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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, January 03, 1822, Image 1

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j-j. Thr ENQUIHKIt Ppubll'hriltwiee »»•«*)!, jronrral
) , anil iluee times a ivi'ck ilmini' llu’ «i'»ioli of ilic Mute Ijt
-iit ilurf._Price,the s;uiU»hs lieivlof.ii e, t il t Do'tnri per i: 11
«f fiuiu, payable in iitlvmtco. Notes •«* cli.ineml.iipoi k-i.aylug
Putt*..* (un/y) will lie mvivnl in poeiiielit. Tlio Editors will
guarantee the safety «f rcmltUug litem l>y moil, tlie postage
nfatt letter;, belli*; pai.l by the writers.
Ij-,. Nn paper will be ilisrtintinueil, [l.fft at tlie «li*crelion
of the EtDpns.l until all arreurn>'es have been pai.l up.
l:r Whoever will irtmsamoe the payment ol nine paper*,
■ bail have a tciilli cratis.
(tT One sip.are, or /cm—First Insertion, 75 rout*—enrli
enntinimn.-e, Oil cents.
* * No Allienbeiueoi iii<erte<l.until it lias either been paiil
for, or assumed bv some person in this oily, or its environs.
ESPEf'TFULI.Y Inform their customers and the public,
® Hist tliov have removed one of their establishments to
Norfolk: that remaining in Blclunond, wliirh formerly did
I nsii.e s in tlie name of. fami» Ryle Co. will in fuluiu be
s omiucted under the tivnt of J. it J. KYI4C. They respect
i'ully ropiest that tin*.customers of the former fun houses
will roiitimte to call at tlie iremainiiij eslrihihflimenl, where
they will at all times find
ri vrni Kxtcusivc .Ijsortmrnt of Fancy fy Slavic
ptfVrlm o>d on the best terms, nnd w lilcli w III be disposed of
by wholesale or retail at very reduced prie. s fm cash c.c ap
proved paper. JEKKMIAIl is JAMES KYLK.
Perenila-r B. *■'! -if
^ TN addition to a Urge mul gener;»l assortment received by
1 the Inii'ht nrrivids from New York and PiiiJndelphisi, the
subscriber* have now lauding from tl»c* linln prizr, a Iredi
bt'pjdy^consisiing in part of tlie following articles—
Superior double milled Cassimirvi, blue mid ldack and
ColKMirg and Coronation colors
Superior double milled drab Cloths for box nnd other
largo coai*
.Coming, CasslniMsand Flartnols
Constitution, Ituliter's silveraud other Manchester Cords,
for Jmnbdcoi.s
3- 1 brown domicile Shirting*
4- 4 tm«IC-4 Waltham Sheeting*
Men’s, women's nud children’s worsted IIoso, some fine
J .lilies’mid gentlemen’* black and white silk do.
A large assortment of Hair Nets, for ladies
Lnciogs, for tic*
Gilt Clasps ami polished steel Feticide do.
Jte.tiUlftil Thread Dices and Killings
Irish Linens mid Sheeting*
Drogheda • do.
One box Canton Crapes, elegant colors
jllack nnd colored Italian do.
Imitation amt real Ft enrli Cambric*
Kino domestic Checks amt HedtioLing*
Circassian plaid Gingham*
1'lack and white Itomllazim*
A beautiful assortment of Vesting*
One piece superior black Italian Lustrki?
And nnny oilier articles not recollected.
December20. €7—tf WM. N l.ALK k CO. i
rpilE Po-purlni’r-lilp heretofore osi«iin? un.l.'r the firm
.1. oi \V« h T. DICKINSON, 1% tbi* ituy dissolve.I by mu
tual convent. KiiIi.t d ike uinicr.igr.eii i. uuO.urkc.t t;»
settle the business.
December CO, 1821. THU’S T. DlCKI.NaOX..
The snb-eriber., un.ter the firm nf DICKINSON A. TI?.I
1IKULAKK, willtrausnet a gundral Commission Hu-iiw*,-.
!>■■<•■ Ji._t-7— am PI NON Tl XI UK til. AW-'.
JUST received ami now opening ni iIn-Store of MANY
KUl’ I H«. \Ti:, ail extensive assortment i*t //at.. ,y /tr,n
7it/, of tint newc«t fashion*, not to lie surpassed in ne.une-s
<ir elegance ; among liirm are Mark and white Leghorn,
\el» el and straw h nui ts, chinchilla nod heaver lints : a great
variety nt leathers of the handsomest and mi st fashionable,
■ colors ; plaid libbons; liraiiU,curls, white « remits and oihiv
Lead ornaments ; w adding anil trimming for pelisses; hair
nAs ami frlteltes ; caps, capes, colinrets and cor-eu-.; Mn
eassac, IIUsSia and antique nil, which greatly contribute to
the eh ga nee of t lie head Its well ns the color of the liair ;—
• lairk’s essence of Tyre for changing light or red mint, red
Lair to a dark brown or black ; and many other arlii lc» in the
. Millinery line loo numei nils In emimi raii .
Ou hand,a few ready nude I’KLISSICS—All of which -lie
Is tie term i tied to dispose of on the most reasontthlc terms for
Leghorn !. Straw Ilonnrls clontieit. died and trimmed.
t / MAN rUA-M done in the newest l i-ldous, and
.it the shortest notice.
