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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, May 15, 1829, Image 2

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the rest. No stronger argument can be urged t
against a public measure, than that it has the »p |
pearnne-of a partial or unequal bearing on thcl
couuiry, or otiih to indicate a disposition in the f
majority to sacrifice the common good to factious;;
or sectional views.—To guard against tho jealous*
ies of tho State*, should be the most anxious de
sire of our national legislators, and for this pur- f
pose they should aim to restrict thsniselves to.
general objects in which uli may find a benefit, to]
retrain from touching narrow or local interests, :
•socially tl»o«e between which a rivalry subsists,
to pru|K<rtiou tho pressure of taxation according
to the mod rigorous justice, to watch equally over 1
the rights oi all, and to ox.tct no sacrifices butJ
such as the common good plainly demands.
( To bf. dontmiud.)
Nkw-York , May 11.—By the Packet Ship
Caledonia, (.'apt. Rogers, which left Liverpool on
the 4th April, we have received our regular files
of Loudon papers to tho evening of the third, and
of Liverpool to the fourth of April. From tho
former, the ^un of tho evening o! the third is tho
Exactly at five o’clock, on the Slit of March,
Mr. Seo’y Pool appeared at their Lordships’ bar,
and brought up a message from the Commons,
praying the concurrence of their Lordships to the
Homan Catholic Relict Bill.
Ac soon as tho title of tho bill was read by the
Lord Chancellor, several of tiicir Lordships wel
comed it with loud cheers. Mr. Peel then pre
sented the bill lor the regulation of the qualifica
tion of votes in Ireland.
The attendance of the Commons on this orca
fi jii was very numerous, and, contrary to the
usual practice, tho majority of the gentlemen who
attended from the Commons, did not retire upon
the delivery of their message, but remained to lis
ten to tiie debates.
fciio motion being then made by the Duke of
Wellington that the Bill be read a first time, the
Latrl ol Hare wood asked, as a preliminary ques
tion before acting upon the bill, whether there
was not nt this moment a Catholic rent collected'
in Ireland under the assumed authority of the
Catholic Association—to which the Duke of Wel
lington replied, that as far as he had any knowl
edge, no such things os a Catholic rent now
existed. This statement was coatroverted, when
the Bill was road a first time. The Duke of Wel
lington then movcJ that the Bill be printed, and
read the second time on the 2d April, to which
I.ord Krxley objected, expressing a hope that the
measure might not bn carried llirimgh with such
precipitation. 1 he Duke of Wellington replied:
■Respect for the importance of this question—re
spect lor (he dignity of this House—respect for
the declaration made by his Majesty in his most
gracious speech, at the opening of the present
session—respect lor the address the House pre
sented to his Majesty, in reply to his most gracious
speech—and, 1 hope (hat I may he permitted to add,
respect lor my own character, would induce ine
to avoid acting with precipitation on this meas
ure. But I must he permitted, my lords, to say,
that the House lias now been sitting for nearly 2>
months, and that this measure has been uuder our
discussion, day by day, upon the presentation of
petitions; and it laving been publicly put to your
lordships, that the question for your* consideration
is, whether Pottery shall or not be established in
this Kingdom. 1 am anxious tostatc to your lord
ships the grounds on which I rest this measure for
your consideration, and on which 1 call upon you
te rest your derision I beg your lordships will
iccollect, that the second reading of the bill is the
first stage at which you cau deliberate on the
principle of thfs question; it cannot, therefore, ap
pear extraordinary, I trust, to any of your lord
ships, that I should he anxious to take the first op
portunity to enable your lordships to come openly
and fairly to a full discussion ol it. Under these
circumstances, considering how desirable it is that
your lordships should come to a decision upon this
measure —considering how desirable it is that the
public should know your opinions upon it—(hear,
hear!)—considering how desirable it is that the
agitation of this question should be speedily brought
ma close,—(hear!)—I entreat your lordships to let
me proceed to the second reading of this bill, on
J tiesday next, if the bill »hbuld be printed and in
your hands to-morrow.
t Lord Malmesbu y moved to amend the motion,
fixing the second reading for Monday, the (>lh
April. Lord I-.dl.md opposed the amendment,
on the ground that much time was not necessary
to enable them to understand the principle of the
measure. Lords Goderich, Etlcnborough, and
Jhwl Carnarvon spoke against the amendment.
The Earl of Wincliilsea rose for the purpose of de
claring his protest against the measure, and the
haste with which it was proposed to carry it through
the House. \
The motion was then agreed to without a divi-!
The discussion in the House of Lords on Thurs
day tim 2d April, previous to the movement of
the order of the day, was tumultuous. At length
the order for the second reading of tho Relief Bill
having been taken up, the Duke of Wellington
uponed (lie discussion in a speech of considerable
length, in which he detailed the effects that had
been produced by the disabilities under which the
lii.-li Catholics had labored, and the probability of
their increase, and also argued their right to he j
placed upon the looting of otiie’r subjects. His ‘
speech appears to have been more distinguished by
plain strong common sense, than by any ingcuul-1
ty of reasoning, or characteristics of eloquence.
The Archbishop of Canterbury followed his
Grace, and, of course,opposed the measure, liu
arguments were those which might be expected
from a thorough churchman. Oue of them we
give as a specimen: “Suppose the Ring to be sur
rounded by none hut Roman Catholic counsellors
—(a cry of “No, ro,”) he put it as an extreme
case by way ol illustration—would it be possible
for him to keep his oath of not marrying a Papist
Princess, and could In1 keep his vow for the safety
of (lie Protestant church?”
The Bishop ot Oxford, Lord Somers, the Mar
quis of Lansdowue, and Viscount Wicklow, spoke
in In or of the Mill; and the Primate of Ireland,
the Duke ol Richmond, Earl Wincliilsea, Earl
Hare wood, the Bishop of London, the Marquis of
Salisbury aud Lari Enniskillen, against it, when
an adjournment closed the debate.
