Newspaper Page Text
■pal-.e that cease to be an insult, which casts
a stain on the reputation of an individual. The hw» of all countries, and general opinion, have lefcnniiud, irrevocably, the nature of what ended insult, (injuria.) and it would be in vain for a hun ir*d tribunals to declare that not to In- an insult, which all the world knows .o be one : their decision, though it claims respect and reverence, cannot cluing* the o piiiion formed of this kind of olfeocc, on which all pers ms will continue to believe what they ought. ’ SPAIN. Madrid, Sept. 11.—Their Majesties re turn -d to the Capital this evening, from San , Utlt* 01150. Tiie troops of the garrison and the national militia were drawn out to line the streets from the gate of St. Vincent.— Tue i nmense crowd which had assembled to witness his Majesty’s entrance, and the luud dam ms a' ions of the jay of the citizens at seeing their Sovereign among them, rendered this event mure interesting and brilliant. His Majesty lias been pleased to confer on Prigather General Don Joseph Martinezde Sau Marti i, the oilier of Superior Political Whicl, ot tile Province of Madrid, which lie has held, ad interim, in consideration of his nierit and services, and of the zeal and energy which lie has displayed in executing the func tions of this other. CORTES. First Preparatory Sitting, Sept. 11. 0 Sitting bail.g‘opened at It o’clock, Senior Calalrtiva, President of the Permanent Deputation, delivered the followin speech :— “ Uf.ntleme.n—The Permanent Deputa tion participates in the highest degree, in the jny which tliis day animates all good Span* 1 irds, at seeing the illustrious Representatives ot the nation again assembled in this august place, to gather new laurel; i:i the career of liberMr and gl iry. * l* Tiie paternal solicitude of the King, con formably to I i* generous sentiments, has promoted the convocation of the vxtranrdi inry Cortes, foe the allairs of which you are already inform *d, which are so interesting to toe public wellar ■ : and in i t opor'inn as his m.iicsiy Has anpmeil new claim- to tin: love ntni gratitude ol the heroic people ulmni lie governs, tin* must sacred duty is impo- *il •tpon us not to avoid any saerific : or i m rii.c: t o correspond with such imTinrahie confi tenor. “ 'I'll*- cnemic of tin* Liberty of .Nations wi.l be again timireeiveil b, tlies. iceve iininii of a Monarch with bis subjects, and bv the order and tranquillity with which ucmeei. for the third time. l" In the three months that have intervened, t ie Constitutional system lias proceeded in its majestic inarch, and „|| the artifices of Ike favorers of despotism, within and without the kingdom, have been unable to turn it aside.— If there have been some partial oscillations, they are cither such as are. only a sign of health in free people, or tin y have served, as they have a ways .lone, while the. maehina t': ) is of a ’ w were disijmoi teil, to shew '• 1 h -mater splendour the rectitude, the wis ibnii, and tile love of public order which character:,., true .Spaniards. Lit us con i'* itul ite r.iro'dves, ' i ‘litletneu, and give i links to Divine Tro\ idencc, which con lei’s •r* so many blessings, anil let us proceed ! i discharge our functions to the advantage of this country, which is so worthy of being hap py, in spite of tllose who would ivisli to see it * *ru by civil War and anarchy. To the ser vici s which you have done the King and the c UMtn , i.i tile two last sessions, you arc go in. to .eld,-others in the present which opens an field ror vour talents and your vir ni-s. t ou h-.v c performed much, hat much still remains. Europe has its eye on vnu : the Spanish nation, which has confided' its des tines to you, hopes every thing from you ; and this hope must not he disappointed.— i ou have in your liana v the only means capa ble of releasing it, and :io difficulty or labour will In* able to check you. “Complete your ‘work then, respectable Legislators, and always bear in mind, that beside the fife of our I Vi low citizens, the credit of liberal institutions, and the cause ofhumaiii ly, in a great measure, depend upon you.” After this speech was ended, the usual fnr nialit es were entered upon, as prescribed hy tin* Constitution, the list of the members read, fcte. Senors Ceraldo, Zapata, Cristo, fiasco, and Murfimene, appointed by ballot to form the Committee of Towers. Memr-e Spinel... n...t I?,.., I .1 follow ing proposition: “ft being provided, by tin* decree of22d AInrch, 1820, that the Huh.Uit.u1e-> of the trans marine province* shall exercise the functions of Deputies till the ] deputies themselves ar rive, we ri (jiio.it, that, the preparatory Junta m ty declare f/orn u liM province the Deputies h el been able to come.” Ilofcrr.il to the Coinuiittec of Powers just jnentmued. Tne President signified, that, as the last preparatory sitting vvas to he on the 2ith, it \' as absolutely necessary to hold second to morrow, llie *!Jd. Srcurul Preparatory Silling, Sept. 2 1. The opinion of the Committee of Powers •' specfmg the proposition of Messrs. Saticho, . loscoa, and Kspcleta, was rend, which was in substance, that, considering the length of time w hich has elapsed since notice, was sent to Hu provinces of America, that they should .