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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, July 12, 1825, Image 2

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§
ron-strect, down Warren to Church, down Church
to Murray, up Murray to Broadway, down Broad
way to Court la ndt, down Courtland tu Greenwich,
down Greenwich to the Battery, where the Division
will be reviewed by the Major General at 10 o’
clock, from thence the line of inarch will be up
Broadway to Maiden Lane, down Maiden Lane to
Pearl-street, up Pearl to Chatham, down Chatham
to the Park, where, in front of the Hall, it is ex
pect el the marching salute will be received bv
Major Gen. Lafayette; after which a feu de
jui mil be tired and the troops dismissed.
1 he Corporation have provided for an elegant
dinner at thu City Ilall, and will be honoied with
the company of General Lafayette, the Cincinnati
Society, the Members of the Senate of this State,
jnd about three hundred other guests. The Ses
sions Court Uooin of the I fall has been fitted up for
this purpose with great taste. [Jlfer. .lilt).
FOURTH OF JULY.
^ New York, July 6.—The anniversary of rvr
National Jubilee was celebrated with more than
usual splendour. The presence of the guest of the
Nation—the coolness.of the day, and the great oc
casion cailevl forth more than usual exertion and
animation. The steam-bo it* came in crowded with
passengers from Philadelphia, and from the neigh
boring states and counties; <r\ cry room in Hotel,
a id Boarding Houses was occupied. On Sunday
evening, tho-e who had places allotted to them
aroiiul the Park commenced knocking up their
h .oths; in doing this they were compelled to cii
vpitch upon the Sabbath, but the occasion pro
bably plead as the apology, and crowds were at
traetid by the gay scene.
. The ro ir of cannon from the veterans ushered in
the day, and the city was soon in commotion. The
cavalry scouring the streets—here a company with
tlicit bands of music—there a battallion forming in
a sq tare, and at eight the whole line was formed in
final street, reaching from Broadway to Hudson
strict, and was reviewed by General BencJict and
marched to the Bat'e v.
The civil procession began to form; the firemen
turned out strong, and looking uncommonly well
with tin ir bidges; tlieir rich banners and emble
matical devices; they proceeded to t 'ed r *t. Church,
"here nu oration was delivered by the ltev. Hooper
Camming. The other societies according, to previ
ous arrangement, left Taintnmy llall, acompanied
with their line of battle ship, and repaired to
Mulbcry Church, where an oration was also deliver
ed by Mr. K. L. Avery.
ill the Park, indicated the approach of La Fayette.
He was mluired In the governor’s room when the
sergeant at aim* announced the committee of the
Senate, who conducted the General, his Son and
• crelary into the Sonata Chamber, which \vj« idled
with ladies, where, after having been seated, Lt.
Governor Tall madge addressed him as follows:—
General Lafayette—'The Senate of thi*
State now assembled is a Court of ultimate Appeal,
h ive directed ine, on their behalf and in behalf
ot the people ot this S'atc, whom wc represent, 10
congratulate you on jour safe return to this city,
and to tender to you renewed assurances ol high
respect.
Gratitude for your p'tblic services has been evin- !
end from all classes of society—it is steady and un
ceasing; and will, as it has heretofore, attend you
i.i every vicissitude of life. But your presence
with us on the day of this anniversary, recalls
eecnes w hich have paued, and awakens all our sen
s bilities.
In the helpless infancy of our country, before it
had obtai ted a place amongst the naiior.s of the earth;
and when we were oppressed and borne down by
<h • siro ig a.ru of tyranny, you came to our suc
cour, b: ingi ig to us relief. You generously put
your life and fortune upon the cause of our country,
i ou aided our father- to establish that independence,
the jubilee ot which we have this day assembled to
commemorate.
In the pride of your youth, and in the vigor of
manhood, y on came clad in arms to support our
■ j ist cause, and partake in the perils of our fathers—
it is heir childrens’ joy in this day of their sirength
and p.o-peiity; and when the veil of time is closing
on the fullness uf 3 our years, to acknowledge you
as iheir be.ic.actor. Oar mothers taught us in in
f tncy to li«p your name; our fathers have instructed
us to cur Lte your example.
Your recent tour throughout this country has
enabled you to witness the progress of improve
ment, and to contrast in your recollection our pre
sent with our pist condition. The relative con
dition of a people enslaved, or a people in the full
e ijoymeiil ot Ireedotn, is here strongly exemplified.
The w ilderness his vanished before the arm of inde
pe .deni industry. The ignorance of subjects ha*
given w.iy.to ihc intelligence of freemen. Plenty- has
token piece of want. Prosperity and strength have
been substituted for poverty and weakness. The
:wo millions and a hall oi subjectJ whom you came
to enfranchise, and to aid in the day of their ad
versity, now court' about eleven millions of hardy
freentt all uniting, with one .accord, in this cele
bration. In alluding to the progress of improve
ment, it will not be forgot 1 en that the Marble
Hill i 1 which we are now assembled, an edifice
eplvwdid, even as a monument of ihearts, ami which
the growth of this city has already left short of
its ceutre, occupies the place which was a com
mon waste without the ciiy when you toiled in
our e iuse, and was then used as an open field,
upon which mercenary troops wei e marshalled and
as i* forth in b tile against our fathers.
Jin-h is the character of ihc blos«-ings wliirh flow
from freedom—airh are some of the results pro
ceeding front that independence, and those re
publican institutions, which we enjoy, and
Which jo t asKifetod to establish, and to w hich
you liist scaled your' devotion, writh a portion ofi
your blood at tlic Brandy wine. It was the parti-i
cipaiion i;i such a cause, and the performance oi l
such deeds, by which you merited the gratitude and
gained the devoted friendship of this nation. That
frie idihip has attended you in every subsequent
event of yo ir life, and it lias ever found you, in
the hour of temptation and trial, faithful to liberty,
goo 1 order, and a government of laws. The en
ih Miasm of youth might have attached you to our
cause; the firmness of manhood and the spirit tv
withstand oppression, might have sustained you
when sutFering in the prison of Olmittz, but a
virtuous love of rational liberty, could alone have
enabled you to resist the temptations of power and
the workings of ambition, when'a mighty lb-volu
tion hid placed you at the head of the national
gu mis of /ranee, and invited you to wield the
power of that wonderful people.
it was then that danger awaited you.--It was
then that the love of principle prevailed over the
love of power—and virtue triumphed over am
bition.