A correspondent in the London Morning Her
ald supposes that the Ministry have been induced
to Liing forward tfio Catholic measure from the
Let that, (he majority of the soldiers stationed in
Ireland, had been iuocnlated with the spirit of the '
Lord* Ledesdale and Kenyon had entered a pro
test on the Journals ol the House of Lords con
demning the haste with which the Catholic Bill
was urged on liy the the Ministry.
The London Morning Herald of the 3d of April
says—“TV Catholic question is still the order of
tho day in the city—nothing is thought of—nothing
talked ol hut this eternal question.” The remark
holds good in relation to the London papers, which
contain little or nothing else.
i he crowds attempting to gain admission to the
House of Lords on the April, are said to have
been immense, and every cranny in the house
crowded. So great has been the excitement even
among the fashionables,on (his great question,
that it is said that there had not been one fourth of
the number of parties given this season that had
been given last year.
Tlie preparations for the approaching campaign
bent ecu the Russians and Turk", arc going on
with rapidity and vigor on both sides.
It is reported at Berlin that (lie Linpcror and
I-mpress ol lius»i», vt ill go there during the sum- 1
iner. "
By accounts from Koine, the election of Cardi
nal Castiglione to the Papal Chair, seems probahl*.
Letters from Constantinople dated Feh. 23th,
state that the new Grand Vizier had not yet ar
lived at C'houmla. No new military operations
had transpired. J he chief attention of the go-1
venuntnt was directed to obtaining corn to sup- I
ply the capital and the army. One of the mea-1
sure* adopted is the sending away a ii,ge num-1
ter of Jews who have settled in the capital, and i
cannot give a satisLct *y account of their incans
of subsistence.
•Letters from Malta of 8th March, mention that
. . dmiral Hayden was occupied in fortifying the
o. Pomj for tin r-urpoac ofetUJglifhiog mafa
siues. Llq;u,di aiUliOiiUCJ in Uwt nun ter .
are said to nave evinced considerable uneasiness
at this. * ■
The German papers slate that a decree has been1
••sued by the President, by which Greece isdi-i
vided into thirteen departments, of which the Mo-'
rea includes seven, and the Islands which now
form part of tho territory o'tho Republic six.
1 lie law for the expulsion oT the Spnniaids from
Mexico, was promulgated at Tampico on the Jth
ult. '1 hirty days were allowed the residents on
the sea hoard to embark with their effects. Much
confusion existed at Tampico, iu consequence
of this order. The brigs Tainpico and Oronro
were to sail in a few days for this port, and it wa*
expected would be full ol passengers.
fA. Y. Aftr. Ado.
Charlottesvxnx.K, May f».
Albemarle County.—The Election for members
' to represent the Senatorial District, composed of
the Counties of Albemarle, Amherst, Nelson,
I Fluvanna and Goochlaud, commenced, in this'
county, on Monday Inst. Inconsequence of the j
\ inclement slate of the weather, for a great part of!
tho day, the polls were kept open, and the result’
at their close, on Wednesday eveuing, whs as fol-’
lows:—Jas. Pleasants 250; Win. C. Rives 25S;
Hugh Nelson lfil; Geu. Win. F. Gordon 143; Da
vid S. Garland 130; I.ucas P. Thompson 66; Lon
don Cabell 17; Dr. Thomas Massie 15; Jubu M.!
Martin IS.
On no occasion have wc ever knnwn on elec-1
tion so thinly attended. Thu latter part of the.
day of Mouday was fine, and the two succeeding!
days without a cloud. Albemarle has polled 800 ]
votes, and we should suppose that the lull number;
would fall very little below 1000, yet at the clcc-1
tion which is jpjut passed, the number taken is less t
than 300. How shall we account /or this result? j
There is only one alternative—cither the peoiile.?
m this section of country at least, arc altogether
indifferent to their dearest rights and most impor
tant interests, or they arc incredulous ami insensi
ble of the evils in the present system of our go
vernment, which for several years past, have been
so loudly and clamorously denounced- Our knowl
edge of the people and respect for their intelli- !
gence, forbid us to entertain the first branch of i
this alternative for a momeut.
A poll was opened for the purpose of registering i
the votes of the non-freeholders. The attempt j
was, however, in a little time given up. Very i
few presented themselves to be polled. [Advocate.
Lexington, (R.) May 7. :
Roclcbridge County.—On Monday last the!
Polls were opened for members to the Convention
for this District.—JohnBowyer, Jr. Lsq. read an!
exposition of the sentiments on reform, of Win.
Kinney, Jr. of Augusta—when Messrs. William
Taylor, Samuel McD. Moore and Capt. John 1
Bowyer, severally addressed the people. James I
McDowell, Jr. Esq. who had been applied to
in writing, by some 50 or 60 persons, then rose and
declined being considered a candidate—after which
Sydney S. Baxter, Esq. rose, and in a very ap
propriate and forcible manner, advocated the j
I claims of Chapman Johnson and Gen Baldwin to '
the support of this District. Samuel McD. Moore, j
Rsq. informed the peoide that Thomas Jones, Esq. !
and Gen. McCoy' ot Pendleton, had been an- I
uouucod as candidates to the Convention, and Win. J
Taylor stated that he had also been requested to i
inform, that J. II. Peyton, Esq. had been also’
named as a caudidate. In the Staunton Specta- !
tor of last week, Henry J. Tapp and Jacob
Swope, Esqrs. were announced as ‘emphatically
the People’s Ticket,’ in opposition to Johnson and
Baldwin. |
Ihc morning was cloudy, and that circumstance, !
with the busy labouis of the farmers, rendered ;
the vote a very small one. The vast intellectual
superiority and known moral worth of Johnson
and Baldwin, secured to them the confidence, and
almost unanimous support of the people ot Kock
briJge. We tbiuk the vote given to them, was
highly creditable to the intelligence and good sense
of our county.—Our citizens were much divided
as to whom they would select as candidates from
this county. Three of our citizens have been vo
ted for, and it is now for Augusta to decide which,
or whether cither of them shall represent this dis
trict in part in Convention. We teel no fears but
that Augusta will use her power magnanimously; j
and should she be herself, in electing Johnson and j
Baldwin, Rockbridge we apprehend will not com- 1
plain ot the choice she may make out of the three
voted for here. The polls were not closed when ’
our paper weqt to press.—The following was the j
! “late of flie poll at that time, which will not per
haps be materially changed.