November in. 5.-,_tf
7 C()ALS7 “
Til!-: Commistiioner, nftlie .Navy will jeceire, till tlte
20th .Ltminry, 1^22, proposal. t/> fim;lsti such qtinnlilv
^ of tbe best Virginia or other Coals ns n ay be required for
the use of tin.* Navy at the fallowing stations, viz :
Norfolk, New link,
‘W nsiiington, Buxton. and
Thiladclphin, I'ortsuioiilh, N. II.
Pec. 22. H7—rd
For hi*.nt,
The Broad Rock Farm and Race
FlcMt confJiinln^r **.*>0 ncrcs of Lniul, ?isttat(*«l in
f’liMiTfield o unly, nhf.ut 2} milt s from Man*
Chester. Thrn? hit t »vo rxn iU iit ilwclIinjr-hoH't** tipoa tt>«*
• fiirrUy to one pf which there Ik attaint**! a fine £ar<tcn, with
t v« ry r«nibitt* for the eottvrnirnre ami rotiifurt of a family.
The other butiM* v» is orlfftnallv int«vi<le<i n« a tavern, is siiu
•tteil immetliftlfly »i|M»n the main ro ut, is very convenient to
the race course, am! might to used either as a taveni or
cJv\ (‘llin^hiiinr.
l'er»oiiA w'nljhr' to view‘the premises we. rp«itn»«tod to call
flichmoml, ncci*mlH*r 20. »*•? if
200 Spani.sh Ox Hides, of the largest sizo and
he«t quality
50 lllltls. ) „ .... . .
/() hbla. $ i v>uu " kc>
And expect to receive during the prevent week,
1 1000 Spanish I)ry Hides, of ihe vrotfimon size,
of good quality-Also,
3( 100 ba^s of Green (,'ofier.
Tor sale on accommodating term", by
■lainmrv t.70—nut
Winter Mrrnit"rmtnl.
The steam boat NOR
1 I 'I V ('apt..I Min Vet riisi n, will
'■in i N N a i ; • I. I: - even llnn
'-1 lav at 2 o'clock 1’. *1. nr iimnedl
nlelj after tno arrival at the ilallimote stages, for Noifol!:,
and rcturnitig have Newton’s wharf, Norfolk, a« usual eve
ry Monday morning nt 9 O'clock, until fnrtlw r notice.
Apply ou board. or to ISKN.I. IT.IMVUsoN.
, No. 101 Dooly's will, lhiltiiuore.
front •'% 1. 71_11
J'o Committee-; and Pathonm ok L a n ca a -
teri.\n Schools.
A YOITNO gentleman w hose qualifications are of the
1 m. hi^h.-t character and worthy of tie- uarme-l eucomi
••.un«, U respectfully recommended by JlitSHrif I.A.NCA3
rjCIt.iiMinder nf the l.anr«<ltirhn xjitero of Education, as 3u
' j'erluterrftent of a Hcliool nf any magnitude from 100 to tOiyj
fjiupi It. This experienced Ten.-ber has liecfl ten years cn
1,'age.V ,n tuition on tloj «t stem ; in m mv caws tindrr Joseph
, Luneust. r s nu n eye, ami in «// with bis immediate sanction
mil approbation. Joseph f niiosi.-r considers it tail jti«lh t
*:« state, that tm other teacher on the sytrem, in England. A.
A «mertea,or oil the continent nf Europe po-x -sesor is entitled
lo the same ample tedium nilils l.oin its fostejer ; no om
■btiviti ; bn,l tqmif oppnrlHnilUl of attending Kit Uctnru, oj
improving by bis irptritncf, of isf/.ng ii.slltVlioiS, no lb,
Comdiif ncrpiondrdr, Hh bis luiist hoyrtntm, vis.
l-e’trr i on the subject, post pitU, inav lie addressed to Jo
..nop’, / .flaemfr, Ann. vote, .on hntiluU, llu!timo,i.
12th Mo.UI, 1G2I. 71_rt
Mo o i in on sviLL iV f(Trsai7k.
Tit* xnbserttier.s have determined |n sell (hit
■ very valuable mate, containing about 900 acre,
•of land, lying in the county of Orange, on tlic stage roai
leading from CktirlotltirUli to fVii'enVId.irf, which Is In
terse, ted by the xlline r, ml from Itlobmoo,l to Hnsonburn
within 20 miles of the (/nntrrsily at l irjinin.
The land is handsomely situated under the Knulh-'jvc«
Mountains, In e wealthy neighborhood, and has on the pre
nii«es three commodious dwelling-houses,"tallies, and nthei
Lpccssnrv outbuildings, a well of excellent never-failing »a
ter. g. o«l garden, n large APPLE t ’It ell AH ft nf choice Jt nit
•ami art nbmidanre of limestone, which ran easily lie raised.
This establishment b is long l>een known as the most eli
lile for a TAVE.lt V of any in the upper enuutry ; and on ao
.count of its liealtby situation H a pie isant retreat in ih
summer season for people from the lower part of the suite.
t\ e have rented the Tavern for llie-eilSMing Vc.ir : should
r«,« be effected, the rent ran accrue to the parciristrr,aotl b
Inive the ltla»riy of seeding in 'he loll.
• For terms apply to Doctor llealc or Nathaniel fi.oib.no
’ Ihe place, to Janies Uordnn, lloteSmrt Couhlv. or to John >
f iordon, of the house of William, * trord-.n, llichniond.
