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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, May 31, 1825, Image 3

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' xra* tfurmf: the last Session of Assembly currently
asserted, J(and 'hi* declarations, it is believed,can
l hr well established.) that the late Mr. Speakerex
V pressed much gratification at the passage of the
» ♦ York bill* deplored the obligation which from
jirinciplc only compelled him to deny to it his sup
I port. In Am card, or the card made for him, as
/ well as in previous publications, it appears that his
\ objections made elsewhere, have been pointed at
these 11 repairs and fixtures,” and at these “ etca1
tcra” which he or his writer has coupled with
them, but all of which it is said he has never seen.
Whether these objections have grown upon second
thought, upon a tnorc correct judgment, acquired
in reference to a subsequent occasion, or how the
gentleman could reconcile these dreadful “ etce
tera” with his pleasure at the passage of the bill, is
ior Mr. Speaker or hi* card writer to shew. Or
!il‘ these same et ctciera” are a recent discovery
with him, he is to satify those whom he represents
why heove looked an affair of such vital conse
. quencr; why he did not sound the tocsin when he
discovered that these “ ct cictcra” comprised in
pnit a disbursement of one thousand or fifteen hun
dred <lol!ars, expended in sheltering the venerable
champion of his country and of mankind. In
these important concerns let the late Mr. Speak
er and such as think with him employ themselves.
I would not spend a thought about them. Thank
fjod, and thanks, grateful thanks, to the majority
of the legislature, iny beloved and native state lias
. been vindicated Irotti the imputation of parsimony
>' ( and of b)ack ingratitude; but her spirit is offended
to perceive such parsimony and such ingratitute sup
ported or excused under the sanction of her name
and countenance. Were it my office to counsel
the late Mr. Speaker, I would address to him this
plain admonition:
Trust tnc, .Sir, the character of Virginia is ol
much higher consequence than your individual
standing, or than your success fn seeking a seat in
. tier Legislative Assembly, or when solici'ing any
place which that assembly’ may have power to bes
tow. And, believe me farther, that if from any
cause you are sure of forfeiting her favor—and of
« loosing the esteem of the high-minded and eniigh
tended of her sons—of those who feel a spot upon
her name hr keener than the deepest wound, it
• will be by subjecting that name either to dishonor
ur to illiberal remarks, by connecting it with
your private controversies, especially those con
cerning subjects about which you should be silent
yourself, xml anxiously invoke the silence 01
others.” VIKLIM US.
/..ITT" IXTF.LL 1C.F.XCK.
TO Til r. KTUTOII* OK TllK ENQUIRER.
1 tTenttemcn: I observe in the pipers, .1 notice,
Vt. a late decision in South Carolina, th.it “ an in
dorser on a note, rna> be a competent witness, to
invalidate the note.” A New Vorlj Editor re
marks upon this, that it has been settled in that
“ aute, that an indorser, is not a competent w itne-s,
as to any facts that go to invalidate a note in itt
inception, though admissahle, to prove facts, aris
ing subsequent to the due execution of the note.
These things have brought to nty nii.'d, .1 decision
lately made by our Court of Appeals on this vex
ed and litigated question. ’Hie case will, no doubt,
be reporttdin due course; but us it may be twelve
or 'eighteen inonihs before the 3d Vol. of Ran
dolph's Reports will appear; and the point is in
teresting 10 the legal and commercial world, I havr
thought, it might not be amiss, to give to the public
at once, a brief statement of the decision.
Beck os. Taylor, ,yc.
This was a joint action, under our act of As
sembly, against the maker and indorsers of a ne
gotiable note. One of the iuJor-er--, tendered a
confession of judgment, which was received and
1 ordered to be entered up by the court, though ob
jected to by the plaintiff. The other defendants,
pleaded to the action, and on the trial, called the
party who had confessed judgment ; to give evi
dence for them. It was objected, that this witness
was incompetent, on two grounds. 1st. That
wlu.-ther interested or not, he could not lie received
to invalidate a negotiable security, to which he was
a party. 2d. That he was interested. The 1st ob
jection brought before the court, (for the first time,)
the clashing authorities of Walton & Shelly, (1st.
T. R. 296,) ami Jordaine vs. J^ashbroonk (7th, T.
R. 60!.) The former ci.sc deciding, that “ a party
shall noi be permitted to impeach a deed or paper,
to w Inch lie has put his name,” though not inter
ested in the event of the cause. The rule was res
tricted to negotiable paper by Bent & Baker, (3d*
T. R. 27.) 1'he latter case, exploding the rule,
xvith its restriction, and laying down the doctrine
broadly, that in an action by an indorser of a bill of
exchange, against the acceptor the latter may call
the payee toptove, that the bill was void in its
creation.
The case was twice rtrjned by Ecigh and Sta
mrd, with all that ability and research, for which
they arc so remarkable. The second argument was
directed by the court, on account of the importance
and difficulty of the points presented; and was had
betoie a full court. The unanimous opinion of
, four judges (the Ith being absent at the deci-ion)
was, that a party to a negotiable instrument,
may be a witness to impeach it, if not interested
in the cause- The Judges stated at cpn-iderable
length, the grounds of their opinion. These, it is
neither my purpose,nor is it in my power, to give
* you in extenso—the lawyers will get .them when
the book comes out. I may, however, attempt to
wt.ve, such of the heads of their arguments as my
memory retains.
It was laid down as a ^cnerel and well e<tab!iih
cu rule, mm c\ cry person cap me oi oemg sworn,
is a competent witness, unless lie lias been convict
ed ot an infamous ciime, or is directly interested
in the cause. Tnat the exception to ;his rule, (at
tempted to be taken by W'al.o i &. Shelly,) •* that
n party shall not be received to impeach a deed or
paper to which he has put his name:” has no au
thority in its support, while there are many cases
to the contrary, among which were cited, cases
where the witnesses to a will lnd been called to
prove the insanity of the testator; where a man
who had conveyed land, was called to prove that
he had no title, &c. &c. That this exception, as
restrained by Beat and Baker, to negotiable p iper,
had no better foundation in law or reason : for the
protection which the policy of commercial law,
gives to such paper, consist* in the nature of the
defence which it prohibits—not in the kind of ev
idence by which the defence may be supported;
for instance, in the hands of the innocent holder,
the consideration of the paper, shall not be im
peached, or inquired into, by any evidence, exefept,
in cases where by statute it i« declared void; as for
usury, gaming, J*c. Here, the original taint ad
heres to tlutpapcr, in who»« hands soever. You
rnay plead the usury' or gaming, and in the evidence,
by which you are to support the plea, you cannot
t>e confined, within limits, narrower than tliosc, as
signed by the general rule of Jaw. It was also said,
that the tpaxim (quoted as from the civil law, but
•- v* to be .'ound there) nemo allc^ans curim tnrpi
tted • •'n* cst cou^ not possibly t>e ■in
i' •* o apply to tlie exclusion of witnesses as
' *.en* 00 u . See it had always been the settled
Incompetent*. . , an(, cjviI ca lo ad.