Gen. B. G. Baldwin 256, Chapman Johnson Esq. ’
215, Gen. Wm. McCoy 177, Sarn’l. MaD. Moore;
Lsq. 143, Wm. Taylor E«q. Ilfi, Capt. John Bow- ’
J’er 111, Thomas Jones Esq. 83, Maj. Dan’l Shef- j
fy *13, ilonry J. Tapp Esq. 20, Wm. Kinney Esq.
L John II. Peyton Esq. 1, Jacob Swope Esq.Ot) ,
Tlie election has been appointed by the Legis
lature, for tiie most inconvenient season of the j
y'ear; notwillistanding, we cannot help expressing j
our surprise at the apathy that prevails on the on-1
casiou. Strange indeed, that at a time when so]
much noise is made throughout the Stale, about !
extending the invaluable right of suffrage,so fowl
in this county, who now have the right, show any 1
disposition to exercise it on this occasion, the most
important to Virginia, that has ever occurred since j
out independence. [Intelligencer. <
IlAiuiisoNBunc., May 4th. i
Rockingham County.— Pursuant to previous!
Resolution of the JVon-Freeholders of tills Coun- *
ty, a poll was opened on Monday last, for tho c
lection of a Special Delegate to bear the Memorial..
ol the Nou-Ereeholdcrs to the Convention^c. Uc.t
which eventuated as follows: *
Dr. John Moorman, 315. Dr. Oscar Cravens 80.
Votes iur Convention—Dr. Peachy Harri
son of Rockingham, 256, Richard P. Fletcher, of
da 205, Dr. Jacob B. William ion of do. 203, Judge
Daniel Smith of do. 164—Dr. Samuel Coffman of
Shenundoah, 862, Dr. William Andorson of do.
317, Joseph H. Samuels, of do. G9,Chaa. U. Lovell
of do. 53. |_Rockingham Register.
Charlfstox, Iv. April 29.—The information
which we have received from various quarters ol
(he District, leaves no doubt ol the election of the
following gentlemen:—Lewis Summers of Kana
wha, Edwin S Duncan of llarrisoo, Adam See of
Randolph, and John Laidley ol Cabell.
'l he powerful counties of Harrison and Ran
dolph will gave an almost undivided support to
this ticket. In Wood and Mason, we understand
it meets the general approbation of the voters, and
we think wo hazard but little in saying that the
gentlemen named, will receive a general suffrage
in the counties of Kanawha, Cabell, and Logan
[lEtdf. Virginian.
One of the coalition prints, publishes the notice
of Mr. Edwards, of the Pension Office, with the
fallowing comments:
11/ lhe following Older, it will bs teen that the benevolent
and g.iieroui construction riven to (be pen.ion law by the
late adniioirlratioo. ii annulled; in consequence of wbicb,
many a hoar/.headed veteran, whose heart bad been so late
ly warmed by the proepect of comfort and ea«e for (be it re
liant of hi# life, ia stain unfeelingly turned off, end cold
ly told (o bee a cheerless passage to the gravel Aud |AJ—.
yea, THIS! ra “Jackson aud Reform! !’*
The order to which (his nolle* refer* id as fol
11’anion Office, March 27,182!). $
The regulations of the i^tith of December last, by arder of
the Secretary of War, with the approbation of the President
of (be U. fila'.ei, have beau suspended. Persons, therefore,
who may hereafter mike apphratian for pen,ions on account
of Revolutionary service, under the eeverel acts of Googic,
oo (he suhiect, will conform fu the regulations which euited
prior to (he date above mentioned, and be subject to the
same limitation and restrictions as eiisled previous (o (he a
doption of (he tuependfld regulations.
March 30. James L. EpWAA.nj.
Remarks.—A few facts will show that if the
"hoary-headed veteran, whore heart had been so
lately warmed by the prospect of comfort and ease
for the remnant of his life, he turned off, and cold
ly told to beg a cheerless passage to the grave,”
(he fin lies at the door of the late ad.i.rnistraticm—
wIkmo lame it has been the labor of the prints in I
question Jo bolster up. i
1st. The number of Revolutionary i
pensioners, (officers and soldiers.) who«e
'Ulhtn art/i'ei.l ia th*:. wa^. Pevral'lmeti*
:A.eeda,Jjyii'My IJiMV
Tl»e average-pjy of cadi- undo' tlia 1
existing law, tailing due on the 4th of
September next, is, say $43, which mul
tiplied by 12,000, gives $376,000
To meet this, there was on the lstday
of May, unexpended, ol the appropria
tion made by Congress in conformity
with tho estimates of the Department, $305,500
I-eaviug a deficiency on the 4th of Sep
tember next, when these pensions fall
due. of $270,410
And these persons urc uot embraced by the or
der referred to.
It will be seen that the regulation arrested by the
present Secretary, was made on the 26th of
December, whilst Congress was in session. If it
were conceded that it was proper for tn© Secreta
ry, upon the verge of his administration, to take
upon himself the exercise of a power virtually
legislative, (for so far as it extended the operation
ol a law having a previously defined meaning,
known to, and acquiesced in by the representa
tives of the people, it was purely legislative,) it
will not be denied that it became his duty, iu
malting out his estimate, to ask for a sum sufficient
to discharge the increased demands thus created
upon the pension fund. Of what avail was
it to thc-hoary headed veterans, that tlicir
hearts were wanned by the prospect of coinfort
sud case for tho remnant of their lives, if nothing
but "prospect'' was provided lor them?
Will “prospect'’ pay their debts? Will “pros
pect” feed or clothe them? If “prospect” will do
neither of the.-e, we would ask of what uso was
the prospect opened to them by the late administra
tion, without so much as asking for au appropria
tion to give substance to the shadowy dreams that
"prospect'' had given birth to?