JAMES GORDON, i Itrlr* at /n.-e( KillN N. flORDoN,
LCfY OOltDpN. U/A'^hr.,d/VATIII. (lOliliuN,
CHARLES HKALE, ) Gordon, site. { 3AM L If. CbsUI/O?
Cnrdnnsville. December 4. <<t .if
4 LL persons Indented to JOHN OMAHAM, deceased, a.
S\. rc.]uested to moke payment to me immediately, „«
a in desirous of Ci rung the admi 01 steal in.', as «<nn as ivo.s.bl
a.trt therefore *r»<ia</l grant Indulgence to any body.
WAT. TER Ilf Executor
NRt- lit, el*'f o j.dia 'Jnhnni,.d>-c.
Tim papers of Santa Martha, ('araecns, and
the city of Bagotu, arc occupied by the pro
ceedings consequent upon the establishment
o* die new constitution, aud the organization
ot the several departments of the central ad
ministration, and the territorial circles. The
departments^*!' the executive are all filled up,
and the scat of the general government of
•lie republic is transferred from C'ucutu to
the ei*y ot Bogota, there to be permanently
established, as the point most central for the
communication between the south and west
extremities of Quito, the west and north of
Cundinamarca, an I the cast, and west, and
north of Venezuela. The government is al
ready at Bagota.
Bolivar, president, St. Ander, vice, president,
I\ Wall, secretary «,f state. The senate miri
house of representatives were organized, and
the congress had adjourned, after paging se
veral most important laws—among which
"ere laws concerning education, arts, and sci
ences, tin; ecclesiastical establishments,
finance, &u*.
There had been some royalist intrigues at
Lima, and some ciioris made to create dis
turbance ; but they were very speedily re
pressed. President Bolivar set out for Quito
oil the 10th of October. The expedition des
tined against Panama, was committed to (ten.
AI. Mont ilia, and before, this time, it is proba
ble Uj»: tri-colored Hag floats on hull) coasts.
We have been so much struck by the sen
timents contained in the proceedings conse
quent ot the rc-clcctiou of president Bolivar,
tliat v.e have taken them in detail, believing
that nothing has occurred in the history of
human allairs more glorious to tile, indiv idual,
nor more auspicious, as example, than tin*
conduct and sentiments of that truly great
Among the recent institutions of the Co
lombian republic, there are three which we
should wish to give in detail : —
The establishments and funds which had
appertained to the holy inquisition, which
reverts to the state by its abrogation; areap
propiiiited to the general service of educa
tion—the buildings for colleges and schools,
•be funds, till* resources from which are tube
made the expenditures on education.
Tl le-uuniierics, an* preserved in their cs
tablislun* uts, under the express consideration,
that the inmates of those establishments shall
"Ot be excluded from intercourse v.’ilh the
world ; and tliat they' shall undertake the du
ties of female education.
j Imt |>ari*iits owjii£ to their country the ob
ligation* common to all, owe to their children,
the duty of rearing them with the qualifica
tions for every station in life, to which every
citizen may aspire, by merit and virtue ; eve
ry father shall be hound to give to his children
that education which is necessary to enable
them to liumv their rights and duties ; and
that ev cry parent shall he obliged to commence
the education of his child at the sixth year,
and .so to continue to educate him according
to circmmtanci s by which the laws shall de
termine ; and that every parent who shall neg
lect this duty, fall ill he liable to a penalty to
he specified by law for the first year of such
neglect, and for the second year, double the
penalty of the first year.
Letter of the Secretary of Wait, returning the
keys of the city of Carthag-ena, which had
been sent to the president.
Dejktrtiheia <>/ Ihir, /.’««■»/<«, yt Oct. lf:21.
To Brigadier General Mauia.vo .Montu.m,
commander in chief, of the military depart
ment of the coast of Cundinamarra.
1 have Itjul the honor to present the presi
dent and vice president of the republic, the
keys of the important place of Carthagenn,
which you forwarded to rne with your official
note of the lOthinst. by captain Castro. They,
in receiving this evidence of your military
efforts and virtues, have directed me to repeat
to you the thanks and sincere congratulation
which I had the satisfaction to notice in iny
note ol the 14th instant. You have fulfilled
the expectations and confidence »reposed in
you. \ on have, added new titles to those you
already had on the gratitude of the govern
ment of the republic, and to public esteem,
by the inestimable acquisition of the important
fortress on tin: coast. The. army w-hich, under
your command, lias experienced so many pri
vations and fatigues in a protracted siege, and
which have overcome all those obstacles, me
rit equally the applause and esteem of the go
vernment. Be pleased to render to that gal
lant army in (heir name, and in that of the
republic iheir thanks; and I request you will
In:, pleased to designate sueli officers and sol
diers of that gallant army, such as you shall
.promotion in every grade, as their conduct
may merit; more particularly those who shall
have been distinguished by their zeal, courage,
and constancy. The captain Juan Castro,
who Ins been promoted to th*1 rank ot’ limit,
colonel, is tin- hearer of Ihis note, aod will
have the honor to deliver into your hands the
keys of Carthagenn, which the vice president
tenders to ypu, well satisfied, that «3 long as
the guardian of this honorable deposit shall
! he the same who took them from the audio
| l ity of Spain,jt will he preserved with the
i same glorious distinction by which it was nc
| qt.irrd, and neither Spain nor any other fo
reign power, will he competent to assail that
important position which has been acquired
as one of the securities of liberty and indepen
Sec’ry of War
, President Bolivar to the President of the con
gress of Colombia.
