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VOL. XXVII...NO. 07.
* EniuumriU m imoimlioil twice a w«>rk gonvrnlly mu time* a week clitrinj^ tho ioiaion of tho 8tato Logisluluro Price, tho oaiiio us horotofuro, Five Dollars per nnuum, puyahlo in Advanco. Note* of chartered, *|mcie»-iiayin;r hanks, (only) will Im* roceivotl in payment. Tl»o Ktlitor* vv0l ^urantoo the safi'ty of ro thorn by aiuil;tho postage of all Toitors being puitf, by tho No papor willbe discontinued (but at the discretion of the Suitors) until all arrearages have been paid up. . V> t'hoever will iruaruntvo tho payment of Kina paper (hall bav* thu tenth UK ATI S. v THUMB OF ADVKUTIBINO. IT On*tquini, OH HK.dS—Firm insertion 75conta—each con tinuance, f<0 cents. *.*Mo advertisement invertoil,until it haaeithnr boon paid for,or assumed by aomu person in tki* city, or it* environ*. RAPPAHANNOCK. ACADKMV—The Public •re respectfully informed, ti-at this Institution will ba opened *g. hi, on the 15th 11 J mtiary nex‘, un der the immediate superintendence ol the present Teach ers. Tho courre of Instruction will embrace tho En glish, Latin and Ore*-k Languages, Geography, with the us* el Maps and Globe*, Arithmetic, Atg-bra, Ge ometry, p*aiie and spherical Trigonometry, and the Theory aud Practice ol Surve) ing. The French, Span ieh and Italian Languages will also be taught, should the number ol scholars be sufficient to justify the employment of a competent Teacher. Thankful for the liberal pitrouage extended to the Institution during th* past year, its claims aro again b- fire the public* Whilst (lie unwearied exertion* which the undersigned have heretofore manifested, in (he dis charge of their arduous du‘io«, may bs received as some pledge ol their future conduct, they trust, that the improvements which experience will enable them to make, both in tin mode of leaching pursued, and the judicious organization ol the Institution, will eularge the|*phere ol its usefulness. As a suitable situation lor the instruction ol youth, lew place* it is believe d, com bine more ad ventages than this. Among iheaa, its weli •elected library, salubrious a r, c mmodious buildings, aod ficililies ol communication with different part* of the country, merit e-pecial notice, Terms for boarding and Tuition, including washing, mending, See $110, •ach Hoarder finding i i* o.vn hed, bedding, towel* and candles. Parents and Gu irdiane, wishing to pl*< e tluir children at this Inrt tu ion, are r« qur s'od to make time ly applications to Charles A. Lewis, Jr. AdJress, Kappahannock Academy. Caroline County Va, CHARLES A LEWIS, Jr. Sa M UEL H. O .VEN \V1 LSON. Uj“A young gentleman, now* a student of tbe above Instuution, ol unexcep finable character aud amiable manners, who l* w it qu llili d to teach tbe Elemen tary Branches of Mithc riatick*. together with the English an I Latin Languages, Geography with the use of tbe Map* ai d G’obes, and tbe Theory and Practice of Surveying, wishes to obtain employment aa Teacher <n a private family. —Letters addressed to ei her ol the Teachers, at the Rappahannock Academy, will meet with prompt attention. Nov. 19_ 66—2nv2w—wtf MKS. v' ILLS, is now opening a Millineiy and Mint ut-M iking Ka'ablishmen’, on the Ma n S reel, opposite Messrs. Bioford & Brook*,—wh-re ev «ry description ol work in the above branches, wi 1 he executed in the best manner, and most approved style. Dresses, Pelisse*, Riding Hibils, Cloak?, &e., made to order oil the shortest notice. She p-rjoually selected in New York and Philadel phia, a most splendid assortment ol Miyinery and Fan cy Goods, consisting in part ol the following article* : — Elegant Winter Hats mid Bonnots, Turbans, Cap*, Capes, Feathers, Fio wers, Ribbons, H air Curls, Puffs and Braids. Also a large supply of Leghorns an I Dunstable Straw Bonnets. Sho will receive additional supplies every fortnight Iroin the Northern Cities. Leghorns Bleached, Dy,.d, and altered, in the most fashionable manner. Nov 19._ 56—tf n<7i iok7 T1HK undersigned, in behalf of themselves, and . ol many othrr inhabitants ol the Counties ot Chesterfield, Amelia, Nottoway, Dinwiddie, &e., do hereby give notice, to all whom it may concern, that a Petition will he presented to the next General A*sein tdy ol Virginia, a*king the pa*.*age of an Act, author izing a rosd to be opened from Cntislu’.* Road, in Ame lia County, beginning about one mile tieiow Anderson’s Tavern, crossing th- Apnomattox River, about one and a ball miles above Roberson’s old Mid Seat, at Wil liam Puryeir’s lower corner, oi the said River, and falling into die P. torshu g. Road, near Moody’s Taveri , in Chesterfield. JOHN P BOLLING, THO F. WILSON, A R \1 ST K AI) CO I. K \ IAN, ROBERT COUSINS, WM. (JR EGO BY , Nov. 19 56—If THO. T. GILES 1%JO I ICE. — By vir'ue ot a Deed ol Trust, executed XX by Juo G. M ll-r, !o Miles C.iroy, dec . in iii* life time, and the sub-cub-r, bearing date th* 25th day ol July, one tiiousui l eight hun Ired an I iw*nfy three, and duly acknowledg'd and recorded in the Clerk’s Office ol the County Court ol Eluvium, for the purpose ol securing to Walker Tnnberlake a certain debt in the said Deed cd Tru*t mm ioned,— will he ex posed to sale, to die highe-t bidder, lor ca*h, on the premises, on Monday th- 24th day of January next, a certain Tract or parcel n( Land, lying ,n I being in the said county, on the Kivann i R.ver, containing by esti mation three hundred mil sixty acres, and is he same Land dial was purcha ed by Ilia s.>| I J,i0. G Miller, of the said W .ilk-r I unherlake, and is known by the name of Office Hill 1 reel. I he ti Is vested ill me as sur viving Trustee only, will be convey d to 'he nurcha-er or purcha-era, JOHN B MAGRUDER, ^Nov. 19 56 — wH.v Surviving Trustee. KY virtue ol a deed ol (i us , ex-rnt-dto Ihc enh srriber by James C. M’Reynold* and John M’ Reynolds, bearing ilale di- third of November, 1830, and ol record in the Clerk’s office of the county ol Campbell, for sundry purposes (herein inend.ined, th undersigned willproc ed to sell on Tuesday, the l lth day of December, 1830, by way of public auction, to the highest bidder, the fillowing prop-rlv, to w t: one moiety of the tract of hod of which John M’Reynold* died se'r.ed, and on which Junes C. M’Reynold* now resides, containing 581 ,cr«"; also, an.Hher tract ad joining thereto, called Depri ■<!’