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they ure a distant people \«ilb whom wo liAVn
nothing to do—that they are a people whose feelings are so different from ours as a nation, that it would he belter to let them alone — ami let them fight their Iin>i4es in the best way they cap. Let us not, it is said, embark in these Quixotic eiiterprixes, hut attend to our own cmieerns : and should any unfortu nate Greek lit* landed on our slimes, (God sa\e the muik !j nt;’il do the lu st ive can to as-ist him. Heally, Mr. f 'hairuuiu, is it come to this — are all recollections of the past far gotten f Aye, are we Americans to he in duced I«* adopt such a line of conduct from such arguments •> Forbid it justice ! forbid it gratitude ! I think, sir, T see the Martpit* de Fayette arriving from France, with the munitions nt war and art’ !••* of clothing, in the vessel w liieh he presented to this country. I tbi.ik I see hint w lieu he e micas a private uidii iiltial lauding on the shores id’ Americn, before the French guveroouoit had drrlared in In half of this country ; and I think that I hear the address of such Americans, “ Go home, s:r—\vr don’t want you, you are a fo reigm-i, and therefore have no business to presume to i,i\e us a litre—lem e us to our selves,and do not interfere in our affairs, wiiit li no way concerns you.” And. sir. I think I pee the countenance of the gallant young La Fay ette, light* d up with the chivalry of the old count! y, am! cheered with I to* republicanism Of the new country—1 think I pee the fiash of indignation darted on such cold, calculating characters. And I also think, that I see the soldier of Washington in his camp at Valley J'orge, when (he proffered boon wis brought and rejected by bis countryman, because a foreigner gave it. I think I see his bleeding lcet ami lacerated ancles, alluded to in the preamble, and the gathering frmvn and dark scowl of his care-worn countenance, when he heard the declaration of his countryman to carry away the military munitions and rlolli i'ig. And I also think what American would have experienced, hml Kosciusko, Miranda, lh> Ksih, Pul.i-ki, Montgomery, Gales ami Mercer—Aye, sir, Mercer of Virginia—been ordered to attend to their own immediate concern", ami nut to interfere with us, because forsooth, (hey wi re foreigners. Iam convinc ed that this country must have ultimately «;onijtiered ;and obtained its freedom without the intervention of foreigner* — hut I am also perstiatlfMi that its fiwumn was nc(M*l«*rntc%iJ, ami the devastation of war was arrested and shortened, by that interference. But sonic hare, in discussing this subject, said, that there was danger to nor trade and commercial interests a- w ••II 03 to the lives of nor citizens within tin* Turkish dominion, should the proposed subscriptions take place. It lias been said that great excitement would ensue among the members of the Turkish government, should any assistance be afford ed by ns. But, sir, are we to cease (o do right, because there is a possibility that others may do wrong? Arc we to forjp-t the claims of justice and of merry, because there may lie ruffians disposed to violate them ? Are we to fold up imr arms and indirectly to do evil in order that good may come ? To what would these phlegmatic cold principles lead, were they to he carried into effect in private life ? Why, sir, wo must not inteipose in behalf of the injured and oppressed sufferer, because, perhaps, the bridal and outrageous tyrant might, io his caprice and malignity retaliate on some of our friends w ho might happen to be in his power. All noble, manly and just feeling, io private life, would be stiff d on the adoption of such principles. There would be noun to interpose io behalf of another, be cause bad consequence* might occur in some quarter. But, sir, I have no fear, 1 have no dread ofauy such consequences in the case of the government of thtvSuhlime Porte. They have heard of America, and they hive heard of what it u.is done at Algiers : they know the lesson that was taught the dis ciples of the crescent,there and at Tripoli and at Tunis. Their own dependents have told them what an American r~vy led by a De catur ami a Bainbritlge can accomplish, Let them dare hut to touch the hair of the head of an American citizen, and those fir frigates with” old Ironsides” in the Van Diiision. and nor ships of the line commanded hy officers who encountered and tore down the flagof England,will make the very ruins of Constan tinople, “ sing woe. to Ihe day.” in which they dared to infringe the rights of nor American citizens. L'-t them but attempt it—and the walls of the Seraglio will he battered about the ears of the Sultan. Whilst England’s pa triots, whilst French, German and Swiss libe rals are making such continued efforts in their behalf—neither menace nor danger will deter the Republican of America, from feeling and acting according to the dictates of a mind, free and independent in the enjoyment of that lib) rty which has been established. But, Sir, i hate detained 1 his assembly too long, and have to thank them for their kind imlnlg nee, and file patience, which they have ex< ''*:ised towards me. Under the circumstances of this c;i3e, let rne however say, tint I think I hear from Greece, the exclamation which is mentioned in holy writ, from the men of Macedonia, “ Come over and help os.” By the shrieks of the murdered Sriois, those shrieks w liicii have been wafted across the Atlantic, in a doleful cry —by the grey hairs of tin* venerable Grecian Sires. 