hungry, makes a shrill, whistling noise,
like a parrot or ioory—but most probably its
voice will break, »s it grow s older. Ileat.s
gl ass and bnilvd rice, and is exceedingly hap
py when taken to bathe. I’ite Paugcron of
.Soongye Damowe says, that theTannoh which
lie saw f.j veins ago, was ns tail us .1 small cow.
Tb.at which is in dir. Siddon's pos-tssiou was
caught in a paddy plantation, in the interior,
lint though sctircit was nude, neither sire not
dam could be dis< vered.
Hie Mariptis of .-.iiuen- s, Chevalier of tin*
Order oi' .St. Louts, Seim i of the Knights of
AI*»'i.1, and of the t 'oloneis ami literary men of
1 iaui e, died at l*ai is on the 1st in-d. at the ad
vanced ago of93, in cons; lucnce of an indis
p,,s ti hi wItich seized him out a few days lie
ti ic, and which was u,,t con.. ,d» r< d at all dan
gerous. A very short time since, lie ceb or i
ted, m very animat! d voi>es, the battle of Foii
ti uoy, at which lie wax pie -til. as c.n ’mcti
i»l Ordnance, under the !'<)m..i:iiid oi’ .irsiial
^ 'xe. lie left a widow, the daughter of I
Bci thicr de Sum igny, formerly iuteiai i d ot
I’aii:!, andoiieof the first vietiiio ■ f the I iitivli
revolution. He wrote several In ■ itive pi '< cs
ol poetry, and two tragedies, entitle ! Atutta
son tee und \
ot the vcises in this latter work.
[i 'arts pup r.
FUF.XCII n:\tX. -The inter ,' . i
tin- public debt of France i^ idimil S23,'
OUO.fdiO; anti llmexpetu gs of Army, N t
vy, Colonics, Hospitals, Pensions, (,<>_
veriimeut, Ac. about fn .->,01:0,00: .-The
extraordinary (pay to the \llies .cc. fur a
■ • »puuu,wi. clouting <:< ■ t >
00,(100,000. '1 lie annual re venue is estima
ted at S 128,000,000.
rf he French Mock, at the pies nt pri
ces, is said to yield an interest ot about
7j pi r cent.
1 he <lividernls are promised to be paid
with punctuality. English Stockholders
may hav e their dividends paid in England
tor I per cent, on the dividend.
Nf.w-Orleans. July 28.
MEXICO.—From an inlelli j ut and
well intbniM d gentleman, who arrived last
night in 24 days from Solo la Marina, we
learn the following particulars :
General Mina has been very success
ful iiiliis march. From the favorable dis
position ut the inhabitants towards him,
his force has been recruit d to the utim
ber of three thousand men. '{'lie royal
ists chiefs dare not approach him, for f ar
ot being abandoned by the ir soldiers, who
are badly paid and badly ted. Mina lias
taken possesion ot a place near St. . r,
where inert are gold mines. \ Spanish
Irigate which blockaded Soto la Marina,
took to flight on the approach of the .Mex
ican Congress, independent privateer, of
12 long eighteen pounders.
t The same genii man informs ns, that
the governor of \ era Cruz had made up
• he sum of 150,000 dollars to hull,. Mina,
l>ul his purpose having been found out,
he was obliged to decamp, no body ,
knows where.
July 23.
By an arrival from Galveston, we learn i
that Com mo : ore Aury, with four armed
v i-y'ls, has sailed, it is presumed, 5 r A
mcha Island, to co-operate with General
ai Gregor. Fricndof the L. iws.
Boston, August 23.
FROM HAVANA.
“ Ar REST 7, 1817.— the Spanish fri
gate Sabina, 44 guns, arrived just now
»roin Veia Cruz, with a large amount j
[said to he .3,800,000 dolls.j in specie.
