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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, July 15, 1825, Image 1

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XT The KNUUIKKR it published twice a week generally,
andtbree turn«» week during the leuion of the Stale Legisla
te e — Price, th> same at hetetnfore, Five Dollars per annum,
payable in advance. Note, of chattered, .(• cie-paying bank,
(•MiW) will be received in paviuant. Thr Edilni. will guaran
tee the safety of le.nittiin; thrill by mail j the pwlage of all lel
ttl» being paid, hi the writer*. .
XT No paper will he di,continued 0‘"t •* the ducrction of
tiie Editor*J until all aitear rg, , have been paid up.
(PT Whoevii will eu.w »tee the payiutlit of nine papers
shall have the truth tj It AI IS.
•rEltMS OF ADVERTISING}.
ITT- One squate, Oil LESS—Fit it nueilioii 75 ceuts—each
continuance, M < eut*. •
* * No advertisement in-erted, until it haa either bern paid
tor,*or assumed by »mue prison in this city, or it, environs.
Farmers' Bank of Virginia.
TIIE President and Dhreturn hive dr..Used a dividend of
ttau tuul three qmrt 01, per crnl., tor the last »i* nnnilln;
which will be paid to the Slorkh ‘hler, on l'i" 15th in-t.
\VM. NEtwEhMS, a-bier.
J illy 5,1825. _]2~1,1_
Bunk of Virginia, July 4, 1^23.
THE Proideul und Direct *r, h...e declared a dividend of
three percent, nn the >■ .pitil deck for the last hair year,
a ay.aide oh the 15th nil l. K '.h .tine of the O/.i .Stork u ,ub
,ect to a deduction01 oue do! n U quarter lor the boutl, totno
)qMll. VT31. DANDKIIMiE, Ca«hirr.
July 5, 1825. __ _ ,
jfb TICK.
f OST on thr 2"J June la-1, in the iiriglilu.urln.od ■fOum
M-A Iterland CJourlhou.r, a bom! of tv i* '* on Aleiill It Al
len andC ty C. Allen, payable the -5th Dec. I .’7. Am in
Ijrmaliolirelative tu said bond, will be thankfully ter enrol by
the nihfctibcr. IVM. A. ALLEN.
July 8.**—»
SEllMOJVS.
TIIE remaining dOOcopie, ol a volume of Srrntun, by the
late Hey.JOJI.Y J). HI.AIK, are now depu.it.-d fm sale
at the llookstuie of Mr. Il'allrint, near the Eagle Hotel. Such
of the citizen, ol Hrchiuond, and othr r prisons that may feel
Ji.poted, are re.-pectfully invited to supply themselves with a
cony before the I6ih ol August*
July 0. __ _ *8—11
“ JVV'TICE.
\ PPI.IOATIOV will he made to tile President and Diirc
toil of the Uauk cf Virginia for the renewal of .1 firli
ficatc fur twelve ,hates,if OIJ Hfirclc, Nn. 1530, which i.sired on
'the24th February, 18.06, to Ui-orgc Ilulfiu, .nice dead, ami
sthirh bas been lost or miilanl.
TIIOMJS COCKE, En’r ..f
Ueoigc Hliliill. dec.
Frii.cc C!rvrr-e, July 8. 18—I2t
OJ.ARKE If CO'S FLOFlC ~
TT-E have a few half halt,-Is ..f NEIV EJ.Ol/R for lie.—
If ADnIV al our Office on Carre-rlrc't—Wbcic li,c mar
act price Will br (>ml lor
i waan&tp*
\ Or contracts made tor tUe delivery ol t^ood crop*.
GUAY ^ 1‘ANKEY.
July A. 13- til
' WHEAT.
Cl RAY & PANKEY and WM. U. CLARKE, have leaved
C the Mrtyo Milts in Mninhtmtcr. for attrui yeui,k will
•voik them under the firm of IVr.x. /? ClarCt ff Co. who wilt
at all times lie pirpared t».puicha*e IVIlk'. A l it •at* highest
market price fur Cash. WM. 1). CLARKK Co.
Miv 27. H—:1m
Jtfjlicc to Female Teachers.
WEwUh to employ a lady of expet ience, to take chare#*
of a school to cun »*t of from eight to twelve gii 1*. To
cue uell «pialitir«i to leach ill the blanches ueccssaiy for an
ilnglirh Kducnti >n, we will give liberal wages. Letterr address
ed to us, Langhorne'* Post Office, Cum I »«*r land county will be
promptly attend'd l . JUAlM'JlA b J.PPES,
July 8. It—3t»_JOHiS C PAGE._
THE Subset ibn having been raised a fat m»r. accustomed
to the cntiie management of PhuUtUui, well acquainted
with the management ol Tobacco, can pinduce saiid.ietory re
con uieiad.itions ns to his ijualiftc ations, and with a small f.wnilv
wishes to be employ ed for mother >eir as an over «e»*i. A line
addiened to b. T. 1)., Pouhatuu Court /fuurc, will he imme
diately attc nded to.
July H._18—Kt
JOHJV McEJVTIRE.—Merchant Tailor
RESPECTFULLY informs the* citizens of Richmond, and
the public r, tun ally, that he has ju*t opened, at the upper
comer store, opposite the Bell Tavern, a well selected assort merit
of goods, comprising tlutrly, every article in hi« liue, which lit
i.« prepared to make up to older, at shot t notice, in the most
fadiionahh- loaiincr, and at pi ices, which he flatters himself,
jwill give general satisfaction. lie heg. leave to solicit patronage,
and pledges himself to use h s lost t/Toru, in rendciiug satr*
faction totlioiv, who may favour him with oidtrs.
N. li. A constant supply of f*snion«ihIe, ready made cloth
jiig on hand.
'July 8. 18—4t
THIRTY DOLLARS REWARD.
TJ AM AWAY from the subscriber on Monday the 9th of
L .IV May, a mulatto nu.i imined MOSES, or a* he nils liim
1 sell, Moses Woolen \ h« is about 5lt et 8 or 10 inches high, 22
I years old, and ha* n dejected lo.k, pal licularly whan spoken to.
I Had on when lie run away, a blur roundabout jacket and pan
I taluuiis of Virginia cloth, and a fur hut much won; took iw
■J other clothe* with him when he ran away. 1 purchased In.a
last December of Mi. Alexander. He came fioin the neigh
houihood of Fredericksburg to which place it is probable he
lias gone. 1 will give the am ve reward to auy one who will
bring linn to inr at Richmond, or half the above sum if secured
many jul-o that l can get him ag-dn, and all reasonable ex
pen e* paid. Masters ol vessels and others axe ft rwarned from
La. boring said Moses at their peril.
June 14. 11—lOt H. STARR.
$Zj The Editorof the 44 Vngini* Herald” will ple*«e insert
the above for oue week, aud forward bis account to ine in
Uichuiond. II. S.
