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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, June 30, 1826, Image 3

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( w isdom ot those pririplea by which their commer
cial policy may be directed.
«« It iw useless repining at the progress of our
Trans-Allantic brethren,” says our eoteinponry,
and in this sentiment we perfectly agree. We go
further —we rejoice in the leal advances of an*
oation in civilization and moral worth—more e«
perially of a nation of the same lineage and Ian
guageas ourselves; but we regard the fact of such
advance as a stronger motive for the fresh energy
and more enlightened wisdom >*hich our own Go
vernment, from time to time, infuses into he Na
tional Councils. The more active and prosperous
our commercial rivals are, the greater necessity is
there, that our own trade should be carried on up
on enlightend principles.
If it be true that we have any particular cause
of apprehension from the growth of the American
Maiine, then surely nothing can more distinctly
prove the wisdom of that system which has been
lately followed by our Government, than this very
consideration. For, what is the course they have
pursued? Thev dave admitted the Sou’ll Ame
rican States, and several S’a'es of the North of
Europe, to the benefit of the same principles of
reciprocity, which had previously, for wise and
salutary reasons, been adopted towards North A
merica. They have, therefore, deprived the
North American marine of a monopoly, and have
exposed it to a competition; and consequently,
have contributed to retard its progress toward su
premacy— -o that instead of a century before the
United States can reasonably hope to become
"the first maritime power in the world,” it may
probably be two centuries—and, in that long
lapse of time, what changes and chance-may be
fall either Hemisphere, wc humbly conceive, no
wise man now living will undertake to de'ermine.
Another but more Disastrous Freshet.
Fhj:dbkickshurr, June 28.— We h»d occa
sion a few days since, to notice a considerable and
sudden rise in the Rappahannock river, by which
one bridge in the vicinity of our town was carried
away: We have now a more melancholy duty to
perform, in recording the los« ai d almost entire
destruction of the two beautiful Bridge* opposite
this place, «crasinnedby another fl-od, which has
not been equalled since the memorable Fall of
On nunday, between two and three o clock, the
rain commenced, and continued, with short inter
missions, to fall in heavy showers, until Monday
morning, when the clouds dispersed. In the course
of this day the river began to swell, and on Tue—
day morning it attained its greatest elevation.
Many of ’he houses situated near the wharves were
now completely inundated, and could only be
approached in boats. The Bridge built by the late
Major Jones, of Chatham, and which has been ever
since it was ereced one of our most delightful
prome ades, first gave way, and all that portion ol
it reaching from Brown’s Island to the Stafford
ehore, moved off with the impetuous torrent. On
reaching the lower Bridge, a few hundred yards
distant, this heavy mass of timber carried with it
several of the central arches of this Bridge also;
and, in less than an hour afterwards, the whole,
reaching from the abutments on cither side, rose to
the hosotn of the flood, and floated down the resist
less current. In the destruction of these bridges
our town has sustained a great public loss. The
lower Bridge was owned by a company; the upper,
was the properly of the heirs of the late Major
Churchill Jones. We have heard that Judge Coal
ter the present proprietor of the Chatham estate,
lias expressed his intention of speedily replacing
this bridge. We are happy to say that F.dmouih
Bridge stands firm.
The injurious effects of the former fre-het, in the
upper country, have been great. We hear from
the neighborhood of the Gernianna Mills, 'bat
many of the mill-dams on the small streams hnve
been sweep! away—Jones’s, Skmker’e, Brown’s,
and Field’s, are among the nun.her The wheat
and coin was considerably injured. V/e may now
expect to hear melancholy tidings from that quar'er
of the country. The corn on the river bottoms
must be entirely ruined.
The JSfai! for the South was detained here yes
terday, in consequence of the runs in this vicinity
being rendered impassable. [ Herald.
The St. Louis Republican of the l-t instant
says:—“ We are informed by gentlemen engaged
in the Fur Trade, who have airired from the ex
tahluhment on the Missouri, within a few days
past, that the late freshet ha-been very destructive,
that nearly all the houses, boats, and other pro
perty belonging to them, have been washed away,
and the men, in many instances, barely escaped
with their lives. At the Maudnn villages, the water
rose seventeen feet perpendicular in a few hours
only. Such was its rapidity that every thing on the
low banks wax either swept away or entirely inun
dated. A band of the Sioux Indians were encamped
some distance below the Aurickaras when the
waters rising suddenly upon them, between sixty
and seventy of their number, men, women and
children, perished in its bosom. The scene, as
described to us, was truly appalling: some of 'he
sufferers were seen, in the attempt toswiru, dashed
down by the resistless current, and crushed to
death amongst the drifting ice and timber. Other
hung to the branches of trees, until 'hey became
benumbed with the cold, gradually slackened their
grasp, and were borne down the stream—Several
qf the men succeeded in climbing trees, where the-,
remained a considerable time in hopes of rescue—
hut their inevitable fate was only for a short time
protracted A sudden change in the atmo-pheie,
accompanied by a heavy sleet, deprived them of
all feeling; and they dropped senseless in the wa
ter below. The rise is attributed to the melting of
the snow and ice at the heads of Yellow Stone and
Chayenne Rivers.”
"Washington, June 27.—On Friday Ia3t the
Governor of Massachusetts prorogued the Legisla
ture of that Commonwealth to the first Wednesday
in January, 1827. The Usury Bill, repealing the
law of the last session, which made the trade in
money free, was passed by both Houses, and re
cctverl the sanction of the Governor. Upon this,
the Philadelphia Gazette remarks, that " intellect
is retrogressive in Massachusetts.” In this senti
ment, so far as it implies the pqlicy of the usury
laws, we incline to concur, without meaning to ap
ply the observation to its legislation generally,
murh less the arts and sciences, in both of which
that enlightened State makes steady progress.
[Aat. Int.