« nd deputies to the Cortes, they might have arrived from all of them, except from the / htllippiues, on account of their greater dis tance ; and he committee concluded by oh serving, that then: was no ollieial notice m the oil're of the Secretary of tlic Colonies, that the ( nnslitution lia*l been ever sworn to in Chili, murii less of elections of deputies hav ing taken place in those provinces. A long debate ensued, and Senior Sam ho Inning moved that no substitutes flioul-J con tinue to art as deputies, except those of the 1 bilipi'inr . Peru, and C’ubi, his motion was dgrc.cu to for the I’iiilippines ami Peru, but rejected with respect)to t'uba. HANK OF r.NHLANI). A great reduction is about to take place al •mrst immediately in the establishment of the ri iiikot f ui'/lami. The number of dei ks to \ l*.c di. charged is stated at 1of which 10 i arc from the Hall side, or Cashier’s oiTicc, ] m l the remainder from the various Ac-1 e.ei taut offices for the different classifications ol Sloe! , with the one and two pound bank I reite oflice. In the latter, which employed j between 200 and 300 clerks, the return toi payments in specie must have led to the ev P> elation ot a very material reduction ; but the number di-eluirged under the present i.r nngemc'ili i only J I. It was not at ail known before! uesday last (fiat the change was con I* mplAfed by t h *• Clovemors of the bank ; and i'll- measure, therefore, being one that in v'»l Ihf Well,ire or sulr-istence of so many fan lies. ppcars.a li»L* abrupt. Hut in the otode "t carrying it into effect, the bank have acted with a degree of liberality which merits pni. e. All til.- cl erks now dismissed will re eivi 1 , annuity f fife, in proportion to tii« amount of pay and length of s.rvic-, a selec tion hi ing m ule, as far a* the interests of the < n era iCitlered it prudent to do so, fom tin* 1 w ho are the soonest likely, from long a r a*,-s claim th* right of superannuation. Il'ii e -i v clerk discharged will, we uiith r !> _f: \ I"* I. ved the option, if hr prefer it,' •^t r '«: c * of Uiviicy t'^wivuleat to the j vatue nt his annuity. Thus, In iitost* whn arc still young mul have a talent fur business, an opportunity will be afforded, by a supply of capital, of engaging in trade, and of working out tlieir own independence. The number of clerks employed at the hank is above 1000; the number discharged, therefore, is about one eighth part of tile whole. By this measure a saving will accrue to the b ulk, when the rcs p. ctive annuities fall in. of about £20,000 per a.u.ani. The cause assigned by (lie Directors tor this step, in the notice to those clerks whose 1 services are to cease, is a general falling oil'in ' the business of the establishment. Several clerks in the Hank of Lnglaud, not j iridudeil in the original list of reduction, have petitioned to fie discharged on similar terms. Tile number of applicants on Friday amounted to -0, and several others are expected to fol low the example. It is presumed that alike system will lie adopted in the F.akt India I House and several otle*r public offices. ( omits Bertrand an l Montiinloii have for mally intimated in the London papers, that the | memoirs ol Napoleon, announced under tlieir | name, are not entitled to any « edit. They also state that the several works under the titles of “ Manuscript come from St. Helena” J —“ Somu Thoughts, ice.”—“ Maxims, &.«•”— , Sentences, fee.”—“Secret Memoirs”—“ N’«- I poieon painted by himself”-“ Domestic Griefs”—“ Verses,” Jge. &.c. which had been published from the pen of the emperor, are all fabrications, as lii-s manuscripts had not been communicated to any person, and were still in their possession. GRF.KCK. The late victory obtained by the Cireeeks over tile Turks, which is represented hi have been very decisive, ami attended with con siderable bloodshed, is stated, in private letters received in Loudon, to have hs-n obtained in the environs of Casandia. The Monks of Mount Athos appear to have greatly contrili uted to the BUccess ol the engagement. They ! animated the Grecians by exhibiting crosses, and with their voices and gestures, w hich in j spired them vvitli a courage bordering on fu ry. and led to llie comple.to overtlirovv of the I followers of ;ii< It is now pretty evident, that the Greeks 1 have hern abandoned l.y all the European j powers to the Jiitlu,7y protection of tin* Tuf kidi Divan, and that, in fact, it was never the | intention of any member of the “holv alii | at.ee; u, assist them, either with Iheir'forces | or with their advice in their efforts to obtain in dependence. Not so with tile people of Eu rope : they have evinced every riispositon to bail, with demonstrations ofjo\ .thu re-npprar auce on the public scene, of ttie descendants of the fust instructors of Europe. In Eng land the voice of the n ition has been declared in their laror, and it has wc believe been the fear of liussia alone, that has prevented thou santls from embarking in their cause. In Gt r inany, particularly in the Prussian states, the most enthusiastic declarations v.cre avowed, subscriptions entered into, and hundreds of students volunteered, to promote a cause which even in that country is no longer con sidered criminal. Even the censors* of the press id Prussia suffered several articles, fa vorable to (he emancipation of the Greeks, to be. inserted in the public journals. No doubt, therefore, remains that the cause ol Greece is ielt by every nation in Europe, to be the cause of the human race. And al though, from tlte jealousy that exists among the reigning sovereigns, ami, probably, from their desire to oppose all innovation on eslab- I lisiied systems, they are no way inclined