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MCtlMOA'D, FRIDA Y MORA7.\Jl LY 21.
\Yc respectfully bug leave to devote one comer >1 ib pap r this morning, to our own concei ns. Wo shall of food in tlai« way as little a- possible, llut our friend*, as well as our opponents, have claims upon onr notice, which we cat ..ot courteously pa** over. We s* srCcly know in whut terms to thank our libera' bre'br n of the Press, for the kiuu remarks which they h.>vo ma Is upon the enlarged and impioved appearance I o1‘ our paper. It might Seem an idle vanity in us io re puhlidi (hem; and wo must content ourselves with ac knowledgiug our gratitude for the courtesy which they have displayed. Th-y havo not confined themsi-lve to noticing the now appearance of the Enquirer, hut several of them have gone *o far ui to speak of it* character, in terms, which wo fear are far beyond its deserts. W e 'hank them f>r the eordiul pood wishes, which thes" rctnaik* uunifyst; and wu most sincviely reciprocate them. While we have these Evidences of the liberal spiiit ot the Pie*.*, we can “ liiid in our soul* one drop ol pslienco” to hear (he s'lictiirc* ol our *" Editorial Opponents. — We have certainly no rca I poa In coinpliin ol the number who assail us, or of the variety of 'heir attacks. Tray, Blanch, and Back-heart are harking at our heel*. We are fair game; otid they may ahu*o u* as much ns they pleat*. A* you rrill geut e noi 1 Wed scl>imall theC.iloiitl Arrogance, with which we have In-on unju-tly chirged. We r..* peat, that we would infinitely rather couciliato, than offend 'he conductor* of thu I'rwj. But we ask no fa tors of those who cannot treat in with common jus tice. If they cIi a 's to n»sail in, the alternative is left to iis, to ;»n*woror to despise llieir attacks. There arc seme of them, so situated, and with character* so mould cd, that every controversy becomes an abu-ivs alterca tion; nml who are themselves so utterly unable to es timate the dignity of iho Press, as to lorgct in (heir cou tluel the manner* ol gentlemen. Such js ilia Editor ol Ihe Baltimore Patriot proves himself. We would as lief wrestle with iho common Scavcng-rs of tlio streets, us engage with such slang whang-rs in tljo “ oncoun i ter of wits.” ; A few word* marc, nml we have done. An Editor in | Petersburg is good enough to give us hi* I'ity ! oneol ' those. Coalition gentlemen, who are said to he from the mint of Mc»*rs O. 4c S. at WanJiingtcn.-—f*iti/ fiom such a source is a buloquo itself upon he E.igluh J. tnguage— L.-t it pas-! Tire Ex-deck Editor of the Columbian Gazette i.s also Liu 1 enough to r. mind us that the Enquirei “ lias lost and is still losing a I irge *h ire of th it tntluenttu it once coininanded.”—This is possible enough; aiinMVo have no doubt, th i! some of our brethren will be quite wil ling to hust.-.i our Euthanasia—But we are sorry that tho Ingenuity ot our opponent.* is so much exhausted a* to he t omitvllcd to repeat (ho sainb “ lame, tl-»* and uu profitable” inanccuvre which they practised last year— NVe then cxpJ-'-d their misrepresentation* about the do c.rea*o ;>f our *U i*ei[pUo:i li-t -ml, all miserab'o af fectation apirt, wo a*k Mr. 11. again to try hi* pro poution by ha sian lard? NVe will show our .*ub scrip ion bouk* to any authorized Iri -ivl, or to any other, lie wil' acaicely find the ex'inction of it* influence there.—The Circulation ol thi.* piper is turner thou ever it was; larger tli.rn it \va.< in all th. /. ‘tilth of th “ Influence” which it It kindly said to have ••one comnnnde.l”—.and it i* increasing h.-youj all our hop s. It is now about 5‘.)0:>; for thu la*t linos week*, wo ave rage three now subscriber* •» day; hut one disroii'iini ai.ee; and some, who hud formerly ordered 'heir pa pers to bu stopped, have renewed their subscription.— NVe w ill allow him our ca*h bo A collocli-ius.—Or, wi t Be find this diminution cf influence in the warm < jniidence ol friend*,in the courtesy w hich wo expert (DCs from the most iuflucr.tijl Editors in the Uuiou — •—or will he seek i! in iho envenomed tancourof our lklilori.il enemies?— Bat enough—nothing but (he dim malignant Insinuations could have put u* upon thi* strain of remark. Our wouiiy fi i n I* of the N. Intelligencer arc pleas ed to hat/ that wr •• tilvu them the reputation lor de cency o’l (undue' which it ha* been their p-i-.le to en deavor to obtain”—The; o may have been a time when ► tha N I might have been an object of envy—But Ilium fait l f'liat time has gone by. There is no thing no'-v enviable in i s destinies nml reputation.— NVe say it moro in sorrow than in anger, it is also pler-scd to beg another compatriot to spare us the recur rence ol the name of II. Clay—NVe tbauk them for its lender mercies—and wohrg l-avc to return the Compli ment which they have paid u* NVe beseech them, then, to avoid all encounters with tha Elilors of the Columhiin Tel-.‘scope, and (ha Charleston Mercu ry, and one or two Georgia Journals—Thry arc rather of a difl'vrent character from tiis alversa ties, which it ***ign* to our-elve*. For, they were of a lofty and liberal spirit, uu lhy of entering the list* with any antagonist*—and who have scourged tin?«e Editors of ihe N. Intelligencer, for llieir insidious pro fessions of friendship for the Southern States. A* to keeping Mr. Cl iy back, the nil vice unfortunately come* too lire on their ow n account, lie, and they, and all hi* Pat tmn*, w-i'l rue tin: day, when he “ declared war ott the threshold,” and took the field. The tni«bike of the llo-don Palladium i* arnuung enough—For, it *noer* at onr being undor th* neces sity of publishing a new Consli’.ution for Virginia, when we have h».-n unit'irmly the ft ien Is of a Conven tion.— Vet the Ivlitor of the Palladium .--ays, that hj ha* lead our paper for the last 13 vc.ir>! Tlrn U. S. (hi7.otie may make us prove any thing by suppressing ami changing the terms ol our own propo sitions. "Profe**'' I to lol'oiv” i* a very different phrase from following”—NVe might in the same manner con •sidor prnfi-ssious a* *yit'»nymou* with arts—If wr were to *sy that the G v/.etle ‘-professed to bo candid,” do we tiieiefore say that i' i< so; —Thi* isthe *.iine rort • ' fjl«c logic by which tnc Gav-tic would have tt* to ( ..ay, that Mr J. (J Adams In-longed to the same po litical school with JcfT.ison; am! that Jackson lraj aban • doiit-d i ! Mr. Alexander (Vnpbell, ol lldlnny, Brooke Co. . Va., who hn* diuinguldied himscjl in hi* celebrated Debate With Mr. G-ven, h-ss a dvvrtl-c.l i>ro,H>«al* for J I'ubluhing by S ibsrription. tli rir “ Debate.* oil the Kvi slenceeof tfhristUid'y, fie.’ Mr.O read and *poh* 15 li'xrr* on tho ri le o! .Scep'irisrh, an I Mr C. spoke 25 hour; on the ride ol Chiilijuity Mr .Sima, ol Cio dnnatii, took down Ih ; di rii.uiou in abort hand, who pwfant.l *'an immediate roniuuur.ition lor his servi ce«. t • *h» tight of publication; it, therefore, devolved in tha parties to remunerate Mr. Sims, and to iinrivr tukp the puli'iea’ion thmii e.lvn*. 11 iving agreed faay* | Mr. C.) to give him $5 > > for hi* r-i>o.i; and Mr. Owen, about to return to Km up*, tiavmg i In* interest in the work, I have hern ne tl••• <n> pr.ipri 'tor.” M«wi*. and O have agreed to add nn Appendix to the Dilate, l * the purpose of making ihu work still more utlsfarlo y. —It will coul tin GJ ) large duodecimo nr sn ill oet ivo pig.1*. an I c moot Sic otT-rcd for le* , than Ai, when suhstantiaMy hound, or J$1 51 in board*.— I Deduction • will bent id.* 11- lirgo sotiscripMons. The Work is to be put In pres* in a f :vv days.—As this work will be entirely new in it*character, and very interest* login its enntu tits, bringing tog-dh -r two gentlemen of \igoroj* talents, it pin scum o' tlie interesting topics. Hthieh can engig* Ills human min i, wo shall tie li.ippy f* receive Subscriber* at (hi* Office. Tlieii nuns* will m hi forwarded on to Hetlnuy, aul arrangement* rnadclor the delivery of the Work. ni:w scmiMK. " Wo very much fear that the mania of political ”re C’rru" is contagion*, and that our once happy country will j :l have to deplore, a system founded in political cjuacke rv, an t committed to the unskilful hands of empiric*.