practice, both in r. « jo ^
own turpitude—
run whoc'-cs -olices (a numerous class)
Thus in the case of acCom. v /
7 , , ’heir participation m
who cons.* to acknowledge « r v
crimes of the deepest dye: wnf (•* was
added) the Ufc of the eit/zen 1* noi to be guarded
with less car* than the right, ot property, or the
interests of commc.ee. A. U> civd case- U-rk
... ,Mbee. (pmoiig others "as quote* (Cow p. nep.
197.) where £md Man-field himself (u* father of
Walton and 8h«Jly.) admitted a clerk to pro,"* ,,)a'
he had embezzled his master’s money, and bfokO a
positive statute; and in this decision f^Jrdship
founded hjmsclf, upon a case, in which e witn/ws
who had taken the oath egainst bribery, was ad
mitted to prove, that lie himself had re«i.v*d a
bribe; thus alle^ans tuam turpitudinem doubly,
perjury and bribery ConjbiniHl The court con
cluded, both from reaaon and authority, that I or
daine and J,a*hbrook, was aound law; and had set,
fled the rule of evidence, upon its ancient and true
foundation.
With regard to the 2nd question, the interest of
the witness, it was contended by counsel, that he
-could Rot be considered, in the slightest degree m
frested, in the evw»t<)( the trial, between ttoe o|)*r
parties as lu's cognovit actionem (iu plain Eccli ■’
coutessiou of judgment) h id been entered up, ti
lv, and unconditionally ai.d could never be Hfrc,
ed by the verdict on the issues joined, or the i < . -
l mrnt to be rendered on it : more especially nd< •
our act ot assembly, making a coufososioti ofjud, •
ment equal to a release of errors.
The Court, however, decided, that the statdie
giving a joint action, in this case (tho' on sep:.
rale contracts) subjects the |Kir'ies lo all the conse
quences flowing from, the rules of the ct .union
l*'v, governing joint actions : that of these conse
quences, one is, that the plaintiff must recover a
gainst ail or none—another, that he has a right o
j a joint judgment, against ail for his deb? and all his
costs; that,of this joint judgment, no one, defend
I ant would deprive him, bv having his cognovit ac
tionem, entered Jinalli/, against the Plaintiff's
[ will, while the cause was depending on the pleas,
■ ot the other defendant's, that the act making a coii
( fession of judgment, equal to a release of errors,
J did not change the case, n< to the rights of the
j plaiiitifl, or the propriety of the entry : that the
‘ cog nocit tendered, could oijlv he received, and en
tered up, by the court, as an interlocutory judgment,
dependent, on the final judgment to be render! d in
the case; and consequently, that tin* witness was
interested in that judgment, and therefore incompe
tent.
Both the points decided, are considered by the
writer, highly important to thccithcens of the stale;
it the Editors concur in tins opinion, they will not
think this notice of the ease, unworthy of the space
I it may occupy in their paper.
A CITIZEN.
FOIt THE E.YriUIRER.
j Your correspondent IJiogeues trusting (1 sup
: po?e) to the proceeding of the friends of a con
I ventiou, at their late meeting iu this town, to make
i manifest to the whole world the wisdom of the
I party, has taken it on himself to give us a speci
1 men ot their wit. lie is very confident that both
•Mr. (Jiles and Mason of '76 have gone stark mad,
and compassionately recommends them to the care
of the medical society ot Virginia. At the same
lime, he shows that his ow n mind is in that unhap
py state, (I do not mean lunnri/J for which the
college of physicians have never found, or pretend
ed to find, any cure. For lie says that J\Jason of
’76 “ is so affected with the hallucination that all
the world besides cannot frame as good a constitu
tion as he could so long ago as ’76; that he sees
political perdition in every word that savours of
a proposn* ,n to correct the favorite child nf his
[ brain." From which inimitable nassavt. we
learn, that Diogenes dues really believe that your
correspondent Mason of ’76, is the identical
George Mason who framed the constitution of
Virginia. A compliment which (I dare say) t/our
Mason of ’76 never expected and (to tell the
truth) does not deserve. By tlie same token, I
suppose this Diogenes incans to let us understand,
that lie is tint sine Diogenes of old who “ lived
in a tub,” who “believed himself destined to re
form mankind—whose system led him to inveigh
against vices and abuse*;” and who used to vaunt
ot htmself in this wise—11 1 am poor, and a vaga
bond, without country, without asylum, compelled
to liv e as I can from one day to another; but l op
pose courage to fortune, nature to the laws, and
reason to the pissiona,” (N. B. he never had a
single follower) and that Mr. Giles (for it cannot
be Mason ot r76 who has already been ascertained
to be our venerated George Mason) is reallv Al
ex under the Great, whom Diogenes desired to
“ stand from between him ami tlie sun,” or (in
that vet more elegant phrase) to “ get out of his
[Diogenes’s own] sunshine.”
I do nor know what this Diogenes alludes to in
, saying, that .Mason oj ’76 “ sees treason engender
j '"It at every corner of the street, where two or
three persons happen to be conversing togs,her
about the abuses of government, or the defects
! oj the Constitution''—unless it may he, that he
was thinking of those two exceedingly thin meet
ings lately in this town by the friends of a coaven- i
lion; at the first of winch there were so few per
sons present that they were fain to adjourn; and at
the last there were mustered exactly eighty-two, ]
all told.
As to the insinuation that the part taken by Jfa- ^
son of ’76, is owing to a personal interest in ti c 1
present modifies: ion of certain courts; and that of .
Mr. ijilto in'lii* fear that he will never be put 'n '
nomination for the pre-ideucy of the L". States; it,
is to be hoped, they will both have the charity to
forgive it: since it is probable this w riter is inrapa- ,
hie of conceiving any higher or better motive fori
' their conduct.
