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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, September 05, 1820, Image 2

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■ . .. i. , it tk) * v» i \ t'< to li'c
altogether. Hut looking at the papers
which he alluded to, bethought they coil
laim d » sutKcient Pailiaiuenlary ground
lor showing that the period hail at
last arrived, when the duty as well as the
mteicsl ol-this country called upon them
to acknowledge the independence of those
South American states, who had emanci
pated themselves, and lur a considerable
period of time had maintained their in.,
dependence. He conceived, that alter the
conduct which had been pursued on ibis
occasion by the European Powers, they
had destroyed their title to make any re
monstrance against such « declaration, if
it were made by this country. The Hon.
and Learned Member then went on to
argue, that when colonies emancipated
themselves and succeeded for a number
ot years in maintaining their indepen
dence, it was nothing more than a ques
tion of policy with any other state, whe
ther it would recognize 6uch itidepeiu
deuce or not. II this were not the case,
the United Provinces and the U. Slates
of America, might have remained to this
hour unacknowledged. He contended
that though at present we had a Consul at
liuetins Ayres, still as the law stood we
wejre compellable to treat these cruisers
as pirates, and there was at this moment
• a proceeding pending in one of the Courts
cl this eoutiiiv, instituted at the insti
gation of Spain for I lie purpose of taking
(tom Spanish cruisers property belonging
1o them,and the proceeding was grounded
on tin* law as :i now stood. The treaty
of Paris, agreed to in the year 1814, did
not bind the country down to any parti
cular course of proceeding otherwise
than what we should he at liberty To a
dopt, according to the Law of Nations,
if no such treaty existeil. He wi-hvd to
put it to the House wliat the consequen
ces must he, if a Pjrince of the House of
It'turbou weri to be placed on the Throne
of :t new k inoifoni in the cvtcnwii re
gum* of Soulli America. Could any man
entertain n doubt but, in such a case, the
ui«st rigid laws respecting commercial
monopoly wouht lie established and acted
upon, ai d that these would operate most
injuriously against the interests of Great
Britain ? [• Spain was so weak as to be
tmalile to regard the possessions of her
South American colonies. Great Britain
was undoubtedly free to recognize Mieir
independence; and as we had a strong
interest in their freedom, we were hound
to notice a transaction which, in all prob
ability, was one of the results arising out
«>l the Holy Alliance. With respect to
the conduct of France on this oei asion,
he could not express his feelings too
strongly. This was the way her Govern
ment paid the debt of gratitude they ow
ed us, for I lie efforts we tiad been mak
tug, and the quantity ol blood and trea
suie which we had expended during the
last 30 years to restore the House ol
B*.in hou. Scarcely was the wax dry which
sealed tlie treaty that placed the sceptre
i:i llmir feeble hands, when tlie Members
of that House and their advisers began to
tnrn> projects hostile to the interest of
their benefactors. We were the best bene
factors of that family ; and as such, we
had a right to demand from the French
Government, a conduct thevery reverse
of this, which was most treacherous and
perfidious. lie did not know whether
he.should say that we ought, to proceed
to tlu* recognition of the independence
of the South American Provinces ; hut
he inns* observe that the United States of
America were continually on the watch,
and hud neglected nothing by which they
could cultivate their friendship ; and with
that view had sent Commissioners thither
to enquire into tlieir siuntion. They had
two great objects in view : first to obtain
possession of the Florida* ; and alter
that, to acknowledge the independence
r,\ tlu* South American States. He would |
ask then if it was wise or prudent to al- j
ioiv the U. States to lake the start of u* j
in this important business ? to allow them
to retain exclusively the friendship of S.
American Spaniards, and thus open a
v ide market for the produce of their in
ou.-try to the exclusion of the manufac
ture* of Great Britain? Any thing like
delay in this business would he highly
prejud’cial to us. And why, he asked,
should we not avail ourselves of the op
portunity w’htch Providence placed in our
h iiufs, and cultivate the friendship of 20
.. :>i,_ _t..1.i.i. i_ r • i .
... vim ^ mi 'MM/m wr iiiif'ut
i »rry on n commercial intercourse ol un
foi:n<’ed benefit to n* ’ Here the Hon.
Gentleman entered into several state
ments to show how extensively our man
idaclures were sought after in South Ame
rica ; and lie observed that this trade was
likely to he carried on to the greatest ex®
tent, and in a way likely to be highly ad
vantageous to both countries. He anx
iously hoped that his Majesty's Minis
ters would take the subject into their
most serious consideration; and that
tlu*y would have the satisfaction ol re
flecting ti.af they had acknow ledged, and
were instrumental *•» producing that tri*
uoipli of liberty and reason, over bigotry
and injustice which wa* gaining ground
in the new world. fl«? concluded with
moving an humble address to iity Majes
ty that lie would be graciously pleased to
give directions, that there be laid before
the House copies of all official communi
cations received by bis Ma jesty’s Gov* rn*
merit, relative to a iirgocialiou carried oil
between the French Government and'the
Agent of any Government at Ruenos
Ayres, relative to the establishment of a
Monarchy in South America, under a
Piince ol the House of Rourbon.
