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BY HITCH I ft & GOOCH.
RICHMOND. V IRGINIA, TUESDAY, JUNE 13, KS_’G. ' XXUI...NO. 1() VT I'h- ENQUIRER. 19 published tv/fcr a week generally, and three times a week dining the acaaiuu uf (he Elate EVgula , Ue.—Price, the um* ju heretofore, five Duli.irs per annum, payable in advance. Note* of cliartmel, specie-paying bauk.« Luiy) w*U be received iu uayuu in. 1’ne hiiilun will guaran tee the salely of raiuiltiug them by mail i the postage of ail let ttTJ being paid, by the writer*. U* No pnpi r will be due mtinued (but at the -Jiicrctiou of the Editor*,) until all arrearage* have beau paid up. CT Whoever will guarantee the payuu.ni of nine paper* ah til have the tenth (illATid. TERMS OK ADVERTISING. TT One square, OR LESS—Euit uueiliou 7j cent*— each continuance, jO ceuta. *,* No advertisement inserted, until it has either been paid (or, or assumed by tome person iu lltii city, or it, euvuoua. Managers' Office, llraskin»tvn City. LOI TEUY SOON TO r.K DRAWN. UNION CANAL LOTTERY, Twenty •second Clast, f To be drawn ou the 14th day of JUJVR next. Containing the amount of 136,830 Dollars iff PRIZES OF 10,000 5,000 <J,2$0 -*so 15 Ot $1000 13 of 500 21 of 100 52 of 50 10.1 nf 90 Tickct*5 dollais— lalves2 SO—(Jaartecs i Z3. Ticktlsand ibirn may br had by addressing a line, post catU, ami eucluiiug (be ra*h, or prize tickets in fiunirr Lolte £,,, to , YATEtS Si HI’INI YRK, Slav 2fi. 5—Washington City. ’ SPRUNG JWfD SUMMER. GOOJKL~ I THE subscribers have received by the late arrivals from N. y.„ U and Philadelphia, a large a»il general supply of .S-piiug and Summer CiOOIJS, uliich they oSVr aiioduced prices 5 a in mi g which are the follow iug, v. f Chilian atsipe*, light colon 3IaUees.e,for ladie.' dlea.u Cole-paly’s do do Cambric and mull ginghams .Shaded and figund silks, very rich India aud Italian lustrings tratins aud floreaces, assorted Culorr: < Ulack satin levantiuw Coloured striped do Canton aud Ms daua crapes 1>>. ii o roi.it riain and figuied book mu.lis.a Du. do. India, ilwu aud mol! dev 4.4 and 0-4 caniluics Do do eauilnic muslin Uieh Marabou nobouv Hell and cap do . Insetting and scolloped trimmings Worked uiusliurobes Jvleg vut bobbiuct lace veils Klecaut bobbiuet laoe seal Is and robes Du do do caps, hdkCiand capes Tin cad lace and edgings U'hrcadnud liuilatiou cambric Jjo Jo kdkfs l’arasolj and umbrellas j Judin feather fans l'aliu leal and rice do. While anda*>uitcd loug Lid jlort-j D.> do short do do ti-4 cainbiic dimities 1-xiinilure do -i-4 win..' Calicoes, a great variety / Ladies’ llolivar lull Mens’ Leghorn do. Steel and bead tclscule! Handsome steel butklta llarcgc sen. Is and lulkts White aud grteu game veils Xio and assorted ciapc Umu Ilaudanua Udkfs very superior Steel mixed uieiino boinbazec-ur, a new injiclo o—l and 0 4 black boiut>azo«n Ulack Cucassian bombards Do. and drab Deuinaik sateeu fieuch and Russia drilling Silkstripe linen do Mamie chop yellow Nankeen Company do do _ Slack silk vestings While aud coloured JIai .si llies, very handsome illack everlasting An excellent ass..i tmeiit of Irish linens, sheetings, lniviu,&c. 3-4, 0-4 and 10-1 diaper,fur tablecloths Daina-k do do Hud.eye diaper 0-1, 4-1 an J o-l brown and hlcarhcd sheetings, shilling, Itc. IVilmiiiglotistripes, Union mixtuies Liuen and cotton checks Du do tickings 'X'ickicnhurgs, Osnaburgs, builapj,Lr. June 6. S—It KYLE L COCHRAN’. IjYTereaTiJVQ to tlajvters. lit; f'irfiniu J’aient ’Vkrttking MurAinc. .Tin- tub criber having very iccently made a gre.it nupiuveuicnt en tin- a bove machine, wishes to call their alltiitiun particularly lutlie late improvement he tin made uu the Tollable Tincdnng Ma chine. In the improvement un the above machine he tli-prn ►o entirely with the laigc belt; iu lieu ul it there is substituted cog wheel ami pinion, tu uperate the threshing power", both it uud the operaticr power are connected together, occupying lest room llu.i those on his original plat:. These improvements, • umhiiied w ith some otheis he Tias unite, he I'.stteis tun.sell that they aie .uporior to any thing ol the kiud either in but ope or America,for execution, cheapness and dm.it ility. This ma chine is extremely simple in its structure, nearly all its parts are of iron, petfc. lly portable, can he adjusted from one farm to another, and put iu operation in one hour after it auives at the place it ii to hr used by the plantation bauds: none of its parts are deranged t>y removing. Their can be attached to the operative power ot the machine livo Cotton Gnu of !A) saws each, without any additional expellee, after the gins arc lirr I’erson, wishing to get machines for gettiug out their nett crop, will picnic to leave their orders as e.uly as possible. The pi ice of the improved machine is 5>‘Jdo, at the factory, lie mamilirlures Cotton bins on the most appiovrd bouthrtu pi un, with single and double breasts. Also, sell-leedingStiaw Cnttcis, ace. .Vc. I y SAMUKL COCUBA s',head of Mayo’s Drulge. P. S. The sutiscriher sold a machine on the new plan last year, and from the utility of it he has order, for mote Irom the saute neighbourhood for the approaching senson. S. V. 1 hereby certify,that I own one of Afi. Samuel Coclitau’s late Improved l’ettable Tin calling Machines, ssith which 1 am much pleased. 