A Court Martial assembled on the 7th instant
At Cincinnati, in the State of Ohio, for the trial of
Major Babcock, of the U. S. Corps of Engineers,
on charges of misconduct, by neglect of duty in
superintendence of the execution of the contracts
for clearing 'the Ohio river of obstructions. The
Court is composed of the following officers, viz,
Lieut. Col. Walbach, Piesident; Lieut. Col. Tay
lor, Major Fos'er, Major Davenport, Capt. Zant
Zinger,Capt. Smith, Capt. Legare, Capt. Taylor;
•fudge Advocate, Capt. Armstrong- Maj- B plead
not guilty, and the trial began on Wednesday the
44th. A new description of military offmeeg ap
pears to be introducing itself into the law martial,
by the extension of the duties of officers of the ar
my to the subject of Internal Improvement. It
would be thought an odd association to cite an
Overseer of a County Road before a Militia Court
Martial to answer for neglect of duty. The eases
®re not parallel, it is true, but in principle thev do
not widely differ We do not mean to question
*he correctness of the course pursued by the War
Department in this case. An investigation has
been required, we suppose, by the loud complaints
from the Western country of the mancr in whichthe
J*w has been executed, and the mode pursued is the
regular mode of proceeding ega’nst officers of the
army for neglect of duty. In such a case, however,
we should think it very difficult to dieerimi
nate between neglect of duty and error of judgment
Dfh<*ers have • delicate duty to per form in deter,
mining such points, not knowing how soon the css
may come to be their own, from not knowing what
mmilar employment they may be put upon These
suggestions brief ns they mo, would be withheld,
if i'were possible the* could reach the Court be
fore the termination of its sitting. [/&.
JYt trs of tho Sea Serpent. Capt. Holdredge,
of the Silas Rtc'inrd* has sent us the following ex
traordinary account, for publication, acrompanicd
by a representation in pencil of 'he Sea Serpent that
so otten visited the neighbourhood of Rosier). Capt.
Holdrege, as well as the respectable gentlemen
named below, are ready to verily the statement
with their Oath if necessary.
To the Editors of the Mercantile Advertiser.
Dear Sirs—If you should deem the following
statement worthy ot insertion in your valuable
journal, the veracity of it can be attested by the un
Ship Silas Richards, 17th June, 182G. >
L»t. 41. 03. long. G7. 32 5
While standing by the starboard bow, looking
at the unruffled surface of the ocean, about 7 o’
clock P. M. I perceived a rudden perturbation of
the water, and immediately on that an objert pre
sented itself wi'h its head above the level about
lour feet, resembling the above figure, >• liich posi
tion it retained for nearly a minute, when he re
turned it to the surface and kept approaching abreast
of the vessel at a distance ol about fifty yaids. I
immediate), railed to the passengers on deck,
several of whom observed it for the space of eight
minutes as it glided along slowly, and undauntedly
passed the ship at the rate of about three miles sii
nour. Its colour was a dark dingy black, with
protuberances similar to the above sketch; its visi
ble length appeared to be sixty feet, and it- cir
cumference ten feet. From former account* which
have been given of such a monster and which have
never been credited, this exactly corresponds, and
I have no doubt but it is one of those species called
Se* Serpents; it made a considerable wake in the
water in its progress; I remain your ob’di servt
The foregoing is attested by the following gen -
n.en. passengets: Wm. War’burton, Pentonville
England, Duncan Kennedy, Thomas Austin, of
Cliif'on England, Lovell Purdy, Tlio*. Siveter,
and James Magee, of New York.
The annexed letter addressed by Mr. Everett to
Mr. Cushing, of Newburyport, on the subject of
the claims of our Countrymen on Foreign Gov
ernments, will be found interesting to those con
Washington. 20th May, 1826.
Dear Sir—You will perceive by the papers that j
the Committee of Foreign Affairs of the House
of Representatives, have requested »o be discharg
ed f om the further consideration of the Memorial
of the citizens of Ne« huryport and of several other
Memorials on the same nr similar subjects The
ground taken by the Committee was, that the spo
liations ot the Foreign Governments were still in
a train of negociation; and that it was not expe
dient at this time to recommend any legislative
interference. C nsideiable effort, ns you know,
has been made by the claimants on the French
government, in the oour-e of this winter, and hopes
are en'ertained by them that the negociations of
our government, will be prosecuted with increased
earnestness As the fate of the other claims will
to a considerable degree depend on the success,
with which those on France are urged, the Com
mittee on Foreign Affdrs—persuaded that the
House would not sustain them in at.y r•commen
dation of legislative means of redrcaa, and unpre
pared the. selves to m.-ke any distinct recommen
dation of that kind, adopted the course I have a
bove met tioned. Considering it, however, most
desirable, and indeed essential to any vigorous ac
tion on t e subject, that more precise information
should be obtained of the number and amount of
the claim>, I moved in the House the following
resolution, which was yesterday adopted:
Rrsolonl That the Secretary of State be di
rected to submit to this House at the next session
of Congress, a schedule of the claims of American
citizens, which have been or shall previous to
October 1, 1826, be held in his department, on the
Government of France, Naples. Holland, and
De mark for illegal captures, spoliations, cosfu
r.uion«, or any other illegal arts since the year
1813, in such manner as to exhibit in a tabular
statement, the name of the claimant, the date of
the act complained of, the name of the vessel,
which was the subject of 'he injury, the amount
of the damage sustained, and any other circum
stance essential to the understat-dii'g of the gen-]
cral nature of the claims, disciimtna>ing, as far as
practicable, between such cases as weie not sub
jected to adjudication in the Courts of the afore-j
“aid governments.”
lou will readily perceive that the value of the
document, which will be produced by the resold
tion, win depend essentially on the claimants. If
they all furnish the department with an accurate
statement of their claims, I am persuaded it would
be a verv important step towards procuring re
dress I should even think it expedient to send
on a copy ofsuch statements as may have been |
furnished before, inasmuch as it is possible (though
I have had no information of the fact) that papers ]
of this kind may have been among those de-troyed
or lost, when the capital was invaded by the Bti
tish. AVhen a collective view of these claims is
laid defore Congress and the People of America,
I believe tlictc will be entire unanimity as to the
necessity of enforcing them. Having at yotir re
quest taken charge of the Memorial of the citi
zens of Newburyport, I have thought it my duty
• ogiveyou this account of what has done on the
I am. Dear Sir, with great regard, your faithful
hutnble servant,
Hon. C. Cushing.
[The Secretary of Sta'e has recently advertised
o claimants to state their claims with the neces
sary information, to this Department.] R. Enq
The “ Literary Cadet ” a paper just started at
Providence, R. I. has attempted to give, what it
denominates •• Portraits of the Oppo-ition.” Its
zeal (the phrase is a mild one) in behalf of the
Administration is likely to do harm rather than
afford aid. Its abuse is gross. Take, for in
stance, an extract from the •• Portrait” of Mr Cal
“ Despised and condemned by the good, the vir
tuous and the just, he si's al'ine in the Senatorial
Chair, and listens without esentment to the re
proaches of John Randolph, of Roanoke, and re
ceives the merited execra ions of an outraged peo
ple. Decency and morality shrink before the with
ering blasts of his malignity, and patriotism terns
pale at the annunciation of his name.”
