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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, October 05, 1830, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024735/1830-10-05/ed-1/seq-3/

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ksirfty n»if imUhltniM of ch»r»r'er, which have en
deared him to all who know h»m.”
Clay print* are circulating in* fnl'owing ex
tract of a letter from Washington, which originally ap
peared In the Philadelphia l*. S. Gazette :—• The ru
mor. that Gen. Jackson will withdraw hiin*elf from he
*** ”*• poopl* a# a Candida'*, g.iina ground ; and th*
general Impression ia, that the fiDml* of the General
Will decide between Mr. Van Huren so I Me. Cailioun,
and that a portion of them will go over io Mr. Clay.—
rit* firat effect ot this decision *111 he seen in ihe e
lection of a public printer.”—We beg these gentle
men not “io lay this tlstierinc unct on lo their roii!t '*
They may b* a«Mn>d, that (ten J do** not mean »<»
withdrew ; that he will obey the wirh** uf th* it’opto;
and that (Aey will re-elect him, is aa certain a* llm
ia • awn in the Heaven*.
But, what are we to make of the following Intima
tion from one of Mr. Clay’s most loyal friend*—the
Cincinnati Amvrlcan f Mr. Hammond protest* against
the preposed Convention in Kentucky, (for nominating
Clay.) and declare*, that •• such tor mil nomin i t»on«
aught not to be made, until further time I* perml te.l
for a more general development al public a*n«iment ”—
"With Ihe South and South-West against us, emery
State tn the West, and Maine and Mew Hampshire
tn the hast disputed ; with Maryland divided Arcw
Jersey doubtful, and with but little assurance of the
support ot JYlew York or Pennsylvania, there can be
no wisdom in n initiating a candidate When some
derisive indications are given, that this state or thing
is favourably changed. It will he lima enough for the
friends of the American Syst-ui to name their candi
date, and take measures lor hi* supporl.”—Mr. If.
speak# more common sense, for onre, than all the Coa
lition papers put together. It is ihe height of ah-urdi
»y lo run H. Clay und-r such circumstance*. Never
was any man more misled by his own wish**, or ihe
feily of his friend*. He had better retire at once lo
mending bia fencee and clearing hi* corn-fields.
The N. Intelligencer quotes an article from “The
Winyaw (S. C.) Intelligencer, on th- suhj-rtof Slat*
Rights, and asks u«, ” Fes or Mo," whether (we)
mean to endorse (his doctrine,in behalf of the People ol
Virginia.” We answer, iha’. we have no right to en
dorse for any man’s opinion, except ou.* own We will
t»t presume to dictate to the People ol Virginia, on this
or any other question —But. if ihe Intelligencer were
J® **k **•» trhat, 'n our humble opinion, the People oi
Virginia, or the R-publican* of any other State, ought
to do, we would nut hesitate at onre to answer, that
•hey ought to rule Ihe Federal Government to a
eliict construction of it* power*, conceding more anti
tnor# potrstr, 11 ihsy may be found warning, aceord
• ug to the lorms of the Constitution—that not only the
Tariff i* strongly exceptionable, but there are '‘other
encroachments of the Federal Government," (aa is
stated by it* namesake of Winyaw.) which the Repub
lican* ought to arrest—and which •* the repeal of the
Tariff alone would not remove.”—Bu*, we cannot
caoceive, for the life of u*, how this can be called ••ul
tra-nullification doctrine”—And il this come under ihe
•* ratlyiug-cry of Jackson and Slate Right*,” we declare
lor ourselves, our attachment to th* cause.
It is announced, that a poll was to be taken for Tho
matJeflerson Randolph, in Albemarle, on the day ol
•I eel ion, (yesterday.) ior the II of D.—Col Samuel
H. Lewis is a Candidiate for ihe ctin'y ol Rjcking
h*£'-Iir- J°hn C Campbell and S. Herdman for Ohio.
Wm. Robertfto.i and John F# M iy, are nominated (or
Petersburg—and the Norfolk •• Free Pros” announ
ces, that Miles King will be supported as a Candidate
for the Borough of Ncrfo'k.
W. understand, that Judge H.yward of Ohio ha*
bean offered the appom'meut ol Commissioner of the
Iseueral Laud office at Washington.
c e nsu 8—no tet ou rt t.
While males »jg7g
•* female* 5920—11,978
Mil# ilavca 0057
. , l«j|:i—4,170
r reo colored in*I** j<)|
“ “ f*m*lc* 193-380
Total I6,3.ri4
Th* number, agreeable to tbo cen*u« of 1890, was 13,589 ; (inco
which, the creator part ef th* onunt> of Alleghany. I.a. heon ta
ken from Botetourt, including, probably, 3,500 In 3.000 tout. -,o
that the increaae of Botetourt, during the last ten year*, hoe been
•Uer* than fitly per caul.
Free White melo* 13M
“ , female* 1197- 3511
Mel* Slave* 77
r*'"*,1? ‘i. , 78—155
#• re# black rnat<*» \\
“ female* nj_13
In 1820 2500
Incrento in 10 ye*r* 189
Total 12,950
lu 1890 13,087
Decrease ia 10 years 137
I confess my astonishment a' Ihe rnurie punu-d hy
South Chridina. What though the Tariff he both tin
constitutional and inexpedient; what though it may
bear hardly upon the Sooth. and upon her in particular,
la this the time for her to fly to extremities ?
Th* last proceeding* of Coneres* were calculated lo
encourage hopes of relief. The high duties on tea,
coffee, molasses, and salt, were reduced. The enter
ing-wedge was thus introduced into Ihe whole sy-tem
of imposts. The Maysville Mvssage also levell*d an»l
fertire Mow at the whole system of iinron*lil(iiinnr.'
appropriations I* this the lime lo threaten nullifies
tion?—But we have other iiiduc-ments (<> li-rhear, Th
doctrines of S'ate Rights are making their way lo 'he
minds of our fellow-citizen* States, which once slum
bered in apathy, ara now awakening. Maine is roused.
Ami is this a time for us to throw away our vigorous
and spreading argument*, and appeal to doubtful arm*?
But let us look hefire us; and we see that in four
years more, the Public Debt will he exlingui-ln-d ;
•when the question will he directly before the People
of 'he Union, Will you snffr these tnoni-* lo betak
en from your pnrkel* by taxes and a tariff, to overflow
an idle treasury; or, subserve an unconstitutional ap
propriation ; or, will yon keep your own in -nev in vour
own pocket ; or, yield such portions ot it as the State
Governments may desire for legitimate purposes ?—
The struggle will then corns 011; and the fa'e of the
tariff will he d“cided.—Is the present, ihen, ill*
lime lo talk of nullification and resisiancrf
South Carolina lias not rer'ainly •• calculated,” a
clearly as she ought to dr,' the value of the Union”? If
any one State can nullify an art of Congress at li-r
pleasure, Ilia Union would Indeed he “a rope of sand.”
Pennsylvania w ould nullify i', on account of an excise
on Whl'ksy—M***arhu«*tt*, rn account ol the Km
bsrgo—Georgia, for Ihe rake of an Initial) Treaty—anti
S. Carolina, on account of the Tariff. The band* of
the Union would ron'inuaUy h*# liable to he rent asun
der—and we should he threatened forever with all the
horror* of di>cord and Disunion.