1 threshed out between ‘J00 to one thousand bushels of wheat of the last crop, by means of three horses aud reveu hands) by judicious management 1 aui confident that the said machine willgclout fioiu luOlo *00 bushel, per day with i ease to hoists and hands. X, perfectly portable, can be taken i up and removed, crerled mid set tow oik in J or 4 hours. I conceive a simpler and better machine could n t he constructed I Montevideo, King George co. May 1814. I do certify, that 1 owu one ol Mi. Samuel Cochran’s Por iable Threshing Machines, which is worked with dor 4 mules, or horse,, aud eight hauds, with which I threshed during fho last,uioiner between I,SOD to ^,00!4 bushels ol wheat clean from the straw, averaging between ISO to MO brnh. a nay. The Machine can w.th ome be removed fioia one faint to ano ther,or on different pattsof the same farm, and erected by the plantation hauds in lour or five hours. I think the machine superior to any machine 1 have ever seen for economy, facility i f threshing uud durability. As witness my lurid, this ldth of January, 1825. Chesterfield comity. C'ltil/.snr, tr ll/.lo^.mr. This is to certify, that I purchased of Uauiucl Cochran, the fit .t or second wheal Machine that he constructed in T iedt rickihurg,and that I have used the said machine seveml yeats "it a large estate, and have been so much pleased with it, that (he lartycm I pare based two others fiom him, ami ordered a fourth lortlic piesentyear. Ifnccessafy it canheremuved to any patt ol the faun and put in operation m two bouts) and 1 have found three horses sufficient powci to keep it in operation. Given und'.w my baud this 21 si May, I fii. King it ttueen county. WILLIAM ItOyiL June?. 7—if. for the use it was intended. GtLlid lllZUUUtl. EDWARD II. II0ISSKAI7. mu nr xalk. BY virtue of a deed ol trust from KdtWiil Mostly, hearing date on the JOth Sept. 182-1, and recorded m Uie county C'imt of I'owltafau, made to .inure the payment of n certain debt therein roenlioiicj to Altiauder Archer, the subscriber, one of the truiteee therein appointed, will jell at public eue ti>n,for cadi, in front of Uriugg's lavern, it Puwhijsn couit houie, on Thursday the Ifttli day of June ue*t, that being court day, the followingelavet,viz : Pompey, Jai It, f.'heiter, Koie, Jenny and Catsar, and the increase of the said ilavrs unce the date of tile mill deeJ. 11. ItllOUhy May 23, I92h.d_7t* Treasury IfepaiIntent, I t Apitl, I8i'i. NOTICE i> hereby given to the Proprietors of the lie pei ceut. stuck of ltllR, loan of 1|7,80U,<XW, that iiie principal "I the said dock remaining unpaid, and the mterr*t which njiy he due thereon at the time, will be paid to the raid proprietol* or lo their legal representatives, du.y authorised on the first day of July neat, at the Treasury in tVaihiugtan, or at riich Loan Office, tn the tiook* of which any poition ol said stock way stand Information Is futther given, that a surrender of the certifi cates of the said si* per cent stock of 1813, will be rnpiirert tt the time of redemption, and that the interrd thereon will cease and determine onth« tiOthday of June, 1 ft JO. KICHAKU KUSII, Secretary of the Treasury. April 7. 1,0_2.w,3*li.l 11 MRS. WILLS, I AS just received fiotn New VorIt, a large oppty of Su L per o artificial Flower*, among them are trimmings for ftrosses-, an elegant assortment of Itihbons, Blond lace, Barege Hdkfi., ami sr.«rfi; Veils of every descriptions avaiielyof suey Fairs, Owls, handsome Buttons, Gimps, Heeds for Ca •«h*i Friatl of Faris fashions} Leghorn Mats for ladies and Gentlemen ; Missrs' open Straw Collages, and a number of other fancy articles, added lolhe stork on hand, renders beras . >rtment very complete. Persons houi the country supplied on the best terms. She tvill eitbange or ai’tr jf.if le*, ibauFJ they act sad, until satis action is giv e a. a J65 *. » -a COiTGKESSIO^ Ala. The following is extruded from Me. McDuf fie s speech, in the House of Representatives, to amend the Constitution, / expecting the elec tion of President and Vice President. I believe, then, that the election of the present Chief Magistrate involved a gross and palpable vio lation oi the spirit and principles of the Constitu tion, and that the means by which it was effected_ denominated by the gentleman from Massachusetts “ a ur.ion of counsels”—was a bold, daring, and shameless, coalition, setting at dciiai.cc the will of the nation, and neglecting even the external decen cic- of political morality ; .< coalition for which no parallel is to be foui d in the darkest periods of English history. But, Sir, I will now repeat a' declaration which I made immediately alter the ' election. 1 hough I believe this administration i came into power by a violation of the spirit of the Constitution, yet having complied with its forms, they must, for the time, bo regarded us constitu- I tionnlly vested with that power—aud, Sir, 1 never ' shall forget—God forbid that I should—that the' Government they administer is my Government,' and tho country over which they preside is my : country. Yes, Sir, apon the regular and uu<>b structed’operation of the several Departments of this Government, depend the *• common defence and general welfare” ol the Republic. If it were practicable as I know it is not— to render an ad ministration unpopular by throwing embarrass uients in the way of measures esssential to the prosperity of the country, I should regard myself us a factionist, if I were to pursue such a course even to render this administration unpopular. It is the duty of every patnetie citizen to sustain the wh lesotne operations ol the Gove nment, what ever he may think of the administration; and I would say to all those, who think as I d" o; hat ! cold and meretricious “ union ol counsels” by! which the sovereignty of the people has been vio lated and a “ King of shreds and patches” j ut to reign over them — “ Bill howjoerer thuu pur*ce"»l tliia a.