RAjXA wa y,
f^ROM the subscriber on the 3d iust. a negro man named
MOSES. Moses is 21 ui 22 years of age, 6 feet 7 or 8 in
dies high, light complexion, with a scar on Ins left cheek. 1
purrha-ed 3io*ti of Mrs. Trahue, residing near Trabnc’s Coal
Pitts, in Chesterfield county.
On the fulioivii.fr ihv PATSY, the wife of Mr.m P
J9or 20/tut ol igc, a very likily lii^lit mulatto. I purrluird
h.r of Mr. Cbarlti Picketlof Clintnm 11 in 1821. 1 will^ire
twenty l)u||.ar< reward fur tiie above ailverlin'il negro.', or ten
dollar, for either of them. JOSHUA STORMS.
Meaili.w Hriili;*. June 14. n—-it
(ioochland and Hanover l.and for Sale.
IN virtue of an outer of the Superior Court of Chancery for
the Richmond DisMict, 1 oflVr at private sate a tract of land
in the upper part of Goochland county «*n the. waters of Little
Byrd Creek, containing 1471 acres or thereabout, and another
tract in the county of Hanover, containing h<;*> acres. As it ii
4rsir*h)e to clo-c a'speedily as poasihle' the concern* of the
estate, the laud will he sold at a moderate price and on accom
modating terms. l(o?h tracts will he divided to suit purchasers.
The Gothland land will he sh#ivn to persons wishing ts pur
chase, by Mr. VViiuton Payne, and the Ifanaver lamfs by Mr.
LaueyT 'He*. Possession cin he tiveti immediately.
WM F. WICKHAM,surviving
Trustee of the estate of £>AmT. Gist, dec.
Richmond, Jan. 11. 1825 77—tf
A Valuable Sana near Richmond for Sale.
I OFFER for sale, by |iiir»i. contract, my Fiirm culled
Urooltfir/dj bordering on the Hr*'k mu,ami the* Llrook turn
pike road, five miles from Richmond. Ir curtains upwards of
six hundred anil thirty acres, is iu good order, and has on it a
good d willing house, and every home necessary for the accom
modation of a large family,and all houses necessary for a farm.
Terms will hr made known by application to the subscriber at
it»f ShocktiL* Warehouse in Richmond, or on the pienn es.
ULS. SHKFPAUD.
May 17. 5—lf
LAND FOR SALE.
FOR tale, my tract of land in Albemarle county, heretofore
tnv residence, consist mg of 3,500 acres, ahout 20VO of which
are ol the best mountain quality, and 1,500 lying below the
mountain, and ci'emling from it, generally of good quality,
and remarkably well timbered ami watered. Thettact lies on
the south side r f the Itivannaa branch of James River, nav i
gable for Datteaux to Milton, which is wilhin three and a half
miles. l! is five mile* from Charlofesvillr, and six from the
University. Uf its advantageous situation for health and socie
ty, no remark need hr mad’- heie. The estate has all the rtau
al improvements on if, a commodious dwelling home, build rig*
for servant*, and other domestic purposes, good stable*, two
barn*, with threshing machines, a gri«t and saw mill, with good
homes for manager* and lahoierf, well posted for rich purpo«c,
and all in good repair. The tract may he divided, advantageous
ly, into sever al parts, & will be so tliswosed of if desrr ed. The pay
ment of the purchase money may hematic by instalment*, with
a very liberal credit,lobe agreed on at the lime of sale. The
fmnume, and the *to<kof eveiy kind may be sold with the land.
I have also for sab* another tract, of rather more than 700
acre*, 3 miles helowMdlon,within one of i he river, on Its northern
aide, which lies well, is of good qualify, we|| timbered and
watered, and hn« a vatu aide vein of lime stone passing through if.
This tract is divided iuto two farms, etc.It haviiy; on it a dm llmg
I house, very commodious fora small family, with necessary out
joiildings. Credit will he given for this ti set iu lik* manner p#
for the other. Person* inclined to purchase, vulladdreMlheir
telve* doectlvto me. JAMES MONROE. j
Osk ll»l], Loudoun county, Va. April 12. 115—tf.
exEvTFFIPH nkr.iu Yyfb' vi\ i ~ !
Richmond, 24th M iy, 1325. ( I
NOTICE is herrbv givsn, that from this ti oe forward oil
person* offering themselves A* principal*or securitiM to
anv hood or contract to he approved by flic Executive, will bf
required to accompany the same with afftdavit* in legal form,
ftatin; the value of tne property which they would bona h e
posse** sfter the payment of ill their debts.
Hr order, W. II. RICHARDSON, c. c:
Afuv 27. 6—If
A OfICE.
THE Direetor* of (h* Hrnufc Turnpike Horn piny hive this
day declared a dividend of 5 per cent, for In*- la*t six
months, which will He paid the Stockholder? on application at
the Compting-room ol rhe subscriber. s
L II EURTACE* Treitwrir n.T. O.
k July MO*. i7-*»f
BY AUTHORITY OF COFURKSS.
J. B. YATES & A< M^INTYEE,
RKSPECTKULLY announce, that they have undertaken
the actual management «*f the Lotleiic* aulhoiixed by
Coiigie**, f<»r completing the WadiiugtoU Canal, and tor other
pubbc improvements; and that,entirely exonerating the puli*
lie authorities from all responsibility, they have given satisfac
tory security for the punctual pa\uieutot ail pnz«» which may
he drawn.
They assure the public that these Lotteries, under their ma
nagement, shall he arranged anil drawn upon Ju«t and fair prin
ciples, in the latest and most approved mode ; and that the
prize* shall he promptly paid in rash. They have the honor
to piescnt the following Scheme nf the
WASHINGTON CITY
CANAL LOTTERY,
CLASS Ho. I ,/or 1820.
To he draw n on the I7ih day ol Augmt next, uml fini.htd in a
few minute*.
HIT Sixty Xutuhei,—Kith! ballot, to be drawn.
SCHEME:
I prize of $25,000 is 25,000 Dollars
1 prize of 10,000 is 10,000 Dollars.
1 prize of 5,000 is 5,000 Dollars.
2 prizes of 2,500 is 5,000 Dollars.
1 prize of 2,360 is 2,360 Dollars.
20 prizes of 500 is 10,000 Dollars.
30 prizes of 250 is 7,500 Dollars.
52 prizes of 50 is 2,600 Dollars.
156 prizes of 25 is 3,900 Dollars.
1,218 prizes of 10 is 12,180 Dollars.
10,608 prizes of 5 is 53,*40 Dollars.
12,120 prizes, ( 31,220 ( .~Tr aaft ..
22,100 Blanks, \ tickets. \ UC’880 Dollars.
A coiisideinlde portiun of tlii* Lottery »* put up in pared*
of *J0 tickets, euibiaclng all the cooihinalion nuinbei*, from I
to tilt, whirh paiceU rutinot possibly diaw l««* than $ 10, lc»*
'he deduction ot 15 per cent, with »o many chances lor the
< apit il pi ixe*.