— Wo abstain, ho.vcver, from entering upon tho more on I irge.l itsl-J of c >ntrover*y, alrea ly occupied hy contend* lug parti ’a, .—In tho so remark* we have no other object thin briefly I if *'atc, that a plan has been devised of po t]‘?.aing tho Virgin*, i con vcn'lon upon the subjcctof the pralual a ulivni of slavery in thi* stile.—Tlie plan ha* origin i! d ia A’lgusta coin v, irhcro a memorial i* new i a circulation to trial effect; aul wears- Informed, upon t r* authority of thoS:.>■ niton Hpectrtor, that there is much un inimity ~t>f sentiment in relation to this mc»stnc of “reto. fn” in that section of country, though some diflirencc of opinion exists a* regards the time of agitat ing it.—I*oi 6-irown pir1*, much as we deplore the evil* ol slavery, wo rpgru; that any mcatUic of the kind pro lute-i, sliould be adopted at thi* p -riod, with a view of presenting the question to the consldera'Joo of tlie eon* vention.—It Is a subject that, if entertained, will instant* lyinlaine the minds of eastern member*, prove a -source of discord, and distract the doliIterations of that nssein 1. y, more Ilian ail other points of required concession.— V<* agree with tho memorial, in most of it* view* and abstract principles, hu*. we cannot help objecting to the Jru’rcy of wringing a subject before the convention, which uny, In any degree, ei,J ni 'or the objoci* for which that body shall be expresdy convened.” I ne -!*ove remark* arc from ihe I .si l.«e*’»n«'(/ -‘O'-* oitts of Liberty.**—They arc mostly iu unison with out «.wn opinions. Why sfiould wc moot so delicate and « tnb.irri«*'.ng a question at thi* time? 11.i« not the Con vention already difficulties enough to contend with? The piinciplu of free representation, and'he right of suffrage, are alrcvly ImereMlng enough to demon I all Use wisdom, and tho discretion of tha Convention to nr range to tno general saUstactiou. Why throw in this other, and «»« more oicitlug subject, to rou«e uj> all the feeling* and pirju4lees of our Eastern Brethren’ Will not our Western Biethren have difficulty enough in securing their legitimate rights and just demands without stirring up such a question a* this?—While we ssy this, we sgreo with tho I-oudoun Editor in his do plowing of the' evil he refers to. We regard it as j bane to our land; hut <vh» i* ign -rant of the difficulty of liuding the antidote.’—We, however, forbear at pres ent.— This string can «earcely be touched, without jar ring the body politic. C'ireurn*lancc» are already brfui i us, happening even within the present month, which »how the unfortunate tendency nf agitating such a sub ject, with the best intentions, but without lh« most ma ture deliberation of the nn-ati*.—As Iriculsof the Con retjtlon, certainly, wo won I |ieg thoCiti/.ene of Angus 11t, or any of the western couu'les, to lorbvar, aud pause upon this question. NOTICE.— I h- l^riiifiNhip l*rHy t*v*ling lu*tw!»»n J Adams, Clay & Co. was dissolved on the 4ih of March list by ih e profile. The business of government will now be managed by Andrew J.n k»ou, vvlio ■ * properly authoiisod to inquire into exsiug abuses and make the nece-sary •• reform ’’ [The above loa-t was given on the 4’h July at Nashville. It is a good thin;; enough in tho way ol bltsi/tC'*.] Ilriiius rt.r it* why. \ r. — /'he article, on onr li.t pa-- from the Canadian Panrr, is useful only, became it is rate dated to call forth dij. ruevias. It uai prooclso is our t»*ot cite. IPs u i derstsmi, from a ’'cry observing Fant.'r, Ci.il hr 11 1 1 liuisJ hw S*cd-'£brat for three [tm/v, but (Ail his wheat is sldt liable to Vc a> whs of the H-n.iau * *y —t it certainly Jtai tie ndrnntugs, not pvftiod out in the Cana •l an article, of axempfmm it from the Hinut. lie soaks his sect from . rJ (avMV>Ki-s <« lias water,them sprinkles line oerr it,stirring it up teiLi tie spade, die. I hi hollo to, poorer grou ti is visit'd by the b'ly, but no pert of it by theSwxiT.— H'ltiis a few liayi put, we n n Iiish - ( u% KflfiUh artitlo, swing the copperbis Salta as an infallible pre tenure to lbe Smut—Suppose this cryrn nr,il were first made • <”V a small scale, on .rrvu -vis m ist liable to the b'ly, to see whether it would protect tie a:mat fr an Ut act acts—If this cp’iimeit failed, it m-ghtolso be gradually eile ijcd to the solutions qf other neul ml salts. --Hut it is the. opinien of many, ifiwbnoat of our farmers, tint the egg Ilf the Fly, is Tt.it laid ia or o i tic rr.un—bet tbit it IS laid ,1 the trrinc y iciest to tie Fly on tie wing. If so, all tie ultroipU to i It U in I groin,bn li-itiuf, tfc. 4"». toil! fail, of conn-. Tno o i’y per, -.:aAji> rs nnly, in lief ra.-e, would be to nuke tie itilto rick as to defy and almost iLsariu its ra rages. 7*A* ‘‘ Port rail of Og u fa.-* P-t rt:'nore Republican, f-,tm a I.u'tdnn l'ap. r, a id ascribed tJ " IXs RHimoti) (./J'.ir.-i< 11; Btvpiirer,” 4'.d nut originate, nor eoon appear in t \r Ri-li mouit Ei|ulror,ait* took occaiton to slat* but y<r. The 1‘urtraU lt'Clf i» is tk* mlia ju.1t1 if emapluatstirf to (Sen. Jackson; but it cmir.icciso :e oulrj ei)ir*.ii<»ms, inch as seeing" k.i mk< milked and churnotl”—Sum* ;cij wjadcrcJ Itj-o “ cows" con’J be “ churooT’aa well as milicJ. j WASHING foN UOKKESPONDENCE. Extract of a letter from j ^ 4 W amiit ngto.v, 20.h July, 1S20 | ‘Tlic fit'f of W.i'kiu* having engrossed more public (attention than any other matter, it may l>e desirable lo you to he informed o( i'* present stale. Om» of th« two indictments, sustained by the judgment of tho court, j waatiicd last week Great exertions were made by the I counsel on both rides. Tho Attorneys of the United I States have sought hi* conviction, fur a Iraud ounmit j tod, in his individual capacity,by false pretence.* On the ! nthei hand, the counsel of the accused linve steadily defended hhu upon the plea, that by color of his ollice j In* obtained the money in question; *h I having applied it | 10 hi* own use, lie is only j defaulter. Those in a few i word* a-e the merit* of the care. ‘The ju y, having twice c >u ideredof verdict, rcudciod it finally in the loltuiviug term*, vi/.: Th * i *>•«»»•*, in the case of tt»»* United Stale* against I’ ibiaa Watkins, find him guilly of obtaining, in hi* of Jicial capacity, seven hundred and fifty dollar*, the mo ney ol t!i L. Slate*, and applying the same la hia own private u-c * 4 ft wiH bo seen, that this verdict, ren lcreJ in term*so equivocal, makes room for a question to the court, whether it van proeee 1 th tco:i to judgment of acquit tal or condemnation. It i* evident, tho jury has not found him guilty at charged in the Indictment. 'Then is lie acquitted? if he is guilty merely of applying money of the Unit" 1 States,obtained by colour of his ollice, to his own use, he is r.o* guilty of any criminal offence, at common law; hut of an official breach of trust. This would be putting him upon the footing of u defaulter on ly; for it will he remembered, that in every case he ob tained the money on a requisition of the Secretary of the Navy. 4 Mr. Southard, when before the court a* a \vitr.c9*, gave his testimony unreservedly; and was apparently very much a fleeted by the disclosure of all the acts of Dr. Watkins. Ho must have come to the stand with an opinion entirely settled, that Watkins had abused hiscon tide nee, for he had in his possession a letter written by him,at Philadelphia, while in the custody of the mar shal, imploring his interposition and support, by affirm ing tho statement* of which he h id been guilly from time to time. 4 The second indictment remains to bo tried, and will probably engage tho court to-day. The testimony will bo like that already given; but there will be another venire. Extract of a tetter from IVatMngton. “I have received th® following account of the ar.oiiy [ mous letter written by Dr. W..ti<in* to Mr. Southard, which wa* read in Cmrt the last day of his exaniina tion:—K——-, in soma way or other, had heard that