1l1.1t W*jrt* cloltf'd in ^nc—by iIim #»yt* of brauty which now saddens, and the cheek once tint ed like the ruse which n mv waxes wan ami pale in the Turkish Serai —hy the mouldering edifices, tin- prostrate bills «»J* iIh- colleges, anil the blackened mins nf the hiimed liutises «nd colleges —by the desolate hearths, aad extinguished firesides, around which the so cial circle once mingled in ih light—hy w hat the exiles were, and what they now arc— “forget them not.” IC t'ulil '« tlif*i»«nrib, u'*i!i!n jk^ir hAn’^rt, 41 doin' l« th»* l»;in»l it) t| rp’pl'M tlirir “ L'libranl ilirir r|i»rk ri*pf>f««s ill lioftr*/9 Unt I am persuaded that you will this night, h) yo.ir sympathy, and "y your contributions, howev- r small, a«sisl in again rebuilding the demolished edifices, and again lighting the blaze of the hospitable hearths. Vott will re member those whose dost and hniics are now crumbling in the defile of Thermupyloi, »nd on the plain of Marathon. Athens, Sparta and Thebes, will hear the exhilarating arid friendly accents—the isles of the Archtpeia £'b law'll K.lenV nf dir knusrn ware"— will again he gladdene.l hy smiles—and like the mighty angel seen hy the sa’nteil seer of th«* Apocalypse, 01 the isle of Patinos, you, with the congregated hosts of freemen and republicans, will declare that the “ time” of Turkish oppression “ shall he no longer.” RF.poarEo run the national istki.mof.xccr. Ei g! i loc; 11 tli Co ogress. MoNOAV. FEBRUARY *, IP.i). IN SK.NMK. Air. Lloyd of Msrssuchosetta, offered for considcralinn a resolution directing the Com* mifee on Na»*al \ffnrs to inquire into, and l •;> ir> upon, the |»resenf state and circumstan ce- of th" IVacy Pension Find ; and, also, to repo ? who! alterations an; necessary, the belter t * iM'ry info effect the humane purpos es foe which that food was established. » .Mr. tfnlm>3 >f Vfaine,in |airsii»ni-e nfrinlice heretofore given, asked leave to introduce a I bill t»» secure public moneys In the hands of i J Clerk* i*f Courts, Attorneys, und Marshal*,! and their Deputies. |e»a*e was accordingly i 'granted ; the hill ivas read, and passed to;» | second rending. Mr. Macon presented the petition of sundry . citizens of Neohero nut Wilmington, North ! Carolina, praying indemnity for French spo liations previous to |t:09. Referred to the ! ' Committee on Foreign Relations. Mr. Smith presented the petition of sundry ; I auctioneers of the city of Baltimore, praying tint they may not be -objected to a lax on auction sales. Referred to the Committee mi Cnmiiirrre and Manufactures. Air. Lowrie presented the memorial of up- | wards of 1400 merchant* «nd others, of the i city and county of I’lnladelpliiu, praying that a lax may he imposed on sales at sue 1 mu. Referred In ihe Committee on Coni j merre and Manufacture*, j Mr. Smith presented the petition of 142U I citizens of Baltimore, praying a revision of j thn Turin*, and a lax on *a!es at auction. Hr j ferred to the Committee on Commerce aud I Manufacture* Air. Findlay presented the petition of sun dry manufacturer* of llo- city of Philadelphia, I praying the allowance of drawback on certain | m tides of American manufacture, 'when ex | ported for consumption. Beferied to the C. on Commerce and Manufactures. In pursuance of the order of the day, the joint resolution reported hy a select commit tee of the Senate, proposing an amendment of the Constitution, in regard to the election of President and Vice President, was taken up for consideration, in Committee of the j Whole,Mr. Smith in the Chair. The first I question was upon adopting the amendment submitted by Mr. Benton, in the shape of a new resolution, proposing a division of the country into districts ; each district to have one vote for President aud Vice President ; that vote to be decided by the ballots of the people, in their primary assemblies; and when no election is made by the people, that the choice shall go to the House of Represen tatives, as now provided hy the Constitution. Air. Benton being entitled to the floor, re sumed his remarks in support of his proposi tion ; and before lie had concluded, the Sen ate, on motion of Mr. Van Burefl, ,\ujuuim u mi itPiiim ruH. HOUSE. OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. Rankin, from the Committee on the Public Lands, reported a hill granting dona lions of land to certain actual settlers in the Territory’of Florida ; which was twice read, and committed. On motion of Mr. Moore of Kentucky, litsoived, 1 hnt the Oomitiittee oo the Punt | Office and Post Iloads he instructed to inquire into the expediency ofcstahlishing a post route from Frankfort in Kentucky, to Springfield, in Kentucky, hy the way of Gists Yocums and Macsville.in Washington county. On motion of Mr. Brent, it was Resolved, That the Committee on the Pub lic Lands be instructed to inquire into the ex pediency of granting a pre-emption right to all persons who are-settled upon the public lands on the banks of the Mississippi, for tile purpose of aiding and facilitating steam naviga tion upon said river. Al«n, Resolved, That the Committee on the Pub lic Lands he instructed to inquire into the ex pediency of passing a law to encourage settle ments on the public lands upon the banks of the. Mississippi river, with a view to improve the navigation of said river. Also, Resolved, That the Committee on the Pub lic Lands lie instructed to inquire into the rights of the State of Louisiana, to the Cy press Swamps within the