It U at such moments, In the possession of power
and apparent prosperity, when human weakness is
flios. exposed. Itwrs in such moments when a
Cifvtr, a .Yapoleon and an Iturbide, fell! It was
in such moments when a IVaohinifton, a La
Layette, md a Bulfaar triumphed.
(Jen. L.a Fayette immediately replied in the
foliowing terms:
It is to me, sir, an iu«xpressihle, but deeply felt
gni ilicntion, on this solemn anniversary day, to be
aide to celebrate the joyfull jubilee oitbis grcit and
good city of New Vork; where, for the first time
after an atmence of forty year*, I have enjoyed the
happiness to find mysell again 01 Ameiiran ground;
and wuere was begun near eleven months since,
that series of welcomes from the American people,
and their repfcsen stives, which will fill ever?
one of the remaining days and the last instant of
my life, with a most lively sense of gratitude and
ft light.
Jiox, sir, that gratifialion is completed, when I
am admitted to appear before*bis respected body,
to otFer to the gentlemen of the senate, my profo id
acknowledgment* for the favo irs bestowed upon
meby the t a o >ranche*of the'lsegislafure, and to re
ceive from 'hem those highly valued marks of their
approbation and friendship, expressed by you, sir,
in so kind and Haltering terms, tor winch I beg you,,
Air. President, and all of you, gentlemen, to accept
xny warm and respoctfu) thanks.
•i>e Lowrth of July has Waan the eta of a new (
• social order, hitherto unexampled, nnd founded on
i the sovereignty of the people—on the plain rights
of man—on the practice of unalloyed self-govern
ment. Its results have exceeded the most sanguine
expectations—its problem has been happily & prac
tically solved—and another problem remains to be
solved: how long oilier nations will prefer raying,
at uu immense price, the aristocracy and depotism
of a few priv Hedged oppressors, to the blessings of
freedom and equal rights, under economical and truly
representative institutions?
At every step of my \ i-it through the twenty
four United States on whieh you arc pleased to
congratulate me, 1 have had to admire wonders of
creation and improvement. No where can they
be more conspicuous than in the State of New
Vork, in the prodigious progress of this city. Those
western paits, which I had left a wilderness, 1
have found covered w ith flourishing towns, highly
cultivated tanas, active factories, intersected by
the admirable canal, already becoming thecoiiimuni
'Mtioa ofa*t immense trade—all inconsequence of
iu^pcuJciice, freedom, ami a republican spirit.
•No higher honour could be bestowed on me,
than to have associated my name, to the two great
names you have mentioned. To the first of them,
sir, whose place is above all men, in my filial heart,
my principal bonst i*. to have been an adopted son,
a faithful disciple. Of the other, no man can be a
more exalted admirer than I am; and permit me
to observe, thm what my fiiends and myself have
only attempted in the other hemisphere, has been
in South America, and under the lilx-rating auspices
of his talents and virtues, happily effectuated. Hut
in every, testimony from the people of this state,
and their representatives, I am to acknowledge a
benevolent kindness, which, if it exceeds my
merits, is equalled by the sentiments of my ever
lasting devotion, respect and gratitude.
1 he General, Senate, and Corporation, then pro
ceeded to the tront of the City Hall, and received
the marching salute from the troops, which, ufter
firing a feu de joi, dispersed.
Gen. Lafayette having met the Cincinnati, dined
with the Corporation, and in the evening attended
the Theatre, which wai crowded.
I he amusements of the day were almost too
numeoiis to repeat. In the afternoon the shores ot
I Hoboken were crowded to see the boat race. Tin
Prize Boat was won by the Wm. H. Crawford.
the news boat originally built for this other, and
was rowed by John Parmenter and lbivid Sisco.
I he prize boat and the victors were carried to the !
Circus in Bioadwav, accompanied bv a band ot
music.
Upwards of 5000 persons attended Castle Garden
to witness the very splendid <lis play of fireworks.
Vauxhall, and oilier places of amusement, were
al'O filled. The Lafayette l ircusopened, for the
fiist time, to a full house; and, in short, every
tiling went off w ell, and the hilarity oftheday was
not marred by any accident that we have yet learnt.
[-V. I". J\'at. Ado.
VSc r.r? hrtppr to learn, thit general Li Fayette
his yielded to the pirssing invitation of govern
u cut to return to France in the new frigate Bran
dywine, recently launched at tins city of Wash
ington ; and, that he will remain until after the
11th September, in compliance with the wish of
government, to be present at the anniversary of
die battle of Brandywine, where he first shed
blood in fighting for the independence of the-e U
nited States. [.V. F. Gazette.
FROM THE CANAL SURVEYOR'S.
act of a Letter to the Hditors Ji otn a gentle
man attached to Shriver’s brigade.
Camp CUv,near SiuylJili. j”nr 23, 1825.
Ukar Jsirs*: I did myself the pleasure a few
days ago of writing you from the “ Bear Dens,”
and shall continue occasionally to drop y ou a line
informing you of oar movements ami progress.
We have just completed aJl the examinations from
the summit level to this point, and shall now pro
ceed with two lines of survey directly to Pittsburg,
to which place, as we shall now have much less
difficult ground, we expect to be enabled to p;o=e
cutr. our explorations in good time.
