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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, June 29, 1827, Image 2

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•* I have known Mm. Jargon lor nearly forty
»»jh. iSii woruvn fur th.it time, lias jtulaui‘‘l a
untie irrepioach >ble character tlun she ha* ; bt>)»
pliable, kind, and charitable. The evening <■! hri
Vay* w.is lutlrniiig to a <lu-e, in inm}l peace anti
comfort.” («.)
We will al-o tfonbl* J>n with quoting from
he itctiir.ony ul Mir. Sun h, on account of it«
own weight, amt untie j>*tiic<tlntly hm giving the
sentiment and opinions ot the ilav.'i'ho*. it. l^aig
head, known to most ilteisijr divine* as one o'
the ablest and most enlightened clergymen in the
United States; known to all his acquaintance*
a* a most pious and good man, and one who hail
the boat opportunity to judge conenly ot the
tine rluirctrr of those transaction*, and oft Jen
.Gtdtvon and Mrs. Jackson. Mrs. Smith states,
*^Ir- Kobaids had not been long gone from ’i'en
neasee wfier. 'nfoimatioil was received here, that
he hail obtained a divorce from Ins wife, whether
tilts information came by letter, or by a newspaper
from Virginia, addressed to tuy husband, I cannot
now say with certainty, bit J th k by the lat
ter. It was alter tins infoiillation came, that
< rCli. Jackson atari ted Mia. ltuba.ds; ami 1 re
collect well the observation of tire lb*v. Mr.
Craighead tit relation to lit e marriage; n wan, that
.1 was a iiapy change lor Mrs. Koliaids, and
highly rr editable to Gen. Jackson, who by this
jet of lus tile, evinced his own magnanimity, as,
well as the purity anil innocence of Mrs. Knbards;
’I'd such was the sentiment of all my acquaintan
11 f^itico this period, I have lived within a few
miles of Mi*. Jackson, and have never be-n ac
quainted with a l.*dy more exempisty in her deport
ment, or mir to whi.ina greater share ol the ie-pecl
fill regard ol ft tends and acquaintances can be
awarded.” (& )
uic testimony ol JuqgrttJveiton, Mr. Crutcher,
Mr. Anthony Foster and others, accompanying
'll!* letter, proves substantially the same.
In the fall of 17!)3, Gen. Jackson, for the first
time, understood that the act oi the le-gi-Jauut: nf
Vra. only authorized a judicial inquiry and decree
of divorce; and that sueh proceedings had been
'aken in-the Metcer quarter session court, and
■ hat a divorce had been granted in S-j>t. 1792 Hr
was then, in January, 1701, married again to Mrt.
Jarkson. c.
Of this judicial proceeding and decree, it will
only be necessary to retrial k, that we have given
you such evidence as will satisfy you of the true
state of the fact, and the innocence of Mrs Jack
son; anch r.« shews tint this proceeding waa entirely
-xparte, and without any knowledge of it by Mra.
•f.ickxon or Gen. Jackson; that at the time when
• he offence was charged in the petition to have
thken place, nz: July 1st, 1790, Mrs. llobards
■was living at her mother’s, where llobards had
left her aud where he had promi.-ed to return to
iier. Hut in adJition to all thia, we have the
strongest reason to believe that Hugh M’Gary,
lie only witness who seems >o have been intro
duced on that itnpiiry, never saw Gen. end Mrs.
Jackson together, until the month of Sept. 1791,
after their marriage at Natchez, when they were
living together as married persons, in the most fair,
hOnest, am) inuucent belief (hat they were lawfully
joined it* wedlock. Hugh M’Gary ci.nje *hrougti
the Indian country from Natchez to Ns-hvill« at
"he same time and in the same company in
which General and Mis. Jackson came, in Sept.
17D1, and ci'cunielancts then occurred calculated
to excite in M’Gaiy a stronger leeling of dislike
towaida Gen. Jackson, which it is unnecessary to
detail, an they related solely to a meihtateJ attack
by the Indians.
The petition for divorce seems cot to have been
filed until! the tail of 1792 —tried at Sep. 17J3
nud there is much greater probability upon an exparte
hearing, that the testimony of Hugh M’Gary was
not very accuialely applied or confined to the aile
gallons in the declaration, ihan that he swore that
which was Oritrue; which roust have been the case
baJ his evidence agreed with the declaraiion.
We have now, gentlemen, Uid belore you the
■’acts connected with Gen. Jsckson’s in .image —
his own conduct, and the character of .bis lady. I
Much more testimony could have been produced, if
necessary, proving 'he same facts substantially, but !
n our inquirers we have met with noue conflicting I
with this, which, we presented. I’ht ncces-ity for '
his course, t!ie members of this committee have
.ell with deep regret Those who re ide here, can
not be surprised that this regret should exi*t in our
bosoms— since some of us liavs associated with
General Jackson and his family for more than thirty
years—no one of us for less than twelve. During
'hese periods we and our families base met our dis
tfngui-hed countryman, and his pious, charitable
and amiable lady, in the roost elevated ranks of so
ciety. In this protracted eeries ot years, we have
een him commanding the respect of all men, and
he enthusiastic attachment of his friends;her, we
•jave seen, deserving and enjoying the kindest at
tentions of her female acquaintances, enduhe un
qualified and exalted regard of the bonoiatle, moral,
i tjigious men of our ci.ur.tiy.
The result of tint enquiry must place the char
acter of Mr:*. Jackson upon that basis where it has
' eated for nearly forry years, in the society where
-*be has lived and been best known. It must sOow
Gen . Jarkaon in thrs part of his history, sustain*
•ng that high character for .honour and uiagtianuni
y, which has distinguished hi* course through life.
To the honorable and high-minded poiitca)
opponents of Gen. Jackson, this result will be
received with great pleasure— such persons iuust,nl
*il times, have viewed this attack with pjirt aud
Chairman fro tejn.
