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S v demand, founded oh such strict jus
tice ; and I impatiently await your an* swer to this note, which will common* rate the resolution of the President for my information, in order that 1 may transmit the same to my government, with all requisite despatch." 'The next paper is a letter IVom the same I* the sain , dated at Bristol, July 21, requesting a prompt and categorical unswer to his lovuier demands ami pro* tests. 'I'he next letter, being the answer of our government to the several demands and proto«ts of the Spanish Minister re specting the occupation of the Spanish posts in Florida by our army, it is tlio't proper to publish entire : ‘l'htt Sta ctury of Stair In Don Luis <’e Onis. Departim lit of State, ) Washington, 23d July, 1818. \ Sir : I have had the honor of receiving your It iters ot the 24th Juno, and IHtli mst. complaining of the conduct of Major lieneral Jackson, in entering West Florida with the forces tinder his command, tak ing the Spanish posts of St. Marks and Pensacola, A*e. Without recurring 1o the longstanding and heavy causes of complaint which the United States Pave had against Spain, to tin* forbearance with which they have be« n borne, w ithout despairing of obtain ini; justice from her by amicable means ; to the efforts equally ini' easing and una vailing winch they iiave made to obtain taut justice, or to the extraordinary de lay s I y which it has been protracted and is >!m withheld, it is thought proper, ou tin - oc< asiou to call your attention, to a series of events, which necessitated and ju-titied the entrance of the troops of the United Slates upon the Spanish boun dary of Florida, and gave occasion to those transactions of the commander of tile .Ant' ricau forces against which you complain. It cannot be unknown to you that for a considerable time before the government of the United States issued the orders for militun operations in that quarter, the inhabitants of their frontier had been ex posed to l|ie depredations, n orders, and massacres of a tribe of savages, a small part ol which lived within the limits ot ihe United States, tar the greater number of them dwelling within the borders of Florida. Flic barbarous, unrelenting, and exterminating character of Indian i «•:i.« • ..I.it i. * . amt, from the peculiar local position of these tribes, it was obvious that there could be no possible security for the lives ot the white inhabitants of those borders, unless the United Statesand Spain should be reciprocally bound to restrain the por tion ot the Indiana respectively within their territories from committing robbery and butchery upon the citizens and sub jects of the other party. So forcibly was this necessity felt by both, that ill the 5th article of the treaty of -27th October, 1705, the following remarkable stipulation is contained—“ The two high contracting parties shall by all the means in their power maintain peace and harmony a mongtlic several Indian nations who in habit the country adjacent to the lines and rivers which by the preceding arti cles, form tlie boundaries of the two Flo rida* : and the better to obtain this effect, both parties oblige themselves expressly to restrain by force all hostilities on the part of the Indian nations living within their boundaries : so that Spain will not suffer her Indians to attack the citizens of the United States, nor the Indians in habiting their territory : nor yvill the U. States permit these last mentioned Indi ans to commence hostilities against the subjects of His Catholic Majesty, or his Indians in any manner whatever.” Notwithstanding this precise, express and solemn compact of Spain, numbers, painful to recollect, of thecitizens of the United States inhabiting the frontier;— numbers not merely of persons in active manhood, but of the tender sex, of de fenceless age, and helpless infancy, had at various tunes been butchered witli all ihe aggravations and horrors of savage cruelty, by Seminole Indians, and by a banditti of negroes, sallying from within the Spanish border, and retreating to it gain with the horrid fruits of tlicircriines. At a former period 1 lie Governor of !* nsa ola had been called upon, by let i r IVoiii 'Iajor General Jackson, cuufor m iMy to tiie stipulated engagement of Spain, and to the duties of good neigli 1 oi mod, to interpose by force and break up a strong hold, of which ibis horde of sat age* and fugitive slaves had possess ed themselves, on the territory of Florida, t he answer acknowledged tlie obligation, bti> pi. a led an iucoinpetency of force for its I tlllll Hellt. ('onICs of flics;.* inmnr. taul documents are herewith transmitted to you ; and it may he within your know ledge and reCoIlectiou that the orders and the competent force which Gov. Zuniga stated hi his letter that lie had solicited from his governor general, and without will It lie declared himself titrable to des troy this fort, erected upon Spanish ter ritory, for purposes of united, civilized, savage, and servile w ar against the United States, was never furnished, and llmt|the United Slates were finally compelled to ac< omplish its destruction hy their own force. The permanent and unvarying policy of flip United States with regard to all the Indian tribes within their borders, is that of peace, friendship, and liberality — and, so successful has the policy been, that for many years no instance has oc curred of their being in