OCR Interpretation

Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, August 08, 1823, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024735/1823-08-08/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

•v s I-’nnJ. Ma ny <>f ns, [ assure you, are get-1
tmg alarmed. Tilings look squally at this
moment. Few foreigners venture out after the
sun goes down. All is in expectation and
every body wishing for tin: ultimatum.
fiov. Vive? Im* declared himself decidedly
in favor of adhering to the Constitution of
Spain, until in; is officially informed that it no
longer exists. The Caluldo has l*#*en in ses
sion several days.— At » o’clock last night the
governor lied a large itiajouly in favor of ad
hering to the Constitution.
- _ Many made long speeches in favor of an
immediate declaration of Independence, inas
much as there was no longer any government
in the mother county, and this morning the
city guards were doubled, and tho streets ap
pear crowded with soldiers. That the peo
ple are dissatisfied with the present state of
things is certain ;aml that a change must take
place, is in my opinion as certain.
[Wilmington, Del. ll'atchman.
Raltiwoiik, August V.—Ry the schr. Atlas,
captain Murphy, arrived here on Saturday, in
eight days from Havana. vv«: have received
from our correspondent there a lllo of the
Havana Diary to the tf3d July inclusive. The
papers am in the hands of the translator.
An extract of a le.tter to the editors of the
American, dated Havana, July a till, says
“ All is quiet here at present—we have had no
arrivals hum Kuropc for a number nf days
past. A proclamation lias been privately
printed here, upon the subject nf the indepen
dence n| the Island—hut it has been seen by
very f'Mv individuals. Ido not exactly kuovv
the purport of it.”
T !..* gentleman into whose hands we placed
the Havana papers lias subsequently handed us
tin- following document, translated from the
Diary of the iOlh July.
Don Finarisen Diaiiisio Vive?, the Captain *«en
crul ol (Itv I I.umIoI Cuba, li.ia mlilrc^nl flu* follow
ing commniinaiion lo the mliabilanio of Havana, in
consequence of their having I'm tiled a com tin lice to
cn ii I ri tin ft* to ill* mi ofSp.iiit
“ Inil it Hants of the litaud of Cuba !
“ While the peninsula is l.ibottriug under the in.-si
.Urncions ami unjust acciessioii that could ever lj«
effected hy the force of abuse—-while die hosts of
superstition and despotism present themselves wiili
the sword in one hand to destroy the symbol of iis
liberties, tint) with chains in the other to’sink it into
Me most abject and ignominious slavery; will the
Mithlul and generous inhabitants ol litis province be
passive speetalors of this bloody and degradin'' inva
ci.m > Will i „i. » .. »
.imuiuTiriiiTr ill" lUdiiih
taking possession ol, and domineering, the ruins of a
govt uni ni ilie most liberal and tho most lienefi
i on: i—U || they reiiiain tranquil and iiuconcrined
wtiitwl 1'ieir consiitutinual king, and tlieii government
are wandering out of the capital of tlieii Empire ?—
. lids' die legislature anil representatives of ilie
Spanish Nation ure obliged to iiileruipt the august
functions of iheir iniiii-iry ? Whilst a foreign tyrant
lireteinis i i R(un*i-t and profane the immortal work
of their Wisdom and munificence, and lo crush the
Spaniards widi ilie same yoke, ol which they were
redeemed by their noble fortitude, nud generous
magn inimiiv ;
. Eternalignoininy and disgrace would attend the
inn,1 'Hants ol this Island'; incoiisolnlilt; alfiic.tinu
and dismay would e,decide the hearts of their liro
i o if in tan 1 euin-ula—il they were not tu receive
ll,'‘ liberality and adhesion of the former the aid
w.irrli the privations and ralamitins they suffer re
qinie—if whilst the natives of this Island are enjnv
i ig ad tlin com toils ol tranquillity .tnd opulence, they
were to be callous tu compassion and lo then owii
How can the file of the Peninsula he indifferent
to tint Island ol Cuba r They am most intimately
'Muted by the ties ol blood and affinity, by the laws,
by tiie religion, by the usagps and customs; a ol con
eequontly Cuba must iinccssaiily participate in its
in. -I >rtuties as well as in its prosperity. Tile nlierii
fon* which may take place in Spain will shake all these
province*, limn one extremity m the other : and this
Island, now the mansion of iiniuteiruptetl peace and
a mild mce, the asylum of the unfortunate of liuih
Worlds, m i> b,- converted into a desert, destioyed
by horrors ind devastations—iis iibiiiidanl and fertile
field* coveted with fragments and ashes—and those
nations w hich now < ontriliuic to its aggrandizement
won hi then become the most solicitous to foment in
if an intestine distention with all the devastations
which invariably follow.
Const it utionat ,tuthoi ili,s, inhabitunta of this pro—
rime ; guard against iiii, dreadful catastrophe. The
most sacred tluiics of jnaiicc, gratitude and public
convenience most imperiously require that your
names should he iusciihcd in the registers which the
fist corpoialiun presents to yon. A corporation es
tablished l»v yourselves to ptosctve tintaiiilcd the
insgna I'lmita which elevated tho Spaniards to the
dignity ul liccm o ; to watch fur your prospriity and
preservation, and to spread among the people the
effusions ol a paternal government, binding closer
and closer italic* with the mother t outitry. Your
t> oviticial deputation merits for these motives and
ni tay mare, that you should adopt the measures that
it recommends, in order to submit and sustain the
decorum and dignity ol this very country in the ter
tide crisis, under which she labors bv the'fanati
cism nud put fitly nl some of her sous, ami by the in
gratinidu and felony of a government to whom it
owes Us existence. l’his is the conduct expected
by tho political chief and Capt. tleneial of this Isl
and from the generosity and patriotism, from the jttdg
incrr anJ wisdom which its inhabitants, have, at ail
limes, mmilested.