Present price of tickets $5,Shares in proportion.
Tb> following brilliant Scheme, of Lotleri., are :J,» ntfcrcd
f*» tlie- nubile, under the Management and iCMM*u,ibilily of
J.B. YATES and A. MUXTYUE.
NEW-YOUK LITERATURE.
fo te di.iwn on the Vtilli ol July, at New-Votk.
JltuHEsr fitly. Es:
30,000 DOLLARS,
15,000 DOLLARS,
10,000 DOLLARS,
5,737 DOLLARS,
20 of 1,000 DOLLARS, &.c.
Price of Tickets 10 Dollars.
DELAWARE LOTTERY.
To lie itranu Oil III! Oil nf Aii'u.l at WiloiinrtOD, UiIdKtR.
IlKiHEST I-HIRES:
10.000 DOLLARS,
5.000 DOLLARS,
3.000 DOLLARS,
2.000 DOLLARS,
2 of 1,151 DOLLARS,
12 of 1,000 DOLLARS, &c.
Price 3 Dollars.
UNIVERSITY LOTTERY,
OK MARYLAND.
Fur the benefit nf the Medical Chilli ee uf Palliinore, Fifth
CU«s New Sn ic*.
To be drawn on the 19th day uf October neit,/nJ finish in a
lew minute*.
1 pride of $20,000 is $20,000
1 do. 10,000 10,000 j
2 do. 5,000 10,000
2 do. 2,956 5,910
12 Jo 1,000 12,000
12 do. 6o0 6,000
30 do. 100 ’ 3,000
1G3 do. 50 8,400
168 do. 25 4,200
1344 do. 13 16,123
11340 do. C 68,040
13030 Ptt7.es, $163,603
19556 Plank*.

32736 Ticket*
Price of Pickets C Dollars.
QUAWTIOO CANAL, VA.
lull*; drawn Cd huvrnM ...lligheri piju-i;
20.000 DOLLARS,
10.000 DOLLARS,
2 of 5,000 DOLLARS,
2 of 2,956 DOLLARS,
12 of 1,000 DOLLARS, tc.
Price oi Tickets 6 Dollar*
W. CAROLINA LOTTERY
Tv* ti* di«wn in Ntvetnher nett.. Prirn:
20.000 DOLLARS,
10.000 DOLLARS,
5.000 DOLLARS,
5,000 DOLLARS,
1,990 DOLLARS,
1,990 DOLLARS,
18 of 1,000 DOLLARS,
IS of 500 DOLLARS,
Price of Tickets 5 Dollars.
The drawing uf i nch uf time L'dlerirt will certainly take
filice mi the dayi mined, ami htjinithtd in a fra minuter—
ami the lortuinti* hhlur may have the Ctub inunedi il< ly.
H7 Order* from nil |uit* enclofing the money lo he inverted
tor ticket*, in any of the lotteries ul theteveial Slate*, anil of
the Itiorirtof Columbia, under their management, will be re
gularly *eived.
own belli'-. ii c'-ni i| its cash, at par.
ET 1’rixe til kets signed hy or for them, in the L,Uteri'. nf
Connecticut, Nesr-Yorlr, New-Jersey, Pronsylvasu i, Delaware,
Maryland, Washington City, Virginia, Koitli-Cmolina, and
Louisiana, vrilf he received a't this UlTicc, and the cash remitted,
or the amount invested in Lotteries, according to directions.
3 s* V. odors of TuktU throughout the round v will buvciy
liberally dealt with.
*.* All letters to he post paid, anil addi pssed to
YATES k M’lNTYRK, H'uhingtonCUy.
July 8-__us—i .’t
Valuable Heal Estate an James River for sale.
T fill E subscriber having determined (oconvert bis property
JL into cash or stocks, and siecline farming, having moved
near Itichuiond, offers for sale privately his valuable farm with
in 7 miles of the city o* Richmond, until the first day nf An
gu-t next, if nut disposed of hefoie that day privately, it will be
sold at auction on the premises to the 'highest liiilder at 12
o’clock. The tract contains 224C ac.es of land equal tn any on
the river; 1000 of whii h is clean d, and the balance in tim: nr,
•onie pail nf which is heavy and the hfst road in the state lend,
fng through it to Osborne’, Kerry; and convenient to all points
for ve sets of almost every si/e. A considerable poition nf the
|^id liist rate low grounds. The hams tsvo in number rqu d
to any in the state, with stint rale thrashing machine in each;
□ large and spacious stables, and convenient to each barn, and
one near the overseer’s house svhirh is a comfortable dividin'
an Ice house, dairy, smoke house and kitchen he. kr.; then
arc from 16 to 20 excellent spnngs on the land, and any per
son purchasing the bind,can have the growing crop and stork
of i ll kinds, which is equal to that on any farm. Anil also
at a fair market price,60 is valuable negroes as any that can he
pmrbased; terms urriunmodaling by hi mg well st-cured. Hot
further particulars apply t j the suhserihri at hit residence, one
utile hefow Richmond; or 11 Met Ilfooke k Cosby’s Auc
tioneers, who will sh"v the property; and they are'fully au
thorised to contract (i>tj whole er a pint.
June 21, IjrjA. _ 13—Ids KIIWAKf) COX.
HY viltu of a deed of trust executed hy flvJwsV Maui)
Randolph of Albemarle, we shall oil Monday the 8lh of
August,proceed to sell tui the premises, so much of the esfate
called Edgehill, lying in Albemarle rounty,together with the
Slaves, -lock, he. as will pay 'he amount due Thom is JtITersoo
Randolph and Ssmtisd f.'.irr, >n account of tliiir securityship .V
endorsements (for T. M. It xndo'pb) nf cer'ain notes he. menti
oned in the deed executed April 1st, 1824. The real estate will
he s,.|d entire, nr in parcels to «uttpurchasers. The personal
pmpcily sviil h* sold firfl; and Cash payments will he required
of all purchaser*. H. IV, OfLMKK.
V \V. SOUTHAtL
June 7*. ttk-i-M,
nrnviTnty iToIXaks RKWA'iiD.'
|> fXAVVAY fr*mi n»r, n-ar Chariot**. N^llh f’art !in*, about |
■ V ih* *0*h N »v. hdf, whil«* on I n it iy fr*-tit t,
9 msr* hy Dm- m^iv of MIK?'. (c-tiiIhiik r»«w*rin*
to the name ot Hiiclifll) th'.»fn I MitfhnvH of W'n Fulcher
of flichirnml, nn<l h if! prrvK*r«ly ^rn hy I)-, If writ
nf Kinz nnd if no rn f 'onnfv, Vi* If - i* *V • >1 of 3 5 r-ati
oh!, dark ffirnph^hn, fivf frg*f 0 to 11 inch** hi^h, «len<!fr
•inf! Mraicht mart* with n rhrvn look, an ! of htt» vtorJi. He
proh/thty i>a« a pa««, with tthic b ho may attemp*. togn a* a frrf
rnnn, a»»<f if talreo up i?i|!f|ei*y hi* arH that nf hi« owuer,
with I ho object to hr «oM out of jail, to remain in Va.