■ IJU no- ■ I.Pint upon tut) uuiyoi unlimited acquies
cvnre—Far from it ! I admit the right of a S a>,
when the whole con part is grossly violated, and no
thing but oppression ran arise from encroachment, to
reaort to the strongest remedies—'o nullification, to
force, to disunion.— I hold with the Declaration of In
dependence, that " when a lorg train of abuses ar.d
usurpations, pursuing invariably the nine object, e
T'nc*? ' *° erduce them under absolute <!e*|>o
tism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off surh
government, and to provide nsw guards tor their fu
ture security.”" In such an extreme case, I would
net hesitate one moment about the alternative._Itut
the question now is, shall we fly to the alterna'ive ol
nullification ; or, submitting to the Tariff, lake a'l onr
chances foe an orderly and constitutional modifica
tion of its obnoxious provisions’ For my own part, I
have as lidla hesitation about Ibis a'ternative, as f
should have about the cither. I am fr.r going against
the Tariff, as you have so often said, wi h 4‘ a long
pull, arid a strong pull, and a null altogether;” but I
am not for resorting to any such "extreme medicine,”
as that of nullification or re*!afa»ee—and, really,' I
think wih Mr. Drayton, that they are biids of the
fame leather.*
But we are ren indeil by th* Politiclara of South
Carolina, that they are only 'o lowing nur own exam
ple ; that they are only ou-hing nut to their legitimate
results, the R-porl ot Me, Madison, and the ie«olu
tlons of Mr. Jrflerson—and that I' is a shame upon th
Oi l Dominion, that after having seduced South Car di
nt into the adoption of our principle*, we should now
dssert her, when si e is about to rarrv fh*m Into exe
cution. I have no wj*h toretoit upon South Carolina—
Or, else she might b* reminded, that il fit# ha I fought
side by side with Virg nU, for more than thirty years,
in the defence of S a'e Mights, su b abuse* aa sh* now
deprecates, might not h ve exi*ted. We might re
mind her. that no State ever opposed the Virginit
School with ro much vehernen'e as Sou'h Carolina;
that no politicians ever denounced nur principles with
so much xesl a* Messrs. Calhoun and McDuffie ; 'hat
It has hern but wi'hin six year*, that Mr. Madison'*
Report an» ever known or studied by Major Hami'.
ton; and we still regret to find her misunderstanding
* I hold with Mr. Drayton who, in a letter addressed from Iho
Vtaltstnn Rprtng*. of the Hist August, to Mr. A Hpcnrs, of R. It.,
•ays—-" The radical error pervading thn minds of those who ar*
desirous ef appealing to Mollification, seem* tome to he, that they
coafnnstil a geaevflf prisripfs, only lo ha acted upon io extreme ca
set, with • constitutional remedy. If a stain considers an Act of
t'nngress,whether ennttiintional nt unconstitutional,—for the abuse
of a granted power may be as irturlon* as the usurpation of a !
power not granted,_to he so vilafly destructive of her interests,
that she would ha io a bntlnr situation try withdrawing from, than'
by adhering to the Onion, she has the right to serrde and tn form
• nsw government for herself. Whether she shall pursue th|a
Course, is a question of espedtenev, which ought not to be deter
mined, without the most profound and anxious deldmrntinn. The
true question wore tn ha solved hr nttr Rtnte,— although -itch is not
the pravailing opinion,-is, whether the canting Tatiff, or Disu
nion, b« the greater «vj|
the prl-trlple* rf tba* liep-rt, and uns-q.. >lnr«.f wl h
•he court* of Virginia, in th« memorable days of Josn
Adame. It win much darker day tor the Republic,
than (ho present—and mill Virginia did not think o<
oushlng on to tha same extremities, aa *o.n* of the
I'olitirlMi* of S »*ith Carvliua a «m willing ».» do a’ the
oreseut lime. Can there he a doubt abnul it ?—Can
these gentlfiii,.really arreen tlirmtelvra uuder the
exauipl-of Messrs Malison anil J tf-ison '
Mr. Madison's Report ol '99—1800, u founded on
his Resolutions of the previo •• winter. The Debate
iviiicti took place ori liie K-port. Ii#s ■ ot lieen prescrv
ed.— Co shew, then, the reuse in which these It-solu
t'ons wrrr adorned, inusi go to the Debate ot ’98_
'99 which se-ui* utterly unknown to our Brethren ot
South Caroline. A id in wliat sense wore the,* It.so
lution* taken hy tli-ir autl.o * and advocate*?
Mr. John Mercer remarked, that “ I'ho State believed
some ot its rights had been invaded by the lato Act
of the General Government, ami proposed a remedy
whereby to obtain a repeal of them. The plan contain
ed in the resolutions appeared to Mr. Mercer (lie most
advisable. Force was not thought of by any one. The
preservation of the Federal Coirstitution, the cement ol
the Union, with its original powers, was the object of
tho Resolutions. The Stutes were equally concerned,
as their rights hail been equally invaded; and nothing
•veined more liktily to produce a temper in Congress
fora repeal, than a declaration similar to the one' be
fore file Committee, made by a majority of States or
hy several of them. The States had the power of ci.in
municatlng together in procuring Amendments to tho
f cder.il Constitution. A proposition for this purpose
had been presented to the Legislature during .lie pre
sent session from the State of Massachusetts, and would
lie acted upon before their adjournment. It appeared
strange that the States might communicate together to
amend the Constitution, and were not permitted to.lo so.
in order to protect the same when amended: that they
might communicate together when they chose to give
away their rights, hut eould not do it when their re
served rights were invaded.”—And after quoting the
[ piges or the Federalist, Mr. M. says: ‘‘Here we see
the opinion of the Rrso'u'.ions so clearly admitted a< to
he roniidered a "political axiom in our system.” Th*
r ght of two different S.ates • to communicate with
each other." i* her* supported by the best defence
w:.ich the Federal Cinstitution ever received : not on
ly this right it Mended, but were the S'stes to "adopt
a regular plan of opposition, in which they should com
bine all tin ir resources,” this authority addressed to
the people, at the tune the Constitution was under
consideration, would justify the measure. But nosUrh
wish was entertained by the friends ol ihe Re*olution«
I heir object in addressing the States, is to obtain a ti
trular declaration of opinion with respect to several
late Acts of the Grtieral Governmoot, which seem to
violate some of tho most invaluable rights secured by
the charter of their own existence; and thereby to ob
tain a repeal of measures unconstitutional in their na
ture, and hateful in their tendency: measures so justly
obnoxious to the people, that they would have found lew
advocates, but for the vain pretence of their bcin"- tie
cessary to defend us against the attempts of France:
measures that have divided the community at a mo
ment when union of sentiment is ardently to ho wished
for by every friend to the intorest of his Country.”
..... I ....... j*aiu, mat “ I lie objections
wliicii tli.it gentleman made to the mode of remonstrance
auopted by the Rcsdlutions, had already been
so handsomely and conclusively answered by a worthy
member, (Mr. Afercer,) who preceded him in this dis
cussion, that there was no necessity for him to give
them any attention.”—“As to the objection, that they
were improperly addressed to the other Slates, Mr
Daniel said, he supposed that this mode was extremely
eligible. If the other States think with this, that the
Laws are unconstitutional, the Laws will be repealed
and the Constitutional question will he settled, by this
declaration of a majority of the States: thereby destroying
the force ol this precedent, and precluding from any fu
ture ( ongress, who might he disposed to carry the prin
ciple to a more pernicious and ruinous extent, the force
ol any argument which might be derived from these
Laws. If on tlm contrary, a sullicient majority of the
States should declare their opinion, that the Constitu
tion gave Congress authority to pass these laws, the
Constitutional question would s'ill be settled; but an at
tempt might be made io to amend the Constitution, as to
take from Congress this authority, which in our opinion
was so pernicious ami dangerous.”