Will the coalition prints insist, that the late Sec
retary of War liad tho power thus to exteud the
pension roll by construction, and also had power
to appropriate money by construction.' If thev
<10 not, they leave Inin m the dilemma, where they
arc hound to admit, that he endeavored to cast up
on the pension fund an additional detntnd for about
one liuod.ed thousand dollars, when, a9 we have
already shown, he tunst have known that his esti
mate fell short of the sum necessary to meet the
claijns due under the former construction of the
law, fj>270,000 or more. So far then from provj.
ding lor those hoary-headed veterans embraced by
the regulation of 26tli of December, 1823, the
late Secretary failed to provide for those, about
whose right to be upon the pension roll there is
no dispu te, by neglecting to ask for an appropria
tion sufficient to pay them; and it would appear
that he was unwilling to bring the subject of his
regulation of 26th December, beiore Congress.
Why else did he not ask for an appropriation to
meet it?
When this transaction is taken with the effort
made to place tho whole militia of the Revolu
tion on the pension roll, and is viewed in connex
ion with the de«perate warfare waged against the
present administration by the organized corps of
the coalition, no intelligent citizen can hesitate (o
believe, that there did exist a settled design to em
barrass all the operations of the government—a
material part ot which was to beget a sympathy
tor the soldiers of the revolution, and by swell
ing tho pension roll to teu or twelve millions pc
annum, absorb tho whole ot fhat portion of the
revenue, relied on for the extinction of the pub
lic debt. One branch of the plan was arrested by
the Senate, the other will be counteracted by the
Executive. [ JFasft. Tel.
Washington, May 12.—The Hou. Win. C.
Rives, of Virginia, to be Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister Plenipotentiary to France, in ihe place
of Jaincj lfrotvn, who tus requested permission to
return* [/&
Gaosbi's Hotel,
' -•/, . •/ If r.h May
Gentlemen: Allow me, through the medium
of your paper, to iufonnlhe Iriends of Mr. D. II.
Norton, (ate Postmaster at Hartford, Connecticut,
that, notwithstanding the charges preferred against
him in a late number of the Hanford Times have
been triumphantly refuted, and the motives of the
gentlemen who procured his removal, satisfactoii
!y exposed, the evidence of these facts (aluough
in (lie (Hissession of certain distinguished individ
uals ol this city,) is not, I regret to say, to be sub
mitted to the public. Considerations, which time
may prove to have been the suggestions ol a Seer,
induced Mr. Norton.alier committing to the press
his * vindication,’to withdraw it.
Mast respectfully,
Messrs. Gales &. Seaton.
Citjf of Washington.
Set th? intelligencer of this warning.
Mr. Williams, who writes (ho above, was, du
ring (he late Presidential contest, Ihe editor of a
paper warmly devoted to the late administration.
Mr. Williams now professes to iiave seen the er
ror ot liis ways, and expresses for the President
and those of his Cabinet with whom he has con
versed, the highest taspect. It would.sccni,'ne
vertheless, that his hostility to his former political
opponents is the " rilling passion.” Failing in his
effort to use Mr. Norton as the means of ousting
Judge Niles from the Post-Office at Hartford, his
next object was to injure that gentleman and his
political friends, by using tho name of Mr. Norton
in a statement of private pecuniary transactions,
and the exposure ol private and confidential cor
respondence, which although capable ot explana
tion to the satisfaction of disinterested and impar
tial minds, would furnish food for party spleen
and personal hatred to misrepresent and feast
Ui.it these, considerations had more weight
with Mr. Williams aud his associates, than o sin
cere desire to aid Mr. Norton, fully appears L»y
tiie card he has published. So far from satisfying
the Department or the public, that Mr. Norton
should not have been suspended iu lite office at
Hartford, the communication to w hich Mr. Wil
liams refers, was inch as to remove all doubts, had
any remained upon that subject.
Our purpose, however, is not to injure Mr. Nor
ton. Although wo have ever been opposed to
his appointment as Postmaster at Hartford, that
opposition was not produced by feeliugs of personal
uukindnessto him. We foresaw that, opposed
as he was by his political friends, he would throw
himself upon his and their opponents; that they
would serve him so long as they found him useful
to them, and uo longer; and that his appointment
wotildtherefore,in all respects, bo an appointment
for the benefit of our en'Miiics. Foreseeing that
this would bo the result of circumstances, wc were
not surprised to hear that the appointment oi Mr.
Norton had suddenly become popular with his for
mer personal and political opponents; and Iteuce,
when Mr. Norton aud Mr. Williams called upon
us with a request to insert Ins communication in
our paper, we did not tell Mr. Not ton that, in our
opinion, the only ctfect ot itsjr ♦ iication would be
to separate him forever from those of his personal
and political Iricnds who were still desirous to
serve him, and leave him at the mercy of those,
who, their present professions to the contrary not
withstanding, had no other object but to serve
themselves. In reply to lite suggestion of Mr.
Williams, that Mr. N. considered its publication
necessary to the vindication ofltis private char
acter, and iu the course of a conversation explana
tory of our motives iu opposing his appointment,
we remarked to Mr. Norton, that tie knew that,
at our suggestion, a mutual friend had writteu,
btfurt his appointment, to the Collector of Bos
ton, soliciting for him a situation in the Custom
House; and iu reply to an apprehension expressed
by him or Mr. >V illiatns, that the article in the
Timet, if unanswered, would defeat that applies
tjon, we did not *jy that, in our opinion, the pub
lication ot * his vindication’ would only make that
matter worsD, as it would necr««.»iily compel ua l
lo make a comment which would couiradict the
statement In part, and lead tofutthcr unpleasant !
newspaper altercation.- Mr. Williams insisted up- !
DU its publication, and after revising and correct
ing it, it was returned to us for that purpose.
Actuated by a feeling ot friendship tor Mr. Nor
ton, w'e leturned it to him with the following note:
Washington, 11th May, lb29.
Fin: I Lad taken my pen to commence my
•ojT'fnent on your address to the public, in reply
a (lie article tit the Hartford Times, when upon
eviewing, in my itiiinl, your present situation,!