A good cause can scarcely stand in need of such
epithets;—and even a bad one may be injured by
them. Censure clo'hed as this is, even if just, in
some degree, loses its force, and lays itself open
to the suspicion of being either interested or un
deserved. It is hard to write up a party or an ad
ministration by 1'ifh means; and such ine-m* are
certainly not necessary to sustain that which is
already uppermost. ' The community are generally
no mote willing to witness the application of such
foul language to the second officer in the govern
ment, 'han they or truth would justify the appli
cation of it to the first. We h*ve no belief that
these attacks of the Over-zealous are countenanced
or approved by the Administration. They, we
doubt not, are willing to extend to others the rule
which candid men apply to them, viz. to be judged
of by their measures. [Albany Argus
The London papers mention that the coach es
tablished on the Stockton and Darlington Railway,
carried lately, in one day, no less than one hundred
and fifty-eight passengers, the whole of whom
were drawn by two horaes. A scientific Rqgiish
engineer, Mr. Fleming, is now engaged in taking
the levels for the proposed rail road between Alba
by and Schenectady, N. Y. of which fien. Van
Rensselaer is one of the projectors. The trans
portation of goods, &c. wit) be effected by loco
l motive steam engines,
Messrs. Editors: —in the remarks which 1
made in the Enquirer of the 20th of June, under
the head ol “ Sketches ol the public services ol
1 houias Jefferson”, I find, on farther examination,
that I have (alien into an error in rela ion to u
fact, which 1 hasten to correct. I -hall do so
with great pleasure, as nothing was more foreign
from my views or feelings, n making those re
marks, intended as a just tribute to the exalted
merits ol J'homas JelTerson, than to award to him
the credit of any measure of the revolution, which
properly belonged to another. To do -o would be
a* painful to me as I am sure it would be to this
gieat benefactor of his country. In the Sketches
referred to, I have slated that Mr JelTerson was
the author of the Eill of Bights, attached to the
Con titution of Virginia, winch I had understood
he had prepared betore the Constitution was adopt
ed. And, of course, I gave him the credit ol pio
posmg, to the United States, the principles ol the
first republican form of government which had
been adopted in this country. The Bill ol Bights
0 Virginia contains the great fundamental prion
pies upon which all our republican institutions in
the United States have been loonded, and upon
which alone they can rest. The Constitution of
Virginia was the fir«t written republican constitu
tion which has ever been adopted in the world —
At all events, history gtv es Us no account of any
other being pievtousl) adopted. It was the model
01 tini ation for all the other colonies in the United
Stales, and may theiefore be called the original,
from which ha e been copied all the free govern
ments that have been established in the world,
since the period ot us ad p ion. In tins point of
view it become? a matter of most interesting en
quiry, who was the author ot tliis immortal docu
ment.'’ I had always umleis’ood, until lately, that
George Mason was the author of the body of the
Constitution, vnd that Thomas Jefferson was the
author of the Bid of Rights, containing the prin
ciples upon which it purports to be founded. In
thi? opinion I find 1 am mistaken George Ma
son was the author of both. Mr Jefferson wro e
the preamble to the onstitution of Virginia,
which I, in common with many others, I presume,
have confout ded with the Bill of Rights. The
errqr I have fallen into, 1 believe, is not an uncom
mon one with many at this day; lor 1 have not
conversed with a single gentleman, siuce I have
turned my attention to tins subject, who had not
the same imp'essions that I had. The lale meet
ing ol the citizens of Fredericksburg, for the relief
of Mr. Jefferso •, seems o have fallen into the same
error. In Mr. Wirt’s JLife ot Patrick Henry, page
f96, there is the following note:
“ The striking similitude between the recital of
wrongs, prelixed to the Constitution of Virginia,
and that which was afterwards prefixed to the De
claration of Independence of die United States, is
of itself sufficient to establish the fact, that they
are from the same pen. But the Constitution of
V irginia preceded the Declaration ol Independence
by nearly a month; and was wholly composed and
adopted, whilst it is known Mr. Jefferson was out
of i he State attending tbe Session of Congiesso!
Philadelphia. Front tiiese facts alone, a doubi
might naturally arise, whether lie was, as he has al
ways been reputed, the au'linr of that celebrated
instrument, the Declaration of American Indepen
dence, or, at least, a recital of grievances which
ushers it in, or whether this pail of it, at least,
had not been borrowed J rout the preamble to the
Constitution of Virginia. To remove this doubt
it is proper to state that there now exists among
the archives of this t'tate, an original tough
draft of a Constitution for Virginia, in the
hand writinu of .Mr Jefferson, containing this
identical preamble, and was forwarded t»y him
from Philadelphia to Jiis filend Mr. Wythe (Mr.
Pendleton) to be submitted to the Committee of
ihe Mouse of Delegates. The body of the Con
stitution is taken principally from u plan pro
posed by Mr. George Mason, and had been adopt
ed by the Committee before the arrival of Mr. Jef
ferson’s plan. His preamble, however, was pre
fixed to the instrument; and some of the modifies
non? proposed by him introduced into the body
of it.”
I had supposed, from reading this note, that
what was meant here by “ the body of the Con
stitution,” was that part of it simply which or
ganizes the different depaittnents *f liie government,
and that that alone was the woik of George Ma
son, whilst every olher part of it was written by
Thomas Jefferson. I have, however, now conclu
sive evidence, tha' tiic declaration bf rights,
and nearly every article of tiie Constitution,
was written hy George Mason, und that, therefore
the distinguished honor belongs to him of having
given to mankind me first plan of a written re
publican constitution, which has been recorded in
the annals of the world. When we contemplate
the mighty consequences which have resulted
from thi? act, united to the works of Jefferson and
other deeds of our ancestors, how great should be
our gratitude lor their services, and veneration tor
their characters, and how inadequate is language to
do justice to tfieir merits! 'i lie tree institutions
which they have established, are not only dispens
ing their blessings at this time to upwards of 10
millions of happy freemen in the United Stales,
but the f'ree of iheir example is an eliora’tng the
condition of man in every quarter of the civilized
world! l'ht following letter addressed by Judge
Woodward to Mr. Jefferson, with the reply olthe
laltei, I here transcribe for the amu-ement of your
reader*. I t*ke ihem from JN lies’ Weekly Regis
ter I believe they were formerly published in the
Knquirer. and I may have read Ihem at the time
they appeared, but it had escaped my recolleciion,
as I presume ii has that ot many others. They
establish the fact, bey.nd ail doubt, that George
Mason was the au<hor not only of the body of the
Constitution of Virginia, but also of the declara
tion of rights which has been attached to it.
