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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, October 12, 1819, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024735/1819-10-12/ed-1/seq-2/

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dt ,'h . ought, Ks fur Us passible, to have
»» bMotic Inundation.
.at, in tracing them, we must set ont
• • 'i u good h>stem ot municipal organ i
71*tion, in order lo coonet t and form all
tin- parts, consisting ot elem«wts, s -und,
and lull ol life, into au organic w hole.
1 hat (lie must Important uw* ol an us
mii bly ol I be ktates cou.-i.'s iu exciting
»Jid preserving a genuine pubi c *,.ini in
I lit- people, and habituating them to take
un mieiest in public affairs, instead ol
giving lliciti'clvcs up 10 sellislin* **; and
to Co operate in rbe public good, each ill
the position which the constitution as
% signs lo him.
By adhering to these principles, every
Cd nuan will ascertain, with , leisure, ttiat
we are under no necessity ol borrowing
the models tor our constitution*, from
lialini.s, which, being newly tunned have
no recollection*, or wide!, hav* uuousiihi
a ety destroyed their i.».m-. r systems. A e
Iiiay Ukeuui mode!* troin onr own history,
and possess already man> if menu in oar
existing iiislilulioiiv Tlieomy questions
ler us arc—how to connect w bat is new
with what is old ? \\ t*al p..it i* to b
•acr'diced in the ancient and meal iiisiiu
tions f In what manner sh ill in. al msli
tuiioiis heuuiHlgainalcd together iu a yea
eiai constitution f
Yoiii pronut lion, sir,gives rise to impor
tant reflection upon these matters { l
tender you my thanks, and pray you to
•crept assurances of my tno*-! sincere re
g»»«L G. I>E HUMBOLDT."
It would teem that tin* lettei should
ti ally silence those who aflitni that there
evists a party among th* slat* smeu of
Pussia, who arc inclined to injrodui elite
vague theories el modern revolutionary
governments, of which M. deilumhel.it
is represented to be 1 Jit* leader. It is also
stated that llieie exist* a misuud island
ing between M. de Humboldt and the
I’ntue of Hardenburg. 'Flic fallow inc
appears I > he thcnnly <Idler, nee b tv-eei
tic views entertained by those ■ tut«
men: Fhe l’n.ice ol I lard* ubnrg thii.ks
that tve author of a new *..,.. m 0| ltd.:
t itu i'.ual legislation shou! I take upon
iii*1*self personal'v ail the responsibility
resulting t'rom it, as wall as the cimig- <>'l
litr. — Jilltr I nulls.* ot *rri\ #'r.i hi *i t ... 11.
« o:>stituttonal career. Now, tuis Pr ucr,
Ij* itig seventy-tun years ol :tg« , citiir.ul
Itopeloitvelnng. am* i.*eU a rt-png ane* to
co i mence a work ol a .icit lie could n«>'
se-the MTiniuaiiou. Hut, with regard 1»»
the principal h is s for a Flu-man con
stiti* ion. tin Prince is ag-eed with M
• le Huinhnlu!, as well as with a ! otlr-r
» * ght ucd aim pair tic fri-nd* t l the
Monarchy. f Jourim! dcs Lic'euts.
Translated J\<r I he Boston Hat/ I Ivtrtiser, from
Paris Payers to .lup 15.
Many diticrent accounts have been
given of the noclurual udvrnture in tin*
C’lurch of Notre Dame at i» >r It-aux. .
have spoken of one from a vague article
from 1h« Memorial Bordelais, ll is now
at least known why there should be such
a collection in the church at midnight.—
The several narrators agree thui the o-se
ot the assemblage was the celebration ot
tin* tmirriage olilie daughter ol the ballet
masti r widi tin* lirst dancer ol the *1.101!
tiieatte. This t rummy drew together a
numerous collect! n of the curious. The
hat of a young man who bad mingled with
tin* crowd lei , so.iitf say, try accident, o
thers say in consequence of a blow inten
tionally aimed at i(. Those who attribute
the hill of ihe hat lo design, add, that at
t!ie moment whentbeowtier was stooping
to regain it, two blows of a cane were
struck ii'.'on his he-.d, and that ai the same
mho* he tell liimscT stabbed by one ot
those daggers w ueli are carried conceal
ed in u cane. Those who consider tlie
fallol file hat as ac< ideoial, say that lie
who hail been the itivoluniary cause of
i's tall, picked it up, and presented it to
the owner with apoV-^ies, but that lie. very
little touched by this civility, answered
with a vigorous blow, which was returned
by a stroke with a sword cane, llt.pi.iiy
the stroke was turned aside by the lett
hand, and is licit mortal. The man who
gave it is an Amen an. N t withstanding
tlie cltortc, which have been made to
transform this American into an assassin,
public opinion is mu k more disposed to
adopt the account, which, attributing the
first circumstance ot tlie lull of the hat to
accident, rejects ail that followed upon
the blow, more than imprudently, given
ro him who had been tlie involuntary cause
ol iis fall. Tlie Xinuricau lias escaped.—
'I lie authorities have commenced an ex
amination, and many witnesses have al
ready been heard.
/..■ tract of a letter front St. Louis, dated Way
15, Ida.