-t, Tainl net thy mind, nor let thy >oul coulrivo Aj;»in.t thy [“country”) nujut.” Sir, the gentleman from New York, to whom I last referred, La* said in the language of Mr. Burke, that he is unwilling to fall, one by one, -ucce-sive victims in a miserable co tlict. f have only to-ay iu the language of another great man, “I will do tny duty, and leave the consequeuces to God.” I would rather fall with honor than li-e with shame. If I should fall in contend ing for those great principles which have been con secrated by the blood of g'eat and better men, I am consoled by tbe reflection that the conflict will not be “ miserable,” nor the fall inglorious. No, Sir, I would say to th. gentleman— ■ — ■ ■ ■■*» Dr iual nail fear n.it: Let ail thy rinh thou auiiM at oe iby country*-, -— —.then il thou fall’jt. Thou l'aU’»t a hltMvil martyr.” The gentleman troni Massachusetts has been pleased to make some allusion to a mosaic opposi tion, end to ask if a “ union of couusels” be not as justifiable for the purpose ol sustaining, as for that of opposing an administration? There is some thing ingenious and plausible, but only ingenious and plausibl-e in this inode of presenting the subject. It must occur to every gentleman, upon a mo ment’s reflection, that men may veiy cordially agree in disapproving and detecting the means by which an administration asoenJ to power, who do siot agree in any thing else. The same rule, therefore, does not apply to the opposition that is applicable to the admistraiion. The mosaic character, so far from being a ref roach loan opposition, only proves that men, differing in principle o» points, may have the sams reason, aud at „*/ise agreeing in principle may have very different reasons, for be lieving an administration to be unworthy of confi dence. There are, tor example, gentlemen on this floor, who ditVer with me, tuto cclo, as to the con stitutional powers of this government on tiie sub ject of Internal Improvement—a question, by the bye, on which I am iu accord with the administra tion— and yet those gentlemen, believing with me, that our present rulers came into power t>y a moral usurpation, are as deeply impressed as I am, with the importance of wiping from the pages ol our history, the pernicious example of a successful usur pation effected by such means. It must frequently happen, in the progress of public affairs, that men who have stood opposed to each other on some questions, may be brought, and honestly brought, t« co-operate upon other ques tion*. But this sort of union between public men, without any stipulation or arrangement, i- very diffeicnt, essentially different from such a coalition as I could imagine. I will take leave to present to the gentleman from Massachusetts, a hypotheti cal case ot coalition between two politicians— a case, however, for which I am more inJebtcd to history than to my own imagination—and to ask him whether that is one of the political combina tions, that he would regard as a patriotic “ union of counsels?” 1 will suppose the election of the President to have devolved upon tins Mouse, and that tbe voice of the nation had given one of the candidates a decided prominence, and thrown another o; them — a member of this House—out of the cumpeti tion. I will suppose one of the three persons from whom the President is to be chosen, neither the highest nor the lowest on the list, tote a cold cal culating politician, shaping his political course, as suming his political principles, and forming and breaking off hi* political connexions, with an ex clusive view to his own personal aggrandizement: I will suppose him, by pursuing this artful and cal culating course, tn have obtained succes-fully, tlio confidence ot all parties, ami deserved the con fidence of none: I will suppose, that in all the vicissitudes which mark his political tergiversation, he steadily continued to approach his object, never failing by each successive change, to gam in power what he lost in piinciple: and finally, I will sup pose, that according to the code of his political morality, the government, and combination amongst leading politicians, the whole essence of political honesty consisting in a laithtul performance of contracts I will suppose that the individuals I have described should offer the fraternal embrace to a member of this House, ho had been for eight years his personal and political enemy, denouncing him without cither delicacy or dignity in the Halls of Legislation, the court* ol justice, and even the public journals, and declaring on a loimer occasion that he would not even serve wilh him in the same cabinet, because lie was an " apostate Federalist:” I will suppose the member in rpies | tfon be a man notorious for the looseness of his morality, ant] the versality of his poliiical princi ples; always disposed to accommodate his doc trines to the temper «l the times, yet bold and dar ing, anti reckless in tbe p o pennon of his schemes of ambition; in a word, Sir, I will suppose bun to be a political gambler, regarding politics as a game, and power as a privse to be won by mere juggling and dexterity, yet skilled beyond all other men to disguise his ambidexterous tricks, by a confident and imposing manner, and to assume a virtue when he has it not,” I will suppose. Sir, that af ter the meeting of the Congress by which the Pre sident was to bo elected, this member, 1 olding the highest station in the House, and notoriously pos sessing a great and decisive influence in the elec tion, should for five or nix successive weeks main tain a profound and mysterious reserve on the sub weu rarely for tin purpostj of making up bis \ jucgmehteither at to the qualifications ot the | claims ot the candidates, but seemingly tor the purpose of making it apparent to all .rtie-, .hat he “ iieid the balance” in his hands, and that no mnn could be elected without making terms with ‘‘tPT.?r !n i,la,n i-'tgiit’h, lor the purpose ot holding hack tor a bargain.” During the period of suspense, doubt and anxi ety, I will make no supposition as to the midnight consultations, the awkward advances, the mutual declarations of returning confidence, and intended support and advancement, carried backward* and forwards by the agency of busy and pragmatical ministers which preceded and led to the consum mation o: that portentous and