>s connected Willi the p.islaftd the future, 1 came '
o the conclusion that i>» puhlication woul 1 do you
(retrieval!® injury. Thia l am too mufli jour ,
Ineujjo dofc V ouji^v, faltcui..int<k the. hand* ot
lueo, who, once opposed to you and your political
associates, now desire to use you to their Injury,
without caring more for yon than for the horses
upon wt\ich they ride. To be accessory to their
plans would be alike unkind to you, and unjust to
tliose political friends whom it is their object to
iujure. I therefore return you your manuscript,
and take the occasion which is thus presented, to
express a hope that you will not compel me to ly;
come a party to the controversy, by its publication
Sincerely, your friend and well wisher,
Itismauilestthat Mr. Williams relera to Mr.
Norton’s application t j the Collector at Boston,
when he says.* “ Considerations which time may
prove to have been the suggestions of a Seer,
induced Mr. Norton, alter committing to the
pre*s his ‘vindication,’ to withdraw it.” And
his own communication, so pompously parad
ed in the Intelligencer, could have origina
ted in nothing less than a perfect disregard of
Mr. Norton’s interests and feelings, for its ouly
elfect can be to endanger that application—and
its only definable object, so far as we can |»eu
ctrate the motives of human actions, is to injure
the administration, and raise a charge of bargain,
incase ol Mr. Norton’sap|>oint(ncnt by Mr. Heu
*baw, by endeavoring to show that his ‘‘vindica
tion was withdrawn, under a compromise. It is
only necessary here to repeat, that, inasmuch as
Mr. Norton’s family was in Boston, and he him
sell a Boston man, we, and others of his political
aud personal frieuds here, were desirous that lie
should obtain an appointment at that place, from
the Collector; and that that gentleman was written
to upon the subject, before Mr. Norton’s appoint
ment or removal.—In the conversation which we
had with him, the allusion to that application was
made as an evidence of our personal good feeling
to Mr. Norton, and the remark that the publica
tion would probably prevent hi* appointment, was
in ^ reply to the suggestion that it was due to Mr.
N’s character, and future success in that, or any
other application that he might hereafter make.
It will therefore be seen, that the insinuation
made in the card of Mr. Williams, is as unjust to
us, as it was unkind to Mr. Norton. That we are
not altogether without authority for what wesay,
we subjoin the following note received from hitu
this morning:
Gen. Duff Green: Respected Sir—I will
beg leave to say, that the article in to-day’s In
telligencer, signed O. E. Williams, appeared with
out my approbation or consent. I have no doubt
but Mr. W. meant it for my benefit; but tearing
that it might uot be viewed in the light in which
he intended it, I have been induced to make known
to you the fact, thut I had no participation iu its
Respectfully, &.c.
Washington City, May 12, IS29.
It is only necessary to say, that we regret the
first appointment of Mr. Norton. Ho had left
Hartford and was a resident of Boston. He was
not recommended or sustained by his political or
personal Iriends in Hartford for.fAat office; and
this, without any other, was considered cause for
removal. These are not, however, causes to pre
vent his appointment to a subordinate office in
Boston; and although his leuding himself to his
political opponents in Hartford is strong causo of
objection to him, under tho circumstances of the
case it would he gratifying to us if tho attempt
which Mr. Williams is now making to prevent his
success in the application made to the Collector
in Boston, in liis behalf, should be treated with
the contempt it merits. We know that the charge
ol “dictation” will be made; but we trust that tRe
case of Mr. Norton will prove to the whole re
publican party that it is as much their interest
and duty to he united, as it is the desire and poli
cy of our opponents to divide us. f/i
Among the conjectures and unfounded rumors,
it^ relation to appointments, which ure going the
rounds of the press, is one, that this gentleman
is to he appointed Comptroller of the Treasury.
By a letter from him, wo are notified that he will
spend the summer in the north, and that he will
probably visit this city iu a few days; but we have
authority lor saying, that his name is uot before
th» government for any place; and for believing
that inconsequence of his determination to devote
his undivided attention to his private ulfoirs, lie
would not accept an office of any description. [76.
Extract from a letter to the Editors of (he Evening
Post, dated Boston, May 4, 1829.
' “The effects of the “ American System” now
; begin to unfold themselves. The general*com
; incrce of the country has long suffered from the
scandalous restraints and prohibitions imposed on
j it,and during that time the monopolists were reap
i ing a harvest. The effect of all this has been too
great a transfer of capital and labor from commerce
to manufactures, kept up and increased by one ta
riff and another, till all are ruined by competition,
or by that want ot skill which men must evince
who rush into a new business without experience
capital or economy. The failures all over New
England have been very numerous, and the distrust
is greater than 1 e ver knew. There are not five
factories in New-Lugland whose stock would sell
j at par, and the average of cotton would not exceed
I ill) or 49 cents, and of woollen much less. All
! sensible men of candor admit the forcing system
j to have been injurious to the manufactures, but
I they dread the remedy; an alteration in the duties,
| apprehending that, if the anti-tariff party get the
j ascendancy, they will go too far. This they
j should have thought of before they inado the last
'alteration. They were warned ol it by their op
■ ponents.”
virtue of • decree of the Superior Court of Chancery
(or th« Kiclirrood district, pronounced ou (bedtb city of
January, 1828, in the rase of the Mutual Assurance Society
vs. Teter F. Archer, and others; I shall, on Saturday (he I3(h
day of June, 1829, ou (ha premises, offer for ssle, at public
, auction, to the highest bidder, for cash, ‘-the Houses in the bill
mentioned, and described in a declaration eaecuted by l*eter
F. Archer, dated tha iStbday of October, 1815, and number
ed 1717, a copy of which is hied as autibihif in tba cause,”
or such part of said buildings as shall ba sufficient to satisfy
(he debt, interest and costs, and (he expenses of tale.
The buildiugs, referred to in the foregoing decree, ere situ
ated on the plantation of Feter F. Aicher, called Springfield
in the couuty of Powhatan, on the Appomattox River, and
bounded by the Lauds of Creed Haskins and Francis Osborne
• n 181<. J.UUEURANT, ra.s. c. e. U.d. ’
or one of bit Deputies.
Mey IS. ___is.