SkNRGAIm—'This colonv. which fora
longtime im* ntlord. <1 iimio other a Ivuii
ti'ges than 'hose of a commerce at '.vliich
humanity groan?, is now declined to he
come an imooi lant o>sse*sion to us, under
tlir inHneiic *>t an i I » y and a co;.i
tnerce more hgdima e and liuitiaue. Tin*
litllf success out ... fit liom the lira! a!
tempts, which lnv« |»eeu made in this
country, ought not to be a motive tor
Uiscouia^eitieiit, lent it i»a ; urn i to
point oul the true con:- winch it m prop' r
tr plirsu . Senegal n line, is still an
object ol constant s dscilude on the part
of government, and every tiling gives
room to hope that it will he possible to
make it a very useful place. .One ut the
first cares of lie- government which wat*. h
e? r the colcnii s has ticen to convey in
strui turns to those who have ceam d to b»
dev >ieb to slavery.By <»r er ol tin
Minister id M iriue, an instructor has
been sent to St. Louis, and has
liicr" establish'' t a School for public
iiMti ictioii, to wu: h many indigent pu
pile have been admitted, i’liey receive
" i li tv idr \ -in ’ gru: dude Ibis liew Iiciji lit
"Wliu )t la ottered to them, ivlauy among
them hive alreitih heemne able to as»iwi
thei (HHs.cr in the composition ol a
grammar Hud a di lioua< v, and in t tic
traus .I im' pious bonks into the lan
guage. Thus provision i* begun <o be
made f(»; '.'•<■ fir * wauls of these m n,
vvhiidi ln«:> can feel a.ter being lestoicd
In leii riy
'I' , c uiifry, tiolwi'lislanding the heat
of tin* el o.al> .presents uiaiiy advantage*,
vtiicii Will not lie tost totlie metropolis—■
'1 »!,-it* is a very line bieed ol homed
vaith*, of the species which have a grea*
»y swelling up m the withers, and Which
*/iiIy rc.juircif to be raised wilii more
e»ie, '• b<*v a untri ed -upe.i.op , .....
'I’li.se animal* are rmptoyed hi carry lug
hind "Us. /.nd «ven some lor tne saddle.—
They also turinsli milk, and meat ; and
r.ug;.| easily he framed lo the carriage.
’Hit sheep I n .ve toe c iburma'ioii ol
the great N nsh breed, and are covered
v. uii a siikv nair, very hue, and not curl
f , uivcn wit!» another Kind which is
r. t'l.i re aie two specie* of goats,
t .ic large, ihe other Handler, botii lur

utshing milk, ami kids ; a pretty good
breed of hogs, which arc raided only in
mimaII numbers, hfctttise llie Mahotocdau
tribes abstain from eating them ; nurne
• ous dromedaries, forming the principal
wealth ot llie Moor «h shepherds, serving
tor the saddle anu for carrying heavy
burden**—asses, sufficiently large and
niimif; and two breetls of horses, on*
inetitltng, the "(other very fine. Such are
the domestic animaU, of whose aid the
! iudustiiou* farmer might avail himself in
the colonv. Many of them might even
be hausported nml naturalized in France;
i which will doubtless he June alien their
i useiuhies*. shall be proved. In fin**,the new
colony will hod m this burning soil re
| sources much more numerous than had
; been anticipated, and it only needs to be
; known how to profit by them with ths
I ceniuieut ami courage.
UNION H ALL.
London. Auctc.t t—About 7 o’clock on
Monday evening >» nwii wen* into the watch
Iioum. near tlie toll.g.ttr at the Surrey Theatre
nnd* uquired tor llie night constable' to whom
tic aani tie bad soinrthtnc vers imt orlant m
communicate. Mr. tv mi, ih. w-uh bouse
keeper was tite only person there, h d be hi
P.i in* d 1,1111 that the constable bad not yrt
airived but wa*ev*iy moment e> »eted: the
stranger (apparently somewhat di'npp doted)
• if a hi pieced tlie unpoi (hoc** ol his eoiunnini
Ciiliiiii w ini'll induced Asroft to ni|,*stn-n him
At tir*.» lie seemed much ifi ci« d.luit labomxl
vainly to cuticea! bis emotion, and after a few
moments pause, lie suddenly exclaimed ** (
am 0 UiUide.er—I have commit*<‘(1 ,t •rent
eiime and deserve to siittir!'’ ami tbeti In
sunk motionless into a chair. Asc .It eu.lca
vnuted to compote Dim and when be bad re.
vived a 'title desired him to sixie explicitly
ibe h«*>' ess (but had brought him thithPi ;
i whin 1 estraugii didliiana 1*11 *t 1 <{ <i. .1
In ,*a a tin n» Leic- -*ei>l:r e, anti h id in Id*
youili nieda err • 'inr ait iclo->ei t *n. ar Is
a young a<01:1111 «d tii an ace named_—
-, < ir f«. 1 many reasons they |><oke id! th •
Ci itn hip, \ In w^*.«ooii lttn niai ied jo no.
lli< r woieaii He did nol *»e lilt tiiM •'!>! ct
<0 bia love during il e it*» , nf hi* uierriau*,
< 1 til an* 1 ti*e death of his wife, which Imp
-,-*‘*‘r •'*•* veais blo, and then Jim %» <» in.
d lo cmpi te alter tier, and thud «|,t. w.,s
•• • 11 , • • 11. f and single Hiahisi ilame leturn
• 1 i'll i, neat'.d turce ; he visited her are.
cm il.al! ... v va-ily etl'eclod and In- mtend
to Diai.v lor men a dcceni tunc hv|
»i«j * l» 1 x intention In*, on'miiunirutd in
I " i mu i»as .ih«i n<> l»j* ction to tne mate1.!
. ■ 1 vv.im tiie consent of.til parties, :» |>% lM,’
I ' •«. > r ti.c . eh oi-ationoftheir nm liaN'ml . ,
a '•ircuiii'iai f uncvp-<*t--•! ft; dremiful ii on; e
einlc.i r’n negociafiurs rc.leiiiu Inman ob
ie. • hot ror at reproach to himself and of
. cimnio itooritiy \ - ildici whowas q.iar
teied in 1 lie i w n had i» si emed. <ticc(.eded >n
j.j log ti e atteclioiis o ilf ■ oiieg woman: he
took her to ! II III- placer, walked with he’i ft;
ic. mod pro e# e. y »t i a nv-ei I < nitci iims
Oiti’v -oidici roils'-(J Ins loaion.iy. and inspired
*’ ’’ I! 1 • hi p ct ilie •> oni.in whom
in Hie first cbiilhtl usof Ins naavmn he d> ici
iniiii'd to tacnfi'-e! w tb tin*dies - ill inipipii n
be r ; aired | | |i, i!,o|i of a »bccm«k ei, b>>l row
ed a large wotkiiigt kiiifi whj.li he sliar, cued o
a W1> keen edge, and then placed himself
ambush heat the residence c t m* destined vie
Min. ali.mi lie soon saw, and aftei n .braiding
heiwub meiaiiiu »>|n g« Idi. kmf int ,
body,Ju.*t lllld.'i . •! fe t breysl A. «,e her v .