Th* nh<rv* ir*ll ha given to any perion *howii! «e
rurf him in j«il,'an*l inform mr of the ?vrr by IrUir, addinv
fil to llirifnl. (im.
Jailer* ar* ref|n*At*t! to appri««t me of hi* detention a* i oft
a# lie may he recoin 3'ti
July 6. 1^—5*.* JOHN S. PORTER.
MARSHAL'S SALE.
VIRGINIA: Ala Superior Court of Chancery he!*! in the
town of Frederick «htirg,oii the i'Ut day of April, 1326:
Willhni Stark.*, 5ar.iliSt .u kc, Hleoda Bell and Alice hi* wife,
Kilty Stark* and Lm v, Kiclnrd, J:i»ie* %ud Folly Starke* in
fant*, hy John Muucure their next friend, ’ FkimtitT*.
Agahjit
Joseph Starke, D*f*udaat.
lly consent of the parties, by couuset, the fotioer orders iu
»his case ate rescinded, and this cause came oil to be heard by *
consent of parties, hy riMjincI upon the hill, answer, and hii
exhibit, and was trgued by counsel : On eondderatioii whereof,
the court doth adjudge, order an<l decree, that the Marshal of
the Sup* i ior Court of Chancery for the Kichioond district, af
ter advertising the time and plan* of sale lor four week* site
cessividv,in some uew«|taper puhlhlied in the city of ltiili
uioird, do expo** to sale, at public auction, to the Uigh*«t luJ
der,on a credit of twelve mouths, the tract or paicel of land,
in the Kill mentioned,said to contain one bundled and liltv
I lire* acres. And to secure the pay incut of the purchase mo
ney thereof, the <ai*i Mat shut i* directed to take from ihe pur
chaser of tile said land, bond j with good security paa:ildeto>
himself, so as to divide them amongst the parties entitl'd thcie-'
to ; and that lie aoi^n over the said bond-, without rccout«e,to
the adult plainlitr* uiul the legally nil dilir-J gu wdi.iti of the 1
infants, respectively, aud to retain the title to the «»»«l laud
until the pure lias* t#>uey he paid, and report his proceedings
herein to this court. Aiulthc M.itshnt is full her directed, if,
upon ofteriug the said land for *ale it shall appear that the shares
of thepartics respectively will exceed the sum of line* hun
d« <-d dollars, uot to make sale thereof, hot to report that fact
to the court.
Atopy. Teste. J. II. WILLI AMS, C.C.C.
!tj’ In pursiian* e *»f th* fureguitic decree, 1 -lull on the
20th day ol July next, :»t the front dW of the Engle Hotel in
the city of Ki« liinond, offer lor sale the tract of land iheieiu
refem >1 1 \ raid Iu contain «nc humlted and fifty ihi ic acres.
Sale Iu couiuicuce at lOisVInrk, A. M.
J. ti (JEHU ANT, M. S. C C. R. It.
Junt 21. 13—1,|,
~MAnSIlJlL'S SALK...COAL LAJX'DS.
IN punu.tn* c of two >» veiai tie* i *.*«•» ol ilie Superior Court of
ChanrtTy lor the di.trirt of Kiclininml, tuadc on the iMlli
Marrh, Jt.2c, and un the 1 Ot Is Jnur, ltt'25, in the case of Stott
vs. C'uriie, 1 .It il! ou the third day of August uext, offer for
• ale to the lii^lu.t holder, at puldu- auction at the front door ol
the Eagle Hotel in the citv ol It ichinniid, an undivided moiety
ot all undivided third part'of a tract of Land containing Uoal,
and Indict ed tu contain l.jliO acres mid upwards, and situated in
tile ronlitv ol tlcnrirn,and known AS the Deep Itun Coal Pit
I tact. Terms: one fonithtda.il, anil a credit of cue, two anil
three year- lor the lialaure ; the purchaser executing homlwilh
approved security, mil the title to lie ielaiiie.1 unlit the |<av
meut of the purchase raonev. Hale to commence at 12 o'clock.
J.UUKUllAM', ,11. a. (. C.R.L).
June 21 13—tds
MA li SUA L S SALE.
IN pursue tire id a decree of the Superior Court ufObancery
torlhe It if linioii.4 District, pioiiooiiccd oil the 22d duy of
Ma>ch, ll>2.'>, in the cases of Evens vs. (looker, *t al.. 1 shall on
the 21nt ii;iy ol July next, offer fur sale to the highest bidder .it
public auction, for Cash, the Mill, with the Lout, llou.es and
appuilenances, situated on Turkitv island Creek, called and
Kinmnny me namr <d me lu uiivi/Se Millt : aud, at the same
lime aud |ilars will in like manner he odeicd for Mle, the farm
adjoining said mill, £:c. rilled and known hy the name of
Mount 1'iss-psst. The uhovu sales will he made at or neat to
thenliiilinriil of laid null .Ian, on the Henrico side of Tmki >
Island Clerk* J. 0 UKKKANT, M. S. C.C. U. D.
Jiuie2t._ 13—tdi
MARSHAL’S SALE. ~
THE FALLS FLAATATIOJV.
IN* puiiu m* r of a di i rei of the Supciiui Court ol Chancery
for the District of Richmond, pronounced on the I lth dav
of June, 1825, in ihe rate of Gillial va. Hancock, fee. I shall ..ii
\Vrdnr*day the 3d day ot August next, if a fair day, if not fair
III. next lair day thereafter, off, r for sale lo the highest bidder
at public auction,that part oflhcKalls plantation conveys d hy M.
II * Hancock loC'h.irle.- .1. MrMuril. and other*, hv the itidru
tu, e of the lOlli it August, lull*, fils J as an exliiliit in said cause,
containing **11111 huutlird and seventy seven aries, inclndiiig
two islanjs in .fames River,be the *aine mnic or less. Ring in
the county ofChcstcifit Id. The well known fcrtilits ol this land
Ring immediately on .lames river, and in the vicinity of the
town of Manchester and the city of Richmond, rend, rs it un
necessary to do more than lo invite gentlemen of capital to call
ami see it. Terms: one tliild of tin- purchase money to l,r
paid in cash, or a note or notes at 120days, with a good . n
oorser or endorsers, payahU and ucgociahfe atthc Hauls of Vir
ginia or l-a* iners’Rank ol Virginia, onethiidonevcar, and Ihe
lemaining third two years fioiu the day of sale, the purchaser
giving bond with approved security for the two last payments:
and tin title retained until they are made.