Gloucester County Court, May Turn, lsRSi: *
31&UE Commissioners appointed tins day to value lleory,
%a> ■ Runaway alava committed to the jail of (hit county,
returned a report of (he valuation of said slave, aud (he court
being of opiuiou that theeaid runaway will not sell a( public
auction for a sum sufficient to pay (he pritou fees end other
expeaset, after being confined in jail twelve months, do hi (he
lame of bit imprisonment to be uutil the bib day of Juoa next;
and doth order, that, the said slava, at tht end thereof, be told
by the theiiff at public auction, after the time and place of sale
hgyiug been adveitued according to law.
A Copy. Testr,
Pursuant to the above order of court, I thall tell,at public
auction, at Gloucester courihouie, foi ready mouey, on Set,
urday tha I3lh day of June beat, the slave lleory, meutioued
iu the (aid ortlei.
MAT W. KEMP, t>. .. for
H. L. NUTT ALL, ». U. c.
Mavl*. I — w l m
Jj'ind Jur Sale.
THE au'ncriter oilers for tale bit who)* estate conaiat.
iog of Shirley, which contains near oioe hundred aciea
of firet file lead, aa which tbert is a Isrcv dwelling houaa aud
oScts, barns, machsuaa and evaty thing complete, that ia re
quisite for fanning.
Also, tin Mardcn’a tract, two miles from Bbirley, containing
hetwaen 17 it 1*00 acres of heavily timbered laud, with oue
of the bestUrist Mills in the State; being on a uceersfailiog
it,tarn, and making between 3 II 400 barrels uett of tell corn
per anuum— together with one hundred likely negroes; among
srbom are tradesmen, house servants, he. i»e. b
The above ptoperty lies on James River, in Charles City
county, Va ; tail • • within 80 wiles of Richmond, leu of Pe
tersb.j.g and three of City Point. Thoiewho are really de
sirous to purchase, may ascertain the terms by fauplsing to
Beverley Randolph eso. Richmond, nr to Much Nelion, Pe.
(etsburgi aud are invited to view the premises.
0“Tht hrlitcri of (he Nttirvnal lutrlli^tqctrwill beplen.
ed to insert the above weekly for two ninths, aud (raoimil
tbair bill to (bis office.
May 14. l-wOoi
A VACANCY having occurred in (he female department of
the Richmond Laocaaterian School, by the death of the lale
teacher, it becomes necessary that the Board of Truiteea ap
point a suitable person as successor To this end, all who may he
disposed to apply, are required to tend in their applications,
accompanied be saualactory testimonial! at to nuvlibcati >n, to
:ha secretary of the hoatd, on or before (hu 80th day ot Juu
■eit.— The salary is |<0V per annum, payable quarterly.
By resolution of the Board of Trustees.
May ffi. iTOtliJone
rxohmojp1! mat 15.
t'OH THt: V'V urn &R.
BANKS—Ne. 7.
Tlierc are to be touud iu Virgiuia, as in ail oth
er countries, men, who are so wedded to existing
institutions, that no argument which can be ad
dressed to them, will make the smallest impres
sion. It is dillicull to combat this class ol the
Community with success; but, if this portion of
the Community alone, had.to be contended with,
a triumph would, in general, be had; because there’
are to be found, at die same lime, a majority who
arc willing 10 yield to the influence of sound ar
gument. There is auothe# description, however,
of men, which form, iu this country, so large a pro
portion in relatiou to Banks, that a trifamph over
than, becomes much more mtficult; for it is said,
that a man will die by his interest.—Experiments
in Banking, are unlike ail others; lor, iu most oth
er things, experiments may be made—aud, if it be
found that their tendeucics are bad, (be Commu
nity ore always ready to retrace their steps; lor
there is no motive in conducing the thing, which
experiment has proven to be bad. Not so, how
c\er, in relation to Banks; tor the moment you
pluut them, they begin to operate upon all pecu
mary things, until, like a whirl-pool, they draw
; within themselves the wealth, the power, and the
| governing principles of the land. They clinch
j with their unyielding fangs, the fortunes and the
I piospccts ol men; and the hold is never broken
j until poverty, misery, and sometime# death, are’
i stamped upon the victim. They act like a focus
! which, by witchery and enchantment, draws toils
j own point, every thing connected with the curreu
cy ^ lamij until, in a short lime, evory iliiuif
wiihiu the orbit of each, is seen in motion, making
its way to the Bank; aud, in the end, the whole
Community becomes infected with their pestilen
tial principles. Almost every man becomes, more
or less, dependant upon the Banks for some favor
or other; aud thus, it becomes the common inter
est ol all, to give them aid and support. But the
motive is not voluntary; it is necessity which im
pels them onward, and they dare not exercise
that choice,which judgment dictates;—they move
like willing slaves, tlio' they writhe under the bur
den imposed upon them by (lie Banks; but they
know that the days of their credit may he number
ed by the Hanks at any moment; and they, there
fore, fedr to give them offence—This is thn
01 our Community, which it is hard to overcome,
ami to which i shall return iu the progress of
tiiese Essays*
In order *o establish a metallic currency in ihe
Country, it must be obvious, that paper currency
must first be expelled; lor, when the government
legalizes the payment of all the revenue in pan6r,
it is perfectly certain, that no gold or silver will
circulate. Let this proposition be illustrated.—
Suppose (lie State of Virginia requited for all its
internal operations, the sum of live millions of
dollars, and there is, at the same time, «» much
gold and silver in the country as will equal this
sum—Suppose, at the same time, the Legislature
create two Banks, with a capita! of two millions of
dollars each, with power to issue paper to the ex
tent of six millions each; does any man believe,
that 'j such a state of things, the specie would not
soon disappear from general circulation? It cer
tainly would; and the modua operctnh i plain
and palpable.—14. it.. tic«t piacG, tile Bank Chai
ters would require, perhaps, ono and a half, or two
millions of the Bank Stock to bo paid in specie,
which would, at one sweep, draw into the vaults
of the Banks this largo sum, leaving but three (t
a half tnillious in the Slate; and in less than 12
months, the outstanding debt of the :wo Banks to
gether, in the form of accommodation, would not
be less than eight millions ol dollars; the interest
upon which, for twelve months, at six par cent.,
would be $-180,000; which sum would bo payable
at the end of each sixty days, in the orm of dis
counts, end will give the sum or $80,000 to be
paid into the Banks, at the end of every sixty days.