ve.al i.i ii wounds in tbe neck and urn* it|
sl.e was quite dead, he then threw tb; b'd\
into ia i.. ri v. the - ■ . , qnat . \, • ...
tli' perpetration ot lb- de« d if tl* d to Hod
iiiiiikttn, tmicould obtain no rest ; ;>«* inn
tion pcip. lnally luoii^ht die mnidi r beiou
ills e>c« and even in sleep th" bit . .ling H.-ni'
ot liis victim stood before him. H;r. n,r wau
deied ub.mi h yeai il.rou.,h different paits of
fbe country during which lit experienced ibc
-•eulfcsf tort it •«-v,, be arrived in town ior tin
♦•ry purpose of giving hinueif up to the minis
t«-r* ot n»lire
The uufortunafe man w as pm ;» close custo
dy l>\ Xucott, who took caieilim be si.e ... < (
have any meant i»v which lie could niaki any
attcu.pt n lijs lite. a id >est*rriiy in lining be
nag brought to lit# ..flic, and ty*, in.dlieiore
il.e prvbidiug Hiai'istrate. H. Ai.i.mn, Esq. He
appeared perfectly ft. in »i.d i * -in d, and his
co *e * io his been liken do w > in • vi itiu;.
Mi. A j.i.en asked him n th body of the
young woman *a' e%er fcmud ? io which he
replied that be heard it was, but was af raid io
lie iuqi.iniiiie, lest it should betray him
He wax e..mmitted to the custody of the
Keeper of tin House of Collection. Hoi.se
monger lane, till a messenger can be sent ;•>
Leicester to make enqii i its. The prisoner
is about £0 y^ars old ; the deceased was ul tiie
time of bei death to.
- ■* -
FROM SOUTH A MUHFC A.
Bv Captain Oenny, of ihe s.-lir. James H
McCnll cl* from St. Thomas, we are pot in
pnsscyyiiiii ot the followin'* wi'lil irnv'ln —H>*
received it from Tapi. Joseph L Kino, com
bi i ider of the re -nlar repnbl'can brig of war
Gen.n I t rdaio-tn, who hoarded him of) St.
i Thomason the Sf»fh \n-nst. r 7 Pul
i “ On the 11 tli of J nf v the Squadron ip( t M i r
I Ctneffa after having embarked the. British
an t Genian legion amounting to abi i.t IHQO
1 m. ii On the 15th fbe troops were landed a
i w miles io the windward of rt»-• Morn for
. ti:c i urpose of tal .ns the cilv of Barcelona;
| on the morning of th'- lfdli they matched f r
I that oripose and tin same dav about tl \ M.
I the fle I weighed anchor and sect in In- t*”
j abe.. ViO seamen to land no th»* shor*-to et
tack tiie heirhls of the orr> wlm U'ftrn at.
! •'» kfd ndfi'c-J upon w hile landing bv alum
W* ini of tli” e» mv who immediately r
ne*tcd at we rose the height. The phier was
lalen y us conxis'ing of shout fi regular bat -
ternv wifi* 3 or 1 of temporary defence,
mounting a number ofl8’« 2J’s 'mi l small
brass pieces Our loss, two wounded 'not
mortilly) inH a number of the enemy killed.
40 prisoners and 150 deserters. The citv of
Barcelona was taken wit hour any loss On
t be 2S|I, the forts of the Moro were blown nr
srnu* destroyed and troops embarked ; 30th
\ sailed for Cnmana—on the 2d August Inn-led
the troops a short distance from Cnmana in
the evening : and on the 3d A. M tin* fleet ,0f
nnd* r way arid shortly after commenced a
cannonading on the fleoheras and b'Meries,
which was enntinned 3 day* by lii<> moM part
of lire snuadton, destroyed three of the ene
mv'.s tleelieras and silenced some of their bat
tery gnus The nppprfoit at Cnmana <*as • »
tacked by part of Hip troops, who. after a
warm action fm an hour retreated, not being
able to take poss'Tsion of the same • thereat o<
the troops fell in with a party of the Spaniards
who int< tided to join the enotitv, and ont of
a ho Ml 3'Jli f.) cm’ iped to tell them fbe new*
Our lots in killed and wounded on shore were
•Font 10. in |li«* fleet about 3 wounded, not
daa/ciotp-ly. The place «« evacuated in
consequence of the difficulties attached to
moulding battery guns on ’lie heights, nnd
lit* troops are marched to Angostura.
On the l ltb Xiigitsf, arrived at Margaretta,
ci part «*f<;< ti. neverena’s command,consist
tn» ol about f.ttoo men. I liete are several men
of * ar oo their vv v oni from Fug laud lo join
the squadron. ATliiained the G* neral !>*
r-r UK, a It 2 frigates 1 corvettes and 2
lutgs, which ere tin* in all probability have
arrived. 'I hr subscription* have heen made
t a great mm nut in l.iverpool and Duldin,
supposed whom two million* sterling”
M • havp* ivrrsed with [)r fitwiy.oneef
I the tinier (m ate and deluded f ollowers of Hie
notorious VIr Gregor Me Or ego . He is lust
I fr in ,‘tu.r f’ttpee, and wishes <t stated, as the
j best mean*of appijsjntf his friend in Ireland
that on .helot* of August the ship Welhelni
< atharine aptain llerg, arrived thetv from
Dullin' wilh 3(v? ifRcis aad men. and on the
I5tb tip- American brig Little Frank fr<un
Ncwry wiib itrp. under ( ol. Kyro and Major
NorcDt*,iiil liu the New (irer.ada service
and, lik* the oilier detachments, have aban
doned the srrvirc, and with few exceptions
'•**** dispersed through the country. gone
| h.uif Ol J|„., died Fighty-grven officers
have fallen victims to lira! sickly climate,
among them < • i els Conway and McCarty
'b*. IttwiN a'-.odied there, and the Doctor
intends it imping n Ireland isv the first crin
v > "ic. (lit- Doctor say * a finer body of
(roups never »U oat upon aiiy expedition, and

i t*', itli h-tlrr prospects and nevei did
oue tei minute sodieadluiiy calamitous to evert
Individual. [Ibid.