hostility with any Indian tribe, unless stimulated hy the iii flticni e ‘.of foreign incendiaries. Even after the repeated commission of these depredations and massacres hy the Semi* nole Indians, at the very moment when the government of the United States was reluctantly compelled to employ their own military force for tile protection of ' their people, ofler* of peace were tender ed to them ami rejected. Nor has the respect manifested by this government (or the territorial rights of Spain, been less signal and conspicuous. Even after the full and formal notice by the governor of Pensacola of the iucotu potency of his force, either to perform the duties <>f neutrality, or to lultil the obliga tion* ol Hie treat), when it became ne cessary to employ the military tnree of lue United State* for the protection of ibeir fio/dicr, on the 3h|li October last, the commanding officer in that quarter, while directed To take bther measures for suppresttin:: the hostilities ofthe Indians, was expressly instructed not on that ac count, to pass the line, and make an af t uk upon them within the limits of Flo rida, without further order*. <>n the id f L)i .*vother uelriiction* to the same f • aeic repeated, (»n the Sh’li ol ()e i t: . r th \ were again renewed with tile ' a, , tu n, *Nggisled b> the cenltuua it foil of Indian outrages, that should the Indians assemble in force on the Spanish I side of tiie line, and persevere ill com I milling hostilities within the limits of the United States, the American officer was authorized in that event to exercise a sound discretion, as to the propriety of crossing the line, for the purpose of at tacking them, and breaking up their towns —On the llMli of December, upon infor mation that an officer of the l). States, with a detachment of forty meu had been attacked, and all destroyed with the ex ception of six, who made their escape, four of whom were wounded, the iustruc- ! lion of which the following is a copy, was issued from the Department of NVar to the American general then in command. “ Ou receipt ol this letter, should the Seminole Indians still refuse to make re paration lor the outrages and depredations on the citizens of the United Stales, it is the wish of the. President that you consi der yourself at liberty to march across the Florida line, amlloattack them with in its limits,should it he found necessary, unless they should sliellerlheinselvcs mi ller a Spanish fort. In the last event, you wiM immediately notify this Department.” These, with a subsequent instruction ol the 2f>lh December, to the command er in chief rrferring lo them, ami direct ing him, with a view to them, lo adopt the necessary measures to terminate a conflict which it had ever been the desire of the President, Iruiu consideration of humanity, to avoid, lint which was made necessary by the settled hostilities of the Indians, aie all the instructions given in relation to Florida. By the ordinary laws and usages of na tions, the right of pursuing an enemy who seeks refuge from actual conflict, within a neutral territory, is incontesta ble. But in tins case the territory of Flor ida was not even neutral ; it was'itself, so tar as Indian savages possess territorial right, the territory of Indians, with whom the l niled States were at war : it was their place of abode, and Spain was bound by treaty to restrain them by force from committing hostilities against thcU. States ; an engagement which the com manding officer of Spain in Florida, bail acknowledged himself unable lo fulfil. Ol the necessity there was for crossing the line, what stronger proofs could be adduced, than Ilia! it was within that line that the American (.encial met the principal resistance from the Indians, which he encountered in the whole cam paign ; that, within that line, at then towns, which lie destroyed, he found dis played, as barbarous trophies, the muti lated remnants ol our wretched l< How ci tizens, the murdered women and children, llie itccuundated barbarities of nianv years ? You rave seen that no instruction or authority, inconsistent with the declara tion in the message of the President oft he United States, of the-oil) <>l March last, to Congress, was ever issued to the com mander of liie American forces, i iie pos session which ho took of the Fort ot St. Marks, and subseque ntly of Pensacola, was upon motives w hit'll he himself lias explained, and upon his own responsibil ity. For his justification of the adoption of both these measur* s, he states them io have been necessary upon the immutable principles of self defence ; that, at an ear ly period of his operations, he had given full notice of their object to the Govern or ot Pensacola, by communication, da ted the ‘j&th of March last, warning him that every attempt on his part to succour the Indians, or prevent the passage of provisions for the American troops, in the Escambia, would be viewed as acts of hos tility ; that, in defiance of this admoni tion, the Governor of Pensacola did both giro succour to the Indians,and delay the passage of the provisions to the Ameri can army, and thereby subjected them to tile greatest privations ; that the Govern or of Pensacola had caused it to he direct ly reported to (lie American G«*u. that Fort St. Marks hud been threatened by the Indians and negroes, and expressed serious apprehensions,from the weakness of the garrison, and defenceless state of the work, for its safety ; that this infor mation was continued to the American General from other sources, upon which lie could rel\, and completely warranted the amicable occupation, by him, of that Fort ; that, upon his entering the fort,ev idence, clear, unequivocal, and manifold, vvasev iuced, of the duplicity uud unfriend ly feeling of the commandant ; evidence demonstrating, beyond tin* power of de nial, that, far from acting in the spirit of that sacred engagement of his sovereign, to restrain by force his I udiaus from hos tilities against the United Stales, he had made liirnselt, by every act in lit* power, a partner and accomplice of the hostile 1 in I mils, and or their foreign instigators ; that the same spirit »>l hostility to Ike U. States, was discovered !