It will be gratifying to you to learn that every
thing so tar appears quite favorable to the grand
project under consideration, and e-pecially when
you recollect that we have now got over hv far the
reost difficult serticr.i. The country betw een the
summit level and the mouth of Rear Creek, is »
complication of mountain and valley,'hill and hol
low , exhibiting a system of an almost incompre
hensible character, and presenting, to a mere super
ficial investigator, difficulties and obstacles of a
serious cast, and in many instances of an appirent
ly insuperable nature; but it is found, upon the ap
plication of intlruments, that these aie only ap
parent and not real difficulties, andth.it, instead
ot its being so very complex, it is all simple and
easily understood, Nature has done every thing
right, and, as it would seem, with some determinate
Object in view. In the conformation of this moun
tainous district, she lias left more than one route,
and ample room in each instance nlottg which to
co. duct a canal, and has at the same time alforded
the greatest possible opportunists for the construc
tion ol innumerable ponds and reservoirs to supply
Midi a work, in the event of the immediate streams,
along which the canal would pass, proving inade
quate for that purpose.
* ,rw nays n.ivc ncen very rainy, nnd the
waters arc now high. We have ganged most of
the streams which are mainly relied on as feeders to
the summit level, in order to ascertain their proba
ble maximum expense. Their quantities together
will amount fo a large sum.
1 he V oughiogCny is found to discharge just now,
at this place, 300 cubic yards per second! Two
thirds, at least, of this quantity is furnished by
Deep ( reek, the I.ittle V oughiogenv, and such pints
ol the great Votighiogcny as be sufficiently tleva
t° he used on the summit. During such freshets as
the present, and they occur three or four times a
year, it would be a very perplexing and difficult
matter, Indispose of the surplus waters. It would
astonish you to see to what a degree the valley,
through which Deep Creek flows, is now inunda
ted, and how long I hat stream remains invigorated
by a few -light mins.
I remain yours, &c. [Arif. Lit.
MR. WEBSTER'S ADDRESS.
Mr. Webster's Address at the Bunker Ilill cel
ebration is just published by Messrs. Cummings,
Hilliard & Co. We believe that most of those who
heard it, under the various disadvantages to which
they were subjected, will be more struck with the
approj riateness and beauty of this production in the
reading than they were in the delivery of it. We
should he happy to make copious extracts from it,
or even to republish the whole address. But the
very liberal price which the publishers have paid
<o the Monument Association for the copy right,
forbids our enriching our columns from it, in such a
way as to diminish its value in their hands. Few
will regret the trifling sum demanded for the beauti
ful edition now publisher!. We will only, as a
specimen of its style, extract the following passage,
m which the Orator describes the particular object of
tie Association. [Boston Daily Adv.
“ The society, whose Oig.n I am, was formed
for the purpose of rearing some honourable and
durable monument to the memory of the earlr
triends of American Indeptndence. They have
thought, that for this object no time could be more
propitious, than the present prosperous and peace
ful period; that no place could claim preference over
this memorable spot; and that no day could he more
auspicious to the undertaking, than the anniversary
of the battle which was here fought. The founda
tion of that monument we have now laid. With
solemnities suited to the occasion, with prayers to
Almighty tioil for his blessing, and in the midst
of this cloud of witnesses, we have begun the work.
We trust it will lie prosecuted, and that springing
from a broad foundation, rising high in massive
solidity, and unadorned grandeur, it may remain as
long as Heaven permits the works of rnan to l ist,
•' fit emblem, both of the event* in memory of which
it is raised, and of the gratitude of those who have
reared it.
V\ e know, indeed, that the record of illustrious j
actions is most safely deposited in the universal !
remembrance of mankind. Wc know, that if we;
could cattr.e thii structure to ascend, not only tiil i
it readied the skies, bot till it pierced them, its
broad surface could still contain bill part of that,
which, in an age of knowledge hath already been
spread over the earth, and which history charges
i self with making known to all future times. We
know, lhat no inscription on entablatures less
broad than the earth itself, can carry infomia'iou
of the events we commemorate, where it has not
already gone; and that no structure which shall
not outlive the duration of letters and knowledge
among men, ean prolong tlie memorial. But our
object is, by this edifice to show our own deep sense
of the value and importance of the achievmeuts of
our ancestors;and by presenting this work of grati
tude to the eye, to keep alive similar sentiments, and
to foster a constant regard for the principles of the
Revolution. Human beings are composed not of
reason only,but of imagination also, and sentiment;
and that is neither wasted nor misapplied which
is appropriated to the purpose of giving right
direction to sentiments, and opening proper springs
of feeling in the heart. Let it uo: be supposed that
our object is to perpetuate national hostility. or
even to cherish a mere military spirit. It is higher,
purer, tiuoirr. Wo consecrate our work to the
spirit of national independence, and we wish that
the light of peace may rest upon it forever. We
rear a memorial of our conviction of that unmeasur
ed benefit, whicli has been conferred on our own
land, and of the happy influences, which have been
produced, by the same events on the general inter
ests ot mankind. We come, ns Americans, to
mark a spo', which must forever be dear to us and
our posterity. We wish, that whosoever, in all
coming time, shall turn his eye hither, may behold
that the place is not undistinguished, where the
first great battle of the Re elution was fought.—
We wish, that this structure may proclaim the mag
nitude and importance ot that e. ent, to every class
and every age. We wish, that infancy may learn
the purpose of its erection from maternal lips, ai.d
that w eary and w ithered age may behold it, and be
solaced by the recollections which it suggests_
We w ish, that labor may look up here, and be
proud in the midst of its toil. We wish, that, in
those days of disaster, which, as they come on all
nations, niu«t be expelled to come on us al-o, des
ponding patriotism may turn its eyes hitherward,
and be assured that tire foundations ol our natiouul
power still stand strong. We wish, that this co
lumn, rising towards heaven among the pointed
contribute also to produce, in all minds, a pious
teeling ol dependence and gratitude. We wish,
finally, that the last object on the sight of him who
leaves his native shote, and the first to gladden his
who revisits it, maj he something which shall re
mind him of the liberty and the glory of his country.