limits of said state, anil that Such report he made as the rights, justice, and expediency, of the case may re quire. On motion of Mr. M’Coy, it was Resolved, That the Committee, on the JudiT ciary be instructed to inquire iutothe expedi ency of establishing a branch of the. District Court for the Western District of Virginia, at Staunton. , On motion of Mr. Floyd, it was Resolved That the Committee on the Post Office anil Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expediency of establishing a post route from Fincastle, in Botetourt [.County, by Blackshorgl), in Montgomery, to Giles Court house, Virginia. ADDITIONAL INDIAN AGENCIES. On motion of Mr. Corke, Cha.rinnn of the Committee on Indian Affairs, the orders of the day were postponed, to fake up a bill for the appointment of two additional Indian a geots. The House accordingly went into Committee of the Whole, Mr. Condict in the Chair, on the consideration of the hill. [This hill provides, 1st, “ That, from and after the passage of this act, the President of the United States he, anti he is herphy, autho rized to appoint two Indian Agents, in addition to those already provided by law, to he sta tioned on the Western side of the Mississippi, at such places tis he may think proper. 2d, That the Agents appointed according to the provisions nfthisart, sh;,|| receive a compen sation for their services, of 1300 dollars, each, ill full, and that all rations, or other allowan ces, made In them, shall he deducted from the sums hereby allowed.”] On this hill, (which the Chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs assured the Home would not detain them ten minutes,) a desulToiy debate arose, which continued till past three o’clock. The object of the hill, as « ell ns the circum stances winch gave rise to if, were stated by Mr. Corke, who referred the Committee to a letter of the Secretary of War. This letter, together with adornment accompanying it, exhibiiing tin* present number and emoluments of .ill i hr- Indian Superintendents, Agents, and Sub-Agents, now emnlnvd bv the United States, was rend,at the request of Mr. Ilankin. Th** expediency of the Rill was advocated by Messrs, ('ocke, (Jonway, Clay, ami Cook, and opposed by Mes«r«. It.inkin, Itoss, Floyd, Vance, of Ohio, and Font,of Connecticut. The ground* insisted «n in its favor were the disoiderly slate of the Indian.* on the Arkansas River and its vicinity, produced in part by the removal of the remnants of other tribes into that Territory and its m ighhorhnod, in consequence of an exchange of their lands elsewhere for lands there. Some «*T these were from tribes who inherit* tl an ancient grudge against each other, Ji almost the whole of them were none or less dissatisfied with the arroigeim-nl which had (dared them there. —They were now in a very lawless stale, and committed great depretlalinnsnn th*1 property of the. settlers ; arid recent intelligence had been received of actual hostilities and blood shed. Two agents were as few as could he assigned for this region, and it was Imped that their presence and influence with the ur d narv mean* employed in such ngenci**, would hiive an operation to restrain these ex cesses. The opposition to the hill was directed chiefly against an increase of the present num ber of Indian Agents, many of whom were j i epresented as having very little to do, anil as , enjoying situations that approached to sine | cores. Some of these might he removed to the Arkansas, if agents were thuiixht necessary I there. |t was incongruous to increase th*1 number of Indian Agents, while the number [of Indians themselces was on the decrease.— The Governor of the TVrrtfhry tr>f Arkansas Was already, ex-officio, an Indian Miperinten* dent. The legislation, now proposed, wonlu lie pai'.iilauij imperfect. The entire system ought to undergo a thormtgn r< vision. Agent* should he .-eiiinved Iran places where thr> tvere useless, and transfers d to other spot* on our frontier. where!lour presence was more needed, and some of them might tie dispensed with altogether, Resole*, the discontents of the mixed multitude of Indians who had heen crowded and concentrated no the Arkansas, were not to he assuaged hy appointing agent*. Those discontent* wete founded too deeply to lie reached hy such a remedy. They were the con*fqucorrs of the oppression* exercised on the Indians in intrusions hy the whiles on their hunting grounds; a practice that was carried to a pernicious excess. (A single white hunter often having thirty, forty, and a lum died hands employed at once in trapping, while the poor Indian owned hut a single trap.) It we would prevent the further e(fusion of hlnnd, it must hy an efficient system nt measure* putting an end to this practice. Mr. Cocke moved to fill the blank, designa ting the salary, with 31,300, w liich was carried. An attempt was made to lay the hill on the tah|.