Ford Cistletvnfrh said, it would place
his Majesty's government in embarrass
• went it he were to accede to the present
motion ; for the tacts already known to
the government were so imperfect, that
it would be impossible to enter info any
discussion on such materials; anil if
tlie^e were laid before the Hvoise they
could pr duce no other effect than that
of misiOiicfpfion at home and abroad.—
On a former day, a gallant olKcer on the
other side of thr House had put a qtica
tiou to him on this subject ; ami the an
swer which he (Lord C.) gave, was, that
be was not in possession of such infor*
mati-M* a* ought property to be laid before
the House, nor such as would even he
intelligible to the House ; uorsuch as the
House could act on. The fact was, that
several printed papers had hern transmit
fed to his Majesty's Government by tlie
officer who had tlie command of the Na -
val station at Ruenos Ayres ; these pa
per* related chiefly to certain criminal
proceedings, which weic carried on there
against some persons concerned in thp
transactions ju*t alluded to. The rcla
t ons, however, between this country and
lor Government ol Ruenos Ayres, were
not of such an oflieial nature, as would
warrant bis Majesty’s Government in
acting on those documents,jwhich could
■•ol Li. cu.i.'itiinu Ui> uii. liisulir,
many oilier communications were yet to
be made, which it would he necessary to
look at, before the (louse could lake a
view of the subject in question. Indeed,
with the information he then| possessed,
be was incapable ol entering into auy
explanation ou tlie subject ; and to
take it up in its present state, could not
be 'attended with any practical utility ;
particularly so, when the object ol Hit*
lion. Gentleman seemed lo be to review
the whole ol the policy which England
had acted upon, with regard to South
! America. Whatever the lion. Gentleman
; might think as to the propriety of calling
; for this information at some future period,
lie must surely feel, that il information
not of an official character were now
produced, it must be a mere dead letter
on the tabic of the House. He hoped,
llierefoee, the House would not counte
nance any presumptions unfavorable to
the foreign Powers, our interests with
w hom could not be strengthened by these
vague insimiatioiiH ; ami lie would can
lion the lion.'Gentleman against throwing
nut reproaches against what he called
the Holy Alliance, against which there
was no ground for that spirit of distrust
and hostility which had been displayed
by the Hoik Member; he could prove
that the government of this country had
ils full share of influence at this lime in
the Councils of other Slates on the con
tinent; and he protested against any ob
servations which might spread distrust
among those powers, and shake that
unanimity which hadsomanily contribu
ted to the safety of Europe If there
was any thing ill the transaction alluded
to by the Hon. Member, which went to
shake the system on which the great
Powers of Europe had acted ; the present
whs the first tfme he (Lord Casllercagh)
knew ol such a thing : for he could truly
say that the honor ol every Power con
nected with the alliance was involved in 1
a pledge, as well as a desire lo promote
the general interests of the whole, lie
hoped then that the House would suspend
ns judgment on me wnoie 01 me trans
actions in question, and tint call for in
lormatiou winch could not be given.
Sir James Macintosh contended that no
lime was more fit lor bringing forward
ami discussing a motion ol this kind than
the time when foreign Powers were mak
mg encroachments of a clandestine and
treacherous nature on the national inter
ests of this country. He thought the
Noble Lord -Itould have no objection to
produce such documents as were in his
possession. He wished the House par
ticularly to observe that the negociation
respecting the establishment of a mon
archy at Buenos Ayres, was carried on in
the month of May 1811), just at the time
when that House was employed in pas
sing a Bill to prohibit British subjects
In in entering into the service of the South
Americans—a Bill, the effect of which
might enable Spain to recover posses
sion of those provinces. The Continent
al Powers were privy to the plan ol for
ming the New Monarchy in those exten
sive regions ; while England, kept in
ignorance on the subject, was discussing
the measure to which he just alluded. If
the British Government had known ol the
existence of such a negociation, the Par
liament surely would never be called on
to pa^sja jueasureao hostile to its inle cst-.
He thought it was of the utmost impor
tance than 1 lie House should have tin's
information, in order to show to foreign
nations that this country was not inat
tentive to their proceedings. By agree
ing to this measure, the House would
strengthen the hands of his Majesty’s
Government in every negociation which
might be bad on this subject. The re
iaiions of South America and Spain were
certainly, at this time, in a very peculiar
situation ; because the recent transactions
in Spain had materially changed the
whole aspect of things in South America.