Eet it rise, till it meet the sun in his coming; let
the carlie-1 light of the morning gild it, and parting
day linger and pi ay on its summit.”
Njcw-York, June 30.
Acquittal.—The Court of Oyer and Terminer
have been occupied since Monday morning with
the trial of John Henry Charpie, and Charles Hen
ry t harpic, natives ol Switzerland, and broti.ers,
charged with the murder of Frederick L. Fiegc.
The evidence was closed about 12 o’clock jester—
day, when Mr. Maxwell, District attorney, finding
the testimony far short ot Vvlia' he expected, de
clined summing up to tifb jury. Judge Edwards
remarked, it would take some little time for hitn
to overlook his minutes of the les itnony, before
he could charge the jury. Upon which it was ob
served that they were willing to dispense with the
charge. Judge Edwards then made a few remarks
to the jury, and they unanimously, without the
least hesitation or delay, acquitted the prisoners.
The Judge then made a short address to the pri
soners, inlorming them that the court were highly
gratified to find that they had so clearly established
their innocence, and triumphantly refuted every
charge brought against them. The Court, individ
ually and unanimously, coincided in opinion with
the jury, and, if the prisoners desired it, the Court
would grant a certificate that would remove any
imputation that might be cast upon them, by be
ing put upon their trial, ami the jury immediately
odered to (Jo the same. [E. Post.
1 he meeting of the prisoners after their dis
charge, with their sister, who had steadily watch
ed the piogrc-bol the trial, and like a second Je
unnie Deans, stood by them through good and
through evil, was ol the most atiecting characlei.
When her brothers, honorably acquitted, left the
prioner’s box, and walked forth into the Hall, re
instated in their intcgi it y, she rushed into their arms,
ami there strained to eacli other's breasts, they
w ept long and aloud. Even eyes unused to weep
ing, mingled in these holy tears—and they, who by
their skill and assiduity had contributed to this
result, and in a particular manner Wnt. A. Seely,
Esq. who has evinced from the commencement the
most untiring ze.il and talent in the cause of these
helpless foreigners, must have found in the emo
tions ot their own hearts at that moment, theiichest
and most enviable reward of their exertions.
[American.
I r rum in#* t*e.»igia r at riot.]
TO THE PUBLIC.
The subjoined letter from Maj. Andrews, (U
nitrd Stales’ -pecid agent,) is presented to the
public to prevent exaggeration and misrepresenta
tion.
It speaks for itself. The reasons assigned for
my teinpoiary suspension from theotTire of Agent,
1 trust will be duly understood and appreciated.—
Indeed the untiring zeal manife-ted by Gov. Troup
in the arroiiipli-diinent of his purpose, lias rarely
been equalled and never surpassed;—it stands with
out a pirnllel in the annals of persecution. I ask
the public and my friends, to suspend any opinion
in relation to the subject connected with this sus
pension, until I can have an apporttinily of submit
ting my defence. Far front seeking any advantage
from the locality of my witnesses in the Nation,
and from tny situation as Agent—unwilling to be
suspected, even by the most prejudiced, of being
capable of using any influence which my official
station my be supposed to give me; and anxious to
disarm my accuser of the. slightest pretext for any
insinuation of that character;—If I had not receiv
ed Maj. Andrews’ letter suspending me during the
time of taking the te»ti,nony, l should have ask
ed it. I assure my friendsand the public, that the
investigation will result in the establishment of my
innocence of the charges preferred against me by
Gov. 1 roup; for, having every confidence in the
justice of the Government of my country, and its
officers appointed to conduct this investigation, and
being conscious of the correct intentions by which
my official conduct has been influenced; although
I may for a season be subject to the inquisitorial
proceedings of the Governor and legislature of
• corgia, and may be compelled in consequence
thereof, to bear the popular odium, yet I feci per
suaded, that in the enlightened judgment of my
countrymen I may safely rely, and from its awatd
l can have nothing to rippreitend.
I atn respectfully,
. JOHN CROWELL. '
L k r i;n Askncv, June 22.
( KhLK AGENCY, Flint Hirer, ) ,
„ „ . June21, 1825.) ,
Hm: —You have been advised of the measures !
heretofore pursued by the President of the United
States and of the Secretary of War, in relation to '
the charges,specific and implied, made against you
r* Indian Ag®nt. I have now Co inform yevj that
a suspension from the exercise of your functions as
Indian Agent, (until all the testimony to be col
lected in the Indian nation has been obtained and I
examined,) has been decided on. I herewith send
you a copy of the evidence collected by a commit- ,
tee of the Georgi. legislature, and their report as i
adopted by the legislature. Copies of other docu
ments promised me by the Governor of Georgia
shall be furnished you as soon as those documents i
are received. You will accordingly turn over the .
Agoncy to 'he Sub Agent, Captain Triplett.
In resorting to the discretionary power vested in
me by the President, I feel it due to you to state ‘
frankly, that this determination does not proceed J
from any present impression unfavorable to your .
innocence. I am not at liberty, in my present pe- ,
culiar situation, to form a aettled opinion on tlie
l
“barges made against you, until all the evidence : !
o be collected from every quarter has been recciv- I
td ami carefully examined. Hut I feel it due to
1'ou to say. that so far as I am at lilxrty to take up
* present impression, it is in favor of your integrity
and honor. I feel it due to you to make this
s'atenient, in consequence of the cour-e (which
must be cousideied an unjust one, if not opp es-11
sive,) pursued towards you by the authorities of ]
Georgia; my impression* n>o being chielly groun
ded on the ex-parte testimony taken against you.
Your suspension is made from courtesy to the 1
authorities of Georgia, wiio have repeatedly and
urgently demanded it; on the ground that it would
be impossible to elicit unbiassed testimony in the
Indian nation whilst you are in the exercise of .
your functions. It is done too from a desire to do
away all pretexts which might otherwise hereafter 1
be seized on to destroy confidence in the results of
the examinations. The suspension will be with
drawn so soon as those examinations are con. lull
ed should they result in establishing your inno
cence.