Thus it will be seen, that if these discounts were
required to he paid in specie, the whole remaining
balance, of three and a half millions, would be
drawn into the Banks, leaving nothing hut paper
in its stead. I am prepared, however, to meet an
argument, which 1 know will be urged here,_
and it is, (hat these payments of discounts would
always be taken by the Banks in their own paper;
which would, of rour.ie, he paid.—This is grant
ed; but, then, it must be recollected, that thissum
I ol $80,000, for each sixty days, would be so wide.
i ly scauercu, and the sums so small, that it is high
ly probable, that much more than half would be
required to be paid ia discounts of less than $5,
and in all such cases, specie must be paid; let it
also bo remembered, that there is always cxistiug
a natural and uncontroulable outlet for large sums
of specie, and that there is no return of it, to a state
that receives and tolerates a paper currency,—
i These things, when all are taken into the estimate,
would prove, in the absence ol all experience,
that Banks have a natural tendency to possess and
expel all metallic currency. But we are not left
to conjecture upon this point; because such, we
know, have hern ihe effectsof the Bank® in Virgi
nia.—Having demonstrated, as I trust 1 have, that
paper currency will oxpel the metallic, I now pro
ceed to shew, that specie may be again recover
ed, and that all classes of our Community will be
benefited by it.—Create no new Bank.®, and ex
tend no more Charters. This must lie the fir.-t
stepjowards a restoration of specis Give the ex
isting Banks a reasonable time to close then- affairs,
without pressing too hard upon those who are the
debtors ol these institutions; but limit thoni to
some particular time, beyond which, they should
not exist, for any purpose.
Bui, it will be said, how are debts to be paid,
and how can produce be sold? In relation to the
payment of debts, no man can pay what he owes,
unless he l.as property to pay with; and his pro
perty, if it be wanted, may always be sold; for
demand and supply go together, until either the
demand becomes loo great for the supply, or the
supply too great lor the demand—io which sup
posed cases, the first would cause an active sale,
and good prices in Ihe article wanted; and the last
would cause the article to become dull and low
priced.— In neither of these cases, is there any
giound for reasonable complaint. In the first, all
would have cause to rejoice; in the lasl.it would
be. ungenerous to complain, that an article could
not be sold, when no portion of Ihe world wanted
‘ can spare na surplus produce, and
(nis is all lliat it can spare If this surplus ho
wanted at all, it must be wanted by those, who
are foreign to the State which ha* it. Suppose,
for instance, that Virginia had 500,000 barrels of
dour to 9pare, and (hat the article was scarre and
high iri England; the consequence would be, that
thi* 500,000 barrels of flour would find its way to
England, either by shipments made by the mer
chants in Virginia, on their own account, or by
vessels sent here Ir iu England for it. These are
the only probable inodes, by which the article
would get to England; and in both, or either, I
think it is easy to show, that no aid from Dank*
would be needed. If the article should be ship
ped on American account, tho shipper would have
nothing to do but draw, a* soon a* bills of lading
were signed for threc-lourths of (he cargo, and
these bills can always be sold in Northern mar
keM for specie, which sperio can easily be brought
to \ irginia. If the flour be sent for, from En- I
gland, and shipped on British account, then tho or
der lor the article,would be accompanied with the
means of paying for il; and these means would he
either specie, or bill* which could he converted in
in the mode and manner before stated. II
this illustration, in relation to a single article, lie
true, then you may apply it to all other articles,
and to any extent that surplus and demand may
require. 1 hat we may, by law, exclude every
currency we ples»«, all will admit; and tha» when
*o excluded, it will disappear, is, I think, plainly
proven by the practice of (he State. It was not
"n‘il «Be last twelve months, th«t Norih Carolina !
no'ifs did not deluge the whole Southern part ol
' lV*-?burg to the Nor’h Carolina
j1*®’ Moaer did the people resolve not
» take It, than l» disappears, so that scarcely ■
vo'e la now to be found in Virginia. And I will
?"*• " n,«' Southern part of Virginia has suffered
•v tins exclusion of North Carolina paper' Cer
a'nhr not; for its place was immediately supplied
>v trginia paper, which is now s* plenty as Jf.
( fjolina paper was before. Perhaps, it will be
,atd. that but for the Banks in Virginia, there
would have been nothing with which to cover the
•yace felt vacant by the disappearance of the N.
arohna paper; yet there cm be nothing more de
ceptions then this notion. The fact, that a good
currency will take the place of bad, If you e*
elude the bad by common consent, is clearly de
moustrat ed by the fact just stated; and if Virginia
money was now to be excluded la the same way
that North Carolina money was, nothing is more
certain, than that specie would rapidly ancceed it.
The truth is, money is of no other real value,
than to purchase that which its possessor desires,
and which somebody elso has to spare. Beyood
this, the value of money is altogether ideal; for
human wants, as Nature made us, are but few;
aud from the largest fortunes, we can only use as
much as will serve our persons.
There is iw more danger of surplus produce spoil
ing, for want of a market, if there bo a demand
for it any where, than there is, of surplus money
no' being able to find tho produce, which its hold
er want*. II a man holds money, ami wants
bread, which others have, he will send hi* mo
ney after the bread, and if a man holds bread, to
■pare, for which, he wants money, he may ei'hr.-r
•end his bread after the money, or he may wait"
lor mm who wants bread to send after K—one, or
the other, if not both, will surely happen. 'From ,
the premises, these deductions flow; that a country
which hx«. surplus produce of any kind, will al
ways find ready means of disposing of it, and that
the country furnishing the surplus, may On receiv
mg payment, liraWie curreucy in which tHe pay
ment is to be made, to either paper or metallic, as,
in At* wisdom, it may choose.— Suppose, that no
banks were now In Virginia, and she should pass a
law declaring that no paper currency of any kind
should be circulated in the state under a heavy
penalty; does any body believe that bank note's
would be seen amongst us? Or, does any man
believe that in such a state of thing* we should
not have a specie currency equal to the value of
our -orplus produce? It would seem to me, that, no
experienced, reflecting uiiud can arrive at a con
clusion so full of error. In the case supposed,*
would ask what would becomo of our surplus pro
duce? \\ ould it not necessarily be shipped either
coastwise or abroad? All will admit that it would;
and if so, ought it not al<o he admitted that the pro
ceeds of this surplus produce, whether it was sent
coastwise or abroad, might be brought back iu
specie? If Hus would not be the case, I should
like to hear the reason* which may be given in on
position to it. For myself, I cau conceive of but one,
arid that is, that ’he owner of the produce did not
choose to bring home the proceed* in speeie.