W. had written in anonymous letter to Southard, when lie was first apprehended in Philadelphia, in which lie en close In cci tain statement, in relation io tho transaction, which iva* intended to save his guilt horn expomre. This sutem.'nt lie called upon hi* friend, Southard, to verify noon oath, and s-o save him m l hi* family from infamy and ruin. Mr. Southard replied.that hi did not recollect tho facts contained in the aUfenico'; hut he pockets the let Ur—«av* nothing abrttt it, until, unex pectedly, it was forced from him by acomptihory trder of the court. This anonymous letter in substance, an acknowledgment of Watkins' guilt; and yet Mr Southard keep* it in hi* pocket upward* c; tluee month* or more, strive Watkins w.is npprelien ! • 1 in Philadelphia! Why ui 1 he not enclos* it to tho Presi dent and put an < n 1 to all tbit contest in the Court? “Well; th- letter wai called for — Mr. Southard would tut produce it without being cotnpell-J. He is [ comp iled—and Mr. Swann take* Hie letter to rea l It con'ains, in substance, an attempt at suborn ition. Mr. | Swann exp' e*<e.s lo the jury, with great fading, hi* | horror at W*s guilt, and commences icadb.g. He he : comes .ifiecled, overwhelmed with emotion, and set* | down. Sams gentleman of the bar read* it out—South mi requests permission to read his reply. He com mence*—gets overcom.*, and burst* out in a 11 ml of tear*, and set* down. 1 -eo nothing hi* boon said 'bout this extraordinary transaction in the Telegraph — why, I am not informed. The letter, with all it* circum stam-c*. will be made kn >vvn, 1 presume, in du»* time. It will furnish a moot paint lor the Coalition moralists — the collin-handbill peop'o—tho mourners over the «ix militia-men, and the Imfo and infamous slanderer* of Mis Jackson, at the head of whom waa tins same Dr. Watkins.” I II- I mowin'* is txuacita irOin a letter, in the IMiii q I el phi a United Slate* < .azotic, dated: •* Wasiiimuton,July 17, 1 ‘'2'). “ Two letter* wi re offered by the counsel for the 17. ■i which give to (lie run a very adverse aspect lor the I accused. One of them was a letter of explanations j which Dr. Watkins wrote to Mr Harris, tho Navy A Rent at Ba*ton,and in which ho atteirip ed 'o shew that •iM his drafts upon II «rri* and Paul.ling were drawn with the knowledge an I approbation of Mr Sautliard, and that tli • mousy thus raised was to he applied 'o some paiticular ituns of navy expend “ire, far which appropiiations had not boon granted. *oan a* Dr. J Watkins was arrested in Philsdelphii, it appears that h.r enclosed a ropy of those explanations, in a letter to i Mr. Southard, addressed to him at Trenton; but Wat* kin*, having met with a hi* ml of Mr. Southard on board the steam-boat, and learning that Mr. S' was then in Philadelphia, sent to him a request that lie would take this letter out ot the I'o*t Oifnn. Mr. Southard did *o, and instantly (for although Watkins had put no signs* (lira to his letter, the linn I writing was well knnvn to Mr Southard) wrote a rtply to it. “Mr. Southard replL’d, that it give him regret, that he could not confirm the explanation* which Dr. Wat •> **» Iti*l in ul". If-; expressed his regret that he should 'l ive placet) Id n«elf in such a glaring situ ttion, and, ig uo-an! as lie iva«of the precise character of tin allega tions against him, Mr. Southard said it iva* nut of hi* pow- r to say more than tint, when railed upon to give tesiinonv, he should give it with a stiict regard to truth, is far as his recollection would permit him. "The whole of Mr Soudiaid's conduct has hern man ly and highly honorable, — life emotion in reading the letter which lie had delivered up. by ord r of the court, waa rxtretuo. II I H that die feteof tho accused was in his hands, and that il wn* a cru-l. but unavoidable duty, which coirri lled him to sac iticn the man he had once esteemed B-fo e he could liiii*li (he readme ot hi.* letter, a en*li of tear* choked his utterance; Judge Ciancii kindly took tho Utlof (so u him, and li it idled it and Mr. South.ud sinking into hi* chair gave way for a few mmnt id* to feeling* ho tourable to him, and which gsilled him honour f» » ti all.'* !!ie last Uvening'a Mail brings u» a very interesting article, in the Baltimore H public*n of the 22d, from it* Wasldi.g.on Correspondent; giving Watkins'* letter to Mr. Ilariis, wii le lie was at Boston, in April last, in Compliance win, ids request of an explanation of the linyul r rircuma'anrr* of hi* account. In this fetter, be do-* HO*, con'ent himself with sfen ting *>u Id* de fence, but ho m ke* a most vindictive attack *m Mr. moo Kendall,* charging him with " vilfenis* ” and threatening, " e,e fe»si«r/’ to make him “ lerI the full i force of t),e rrrod of hi* Mow upon himself!_The! amre Communication aho elves the following at tho le' t-’r from W. to Mr. Southard. We thall putdi-h the whole of thw Conunii'iira'ion in nor next j *• lb’ii la nri.r)ii A May 1, 182** “ On you, and, perhaps, on you nlom, . ,y w r -y and honoured Hir, depend* llto future peace or 1 ixttng mwrrj of uu luuwiin!, (kcciI«iiI wita auil too children. Their husband and lather appeal* to your mercy to *avr, not Intnmdf, hut them horn aliaine and contumely. Driven to desperation at times, by the embarrassments in which Ida long unJ ardrntpohiic.il warfare involved him, every other source exhausted, ho resorted to hi* ollici.il nmhority to raise fund*, which he most firmly bolieved at the time would result in no los* either to the public or to individual*. Fate has decreed it olliorwiw. And tlm«e against whom he fought mid against whom ho would willingly have lost every drop of hi* blood, have triumphed, anil nmv trample upon tho enemy whom more than all others, they haled mid feared. II» is here in tho hinds of the Marshal <d IVonsylvania on a ci i /run ill tdiargo — he iva* on hi* way to Washington where hi* family are anxiously, trembling expecting him. •* The enclosed paper will -how how you mav save that family l^oin ivietrheJncs* and degradation. It iailie conv ol the explanation forced from him at Boston an I addressed to Mr. Ilarristhr Agent. He forthwith sent a ropy ot it to the 4tl» Auditor, who will receive it by this day’s mail. Contradict i», and iho family ol ih wretched betng w hom you once honored with the mime at friend will live henceforth in ignominy and disgrace Confirm it, and they are saved.—Tbj papers referred to ivero ** ini*laid or lo«t during your long illness and absence from the office.” () Cod—ho can wiiie no more—tin* officer i< at hi< clbnv to carry him to Wi-ti > ing'on. rite to Mr* \V under cover to her son, \V II. W. at the branch Umk, Washington—mako her happy* *,ul may the all-powerful so bless and proiptu you. ‘•Hon. Samvei, I. SouTnAnn. Tronton, N> iv Jersey.” '•Everymateii.il statein-nt contained in this letter was proved to he utterly faUe.” ~Tor rnJ:~Y:yqmir:n. Highr or iNvrut'CTiov — Amckicax Quarter r.Y Review. I'.very Republican must f.-et surpri-n and regret, oo reading tho sec n 1 article in trie 9th number ot ili a A meric.i;i Quarto; 1, U.rvieiv, on the subject of ‘'In&trii'* tion» to Representatives.” 1 nm not a subscriber to that I’eiiodical; and, therefore, know nothing of its genet al character, much less of it- political p-cdilectici *. I* serins to have already a.*q,tired reputation; and 1 find fr qnent reference: made to it. The ninth No lit* ac cidentally fallen into my handi, through the courtesy >f a brother Farmer, in mvneighborhood, and the wmk seems to ha conducted with uncommon ability and in dustry. Hut the docliine «,f ih<> editor, on 'h • right ot insti uctiorr. i* anti-republican and dangerou*. It strike* at the acknowledged sovereignty of the people. If sort* *a well with the alarming usurpation* of power that hive hem going on in 'he country for some lime; and . so palpably sustains a piocedus in Congress,on a latv occa.'ion, by which the known will of the people was defeated, that I trust, I shall be excused lor calling pub lic attention to it; or, nf least, fo the herefy it in dn ain*. A Democrat a* I am. I may be conudered a* presump tuous, in thu* questioning the correctness of practice* pursued by m«n who have occupied ‘"high places ” I may be laughed at ft gr.iv. ly entering the li-ta with the learned editor* of th* dntcricnn Quarterly Iteoiew Hot, as truth and justice and the right* of my fellow citi/e is, if not the I junl'fion of all fr *e government, arc in question, I shall f. arle'sty review this article of 'lie A Q Review. If purports to t»o n review of Mr Rurkc’s speech to tho Kl'Vtortof Ilri*tol on hi* election to I’.uliaiifent in November 1774, as contained in Burke's works, repub lished in Uoston in lSJd. 