to throw obstacles in the. way of the Turkish government, but would rather wish it success j in its endeavours to subdue the rising spirit of I Greece; yet it seems pretty evident, from the successful resistance hitherto presented by ilie. bitter, that more than an ordinary chance exists ot their hci.igahle to triumph over their oppressOifl. It is obvious (bat mailers have proceeded too tar to admit any reconciliation between toe 1 urks and the Greeks. The former will never forgive the latter; they have nothing, therefore, to look for but utter extermination, it they should fail ol sneers. In such circum stance;, it is evident that the Grecians have • very inducement, liberty and even life itself, at. stake in this eventful struggle, and that, iu | tluenced by such powerful motives, they will i not yield to their oppressors until they have | tried their utmost strength. In this Patriotic sniiil ivi> ft.nl •> ■> lion of Ipsilanti, transmitted from Corfu, in the month of August last, in w hich he emphat ically reminds his officers and soldiers, that they had taken up arms to defend their reli gion and their country, and that all their ef forts must aim at the' overthrow of tyranny. “ L*'t us eonih.it, continues lie, those, who op pose our deliverance, hut let us protect with a generosity worthy of Greeks, and treat as friends the peaceable Miissiilmen or those w ho surrender tlieiuselves on condition to contin ue. so. Remain always worthy of Greece ai.d of the cause which yon defend.” 'Pile Austrian government, jealous, nodnuld, c» all intercourse with a people avovviri'r l,l> •■i d sentiments, lias issued a peremptory 'man date, prohibiting nil persons from embarking at Trieste for Greece. Those who wish to go there are, therefore, compelled to take the. route of Leghorn or Marseilles. Ry accounts from Vienna, of the 10th Sep tember, it appears, that a Greek Journal has been established at Calamata, entitled The iireek Trumpet, which has excited no small alarm in the breasts of the Austrian and Tur kish despots. Both srern to have a fellow f elaig as to the dangers, likely to arise to them, from file existence of a free press in the near vicinity of so in toy thousands of slaves, over whom ignorance has given them an arbitrary control. In a late number of the Scotsman, publish ed at Kdinhurgl), there is an eloquent and an imated apj cal to the sovereigns and people of Koropc i.i behalf of the Greek1, the g oal length of which precludes its insertion entire in our columns. The following extracts can not he perused without exciting feelings of the ino-.t lively interest towards the descendants ni a people who were once so illustrious among tile nations of the earth : " Phc bondage, of the modern Giceka is a di-grace to tin nat'oris i f civilized Kurope.— Wc have millions ready to spend in settling the boundary line between (he territories of two crazy despots, or in adjusting the right to purchase n few wild eats kins on the other side of the globe, while we are suffering the last remnant of tile, most illustrious race the world ever saw, the chihhcn of those, who were our preceptors in art and science, and wno have exalted human nature hy the splen dour of their .virtues, to he annihilate I by a desolating tyranny, from which a slight elf'nrl 'vouM deliver them. The heroic resistance v liich the Greeks made to the Persians saved llic infant arts from rain, and rendered all fu ture generations their debtors. Literature, sri < ure a id philosophy still feel at this day, (lie beneficial e,Teels of the glorious achievement* of Marathon, Therniopybr, and Salami*. Would those universities and great schools of K.urope, which ywc SO much to the ancient Greeks, hut contribute the tithe of one year’s revenue to rescue the descendants of that il lustrious race from slavery, they might mice I more assume a name among tlnviwUous, No* I ' v thing hul lit*' grossest ignora.ice rau confound llie situation in' tin* Greeks with iliat of u peo ple win* are oppressed hy their mvn govern ors. The Greeks are trampled on because they are Christians, hy the liigotted adherents ol a hostile l.iith, who are distinguished from tlwm by a different language, opposite man ners, ami every strongly marked distinction u bieli can estrange man from man, exasperate tin; cruelty ol the t\ rant, and embitter the mi sery ol tile slave. Within these lew mouths, some thousands of this unfortunate race have be« u butchered in cold blood ; and this horrid tragedy \\ ill In* perpetrated again and again, umess the Christian world interfere. Yv e make pompous speeches, found colo nies. and keep up fleets, to save a few thou sand blacks from slavery ; but here are two millions of Christians siiileiiiig every indignity from tiie implacable enemies of our faith, and we refuse them the smallest aid ! There are thousands of military men unemployed in ail parts of Europe, w ho would engage w ith zeal in so good a cause ; and there are thousands ol wealthy and enlightened individuals who cherish an ardent admiration of the ancient Greeks, and profess to feel a sympathy for their unhappy descendants. Would these classes combine their elforts, (f„. stigmtt of Grecian slavery might he removed from Eu rope.” * [. V. Y. Nat. Mv. The answer of the Sublime Porte to the demands of Russia,made by Karon Strogonolf, a document which, tve have no doubt, will be read with interest as well as curiosity. For aught we can see, the Turkish Cabinet dis cover as much