RODf. W .iYi’E, j
KinvARo w :\ifu,
Pattesjon , Secretary.
Tne undersigned h»* not signed or acted on this j
•ilqect for the obvious leas-.ii that his testimony i
iiJ beeu given and used.
I have not eigned it for the same reason.
"■ (Dntuoirtilf in uui neat j
r*. Appendix no. 2. b. no. 12.
f 'di 'Ac jTjb K&rA E-.tnivg Pott, J- r,; 22.
We have been favored by a friend with the
Swodon New Times of the 15.h of M.iy, a d»y
later than our filee by the Britannia.
Hamburg papers of the 13th of May, announce 1
:hat ImiA Cochrane and bia family, arrived there
itro day* previous, whence he intended to em
!i?uk for England. If this be true, eaye the Times,
he legend of the Flying Dutchman will cea>e to
be » table.
The Marquis of Danstlowne had a long confer
ence on the 11th with the Chancellor of the E*
The hott«e of common* on the evening of the
1-tih, after transacting some private business, re
•olved iteelf into a committee of supple, and sf
e*r voting several item*, took up tho proposition
o grant 50,000 pound* to indemnify the proprie
'**r* of *lftve* in the United States, under the treaty
<>{ Ghent. Mr. Canning addressed the house and
•aid, that this tva« the last payment to be made on
.'ceount of the negotiation, which had been ao long
pending, er.d which had at length been concluded, J
a rider the arbitration of the Emperor of llmtsia. - ;
during the last year, he continued, several infri
•3te question* h*<l arisen respecting individual j
*'or.i ir»<! '; >}* . ,yrf to at • i
range the* a.alter by- too>|»r>>mi*e. The A mein, m
miniklrrt hail required JJ.UGO ,Olrf) dollar*, which had'
bean rejected ou unr pan, and ilnmmof 1 ilOQ.COO
do lari had m bi-rn j;ri!«il upon. 11“ «ln>i»l«l
• li»o notice, l|n| it had tier’ll i»reNl mi '«g ill**
| cniunvi-sintiets, that when any two of them *eie
| settled upon one aide or the o'iier of any ipieaiion
' which came botore the in, their it' ct-ion vva* final.
! In runeequence, the pie-ent arrangement had fiirn
I come to, and thie was the last vote tube called
Mr. I Lome v\ i-hed for Out particular* of the
claim!«. Mr. fanning replied fiat after tfic jitdg
: inent hnl been in.nJe mu! a deci«ton coma to, -ueli
; i» enure* wa* not possible. .uni the only effect it
w»“ likely to produce, would be to r.im ill blood
I in America. Mr. Ilame thought that the names
j and rliuci of lho»e interested might be given
, wi'hont any ill blood, ami he theiefore wished
j they should be given. Mr. Canning added 'fiat
j hUcIi mode could fie fairly reported to, if ins'c.id of
* * comp/btniwe Laving taken place, the demand »>’
■ io bs settled f»y a price being laid on at one aide,
, umf an afMttmeni aoughl to be made at the other.
1’lie cane Lera ww, however, altogether different,
as the very notion of compromive nvce«H»r ly in
ferred 'hat eaelipnr'y ceded a portion of what they
conaideicd their stiict right.
After a few remarks further by Mr. llume,
Mr. Iluskistoii and Mr. Canning, the grunt
agreed to.
the question tfi granting 00,000 pounds for
iinptoving the water communication bnween
ami 'Ire other parts of Canada. Mr. Jluuie
stated (hat Luglaml had nothing to do with this
undei taking. Mr. Horton averted that the com
pletion of the undertaking was of the highest im
portance. The Welland canal was a commercial
work; hut that under consideration was for a dis
tinct purpose, that of military defence. Mr. flume
rejoined Unit, at no dis'un' dir, Canada would se
parate itself from the mother country, anit the pro
deuce of expending such sums might well be
Mr. Ifuskisson s5id, that the gentlemen seemed
to ha ire forgotten that they had been called on at
nr, very remote peiiod to defend this country, the
military defence of winch was the subject of the
present vote. Suppose l1te United States should
again attack theC-nadan, were *e to allow those
pt>M-e-sion«, important iri a commercial and po
litical point of view, to he wrested from us with
put a struggle? Kqr him-elf, he was not prepared
to advw>e the crown to abandon that country. If
there was to ho a renewal of war, wss the com
inittee prepared o 'ell the crown, that no defence
was to be made for the protection of a million of
British subjsqi*; hut that they were 'o be left to
their own resources, or reduced to the necessity of
placing themselves under the protection of the U.
Slates? <»reat drtii<ultics 'vere experienced during
the last war, and, in consequence, commissioners
had been ’•ppoiutcd to repor* on thfe practicability
of establishing a communication by water wiili the
lakes, and th» i* reports bail been sanctioned by the
highest military authorities in Great Britain, who
have not hesitated to say that in the event of re
newed hostilities, these canals would prove of the
utmost moment in diminishing the difficulties of ile
fence. II» felt bound to declare that if this ex
pense were not incurred, the* must give up now
and forever all idea of defending the Canadas.
ITiere existed, no douht, that in the event of a
renewed contest, the forces oi the United States
would take possession of the navigation of the St.
Lawrence; the object of thfs appropriation was to
prevent tht« manifest incori venienco.
Afer a few observations from -everal members,
Mr. Ilutne gave notice of his intention to take the
-entie of'he hou»e on the estimate, in bringing u*»
the report. °
The estimate was then voted.
