Newspaper Page Text
ami M . Floyd. Rut it is no xery violent j.r. - ,
Miuiption tv* suppose 11 lilt this edict of Russia grew out of tiie report, above referred to, iiu.ii by Mr. Floyd at tiie last session of Con- j gross. If so, it is a denial of the title of the I l . States to any partoftlie Nortll-W est coast North of.< I degrees. It would appear, fur-J Itier, to lie a decree put forth for the purpose ' of controverting tin; claim advanced in tliat repotl—since it cannot he. pretended that j Russia could sustain any injury, worth guard- | tug against, by the visit of half a dozen ves sels per year lo t!;r vast region of sea and coast embraced bthreen Uch ring's Straits amt tin :>Ist d -gree of .\orlh Latitude—an extent of coast twice as large as that of the whole; coast of the U uited States from tin* Buy of! Finidy to Cape Fluridu, aud ail extent of sea i hali'as laige as the Atlantic Ocean. Tin* re port of the committee of the House of Repre sentatives of last session allbrds a key to this decree, vv liieli, wc. apprehend, is to lie found in the following passage of the report of the committee of Congress: “ Tin; comm lift: believe, from tlic utu«p of all na tion (n i'i ions anil >;iib'.<-(|iu,nl lo die iliscovni _\ id A iiiciiia, tin- liilc of tlic Uxitod Silatcs lo a vciv large portion of the Coapt of ilo- Paritic Ocean lo be well founded ; nor hit re theii turn ah/e to itscerlai» that an:i othergor»rmuent than SfHtin has made ctaiui (o ar t imrt of it, front L'ujte I torn to the .sixtieth degree of .aorta latitude.” It is now beyond doubt, that another go vernment than Spain lays claim to a part of that ten itory South of the sixtieth degrte of .\oiih latitude, viz. to the fifty first degree, be ing a ditVerence of nine degrees only ! ll this decree, therefore, appearing just at this moment, has no other elVee.t, it gives in - terest to the proceedings in Congress relative t«* a settlement at the mouth of Columbia uver. 1; will not he a matter of surpiise to us, that it have the effect to procure the pas sage, in Congress, of an act to authorize the establishment of a post at the mouth of the Columbia, which, however earnestly propos ed by the mover, has, hitherto, hardly been ‘•criouly entertained by the House whose at tention has been called to it. With regard to the true northern limit to the claim ofTiie I .'uited States on that coast, Humid any difference finally appear to exist between Russia and the L’nitcd States, there can la* "o doubt of its being amicably settled the moment it becomes a point of discussion between tiie two governments. When Russia and the Culled States fall out, it will not he about any tiling so unimportant, we hope, an the nominal title to a degree or two of al most mi-discovered land. [.\*</. lot. FOREIGN NEWS, LATMST I'KOM KNGLAVJ. !Nf.vv Vnr.K. 1 >ee. '!’>■ — i.\M evening II I?. JM. s’ft(i|i ol’ urn’ 11 inti, Sir Bernard, eoniurin l»*r. ar rived .»« this port Irani l’mlsuiouth ling. By this ar rival Loudon |>u|mts In llie evening i»l this I(K 1> ,>1 Noveinl.’ef ll.iv e hceu receive.I. l'linir enulenis are not very important. We have thrown the must in teresting of tile articles iut-> nur summary. The Hind bum gilt despatches to .Mr. Buchanan, with the nature of which vve are uci|ti.limed ; bat cii ctimsi.iti ecs render a disclosure this evening improper. Paris dates aru to the 7th November. i'iic Moui U-ur contains a Royal Ordinance, uomin iling '• our Cousin the Caiali.nl, do Bausset. ’ a minister of state, and member of the privy council. 1 nr french Cl amber of Peers and Deputies as sembled o i the (»t!i of November. S.ictit. Gen li:i|>|> is seriously ill. llie Kiugol Kliglind h id returned to I. union, an.I was receive.!, as a matter of course, vvit.t ntoc.li pomp ami in• ulc. lit bid not v isa Paris ; but while at C alais. .,n . s 1-1,1111, bis m ijcsiy was w,tiled upon lr.- the Due .1'Aiigi>ii!-ut«, at 1..0 i lob I Bom Ijoii. llie iuUaic.tii.iis of l_'d.iis |>a.i great n .» peri to the British King. Prepat li.iu- 1 ro made tin a 10v.1l visil to toe theatre, and ‘ .cry par of it was crowded in 1 xtt’>s ; but much to their disappointment, die King tali >ai ked the 3.11110 event in; for tin* fast-anchor «d Isle. 1L? was cheered in the Kngiish style by urdtituccs.:-si-mblcd at tli«? pier where lie enihitkct. ' v liil,* pa--iiig through the town, money was throw n ana. ig»t the crowd. I'bc inaiiiif.iCtiircs through Scotland arc io a verv thriviug state, ami there is lull employment in tin? se veral H ub’s. .1 iiiruuyiiii.’ii ll.ix-dressei s earn liuui - •- to JOs per week. The tyaui-b papers have attacked tlic l.omlon t mirier lor misrcpicscntiiig ilit* rc d sita iliou of tb it country. I hey deny die statements that Spam is a theatre of \11nrcl1y, tenor and violence, and reprsenl tiic disorders ns being all hushed. Canal-, they s iv, »ttt commenced—establishments ol indiistiy aa<! iu sli'ic’tioii raised—new settlements made, uie. Sic. Might li.imliu have been beheaded. l lie I *oi luguese Cortes coiitiuucj io st -sioit. A propc-iliou lias been made to compel publishers of t.ooKs and periodicals, to deposit a copy of every work that may he issued from tlio pre ., in the public library. It has also l.eeu pioposed to abolish tha Orders of the Knights of Malta, and of 3t. John of Jerusalem. 1 rum the Inugoage held upon this subject, w e should suppose this measure to lie intended as the prelimi nary step to the destruction of all orders and dismSe tious. The Orator ipiolcd Switzerland and the I'nit eil States of America. It was also proposed by way of e neon raging their mvn niauiifucltii es, that all citizens, •• vv lio eal die lucaJ of the nation," that is all oilicc Imld -rs, should clothe themselves exclusively in articles of (heir own production. ‘I lu: iiavigat'ou of the Clyde Iris been so inn. b im proved, that n ship of 100 toils horde 11 has entered tlie putt of Dumbarton. This is the first ship that • x (?r entered (hat port. As a proof of die nourishing st ite of the iron trade, the Chester Chronicle states that the consign,mints for Liverpool, Manchester, ice. (via ean.,1) have for some time past greatly exceeded those of any other period for many years. Several klteis from Capl, Parry's A -tic expedi tion have been received. Their prospects arc repre sented as Haltering Tlw. I .I XI ......' IV .. .... I.. 1.1 .!. . ,i.l. -\ A sumptuous dinner was givcu, at whirli ncwriii ol • ho Kdynl faniily, ami many ol the nobility attended. Great harmony prevailed. (.filters from Barcelona, to die fJtth Oct Mate (hat there IR (low II prospert that they will h>* • >on free from tile fever with which they have b :<• > so •\cre !