He must say that a return of those pro
vinces, to the yoke of an odious despo
tism, was a thing which he had ever ob
jected to ; but when a nation became free,
and was capable of governing itself, as
Spain now appeared to be, it was possi
hie that a junction, mutually advantage
ous to botii parties, might now take place
between Spain and the American colo
nies. He was not very sanguine on this
point ; but it might happen. Spain had
already performed Iwool the greatest ser
vices 111ai ever were conienred by any
nation on mankind. The first was the
expelling, with a small military force, an
ambitious invader from her territory.—
The other important service was that of
her having recovered her liberty without
the effusion of blood. Indeed, the lime
was arrived when the spirit of reforma
tion, in all political institutions, was too
powerful to be resisted ; and he believed
toe nnlvidangers to he apprehended were
those that arose out of the passions of
political leaders. The progress in refor*
malion characterized the present age,
and any government that resisted it was
sure to he defeated.—(Hear, hear.) The
Spanish nation had formerly evinced
great virtues and wisdom ;and he trust
ed they would profit by flic experience
wlijeh file world had had on the subject
of liberty. He trusted they would dis
cover from that experience, that nothing
was so easy as to overshoot liberty ; and
that a free coustitu:ion was naturally sur
rounded by various kinds of tyrannies,
into some one of which, if pushed too far,
it must inevitably tie precipitated. He
trusted that they would engraft their re
formation on tiie ancient principles of
their Constitution—that they would con*
iiect their new liberties with all the clas
ses into which society was divided—that
they would attach every great body of
people iri the State to the preservation of
those liberties—and that they would not
add another to the unfortunate list of
nations, who, in the first delirium of their
joy on emancipation from thraldom, had
inflicted wounds on freedom, which ages
could not heal.—(Hear, hear.)
Mr. Canning conceived that enough
had been staled to show that papers of
this kind ought not to be produced in !
their present imperfect state. It might be
honorable and beneficial for (tenllemeti
who had no ostensible situations to ex
press (heir sc'itini'-nts as the two honor
able (tenth men had just done; hut would
it lie fit for the government togive any ex
pression of went uncut, or to lay before the
House a detail of facts which were not suf
ficiently f'tl! and authentic to act upon,
and thus to hold out to this country and
to F.iirnpe, an imbecility of councils.higfi*
ly detrimental to the’ interests ot the
country? As to what his (.earned Friend
said of this negociation being carried on
at the time when that House was passing
the Foreign Knlistinent Bill, lie would
sav that although other countries might
act tread,crously to u?, it was most sa
Ua.'ucloiy lu us iu tlmih ilott tvc hud uol
done any thing with which we could re
proach ourselves ; although other nations
pursued a different course. He enter
tained a different opinion from his Hon.
and Learned Friend, as to the reconcilia
tion which he supposed might be ad
vantageously made belween Spain in ber
pieseul reformrd stale, and the Soulh
American Provinces : for Provinces were
always worse treated by countries that
had their popular assemblies, than by
those which were governed by an abso*
lute monarchy. He was surprised to hear
the learned gentleman say, in defiance of
history so universally known, that the
Spaniards had driven away their invaders
by the aid of a small military force ; lor
what could they have done without the
Duke of Wellington and his army ? As
to tliis country acknowledging the go
vernment of Buenos Ayres ; lie wished
to know, while one government was driv
ing another out, which ot them was to be
acknowledged. It was true that the Spa
tiisli people had subsequently made great
efforts; hut w lien bis bonorableand learn
ed friend talked of their having only a
" Jit lie” regular military aid, he w ished to
ask whether the history of the victories
of Salamanca, of Victoria, of Talavera,
of fhe Pyrenees, with all the other glori
ous achievements of the illustrious Wel
lington, was so vague and remote, that
his hnn. and learner! friend could call the
assistance which England had rendered
to Spain, a “ little” military aid i I.eft to
itself, the cause of Spain must have been
hopeless. Nothing could have saved her
but thecelehralcd march ol our illustrious
Commander. N»»w, however, all this was
to be called a “ little” military aid, ami
was to he sank, because Spain had had a
revolution, ami the benefits of a revolution
must he talked ol. He was us warm a
friend to the extension ol liberty ami of
liberal institutions throughout Europe as
bis honorable and learned friend ; but he
ni'inr ituo rltcnncoH In nrflor I1PIV liutir
unions because they were new, and to
detest established institutions because
they were established. He retained the
same wishes with respect to South Ame
rica, as formerly ; but lie must oppose
the lion, and learned gentleman’s motion,
co sideling il to he altogether without
ground.
Sir./«mc5 Macintosh in explanation said,
hi- meaning was, that the Spaniards had
delivered themselves with little military
aid of their own ; and nothing could he
further from his ideas than that of dispa
raging the inestimable benefits resulting
f mn the brilliant exploits of the Duke of
Wellington.