As the object of the general government in this
examination is the establishment of truth, it could
no but give me pain as its Agent to find, that in
taking testimony against you, all the usual prerog
ative* were lost sight of by Georgia. You were
neither “ informed of the nature or cause of theac*
cusation," or “ confronted with witnesses"
against you, nor had you “ compulsory process for
obtaining witnesses” in your favor! The evidence
on which the harshest opinions have been formed
and expressed was not only exparte, but it lias been
spread before the public in the Newspaper* before
you had been informed of its character, or had an
opportunity of making your defence; and public
opinion thereby forestalled before the general go
vernment, under which you hold your appointment,
has had an opportunity of examining the testimony
of either party. The course which you have de
termined to pursue, as made known to me in the
copy of your letter, of the 20th, to the Commis
sioners appointed by the Governor of Georgia to
take further evidence against \ou; i:i inviting them
to be present at the examination of your voluntary
witnesses; is of an opposite character; and cannot
fail to strengthen the belief of your conscious inno
cence.
ii m scarcely necessary 10 anti, mat in me ex.'iieu
character of ihe President of the United Stales,
and of the Secretary of War, you have the sfircsl
guarantee of a fair trial and a just decision on it.
Very respectfully, sir, your roost ob’t. serv’t.
T. P. ANDREWS, Special
Col. John Crowell.
To the Coinmitnionrrs appointed by the Govern
or, to collect testimony ire.
CREEK AGENCY, )
June 20, 1825. $
Gentlemen : I have understood that you have
been appointed by the Governor of Georgia to su
perintend in the Creek Natian ihe investigation of
the accusation which he has deemed requisite to
make against me.
Although I have not had the privilege extended
to me. b\ the Legislature, and Governor of Geor
gia, which is granted by the constitution of o ir
country, even to the culprit, on his trial—ulthougii
it is appnreni from the course pursued (m publish
ing the exparte evidence collec ed, proposeJIy for
the adjudication of another ai.d different tribunal,)
that the prejudice of the community is sought to be
excited against me, which like the sw ord of Bren
mis, is to be cast in.o the scale against nte, to
make up for nil deficiencies in the weight ot the
testimony—and although this course of proceeding
is appreciated, yet being desirous of affording my
accusers the fttll benefit ot a cross examination of
the witnesses to be adduced in my behalf—desiring
a fair and impartial investigation, and conscious of
the correctness of my official conduct; 1 hcrewi.h
invite you to attend the examination of my wit
nesses in the Nation, for the p srpose of put ing to
them such questions in reference .o my deportment
as you may think pioper. Of the time and place,
you will be notified. In giving you this invitation,
I wish you distinctly to understand, that it is not
given under the impression, that it is your right—
since I have not been confronted with witnesses
against me; but is given under a full conviction of
being able fully to establish my innocence by wit
nescs who slirink not from the ordeal of a cross
examination, ami to ‘■how you that my«iefence resit*
not like the accusations against me, upon the flim
sy foundation of garbled evidence arbitrarily taken
and improperly reported.
I am, respectfully yours, &o.
JOHN CROWELL.
Nr.w York,.Inly 4. - The U. S. schr. Shark,
Jno. G.dlnghor, Commander, arrived at the Quar
antine Ground on Saturday, from a cruize in the
Gulf ot Mexico, and last flora Havana, in 7 and a
half days.
The Shark left this port December 14th, and
Norfolk on the 10th of January. On her passage to
Thompson’s Island, J imes D vis, John Kelji’m,
and Jos. Dickens, seamen, died of email pox, which
broke out on hoard at Norfolk. Since that time
she has been remarkably healthy, not having hail a
case of malignant fever on board.
Left at Havana, the U. S. sckr. Fox, Lieut.
Cook, juat arrived from Ornoa, all well.
Norfolk, Ju!- 6—The tJ.Sship Decoy,lieu*.
Cornel t Dulany T orest, has dropped down from
the Navy Yard to the anchorage betw ten the forts,
and will sail in a few day* for Key West. Wm.
Miller, Esq. formerly Governor of North Carolina
who arrived in town yesterday, and took lodgings
at Carr’s Hotel, goes out in the Decoy as Charge
des Affaires to the < 'entral Republic of America,
Guatimala, and Dr. Frederick C. Baker, of New
ark, as Secretary of .Legation. From Key West
we understand they will embark for Guatimala, in
i vessel appointed for that service. [Beacon.
Wak'iinoton, July 9.
THE COURT MARTIAL—Appointed for
he trial of Commodore D. Porter, and others as
lembled yesterday at the Navy Yard of this City. '
Present, Capt. James Barron, President._
Thomas Tingey, James Biddle, Charles G. Ridge- i
ey, R. T. Spence, John Downes,John D. Henley,
lesse D. Elliott, Thomas Brown, James Rcnshaw, !
Alex. S. Wadsworth, Charles C. B. Thompson,
»eorge \V. Rodgers, Richard S. Close, Esq. Judge '
Advocate.