'I'h* e litor refers to tho argu ment* in support ol the obligation of Instructions use.' hy liurgh, in his political Disquisitions, hy l/iij dart vniglit and o her advocates of rnfnimiu the British Parliament, and then says, l»y way o! n wi ining intro durtion: “It must bo acknowledged that ancient practice, from the times when the Represent stives received daily pay Irorn th ii Constituents, was in fivor of this right, though rarely exercised Wo do not recollect any formal re monstrance against It bv a member of tho British Par liament, until this speech oi Mr Butko. The right ot instruction had been long doubted and denied hy Obiter parliamentary declarations, and foiuully by Julge Klackidoue in hi* Comment*)!**. Vol. I. pa. ltil; Imt if there he any formal argument against it extant, p- <>viou» to this hold an I honest declaration ot Mr Liurke, 11 has e*cxped us.” Even in Great Biitnin. where “Pa-liainent i-omnipo tent,” and wh’rc “thn King can do no wrong,” the “ancient practice was in favor" of the rigid of instruc tion. It had only been “doubted and it-nied by Obiter parliamentary devlaratiotu.” But, at length, the wor sloper of Regal, it not ol unlimited power, and Divine Right, Jodgo Ulackstono, “formally denied ir. This i* the sum ol tiie very hiief history which a moil learned Amnrienn Q Review, giv-s of tbi-important question in Great Britain! Vet, the editor gives u< iho morrow of sll that can b-i urged against die right, in hi* own language, an I wi»h the adroitness, an i apparent impar tiality and love of liberty common to the school ol poli ticians to which it seems he belongs. Hi* nest sentence opens tho discussion with apparent modesty, and with a candour which I cannot but characterize as too diplo matic for tho elevated ground he would occupy iu tilt lite-ary atid political worll But hear him: “lu this country (dr? U. S ) we regard the q ie-tion as unsettled; nllho* tho prevailing opinion, particularly throughout Virginia, (l Tucker’s IP. apu 199) is in fa vor of tho right of instructing the representative, ami the obligatory character of such instruct! »n«." livery Virginia Democrat must fee! thankful fur the exception which is extended “ throughout Virginia.” We call it an exception of Virginia, for, the diplomacy of the language is such, t!iat the gen-ral reader would regard the question a, rosily unsettled in tho other State*, according to tho opinion ol the li -viewer, J/'iUe prevalence of the opinion in favor of the right, was not intended to be confined to this “ Oil D-»nmion,” “re nowned an I unferrified” as one of her highly gifted son* called her, might we n >t a-k upon what ground a p dilie -I question like this, c.hi he i msid -red a* unset tled, when “ iho prevailing opinion” of tho people has Inrn expressed upon it—And that to >, in a eountiy whose political institutions arc all ha«*d upan the great and incontrovertible principles—that all power is derived from the people; that public officer* are but thoir ser vants, and are amenable to them for their public conduct —that •-> majority has the right to dictate; to control; to alter ami abolish ! But, if there be no equivoque in Ibis I tngnage;if it wa* intended to ronvev the meaning, that in a majority of the state* un i with a majority of the people (and ni are especially in Virginia) “ the opin ion is in favor oj" the rigid of instruction, upon what ground, then, is it, that we arc to regard the question a* unsettled? 1 am bound bv every consideration of f*irne*« and liberality to put the most liberal construction upon the an'hor’.s word*. Perhaps, he infers, from some recent evidences, that a revolution ha* taken place in the mind* of the people; or, m least, in th-- mind* of a pari of tiicii If hi* “ prevalence of opinion in favor of th** right,” was bottomed upon the idea that u bit e mnjoritif i was of that way of thinki'i;, ami that the majority i* j n iw on the other side, it is tut inc*>n-i*tent with propri ety to enquire by what process of ra'.iocin itio i lie ha* arrived a* lit * conclusion. Doc* lie think that th • sub serviency of a majority of the Representative* ol K-;u lucky to Mr. Clay, in the election ol Mr. Adam*, (in violation of tli ■ will of the poo >le) is evidence that Ken tucky ha* abandoned her democratic principles; and that ( Ihi* abandonment of so respectable a portion of the peo ple, mikes it doubtful on which side tho majority is at present to ho tout'd? Most, of tho federalists, and all (lie aristocrats, have uniformly opposed th* right of in- ! struclion. But, if they all still do so, is it to ho heliev- ! I ed lint they are so numerous, that the accession of Ken-1 I lucky; gives them the clear majority? If we are to be. lieve Ibis, (lien may we Dar that Mr. Monroe’s “/Kn of good l’:-eli»g,” and the election of an old federalist, turned democrat, 1,y betraying his party (on pretending the existence of treason among them,) have brought us to a foai-tul crisis in our experiment of republican go vernment. If (hi* hypothesis bo well founded, (hen is it tiin'i to open our eves to the dangors hy which we ire surrounded; to bu< kle on our armour, an I be up end a-doing The rrioiny lias, indeed, stolen insidiously in to our camp ; is about to pull down our 11 ig and tram ple Into the du*f, tho proud Digit* and Stars, under j which we Ii ive so long reposed with coofideuca and security. IJ H, I cannot in Inigo sii mi appretiennon* inyislf, I) •e.iuse I fuel that f am •Ini the er*at ma t of rr.y fellow-elite w* uf the Unhid 9:*'e», ara cot |e** cm scinu* of the fief, (In' lb vaie •«; and, (hat haviitg *!»*• 1 *■' 'hi, both under onr roostl'ii'i.'in. ami hy the laws of I 7 ..I, to mi ihitthi and enforce the t wereiffnti/ of our will, w« can do so at onr pljasitio, in despite of .id •• the powers tint b«,” “ psacoaldy if we can” (as in the l it:* Presidential •faction) " fiiicihly, if iva imist’*—(aa, • n our glorious Revolution.) It i<, however, Impassi life tint such a state of things can etih. that l»y the t«rglver«ailon, even of so respectable a State as Ken tucky, (lie majority can bo with the enemies of the right* of the people, the Aristocrats. Ini this great ami vital question Com" fiirly before (lie nation, anil no four need l>a apprehend id »< to the side on avhicli the vo|*>c of th* great majority w II be found I care not for the plausible inferences that may bo drawn by the over aniiou* enemies of papular right*, (Vein any Inci dent tint lias occurred in the lie**, and I may say, fury, ot the two late Presidential contests Nothing cau In* more certain, than that fho greit democratic family of th* Union, will be found to harmonise on e*s: nli.it am! findamenfal principle*, however th"v may diffir in their m illions of men, end measures of meru cvucdien cy. The R’vlewrr, however, may no' hive p.rinit »<*d any tuppose*! change in th" political aentim-nts of Kentucky .'o infl mnec bi« judgment in deriding'hit the ! pies ion was unsettled. Ilur, if h" did, It is !u.» alike j la irtifli and to th* chatac'-r of .hat respectable and pat*! rlotic etate, that ho should enquire mto (ho matter mote pDi iicul.ii ly, and eu teavour loundeceiv* mmsc.t. The political liUtory ol Kentucky, at all times, siuce its ex istence as a Slate, and even before, shows, that, among her ci'izen*. no principle ha* been h< M more sacred, than the right vf instruction, ami the consequent obli gation, outlie pari of iho representative, to obey. So tar from her having changed her opinion, in this respect, ►lie w,«s never more decided and lirm in her tlenioer*iic creed than now. I'lio majority <>t her teprr tentative*, disregarded tin* will of their constituents, and pursued their own. In the eh/cliott of Mr. Adam*. They did so avowedly to promote the political view* of Kcn'urky** gre.il luvouie, (I might say idol) They felt lii« re sjhiimiqbly ill rv a-siimed, and would not have >*-timed it, it that idol h id Uot h *hi out to ilieni llie little till./ unction, that his bring p| tccd»** in the line ol sale j»re. cedents,” would be an ample pis'iiicativn. U it wliit was the result? Cuntrary to the will ol the nation, aud especially ol Kentucky, Mr. Clay procure* the election ol Mr. Adams and i*put into the coveted •'-liniof safe precedents.” Sign* or dissatisfaction soon appeared in “ f.’it* Ifrd," tven Itibis own griUfut amk admiring Kentucky. Me all reineiii'iur with what indecent ha-te he left hi* public iluties, and hastened lo quiet the l isiuv discontent in the West. — I In speeches, at al most e vet v hamlet wlicro th.