It is reported that she u hi 1;J‘immediate
ly sent to Florida to act again t McGre
gor— others - ay she will proceed to Cadiz
with part of the treasure. The latter re
port most probable. Thecorvette Valen
cy is out, an.i believed to be ncai \uu*
jisi. ’File other corvetti i!. e .* M# Jon -)
is under repair. The move n ntsofMac
Gregor appear to be d wdh great
indifference here.
“ I'rom Mexico the accounts ar-* ;I in
favor of the Royalists. None of the pri
vateers have apprared off here for s-u • I
• _ 42.* I ' 1
* i »I. V . ^ Ml I I jail llicit I I O I I | \ t * M’IS . i 1101/1
sail without coinoy. The late order of
die jntcmlnut to prevent illicit trade, will
be rigorously enforced
Mo.vrnr\r, Angu t 15.
On Tlumriayevening,arr.ted in lki.% city,
front Upper Canada, Ids e.vrelii ncy M. O \
kofk, Minister Plenipotentiary i>l hi- n. . sty
the r.mperor of Russia, near the Cm: d - t. r«'>
of America, and suite, his Lady and Sou. W e
understand that hi ■ excellency in his loot .u
i ted the famous lallsot Niagara.
»rjy -»ar* t . -er*
i)Q AI IvSTtC.
W \stti vr.ro.N, August 28.
An unusual number of our most estveined
officers have been lately drawn to this city, and
are now here, on public business. Among, t
them, we observe,of tlienrmy.Col. Lawrence;
ami of the navy, Captains .Stewart, Jones, Sin
clair, Warrington, Angus, Elliot, lloaley, J5ai
lard, Carteraiid Kennedy .
We understand that the Maw Court Martial,
which was convened in this city, tor the trial
ofLietit, Col \V harton, olz ilic Marine Corps,
on «;ci lain charges exlftbiled agaii-> t imn by
Aluj. I letlderson, of that corps, has deli »mim d
that it lias not the proper jiirisdictii.u ; and
that, on application from Site Navy Depart*
nu nt, a comt has been detailed troio the army
to meet ill this city on the 10th of'•September
next. Lit,
[To the Kiii'or* of the Nulionnl fn! " nuier.]
1 obsertcminer Ii t» Ch icstoiilic . ;i t * •-- 'li
weighing upwards oflZozs. and 1 r do . di
ameter. W hile lien. Dcuiborn resided In
Georgetown, he i« ••eivVd a pi t sent of some
peaches winch gr. w eu Get.. Mason's island,
neat this city, one ot which weighed 10 Os*.
'I tie same d.iy, t u ni ihc samegentleman some,
one of which tv. glied 17 os*, an i im i ired 1 .
| inches circumference. Neither of the trot s
were attended v.itli nuy particular culture.
The ir»-'- that Itoie the large p'-aehst myhctnso
was very full, and broke down with (ho weigh,
cf th 11 ml.
\ out s, respectfully,
August 2f>.
An eastern print very properly reminds
those concern 'd til the appr • >< dting o
p tnlinu of the Navigation \et, passed nt
the last session of Congrea*. It will be
■ememLered that this law takes effect on i
lie first of October. Amongst other pro
isions, it enacts, that coasting vessels <
<assing from one state toanollicr,(unless i
t he an adjoining state, or on a naviga* i
)le lake or river, or from Long lslaiul to
Rhode Island,)shall pay each a duty offif- <
' / cents pcrluit, unless at least threefourths of
her crew are American citizens; in which
case the duty will reduced to sir cents per
ion. It also enacts, that every American
\ rsscl entering from a foreign port shall
pay a duty of fifty cents per ton, unless
her officers ami at hast tiro thirds oj her crew
are American citizens ; but this provision
do <‘s not extend to vessels which depart
ed from home prior to the first of May
last, until after they return to some port
of the Un led States.
The following is a copy of the order
detailing the Aimy Court, (mentioned
yesterday) w hicli Ini . been summoned by
the War Department to meet in this city
on the loth proximo.