«y the Governor of Pensacola himself, by his refusal to permit, unless by thr payment of exor bitant duties, the passage of provisions to the American army—by the reception and succour given to the Indians at various times—and, finally, by a letter which lie sent to the American General, denoun cing his entry into Florida as an aggres sion against Spain, and threatening, un less he should immediately withdraw from it, and should he continue what he thus styled aggressions, that lie would repel force by force. 'I'liis was so open an in dication of hostile feeling on the part of Gov. Masot, after lie had been early and well advised of the object of General Jackson’s operations, lliat this officer no longer hesitated on the measures to he a dopted—the •ccupatioii of Pensacola and of the 1 wit of fiarancas. The charges alledged by Gen. Jack sou against thccommandaut of St. Marks, are not known even In have been denied. 'Phe Governor of Pensacola has partly, and but partly, contradicted those which applied to himself. He assured Gent-ral Jackson that the information received by him of the numbers of Indians who had been received and harbored at Pensacola, was erroneous. It is possible that the numbers may have been somewhat exag gerated in the reports which Gen. Jack son had received; but, within ten day * after die time stated in his letter to the Governor of Pensacola, of this assem blage of Indians at that place, a large bo dy of tin m were overtaken, surprized, and defeated b\ the forces of the United States, within one mile of Pcu<*a<ola; nor was it until after that event that the Gov. issued his proclamation for refusing them supplies, and gave Ihem the advice uniler which 87 of them surrendered themselves to the American officer. But the mea sures of Gen. Jackson were not founded I upun om solitary fad ; a combination of circumstances, all tending to convince I him of the hostile spirit of the Governor, I remains vef uncontradicted; and theGc- j neral lias furnished proofs that Governor Masai's assertion, that there hail been, since the surrender of those 87 Indians to Captain Young, only two in Pensacola, anil those in jail, was itself very incur* reel : besides the Alabama duel incliid eil in the capitulation, one wounded In dian was found in the Fori of Baraneas ; Holmes, a noted Bed Slick chief, left Pen sacola but the day before I lie American tioops took possession, and a number of! other Indians were seen about the same time w it Ip n a tew mil-sol Pensacola, ami succeeded, with ilie aid of Spanish otii cers, in eluding the pursuit of the Ameri can Hoops. A cuiiduct not only so contrary to the express engagements ol Spain, but so un equivocally hostile to the United States, justly authorizes them In call upon his Catholic Majesty for the punishment ol those officers, who the President is per suaded buie therein acted contrary to the express orders of their sovereign. In tlit* full confidence that your government will render to the United States ample justice in this regard, the President lias directed ail Ilie proofs relating thereto to he embo died, as the ground of an application to that etiect to your government. In I he mean time, 1 am instructed by the President to inform you, lliut Pensa cola wil! be vestured to the possession of any person duly authorized, on the part ol Spain, to receive it; that the Fort of St. -Marks, being in the heart of the Indi an country, mid remote from any Spanish settlement, can lie surrendered only to a force sufficiently strong |o hold it against the attack ol the hostile Indians ; upon the appearaneu ofwhicii force, it will also be restored. In communicating to you this decision, I am also directed to assure you, that it lias been made under the tidiest convic tion, which lie trusts will he felt by your government, that the pieserv ation of peace between the two nations indispensably r«quires that henceforth (lie stipulations bv Spain, to rrstiain, by force, her Indi ans Irom all hostilities against tin* United Stales, should be faithfully and eifeitually tultilh d. I prav you to accept the assurance et tnv high consideration. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. The papers enclosed ill the above, are a letter Irom Major Gen. Jackson lo the Governor of Pensacola, dated Washing j ion, M. T. *23d of April, ISKi, respecting the negro tori on the Cliatabouche ; ami I ilie answer of Gov. Zuniga thereto, dated -mii io me luuowing moutii, utreauy pub lished among the documents respecting tin Seminole war. The next document is a letter from Don l.uis de Onis to the Secretary of State, calling on tlie government to put a stop to the building, in the port of New York, of two frigates intended to cruize, with a crew of American citizens, against the commerce of Spain. In this letter are enclosed lour several d< positions lo the fact of building and shipping crews on hoard ihese vessels. 