* tract, con'aining 80 acres; also another tract a-’j ining to the first-mention ed tract, Called the Lot g Dive tract, containing 210 * cres; also forty odd slaves, consisting of men, women and children; hogs, sheep, horses, cattle, waggon, the crop of tobacco of the present year, lions hold and kitchen furniture, farming utensils, blacksmith’s tools, * ,n<' ’*"* re,,,aitdng stork of g ode of J. ft J M Reynold*. The sale will he had at tho house where Jame* C M’Reyno'ds now re.ide*. In the coun ty of Campbell, about 20 miles »outlie«*t ol Lynchburg, and will continue from day to day until completed. The land will he sold oti a pic lit ol one, two an I three year* equal annual instalments, the purchaser giving hood with good personal security, or bond with a deed of trust on the Imd. •n-rm, the punctual payment there of. It is understood that those interested in the other moiety of the tract ol 58 I acres will j.in in the sale and conveyance ol the whole tract, | he person*I pro perly Inrltidirg th • negroes, will he .old on a credit until the let ol A'lgtMt next, lbs purchaser giving bond with good security. The under igne I are, howevr, authorized by the deed to «et| pr valoly aril tor ra«'i j| they tin ok proper. Toe land i* s*id t > b« a good tobacco plantation, and will he shewn by Mr. James C M’lfe*.* nolils to any person m idling to purchase. The s'aves are prinripsily young negroes and very hkoly, and *aid to be of s good character —Acting a* trustee#, the un dersigned will convey only such (tile In the purchasers of the above prop-rty, a* |* v»*'cd in them, though the title, to It a* Ihey have ever understood. I? good. JOHN B DABNEY, Nov. 16 55—td* ROBERT 8 M’HEYNOLDS. R. H. SI ANAI(I) Infirm* her former cne* tomer* ami the public, |i at *h* ha* opened a Hoardii g-llnti«o iu the fie*^lrn<intnlon the north side of K. street anil w *t corner of |Oih street, ju-t below tbo Capl'i l. She is prepared as heretofore for the re ception < f Ladies and Oendemen by ihe week, inonib or year, on moderate terms —10 member* of the I.egi*. lature can he accommo l*'ed with board and room* ■ N"' *» _ A TKACIIKit WANTED. —We are d*tfr«a« ot employing a female teacher for the ensuing yrar. * ?n<‘ '.hM l§ fl',,hfied in all nnptett, a liberal price will In* given. The school will p-ohably consist of ten nr twelve scholars. Communication* to Ihe subscri ber* will be promptly attended to. BEVERLY 8YPNOR, „ , .. WM. TOWNFA fljyaton, Mecklenburg, Nov. f). 53—8t Auction sale of lands and slaves - By virtue of a deed ol trust executed to'us by John Mountca-tle, and Tamsey bis wife, ami Robert I'iualey, bearing date on the Kith day of July, 1823. and ol record in the county court of Amherst, we shall on the 1st day ol December, 1830, before (be front door ol the tavern house, in the town ol New Glasgow, and county ot Amherst, now occupied by James S Pendleton, expose to sale, by way of public HUction, the following real and personal estate, to wit : a house and lot, situated in the said town of New Glaigow.it being the nine heretofore conveyed to the said John Mount castle and Robert Tiueley by William G. Pendleton, and James S. Pendleton,—Also, two other impruvtu lots, in the said town of New Glasgow, with all the houses and improvements thereon, one of which lots contains the Store house lately occupied by James Hoso, and the other bting ihe same which at the date of the said deed of trust, was occupied by the said John Monntcsistle. Alao, a tract ol Ian I, lyiug in the said county ol Am herst, within one mile of the said town of New Glasgow, containing by survey 33(1 acris, be the same more or lew, and adjoining the lands ot David S. Garland, John Coleman and others ; «Uo, 7 12 acres of laud, adjoin ing Ihe last mentioned tract, purchased of David S Garland—also, one othrr tract of land, lying and being in the county alore-aid, oil the waters ol Bulf.iloe river, containing one hundred and twenty three acres, more or less, and adjoining the lauds ol Barnet Cash, William Duncan and William S.indulge—also, one other tract ol land, lying in said county, supposed to contain two hun dred acres adjoining the tract last before mentioned, and also adjoining the lands ol William Sandidge and o thers—also.the following slaves, with an increase of the females of them, if any, since the date of the aald deed of trust, namely, one negro man n lined Mo*e«, and his wife Amy, two negro boys, Bah and Warbing’on, two girls Dosia and Mary, two men George and Alber', 6ne woman uamed Rachael, one boy Meredith, one giilua med Eliza, one woman named Bet* -y,one woman named Judy,one boy named Archy,8t two gir'a Apphia St Betsey. 1 erms o| Sale.—1 he slaves will be sold for cash, ami lor the real property one fourth of (he purchase money will be required to be paid on the day of sale, arid the balance in three equal instalments at 6, 12 and 18 months from the day of sale, to be secured in every ca«e by l O'esniade nego'iable, and payable at one ot the Banks in Lynchburg, satisfactorily endorsed, and by deeds of trust on Ihe property purchased. 