dignity, moderation, and re gard to court manners and decorum, as are generally found in the state papers of the most polished Cabinets of Europe. This is certainly a handsome speci men of their talents, anil shews that the councils of that nation are well acquainted with the principles of other go vernments as well as their own. This article does not appear to he the final answer «*f of the Grand Seignior to the Rus sian ultimatum. Probably this was an ear lier step in the process, iii which the Sultan undertakes to vindicate himself and his gov 111 «i£<iiiku uir marges 01 wauion cruelly towards, and promiscuous slaughter ol, liis Greek subjects. And lie conducts bis cause with considerable dexterity anil talent, occasionally uttering same pretty pointed sarcasms against liis good friend and kind neighbour of Russia, for his regard for peace, and liis general professions of justice and kind ness towards others. It is rare that we have met wilii a state paper of the kind from this quarter, and we therefore think this worth pre servation. The opposition in England appear to be ro d'lct d to a quandary—all the late grounds of attack upon the ministry being removed or adjusted for they have seized hold of the removal of .Sir Robert W ilson from flic army, as one of the best changes they have left to make some disturbance. We have no doubt that this is on their part a desperate effort, in deed, to all present appearances, tlw-v must dw indle into comparative insignificance— hav iug no powerful leader under n hose banner they may rally, and become formidable, and no great cause of uneasiness to excite distur bance, or make tin* people uneasy. The Queen b< mg dead, she can no longer be useful lo them, and the king is left to use all liis prero gatives and opportunities to iniTease his per sonal popularity, and render himself the idol of the nation. [.V. } . LATEST FROM ENGLAND. Bostos, Nov. 23.—By the arrival of the ship Triton, Captain B:is3oy,vve receive intelli geucc from Livei pool to the 24th and from Loudon to the 22d ult. We received from our correspondent at Liverpool, Lloyd’s List of flth October and a fib*, of the London Cou rier to the 21st ult. Extracts will be found be low. The intelligence, in relation to Turkey and Russia, is still of an undecided- character, it sta ins Iiowcm r to be pretty well understood on all hands, that there is to he no war. Our accounts of the political situation of Spain are assuming a favorable character.— Madrid is represented to be quiet, and the Cortes appear to be earnestly engaged in the work of political and national improvement.— Tin- yellow fever still prevailed in Catalonia to •m alarming degree, lint its malignity appeared to have somewhat abated. The topic of the king’s continental tour and reception in liis Hanoverian dominions, oc cupies less space in the English papers, and seems to have excited less interest, than we anticipated. Hi* entrance into the capital of his Hanover ian dominions was the signal for great rejoic ing there. He made his public entry on the 10th lilt, passing on horseback through an avi one, lined with cavalry. At the end of this avenue, he w as welcomed hy citizens in state dresses and young Ladies, who strewed flow ers before him. Arriving at the eily gate, he was complimented by the civil authorities and clergy. A salute of 101 guns announced his entrance w ithin the city walls. He next pass ed through double files of Artillery, to a tri umph it l arch, where some young ladies pre sented him a congratulatory poem. He was accompanied hy the Dukes of Cumberland and Cambridge,and the* Arch Duke Ferdinand. In the evening there was a general illumination 1 of the city. Among other instances of (lie king’s graci ous conduct, it is mentioned, that his majesty had the goodness to indulge his affectionate people w ith the sight of him for ten minutes ! A closely contested election in Liverpool terminated after four days polling, in favor of Richard Bulliii, Esq. Fresh disturbances have orrured in Limer ick county, Ireland. The Privy Cniincil have offered £2000 for the murderers of a Mr. Go ing, chief of police for the county of Limerick. The Gazette dc France has the following in leliigcncc from St. Petersburg, dated Sept. 15, and guarantees its authenticity : “ There is no question whatever of war; no step has been taken which can authorise the absurd reports, circulated in Europe. “ Tin: Kmpt ror quits Saint Petersburg fur ft it>puli, on his f eciistomcd visit to the regi ment of the guard stationed there. He w ill return in ten days.’I The same paper unrl« r date of St. Peters burg, September *21, states that M de Salmon, Spanish Minister at that court, had quitted Bt. Petersburg with his family. [ Pot. England is said to have proposed to Prance to maintain the integrity of Turkey except that Russia might have Moldavia and Wnlla i hia- Russia ceding to certain Princes a part of Poland. The Greeks continued successful in such warlike enterprizes as they had attempted. \crowds from Madrid are to Oct. 5. That capital still continued agitated. Several offi cers had recently l»rr:i put in close confine ment-—and it was siid (fen. Ballasteros, and (he Deputy Romero AIpitcnta, would be in dicted—Riego has many active friends. Sit R. Wilson was expected at Madrid. Some disturbances had occurred at Lyons. *' The fear* of an unfavorable harvest in Holland had vanished.” The British Charged’Affaires is said 1o have left Portugal in consequence of a difference respecting the tariff. Greet disturbance have ocenrod and still c.x i. lYii nt the County of Limerick,Ireland. Nut , a single day passed without outrages, and so daring and confident had th» actors in those shocking transactions become that they com mitted murders in the open day, and march ed in bodies 2 and 4000 to attack the houses of the gentry. £2000 are offered for this dis cos cry of the murderers of a Mr. Doing. Average pri »m of grain, lor the week end ing Oct. I.'i—\\ heat tits!