1 be next document is another letter from Don Luis dc Oiiix, dated the 28lh July, on the same subject,em losing three other depositions continuing those pievi ously sent. The next document is a long letter of the Spanish Minister, dated August 5th, to the Secretary ol State, in reply to his of Ihe 23d of July, and contesting the grounds therein assumed; requesting the re-delivery of the Spanish posts to be ex pedited, ami concluding with the follow ing paragraph : “ In concluding this note, l fori ear to repeat to you assurances of the sincere and strong desire of His Catholic Majesty, lo see all pending differences sptcdjh brought to an amicable conclusion. You are aware that, in April Inst, I despa*. lied a courier to my government*, with full in formation on the stateof the ncgociaiwiu; submitting, agreeably to wliat you stated to me, and with a view of expediting the proceedings, its final arrangement by the Ministry of the King, my master, and the Minister ol ilie United SlaK s at Ma drid. On Ihe first official notice of the result of that proposition, although it b; s not yet h.nl the desired effect, J have no doubt that we shall be able to come to an understanding, by means of my ne t instructions, and agree on the basis o', a treaty mutually satisfactory.” The documents next in order are the following : The Secretary of State to Don Luis tie On is. Department of State, ( Washington, 21th August, Isis. \ SIR—I have, received your letleis of ihe | -‘Till ultimo and nth instant, with their respee ; live enclosure*, all of v-hich Lave been laid ; before tlie President. With regard lo the two vessels alleged to I have been equipped at New Yoik. fot Ihe pm - imso ot n nivintr iituici llio i\ mr rtf’ l!«w »■* c Ayres, against Spanish subjects, tiie result of the examination which lias taken place before : .1 judge of the Supreme (Joint of the United States, lias doubtless convinced you, that no prosecution commenced by the government of flic United Slates against tlie per«on« charged with a violation ot their laws, and their neutral ity. could have been necessary or useful to nc u ; no tiaiisgit s-ion of the laws having been proved against them. It would he equally superfluous and unrea sonable to pursue the discussion with soil, relative to the proceedings of the American commander in chief, in entering Florida, and his conduct there ; and to the misconduct of the governor ot Pensacola,and of the com mandant of St. Marks, in aiding and abet ting the savage enemies of the United States, whorn .Spain had by solemn treaty hound her selt to tesiritiu by force, from Committing hos tilities against them. Hut you will permit me to observe, that the obligation of Spain was positive and unqualified ; and that an attempt to evade its loree, bv tlie allegation, that Spain could not carry it into effect, until site knew wlial hostilities they hud committed, and the po-sihlecanses of, or provocations to them, would be euually umvariatifed by the express terms of the article, and by the intentions of the contracting parlies to the treaty. The stipulation of Spain was not to punish her Indians for minders committed upon the aged and the infirm, the women and childrenol the United States ; hut to restrain thorn by force from committing them : and tiie inhumation llut the Indians themselves had been provok ed lo such atiociousacts, would be us disinge nuous. on tbv part of Spam, to escape from the sacred duties of her compart, as it would be unfounded iu point ol fact. The ietterof General .lackson to the gover nor of Pensacola, % copy of w liicli was trans mitted to you in mine ot the 23d ult. and with its answer, were written, not asyou allege, at the lurbulciil period otthe late war between the United States and («reut Britain, but as tl.eir dates will shew, nroiu than a year alter the conclusion of the peace. I lie loi t had hren built, upon Spanish territory, under the suf ferance of Spanish authorities, by British ofti. cere, during the late war,for annoyaur <• against f the United Slates. All* r the peace, it iciiiaiM ed, the strong hold of fugitive negio and In dian robbers,and murderers, which the gover nor of Pensacola, when summoned by (l«i eral Jack>ou to destroy, alleged his inability to do ir. with #i reinforcement and further orders: wlm h, as the event proved, were never re ceived 1 have the honor to inform you, that ordeis | have aticady treen forwarded io lor command- I ii A oliit.tr* at Pensacola and St. iViurks, lo deliver up those places, conformably to the notice in my letter to you of the *3d ultimo, to the former governor of I'cuMtula, and com mandant of St. Mark*, respectively, or to any person duly authorised from you, or from the governor general of the Havana to receive them. I am further instructed by the President, to assure you of ihesatisfartion with which lie has •ceu, in the last paragraph of vour letter,your expectation of being speedily enabled to muke proposals containing the basis ol a tieatv, which may adjust, to aiiitu.il satisfaction, ail the existing differences between otir two nations, and his earnest hope tlrat this expee tatiou, in the fulfilment of which this govern incut have «outided, ami adopted measures corresponding with it, maybe realized at an early day. I have ilie honor to l»e. with high considera tion, sir, your \eiv hiimhlc ai<d obedient ser vant. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. ( Tit ANM.ATION.) l)vn Luis de Onis to the Secretary of State. Sir : I have r» ceived yonroffu tal note of the Ul tli ol August Iasi, in reply to mine of the 5th ot that mouth, anil 27th of July pieceding, and 1 coincide with you in the opinion, that it is superfluous to continue the discussion outlie conduct of the American general in the inva moii ot Flotida,since the simple knowledge of aclsnt this description and notoriety enfticient ly indicates that justice, which I am persuaded cannot be dissembled in the view of unpreju diced reason. 1 shall therefore not dwell further on the well fouutled arguments and documents I have produced in my note- on this subject; hut merely referring to them, I have to insist on. and demand ot the government of the U. S. that most just satisfaction which 1 have alrea dy irquited ot them, in the name of my sove reign. and is impeliously claimed by the integ. tity of Ins monarchy, and the honor of his crow ii. 1 immediately communicated to my govern tueiit the detei initiation which you did me the hu'uor to state to me,that orders had been giv en to the American eviiiNianding officers to delnei up the posts of Pensacola and Saint Marks, to such Spanish .tutlioiHies a* might be duly authoi i.snl to receive them, that it may, on a knowledge of that tact, adopt the meas ures requisite in ihe case. Anxiously desirous to see the basis ofatieaty established, to the satisfaction of both govern tnents, i await the result of the negotiation pending fas you know) at Madrid, information ot v.'liirli must suon be received here, that we may piocecd in conformity to it: and it being ftiiiy evinced, that the king, my master, has the nii)«t earnest wish to do what may be most agienah.’e to ttiis republic, even to the diminu tion ot hi- own interests, as far as is compatible wuh his honor and dignity, 1 doubt not, that in one shape or another, we may attain the most equitable mode of effecting a settlement, on terms n niuaily •aitsfactory. I reiterate the assurance of my distinguished consideration, and pi ay (J ‘ ‘ mi many years. Bristol, 14th September, 1S12. Don l.uis (I< Onis to the Sect etary of State. Sir Whilst 1 make known to you that I have received new order* and instruc tion* Irom my court, to reMinie the negotia tion pending between the government ot the United States and that of Spain, and to agree with yon as to every thing that may he convenient and proper, to give efl'ect. in a* short a time a* possible, to the desired general and definitive arrangement of all the differen ces which exist between thw two governments, I ought also to inform yon that his catholic majesty ratified, on the 9th of July last, the convention signed on the lltli of August, 1802, anil latitied a year and a half aftervvatds, by the President and Senate of the United States. I have leccived the ratification by his majesty, and am ready to proceed, with you, to the corresponding exchange, if (lie President deems it proper ; but I think I ought, before it is done, to make to y ou some observations on this point. The king my master agreed to ratify, at the time lie did, the convention ol'IS02, ns well m compliance with the verbal intimations given to his secretary of state bv Mr. Erving, minis tei plenipotentiary of this republic, as from a desii e not to omit, on his part, any thing which might be agreeable to your government. Ital so occurred to his majesty, tlrat there might be Mime obstacle or delay in the desired arrange ment and definitive agreement, respecting the pending ditleieuces between ilie two govern ments; and the aforesaid ratification of that convention, being represented to him a* a con ciliatory measure, and very agreeable to the United .States, lie did not delay an instant in acceding to it. Bat you know very well, that all the points comprehended in that convention form part of the pending negociation; and that Hie general and definitive arrangement, which I hope soon to conclude with you, being inten ded to embrace all the claim* to which either pow* r lias a right, against the other, an.l all the dtfleicnees winch exist, or have heretofore existed, between tlie.n—that that convention will necessarily he abr gated, the points to which it is limited being included in the said anaiig'iiueiit and definitive treaty. For these reasons, which are obvious, and entirely con vincing, I leave it to your cousideiation wlie ther we should ptoreed to tin- exchange of the ratifications of the said convention, or wait until, tin flist basis being settled and agreed upon, by means of propositions I will instantly make to you, w e may he able to judge, whether the general and definitive treaty, which must put an end, in a solid and permanent manner, to all these. discussion*, will he concluded as quickly a-, we desire. I await your answer; and, in the mean time, I renew to you the assurances of mv constant desire to serve you. (.loo pirxerve you many years. ' LUIS DE ONIS. Washington, 18th October, 1818. The Secretary oj State to Don f.ui.» da Oni*. DRPnmil'vr ne s-r it«.