The author of George Clinton think* it proper
• that he should, at this stage of the publication of
iiis numbers, plainly declare, that he h», in no wav
whatever, interested in the local banks of the Com
i inon wealth. Ho is not a stockholder, nor is his
name, in either of the banks, that he knows of, ei
ther for himself or any other person—nor is he,
at ail interested in the United States Bank,
except as ;ho owner ol a tew .-hares of too
inr 'ijrtdcrable amount to operate upon his judg
ment. 1 lu-se few -hares ho would readily give Upw
upon condition that the charter of that-bank shouhl
never be renewed. To the system of banking,
r»a9 been constantly opposed, and lie is not less
disposed to see an end put to the U. S. Bank, than
to all others. In such numbers as he lia* writ
ten or may hereafter write, the author disclaims
any ill-feeling towards those who manage those
in«titution*, or towards any body else. His sole
object is to awaken reflection ‘ upon a subject
winch he verily believes, involves the best inter*
e*t£ of tho country; believing that, if the peopio
can once he brought to think seriously,they will
discover the mischiefs of banks, and apply a retne
‘‘.v —‘*1,» tuny he considered, for the present, a
stilncieut notice of me article contained in thcTcf
ograph of the 9th Inst.
To the Citizens of the Lower part of the 4Hi
Senatorial District.
* There is no subject which
can he ot deeper interest to the citizeus of the
low.r section of our District, than <he pending
election of delegates to the Convention. The
most important interests of the State, are deeply
concerned in the measures which may be adopt
ed by that body. Our just portion of power, in
fluence and security, may be (aken from us by its
proceedings. It, therefore, behooves us well t*
look around and examine the opinions and nualifi
suffrage* *l0S° 1^‘liv,‘lua,!, 10 whom we give our
1 he most prominent candidates now before the
District, are John Marshal, John Tyler P N
Nicholas, L. W Tazewell, John B. Clopton, Bur
we I Bassett and Robert Saunders. We are satis
lied (hat AlatHhal, Tyler and Nicholas, will h*
generally supported by the voters ol the lower
portion of the District, and wo propose now, even
at this late hour, to unite on the fourth man, oufi
by concert to secure our object-to wit: to select
an agent for this important work, on whom wo
may certainly rely lor talents, integrity and ortho
dox principles. The friends of Judge Semple in
James City, have dropped him, from their anxiety
lo avoid division, on this momentous question. Col.
Bassett and Mr. blunders, have received small
votes; most of their advocates here having aban
doned them from the same cause, and most of those
who wished to elect these gentlemen, have deter
mined to support tz have supported L. W. Tazewell,
»» one whom they deemed entirely worthy of
their suffrages, and who would most probably
meet with the undivided support of this sec
tion of thc Cuunhjr, I, |. needless to expatiate *
on hi* qualification*, a* it U believed they am
duly appreciated. He would have received at *
overwhelming vote had he, at an earlier period
agreed td accept the appointment of delegate 1,*
the Convention, should it be conferred upon him
We have lately seen a letter from Mr. T. h.
which he says, he holds himself bound, if elected
L°:,r?Jh:iP!0PleTand *•«*»• bwpedally bonne
to this District, by the ties ofsfTeclion and gratitude.
for favors long since conferred on him. It is he*
native District, and hi* feelings are peculiarly
alive to the interests & sentiments>f our people. Let
U0 (hen, not hesitate to enlist in our service (ha
most splendid talent* of which Virginia can boast
Let us unite on L. W Tazewell, whose interest,
and fueling* are identified with ours. One whom,
we have toed and in whom we all have confix
dence If the people in the Counties yet to vote !
will support him, he can now be elected with!
great certainty. T
May IIIh, ,™"V''l":Cn’°fJameiC't«
a, J\8# Ih* fo,low,in& *■« ,he B,ate °f A*® poii*
a a late hour, nor is it believed (hat there wa,any
change of consequence at the close. The voter*
«.id not attend punctually, in consequence of a
mistaken notion m the County, that the poll,
would be kepi open three days, and in (hat event
the last day would have been iheday lor the Sti*
P‘ r"!r, ,Court of f‘*w »" «be County, and there *'
would have heen a full election, and it Is believed
T* J^ould not have lost 6 more votes.
John Tyler 57, John Marshall 55, L W Ttrro
well 46, p. N. Nicholas 45, ft*. Saunder,' is J*
B. Cloptou lO, B. Basse It 5, Jas. Semple 1. 1 ’
W I 1.1.1 AMSIIPBU Mjv 11
To the Editor, of the Enquirer *
t.riv rlemci, : 0„r election inJamea City, ha*
vhJ.v c,orr.d’ *nd ^Rret to say .. was a
ul JL i u J1"* .*•* owi,|K ,0 i(* being bsi
tlirpp i P0*'* wo,,bl he kept open
hrec day. I he Superior Court of l.aw for the
unty will be held on Wednesday, and a majori
y ol the freeholJcrs supposed that they might
give their rote* on that day, thereby saving them
selves the (roubleof two (rips to the Court-house.
You will observe that we have determined to ad
here to the nomination ol Mr. Tazewell, altho’ it i^
certain he will bo elected in his own District._
rhi», however, is his native district, and it j, well
understood, that il elected, he considers it as host
entitled to hi. service.. Tho high estimation fn
which we 1/old Mr 1 azfwdl is groimd 'enou, si

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