-y could mtkoout a din* n-!r ami muster a Company ol brawling llittciei*, are living tes'iiiiuiialsol tbe ayrophaney with which he eulogize*! (lie man whom In* hail *14 recently sneered at, to a Citizen ol Philadol|diia(well known.// ihaju.'t thi* A. Reviewer,) a* l/citig a ** mere 1111*01 able Yankee,” and whom he had so recently denounced a* a t aitur lo the A«st, promising, at a more auspicious moment, to iniko hi* dnvotopciuent*. It i* nut myel/joct to review Mr. Clay's public conduct. Such an undertaking re quire* more tuna than 1 am master of, and i« foreign to uiy present object. H it notwithstanding all hi*“ table oratory;’’ his letter writing; his ai ts and intrigue*; and even his very presente In Keiilitcfcy at the 1 i<t Can gresvional elecli ui, lie could not ur« his f. i>m I*. The -trtiggl'; ivj* de-peiate bey-m I all exuuplo. They ha > rout-timed tbo principle of /ril/j'ttcltori; they had put the toitl of thep.-oplc at defiance; ami it w.t* in vain that eloquence; doctam ttion; th- worst of arts; and , even tears, were employed to save them. There was j no resisting the expression *>t p./pti' r indignation I It*- devoted friend* ol Mr. Cl ty.aliho’ talented ami u»e lul, were hurled iro.11 the high place* to which public Conti lence and partiality had elevat d them. The peo ple. altho* proudly attached to ih-.-ir great Champion, ora tor and St.1teHm.1n, were determined not to yield the right of instruction, nor submit to the dictation of their 1110*1 admired an I distinguished citizen. Who is it that ' rail- himself .111 American and a Repuhtiran, can con- j template lltc proud spectacle which the lie.•men of Ken-' tuoky exhibited on tin * memorable occasion? Nobly] resisting the dictation of him who bad been so long their j pride; encountering all the patronage att I inlltonce «>l th* General Government; uni braving proscription and denunriz ion, (hey remained tutu to themselves, and, in the end, most nobly triumphed. lint, stili »ve arc to ptcsuim;, that thi* free and gib I nit people Ii}va abandoned the good faith to which they have so I tlely given evidence of their sincere do vntion Cm it be possible that the talented editor of (tin Review, i* so easily gulled, .n to think, that the Dinner hpeoihe* winch Mr. Clay is now making in «n many of tho Itamluls and villages of the West, in jus tification of hittirclf, and in downright n*. mo ol the choice of th» people, is to he of any avail.* The Orator, no doubt, gifted as ha really is, fancies that the u under working influence of hi« eloquence, aided by the «ulith* and diplomatic pen of Ins frioid (\lr. Adams) in tlic North, will soon put things to rights. A host of sub sidir.ed presses, stand ready to proclaim hoztnnahs, and to vindicate wh it they assert, an I !■ nouniv what th y question Bu', may won it hop* th it the fraemen ol our country will think for *.hem*tdves; adhere to their own rights; and loak, wi h scorn, even upon their own friend when lie endv.avors to persuade tiirm out of thsii principle*.* If it be imagined that the circuit harangue* of Mr. Clay, aided by his subservient pressc*, will un settle the question of tho right of iustrucli ju, (lie k j view depends upon a broken staff. We are bound, it) justice to the editor, to suppose, th it the bistoty oi recent events in ii-ntucky is tullv known to him. What other ground can he have for as serting that this great question is now “unsettled’’.* It was r,*g>rded as •>-tt|ed,even in the Monarchy of laig land, until Mr Burke took upon himself to question it, anJ Judge Hlark*-.on« •‘formally” denied its existence If there ho any tiling else, than tliocontuct of the re presentatives o’ Kentucky, and some faw instances of resistance on the part of woul l-ho great uicn, in the history of our country, that tends to show even that doubts exist as to ths right of tho people to in.true! their representatives, 1 must confess (hat “it h<s escaped” me. On tho contrary, the peop'e, aware of the gradu al inroads that were making on their right*; -inti in dig n.inl at the undisguised alto.ants to asm.ne power, and even to place magistrates and other officer* over them, in ojiposition <o their will, have been iou*ed from their lethargy, and display a determination to enforce the true republican principles of our government. The people may be deluded and deceived for a time. But who can doubt, but that, in the end, tln-y will always 'lo tight.* Within thr l»*t thi.ly years, they have a se ron 1 liino retracted the government luck to ‘-it* origin al and pure principles,” and enforced the accounla bilily of poblie men. And, in bolh instances it was Iona hy an indignant and resistless out-pouring of pub lic opinion. On the fust of those memorable occa sions, tin* disappointed incumbent of the presidential chair, (led from the seat of his power and inisrulo under th<- rahle curtain of night, and with a petulant haste am! mortification truly ludicrous Tho than expectant. not less di.s ipooint-td, but biooling in hi* ambitious mind, schemes of triumph and revenge, repaired to the fl'c,f, where he secretly platted the ruin of this country; was in the end, detected, arrested,and disgraced In the second, the incumbent, tho* equally disappointed and chagrined, determined not to imitate the conduct ol hi* father hv a hasty departure lu th - night, remained in the vicinity of the M dropali*, with (lie double pur pi-e of showing Id* cold indiffarence to the sen tence which the people hail passed upon him, and to await tho subsiding of the angry billow* of popular indignation, that bad been raised hy certain disclosures < onnected wilh his conversion to republicanism In tbi* second in-'tmrr, the Expectant, the Occupant of * 'he line uf sife precedent*," a!«o repaired to flie ll'cst; not, I tiu«t, to pint schema* of treason and dii ni'-mharnncnt; hut, if the newspapers do not get up im aginary dinner* and forgo spaechcs for him, his object scam* to ho, to convince tho people, by excc** of oratory, • hat he is the Angel of Truth and high1; that be has been periecut"tl by tho Demons of D.irkue**, tint the people are an illiterate Herd, unskilled in all that con cern* their own rights or the common good of the conn t-v. and will never prosper uiv.il they submit th-,ni*plvft« implicitly, to In* dictation and rule. Wonderful man! With only the most common advantage* in his youth; migrating from hi* native bn l in early life, without for tune, and with few friends, hi* cnteiprising spirit, soon established him a home and 4 circln of admiring supporter*. Presently he becomes the great man, the mas’er spirit in a whole regimof Country. Honors an-! emolument are showered tt|ton him Hi* ambition i* kindled into tin* ino«t 0011 u uing (lime. Me strike* for tho most exalted station on earth; finds that hi* pop ularity in the Union is on'v on a par wilh fourth-rate Ci iy.•••!