*. afflicted. (lie Spanish Jliuistcr of Finw:« is said to have f>t considerably into displace, f',.* tie ni.niei ia wliieh he contracted for (he lic.v . ipaiinb (nan .11 *’ iris. Mis di-miss ii from office w is c m!i Imoly <;* peeled. 1 lie IJiv.1l! bad acceded '«> most of tie d vti m.!.* of Husain, bat much diilieidly Mi.I exi'a i -I . nr to lie; Ipim nittfie requiicd by the iiiiipcror Ahx.iieht, in iavorottiie Greeks. Tile F.iipli»il Am'i ns ulor ii a.I j'rep'iscd sonic modifications i.i ;jt , • d- >a e.n a m i. uad been rejected by ilosii i. AiiMiii and i'rnsM.i .de with An.-i 1 in die tp i-siei i I’riacc Gcoryc Yps.laali, an at cd it (■’ran Mart on L. c 'ilAl On t r> bis way to I’.uis. l ac Divan ha^ issued an tj. sfricliv prn!iil>.liii£ • »M Turkish suldiras from roturiia • io "their Iioi.icr dcriily Ilia winter. Thu incarure i «up; i-, il !.* have been adopted on account of the it.., , t , . x'.voof'thfi piiui ipii conmuacia; l. i.n- 4 at Vica fin, have received advices from i’i n m-*, t’.r.r Tnpo i./v.i tie; capital ol F-. lupniiiiesn. ion t apitu' atcil to lae G i c< k In mtgent •. Di , atcie i ii 11 • Ik- ,1 tereiv" I fro 1 I In r’.a«t 1 I lie expedition in me Dial 1 a; io«t the kerri Hon tli Arabi, has ..* ,*. .o' |',i* }‘||. k'asli and n it ic troops su’.'utod se.a,r»dy both in Ins et ofticers and men. * lu, last ■. Ii o es Ii mi C mis*,11 'oopii*. roiihriii loose which had pn vioiidy ii.iuninci ! lentil ei.iv • it* ills on die part Ol I’d sin no a ■ usi mm- Forte, It ap pnarsthnt one of tun -on* ofili Doin'h lia- 11 arched *'• -l dn; Filch..like of Hilda.}. •Villi a fo.Ve ol •JU/WO men. | C, . / ir. '.u.iuor, Nov. 10.—I'lto liia :o do Go. in t, pub I s. ed mi I,i«bia, coni nils a report from the Climb •lid I a.lye III tJp.il to, ill which II.' |(i re, ;n| a. count i.l I * i. eiiacton ol the ( (invent ol lie: Ha f*t'iiiip*d (Jamieli'es initial city, which lie visit*.} lot tie pm fio. se of tclcasina Ijiont its danp'-ons die i.idurtt.ndtr *•. dll' Gabriel, who ivas con lenined to eml bis d.ivs U. iC, Pad batl In an confined siiiri. 'k'lte JhiIjc jjift a nr IntlcMl pic him of‘tie state m which i»<* found J’ri r Gain ed, ae l the horrors of the inqeisnn meat he id inri' i., Mir. II • has been rem , d 10 another Co..vent ; m I prec intions, it is s4id, -ic ta en to place him out of tin r-.nh of ulterior len AOCC. NOR 11 \V (;.•’> I I <FK1»S ( ION VUOS, No.. t*.—I lia hot.>>*;.•_' Ir; er from ;>li engaged in to* ioynk** of divt-.i.iy, is intrlliji* efi which h.» been ie nin ijr’i b.K.ur , July Id —the day aftci l!n* H'Oii«|iut 1 Vli i.-. up i <1 tln-sP Sunit-, w lv..c we luttlltl clioakoi t.illl iii*, vvc eulried il neverthe less, mill .it lit si in.i i • roti-ulmublu progress, but a xve expected, were al length licscl, or, in other words, l!ic lloaiag iee having coalo.-cud on all sides, we found ourselves firmly iuypt-drd in (lie midst of ii. Kvi * si iee we ii.iv>■ lieoii niovmg lo and iio with il, a! the rale ol five miles mi hour, icionim•; (o ilia fltix mid reilux of llio tide, Sometimes the iee tli vidiug. would allow ns lo pnsll in a few miles, ami again nailing, incarcerate us for days, lb this mode of progressing, wo ii.iv(* eviutiuued to advance about 70 mi . o in l*i • Straits. W ben I wrote by the •rausiHirl, 1 (hints ! i xpressed an opinion, lual vvc had left I'.nglauil much too early, l tiis ha.- been verified, not only by theditVteiiltios wo have met with, but also by tin; circnm-tuiicc of the Hudson's Itav ttadel's having overtaken n.-. These V' "els did uni leave the Thames until the end of May. They go into the Coitipatiy's soli lenient, mid return immediately. The ire by the tale rains, ul tended vvnii tolerably warm suit, inis been dissolving daily, ami we have lo-tluy I toted through upwards of ten miles of il. \\ c expect daily to have some lax ipiimmix visitors." London, A’uv. i).—His Majesty reached Carlton palace yesterday evening, about ti o’clock, ami the event wasmiiiuvmccd by a royal salute from tin.* Park and Tow er guns. U'e are Ii i| py lo add, that Ids Ma jesty's general health has been gi cully be m l.tied by i .ns excursion. He lias thus gone ilium*'it nearly lour mouths of considerable faligtn* and activity, com mencing with the ceremonies ol the coronation. His | subjects have known too little of him hitherto, while | the toad tongue of insol Alt faction was left to rail with mi licensed rudeness. 'i/’/JL Cii ij L' ltis X l 'HI. o i the oiKi:i:ig of t!w i«\. sioug of tin Vliitinbers. (•KNri.r.v.KN—It is always with confidence, and on the present occasion, under favorable auspices, that i come to open this session. In preceding yeais, I was compelled to participate niy grief with youis. More happy now. i have only to return thanks to the All-pov ctlul, for the constant protection which ■ ha has vouchsafed to France. The sou, vvilh which I heaven ha- suothed uiv sorrows, g.ovvs with the pub lic prosperity, and continues to In* to me, a source of consolation ami hope. This cliiid, my heart feels confident, will be worthy of us ; lie vviil merit the lo»i* with which my subjects surround his cradle My relations with foreign powers have never cens ed lobe amicable, and 1 ii.ive a firm confidence that they w ill continue to lie so. iiru.it calamities afflict the east. Let us hope that they approac It tln ir termination ; and that the pru dence and cordiality ol .ill the powers will (iml the means ol satisfying tviiul religion, policy and humani ty nitty justly demand. 