As it is the purpose of Diogenes to raise mirth,
and as it is bm too obvious, that he will never l.e
able to succeed in that design, by the usual direct ‘
way of wit or humour; I i ope he will take it in
good part, that 1 recommend to him another rartli-I
od, in which 1 am quite sure, he cannot fail of sue- I
cess. Let him attempt argument, and then he
will provoke laughter enough.
STAUNTON CONVENTION.
At a meeting of the citizens of Richmond who
are friendly to a Convention, held at the City Hall,'
on Friday, 2U:h inst. for the purpo-c of taking into '
consideration the address of the Ijoudoun Corres
ponding Committee, recommending the appoint
ment ofdepu.ies to meet the Delegates from other
Countie* of this Slate, who will assemble at Staun
ton on 2iitb July next, to devise lawful and expe
dient means of procuring a Convention to amend
the defects of our State Constitution* Wm . Mum-j
w T T ^imr «nu ALEJtA.’fDEH J
W. Jones was appointed Secretary.
The object of the meeting was explained by Dr. j
Robert Mayo, who submitted several resolution*,,
which were supportetT by himself and Mr G. II.’
Bacchus, but before the ques'io t for their adoption 1
was put, the meeting, on motion of Mr. Thomas
Ritchie adjourned to meet again at the Capitol,
on Thursday evening, 26th inst. at 5 o'clock.
Thursday, 2UthMny.
At a meeting held at the Capitol this evening,
pursuant to adjournment, Wm. Munfokd being
abscnifrom indisposition, James E. Heath was |
requested to take the Chair,and Alex. W. Jones
acted as Secretary.
On motion, a Committee composed of Messrs.
John RjlherlOord Wm. B. Randolph, John Robert
son, Ro. G. Scott, Gurdon H. Bicchus, Wm. G.
Pendleton, and Robert Mayo, was appointed to '
draw up a prermble andresolu ions, relative to the
view* and for the attainment of the object of the
meeting, with instructions to report forthwith:
After retiring for a short time, the Committee
returned and submitted the following preamble and
resolutions which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, a small majority of the Senate of the '
last General Assembly, rejected a bill which had
passed the House cf Delegates, making provision ’
for ascertaining the opinion of their constituents
upon the policy of calling a < on vent ion to revise
and amend our State Constitution—and, by such
rejection, may have opposed the wishes of a majori
ty of the people of this Commonwealth, with whose
sentiments the House of Delegate* may reasonably
be supposed to have been better acquainted:_and
whereas, for many years past, a strong desire lias
been mnniie-tted in various sections of the Com
monwealth, that a Convention should lie Called to
amend the existing Constitution. In the propriety
and expediency of which measure, this meeting fully
concur:—and whereas, we cherish as fundamental
articles of our political faith, the sublime principle* \
inculcated and practically enforced by our fathers,,
that all power is vested in, and consequently
derived from, the people;” •* that government is,
or ought to be, instituted for the common benefit;*’
a,«'l that ” a majority of the community hath an
ifidab..'i*ble, unalienable, and indefeasible right, to
reform, ai.cr, or abolidi it, in such manner as shall
be judged most conducive to the public weel:”—|
ani whereas, it b*S been recommended to the friends
of s Convention throughout the State, to appoint!
deputies to meet at Staunton on the 25th of July |
next, for the propose of devising lawful and expe
dient means of procuring a Convention for the ob
ject aforesaid, therefore,
Haolvrd, That we view with deep regret, the
conduct of a small majority of the Senate of the
‘»*t Grnerad Axjembl/, in refusing to submit the
tprstion !o their constituent*, 'whether it be thei
o i Jl at on vent inn.
J " Tint in the opinion of this meeting
expedieu' th.it the sense of the people on tin
!■ ‘‘0 ■ i;»t K’lt'je.'t should be fairly ascertained, ant
«t known, fully effectuated.
./soloed' i .Mat Wm. Munford, Robert (i
V • ;*°hn R'ttherfoord, G. H. Bacchus and Tho
t,,a’ Ritchie, or any one or more of them be anci
i c. are hereby authorised and requested at, depti
tie- o.t behalf o the friends of a Convention in thi«
*it'-, to meet at Staunton such delegates as may
be ticptt.cd by the friends of a Convention frosrt
other parts of this Commonwealth, a..d that the sai<l
deputies together with Win. Brock enbrough, James
r. Heub, John Robertson, Jcrnvui Baker, Wm.
C. Pendleton, Robert Mayo and Alexander W.
Voiic-', constitute a standing committee, to corres
pond and co operate yvitli such committees as mar
l>c appointed in other counties and corporations of
this t_ oinmonwealtli, for the purpose of concerting
lawful and expedient means for the attainment of
their common object.
JAMES E. HEATH, Chairman.
Tcs’c. Ai.vx. W. Jones, Srcnturi/.
1 fie blanks in .‘Maud 4th resolution* were filled,
on motion by the meeting, after the preamble and
resolutions h id been unanimously adopted.
COMMTT.XICA TE D.
CONVEX riox.
On Wednesday the 20th May, 1825, n commu
nication addressed to Hector'Davis, Esq. by the
f ommiltec of the t.minty ol Houdoun, recommend
ing the election of Delegates to asvetnble at Staun
ton, for the purpose r,f concerting suitable ir.ea
suri-sto procure the call ofa Conveu.io i, to amend
tlict omuiiiitiou of the State, (after some prelimi
nary remarks by Air. Davis,) xvns read to the citi
zens t>f the county ol Hanover, then assembled at
tlie Court house: \A hereupon, a highly respectable
meeting, composed of those yvho were friendly to
the measure, \y as held and organized, (Col. Wm.
Starlit' being cal!c<l to the chair, and W.
Scott appointed Secretary) yvhen the following Re
soltjtians were unanimously adopter):_
hirst, Resolved, J’liat public notice be given,
that the friends of a t onvention in the county ol
1 ianover, are requested to assemble at the Court
house on the lourth Wednesday in June next, being
Court day, to appoint delegates to the proposed
Convention at Staunton.
Second, Resolved, That this meeting be ad
journed until the fourth Wednesday in June next,
and that notice of its proceedings be published in
the papers ediied in the city of Richmond.
'V M. S l’ARKE, Chairman.
Francis W. Scott, Sec'ry.
rMUXVh UK THE TIMES.