1 be title to all of the «aid property, is believed to be good, but acting merely as trust, e*, we will convey on ly such ti lo as is vested in us by the deed of trust a toresaiJ. Should the sale not be completed on the day above appointed, it will he continued Irom day to day until completed. RICHARDS. ELLIS. ) Trus Nov. 2 51-8;* CHISWELL DABNEY, < tees. [•j feK C. CLARK’S Patent Thrashing Ma fj “ chine. — This valuable machine lor thra-hing all kinds ol grain and hulling clover seed, was patented ill* 28th day of January, 1330. Since which time about 500 have been made and put into operation, and do doubt in a veiy short time it will bo tho only Thrashing Machine in use, a* it costs less to build r, and it is ad mi'ted ky all who have -e*n it in operation, that it re quires le.s than one half the power to put it in opera tion than any other machine ever inven’ed does, in con sequence of the screw form benters having a two fold action upon the unthrashed grain when passing through (lie niticiiino. , T*1*. •*,,owin<S are extracts train some of the many Chill lb ICA1 KS, on which full confidence can be placed : PhiLADir.PHiA, County, Pa. S pt. 15, 1830. We liava seen Dr. C. Clark’s Patent Thrashing Ma chine in operation. It will thra-h nearly on* bushel ol wheat p-r minute with one horse, perfectly clean, tak ing otf nearly every white cap without breaking the grain, leaving the straw in a good condition for use. U cau be us-d by the power ot one man so as to thrash ten bushels ot wheat | or hour. These simple ma chines Wiiich cost much I *ss aro far superior to any we li-ve seeu, and aro not liable to get out ot order. Signed JAMES ALLEN, JOHN SUMMERS, DANIEL FLECK, JOSEPH KIGHTKR. WixcHBtTER, Frederick Co. Vn, April llth,1830. b rotn a careful examination ot Dr. C. Clark’s Patent I lira-lung .Machine, and seemg it in full open'ion, we pronounce it superior in every respect to any other we , tiav* seen It not only thrashes tarter amt cleaner, I but is moved with much less power, requiring i nly the power ot o.* horse to ihiasb thirty bushel-of wheat I per hour, and is very aimp'e in its construction, &c. (Signed) THOMAS HRYERLY, BENJ BUSH NELL, DAVID RUSSELL. Frederick Countv, Va., July 1-t, 1S30. I have one ol Dr. Clark’s Patent Tnra-hiug Ma chines ereced on my farm, which I consider th* best I j have ever seen. It thra-hes faster amt cleaner, and leav*s lb - stiaw in a good c nlitiou lor lire. I have | thrashed 23 common -heaves of wheat in a minute. 550 ! common sheaves ot wh*at in 32 minute-, which made 22 1-2 bushels ivlien cleaiwed, and 84 dozen sheaves ot oats in one hour, and is not liable to get on* of order JOEL LUPTON. Extract of a letter, dated Washington, Kentucky, Sept. 18, 1830. Dn.C. ( i,ark—Sir: I have the pleasure to inform you, that we have put in operation y.nir small llira-h ing inachin —Its p i I nuance w is very go id — we have thrashed aboil 2000 bushels. We have thrashed at the rat* ol 40 bushes of wheat per hour, and 500 sheaves in 23 minutes. Yntirs’, Sic. J. W. FLAGG. Evlrart of a letter dated Chester Co,, Pa. Aug. 25 h, 1830. Dr. C. Clark — We have made an experiment on clover serd with the pa'ent machine of yours, which conviucrs us, jf tim con venieticr s were atiach-d to it, that are com inn I y attach-d to hulling mills, it would clean clover seed out ot the chaff as fa-t as any mill now in use. All who eaiv the operation said it was a complete clover liuller. It an<weis extremely well forall kinds ol grain in the straw Yours, fcc. SAM’I, REINHART. Many more certificates may h* seen by applying to the N W. corn-T of Brown and 4 h streets, Philadel phia where the machines era manufactured. By means ot a publication in tl e public papers made over the signature of Samuel Slater, cautioning the pub lic not to purcha-e any other Thrashing Machine un til they hive seen his operation — In consr quenre ot which, my sal-s may be injured, in place* where they will not see Slater's—I have therelore thought proper tossy I have care'ully examined his, and tied it will bear no comparison with min*, and tor the Information of such as may not hive an opportunity to examine lor themselves an I convince the public ot the merit* ol our machines, I hav- placed $1000 In the hands ot Mr. Cooley, corner ot vine and 5th streets, which, if Mr. Plater or any of his fri»nd- will cover, I will meet him on the following let ms viz:—With the same power, I will thrash two bushel- ol wheat to his one, wi h hall the power, more than he can ol either w'.test rr rye, to be don- ina woikman-lik ■ manner. My machine shall only cox- one-ha f as much as M-. The machines to be tried must he (fuse now exhibited toihe public. .. C CLARK OO* w. 50 3 G con street, Philadelphia, £ 10>l MISSION BU .*• IN ESS, Norfolk, Virginia — j Idle S ib-niber having located himself at th| Jtlacc, respectfully lenders to his friends and th« public , his services tor the tr-n-ac ion of a General Commit -Ion Bn in-**. Hi* OiTice is near the Public Ware Mous* ami next do r to Mr. .f dm B Roy’-. N irtoik. Oct, 2d. -ID —St JNO. M. ARMI3TEAD. I jm/i , HOSPITAL, WILLIAMSBURG. M J .Notice is hereby given that all the cells in this in Itutton are orc.ipie.f, and that no niorepatientsw.il he received „nt I some or the said fells are vacanl; d.te notice °| which w,H |,e given. By order ol the Court ol Directors. i utw. ..v May 20. _ Richmond cotton factorvT-The s^b. srrthers off r for .ale, at their Office, near Hhockcc Warehouse, the following goods made at their Factor v 1-4 Cotton Sheeting* * 3-4 do Shirting* Stout C-dtnn Oznahurgt, 21) tnehe* wide And a general tutortment of Cotton I'arn*. These good, are believed to be equal in quality to any male in the United Slates, and will be sold as low a* good# of similar quality can he purchased in the Nor thern Market*. The highest price will be given for prime Co*ton. CUNNINGHAM & ANDERSON. Sept. 24. 40—tf RICHMOND RACKS. SECOND MEETING AT TREE HILL, the fi,st Tuesday in December next. 'I he Proprietor of Tree Hill contemplates in future to have four meetings at Tree Hill in each year. The second Fall Races this year will coiaincnco the first ’Tuesday in December next, tho day after the Legisla ture meets. First Day.—A sweepstake for 3 year old colts and fillies; two mile heats; entrance $200, half forleit; four subscribers and closed. Win. It. Johnson enters b. f. Virginia Taylor, out of Coquette by Sir Charles. 2. J. M. Seldcn, a Marion filley out of Sir Henry's sister. 