—Rye 2"s4—Barley* 44>.»—Oats 2lsll—Beans 44s4—Peas 4|sG.— Ports open for foreign grain when utttlri \V.— 34 11.—40 B.—27 ().—34 Bs.—34 l’.—for colonial grain at 07 W.—11 K.—44 B.—22 O. — it Bs.— it P. [Palladium. The grain market of Liverpool continued dull on 22d Oct. and a further decline in price had taken place during the week preceding. The arrivals of wheat from Ireland for the last ten days had been uncommonly large, but tins quality not being prime, few sales bad been made. At the Corn Exchange very little had been done, and on the 20th, with the exception of a few trilling sales to the town’s dealers, there was nothing done. About 200 bbls. fresh Philadelphia Flour bad been sold at 40s and a few snle^aof good free at 42s. London, Oct 20.—Paris papers of Wed nesday last announce the arrival of the' Empe ror Alexander at Witepsk on his way to visit the various corps of bis army. Despatches were expedited to the Courts of Constantino ple, Vienna, Berlin, and Paris,a short time pre vious to the Emperor's departure from Pctcrs btirgh, and a superior officer of the Stall* was, at the same time sent, with despatches to the Count Wittgenstein, who commands the ar my, that is stationed on the Turkish frontiers. Baron SlrogonofThas left Odessa for Witepsk,! for the purpose of there meeting the Empe ror. These mov ements, some time since would have been considered very important, as the immediate precursors of war ; but there seems now to he lmt little, chance of a war between Russia and Turkey,and tin* Emperor’s jour neys have therefore become less interesting to the public. The accounts from Spain speak favorably of the tranquillity of the capital, but the yellow lever still desolates Barcelona and the neigh boring places, and apprehensions of the worst iviiMj im—hi in prevail m many pans ot spam, arising from tin* presumed insulliriency oftlie cordon of Health to prevent the contagion lroni spreading abroad in consequence of the desperate eHurts ofthe still uninfected inhabit ants of Barcelona to escape from the horrors that surrounded them. We have received German papers to the 13th inst. It appears that when Baron Stro gonoff set oil'from Odessa for St. Petersburg!!, tie left all the persons attached to his e in hiss v at the former city. [ Globe. Paris, Oct. 17,—The latest Recounts from Constantinople, are of a nature to induce a bc lief, that tranquillity is not completely restored in that capital. Christians are insulted, when ever it can be done with impunity, and other persons are abused. Disturbances take place every day. A letter from Smyrna, d ited Sept, oil says, the Bishop of Kitro, who pro tempore repla ced the Bisnp ofSalonichi, hung at Constanti nople, the Primate Balkmot and Menexus a merchant have been decapitated : the day af ter these executions, twenty-five other* vic tims were giicu up to the horrible punishment ! of the pal.” The Journal tie Lyons, of Oct. 13, says— According to letters from .Marseilles, which arrived yesterday, the yellow fever has ap peared at Leghorn. This account wants con firmation.’ Genoa, Oct. —Our Gazette of lliis -day contains the following articles : “ I lie Isle ot Cyprus has hitherto been pre served tranquil, but letters recently arrived lrom Ancona, to a respectable merchant of this place, announce that tin* Island is pre pared to share the fate of the others.” The following is an extract from these let ters Larmcv, August ££.—The inhabitants of this Island have been for some days plunged into alarm. The Turks have begun to mur der the Greeks. The. primate of the Island and three other Bishops, together with several religious Greeks, have perished as the victims ot the fury of the Mussulman, who do not ; spare any Europeans. The European Consuls have sent their families to Italy. London, Oct. £1.—It is now said, that it i-, Ins Majesty’s intention to pay a visit .to the king of France. His most Christinn Majesty has earnestly requested it and the King’ will occupy the Palais Bourbon. A letter from Corfu, dated Sept. 19, R!IVS that 60 sail of Turkish, Eyptian and Algerine ships of war were united in tint vicinity, and about to proceed against tile Crocks. Liverpool, Oct. 2;5.—The extraordinary Cortes of Spain was opened on the CCth nil. and a very cordial disposition appears to exist between the King and the Deputi-s. liis Majesty’s Speech stated briefly flic subjects, which it was intended tomihmit to the consi deration of the Cortes, (lie military ordinan ces, the plan of decree oftlie organization of the naval forces, and the doerhe for the organiza tion of the active militia. Other points are to be Jhrought before the Extraordinary Cortes, viz. the measures to (be adopted to restore the tranquillity of the Americas,the examination reform of the duties of Customs, find some steps to prevent the introduction of a false or defective foreign currency. His Majesty hi conclusion, assured the Representatives of the people of Spain, that lie should always con sider the Cortes as the firmest supporters of the constitutional throne. To which the President replied, that the country was indebted to His Majesty for call ing this extraordinary Cortes : fins they con sidered as an unequivocal testimony6f mutual love and confidence. The Spanish nation, lie added, equally abhors despotism and anarchy :1 though desirous of liberty, they ask only such liberty as may he founded on the laws and that does not degenerate into licentiousness.