1 lie naval foi ce, which, under these circumstan ces, I have stationed in tin* seas of Levant, has oc c.’inplibhetl the object which I cmitcuipi.iled. Our ships have always effectually product<1 my objects, ami olten have they afforded to misfortune a liiuclv aid. A destructive scourge desolates a portion of Spain. I have presetibeil, and I will iiiaiiituiii, the rigorous precautions, which piolect our coasts and frontiers from the contagion. Il we take it view of our domestic state, what mo tives have vvc not to bless Puiv iileuce i The progress ol industry, ugricultmc, atui the arts, attest;- that of roiiieiurcc ; nndverv soon new channels will, by ... .I....I. - .1. .* _ • . . I . .v • extend l ho general good lo all parts of the kingdom. I Ui! prospetity of the finances, tlie intelligible ex position ol tue public accounts and fidelity to engage ments, have consolidated tne public credit, and in creased llie resources of liic slate. 1 ite peiiod at '.vliicli I have convoked you, and tlie ordeis which I have given that tilt: financial laws should (itst lie submitted to you, sudicieiilly manifest niv t|e>:ri: topat an cml to provisional grants : the ti handlers will, no.unless, be eager to second niv in tention s. (I tr auspicious situation, and the return of internal and external traiiijnillity, have, already, admitted a tliiiiintiljo.i in one ol the most onerous of the taxes, that which innks re-pro-, not ion in its source, In overcharging lauded properly. Next year, those so a-ssc—ed, will wholly enjoy tin- reduction. I desire th...I successively, ami a- -non a , the » xigcnces of the slate, a.ui the dignity ol Prance will permit, the vari o..s ta\c - vvhica c.nisi.tut.: thu public revenue shall lie invi stigated, and, it pr.ugicable, demonstrated or heller assessed. 1 no t.i.vs arc respected, and the depositories of my power become evei v day mure and more imbued with llieir sli engtii. Order and discipline reign in tin- ar my. r.vcry where pas .ions are subsiding and suspicions wearing away ; and it gives mu pleasure to ucknovv l<‘dgc,'giiii!li:mien, ilia; by vourloyu! co-operation, vou have power fuily contributed lo all this good. I.el itspci.-cv.1 ui tne wise measure* to which the prosperous rc.-mlt* must be attributed; hi iis perse v’cic in tli it unity ol views, which has< Ifieiiciotniy dclcaicd l!i,; vi; lane : an I . estr.uii d the last elt’orts, o| the spir t of trouble and disorder. In this, lint repose «l i.urope i> mil less inleiest cd in.in oars, h is dins that ail generous sentiments will he developed, wit. which l know your lieaits abound, i:m tli.il you will esliibliuh, upon the gr.iti Inde, the love, ami tin: respect ol niv subjects, the Throne which protects the liberties of uli. London, N.v. 7.—Thu American ship -, i -i;>l.iiii B iDingtoii, [lo days passage Iroui Batavia, In mgs aceoucis that the setileuieiit iff P.ileuibang was 1 "ken the hitter end of June, and the- Kaj.tli taken prisoiier. \Vlieu L'.ipl tin B. left Batavia, ou die Uiltli July, the transports vviiich had conveyed (In: troops, had returned lo Batav ia. Vikn.vv, Oct.-I—ilic Divan has taken a very impoitaut resolution. An order has been issued which strictly prohibits all Turkish soldiers from leaving llieir corps and reluming to their homes. 1 his oidcr h.ts been already published tw the corps ■ ». Asiatic troops, stationed near Constantinople, un der the Paelit ot />rus a ; and it lias been declared i them, that pi cm at circumstances do nut allow of llieir returning luniic lor the next winter. This inc isure lias made udisagreeable impression, ns it is | clear tli it it is adopted nil account of die Kiissians. It vv.is also alii ini' I dint the army of the Pacha of bru mi vv mil I shortly set out oil its march to die I)au iiIip.” An article from Corfu slab s, that on the J5tliof D • • eighteen lilreot vessels chased a Turkish brig ol \\ ar inn ( iicvi I. iy, near Xante, ami she sustain e.l an action ol seven hours against the whole of them, but approaching loo near the shots', took the . round, and the (Jovoinorol Xante, to prevent com mit nir ition, as a suspicious fever vv.is raging among tli.- im kisfi licet ami also to observe strict ueuiralilv, -ent down a .1 lac.biiienl of an officer ami twelve men, I'lli IsSl’Itf. \\ i I' ll <'imil.nr..e I.. ..... I..:.. ... tJif inhabit.nit't necessity of neutrality ; about 2000 (>i l i. iii (tiie Greeks) Inmcver, assembled, and from behind same walls, feed immediately upon them.— Several were wounded, an.I one killed. In the in mu Hole vi.no lurki-ii ship* liove in sight, and the Idieoi hemes ran avvtiy. The Turk* lookout the c. ew of then brig, an.I m.ide off also. ' private letter fmiii V ienna-lutes, that the Aus trian government continues in the same relations of good intail genie with lius-ii, and that all its ilfoits tend to iIn maiiiti'iiam •' ofpem e in tiie Halt of liu* rope. I'li.s obj- i t can only lie obtained, in a* fur as Hie (Ilium.in i'mlr will consent, unrrsta'vedly, to the jn I ileinaiid i of th • i abinot of St. Petersburg. It is Inn: lli,it th,- I»:vaa has acceded to most of these de nt and- ; but mi.eh difnc-ulty exists relatively to the ipiur nitre reipiircd by ill.! Hmpuror Alexander hi t nor ol tiie Greek".— i'lie Kngli-li Ambassador at ( i i-u.iiisiiiople, bail, it is ufiiruied, in tin: lii-t place, propased some modi'i.'.itioiis m the demand* m.ide by iCm- -. . ; ti.it this povv-r would not consent to (in in. A ustria, on lit- fontr.iry, i- of opinion, as well us Pin- -I, llnit t i Porte might to give tiro guarantees to lae cviit deia laded, by K11-1.1. Il was in this - i.ili o| 1 .ia >s, lint it was drilled I'rinre Metter 11 • a sliimld pro.-red 1 1 11mover, to iiiHitenco the King 0. f.ngl.iud to make common muse, in t'ns rcs I eel, with (n-irii.— If his highlit s» succeed hi litis i up i't 'it negiiei.iiion, Iaighiii I wib be obliged to re* I 1 - * in the policy she lias hitherto held to, in ic* g.ird hi (nr l'urks. Violin 1 aerouut fiom Vicuna stales, that the af lai. ol I Hi *s ' vv 1 re .ml y et arranged, and that the 1 .mperor ol il uda hail d> 1 tin- I the invitation to take part in a congress. \n interview was expected to have lakru place bcMvccn the Kinperor of Austria ..id Russia, mu! tiie King of Knglitiid ; Ini! ns it did n a Inke place, all dipt imalic proceeding* were in ,//,<• n r. I Ids was cuusidnred a* the King of Kng laud's motive, foi noi visiting Vienna. r ROM SPAIN. Cap'. Pii ire, 01 the slnji ftcnjantiii, has favored us "ith Cidiy. 