3. Abner Robinson, Jemima Wilkcrson, by Archie. I. Thos. Watson, (of Treo Hill,) Annette, by Sir Charles. Second Day—Proprietor's Purse, $200; two mile heats; entrance $15. Third Day—Jockey Club Purse, $500; three mile heats; entrance $20. The Proprietor little doubts but there will be a fourth day’s race; ami in the event of no other, the gate money of that day will he given to a handy cap purse. In furnishing these second races, it has no relation to j the Club now formed at Tree Hill, as the Proprietor] himself puts up the money, and hopes there will be no : difficulty in case of bad weather, to postpone tho race to a good day. Oct. 22. IS—td J. M. SELDEN, Proprietor. I^IOR SALE—A valuable Farm in the county ol Spoltsylvauia, known by‘the name ol Harlfielil, containing nearly !000 acres, two miles above Waller’s Tavern, ami in the vicinity of the Gold Region. This Farm contains much really good La ml, with an ample supply o( wood,— a number of never-falling spring- of pure water in every field. The buildings are large and convenient,—the dwel ling has live rooms, an l a commodious passage on the first floor—seveu rooms above*inclusive ot the garret— a cellar under the whole—and a number of closets, 1 conveniently located, in various parts of the House. The nut-building- are numrroua and in good repair.— i In point ol health, no place in Virginia is superior to it. The neighborhood is composed of families of in | teiligence and respectability* affording a deligh (iff so- ! ciety. It rarely occurs, that so desirable a situation is I offered for sale in this part of the country. Between! 60 and 70 bushels oi wheat have been seeded upon good land. Any one disposed to purchase, will make application f» Ed want <». Hill, nsar the premises; or to John or Archibald Il.irt, at Frederlrk-bnrg. Johnson Faulkner, the Overseer, will shew the land ' to any person wishing to view it. Unless a private rale should be made before the 9th December next, it will on that day he »tiered upon the premises, at public auc'ion. The terms then to he made known by THE LEGATEES. j On the 9.h December next, the perishable property, con-i-ting of Household and Kitchen Furniture. The crop of corn, fodder, and stock ol every kind, upon the above named Estate, will hesold hv JOHN HART, Executor of Mary Har’, dec. N. B. —On the day of the above sale, at Hir'fiebl, there will probably be some likely negroes lor sale, or hire for the next year. Nov. 19_ 56—Ms Washington hotel. Richmond, Va.— The Subscriber having lea-ed this old and well known Establishment, lor a term, of years, takes this opportunity to announce *o his friends and the public generally, and particularly to the former vi-ifers ol the house, that it will be opened f.»r the accommodation of company, on the first ol October. It is now undergo ing a ih rough repair, and will be fitted up in a plain hut neat style, with beds, bedding, ami other necessary ! furniture, all new, and ot the best kind. His Servant are attentive and experienced, and his Bar-keepers po lite and accommodating. His Bar shall at all times bo well supplied with the best liquors and wines, And his Table wi h the most choice delicacies of the season, which Ihe city and country can afford ; and he flatters himself, that by unremitting atten'ioo to his business he will give entire satisfaction to all who may favor him with their company. The Washington Hotel, is situated in the molt pleasant part ol the city, immediately opposite the Capi tol, anil contiguous to all the Public Offices, and but a short dietancr from Hr-* Theatre, the Banks, the Brain, the Warehouses, and the olficra of the principal Millers of the city; and at the same time sufficiently far remov ed to afford gentlemen a quiet retreat when they wish to retire from the bustle and noise of the streets. Such are the local advantages of this house, that f may ven ture to affirm, that gentlemen vi-iting Richmond, ei ther on business or for pleasure, will find it one of the most pleasant situations in the city. In addition to what transient custom lie may he favored with, the subscri ber will he able to accommodate twenty-five or thirty BOJiRDKRS, tiy the week, month, or year, on the mo-1 reasonable term*. ROBERT C. MACON, Sept 17 88—tf Late of Goochland Court-House, HTNION HOTEL,city or Richmond, Va.—The I subscribers having taken this spacious and ele gant house, are prepared to accommodate travellers and boarders, ei.her families or single gentlemen, by the day, week, month or year, on the most liberal terms. The Union Hotel is pleasantly situated on E or Main Street, a little below the Market House, sufficiently near to the business part of the ci ty; while, at the srtne time, it is withdrawn from 1 the noise and hustle incidental to more public places, containing near 100 room*, including pat lours, saloons, ?tc , all luroished in superior style, combining both (tea'ness ami elegance. The tallies will always be plentifully furnished, with such varieties as the market and neighbouring places afford, and the bar with the most rhoice liquors. The bed rooms are spacious and airy, ami the beds clean : anil if good and attentive servants, with a dispo sition on the part of all attached to the house to please, are ra'rulaled to add to the foregoing recommendations, then will the proprietors not orffv deserve, but hope to receive the pa'ronage of the public. They have good -tables convenient to the house, well supplied with pro vender and experienced ostlers. Tlw General Stage Office is kept at this house, where seat* in all Ihe different Stages may be t,iken. WM. H. SHIELDS, Aug. -ti :m -*f JOHN IRMISTEID TO MECHANICS. TH1II K undersigned are desirous of Re-building Iheir JL Mills immediately, and are prepared to ireeive proposals for the work, from Millwrights, Stone-Ma sons, Carpenter*, and Biick layers N»v. <». r,:t 8t 1*. MAX \LL U CO <1AS11 FOR CORN —We wish to purchase 4 or J 500 Harr cl* of old or new Corn, to be delivered previous to l<t February. P. H AX ALL, & Co. Nov. Id. ft—0| NOTH E M R8. NELSON is prepared to accommodate La* IT I dies and Gentlemen with board by the week, month, or year, at her old stand near the Capitol Square, next above the Washington Tavern. She would he glad to furnish eight or ten Gentlemen with hoard, who have rooms elsewhere. Members of the legislature ran he furnished with rooms. Her fare will be as good as the market can afford, and her terms moderate. Oct. 15. 