From the J\r. York American.
Star cry —“ On no subject are the Southern peo
ple more sensitive than this, or have forborn more,
till their forbearance has been mistaken, for acqui
esence. limit is time now to speak out; else, it
may be 100 late, when resistance becomes ncces.
sartj.^
“ s°cJ« i*ihc forbearing language of the leading
article, by a correspondent, in the last Richmond
Enquirer in di-cussing Mr. Tucker of Virginia’s
proposition in Congress to colonize the free blacks
Iwm ond the Rocky mountains. “ When resistance
becomes necessary!*’ Why xvbat infatuation, what
fo.ly, xvhat wickedness! Resist whom and what ?
Resist the discussion in, and perhaps the enactment
by ( ongress, of a law which shall free our country
from an acknowledged curse? from a growing
source of weakness, misery and crime? Is this an
occasion on which I trginia woo'd wize, to disturb
tbc fabric of a gox ernnient which lias been, and
xvill, we trust in Hod, long continue to be, the in
stautnent of diffusing more w idely, and securing
more effectually, the blessings of equality and
freedom,than any that has ever existed? Wise men
may differ, as to the best m«(J : of effecting he re
moval from the niid-t ofus.ot a class of beings, who,
tvhile they remain, must ever be a proscribed race*;
but no ise, no feeling, no pa'riotic man, we ap
prehend, can doubt of the expediency of such remo
val, if it can be effected.
“ °f *,ie perfect right, nay of the impera ive mo
ral obligation, of the genera! government to contri
bute all in their power to so desirable an object, we
entertain no doubt; nor have we as yet seen any
proposition whereby it can, in our judgment, more
certainly , or more properly, be accomplished, than
that of Mr. King, in the Senate ol the LT. States.
His resolution < ontentpi.ites the appropriation of
the public lands, after the public debt, for the re
demp ion of which they are pjegded, shall hove
bevn discharged, to constitute a fund from which to
Jvlray the expenses of transporting yvith tlnsir con
sent, ail free coloured people, and all such, as
by the Jay vs of the states in which thev reside,
slnil hereafter become free, beyond the limits of
tl c United Slates.
“ Yet ftcha proposition, tlie mover hr.a been
denounced in a southern paper as a” hoiry-hcad
ed mischief maker”—and because the President
thinking possibly that to differ from Virginia was
not always to be wrong, has appointed that indi
x'idual to a foreign s ation, wnolly unconnected,
certainly, with that or any other ques bet of mere
domestic policy, the slave press, feeble but malig
nant, has opened its batteries, and censured with
out measure, an appointment, of which in other
respects, none condemn the fi lies-, except indeed,
perhaps the individual on whom unsoujji*. unex’
peeled and undesired, it has been conferred.
“It is, indeed, by the courtesy of mankind, permit
ted to the poyvtrle** to complain ; the sceptre has
departed from Judah, and tlio-e who have long
ruled roust now berontent to obey. The northern
policy has gained the ascendant. and ir ill t.„ .l.u
fault of the north if ihnt ascendant, which it seeks
to maintain, as now the princip'es on while the
revolution was founded,be not jueserved."
We lay the whole of the above article before our
readers, that they may form souic idea of the
northern policy, which it conjures up, and of the
spirit in which it will be urged. It should lie
remembered, that the N. V. American and Mr.
Walsh’s Gazette liotli supported Mr, Adams, at
Onfe period Of the presidential contest, on the
ground, that he was from a non-slave holding Mato,
and favourable to the northern policy—Ti e pul>-'
lie then knew but little of the designs in contem
plation. Probably these mad-cap editor* were pie.
maturely developing ulterior views; but they were
suddenly checked either by the inteife dice of the
tnnster spirits behind the curtain, or oy their own
observations of the effect they had produced on th<
public mini. His friends hastily abandoned this
ground of preference for their favorite, and drew
them selves within their shell, dntil he had clutched
hi* office. That event living rendered certain, Mr.
Unfits A7ng the prime, movM of the Missouri
question, introduced his famous resolution advert
ed to above. If this be a sample of what we are
to expect hereafter—if the JNorth means to dictate
to the South in this respect; if Mr. U. King (ovr
Minister to London) with these Ol»srq<ious >-di
to.s, Ire the Organs oftbose whohavfe ,f gaiued the
nscendant”; then, '* indeed," may " the power
less" inhabitants of the South, “by the courtesy"
of the government, “be permitted to complain.’’
Hut their complaints and their wrongs will unite
them, to a man, against those who would break in
to tiieir domestic, arrangements, under tlw specious
pretexts of universal philantlirophy or of the public
weal.
We repeat that every intelligent and patriotic
citizen in the Slave-holding States, freely admits
tbfe evils of slavery, and sincerely dtxire- to get rid
of them. We have anxiously discussed this subject
among ourselves, and hare been engaged in the
projection of schemes to accomplish the object.
While we say this much, we muMdcny to Congress
theperwer, under the Constitution, of Interfering
on the subject, ft i» one of internal police; de
pendent as touch on the tnuncipxl regulations of
the slates, as the tenures by which lands are held,
or the forms by which they are conveyed from one
man to another. We call upon the infatuated day
dreamers of tho American to point out the clause
in the constitution which give* to Congress any
power to appropriate the public money or land* to
such an object, or to interfere, in relation to it in
any manner whatever. Hut tlje Constitutional
r I power was fully and ably examined in the dtteun
I sion on the f miousjMissouri question. Therein
little necessity now to refer to that discussion ; so
< strong weretlie arguments it developed, so memo
! ruble were the consequences it was likely to pro
duce.
Hut, if the power did exist in Congress, the ex
pediency of i's exercise would he more than doubt
ful ; particularly, since “ the northern policy has
gained the ascendant,” " and those who have long
ruled must now be content to obey. " Under this
siuie of tilings, and under the spirit 6f folly and in
fatuation which stems to govern certain individu
als and public bodies, the southern people would
have too much at stake, and might too deeply la
ment the result of a decision by men, ignorant of
our forms of society, our manners, habits, or iutcr
ejts.