1 iper* to tin- Ith lilt, and iMudiid Gazette* to ilia v’ .’i: O inher. \ consider.ili!< agnation exist* ed at Cadi/, in consequence of the np|Hiiutmeiit of t.; x. \ r.vt . ■ ., ns Captain Genernl of that place. I lor people Ii ni a->-ein.iied in moltiliule* and resolved toopiaisc, ! , to, cc ,i:s e.iiraiicc into the city. Thev bid signi.n-d this dcierininiHion to the piineipal ma gistt aie •. .< ho Ii id scat .1 deputation to the king, with .1 p* .'tin . . h • Would accede to the wishes of the peopl" i, 1 11,all,1,; die appointment. Similar pro em Ij.igs h .d I ikeii plaeo al Fernando, and Xeri *i|e , i’: front v, from whence spirited remonstrances against the ii|ipuiii|ni!.-ni, worn rorvv/idcd to the K ing I fJV. Y Me,,-. ,T/, . j fiinl; of t'irzhia. fkrewt.tr I, 1321. j ; rp'ti: *'I I • . ■Mug of the Btookbolder* wPl be b id m , | I «h-».r t* i.birg « in n.c city of Ki. b ....mi, on tin-i . y in JHiiiMfv nr* *. Dv «inb«rC. oJ-ld VVA1- laA.NDKll'vifc. Ca-bicr. | [t'roi.i fXi Aulio.i::/ IuUifi^t n>:tr.| LMlOCEEDlNGS OK CONGRESS. WKDNK-JDAY, OrCKMBKU 2t‘>, HK1. THE SEN ATE Did not sit to-day, having adjourned until Thursday (this day.) HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. /fits*-, ul’Connecticut, and Mr. li'alktr, of North Carolina, appealed, were ipudilled, and took ttieir seats. Mr. It illiains, of N. C. from the committee on Claims, reported unfavorably upon the petition of certain sufferer* on the Niagara iroutier dining the late war ; which report, On motion of Mr. Tracy, was committed to a committee of the whole. Mr. miliums also made an unfavorable re port upon the petition of George Winthrop Fox ; which, on motion of Mr. Trar.y% was ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Campbell,of Ohio submitted the follow ing resolution : Reso/eed, by the Senate anil House of Represents ices a' ;.ie United States of. imeriea, in Congress assembled, l hat the Secret.ny ul Slalc kv diri-eli-d to cause n> be classified, and reduced to such formas lie miiv I lici t,i most coikIiic. e to the diffusion of information, the accounts id the several manufacturing establish ments and their iiianufactures, taken in pursuance of the tenth see tin.: i.t the act, entitled “ An act lopio viilc lor taking llii' lourth census or cmiiucratioii ol' die ilihabitaiila id the United States, and for other , purposes,’’ approved (tic 1 til, of Match, liait) ; and that lie cause l,f.00 copies of thedigesl, so to tie made, to he printed, subject to the disposition of Congress." Mr. Sitrliitp, of New York, submitted the following resolution, which was laid on the table ns of course : Resolved, That the Secretary of War hr4 directed to |uy hclore this house such information as lie may possess in relation to the non-payment of certain mechanics, laborers, mid contractors, who aided in building die .Madison Barracks, and in other public works or houses at Sackeii’s Harbor during the years 131 A, lull), and li>17 ; and to state, it within liis knowledge, to what extent they have not been paid, and why they have not been paid, what evi dence they now hold and have exhibited to the War Department of tin ir i lams against the United Stales, tjn- name ul the deputy or as*i-t:tni deputy quarter mastci who disbursed the money for the building of ■aid barrack-, whether lie gave any hail ,anil, it so, to what amount, and when the said deputy or assist ant deputy quaiti r master was appointed, and when removed. On motion of Mr. Cambretcng, it was Rest'd red, 1 hat the commen t! on Commerce he iu strui ted to iuqiliie into the expediency of erecting a light-house-tit Thrugs Neck, on Long Islam! Sound. Mr. I’ullerson, uf New York, submitted the following resolution, which was laid on the table as of course : Rewin d, That tile Standing Rules of this House be Ucred sa us to iiiscit after tlio word “ legislature," ■ v i ii'i 11111* iii iin i.11 ii niir, uic worms •• i.iuiits ... uliicuii by me mild's of ibis house." On motion of .Mr Lowndes, it was Re.'of red, Tli.it tin1 irjiorl oil weights and measures uiad« by ihe Seer* tru v of Stale oil the 22d of Feluua iy, 1821, be referred to a select coainiittee. On motion of Mr. If. Smith, of Y7irg. it was Itesoiei d, Tii.it the committee on the .liidiciarv be instructed to inquire into the expediency of altering the terms of the t.'ouri of the western district of Vii . "ia'e.i. Mr. Rochester called for the consideration of tlie resolution introduced l»y him on Monthly requesting information from the Treasury De partment relative to the sales of pulilic Lands. The house agreed to consider the same. V, hereupon Mr. Rochester observed, that he had been induced to oiler the resolution from a persuasion that the information which it proposed to obtain would have a material hearing upon the hill lately reported to the house by the honorable the chairman of the committee on public lands entitled “ A bill for the relief of purchasers,” £cc. which had been read twice, and was, together with an amendment proposed by the member from Illinois and another amendment from the gen tlemen from Kentucky, (Mr. Hardin,) com mitted some days .since to a committee of the whole house. Air. It. said that he consid ered the proposed extension of further indul gence to such of the indebted purchasers as had not availed themselves of the provisions ol the act of Congress, passed March 2, 1821, as presenting a question of no little impor tance, and as one on which all possible, light ought to he thrown, on which account he was pleased to fiml that the friends of the measure had evinced no disposition to urge its consid eration hastily upon the. house. In drafting tin: resolution, he (Mr. 1L). had recourse to the terms of the 8th section of the act of 2d March, 1821, by which it was made the duty of tiie several Registers and Receivers to make correct reports, &tc. within three months Irom doth Sept. last. This clause, he thu’t, had been evidently incorporated in the act with a view to the securing and providing