40—tlstOec. ■AjjfRS. SMOCK |>as removed lo H Street, nearly If ft Opposite the City flail —Having two tenement*, she is prepared to accommodate hoarders with large airy apartment*. Ilslmm-diafe vicinity lo (he Capiml, will render her house particularly convenient to Mem hers of the A««omb’y, with or without their farn lie*. Gentlemen can also be received aa Gay Hoarders, by the week, month or year. Nov. 19 56-2; fllATLOR WANTED I good Taylor can And ™ a first rate situation, at OeMonrville, Amelia, by Immediate application, as there is not one in 15 or 29 miles of the place. Nov. 9. 53 —If BWMKKt OAgU JVA r I' DEI*. Ill TMEJVT. A writer in the National Intelligencer, mention*, that President J«ckeon, in n recent conversation, to»k occa sion to express the most favorable sentiments towards the Navy, »* the strong arm of National defence, and added Ilia* it should bo liberally supported. We have seen no indication of a contrary feeling on th • part ol the adiiiiri-tration. If die fact lint the present head of the n.ivy departu ent prefer* to expend th« appropria tion of Congress lor the gralual increase ol the Navy, in collecting timber, depositing it where it may become sea-'oued, free Irotu the intlueiii'e of the weather, ami where it may he preserved il nece«*ary a century, in place ol constructing ships only for the purpi*e ol rot ting in tort, he construed into an unfriendly di position to the Navy, he may pleat) guilty, throw hitnsell on the justice ol his countrymen and receive the applause ra liter than the censure ol the intelligent and unprejudic ed. The U. S. Telegriph stite* that the damage to our nohle naval structures lying in our ports through sheer neglect is incredible, ami cites the i s'ance (a strong one) of the Ohio ship of the line, launched seve ral year* ago nt New \ork. She ha* never been at sea, and it wool I now require alumt one hundred and fifty thousand dollars to make her a* good as she wa« when she waa put into the watetl To repair all our ships similarly riniated, would require a million! With prepared and seasoned materials, our active mechanics,in time of need, can build slip* certainly as fast as requir ed, as was evinced during the late war on the lakes, w here they were con*'meted (of unseasoned material*) in a space of time inconceivably short. No one cau doubt, with facts liUet*lie-se before him, that the course pursued by the present adinini'tralh n i* the correct on», aud none will tay that the heat mean* ol preparing and perpetua ing a sub-tautial and seiviceabU marine, is a ny indication ol hostility to that important aud popular arm of the ualioual defence. r rum mo ii. ifii jrnpn. MR SOUTHARD JtJYD THE .MIDSHfPJUtSJY. ' in his second article published in the Journal ol the 29lh September,Mr Southard makes the following staie ment: “The number of Midshipmen |< discretionary. “The ntiiidi-r lived on by the Screiarv is Isid be fore Congress in the estimates.”—“The Secretary of the Navy cannot call into service, or put t>n pay more than the number provided (or by th« appropriations.” “Mr. Southard act'd upon bis best judgment, w>th the best advice and with great personal experience.” These quotations comprise the whole substance of the ex-Secretary’* second attempt at defence! A« fittle a* they contain, that little deviates far from the truth. It is true that the number of Mid-diipmcn is discre tionary, hut never in a single instance it if believed, did Mr. Southard lay before Congress, in the estimates, the number lived on bv him. flis estimates for 1825 shew but SOI Midshipmen, when his register exhibit* 350. For 182(5 his estimate shews 3(57—his register 37(5 For 1827 hi* estimate shews 294—his register 374. For 1S28 his estimate shews 350—hi* register 392 hor 1829 his estimate shew* 40 2. Midshipmen and Passed Midshipmen—his register -110. At the rommeneeinent of the year 1829, the number in the register exceeds that in the es'iniale by 43, to which number, reduced only by four, Mr. Southard, in February, 1820. added 57, making an excess over the estimate* of NlNKTV-siX. Hut Mr Samliard says, “the^scretary cannot call into service ami put on pay, more than thv number pro- i vided for by the appropriations.” It he had said ot/g/if not instead ol cannot, thi* assertion woiiM have been true. Of the 415 Midshipmen and Pa««ed Mid sh pmen, on the register on the I t of January. 1829, it 5* believed there were not rn re than 23 who were not under pay. Tne number under pay, therefore, was about 422. when the number contained in th> estimates is -102, shewing tint there were about 20 under p\y inure ban were “prsvi led fir by the ap priprla'ion-by giving orders to ciifht of hi* new ap pointments in February, lie made the ex ?es* slid great er. It is believed, that each year, for the last three or four ye. r*of his administration, Mr. Southard kept un der pay a number of Midshipmen con-iderahly larger than he reported to Congress in Id# estimates. It it bo objected that he could not have obtained the money to pay them, we reply, tbit Mr. Southard was never at n Its for money so long as (her* was any let tinder the head of appropriation Al'hongh it was pe remptorily fori Idden by the laws which he was bound to • b-y, he never found any difficulty in taking money which was app-opriated fo- one purprs*, and implying it to another. Whenever an investigation shall take place, it will be found that these unlawful transfers were .made by him, to tha amount of hundreds ok thousands ami probably Mili.ions ok noi.r.ARs It will be found that his expenditure.