— They will have no government hut a limited monarchy, such as the constitution has estab lished, and they entertain the most unbounded love and respect towards his Majesty’s per son. In a subsequent sitting, a projectofa law was introduced for a new division oftlie territo ry ofSpain,conformable, to the recommendation of the Speech from the throne, and the sub ject is likely (o he warmly debated in every stage of the proceedings.’ One of the objects which is to engage the attention of the extra ordinary Cortes, is the restoration of tranquilli ty to the Americans; ■wmumw rT» ■ - - in ■■■■■■! mimn n i ,ni.j i.. UNITED STATES. The. People rs. MlUigan and Welshman. Nf.w Yob X, Nov. 17—On Thursday last, this cause came on to he tried at a Court of (leneral Hessions, held by his Honor the Re corder, the Hon. the First Judge oftlie Court of Common Pleas, hi* Honor the Mayor and Alderman Anthony. From the circumstance of ibis being the first trial on an indictment under the statute of our Shite,enacted “ to pro fed banks against embezzlement* by their i A 5 nfS, Clerks, or Servants,” as well as from | >'• highly respectable character of the Conn- i : ■ ' d bo'li for the prosecution and the I a great degree of interest wa»J manifested by tii** (Kiltin' :*» witness its pro- | gross and termination. The Bar was crowd ed at an early hour, l»y members of the pro fession, and the Court'Room was filled with spectators. The prisoners having been arraigned, and having respectively '.plead not guilty to their in dictments, a jury was impnimelled’to trv them. The Counsel for the prisoners, .Mr Kmmet, Mr. Price, Mr. W ilson ami Mr. IMiomix, gave early proof that they should avail themselves of every jegal right which the prisoners could i claim. They objected to tlu: first juror that I was called : they wished to know in the first j place, whether lie was a Stockholder in any Bank Alleging i( so, that he was an incom petent juror. They cited a ease from Gaines, to shew that underwriters were incompetent jurors to try an action on a policy of in-urnnee. They wished to know if he had not prejudged the prisoners ? If he felt no bias ? After consi derable discussion by the counsel on these se veral particulais, the court derided, tint the interest arising from sources so remote ns that oi possessing stock in any bunk, could no* ren der a juror incompetent,though perhaps bold ing stock iu the bank alleged to have been rubbed, might do so. The Court said, every member of the com munity lias an interest in tin* conviction ofa criminal, but this is not such an interest as to render every member of the community an in competent jm nr in criminal cases, ft then fixed upon the 'following interrogations, as the test of a juror’s competency : 1st. Have you ever formed, entertained or expressed any opinion as to the guilt or in nocence of III*! prisoners ? 2*1* Have you any bias for or against the ! prisoners ? •Id. Do you stand perfectly indifferent be tween the people ol I lie State of Mew Y ork ami the prisoners at the bar? 4th. Do you own any Stock in the Phenix Bank ? The juror having answered under oath the first, second and fourth interrogatory in tile negative, and the third in the affirmative, was I declared competent and sworn in chief. rt j prisoner’s counsel objected to this nut!. !,•’ testing the competency of jurors, ail* giiu • J it 1**11 the jurors to determine n poie' : :i, ji' own oath, which ought to rest e'xcl -•■'!, i the judgment ofth'e court. The , .. vi. j.ui in ram juror rcspeitn ; !)<■ i "as called, am! being answered in tlir l manner, the jury box av is at I *ng;li till«-i Mr. D. S. Jones, one of tiie (Jonine dated with the District Attorney, and Mr. mao opened the cause for the prosec He briefly stated the grounds upon which u indictment was founded, that Milligan was in- j dieted ns a principal l< bin, anti \V clshman as accessary ; that tin; testimony about to he in troduced, would be stich as nut to leave a diHibl upon t he most scrupulous mind, of the prisoners’ guilt. It appeared from tiie testi mony then introduced, which was given in a manner highly creditable to the understanding and candor of the witnesses, that Milligan was regal • iy employed as book-keeper in the Pheuix Hank, in August last, and for some time previously, that the second teller of the bank w. s occasionally absent from ill health, niul tint Milligan was usually appointed by the Cashier of the Hank to supply his place. ;"tliat .'I illig.in was so appointed, and was so supply i .g the place of the second teller, on the 17ih "1 August last; that on this day a large a ir.ount of money, checks and other securities came into his hands as appeared in his own iiand writing, in the hook of entries belonging fhi; hank; that on the day preceding Welshman, the accomplice* had engaged a carriage to be kept in readiness to go to Can ada, if it should h- found necessary ; and the owner of the carriage was to be. informed on tile day following at ft oVl »ck, P. M. Welsh man agreed to pay 250 