< Y\ hat security have wc, that under the name of
philanthrophy, our property is not to he wrested
jlrotn our possession, without an equivalent being
paid fur it ? May not this be done, and at a time, and
under circumstances which must add to injustice,
insult and oppression ’ Vet, according to the pert
and insolent editor of thfc American, wc “ trust
be content to obey . ’ If we lie even “ permitted
to complain/' it will he by “ courtesy."
h or several years past, a corps of newspaper
edi orsand a body ofohice hunters and seekers af
terpopularity, have endeavoured to inflame the
minds ot our brethren to the North, against us in
the South. And we regret to sav that by false
hood, unmerited abuse, and the employment of
every de-ingenuous stratagem, they have succeeded
to an extent which portends no good either to them
or to us. \Y iincss the insidious epithets they heap
upon us on all occasions—suciias** Slave States;”
slave population; &c. See. If, as might reason
ably be expected, (an instance occurs only in a series
ot years) a cruel and untecling master, murders
his slave; or, il a sale ol a number of slaves is ad
vertised, ll»e erndi.e, the liberal, the enliglnened
Air. YY aNh copies tlicarticle from our papers, headed
w ith, the “incomparable south * *—or a quot a
tion lrom the Declaration ot IndcpMidcnce_“ Ai.l
men ARE HORN EQUAL.” J,et the reader ex
amine the insolent, silly, domineering tone ol the
above article horn the American, and then ceive
to wonder that men who reside so far from us and
tend only such malignant and narrow minded
journals, should, in time, liecome prejudiced against
the Southern people. The courteous and gentle
manly style of the editor in relation to this p iper,
excites our sinrercst pity both for his want ol man
ners and his want of sense. “ The slave press”_
Ere long, we shall hear of the slave people, the
slave ideas, the slave .-oath; every thing, apper
taining to u>, turned into derision, by stigmatising
them with ths appellation of Slave—just as we
—.. L.ivmiuuMvurawn oetwcen tliejree
stater and the slave stall*.
The disengenuousness and unfairness of the A
mericun are apparent in the m anner of quoting die
substance of Air. Ivings resolution; tiie object of
which he says is “ to constitute a fund from which
to defray the expenses of transporting with their
consent, all free persons of color, and all surli as,
by tlie lawt oi the states in which thev reside, shall*
l*ecome free" ic. Mr. King ottered Ids resolu
tion on the 18th Feb. last. By it the public land
are to constitute a fund to be appropriated “ to aid
the emancipation” and removal of such slaves and
f.ee persons of color, Sic. There may lie some
dilfercuce between aiding in their emancipation—
and removing them afterwards—This however is
but a trivial blunder. It it was not noticed it
might make the people of the Northern States,
who only read the American think, that at the ex
po sc of the U. 8. tlic free coloured people were
to be removed front among them. An event »hev
no doubt most arde .tly desire. Call j ou not this a
trick tn this Christian editor?
One remark more : ’Tis true the sceptre has de
par. od from Judah, to use the very courteous lan
guage of the American; yet Judah may appeal wi lt
a respectful deference to the other states, whether
his -ons have dishonored or have injured them.
Whether the constitution has not been ns much res
pec.ed, tiie public good as much promoted, under
their administration, as it was by the elder Mr.
Joint Adams.
Mr. John Adims the 2d is now upon ids trial,
but his friend-consult as little his own interest as
the public good, by conjuring up these prejudices
against the Slave people. Should they persevere
m theirnusguiaed policy, it u ill require no pro
phet t»foretell that the .-on will shine the fate of
his father.
The Jamrt Monroe bring* news one day 1 iter
bom Londo1'. 1 Jure is much confusion in the ac
counts about Greece. The previous arrival made
the Turks successful. The present intelligence
gives the dend.d advantage to the Greeks. We
shall impatiently await the iruih.
Mirchief brewing! Accounts from Milan, April
7, indicate the meeting of a Congress of Sovereigns
or their Deputies at that City. Lodgings for di
plomatists frcTrt Russia, France, Prussia, Spain,
Denmark, fcc are fitting up, and two or three So
vereigns are expected.
We have just received a letter from Mr.
Ghes, written since he saw a printed copy of the
documents submitted to Con^re-s, by Mr. Mon
roe. Hi* object is promptly tb correct an error
he had committed in relation to Mr. Monroe; oc
casioned by an error committed by Mr. M. liiin
#cli; as relates to tiie date of requeuing tlte comp
troller to sc.tleau item in the accounts of itis firs*
mission lo France. The correction of ibis error,
lie says, “ relieves him from thee.ttfcmriy unplea
sant impressions produced by the belief that Prcsi
I mm .>«. imy vioiaieu tne t onstitution; and ih. t the
I ( omplrollcr had been unmindful of his fidelity ji.
the discharge of hiaoffieial duty.” We regret that
this letter was received too late for this day’« p.per.
It shall appear in our next, with the extracts ro
wliich it teit-re.
OEM. LA FAYETTE.
Was received at Louisville on the 11th inst. with
the most distinguished consideration——at night, at
tended a brilliant ball at Washington Hall.-—The
next morning; he crossed the river to Jeffersonville,
Indiana, where he was received by her Governor
! and a crowd of citizens—On the 13th he set out for
Frankfort. 1 Iisrc'ccp ion every where is uniformly
warm. There seems scarcely any situation, in
which he himself does not immediately seize upon
it* moral beauty. Witness the great pains he is
taking tb exonerate Capt. Hall from any censure
for the loss of the steam boat Mechanic; and to
crown him with the ritlogium which lie deserves for
hu truly meritorious and disinterested cond ict.
Extrart of a letter from Cirri. Lnfai/tttc, ton
gentleman in thix city, doled on board the
Steam Boot JVatchez, (Miesitsipjri,) the 23d
A gril\ 1825.
t?y the papers received iu Richmond, yhu h.Ae
b^en informed of our movements—we propose re
turning from Rost on to N. York, Philadelphia,
Washington and so far as Mbntn ello, with the in
tention of sailing tor France about the middle of
August; the importance to our two families, by the
death of (he excellent Madame de Tracy, will hast
en our departure several weeks.
I’. S. On bo'ird Steam lloai Paragon rear Lotiii
villc the Kill) May.—The above letter was fravrJ
ling with me and was to have been p it this day in
the i’Os* GlLc.c, when the day before yesterday, in
the evening, our Steam Post the Merhnnick, struck
against a snag or sawyer, w hich went through. Our
shipwreck was fortunately wiihdM any persoi al ac
cidents, none of the jfi sender* or the crew having
perished; but the port folios fiave l»ecn so com
pletely wetted, that lam compellerl to put a new
cover to my letter. Ho not be uneasy about our
adventure; it will be probably exaggerated. The
f-aptain ha* behaved admirably; not the ellghcst
blame can be brought against him.