Mr. John Taylor (ol Caroline) “proceeded to apply
these observation* to the threats of war, and the appre
hension of civil commotion, towards which the Resolu
tions were ssid to have a tendency. Arc the Republi
cans, sai I he, possessed of fleets and armies? If not, ’o
what could they appeal for defence and support? To
nothing, except public opinion. If that should he against
them, they must yield; if for them,did gentlemen mean
to say, that public will shou'd be assailed by force? If
so, should a minority, by the help of the powers of Go
vernment, resort to force for its defence against public
opinion, ami against a State which w.is pursuing the on
ly possible and ordinary inode of ascertaining the opin
ion ot two-thirds ol the State-i, by declaring its own
and asking theirs? Mow could the 5th Article of the
Constitution be brought into practical use, ,Vnn upon tho
most flagrant usurpations? War or insurrection (hero
fore, con Id not happen, except Congress should attempt
to controul public opinion by force; and this it could no
be supposed they would ever do, not only because the
will of the people is the Sovereign in all Republics; hut
also, because both that will and the will of the State*",
wore made the Constitutional referee in the case under
consideration. Hence a movement towards this referee
could never be admitted as leading to war or commo
tion, except in tiiQse Countries w here an armed and cor
rupt minority had usurped the Government, and would
of course behold with abhorrence an arbitrament of a
The whole spirit of the Debate indeed shows, that
white the authors of the Resolutions were indignant in
lln ir opposition to the obnoxious Acts of Congress; they
disclaimed all intention of resisting them in any othe'r
way the', by a constitutional and argumentative appeal
to our Sister States.
iiiHinscivps jiMiny me course
of nullification proposed in South Carolina? It it* true,)
they declare “that in rase of a deliberate, palpable and’
dangerous exercise of other powers, not granted'hy the l
said roinpacf, the stales who are parties thereto have the
right, and are in duty hound to interpose for arresting
the progress of the evil, and for maintaining within
their respective limits, the authorities, rights and liber
ties appertaining to them.”—Hut quo motto? In what
wai/ are they to in'erpose? There is hut one reference
to the manner, and that is in the following Resolution:
“That the cood people of this Commonwealth having
ever felt, and continuing to feel, the most sincere affec
tion to their brethren of the other States, the truest anx
iety for establishing and perpetuating the union of all,
and the most scrupulous fidelity to that Constitution
which is the pledge of mutual friendship, and the in
strument of mutual happiness, the General Assembly
doth solemnly appeal to the like dispositions of the other
States, in confidence, that they will concur with this
Commonwealth in declaring, as it does hereby declare,
tnat the Arts aforesaid are onronstitutional, and that the
necessary and proper measures will he taken hy each,
for co-operating with this State in maintaining unim
paired Hi • authorities, rights and liberties reserved to
the States respectively, or to the people.”
Now, what are these “necessary and proper mea
sures"? The Resolutions do not say—Is it nullification
“~'*>rre or w hat? They do not say; and lor want of
light upon this point, let us go to the Report of the next
w inter, in which Mr. Madison vindicates his own reso
lutions—And wha* says the Report?—The following is
(he only passage, which refers to the “measures” to he 1
“Anil if there hs no impropriety in declaring the
uneonstitutionality of proceedings in the. Federal Gov
ernment, where can lie the impropriety of eommuni- I
•ntinfr the declaration toother Stair*, and fnoi/ing
thrir concurrence in a like declaration? What is al
lowable for one must he allowable for all; and a free'
communication among the St iles, where the Conslitu- I
lion imposes no restraint, is as allowable among the
State Governments as among o'her public b dies or pri- |
vale citizens. This consideration derives a weight that 1
cannot be denied to it, from the relation of the Slat,
Legislatures to the Federal Legislature, as the imme
diate constituents of one of its branches.
“The Legislatures of the States have a right also to
originate amendments to the Constitution, by a concur- '
retire of two-thirds of the whole number, in applira- j
lions to Congress for the purpose. When new States
are to be formed hy a junction of two or more Slates or I
parts of States, the Legislatures of the States concern- i
ed are, as well as Congress, to concur in the measure, j
The Slates have a right also to enter into agreements or
compacts, with the consent of Congress. In all such
eases a eonimuniration^mong them results from the oh- i
jeet which is common To them.
“ It is lastly to be seen, whether the confidence ex-'
pressed hy the resoluti n, that the verr**nn/ anil proper j
mra*ure* would he taken by the other States for co
operating with Virginia in maintaining the rights re
served to the States, or to the peop'e, he in any degree
liable to the objections which have been raised against |
“If it he liable to objection. It must he because either .
the object or the means are objectionable.
“The object being to maintnin what the Constitution
has ordained, is In itself a laudable object.
“The means are expressed In the terms “(he neces
sary and proper measures.” A proper ohject was to lie
pursued, hy means both necessary and proper.
“To find an objection, then, |t must he shown that
some meaning was annexed to these general terms
which w as not proper; and, for this purpose, either
that the m -ans used hy the General Assembly were
an example of improper means, or that there w ere no
proper means to which the terms could refer,
i “In the example given hy the State, of dcrlanng the.
Alien □ihl8a.ll Uon Acts unconstitutional, and of commu
nicating tile tlccl.ir.itron to tho other States, no tu.ce or
improper means has appeared. And if the oilier State*
had concurred lu making a like declaration, supported
looby the numerous applications flowing immediately
trout tho people.it can scarcely be double ', that these
* mp o means would have been as sullicient, as they are
unexceptionable. 1
It i* no less certain that other means might have
been employed, which are strictly within the limit*
■ iTa institution. The Legislatures of the State*
"nve Annie a direct re/>re*cntation to Congress,
wit » a view to obtain a re«*cin<liii£ of the two •(Tensive
IT or' ,l.'ey '"•nit* have represented to their respective
* nators in Congress, their wish, that two third* there
o would propose an exp! an at ory amendment to the
-onstitution; or two thirds of themselves, il such had
>< on their option, might, by an application to Congress,
III«ti 1'tasneit a Convention for the same object.
■ i ' ,se several means, though not equally eligible in
themselves, nor pro' aldy, to the States, were all cm
stitutionally open for consideration. And il the Con
eral Assembly, after declaring the two arts to he uncon
stitutional, the lirst and most obvious proceeding on the
"u ’lccf» did not undertake to point out to the other
'ate* a choice among the farther measures that might
become necessary and proper, the reserve will not h
misronstrucd by lib-, ral minds in'oany culpibla impu
I hr*e observation* app ae tn form a eVisf.ctory r* -
p y to every obj-r'ion whirli i«not founde I on a m'sron
ceptir-n of the term* employed in «l,e re*oli|iioi s. Ther
is o».e other, however, tvhich n.ay he of too n u h im
portance not to be a-bb-d. It cannot he forgotten, .ha1
among the argument* addressed to tho*e win apnre
h*n.leddanger to liberty irom the establishment of die
(•.me- *1 Govrrnmeut over so g-eat a country, the sp
p*«l w is enqiha'iral’y made lo to the intermediate eg.
istenee ..I II.e State Governments, between the people
* ml that Government, to the vigilance wi h which they
would <le cry the firs' svmp'o-ns of usurpation. and In
tn? promptilu <e with which they would sound the •
arm to the public. This aryum'iit wa« probably not
without it* effect; and if it w as a prop-r one 'h-n, to
recommend the establishment of the Constitution i'
mils' he a proper on-now, to assist in its into pa’ta
lion. r
Heie then is not a hint at nullification or open resist
ancc-—hut allusion to three measures only which are
clearly constitutional and orderly.!
1 he Politicians of S. Carolina also appeal to Mr. Jef
ferson, and his Kentucky Resolutions. These Resolu
tions declare the Alien & Sedition Acts to he unconstitii
tional, "altogether void and of no effect." Rut tliev do
not go to nullification in the S. Carolina senso of the
frm~,hey ,lor ^ K° fo 'a.V«h>wn a rule of action Tor
1 '* ( ,j,fe,,s of Kentucky; much less to say, that they
are not hound hy them, and much less that the Juries
are not hound to carry them Into effect.—And to what
conclusion then do they arrive? What measures of rc
dress do they prescribe? 1st. The Senators and Repre
seutatives in Congress are "enjoined to u«o their best en
deavors to procure a repeal of the aforesaid unconstitu
tional and obnoxious acts"—and 2dly. Kentucky calls
on its co-States for an expression of their sentiments.
&e. kc plainly declaring those acts arc or aro no: au
thorized by the Federal Compact.
Such aro Mr. Jefferson’s means of opposition, as ex
pounded by his own Resolutions—upon which, the Nul
liners of S. Carolina rely so much for their own justifi
cation.—Hut there is other evidence before us. to show
flow far removed from resistance was Mr. Jefferson if
0,,1 Th, (nil-wing lettnrs arc fmin vS’i
“!. h!l Memoirs and ( orre«pondoncc lately published.—
1 be first Fetter was written about the time when Mr
Jefferson penned his Resolutions—It is as follows :
Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor.