a correct detailed statement of the practical operation of the act of 2d March, 1821, for the information of the present Congress, and the better to enable them to decide upon tin: proper ulterior policy to be pursued in relation to tin: subject in question. The time, he said, within which these reports were to he made by the several Registers and Receiv ers had now nearly elapsed, and there, was every probability (bat the Treasury Depart ment was now in possession of the whole id’ them, or would he before the expiration of the present week, provided those oillcers had at • I . I A _ . i... 1 . • l . i M.IIU* II IW Ill'll UlMC UIIIIU3 , Cl III I 111(11 they had attended to those duties, he (Mr. R.) hud no reason whatever to doubt. Mr. H. continued, that on a question of the adoption of a resolution simply calling for in formation, it would perhaps tie somew hat out of the usual order to dwell upon the mvrits of a bill previously committed ; he would, how ever, remind the house, that the receipts in to the Treasury for the year arising from the nett proceeds of public land sales, had fall en short about .•tuo.ooi) dollars of what they had been estimated at by the Secretary of the Treasury iu his annual report made at the second session of the iast Congress; that this deficit might perhaps he ascribed in part to the general stagnation of business, the. failure of some banks, and the consequent derange ment of the paper currency of the country; but lie imagined that it was chiefly attribu table to the operation of the law of March last. What lie now desired was to have this op eration spread before the house in detail, as doubtless by a minute attention to the prac tical effects of the past law, a more, cot reel es timate might be made of the probable future results from continuing its provisions in force —that, for his part, he should be glad to arrive at a conclusion, that the extension of those pro visions, to such purchasers as had not availed themselves of them, would prove not only just and equitable to the purchasers, hut also advantageous to the nation—that he had, how ever, his misgivings on the subject, and lie trusted that, if Congress did re-enact the for mer law, it would he so guarded in its terms, as not to operate as an extinguisher to every motive which delinquent debtors might have t<> future punctuality. He thought that there were other considera tions w hi* It made the required information desir able, hut lie for I lore to enlarge upon them. The call was not calculated to give the Secretary much trouble in complying with it, and he hoped the resolution w ould he adopted. After some verbal amendments suggested by Messrs. APCoji and II t»kln, w hich were assented to by the mover, the question was taken th reon, and the resolution adopted. Mr. 'Puckrr, of Virginia, railed for the consi deration of the it .olution he had submitted ou a former day, so to ;liter the si 11 iiug rule.* of the house, as to admit upon the Hour the present anil past on tubers of tlie Lcgi-daturi s of the several states. The house agreed to consider tin resolution u lien Mr. Tucker explained his views in relation to the subject. It was his object to confer upon the members of the legislatures of our state sovereignties the same privileges and pre rogatives that are granted to the members of foreign legislatures. He thought it derogato ry to our national character—ami inconsistent with that self-respect which tl.c functionaries of a free government should entertain, to com municate to the members of a foreign legisla ture those, privileges which we denied to our own. By the rules of the house, as they now stand, more than one hundred individuals, other than members, are privileged to come within the bar: and yet it is found that there are rarely more than live or six at a time who avail themselves of the privilege. The idea, therefore, of any inconvenience resulting from the proposed change of the rule, was evidently fallacious. It was left sub ject to the direction of the. Speaker—and, if at any time it should he found inconvenient in its operation, it was competent for the House to restore the rule as it stands at present.— It was notorious, Mr. T. remarked, that the gallery did not answer the purpose that was expected from it. It was not a place where spectators could hear. Stenographers were indeed admitted, but their reports were often incorrect, and frequently and often necessari ly so, from tiie relative situation of the speak er and the reporter, and the difficulty of hear ing, even within the bar. Yet it was very de sirable that all practicable publicity should he given to the proceedings of the House—and, as it might he done wit limit inconvenience, lie hoped tile resolution would lie adopted. Mr. Taylor thought that .the manner pro posed by the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. 'I'.) was the worst manner of doing a bad thing. If the selection or permission was made to devolve on the Speaker, it was very evident that it would never be practicable to refuse in any case where application was made by a member of the house. It would, in fact, lie come a matter of right to all those who were contemplated by t lit* extension of the rule, to come upon the floor. Ifitistohe thus ex tended, where shall vve stop? For the last ten years we have been continually extending the rule. During the late war the Unveruor of the state of New \ ork amended Congress, with his aids; but neither were introduced into il,.. .. I...II M'l.i.r,._1 . so tar extended as to admit all those to whom Congress should vote thanks for their services. To preserve analogy and etiquette, it was then deemed necessary still more to extend the per mission to the Commanders in Chief. After this time we were visited by a British Peer, who had taken great interest in the concerns of the not them fur trade, (the Earl ofSelkirk ) To accomplish his introduction, the rule of the House was altered so as to admit members of a foreign legislature ; but he believed the rule was made with special reference to that indi vidual, and had never been practically extend ed to any other. Bat, if the rule is enlarged, where