Mr. Ellice conceived, that nothingcould
be more important than that ol cultivat
ing the most friendly intercourse with the
South American Provinces, on account of
the vast importance tliry would be ol to
our commercial interests. He did not
think the new slate of tilings in Spain
would make any inalerial difference in
the state of those colonies, should they
now tall under the dominion of the mo
ther country. It was of llie greatest irti
portance that these colonies should he
independent and favorable to us ; for the
revival of our declining trade and manu
factures would in a great measure depend
on such a state and disposition in tho-e
xtensivr provinces.—We should mainly
look to South America as a source for the
consumption of our commodities.
So E. Ommanmj opposed tin motion.
Dr. Lushinglon spoke in reply. Under
all the circumstances, he would he very
unwilling to press the motion, and alike’
his opinion of its importance was not
lessened, he would, with the leave ol the
house, withdraw his motion. Motion
withdrawn.
THE AGE OF REVOLUTION.
LATEST I ROM EEGLAND.
New York, Sept. 1.—The last sailing
ship Minerva-Smytil, Cap?. Rennett, ar
rived last evening in 31 days from Liver
pool, having sailed on the 29lh ol July,
up to which date papers are received.—
The principal event in the papers w the
revolution w hich has broken out in Na
pics, and like that of Spain, has ended in
a complete overthrow ol the old Dynasty,
and the establishment of a more liberal go
vernment, and this too, without shedding
of much blood. The promise of the King
to prepare a Constitution in eight (lavs,
was too long a period for the impatience
of 1 he Neapolitans. I hey had sent depu
tations to the King requiring the Cousti.
tution of the Cortes of 181*2 to be signed
in 2-1 hours. The King had notified
t e Deputation that the slate ol Ills health
did not permit him any longer to execute
tlie duties of royalty, and appointed Ins
son the Duke of Calabria his Vicar-Gen
eral.
Soon after the Prince published a Pro
clamalion promising the Constitution,
hut this did not satisfy Ihe Insurgents.
They insisted that the promise should lie
made by the King and signed by himself.
Accordingly a new Proclamation appear
cd in the evening signed by the King, in
which his Majesty confirmed the promise
made by his sou, and pledged his faith to
swear fidelity to the Constitution before
the provincial Junta about to be formed,
preparatory to bis taking Ihe oaths before
a general Parliament lawfully assembled.
i’lie Provisional Junta is to consist ol
20 members. No disposition to molest
the royal family appeared. The old cock
ade of red Iras been supplanted by one
of three colours, which the soldiers had
mounted.
In the Mouse of Lords on the 241 It of
July, Lord Lrskine presented a petition
trom Hie Queen, requesting to be furnish
ed with a list o‘ witnesses against her ; a
specification of the places in which the
ciiminal acts were charged to have been
committed; and a request tob e heard
by her counsel at the bar of their lord
ships. Lord Krnkine hoped the last re*
quest would not be refused.After
speeches from the ford chancellor, lord
Holland, the earl of Liverpool, lord King,
earl Bathurst, and lord Krskiue, who
concluded by moving, "That counsel he
now heard at the bar in support of the
petition,” Hie House then divided upon
Hie motion—lion contents, 37 ; eouteuls
12—majority 2o, against Ihe motion.
The London Courier of July 22.1, con
tains intelligence of a revolution in Na
ples, received in Ix>udon by private let
ters trom Paris.
P/iRts, July 1£>,—It appears that the
g vernmentdoes not wish to have thede
t ills of wtiat has taken place in Italy.
Among tin* rumours in circulation are the
following :
“ I he Lazzaroni had risen, and. two
regiments of the line, who were sent to
quell them, joined them. The King re
posing confidence in a General who had
promised him to restore order, entrusted
him with six regiments.—'VVlicn lie nr*
lived in tin piisuite of 5lie Insurgent*,
lie imitated Ney, aud exclaimed, ** Long
live the Const it utoii.”
“The Ministry is changed, and is now
composed ot the Muralists.”
A single battalion lira! hoisted colors,
which were not the royal one at Naples.
, The regiments sent to quell the revolted
, soldiers joined them.”
The communication between Paris
amt Naples is cut off. In Paris the ques
tions were what part will Austria take?
What will the Holy Alliance determine
on i
Naples, July 6.On the night- of
Sunday 2d July, a small corps ot cavalry
marched out ot Nola, accompanied by
some oncers. They displayed tlie tri
coloured cockade. Their first movement
was upon Avehno, where they were tired
upon by a battalion of the Tamnilr regi
ment. In the course of the day the In
surgents were reinforced by great num
bers of the peasantry and the tower was
taken, the battalion disarmed, and the
civil authorities obliged to swear allegi
ance to the Constitution. The Neapo
litan government was altogether unpre
pared for such events, and being perhaps
diffident ot the tro ps in the garrison at
Naples, they delayed any attack upon
the Insurgents, until the latter had col
lected an imposing loree.