disastrous con junction In political astrology—a coultiion of po litical enemies in which each make* an offerin'' of iiis own feelings and principles of the Constitution and (he most sacred rights ot the people. But, .Sir, as the gentleman from New York. [Mr. Storr-] upon some principle of association about which I have no right to ask him any prying ques tions, has been pleased to allude to the breaking tip of the council of Panulemonium, aftei it had been resolved that Satan should undertake his fatal voy age for the purpose of seducing oar first parents from their allegiance ; I will take leave, with his permission, to add a lew additional sketches to a picture which he has left unfinished. Satan, it will be recollected, had just commenced his journey wheu he was attested by the barriers of Hell, se cured bv gates “ thrice threefold” and ,e impene trable ” and guarded by death ; who to oppose his progress, stood foith “ fierce as ten furies, terrible as Hell, and shook atlieadful dart.” “ On the other side, incensed with indignation, Satan stood, unterrified.” Each at the Head levelled his de.ii.iv aim, their fatal hands no second stroke intend. But fatally for the innocence', the purity and the happiness ojt race, Sitl interposed her meditorial offices, the combatants who had scold ed till Hell grew darker at their frown,” were suddenly reconciled, and “ both seemed highly pleased ” Satan disclosed the object of his en terprise, designed for the common benefit, and held out to Death the hopes ot future advancement. Death dropped his spear, and “ grinned horribly a ghastly smile, to hear his famine »hould befitted ” A eJ*’ ^ir, they formed a coalition. Sin, the por trt^s ol hell, iva« the instigator, and “ from her side the fatal key, sad instrument of all our woe, she took “ on a sudden open flew the infernal doors never to close again ; unth went the adversary of God and man,” and'man was lost. bir, I sha|l leave it to others to trace out the resemblance*, if resemblance there be, between mis infernal coalition and any thing that has been recorded or remains to be recorded, in the history of this earth. But, as I have at tempted to draw the picture of political coalition, exhibiting “ the counterfeit presentment” of two poll iciar.s suddenly relaxing from frowns to smiles, and rushing Irom blows to embiaces ; I have no sort of objection, being at best a very indifferent painter, to write their names under the respective likenesses. Willi this view, 1 shall lay aside the brush of the painter, and lake up the pen of the historian. But, Sir, as it now occurs to me, I will here no tice a remark made by an honorable gentleman Irom New York [Mr. Cambreling] nut altogether un connected with this part of the subject. He com plained that 1 assailed the caucus ; and was pleased to add that the people could not be duped into the belief that a convention was any thing better. I will barely observe that a convention, emanating di icctly from the people, is as different from a cau cus of members o| Congress, as a mountain stream is Irom a stagnated pool. It is the coalition and the caucus, that have a strong family likuness, though the fi rmer is certainly the worst. In ref erence to these, if the gentleman will allow me to quote his favorite author, Dr Ollnpod, I would say, “rhubarb is rhubarb still.” The gentleman calls upon me for sympa’hy, in the melancholy fate of Iving Caucus. No, Sir, he has no right to come to rue for sympathy. J,et him go to the] administration, who have dethroned his king. Tlrerj should at least pay a decent respect to his memory, even should it be 4* YV ilh one .iiH|>irtoti4 nail on** dropping In rqiiiil ,r.jJe urigliin* delimit and tiofe.” If the giiost of (hut fallen monarch should ever come at midnight and remove the gentleman’s cur tain, To Irll the «cc:cti of il« prison house, To esrs of ilrsli and Mood.7’ It would certainly say to him, “ The serpent that did sting thy [mon.irch’s] life, Now wears his crown.” Yes, sir, and that serpent is the coalition ; which l no v propose to dissect, ami examine, by a plain matter Trf fact analysis. Disclaiming any allusions to the motives of any member now upon the floor, I assert it as a fact that ihe present Chief Magistrate was elevated to the Presidency against the known and undoubted w ill of a clear constitutional majority of the People of this Union. If the present Secretary of State had not persevered against all hope, & thereby dis tracted the vo'e of the Western States, General Jackson would have certainly received the electo ral votes of Kentucky, Ohio and Missouri, which, added to those he actually received, would have swelled his number to one hundred and thirty-two one more than a majority of the whole_These fads will not, cannot, be disputed, and they show in a striking point of view, the absurdity of all the labored attempts that have been made to prove the superior popularity of Mi. Adams. General Jackson united in himself a larger portion of popu lar favor, a larger number of tlector*! votes, than bulb of his cotnpctitons who came before the House or Kepresesentatives. And here, sir, I rest the rase : not hat General Jackson had a plurality ! of votes in a con'est with’ all his competitors, for that might prove nothing- hut that there was in disputable evidence before this House that he would have teccived a majority of all the electoral votes against any two of his competitors. And yet, in the face of these farts, which they will nei the, tneei nor deny, gentlemen Hill persevere in asserting in general terms, that the will of the na tion was not defeated. L* us now see what part the present Secretary [ of Sta'e acted in this election, and how it eon j sisted with his position, his duty, and his avowed ! political principles, in the fir«t place, then, I «av, in round terms, that Mr. Clay made