An eminent cambric manufacturer has this week
informed us, that, at the advanced prices he i« now
pacing, his weavers will earn from ten to sixteen
shillings per week. For fine fancy ginghams,
there is a very good demand, and the wages of the
weavers have been considerably raised. Fustians
of some sorts are also selling briskly, at a small ad ■
vance in price. Printing cloths are in good de
tnand, and at something higher rates. Indeed, we
believe the calico primers love seldom been fuller
of work than at jrresent. \\ c nave heard of eiui
uent houses who have, already, this year turned otT
nearly as many pieces as throughout' the whofe of
last year. Some few kinds of goods are rathei
dull of sale; but generally rite demand lor cotton
manufactures is lively, anil stocks are quite small.
\V’e believe there are now very good orders f r.tjie
La»t Indies, the returns of sales havira of kite
been on the average, decidedly satisfactory. There
is also n rapidly growing demand for cotton yarns
for the List India markets, the shipments hereto
fore ui-.de, havi-ig dune very well, and in many in
stances realised enormous profits. Tire demand for
mule ami water)win, f„r export to the continent,
continues dull: and prices for these articles are ex
ceedingly depressed; so much so, as to cause the
houses who have been accustomed to spin for the
continental markets ti* be suffering severely. We
have hitherto spoken only of the cotton manufac
ture; that of silk naw forms an important part of
the trade of this town and dirrict, and we have
much pleasure in saying that it in in a very healthy
state. Indeed, some of the manufacturers with
whom we have conversed, admit it to he decidedly
[Manchester Guardian.
\/e learn from a correspondent at Courtniasherry,
that a vessel has been lying there from a more
Western part of the country, during the List three
weeks, wind bound, with a cargo, consisting of
•220 beggars, destined for Wales, whither they "are
going to beg. [Cork paper.
bwvnjt.t, March £5—“Some of the officers
of the Cambrian have just arrived from Conslanti
nople who have been staying for the fa-t two
finontbs. Among them was Lt. Wellesley, son of
our Ambassador at Vienna. From him I had the
Mr. Canning has not yet taken any steps in
favor of the Greeks at the Porte. He told Wel
le-ley he had instructions so to do, but that he and
the itussian Ambassador could not agree oa the
terms that should be proposed to the Porte In
consequence of thi-, Mr. Canning had not been able
to lay before the Porte the rentimenta of the Biit
bb cabinet relative to tire Greeks. It ia well
known to be the wish of Lugiaiul that Greece
should be a free nation; but Mr. Ginning intend* to
stipulate that she should pay a tribute to the Turks,
cjioose their own government, and the Porte
is not to interfere ip any way with the internal ad
ministration, but is to test satisfied with the tri
•‘The Turkish fleet were ge'ting ready for *ea.
-—they consisted of three three deck or*, ei* ht or
rnne line of battle ship*, «»>tl aever^l jr/gafeo.” The
S'jJtaa superintend* every thing, and reviews the I
Vroofis every day. They are much unproved of '
late, and are chiefly instructed by renegade French
men. One of the chief Turkiah (ienersl* ia a rene
gade Frenchman. The capital was rjuiet, hit peo
ple generally seemed to doubt that it would conti
nue no. Different guard* were day and night pa
radmg the town, and entering all the coffeehouse*
I auppore you have beard that the commissioner,
who signed the treaty of Ackerman were all as.
sassinated on their return to Constantinople. This
was the Sultan’s order. The reason alleged is
that they were not authorised to go ao far in their
e< °cession* as they did. The Sultan and the
Cram! Vizier nightly parade the street# in disguise,
to rea whether nny disturbance is going on, and
■whether their order* aie executed, Uar.IVy a dav
pa-«e* wi'hovt the shedding of human Mood, from
mere jealous. luspirions.”
C’obbett, hr one of his lata Hegister*. make* the
following remark* upon the subject of ibe late no
litical changes in DnglanJ:—.
" W 1 tod 'to power to obtain the attention of
hi* Majesty upon this occasion, Canning i# amoogsi
the last men upon the face of the earth *-hom 1
would have recommended, except as a man erm
nenily rpiahtted to pull do*n the whole fabric ol
tiie present destructive system. Hut, if the King
had cho-en a man at ill more unfit to bn Mtniater;
if he had chosen (l£o not suppose probable) t|„’
'» ; i ^ rT5b (!ct U ’irw, •» vhjin ’ .0 vvs«.
^*e.luceD, t>jr wnttn J-ob was persecuted, try vahoin
^ our Saviour »■*« temp ed, .mil who is continually'
i roaming up and ilo.vn, socking whom l.e mav de
: vour—1 would hive t>md, “ It in c.vr duty; it is >»ir
ti>trie«t also; hut it i* our bounden duty <o uphold
* lie Kins against any combination or ct mbinaiions,
dial may attempt lint may have th« audacity to at
j tempt to thwart his will, and compel him to yield
Lto theirs.” It is as the ground wink <.f a grea’
] struggle between the King and the Aristocracy,
; that we are to view this appointment of Mr. ('an
! tting; and 1 now address niy-elf to you (the Paiha
j meat ary Ktlormeis) in order to induce you,
| whenever and wherever, you may have the means,
: to support die ICmg against this Aristocracy, who,
j as we have a hundred time* over alleged in our pe
I litions, have, in fart, long and long domineered
j over both King anJ People. If Canning be the
| cause of pulling an end to tiiis domination, or if it
i be put an eud lo, ^merely by the use ol his name,
I he will he entitled, or at least he may ejpec',
troui so good natured a People, forgiveness for all
his manifold sine committed again*’ us for the last
thirty yearn; and that is, I think, saying as much
for this act of his, as an exces* of the generosity of
human uature can posnibly suggest.”
The following are given m the last London pa
per* as authentic copies of the letters which pass
ed between the Duke of Wellington and Mr. Can
ning : -
The following documents did not appear in a
small part of our impression yesterday; we, there-*
i fore, re-ptint them :
Mr. Canning to the Duke of Wellington.