Letter from Judge Woodward to President
»ir—1 have the honor to enclose a fan annile
copy oi a letter received from President Madison.
I He corrects an error into which, he conceives, I
have iailen, in ascribing lo you the first modern
written Constitution. President Momoe who
carefully compared the Constitution of Virginia
with other documents known to have preceded
from your pen, was originally of opinion that my
statement was substantially correct, being under
an impression that though the draft was offered by
Mr. .Mason at Williamsburg, et it was derived
from a manuscript furnished by you from Philadel
phia. Since the perusal of the letter Irom Presi
dent Madison, President Monroe wavers some
what trom hia first sentiment. Written Consti u
t;ons are great moral levers. Those of America
undoubtedly produced the icvolution of France —
I I liej are emancipating the Southern Continent of
the Western Hemisphere. Theyareeven pervad
ing the domains of ancient liberty. They will
eventually change the whole aspect of affairs upon
this globe. rhe#/irst which was prepaied for prac
tical use, becomes, therefore, however rude in th<
progress of time, its construction might eompar*
lively appear,an ethic phenomenon ol no ordinary
interest l^ike the source of the Nile, winch has
attracted the attention of kings and nations, it is
not so much the intrinsic magnificence of the ob
ject that excites the sensibility, as the contempla
tion of the resulting majesty and fertility.
"I beg you, sir, lo accept the repeated assurance
of a veneration whirh increases with lime, and
will end only with existence.”
To thi« letter Mr. Jefferson replied as follows:
“ Dear Sir—Your favour of March 25 has been I
duly received. The fact is unquestionable, that the
bill of rights and the Constitution of Virginia,
were dr.iwn originally bi George Mason, one of
our redly great men, and of the first order of great
ness. The history of the preamble to the latter is
as follows: I wa« then at Philadelphia with Con
g’ess, and knowing that the Convention of Virgi
nia was eng ged in forming a plan of government,
1 turned my tuind to the same subject and drew a
•ketch or outline of a Constitution, with a pi earn*
ble which I sent to Mr. Pendleton, President of
the t. onvention, on the mere possibility that it
might suggest something wor'h incorporation into
that before the Convention. 1 Ie informed me af
terwards, by letter, that he received it on the day
on which (tieCommittee ol the Whole hrid report
ed to the House the plan they had agreed to; that
'l.at had been so long in hand, so disputed inch by
inch, anil the subject of so much altercation and
debate, that they were worried with the contentions
'* produced, and could not, from mere lassi
tude, have been inJuced to open the instilment
again: but that being pleased with the preamble
'o mine, they adopted it in the hou,c by way of
amendment to the report of the Committee; and
thus my preamble became tacked to the work of
George Mason. The Constimiion, with the pre
amble, was passed on the 2ath ol June, and the
Committee of Congress had only the day before
that reported to that body the draft of the deel.-.ra- !
tmn of independence. The fact is, that that pie-I
amble is prior in composition to the declaration,
and both having the same object of justifying our
sepaiatiou with Great Hiitaiu, they used necessa
rily (he same materials ol justification; and hence
their similitude.”
In addition to these documents which remove all
doubt hom this interesting subject, it may be pro
per to state another Get. There now remains
with one of the descendants of George Ma»on, his
original draft of the declaration ot rights in ids
own hand writing, and at the bottom there is the
following memorandum, also in his own hand
“ This declaration of rights was the first in A
merica; it received few alterations or additions in
the \ irgtnia Convention fsome of them not for the
better) and teas after wards closety imitated by
the other United States ”
In justice to <he memory of this great and ven
erated man, it affords me the most heart-felt plea
sure to furnish these documents for publication._
He was truly a statesman of the genuine republi
can cast. Every sentiment he uttered whilst in
the ' onvention, which f< rn.ed the federal constitu- !
tion, as well as in that oft be Statewbich ratified
«t, demonstrate* the (null of this reniaik “lie
was a most decided enemy to all constructive and
implied powers." The sentiments he has ieft to
his sons in his last will, ought to be engraved in
maible and placed within the wails of every Caoi
tol in the United Stales, in order that they might
be ever present to the mind ol every man to whom
the people have confided their public concerns._
I recommend it to my sons from my own ex
perience in life, to prefer the happiness of inde
pendence and a private station, to the troubles
and vexation of public business; but if either their
, — ;—.> »*•* mw.c5.iij oi me umes,
should engage them in public affairs, 1 charge
them, on u bather s bleating, never to let the
motives of private intercut, or ambition, induce
them to betray, nor the terrors oi poverty and dis
(trace, or the fear of danger, or of death, deter
them from asserting the liberty of their country,
and endeavouring to transmit to their posterity those
sacred rights to which themselves weie born.”
His declaration of rights considering the time
and circumstances in which it was written, will
justly place him high in the temple of fame, by
the ride of the immortal author ol «»t« iUs»Ur««iv...
independence, where millions yet unborn will con
template them with hearts overflowing with grati
tude, and tongues expressing the warmest benedic
tions upon their names. J. (j.
It has been our misfortune to differ on one oc
casion with the Editor of the Charlottesville Ga
zette: On most other questions, we have cordial
ly agreed with him. The following remarks are
irom the Gazelle of the 24ib inst. There is no
Delphic Oracle in the spirit of these sirictures; no
equivocal language-all ls open, and unvarnished,
and blunt—” fair and above board.” There is a
distinctness and a directness in these remarks,
which demand our unqualified approbation:
“ 1,1 ■fownuicni like ll.-.i ol ihe United Bute,, whicb d*.