ADJUTANT AN1) lN.-PLCTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,
August 27, ltit7.
GIStKAL ORDER.
A Cieneiat Court M-.rfr.il will assemble at
Davi- s llotrl, hi the City of Washington, on
Wednesday the 10th af St‘| teinher next, for
the trial of such prisoners ns may he brought
before it. The Court will he composed as fol
lows, viz:—
Co'. S\ ILUAM King. :th Inf. President.
Mt'MDtRl.
Cot. Cl. K. MiTciikf.i., Corps Art.
Liei't. t ol. V. 15 m r., 1st Itff.
I deni. < u. (..WHENCE, tuft Inf.
Idiot. < si. w. K. Armstead, Engineers.
Lieut. Col. 11. Nrmisteau, Corps.let.
Lieut. CoL R. Jones, ( 'orps Art.
SUFF.TXUMt ItAHIES,
Hl.'for .1. P . Davis, Stuff.
M .'nr \\. M’Donald, Stuff.
A Judge Advocatn will be appointed, and
mm !i r instructions wili be given through the
x’iesLdciit of li e Court.in after orders.
Bv order.
I), PARKER.
vi<(it. amt Imp. Lett.
This Court, as \tp slated yesterday,
! i! - I : cn detailed hv the War Department)
al i f i cijne-t of the Navy, for the trial of
l.ieut. Col. V\ iiakton, of the Marines ;
who, as a Marine officer, is only subject
i * ’• lie articles of war while serving on
shore.
This Court is most respectable for the
rank, talents, and military services of its
members. \jSat.Int.
' ll gKDGEVlt.LE, (Goo.) Aug. 19.
I Tin- loi.il amount of sales of the Uni
ted Mutes Laudsal this place to the 16th
in-’ant, inclusive, was S 567,017 55 cents
—winch sold from two to seventy dol
lars per acre—viz. at 2, 4, 5, 6,8, 10, 12,
15, 2;*. 25, It, 42, 50, 69, and 7y dol
lars. From tin* limited knowledge pos
sessed by most persons of the Territory
sold, it is not doubted hut many secti
ons of fertile land were passed over with
out a hid. It should he recollected, that
all which did not sell at public auction,
can in* entered, after the sales are over,
at two dollars an acre.
New-York, August 25.
After a long succession otvery hot wea
ther, the wind shifted in the course of Sa
turday night to North West and blewa gale
which immediately caused a great change
in the temperature of the atmosphere.
Yestcr ay was almost as bleak asaNovem
■ i r day.-The mercury in the thermo
meter, which had stood at 80 to 85. fell
to *'2. During 1 lie gale, the ship Glen
thorn, hound t<* Liverpool, lying in the
« ;t t river, parted a cable, which prevent
ed Iter failing yesterday. The ship Wood
bine parted both cables at the quarantine
ground and drifted below the Narrows
where she was fallen in w ith having only
tour men on board, by the Pilot boat Sci
ence, who assisted in running her ashore
at tiie Cove, We have heard of no other
damage by the gale.
The Hon. JONATHAN RUSSELL,
\m assador to the Court of Sweden, his
Lady and Daughter, and EDWARD WY
11 i’f |. f'ousulat Hamburg,sailed from
bo. i. a onThusrilay last, in the ship Per
sia, for Amsterdam. f/f/er. Adv.
THE GREAT SERPENT.
'File.Salem Gazette of Friday last, states,
limitin' Serpent had quitted Gloucester
Harbor, and on Thursday was discovered
in Ivettle Cove, amidst schools ot hail fish ;
none of these have been seen in Glouces
ter harbor since his disappearance from
thence.