the Pre sident, in opposition to the will oj a decided ma jority of the People of the State he represented | and of the whole Union—and I assert the fact thus j broadly, that he made the President, with the view I "f illustrating a principle in the explanation of it j \V ,en thi« House is spoken of as a corruptible bo dy, gentlemen seem to take it for granted that the j whole body must be corrupted before any evil I purpose can be consummated by corruption. On j th» contrary it must frequently happen that a single i member, owing to his influence over others, will have n in his power to decide the election, even when the contest is not a close one. Fn such a ca-c, the corrupt*™ of that single member, decides I not only his own vote, but all those which he can control by his influence. Now l have the greatest re-pect for tho-e gentlemen who were the personal and political friends of Mr Clay in the late election of President. Next to my own per sonal friends, there are no members whom I ee. timare more highly, pet I have no doubt—and it ia ao ilispaiagoujeat to tlcyj to »ay sa—'.i*: :iJ;c \! ^V”1 ?* ,‘*lern "dl° *lnd 80 much confidence in ■ Uy',’**"• h,s course on the Presidential dec .hn fWO,^dd«,crm'ne *h«iw They had supported u,h/rfK he, Pr<,s,?'nc*». a,,d having become ihus I. . 1. y 110 (,c °f *heir common atteclnnent to I ,*ln » was natural they should deMre to act in concert, and it was equally natural Le should have 1 ” u,flu*‘iice m giving direction to their common t-ineut *. I have the most thorough conviction ,,.e.haJ 'h;’t influence and that he was thus the tery lunge upon which the election turned. So , however impure his own motives, may have e«n, lie L;.J the power of exercising a controlling iiaucnce over heads of the utmost purity. What then, let „s inquire • ere those motives of hisupon which SO much depended ? To ascertain t hem, we must look at his position and his principles. lie represented a State where an overwhelming major ity oi the people weie in favor of General Jackson, . 0l'P°»c l to Mr. Adams, and where the obliga "onot the Iiepresentative to conform to the a ill ° , cr°l* ’ilue,*t8» is regarded as a fundament. 1 tide of.the true political creed. Ho had always, himself, recognized that obligation; and in discuss ing the icpeal of the celebrated compensation law, v°wed it in these decided an unqualified terms: I lie a seat on this floor,” said i ■u " *' was irnn,aterial how he arrived at the ' will of his constituents, or what were the evidences 1 ot it—it was sufficient lie should know it : m all 1 cases of expediency he held the doctrine ot the ob ligation on his part, to observe the instruction*, express or implied, of his constituents.” Vet, in direct opposition to the will of his constituents, ol ins Slate, and of the United States, and in like opposition to his constitutional duty as a reprfcen tattve according to bis own principles, he* threw the wide weight of his influence in favor of a can didate whom he had habitually professed to despise as a man, and detest as a politician, and the only one oi his competitors whom he had denounced as unworthy of the high trust to which he aspired. _ .t is but two obvious, then, that Mr. Clay sacrific ed bis political animosities and hi* political princi ples, hts duty to himself and his duty to his country, at the unhallowed shrine of ambition : Yes, sir, ambition—corrupting ambition that sin by which the “ Angels’ fell.” Am i asked for proof? I an swer that if circumstantial evidence be not reacted as inadmissible, it is full and satisfactory. Heai It . S'ye!i 'he vote ol his state in opposition to his own principle*—against the will of the people ot that Stale— and thereby makes the President; and then has the tronuess, shameless, audacity, to set pub.ic opinion at defiance, by instantly and openly itc..\ iu^, a* tiie reward of his treachery to the peo p.c and to his own principles, the highest office that the Pres.dmt can confer upon him 1 Can any thin" be more plain? It is the common case, *ir, of a salt in market overt, and none but a man of the most consummate boldness and effrontery could hold u; his head i society after such a transaction. Sir, I have but little claim to set myself up as a stand ard of political morality; but I solemnly declare that tnere is no extreme of political martyrdom, that 1 would not suffer, rather than accept of the offict o. Secretary of State, or any oilier office, of a Pres ident lor whom I had vo;ed under such circuinstan »enl»njent ot delicacy, and every pm- j ciple ot honor, concur in its condemnation. Ii cannot be justified or excused, it is bad as an act and dangerous as a precedent. There cannot be conceived a case ot political prostitution so gross, t.iat this will not operate as a sanction for it. And v,hat, let me ask, were the circumstances which preceded, accompa tied and characterized, ibis ex-! change of good offices—this exit aordinary coalition ! between I.Ir. Ada->* and Mr. Clay?—But a very; short time before, th y were arrayed indirect polit ical ho«tdity, as uncompromising antagonists, who, having publicly exchanged defiances, seemed almost to giare and scowl at each other in the streets as tney pissed. And yet, without even a plausible pretext to cover their “ open and manifest” frail ty, “ within a month—a little month.” “ O! most wicked speed, to post with such dexterity,” to meretricious bonds : they marriedMr. Chaij niRn I pronounce it to be no lawful wedlock; the spirit oi the constitution and the voice of the nation unequivocally expressed, concurred to “ forbid the banns.” U ** " ,l»rior it cannot coiut lo, gooj.” />iJ! me not of the infamy of Lord North's celt-bra- j ted coalition with Mr. Fox. There, t« be sure. ! there was the same combination of adversary ele- ! ments in the political compound; but the spirit of! the Constitution was not violated, nor the voice, of the nation contemned and defeated. Mr. Chairman,as I feel quite exhaust ed, both by bodily e.rort and bodily indisposition, 1 shall detain the committee with but a very few additional re inaiits. 