.... .. , “Philadelphia, June 1,17flS.
Mr. New shewed me your letter on the subject or
• lie patent which gave mo an opportunity of observing
what you said as to the effect, with you, of public pro
ceedings, and that it was not unwise now to estimate
the separate mass of Virginia and North Carolina, with
a view to their separate cxis'enoe. It is true that we
arc completely under the saddle of Massachusetts and
Connecticut, and that they ride us very hard, cruelly in
stil mg our feelings, as well as exhausting our strength
and subsistence. Their natural friends, the Mother eastern
States join them from a sort of family pri.le, and they
have the art to divide certain other parts of the Union
so as to make use of them to govern the whole. Tills
is not new; it is the old practice of despots to use a part
o( tlie people to keep the rest in order. And those who
Have once got an ascendancy and possessed themselves
of all the resources of the nation, their revenues and of
fices, have immense means of retaining their advantage.
Hut, our present situation is not a natural one. The
republicans through every part of the Union say. that it
was the irresistible influence and popularity of General
W ashington played off hy the cunning of Hamilton
which turned the government over to anti-republican
hands,or turned the republicans chosen hy the people in -
to anti-republicans lie delivered it over to his sttceea
sor m this State, and very untoward events,since improv
ed with groat artifice, have produced on the public mind
the impression we see. Hut still, I repeat it, this is not
"rVi1?' Timc a,onc bring round an or
der of things more correspondent to the sentiments of
which0* 7".?: Bf‘ are ,herc no impending
w inch will do Kin a lew months? The crisis with En
gland, the public and authentic avowal or sentiments,
hostile o the leading principles of our constitution, the
prospect of a war, in which we shall stand alone, land
tax, stamp tax, increase of puhlic debt, &c. He this as
it may; in every free and deliberating society, there must,
Irom the nature of man, lie opposite parties and violent
dissensions and discords, and one of these, for the most
part, must prevail over the other for a longer, or shorter
tunc. Perhaps, this par y division is necessary to in
duce each to watch and debate to the people, the pro
ceedmgs of the other. Rut, if on a temporary supei i
only of the one party, tin* other is to resort to a scission
ol the Union, no federal government can ever exist. If
to rid ourselves of the present rule of Massachusetts and
Connecticut, we break the Union, will the evil stop
there? Suppose the New England Slates alone cut off
w ill our natures he changed? Are we nobinen still to the
south of that, and with all the passions of iron? Imme
diately we shall see a Pennsylvania and a Virginia par
ty arise in the residuary confederacy, and the public
mind will tic distracted with the same party spirit. What
a game, too, will the one party have in their hnn.l* t,„
eternally threatening the other, that unless they <lo so
nn«l so, they will join their northern neighbours. If we
reduce our Union to Virginia and North Carolina imme
diately, the conflict will he established between the rc
presentaliyes of these two ‘t;i»es, and they will end, hv
breaking info their simple units. Seeing, therefore,
that an association of men who will not quarrel with one
another, is a thing which never yet existed, from the
greatest confederacy of nation-, down to a town meeting,
or a vestry; seeing lhat we must have some body to
quarrel with, I had rather keep our New England asso
cia'es lor that purpose, than to see our bickerings trans
(erred toothers They are circumscribed within such nar
row limits, & their population so full, that their numbers
will ever be the minority, and they are marked like the
Jews with such a perversity of character, as to consti
tute from that circumstance, the natural division of our
parties. A little patience, and we shall see the rei-M, rf
witches pass over, thoir spells dissolved, and the people
recovering their true sign, restoring their government to
its true principles. It is true that in the meantime we are
suffering deeply in spirit and incurring the horrors of a
war, k long oppressions of enormous public debt. But who
can say what would ho tin; evils of a scission, and when
and whore, they w ould end? Better keep together as we
are, haul off from Europe as soon as we can, and from
all attachments to any portion- or it; and if they shew
their power just sufficion'ly to hoop us together, it will
he the happiest situation in which we ran exist. ’ If the
game runs sometimes against us at home, we must have
patience till luck turns, and then we shall have an oppor
tunity of winning hack the principles we have lost. ' For
this is a game where principles are the slake. Botferluck,
therefore, to u* all, and health, happiness and friendly
salutations to yourself. Adieu." J
The lollowing Letter, was written, a'tcr Mr. Msdi
*>n » Resolutions had been adopted—and while lie was,
in all probability, preparing to defend them in his cele
brated Report:
To 1 Vilann C. JVichaln*.
“ Mo 1ST 10*i.i.O, September 5, 1790.
•• Dear Sir: Yours of August noth came duly to
baud. It was with great regret we gave up the hope of
seeing you here, hut could nof consider the obstacle as
leg llmate. I had wri'ten to Mr. Madison, as I had be
fore informed vou, an.l had stated to him some gensral
ideas for consideration and consultation when wc should
meet. I thought something essentially necessary to he
said, in order to avoid the inference of acquiescence;
that a resolution or declaration should he passed, 1. an
swering the reasonings of such of the States ns have
ventured into the field of reason, and lhat of the commit
tee of Congress, taking some notice, ton.ol those States
who l ave either not answered at all, or answered with
out reasoning. 2. Making firm protestation against the
prerelent and principle, and re.srre/ng the right to make
tbl* palpable violation of the federal eompaet the ground
of doing in future whatever we might now rightfully
do, should repetitions of these and ot» rr violations of the
compact render it expedient. 3. Impressing in affite
linnate ami conciliatory language our warm attachment
to union with our si-ler Slates, and to the Instrument
and principles by w hich we are united; that we are wil
t Mr. Chevea, in hi* teller In flin fjreal Meeting s' (’nTunFhjn F.f
the r>|l. September. nhjert* both In Ntillifientinn nml rnnvrnli'nn
Iff P. Carolina aelinsf alone, without the ennemreoen of the other
(Southern Plate*, lie »ar* : — '* f>n .Ynlhfira/inn, another of thn
•pontile modes ot* notion whieh hsvoheen *uxge..tod, I think a eon
•trnrtinn ha* henn pill, in thi* Plnte, rtlfft rant from thnt whirl, Inf
fer.on an.l Mn.lifoo an.l Ihn Virginia nn R<. nt.ieky l^f talainrea
inlander! it alinttl.l bear ( do on' *sy a leaa correct one. They
Be I *nppo*n, enn*idern.l it a mere iteelnr fttiftn of opinion on the
part of tha Pratea of Ihn .nv.lability of Ihn law. Ntillifleai j„n
C.u sheafv be.n adopted hjr (hi, fiats and a maim.iy
ofths Southern Plater.’ ' " ”

ling to sacrifice to this every thing but the rights of self,
government in tho o impoMant point* which we have
never yielded, and in which alone we see liberty, safety
*'*'1 ,,aP|dnes«; that not at all disposed to make every
measure of error or ot wrong,# cause of scission, we are
willing to look on with Indulgence,and to wait with pa.
lienee 'HI these passions and delusions shall have passed
over, w hich the federal government have artfully ex
cited lo cover its ow n abuses andcohccal its designs, lull v
eo n lent tli.it the good sense of the American people
,e, aU;‘ »'inent to those very rights which we are now
vindicating, w ill, before it shall be too late, rally w ith us
roun.l the true principles of our federal compact. Th s
w as only meant »o give a gctinal idea of the complexion
, ,cH>,c*Of such an iustrument. Mr. M. who came as had
been propoied does not concur in the reservation ,ro
|M.*e,l above; and from this I recede readily, not only in
deference to his judgment, hut because, as we should
never think of separation but for repeated and enormous
violations so these wliun they occur, will le cause
enough of themselves.