The royal troops at length made some
movements ; one column took up a post
lion on the Nola mad ; another of those
matched to Noeera, ami the whole uerc
put under the command of General Ca
rascora. These arrangements led to an
expectation that an attack would be made
upon the Insurgents, but the spirit of the
troops opposed to them rendered a retro -
grade movement necessary, and a G»'we
ral l'eppi set off'clandestinely from Na
ples, aud put ltiiiis< If at the head of lit**
disaffected troops anti decided ihe affair.
Minchiiio, a canon of Nola,aud a n an of
considerable ability, is a hading charac
ter among the Insurgents.
The Patis journal stales that among-!
1 lie new ministers is Genetai Tniauqiere,
a distinguished • th < t under Murat.
The revolution is said 10 have proceed
ed from otiievrs formerly attached to Mu
rat.
further accounts state that the King
immediately adopted, signed and pro
claimed the constitution formed in the
time of Murat, but never carried into
execution.
Letters from Naples aslate as the I3th,
stale (hat it was far from being tranquil ;
some riots had taken place. The Austrian
government had information of a secret
society of *300, composed of late officers
in Bonaparte’s arrnv.
The King, alter some resistance, lias
issned a proclamation, promising a Con
stitution in eight days. The ministers
have resigned their situations, and a ilcw
government is forming.”
An ambassador from the King of Na
ples had arrived in Paris, when a grand
cabinet council was immediately assem
bled.
Some symptoms of disapprobation to
the Constitution of Spain had sliowntliein
selves.
On the 181 li the King appointed Staf
ford Canning, CL-tj. Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the U.
States ot America.
TlieAmty of France has been augment •
ed 40,712 nti ii.
Cabinet Councils were held in Paris
with reference to the aifairs of Spain and
Naples.
Her majesty has concluded her treaty
for Braodenbarg- hnuse.
Thelwenty-six Italian witnesses against
the queen, have been quartered by the
British ambassador near the Hague until
they ma> hr wanted
■- wiT,£>«0>4Jiiiii»i
DOMESTIC.
New Orleans, Aug. 3.’—The Friend
oj the La tit, from tins day will be issued
oul\ three times in each week until the
31st ot October next, at which period its
daily publication will be resumed. The
following motives, the force ol which will
be, no doubt, appreciated by our sub
scribers, have determined us to adopt Jliis
regulation—the fever lias already made
its appearance—the city begins to be de
serted by the merchants and others—bu
siness of every kind is at a stand, and the
i_lit. _r ,i._ _ ... i .
■ VI IIIV |/V|3UIID OlintllUl IV/ Vlll
establishment, would be endangered at
Ibis season by excessive confinement and
labour—such are the excuses which we
uff. r to an indulgent public, and which will
we hope,—be accepted.
Arrived at this poi t yesterday, 77 sail
of schooners and sloops, with cargoes
consisting of wheat, corn, tobacco, and
other produce, from the different rivers
in the Chesapeake Bay and North Caro
lina—Likewise from 30 to 40 wood craft.
[ Baltimore American.
AFFRAY AND MURDER.
IIvNTHvru.E, (Alabama) August It.—It is
painlul to our tel lings to record so depraved
a transaction as tlie following :—As Mr. Tho«
mas Logwood and Reuben Turner were leav
ing towu on Monday evening, an altercation
took place, which caused some blows to pass
while butii parties were on horseback, and
which ended,on tlie ground, hv Turner’s slab,
bing Logwood mortally with a knife.
We do not understand by whom the provo
cation was given, or first blow stricken, lint
it is generally understood that the dispute ori
giualed concerning a security debt which Tur
ner owed to Logwbod.
Many of our readers may recollect, that this
Mr. Turner came to Huntsville from Virginia
about two years since and wormed himself
into the lavour ot some Isw men of properly,
among whom was this Mr. Logwood, by whose
assistance he was enabled to purchase the es
f ahli-limeut of the Hell Tavern, whirii he kept
tor three or tom months. livery body who
knows the man is well acquainted with the
scandalous and disgraceful manner in which lie
lelt the town,and his dishonesty to all his cred
itors. It is wrdl known, that lie almost ruined
Mr. Logwood, who was compelled to raise a
very large sum ot money on short notice, to
pa> a debt incurred by breaming security lor
t Turner, who bad left the place full handed.—
After the lapse of about eighteen months this
hardened wretch makes his reappearance in a
town where his name is con-igned to infamy,
and as a requital to his best triend and bene
factor, slabs Inin to the heart. Mr. Logwood
died of his wounds on the night of Tuesday
the Mth iust. An inquest has been held upon
hi - body, the verdict ot which was,“ wti.Ftir,
MUHDKit HY THE HIND OF ReUUKN TuRNF.R.”