dollars to the owner of the carriage, to be transported to Canada, in the shortest possible time. At 5 o’clock, Welshman came for the carriage ; it was Sat in day ; the day was dark, and the approach ing night predicted a storm. Welshman took his seat in the carriage, and ordered it to Ca nal street, where he left it a few moments, and returned with a small trunk : he then took Ins seat again, and the driver was directed to make his way for Canada. About a or !) miles out of town, they fook in Milligan, by the di rection of Welshman : he had nothing with him but an umbrella ; nothing was said ; the adventurers obscured a strange silence, toward each other : nothing appealed so desirable as speed : they rode night and day : neither food nor sleep arrested their progress, until they readied the Canada line : neither pronounced tin: name offlie other though they appeared by no means to he stramrei-w On Monday morning following, Milligan did not appear at tin: Bank—ho was Mint fur hut not found—iht dour of the vault of which, a* second t Her, he kept the key, was at length broken open, and a trunk, which was the. mu •ti depository ol the inoncy,£ic. received hv him, was broken open and found empty. Suspi cion w as no longer in doubt,enquiry and search " >'ie immediately made. A kind of presen ti inent was entertained by some of the Police Officers, that the adventurer had made his way towards the North. A deputation was immediately despatched to Montreal, in quest ol lln absentee, ft was not long after the arri val of the deputation before it was ascertained, that h person answering the description of Mil ligan was in the ueigborhond. Several active * itizput of Montreal and the neighboring coun try volunteered their services to aid in arrest ing tne fugitive. lie \jjis soon overtaken and seem ed, and about nine thousand dollars in money was found upon him, in a liandker ( Inel lied round his body. He immediately gave up his pistols, hurst into tears, and con based that he was the robber of the bank. It appeared that Welshman had separated from Ins friend and had taken part of the spoil hut it had been discovered that he was asso ciated with him, and he was also pursued and taken—Welshman appeared to have more iutw1 than his friend ; lie stoutly maintained Ins i mocence, ami it was not till nftcr he was tnM that .Milligan had been taken and confess ft* the whole transaction, that he was induc ed to make any disclosure or confession—he then exclaimed, “ What a fool is 3Iilligan to confess! and then stated, that.he was mere ly the friend of Milligan ; that he had indeed taken part of the money, hut merely to pre vent his friend from lining suspected if lie should happen to he detected—Mint he knew nothing of (he fraudulent design nf3Ii|lignn until they reached Canada—that a part of the money had been given by him to one. Wil liams, a coach driver, in order further to aid the escape of his friend, or to secure, to him its fiiluro use iflie should he in a situation to enjoy it that the money had been distributed by himself and this Williams, in various pla ces in the woods and hiding places—that he would with all due diligence, and with the hon esty of one who had never any fraudulent de signs, go in search of the money. Search for tne money was then made, and something like J i nr 8 24,000 was found on the person of Milligan, in th<» woods And in the other places which Williams pointed out. The money found v.as transmitted to the Thteniv Bank, and the prisoners to the city prison. One of the hills I found on Milligan was identified to he the same that 3liiligan had received, the day n;i i which he l-ft New York, an .a depositc from j a mercantile house of this city. Many cop | l« sinnns were also made by both of the prison • " Inch left not the least shadow of a doubt on the mind of any one,of the moral guilt of eillu r of the prisoners. Thu ultimate loss of l.u* hunk was not more then to d or i? 1000. Mr. Price insisted that this offence could not be criminally punished at common law, being a mere breach of trust ; and that ourstatute "as so loosely trained that no indictment could possibly be sustained under it ; that the appointment .of Milligan to the station of 2d tclb r was informal, and therefore the statute could not bear upon the offence, that a clerk of a corporate body must be appointed in writ ing, as that is the only metSiod in which a cor poiate body can make known its will; and ilia? ourstatute no where expressed the scienter, ami therefore, was inconsistent with itself, that Milligan had no need of the services of Welsh man : that he confessed freely, and used his excitions to discover and restore the money ; * that he knew nothing of the contents of tin* trunk till they reached Canada. oil . Lmmett took similar ground, and went sti.l farther with some of the principles ins sted on by .Mr. Price. He said the minds of the jurors were doubtless prc-occupied—that it ".is hard hi* clients should suffer from tin* " .Mitonncssot common report, or the rashness °‘ editors—tnat tin* taking of notes, bills, See. must be wrongful in order to be felonious— that the terms of the statute were bad Eng lish and nonsensical— that the second teller employed Milligan, and not the Bank—and, that thn appointment of Milligan was no np poinlme.v b: the Bank—that Welshman had been induced tiro' motives of personal friend nliip merely, to act the part in the business "!d*’h he had acted—that he might have, escaped after