. .ve, alllU legitimate power. Horn (he people who l.amed „
*',d, wUo‘e h»l*l*"»*M and wellaie it wa» designed to promote
i.o.lniig toaifgi taler impoilauce, than the selection ol'i.eiaona
oi conduct it. attain. A government may be termed tree or
popular, oi any Hung el,e, in ll.e wrilien churler ol it, lor.na
"uu— but we mint look to ihepiinciple, ol K* ag. i,l,, to then
public conduct, their pnvalc motive.., if »e a.e lo form a cor
*cl *,l,ul!»e of Its III.lily. If r,e seek in hntnry for the cau
•e, or national pio-rmlj or ruin, they may be (need ,|mo,i
every iii.Unce,lo ihe influence of .o.ue one man, win. either
by lb* magnanimity of a patriot or ihe ambition ol a tvranl. in,
realed Ihe de,lmie, of hi, country, will. Ihe impre., of hi, own
Few men have ever appear* I on the theatre of
,iYv Of’ h,*1,!dr ho,h ,he '""By -4 minJ anil Ihe
p inly of moral, loforgeuhem.clve, white they thought o..l>
h<‘ "''jecl of American govern'
menu,baa been, to circuni,cr.be tin power ortho,r into whutt
hand. (Iren admiuulralioi. wa, confided-to,,,hdue the roiri.pl
pawiout of rule,,, that ll.e light, of Ihe n.ullitu.le might hr ,r
cure There !, (andalway, m,.,t hr; i„ even governin.nl ,n
cc,,ant struggle, betweeeu the lih-ny of the .V.opie, and Ibe
preMigatrve ol office—it r, impo,„hk lo augm-i.ulie one with
ml d.mmi,h.„glheother-.t ,, diffi. nil lorecm rlr m l adjusi
lire two. | he growth Ol power i, not alw.y „„|den anil ,apid
~*U ga.b I. humility a,„| mcekne,,-,!, ,,r..R,e., I
often concealed, until we feel Ihe imu grasp of Ihe lull, r
m .nsler. We ought therefore, ,o reg^d'lhe d.rlirili^ o"
utalinP<>,VJt *’* «'“-»»•« shadow lew than ll.e ■
.Uh.lanre, wh.nwc know that,ell i, at |ea,t the id.,I of even
man who profe„e, lo reive hi,co,miry, while he .ie.ue, him
“ We are induced to make ihe.e reflections, fr .m the spectacle
rn V .nhir'n"""'" " beginnin/lo emlnhil, ol it, own defor
uutv and (lie iillc, nnworthiue,, ol il, rhief agent,. tVe hive
.aid on niore orcasion. Ilian one, Uial Mr. Adams wa. a flange
beU»,lm"U„ VVr"i'n,l"l<C'1 ll" hope, however, that he would
m officeTn!m >bVh^,rc"md.nt«. under which be c..n,e ,n
. office and the chancier of (he people over whom he pre.ide..
Ilia! discretion would prevail and hi.iounnl.niiglil deiive f,..m
lhe,e extrinsic, accidental source,,itrinper and w.-don., which
wc never thought hint calculated to in.pire. The even! hr.
prove.., that our hop, wa, vain, and our apprehension, hut loo
well grounded. Wecannn longer augur of tl„. mi. hv it, I
n n.;om-we must judge it by Ihe fruit which il hv, h me.
1 »■* •hr prrulur attribute of ourgorrinmebl,Ihbt tt«p >w* I
, »,l ""''I'ertorlo til other government,. Util it i. not hrir
t>y irentni ag nn.i encroachment. It. .pint may hr violated, 1
M powrn abased by lostdiou. artifice and hr. ail conl.iieti.
«!i-le thrtr .antttty protert. them agaiml openat'a. k. Tl.«
rigm. utth. people may he more effectually diminished, and
ine power,of the government inerced hy the sul.lletyot e.a
stye logic than hy the point of the .word. It i. of l.ttle import,
whet her the policy ..f a government i. awayed hy the cunning
diplomacy of, obey, or II,e holder u.utpal.on of a Crotn
will —* Ta leyraa.fo. Napol-on. Th- patronage whi l.ih
federal goyernmem ha. -ecured loil.ellat borne, and the ron
ttou| „y,r |..elg„ negotiation., which it detiye. from the eon
«(itution. are engines, dangeroit. to the llherlie. of the eitireo,
wnen controlled by aatute, designing and corrupt men It t.
tne itnpul.e of nature, to resist, when re.i.tan e is e.ienlial to
self pie.etvatmn ; and thousand, hare yielded to the -eduction,
or the purse, who crou d have hied under the bayonet.
“ *' '* 1 hi. secret, invisible influence, which sustains measnres,
i hat must otherwise cover the author with ignominy, ft u thi
dominion of the porkrt, which (amt. many proud spi.it> and
subj. Ct. a >e>nle majority to the athitraiy nod of the r patro .
it i. th>., which fill, all the avenues htiween the people and
their government, with crowd, of aided, hireling deprndanls
*!''«" •*>*• very atmosphere which surround, our capital,
with mat hid infection, it is this bargaining and li.irk.te. ing
after oflire, which has galheied mote than one >• great man in
Israel iulo the fold A the a.lminidration What else induced
Mr Clay, to forego the solemnity of a pledge, and to ideolif,
himself with the political fortunes of the man whom he ha.
promised to convict of unwnrthinesi far hi, present station '
'*** redeemed, hut not much hy thrcnnd.ten
ry of Wlf. Clajr, at (he intoniutcncy of (lie whole adiuirmU*
(iou 99
" The Leviathan of the South'*/ Quitnr?
The extraordinary Message of Governor Morrill
"eem» lo have produced a strong sensation in
New Hampshire. The Concord.** Pa'riot” state"
that it has excited “ but one sentiment among lie
publicans ” A venerated Correspondent of that pa
per writes : ** I did not expect ever to address yott
again; but the insult offered, by the Governor to
'he p arewell Address of our beloved Washington
is *o gross as must raise the indignation of every
true republican throughout the Union.” On the
heels of this Me«*sge is a pamphlet published at
Concord (the seat of government) entitled” The
■Administration and the Opposition," calculated
to denounce ih* slightest Opposition to the Powers
that be1 1 he favorite burthen of its song is— " the
overweening ambition of the Southern S ate«; ntgrti
Uver> ;the necessity of uniting the North to pul
down the domination of'he South,” &c. &c It calb
upon the people to'* suspect the designs of tho«t
who recdosmeod to us rnoderatioo or neutrality”—
Those who do not go the whole with Mr. Adams
are to be proscribed off hand ! The Patriot, in ani
madverting on this labored effort states,that it •• lias
pretty good reason to suspect it comes directly
from Washington.”