We aro glad t »learnthat the civil authority
promptly interfered and committed Turner
lor Ins trial.
Another. — On Tuesday morning Mr. Dillon,
a gtorer, of the firm of Phelan and Dillon, was
dreadfully stabbed by a man of I lie name of
Williams, a journeyman carpenter. His case
is said to tie a doubtful one. We are not ap
pnsed o! the cause of this unhappy occurrence,
but understand the quarrel originated the day
previous. Wilhamsis also in custody to await
tUal. [lirpuhlkan.
COUNTERPE! V NOTES.
NoHFrri.it August 31.—Notes on the Rank of
CAIM2-FEAlt, ot Fire and 'I'm dollars, have
been in circulation in this place tor sev"ral
week* past. They are so well executed, both
ft* to engi&\iug, device* ami nig nature’;. tlal
they easily elude the do I eel Ion even of persons
who are in the habit of dealing largely in tuo.
ney ol that Bank. One of them of five Dollar*,
is now in our tiands. and we see nothing in it
upon which to tuund a suspicion of its being
spurious hot the colour of the paper, which
is ol a reddish cast—whereat that ot the genu
ine notes of the same Bank, is uncommonly
white belore they become soiled by circulation
— and this note which u dated 4 'Wilmington,
N. C. 1st Jan. 1811/ is so little soiled that we
should judge it had passed tlirongb lint eery few
hands. We may, peiImps, be able to say in*
week or two, who first put them in circulation
TRUMAN PARKER.
This person, who was committed bv the
Mayor’s Court outlie Ititli inst.to take Ins tiial
at the quarterly Court, now sitting, on a
charge of uttciing counterfeit notes, mil s>
gainst whom llie Grand Jury found * true bill
on Monday.was yesterday brought to trial and
ACQUITTED, by a jury ol his countrymen.
[ Beacon.
THE LAUNCH.
Philadelphia, August 29—The fine
ship of the line, building at our Navy
^ ard, is in such a slate of forwardness,
that 1 lie 7Il» of next month has been desig
nated as the day on which she is to he
launched—It will take place at .8 o’clock
in the morning. [Gazette.
I Imtnas L. .l/oorc has been elected to Congress,
from the 1'unyuier distiict. Virginia, in the place
of Mr Strother, resigned by majority of 193 t otes
over John Ijwe [Nat lut.
The next Congress, the term of whole
service will commence on the 4tli day of
Match next, will have in it many new
members, so many members of the pre
sent Congri ss having declined a re-elec
I ion. Ill Georgia Joel Crawford, William
i errell and J. A. t'nthbert, have declined
being candidates for re-election; and in
South Carolina, Charles Pinckney and Jo
seph Brevard. We regret to find that a
seal in Congress lias so few attractions
as to be voluntarily relinquished hy so
many after the trial of a single term, flb.
CONOR ESS ION M. ELECTION.
John C. Gray. Ft«i is elected a member of the
Home of K-ricsriitativo In Hie District of Sonthain
l<ni, ir l\ a majority of 83 votes over iris opponent
Aiilier Smith.
State of Hie Poll.
Smith Gray.
Sussex.-J3:..
Isle of Wight..,..37-1..... 5
Southampton. «S.818
suiry.ton.oti
873.nun
873
Majority for Gray.. qi3
1 he Italtimore Ranks have determined to issue no
mole notes under 5 dollars- and to put in ciiculatiou.
specie for small change. This is well worthy of Imi
tation-Specie is now getting plenty—the hanks of Va.
should follow Hie rxinpir, and draw out of circulation
the ragged North Carolina Treasury Rills, which from
necessity ate now used for small change, ami which,
after No vent her next, together with Virginia Rank'
Notes under live dollars, are no longer passable.
[Petersburg tut.
Extract of a letter to the Editors of the Huston
Pat riot,(luted Nantucket. Aug. 23d 1820.
“ Tlte ship Charles, Swain, arrived at this
port in 06day* Irom ('.oqnitniio with Sperm
Oil. Capias, report the .Macedonian frigate
was left at St. 1»lass, in January, destination
unknown. Lord Cochrane was at Valparui
so when the Charles loft the coast, uiak
inir up the largest expedition against Lima
which had yet hern sent against it. The town
ot Cnquimtio was laid under contrihntiou for
$30,000 to defray the expense of the expedi
tion. General Bolivar, hi the. head of 30 0<M)
men,the latter part of Jnne. was destined (as
supposed) against Lima, to act in concert with
Cochrane, in the reduction of that cilv. Most
°f the foreigners liad been discharged'the ser
vice in Cocinane's squadron—generally quiet
on shore.”