>,"and lust — ayes Of, noes 107. Mr. Scott proposed to amend the hill, hy inserting the word*, " In the Territory uf Arkansas and west thereof;” hut, before the question was taken, on motion of Mr. Foot, of Conn, the Committee rose am! ask> d •« e to ait again — which was refused hvth- House. Mi *. Cook lh«Mi moved that the hili lie on the table which motion prevailed ; and the bill wns ordered to lie on the table. A message was receiv ed from the President of the United State*, with a Report of tin Secretary of Slate, communicating a Digest, shewing such changes of the Commercial Regulations of the different f•reign countries with which the United State* have tniercour-e, as have been adopted and com** to the know ledge of tile Executive, since Hie Innnatnui of the Diges* communicated to ihe Senate on the 7'h Dec. tolO —prepared in pursuance ol a resolution of the House, of 3(J*lt Jan. las*. A message was received from the Presi dent of the United States, in emuptiauce with a resolution of the limise of R< ■presensative* of the 11 th of December last, requesting him to communicate to the House all such parts of the correspondence with the government of Spain relating to the Florida Treaty, to the period of its final rafificatiwii, not heretofore communicated, as, in his opinion, it might not he inconsistent with the public interest to communicate, trau*miting a report from the Secretary of Slate, with copies of the docu ments requested. The Speaker laid hefore the House com munication from the Secretary of the Navy. containing the Navy Register for the prertrnt year ; and ihen Ihn IImise adjourned. Tuesday, Kkhrl'ary 3. IN SENATE. Mr. Lloyd of Muss, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, laid on the table a coinmii nication, accompmbd by iiiimeious docu ments from the N o v Department, relative to a naval peace establishment ; which was read awd ordered to he printed. Mr. Barton offered the following resolution for consideration : “ Resolved, That the Committee on Pnhlir Lands, inquire into flu* expediency of making further provision, hy law, to prevent frauds in the surveying the public lands of the United States, and in making certificates of Much sur veys.” The resolution offered yesterday hy Mr. Lloyd of Massachusetts proposing an inquiry into the present stale and circumstaiier s of the.Vary Hospital fund, and « hetlier any al teration is necessary to carry into effect the wise and humane purposes for which that fund was established, was again read and a greed to. [We were in error yesterday in stating that the above resolution related to the Pension fund. We ought, also, to have stated in our journal of Monday's proceedings, that Mr. Lloyd, in behalf id the Naval Committee, made a report on the Privateer Pension Fund, which was ordered to tie printed.! The order of the day, being the proposition submitted hy Mr. Benton, to amend the Con stitution of the United States, in regard to the election of President and Vice President, was again taken up. Mr. Benton resumed, and cocluihd his remarks on the subject. On motion of Mr. Eaton, the further con sideratinn of the resolution was postponed to Monday next. The Senate then adjourned till to-morrow. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. Vinton, from the Committee on the Public l,iinih. I'Hlllirtull 3 Kill ..lilt, nri-lni, payment for lands erroneously sold l»y (lie United States ; which was twice read ami committed. Ml. Cocke, from the Committee on Milita* ry Affairs, presented the following resolution, which lies one day : ntsvivtu, i nar me rrestcieni nt the U nited States be requested to communicate lo this House a statement shewing the situation of any suits which have been, orare now de pending, in which the United States are inter ested, for the recovery of the possession of a tract of land rnmmunly called the “ Pea Patch,” and on w hich Kurt Delaware is situ ated, specifying the amount of money paid by thelUniled Stales in each case, to whom paid, and the limes, respectively, hy whom, nn what account, and from what fund.” On motion of Mr. Cocke, it was Resolvetl, That the Committee on Indian Affairs have power to call for persons nod pa pers touching so much of the President’s mes sage of the 22d Dee. l;>2d, as was referred to said committee. On motion of Air. Owen, it was Resolved, That the Committee on Com merce be instructed to examine and report to this House win ther, in tlteir opinion, the lawn nowin force ant hori/.e the exaction of duties on tonnage of barges, steam boats, and other craft, trading wholly on the waters of the A - lahcima anti I'ninhechy rivers ; and whether, hy the same laws, licensing anti enrolling are also required ; and, further, if duties ami li reusing, and enrolling, in such cases, are re quired liv law, Imw far it is expedient to re rive the Util section of the act of the 1st Alay, 1R20, and of extending the provisions thereof to the collection districts of Alabama. On motion of Air. Whitllrsey, it was Resolved, That the Committee tin Com merce he instructed to inquire into the neces sity and expediency of creeling a light bouse at shine suitable site on the south shore of Duke Krie, east of Chagrin river, and west of the Cnwneaiigiil creek. On motion of Air. A. Stevenson, it was Risolred, That the Committee on Com merce be instructed to inquire into the expe diency tif jo amending the several laws relat ing to the districts of Herinutla Hundred and City Point, in the slate of Virginia, as to per mil ships or vessel* arriving in by Hast to make rnfry in the mariner now provided by law for vessels laden w illi goods, wares, and merchan dise. On ftm'ion of Air. Cook, it was Resolved, That the Committee nn the Pub lie hands Ire instructed lo inquire into the ex pediency of euthorlzmg thw President to • caine.i Land (Iflice fn he hpcnctl at milhf point i near the nmfe proposed for a canal to connect «he waters of L k- .Michigan with the Illinois river, w hen he shall deem it expedient. On motion of Mr. jM’Laue of Del,it was Hesolved. That (tie Committee on the Ju dicial y he instructed to inquire into the expe diency of