CHILI.
Extract from nn officer of thr United State* navy,
dated I i:l/nitui*o 3ap,tOd April, I MU.
I promised you an early account of event*
here—-the operations of the naval squadron un
der the coininanii ol lord Cochrane may inte
rest you; what I c*u say concernin' hi* ope
rations must he taken with Home allowance
lor the distance between Ins Kpuadrou and us.
On tlie‘28th February lord Cochrane in the
O' ttiggint of 50 guns, accompanied by the Muon
<*l War Lutr*u>o,got under me batteries utCal
lao in a thick log. The Don* opened a lire
on him which ho returned, and alter* .nils
hauled oil, with the loss of several kilted and
wounded, among the latter captain Guise of
the Lautaru.fan Kngltsh naval office*)severe
ly The O' Higgins received several shot in
her hull, and v* is much cut np m her spars
and rigging On the following day, cotnmo
dore ( ochiane sailed loutid the harbor within
gun atiot of the batteries, without returnin'
t ‘i ir fi cor receiving <my iujo’y lie h s taken
t<o«ses ion ol an island in the mouth of the h.u- |
hor called I .orenso, amt has succeeded 'll m*>
tmi a ';ii:inoji and two merchantmen; but
1 do not io.ii u w liethvr tie cut them out of tue
tiai hor or took them oft the coast Thus tar
you perceive he ha* done well etiongh, and1
liavc in) doohl that liu would uliiniatcly ac
coiiipii*h soioi ihiiig serviceable to the canae
ol liberty lit Chiu, could belay aside the liabi
tual pr<'*nmpliou of the Knglisli naval ollicer.
Not coiiii i led with declaring tlmse poll* in
a state of Id chad* beteie which he can k*ep
a tcice Hnlti iei l (o enfoiceil, lie lias hi t.ie
tru.' I.iigliali style i**ued a proclamation dr
i ar.ug a loini.it i>lo« ka*ie ol ilie whole coast
o' I'hii an . \li nt of liOO miles, auil making
k'lown Ins dei'iiiiin alioii to capture all vessels
holding any communication with the pons
an ng tup roast. To enforce *o extensive a
blockade, he has only s;\ «'mps and two brigs,
the two !argc>i of which he will be compelled
i • An p of} ( itllao, to w vtcii the .Spanish
*(|ii i !ron in that port consisting of two Iri
s'4!9 and .»ulalsitinlh i vessel*.
\V i MiciiIiI h. lore this time, have proceeded
t<> Cotta.., iud >n.t Ic no ceremony in euiering
ih.*l poi*t, hu' a desire no< to produce any
ipiarret • ms n dneed u* lo p stpone our visit to
t’idip'ri. Vi e >.i| to-inorr >••*■, Ii wever, for
’voa't o' Peru toproieci gm whalers, who
| 1,1 * **id tin to have in i ii ir atrd in the most
t odlv oi pohie manlier by Cochrane's
•«juaiJr n Je is reported to have eiKicnl the
•non lu abandon tin ir vessels and o.bei like
abuse*. ,i . ■•» , i., ,,|y sha.l not niUV i the pa
i * r b'oekado t<> be put in force as to u.». \Ve
uave7U wfiaicr* in ttus Sea. and their voyages
■nn*! be broken up if it w-ie *ubaiitleii lo,
<•) no \ would ' r pi ••vented by tii.s proclama
tion (min obtaining supplies ol wood and wa
ter in any p i: i ot 1*1 ru, and it will i ike tin m
I ao mmnli . in i*it .i.. r....n ««... ..
i? ' alpara: .n, tn** only port beside* loose in
wjuit* the abnv— nere«*itry artich s ran
t/e obtained Lord Coclirane ha* lus flat fly in»
on board a fiiu.ue mourning two more guns
than the JVJnr i «!ooiao,n:u! of the »;nn<* wti xlu
nt iiii-tnl. Ills oili’T foire co isisis of ihre,
'hips moiii iing flo, ,;i | 2'j khii«, with tifu
r . one fir merlys Hi uisii sloop ol tar, mil
m nit'i’5 is jo r. (lie nvva ship is idler red &
■’mu. «- ’ almost entirely with Englishmen,
lie. eiexvs ot 111*' others arc made up ui all
nations,
NO I’E.
11 > pteanflmd Cnclu an** for a lilocVsdr, is foil ml
er. . |i tli. slue i Slurries, muter ills !*w* of
ike Intin, a.it til* moierl i,ef*. „ ibr-.var ; by
i liirh nil Itit• r%-tr t ,tr - i *e excluded frmn those
'••if, wltbr... i , . sp n . . license from Madrid. That
• i* tme «i r •). n 'change the ohllcmlnn of those
<ii/. ill'if, . that the opening of those ports
t» ohii. ii xici- tr, in oiilar to resist the power vrtits
ixn'.ch - ,ii . ms a clrrirnnisncc which ihe
...we na no > .t.U n. . tmn, as :i went to pioilbce
reunions 1:1 .Iiicli i.a l not existed in peace. In
M>' ii na 'hose u m other nations from which, In
v*-ai e ;i o nr. i . en excluded, and iff omit entering,
sni.j* ctea 1 if. nfisi alien —and mail) had been cunitseai
cii eii'oc ihe u ai. [Aurora.
f-J I here is error stamped upon ihi* face
ol this article. Enquirer.