The Commodore was asked if he had objections
o any of the members of the Court, when he re- 1
guested to read a paper which contained objections ,
0 the Judge Advocate, and expressed his satisfaction
with the members. The Court being cleared for • 1
leliberation, decided that he had no right to object !
io the Judge Advocate, and the C ommodore’s paper, j ‘
ogether with the Judge Advocate’s opinion, was 1
ecorded. The members and Judge Advocate were ! !
hen sworn and the charges read, when the Com- i 1
riodorc requested a copy of them, that he might be ' *
illowed until tomorrow morning to plead, and that 1
VIr. Jones might be admitted ms his counsel. These 1
vrre granted, and the Court adjourned until to- r
norrow 10 o’clock. [JVat. Inf. '
At the Drawing Room on the 4th instant, Mr. 1
triiri.Lo, Charge d’Affaires from Brazil, was pre- ^
enteri to the President of the United States by the
Secretary of War, upon the occasion of his having "
>een recently appointed, by his sovereign, an officer i “
)f the Imperial Order of the Crosier. [/ft. ’j,
At a meeting of the citizens of Wythe county, r
riendly to a convention held at the Court House on a
he 14th of June, being court day, the following *
;entlemen were appointed to represent this county v
n the Convention to be held at Staunton: General
\Iexander Smyth, James E. Brown, Joseph Dra
ter, James T. Gleaves, John A. Saunders, Samuel ^
-leaden, and Harold Smyth. a
J1 challenge to the world.—At Southold, L. I. n
n May last, the following numbers of shad, or, (as ^
hey are generally cal rd,) mossbonkers, were ta- ri
en by a seine, named the Sea Serpent, at single 0
raughts, vi*. one of 400,000; another of 700,000; n
third of 1,200,000 f! 1 These fish arc taken for *
he exclusive purpose of manuring the soil; from J
1 to 12,000 are usually put on an acre. Some of a
he seines are above 100 rods in length, and from 12 M
o 20 feet In depth. [A*. Y. 1
i■* I -imlJk I. - ... ii* ■■...iJiL. . -
rOHEISM.
[Frnm the British Tiarcller.l
London, (Evening) May 24.
German papers received this morning, contain
tirlher details of the situation of affairs in the Mo
ea, extracted from Italian paper*—a source of in
elligeme on w hidi but little reliance can tc placed.
I'he failure of Ibrahim Pacha's expedition is still
inserted; but there is nevertheless a manifest aher
ition in tone, as to the dangerous position in which
re was said to be placed, with reference to a med
iated attack by the Greeks. Ibrahim is said to
lave been disappointed in his expectation of being
oined by Partisans, as soon as iie should land on
;iie Morea ; but we no longer hear of the total
instruction tu which his army was doomed. It
ivill indeed, lie seen from “ the frontiers of Italy,”
hat the Egyptian army occupies a fortified posi
tion 0,1 the western point of the Morea, which it
would require a more formidable force to dislodge
ban can Ire brought forward by the Greek-._Ited
u-hid Pacha, loo, is preparing to co- operate with
Ibialum's forces, ami the operations detailed at the
:onclusimi of the statement, may preclude all doubt
it the lurks having resolved to bring a more ef
fective force into activity, than has been yet ar
•ayed against the Greeks :—
_ From the frontiers of Itnli/ June C.
V*"e have at length received news direct from the
Morea to a very recent date (the middle of April.)
rhey fully confirm what we stated in the begin
iing, of the impossibility under which Ibrahim
Pacha found himself of executing his plans. lie
lad calculated on the numerous piriisans whom he
•xpected to meet as soon as his troop-should land :
n the Morea, and nobody has declared in his fa
vour. Outlie contrary, however various the par
:ie* that have appeared there, it is a fact that all
it them consider the Egyptian General and his
troops as enemies, who rnu-t be destroyed, or at
east by a general effort driven f.oin the country,
jecuuse their side object is to reduce it once more
Jtuler tiie Mussulman yoke. I( likewise appears
iroin various reports that Ibraliint has been grossly
misled, either by persons who wished to bring him
iO destruction, or by his own Agents, who deceiv
ed themselves respecting the success of the enter
prise, which under present circumstances nei ex
Lould have a favourable i—uc. Without these ve
ry suspicious counsels he would have at least de
layed Ins expedition to a more favourable opponti- j
inly. With re-pect to the latest positions of his
troops, they occupied on the western point of the
vii u;c ier uy u>e citacl* I ot
; a,,tl oil lie right by that ot C'oron. This
l,ne is covered by ir.trenchme.u lurni-lnd with nu- ■
inerous artillery. I lie Egyptian troops ore ipied
nl-oihe lit'.ie Islands of S pieuna and Cabrora, |
v\ here they have thrown up redoubt-. The Greeks
were in poasedon ot Navarii.oanti Gastello ; three
daps ot war were stationed in the bay of C'oron. It
is affirmed that the Greek tioops were embarked
on board these vessels to effect a landing iu the
rear of Ibrahim’s lines, when the main attack
diould be made from the aide of Navarino._In
fact, affairs cannot long remain in their present
state.
If the Greeks succeed in forcing Ibrahim’s lines 1
it is impossible for hi tioops to retreat, for the I
Litadels of Aiodon and C’oron cannot receive them,
tnd his fleet h is entirely left the coast of the Mo
■en, whether to fetch reinforcements from Candia,
•r not to be exposeJ to the attack of die Greek
:leci is uncertain.
^ Meantime Morcotc soldiers repair in numbers to
Navarino and l.ulaiualj, the places «! rendezvous
lor the Greeks. It is asserted that the Bey of
Maine, who is reconciled with the Gieek Gov
ernment, has assumed die command of the corps
issemoled at Lalauin, and has reinforced it with a
numerous body of Spartans. A part of the tioops
ihat were in the camp at Gnstouni has traversed
Arcadia to rei..torce the corps destined to attack
Ibrahim's army. These troops were at first in
tended to go to Patr-s, but as the most urgent
point is to drive the Egyptians from the Morea,
1 hey have been directed to proceed .o Navarino.
By die last accounts from Albania, it appears,
that Red-chid Pnclia inte .ds to make a diversio .
in f"*\or ol Ibrahim. The division ot his army as
sembled about l.urissa has marched to Karpenitza,
a d thus foims the wing of the army posted at Pa
tradgik. The cotner.im-ution between that place
and Negroj ont is restored since a Turkish corps
has been pos ed at Talanto. It is reported that
ir e Thessalian army is io advance toSidona, ir. or
I-rto prrcced from that place to Lepanto, and that
.. e expedition against Misarloti^hi and Auaiolia is
jiven up for the present.