authorizing the public stock of the United States to he purchased and sold by the Ciyirls in the several slates. f>n motion of Mr. Hemphill, the House re sol'*»l itself into a committee of the whole, 'Jr. Foot in the chair, on the hill making pro ' isntn for iirnenring I lie necessary surveys, es limates, £ic. for roads and canals. Mr. Trimble having ceded his right to the floor— Mr..] S. R arbour rose, and, in a speech which necuficd the House till nearS o’clock, exoressi-d his sentiments in favor of the hill. He was followed hy Mr. Tocker, who spoke in opposition to the hill till S o’clock. Mr. Reives followed Mr Tucker on the same side, and, having made some progress in his suet rh. gave way at 4 o’clock for a motion to rise, vvlp n 1 he committee obtained leave to sit again — And the House adjourned. Washington, February S—The right of opinion, we h oe had occasion to remark, and the right to compromise that opinion for the general good, are among the principles which lie at the foundation of representative govern ment; which belong equal v to the People at large, and to their Representatives. We might j have added, they are also duties of high obli gation. These rights and duties tile People exercise at every election, when they, in the General or in t he State Governments, vote for a candidate whom they prefer above others of those who offer for their suffrages,and not for him whom, of all others, they would have preferred for a particular office. It is thus on ly that they can give effective votes. These are also precisely the rights which Members • ■f Congress exercise, when, in their capacity of citizens, possessed of the confidence of the People, collected together from different sec tmna of the country, they consult together for •he purpose of nominating for the principal are prefened l»y the greater mi in her nf them. It is this s<>ri of consultation, common to every stale, to every district, tn every comity, and even to every parish, in the Union, which has been heretofore practised by Members ofCoti gress, and will be again, unless a combination of several minorities, uniting together, shall Ihink they best consult t ie particular inter ests of their respective favoiites by uniting against the general call for a Congressional Nomination, and shall succeed in the attempt tr defeat that expression of the will nf the majority, which has heretofore been attended with sueli valuable results. That the voice of the majority of the Peo ple invites a nomination of candidates for the Presidency and Vice Piesidency of the Unit ed States, in the usual mode, we see no rea son to doubt. Tennessee, S;u*!i Carolina, and Maryland, have ranged themselves in op position toil ; hut the Legislators of two of those States have themselves made Caucus recommendations, and oilier States, among which we find the respectable States nf Ninth Carolina, Virginia, New York, Ohio, Indiana, fee. have declined any interference in tile mat ler, nr have expressly invited and encoutaged the nomination. Of several other of the States, the Legislatures have given the strong est possible sanction lw this inode of nomina tion, by resorting to it themselves; amongst which are, the States of Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Georgia, Ken tucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Missouri, Itr We hope, therefore, that the Meeting, w hich is about to be held, of the Members of Congress thus sanctioned, will be a general one: that those, who have so long acted to gether, who have side by side fought the good tight, will mil suffer themselves to be now separated by a mere difference about men; that they will interchange opinions with a view to giving effect, if possible, to the popu lar will, instead nf defeating it by bping each man for himself instead of his country ; that, ahove all, they will not avoid a Caucus, with a view to bring the final election into the House of Representatives, and thus to take it from the People, to whom it properly belongs. If, however, the whole of the Republican party, as represented in Congress, will not go Into Geneial Meeting, a sufficient number will yet attend to give effect to any nomination which may be made. The Republican candi date will receive a greater number of votes than was given in favor of the nomination of our present venerable Chief Magistrate, when he vyas nominated, and we shall find that that nomination will he. supported by a decided majority of the People, who are anxiously expecting it. That there will he no opposition to it, here and elsewhere, we do not pretend tosay. We never expert to see another un contested Presidential Rlecl ion. We do not know that we ought to desire to sec one. « We hope there will be a very general at tendance at the expected Meeting; and that the Members will vote for those whom they respectively prefer, giving the nomination to him who shall fie honored hv the suffrages of the majority m his favor. This is the rule of election in all the states south of Connecticut, and it is the rule of reason every where. But, as we have already said, if a majority of the Republicans assembled together'pursuant tn public notice, shall determine that it is not rr prdienl to make any nomination, we shall bow mi in" i it i inn mi, niiii rvrp wr may disapprove it ; and, kh repeal, the sooner the question is tried, the hetter for tin: country and fur its essential interests. fAtif. Ini. Compulation.