FROM THE SPANISH MAIN.
Nicyv York, Oct. 4.—By the arrrival
yesterday of llie brig Cordelia, from
Curraeoa, we have lieeu politely furnished
with a tile ol Curraeoa papers to the lltli
ot September.
e l arn verbally by ibis arrival, that
| ih*1 patriots, under Col. English, after
• taking Barcelona, had captur' d Santa I’e,
j mid bad also attacked Cuniaua, hut had
. abandoned the latter place, finding they
| could make no impression, and bail
| oi.iicbe l tn join the main army at An
‘ gosfiira, un.fer Bolivar. Two transports
i »ron# Ireland had arrived at Juan Grego,
about llie 1:1 September. The troops
, e» listed bv Gen. Devereux, were also
• l*.-mb expected ; they had sailed in
j company w illt the above transports.
i The Curraeoa Coiiraut of ilu* lllli of
S- pi miter, mentions that H. B. M. trig
j Paribiau had arrived ai that port,
i On tlie *J6iii of August, the Parthian
' anchored af Santa Marina; and on ihe
• 2Hfb a report reached lliat place, of llie
1 capltire of Santa F , by an independent
i force, said lo lie under the command of
Bolivar ; but llie editor slates lhal lie is
father mi lined to believe, that il Santa Ft
bad actually fallen, il must have been
taken place by llie troops of Santander.
I r !vr i I die most respectable inhabi
tants of Rio tie la liar ha bad been arrest -
cd and thrown in!o confinement m con
si .jii. m e of a private correspondence
they had held with Sir Gr got M’Gregvr,
Il!lVl2l<r liPpn Ifilittil m tlm ic.i urri.ro of Ibm
j chief, at the recapture ol Porto Bello,
i recommending to him, alter lie should
have established himself ou the isthmus,
to send a part of his forces to take pos
session of Bio de la Madia, where they
would he received with open arms.
Extract to the Editor of the Baltimore Patriot,
dated
St. Thomas, lltli Hept. 1819.
r>FAK Sir—By an arrival on tlieOih ihviant,
in 15 days iroin Santa Martha, we are inform
ed that Bolivar had succeeded in occupying
the whole of the kingdom of Haute Fe at the
capital oi which lie established his head c|iini4
ters on l lie 71 It ultimo, after having destioyed
or dispensed the whole of tile royaltoic.es,
whose commander, (the late viceroy‘of the late
Kingdom • with the small remnant of Ins army,
had smi.' til refuge in Worpox. hut was follow
ed by a detachment ol Bolivar’s forces amt no
doubt will lie driven to the shores of the Paci
fic Ocean. Should tin* independents retain
their position (ol which there sc ms to be lit
tie doubt) until they haw received the tein
for cements now on their way from Angostura,
we may exj ect to hear of their d scent on and
occupancy of the provinces of Santa Mai Hu
and Cai th.igena, in neither of which is there a
force competent to ie»ut them. My informant
add* that at the time rd hi-, leaving Santa 5lai
tha, many of the. emigrants from Santa Fe had
reached I tiers ; Bus information having been
derived from a royal source, cannot of course
be doubted.
Nothing from Margaret!* since I last wrote
you, tiom winch circumstance 1 wool I infer
that eithe.i a blockade or an embargo exists at
that place, as our communication is in general
pretty regular. *
lu cousciiiience of the many ai rivals at Ha
vana latterly, lire price of Flock had fallen
tiom 30 to 4 10 — M C II. Booki.
Tin* editor of ilit* Baltimore Patriot
ha* been favored with the following intel
ligence communicati d in a letter under
date of St. 'J'hinnai, Sept. 13,
Sind* yonr departure there are no ar
rivals from Margaritla, and we are appre
hetiHive that that place is still blockade
— part of flie Spanish Beet having left
Porto Cabello lor that purpose.
Y•stenlav we had an arrtvalfroin Kanta
Martha, which confirm* a previous ac
count w had received of Bolivar's suc
cess. Maying beat bautana in several
severe actions, lie look possession of the
city of,Santa Fee, and was well received
by its inhabitants ; Santana escaped with
only two followers ; ou.*victorious gene
ral Bolivar, following up tlie blow he has
a I read \ struck, has since taken Papigan
ami Mourpux, and no doubt but be lias
ere this hoisted the //*g of liberty vn the
units of Suita Martha.
I'be old English Admiral, Campbell,
returned from Laguira on Saturday last,
nilb the Spanish schooner Josefe under
convoy. It is said they have between
them one hundred thousand dollars in
specie, besides indigo, and a great many
Catalans came in the schooner. We are.
led to think that tieucral Paez has been
ut work again, ll is said lie tell in with
a division ol Murillo's troops, about four
or hve hundred, and not one returned
with tiie information. The taking ol Santa
F**e was not known in Caractvs when the
Salisbury <i4 sailed. Murillo no doubt
will- tee! a til lie unpleasant when he hears
ot this. | should not, he surprised at Ins
quitting the province of Caraccas altoge
ther, and to embark for Carthagciia.
I lie (lour market in this place still kepps
good. By the cargo, S 8.j a 8 A ; today,
retail, b.l—there is not much here, it
being bought up for Barba toes. We have
had several arrivals here since your de
parture, principally a-sortvd cargoes.
'Flie schr. Blazing Star, Snow, of this
port, to Si. Jago de Cuba, was captured
the tub September, by two open boats,
i hlleen miles to the eastward ol the Moro,
in a calm — the hoalscnutaiiied eleven men,
all black, aimed with cutlasses and pistols,
i liev took the vessel under the laud where
they cap'ured a "mail Spanish schooner
— they linn comm need plundering the
Blazing Star ot cargo and provisions until
they tilled the Spanish schooner—after
d* taming her till the evening ol the I7lli
September, they cut hercables, got uiul« r
weigh and stood to sea ; tli n • .deredlhe
captain, mate, am) three ol the crew into
the boat, forcibly detaining tin cook and
one man on bo;\r.», keeping all tiievcs
sets papers, with every thing else except
the i Lathes on lb* n backs. Aflcrrowing
onti* th<- 181b, at It A M. arrived at St.