Htrjua, Jutti 110, 1323.
Antonio .Uurie cIt i t I'orrttj Cardt/iAS, iyre/y.
\jur hue yiMVA papers have supplied us in
addition, with a variety of articles which we
subjoin. The news from the interior of Spain,
contained in those papers, may be said to lie
ot an encouraging aspect. Tile constitution
al hands appeared to move whithersoever
tli'*y pleased, and the political governors of
various provinces to hold a regular communi
cation with Cadiz. We should infer, on the
whole, from what we have read in the Span
ish accounts, that the French have lost more
men than the Spaniards—that their adherents
consist, in general, of the dregs of the coun
try; that the fui tresses will hold out ; the
Guerilla parties multiply in every direction;
Cadi/, proves true with the Cortes; and the
invaders still meet considerable embarrass
me ii, if not utter destruction.
Go tin • 7111 and 18th June, the municipal
bodies of Cadiz presented to the Cortes, t>y
deputations, addresses in which iliey congra
t il ited themselves and Spain, on the presence
of i hat assembly in Cadiz, and recurred to the
circumstances of the constitution having been
formed there in 181-2, defended there in the
last resort, and there proclaimed anew and
re-established in 18 20. They anticipated that
peace and prosperity would again he diffused
from the same impregnable citadel uf free
dom, and answered for the resolution of its
inhabitants to perish rather tlum submit to
French control. The Cortes bold their sit
tings in the same hall in which the constitu
lion was framed in 1812.
Toe Lisbon Gazette of the 12th June con
tains a lung list of ojftr.ert, naval and military,
woo, when the King of Portugal made his
lriuinphnl entry into Lisbon on the &lh, tin
harnessed the mules of his coach, and drew
tn vehicle iheniselvc- a considerable distance.
Toe !i. t presents colwiila, captain#, hearing
s mii.1 of the most Jis’in^tu bed names of Por
t I, nd was ptihli-bfd offiriulfy after having
iii' ii •; dnnnlj re m) in ttie presence of the
) a tea who hod the honor to supplant the
fn • same gazette gives the following de-1
Ci"'" of I Ilf It ilg of I* >1 tug ll.
" Cnosiileiing the uiaoiul resolution taken'
on the t7 h Ma «o the present year, by the
Infant Da i .'iigiu I, »ny In loted and cslima-.
hie *<m, and tJu fidelity witu r.liicii lie carri '
cl it i.Jio * . !, I yill': 'bus ; he fiiond.ition of J
lb" gi" -t events '.•Inch lm. resulli d hi fhe|
ov ■ vv ota indent and anarchical-ysteni,
co i'i • *i: g .'I < !;• liberty which I now « n- j
jr‘Yt ’ ■ f my -i*l,r tea constitution in *nn !
, j ii tiir customs and manners, «ndj
more conformable to the representative con slit a
lions of Iht other monarchies of Europe—and
wishing to give the said Infant an additional
proof of the confidence I have in him, I have
resolved that he shall lie culled into the de
partment of war, when any important busi
ness relating to the army is under discussion.”
The Cadiz Especluelor of the 20lli says—
*• Why should we net expect, notwithstand
ing the trials and conflicts which all lovers of
their cohutry must now meet, that the cause
of liberty &, independence will triumph? We
have ye.t five armies, and hold possession of
all our fortressesy we are yet masters of two
thirds of the sod of the Peninsula ; we have
the king and executive government and the
Cortes in our island, safe from the numerical
superiority of our enemy—we have national
honor, steel a ul arms. Without money,arms
or government, we contrived to destroy the
armies of Napoleon. Those who reasoned
from probabilities in our last war of indepen
dence, found themselves at the end of a few
ycais completely mistaken.”
General Lopez Banos was appointed,-on
the 17th June, Political Chief of the depart
ment of Seville. He levied a contribution of
51)0,000 upon the ecclesiastical council of the
city, us retribution for the excesses committed
by the populace. The havoc committed in
the plunder of the olivets of the government
and individuals, embarked on the river, was
immense. The Cortes decreed that the first
opportunity should he taken of inflicting the
severest punishment upon tile rioters.
At the sitting «f the Cortes on the 20tli
June, the President of the Deputation who
waited upon the King at Seville, to announce
the determination of the Cortes to remove,
mentioned that lie had forgotten to relate that
His Majesty, after refusing logo, observed
that—“ as an individual he would make any
l<ind ot sacrilira , but as a king he could not iu
his conscience.”
On the --0th the Cortes sent a committee to
tile king “ to felicitate His .Majesty upon his
happy arrival in Cadiz.” In a short time the
committee returned, and reported, that they
had performed their errand, and were receiv
ed by the King with his usual goodness. His
Majesty thanked the Cortes for their atten
tion !
On opening the Cortes on the 13th June,
llte Speaker pronounced this short address.
“ hi our removal from Seville to this city,
we presented no idle and costly array of pomp
to the nations, at least we offered to their eves
the great spectacle of the public liberties led
forth under the auspices and safeguard of the
■■ ui me i nis
example and our sacrifices will not be lost —
no : the people w iii blush not to imitate them :
ami w'ne to tin; treacherous invaders of our
soil, ii tin- bitter cry of our outraged country
should awaken and electrify the pride and
piety of her sons ! Let us then proceed in
kindling the patriotic fi.tme ; and now that we
are happily stationed in the very cradle of the
Constitution which we defend, let us imitate
the constancy and magnanimity ofits framers,
to deserve with them the gratitude of Spain.