'Iilan, Ma; 8.—His Highness Prince Mettcr
aich arrived in this city yesterday.
[I he G izet c* of the 9th and 10th contain long
Jc’ tils of the rerep ion of their Imperial Mnjes
ies at 1 -odi and Monza, and tiie rejoicings ot the
inhabitant., &c.l
FROM GREECE.
Boston, July 2.—Wc have received theOricn
;nl Spectator of April 7, which contains a few nrti
:1c of intelligence from the seat of war not before
mown. The Egy piian fleet sailed from Sud.t for
Modon with the second division of troops, ninouni
ng to 7 or 9<)0t) men, March 13th, and after having
ar.dcd them returned on the 26th to take on board
vliat remained to be transported. Theie will be
elt in Candia 100 men, viz. 1700 a( Candia, 100 ai
Iletltino 300 at Canae, 400 at Rissamo. and the
cst at other points on the Island. It is now admit
Cd by the Spectator that the account before pub
ished of the capture of Navarin, by the Turks, is
lot true. An ar icle which proses highly the good
ronduct and humanity of Ibrahim Pacha, states that,
ifter having without success published an amnesty,
ie had made a new incursion towards Calamata, and
lad already taken and burnt three villages. Presi
lent Conduriotti on the 26th of March had lelt
Vapoli do Romani i for Hydra, to hasten the depar
tire of all the vessels of war. A fleet of twenty
wo Greek vessels was met near Cape Matapan,
diout tbeSOih, bound towaida Patras, where tight
jrigs were blockading the place. They fell in with
ind captured an Algerine brig. It is stated that two
1 urkish frigates and eight brigs of war had passed
he Dardanelles and gone to Metelin, and that the
('urkish fleet would sail from Constantinople to
wards the middle of April. It is said that Ulysses
iad arrived at Livadia, in company with Omer
t’acba. and that the neighbouring villages had snb
nitted to the Grand Seignior. It is said also that
Vmartolo, a Greek Chief of Attica, had joined the
l urks, and had arrived at Negropont with his
roops to the number of 300 or more.
Ibrahim Pacha, the 2d of January, sent from 8u
la three brigs of war to Modon, with400 infantry,
nd commissaries to prepare quarters there for his
riny. He afterwards sailed with his vessels of war
or Marmarissa, where he arrived on the Sth, and
ook on board the troops then at Rhodes, to tr.ins
ort them to Suda. On the 5>h, a corvette and
wo brigs sailed from Alexandria for Huda with 400
icu to join the army of Ibrahim. On the 28d there
rsre at Alexandria 23 European ships ready to sail
,r Candia and Modon with provisions, andanum
er had already sailed.
Ibrahim Pacha left Suda Feb 19, with 36 ves
rls of war, having on board 4000 foot soldiers and
00 cavalry. After having landed his men at Mo
on, his vessels were to return to Huda, to collect
ve frigates which the storm had separated from the
the fleet, in coming from Csramania, and
rrived in the island after the departure of Ibrahim
acha. These frigates, with the other vessels,
rould land 7 or 3000 (roops at Modon.
We ore indebted to Mr. Van Beerenstyn for the
>an of a file of Brussells papers. They do not af
>rd us any political news, but we extract from them
few miscellaneous paragraphs.
There lately died at Borowsk, in the govern
lent of Kalouga in Russia, a merchant named B.
1 Olid a k off. He was aged 80 years, and be had the
ire happiness to lie surrounded by forty children,
f whom twenty-one were by his first wife and
inetern by his third. He had no children by his
scond wife, with whom he lived nine years. The
oimgest of his sons was commonly called Athan- !
sins the 40th. This accounts reminds the Brus- j
els Oracle of the following anecdote.—Louis XV.
eforc the battle of Foatcooj, joined the army of !
MaiSiui Saxe to make the campaign of the Nether
lands. accompanied, instead of aids-de-camp, l>y
sever: 1 of his mistresses, and among others by the
famous Madame tie .Montespan. Being at Lisle, *
lie learned that a merchant of that town, named Von
den Berg, had forty-two children by two wives.—
l he King of France having sent to him, made
known to him, his desire of seeing all the family of
the merchant assembled at his house. They were
assembled the next day to the number of a hundred
and twelve children and grand children. Louis XV.
delighted to sec so numerous a family, asked Mr.
Van den Berg what he could do to his advantage
—“ Sire,” replied lie, “ all i desire is to be exemp
ted from imposts —which request ay as granted.
SOUTH AMERICA.
The reports which wc have had of the surrender
of the Royal Gen. Olaneta. in Upper PERU, were
incorrect. But lie hail been compelled to retire
farther into the interior, and on the lOtli of March
was at Poiod, with about 2000 men. The country
which he left immediately declared against him,
and lie contemplates a farther retreat to the fron- *
tiers of Salta, Province of Buenos Avres.
1 Boston 1'alUtd.
BRAZIL.—A letter from Rio Janeiro, of May j
20, says, “ The serious revolution which lias
bioxcn out at Alonlevideo, will in all probability i
involve Buenos Ayres in a war with this Govern- '
nient. The Patriots as they are termed, are invest
ing Montevideo, and a Brazilian General, Fortuoso
Riberara, has deserted and joined them, with all
the cavalry. The last accounts mention, that Gen.
Leror still held possession of the town, but how
long lie w ill be able to do so is uncertain. An
embargo has been laid on all vessels bound to the
South,and we arc pieparing an expedition to send to
his relief. Buenos Ayres does t.ot openly appear
in this affair; but it is the general opinion that it
will finally lead to a rupture between the two
nations.”
BRAZIL.
AVe lnd lately information from Rio dc Janeiro
that the Emperor or Brazil had been endeavouring
to obtain a declaration from some of the inhabi
tants of Montevideo, in favor of uniting that pro
vince to the imperial crown. We now learn bv
an arrival on .Monday at New Bedford from Rio
that this attempt had caused a revolt among those
who were attached to the republic of La Plata, and
opposed to the views of the Emperor. The com
m.’iiirl of 11 ** rAvnlitfioMtai. 1, i i_ . .