Jago lie Cuba. [M.C. Jl. Books.
t IUCULAR.
Consulate r:> t^c ' niter! States,
PkRN amBl)C'>, 22d Aug. 1819.
‘■d R— For tne inhumation «>f merchants,
ml. reste ' in the Brazil hade, 1 will thank
you to luivi published in sotne Gazette
of your i lly, that vessels may touch off
this port and send a boat on share with
a bill of health and regisier, when intor
uiatioii respecting the markets, &c. may
he had without iiicurriu" any expens*
hut the Health Vis i. They have fre
quently come into the harbour wanting
reheshmenls, which could he supplied
outside; hut in * a-»e of coming m, are
obliged to enler and clear, which is noi
onb attended with four er five days tie
trillion, but subject to all 1be charges
and formalities of Die port, which ar*
very expensive. Vessels clearing lor the
Brazils having tlit* privilege nt more than
one port, ought to have il expressed mi
the clearance at the custom house ; when
cleared for this port only, are not per
milted to enter on Iranqma ; by this
omission, they have not the liberty to
sell a part ol a cargo, and pay the duty
on what may he landed, but duties oil
the whole cargo are exacted at fins place,
which inconvenience mny be easily oh
vtaled, by clearing for llie Brazils and a
market. 1 have the honor *o he your
obedient servant, JOSEPH RAY.
-176mest!c!!
Extract of a letter from an officer of the 6th
t egimrnt, to a gentleman in Plattsburg,
elated HeUcfonlaine, A itg ] 1.
Dear .Sir—I think I informed you in
my last of the departure ol the regiment
in l keel limits and 3 steam boats on the
■lib aud filli of July.
“ July 15th.—By an arrival from above
we lie aid that Major Ketchuni had been
very nigh losing bis boat by running on
a sawyer : she tilled with water aud spoil
«d lus provisions; no lives were lost. Mrs.
Ketchuni and her children made their es
cape in the -kiff.
July 30th.—Learned by a letter from
Col. Atkinson that tiie keel boats passed
Franklin (about 200 miles up) on the 23d
in*t. I'iie steam boat Expedition arrived
• here tlie same day, hut had burst her
boiler and could not proceed ; the Jeffer
son and Johnson were tar in the rear.
Capt. Boardman being dangerously ill of
a fever, was landed with bis lady aud
daughter, at Franklin. His boat proceed
ed under capt. Livingston. About this
time corporal M’Daniel and two soldiers
n f t 1 1 n I’.tfii rLn'e ..«... .4.
ed ; ami since, four more have shared the
same fate.
August 7th.—By a letter from Col. At
kinson, dated at Franklin—learned that
the Expedition was still there on the *2d
inst. repairing damages; the other two
still below, and the Ccd expresses strong
doubts whether they will ever roach there.
August 8lh.—Byan express from above,
we were informed of the total loss of
Capt. Boardman's boat, with all hcrload
•ng, consisting of public stores, arms, ac
coutrenn nls, provisions and officers' bag
cage, near the moiitli ot Grand lliver, on
Friday, the HOtli till. Capt. Board man's
sou was saved by the intrepidity of a sol
dier who swam ashore with him on Ins
hack. One woman and a child were
drowned ; l am not certain but believe her
to be a Mrs. James, a I’latfsburg girl, who
has a mother liviugiii your neighborhood.
Fins accident is peculiarly unfortunate
for capt B. who had av ear’s groceries and
stores on board, and i understand most
of the clothing of his family; as lie ex
pected to.join soon, when he landed al
Franklin, li< look Ion a change of clothes
with him. These are the last accounts
from the troops. For my own part, I
havi little to relate: my health is indifln
enl, as is that of all my family ; yet in that
we are comparatively favor' d, for almost
every individual who has arrived from the
eastward this season is ill of the fever ot
the country—in some instances whole
families.
I would have made an essay f ogive yon
my opinion relative to the comparative
advantages of this and your country, hut
at present I do not feel myself capable of
doing justice to the subject ; let it suffice
that my opinion is decidedly in favor of
your’s : a rich man can there better enjoy
fns riches, a poor man can easier heller
his condition ; the superior advantages of
tins country exist only ill the dreams of
discontented visionaries, or ill the misvep
ri sentatiouaof interested laud speculators,
rile principal poiiii* which have been
urged in its favor, are, its fine climate,
the fertility of its sod, and the cheapness
.. J
of land. It is true fits winters are not so
long and tedious as with \ou : but on the
other hand, the summer has no beauties;
never have 1 seen, or do 1 expect to see
one such heavenly evening as I have often
enjoyed sitting in my porch by the hunk*
of the Saranac. Tlie lismg sun has no
charms—the evening closes upon a de
bilitated frame, overcome with weariness
and lassitude from the long continuance
of oppressive heal ; the atmosphere is
pale and sickly. Since my arrival here
the weather has been uniformly hot ; lor
a while 1 bore up under it, but at last I
have yielded to the inHtietice of the cli
mate and become as lazy as a native.
As to the superiority ol the soil it may
possibly, in Hi aggregate, he belter than
that ol New York, but the difference
is by no means so great as is represent
ed ; it impossible there may be a tew acres
of laud which vn*. t 80 hu-diels of eoru
to the acre, ami these few have given a
ohar cterto the whole country ; but fmm
l-'C lies! information I can obtain, the ve
ry best laud dues not average do bushels
lo th** acre, and there is a great deal that
dors not produce forty. It must also be
observed that the giain of this country of
every description is of loose texture and
does not weigh so much, or produce so
much Hour by one fourth as that of more
northern climates, and I have no hesita
tion in affirming that it is not so sweet.