\\ itli soeli virtues, they saved it then—with
such virtues, jce may save it now. Shall we
be wanting in them ? I believe not."
A decree of the King of Portugal, dated the
otli June, the day on which his Faithful
Majesty entered Lisbon triumphantly, calls
back all the arms, ammunition &.c., delivered
bom the arsenal to the battalions of national
guards to (‘liable them to keep older in the
vity and co-operate in His Majesty’s most aus
picious return.
The Lisbon papers of the 12th June an
nounce that the new urder of things in Por
tugal (the restoration of Legitimacy,) meets
with no resistance in any part of the kingdom,
but on the contrary, had been hailed with en
thusiasm. T. he Cadi/ editors asseit, however,
hum verbal information, that much discon
tent and disorder prevailed among the Portu
On tile Ittb June, the King abrogated, by
decree, that article ot the convention of the
!5th March, 13-\S, between Spain and Portugal,
by w hich it was stipulated that the insurgents
ot one country taking refuge in the other,
might be pursued thither. The decree forbids
the entrance of any Spanish armed force into
Portugal and vice versa ; it says:
“ As for those who are styled in the said
article the factious, they arc. truly the worthy
Portuguese who declared themselves the first
defenders of the throne and enemies of
the revolutionary faction, whose iron yoke
lias brought so many calamities and almost
total ruin on (his kingdom.”
The following paragraphs arc from the Lis
bon (iazeltu of the 1-lb.
“ The Charge d’AITaires of H. M. F. Ma
jesty at tin* Court of Paris, has arrived in this
capital, with 3II the members-of the Legation,
in consequence of orders from the late govern
ment” °
“ ll is ascertained to be tlie desire and will
ui the King to re-cstalilish as speedily as pos
sible the relations of friendship and national
interests with alj the sovereigns of Europe.
The most suitable measures to this end, will
be immediately adopted.”
An agent from the districts under the com
mand of General Murillo embarked lot England
from Corunna on the 5th of June, to procure
i supply of muskets and ammunition.
The Cadiz editors express great indignation
that, on the birth day of King Ferdinand, the
Brigand Bessiere.i, as they call this partisan,
should have been permitted to appear by the
side of the Duke d’Angouleine in the uniform
nf a Spanish camp marshal. The French
li IB vers and soldirrs are said not to be able to
L’onceal their contempt for their allies of the
/Innyoflhe Faith. Constitutional Guerilla par
ties hovered in the immediate neighbourhood
uf Madrid.
The text of the 137th article of the Consti
tution, under which the Cortes created the
Urgency, when Ferdinand refused to go to
Seville as king, is this:
“ T he Kingdom shall he governed by a
Uegency, whenever, through physical, or mo
ral reasons, it becomes impossible for the
King to exercise his authority.”
The several corps of volunteers from Mad
rid who proceeded from Seville to Cadiz as
an escort to the government, were received
with particular kindness in Cadiz. They con
■«isted chiefly of young nu n of good families,
and had undergone constantly, since their
departure with the Cories from Madrid, eve
ry kind of sufleiing and privation, without a
i mi rrnur.
Lieutenant General Dun Caspar Figodtl
Was appointed on the Kith commandant gen
eral of the troops that garrison the. island of
Cadiz. lie immediately commenced the
must vigorous operations for strengthening
the defences of the island. A committee uf
Public Safety was recommended fur the pur
pose of detecting and expelling domestic ene
mies and gpi« «*.
It is stated in the Erpecfador that the
French expected to succeed at Seville by a
coup dt mnia. A body of cavalry, marching
w to the utmost celerity and secrecy, was to
surprise the city, seize the person ofIhe king,
and attack ami disperse the Cortes and nati
anal militia. Their plan and appi McffJl tV t'ff* j
discoveied and revealed by two .Spaniards—
one employed in the department of war, the
other a captain in the Seville guard—to whom,
says Ihe Expeclador, our country owes a tri
bute of special gratitude and esteem. Th“
Minister ol War, who afterwards tut Iht !
th<*oj»t at Seville, cither had, or would give,
no intimation of the immediate peril.
On the 13th June, a French squadron of
three ship* arrived before Algeziras, and gave
notice that they would demolish the town tm
less all the French property tahen by priva
teers from that port were returned. The ac
count says that all was confusion and alarm in
Algeziras, but does not state the result.
The Cadiz |‘* Redactor General” of the
20th June, announces upon the authority of
trust-woithy letters from Valencia, that Bd
lastcros was in the kingdom of Jacn, at tin
head of about eleven thousand new recruits.
The following persons compose tin- new
Portuguese ministry : Department ol State—
Count de Pnlmclla ; of war—Pamplona ; of
the Interior—Comez Uiiiitra ; of justice—
.Marinho Palcno de Castro.
f aniz, June 20.—Address of Gin. Charles
LalUmnnd to his old fellow soldiers :
“ f CLLOW-SoLDlKits—Circumstances and
the misfortunes of France have separated us;
hut we remain united in feeling nod principle.