Erlrart of a letter from General Lafayette to n
gentleman of this city, dated Lomu ilfe, .May 12.
" Vou will find in another part of that
newspaper, an error which l wish much to be cor
rected. It is that I have only lost my carriage and
my hat : the latter was most obligingly replaced by
,» manufacturer oiLfufcrjde Kutaipenjst the lost
I Had preserved during my journey—ail my letter:
to be answered—and a great number of answer;
" I had prepared during twelve dava naviga
tion. This loss throws all mv correspondence in
to confusion—I have not saved a single memoran
dum—& aa to every tiring anterior to the shipwreck,
I must rely on the indulgence of mv friends.
“ I expect to be on the 28:h or 29th of this
month at Pittslsirg, and arrive at Poston On the
frith June, by the way of Albany. I hope to be at
New York on the 4th of July, thence go to Wasb
• ngion, taking Philadelphia in my way to take leave
of several respected friends, and embark for France
ou the 15th of August.” [Auf. Gaz.
VI
near Jrffress's Store, ^
~0t/i May 1825. >
--—i'i upportunitv to inform vou,
that we were visited about 5 o’clock in the after
noon on yesterday, by the most destructive and vio
lent gales of wind and hail, w hich ever occurred
within the memory of our bldettt inhabitants; the
horrors of it were severely felt audits effectsare la
mentably visible, on most of the farms in this neigh
bourhood; the promising corn, wheat and cotton,
fields are prostrate and have every appearance of
of being entirely destroyed; at times the wind and
hail w ere incredibly and distressingly violent, bring
ing with then; such floods 61 rain, that vve canrbt
perceive liovv our dwelling houses resisted their
fury; in many of our flourishing and promising
gardens not a vegetable left, all have the appear
ance of being destioyed; the sixe of thrihai! wbuld
vary from le-s than a partridge rigg, tb that of being
much larger, and 1 have this moment !>ee.i informed,
and while I write, by oueofinv respectable neigh
bours, that the hail was seen at Iris house to be
equal m size to a walnut; the ground was entirely
covered with ;hc hail and where it had drifted tip
against logs, fei.ee,,, houses, fee. it was believed
io be in many instances fiom 18 to 24 inches
deep. I cultivate the present year an extensive cot
to.i crop, ami I have determined bn ploughing up
and planting over'again, at least to the extent of
my seed. I hav e every reason to beliei e that most
of my neighl-ours will follow the example of
i lotighingand planting over ngnin, under ti:e hope
| that it may not ;• ci be too late to perfect a cotton
orop; I have had no direct or certain accounts from
other neighbourhood* in die county, but am fearful
some have shared our fate. It j* with pleasure
I add. that I have he..rdofnolive3 being lost but of
several narrow escape*.
- ui muni uucuiem ocrvani,
JOHN H. KNIGHT.
• "• Since writing tlic above ami prev ious to
the departure of (lie mail, I have taken a short ex
cursion through the neighbourhood immediately to
tl.e Fust and West of me, and I find the fences
down in every direction, 'rees in great numbers
blown down, anu in some instances the roads and
p -ss ways almost entirely stopped. I have seen and
also hear of many barns being blown down and
chimnies damaged.
We understand that this violent hail storm
has taken a large sweep, at leastas far as the County
of Southampton. / [Editors.
The remains of James N. Field, son of Daniel
Field, K-q. of the county of Madison, was taken
up in tiie bounty ol Dinwiddle, on Friday 27th
iust. ami are now removing with the utmost con
venience to be interred in the County of Madison.
May SO/A, 1825.
ORNAMENTING THE CAPITOL.
A considerable number of competitors appeared
for the premium oilei ed by the t omn.i&'uoucr of
Public Building for a Design, which should I* np
prO/ed lor 01 ; incming the Pediment of the ( api-ol.
Main ol their productions evince great classical
t.is.e, >omr ol them ate highly lii.uhed -pvcin.cn:)
of nr. But, upon a rigid scrutiny of the designs
offered, it appears that none of iliein were al oge
tiicr approved : some living so complicated that
tne execution would have been difficult and «x
treimly expensive ; others wanting adaptation
to the purposes of the building, Sac.
We rut informed that the tornmissiohef and
Arcbi ect wereass.sistcil in ihee.xamhi.tio . of tlic
Designs and Models by several gentlemen of
dts.ingui-hcd scieiice ai d taste, nominated for the
purpose by the President of the Imbed States.
Mat. lnt.
Mr. Iiveseit, our Minister to Spain, is about to
embark, in n >veek from this time, Iroui York, for
Havrfe, on his way to Madrid.
Mr. Rush, who lias accepted the office of Secre
tary of the Treasury, is expected home, we under
stand, in a week or two. £ jf.w
XT YIATOn—in cur new.
M AltKirn.]—On Snlur.lny rrrnii.e la.l, I>e the RjJ.t Her.
XI ooi i*. Mr. kl.VV Alt l) t OLSION, ..f ih. cmimv-.f
l...k.lrv. In Mm SARAH JAM. IIHOCKKMJHOI .ill,
W^tu.8 amniTiiYrar
■jLdsitofir.nl nits 7i.itcr.nn
LECTURES.
YY JlbfAlli ( AMPItkl.,. K I T> f» propotri t.> v-runurtre a
)] r\SH\"KHALl...,nV,W„v?:,rJ,"r.i*
.. H o r.crk, I . M.;/y ri .|ii rlini;die /W.Or,./, Cioi/ ..ml
«r/.,i.o,.. Me JluirfrvHtnrc ,flV. i, ,| bv ||„.
Uepiihlir. or M.xicu, U.MtlnwIa, Culuiubitk, tin,no, Avrr.
i'rr.i anil Chili. -
Pi.wnud. In,an.lslier the f.rrlure. R. ritalinm in Kli.ru
tl;.i. f.'iin R.ron, 8r..fl,xr ,wdf He BjTp„ hv ty. <• .
m so.j.»ewY„ Wl... have Hi,.;. pri"!. 0.^'*,,*J
X: rirkrtv (..0 nnw •.irh)liiher,l,iai„e,| iu.Mi. Kilzwh«-|—
j|4.|rjt T .. ueiiaau tmon
,,'V nl"’ ''i!1 h?now "•> Lrctbre n i'li tin ir attendance,
7T :l' tlu! t llivitnl to »rr."i,|,;i„v lhe f.i.tlemen holde,;
Jlrl ??:_____ 7 -n_
Carriages atul digs fur Sale at Auction.