* lor some pur poses exceeded the amounts appropriated by hundred* of thousand* which were taken out of other appop it tions. Hut we tin not propose to enter into anv detail of the enormous abuses committed by Mr. Southard, in that important hrmrhof his duties. Mr. Southti'd’* article* are well spiced with p-aise of his noble cell, and pepered with abuse of the present Secretary. In one place he s.iv* “ The dtfTerenee (between 189 ami 400 Midshipmen) is not greater thin might be expecteil from the minds of the men so essentially, dif ferent.and looking to objects en ! ends eniirely op iosite: t e one looking to th* fire#, efficiency and character of the N«vv, ami die other to pc'ty sivings and misera ble expedient* : the one, carrying fully into effect the views of the Oovernment, by expending the appropria tions in providing materials ill building ships, repairing vessels, and keeping them always realty fer the various services in the pro ection of our commerce, to which they were destined ; anil the othpr, permuting no re pairs, hn i lit in gr no ships, ami suffering the decay and de struction of the ve*sp|*, for the wretched economy ol saving mnn-y which Congress have wisely and liberal ly appropriated .” Again says he There is this reflection which grows out of these remark*. No man can show to the American people that he has any capacity (or office by there petty detail* Nor can he cornpenstie the want of ability in the administration of tbe Department, by his excessive zeal in li:tle things Nor will he elevate hi* character by the mt-an ambition of ca-ting a cloud over hi* predecessor.” Again :—“ Mr. Southard acted upon his heat judg ment, with the best advice, and widi gre it personal ex perience. Hut the present Secretary, with noknow ledge of the servire, and totally incapacitated by the character of his mind and (he habits of his life, under takes a reform, with a vi"w to economy, ami not to the efficiency of thi* arm of nor defence, and file* the nutn ber of Midehpmen at 400.” Again I here is no doubt we pan do with 4f)0 Mdsbipmen, and we might, for a time, do with .100 or 200. It is equally true that w* may gp| along with half the number of ship*, and officers, and seamen, a float; that we may, for a time, dispense tv th the build ing of ship* ; that Wre may refuse to repair them, and that a vast system ol retrenchment may be Introduced, and palmed off on the people as economy and r*form. Hut soon tlie ship* will decay : the officers will disap pear ; the Navy, the pride and glory of the rout.try, w II sink ; our commerce, extending to every sea, will be unprotected. When the war is renewed in fturope, and we again attempt to profit by our neutral poti'lon, w» shall bnd a renewal of decrees and blockades, th t will require the ex* rlion of o ir naval power, and witb |out it, our property will b« swept lion (he ocean, and our commerce and navigation annihilated. The pre sent Secretary w II Ihrn be re,nemb-red as the author of so much evil. Then (he fatal policy of these piiin savings will be felt, f li* rdminietta Ion of fbe Depart ment, characterised by to'.il incapacity, will become a j'St anti by-word, and it” w ill appear in history like Irm who destroyed Ihe temple.” Ami again:—"This matter of 'he Midhip'tmn teon ol little crnsequcncs, but as Ihe pari ol a system whi- ii tend* t > Ihe destruction ol the Navy. Tint system I* now in operation, and we pray Ood lo avert ile evils from this land.” This I* very m»IanchoHy to b* sure. If the realers of the Journal believe i's fiction*, and Ihere he a pa triot among them, he hi* doubtless shrd many a teai over the tetrible calamities which this administration is represented (o have brought upon the Nary Rot, If he will read the truth, he may wipe hi* eyes. ‘‘Fact* are stubborn thing*,” and to lads we appeal. Has the present Secretary diminished the Naval force in commission f No he hnn inrrratnl It. In 192ft, the voMflaln commia-ion wero Urenfy; in 1826, •rticnteen; in 1827, nineteen; in 1828, twtntv; iu 1829. twnty.onr; end in 1830, twenty-tuni in 1823. wre 237; in in "l830S4;3|n«*,827’ 274’ 1,1 ,82S* 239; *'* 1S29 3lt’; H,,<l | The present Secre'ary wishes lo give employment t«< I 0Ht, ,orc®> »'»W® einrient. Hi, lnjn(| j* no, , probably formed on ro magnificent a FCule as that of Mr j Southard. He will not. probably,Vend our ships to hunt for new | countries through holta in the ocean; hut employ them i in defending onr commerce slid our country on the I out aide ol this terrestrial ball. He will not. probably, promote the building of no I ble seventy fours and frigates, that they may lay and , rot on (he spot where they are put into the water; and ! hire hands to plant acorns in Florida, that some sucres ; sor, a hundred years hence, in iv have fine live oak lim ! her to waste in the same way ! He will not, probably, leave the ships already built exposed to the sun which opens all their seams, and to the rain- which then pour through them from top to bottom, that they may rapidly decay, and l-^ve Min ih» pleasure of spending the people’s money by millions in building new ones! The damage incurred by our noble naval structures laying in our port*, through sheer negteet, is incredi ble.—The Ohio ship of the line was launched at New York several years ago. She has never been to sea, and It would now require shout a iiundrkd and kit ty thousand dollars 'o make her as good as -he was when she was put into the water! To rep«ir all our ship* in simitar condition, would r-quire a mil lion. To build ships merely lhat lh»T may rot in our ports, doubtless appears to the plain mind of our present Sec re'ary, not elightened by Mr. Souihird*- magnificent view*, not only like wasting money blit timber also. He thinks it better to save the timber ami the money loo, than to throw both into the *«a and plant acorns to ralss more oaks. He is therefore, collecting timber, •easnning it, and putting it under cover, where it may *e pr-«erved almost a century. When we need s large Navy, ships can then be built as fast as they cau he manned. * i nr 1'irpriM »ry tiurn ihm, rronnoiy, wi«n IO <11- I mini*h ihe number of ■hip* nn I olficer* in artive *er »-ice.