Shall we do nothing for France ? My friends,
her fate is in your hands. You have hut to will
it, and her wrongs will be avenged ; her ser
vitude and degradation averted ; her glory and
prosperity restored. Yrou know the wishes j
of the French people. Recome their dclive- j
r*Ts—emancipate. France from the yoke of1
the strangers who domineer over her—chase
uw*ay that miserable faction of Cobb-ntz, a
gainst whom you fought so long, mid vv ho have
never ceased to array Furope against you_ '
expel a government which daily brings* fresh !
disgrace upon France, as the price of penuis
sion to oppress her.
The enterprise is worthy of you—it is
great : it is generous ; success is certain, as
it depends upon yourselves. Who could
beat down France and Spain united ? Do
not Italy. Belgium, Germany, all wait tlie
signal from you ? Will not all nations ap
plaud the intrepid and self devoted men vvh j j
shall give it ? Will you not have the aid of all !
nations who want only a tallying point?—j
Dare to become as much. The most splendid
glory will he your reward. You will he the
sa viours, tile benefactors of your country ; she
w ill bless you—you will become the heroes of
your time, and open for yourselves the finest
path to immortality'.
My b riemls—lie not deaf to the voice of a
fellow soldier whose frankm-sa and disinterest- j
edit ess must be known to yon. Admit not I
the idea of personal ambition on iny part.— j
Get him who shall first s<U the exaniole. eon
siuer me as Hie first of his soldiers.”
Extract^ of a lelttr, dub Cadiz, June 18.
1 lie 1< remdi in a short tune, have advane
ed as far as Cordova, we may say, without
firing a shot; and with tin; same facility, they
will probably present themselves before. Ca
diz, as they* did in 1810, hut with this differ
ence, that they have not conquered the conn
try- On tin; contrary, they will find greater
resistance, in proportion as the people get a
ware that their actions do not correspond with
their promises of happiness and prosperity,
which cannot go hand in baud with the sys
tom of loty, nor with the inquisition, both of
which they and their allies, the factious, re-es
tablish wherever their dominion extends.—
I'lie king, cortes and government were obliged
to leave Seville quite precipitately, on hearing
that 2000 I'rench hoi so, were coming down
full speed with the design of carrying off the
king and his family, through a coup-de main,
and aided by a great number of traitors, among
whom was the famous General I). who is now
imprisoned ; hot the enemy was disappointed,
lor although the King declared that he could
not in conscience move any farther, the Cor
tes pronounced unfit, anil created a regency,
compelling his majesty to come to Cadiz as a
private indiiidual. He entered this city on
Sunday the 14th instant, with tile whole of
his family’, accompanied by upwards of G ,000
foot and horse ; hut the moment of his arrival
here. In* was reinstated in the royal dignitv.j
amt exercises tile executive power the same as
" To-day the cortes have opened their ses
sions in this city, which is so crowded with
people from all parts, that it is with great ddfi
culty they find lodgings.” [.Yitf. Caz.
* • T* • IioniNSON, Governor of Tobago, sent '
a communication to the Legislature of that
Island, on the 8th of April, m which he # x
pressed his w ish to relinquish JCG50 per an
num of his salary, so long as the necessities of
the Colony required it. He also directed the I
whole of his fees, arising from the situations
of Ordinary, Chancellor, and Governor, to he
paid into the Colonial Treasury, and contented j
himself with receiving such annual reinunera
tion as the House of Assembly might think
proper to allow. It appears, that a considera
me degree ol contention existed about that
time between the Council and the House of
Assembly. The Assembly accused the Conn
cil of committing a high breach upon the
known privileges of the House, by amending
a Bill sent up to the Council from them, which
granted the Governor a salary during his ab
sence, to which lie would not have been euti—
lied under the Bill as originally sent from their
House. On account of this infi ingement of
their privileges, the House resolved not to pro
ceedto any business, hut directed their Speak
er to apply to his Excellency for a proroga
t'lon- [ Char lei ton Courier.
Captain Gardner of the schooner Young
Brutus, in 14 days from Laguayra, states that
the U. S. ship John Adams, Captain Ren
shaw, was lying in the Roads a, Laguayra.—
Mr. Anderson the Minister of the U. S. to the
government of Colombia, with his family,
were at Caraccas, where it was reported they
would remain until after the rainy season to
proceed in September or October for St. Fee
Bogota. The destination of the ship was not
known—her officers and crew were all well.—
Most of the officers and crew of tint frigate,
recently arrived from England, had left her
and returned home, she being only fit for a
guard ship. Markets dull, and tun country
perfectly tranquil.
The arrivals yesterday from Ubirarna, hro’t
the unpleasant intelligence of this fine vessel
having been cast away on the tttli iust. on Lit
tle Curncoa.
The Enterprise was a favorite little vessel, a
fine sailer, and an excellent sea host. She was
engaged in the war against Tripoli, and ac
quired a full share of renown in the late, war
with England, by the important service per
formed on the eastern coast, and the capture
of the Boxer, after one of the most gallant
ami bloody actions iccordcd in naval history
The commanders of both ve iris fell in the
midst of battle. They met in Heath and were
buried side by side in tile graveyard at Port
land. A gentleman of this city who passed
through that town some years since, on visit
ing the spot where tiles® gallant Warrior* re
posed in death, found a suitable monument
erected over the ashes of the vanquished, hut
no stone to maik the grave of the victor. A
liberal and patriotic feeling prompted him In'
nausea handsome monument to he erected. '
which commemorates the heroism and marks
ilio last home of the gallant Burrows, bear
ing also this modest inscription of tile donor ; I
fA*. 1*. Statesman. \
Copy of a Letter from (ommodore Porter to the '
Secretary of the Non/.