“ !r° *»••<*« tojiic*. however, should he added ttnimad
vcrsion, on the new pretensions to « common low of
he United States. I proposed to Mr. M. to write vou,
lint he observed that you knew his sentiments so per
leetly from a former conference, that it was unnecessary.
As to the preparing any thing, I must decline it, to avoid
suspicions (winch were pretty strong in some quarters
on the la,« occasion,) and because there remains still
alter their late loss) a mass ot talents in Kentucky sul
liclent for every purpose. The only object of the pro
sent communication is U> procure a concert in the general
plan ot action, as ills extremey desi. able that Virginia
and Kentucky should pursue the same track on this oc
casion. Besides, how could vou better while away the
road from hence to Kentucky, than in meditating' this
very subject an t preparing something yourself, than
whom nobody will do it better. The loss of your brother,
and the visit of the apostle * * * to Kentucky, ex
cite snxiety However, wo doubt „0t that his poisons
will be effectually counter-worked. Wishing you a
peasant journey and happy return, I am. w ith great
and sincere esteem, Dear Sir, vmir affectionate friend
and servant, TH: JKFFEHSON.”
I lorbear all comment on the above—It speaks a I in
guage that cannot he mistaken. Hut I submit it to any
man, whether the man who wrote these letters could pos
sibly countenance, under such circumstances as the pre
sent a result lo such measures as the Nulliticrs of S.
Carolina are now proposing to adopt. VIRG1NIUS.
KXt'KLI.KN l‘ iNKrts! ~
" 11 "hat has this .Administration done?"
W* roiigr* „U„ our reader* on the exhiliratlng
Niw« from England. The West India Bo t* are open
to ua ! T lie trade which wa« lost bv Ad*in* and Clav
lia« been reftored by Jarkton and V*n Huren ! What
Jutne* Harbour trie.I in vain to *flct, ha* been «r
eoinpli«hed by Hie perseverance and talent* of Ate
I.at e! The . pposi I in print* laughed at the very
Idea ofs*:ch a thing. They r diculrd it a* a Q-ix_,
Hoax—a gro*s, palpable trand upon the public—a thing
that wa« on’y got up to aff ct the election*, and impose
upon the People. Doddridge ridiculed the expectation
•»i any such event. The Clay print* jeered the Ad
mu ntra'ion for holding out any such fa!»* light*. Its
fri r‘^» begged them to he patient —u >t m commit (hem
selve. hv *neh ra*h drrnncin'ion*. We sa d JV'ous
Verrons! W« hoped for the I eat—We have entertain
ed strong expect "ion* for tour month* pa t of Mc
Lane’s sucees.—Ws did to1 *b-n Ion (he hope for on
moment—And row the table* are turned— the
Opposition ere bclAid—and .iicres. crnwrs onee more
the a liuirahle diplomacy , I the present A'niinis'ra
lion. We ran see ih* wand ol the “Arch Ms
g.ctan, in thi* matter. Were hi* enemies to have H eir
wav with him, they would consign him to an Auto
du Fe.
The W India Ports are o: ened. All doubt* are dis
sipated. We understand horn the higli-at authority
(no- at Washington.\ ilia* Mel,me ha* snrr-e.’el in
hi* neeoviation. .V“T%e Government of G. Britain con
sents to restore to us the direct trade with her colo
nics upon the terms of her famous art of 5th July,
1S25. The President's Proclamation, will be the first
step, which will he immediately followed by the ne
ccs.,ury nett on the part of G. Britain revoking her
Order tn Council of July, 1827. abolishing all dis
criminating Duties in her Colonial Pot Is, and ex
tending to our vessels the advantages <f the British
.Art <>/ Parliament of the fifth of July, eighteen hun
dred and twenty-fine—Thusgiving us alt that hashrrn
heretofore offend, and all we could or did demand."
" r pledge ourselves lor the acrurary of every word
in the preceding statement. Th is, we have regained
every thing the la-t mad ar.d mischievous Adminis’ra
ion lost—and whtt they could not get buck, when they
tried to recover it. 1
Thl* is “what wo call comfortable” for the present
Administration. It shows what good they have done
arid what good they are capable of doing'.—And again
as to our French matters, the last New York American
(a strong Opposition journal) says: “It is repot ted up
on the authority of a private letter from England, speak
ing as it with knowledge, Hint there was a fair proba
bility of the speedy adjustment of the claim* of Ameri
can citizen* upon F ranee. We earnestly hope thi* may
l>e true. Now, we undertake to sav positively, that
out Minister did expect to succeed in hi* ncgociation un
der Hie last Dynasty-if they had remained one or two
weeks longer in power.—Mr. Rives will yet realize the
hopes of his friends. He who is ridiculed by a po
pinjay ol an Editor as a Cypher, will cut a distinguish
ed figure among our foreign ministers.
We congratulate our readers then on the successful
Diplomacy of the present Administration. Large a
mounts of Claim* recovered from Colombia and Den r
mark; not only (he Black Sea,opened hut Hie privileges o
the most favored nation secured to us in all the Turkish
ports — the West India Trade now thrown open to us_
and our claim* against France likely to he speedily ad
justed J
And what will the partisans of Clay now say? That
since we have recovered the W. India trade, it is not
worth having—that a direct trade i* no better than an
indirect one!—and that it is not the slightest advantage
to get clear o( double freight, double commissions, fte.,
&c., in the course of which trade, too, our vessels were
superseded by those of Great Britain!! We are prepar
ed for any absurdity however gross, any misrepresent
tion, which vindictive and disappointed malice can su<r
gest. JVbus reirons.’
Nkw-York. Onober f._The packet ship Napo
'eon, GapUin Smith, which arrived last evening, brine*
interesting and important intelligence, We have re
ceived hy her onr regular files ol English pipers, from
London to th* Vfith, and from Liverpool to the 28th
The I'ein ol intelligence of most moment COmmurdra
ted hv thi* srrlvd is THE OPENING OK THE
THF^ I Nil ED STATES. The de»pa'ches lor the
Secretary ol Sts'e, ccn'sinlng this welcome n»iv», were
committed hy Mr. M’Lane to the car’ of C»pt. Smith,
•o he delivered to Mr Swariwoul, Collector of the
Customs, who fo* warded Ifietn c.n to Washington this
The fallowing extract of a letter frrm Franc|. R. ()g
dsn, Erquire, U S. Consul at the Pjrt of Liverpool, lo
Rxtnuet Swart won'. Enquire, Collec'or of the Port ol
New York, communicates this gratifying InfeH genre,
together ni'h Ih* head* of the treaty, which, it will he
perceived, is of a h ghly favorable charade':
“ LivEnrooi-. Aug 26'h, 1830.
'* I have 'he great fall* faction 'o inlorni you 'hit onr
IK gocision* with this country have •< rm nated in ih*
ir.o»t lavor t.l* manner. Mr. MrLsne arrived he>e th*
evenrng i etnre tfie last, ami forwards liis deepitrhe* hy
he Napoleon, this mo'ning. lie Informs in« that the
llri i-h Governme'.f consent* to restore lo ns the dir-ct
intercourse with 'h* W-*t Indies, upon fits te*nt* o'
llie act ol July, 1820. T'ie Proclamation i I ho Pr*si
dent, itn*l»i tin- late act ol Congress will he the firsl st*p
— I in in - ilia *e y thereafter- (»r a' Rrllain w II revoke h,r
order in council < I Jti'y, 1827. > h dish -h* disrrimma
ting du i*s on American vc*««ls in h»r eolnii'al ports
ami exin d lo them ifie advairages of the act ol Pailia
ment of 5 h July, 1826
•• Thus have we rec-lved, hy the con’Ria i"g mea
sures of our venerable Pr*<ident, and th* lalent, |.er*e
r e> «nff and gtrait-foMvaril course of our aide Minister
heie, a'l that was lo»l hy 'h r last administration, an I a'l
we have a k*d lor since 182ff
“ Should our Minister in France he equally surer**
fill, ol which Ih-rc are now tie mo-t favorable appear
ance*, 1 tt ink our veneiahle Preeidrnt will be enfltlrd
to the highest praiae.”