The same paper also states, that two
sharks appeared to he almost constantly
in att< miauce on the Serpent at Glouces
1 r, wit ther as his humlde servants, or as
.. i i ( onnoitering party, toseewhat sort of
■ deman he is, or to find some vulnera
ble rf and watch some opportunity to
ally and destroy him, is not known.
printing press and types bad been
received at Amelia from New-York. A
>v rnr.K-nt Gazette was shortly to ap
. in . r al -rnandina.
A nni >-r<>t omctrs had arrived at A
tne ii Island from New York, nlm report
ed that large reinforcements would slmrt
I arrive. [N.Y.Adc.
[from the Vrw-YOBK comimbxan.]
l'oucstL' nnd MisccUtintotu Hems.
An enraged and loyal Frenchman, whose ha
bitual good temper is overcome by the disloyai
(towards Louis XVIIl.J he daily encounters
tbfc'C I'nited States, addresses a list of griev
u ts to Hu- Lditor of the Abeille Araericaine
a valu.i de weekly magazine, printed at Fliii
a l'.-lphio, in French,) and at last abjures all
moderation, winch, “ so far from diminishing
the itunilicr or mitigating the asperity of edito
ii.il outrages, does nothing but encourage and
lugniviit tneir audacious sacrilege against the
hr si and wisest of all princes, and tne mildest
of all go* eminent* - not except mg that of Colt
star.tinople,” Ate. (And so the ironical, sareax
c.istic rogue proceeds to the end of the c hap
ter.)
I ngo party proceeded from Marblehead
i Friday last in searc h of the great Serpent.
.A number ol persons from Boston were to join
in the c-' lerprizc. \nd a counnittcc from die
Ft v s-x ietv h is undertaken to go to Cape
m to collec t further information respecting
the same.
•mount of duties on import and tonnage in
tb* . trict of Nnrfulk, for the cjitarlcr ending
.1 .ii.: ">), is 8 f :,<J ; of which ,j H'i,i«7 (IS
a rn d from American vessels; and $ L. 1,77b
Til'n a Ibicdgn. On the single article of Uitm,
> I Ik ' 1'laid the duties aiiiounlrd
to ) tl i: quantity of sugar imported dti
riti:; tuc period stated, exceeds two millions ul
pofinds,
A < iale, who says her name is Bennett,
fiom Vermont, dressed in man’s clothes, was
detccl" I on Thursday, robbing trunks, at
.‘-ii.iih’ tavern, Albany. Several false keys.
were t nod in her possession. She liacl
be - ii lor some time a hack-driver, between AL
b.iuyaud Lansing bnrg.
( t f;nni Hie Rules and Regulati
on*. n i . u‘<l\ adopted b> tne following;
Rat ' in New York, viz:—■
Cilv Rank Union Rank
Rank ol N. York Mechanic's' Rank
Rank of Atn rica Phcettix Rank
Merchants Rank Branch U.S. Rank
“ It uh.-ll he understood and declared
n-c an express coiniitrori between those
Rank* an ! persons havim; <», opening ac
I toutild >x i 1 It them, that . ? draft shall be
A x
tiade beyond the balance of account.— 1 ii
Vnd, whatsoever assurances may be giv- j I
■ii, that the account shall be made good ( c
luring Rank hours, it shall in no case be I
•xpected, or claimed as of right, that the r
Hanks shall pay any draft except upon a j
leposil previously made. j r
“ In no case of overdrawing will either L
of the ahoveinrntioned Ranks make a r
composition to receive less than the sum j i
actually due,with interest ami costs, nor <
consent to the discharge of any person or i t
firm from a debt arising from an oxer-1 '
drawing. <
If any person or tirm shall overdraw <
bis or their accounts witli either of the a
bove mentioned Ranks, and shall not
within seven days after having notice
thereof, pay up tin* amount, or secure its
full payment to the satisfaction of the
Rank overdrawn, i! shall be duty of the
Cashier of that Rank, immediately tlieie
atler, to report the name of such parson
or linn to nil the other Ranks.