Another corespondent is much " puzzled to
determine what his Excellency could mean by
“ the local partialities and high toned feelings of
the ** Leviathan of the South” at the head o!
this faction, and the liability of the inexperienced
and ambitious, in other sections, to be caught by
llatteues and promises, by which they may fall into
the rorttx of delusion ” Who is tins Leviathan
of the South? Can Gov Morrill mean t'irginia?
Is the Governor of New Hampshire so very liberal
and citil as to proscribe the Citizens of a Sister
Slate as the Head of a faction? If this be his
meaning, what are we to think of the decency and
discretion anil liberality of this devoted friend of
the present administration? Mr. Morrill lias only
to threaten to “ grind this faction in Virginia to
dust and ashes,” and we shall have another edition
of the famous denunciation of the first Adams.
The National Journal affects to bepuzzled a*
the causes of the opposition to Mr. Adams. He
compares hitn to the unfortunate Dr. Fell, who
had more enemies than he could account for:
I a<> n»t like thee, Dr. Kell,
The reason why,I rannul tell,
Hut tlii« I know toll Well,
1 tin nor like liter. Dr. Kill
—Hut if Dr. Fell will only look to most of his ap
pointments and to his measures, he will perhaps
tind some clue to the mystery of the opposition.
His Message atone i- enough to cure any Repub
lican, any iriend to the real princij It s ol the Con
stitution, from any extraordinary liking for this
fell politician.
J The Journal is kind enough to say of our
| selves: ” The recondite Editor of the Enquirer,
finding no just cause of censure, in regard to a re
j cent distinguished appointment, in the w orld of re
nlities, endeavors to draw it from that ot imagine
twn, and penetrating the Executive mind, seek-to
drag from its anxious thoughts, dedicated to the
consideration oi the public good, some immature
conception on which he may lavish his animad
versions. According to the Enquirer, which so
often and so sincerely protested that it meant to
judge fairly and impartially of .Mr. Adams, he is to
be condemned, not for what he did, but lor what,
in the instance referred to, he did not.”
The ” distinguished appointment” is Mr. Gal
latin's— Whai have we said about him? That he
IS to pocket the outfit and salary, ami return lo the
United S'ates as soon a-the objects olthe iie«ocia
tton have been decided. Does the N. J. d.ire'io de
ny this statement? Not a wurdol it—Its silence
on the principal pioposiiion amounts to a direct
confession of lire fact; and still it pretends to pal
ter w:tli its readers, by talking mysteriously a:i !
metaphysically of our “ penetrating the Execu
tive mind,” and our seeking “to drag fiom its
anxious thoughts, d> diculed to the considera
tion of the public, good (ahmcl) some immature
conception or. which he may lavish his animad
versions.” We leave the Journal to talk (in no
very complimentary strain) of “the immature
conceptions” of “ the Executive mind.” We
call upon it to meet the question directly, and to
say whether it is not understood by Mr. G. that
Ids appointment is to be but temporary, as Las been
stated in the Enquirer?
The freshet in the James River, during the last
week, was much lower than the one which began
to appear cm Monday night and rose lo iis great
est elevation about -1 o’clock on Tuesday Evening.
It is supposed to have been caused by many heavy
rains towards the mountains on Sunday Evening
»■..» Monday morning. The river rose with great
rapidity during Me n#^/.m *n«J many win* a w, on
tlie river were astonished to see their low grounds
inundated in the morning, mid the Iruits ot tlieir
labour swept away by the flood.— This freshet,
• hough several feel lower than the great one ol
1922. has been uncommonly injurious, it has car
ried off much ol die stacked Wheal in the low lands,
Si done serious damage to the standing oats, growin -
corn and young tobacco. An immense quanti
ty of wheat has come down tire cunent; besides
several hogsheads of tobacco, which wire pro
bably stove m the liatteaux, fragments of mills
carts, .fic. No lives as yet appear to have been
lost.—Some light i> expected to be shed on the
propriety ot improving the navigation of the ri\ tr
by means of dams thrown scro.-s ii. 'The objec
tion has been made to it, that in case of a swell in
the river, the dam was calculated to raise the w a
ter higher and drown more of the I >w grounds.
Some observations have been made by persons on
this freshet, which it is hoped will be laid before
the public.
We fear this freshet has done considerable mis
chief in the upper country: We almost dread to
near the result. The reader will perceive by tire
article in our preceding columns, that the rains
have been very geueial; that they have exended
to the source* ot the Rappahannock; and ihat two
oi the Bridges at h rederickslmrg have been swept
ofl. The Iiort/iern mail was delayed one day
(luesday) by the rise in the water courses.
Cfietnpcake and Delaware Canal—A force
equal to 2t>0i) men, independent of machinery, i*.
employed on this can .1. The contractor* are un
der eng grmentsto finish the canal in March next.
FORTUNES FA% OKS.—Ticket combina
tion untnbeis 13 2 12, which drew the capital
prize of $20,000 in the third class of the Dismal
Swamp Lottery, the drawing of which took place
in Petersburg last week, w-as sold in shares by Mr.
Chas. Hatcher of Norfolk— one (mirth was held by
a gentleman in that Borough. Messrs. Allens of
Richmond sold the Prize of $3000 to a gentleman
of Lynchburg.
Mr. Secretary Clay and Mr. Secretary SotT
TllAUD .are both al present absent from the cite
the lormer on a visit of a few w etks to the West
—the l.attpr for a few days only.
Mr. Secietary lUnnouK yesterday returned
from his visit to his seat in Virginia.
t»V«/, Jut. June 2o.
From the New York papers of Saturday ev en
ing, vre learn that the brig Bunker Hill had arrived
there, bringing advice- front Carthagcn* to JMay
22 Vhe United States Corvette John Adams,
arrived there on the 1 lth, in 22 days firm) Ornoa,
where she landed Mr. Williams, Jur Minister t .
Guatemala, nod sailed for Pensacola ou the llitn.
Mr, E. W. Reinhart has issued proposals for
publishing in this city a weekly newspaper under
the above title, to he conducted, with a view to the
support of Gen. Jackson as a candidate for the
next Presidency. 1'iice ^3 per annum.