The new* from the Continent, confined in the Lon
don papers, i» replete w idi interest. In France, th mu h
»ome disorders among the working class * still contin
ue to occur in Ihe capital, afTdrs seem to he fast settling
tlown info a stale of 'h* ttlii.O ( franq'itlity The dis
ronteiit of the operatives result from a want ol itnploy
mm'. Th* correspondent of the London Morning Her
ald say* that there are vest number* of men Out i f ein
fd«ytnnil in Paris *' pres*l>t, and in a lew iii-lance*
liey have assembled together in puldie place*, hut no
nti'rsge ol any tn> ment had h*en committed hy them
Suffering from a want of work, they naturally atiril.tif
ed »lie it ill-ttess to the substitution ol machinery lor
menu.'.I labor,and toiiie employment given to rtfri'g' t»
In preference to ParWiane. These are tl.e ground# of
thnr complaint#, which are raid to he wrought upon by
cral y ag-nts of the late Government. but hitherto with,
out any aerinua effect. Several of theao agent, had bee,,
arrrs'ed. 1 he murmur* and menaces of «|,e as«en,hU
*e* oltho working people have bad egduaive reference
to their individuel grievance*. and not in the sbgh-es'
a'lud'd *o political o»j-cts. The Government bad a|.
•eady taken mine measure*, and wa* about to adopt
Olliers, for the alleviation of the evji* complained ot._
Oneof ,|,eee a*, n> w a* to place at the <h-,o»lol the
invnic'pa'i v el P:,r|* a nun o» 6.000 01)0 bane*, »., |,r
applied to the re'iefof tie dislrr«*rd and iineinploy*,'
arti«»n« Another will probably be the tre<:l.>n of arti
hot d labour.
A in on* our ex'rart* will he foitrd eorer.it pnrlicular
relative to t* e capture ol Prince Pofigoar, and In* *uh
•equrr, conduct. Ho wa* arrested at Granville, on t> r
I l.dh ol Au<u*t, ,'i *ui*«d a.* a lively envautto tbi
Marchione** do S . Fargeanx, with whom he wu* on
'he point of vnihark-ng in a eloop lor Jer*ey. It is pro
battle that hi* life wtll be '«k-ti f »r the share which
be h*d in the me >*urea that brought about the revolt,,
tin,,; for a propo- i ton to do away with the puni*h„ient
Of death, hod already been diteu*aed before the chamber
o^lrpn.tes, md it i* arid a majority are in f.v^r of the
abolition. The proposition wa* advocated by Lafay
The London Courier of th- 25 h a*..rt.. that 'he ex
citrment against Poltgnac and other Ex-Ministers,*who
arc now in primn in France, |e« extensive than for
tner accounts w uild have led u* to imagine. The pro
p'e demanded III. ir trial, but say thev do not wish to
•ake 'heir lives. It i* expected 'hat they will e#cap
wnh life, but be heavily tined, aad undergo long impri
moment. '
We see nothing in the extract* from the French p«.
per*, to support the • pinion express I hy a morirng
con'emnorary. that any eerioti# opposition exi*t* to the
new government of France. The proceeding* of the
Cl, it in hers are eh irarteriz-d by remarkable unanimity,
and the tone of the pub ir pres* indicates the utinori
confidence in the wi*,loin of the niter*. With tho ex
ception of the unimportant disorders among the wo,k
ing men in Paris, tranquility s-ein* every w here to pre
vail. The correspondent of the L-m-'oo Courier re
marks,—•• The pres*, t situation ol Pa-is ft.dirisn'ly
j't*'ifies the solicitude ol tlie Government, which i* now
endeavoring to provide occupation tor the labouring
c'*»*e*, and to allay all excitement; and hitherto the
tneasur-s adopt* I have he*n a,ten led with cotn
p'ele success Pari* is quiet. There a-e. indeed, a
l w fr fling dispute* between the wo,km-n and the bo
dy rf ch«ib»nnitrt. who are -u«p-c'e,J of R ,y*| s „ l,«
cat:*# ol the visit which on- Ex Prefect, Mang'n,
comp-lied them to make *o S'. Cloud; but th*V *r»’
hardly worth mentioning.” I'iaaaid that there ia no
thing new in Paris, save the occasional funeral of
•or,,* citix-na who hat expired fr*tn wounds received
during the three days of lie revolu'ion. an I the mark*
of bullets In the house*, to ratnind a spectator of the
tnomenfoii* event* which have so lately taken place._
There existed great confidence that the new Govern
msnt would meet with no opposition or hostility from
foreign cabinet*. On this he id, 'he London Courier re
mark.: “A* far a, this country i* cone, rued, the po’icv
is very clear: it ia the interest and the rfqty of thv Bri
'i*h Gavernmen* to remain on friendly term* will,
France, w ithout regard to the opinion* of other Gov
ernment*, il France her#e|f will take care'to make it
lionjurahle to th- British Cabinet to do *o.” The Ru*
si*n Ambassador, it is said,is on the in:-' amicable term*
with Philip I.
i ne accounts trom Spain do not indicate tti.it rnun'rv
to be in immediate danger of a r voluti m It ia etid
h t tlio events in Franco have caused lr.» (emation
thaw was expected. The public tranquility had been
scarcely in'errup'ed, and it is ulleeed that no diaordsrs
had ocrured, or changes been eff cted in any p»rt of
tlip kingdom. It aeeins to be thought that the King
will derive n good lesson f o n the events in Fiance, and
will oppose n> resistance o such changes and ainel ora
tions ol the system ol government a* may take nway
the motive to revolution. (>,i the other hand, it is raid
that Ferdinand lit* declared that he will be ab-o'u'e
King or nothing. If th* is hi* determination, bloody
scene* are no doubt on the *ve of being t.cfed.
, According to the tenor of a letter which we copy a
tnotig our ex rects, the Emp-tor Nicholas is of his own
free will enlarging the bonndaiie* ol hi* peopl ’«> right*,
a>.d instituting measures which will tend both to hi? own
glorv and tho happiness of his country.
The news from England, except that w!i<*h r-lstes
to the opening of tile West India ports, Is of but licle
moment. We copy some naragiao's relative ts> that
imbecile old man, the Ex Kmg of France, lie d< s gn
making a temporary s-jouin in England, as a private
individual, tin'll hs receives answer* 'o the uieayag-s
he lias caused to be sent to Au«trit. II* and bis family
had proceeded in a government steam vessel, provided
for thsir accommodation, to Kulwo th Caatls, in Dorset
shire, where they intended to reside.
The gold and *i!ver coins of France are to h*ar th*
image of th- King, with the legend •« Louis Philipp* !.
Rot dee Fraucais,” while tbe reverse ha* a down,
composed ol an olive,a laurel branch surrounding the
da-e ol the year and the valu» ot ths coin. The for
mer 1 * »tin inscription of J) mint salvuui far regfm,
■‘(•ol save tlie King,’ is no lancer lo aj.p-.ir on the
etlge ol the coin, and its plate is to be supplied by
the words “Dieu pro'ege la France,” God protect
_ Lady Morgan has puMid.ed a new work, entitled
Fiance in 1829 30 Ii j* -aid to contain a multitude
t.l anecdotes relerring to the presrnt state of thing*,
an.I dial it is altogether coni 'cred to be the most
Interesting and piquant work she has ever vrrl'len.
1 he Cotton market in Liverpool remained steady.
Not much change had take.i place in prices since Aug
The weather in England ha* been favorable to the
harvest, and ,he price of grain had declined.
The widow of the I ite Ihshop Hrber, ha* mm tod a
Greek Count, who i*. or was,Secretary of the (I >vern
turn! of the Ionian l-land*.
Nkw-Xork. October 1.—The Napolro i. from Liv
erpool, brings u* full end regular London file? to the
2fith of August, from which we make large r x'racts for
to-day; for there is nothing, comparatively, of any inte
rest now for newspaper readeis, but the intelligence
from F-urnpe.