Sale to coimuciiccat II o’clock,.!, m. atthe front door of Ihe
Kagle Hotel in the city of Richmond. The purchaser can
have such possession on the day of sale as xviil enable him tn
seed a crop of wheat, kc.
J. GUKRIIANT, M. S. C. C. R. V.
June St, 13- -tds
MARSHAL'S SALE.
JN pursuance of a decree >f the Superior Court of Chancery
t.'i the Richmond District, pronounced on the 15th day
Kebinary, 1823, in the case ol Covington vs. Dnust.l shaft on
tl.e turn of Augii-t Ileal, otfer for sale, lo the high.'*! bidder, at
public auction for ea-b, on the premise*: “A certain mill and
mill site, on Svii/t Crtclc, in the county of Chesterfield, and
known by the name ot Covinglou'i Mill; together with two
" res of land, one upon each *ije of said stream, and again,I
which the ends of said null dam ire abutted.’’
.1. G UERRANT, .V. S. C. C. R. 1).
June 28. 15—-tds
GREEN BOTTOM FOR SALE'
BY viltue of a deed of trust executed lo ns, hy Will. II. Ca
bell, f (j. and recorded in the omit if the countv of ( a
bell, we shall, oir .Monday the 19th day of September neat, in
the Town of Staunton, proceed to -' ll to Ihe highest hidd'r, (lit
tract of land commonly culled the Green Uottom. Ring in the
said county'of Cabell, on (he Ohio liver, containing between
lour aud live thousand acres; ot which, more than eighteen
hundred acres are said to be prime low groituj*. We aie not
peisohally aopiasolrd with this rstate; hut it has hern rrpre
■enled to us, .as being the finest on tint pari of the Ohio aahici,
borders on tin- state, it abounds in .Meadow laud of the lint
quality, and therefore avell merits the attention ol Ihe «tock
tanner. Kot many years while this estate was in the hands of
Col. Wilson C. Nicholas, l*> whom it formerly belonged, it was
extensively cultivated in Tobacco, which when sold in N. York
and Europe, commanded ptices equal lo those at which the
best.lames River lohneeosold. Tin. land abound* in coal, it
has been ilividcd into many smaller tracts or lots, a* may he
svrn hy a plat ill the possession of John Hannan, Eaq. who lives
adjoining, anil who will shew the whole or any part tin t eof, to
there di-nosed to view it. Hut itsvillbe sold in one entire tract,
calculate<1 lu ensure the best pure. Thc*a)c will hr on three
equal annual instalments j the purrhaieri to give 1h*imI« with
approved nineties forth'* seveml instalments,as also a deed of
tre-t on the land as a faither security for the ultimate payment
of the purchase money. the <lee«l of (rust, however, i» not to
operate till the last imtalrne-r»t 'hall heroine due.
The subscribers are very solicitous to wind up thr htisine«< o
the trust confided to them. If persons therefore should desire
to purchaseThis property, they may attend in the full confi
dence that it will he sold at the time and place above mention* d.
JOHN COALTKII,
JOHN U. CO(*KK,
Trustegs for W. II. Cabell and his crediton.
June 28. IS— 3iv
3, The Editors of the Virginian in Lyorhhtirg, it* publican
in Win (Hester, Herald m Fredericksburg, Courier in t*harl««
town (Kanawha c« uuty,) Farmer in Staunton, and of the
(’ uiuiry National Intelligencer, arc requested to insert the
above advertisement in their respective papers, once a week
fot Io«n weeks preceding the first of September, and to for
w.ml their account* to this Office for collection.
A Young English Lady wants a situation,
IN a respectable! Family, totals** the charge of and edu* ate
children, and to render herself generally useful in house
hold concerns. Apph to Mrs A., or Mr. Lewi* llurwefl, sen.
over the Dry Good Store of Hull If Moore} Main-street.
July 12. 19—2t
^vo TWE
HY virtue and in pur uafice of a deed of trust, bearing date
the 12th April, 1823, and admitted to record in Powhatan
county Clerk’s Other, August, IHih. 1823, executed to Aaron
(. ardo/.i, by Willnm 11 ether ton, nee., to secure the payment
of a debt in the « aid deed mentioned, the said trustee, being
thereto requested by the creditor, will, on the 27lh d*v of ibis
prevent July, (182*) if fair, if not on the next fair day thereaf
ter, at noon, upon the tract of Land aftermentioned, near Pow
hafan coiirtlnu«e, proceed to sell at public auction, fur ready
money, all ib.*t tract or parcel of land, lying and being in thr
county of Powhatan in the i?late of Virginia, containing ISS
and one fourth acres, he the same more or les*, and l**umdod
by the limb of fiutfety Scrvggs, Thou- * * Scott, the Pimrhoti'e
tract, William 9. Gance, and the Fielding Creek trar'f being
Ihe same tract or parcel of land,which was purchased by said
William lletherlon from William Randolph? Also, two
Slave* named I*li ill and I ferity *, and will, in completion of
the sale, c «nvey to the piurba«eror purchase!*, such title and
r nly such title is to the said property as is vested in him the
•aid trustee.
July 12,192-7. 19— Ids
Valuable Tobacco Land for sale.
J N obedience to the will of George llsyne, dee. Isle of fhe
I count \ if Bedford, I shall on the 5tn day of September
next, on the pi nf ilion on which the said DaylH* die*!, sell at
public auction, to the hirhest bidder, on i ere*lit of one, two
anJ three ye . two tracts or parcels of Land, Iviny in sod
r Minty Mir r •••(.lining about 42J acres, situated about i miles
lo the N' rth of Liberty, on the public f'»a«l. and having on it
in rtf lent tv,i|| k< d**n Little Otter—This tract lms « propor
tion'd fin tob n;«o land yef tJ clear, and if well adapted to
rlovyi * l grain, The other tract lying in «a»d county, about
r. mile*, id \r Liberty, containing about 22?> arte*. This trad
if if holier* ’ holds out ar many inducements to planter* as
ir*y t» *ct >f ifs 'ire any rhrre in the county. Person* wish
in/, i' ■ >■ • i hese lands will hr shewn the first tract by tVm.
II iwkr * l.vr*-; adjoining it, and Ihe lad hv Tfioma* Baner, ft*
•idiUuonit. oi either of them hy the Siihsci ib**r, re«idrng in
Li* ei fy. f he purrhflsers will be required to rive bonds and
•a fi*r ur if*■ | furs! a dt *A of trust on the Ihncf to secure the
purch.M** money. WM. R PORTKR,
July 12. 19— 1*tS F.t'rofGro Tfoyue, dec.
“RRIKrTINO INK
A SUPPLY of Johnston^ News and Book Ink, suited tothis
staeon, hui hftn just received, and n »y he bud si lire
Olh^c m ihfprtita'tflptiia fiicn, fuf cithi
_CONVENTION._
FOR TilK F.YQ UIR ER.