1 lie gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. Everett) has been pleased to say, that if he enter tained the opinions I have expressed of the corrup tioility of Congress, he would not proclaim them here,out would take a desponding leave of a recre ant Republic, and seek refuge in |ile 3rnis o)‘ Mt,lllu paternal despotism. Highly as I respect the gen , tlem.in, I must be excu-ed Iroin pursuing the course lie has suggested. J am very differently consthu j ted, perhaps. fr0„, wh.t he is My n .'ure prompts | me not to fly from difficulties, but to meet, and, it I possible, to conquer them. iMy maxim is nevti to | " despair of the Republic." It is true, sir, 1 do I not like the signs of the times; I beiicye that } ‘‘ 8°njething is rotten in the State of Denmark.” Bui, if corruption has insinuated itself into our po litical system, it is the duty of every patriot to! i stand his ground, and endeavor to exterminate it, j | and the cause of it. As ii is certain that inis con- j test between Liberty and Power, in its worst form, must have occurred at some lime, under our i j present political organization. 1 regard it as a for- 1 | tunate circumstance (hat it has taken place at this 1 i enr,y Per*od of the Republic, when the youthful I vigor of its Constitution can sustain ihe remedy and i throw olT the disease. Twenty years from this time , the disease would probably have been incurable, | ' contest hopeless. Now, I have the most | thorough confidence of ultimate success: for i though, to use the language of the gentleman from | Massachusetts, the battle may be fought and lost I *'f’re *t this time; and when f seethe whole urganiz ' ed power of the administration arrayed against a , proposition that can only pass by two thirds ol our i votes, what else can I expect? yet 1 will not adopt i the desperate resort of flying to the Emperor of I j Russia, mr the Grand Sultan of Turkey, to unbosom ! | my griefs ami disappointments. No, sir, I will I appeal to that great tribunal, by which, I thank God, our proceedings on this subject aie to be re- ' ! viewed, I will proclaim to the People that tlt-ir jj_ I b-jrtics are in danger, and must be inevitably lost in ! lljegro*-est corruption,if this house be not divested ' of its habitual agency in the choice of the Pre*i | dent. -And I here solemnly devote myself to this i great reform, pledging tnyself before this House, l ;,ni* *1''* nation, that I will never intermit or relax : my exertions,either in Congress or out of it, uniil 'ho right of choosing the Chief Magistrate shall be restored to the only safe depository of that power; the people of the IJ. States. A few words as to this administration, the rela tion they bear to this question, and the relation in "hich I mean to stand to them. At the Opening of the session, I indnlgei] the hope thai the President would have so far regarded the obligations of faith and duty, as to have recotn mouucd iL.-saaccJaioo*. ia bi»fi.-ti *s:rii£e. When iUappomietl in that, I still indulged the hope that tUe influence of his administiation —and every man knows what this is- would not be arrayed against ,e',UMSUrc- 1’ljt °tiicr councils have prevailed l,h ,,ni* 3,1,1 lie will live to be convinced, if I do not greatly mistake the mat-cr, that they are no rteudiy councils, iiis worst enemy could nut have advised a course that woulJ more certainly destroy jinn. But there scents to be a special Providence tn wie»e tilings, aud they must take tl»eir uatural course: “ (*Jr‘r* ^eii. vul: peniere, piim detnentat.” As to my own course, it is distinctly marked out. 1 snail liberally sustain the just and proper mea sures o! tuts administration—and, for the sake of d tistr.tmg my principle*, I wish l could sustain them all—but I shall a* .decidedly oppose their re etectiou. Brought into existence by the sinful em ulates of an unprincipled coalition, with the •• pri m*. iu.«c of usurpation indelibly stamped upon Uiem, no subsequent measures can purify them from t.;e oiigmal sin of their generation and birth. An h°Horab|e member from New Hampshire (Mr Bartlett) has been pleased to refer to the celebrated sentiment of Mr. Crawford—“ Jud-e the administration by their measures’'— as a just rebuke to the petulance of faction. Judge the administra t,ou by lhe,r measures! No, sir, 1 will judge of the measures, ocly, when they conte to settle the ac counts oi their stewardship, and ask for a renewal of their itust. It would be just as reasonable to aslt ol me, when my horse is stolen, to let the jud ' ment o! condemnation depend, not upon the fact ol the felony, but upon the kindness or cruelty with which the thief should use the stolen animal. hawdolp^Tspeboh. IN SENATE OF TILE UNITED STATES. MAlien 30, ISHG. The following preamble and resolution, mibmit . by Mr. Branch, oi North Carolina, some time since, in secret session, and subsequently trans 1 erred to the Legislative Journal for public delibe ration, luring under consideration, viz: Whereas the President of the United Slates, in his opening Message to Congress, asserts, ‘ that ‘ invitatiwna had been accepted, and that Ministers ‘ on the part of the United States would be tom missioned to attend the deliberations at Panama,’ without submitting said nominations to the Senate: i , r,e*s’ 'n aa ^xecuti'*'e communication oi the -6th day of December, 1S25, although he sub iiitts the nominations, yet maintains the right pre viously announced in his opening message, that he possesses an authority to make such appointments and to commission them without the advice and consent of the Senate: And whereas a silent ac quiescence on the