*, and that lie cannot even he returned to the II. of rietir-setitalive*. Vet hi* address and inlluence arc such, that be tonnages to d"io,it the will of the people; elects n Chief Magistrate fir them, and thus place* himself on the stepping «tone to the object of his high est ambition. All this he does in defiance of tho will of the people; and, especially t-f those to whom li» owed the most, and via* under tho most solemn obliga tions to consult am! serve. “ Hive u* patronage, and we will make oursrivee popular, was ms noiil and reck loss avowal. While Secretary of St Mo, lio seems to h ive acted fu'ly up to this hoist. Hut, thanks to (he discernment and Independence of the freemen of A merici, lie hss been I.night to believe, that we think, am! are determined to act tor ourselves, lie find*, that all the patronage of the fiivernnvMit; that the posses sion of " high places,” aided by a hast of obedient and eulogizing presses, cannot save him; lie i* swept horn his ill-gotten power, by the mountain warn of public opinion. Yet ho is not dismayed. He smile* contemp tuously amidst the angry surge; denounces (he verdict of the tuition, and the favored obj -ct of her choice,and avert* his claims to ” Lord it ovot Venice ” In lint same region, whore tit * other rlitrtppoinl cd Jltpitnnt, plotted treason in gsrr<»*and cellars, not daring foshow his discontent in op n 1 ly light, this man i* fil ling the wood*, the fields, the groves and the val lies, with woful lamentation* and bitter denunciations —And nil this too, for offset, and among a p-topic who ha I turn vd a dc.if car to former and similar oratorical crusade i! Tim detection of fr.ju 1 ati I peculation among hi* favorite nllcer* of government at Washington, scchm not to check hi* ardour. May not a farmer. like yiysclf, whoncithor hold* nor seeks office, and whole anxious fur (he prosperity of hii Country, ask what doc* all Ihl* mean? Has it come to this; that, the disappointment of one u»«»,however talented, or virtuous if you please, is to fib tlv; whole tii'ion with strife and contention; that he is to ho permitted to harangue, insult, and even browbeat us Into the gratification of his hasty and un chastened ambition? What will heroine of the staid dig nity, honor and independence of freemen,If they tolerate a travelling arid spouting Orator, wrho arrogates to him self more wisdom than they u ./seas, and who madly ar rays himsalf ag.iiud their dcilh.Tato and solemn opin ion*? lias h*. no modesty? Has hr no confiJcnco in Uic ultimate juslice anl magnanimity ofhisrouu fry* Why should he become tty travelling faulthnd-r with the men in pjwer, whom hf seek* to supplant? I* there not an unprecedented boldness in tliis? How different is it from (hat modest merit and disinterested ness, which other distingui bed aspirant* to public favor have displayed by a peculiar sensitive retirement of Til f ho ^oplo of tin* nation may be led by the iiitlil iutIuor.ee o! argument and reason; "but they never can bo driven, uo matter what oily-tougued Orutor us nutnas the lash. Hut, W it not lamentable that in the midst of this strife and contention for the proaiotiou and ugmudizeuiont of an Individual, the vital priuciple of llieri^ht of inatrue ftOM should be not only called in question, btil actually endangered? A majority of the representative* r>f Ken tucky, the montber from Illinois, and from Missou ri, all disobeyed the unit of their constituents in votlm; for Mr. Adt;n<. fhv-e trom the fvv n lost States received (heir reward trom tho AdminUtrati >:i they put into power. Some f t the ethers received ;ui opproftriulc retcard f.vm their own constituents. ll.»d not the Table-Orator ht*eu prosehin ; up justification to his obedient friends? V. hat success he will have, time must disclose. Thus far the elections have boon unfavorable to him. Amidst all Iho servile rani and time-serving dnetrines ' of tbe Lte presidential contest, nothing Ins been *d-j vanced by tho hod ol ItiicHtig writor*. whose bread de pended upon tl cir servility, that surprised me more thin the aununciati.su of tho Jlmeritan <J Review, ili.U the tight of instruction was yet unnetiled in this country; md th >*. in fact, no Mich right belongs to th* constituent*. Who would believe that a grave and dig nitied work, (such as the very title ol this induces us t*> expert) could possibly target its obligatious to be stiictly iiup.irti.il, candid wnl hbei.il. Such cstabli-hirents are always presumed to be conducted by moo of great lit erary aftpiiremont*. ot elevated fooling* and manly d<* moarmr in the World of letters. It Is not alien to their vocation to float occasionally on the great sen of polities | Hut, when men who assume to be argu«-evcd,autl take ^npon tli»mselves to approve or reprove almost every ; tb;ng ilia' is uttered by the pr *««on the various subjects of Art, Science and general Literature, think proper •o descend into the tHililic.il Arena, and to discuss quo,, tious of po'ltical principle and expediency, something more is expected from them, than from ephemeral poll tici.uw, or deluded partisan*. It is worthy ol remark, that at tho very time (March 1829) when the new administration was installed into ofl'l.'o, and the I’rnrlctlt Was giving a promise to the tii'ion ofth.it Reform, which public sentiment demand *■1. Hu* lleview *houl I Issue i s svveeping and perui ciousdoctt iti.’s on the right of iustruclini. , At that vo tv time Mr. Clay commenced bis crusading orations — f hose coincidences ought not to be forgotten. Tho freedom of the pres, j, one of the great palladiums ol Liberty. If gives force and valuta to the freedom ol opinion. Neither nn be restricted in our Itappv roun try. 1 he editor of the He view is as much entitled to m- opinion a* i mu tu mine. Hut I am vtilf at a lu,s to conjecture upon vvli.it g'ound he considers tho question unsettled. We know tliat in Great Britain there are sucii tilings as Reviewer*, who set themselves up as the standards of t.i*te arid criticism; and nettle. with learn ed gravity, all mooted questions in Law, Learning and Politics. These Dignitaries of the goose-quill, sway public opinion in that country in the most remarkable manner. Th-ir etripiie exten I* even beyond the Uri twli I->lcs Those of us. on this side of the Atlantic, of British Origin, and (--peaking the English Language, are in «oine deyrt e, under the dominion of the** friendly Censors and Umpire--; and. especially, in irl.ition to the , arts, science and g moral literature. We sometime* I quote them, as authority, on such question* in pali-J tick*, as are bottomed on principles, borrowed from the English Constitution. \l i- have loo long depend I ed u;»oii English authors; and linve reason to he j proud tliat ilia exertion of American intellect pro-1 niisos to relieve us Iroin that dependence. It i-. 1 to lie regretted, liowcvor, tluit in our large cities, the ; inhabitants so eagerly copy English ha!,i s, manners and I fa-hions; am!, that this taste i< spreading ton widely in-! to the country. Can it lie i>.as-iLde. that in the midst of ■ this rage for imitation, the lidi'or of the A. Q. R. ima-j gines, that, since hr ha< copied Hie style, Drin and man- ; ncr-at jho L it'-lt Reviews, and even the name r-f one ' ol them, with the distiticlion ot “Tho American” only! prefixed, his Journal must, neces-.-ril v, posse-* the ■ same empire over ptthiic opinion; and that no question ; t* to he considered n« stilled until it Wis passed in Re view, and been decided by 44 * fie American Quait *r lyt” If such he hi* presumption, lie presume* too much; and may he safely con-igned t;> (he s-l.ivv, but cei lain opera'ion ol that opinion, which he would vsiuly at tempt to control. The establishment of Journal,* just and learned criticism, in our country, ought to ha gratifying to u< nil. When conducted with compc'onl In.-ni, uni a liberal and impariM spirit, they cannot' fail to b* cmincmly usebil every where I regarded the establishment of ** 't he North American.” 