Ohv " ,0o,cl‘« l*. " ill be told
, ** '0,rltHn,l°,P + Lo. inbonlnt their Audi",, Store,
Ji-lrganl Philadelphia built Carriage, wiih p|aied harne.f
wi.’h pbieil harnam, ,!nUht'' ^•*.
(tv* Trrm«B <hmOI)ij ertdit.
-Mil> 31,__7—iiH
-a,.,,- „ CoU*R' of Will icin' ff Mary.
Mil-. Vi.p.ir, ani Uovernor.of th„ C "liege will r|,j.e u.
I. olitrrv c, that ihnr Annual funm, alion will tale ,,l*rr a,
“'"*1, lh, I/A ,/Juty ,„/. I, „ mo.Uuprrflu
aJ,l',,,al,,,, aC‘lr* ol the rollepe require (lie puneKiSl at
tendance ad every u.nubcr of the Vivotonal Ibutid.
II. H ASSET r, Rtrior.
Tl,.. annual eg*roins»!r>n will , ommenre An Tur.day the ?8lh
of June ,„.j be continued daily forlhe irn.aind. r./th.. week.
On Monday the -llh of July, alter I be mod .yrrrnei, tl„.
gire, Whirl, have been grimed bv IheSnelely will he eon,erred
I arrnti and guardian, and the p„l,|,e geftrtallv. wh . fe, | v,
InenT o{ learning «,e ,I fully in tiled to
\<7 6jHwuae„*£?P"«»■ “ira. MM.
I N J K N i" N,i -hnrtiy K„ ,n h.»f one —All tlim, *l»o ha'ae
■ claim, nriinvt me, are nque.led lo Jirmg then, id Tor.c tile
.Iieni And ibo.e who aie indeM.rlJo m<. are hereby He,ired
to dill and rokr payment. I.KWI8 M. KIVALain
JWav __70—wif
/ /FTF /> OLiZl Rfit R /•; 11' V RI) ~
S ueL.^ 1" ' ”h »'«'•,from the . .Mrihrr.
' , utile.—K.llr n at-mt 2l ve, . id ’ r fi1"’*-"*
.hr. high. dark mmole,ih,rl,’|m aiM n-IrHtrt^ed"
ZL\'E2\Z7Z*ft kf’1".1 ** feet'll,re. nrbmr’
rut'imTer'r’ir"'',rT,r«■**»*£!
May 3t.| in*. «• «• SrOTT.
— ■ —-- _ -r - L _ 7—vr'Uy*
jvoTirfV.r *
TheEfo^de7e f'Lr 71' " r.tate whereon
dm ml !t !. 7 efSnuntm „v,r-,,.(,m aetr. ,7 lean J
r*f trhir.fi | |lhi j 1
.mail r,M ha. whM ...II re»„nfX,v H. miJhi. V .nd '
I.VhneVhlat'lV^'JnVl h''"' **>J*C^^VV 1
fur iM.nn in’il,.',^,7«" mTw ** ***' 1
-ring Md plan,in, ,h„,I( .hOirirw m iVt'er^- TK f I
-remi kahfy healthy» the J^ZYZ, JS'ft.Z
,r,'h'i!!-7‘r,C r.rel7‘Ih "lVh in•. ,tn In look I
to he paid down, lh, h,l,„ei i* 1
aherwoe he .grr, dory afnl , » Uf ’rJ' L C. Z Z'*
euro lha naymekt, *>a the land »« »»• I
*»-JAM. HOYI>.
3- *i>» 1
i'o-wrannow ‘wcSrii;
' THE EIGHTH OF JONE,
11 til be druwn and completed »r» a ftp rm.-v
THE ViKGLNlA
<£XttanHrn Omu &ctt t r,
SIXTH CLASS.
A* ZML’SM VYZU,
M A JVA a i: b. ■
SCHEME.
1 prise of $10,000 19 $!0,00«
6,000 6,600
J 4.000 4,000
8.000 11.000
1 2,000 o 000
l 1.538 |jlM
1,000 C 000
500 3,00#
* 2W 1.2##
Ij; 2* 8.744
3,2 12 3744
46i* « 3744
7S0Q 4 8i)200
8,760 Prizes. or,,,
15,600 BU„kfc
Only 1 3-4 blinks to ir prize.
!tz* Tiiketa aud .Share, mat 11 li*.i .,1 if,r
MANAGER’S
Otncr titrorr the Hotel, llirlimond, wheie cvr?)nttor>
liill* cap 6r olilflinctl. *
Whole Ticket $4—Half 82—Quarter—gl.
‘•“■tT- ,’1 lln ,irl"*L"» mbraeutr ihe 00 An,, ui ,|,e Lun«^
r\, Hint., um.lof net.salty draw :.t Trail 813 00, nell, with <„
fbue'01 t* bu
I'.ue-i" ant of , IC Lolt,.,;„ of Ncw y0, k< N(.„ jr
menl.' ’ fl,,r-vljnJ»lu'1 Vi'K‘“i» *wil be lecened in pa/
0.de, , enclodn, th. ea.h. or prre,, a, above, free of po-tiee
, or alive,, n.ll rereive |>roim.i alleniioo, if uJdie*#J
‘"M3, A M'UiTVllE, RieAr^. f a
~UJUION bAWAlTLOTTfi
StVi:»TJ.K.NTH cjlAss.
HIGHEST PRIZE—50,000 DOLLARS,
Jill to be druwn on t\e 6th Julu next.
SCHEME
1 prize of $00,000 is 00,00i) Doll aft”
1 prize of 20.000 is 20,000 Dollar*
1 prize ot 10.000 is 10,<;00 Dollar*.
2 prizes of 5.000 is 10,000 Hollar*.
1 prize of 4,720 is 4,720 Dollar*;
-0 prizes of 1,000 is 20.000 Dollar**
80 prizes of 500 is 15,000 Dollars
52 prizes of 100 is 5.200 Dollar*.
Jo6 prize, of 50 is 7,800 Dollar*.
,G?4® I™*** of. 20 is 24,960 Dollar*!