“ No note or bill drawn, accepted or
endorsed by the person or linn so report
ed, or by any house of which he «>r they
may then he, oral any future period shall
have become a partner or partners, shall
directly or iudircctly be i.iseoiinted by
< itlu r of the aboveinentioned Ranks ; nor
shall an account ever be kept by cither of
these Ranks with any person or firm so
icpoitcd, or with any house of which he
or they may then be, or at any future pe
riod shall have become a partner or part
ners, or with any other person which the
Rank may have reason to suppose is for
his or their benefit or convenience.”
[Jier. Adc.
Sackett’s Harbor, August l!>.
The r. States brig Jones, oil board which the
President took his departure on the (itli inst.
from this place, returned on Suiulsiy inoniiicr,
with her consort the Lady of the Lake. The
Jones arrived at Niagara on Frufav niorniiu
the Uth instant, and left there on Wednesday
last.
We understand, the British officers at Fort
George sent express to Niagara—that, should
it concur with the wishes of the President, they
would do themselves the lioner to wait upoii
him at that place. The President stated—that,
being anxious to facilitate the tour of observa
tion, which Iras been already so lon^ protract
ed, lie should proceed immediately to Buffalo,
and could not accept their kind attentlou. The
President is said to have speut but one hour
ar Niagara.
Gen. Scott and family arrived here on the
17tli inst. in the steam-boat Ontario from Nia
gara—his arrival at the harbor was announced
by a salute from Fort Bike. The last of this
week he will proceed to Ogdensbuig, and from
thenre to Monlietil.
Boston, Aiign«t 21.
The Salem Register inention.sth.it a paily
well prepared were to proceed yesterday morn
ing to attack the great Sea Serpent,it he could
be found—on Friday, some tiring was heard
from that place, and some faint hopes were
entertained that a successful attack had been
made upon him. Several persons from Boston
have gone towards Cape Ann, in hopes to get
a sight of the monster.
Wc are authorized to say, that the ar
ticle copied from a late Philadelphia pa
per respecting the Java frigate, is errone
ous. A survey of that frigate has lately
been made and her tint hers have been
found to lie perfectly sound ; and she on
ly requires to be repaired to be render
ed lit for service. We were in error in
stating that she was built in Philadelphia
instead of Baltimore. She is now at the
Navy Yard in Charlestown. [Host. Cent.
Albany, August 2G.
I President’s arrival at Detroit.—C'olouel
Gardner, of the U. $. army, arrived yes
terday in 8 days from Detroit. The Col.
constituted a part of the President’s suite
from Plattsburghto Detroit, lie informs,
that the President arrived at the head of
the lake in three days horn Buffalo. The
British at Malden, expecting him at that
place, prepared to salute him ; but on
reaching the Detroit river, the President,
accompanied by Gen. Brown, embarked
in a boat and landed at Spring Wells,
i here lie was met by the citizens of De
troit m masse, w ho escorted him to the re
sidence of Gov. Cass, in the city. The
President’s suite proceeded up on t lie Bri
tish side of the river. In the evening, the
city was brilliantly illuminated, and eve
ry demonstration of respect shewn tollie
illustrious visitor. The President was to
leave Detroit tlie 16th, for Sandusky, on
his way to Pittsburg, accompanied by
Gov.('ass and (Jen. Brown us far as Chib
licothe, and expected to reach Washing
ton the IGth of September. [Argus.
RICHMOND, SEPTEMBER 2.
FOR THE ENQUIRER.
A CRITIQUE
f^pon ilfr. Hay's ’Speech, delivered in the
House of Delegates, in favor of a pi oposi
linn for repealing all existing (ausfor
the prevention of Usury.
NO. IX.— AN!) LAST.