Sra (iull, Allrnlon,
Thompson's Itlaiiil, July 17, |8,’3.
Sih : It is with infinite satisfaction 1 do
myself the honor to lay before you, Lieut.
Uuiniitandiiut Watson’s oilieial report of the
almost toial annihilation of the crews of two
piiatic.il vessels, by tlie two barges Gullinip
P« r and Musquitu, tinder his roirimaud.
When we take into consideration the im
mense superiority of force opposed to him,
the advantage anil preparation on the part of
the pirates, and the result of the action, we
cannot hut be impressed with the conviction,
that nothing less than Providential influence
and protection could have occasioned conse
quences so fatal to the pirates, and »o exempt
from injury on our side, as to appear almost
The five surviving pirn ten being desperately
wounded, I have, in compliment to the favor
able disposition and zealous co-operation of
the authorities of Havana, sent to the Cap
tain General of Cuba, to be tried by the laws
«>f Spain. Enclosed is a copy of my letter to
him on tile subject.
1 cannot close ti»i> communication without
expressing a hope, ilia: the brilliant success of
Lieut. Coin. W al~i.li. and bis excellent cha
lacier as an officer and a man, may induce the
Department to promote him to a higher grade,
as the most suitable reward for his services.
I have the honor to lie, with great respect,
your obedient servant, I). POUTER.
Hon. Sce'rdaiy of the Navy.
Captain Ifotson's Report.
U. S. Galliot Sea (iull, Alleutou, >
4Thompson’,, l,lnuj, July It, 1823. y
Sih : Having had the honor to report tile
circumstances attending the cruize of the divi
s on under uiy orders, prior to our separation
oil St. John de los Itenii-dins, I have now to
communicate, for your information, iny sub
sequent proceedings in flic barges Gallinipper
and Mu«quito.
After a striei examination of tin- coast and
islands, from Cayo Francis to Cayo Bianco,
in tile vicinity of Point Hycacos, whilst cruiz
ing in Siguapa Bay-, we discovered a large top
sail schooner, with a launch in company,
working up to an anchorage, at which several
merchant vessels were lying. Being to wind
ward, I bore up with the Gallinipper. for the
purpose of ascertaining their characters, and
when vvilhin gun-shot, perceiving the large
vessel to he well armed, and her deck filled
with men, I hoisted our colors ; on seeing
will. I, tli..,. .I ,i._ CJ.: .1. It 1
--7- j -f-j ' « uiiu
the schooner, haring Itrailed up her fore sail,
commenced firing at tlie Gallinipper. I im
mediately lieji* away, and ran down upon her
weather quarter, making signal at tlie same
time for the Mosquito to close ; having much
the advantage in sailing, they did not permit
us to do so, hut made all sail before tlie wind,
for the village of Siguapa, to which place we
pursued them, and, after a short action, suc
ceeded in taking liuth vessels, and effecting
the almost total destruction of their crews,
a mounting, as nearly as could he ascertained
at the time, to 00 or 60 men, but, as vve are
since inhu med, to 70 or £0. They engaged
os without colors ol any description, having
hauled down the Spanish flag after firing tin
••rat gun ; and on approaching to hoard, (our
men giving three cheers, and discharging their
muskets,) the Pirates fled precipitately, some
to their launch, ly ing in shore, from whence a
fire was still kept up, whilst others endeavor
ed to escape hy swimming to the laud. A
volley of musketry, directed at the launch,
completed their disorder, and drove them into
tlie sea ; lint tiie boats going lapidly through
the water, cut off their retreat, with the ex
ception of fifteen—eleven of whom were either
killed or desperately wounded, and taken
prisoners hy our men, vv ho landed in pursuit :
and tlie remaining four apprehended hy the
local autlioiities,and sent to Matanzis. The
larger vessel was called the Catalina, com
iii-imjet] h} do* ceteinaird X'ii.ite Lhnholela,
taken some weeks since from the Spaniard.-,
between Havana and iMatauzas, carried to
Siguapa Bay, where she received her nrma
rueiit; had captured nothing, this being fh<
commencement of her piratical cruize.
I cannot close this communication without
performing a most pirnsing task in reporting
the active gallantry ami good conduct of my
officers and men, none of whom sustained the
slightest injuiy in the action, tin; result of
which, I trust, is sufficient to satisfy you that
all under my orders did their doty, particu
larly when it is considered that we had hut
twenty-six men, opposed to a force of piratical
vessels, well supplied.with arms of all kinds,
among w hich whs one long nine and two six
pounders. 1 have much pleasure in naming,
as my associates, Lieut. Inman, acting Sailing
master Bainliridire. I)r. n.l.hit \Ii.Ul.i...
Harwood and Taylor ; anti Messrs. \Vand
Grice, wilt) obeyed and executed all orders
and signal-, with a promptitude and zeal which
could not lift exceeded.
1 have the honor to he, very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
Cuinnrt«J D PORTER, Coinmn ntliiisr
U S Nhv.i1 Ki»rc.-, in ilie \V'e*i Indies
and (iulf of jMexiro.
Comm. Porter to General Vires.
I'. R. Galliot Sen Gull, Allenton, I
ftiunip«oii\ Iylnu,i, July J3, 1223. \
To lit. Kxcellenfv 1»«».. Ki.inciscn Dioni.to Vive* Cnpt.
General oftli** I-la ml <■! GhIm and it. •lependcnciei.