part of this body may, at some inture time, be drawn into dangerous precedent: l herttfore, “ Jtcsolaed, That the President of the United states does not constitutionally possess eithei tht rtght or the power to appoint Ambassadors or othei pub he .Ministers, but with the advice and consent ot the Senate, except when vacancies may happen in the recess.” Ami Mr. Branch having delivered Lis sentiments in lavor of the resolution_ Mr. Randolph rose, and said: I rise, Sir, for the purpose of making an apology to the gentleman Irorn .North t.arolina, for an unintentional word, l never J uttered, involuntarily, whilst he was speaking, although I was happy tu sec that it caused any thing rather than embarrassment to him 1 rise also, for the purpose ol expressing to-that -en tlcmau my hearty thanks for having called up°hi> motion, and for having relieved the Senate from that embarrassment, under which wc have labored ™ ' *• . W0ll0n was nailed to that table. 1 be unavoidable absence of the gentleman from .North Carolina prevented its being taken up and disposed of; and the subject was thus put out of the reach, even of the Committee of Foreign Af fanrs, and is therefore not embraced in their report. And, whilst I am making my acknowledgments to the gentleman from North Carolina, I will make one i"°ie, m which, 1 believe, sir, another, and not tin least member oi this body, may participate with me, as an almost equal sharer in the obligation.— i he gentleman from North Carolina Ji ts steered Ins ship into action with a manliness and decision a frankness and promptitude, h fearless intrepidity! that scorns ail compromise with the foe, thu com mon enemy of every true friend of his country that will relieve, certainly, one. and, I believe! more than one, of this body from some part of the odium which has h.thono been borne almost e.v clustvelj- by tiro. He forcibly reminded me of that g«l.ant man, (was lie not our countryman by birth sir.') Hallo-veil, who so gallantly took the lead m the Mvimunr., at the battle of the Nile—ti e most brilliant and sublime naval conquest —the most important, whether in reference to itself or its consequence, that v.as ever won by man; when the brave Lttt unfortunate CuJloden, the kadim ship, got aground; when Trowbridge, tor the fust time, (-eiformed an imponant but UntvilJin-sservice ... marking, as a beacon, the channel to the rest o! the tk-et. I am glad to land that the gentleman f.otn Noith Carolina has spoken to this House with the plainness that bolongsto him,not only as a Southern man, but .emphatically as a Planter; j, Le!(J 's t0 h.m as a slave holder; it belong, lo id,,, ;iB Who.s not bound .o elecioneer «„d ,0 curry f.vor wnl, the driver of his carriage or ),! Itrnuli»p i.i kf<. I. * « . »iiC Orushei- o h>. shoes, le-t, when he sj,a|| have,lrivei, him to ,ho polls, the one may dismount from i coac., box, or ,he other lay down 1,:* shoe-b, •nd •nuihtlaie the nusier’» vote at the tion, lest bis servant may glv-e him wan,kg I.c inay no longer consider him a» J,i< •< !ir'i> * and go as a spy into the family of Ids enemy, he *ha" have one, to tell, not Only what |,c may have pen and heard, but what he never saw ar.d never heard, tn the family of his master. Aia-ter' did I ",y/,No-,lr' “ gentleman." This iLlut,, and champion of universal suffrage owns no f;1.,.ter —lm cb-ims the mastery over y0.,. ] ,|,e gentleman from North Carolina -mo,t sinccrelt .. out in the end—whether our adversaries be burn to consume the fruits of the cutih—frune* con surnere nati -w-hether or not they belong to ,1, caterpillars of (he Treasury or of li.c Law*; ,h.„ us, it may be 'riily.aid, nos numcrut swiitu ,] o„, name, loo, b. Legion: for, s.r, v.r htlon - the cause and the party of ,he People; W(! d»j „ to belong to tne majority of tins — ,n • v« «.r i acknowledge no nation-of this Cm.ftdttov Republic. hor I, ion, disclaim a„y mastc, *iVfc that ancient Commonwealth whose fPri,i,. , , profitable servant I Tim I' Su has confessed that he dues no, posses. ,i.0 of the majority, or lira confidence enjoyr.j >!v predecessors. He j. even desirous of a new frj.l He shell have one, and no thank. ,o him for i .od send h.ln a good deliverance from the major,-' ty, ai d Cod send us, the majotity, a good deliver ance from Inin. “ * Having thus, sir,disburdened n,ya»If of.. „ the leelinga> that have been excited by ,!,« Mi|ai, ami fearles bearing of the gen,It-,nan from sj Carolina allow me to go on and quoi.o,, ,0n<e , his positions. some c One of them is the durability 0f the con t , tton. With him and with father Paul (of *1 .l.jiilk", of y.,ir,) ..I™ r jo uci iwitcvo -vii: i? w.-fJ:. ; ' 1 »ng now of what Burke would call ^ *nd junior apprentice* ; lut to ft*’ g?* TeJded | "7 ofth,a “»*>*». uueof whom, I U «e,,„ow stepping forward, aa he , LZ Tw-m-" K,yy- the itepublic * I'peak °f )Vllllaiu JI- Gile*. I .peak ',o grey head* 1 V ArLa,L,>. ol the peopie a n.ouev • not to j head* trow.' *”* ^“i1* and not to I iiead* grown grey m pacing Pennsylvania Ave ,lot Srown grey at wea.iug out their chocs at Itvees j hot lo iit.ius ijrown tr»*».* /tA . "Ti'h Oleewirth, Under* 1,U ckampioo of her lovely mm ».,d wrelclu j !; h»“S>-!»S ii-e Four Acre,. ITie “ LV* L'"«- Ss. of the ^Asrie*. ol Dub,in, called the I’uur Acrm ■ j and there, backward* and Co, ward*, do the misera ble attendants »«d satellites of power walk each waiting his turn to receive the light of the great 1 Z7the°cTTTC ; ,l0ping ‘he "“"to"® i dfeadl 'K ,he c-ouJ.y brow- Spencer has well described I V 'Y and *«*“*««y it is caUed , ploughing the 1' our Acres. Now, when a certain | tatTh' 'V)"U of,iIer incon»parable novels, Sir U ‘ nl 1 , e for<?ot hianame, but he was a McS' cophant; courtier, p.aceniau, pensioner, and pari site—upbraided that kind, good-hearted wron. ofl,ran| King| €y°-lny' With 1,is 'vretchcl TverIP " v- ,h,elvKlu5ofthe Black Islands onc!vs.7m ?f1a r.