Although it is readily admitted, that
the notion of usury had its origin in re
mote antiquity, iu times of barbarism, ig
norance and credulity ; that the laws for
its prevention, were originally introduc
ed under theiiiHuenccof an ignorant,and
bigoted priesthood ; and that their con
tinuation to the present time, may prima
rily be ascribed to prejudic es, excited in
tin ii favor by I he combined operations
of church and state ; yet il is conceived,
that dining this whole time, there have
not been wanting certain secondary cau
ses, aliordii'g a powerful co-opera lion in
producin'; the same effect.—In the first
place, itshould be recollected, that these
laws received the sanction of government,
at a period, when the gm eminent was
tlmnght every thing, amt the people no
thing; when government was supposed
to possess all rights, and the people no
rights ; when the most expert magician
was deemed the most renowned states
man. The principles of rights retained
by die people, in contradistinction to
rights ceded to government, is not of
long standing, even in theory ; and the
practice tinder the ptinciple, Is now only
hi the first stage of its infancy. Amongst
the modem governments of Europe, Mag
na Charta may be considered, as the first
practical declaration by government, that
the people had any rights; and even that
instrument, so much, and so long celebra
ted, as the great Palladium of the rights
of British subjects, must be admitted to
contama very imperfect definition of such
rights. This famous charter, after ha
ying been extorted from several prceed
ing British kings, was finally confirmed
i the 50d yearof the reign of Henry 111.*
I contains but one single provision of a
encralnature’rcspecting them.— It mere
/ provides, that every individual of the
palm, shall be protected in the tree n;
jy merit of his life, his liberty and his
roperty, unless declared to be forfeited,
y the judgment of his peers, as the law
f the land. Whilst the British Parlia
iient, according to the theory ofthesumfe
onstitution, is deemed omnipotent, and
he king can do no wrong ; or in other
vords, that tile legislative power can do
my thing ; and that tire executive pow
;r can do nothing wrong.
At subsequent periods something like
Ihe admission of rights in the people, lira v
be dimly seen in some of li.e charters
granted hy several succeeding British
monurchs to the American cclonh ; but
in all these cases,including Magna Char
ter itselt, ihe lights tlius recognised, arc
considered, as the grants ol the crown,
and not a* the inherent properties of the
people. 'I lie American constant ior:s may
be considered as the first practical at tempi*
of founding governments upon the princi
ple, that all i ’glits inherently belong to too
people ; & that certain portions only of
those rights arc given up by thcirvohintui v
consent, to the government, as the sole
foundation of all rightful political pswer.
It cannot be presumed, that the definiti
on of these divided rights, can alr< ady
he rendered complete and perfect in the
United States, because there hasuol been
time sutlicicut, to effect so great and so
difficult an object, however great ami
zealous may have been the tuients em
ployed for the purpose.
If then from time immemorial, govern
ments have been presumed to possess all
rights, and thept oplc none, except in the
United States ; that Ihev are both omni
potent and infallible, can it be deemed
matter of wonder, when ihe sanction of
governments was given to the doctrine of
the priests against usury, that the people
also should, even without enquiry, yield
toil their homage and acquiescence,how
ever absurd in itself,and injurious to their
interests ( and may we not find in this
abject homage and acquiescence, a se
condary cause co-operating powerfully
with the original causes in favor of the
continuation of the laws for the preven
tion of tisurv ? ll is iIwmi il.- i
this doctrine of passive obedience, and
non-resistance, which has itself received
the approbation of ages, must have bad
great influence in the continuation of its
kindred doctrine against usury, and this
agency will lie rendered more certain and
influential, when it is r. collected, that
the doctrine itseli precludes all enquiry
into the good or had tendencies of go
vernmental measures ; the had, as well
as the good, becoming perfect, from the
perfectibility accorded to tbe govern
ment ordaining theni.f But whilst it may
he admitted, that this bond devotion to
churcii and state may have the tenden