Sin—Called to take tie- oaths prescribe!
by the constitution ns president of iho iepub
, lie, I have tin* honor to say thnt I liavcnbeyn
with gratitude the vote of the general con
gress. But you will have the goodness b
submit to their wisdom, the consideration1
, which suggest themselves to me, before I un
• dertake a charge vviiirh I have so frequently
expressed my wishes to decline. When th"
calamities of my country placed arms in my
hands, for the purpose of its liberation, I dii
not wait to consult the extent of my facnlties
.. my -talent®, nor my cx|H*rience ; I submittei
' myself to the common desperation anil th
t common hopes, seeing before me only th
. ! horrid spectacle w hich my country present?)
jin manacles and misery ; placing mygelf a
I (ho head of ;»military eo*< rj riz'% f have co;i
tinned for boiler than 11 years to sustain the
conflict. It was not my intention to lake up
on me the government of inv country: on
the contrary, I had made a solemn determi
nation ; I swore in the inmost-of my heart, to
j he only a soldier—to serve only during the
I war—and on the moment that peace and |j.
i hertv should he established in my country, to
! heroine a private citizen.
Ready as l am to sacrifice in the service
of my country, my fortune, my blood, ami
even my own glory, I cannot, notwithstanding,
in.dee die sacrifice of my conscience; be
cause I am deeply penetrated with a sense
of my own incapacity to govern Colombia,
from my entireiinacquaintaiice with the forms
oi the civil administration. I am not the
kind of magistrate that is required by the re
public to assure its prosperity in peace—a
soldier by chance, or by the necessity of the
occasion, my only faculties are such as are a
dapted to garrisons or camps. The civil bu
reau is to me a station incongcuial with my
nature and habits ; my inclinations place my
desires in a situation distant from the course
oi civil functions, and the more especially, as
1 have cherished and fortified those disposi
tions, w ith the express purpose of rendering
myself incompetent to accept a station, which
to me appears incompatible with the best ‘in
terests of the republic and my own honor.
If, therefore, the general congress shall in
sist, after this unreserved declaration, to place
the executive power in my hands, I shall
submit only from a sense of the obedience
which i owe to my country; at the same
time protesting, that I shall not admit myself
to hold the title of president hut during the
existence of war, and upon the condition,
that I shall he authorized to continue the
present campaign at the head of the army;
leaving all die executive functions to the vice
president, general St. Adder, who has so well
merited the choice, of the national congress,
for that station, and whose talents, viitnes,
zeal, and activity, assure to the republic, the
happiest results in the discharge of his admi
nistration. 1 have the honor to he, Sic.
Itoaario dc Cucula. Oct. 1, tail.
Answer of the President of Congress of the
republic of Columbia.
To the President of the republic, general in
chief of the armies.
Si a—I have the honor to inform you that
i have submitted to the consideration of tin*
general Congress, the communication which
you addressed to me of this date, which has
nan no ot'rer ellect on congress, than to acid
new motives for insisting on your sacrificing
that repugnance to take charge of «t!ie cxccn
live authority and postponing to the delibe
rations ot a future congress the reasons which
I you suggest, you shall proceed to take charge
ol tlie magistracy. Your wishes to continue
tin: campaign at the head of the army, eon
current with the provisions of the constitution,
the; execution of which is about to lie given to
your charge, as by this instrument, the presi
dent ot the republic is authorized not only to
direct generally, the land and naval forces, hut
to command in person the armies in the field,
depositing ad interim the civil adiniuistvahnn
i:i the hands of the vice president. If on "The
conclusion of the war, you should insist on
retiring from supreme power, your intentions
"ill then come, with propriety, before the
congress, which shall at that time have charge
ot ike republic. Such lias been the resolve
of the congress, by whose order I make thif
communication. I am, with great respect, Sic
J. MAlttyJBZ,
President of Congress
Palace of iht General Congress of Co
lombia, at Ciicuta, Ocl.H, 1821.
On taking the oath.
Sir—The sacred oani which I have this mo
ment taken as president of Colombia, is to
me a compact with my conscience, whirl
multiplies my obligations of submission, to tin
supreme laws and my country ; the most pro
found respect for the sovereign will,could alone
compel me, to undertake the weighty duties
which devolve upon this station. The grati
tude which I owe to the representatives of tin
people, impose upon me the agreeable obliga
tion to continue my services, to defend with
! my fortune, my blood, and my honor, tliif
i constitution, which contains the rights of twr
I people, united in brotherhood by liberty, for
j their common good and glory. " The union o
Colombia ronjunctly with independence, wll
j compose the altar, upon which l am ready ti
! offer up every sacrifice for this constitution
I will march to the. extremities of Colombia
j to break the chains of the children of onr new
wwiiu i’t'iir<iiii nit- nsil r If
them the open arms and good faith of Colon)
bin, when they shall he free to act.
I expect, Sir, that yon will authorise me, t<
invite by the relations of heniflcence, two na
tions whom nature, and heaven have given w
as brethren ; accomplish this work of you
providence by my zeal, and nothing hut peso
is required to give to all Colombia prosperity
tranquillity, and glory.