-S ) rej,licJ* li*“t there was one Hjs.eni ol ploughing worse even tlian his • and that was ploughing the Four acres. This was • setiler to the AlcSycophant. ** Sir, I shall not detain the Senate lon-» We are now rnaKio j an experiment which ha°s ..„**"* yet succeeded .n any region or gua-ter of the eS, at any time Iron, the deluge to this day. With te SLn°butt,hLmcdiluv,a'1 W-oihJotT^ 1,’ but,l'eie w »o proof that it has ever succeeO td even before the Hood ; one thing, however we '’ll"0"* ‘,hat 'I ha* never succeeded si/irc’thu ““,d a? ,.her<f 18 •«» Proof of its having suc ceeded before the flood ; as de non appartntibus <./ non existenhbiu eadem egt ratio ! it ib .-octi logic to infer, „ *, lU .’’e ver can succeed any where. In fact the o.t us probun dr l.cs on them that take up the other tide of the y .i> .on . 'or although j’Ovt hoc trgo propter hoc be no. good logic -yet when we And tife tame consequences generally following the same events it requires nothing short of the scepticism of hi '. hone, to deny that there is no connection between eakh :,U, iKe °,J,er,; metaphysical?? -peaking, there may be ol neccisuri, conned, ire'here m^H ”* 1 *». that wo . re her*, making an experiment which has never God' JhSf ln,any l,,oe ,>r country ; and which, as h d;r“ JUiJ^ lne al ,lt: Sreat t,nd final day, Ido n noheaitbehe.e will here fail ; because I eeo and teel that lt is now lading. It is an infir 1 mt y ol my natuie -n is constitutional—-it was born my ir-'t?? CaU, t:l lhu ,ni3er>' <iry°u will) of mj life—,t ts an inhrnmy of „.y Iiat„fe to have an obsttnate constitutional preference of the i, >«■ , over the ugrtcaUe; and 1 am satisfied, that if * : ,, r0,Vr°r- is dcMtr- an onJy Jatigh ter—which God forbid! I sav God forhnt! v ‘ *» nn“ f,er *> grey hairs with sorrow to thaifS- ?r„“?.ht Llcaii . m-v ^cart—but wort, Ycl T \.l; Vt.V. ^’4? l“*« bfc worse than that * t * . -f wiaii i/)ai; I ■; . * 1 r!!°T-' 1 *1,oulJ be “>cre - j lo ,)tr l««We, than an? one else. Sir, as much as they talk'of filial ineratituJe hankie rebuilt 6t,T UJOlh' il is*° i*»v« ' tcT lo S* l,dl U1?rt dota it n:n com. r ‘ ,* Gr.cat t»iJi.r.cts of our nature, riant eu for po°d arrcJ . :se putposea in on. bosom*;* not i., our heads hut ,n cur heart*: Lv the ami,’. ... lbah.0 , 1:‘01 ,fch°UlJ 116 «***"* tO.U chnVhT!^, KitCr;..‘“* ^ra,‘her Cruel to t5suwa “ 1 a " el! k«*»wn law of nature, that the stream ot succession and of inheritance, whether of Pro perty or al.ection, is i.» the descending li e I i-• in my conscience and in my heart I Lcheve. thV this experiment will f-il; if it should no. fail, Lh «dbe the Amhor of el Good for snatching tl..s i eople as a brand from the burning which has con suu.ed ns stubble all the nations-all the f.uitlts' trees oi the earth; which befoie us have been c. ’ down and cast into the f,re. Wiry cumberelh .. the ground; why cumbereth it ? Cut it down—ct " down. I believe that it will fail; but, sir if f does not fail, its success will be owing to ’the re sistance of the usurpation of one man by a powe. i tv inch was not unsuccessful in i listing a,.olio r man o. the same t ame, and of tl e same tace. Aim £ if. Y£ U'“: 1 “ v,‘il tiir, with 1’ ati.t, I .ml I may vvnhutoLe perpetual, t,to pernctuv iff.1 can,1,w‘ believe that u will be so. i do m. be mve that a free republic at. Government is ton | pa 1 ,le " V 11 ie apeiy of European fashions at.. , manners—js cpmpat;l.!e with the apery of t j f"f°l’eRn luxury and habits; but if it were i J ■ Know ih.it i is entiiely incompatible vvtih wi ,t I nave in my hand-a base and baseless paper „vv | tern of diplomacy, and a hafliy better paper «V . i ,C!n of t'c*i;ti>gc. 1 'Vt -th of paper money umb ! whatever lorm it may exist; whether in the snap. [ ol l..e old continental fcpanish milled dollar, ; ten on paper, or in the promise to pay, which . , .nise is never intended to he redeemed- of the sou.,., i fiP'Mennl [a word] lor the thing signiiitJ, [doi i ot , multiplied a: will, lo. ij„. reality, which has an arUnd, if ll0t a fixed, value tor there is and can h no uneh.u.ge.hle standard ... V.,lut—It imvoi.ii than shadow for substance: Jo .-.rulow'implies tom,: aubsiafee; while promises .»di..&.. 1 have another of..action to make to the politic, advanced by t.ie gentleman lion. Xorth GVolh... °' h.ri,"is ihr In '*? "‘“fn‘'",i:y sciitinit.it ' " 1 * 1 1:°i,» he will par non me a < ihopc for the pardon of the Senate- at least I t. at you, sir, ought to pardon me- it is this: ,t o " ° u>e eeM,lt*na» Kui Ca o, . .uemp.mg.at this time ui day, “ ; ,! " "l °:,r •’verrunierit# •• otabtuj. by l ie junrtuu: under the Constitution.'’ \8lr* ,,,e i'r“c,'« '-“dcr the Conrlitulion w,.. sM.ltu, m the two Hut instances, i„ this w„ - «»• ' »ce Presklf.,t succeeded the Preside,'. At that time the President opened Parliament .o vOiigifcan) hy a speech iron, u.o throne; but si. tlut time, the practice has been settled another wa ;Sl' ! 7"0,'i!'(>" llt l*°l, the practice lias bt♦* V * m °f 8UI“ aticcetd . e-.denl hei ceiU.s that ti.e Secretaryship, ..ate has been the apple of discord under ail. minis rations succeeding that of Mr. Jefferson, i vv.y.I,,. boneot contention between Mr. Gailati. ;r t.::1 • r *! S,,,,!l'- •'« more he,, I* h«"i f [ °rk,ng **Wr Macosi] that k„0, ’ 1 ';** brCjl <*>« epple of di-cord, aye, and . I. r-"»« 1*4 odd:,: ^ *nd »K,#i,‘u« of every b-d, ambitious ma , ,f try' * Vsli nrdr tr,„w„, thnfffhat i, ,., Wiia, it, iiii n,„n„, if.ny t<> nitlt , I ’ ‘ '* v*’1,111 "-’s"1 ,,f' l« Iter wen', > W ' •>': III,hi., I.I fen.,re .h-i. nl- ., , 1 "* ■ *Wp t > in. f.f t,|> I, i.'oumr. i*. '.Y' * f*’f*,M? •'ear ami onrt' ' t'S'elhy I'lln «'« I'rvr.y,: »s„, Jt>» ■ ■■ • /*y«fhnp, <ytt yj. mtry y„ t* t Ln ,r\l ,s ’"iwUh < rot,,, ,ifit, toith ran . I/ Can,/.„th„ icyobr , 1 . " *'s t» 'H/’l, i#m/( ip to t*t