FonnuN Ornue, April It), 1827, 6 P. M.
I My dear Duke of Wei ington—The King has at
an audience from which I am jus< returned, been
'■ graciously pleased to signify to me Id* Majesty’s
commands lo Jay before hie Majesty, with as Il'tle
loss of time ns po-sil ie, * plan of arrangement for
a rr-constructiou of the Administration.
In executing these command*, it will be as much
niy own wish, as it in my duty to bis M»je*ty, to
adhere to <he principles on which Lord Liver
pool’s Government ha9 so long acted together
I need not add how essentially the accoroplish
umr depends upon your Giace’s continuance as a
Member of the Cabinet.
Ever, my dear Duke of Wellington,
Your Grace’s sincere aud faithful serv’t,
•. (Signed 1
Hia Grnce the Duke t-f Wellington.
The Didie of Wellington to Air. Canning.
- London, April 10. 1827.
My dear Mr. Canning— I have received your
lettrr of this evening, informing me ihat the King
had desired yi»u to lay before his Majesty a plan
of arrangements for the re-construction of the Ad
ministration; and that in executing these com
mands, it is your wish to adhere to the ptinciples
on wht'h Lord Liverpool's Government h>d »c>
long acted together.
I anxiously desire to lie able to serve his Ma
jesty, as 1 have done hitherto, in his Cabinet, and
wi'h the same colleagues. Rut before 1 give an
answer to your obliging proposition I should wish
to know who the person is whom you intend to
propose to his Majesty, as the head of the Govcrn
Ever, my dear Mr. Canning, your’s most sincere
ly, (Signed)
The Right Hon. George Canning
Air. t unning to the Duke of Wellington
ForeignOkhcb, April ll. 1<j!>7.
My dear Duke of Wellington— I believe it to be
so generally understood, that tti- King usually en
trusts the lonnatorj of an A I in pi a on to the in
dividual whom it is his Majesty's gr-cious inten
tion to placo at the head ol it, that it did not occur
to me, when I communicated to your Grace, yes
terday, the commands which I have just received
from his Majeatv, to add, that, in the present in*
stance, his Majesty does not in-end to depart
from the u£uai course of proceeding on such occa
I am sorry to have delayed some hours, this an
swer to your Giace’a letter : but, from the ratuie
of the subject, I did not like to forward it, without
havng previously submitted it (together with your
Gcace’s Letter.) to his Majesty.
(Ever, my dear Duke of Wellington,
Your Grace’s sincere and faithful servant,
His Grace the Duke ol Wellington.
Hit Duke if If ellington to Mr. Donning.
; London, April 11, 1327
My dear Mr. Canning— I have received your
letter of this day; anti I did not understand that of
yc-terday evening, as you have now explained it
I under-tand from yourself, that you had had in
contemplation another arrangement; and I do not
believe that the practice to which you refer has
been so invariable, as to enable me to affix a mean
ing to your letter, which its words did not, in uiy
opinion, convey.
I trust you will have exparienced no inconveni
ence from the delay of this aitstvef; which I assure
you has been occasioned by the desire to discover a
mode, by which I couid continue united with my
recent Colleagues.
I sincerely wish that I could bring my mind to
the conviction,that with thn best intentions on your
part, your Government could he conducted practi
cally on the principles of that of Ix>rd Liverpool;
that it would generally be considered; or that it
would be adequate to meet our difficulties in a man
ner satisfactory to the King, and conducive to the
general interests of the country.
As, however, I am convinced that these princi
ples must be abandoned eventually, that all our
measures would be viewed with suspicion by the
usual supporter* of the Government, that I could
do no good in the Cabinet, and that 1 should at Iasi
be obliged to separate myself from it, at a moment
at which hucii a separation would be more inconve
nient to the King’s service, than it can beat present;
I beg you to request his Majesty to excuse me
from belonging i0 his Councils.
Ever, my dear Mr. Canning,
Your’s most sincerely.
The Right ilon. Ceorge Canning
I urn l apcrs. —' -rhe^e are ncnrly fill
eil wttlMhe debate* in the Chamber of Deputise,
on the 7th, upon the law of Finance, or Budget, for
the year 1823. M. h.tbbcy De Pompier* wan the
firat name inscribed on the list, and he ascended
tbe'tribune to np|>0‘e the law. He was followed
by M. Lafilte, who, to vards the conclusion of
his speech, alluded to the recent measure of die
banding the National Guard of Paris, in the fol
lowing terms :
“ The Minister telle us there will be no more
*ttf plementary loans. But where is the proof of
thin? And, without mentioning numer us existing
causes, doe* the stair el Europe authorise aucb con
fidence of the future? The ambition of liusata is
rnaishnlled against the ancient pride of the Porte :
the tardy humanity of King', by interposing in be«
half of Greece, is about to augment the difiic >l(ies
of the condition of the East. Here & in Spain,insen
rate passions ate at work, and struggling to be le'
loose against England. What have we to give us
confidence amidst anticipations eo alarming? Do
are trust in the firmness of the Ministry? It is not
by insulting our citizens, who, for forty years, have
borne arm* for the maintenance of order ■——
f Cries of " N j,” from the centre— Loud cheering
from the left; great confusion.)
A voice from the centre. Why don’t you im
pech Minister*?
M. L*6it* : If I had the honor to be a Deputy
from Parts I should lay on the table anjrnpe teh*
j merit »>f the Ministry (Increased confusion.)
A voice In the centre : What signifies shat?
j impeach them notwithstanding.
Other voire* : You have not the right.