— We never woke expert at counting noses—probably been use we look mure to the merits of our cause than to the numbers on our side. We do not know, however, that we should on that account keep our readers in ignorance of the calcula tions that are made by those who aru better arithmeticians than we pretend to he. It is said that some of the more expert at enumer ation have ascertained, to a man, how many of the Members of Congress are. in lavor of each of the Candidates for the Presidency ; how •n-iny are willing to resort, to the old mode of concentrating the Republican opinion, and how many for combining to defeat it. As we are not privy to such counsels, we can give our readers no satisfactory information on that point. They will have it before long, when the Caucus is actually held. Meanw hile, we publish the following, to shew wliat sort of calculations ore made here, and put forth else where, for purposes which the reader knows ipiite as much of as we do : | From the CJbarleslon Cllv Otvelle ) F'rlrart if it letter from a Western Genltemitn of in formation, now al Washington, to his friend in Ch.tr/eston. I foul Mist your man,.!. C. Calhoun, cannot pet a vote fur President, except in South Carolina ; and dial .I n Iwm can in uo event get mure than Primes • '•e II, Alabama 5. Mississippi 3, ami Pennsylvania ill—I he Inner, I believe, will ultimately go in Craw ford, in « loch eteni, ot even wiihnui them—Clav Cranford,anil Adams cnnlil only he voted for In Cnnvress ; and ihen, oa the first ballm. Clay would gei 9 s'ales, Crawfold 0, and Adams 7. The laiiei oottld in no way advance, and of course would have foMerline. Ii would then depend on which, Clay or Crawford, got ihe most of Adams's 7 slates.” Upon this calculation, we shall not offer any further remark, than (btt it Maids to he exact }' accordingly to rule—for the writer, after 1 liHving evidently begun with Enumeration, 1 lias gone through Addition, Subtraction, ami Division, until lie has fairly stated a Question' in The liult of Three, which, though we are no proficients in the science, we could woik out lor him, if we would. [ lb. On the preceding page, will he found the Resolutions respecting the Marquis Lafayette, in the shape in which they were reported hy tile Committee of the Senate, hy n hich bo dy they w ere unanimously passed. Tile a mcndineiii was yesterday agreed to in the House of Representatives, and the Resolu tions only require the sanction of the Presi dent, which we hazard nothing in considering a>granted, to give them effect as a national i,rt, «h honorable to those who are the authors of the act, as to him who is the object of it.— We like the spirit in .which the proposition was supported in both Houses of Congress, and in which it is received throughout the country. We participate ourselves in the en thusiasm so eloquently and feelingly displayed in the extract from the Richmond Enquirer, which will he found below, and which we be lieve will he the universal feeling of the Arne rican People on this subject. In addition to the early public demonstrations of his devo tion to Liberty, and the attachment to tin* country which lie then contracted, and, ac cording to late testimonials, yet retains, in in creased rather than diminished extent, hun dreds of anecdotes of his private life might he collected to the same effect. We will here introduce one of those anecdotes, which have recently come to our knowledge from an an thentic source. In the year 17117 tln-re was a destructive tire in Boston, in consequence of which many of tile inhabitants were reduced to want. The Marquis Lafayette, who was then in h ranee, having hen id of the calamity, immediately w rote to a fri *nd in Massaeliit sett', expressing his sympathy for the suller ers, and directing him to draw a toil on him for 300 pounds sterling, to he applied towards their relief. The hill was accordingly draw n, the money was received, and was applied ac cording to his direction. The lather of one of the present members of Congress from Massachusetts, was the gentleman to whom the letter was addressed, and his son still pre serves it as a precious memorial of the philan thropy and American feeling of Lafayette.— This American feeling has indeed been mani fested bv every act of his life. It is well known that the Marquis has an only son, who bears the name of George Washington, am) only two daughters, one of whom is called Virginia,and the other Carolinn. [Ib. SUPREME COURT. At a Supreme Court of the United States, begun and hidden at the Cn v of Washington, on the first Monday (being the second day) of Felit nary, in die year of our Lord Out Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty.four. PRESENT, Tile Hon. John M ahsiiam.. Chief Justice. Hus it it on Washington, ; „ Wii.mam Johnson, and ' •*«»««'*■ (sabuikl Du-A 1.1.. S rhe Court adjourned till tn-mnrniw morn ing, 11 o’clock. Tuesday, Feu. I8S4. 'Pile Court met at about 12 o’clock. PRESENT, The same Judges as yesterday, and also J ildge Todd, and Judge Story. The Chid Justice delivered ltic opinion of the Court in the case of ft. 1. Titular \s. John T. Mason. A number of cases were called over ; but the lawyers not being prepared to argue them, ami from the absence of some of the other lawyers, they were postponed, and the Court adjourned fill to-morrow at 10 o’clock. \Jb. Wednesday, February 4, 1824. The Court, this day, commenced the hear ing of the celebrated Steam-boat case on a •notion to reverse the judgment of the Court below. At eleven o’clock, Mr. If'el/sler entered into one of [lie most powerful arguments we ever remember to have heard, and continued to hold the ear of the Court in the most devoted attention, until nearly half past two o’clock, wh* n Mr. Oaklet/ rose In reply. The Courtroom was excessively crowded, from the. commencement of the sitting, until the Close. j Washington Hep. GREEK FUND. Charleston, January 29.