Two additional essays of “ Mason of’7U,” have
recently appeared, occupying, together, six co
lumns and a half of the Enquirer, and distributed,
by their ingenious author, into personalities and ar- i
gument. He has not, indeed, strictly maintained!
this division: for although the first of these essays
carefully abstains from all argument, the last is not
entirely exempt from personality. Nor was it i
possible, perhaps, with such a temper to preserve i
the very thin partition which, in the best regulated !
minds, separate* reason ami truth from passion and
prejudice.
Such as they are, since Mr. Ihnjamiii Watkins
.Leigh lays a claim, which no body will now dis
pute, to these extraordinary productions, they may
be thought, by those who know him, to merit the
notice of “ A Freeman of 1825,” whom Mr
Leigh, with what decorum tire public will deter
mine, declares to he Mr. Mercer, already known,
as the author of the late Loudoun Resolutions and
Address.
In reply to the greater part of Mr. Leigh's last
observations upon that Address, the reader is res
pectfully referred to a prior cslay of •* A Freeman
of 1825.” Some notice of the original remarks,
in the two last papers of Mr. Leigh; a supply of
one or two designed omissions, in the late “Free
man of 1825,” and a review of the recent varia
tions, in tone ami manner, of the first strictures of
" Mason of ’70,” are all that *• A Freeman” now
proposes; and for this, he solicits the public indul
gence, without being unmindful thi<l a protracted
personal controversy, however wantonly produc
ed, by one of the parlies, is too apt to terminate to
the prejudice ot both.
Reversing Mr. Leigh's order, the “ Frrcuian”
will begin, where this gentleman ended; with his
argument. In the outset, the concession is due to
him, that arguments, and those the most cogent,
may l>e conveyed in language which hasty criticism
might pronounce declamation. To answer such
arguments, besides, so denouncing them, it is not n
bad expedient to pervert their meaning : though the
far better practice, where they are really unan- '
swcrable, is to take no farther notice of them; and, I
for this expedient course, since Mr. Leigh lias an
nounced himself,there exists, now, a Heine aulhori- !
ty, as well as a very striking example.
Bui Mr. Leigh is certainly in error, when he
supposes, as he tells ns, that his two first essays
presented but three topics for public consideration— '
There were nearer thirty; since the most itnpres- '
sive of his “arguments,” ami the far greater part I
ol his “ satire,” touched no oneof his enumerated
subjects. It will he utterly impossible for “ A
Freeman” to confine his destdtory remarks, which
are altogether defensive, to these specified particu
lars, or to promise his reader, should lie fortunately
haveone, a discourse so methodical. But he will
endeavor to keep his purpose better.
“ Had the Loudoun Address been moderate,
“ calm and innocent, the most ingenious effort*
*' to distort it,” Mr. Leigh says; “ had been vain,
“and all explanation idle.” In this well turned
peiiod, there is, unfortunately, more harmony than
truth. The first of these tests, it is believed, tiie
address lias successfully withstood, since the invi
tation which it gave, has been widely accepted.
But is Mr. Leigh, an eminent lawyer, now to
. Icarn, that innocence of intention neither furni-iies
an effectual security from invidious criticism, nor
always precludes the necessity of explanation ?
Tiie explanation,moreover, is worse than *‘idle.
“ It separates every material sentence from its cor.
“ text, and. in o>;« instance, a sirgle word.” Mr.
I Leigh mistakes; it does to, in more than one; ar.d
| *o did the candid criticism which the explanation
w’as designed to disappoint.
Tire term alarmist, is applied, in the Loudoun
Address, not to all, as Mr. Leigh asserts, but, ex
pressly, to “ one class'’ of the opponents of a
convention. It is employed in a sense, neither
designed nor calculated to wound the just feelings,
or to derogate from the good character of any man.
Some of the best men in the commonwealth are
fearful of danger from a convention. Among
them, need I name tiie author of “ An address to
his constituents,” in Essex county; to name whom,
where he is known at all, and few men are better
known in Virginia, is no little praise—I mean the
author of the Lectures on Female Education; a
man who never merited, and, by singular good
fortune, never had an enemy. Alarmed them
selves, by the force of sympathy, these amiable
gentlemen diffuse abroad, w hat others, not less wise
and patriotic than themsclvss, deem unfounded
alarm—they are “ alarmists.”
The other offensive word, which charges the au
thors of the direct and often repeated averment,
that no two friends of a contention concur in all,
or any of the proposed amendments of the con
stitution, for tlie assertion is frequently earried as
I far, with “ presumptuously’’ saying sc*, implies,
and was doubtless, designed to express some dis
satisfaction, on the part of the committee. The
expression is applied, however, to no individual, in
' particular; of course, to those, only, whom it fits :
j and in the employment of it, certainly no mem
ber of the committee thought of the gentleman who
| has modestly taken it especially to himself; and
j who, from his subsequent acknowledgment, strictly
merits it.
As the vindication of the Loudoun address, by
j “ A Freeman of 1823,” omitted no important
sentence that it contained, and the entire address
: comprized but a few short paragraphs, to read the
i context was a very easy task, of which it was l>e
lieved, if left to the reader, lie would not com
plain. Mr. Leigh has disappointed this expcctn- (
tion: and, in relation to him, it was unreasonable'
to expect it.
The address is further charged with “ suggesting
“ that a distrust of the General Assembly, i« en
“ tertained by many of the friends of a conven
“tion;” and with “ vindicating and justifying
j “ that distrust." Now, it is remarkable, that1
neither the Loudoun Address, nor the prior resolti-1
; tions frem which it sprung, expressed any such .
distrust; and they purposely forebore any com- \
1 ment, on the recent conduct of the Senate, the j
; ground work of that, which had been so notorioue- |
ly expressed elsewhere. Can the address bo said I
to suggest, that which is already known 7 And ,
j it now seems, that the Shenandoah address was !
I known to Mr. Leigh, when he, so kindly, turned
| to Mr. Mercer as tiie author of the proposed Staun
ton meeting.
i But this *' proposition” waft not then, “allied
to the genius of organized association.” A high
sounding phrase, which, if not designed to convey
a mere personal reproach, is without any pertinent
meaning whatever, since (hr Shenardoah address
proposed an association of the friends of a conven
tion, to form a Constitution without legislative
intervention. Was it a justification, or even a
vindication of this distrust of the General Assem
bly, to supersede the meeting proposed to he held i
at Staunton, in October next, by >■ prior one, for a
purpose moro limited }
The Shenandoah Committee couiu heir testimo
ny, that both persuasion and argument were used,
and successfully, as ibe result now proves, io re- .
commend the propriety, as well as policy, of this '
substitution.