I bent on Pal,
I.ettcra were received in New York on the 20th
instant, confirming the report of the insurrection
at Pera. It broke out at Cnmcta, a small place
about 150 mile* up the Amazon, where about 500
men had assembled and committed excesses. A
letter of the 9th tilt, says, •« The expedition sent
to quell the insurgent* at Cam cl a has been entirely
defeated, with the loss of its artillery and more than
10 wounded. The latter have arrived here. This
business, which wa« at first thought unimportant,
begins to a-ume a serious aspect. An embargo
has been laid here, and the president is fitting out
a brig of 1« guns, with several smaller ve-seN,
including a New Vork schooner, am] declares hit
intention ot destroying the town in ca-e of further
resistance.” __
Sat*. t.| stork, on Wednesday last, at the CxJJtt Howe, si
Auction : '
New Stork Bank of Virginia, git
Yaimer.' bank Stork, <13 00
T’lETV] -at her brother’., m Ciim’.frlarvl, ,.n the tflh inat.
Mrt.ColHtrine T. Miller, the —if. of th «... M.tle., «
r.twhAf <fi. am! flrlul d*«ihffr of Mi John Mtron, of ih«(
rountv, in the 4ild year ofh.r age. Shedied. fi| i, believed'
| »"l'o«t »" enemvon earth,in|.rare w th |.er(4.,4 and lurfrer
•y sat .gmd to hb awful ».*| £he left her k 'nt»d »n<t
gl.iMien tc tti -itu tUtiri.ri-’|r.*».
j ^ ^ 7- ---- 1 *' 1 J* —1" "T*.
I^YT.rtueoradeedofUuvt rxeCllud,0,h, .ub.gribert It
ft ,T ^*'!'Io,Pb *"d B. Randolph hit wife, l
Mat,ha Randolph, hearing date 29th September, 182,, inj
duly receded... the county court of Cumberland, for the r,„
P. ’V11 bf •’*"«> rar.al, on the Mtf, ol
T?e. *?C,’*LCU“b;,l‘if JxC0,,r?Jb^,r*" *-'•"« c„..rt day, ,h.
tract of Lsnd on which ihe said Thomas B. Randolph reside.,
, known by the name of Ctreen Creek, 1\ ing on Green Creek in
be count, of Cumberland, and containing COO acre., more or
l*»* ll,e ,au<l Wl11 »o\d (or c»«h, auJ the suWlibtrs will
ouly convey such till* a. i. acted in them a. t.u.tee,
w- W00K;
V..d"? of Uu“ executed hr Reuben UOcy to
and Of ieeord nl’i!’’ J ?«,be 31*‘ d»* «* March, ,&£
7 7 ^ »,,e cl«rk of Goochland couolv
n.c. ttferein'menUonedl« “h'M^“‘ZlZ ZT
lion for ready money, i, bo.tchLTen,. ^1 "!c~
Ihe 17,1, d.v of Jul/neit, that bailee a?U,V Muuri«7
day, an undivided moiety „f a Vi ncl5 jTh '‘.nd county cou.t
„„ acre,, lvon?,.r^tiV^ly of Got sh*
river load, about 18 uiile, Iron. Richmond in,I -a; ’:” “I?*5
UmU c»| Kirhird b'aaipsuii aud Kuhaid IWrrit .«». Jw?,n£ th?
land the said Utlev derived from hu late father Jo,. 1 iv ”ld
The title to be conveyed will he sucTlalyv ie dee, '?’
virtue of the .aid trust deed. * Jtn,t h7
Wn. D. TAYLOR, lTru.,
.r.“• '“nb
THK ,Uh'Cv.'h" l'ire:’ 1!i‘ 1-a.mfo, .ale, lying on Pamuni.ee
M. river, ... Newke.it county, about 10 imje, above York £
ver and.ix mile, below Newkent courthou.e, containing about
,00 ane, of high laud, and 0 or 700 acre, of marsh. xte high
I tnd I« intern.1 to none on the river,and. i« peifei tlv level • the
■uat sii afTorili nil excellent lauge tor cattle Onrtn ^ it
.ini .ujtimer mourl.s, ,«d ho« d j.in« ' ^
1 here u a very good herring fidiery isifCcicntly |,rge°ti wo?k
two .erne,; there,, a comfo, table dwelling hour, *Vdh two
loom, below and two above, and auexe.lle., “,u
A lurther de.c„pt,„„ j, denned unuece.varv
wi*h„,g to puichase veil., I Cl 'iC.
VC several uundied acres Ot land adjoining which inav be
————i - X v.—w5t
. MoDKf , Cotton Planters.
i 9 ,n i ^ 'l* * cou'til‘Ctiwi»; of j(uineu.«e pown ; Hie
11 lur the purpojf. Jot! k M \ N \ * ^
York county, May 9. ia;g. WM’ ^NOLISR.
31 w iTbifi fcl jZtl’elh1 Moore, kns ahscoud her.elf "tionv
ih i r,>rbiJ v"",*? ho*,‘1 w,tho“ljust cause, an J I take this n,i
m f,,‘.,',d1alll,er"°''» trading mil, her on my acenout as 1
on. derermnied topaynodeht or debt, of Ler ou.trar(me [
hall petition the next General Assembly of Virginia for ■ A'
vorcettom the afo.esa.d EI.rabe.h P. Monre, my w.fe n*
tills my deteniunatiuu all eoucerned will nlrs-e take notice.
if n* we JERL.UIA1! MOORV
Hldlf l» county, \ a., J Jne 30, J Rid. j
rirrnr JlZcntfor Shipping Jvfeat.
►sS^sraXiun'Ilt?o:vd'i^i‘;1;!‘'i1‘t zv"r,Whfat
.ule bee this season, ire liforZSui.t They tan tZe a”"1
vt a mode,ate expense, and rerei*.- d liber I V " 1 dollr‘
,t ..ball h„ pu, o„ j, ,rc,m ,Uusubscriber. " '°a" “
jluneSO. li-8t_MUNKORP PERKS.