v\ ill you stop? Von now admit Judges, and \\hy not Chancellors and Judges of the Supreme Courts in the respective slates? They were surely not less in dignity than those whom t hi resolution proposes to admit. Nor is this all. Members of this and the other House often bring with them to the seat of government their wives and their daughters, and you send these to the galleries, and at the same time propose to admit on the Ilnur of the house all those who at any time had obtained a seat in either branch of the legislative body of any state. He believed the measure would impose an invidious duty on the presiding olliccr— would lie incorrect, unequal, and inconvenient in its operation, and therefore Imped itfwouitl not prevail. Mr. Baldwin made a few remarks in sup port of the resolution, hut was not distinctly heard by the reporter, lie was understood, generally, to observe, that he was aware the rule of the House had been nfir*-. oi.uigud in rela tion to the subject, but that he had never kno wu any inconvenience to result from the extension. He deemed it altogether improper that a pri vilege ol this kind should he conferred on a member of the provincial legislatures of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and at the same time lie denied to the legislators of Pennsyl vania and Massachusetts. He was disposed to extend the rule, especially as he saw no possi ble evil or inconvenience tiiat could grow out of it. Mr. Rich moved to amend the resolution by striking out the words “ or have been,” so as to confine the privilege to the benefit of mem bers for tin; time being. Mr. Overslrttl was opposed to the amend ment. The legislatures of many of the stales meet during the session of Congress, so that the amendment would defeat the principal ob ject of the resolution. Mr. Rucker made a few remarks in reply to Mr. Taylor—and particularly answered the lUIPSfion. Where sll.lll IVe dim? In- mtlinir it should he at tliever> moment that an incon venience should arise from an extension of the privilege. Mr. Randolph remarked, that, in respect to the rights of individual states, and to the atten tion to be paid to state legislatures, he would profess to yield to no man in that House, or in any other. Ii had been evinced by every act of bis life. Hut he did not feel that th.it respect called lor an adoption, either of the resolution, nr of the amendment; for if the ex tension i-> puce made, it will he difficult,not to say impossible, afterwards to alter it. When those, for whose benefit the rule is enlarged, shall avail themselves of it, where is (he law of courtesy that shall subsequently exclude them ? It had been correctly remarked, that it would cast an invidious responsibility on the Chair ;so invidious that it would become, (to use the expression,) a non-user ; for the Chair would never lie disposed to assume the unwelcome prerogative. And when, said Mr. K. we are called upon to admit the ex-mem bers of the state legislatures upon the floor of this House, shall we consign to the cold and cheerless galleries the fairest, and best, and dearest part of creation ? Courteous, indeed, is the rule, that shall exclude these from our fireside, and at the same time, cherish and in dulge nur own sex in a participation of all the comforts which this House can afford. (The Speaker here remarked, that the question was simply on„the motion of amendment.)— Agreed, said Mr. It. and I oppose the resolu tion w hether amended or not. Legislation is not a matter of courtesy, and, without the re motest disrespect to the Chair, he would ob serve, that there was already disorder enough in the House, without laying in a new stock Of materials to increase it. Additional num bers would necessarily have that effect—and the states of Virginia and Maryland could fur nish enough, within the rule proposed, to fill tiie hall. The question was then taken on the amend ment, and lost. Mr. Aeliton, of Maryland, opposed the re solution. He hoped that it would not be a dopted, for other reasons than those that had been offered. He contended that the rule, as now proposed, was mlciil.itcd to create dis tinctions iu the government unknown to the constitution. By that iiislnii.iiut equal rigiiij and privileg e were extended to all; und the citizen who may have tilled an ullice is sup posed, after his trust i* discharged, to return to the body of bis fellow citizens, disrobed of his oilic in I character. lie is then entitled to no greater privilege or distinction than those around him. For this reason, independent of all considerations of convenience, he was op posed to the resolution. The question was then taken, and the re solution was negatived. Tin* engrossed hill for tiie relief of Isaac Finch was then read the third time and passed. A communication from the Navy Hospital Commissioners, was then read, referred to the committee on commerce, and ordered to be printed. The House then resolved itself into a com mittee of the w hole on the report of the com mittee of Claims, unfavorable to the petition of Kli Hart, (Mr. Hill in the chair;) when Mr. Tracy moved to amend the resolution attached to the report hy striking therefrom tilt* word not. The motion was supported hy Mr. Tracy, and opposed hy Mr. Rich, when tin: question was taken thereon and carried, and the com mittee rose and reported the resolution as a niended. A report of the Commissioner ofthoPub I lie Buildings on the subject of the property of tin* United States in the city of Washing ton, was read, laid on the table, and ordered to be printed. The report and documents in the case of Kli Hart were also ordered to he printed, and then The House adiounieil. -mrmmjxTES1* Sa v anna n, Dec. 20.—Tiie trial of the Cap luiiiaud new of the smack Milam, on a charge of piracy, comas on this day in tiie Circuit Court ol the U. S. before Judge Johnston. Three men recently arrived from Charles ton, were yesterday apprehended and brought up before the Mayor, on a charge of forgery. They were pursued from Cliai lestou by a gen tleman to whom they* had passed a conside rable sum. A large amount of notes of the Farniei s’ Bank of Virginia, and several of the Charleston Banks, were found upon them—a portion of which wire forged and the remain der genuine. One of them when apprehend ed, attempted to destiny and throw away a part ol tin*, notes, which were however reco vered. They were committed for re-exami nation. (Gmririnn. December 21.