Then, sir, I shall’beseech you most earnest
:iy, not to the indifferent to the calls of my con
science, nml my honor, which most earnestI;
demand that l shall he permitted to become i
private citizen. I am impressed with the ab
solute necessity of having the first station ii
the republic entrust* d only to that, man whoii
th •• people themselves, shall from their fre
choice elect to that important office. I an
the offspring of war, a man whom combat
have elevated to the chief magistracy. For
. tune has placed me in this station, and sucees
site victories have coufiimed it : hut thes
are not titles, always consecrated by justic*
• prosperity, and fix; national will. The svvor
which hath governed Colombia h unt the ba
I lance of Astrea ; but an evil genius w hich snim
• times, heaven permits to visit the earth, f*
I the chastisement of tyrants, and to give warr
■ * iug to mankind. This sword Will he oolong*
• of any ;-•* rvice, on the day that peace is e t.
i j hli bed, sin*! that day ought to be. the last of m
• ! power ; because I bad promised it to Colon
’ j Inn, anti because the existence of the republi
> [ cannot lie. secure, when the people are nrt' •
r the perfect, and free exercise of their mi
I rights of choice. A man circumstanced as
, | have boon, is a dangerous citizen in a popul;
I ■ government ; he is a constant menace to tl
• national sovereignty : I wish to he a citizen,
i-' order to be free ; and that all the people shoul
I | In; equally fine. I prefer the title of citigen
I j that, of liberator : because the latter is the gi
j of war, an»l the-fjwiner is the emanation oft I
| uw's. Be pleased to change all th • titles con
| fem doo me, and leave to me alone that of c!
| good citizen.
.‘insin r of the. President of Congress.
W itli tin; greatest satisfaction the general
congress have received the homage that the
founder of the repnMic has offered to the first
representative body of the nation. The gen
eral congress consider you as tin- father of the
country—the terror of despotism—and the
protector of the liberty, and independence,and
justice of Colombia. At all times you will
obtain the applause of history, and the bene
dictions of posterity, and your name will ev
er he pronounced in Colombia, with pride ;—
throughout the civilized world, with venera
tion ; the glory which you have earned, is nut
that of other heroes who have most fie<|ucnt
ly obtained that brilliant title, by the oppres
sion of mankind, sprinkling the earth with
blood, and sowing the earth with desolation,
to elevate the throne of their greatness upiMi
the afflictions and degradation of man ; upon
the eitirinination or enslavement of nations;
and ti|Hsn the fears, mournings, and miseries
of tile people. A people long trodden down,
hut worthy to he free ; the unfortunate vic
tims of their barbarous oppressors—deprived
for centmies of the bounteous gifts allotted to
them by nature, receive at last from the hand
of Bolivar, their liberties, and with it enter
upon their political career, and take their
rank among t lie other independent nations of
the earth.
Tile inspiration of your soul spreads its in
fluence. over the republic, she lives, progress
es, and under your commanding spirit, ap
pears elevated and triumphant. Superior to
all the warriors whom history has imuiortal
i/.cd, you have minced tyrants to tin* dust:—
the oppressors of your country have disap
peared ; and you have displayed to the whole
world, that a people, directed by a wise
chief, uniting prudence with the virtues, can
never he immolated to the capricious insolence
ot despotism. Let Sparta glory in her Leon
das, Thebes her Rpimannudas, Athens her1
Pluieion, an Aristides, and a Themistocl s,
Rome the superb, aCnmillus, a Falnus nail
a Cincimiatus ; Colombia glories, with more
.substantial justice, in the possession of the
immortal Bolivar, who, by his prudence, saga
city, and •courage—his disinterestedness, of
which there is, perhaps, no parallel : and who,
it may he feared, will have few imitators :
has eclipsed the glory and fame, of all the he
roes who had preceded him. Colombia
proclaimed you her liberator—and in rrcciv- !
hi liurriy, tviii l* n1* j
herself indebted to you for all those enjoy- j
incuts. Colombia has broken tin* yoke, af '■
ter yon had broken the chains which were
composed of the triple links of ignominy, ty
ranny, and lauaticism, and has already given
to itsell a constitution, which will ensure for
ever the liberty which you conquered for.1
her with such signal glory* The constitution,
this sacred code, which fixes the rights and
the duties of the citizens—which determines
f!ie attributes of every branch of power in the
republic, will he at ail times, the most secure
guarantee of the blessings we are destined to
enjoy, by those whose good fortune it is to be
long to our country.
Congress has an unspeakable pleasure at
j this particular moment, in placing in your
hands this sacred deposit, which sanctioned
by your name, will he religiously observed
throughout the republic. The. work will 1» -
complete, if, at the te.riniuali >n of tin* war, the
republic shall he at your retirement securely
established. Then it will be said of Bolivar,
with more justice than of the founder of tile
superb Home, Bolivar founded this great and
extensive republic; Bolivar drew it forth from
nothing—Bolivar sustained it with his arm—
vivified it with his spirit—and conquered ii>
liberty and independence, and as an inestima
ble blessing conferred in perpetual inheritance,
gave >1, together with peace,the more unaitcr
able, of which this constitution is the gage.
The country requires from you this new sac
rifice. The republic with an ii resistible voice
has called you to the first in igistraey of the
stale, and you could not abandon the work of
your ovsn hands, at the moment in which it
was most in want of your guardianship and
care : No ! never can you he a dangerous
citizen to a country, w Inch owes its liberty to
you, and for which you have sacrificed your
tranquillity, your repost*, your fortune, and to
which you had consecrated your life. On the
• contrary Bolivar will he always the most so
!, lid support of Colombians, the fortress of the
national sovereignty, <ind tile, defender of the
rights of the people. Your example will ar
rest ambitious views, and your virtues v.i.'i
held forth an example to your successor*
, in the magistracj', tin1 duties which they will
have to fulfil, and will he a restraint on the
impetuosity of the passions of luunaii nature,
.'vt citizen will in future approach the. m: it
of the supreme magistracy, but penetrated
i with a holy awe and respect, and will say
.. to himself in the profoundness of his licsert,
Bolivar was tlie first who occupied this chair.