- a Washington, g3d October, 1818. S 8ir—I bare bad the honor of leceiving your letter ot the 18lh instant, and am directed by Hie President to assure you of Hie great satis taction with which lie lias learned that you are prepared to exchange the ratifications of the convention of 1802. Anxioitaly desirous a* heis of seeing brought to a termination mutually satirtaetory nil the snlijpcln w Inch have l*t cn so long in disctusiou between the two governments, the President receives this ratification as an earnest, on the part ot his Catholic Majesty, of that conci liatory disposition which,he Hatters himself, cannot fail to extend to a more general and satisfactory adjustment ot all the other objects in controversy between, us. He direct* me, therefore, to accede to vour proposal of post poning the exchange of the ratifications, and to assure you that 1 shall be ready to receive, whenever it may he agreeable to you, the propositions which you inform me von are. prepared to make ; and which will bo const dried with the most earnest desirjiof esta blishing. by a prompt nud homo able agreement, the most perfect good understanding and haimonv liplweeu our countries. 1 tender yon, sir, the renewed assurance of my very distinguished consideration. We have turn gone through all the doc mi,cuts which precede the recent nego tiation at Washington, which shall be gisen al length in our next, ami includes the follow iug documents : A letter from Don Louis deOnis lo the Secretary of State, dated Oct. 24. A letter from the Secretary of State to Don Lotus lie Unis, dated Oct. 31. A letter from Don Louis tie Unis to the Secretary of Stale, dated Nov. It). And a fetter from the Secretary offState to Dolt Louis de Onis, dated Nov. 3H. The episode, consisting of the corres pondence between our Minister at Mad rid and the government ot Spain, shell be m parntely noticed, when we have con cluded that now in hand. KO I™ ON. I.VIT.ST ITvOvj ENGLAND. 7 lie Ship triton Cap! Ilaf-omh,arrived at Priori on >V i ,1m * l.iv tlif/3d inst In t.; days from Live.!pod, bunging Lon ivii dates to the 3d of vernli r, 4 lie i i iton li -s brought out an olT.rbleofy of the >i'« iiextyot eieeieeieo hltwctulfo United ftt.it* - .mu (in ..t ItiiiHiu. 'k Ue i fft.ity between tat, American and Swc ditli Government*, mi published in the Lon don Courier ut the 23d ot October. On the 27th of Oct. the King of England completed the fifty-eighth year of his reign, two years longer than that of any former Bri tish Monarch. The most iccent account* from Manches ter, state, that the cotton spinner* wne in full and active employment : and trom the im mense foreign order* that were daily arriving for twist, there was no probability of any im mediate slackness. General Gauraud, wbo lately addressed a letter to the Archduchess M mma Louisa beg ging her to interfere with the Congress in fa. vorof her husband and/li* Master,is said to have received forauwt-r to his application a present of about 3l),0ult (nines, ami positive order* to address her Imperial highessno more upon the subject. One of our papers, tlm London Star, of Or tober26, announces that the following reduc tion* in the army will take place on the 2liii of December t“ Dragoons, 20th, 22rt, 21tli and 25th.—Foot, 91th, Doth. DOtli, U7t!i, and’ 3d, and 1th, Batt.fiOtli.— Bangers, West India, York, African Corps, and York Chasseurs. ’ “The total reduction will amount to about 30,000 men. The redaction in the Koval Ar tilleiy isstill more extensive. “ It is understood that a reduction of ten ofjkcrsaud twenty men of each company of the Guards, is also determined upon.” I bo papers fiirtnsii no political new* of any great uioiueut, excepting the full rutifica lion of the treaty for the evacuation of the al lied army from France ; and the dispersou of the troops to their several home*. A large portion of the British aruiy had reached En gland. The Sovereigns, and high military commander* wuie assembling at Pans, for the purpose ot taking an atieclioiiale. aud it is h ipi d, a long laiewell, of the illustrious House of Bourbon. A few general extracts are made from the latest dates:— '1 he ratification by the French government, ot the Treaty of the Sovereigns of Europe, for evaluating the French territory, was received at Aix-Ia-Chapclle, on the I7th Oct. The emperor of Russia and King of Prus sia, were nt Valenciennes on the 21st Oct.— I lie Duke of Wellington, was to give the next day, a splendid fete to the Sovereigns, and ou ibe following day, a grand review of the troops; when immediately after the evacua tion was to follow. Thu route of all the troops has been traced The Emperor of Biissia, King of Prussia, together with many illustrious personage* of civil and military distinction, were expected at Pai is on * *-e iRtli Oct. ’I he Bank of England bad not resumed spe cie payment* : hut it was said, they were pre paring for that mriisuio,aud would commence with the issue of silver. On the 801 li Oct. fifty sail of vessels arrived at Dover, front Calais, having on board a large body of British troops, of the late army of el>. servation in France. After landing the men, the vessel* immediately returned to Calais. 