4- The American Quarterly,44 and 44 The Southern Review” with feeling* of pride end pleasure—Ol pride because they encouraged tho hope, that her- aft-i, we -houll not have to look to IMti.di criticism fir correct notic-s of literal y production*, and particularly, ol such as claimed American O.igin— ()/ pleasure, because thev promised notice* nt works both foreign and domestic, w hich my means du not enable me'lo possess. In some ol these rospect*. my anticipations have been fully re- i ilized. It could not have been expected that osthsi of these works, would ever attempt to propagate doctrines,! in conflict with tho great fundamental principles on! which our representative system is bottomed. Vet, I , tbink I shall be able to show that the one which a* ui.-.’cs 1 the distinctive title oi “The Amoiican” hi*done so, and before it has reached it* Tenth number. This task I ' reserve for a second number. It, in the above remarks I l.nvo digressed from a • stiict consideration of the objects slan ting at the head I ot my article, and thrown out remarks that seem to havo j hut little connection with them, I have authority for! doing «o.. Hie Reviewer, ronclu io.s his notice of 44 the ! law of Libel, by saying: “It is *o frequently die fashion i in Reviews, to take n> notice ol the wot!;* whose ti'le ' stand* at the head of the at title, that no have \, n'ured ' to adopt the custom in the present instance.” So, in this number, l have digressed a little, to-how how ti n- | ly Auxiliary hi- lucubration-ara, to the effiu tx and view* of certain piominent politicians. Whether (his coinei .lencrt b» the effect of accideut or design, I h-u\e tooth ers to determine. op» A DE.WOCR VT 7 ■> the Kditors of the f?nrjiiir< r. Gentlemen —I have of l.itc observed, with c.iiccrn and mortiliration, the enurse t-n l conduct of i portion of yo-ir brethren of tho Type. The unexampled liccn- : tiotisnes* of tho Co.tliiiou I’rewes, towards the Iho-i dent ami his administration, must he tleeply humiliatin'* to every man. who fe. Is a respect for decorum, or an •attachment to the. free institution* of tho G.rinl y _ It In* now s-rivc-d at a point -o degrading to the chnrae ter of the n Uion. both at home and abro id, anti i* ca«t- ' ing it* roo'.*, so deeply, as to merit tho serious romi-le- ! ration, tm-.l call emphatically for the reprobation ol eve- j rylihfcral and reflecting man. I am, Messrs. Editors, • no enemy to th- freedom of the Press. On the ron’ra- 1 ry, I honor and esteem it. 1 have over been a zealous ' advocate for the free discussion ol public Concern* in print, and Iha rigi I scrutiny of character of all who* seek office, or have attained one. In free Governments, ' tt.c Press ha* justly b.-cn esfoeined the most rfT.-ctuii restrain: upon public men, and public measure*. In this country, esp»ri.*liy, whera popular opinion ronsfi- ' lutes national strength,* free and virtuous Press, devot-1 e I to truth, and restrained by principle, may he regard ! ed, not uni / a* tho Citadel of Liberty, but slip safeguard i of every thing like free Government. This, I am ve ry stire, I- tho sentiment of tho Atneiican people, and tiiueh as they are disposed to re-pert their G-ivernmont, and apr-tove it* measure*, and to defend (Item upon uli proper orcasiou*, nn I in nil suitable avay«; yet, they ins pect much more (he principle that pn.tecls the ful.'csl and free-t investigation into tho con duct an I measure* of their p ildje rulers. This i* nil ns it should lie, ami ave uiav, indeed, boast, that in no age, n *r hi so great a diversity ot f >riu*, ha* tho Pre** been employed upon public opinion, so diligently and powerfully as in the present, though at the same time, it i* a truth un quo-liotiahle, that it wa* never more degraded or a!. eu. There i* no nnn who knmv* heller Hie value of fhi rigM, or appreciate* it more highly than (ho virtuous I •hmI illusti ious hiilivl Inal, who is now at thu helm ofaf. j tails; nor one, I am Mire, who would do inoro to cherish ' •m l guard it from every thing like improper re-traint.— I If i* to this freedom and poorer of the Press, th.it (,>n. Jackson owes, in a gre.it meSriire, his recent triumph, and from it, has so little to fear in (he dostiny tii.it awaits him. Whilst, however, it is not hi* wish, nor the Wish of thorn who support him, to impose restraint*, \ or suppress Ilia ino*t rigid scrutiny into public men* I sur-s; yet every goxl man. whatever may he hi* politi- i cal creed, mu*t fee I hittiH’li humbled, ntid his country j degraded, when lie see* the Chief M,igi.tr.it- of (ho na- • linn, iii (ho irioment of his elevation In power by the I fi eo and tmidassed voice of the people, r-VHed and re - | probated, in language unexampled i•» tho annals of the bitterest parly strife end malignity lfth«*e calumnies .11 d amiss, whlrli are daily and hourly poured lot tb, Could be regarded a* the natural exuberances of a free prc»>-, in might, hi'lm), f.-el pome degree of consolation fposuhly °f hiuinphj iu tire evidence which they afforded of the existence and security of ltd* palladium of our liberty. If they cotfld even be supposed to spiing from thu siig trouten* r-f a few blind and heedless partisans, or were confuted to the mm vendors of party, they might t>s re tarded and trealr.l whir tire contempt they mcrii, hot every man, of or dinary observation, must at noce per •fire, thal thay are not only tho rest trees of party, hut (lit! they form an Important link. In a scheme of de- 1 traction and party politics, which lias been deliberately j planned and i* secretly conducted under the ftn-picr* <>! ! certain •liatingtiiahcd and talented leaders, who*-* mo lives and p dicy cannot bo mistaken: Mall, who having j been driven by the indignation of an injured and In j •tilted people from power and place, have united for pur- 1 po«es ol individtiil ambition and revimge, and In the viin hope of pulling dou u'ha administration by a *y< I tem of unmeasured and iindtscriminaMtig hiVeetiva and j I ahttsa, Nicer ha* any country or any ego been eo| . j ditdionurcd and .Tjpladed liy the scurriJHy and I’roJtftu | Hun ol the Public l’» I lie President was scarcely installed in office, befort* il beomie apparent, that his administration was to to mathed by inveterate animosity and malignity. I lie innn uiii.il* who were selected lo coimmxo hi« el* b'ncf, b id not actually reached the seat ol tiovernmeut. bclore au organized opposition wae lonnerly announced from Head Quarters, and su nppodng candidate for tiro Presidency, presented to tho people, lo divide and dis tract ili** nation. Proscription, denunciation, nnd ebu»o of all who rreVo our.mod in ih- adiiiini'tr.ition ot the Government,wer a given out, as the ordei ol the day; none were too high, **’ nothing t<*».acred for their touch. Sttrtion t|i« most ex sited, ieputaiion the uio-l unspotted; services the molt important,were to bo no idncld against the^tTuit* tnuf at tacks ol this unholy coalition. Their- object wss to !•«> pursued with i;.d.:(.itii>ab!i* x»s| nmh porseverance. and no'liing was lo bo omitted, which negotiation, caluiiinv. oriiitrigiio coulj effect. How well they have •< com plislicd their purpose, so far, at least, tho nation h.nc bad dinple evidence. In die way of abuse, whal is il that In* not been rai‘1 ot lire President and his Mliiiinistrsliup Whit charge has not been nude? what crime luvc they uot Unnoted to bim? * 4 Have they not Hnr.u-tetfeed hit aitmiuMrslion nV one, iiitiiirnrcd at mm by the most •• ruthless tuul rm ‘.ic.ibc spirit/ ’ Have (liejr not charged tin* I’rcsidctif Jv,'l* *’‘**"s “ ti 'icniti!luj mi invisible nnd irrcsponsi b!c tribunal, t' hicli confronts und dooms its victims to let»sc hunt dcuth, amt th>n families to tvint/'b if hi* " rctoard nfl nr, I punithins; individuals, for opiv, inn s sob,: Ol Ids making .