No one was more disinterested than lie
•'as, more virtuous, nor more, devoted In
liberty ; he not only put down tyranny, but
. on its mins lie confirmed to all Colombia the
empire of justice, and law ; he was great a
, along the heroes, and eminent among t.iagta
t rates.
, \ mi must accept that command which
i ymir magnanimity and generosity had desir
ed to re|iiii|uish In the sovereignty of the na
, ion : you must pursue your enterprise, eon
s stimulate the great work,ami if possible difiusi
still greater blessings over the surface of Co
A general acclamation succeeded the pro
I found silence, which had prevailed till tin
close of tlio president’s speech : emotions am
. feelings repressed with delightful pain, hut vis
ihle on the countenances of all who were pre
sent—and repeated hursts of joy and cougrat
,, ulation, marked this sublime occasion.
y Presentation of the Constitution, to the Pre
i sidtwt, by a committee of the general co:i
e gress.
n Sir—Vou have here the. sacred code ; III
n f-tpreasion of the general will : the tertimn
1 lial of our social compact; and the rifle h
ir which Colombia is to he governed. The gen
ie '-ral congress, uf which we are the organ, de
in posit the constitution in your hands : pet
d suaderi that if your sword hail insured imh
!o pcndcnce to tin: republic, with this rhnrg
ft tinder your rare, yon will protect its liUn tie
ie Ihw.aria tie Cacuta, 3d Oct. 1 -21.
President Jiolivnr to the Colombian People.
Colombi ans—The hook of the law v/hicli
I have tlie glory to present ti> you, as the ex
pression of your own will, and the ark of your
own rights, lixes forever the destiny of Co
lombia. Vour representative.*, penetrated with
the importance of their authority, have pre
served the greater portion of power to the
sovereign—which is the people.
To the depository of the public, force, has
I ween committed, the grateful task of pro
moting your happiness, without the risk of
doing y mi injury.
Colombian's—The general congress lias :
given to the nation what was wanted—a law j
of union, ti/uality, and liberty : they have
made, of many people, one family: they
have consulted upon a common centre for
all the ilepaitments :—and they have or
dered the future, resilience of the govern
ment to beat the city of lingula by a law of
ihisd ite ; where all the extremities of the re
public can have recourse to the nation'll au
Venezuelans—Ymir patriotism and your
victories, assure to Colombia your steady ad
hesion to this law, and the glorious possession
of peace and repose.
Ci niunamAttcANs—The superior govern
ment is placed within yoflr bosom: Colombia
feels that you will preserve it inviolable, with
fidelity SB a deposit.; committed to the care
of your v irtues
(>i i i oni a ns—The clanking of your chains,
have resounded in the cars of the liberating
army, and it is already on its march to the
equator—can you doubt of your liberty and
freedom ? Can you hesitate to embrace those
who invite you with open arms to share, in
their country, independence-and laws.
Colombians—The law has assigned to the
vice president of Colombia to he the chief of-.i
thcstale,during the period that I shall be ;:t ite
bend of your armies. He will he ju-t. hem-fi
cient, diligent, imtnovahlc—a worthy con
ductor of Columbia. L can guarantee'
that his labors will lie faithfully directed to
the promotion of vour happiness.
Rosario de Cucuta, tlth Oct. lu-21 — 11th year.
Hy the President,
Dif.go 15. Uiiiiankja, Minister of Intelior.
[F*/v*u c/it JWitivna/ /» U/«i, • j 4/.J
TiiL'asn.vv, December 2~.
mr. i inui ty me. |)»*nu.Mi «>i «lit*
Pn sidi iitiu.il Diii-ctor.s of Ihe Bunk of the
United States, praying certain legislative en
actments fur the relief of tlie Institution;
which was read and referred.
Mr. Johnson, of ivy. presented the petition
of tlu* Transylvania University of Kentucky,
praying a repeal of the duty on imported
hooks ; which was read and referred.
Mr. Kuii'hl laid the following icsnSution on
the table:
liesihr.!, I hat the riiinmittro on Naval Affairs lie
in-mined in i-nt|iiire inlotlie nee .mil amitmil m .m
(*d per annuni fur i-om.iiH-.ioii ur r.oinpiius.Uiivii o' llm
several n ivv agents, u.ul alsa die r.inde |;rait:-‘<*.| l>\
( Iii-ui i it ftirni-liiirg lira Navy of'lie t'liiie.l Sl.iles n iiii
.ii|ij-!u s ; tunl dial they report by I,ill or oil.t-rvvi-.e.
Mr. Tnlbol was appointed on tin.* commit
tce of Pensions, in the place of Mr. Baton,
who had been excused therefrom.
Mr. Uarton laid the fujlow tag resolution on
the table:
/{rso/rfi/, Tli it the cmiiiiiittrr f>n Pnhi'.c I. ind« 1 e
inslnir ted lo eiepiii i* w iiede-r am , an.I, d an ,
anil'll. InieiiH explanatory of tin- several m t-«.f cui:
n*ss, graining lights of pic-i-mpiion to srillris on
public. I.nitls, he net r-^ary In cileci die ol>ji»i-i oi diose
On motion of Mr. Dicktrtun, those portions
of the Message of the President of the C.iited
States which relates to foreign relations, to
revenue, to domestic manufactures, to the
construction of perm incut fortifications, to the
naval serv ice, and to the government of Kl.n i
di, vert* respectively referred to the appro]ui
ate com mil tees.