M. L flits : Let hut four other Deputie* come
! forw«id, and I will sign my name first,
i Messrs. IJ Constant, Lsbbey Dc Pomoiere*
I C'r. i.;.:r P«-;rT ! So fhall V. *
M- I'cinu, mourning tn# tubut.e: Au<l >o shah ■
I (A Deputy, who wii near M. Petou. b*> ]
! -topped him, null sp. ke to him for noma time
| H.e coiil’i-ion in the Chamber w>~ tlctvix.)
i M J jii'ie, in continuation-: it i-not by insult
ing citizens, aimed - ■ (Frc-h interviptup from
the cen're.)
M. 13. Constant. Don't iuteirupt; you can re
M. I^fu’e. It is not hy intuiting citizen*. who
have borne aims for forty jeara, forlhc maintenance
i t oriler, ami who inspitt-d respect even in ilieii
enemies themselves—it is not by »urh insults tha
firmne-s is te-titieJ. Wi'l the Ministry resist, w tth
etjuel steadiness, tl e s| irit of farth-ii, a* it has re
si-ted the disuppiobation of the people?”
M. Ladle resumed his argument upm: the Ilud
i get, and concluded by proposing an additional ar'i
cie 10 the prijct, the object of which was, to sim
plify the financial accounts in future, when brought
before the Chamber. M dr Burosse followed At.
Labile; and, after him, M de Villele rose, to ex
plain and defend the law which had been prepared
Of course, he could not pa-s over the allusion
w hich hud been made to the disbanding of the Ka»
tional Guard. The moment he adverted to it,
there were loud crie- of heat / hear! and a pro
found silence ensued. The Minibier thus proceed
I shall say but one word in reply to the threat
which has bean addiea-ed tome. [Expression* of
attention.] I mean the threat of calling on the Clum
ber to impeach the Ministers fur the last Union
nanre which appeared in the Moniteur. i reply to
the Speaker, 'bat I ought to itave dreuled a simi
lar impeachment, had l not counselled such a uwa
M. Petcu. In destroying the National Guard,
you Itave struck a blow at the heart of the cham
[Cries of Order! ordet I Viol-nt agitation. The
President rung his bell violently, • You have no
ri^ht,’ said he, • to interrupt a speaker— the stand
ing order forbids it.’J
M. Petcu. I wished *o impeach Ministers. 1
have done n.y duty, and Prance will judge of what
I have done.
itenewed cries of Order: Silence! echoed t trough
the Chamber. Silence was at length restored.
The President of the Council continued— I
should have feared an impeachment if I had nofad
viced the measure that has been taken. I shall
never feor an imjeaclmitn' for doing what the in
terests of the country imperatively commanded.
The country must not be allowed to fall back into
anarchy by the timidity of the advisers of the
j Crown.— Cheers in the centre — I should have
, consideted myself as wanting in duty to the august
• Monarch who has given me his confidence, had I
acted otherwise than I have done. l»’ar from being
a ground for impeachment, that act is a title to
your praise, which I shall ever rejoice in having
The President of the Council here resumed his
seat, amidst the cheers of the Ministerial benches
»nd the murmurs of the rest of <he Chamber. M.
Foibin-dea-Issart and M. de Moustiers were re
markabiy vehement in their applause. The Pre
sident endeavoured, in vain, to re-establish si
M. Hyde de Neuville. If you wish to interdict
the murmurs of the Chamber, you must also still
the cheers — Continued noise.
M. Labile. I a-k to reply for one minute.
The President. You cannot be allowed.
M. Halide. To a personal matter.
The President. If you require liberty to speak,
in order to re-discuas the doer lines which you ad
vocated in your speech. I have no power to grant
ou permission In a general debate, the speakers
must follow in order of enrollment. If you wish
j lo give a simple explanation of a personal matter,
j I cannot rofu-e you a hearing, but I shall be obit
I get! to interrupt you if you enter again on the dis
M. Lifide. I declare to you, that I shall not
tecur to my doctrines; I shall support them at a
future opp rtUnity, but I must confess it is not on
a matter purely peisonal that I ask to be heard.
J wish merely to confirm certain facts, which the
Minister Ita- not properly understood.
The President. That is, to enter again into
the question.
M. Lafitte Will you grant me another hearing
c-a the genet al question?
The Pre-idem. When all those who have put
down their name-have spoken
M. Labile. I claim then uo.v, my turn of en
rolment. I shall see that I am not put down by the
vote for closing the disem-stou
The President. I have put your name at the
end of those already inscribed.
After some further debate an adjournment of the
question, to ihe following day. was moved and
A copy of the be-t edition of Unpin de Thoy~
ran History of England, with the conticuatien
to the death of George 1 and notes by N. Tindai
printed in 1743-47, was purchased yesterday at the
sale of the Ilev. Theodore William's library, for
/2S8 15, by Mr. Thorpe, the bookseller, no com
mission. It was a splendid cop*, printed on Ihe
largest writing paper, and containing JZ3 portraits.
At ihe same sate, Jihnsm Si Stevens’s edition of
Shakepearr 179 J , With Malone’s Supplement, Dun
ce’s Illustrations, Ayscough’s Index,U Twiss’s Ver
bal Index, in all 23 volumes,was purchased by Mr.
Fizgibbon at /84. Mr. Arch, the bookseller,
gave /17, for Theobald’s edition of Shakspeare. 7
volumes; a bne copy, which formerly belonged
to Frederick Prince of Wales, the father of Ceorge
The actual composition and probable duration of
the English cabinet, are the leading topics of in
lere-t* just now, both here and in England. The
annexed extract of a letter to the editor of the
New York Ameriran Irom a friend in London,
gives the view of an intelligent looker-on upon the
passing events.
LONBOV, 5-h May.