After all, when has it become criminal for the
people, or any part of them, both to feel and to
• express a distrust of their public servants ? Is this
another sample of the republicanism of this distin
guished opponent of a Convention; who both ap
prehends, and does not apprehend that Mr. Mercer,
who is not of his school, it seems, shall have the
chief hand in framing a constitution for himself
and his posterity! May not tho future conduct of
the General Assembly, by justifying the public dis
trust, augment the public discontent! The best vin
dication of the lastGencral Assembly, und the only
justification is to be yet furnished, by their succes
sors.. Il a majority of the people are for a Con
vention, rely on it, they will sooner or later have
one. If against it, promptly enable them to de
cide, and to make that decision known.
.Mr. L« igh charges his adversaries with a most
absurd exposition of the Bill of Kiglits, which
gives exactly the same import to “ a frequent
recuirence to fundamental principles,” as to
“ frequent calls of a convention to amend the
constitution.” He infers thut every recurrence to
the*® principles, must be designed to beget a con
vention, and a convention too, “without regard”
(such is his language,) “ to its necessity or expe
diency.” Undoubtedly every convention implies
a recurrence to the principles of the constitution,
since it is only, by a faithful and discriminating ap
plication of these principles to any constitution,
that its defects can be discovered, an‘d the expedi
ency or necessity of amendment made manifest.—
Hut every recurrence docs not imply thv necessity,
or the expediency of such a convention. The re
currence which the frier Is of a convention now
recommend, and which they hope will lead to a
convention, empowered to submit to the final judg
ment of the people, certain amendments of their
Pro"'p,lt constitution, is founded on a conviction that
these amendments ore necessary; as that necessity
is, on a candid recurrence, in conformity with the
injunction of the sages ol 177(5, to the fundamental
principles which they solemnly proclaimed. It is
not denied, that there aie other uses, to which such
a recurrence may be applied. No legislature can
prod rim tv hat shall ft#, nor any couil adjudge what
is law, without regard to those principles of the
constitution which no law can contravene; but it
would be the height of absurdity to deny* the licne
fit cf the application of a similar test, to the con
stitution itself, which proicsscs to derive its inunda
tion ft om those principles. If the superstructure
erected on that iouudation be impaired bv age, lie
who would supply its defects or repair the ravages
of time, is no encinv of its nernctiiitv: nor ran he
proceed with greater circumspection m his salutary
and useful labor, than by examining before he be
gins, the original structure of the edifice.
J he solemn truth expressed with such simple
brevity, in the Bill of Bights, that “ all government
is, or ought to be, instituted for the common bene
fit, is said, by Mr. Leigh, to be 44 iorii by Mr.
Mercer from the context!” Why? Is a maxim,
worthy of being inscribed on every temple of law,
in letters of gold, and on the hearts of all men, in
capable of subsisting alor.e? What commentarv can
make ti is beautiful political axiom more plain_
what argument more perfectly denionstra e its truth?
Is it abused when applied to the exposure of that
political injustice which gives to Williamsburg and
Bichinond, to York and Shenandoah, the same
political influence in the popular branch of the
Virginia legislature? Plow does Mr. Leigh obviate
the force of this application? By the simple aver
ment, that Mr. M. might 44 just as well have infer
red, from the Bill of Bights, that every living soul
should participate, equally, in the adniinisti ation
of public affairsIf this be argument, it is not
Origins? The very same reason was urged against
equalizing the representation of the other branch of
‘tiC Ugirtatm, ..l.«... „ OvuhIUI
represented more than 80,000 white inhabitants re
siding west of the Blue Ridge; while a fraction of
more than 4000 on tide water, also elected a mem
ber. How often h is Oid Sarum found an advocate
in the British llou-e of Commons of tkesame doc
trine, against the claims of the electors of Westmin
ster. This is not a question of light between the
freeman and the freeholder, but • among the free
holders themselves. Because perfect or absolute
political equality among all the individuals of one
community, be unattainable, Mr. Leigh, a practical
republican too would make no correction of the
grossest inequality of representation. I like hi*
practice as little as his theory.
In answer to an argument of 44 A Friend of Equal
Rights,” treating of the same topic of universal
complaint, the inequality of representation in the
House of Delegate*, Mr. Leigh confidently '‘ap
peals to any man to say if the inequalities in the
counties have not been continually decreasing
from the foundation of the Commonwealth?” Take
notice, tiie inequality complained of, is of repre
sentation, in relation to numbers. The reply of
Mr. I^igh.is, that the inequalities of tlie counties
(by which must be meant their territory) is decreas
ing. Perplexed, ns is his argumentrand needing
cmmat v» mi ii jujiuwh ir, ones not nn
prove its force. 1 In I77(i,” we ore informed
that the small counties, on (lie seaboard, had
their present extent;” and that there then existed,
“ besides West Augusta, which the policy of
the crown had prevented fiom 'being peopled,”
“ Berkeley, including all Jeli'erton, and part of
Morgan; Culpepper, including Madison, fee.” to
which, the writer might have added, Loudoun, in
cluding part of Fairfax. Now, in 1770, the wolves
prowled, almost unchecked by the hunter, over many
of the still uninhabited mountains of Berkeley, anil
ten years after, in spite ol his keen-sighted rifle,
they waited the flocks of Loudoun. The large
county of Berkeley did not then contain, as many
people, as ihe thinly inhabited county of Morgan
now does; and tiic little counties which Mr. Leigh
enumerate-, boasted at least twice, their present
numbers. It the brief Loudoun address, was decla
matory, by what term should such arguments, as
these, lie characterised • For noticing them, at art I, an
apology is due to “ A Friend of Kqual Bights,”
who is, unaided, very competent to maintain his
own ground. Had Mr. L. included, in his essay,
the facts adduced by Jus adversary, to illustrate the
inequalities, of which he complained, (Mr. L.
could not qu".tion their truth ;) he would have
superseded the trie of his own. “ A Friend of
Kqual Bights,” vindicated the framer* of the con
stitution, from Intentional injustice, by averring
that they could not have foreseen, since they did
no' provide, for the " enormous increase of the
inequalities,” w hich, even “ then existed among the
counties.” Here the quotation of Mr. Leigh stops.