10A)0S I rizes ot 1« is 106,050 Dollar*.
Soo SUSa *l9>™
t or fortunate Nnml^rs, apply *t
L„ t ir
L' • r5 an I L,change UIHcr, •iir,l „ ,,. h.enioldaml r*:d
.....re C.;,..Ml pr.feetfia.i at any other oilier ... ,l„ U. Slate! P
m '. "‘i"*-’ ^O-.bu.e. in proportion. :
Philadelphia,3t May * v 7_3;p
Nav * L*OMMX**idNEn’»-U»ricB, J *
T1t*26lh May, 1828. ’ <
lit. Commiui.iners of the Nave will i.-crter .. '
«!* »"<'• <»re fintdav of July, fo, the yellow Pi,'.- ’"V1
•I* required f,.r Mavt, and Spar^for ,Uate“'
TJ‘„ e Sloop, of War lb. Navy f aKl at Charle.lown, Mv.
1 Iim » Sloop iif Uur adhtf/lfiivi TinJadli. (.k|u, \ \ #
i'.i.l to. our Sloop ol 1l a. ra.h ,,f t*i.- N V** *i'v
Z)'.“ /'■'-f'^Hnhla, Wa-hi.^om aid oiL?
tv4^ttsKsaiSo{^5'«frl!
l he full,.wins detail -Imve, the number ..id _ - .
sasrj's;
i 1.1 I So
r ^ ** j 5 -
Z ^ j t-i
Main Milit. u in. I
I pi-re ^ n !7 l-fl.'fi 'i'!"' ,,/a’ " 1 ! *?ri*
2 cheek,, each 7 7 1-2 20 ( ' t «in.en<ic>ru(
I paunch 7b' 5 pi., . ‘ r *u '*• *' ”m lu*r
11 ' nd i check,
I It. I.oru up*
Fortjlimt. 1 ! P‘T."rf'
I piece 72 (1 17 >« ‘“hlJhrg.
3 c.iecLt, eac! (I b >d *3 IT
I paunen ... » 1-2 11 .1 j o ,, '• ft. fro,,, tow*
ii-.ll erend; check*
(17 It. tr.im up
pe. end. f
:c v, h"M Urf
av , u ,a
1 * '7 It. from low
end, one ode to
line l>nig!.i 3
..then with i,
regular .wxp,
lo vl»c at upper
Pound ’Timber. " '
imfcth. Diameter ..( Diameter at
partner* or heed -rvard
*liugf. tittXio *
I ra.ren m*,t, CO fe*|. JSwctre, 141.2
I u.ai,i lopm.,.t, 47 15 1,2 (fo
I fore do. 43 15 Sid
1 mtzen do. 37 3 2 1 *^5 ■*
1 main yard, 75 It 1-5 U e ‘
1 lore do. C5 15 j.g - = S
1 crps, jack do. 53 11 1 ; J! -I
1 man. topsail yd. 5b 12 1-4 j J 2.
J fore do.‘ 40 111-4 £-“-|
I Un/rn do. 8 I = £ *
The whole lobe Ol'thUjfrll lone leaf g„» 5 ..
\<llow Pinc.li.o Huh. lap, bad kii,.|. ,, F,.„i . bouJiem
I'h, who!, of the .aid Ala», *„U Suarnn7b!„,uf7
rut between the Id of Ucloher and l,f |], lb }'*'* >,,tn
ste&s* *•» »-* t5‘&nL,r^
Materials of Velloio Pine, \c: for Shiv-Hon,*
% *,,ctr‘ t-“• ,,V“-l‘do‘ 'recoil.:;.
41 17 *’> 21 in- 41 one end ar.d 13 hv 7, at^L
a1 24 13 n vlh*~
10 3a 13 13
j» >1 13 15
dd 4S 17 o.
S 32 )* 21
B 50 IU 21
4 40 13 21
f- 35 17 21
85 - 13 17
oil 40 13 17
82 St) IV ih
88 41 13 15
The whole of the above rau.t l.e ebf ,ir i _ , , .
gr„„ ,"„ilic, n bean ft'lovv l‘,ur. There mu tL? Utt f"
.hecornet,. ancreimutbe t.tUirf,
f cn
« pi.c*. 38 frrt long, 13 b, .19 mc|,„, eur„ ... ,
. 1 * 8 ,ur,ir" «T
• oclic.,.i,ri 2 o( I inch" ’ 2ot 4*“‘i.«,3ofS
,a!! **•»'■ u»b 30 to 05 fort lot.r |J ,-i ,S
& lt#" c"d’J,,d J0,° '* ««»»* -« il JSJ V3
<00,oUU «Mn,;lW. 2 h rt lonr:
*n< !* *»*rcllant*b!e, or fc-,t culllo, Wbifr
siSw’*" * !.?'*{ WHITE (Thrwholr to he clr. p,nl.
10,000 J C J ,,u“.«llll of lu.l luux.tri-‘
» #/m» /v.. . . , * • \ **i tbirbuffi,
-.SWfrtt inch ilo.r white ,7 hr, bl„.J(/>.
J j-4 inch du. Ho /*•/», 19 Jij.
t.(MH) I loch un i thititnhlc Mhitf V,tx»
*MW 2 .ml. clrwhirr IW I
1.100 1 j.f jw. I
12.200 J 1-1 Hv Uu. I fW* fan «W t.
J \o00 j <#w. ’r vf f«Xl ttfiticofy,
A H O 1 1.2 white tub ' i
•V®** . ,» <« Jm rf, j
.1 the W N,»T.0rd 'Tw. !SU:'"}’ “I^dellrtrtH
■I.J of (5rp.mZ, "d;“ >« w before Ike fim
..r&'s.'&i’sjsp, 5Skj art?,k^ •
■f ili* Sl.ioRlV.m * .^iT per ti ,w ,h* 1 Luk I <*« pi —
K** h pr[.j,..ol |.| li.trh rnd r«r l . .. , _
!jj wfe" «**. «■ r«
1 to*,, C,ir^’,r5=
fTilfingii VV illi-,,., ti tv.it*
wtv, wiiloirof Jolm Itoilrwu/'p K.ifabefh
■h/irit-4 with —— 1|** nil.* inter
iniiuicw.*,fj.o.lwin.,'.,,.J{'S“ nrj'fnMd*'Vf;,*;,d'u»
AttlMwt •'*' ' nP*«
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