cy ascribed to it i:i other countries, in
which it exists, it may be asked, how the
reasoning will apply to the United States,
in which it does not exist ; and in which,
free enquiry upon all subjects is univer
sally permitted ? It is answered, it lias
already been shown, that the people of
the United States ar** by no means ex
empt from their prejudices ; that the pre
judices in favor of the usury laws, by a
long course of transmission, have become
habitual to them, as well as to other peo
ple ; that like other people, their adhe
rence to prejudices, is not easily broken,
and that the enquiries into the tendencies
ot these laws have just commenced. The
effects of these enquiries, therefore, are
not ascertained; and some time longer
may yet be necessary for their ascertain
ment. No reflecting,impartial ma:i, how
ever, can doubt, but that they, will even
tuate in the absolute contempt and to
tal subversion of the whole system ! Be
cause, it is believed, that such system is
proven to be utterly irreconcilable to c
very dictate of truth, morality, justice ami
policy. Besides a difference, highly fa
vorable to this result, is discrniblein the
mode of making such enquiries in the U
nited States, and in other countries, evi
dently arising from the difference in the
fundamental principle of their respective
establishments. It is a remarkable fact,
that after the principle oft he laws against
usury had heen lying almost unnoticed
for above a century, that cotemporane
ous enquiries should have commenced in
Uussia, (i. Britain and the United States,
into the tendencies of those law* ; nor is
the difference in the manner of making
these enquiries, less remarkable, than the
coincidence ot their commencement.—
Under the two former governments,
grounded upon the principle of omnipo
tence and perfection, the enquiries have
been confined merely to the policy of
smrii laws, or in otliejr woids, whether the
laws are or are not, calculated to answer
the objects of t he respective governments,
without questioning the right ot'govern
ment to enact silt'll laws. In the United
! -States, the enquiries have extended to
the right ol the government to enactsuch
laws, or in other words, whether by such
enactment, the government does not
trench upon the reserved rights ol'llio
people, as well as into the policy of such
laws when enacted. The argument, there
fore, applies to the political institutions
*It miglit afford both instruction and amuse
ment to some, to be reminded of the circum
stances attending the first introduction and ti
nal confirmation of this great charter.
“ This charter may tic said to derive its ori
gin from king Edward the confessor, who
granted several privileges to the church and
state by charter; these liberties and privileges
were also granted and confirmed by king Henry
the first, by a celebrated great charter now
lost ; but which was confirmed or re-cnacted
bv king Henry tiie second, and kmg John.
Henry the third, the successor of this last
prince, after has ingrained twelve mentomako
enquiries into the liberties of Eugland in iho
reign of Henry the first,graidid a new charter,
which w’as the same as the present tnagiut
rbnrta. This he several time* coufirntV I, ahd
as Often broke ; till, in tli* "7th year of his
reign, lie wont to Wcstniiuster-hail’, nrtd there,
in presence of the nobility and bishops, who
held lighted candles in ibcii bands, may n a cli.ir
ta was read, tiie king all the time held liis hand
to Ins breast, and at last solemnly swearing,
faithfully andin\ iolably to observeall the things
therein contained, <Vr. Thtu the bishops, cx»
tinguislriug the can ties, and tor iwing them on
the group ., they ill cried out,” thus let him bo
extinguished, and si nk in hell, who violates
this cliai ter.” It is observed, that, noiwitlt
standing the solemnity of f.* confirmation,
king Henry, the very next yi \t, aga.u invaded
the tight* of his people, till the baro.* entcrerl
into a waragnnst him; when, aticr vc.iiotu
Micce**, lie confirmed tins charter, and the char
ter ol the forest, in the titty second year ot bis
reign.”.... Uneycfopadin.
t It is a subject highly worthy of roniidera*
lion, how tar the modern prim iplc of “ legiti
macy” in Europe differs from the old doctrine
of “ passive obedience and non-re- i«tancc
and whether, if continued, it* tendencies may
not be, to throw mankind back, to Hie abject
condition of barbarism and ignorance which
characterised tho most benighted age* of the
world.

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