—We noticed yesterday the apprehension of three persons* on a charge of forgery. It appears that tin* conduct of these individuals in Charleston had excited the doubts i*l a gentleman to whom they had pas sed a eonsiderohle sum, in that city, who up on enquiry was continued in his suspicions, and came on oxpn-vs to S .vamiah foi the pur pose of stopping them. lie arrived at the. mo ment when tli.*y were about taking their de pnturc, and sunited the whole. They ap pear to have carried on the bu-i i *•.■>., on a large scale, as there vvasToiiul u ».i no less a sum than about -23,00*1 d ii.« s in genuine notes, and 11,00') supposed to h<* forged. The lat ter are ot a description *<■ uiurive the best lodges, being c’.ecuted ii the first stile.— They an; principally lUij’s ..ft in- Maulers’and Mechanic;.’ Id;mk of Cluule.st -r, and Farmers’ 15 mk of Virginia,various branches, both oftlie plate of .Murray, Draper, F.iirman ic Co. 10’s ot*tin; 15.mk olFkikuielphia, of die same plate; and 100’s ot the I’ank ol ('rams, Harrison’s plate. A principal part oftlie genuine notes are o* ,!ici>.iuk **i tin; Ciulcd States. STATU TRUASUitV. Tuum’om, (N\ J.) December 22.—Many of oar readers have braid, no doubt, the report circulated relative to !.'»» discovery mVrrotsin the accounts oftlie 1 ite Treasurer of this state, during the week past. We. uiil -late, upon this subject, wind h is come our knowledge. Some short lime since, a gentleman, i:i look ing over the Treasurer's aeeounls, discovered what appeared to him to be a veiy material error in them. Tins led to a thorough inves tigation i.t them by ;i gentleman eminently qutdii'i'd for tie; t ts'k, anti the resit t. of this in vestigation mal es it appeal that Major (Ji*r don, the late Treasurer, instead of being a defaulter to a large amount, has actually paid to nis successor in o li-u; four thousand one hundred and ninety-three. dullurs tiild ninety-se ven rents, over arid above 111*• amount due from him to the slate. In consequence, of this, it will I>u seen that the siicrilf’s advertisement for the s tie of his property inis been vv ithdravvn, and fmtlicr proceedings against him suspend ed. W e understand that a re-iuvestig.itio'i is about to take place, after which a full and sa tisfaclory statement oftlie mailer may be ex pected. [Emporium. i<\\ V OllDUIt. W e understand that the Secretary of the Na vy has rev ived au old order vv Inch positively plenums me admission oi ail persons into our navy yards, excepting officers of (iovenuncut and members of Congress. [Phil. (Jaz. The Emperor of llusniu has extended the pension of 60,000 roubles bestowed by him on the late interesting and amiable Madame Woni Ai-, to Mademoiselle Mokkal, dauglr ter of the celcbialcd Captain. Since we published the statement of the disagreement between the two Ministers at Washington, vve have understood that some expressions used by lint British Minister in conversation, respecting the French nation or government, were the supposed cause of of fence, but which, if is probable, were misun derstood by the French Minister, ns we learn, that the British Minister afterwards declared I lie had no intention to offend by any expession which be tived. [Haiti more /'. (lux. New York, Dec. 20.—The British sloop of war linn, capt. Burroughs, arrived here, on Tuesday fiom Yarmouth, whence she. sailed outiie J2tii November. iSlie belonged to the squadron which conveyed the King of Eng land from the continent, and a few hours af ter he was landed, received orders to proceed j to this port. The object of her visit was not I known till yesterday morning, when it came out that she was dispatched in pursuit of a British officer who had ffi d from England with a large snm of money belonging to the govern ment. The delinquent, it is said, was a purser in the British navy, and was entrusted with from twenty to thirty thousand pounds ster ling for the purpose of paying ofi’certain crews, vviili the whole of which he made off, and ar rived here a few days since in the Comet, from London, having passed himself off as a gen tleman of fortune. Captain Burroughs reached town Tuesday afternoon, and in a short time, with the aid of our police officers secured the person he was in search of, and had tin* good fortune to oh i tain nearly the whole of the money—it is said to the amount of £20,000 sterling. A note from the British Consul, published in yesterday’s Evening Post, states “ the above person was one of the chief Clerks inlhe navy office at London The officer of the Hind de livered a dispatch frt»m the Marquis of Lon donderry to Mr. Buchanan, at half past 4, just as he wa& sitting down to dinner. Fear iug that the arrival of this vessel iliiect horusH) Portsmouth might excite alarm, the Consurftf immediately repaired tonur Magistratcsofl’oJ ft bee, Joy. lledden, and James Hopson, esqrsJ ft who promptly accompanied him, withutip.ft waiting for an officer, and traced the nnluckjf ■ fugitive, found him,and obtained nearly all tin B property. [Mer.Ailv. ft FKOM NEW OH LEANS & HAVANA. 1 1 The steam ship Huukiit Fulton, Capt ft Barnard, arrived at Charleston l&th inst. in ft the morning, from New Orleans and Havana,lft bringing advices from the former place to the lft 2d, and from the latter to the 8th inst. Wo lft are indebted to the editor of the Charleston lft Courier for extracts from papers received at \| that office. In The Hubert Fulton met in the Mississippi, )|fl a French slave brig, called the L'Penset, prize (ft to the U. S. sloop of war Hohnkt, with 2;/<> 1 slaves on hoard, in charge of Lieut. Arm- E strong, prize master. It is stated that this 1 vessel was previously captured hy a Colum- I hian privateer, which was also taken hy the J Hornet. I ^ Tile brig Mary Ann, at New Orleans, from Ij Turks Island, was on the point of being hoard ed hy a privateer or pirate, on the 2d Nov. on the south side of Cuba, when the Hornet | came to her relief, and convoyed her nearly 100 miles along the coast. ! The Spanish brig Doroles (arrived at Ila- I vann Dec. 1th, in 12 days from Sisal, with in formation that tile Spanish brig of war Almi rante was lost on Nichola Hank, on the Satur day preceding; as also the British schooner j Harriet, from Havana. f/fc. MEXICO. Accounts were received yesterday from Havana, stating that Itukuidk, lender of the late revolution, had declared himself Emperor n of Mexico. [/t. 1 YY asiiington, Dec. 20.