Your Exeellenri/: With a full confidence
that they will lie brought to etindign punish
ment, I send you, to he fried by the. laws of
bpain, five Pirates, taken on hoard two pirati
cal veseels l»y two of the barges of my
squadron. 1 also send, by tilt* same convey
ance, two men, making part of the original
crew of one of the vessels when she fell into
the hands tif the pirates.
Tile witnesses being on the spot, will enable
you to make the punishment prompt, and
the example, I hare no doubt, will be highly
With sentiments of the highest respect, I
have the honor to he, your Excellency’s very
obedient humble servant,
t'omm»irdinc U. 8. Nnv:,l J-orr-e« in the
Wr.f liiilir* and Gulf of Mexico.
Having this day received from Lieut. Cnmdt.
Watson, his official report of the capture of the
Piratical schooner Catalina, and tier consort,
by the two boats under his command, I take
pleasure in expressing my high sense of the
Sail miry of (lie officers and men who were enn
•erned in the extraordinary and brilliant affair,
md shall lake the earliest opportunity to make
known to the government, and to their follow
•itizens generally, all the particulars of an
vcliori, the result of which should serve to
mpress on our minds that the hand of Pro
vidence is always with those whose causa is
list and righteous.
A few more such examples, and piracy is at
ip end. W e may then return to our homes I
will) the proud consciousness of having well
performed nur duty, ami in the enjoyment
jf (lie approving smiles, not only of oin roun
Irv, hut of the whole civilized world.
To Lieut. Inman, Sailing master Bainbridge,
Midshipmen Harwood and Taylor, swords,
rum among the arms liken in the piratical
vessels, are to he presented; to Dr. Babbit,
Mr. Webb, Master’s Mate, and Mr. Grice,
•arpenter, pistols ; and to each of the sea
men, ordinary seamen, an.I roaiines, a musket
nr hoarding knife, which I Keg them to accept f
is a memorial of my approbation of their con i
Comrn*n<linp V. S. Naval Force# in lire I
_, „ . Wfal lmii» v nn«l Uulf of Nicxico.
U. y C4 tilt iot $(fi Gull, fort A’ot/rc/i, )
July nth, 16^3. $
We think the people begin to understand 1
the system, but it will lie long before thev dis 1
i-over ail its beauties and glorious advantages. 1
The paper part of it. lias already become odi
ous to many who once admired the Itgtrdc- '
lnuiti invention, and .ill hi gin to have aii imiis
imet view of the terse expedients adopted to
sustain it, by Relief Legislators. Rut the
system in all its ramifications is yet unknown.
We understand that Mr. Wickeiffe, in a
powerful address in the market boose on Mon
day last, observed, that tin* people were in
debted to it for declamation and stump elo
eptence. hut that too many relief speeches had
been paid for in advance—the Treasury being
as he had predicted last year, actually insol
vent! Such is indeed the fact. We have it
from an iiiiquestinnahlw source, that there is
not even a paper dollar in tile Trea airy, hut :
on the contrary,the Treasurer has ov erdrawn,
from the Rank of the Commonwealth, twen
ty-three thousand nine hundred and ninety-bix i
dollars, seventeen cents. So vve go.
I Iris is a part of the Relief system — a very
necessary part of it. The last relief legislatur e
enacted, that executions with the paper en
dorsement, should be collectable after three
months’ replevy; hut executions without said
endorsement might hi: replevied two years!
All judgments are given for money, of course ;
ami the juries under the instructions of the
Courts, give what are called “ scaling ver
diets,” w hich means the value of a claim in
specie. Those who have not experienced the
operation of the scaling law will find on enqui
ry, that it is a wonderful expedient for the
benefit of a debtor. Iris just the thing that
deserves a patent. John Shoemaker sued Iris
patron and customer, Jeremy Diddler, on a
note given for shoes and hoots, made in the
year 1820, hut for which he would not pay in
1021, when the account vvas presented, except
by mite reading thus—“ On demand I promise
to pay J. S. for value received thirty dollars
in Common Wealth paper—J. 0.” The judge
instructed the jury to ascertain the value of
Commonwealth, and bring in their verdictnc-|
cordingly. “We ..f the jury find for the
plaintiff fifteen dollars,” Uc. one half— paper '
money being two for one. The indo-ment ^
being fur money, Jeremy Diddlei had the pri
vilege of paying £ years hence, but John
Shoemaker being hard run, endorsed the ex
ecution and will he glad to receive the fifteen
dollars, in commonwealth paper, at the end
of three months’ replevin. This is what is
called the scaling system ; and if the case did
not occur, last Com t, something very like it
did, n numberless instances.
Ill a neighboring county, a case like the
following we are informed, lately became
matter of record. A poor man sued on a note
for 1 £ dollars, credited on the hack, by 6 dul
lars received. There was no proof that the
C dollars were paid in paper, and the Magis
teat*.- said he was hntiml to consider six
dollars, six dollars,and as paper was worth two
for one, the amount of the note appeared to
have been paid and accordingly gave judgment
for costs against the plaintiiT. Into w l'iat ahsur- J
dirics are we plunged by the Relief system !
W hat a mockery to talk of justice and freedom
and happiness, when the constitution is hro't
to the level of such legislative acts as have
been adopted by the Relief party ! Wc have
here in Kentucky, a Code of such relief laws.