DESPERATE COM HI T.
Lynchburg,September 1—The fol
lowing event occurred about 10days since
in the County of Henry. Various repre
sentations of ii art* in circulation. YVe
believe fha! the particulars as related be
low, arc substantially correct. YY'e have
collected them Irom sources which may
be relied oil.
Mr Nicholas Hairslott in riding over
bis plantation, in the County of Henry,
passed through a body of woods, either
enclosed within bis limits, or adjoining
his estate—Having a pair of draw bars
to pull down, or a gate lo open, lie dis»
mounted for the purpose, when lie per
ceived at a short distance from him a
negro man, partly concealed by the shrub
bery. Conceiving liiru to be a runaway
he accosted him with the questions of
“what lie was doing there, and to whom
be belonged V To Ibis latter question
the slave answered, by saying lie belong
ed to Mr. Nicholas Hairston ; Mr. Hairs
ton told him lie lied, for that be was
\t’ .1. I _ II* i .1 .
iinii^iwn — me irjuilieu,
saying that hr was a damn'd liar, for lie
•lid belong to him. Upon this, Mr.Hairs
ton advanced towards him, as well with
the purpose of chastising his insolence,
as of apprehending him as a runaway—
He was promptly met by the m gro, who
nothing daunted by the tirm carriage of
Mr. Hairston, closed in with him, and
bv dint of superior strength hurled him
to the ground. Having so tar triumphed,
lie proceeded to complete his victory, hy
butting Mr. Hairston in the breast, and
choking him—In (lie intervals of his fury,
Mr. Hairston begged for merry, promis
ing eternally to conceal what had hap
pened, to resign hjs purse, if that was
his object in wishing to kill him, and
even to purchase and emancipate him—
Nothing however, could soften the breast
of this savage. He proceeded, obviously
with an intention of killing, to heat his
prostrate foe in the most unmerciful man
ner. According to ttic account we heard,
Mr. Hairston swooned under the severi
ty of his suffering. When he revived lie
found that he had unknown to himself,
instinctively taken his knife from his pock
et, which before lie lia .l forgotten to do—
He Instantly aimed a blow at the face of
the negro, which he received near his eye
—he seemed however totally regardless
of it. Mr. Hairston then aimed a second
lunge at his side, which produced a more
sensible effect. The negro ceased for a
moment, and observed, '* you damn’d
rascal, you have got a knife”—Mr. Hairs
ton seized the moment to renew hisiulrea
lies for mercy, offering to send for a phy
sican to heal his wound, and to forget
an«l forgive every thing—The barbarian
was however inexorable, and Mr. Hairs
ton perceiving it to he a matter of life
and death, repealed his stabs with such
good effect, that in a short lime, the un
fortunate wretch exhausted hy the loss of
blood, quitted his giasp of death, and
tumbled off in the last agonies of dissolu
tion, observing to Mr. Hairston, " you
damn’d rascal, you have killed me.” With
great (lilliciilfy Mr. Hairston reached
home where his life fnrsome time wa-* near
ly despaired of—He is represented howev
er, as convalescent. The persons sent In
look aliertlie negro, fotind him dead. Hie
spot where the struggle to >k place, is
said to look more as if it had been tram
pled by contending armies, than by two
individuals, f Press.
Savannah, August 24.—Tin* follow
ing slatcmcut.of the lost of the sebooaer
Mary Ann, nf Dnlbury, Iim licrn politely
handed us l»v a passenger in the Othello,
•rum New York :
August *21, 8 o'clock, A. M. longitude
7C, 3ct, lat. 34, *24, tell in with the wreck of
the Schooner Mary Ann, of Duxbuiy.
Eldrtdgr, master, from Charleston, hound
to Richmond, having been upset iu n
squall. With some difficulty succeeded
iu bringing off the passengers and crew,
consisting ot the captain, male, two sea*
men, and n black man,(slew<trd)and Wade
Ilotigli, his wile, anti three children, pas
sergers. Saved only two small trunks,
that floated out of the cabin. Tlteschr. .
Irad thirty tierces rice on board, and some 1
furniture. Three fourths of the hull hr- f
ing tinder water, therefore nothing could
be saved.
The crew and passengers of the schoon
er Mary Ann, return their sincere and
grateful thanks to the crew and passen
gers of the brig Ol hello, Capt. Frenti.%
lor„tlieir prompt and active exertions iu
taking them from the wreiik, and kind
and humane attention on the passage to
Savannah.__ J R( r,,,,ln,ul\
Rational Lotteries.. ..The Constitution.~
W e give room to the following, promptly ;
and as cheerfully as the nature of the case will
admit ot... .Since receiving it, we have seen
N ilea* Weekly Megister of Saturday Iasi, which
contains the same opinion, preceded by Ihe re
matks which we made upon a National Lotte
ry some time since. Mr. N*. add*. •* We wish
that the practice of granting schemes In tempt *
the people to gamble was entirely done away."