1 he Queen of Faiglaud still lingers on the bed ot sickness ; and suffers great pain and Sir Humphrey Davy bas been raised to the dignity of a IJaronrt. " Died ai Paris, M. Bertrand de Mnlleville, Ministerol Mari/.e under Louis XVI. aged 75. British Funds, Consols 78 J. French Funds, Five Per Cents, 7Gf; Bank Stock, IGGOf From the London Observer, of Oct. 25. Dip (Fences with America adjusted —The mat ters, not iu dispute exactly, but in inicei taiuty, and which were lett ior arrangement between tins country and America, at the uoticltision of the late w ar, are said to have been, the gi eater number of them, iiappily settled by the com missioners appointed lor that purpose on our part, and Mr Gallatin on the other, befoie that gentleman quitted Euglaud. The boun dary, which was left unsettled iu the treaty at the end of the revolutionary war, is now accurately fixed. This, if true, is a great point. The right of fishiDg, and drying fish, on the coasts of Newfoundland, is clearly de fined ; and the terms of intercourse between our M est India islands, and the vessels of the United Slates are specified and agreed on. These also are matters of considerable weight; but the greatest difficulty remains behind* and it.is piohabte for this reason, that it is the greatest, that it so reniaiaa ;—the right of vi Station, and the power of apprehending the seameu ot each country, w hen found ou board the shipsof the other, is still unsettled. Frankfort, Oct. 18.—We learn that the Diet has already adopted home preliminary measures respecting the military system of the German Coufedeiatiou. which are doubly im portant at this moment, since the Allies, by evacuating France, give up the fortresses which they hold on the frontiers. 1 lm»* it is resolved, that the important fortres sesot Laxemberg, Mcutz and Landau, shall be shortly given up to the Army of the Con federation. Xu case the sontIi western fron tiers oh the sideot France where there isat pre sent bo fort i ess, it is resolved to make the town ot Him a place of arms and fortress of the first rank, and to. uelray the expcnce twenty mil lions are assigned out of the Freuch military contribution*. In order to have at all times a fortified point, to pass the Upper Khineand keep up the com mnuicatiou with Landau, it is intended to erect, at Gomersheini, or, if the nature of the ground should hinder it, as near to that place as possible, a double fete de font, for the ex neuces of which fifteen millions also from the Freuch contribution aic assigned ; the ercc tiou of these fortresses to he commenced as soon as possible, that is, belore the end of this present year, so that they mav be in a proper state of defence within three years. Besides these fortresses, some other point is to he fortified on the south west frontier, probably lia.stadt or Donaiisclieugcn, and another between Laudsu and Luxcmberg, for which latter the Military Committee proposes Hamburg. II I* propose a Hint die army shall coniixt, for the next five years, of on# per cent, of the w hole population of the Confederation, that is about tiiirty thousand men. The reserve of one hall per rent on 150,000 men ; the. reserve shall be called together in the several States as soon as I lie army marches. Two thirds of the reset ve shall he then always ready to march when required. A sixth of the army to be cavalry, a third pint ot which is to lie heavy cavalry. Two pieces, for one thousand men, or six hundred lor tlid army and three huudred for the re serve ; on* half 6 pounders, one quarter 12 nounder*, and one quarter howitzers, A one hundi edth pat t of the whole army to be port to neeis and pioneers; one twentieth sappers and carabineers ; a part of the contingents may consist of landwehr, hut the tioops of the line must he the majority. _ The ianilshorm is no part of the regular defence of the Confedera tion. — mu - DOMESTIC. Washington, Dec. 11.—Of the diplo matic corps abroad, it appears that no lw» than llnee of its members are expect <mI ahorllv to return to llie United States; namely, Mr. (iallatin from France, Mr. Lrvinc from Spain, and Mr. Sumpter from uio Janeiro. Mr. Forsyth is spoken ol as likely to fill the place of Mr. F.rvmg, and Mr. John (irahain that of Mr. Sump ter : hut no conjecture is ypt nflout as to the successor of Mr. (iallaliu. Celt. Jackson is said to he on his way to 1 fir seat of government. We are glad to hear it ; though we understand his vi sit has nothing lo do with his vindication ; hut relates solely lo his settlement with the war department. [GVir. Philadelphia, December 20—The Committee of Investigation into the concerns of the Hank of the United States have terminated their labors. They left this city this morning. During their stay here, they made their Hotel at Ren slow's. (Go*. We learn front Washington, that it is understood the Cabinet have come to a Determination that a considerable deduc tion shall be made in tliestatt’nf the arms of the United States.—Gen. Jackson is daily expected nt the seat mf government. On account of Hi health and constdcra lions of business, il is bis intuition i . relire. '/»•. Baltimore, Dim:. 28.—We arc inform, ed dial a privateer called the liornet, f'Vr merly the Alerta, which lilted out in i|lfr port of Baltimore and sailed during tin | last week, was sent alter on information I being lodged against her at the eu-turnW house. The Revenue Cutter went along.I side, and put her lieutenant on board, R witli orders to get under way and pro-B cecd lip the bay lor Baltimore, which llisl'J captain of the privateer staled he wonh|Ra immediately do—and the Cutler left her B| I'he pi iv a l eer hoisted anchor, and wi||,S a Iresh breeze got under way, and proK cee<leddown the bay on a cruize, with IIk'Bn revenue otheer on board. We are also told that last week the prh^B vateer bug Fourth of July, Ac. Ac. Ac.B was seen at anchor in the Patuxent, en BD tirely descried by her otheers and crew. Bt 'I'he Fourth of July came into tlie hay in ^R company with a valuable ship as a Prixe I —the money on board the prize is said tofl| have been forwarded to this place. Thtfln prize ship was seen to get under way tiornfl the Patuxent, and proceed to sea. It i*B believed the otheers and Crew of th>:^H fourth ol July went in her. [Telegraph, TOBACCO. A letter from Bremen, under date oft he I 21st October, received by the Chatswortb I to a conunerciul house in this cit>, says, R “ 1 lie Dutch market languishes m some HR measure, uuder the influence ot a heavy RR duty having been laid on the consumption R ol tobacco, in the Pmssiuii Provinces on H the Rhine. 