The debate on Thursday in the Commons, was
interesting beyond any to which I had ever previ
ously listened; and left on the inind no doubt of the
claim* of Mr. Hrougham to be regarded as the first
speaker among the many talented members of the'
distinguished body. Ills power* Ot sa ire are inex
pressibly fine, and, when replying to Dawron's
attack on the now coalition, he rose in pans of his
speech to the highe-t flight* of eloquence. The
course which Air. I’eel look, differing entirely
from his declaration* on Tuemlir, and the alleged
grounds on which he quitted office, excited no lit
tle surprise. Although his language Wa» murh
more tenipera'e than that used by Dawson, still he
gave to this gentleman that support Which could
alone give importance to a motion irregularly in
troduced into the midst of another discussion, and
Only offered a* an apology for a speech. Mr. D
was the undcr-secietary of Mr Peel, and is bis
brolhei-in law. Ii is now understood ’hat the op
position is formed and th-t it will be beaded by
Mr Peel. The result is far from certain Judg
ing from the sense of the H- use, as expressed by
cheers, &c. the other evening, Mr. P. will be sus
tained by a party, which, if not the majority, forms
a minority approaching to an equality with that
of the ministers. In the Uppei House. Mr. C. &.
hi* friends can scarcely calculate on any ex'raor
dinary sympathy The Scotch Representation,
and the Bishops, who are always at the beck of die
Premier, may enable Administration to get on; but
differing as the Bishops do, from long habii and in
terest, if not from principle, from the leading mem
bers of the government on the Catholic question,
•heir support cannot be counted on in case it should
be really needed. Independently of the Catholic
question, the resignation of Lord Melville prove*
thai lhere is personal feeling in ibe opposition to
Mr. Canning Indeed,it i* said that aiistncrsiir
prejudices operated not only in this case with ih
Toriss, but with many of tbe high Whigs, such a
Lotd Gray I think there is little doOu that -
majority of tbe English people aro opposed to tur- i
ther concessions to the Carbolics, and if that que
tlon were to divide the parties, as ihe new o; p<
sition eodeav ur to have it supposed it does, - 1
Canning would be left in themin rity. You *.
dr.ibil"*'* » tare thM'he King tfest no*, o. d wil*
noi Consent tu iu being a Cabinet question, and
h«t »• i» understood ’bat two or tluce places in the
Administration aie filled, ss Mr Perl c»!'«th*m.
by ** fugacious iuini*ler->.” The return of Mr
Canning to the V reign Office, m»y make way for
•he Marquis of .Lansdovvne to » place he ran ac
cept without coi'deec* naiou ; while the support in
the Cabinet of Mi. Tierney, as Mas er of the
Mint and of aome two or three " hiss, may give
real influence to 'he new position of the Marquis.
Independently of the in eiest of the parliameo
•rry proceedings of the last week, the laying of the
j corner stone of the new University, and the din
ner con-equent thereon, weie objects which at
11acted agreesblv my attention There is no doubt
of tin success of the institution, and as many of i’a
promoters are included in the new political arrange
ments, it is likely to rome before the woilti under
much better au-pices than its founders could have
anticipated As a convivial speaker, Mr. Brough
am was even much more pre-eminent than iu Par.
Iiament, though the Maiquie of JLat.sJowue was
here uo insignificant cun peer.
Ey an arrival ai Bridgeport, Connecticut, advi
ce* fiom Rio tie Janeiro to the 29th April, are re
ccived. A Iet;er of tbr 27th -»ys—
“ The Iluenos Ayreau army is said to have pos
session of the better part cf the Province of Rio
(irande, ami to have driven off fortv thousand head
of cattle. There are rumors of peace, but we
place no reliance on tbeui—the war will )et last
»ome months.”
From the Gazette we learn, that the brig Eagle,
from Baltimore, arrived safely at Rio, in a"passage
of forty dstys; and the Corinthian went into port a
few days after. It was expected tha* a certain
privstear would be on the coast of Rray.ll watching
for the Eagle, but fortunately, she reached the
place of destination without hindrance.
Admiral Brown in the La Plata has beenenablod
to reinforce hia little fleet by many captures from
the Lrazilitans; and as the la'ter squadron now
consists almost entirely of large vessels, the di(P
cully of getting ino Buenos Ayres is much dimin
ished, if not enthely removed.
Captain William Phillips and Mr. Curtis, of the
Eagle, would take passage in the Ontario for Phi
ladelphia, expected to sail about the thiid or fourth
of May.
A letter from Lima of the 2d March, with which
we have been politely favored, says:
“ The very few arrivals from the U. States for
the last »*i.t month* have so much reduced the stock
of your produce, that we are actually in want of al
most every kind, and of some of the -'aple articles
our market i- quite bare A more flattering pros
pect than the present was never offered for specu
lation* to tliis coast, and have no doubt, that un •
leai many ves-els have left the Uni'ed States for
this, the prtc-sof your produce will keep upland
possibly even rise. I am of opinion that our mar
ket would admit of 20 large cargoes this year,
considering ihe present extraordinary scarcity.”
Mexico — The Tacubaijo Congress, he.
To the editor of the Albany Ar^us.
Mexico, 20th April, 1827
-ily dear Sir—Nothing has transpiied since I
last wiote tou. to change 'he opinion then ir.tr
mated, as to the probable fate of the Tacubaya
congress. Every day adds new confirmation to the
suspicion that this government is determined, if it
can without a palpable violation of good faith Sc
hospitality, to prevent its re-union. In this con
jecture I may be deceived by a t<-0 -upe ficial view
of the matter, but on no other hypothesis can I
account for the movements of certain me- here in
po» er.
The informant to whom I alluded in my last,
was to etror respecting the disposition made of the
treaty concluded at the isthmus last summer, ft
now seems that the consideration of it has not been
indefinitely postponed by the Mexican congress
(whose session is prolonged for 50 days from the
15tb tnst, ) but thai it is still in he hands of 'he
respective committees of the two houses, to which
it was originally referred, with a majority of each
opposed to its ratification When this happens to
be the case in relation to any referred subject. I be
lieve accordmg to the course of legislation here,
Ihe question either is suffered to sleep, or more
members are added to the committee. The latter
alternative has not yet been adopted.