—The collection for the Greeks last Sunday, in the. Second independent Church in this city, amounted to 150 dollars, and in St. Finbar’s Church, to 92. MEETING ON THE TARIFF. Yesterday at noon, pursuant to public no tice, the Merchants, Planters, and Citizens of this place, met at the City Hall, for the por pose of considering the augmentation of du lies provided for to the new tariff bill now before Congress. The meeting was addiess ed by a number of gentlemen of distinguished talents, no the injurious effects of the proposed measure on this section of the Union ; and the fallowing proceedings were with the greatest cordiality adopted: Retolred, unanimously, Thai fIte (imposed Taiiflf lie referred io » Coiiiitiilieo, in prppioe a Renion slranre against ii in the National Legislature, and lo lr.iit*mn the same a*, early ns possible, Hexolred, unaniinnnsly, Thai a Committee lie ip pomlrd lo correspond on the subject with the varum* parts of the S'ate, lo unite the senuiueut of the mate lit a rt mnnmr.tnce In Congies*. Til* following gentlemen were appointed by the meeting lo earry the firm Resolution into effect : Col. William Drayton, Hugh Legate, Samuel Pii dean, and William Seiiliroolt, K-tpiiie*. Under the sret.ud Resolution—William Crafts, John Uadsden, and Fratieis Kililoch, F.-miires. Ut Ktilt'fll. Tllllf lilt* film Jllilllt »e..n..... 11 I * 1. Iislitol hi Ilia llilTpirnl (HX-neii of iln* riiv WM. DRAYTON, Cha irmnn. J- N. CaruoKo, SfiTH .»y, REPORT M A DL (o flie f tiurlfstoii (Jlmmliir of Commerce, liy a Committee of dial Both, on n Bill, n,.wr |„ fore Congies*, to increase (lie Duties on |ni| on* : __ The Committee, to whom was referred a f.opy of a Bill, now before Congress, •* to amend the several acts for imposing duties on imports,” beg leave to Report : — That they have read over the Bill with stu dious attention, and have hern irresistibly led fo the conclusion, that it will prove baneful to the interests of the whole United States. The impolicy of laws controlling the distribution of labor and capital, is so generally admitted, that of the scope and tendency of this Bill, in its general operation, they wdl only observe! They cannot see the good policy of laying a dnty on imports, except, so far as it sub serves the purpose of raising a revenue. I hey believe, the proposed increase of the Tariff will diminish the revenue, by ex acting such high du'ies on articles «f exten sive consumption, as will prevent their being imported. They are convinced, that the Bill will lo an obstacle to the increase of national wealth, by diverting from agriculture and commerce, an appropriation of labor and capital, toward * branch of trade, which, from the fertility ol nor soil, and the price of labor, cannot he maintained without resorting to an artificial md delusive system of public economy, by aying under heavy restrictions, those occu lalions, which, from experience have beer round most productive, for the purpose of mati ng op that deficiency mtbu wages oflhe rnanu acturer, which he would sustain if paid npiv. iccordmg to the Intrinsic value of the products of Ills labor. In regard to the operation of the Bill, on the Southern States, they have to remark, that it will bear with peculiar severity. Over ami above the increased price which they will have to pay, in common with the other States, for woolen manufactures used by the while population, the coarser fabrics, w hich form the clothing ot the negroes, are to be assessed at a much higher rate. The first section lays a duty on woollen cloths of 30 per cent, ad valo rem after June next, and 3d 1 dd after June 1B23 ; and all cloths are to he valued at or a hove 80 cents per square yard. As these de scription., used for the clothing of negroes, cost, at-tlie place, of manufacture, from 23 to 44 cents, they will, of course, have to pay double or treble rate of duly, compared with fine goods. On manufactures of hemp and fi >x, the Bill seems, also, to hear with discriminating severi ty. Colton bagging, an article of indispensa ble use, is to pay a duly of 0 cents per square yard ; and by the third section of the‘Bill, all goods no which there is a bounty or premium allowed at the place of exportation, art to pay the full amount of such bounty or premium in addition to the duty. As Great Britain al lows a bounty of about i) cents per y aril, on all fabrics of these mateiials, which l ost not less than sixpence per yard ; cotton bagging, w bicli cost about 17 cents, and oznuhnrgli*, with oth er coarse and flaxen goods used for the sum mer clothing of tile negroes, which cost about It cents, will have to pay (lie Custom House about 70 per cent, on their nett cost after de ducting the bounty. As relates to the Manufacture of cotton, rte cannot help thinking,'that the present duties are too high. Taking into view, the great value of the raw material as an article of ex port, and tlie widely extending cultivation nf it, liny deprecate, with deep concern, anv measure tending to diminish the consumption of the manufactured goods. That the propos ed TariJl'will have ibis tendency, there citii nol he a doubt. It lays a duly of S3 per c« nr. ad valorem