—Our readers have . , *cen that, in the Senate of the'United States' , Mr. Johnson of Kentucky, has with his cha- C raeteristic gallantry, stood foremost in support. I ot a proposition to authorize the paper cur- * I'Hncies of the \\ cstern States, to l»e received in payment of postages to the United States. I YY e have no doubt the Colonel would support the known sentiments of his State to the peril of his life, il he were allowed the opportunity; hut. unluckily for him, his motion was yester day ordered to lie on the table—and there, we venture to predict, it trill lie, until dooms day. Not that there can he an indisposition, in any quarter, to do vvljat is possible to relievo tiie suffering people of the YYrest from any part t of the effects ol their own Legislation, evt n m as small a proportion as tin* amount of postages hears to the general business of the Stat.-: hut the thing proposed appears to us to h*‘, in several points of view, so impracticable as to lie almost impossible. [.Vo/, hit. John Skrue \ ,vr and Horace IJinnev, esqs. of Fiiiludelphia,. have, given an elaborate opi nion on the following points, submitted to t them by the Bank of the United States :— First, on the practice of taking interest or discount in advance—Secondly, on charging interest for sixty-four days, on a sixty days note—Thirdly, adopting as the basis of all calculation a month of thirty days, and con sidering fractions of time as aliquot parts of a month—and whether, by reason of any or all these practices tile Bank may be exposed to the penalties of usury, On these points, the opinion of the gentlemen is in favor of the le gality of the practice ofthe Bank. [Balt. Pat. A letter from Midshipman Barney, of the .Illicittor, dated at sea, N«v. 6, 1821, says, We have had, until within a few days past, a succession of violent weather ; the most fear tnl oi which was a dreadful whirlwind, accom panied by a water spout, which formed and ascended the heavens with great rapidity, broke, and passed very near our stern.—From the rapidity of its progress, it is difficult to say what would have been the consequences to us had we. been in its path. i esterday we discovered a vessel ahead of us;—she hove too, and hoisted a signal of distress. We, of *> course, made every exeiliou to come up to her assistance. After coming within gun shot, she tired at us with grape and round shot. We immediately hoisted our colors, and after using every exertion to make her desist tiring, we commenced firing, captured, and look possession of her.” Other reported particulars of this capture arc, that she w as hound from Bahia for Lis bon ;—that she has a cargo of sugar, cotton, hides, plank, Lc. ; that she has iniqucstioun blv been eng sged in the slave trade ; and that it is expected she has specie on board. Boston, Dee. (!.— Lxtract of a letter from Lieut. Abbot ol the Navy, to Commodore •Ioii.n Siiaw, commanding Naval Officer in Boston, dated, “ Boston Harbour, Ike. 21, 1821. I have the honor to report to you my ar rival at tIlia place, with the armed ship Atari ufi.tt ruuvri f, u>i (Martian ium crew a s prisoners—2‘> in nuniher. “This vessel attacked tlie -'litigator on tliSgS Otli November, (lat. about 20 3tt N. long. SO* \ W.) in a most outrageous and piratical man ner ; but was foiled in h -r attempts, to capture her, .mil alter an action of about an hour and a half surrendered to the Alligator. “ She is ii ship of between 3o0 and too tons, mountud four long 12 pounders, two long 6 pounders, and four 2 1 pound cnrron.idcs ; four of which I was under the necessity of throwing overboard in a very heavy gale of wind, in the Gtilpli Stream, o.i the (Hh lost, in which gale we lost (Mime of our spars and had our stern boat washed away. “ The prize crew consists of Iti, including myself and two officers, Midshipman Gf.oroh S. P.i.ake, and dir. J. Dixo.v, Master’s Mate ; and it giver me pleasure to acknowledge their uniform, vigilant and correct conduct, and that they rendered me every possible aid. “ I " id lake the liberty to add, that the rea soi. of the great length of the action was in (Minsopience of the. long guns of the prize, and * (*apt.‘ Stoc kto.v’s desire to get along side be fore he commenced, (lilt* wind being lisht) gave her the light to herselt for more than one hour.” [Centinel. DIPLOMATIC^ SPARRING. It has happened in this case, that what ought to have been most concealed has hern most bruited, and piobably with some circumstan ces of i xaggeration. It is certainly true, that there has been a current report for some days past, of an unpleasant conversation having taken place between the French and British Ministers some time in tho'last week, after leaving the table of the President. Since the rumor of one day lias been put into print, it is but just to give the later report, which is, that whatever unpleasant feelings have existed be tween the parties, have been entirely removed, by subsequent explanations. We speak now from rumor only, and without personal or other knowledge of (lie facts. [A/td. lot. rpftK Milm-ribor will open a *rhonl an Mnmlay, thi Tthof I January inti, at thr l>ntt«e of Mr*. Judith Smith, ii* l*owhntnn. The prior of tuition for I.ntin nnd (trerk, will In- jjfiO liar nnmiin, llini of lh<‘ Enipliih, - to. Hoard ran lav ol.mined nl Mr*. Kmilh'* nt a roteonahle rat •, nnd rvrnr thing will la1 done to promote the comfort (ind facltit.de the prografa of those thnt m:i% Hr wul to thr nIm*CTTH?n 1 ionisl plnco. Applirntion had lir.t la mn.le immediately, »< it will hr itntmMt to hiivr the ct.i*ciarr«»er<l a* «ooo «» ponildr ^OlJ> W Jl.vl iMSh) Richmond. Jab. I 71 — 4k.