« “ venal und personal de lation to nuntil/, tv. om, ,>>--pi>it tu favor, uud a incut superior lo ali u.iiet under Hi .iven:** H ive they not tirocinium I from lbs hou««.top, that a “ " " ” *Y',‘cm ol VT-M*V is preying upon dm body po.y>M ht.c u.id con upturn feshrinfl in every department of* ► the (jovenunent. I hat (he measures ol th<* adminix lia-io’i aic not only of the most'* odious and corrupt ‘■‘traeUr, blit that a "tyranny has sprung tip fearful and fatal to the public flood." Indeed, it would Mftiu from the fears and alarm cl your g >od bicuds of the inlcll.grnccr, that iml only . the pensionary days of Charles the 2d, hlit the pro ’ ’vripdvo d.iyx even of the Stuarts, ami Tudors, or the I I uilagencif, were iiotliiiig (o (life new species of mis. rule, which a* sprung up to curre and overrun tin-., i1,1! , i hey have not scrupled to denounce the Chief Magi* trft,V hUinelf, in terms, ay another 71 fieri us orCnliguU ' And what, pray, Messrs. Editors, I* the toundation ot ... m»l affectation of alarm for the Peo ple and their free fnslifulions? In what tia» General Jack'on so deeply offended; so f dally cured? H is tic failed to enforce ihc Public Justice oTthe Country, or protect the Public Peace?— No. II i« lie b en unmindful of our foreign « r l«thins, rtr shewn any want ot disposition or zeal, in cultivatinb" lisnnonv and peace with fiielqn Powers’—No. Il.is ho violated any of the great principles, which, brought him info power, or which hislrieuds and the ns tmn have looked to as forming the basis ol his Adtnini'i*. tradon?—No. Has ho boen personally inattentive to his public dti^ tics, o- suffered others to bo so? No—it is nor pretend ed The complaint and <• rvfe Pro«criptipn an-l licform* Proscription and Tyranny!—In other words,—he has | dismissal! my son—my brother—or mv«elf from ufllrty t 11'* I*-'* turned out person.;! .hi.I political enemies, amt ! in personal and political (ifends. Tlifeis tho head I am! bout of his offending, and this it is, which hasgiv | en to the Press all its salted iuulignity,aiid its fierce ini - ! p ignment. i'-it it is not alone ot ilie Press, tli.it thu nation have * l ight to complain In this war upon the President and is Administration, no on? has ho?u more eager or mor : /..* dims than Mr. Clay. Ho ha* lent his Function, an4 t'u' n a tune to this wide system ol vituperative abuse, winch c innol be loo strongly condemned by the sob*: i an I M i iking pari of lh« Community, ami which liasdt gr id •<! •»*> deeply ibe character of the American Pres*, .sot s-t'i-lieil witlj !,,:s e.nly denunciation ol tho Trcii d.-ni, i.i l.is dinner Speech, at th? Seatcf C?GVAriP>'<iuh he hu‘ .since his return to the walks of private Hfo,losi no opportunity of assailing him in the most violent man nor and i„ the most unmeasured language. Whilst h* woii.s are still wain* with rlie piolt-.ssioris of peace, he is scev. hmudidling tho swo.d, and atlempting'by estraor* "ina. y and violent speeches, to inflame the people, ami onir.iii^o tli^iu trout t!.o Government. fearful that ilia zeal and heat of personal and part*.' contention might too soon subside, he seem.*determined to keep up an inoemnt fire, aud allard no time for the h it Mood ol purity to cool. Urea linff peace and retirement, be i« continually V before the Public, ns it he supposed, that a ces >.i.mn «>l parly strife, might leavo him on the surface. noRleclcd and unseen; and that the Tempest only, was die means ol keeping him before the eyes of the nation and tini.iiy lifting him into power. " .• » destruction of Jackson, and (he overthrow of f,*:« Administration, fere now the ruling objects of his life— and to accomplish them, and riso upon their mine, ev ci v thing culled in purpose, at.,1 generous in sentimen , u to Ho <i:'regarded and forgotten. Ifot it will not all do. Mr. Clay and ids friends mav T ,1 Mired, that ihcy can do nothing in the way.it abuse again,! this man of the people. Neither the e. forN °‘ U!a j'npassioned invective, nor the more potent P°u* r- of the Press, can disturb even (he repose of ;» u.md hbe Jackson s, (bottomed on the consciousness of virtuous and honest purposes.) much loss draw him in to any snare, or betray him into any weakness, by me his ot insult or obloquy. 3 " :il ."'-y *>« lo array, by anticipation, public " ’l *bc measures of bis Administration. • , , ,7. fa,"'e '",0 ,’°.wfr- «« » manner which jiia Iv on.i.ios bint to the confidence of the Country at SrivE 7,a"ii1,0 J* to° strongly Intrenched in c at.lions of t ic i enp]c, to ho easily shaken, llo succeeded to the Presidency l.y the practice of no art bv wearing no ih«gui*e; by becoming the instrument o. dupe ot no Party, it w.,« by sn inflexible adherence to pi mciplc; liy Iwmg Ins Country better than himself bv preferring its honor and interests to his own- and (,,, serving it in a manner, which few had ever done, that ro'e 0 l"•£,-^C15, exalted station, 'idle feeling* ot the people cannot, without r.in-e, be enlisted, by parry Si. lie. against such a m in and bis measures. The ret-tar.ee must bo roused by direct and obvious *au ses 1 I cy abuses id which they complain, nmd com , home to their business an I bosoms. They must he real not imaginary wrongs, which will drive them into re.’ sistanee. I here i* no f-ar, then, that they will nr. j.idg,; tho President or 1. s Administration. They will yn e him lime to carry ids prlnclplesand plans into nrac tic-; and Ins friends need have no fears, when his Ad ministration shall co.ne fairly before the People and the merit sot it* policy Im understood, that if-will found to have been not only honest, but beneficial f t.vrk, I confer., for one, fo i!.e next four ye.wsof An, di. w Jackson s Administration, with the confident o\ p.-elatmn of seeing the foundation laid for a long 3nd glo' m.i* career of national prosperity and happiness I hops, o sec the Co.. tho Country un-Wk* eb d by ulious restriction, and monopolies; the soil ex empt from taxation; the gr-al interest* and industry , f the na'ion, eipislly prot cted and ehchdied. I «.xne?t to see fi n; .Illy and economy in the disbmsoment oNfi,! l jib ie i rca.iifer, and the credit of the natlooestablish ed up.m a stable h*-is by the speedy and early exti.. j'lii-liiiieiit ol the Public Debt; »«,dlastly-l cor./bforif ly hop., lo .ee the relaxed and wiHii./J™/'!, iS at ion .1 Government, brought bark to their Con*»i(... • ' ‘.nJi.a vi<°r, ami tho good, o’d fashion.>d times of Mr J 11 on revived. oir' .T,V'T’ Mc!Mr!: K,n,or». so»>e or thn blessings u nr.. 1 expert from tl.o present Administration; wlm .i the muon have a right to expect at tho hands i • th ese in power. Th,. firm texture Of Gen. Jackson's character; hisslr gleneas and honesty of purpose; his sound sense amt nnhvendent ,,rt'i,*0l> 01 ndml; his rommandiiig ,t.ii confi lcnre and the power of bringing his knowleslg* ino nearest hi, I plainest way, to (lie concerns an! bn s ne s- of life arc tlm surest pledges of a happy and glorious result. He has. then, nothing to fear from tho abuse of the Press, or ol Mr. Clay ami his friends I his i« not s novel expedient of faction, to assail eon. spinmus merit. History Informs ua, that Aristides (tho most just of men,) attracted, at ono time, the sen geairce of all »ho dfirhirged oflicers of the Athenian Government. l.y exj.iHing their malversation, beloro tho rtibunsl of tbs People. Sn-h Ins been the rase Wirli Gen Jark-on. f t him, however, move on with a firm ami steady step, regardless of abuse am* with •.ingle eye to (ha public good. The more |,e fo'shu-ed trie closer will In* friends cohere; ami I v,.nt„re to ai‘ firm,that h» will fin .'ly feme forth from the flamesof w r •on .I slander and political anathema, not onfy unhurt fiv Ihn fiery ordeal, but brighter in the estimation of « V »* ' v. VfRGfPffUS. rr m _’ K. -Vfrr Abigail MwofTTrs J-.ne Cout s t ht1«Mn1C. M;iyo, .fame* WtnMon, *n<! all c-li'-r person* whom it may concern, are hereby noli fie 1 ' i •' * petition will be picsented to the next (lencrol Ass- mfi;y of Virginia, praying tl.e pmage of ■ |«w a.',, morning the form pm alien of a Company for the erec. lion ot a Toll Bridge aeros* Jrmf* Itiver, St some eon' yi i.ic.t point below Majm’s Bridge, and intor«oriintr th -, Uiclimoud Dock. B Bv sundry Citijons of Clicstorfield nm! tho neiili bonriog (’miotic*. * '’’'VJIA. _ S2-w4w > i '"‘ i HODTEbirAnoRKR*. ten defers » B month -.ml ho»rd will l,e give,,. (o work on i| « James (liver Citul. Apply to HtMIPD lltfA r July 24. 22—4*