- - U^uuicu U> a
general who formerly rerved under ArtagiiH, ami
he had collected his troops round .Monte ideo, tin
cityr.ot being strong enough in those o:. whom
th.cy could depend to oblige them to abandon their
ports. The general commanding there had not a
thousand men on whom he could relv. In cor.se- a
queuce of this intelligence, the emperor had laid ]
0 . an embargo at Rio, prohibiting any vessel fiom I
departing bound to the south, and w as embarking ' ^
sixteen hundred t oops, with a general to supercede
and lake the command at Montevideo.
f-V. Y. Evening Post.
LATEST FROM FRAJYCE.
New \ o•< tr, July 8—Hie packet ship
front Havre, arrived at New York, on Wednesday"
and tarnishes us with a few items, as subjoined*
from Paris papers to the 25:h, and Havre""to ti e
27th of May.
The King had almost reached Rheims. II0 was
to breakfast atTinqueux on the2dib, a village three
quarters of a league from that city, where °lw was
to enter the magnificent coronation coach, and pass
in great state along a ro ,d adorned with triumphal
arches, and occupied at different poiuts by tbe may-,
ors of that department.
It is said that the number of persons called to
Rheims by their functions or lettres closes, is
1 i,WOO. All these personages are required to b*
at the church by six ia the morning.
The Journal de Commerce published at Lyons
announces, that within a fc.v days the people have*
made very important and numerous arrests. If •
adds that it gives no details at present through fear
of being prejudicial to the investigation. °
The Cotton market at Havre was calm but
steady. Some few sahts had been made at a mere . Ji
shade reduction from the former rates, but the. 1
holders were anticipating from the small siock in W
possession of the consumers a renewed demand. *
Ashes were without demand. Sales of Pots had
been made at 43f. and of Pearls at 43f. 50c. Indmo
had fell; the re.lm-tion in price during the month
u’r.s estimated at 21. 50c. per lb. Coffees were at
former rates ; a sale of S:. Domingo in bond had
been made at 13 3—1
SPALY.—The Paris Messenger, of the 21th
May, says such is the deplorable condition of the
finances of Spain, that the government have judged
it expedient to dispense with the mission of an ex
traordinary ambassador to attend the coronation, as
well as wi h the Spanish ambassador at Vienna, ,
following the Emperor of Austria to Milan. ’ l
1 he lust brigade of trooops destined to leave 1
Spain, had armed at Bayonne. At present there
re no troops except in the garrisons. The Mad- ' * *
rid Gazette contains a royal order fixing the pay 1
of the royal troops beyond sea, whence it is infer
red th .t the King was still ignorant of the defeat
... . rAjmnduun oi nan bf on pro
liibited. '] bey t«lk again of a change of ministry.
SOUTH JlM EH ICA.—Letter, from Ham
burgh elate that Sweden enter* fully into the view*
of England with regard to the recognition of the
New State* of America, and will very shortly scad
Consuls thither.
THh UR LEX'S.—We are much pleased to
find, had gained several new advantages over the
invaders, ami in other respect* were going an pros
perously. They obtained a signal victory on Eas
ter day over the Seraskin Keschild Pacha, amt
compelled him to retreat to Janina. They had
also captured, near Sud.a, three Turkish vessel*
with ammunition, and several Austrian vessels
that were conveying provision* to Patras. Abdul
Hamid, heir to the Ottoman Throne, of whom hi*
father was extremely jealous, had been got rid of
by n \ iolent death, and hi* brotiier was danger
ously ill. These occurrences, while thev favor 'he
view* of the Greek*, had caused much grief among
tiie Jannissaries, who were very desirous of plaring
the deceased on the throne. It would seem that
the Sultan did not feel altogether easy in conse
quence of these violent means to insure his safety,
for orders had been suddenly issued to countermand
the inarch of the troops destined for Thessaly.
Extract of a private letter of the 3th inst. from
Trieste: “ Direct intelligence of the 11th ult. fiom
Tripolitza announce* the total defeat of the Egyp
tian troops, under the command of Ibrahim Pacha.
1 he Greeks gained this decisive victory on the 27tlj
efi larch. The Egyptian expedition is now it- m.
garded as having completely failed. Several Eu- “
ropean officers in the service of Ibrahim Pacha ft
were made prisoners, and immediately conducted fo T
Napoli di Romania.”
FTa vri. The editor of the “ Genius of Uniref,
«al Emancipation” ha* furnished us with a proofl
.heft of the number of his work about to be pdjy
lishcd from which we extract the following pnrs.
jraph: It has its comment in itself.
^ A gentleman from Virginia, applied at the of
H-e of the Baltimore Haytieu Emigration so iety on
he 24th ultimo, for information respecting the pro,
r>riety and practicability of sending a large num
ber of alnciD to the republic of Hayti. After he
had received from the agent a statement of the pre
>ent situation of things, relative to the emigration
<f our colored people to that island, he requested ('
is-istance in procuring a vessel for the purpose 4
ibove mentioned. This was cheerfully complied
with; and, the next day, a contract was close I with v
a ship-owner, to take out eighty-eight slaves, ;,jj fit
telonging to the gentleman aforesaid, the price of ‘
a ho*e passage he pays himself, and for the use of ■
ivbom, he also purchased agricultural implements 1
n this city, to the value of ,4 ISO.”. J
We ha ve received by the Susan, n Mobile p.'pef ft
>f the 14th ult. Gen. Bernard, and the other (J. a
;• Engineei s, returned to that city on the lltb I
rom N. Orleans anti would proceed on the 14 L for H
1 ort 8toddart, Gabswba, Stc. on their wsy f,, ft
tVashin^too. ft

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