on cotton goodd ; anil all such as cost under d5 cents per square y.od, are to pay the above per centage on that valuation. What proportion of our cotton, is maruifjir lured into fabrics w hich cost under S3 cents, it is difficult to asccitain ; tint, wlnn rv® consider that prices finin 12 cents p< r yatd, upwards, and that the coarser H olies take, up much more of the inn material than fine goods, we think it may he estimated at least, at two thirds of the whole quantity. It is, al so, vvuuny ill “M il a tnetluid of discrimination, involves this principle, that the greater the proportion which the raw male~ rial constitutes uf the value of any f in ic, the hightr will he Ihe rate of duty, which that J„ brick will hurt Jo pay. indeed, in taking n rev iew of the progressive rise in the rate of duty on cotton rlnths, viz, : j per cent in | TOO 12 1-2 per cent, in 1800. Ifi per cent, in 1804, 27 1 2 per cent, in 1812. (war duly.) and 2j i»er cent, in laid, iin* Commit:cr. are com pelled In infi r, that the object aimed entire exclusion uf all foreign inanuiaclnies ; and that, should the proposed Tariff lie insuf ficient, an application will lie made lo Con gress fora still greater increase ufouly. What will lie the re-uctinn of such a |^vs'.« ui, re mains to lie developed, lint vviien" we know, that cotton w as scarcely an aiticleuf export from the Southern Slates thirty year? ago, and that they now make amiuaily nearly 000.000 lodes, or more than half the supply of the whole of Europe ; as, also, that the cultivation of it is fast iut*i easing in other countries, and that the extent of territory suit able lor its growth, is almost indefinite, we have reason to fear, that at no very distant period, the nations of Europe may he able, to supply themselves from other quarters, and when this takes place, they will assuredly measure out their exactions on the produce of our soil, as we are now doing on their m« nufartuics. With regard to the arguments hi Id Ivy the friend-of a high Tariff, that the Northern manufactories will be a market for our cot ton, it is worthy of remark, that what they at present consume, cannot he rstinrated at more than from CO 000 to 80.000 hales per annum -t and even had they a monopoly of the supply of all the cotton manufactures in the United States, (judging from the quantity of cotton worked up in Europe, and the immense pop ulation, both there and in America, which consumes their fabrics.) they could not make use of a third of the cotton raised in the South ern States. The proposed duties on Bar Iron, and mi ny article* ol hardware and Ironmongery, are also very exceptionable ; more particu larly fhose on agricultural implements, iron castings and mechanic tools. The find two are indispensable to every agricultural or do mestic establishment ; and when we consider that the earnings of the mechanic are often barely sufficient to supply his daily wants, this increased impost on his tools, seems s« ad verse to humanity as it is n wise system of taxation. To this part of the TaiifT there is also another objection, the great variety of specific duties which it imposes. In hard ware alone there are at least fifty, and it may m> happen that a single package will contain arti cles paying tw enty different rates of duties.— The effect of this will he, to make it very la borious for an impm ter to make an entry at the Custom-House, and subject him to such mistakes as might eventuate in tht forfeiture ol his goods, or at least to thr delay and ex pense of petitioning the Treasury for relief. Before concluding their report the commit* tee hare to state, that the proposed bill con tains an amendment of the existing law, by which all charges (except Insuranc e) attending the shipment arid transportation of goods, am added to their cost in calculating the pel ren tage of duty they have to pay. The doty on these charges, which amount to from 10 t<> 14 per cent, not only causes a considerable augmentation of the impost, hut hears une qually. A person ahioad, sends goods lo this country for sale »n his own account, he char ges no commissions for purchasing and ship ping, and of course avoids the duty on that chargr, which must he paid by the resident importer. Along with the report they also submit a comparative statement of the pre sent duties, anil those proposed, on set era I ar* tides of extensive use. •I AIMES LAMB,} K .VI AXM ELL, > Committee- I , C C. HAVEN, S Charleston, 27ll» .fait. Ifl24. -ri CM»Xl.*stO!f, 27tb .fail* 1ff24. » I li» fnrrgping report having lieen taken up ami consulei ed by ihe Chamber, wan, ahrr being ilnrue eil, unanimously agreed lo, anti ordered to lie pnni e«l J. nod the President was recpie-trd to transmit d»* copies thereof to each of the Senator* unit Repre sentative* in Congress from this stale. DAVID ALEXANDER, Present o «!f,,> of I he Coptmillee of Oommfrr' tv. Ht:RIOT, Secretary. [ FromOie Notion Palla'Uitm 1 HIE NEW TARIFF. Three or four ve.os ago, i* was argued, in the p.i pers, ihat the prim mens ptofJt of twelve or fifiec" per reemni, (which was suit! to be ihe nisnufsniwitl *'Yi '-I VVl,s enough, m nil conscience, tfiiltnui aey addition,| enctHtregement by an increase ol' dw"«« 'hen prayed for. I lie writer endeavoured lo #o" • viotse the Manufacturers themselves, that they were -apping ihe fimndaiion of their own prosperity : that liey were drawing tw furred uicaetites a powerful 'ompeiiiioii into a business then superior lossy ofliei, nod which Was then in few hands, Xl-cv wc'"