His adversary’s next sentence, added, '• They did
not foresee, that a lime would arrive, when 20 coun
ties in the upper country, containing 23.1,2f» I free
white inhabitants, would have notnorc weight, in the
government, than 20 counties on tide-water, con
taining only 50,071.” " When a freeman of
Warwick would have as much political right
and power as twenty-seven freemen of I/oudoun,
k rederick, or Shenandoah:” and so, it might have
been, as truly averred, of the freeholders of those
counties. !i the House of Delegate* were reduced
to 5 only, for each Senator, or to 120, in all. but
little less than their number in 177(1, when Ken
tucky formed part of the territory ol Virginia; when
Pittsburg, and seven or eight counties of Pc: r>
sjlvania, w ere represented under the denomination
of Youghnpany, on the floor of that House; and
lief ore the brave (.larks had conquered the North
Western territory, once known as the county of
Illinois, or Virginia had ceded her title to the soil
: of three States—it the I louse of Delegate* w< rc so rc
iduefd, there would be lying together, on tide water,
6 counties and a eity, having at present IS represen
tatives, who would be entitled, u> but 2; and a re
currence to the census of thirty vears, would shew
that reduced title to be declining. We all, musi
be aware, of the importance of stimulating the re
sentment of the inhabitants of these small counties,
against the propbsed reformation of the House of
Delegates, by appeals to their strongest passions and
prejudices. The possessors of unrighteous power,
usually requite no such appeals, to induce them to
maintain the occupation, whatever be the title, of
what they have. The effort to place the slaves,
on a looting with the free white population of Vir
ginia, may be tr ced to this origin. A part of its
support is gone: but a small part of it, vet remains to
be considered. “ A Freeman” is relieved from
farther labour, and some portion of the community,
from no little apprehension of impending danger, bv
Mr. Leigh’s reviving recollection, that in the las't
arrangement of the senatorial districts of Virginia,
the question was not only started, but discuss»d, and
settled, without any convulsion, whether the basis
of representation should he laid on the equality of
the while population, exclusively. A senator, who
w as present, on that occasion, who is not to be of
the Staunton meeting, perfectly remembers, that not
a murmur of complaint escaped that body, at the
justice or expediency, of the principle of this ar
rangement.
If Mr. Leigh did know, as well, as be now does,
what occurred on that occasion,—if it “ was in
delibly engraven on his mind at the time,” then,
the facility with which lie acknowledges it, with
out the least apology, for his late terrific array of
the dangers, which must b«$et the discussion of
such a question, is truly admiiable ! It is a model
of that forensic composure, under any circumstan
ces, which professional habits may engender. It
is surpassed, only by the like indifference, with
which, he tills the public, after all the use which
“ The Fieeman” made of the equality & actual basis
of this very senatorial arrangement, that he can
not "forbear to complain of the strong intima
Han of dissatisfaction with the gross inequality
in the senate, put forth in tLe very same paper,
which rcitroaches him, with gross ignorance, or
wilful suppression of the fact, that the representa
tion of the senate was equalized in 1SJ6 and 1817
and apportioned to the freewhitepopulation.” As
misquotations from a long essay, to the language
of which, the re der cannot recur, if at all, with*
out inconvenience, areaot easily detected, and are,
therefore, the more likely to occur, read the fol
Sowing passage, trom the very paper, which is
charged with this complaint. “ In the last ar
rangement (that of lSlti—17) of the senatorial
districts of the state, that learned and eloquent ic
presentative of the Borough of Noii*lk, (Mr.Taze
well) did r.oionlv strenuously but dispassionately
resist (he was no alsrtnist) tlie effort to form those
districts of territories having an equal nvtnt.er o(
white inhabitants, and after two days discussion,
he not only utterly failed, but tlie senate them
selves, unequal as teas then the representation of
the western counties in that body, acquiesced in
the just decision of the House of Delegates !”
Admonished, by experience, that an attempt to
apportion representation in this comn.oim e dth,
without any regard to the coloured population,
might not only be discussed, but effected without
hazarding :■ convulsion of the most awful character,
our prophet, of ill. amends his prophecy. The
cause of alarm is now varied. The threatened
convulsion is to come upon iis whenever it shall
be proposed to equalize, and apportion, on the
principle of tlie free while population, “ the re
presentation in that house, which shall be en~
Trust, t wirn me power ur os#,.uci,.s
lilts." For himself, •* Ti e Freeman" trusis ih such
exclusive power will not much longer reside in ei
the • house, but the power to originate any bills,
will be permitted, like all other legislative powe '
to be exercised indiscriminately by either. This
discrimination in the English Constitution suited
the meridian of a monarch, absolute, in all things,
but the exaction, at pleasure, of the money of i.is
subjects. It accorded with the distinction, become
in the highest degree absurd on this side the Atlan
tic, that taxation is not legislation. In England,
where its ancient efficacy was most beneficially ex
erted, for the acquisition of legislative power by
the Commons, it has long been inoperative, upon
that liberty, which an unequal representation, and
a corrupt borough system has left to a much “ tax -
ed people.”
In Virginia, it cherishes an unfounded jealousy
of that branch of the legislature, w hicli is ronsidei
cd, in c\cry American commonwealth, as thespe
cial guardian of the rights of property, so much so.
indeed, that in come of the state constitutions.
• qualifications of property are required of the suffra-*
gam to entitle him to vote lor a senator ; but dis
pensed with, in the choice of Ihe members of the
more numerous brunch of the legislature
INo man in this rommamveaitii, more sincerely
sympathizes, tlian does the writer of this essay,
himself, n proprietor of slaves, with those who.-*
i hereditary social misfortune it i«, to he compelled
j to hold them. Nor would an> man more sturdily
! resist, not indeed by convulsing the state, or bv a
| resort to urn s, but by every argument, and every
I moral influence,, which expediency could suggest
| and humanity improve, any u'temp, by unprepar
ed or coerciv e means,to f.tmder those bonds, which
preserve the internal peace of the commonwealth,
or to oppress, by unequal burthens, the proprietor
of any particular description of property within if.
Better remedies by f ,r, may be provided, both le
gislative and judicial, "gainst cither of those calam
itous consequences, than the degradation of the
frecme.n of Virginia, to the rook of their own
slaves."
j * I.et no man fee! concerned, lc*t the force of this
argument lx- turned against us from another quarts
Tho provision of the fcdeial conMifution, in rela
tion to this delicate subject, .as has been already in
timated in a prior essay, sprung from that vert
quarto.-. It m^fv be distinctly traced to tlx- s>jb«i<
tution of « simple enumeration of persons, in place
ol a very complex assessm-nt of property, as n
rule for adjusting I ho respective contributions to
the treasury of the Union, required from the seve
ral states of the old confederation. It had, in its
j first application, no risible r.or actual relation to
j political power or representation. All questions
| worn decided in the Congress of tj,* confederate, hy
j a majority of States. lilac h State, under the arti
cles of confederation, had one vote; and uo State
could acquire more than one, by any means, rh#r?
of a change of thrss articles, which could be effect -
ed, but by up.miir.ous consent.
The South would, then, have cheerfully agreed,
that their slaves should not bo computed at all in
fixing the ratio ot the requisitions, addressed by the
union to its membcii; and the north would, with
equal or superior alacrity, have consented to count
them all.
If under the present constitution, to which this
I principle of assessment, that computes On or free
imn as equivalent to five slot>r*, was transplanted,
without resistance, a revenue frr m commerce has
■ ariren tnucb more abundant than Was anticipated
1 when the constitution was ratified; if a discontiu
J nance of dirrrt Icuen has rendered this rult, ba
' come al-o, t e measure of representation in *ne
■ branch of the federal legislator*,productive of un
foreseen benefit to the south, let not the north com
plain. If the nordi still have, a* it obviously pot
se- es. s'lfiirient power to »ce >r whoever i» sh»’J

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