his arrest—that he acted with perfect good faitii in endeavoring to procure the in nicy. Me calletlon the Jury to antici pate the desolation which. the conviction of dir prisoners -njusj necessarily produce., among their extensive and respectable con nexions, their age, their characters, thuir hnper, Mr. Maxwell followed Mr. Emmett. He ■ated that the prisoners were indiciaSle at ommon Law—If read the bond of Milligan. • -»hi;\v the regularity of his annoiutment— commented on the testimony of Caj>t. '* ison, who had suffered some from the i:> • • : oos of the opposite counsel—he insisted •'•unite was sudicienlly correvI, «nd 1 \ "• doors to shew that Criminal ■ rius- be construed liberally i:f relation ' • 'he prisoners, but strictly ast<> ' ■■■ r- M:\JoiiestlienrcadtheAe: jii;-. for the protection of Bank -, H 1 of ail act must !>•■ <••• I by ihe other—that ‘ v.;;i!!;'e, the purview, and the ; Icollated and eoinpar 0’** ", th • true meaning of the V*•• ascertained, it was snfli ’ :t Welshman was an ao *n,nl’; «ule trannsaction, as migtil. "es*'“ ‘is engaging the carriage, his profoum •, Ilia knowledge of the places where the •, was secreted, and his dedi cation agai. Milligan. Mr. 11 oil an said, it had been insinuated, that the Piiumix Batik were able to emplnv counsel to assist the state in the prosecution of the prisoners. It was so.—He had been re tamed by that Bank, but he fell himself retain ed by the people of this state. He believed ♦Velshman to be the. more guilty of the tun —he rejoiced that the Jury were Jud*'e.s, both of law and f;ict, and finally, as lie believed the guilt of the prisoners, if they could u »t bn' convicted on every, the most technical legal grounds, he would say, acquit them. lb went into an examination of the} objections winch had been taken against the terms of the statute ; shewed the meaning of tin : laturc to be conveyed in ordinary L iguana . and in such a manner as no honest miml'cotrid mistake it. He said any statute, «s w« 11 as .any specimen of the most elegant classical literature might be so tortured by criticism as to appear nous. use. The word virtue w as susceptible of many difTcieut sigoificatioiis, ami live one intended bv the writer using it must be determined bv'tlie context and The subject matter. Me again staled if the guilt, ot tile prisoners were as clear as the full Idazc of the. sun, if the indictment were imperfect, be charged the jury to acquit them. Ho then showed the indictment to be. perfect.— As to the appointment of Milligan, he said it ",ls made bv the Cashier. Corporations must transact tin ir concerns by individuals, but tin; •inomitnrw.n \ 1 *. 11*.. I • . . . « .. mm urui;i| Jip pointinent, a bum].ml I v sufficient fur every pur pose of this indictment If Milligan was a clerk, then lie was guilty by our statute—if not, he was more so by common law, ami lie must he convicted Under the last count of the iu lietment. As to Welsliman, he believed him the more guilty of the two, as lie hid manifested no remorse, he sat unmoved dur ing the whole of the trial, he called Milligan a fool for confessing—that there was a train of circumstances all corroborating th- concert, the knowledge and the agency of Welshman in the whole transaction. The Recorder then addressed the jury.— lie said the first inquiry instituted 'by the Court was, can the prisoners he convicted M common, law, of the offence charged in tin; indictment ? The boundary' line between breaches of trust and felony was almost im perceptible, but it had been determined that while the trust remains no breach of it can he felony at common law. Milligan had ne ver parted with the trust committed to him, therefore he is not guilty of the felony at com mon law : and as the accessory can never be more guilty than his principal, Welsliman cannot either In; determined guilty at com mon law. In the preamble of the statute it is stated, doubts exist whether embezzlement by a clerk, is felony, therefore be it enact ed. Wherefore doubts, or why enact if it he felony at common law ? The Recorder then stated, that the juries were judges both of the law arid fact, in criminal cases : they might if they chose give a general verdict, or they might simply find the facts, and throw the responsibility ’of determining the |:,w upon the court, by finding their verdict specially.-• Me then stated the rules of conduction to the Jury, in order to enable them to determine whether t.ii** prisoner* could hi* convicted un~ der the statute. Having givpn to the Jury the. rules, and having brought the statute to the test of those mles he stated itto be the opinion of tlu; court, that the indictment was perfectly regular, and that if the facts were as the court understood them to he, they could hare no possible doubt but they might legally convict both the prisoners. The Jury retired about 10 o'clock last evening, and in a quarter of an hour returned a general verdict of gmthj against both pri soners. r The Recorder observed, that as doubts ex isted on some points of law, the court would not at. present puss sentence, hut refer the rise to Jim Supreme Court. i im has been obtained the first conviction und r the statute of this State, enacted ex pressly for the pro*, ion, and we think w« may add tile pi.sen ‘. » of Banks. For had purloiners and e ■ 'of Bunks continu ed to thicken ..... bey have done for several v< . . u.. .d tlie. criminals l»e^ 1. - inify, the pubfii*. ' » *: • c ni f 15c*• • I , . S00ii,h:tvr boon lo^.