I hr march of the French government appears stea
dy, pearefnl and firm,—nor can the “turning otti” ol
•ome portions of the workm-n in Pari*, on account of
want of employment, he ju*tly looked up in as any in
dication of political discontent. Great Britain will. It is
n > longer a matter ol doubt, acknowledge the n*w nr
d-r of thing*, and already an agent of Louis Philip’s
government had arrived in England charged with pre
piring the way for a formal diplomatic recognition._
That thi* will not he withheld is manifest alike from
the concurrent lone of the whole London Press,an I the
express declaration ol the Courier (the ofTteial paper.)
that Charles X. and hi* family are only to he received
in England on the footing of private persons. — Prussia,
too, it seems equally certain, will acquiesce; nor is there
any reason to doubt that Austria will do the raine. From
Kn**ia nothing vf course could have been heard. •
I he reports of actual instirreclton in Spain prove fa
he unfounded ; hut a spirit was aroused that would ill
tilnately compel I* erdinanl fo more liberal measure*,
or to share the fate ol his relative of France. In th*
Netherlands apparent tranquility prevailed.
The arrest of Prince I'oliguac. lias put into the power
of the government of France the two tnoat obnoxious
ministers, /’ri/iniiricl being previously arrested. The
letlere of Prince Polrgriac, aI'er his arrest, ia a misera
ble piece of whining, quite unworthy of the man who
in earlier days generously ofTereJ bis life ss s ransom
for that of an elder brother, about to suffer for being
concerned in a conspiracy to assassinate Nspoleon It
the proposition should prevail, which is favoured by
f.a/nyrlte, lor the abolition, in the penal code of France,
ol the punislunfn‘ of dea'lt, both Pdignac and P»yron
nei rr av escape the 'ale they «o richly inetit, and so
ra*hly provoked. Marinnul, Duke of Ragti<s( was in
London, ami amom* our extracts srit| b? found a private
let.or from film, whirh may be looked upon a» hi* apolo
gy fur the pail he look again*! the t n ion.
The F rer.rh fund* bad fluctuated some what owing
poeiiblv lo the movement in Pari* of th* iinsmp'oy.il fit
dissatisfied wo krn“ti ; but ws repest, this is not a raure
for a'arm as to (lie stability of the throne of th* King
of the French. fAmi rienn
Cowra, Aug. 23 —The ex-King c( F ance end Hie
Royal Family look th- ir d*pai I tire this mo ning, at a
tittle lie ore e'glr, in th* rovsrnment sle»tner, tiie Cum
m»rpe. The Isilies and their a'tendants left (he Fntifi
•ain Motel at lull pas1 seven, in boa's. No in 'ication
of public terhrig attended their departure. At abou*
twelve o’clock the French c. rvetle pot under weigh
and was soon followed l.y the two American ve a-l*.
They proceeded lo Spillistd, where Itiey now are.
Puot,»•, Monday, 3 o’clock P. M —Toe ex - K ing of
France i* Ibis moment arrived at this port and landed
out of th» governus<’nt steamer Meteor. Me and th*
v-*nng Duke of Bordeaux, an I the Dike of Angoulem*
immediately set off In a carriage and piir belonging fo
- — Doug’ity, F. q. of Up'oit House, for Litiw rtb
Css le. lie looked well, am! wa* very rffahle
The Piince P.i’ivnse’* ehel Ireo have arrived r«1hr
IC' unless ol Newburph’e, Slir.don lion**, near Amndel
Th y raine Irntti France with the ex-King, a-compani
ed by a nurse and th* Prinve's valet, and on land ni
proceeded directly to Slitu'o'i. The hd owing nitrilior
of 'he mode of effecting Iheb eseape.sa delive «d by h
v if t, rnav |i*tflaps be in>> res'ing There are foil" etui
I dren, two hy a former wife (who w.i« an English t «i%
I and two by ’he present Pi'ncoes. Tftelr sen ate I3, I ti
apd I); tiie yr.iingest is quit* an Infant, When 'be df#.
till bit C»s hfrka b*lt at Pari*. Hie rldlilren, iii'li flu it
I ntirse and vai*t. were at the I’rinee'a country house d'
I bout UP will*# front Paris. Hearing that the King wai
on lh* road to ChetOomg, they determined on fcftowlr*.
him. I hey accordingly left the h»i*e M mi-'ni^ht. I...
t'lted in the g-rh of poor t er-nn, »„d |.j,| themselves in
an outhouse. At day h„aU they commenc-d theb
|ournev walking. and ocea.lcnally riding ... P-rUt &
a* opportunities presented themselves. The xsl-t and
nurse tspresented Wh-ms-lve- as husband and wife (as
really lath- rise) and the children a* tl.eir off.pi’ln*.
I lie valet l.nl |.is marriage eeriiticate in his p cket.
I liey «v,re sfopp-d at ee r y ton ti ullage (,v |
men, anil strictly examined; hut no wre'l did they ,u«.
tal’i'li-cSa-arter tl.ey l.-«l a ausml, that they were
«n»r red o proeeed. with lit experiencing any inrnn.
ve-ience and hut little delay. In one th,
-vince.l great Pr-.enre ol m nil. On th- authority be.
lore wh-mi tiny were „k*n examining ,h„
ceruhrsie and observing the dstr, he I nked at i|,e ti*
ebb,, children and said—• Why thi- rertrlirsfe only
bears dale so and so and vet y.„r second child cannot
''Vi*:; l?zr “ y**r‘ o,,‘ “ Th* **'•« i...m-d.ate.
'V replied that he ws, -orry lo be under the uece. j,v
in Ill's instance of speaking the truth. tut th, (act we*
'!'* ,’a,, bor"* *•*««• ‘he two eldest acme years
b-'ora thi y were married. y«>«re
This explanation was consult re I aa'Llartory and they
were passed on. 7 lie v eventually reached Cherbourg
-•je day be f ire the King, in a slate ol exhaustion?
There are now at Sitnd m Ihe Marquis de Monimo
reiice, Ins wif- and seven children, and the Prince Po
ligoac • four cht.'rem
I he following derails re.p#ctiDg the arrest of M do
Aur^lft-* ,rotlJ * le «er Grenville.
•Or: Sunday Ihe 19th. e fa.lv who w.. recognl-ed lo
be the Mi chiooes, de S-im Farge,a> .rrived toward,
lh-evening at G anville. to embark on hoard a sloop
M 7m'°.C?°V*T *?•? lo J'r‘*Y A •'rv.nt who
Olloived Inis lady a*k-.l 'he master of the vrsasl to let
Inin goon board in bis boa', wlula bis pipers were ex
airiin ng at <he custom hou-e, lelline him that le Was
greatly fitlgued bv his jhupney. 7 he master refused.
Madame de Saint Fargeau and h-r i retended d inesiio
went into a t .v.rn in the port, wbithar they were fol
lowed by some young men, eh. thnught they rorr.lv
xd something su.piciotis in il.e air of lh* servant The
young men » k-dthe two travellers to -how the pi„.r«
they had brought with them. The MarchioneseVxhl
h ''' * P,VP*°rl 'T‘,icS , a) b"» at Caen, on
the KUh Of Augii -i authorising b#r to go with her e. r
vat.t to Jereiy. Nuthwithstandii g this doctim-nt the
young men thought proper to oppose the embarkation
of the two travellers. The assembled, .ml in
sisted ilist the Marchioness should be conveyed to tbe
mayoralty, ami that her servant •liould be taken to tbe
prison. The National Guard undoxtork to witch tho
li fer during the night.—Next day the Mayor exao.in
ed ills lady arid Iter pretf tided valet separately. Tb. Ir
embirra.xineot, change* of color, and twkird answers
cotifirmsd the suspicions wbioh had been raised, end
•erne aekuon ledgmenis which escaped hem the servsnl
left no doubt re.peeling him. He wa. I’riuce Pollgnac.