Tiie resolution for the distribution of the se
cret journal, ika*. ,->] the old congress, was con
sidered in committee of the whole, and pass
ed to the third reading.
Mr. Johnson, of Ken. said, lie was about to
offer a resolution to the .Senate, which U * was
aware would present.intrinsic diJutilties ;but,
in obedience In t!i- general w ishes of the peo
ple of the state which he in part represented,
and from the convictions of his own mind, a
to the utility of the measure, if practicable, he
had considered it his duty to propose it for
tin* consideration of the Semite. Since the
tv ir, jvith (». Britain, lie sai.l, Jlu* pi-cnniaiy
! rli.triicu ui* flu, lenM 11 < I I>..!!• ....
iug, until within a very laic period ; In* h.on-d
that the till*; of misfurtiinnin the state ul'lvt*a
ttielty, was now suli.-idiug, in consequence of
the in can tires of relief which hid been adopt
ed hy the Legislature of that Stile. Two
citeuinstanee-*, mare than all other.*;, h id aug
mented that distress of which he had spok e.
The preni iture resumption of specie payment
nil the part of tin* Banks, and the policy i i
the general government, v hicli denied to the
west a just proportion of rhe public expendi
ture, which he considered a great grievance,
and w hich he had no doubt,would be remedies!
by Congress whenever a proper occasion pre
sented its* If. Mr.,1. said, alibis lime tin- ju-opli
of Kentucky wi re deprived ofiniav b---ie?i.r
resulting froni the Post O-’iee Ksiablinuniirjif
arising from *ne citi-cs to w hich he ha I ml
verted ; and lie w as convinced tint his prop osi
lion would Icing more revenue to that depart
ineut, many letters lining returned to the tie
neial Post O.lice as dead letters, fur tin* waul
of some such accomnii.lxtion. if.- al.o stat
ed tin- further fact, that it wa- well known,
that tin- money.aris-og from tin- Post OlSc*
, Id taldishnn-ul, in tin- west, was paid to west
ern contractor*for carrying (lie m ill :mid (lit
nol g-» into tin- Treasury of the l uited State?
as revenue. If the measure could lie adopt-4
williu.il Injury to tin- public, and could extent
relief to « suite ring portion of the community
In- presumed no indisposition would In- mam
fested against his proposition. If, on tin
other hand, it were impracticable and ineonsix
tent with t!ie piihlic good, it Would tie ahan
dotted. fir said that he very well knew tha
* the depreciation of the paper of the Chun
1 mon wealth of Kentucky, c.umpiired,w ith speri*
nr* hut was denominated eastern funds, fo
the payment of debts in Philadelphia and #-lsr
* where, iiiditei-d many gentlemen, at a di- tann
to tx-lieve that thecurrenry of fliat state wa
of little value. But lie w o-iid t ike this occasio
-• to sta!** tin- fart that, within the state,the papr
would, at this time pturhaHC ns mucii t <
porno! al property, a; could him* been purvhna
d by -the same amount of gold and silver coin
when the banks were in prosperity ; an*! pay
ing specie for their notes. lie had no di.uiit
that such would continue To be the result; for,
w bile relief had been given to iiie people by
micli a measure, the greatest rare had been
taken to fix tire institution i!| on a solid foim
d i ion : Mr. J. then submitted the following
rosniu'io \:
“ lleso'rnt, 1 liat ilie* cunimiuee on t!.o Post Ollico
mill Post lt'> ills lie nisli i cteil to i't.jtiiic into the ix
licdiencv of authorizing iln- Pos. -Master-lieuei al r.»
permit I lie Posi-.M.isit I , iji the Wimuiii Couuuy, to
iei eiye, for postages on Iclten-. i'ie currency of" the
stale in ivli.rli the saill olfleus are located.'’
The resolution lies on the table.
Many private petitions were presented atnl
referred; and, afte^somc time tpeiil in tile
consideration of Kxecutive business, (w itli clos
ed doom of course,) the Senate adjourned.
Among the various petitions that were thin
day presented ami referred, was a memorial
of sundry citizens of the city of New York,
presented by Mr. Catnhrcleng, and praying
for the establishment of a uniform system of
bankruptcy, which was referred to the com
mittee of the whole house when on that sub
Mr. .S’. Smith, from the committee of wavs
and means, re ported a hill entitled an act to
authorbe partial appropriations for the milita
ry service lor the year t!I—-2—and to make
good a deficit i.u tho appropriations for the re
volutionary pensioners.
The bill was twice read and committed, and •
ordered to be printed
Mr. Smith gave notice that lie should call
tortbe consideration of the same on Wednes
day next.
Mr. Itiliiin:i3 of North Carolina, from the
committee on Claims, reported unfavorably
upon the petition of iving and Thurber, which
on minion of Mr. C’iafts, was ordered to lie on
the able.
Mr. Floyd suhmitl ol the following resolu
tion :
liesi’h td, That tin; Pre-iiliMil of tin- Uuiietl Stales
I »i* retpivsteil In c■ 111-0 r» l».- I ml In ftil i* i li , s liou.-c a vi
account • I lilt- • xpt-adllurcs made ui'.Ior llie urls to
pi ox nlr lurp <• < l\ili:vuiiiii ol tin- Imlitm hi il.es.