'FI.is measure,our triends in 1 | Holland inform iis by the last mail, con- H | titles them to the supply ot their own fi£S country lor sales of the aritclt.” [Put. USURY LAWS. From otrr Correspondent ul Annapolis, Dc- R cembtr 34, IbIH. " On tlie day before the adjournment I of the legislatnie of Maryland, Sir. Brack enridge obtained lea\e to bjring tn a bill to abolish the existing laws against nsu- jm ry, and to establish a legal rale of inte rest. This subject is one which has at- B| trotted the alteiitiou of several of the f stale legislatures ; and one of the new J states has provided for it by an article of its i onstitution. 'Phe prevailing opinion both in Europe and America, is now de cidedly against those laws ; hut the pro cess ol correct thinking over error and 1 prejudice is slow, and it is not until alter B repeated attacks that ancient habits and received opinions are changed.” fTel. f By a gentleman just arrived from St. Thomas, we learn the following facts, which we deem of sufficient interest to make them known iu the United States, tor Ihe information of whom they may concern: A large ship, with a cargo of Brazil su gars, coflee, hides and elephant’s teeth, was lately run into a hay oft the Danish Island of St. John’s, and there sold to some persons of distinction at St. Thomas. One o! them, it is said, is the command ant’s aid-de-camp, and another his broth er in law. The ship hud painted ou her stern, “ The (Several Jackson.” The car go was brought into St. 'I liomas in small vessels, and sold at high prices. Some say that the ship wasan American, corn ing from Brazil—that the officers were murdered by 1 lie crew, &c. ; and others declare she was a prize to one of Artigas' privateers, called the Sail Miguel of Lis bon. As the ship was about 14 days dis charging, the negroes of St. John’s and Tortola oecame acquainted with her situ ation, and thought themselves entitled to some share. Hundreds of them, accord ingly, went on board and took a great quantity of the remaining sugars. [A'. y. Nat. Adv. On Saturday last, Mr. George Ebert, of Hanover, was robbed of about £1000. Two men travelling iu a gig with a grey horse, came toHanoveni few days before, one of wiiom look lodging at Mr. Ebert’s and the other at Mr. Etch Iberger’s_ During their stay in Hanover they w ere frequently seen walking thro' the streets amt alleys of Hanover, and consulting to gether. On the morning of the day when the Kohheiy was committed, the one lodging with Mr. Ebert asked him to change him a ten dollar note. Mr. Ebert to make change, had to go up stairs, by which the robber obtained knowledge where Mr. Ebert kept his money, which lie in the courseol a lew hours afterwards pilfered, and might have made his es cape quite snugly, had not another per son called on Mr, Ebert for change, when he had occasion to have retotirse again to his fiscal deposit* ry, when, by unlock ing the same, he found to his great sur prize, all his money in hank bills, and a small amount of specie, wag gnue. The one who had the money decamped with ii uii lulu, iiitu me oilier luimwiu min with 1 lie horse and gig, taking different roads, expecting to meet at some point previously agreed upon. The alarm was sounded, and pursuit was so prompt that they were taken Indore they met again. The money was found upon the one who was on foot. Between thirty and forty keys were found in their possession*, to gether with Hies and a blood-stained dag ger. On Sunday last they were brought to the jail of this county. They were di rect Irom Baltimore, and are supposed to have visited Hanover for the special purpose of taking Mr. Ebert’s money, they having been there a few weeks be fore, recounoitering the object ot then pursuit. [York Recorder. A new principle in banking, has lately been discovered by several writers in the Baltimore papers. It is simply this ; that in proportion to where the stock of a bank is owned, theie, in the same proportion, discounts should lie made. For instance : II a gentleman, living at Conuflbnipaw, should own one million of the stock ol’lhe U. S. Bank (by hypothecation too) why then this nourishing little fellow in his flourishing little village, would beenfilled to one thirteenth of the whole discoti of the hank. Very pleasant ! [/V. y. livening J’ost. We are told says the Providence Patriot that a friendly and animated correspon dence has long been kept tip between Pre sidents Adams and Jefferson, a part of which will shortly be published. Our correspondent at Washington in forms us, that Mr. Forsythe, .Senator from Georgia, has been nominated by the President, Minister to Spain. It is ru mored, that the Senate have b« i n dis cussing tlieaubjcct <d thrpanada AW, and not the treaty lately made with Gt< at Britain,which has ii».f yet reached Wash ington. [I'rnnl.Un Case tie.