He requested to be conveyed to St. Lo by the Mayor
and >hx P.esident of the Trjhunal of t'oamercc
-O i tlix morning of the Itftli, the Ex-Minister and
the Marchioness were Mitt off in th- diligence. A de
lachment of the 6th Light and of the National Glia d es
corted them from the mayoralty to the carriage, to pro
tect thrm I ruin any accident which might have . mitred
iu consequence ol the exasperation of ihe people ”
Extract of a leltar from St. Lo. of Aug. 10:_‘M p,,.
ligntc was arrested ye.tes.lay evening, at uitie o'clock*
m the port at G.anville, and lias ju«t bsen brought In
S Lo. He vas preparing to eml.aik lor Jsrsev.inthe
suite of a lady, the Marchioness L*pelletier de St. Far.
geau.anatvieof Paris, residing at Montcreau, who took
a passport at Caen, on the K) It Aug for herself and a
domestic. The domestic was M. <le Polignac. He is
calm, and has e cheerful countenance; he is man cl five
reel four or five inches, with grey hair, blue eyes, and
an aquiline nose.
" ",,r wrung mo h-ailing o! the
proces verbal, M. Pol'^'ac looked over the new Chars
ter, which was upon the de*k. A* nobody here know
hint, one of hi* portraits was nit lor, in order to com
pare it with the original. He himself desired to look
at i', am! holding it j | hi* hand, said, 1 It Is one ol my
old portraits.* 1 write to you lr.uu the Prefecture,
where | am present at the examination, a*Olfieerof
tlie N itioual Guard.—Tho following is the examina
tion : —
“ Q iftior—What are yrur name, Christian name ,
age, quality, and birth iilace?
" Ati«wer—Auguste Jules-Armand-Mar je, Princ* da
Poligi a~. P or ol France, a, o l 60-years, b >rn at Paris,
srltld at Pari*. }
" Q. Yon wr*ro ar-ested at Gisnville. What were
you going to do there?
11 A. 1 wa* going 'o ptwi over 'o Jersey
“ Q. Are you no' tlie late President of the Council
of Ministers, and, as such, one of those who sign'd he
repoc to the King, and the ordinances ol t!.o 2o;li o(
July ?
“ A Yea.”
Sr. I.o, Augu*t 17.
Mon. le Baron—Having been .irres'ed—xt the mo
ment o' living from tlie late deplorable evrlite, and
wh' n l was endeavoring to emigrate into the Island t f
Jereev, I surrendered to tlie Provisional Coinmi tee of
the Prefecture of l.a Mstiche, as the Charter did not
•dlow the Prorureiir du Itoi of the Arrondissemeut of
S:. I.o, nor the Judgo d’Instruction, to issue a warrant
against me. Supposing that the Government had giv
en orders for rny arrest, it must be remembered, that
the Clumber of Peers slim •, according to the new an
well a* the old Charter, has a right to arrest a Peer of
'he Haulm. I do not kn»w wtist the Chamber will do
in that respect, and it it will pm to my account tho
un'oivard events, which 1 regret more than any one
el*e- events which strurk ns like a thunderbolt, that no
one could foresee or aver:; for, in dint teirdile moment,
it w as impossible to know whom to listen t», whom to
apply to, and all we cold do was to dtleu I life.
1 should wish, M I- B iron, to i el ire to my own
house, there to resume those peaceful habit*, which co
incide so much with iny inclination, from wtiich I was
called agairrtiny own will, a* is well known by those
who are scq> aimed with my rhsmeter. Too many
vicissitudes have blind my life—'oo many misfortunes
have passed over my head, in my tumultuous career.
At least, in the days of my prosperity, no one can se
en** me of luiviiig harbored any spirit of revenge a
gainst those who, perhaps, took advantage of their for
tune to persecute me in adversity ; and, indeed, M.
le Baron, what would he my late if, in tne midst ol the
turbulent age iii which we live, the political opinions
I of those who are home down by the tempest are con
sidered as treason by those who embrace the opinions
of an opposing party.
■ i ■ <«m nm aiiow'Mi to retne fo my otvti rmafet 1
ihoulil Ik deiirou* ol going (o a foreign country with
I my wife and children. If, afi r alt, (lie Chamber of
Peer* forties a warrant against me, I should wish to he
imprisoned in the fort ot Ham, in Picardy, where I was
detained during the long captivity, which I supported
in my youth, or In some spinous ami ronvtnieul citadel,
I pr» for Hamburg to any other, as being moil favorable
to my had state of health, not a little increased by the
lair unfotlunate erents. The misfortune* of an honest
nun, are entitled to some consideration in France; hut,
at any rate, M le Karon, it would be barbarous to drag
rue lorth to the capital, at a mooted wl.ee so many
passions are in fermrnt against me, which time alone
ran appease. I have long been accustomed to see all
my designs construed into the most odious eolort. I
bare riposed to you all my wishes. Monsieur le Baron;
anti I beg ol yen to communicate them to these who
ought lo know them, »n«t to believe me. hr.
P. S. I beg ot you to let me know when you re.
crive this letter.
After Prince Polignac was arrested, he askod for pa>
per,ami pm and ink, to write a letter to tho Minister ot
the Interior. Ho began hi* letter in the old way
•• .Wonseigneur." Being fold that that title was abolish
ed lie erased (lie word, and wrote “ M. le Minister.”—
On hi* examination lie said tbit be never wished to de
viate from llin Charter, that he had resisted the Ordi
nances, that he had only yielded to a superior authority,
ami that the papers left in his office would prove wbal
ho stated. [Journal He* Dibatt. I
Chamber of Deputies.— In tho sitting of tho 17th
August a bill was repotted, (lie principle articles »(
which are as follows;
Art. 1. liecompcnccs shall be decreed to all those
who were wounded in defending the national cause in
Pari* on the glorious days of the 25tb, 27(h, 28th At 2 9 (Is
of last July.
Art. 2. The lathers, mothers, widows, and children
of those who have fallen, or may fall in consequence of
llicir wounds, shall receive a pension or relief. i
Art. 3. A medal shall lie struck to perpetuate the re
membrance of those events.
M l>. Tracy s’lted, at great length, a proposition fof
the abolition of Mie punishment of death.
M. de Montigny opposed the immediate ronsiderafiot
of Ibis,n» there were more urgent ameliorations require'
In the penal code.
Oen«rnl linfnjett© (profound ailence*— T think rnuUnty to m
honoruhlc collengnr, timt the fihnlition of tho puni«hmnnt of liont
!• n rineiple winch inev I** deemed before miking ihn nmcliorr
i limn which arc proposed nod tl»" fWCMfii? of which | font. It f
j not a novel iden; th«* abolition of Mm pumahtnent of deftfh hn» hen
| d-'tnftn lcd nt el! time* in the Well known constituent noombly. J
I ii mi now hi the United Htatoc. You perceive it in no new |<fr»
• nr.tl each per •on me y litive hia pie determined opinion on tbia poin
j A« to me, I -hould e-U for the nlmlition of the pumthment of dent
j until I have tho infelihrlity of hen.in judgment* d*mon«tri«t#Mf 1
mm The punishment of dc.ithhx* el\vay« inspired mo with a for
I in* of horror, •in»*o the efecrnhle me made of it dm inf the revf]
i lotion. Our revolution hue n different cb;«rnc|er; it ii i|»e revolt
I 'ntbm of petrir»ti«m, e.«»nrfign mid genorotity. 1 believe, for it
pert, tlmt it will lm Roiled to tho commencement of thi« rcvivfl
lion to do fi act of htiinenttv by H’mlUhinff tho piiu'«huient
deutli. I vii'p for in heinf now t <k m i"tn con«iderttiort.
M AflUir.D - in ilh.itmlnir*, on I ftnrolnf evening Inal, by t
(<ev. Mr l’»* VtOU, Mr CtM*!.R«if MaTTHIWI, tO Ml«t Kt.lgft
elilimt daughter "f Mr# Thcrnfu ^hihU m II of thv Mid f.hty.
| ATtVF.fi I If KMP.N ff will fwtninl) he uUtndod to ip our nc

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