A code intended tofiiit tin* case of every man
who is disposed to wrong his neighbour, a
code which invites all men to break their ;
contracts. It a trespass he committed, and
piopertv destroyed or taken away, damages
for one halt of the amount of injuiy only, can
he obtained j anil that, half pavahle in paper
worth At) cents in the dollar! If a man refuse
to pay his bond, judgment can he obtained
against . him for one hall only, and thus he
clears fifty per cent by being sued. If lie
I pii f< r rmi paying even tine half of his just
: debt, in Commonwealth paper, he can replevy
/wo years, and at tin; expiration of two years
lie may send his creditor to seek wild lands_
provided, the Relief legislators hold the scales
of justice two veins hence
1 his is also a part of the “ system,” hut'
where it comes in we d« not exactly know.
The whole is however so dovetailed that the
system would not he complete without it. The
poor debtor can give his house worth ten thou*
sand dollars, to the relief commissioners, to b*
appraised ; in their estimation it will probably
he valued at 1G thousand, ns it istn pay the
mechanics’ six thousand dollars for building
it and finding mateiials. The claim of the
mechanics being fur six, the judgment of court
is 3 thousand. The house’ lYlltUf ui*tl fill’ 1 £*
thousand, (three fourths of the v.ihovtimi) or il
cannot lie sold. The “ sealing system” here
operates inversely. It reduces the demand of
tin poor mechanics one half, hut advances the
value of the rich debtor’s house when it i« to
lie sold. We cannot imagine how such a law
a3 this can be viewed in any other light than
as a nuisance—to abate w hich we hope all lion
esi mechanics will unite on the first Monday
of August. [Lexington Reporter.
New York. August 2.—-The hrig Nicholas
Felix, capt Williams, arrived hereon yes
terdny, in 12 clays from Curacoa, with the of
h' ers and crew, and the armament and stores
of the U. S. brig Hnkrprize. which was wreck
ed on the morning of the »lh inst. on the Is|
ami of Little Curacoa, as already published.
After remaining six days encamped on the
island, hy the exertions of the officers arid
crew, who were obliged to dive for most of
the articles, they succeeded in gaining from
the. wreck the armament, provisions, and all
the stores that were not immediately destroy
ed hy the salt water. The officers and crew
are in good health, not having lost a man hy
sickness. Joshua Frost, quarter* master, was
lust overboard off Porto Rico.
Mr. Thus. Randall, special agent, who went
out in the Enterprise, has also arrived, not '
being able to procure a passage to Havana.
VS e learn hy this arrival, thnl information
had just reached Curacoa from Aruba that, ,
on the 20th of June, the Spanish squadron
wm driven ashore at the mouth of the River, ,
by Com. Padilla. The Spaniaidssubsequent
ly landed some guns from their vessels and
brought them to hear upon Padilla's squadron,
who was obliged to retire from the attack, and |
proceeded to Alta Gracia, leaving some small ,
vessels to watch the movemenls*nr the enemy. ?
[Merc, tfidv. \
Capt. Williams has favored us with papers |
of the 10th lilt. These papers reiterate the
accounts of the late attack on Maracaibo.
i he 5rst bulletin of the liberating army slates |
the loss of the Spaniards at 80 killed and 200 f
wounded ; that of the Colombians at 5£ killed <<
and 100 wounded. We have received some fi
verbal accounts, hut they are very coufrndicto |
rJ- . (A*. V. Gttz. r
Peru.— It is known that great anarchy and /
confusion prevail in f’ero, and that the conn- r
try, torn to pien s hy intestine feuds, cannot
make a successful resistance against the Span v
•hids. On the 20th of March. 900 Colombian
trnops sailed from Guayaquil fur Callao, anti o
>00 more were <«» follow, *11 commanded 1>* 1
senerul Hotirar. who waits at llir above place
0 ascertain the dispositions of tin* congress it
Bogota, before he sets out on the expedition,
toother army of Colombians were to proceed
igainst the Spaniards in Peru from Quito :
ind it is more than probable, that with this
dree and under tin* command of a superior
general officer, Peru may lie liberated. Yet it
nay he asked does not Colombia weaken her
• wn position by sending away the finest body
*f her troops to light at a great distance? —
vhile Morales yet occupies an important part. /
Jolomhia has still an active partisan to over
:0111c, nod requires all her force to do it.
(fir. Post.
Euwaiidsnillk, (I'linois,) July 1C.— We ^
earn by the Mail Carrier from Vandalia, that
Colonel James Kelly, Cashier of the State
Bank, was yesterday killed, in a rencounter
ivilh Mr. Russell B'ltsfurd. The cause, which
ed to this unfortunate occurrence, we have
not learnt. '
Extract of a letlerfrom Edtcardsville, Jllinoisk
dated Wlh July.
“ Some time since, the B.,„k at Vandalia
was said to he robbed of 4,000 dollars specie,
rhe Cashier, James Kelly, with others, took
up the suspected robber, named Bolsford, and
tied him to a tree, and left Kelly with him,
who whipped him so cruelly that his blood,
tilled his shoes. Bolsford sued Kelly but was
cast. Yesterday morning he shot Kelly.”
[.Alexandria llerald.
.Mr. Gatlutiv.—The return of this veteran
s atesinan to hi- country lias occasioned some
speculation in tin* public prints. We perceivo
it is reported in New York, that he is to bo
ihe successor of the present Secretary of
die IS ivy, anil the National Advocate assigns
1 he reasons which it is supposed w ould npO
tate on th*» mind ol the President in making
this appointment. Agreeing in opinion entire
ly with the editor of I tie Advocate, that “ the
democracy of the country would rejoice in tlu»
r\‘,urn ‘’/such a man to the Councils of tint
Nation, and not doubting lint our worthy
chief magistrate entertains the same sentiment, v
it may yet he proper to state that it is not
probable that .Mr. Cai.latin will ho tlie suc
cessor of Mr. Thompson. His present pur
pose we apprehend, is retirement to the
shades of private life. {.Vat. hit. ,
W e have it from good authority, lliat in
tile lower electoral district on the pastern
Shore of this state, til. re will not only he no
coolest about the election for President, but
there is almost a tmaniuioos sentiment in fa
vor of .Mr. Secretary Crawford. Pphraitn K.