He publishes also “ a transcript of tlie act to
authorize the .canal lotteiy, the drawing of
which is speedily to commence." The” t.pin.
ion” was given in respect to the lottery no to
drawing at Washington. There is a little dif
ference iu llie manner of getting np tltese lot
teries, Imt their essential parts are die same.
... _
i* directly granted, for the piirposetof making &
completing tht* Washington Canal. We puli*
ItMi these articles at present without comment,
except to express our belief that the supreme
court of the IT. S , if consistent with its own
doctrines dhotit the hank, will certainly sanc
tion those maintained in the opinion.”.
We regret to see such an opinion, with rim
names of five gentlemen to it who rank so high
at the Inr — onent them in particular, for whose
name, and (or wlio>e republican princi
ples, we owo the most sinc.cie respect. For,
it this opinion be received it is in vain that
Madison and Pendleton sought to lull the fean.
ot the Virginia Convention on this clause of the
constitution. Congress may do any thing in the
District; and having dune it, iheir power
“ knows no locality within the boundaries of
the Union!!” •• The states have no existence
relatively to the ctfecl of such a power.” They
are in it they wer« not.— But we cannot bend
onr minds to such an usurpation, and all that
the ingenuity of Congress may make to grow
out ol it—an'Usurpation that fixes its lever ttpou
litis little point, to move, axil pleases,the state
governments. This opinion, however, must
receive a more formal investigation :—
TO THE EUtlORS OF THE EXqVlRER.
I herewith enclose you the Law Opinion respecting
the W atliingii n Lottery, for your pcnual and publica
tion. Yours respectfully, -.
September 4.
By the constitution of Ihe United Slates
power in given to Congress “ to exercise
exclusive legislation, in all cafes whatsoe
ver, over such district (not exceeding leu
miles square) as may by cession of partic
ular stales, and the acceptance of Con
gress, become the seal ol the government
of the United Stales.”
This clause was no doubt inserted in
the Constitution, from the indispensable
necessity which was felt to exist that the
National Government should have entire
authority in the place where it was to be
located. It was a government establish
ed for nalioual purposes, and it was fit
anti proper that the national legislature
and tire members of it should be entirely
tree from and unmolested by the authori
ty or power of any state legislature.
By an act ol Congress power is given
to the corporation of the city of Washing
ton to authorise the drawing of lotteries,
for effecting any important improvement
in Ihe city, which the ordinary funds, or
revenues, thereof will not accomplish—
Provided that the amount to be taised in
each year, shall not exceed the sum of
ten thousand dollars, and provided, also,
that the object for which the money is
intended to he raised shall first In* suit.
mined to the President of tlie U. Slates,
and shall lie approved by him—under the
power given by this art of Congress.
The corporation of the city of Wash
ington have established lotteries for Ihe
purpose of effecting important improve**
menls in the said city which the ordinary
funds or revenue thereof, will not accom
plish, ifnd the object for which Hie money
intended to be raisenby tliesaid lotteries, fe
’■* to hcapplied,has been submitted to the
President of the United Stales, and has
been appioved by him.
Have Ihe legislatures of the individual
stales, power by any law which llu-y can
pass to prohibit the sale of the tickets in
the lotteries thus established in the city
of Washington ?
We think the state legislatures have no
such power. This is a lottery authorised
hy Congress, for the purpose of making
important improvements in the city which
may he styled ihe National City, in the
improvement of which the nation is con
cerned. It is therefore a national lottery
and authorised by a national legislature*
and it would be monstrous if any slate
legislature could impede the execution of
a law made for national purposes, relative
to a district over which the national le
gislature have the «x<lusive right of Ic.
gislalion. Congress have a rigid to judge
of the proper means of improving the seat
°l Government; they have the power
of raising those means hy any law not for
bidden by the constitution—and no state
legislature can consistently cither wih *
the letter or the spirit of the constitution
interfere with Ihe exercise of this power.
It may be conceded that the power of le.
gislalure over the District vested in Con
gress hy the I7ll» clause of the bill sec
tion and first article of theconstilulion, is
local and* territorial wdh reference in the
sphere of Us direct and immediate action,
but this concession loaves Ihe matter of
Ihe prrsvnt inquiry as much at large as it
was before, since it is still certain that the
power itself is the power of the Union
that I fir whole nation are at oncp the
grantees (and by their representatives!
• lie depositaries of it : that the District
upon which, or with a view to which it
is executed,is entirely a National District,
rind that tin-sovereignty of Congress over
it was communicated for national ends :
hid for the abovemenboned clause in the
constitution the territory included within
lie District of Columbia, w ould be liable
o uo other legislation by Congrc.xa than

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