1 he advantage of procuring land cheap
\ no longer cxisis ; except in some remote
| district where the produce ol to acres will
not buy a coat.”
IMPORTANT IF TRUE.
Routing Ctkeen, (Ky.) Sept. 18.—It
is said that the Rank of Kentucky ha*
recently uiade large is«u* s of notes pays
ble 30a days alter date, and have loaned
tin ni to one or more oi the Independent
Banks, to enable ihcm to save their * tiar
teis, by tire payment ot not. son “'he
Bank of Kentm ky or its branches,* three
hurdred and sistt/ jitr ufluv date ; and
which, it i- said, s- me oi the legml chur
acler* oltho Dire, lory have advised wonirf
answu tlji purpose, ; ol iM this way that
description pa t: idnig its way
iu«ociuulsi. n
It IS itiMiieri by ■'omp, and affirmed by
otlu rs that t!i- «e notes are n legal pay
ment by 11:d* pendent Hanks, bv debtors
t® the oflices, and in taxes due the state.
[ South (Jctz.
OHIO vs. SUPREME COURT.
The following extract of a letter, from
a highly rcsp.« table source, te a genlle
man in this citv, affords some farther
particulars of the laii (whet shall we call
it >) seizure of money belonging to the
Branch Bank of the United States at Chi
licothe: [AW. La.
r “ CniLICOTHE. SEPT. 20. 1819.
“ You heard, last winter, that the Le
gislature of Ohio passed an acl taxing
i acb bran h of die United States' Bank,
in this state, S 30,000. Bv it the auditor
o n directed to issue a warrant, on the
16th ot this month, authorizing any in
dividual, lie pleated to appoint, to collect
die tax. No1ic» was given to the Audi
tor, that, on the 14th, tlir day before, ap
plication would be made to the Circuit
Court of the United States here, to grant
an injunction. The Auditor employed
counsel, who de< lined appearing, im they
said to the court, because they believed
this court bad no jurisdiction of the tub
ject. The injumtion was granted, but
no writ of injunction actually issued; yet
« subpoena and copy of the bill wrre serv
ed on th> Auditor the next tUy by sun
rise, that is the 15th, the day bis warrant
was to issue. On the subpoena was in
dorsed, in substance, that the suit was
brought for such itijtiuction, and n state
ment that bond ami seeuritv bad been
given, which was fact, lor S ioo.OPO.
“ Hie Auditor took advice of counsel
if he was served with an injunction—in
other words, if that could be construed
to amount to au injunction. Counsel
were of opinion that the papers served
did not contain an injunction ; that no
injunction had issued and that the agent
of the Auditor might proceed. These
counsel knew an injunction bad been
granted by the court—having been pre
sent. The agent proceeded, and took
from the vaults ot the Branch at ibis
place $ 119.000, and the next Jay offered
to return the overplus of S 19,000 ; but
the direction refused to reeciv« it, as I
have been informed. lie was authorized
to levy the whole for both Brunches at
eitlirr office, and, it seems, took it here.
There was not much resistance by the
officers of the Bank, but there was some
— nothing serious. The money was de
posited in the Bank of Clnlicotbe that
night,(Friday,) and next morning started
for Columbus, to be delivered to the
Tl'ea-lnvr Tin* ivnl n( iniimptiAn ......
then issued and served upon the agent,
on the way, who took no notice of it, and
proceeded. It was then, with the Agent
and the Treasurer, in like manner,served,
J»v leaving a copy al ihe Treasury ; the
Treasurer, not being in, could not be sent,
and we know not what course he will
pursue, hut expect he will receive the
money/’
October 7.—The question respecting
the Spanish treaty appears to lie at length
s'Hied ; information having reached
I’liiladelphia that the King of Spain has
definitively refused to ratify the ’Treaty
for the cession of Florida, and has deter
mined to send a special agent to assign
Ins reasons for doing if.
From the complexion of this informa
tion, Iho'vye have heard nothing officially
oil the subject, we incline to think ii may
lie relied on. We shall, however, reserve
further remarks on the subject, until it is
made certain.
Should such he the result as is reported,
we have already expresed our opinion of
the course the United .States would he
justified in taking ; and vve have seen no
reason to change it. On the contiary,
ti rre is the most unequivocal evidence
that the sense of /he country, as far as
expressed, is in favor of that course. [ lb.
I he New York papers inform us that the
Hoard appointed by the Secretary of the
Navy to examine the ,\1 ulxhipinen w ho are
candidates for promotion, met on hoard
flie Washington 74, on the 1tli im-t. The
Hoard is composed of Coin. Rodgers,
Com. Raiubridge, Com. Cliauncey, and
llie Rev. Mr. relcli. The character of
the three officers selected to compose this
Board, shews of what importance this re
gulation, recently introduced, is consider
ed to the character of the Navy. This is
the first time a Board of this description
has met. On looking iafo the “ Rules,
Regulations, and Instructions for the na
val service of the United States," for the
origin of this Board, we find the following,
under the head of appointments:
"5. A Midshipman, Indore being promoted
to the rank of a Lieutenant, most he I8 year*
of age, liars nerved at sea two years, be ae
..I
'] ian.te.1 with the manner <>t rigeia™ Hn.t *to*u
l,‘* •) ** mjinureiueut at artillery at
Sl i* ®rilMiiteliCn mfcunetry, trigonometry, ami
h.h i(ration, tie niiikl also know liow to make
astronomical calculations tor nautical purpo
sck. arid pus* an exumiimtwin on all tlio.se
points l;rlot t a lioaril of navy officer*, to lie
appointed by the Secretary of the Navy for
tlial purpose ; by whom the morals aruJ gen
eral dialader ot candidates will be enquired
into.