We learn that Chili has appointed commission
ers, whose arrival is daily looked for. Their ap
pearance may have some effect upon the counsels
of Ihe Mexican cabinet and induce to a rhange of
r.olicy. As the matter now stands, whether it be
from the pressure of trans-atJautic influence, or
from a jealousy of Bolivar, (whose powers she
dread- will be increased and strengthened by the
acts of the general congress,) Mexico will not cor
dially lend hei co operation in expediting its re
union, if it can be avoided gracefully ’
Why it is so, I have not yet been able to fathom,
but most indubitably our country and our country
men are not favourably looked upon by the au
thorities of this republic. Had you have been here
during the excitement produced by the abortive at
tempt at insurrection in ide in Texas by a few ren
egadoes, you would have supposed that every ci
tizen of the U. S. within 'heir grasp, was to be
held responsible for the integrity of that territory
aud the safety sf its inhabitants. With he Gatchu.
pins,—the Ultras—we stand siill worse This is
as it should be. May our free constitution perpe
tually remain an eye ..-ore to the lovers of royalty.
Mr Purn-eit is munificent, bland and Isshiona
ble; yet he is the continued object of the m</st wan
ton ami gro-s libels through (he medium of papers
patronized by high functionaries. Nothing car be
. -— t.uij »uiMuie, anrl evident
ly anxious Co conciliate »n<l to please. But he is
the representative of the U. S. I line ilia laehru
mv! This feeling of dislike for Anglo Americans,
is peculiar only to the highest ordeis, which include
all the sprig-of decaying nobility, and is, I am
I told, confined chiefly to the capital. The great
point has been gained by th* }irnj>lr, however they
may be liable to uu-rule in those seasons of disor
der to which all newly-formed governments are
obnoxiou*. 1 he rock which for ages bound them
in slavish darkness, has been roiled back. The
light of liberty has burst upon them- it can never
be extinguished entirely.
Ga telle Office, JVtio Jroth, June 23_2 P. J\J.
trum Peru — TV e are indebted to an intelli
gent gentleman just arrived from Peru, for the an
nexed interesting sketch of he events prior to
and during the iate Revolution In Peru. Our in
formant left Lima early in March, and remained
some lime m-Guatsquil. A vessel arrived at the
latter place on the Dib April, from Lima, whence
March 25, wi»h inform**ion that ihe
Peruvian Government wa-wtrou. marching *n army
against (leu. Sucre in Bolivia, under Ihe command
of tbt President (adinteiim) of Gen S.nta Cruz,
ihe news of the events in the capiial (Lima) had
been received with the greatest enthusiasm in ali
the pmvinces.
From the period of the dissolution of the partial
Congree- in IS25, which continued Bolivar in ihe
Dictatorship of Peru, the people looked f. rwaid
j with hope and interest for the fulfilment of the pro
i often made them, of assembling a fair re
presentation and of resigni g the dictatorial power.
Oiders were at last given for the •lection ot re
presentatives throughout Peru, and having been
chosen, they assembled in the city of Lin a the
beginning of lb'2G. Some preliminary meeting*
were held prior lo declaring (hem-elves a Con
gress oi Peru; but the liberal opinions expressed'
in their dtbaies, and the known abilities of the
lead ng members, gave H< livar but loo plainly to
under-1 and that they aimed at nothing short ol
forcing a ra-ignalHn .if his Unlimited power, ami
by threats and force, and partly by j romises.
he assembly was induced to declare itself disrnlv
Fifty two of the tr.emhei* signed a petition
. Bolivar, to continue in il-.n Dictatorship, which
n f course accepted, and at ihe sains time pro
• ed 'lie people another Congress The rrmain
< JS would not come into this n.easme, »n<\ one
1 heir number, if .in 1* rancisco ^£.ivter Luna tie
, Puerto, a man wliou »!l Vj cuiflf.-; tn'Jn
n in
«ulngizic» ior i>i<( patiiotrsiu and talents, wn ling -
•shed. Much as the PcrUibr.i were cii>-r<ati-tie-i
unit di»gu»ted with this proceeding, they led no
remedy but submission —'hey had hoped e«eiy
tiling from this assembly—had for some tune pic
viou< looked with did rust on the large Colombia.i
toice in the country and groaned tinder the des
potism of its leader. Many w ere the conjectures
formed as to the ultimate intentions of General
Bolivar, but n* tie dared t” mention what perhaps
wit nios' feaiej and believed, viz: that he aimed at
'lie continuation for life of the absolute power.
But tiny were not long in doubt, for shortly after
the project of a constitution for Peru was publi-b
ed Bolivar being its avowed author. The pi in—
cipal feature* of this project were, a Pi evident
for life, without any responsibility, and the pow»
er to choose a successor the command of the
military and naval forces, the control of the trea
sury, and the appointment of civil and military of
On the 2u li July, shortly before the departure of
Gen. Bolivar lor Guayaquil, all the Buenos Ayre
in, Chilian, and manv Peruvian officers residing in
Liima, (among them was General Nieocha, a Peiu
vian, who signalized himself at Janin,) were ar
rested in one night, and all the Buenos Ayrean
and Chilian Ciiizens in the interior were ordered
to be arrested, and within 21 hours to be convey,
ed to the capital. The moat influential among them
were bani-hed, and the remainder, on giving bonds
for good behaviour, allowed to remain. The pre
text for their arrest was alleged to be for a conspi
racy against the lifo of the Dictator, but nothing
was ever proved, and the whole was looked upon
as an attempt to strike terror into the people, and
thus prevent any seiious oppoaisioo to the approval
of the constitution.