Wilson, decidedly in favor of Air. C., will he
•he candidate for elector. Tims early do wo '
('mil two presidential electors announced in
Maryland, both of whom are for Crawford.
Tms augurs well for the good old cause, and
shews a sample of .Maryland. (low hugely
mistaken some of the knowing ones will he
if this state gives a majority fur Mr. Ci*wfurd ;
am! yet the signs ot the times indicate suclta
resu,t* [Frederick Citizen.
i he I residential election.—Tin* old steady
organs of the Republican party seem for the
oio-i part to fa* or the idea of selecting, from
among the several distinguished candidates for
the Presidency, some one for whom their suf
frages shall be united ,.t the ensuing election.
Tin* following is from an aiticlein the New
IlainfVshire Patriot, last received, denouncing t
the attempts which are making to produce
dissensions in tin* Republican party on this
question :
“ The old Republic.in* of New England will, in J
t*ic iif?xI election for ilif* ^lesitlencv, trend in i||f* ^
old pal It, and in ib.u alone. A Her a'camlidule shall
lie uninin lied in the good old way l>\a major par:
»t die Republican ineiul>>-is ol Cuiigress, entilin''
11 mu every sei'ion r.i ib>* I'ninn and expressing iht* f
v.,.cr of every bl*rle_i|,ev will abide bv ami support
ll in monin.ionn. They will lislen lo no abuse of
<. • conspicuous Republican citizen in Cieoigiu or
t *«roliiia, 1 enuesst e or Kcnlitek), to promote the
elrriioii of another cmiqiicuous Republican citizen
ol . Inssachiisi 'ts—they do uot consider ibai the me- I
V!t.« or one n.1,11 depend on the demerits ol others;
and they are deiermined, whoever may In; elected,
il.at the result shall out break in and destroy that
harmony w hich is the strength ami suppnit of the
[>reat Republican cause throughout the Union ”
l Aid. Ini.
Na.m uckkt. July it).—L'npt. Wycr, of tin
packet Sloop Rose, arrived at Ibis port from
New York, saw on Wednesday last, a little 4
past noon, about midway between Fisher’s
Island anti the Gull light, near the entrance of
IzOlIlT I Si 4I1(? Ssiftllltri •» olrinno o,.., I ......
ipg with great velocity against the tide w ith a /
sinuous motion resembling that of a caterpil
lar. This creature was of a serpentine shape
with several risings upon the back at regular
distances, so that its motion could be easily .4
perceived, and its length conjectured. It wa*
adjudged to be tJO or 70 feet long—its distance
iron) tlie sloop about iitlo jard.i. [Inquirer.
Somf.tiiiso STinsfli:, bi t n:ur.. )
I- INC',1 vri.K, V.i June oq — Cow lii'longing to
Mr. IVv til it, (osli, uem the Bic Lick, in tins coon
V, hroiiRlii /mill three fine liuikin>' calves at oiib
lime, and in less than eleven month* afiei that lime, .
irotluced t ico mure. W'c think l It in id almost, if not
mpjrallrleil. Iticluding these, fiio calves (which
oe all now alive.) she Inis lironuhl forth nine calve*,
in llir course t.I live years. A le»v such cows would
moil stock a lar m.
Philadf/.piiia, August 8.— llnrrtsl home
is a frolic annually held in some parts of Penn
sylvania at this season of the year. Ft com
menced on Saturday la*t at the Yelloiv t
Spring ; and we regret to learn that in a fra
cas which happened in the grove near the
fountain, between nine and ten o’clock that
light, a countryman by the name of Evans t
was so severely beaten and bruised by Rice,
) nolher countryman, that he expired on Mon -
day morning. Rice has been arrested, and
will no doubt he committed for trial. Evans
lad been martied only tlirv* or four months,
oid leaves a very decent and worthy young
wife to lament his untimely death. We trust
hat this unpleasant occurrence will put art
md to the annual frolics of the kind at the
spring. They are very annoying to visitors,
ixhihiting only scenes of dissipation, gambling
ind profligacy.
Major Gen. Brown, of the army of the U. <
■Rates, ariived m this city this morning, on
iis way from Washington In Long Branch.
A « arc happy to perceive that his general
icalih is improving, and hope that time and ,
are will completely restore it.
rim Montreal papers say, that emigrants
rom Europe continued to arrive there daily,
nosl of them Irishmen, and w hose appear
nce bespoke “ variety of wretchedness ”_
Villiin a few days three steam boats had
oiivcycd from Quebec to Montreal no less
ban 780 of these unfortunate beings. ,
A correspondent of the N. Y. Daily Adver
iser, under date Tampico, June 27. writes as
allows :—“ (Jen. St. Anna, with a small force,
ny 2000 men, was at St. Louis Potosi. and
ad declared Independent of the Supremo
ower at Mexico, who have despatched a ve
y Considerable force against him which St.
,una had gone from St. Louis to meet. The. 1
[•suit of the battle not known
I hi* country is far from hi mg tranquil,'and
ou need nut he surprised to hear of another
liange m the government. We hear nothing 4
r I iI'titen in this quarter.” ^

xml | txt