TT AS received by the Richmond Packet, one -a.o of iplendiJ
rCollage and g,paey BONNETS, .aperh artiV,"
rial flower. ,.I every description, white and iolom M b ' 1
i;hiniisoiur ribbuDi,oewpaUerui: yellow an>l uk *
ow Sheet*, by the dozen,’whit? and bia?k rZnadton .are ;
li-autilul assortment of veil,, thread and bohhintl l»c" bare’*
On hand, ladie.’ Leghorn hat, and bonnet/,of e,e, v price and
.l..,hly, gentlemen..’black and white do. hat., h„v/ K£k d„
«rl.t Straw bonnet, of every description, yellow 4. white willow
s ,.jree 1’",n,'ment nf '«»’<>• made milliner/ eomd/bir M*
a deniable aitide, rud, barege, black and white o/
.mnld.ng Mrawherri.s, millinel, and pkileWd*”'^ l'Jg’’ fe'
tr* Leghorn, cleaned, Mea. bed, rut and nre .a,I .
rJCOoVJ|7/i5jro^V Bi/s/M^iT
1 HI. subscriber having removed to Hiclnnond (enter w
-I- services to hi, triemls, acquaintance,, and the iiahlie i*’’
erallv, a* a communon in ..reliant. He occupies Jlf
“5S?2—.. rwii?Vfe'
__ t A — tf
List of the drawing of the.
r71ITK suhicriher* having beei^requ cited in
* Hi w.ngof the Third * |..„ of the n„,°| the.
Lotleiy, do hereby ec.fify, ttiat the' fo.lowm/ we^X^'"*
•o'r, woich wen- U.«da> diawu fromii . n "? f,,e uun‘"
(he wheel, viz: * UOtu Uic liurly Mg placed mlo
^8 2 12 35 30
And lint the said Numbers were drawn ... it . i*"1 V
they stand above ; that is to sav 1 •• ... :t order in which.
“■ .No, a SV.’, the.nroiid/kn i j vl",?*?"', ^
* lines,on, hand., at Petersburg,this 2.„day 0f JUnm J82C
_/AUEZ sunm ’
From the preceding certificate, it will he ,ef„
1 v.,111 htiiey w.Todiaivii- ’ «•»« order ai
’"“XSSl «*'*•»v»mg
n.at having on It 18, t?, ?, in this order , , Q^B’O'Xy
*- hat having on it 8,13,11!. i„ this order ’ i. 8,000
1 hat having unit J. 18, IB, in this ,.u„l • ''V.i*d, *" 4,000
ftiat having on it 18 H 2 i|,,. ,. 1 ’ ■ r,: d.*^.*° •L00**
rhat having un it 18,2, is! in tin, order’i,//i'll *7.*° 2-0011
| t’he»,1 Ockets which drew prize* of’ lOnfM n ‘U V4<*
h iving on them 12,30 At 08. heme ike a I . V?l°,,,*’*re
. he,, drawn. ’ "t,uS*h' »«d 4th aiwsAChnn®,
' . TS',1 "»•••«■ tJrVfU which,!r.w prize, of Vm *011
j the,, having on ihern ihe 8.1, 3d and 'an,- „r lh» 2,/ph‘a, d’/ii/
3, 12, 35,1 , „ „v
2, 35, 12, | f J
12, 2 35 . 1 *> S*. 55,
I2,3ft i ' *«tk .'OJdullt. j "-S, 2,62,
p5. A «.) ) j}*’ *»- 3
8*, 12, 2, J I, A *» "■'»
Alt otherv.b.in* 33, having tome other fiweW ,he dfL„
rm.i ln r- on thru,, are each enlitl ,1 to MAI .M|, drawn
1 he I Mi ticket. whirl, hove un they, 3i and 32 hrinnk.
, and Oth. in edhei mde.are darli entitled InSOtl’t, * <<h
i All other., I.emg1t;71, having c,„ ihum any two of Ik. r
| r umln i ,,kie each r t.ttr,! ton price ol d d7t, rfr,w:>
! Ai d all other.,hring 13,8V), having or, them n„. -r., ,1
! -Irate,, num.-er., are each entit'rd toa pure of 4 ,t: n, C
, Prum payable in cath at the
„.’ ■
■I one 27,_
,7’° , ouv"'r* p/ Ohio Lund*.
MII K Snh.rnhei ".lendo.^lo levee II irhinoml ^ntd ,1.2
I loth July, for OA,o nncf htnluclrg, will underlake torh
,0 him, eHler io telling bjfe
rMleeting debt., paying lave., or invedigating ,,
ha.ome we.h,,,,,hr ftMitnvy Land 1),,.,;,, Ohio, wh.-e
' ° 'hf ,’nH V.iginmn. lie., ad h.,,i„r f.„d ,r,„. turn
(ton to the (itletof Lantl in ihit lu.lrirt, will be enabled
give arrmatr information rejecting them If any rirvon in.
tiil.ung ho.hteit to him »h .11 n a he peifeelly .aii.-.'erf with i*t
eieCu.o n, he will demand no rnmprniati.iu, and w,|| i :
return refund ettrh ... may have hirn paid him,
1 r Per*,I,, d. yiron, of encaging h,. attention to their h„„
ne . Will direct their teller./•»,!/mid to thucite, „r n.i» ...
him at hia office neat the old i>,mo Tavern, ^ 7 9
The «tih«rriher It prrpiied to contract for rend W1IF at
drlire.vMr ,n Hohn.ond, or on l.de w.Ur-thr U-'r n. *
fr.rr.l He rvpec,. to he cnn.,,,.,^ m ,/ke. during 'bV fe '
...n, and fat mer. may find it to tbetr mterr.1 (o call *
J"nf ”i. Id—whetfrf ^ IIEKNARD TKVTON'.
lor Lea*e the Broad Bock Tavern and Bare
I I AVI NO oMvlnr.1, C|uh, vn.l contracted w|fb « gentle.
1 W . ui * ', U"V' ' ",,h '* P,,f' '* ,n Hi* han.lv of.onv
crtperttMe ,n.| rr.pon.ihle piopuetor for the term of tb~
' T.K JlTtiVe"^ 7 h 1 H T’" * vr7 '-Mr r.!,.
! ,1 ’ ->f *« immediately, tfi.t the proprietor
or lewre, might hat e an vpii olnnily of r„„.nllioa k,.X.f...
rv.hv doertmelhr repvn-.h.m.elf If arptn-ation i. me made
f-, thg I roprirt. „h,,( by the lit day of Aug.,,1 „„f, r wiJT
then o!.p,*,e of it ,,. ptrrel. to vuit per,on. who mat be iftc.
po,ed to rem the bouvev, or tract fch.tbt. Apply lo the enb.
1 1-ar Maerhri COLIV OLAhACt,

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