** 0. Candidates for examination ami pro
motion «re to semi in their applications to
the Secretary of the Navy, on the 1st day of
October, and on the 1st day ot March, eveiy
year ; and they will be informed of the place
or places where examinations are to tie held
eitherby letter or tliioiigli the medium of the’
public prints.”
File code Iroin which the abore rulei
are extracted, bus been prepared by the
Hoard ot Navy Commissioners ol (lie U.
Stales, with the consent of the Sectelary
ol the Navy, in obedience to an Act of
Congress, passed 7th February, 1816, en
'died “ An act to alter and amend the
several acts lor establishing a Navy De
partment, by adding thereto a Board of
CoinniissiouerK."
This regulation is but one of many
whi, h appear to be admirably adapted for
lie promotion of regularity, efficiency,
r spoil'ihdity, and ev cnoniy in the Navy.
It leisure serves, we will hereafter take'.t
more general notice of this code of rules,
which has !• • n prepared willi gr. at labor
and carefulness, by men whose judgments
have been matured by long experience,
and whose professional character needs
not our praise. {/6.
The Aurora states that the debt of the
Corporation of Plnlad Ipliia at this time
exceeds one tail lion two hundred thousand
dollars. ‘1 lr.s is certain!\ an enormous
debt, but it has been contracted lor im
provements ot the fiist importance to the
city of Philadelphia, and which have made
that city what it is—»*ue ol the mosl ueat
nnd healthful i;i the world. Speaking of
city debts, we are reminded that the Cor
poration ot Washington, having had a
wide common to work upon, through
which to mah.e streets ; having many
bridges to erect, and other improvements
to make incident to the tirsi settlement
of a city, have acted with singular for
bearance in refraining to tax posterity.
|<M‘ Hie expense of improvements made
more for their benefit than for that of the
present generation. The total debt of
the Corporation of Washington is but at
present about sixty thousand dollars;
and great exertions are making to reduce
III.' an.omit,it not to pay itoffentiroly The
Corporation appear to he of a mind with
the old proverb—Out of debt, out of dun
cc!‘ ^ [ib.
I ne Baltimore papers inform us that
notes of tiie Stale Hank of North Carolina
will he purchased at Cohen’s Lottery
and Exchange Otlioe at seven per cent,
discount; and those of South Carolina
and Georgia at four per cent. This is an
improvement iu the rale of exchai g». It
is ur*t a month since Jifteen per cent has
been paid tor the former, and seven or
eight for the latter. [lb
Progressive Seal Lever Press.—One of
III*** Piesse* is now used in the General
l.aud Office, in tins city, and proves to
he far superior to the Scrtiv Press, TUe
lever is about three feet in length. The
makers and patentees (1‘u kins and Bacon,
of Philadelphia,) calculate correctly, that
a power of one hundred pounds, applied
at li.r end of the lever, will produce a
momentum, equal to a weight of thirty
thousand pounds, at the moment when
the lever is brought to a horizontal posi
tion.
The seal may he impressed about ten
times iarter than by the common Screw
Piess, and by a power much less Ilian one
■Kindred pounds. 1 lie impression is per
fect and complete. [lb.
Philadelphia, Oct. 5.—U. S. Bank
Stock—9&£ offered, 99^ asked—no sales
tin.- forenoon. In Nuw ^ ork yesterday,
99 o fie re i, asked, no sales.
I be English papers loudly complain of
the impositions practised by theiabmet
o* Madrid upon British merchants resi
lient m Spam. The minister of finance
lately sent an order to the consulado at
Alien'd, .to make all foreigners pay the 1
contributions and forced loans raised for
filling out tire ararut expedition lo South
America. Sir Henry VV clletdey, the am
bassador at Madrid, advised the English
merchants to resist. But, nevertheless,
their properly was embargoed and sold
at public auction, lo cover their quota of
contributions and the costs ol sale. Upon
being apprised of this violence, the Bri
tish envoy procured an order from the
Spanish minister of stale to slay pro
ceedings until the return of Ferdinand
from Sacedon. 1 he cousulado, however,
refused to obey the order; and the inner’
chants expect to lose their property. We
Deiirvf* iron) tins and other cirum^tcini
that the English envoy ha" not the influ
ence at Madrid which lie is supposed to
have ; and that if any oilier motives thau
those originating in his own tyrannical
caprice, and in Hie intrigues of his own
court, prevented I*crditiaud from ratify
ing the Florida treaty, it was not the
actual interference ol England, hut a tear
that the Cabinet of London might de
mand a cession of Cuba. At ail events,
it is believed that the English ministry
aie anxious to make an impression lhat
they have attempted to use no iiiHuence
on the occasion. | // Gaz.
THE OHIO KIVKIt COMMISSIONERS.
Louisville, (Ky.)Sepl. 22.—General
S. Blackubn and Edward W. Tup
PEK, ami Walter Lowhie, Esq. Com
missioners appointed by the states of
i’> nnsylvania, Virginia and Ohio, for the
purpose of examining the obstructions
to navigation in the Ohio River, w< re in
this place Hie last week. Gen. Adair, the
commissioner appointed by Kentucky,
did not att< nd. 'Flic present uncommon
low stage of water, gave an opportunity
investigating Hi. local situation of tin*
I alls more fully than might have be. 11
expected.
I lie Commissioners, agreeable to in
vitation, partook of a dinner given tliem
by Hie citizens of this town.
THE OHIO RIVER.
At no time within the recollection of
the oldest inhabitants, has the Ohio river
been lower than at the pre-eut time.
There is scarcely water sullicient to admit
ol boats of the feast draft, to cross the
Falls. The Steam Boats are, in every
instance, laying try waiting a rise of the
river. I he sea>on continues uncommon
ly dry in this section ; and we are in
formed by travellers, that stock are in
many instances suffering with the drought.
■— 1 lh raid.
A lea NY, Oct.6.—The agricultural fair
was held in Chenango county on the 22d
amt 23d lilt. IGOdomtstic animals and
a great quantity of domestic manufac
tures, were exhibited lor premium, 'fhe

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