The resolutii.il lies on the table of course.
Mi-. Sit rimO.’ N. Y. called for tlu-.ct.nsi~
deration o!-Hie resolution’lie had submitti:*
yesteida;, culling for information relative, to
certain .disbursements made at Sachet’s Har
Mi-. EUrling submstc.d the follow ing rcso
J dio i :
tlesolreJ, 1 lj.it a selocl r.i n uiuro i •ifitv-iiouvl t
iiiijuin*iilio lb.1 cxuiuiitj.iry■ <il- ii.ferriug ibe .ms. i’lert
I.llriv if u illl ljl',1111, !(> (in: I'll ice! Auditor of
v‘*e 1; ca*ury tlt-parl-iii iil. In In: M'ttlcil II_v li ,n, im
ili'i' t'u* >u|ii:i'iiiii'iu{ciii'i- hi (lie Ser.ieiarv of War, iip
on principles ol eejuity :iI justice. or to provide
otherwise lor ll.e exposition ol saitl claims in suets
in ion.:i as dull In- jii-i 11 llie c laim ml* ami sale >.-'
•he 1 "ileil States, ami that they haw: leave lu u p..i t
by hill or ollurwi.e.
't'liis-reacilntiiiii tv ns laid on (he table.
Tite House then resolved itself into n com
I ntitlee ni the whole oil tile bill reported by the
| e.omrnhtee oi Private l.aml Chaims', for the
fi lii i ol Peggy AJeUeti, Air. Pitcher in the
Chair. »
Ti e petitioner was the mother of Alfred
Sti-hhius, a natural suit, w ho was a soldier in
the late war, and died in the. service without
heirs. The mother petitioned to receive tilts
bounty laud to which her son would have
h.-"u eniitied, and idsn (he arrears due. him as
wages, amounting to about
The committee had reported in favor (if
granting tin* prayer of (he petitioner in 1 elation
i l" the bounty land only—when the. same was
ordered to lie engrossed for a Ihitd reading.
Air Randolph moved that when this House
do adjourn, n adjourn to Monday next. Thu
question was -taken thereon and lust. Ayes
G 1, .N ays GG.
Air. Tracy submitted the following resolu
tion :
Ur u!red, Ilia: the Secretary ol the Treasury lie
ic9 fueled to rcp.iil to this fjoitnu vv licllicr ill acv
caves, and, ■( any. in vtliai rainy, nn<l under wimt
oil i a instant es, allowance* have been made In public
•■llici'i* in ilie nature uf compe nsation for discounts
paid oa bill* of exchange or 1'rr.i very notes, or loc
d linages or nilcreul panl oil plrjieKlcd gov ei'iinicii!
Til. resolnlion lies Oil the table of course.
On motion of Mr. Ross, the H.m .e then ad;
Friday, df.cu .inKR 28, 1821.
j li\ SE.WiE
The Vice President of the United Sfalek
j appeared today, and took the ehi.ir ufUio
| isolate.
Air. Ilugglt3 presented the petition o)
miiuij i m/Tih ui Lineiim^i, in LfHlo, pra3fin^
the passage of a general liammipt law, whitu
was read and lelerrcd,
Air. Ji irlon presented a memorial from tin.
j Legislature of the state of Missouri, praying
■ that an act may pass, explanatory p,<, i.,us
j granting the right of pre-emption to certain
I sett In rs on pullin' lands ; whiea was lead and
i» ferrfed.
i Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, submitted the;
j following resolution fur ronsidemtio i ;
ilest■lu. it, flail III** CoiiiiiiiUt'.ron the Judiciary !■»
I instructed In i.u| lire into (lie cx|)i-du'iicv of iirulifv
1112 the Inw ri'Klilatii.g liie nUTrlenit *< i vice, do H, ’lO
'I* line muie p tiiicul.iilv t|,e Admiralty J'lriiiiciiou
»l Hi'' Di'llicl Court* ui die f'niicil Spue-.
The resolutions submitted by Mr. Knight,
and Mr. Marlon, respectively, or tile :7t!i fast
were severally taken lip and agreed to.
| The joint resululy i from the other /louse,
directing the distribution of tire S er* t dour
mils, tic. of the old Congress, was lead tin?
tjiird time and passed.
According lo notice, .Mr. Johnson, of J.oiiisi
alia, obtained leave, and intro.h eed a bill
granting lo tin*, state of Louisiana, tur certain
purposes, twu tracts of land, in toe enmity of
I’limt Coupee, in that state; v hull was read
The Senate adjourned to Monday.
i After the presentation and reference of
. | petitions—
■ i Mr. //.Ve/son, from the committee on thd
. Judiciary, reported a bill to provide for the
. due execution of the law inf 1 be Uni ted State*
t within tin Stale of Missouri; and f«r time -
. tabllshment of a I J, strict Court therein : wludh
t was Itviee read and committed.
r Mr. h'loy.l rose, he said, to submit a mo
- tion, relative fo the elocution of an act of the
i, lust session of Congress, ✓which had been th-v
j subject of much dilietence of opinion in Con
ii Stress, and, in its effect, he had learnt, bad
,. produced much discontent elsewhere. For hi
r part, At'* Y. ; rid, he, as & suppo’t/** u! •>*'

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