Alter me departure ot ilalivar, order! were giv
en to the Prefect* of the different province* for
the appointment of Elector* to approve of the pro
ject, and also ta name a President. Every mean!
were employed to secure like election of such into
aa were known to be favorable to Gen. Bolivar—
in most instances the names of the persons to be
chosen as electors were given the people b? the
Prefects, and blank forms of an approval of the
project, to be signed by the electors, were for
warded to the different irovir.ee* ftom the capital.
The elecors of the city of Lima assembled in
that capital in the month of September last — • ma
jority of them were obliged by threat* (made use
of in their Mall of Silting by a Satellite of Boli
var’s) to approve the instrument and name Simnu
Bolivar President. Similar means were resorted to
in the province*, and at Arcqtiipa one of the elec
tors having offered some amendment to the pro
jert, was informed that his safety was hotter con
sulted by saying nothing. This constitution wsj
finally publicly proclaimed and aworn to on the
9tb December, the anniversary of the battle of
Ayacucho, by most of the persons in the employ
of the government throughout Peru. At Lima a
stage was erected in the public square when the
document was read, but although there waa a
large concourse of people, a few vivas’ only were
About the time the designs of Bolivtr were
more fully developed by the proceedings of his
satellites tn Guayaquil, Cuenca and Quito From
these places information of their movements, as
well as of the disturbances iu Venezuela, were re
ceived, which made but too apparent Iris intantibn
of putting on Colombia a similar constitution to
that of Peru, and uuder the modest title of Piesi
dent, to dominate over both with the rod of a
; despot.
From the time of the promulgation of the Con
stitution, when <he intentions end designs of Boli
var were made manifest, the public mind was in a
continued forment. The patriotic snd meritorious
citizens, saw with regret, that those principles for
which they had so long contended, and for which
many of them had sacrificed their fortunes, weie
about to be annihilated- and all their exertions and
sacrifices rendered null They found themselves
without any resource—with foreign bayonets at
their breasts, they could only submit in silence
and patiently wait events Yet notwithstanding
the apparent subtrirsion of the Peruvians, to those
of us who knew the actual state of the public
mind, it was very evident that an explosion (rust
soon taka place, but it came from a quarter least
On the night of 'l<e2Gih of January, 1827, the
commanders in chief of the Colombian forces Gen
erals Lars and Samis, and all the Colonels and L».
Colonels who w ere suspected of favouring the
views of Bolivar, were arrested by a subaltern of
ficer and about fifty Colombian soldiers—early the
next morning they were safely lodged in the castle
of Caliao, and about a week after sent dawn to Bu
ena Ventura in the province of Choco. The city
of Lima was thrown into great commotion —no
one was aware of the object of this arrest_of i's
authors, nor where it would end~every onedread
ed the excesses of a soldiery without chiefs; all
was mystery but in the course of the day, a Co
lombian officer, (Bu-tamenti) in b»half of himself
and coadjutors issued a proclamation informing the
people that the late movement was dictated by a
regard for the interests of their country, and tliJT
the citizen* of Lima had nothing to apprehend,
this was lollowed by another in which Bustamenti
and his companions stated, “that being entiiely
submissive to the laws and constitution of Colom
bia. they are determined to support them at every
risk;” " that frightened at the ominous situation
in which that republic is placed by the criminal
proceedings ol Gen P»*z, and the municipalities
of Guayaquil, Cuenca, Quito. Carth»gena snd Pa
nama, against the constitution and actual govern
ment in favor of a dictator and an unknown code,
it was impossible without being guilty of treason
to Colombia, for litem to remain indifferent in an
affair whirh concerned the welfare of all; and that
•hey had offered their services to their government
to support it against the pretensions of any inno
vators.” At the eame time they declared to the
Peruvians that they would not interfere with any
form of government they might wish to adopt.
I he joy, as well as surprise, of the peqple on
finding themselves at liberty to act according to
their wishes, by those whom they had long looked
upon as their oppressors, was great in the extreme.
The principal inhabitants of Lima immediately as
sembled. Peru was declared to be an independent
nation, and not the patrimony of ar.y man or fami
ly; the Bolivian Constitution was abolished; and it
was resolved that new representatives should be
chorcn for a General Congress, to meet as soon ss
i possible.
A deputation ws* pent to General Santa Crux,
then at (.!)■ rillos, with the other member* of the
provisions) government, to request hie acceptance
of the Presidency, until the net* Congress could
assemble, and couriers were despatched to the diffe*
rent province? with tire trappy tidings. The rnin
ister*of state and of the interior resigned Ibeir
posts and otlrrrs were appointed in their stead.
The minister of war ami marine, Perez, formerly
secretary to iiviitrir, and one of bis principal agents
in Peru, not thinking himself safe at Cborilloe,
took refuge on board the French brig of war C’esne,
whence be went to Guayaquil.
What is very remarkable, the revolution was
effected without any bloodshed, and within forty,
e'gir' hours all was quiet. The true sentiments
of the Limenoa were strongly manifested by their
mutual congratulations, and by their demonstra*
lion* of joy —all tvers pleased and happy in the
Cp to the Nt March, intelligence from the pro*
vinces slates that lire late event in the capital had
met with a corre«pondent feeling, and enthusiast!*
callj approvad of. i he election of representatives
for theCongresr* .v«« g.,jng on r»prdl> , and it waa
expected the n»w Congress would assemble in JUuna
in the beginning of April,
Tire movement of the troops was generally thought
r.» have originated with Buslamenti and hisfrransls,
influenced by patriotic mo Ives alone, «.nil without
the sanction of *ny superior authority; but subeo*
queiit event* induce the belief that the Vic* Presi
•lent of Colombia was the tweet mover of tin
whole. Tl.c joy lie puMirly manifested when 'ho
| intelligence re.died Begot*, and his tiopru
»<il nn<l toutMt mint ion of the » t, aru *■ 7.1
: ground* for U»l<br?j*f

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