—Hut he tl ink* there i* little good to he derived from rotting shin* and title men. In utter i llene«s, the virtue* of our officers will larc little better 'ban ship* in dork. Hath will become rotten, and when another d»v of trid comes, on" nav*l glories will sulf-r a ssd eclipse. But let us keep up a small Navy ol sound ships, and an active corps of in(ellig-nt officer*, a* dis- 1 tinguished for their morals a* lor their patrio i*m 1 When wir come*, we shall soon have a Navy rallying around these, which the world will find lo tie invinci ble. Mr. Southard think* it derogatory in a Secretary to attend to such "little things” as the “petty details” of hi* office,and has an utter contemp’ for “petty savings.” We have had in olfire too much ol that gre lines* which s.-nr* above the detail* of bu*iness. The uni verse is made up of attorn*, and avbat would he its late , if it* great (Jovernor did not provide for their preserva- ; lion? Tlir ocean i< made of drop*, and what would be come of it, were a principle introduced hy which it could h* annihilated by dropsf The revenue* of the United States are made up of cent*. — Whit will be come of (hem il prodigality, ware, fraud and corrup lion, are permitted to consume them by cents, by dol l*rs, by tens.hy hundreds, and by thousands A bad principle which wastes a cent, lends to the waste of! u i’lions. Hut the ‘liMle things’ lo which Mr. S. alludes, are not cent*. lie left on I i* roll near 100 Midshipmen,u ho, h“ must'have intended,*hould be put upon pay. Had the pre sent S cretary followed his example, lie would have g ven them all pay and kept up the number. It i* the ! dispensing with about 100 u*el-«* . ffic*rs and a saving 1 of about $30,000 which Mr. Southard cali* a ‘ little I thing !’ Duihlless he thought i'heneith his etdirg«d mind to examine so far into “petty details,” an lo check his friend Wa'kins in hi* depredaii u>« upon the Treasury- ' To pay Allen fs. Leonard $11,000 lor nothing, was a "little thing.” To allow Amos B nney 10 or $50,000, or illegal and fictitious claims, wa« a "little thinr;” ar.d to have re fused to tnak« hlin an advance of $30,000 while he was 0 000 in debt, would have required some a'lei.tion to the “ petty details’* of the law, which was r.ot to lie expected in so great a man. In thi* m inner, the wa*te of two or three hundred thousand dollar* i* pasi-d over as “ pefy details” and I “ hole thing!” Id it a* Mr. Southard has cowl etc ended i j to no'ice one of these “'little thing*!” with what lace can^ he decline to notice the rest? We defy him to the task of explaining the case* of Watkins, Allen &. Leonard, Blnney, Hay, or any others in our “ Black Li*t,” con nected with the Department which he administered_ Hy passing over seventeen cases, and Inking the eigh teenth, does he not virtually plead guilty lo the former? Uoss he n >t admit, that they are not sii*reptihlo of ex | nlanation? Doe* he not admit, that there is not an *r 1 ror in the detail, of which he ran take advantage?— i *1' 11 ru*ting’an a tempt at expl n ation, relative to the Mi 'shipmen into the Journal, he has abandoned (he I po-ilionof haughty silence assigned to him hy the In ; telligenrer. Even hi* friend* can no longer excuse his ; uil-nce on other points invo'ving deeply, as they cer tuin'y do, hi* reputation as a luithf il officer, if not a* an honest man. The present secretary shrnk* from no “ petty de tail*,” with the hope ol appearing great hy neglect of duty, nor does he. look upon the purity, in du-try, anil slfirieocy of those under hi* charge a® “ little things.” It is his ambition to preserve our : ships; to make ample provi-ion for an increase of their number, to give employment to our officer*,to introduce strict principles into the li*cul concern* ol the Navy, to I enforce a rigid accountability, to inculcate honor, h»n , esty, and trn h, in every department of the Naval service. It he shall thus be able to make the Navy, not less in numerable force, hut more elfici-nt in every branch, with an annual savi ng'of lull a million, he will he con'ent wiih the repula lion acquired by attention to “ little things,” without aspiring to the " ability” claimed hy hi* predecessor, which i* evinced only by oumherhsi Irands and abuses committed through t.i* agency, il Btl wHIl hit UDDlftllM in Usti.i .■> ./ r. t r e. /< .> Uj\. Tho last number of the Edinburgh Review contain* an article on ll»e meinoirs aid correspondence of Tho j mas Jefferson, recently published in this country and j in I.ondon. It is an able paper ; inaccurate arxl pre judiced of course in Mime ol its estimates of th* great Apostle of Democracy; but containing, neverihelr si, just views of and reflection* npnn mai y stiH-clscon nected with the memoirs. The Rovi* wer thu* alludes to the history of the Adoption of the American C«n«fitu lion [Albany Argus. “ Recenl as i* the history of the United States, both Adams and Jefferson agree, that the most important ma terial* f,r it* fir*t, and, in some re*p«ct*, most exciting period, am already replaced by conjec'iirc* only. Th Secret Journal of the Old Congress ha* hern lately p„b lnhcd. But how mere a skeleton it prrs-nts ! A-fam* write* to Mr. Niles: ‘ In plain English, and in few words,I consi ler tit* true hi*fury of th* American Rev olution, and the estnbli lirnrnt of our present constitii tion, as lost for ever; snd no lung but misrepresenta tion*, or partial arcoun's of it, will ever he recovered.’ J-ff-rsoii had hrlore communirated tp Adam* tlie same opinion. ’ On the subject of the American Revolu tion, you’ ask, who shall wri'e it? who ran write it? arxl who will ever be aide to write it ? Nobody : except merely Ms external fads; all Me rtune D, designs, and ■ iscussions having been rondurted by Congress with Cosed doors, and no member, ae far as I know, hav ing ev n made note* of them These, which are the life an I soul of f is ory, must forever be unknown.’ Th* head of two short arguments happen to have been t <ken down by Jeff-rson hitnself; one on Inde pi rdenre, and the other upon the mode in which the articles ol the C mfederation respecting taxes and vot ing should be arranged. They ere remarkable, not only ae the only remaining evidence of (lie ability with which these discussion* were c nducted ; but a* proof* how strongly American statesmen laboured Irom the very first under the two great difficulties, against which they have hitherto struggled on by Compromise and evasion, hut wbfrh they have not advanced a step towards successfully ml doing ;—we mean the ques tion* arising out of slavery, and the principle on which the number of votes given to the several state* should be apportioned, so as to secure to each its indepen dence. “ Hotta’s Hi-tory of this period is ststed to he the best for detail, precision, and candour; yet, as -f the difficulties which mild embarrsv* a foreigner in hie] searches after the huth wsre not sufficiently seiious, Ii- is rep-oached by bolii Jrfl -rson and Adams with hav ing revived that ancient practice o! • putting speeches into mouths which never made them, and fancying ino tivee of action tvl ich were never felt.’ Tfie publish 'd Journal of ttie Federal Convention which w.n held at Philadelphia iu 1793, Icr the purpose of framing the present American constitution, and whirh Jefferson (then at Paris, where a similar obj-ct was in vain pur suing) call* ‘ ail aa-einbly of demigod*,’ is uo'hing but a mere summary of act* and proceedii>|**. Tins cur tain, however, may probably yet be diawu; for Mr. Madison is said to h»Ve taken down the whole ol every thing that was said and done there, * with a labour and exactness beyond comprehension.’ From an af fecting litter written hy Jefferson onlv a few uion he before his death, nnd*r pecuniary difficulties whirh arc a disgrace to 'he country he had served so tail) ful ly, it is sn'i-factoiy to le iru, that a more fien* r->l His tory is in the same hands. • It has heen a great so ir> to me to believe that you are engaged in vmdira'iiu to posterity the riimse w — hav« pursued for pre-civ — h g to them, in all tin ir ptri y, the blessing* of eIf government, which w- had a-sufeil too in arqu'ui.g lir them. Il ever the ear h has beheld a sv-'-m of administration conducted with a single nt:d - id ta-t eye to the general in*ei***t and happiness ot 'ho-e commi'ted lo it—nno wtiich protected by truth, can never know reproach—it i* that lo whirh our lives have b-en devoted. To myself you have been a pillar of support through life. Take care of rn« when dead, and be assured that I shall leave with you my Inst af lertions.’—1 Ojr opponent*’ (he elsewhere says) 1 are far ahead of us iu preparations for pi iring their cause favourably belore posterity.’ We shall rejoice il Mr. Madison’s work is such as to deserve the unlimited confidence of all readers, and to relieve them from tho prin'ul dnty of rhuosing between conflicting author!* ties.” Of the character and life of Jefl'jrron, the Reviewer says : • irgmia aimn»i snare* nun aiatsarnuseti* in tlio re'p^rt with which “lie is look-d to among the States, a* the elder sl-ter ol the Re Volit ion. Tlie principle ot energy, which tlie northern colonies deiived from tl e nature of their church, founded in (tie vety 'dissi* denr* cl di**-nt,’ the p> nplc of tlie sou'll ire imagined hv Huik to have iiMiilsheil up, 'on s'ill higher and more sluhhorn spirit, in conesq tence ol being slave holders. ‘Freedom In such « rase is not only an en joyment. but a kirn! ol rank and privilege.’ Whilst A dan s was a rep-e*en'ativo morn ot lie sturdy jnde fatigsld-ncss than of tlie r ligion cl New-England — certainly, among the bravo spirits of Virginia, nono arpears to have brought out of the painful contrast placd bef re them, more of what i* manly and liberal, and !e s ol what i* haughty and overbearing, than Jef lerson himself, ib was born April 2, 1743. Disap. proving tha' the honours due to the great birth-day nf their Republic should he transferred to,or divided with, individuals, be would not ptrini' his family fo mention (be dale ol hi* own birth day whil*t he wa* alive. He inherited from bi* fa’her a l*rge fortune, which he •’oilbled by « prudent marriage; hut shortly before his death, einbs'rr»«rnenf« reduced him to apply for leave to dispose ol the greater part nf bi* property by lot - t-ry, in or 'er to prevent it* eacriti'e at less thin a third af its former value, owing to the fall of bind, .leff-r *nn, io the paoer containing this application, (which, al though voted by fie L'gi-laure of Virginia, he dd not live to see carri-d into elb-ct,) mention* shortly the principal cftices which he had tilled, and the price which he had paid for a life pa*sed in th public «ervice. I cam* of »ee in 17lit, and was soon put into the nomina ion o( ju«t're of tlie county in which 1 live; and at the first election following, I beraio" one ol it.- r-p ro*»’>**'ives in the legi-d ’lure. I wa* th* n s nt to thn Did Congro**; then employed two years with Mr Pen dleton ai d Mr. Wythe, on tlie revival and redurti- n to a single eo'e cf the whole ho ly of the Rri'i*h statutes, the act* of our Assembly, and parts of (be common law; then elected Oovernor; next to the legi*lature, and to Congress again; sent to Europe as minister Plenipoten tiary; appointed secretary of etnte to the new govern men'; elected vice-president and president; atul la*t|y a visitor and rector r f the university. I u these differ ent office*, wi li *carcelv a\y interval between them, I hove been in the public ftervire uow sixty-one years; and, during the far greater part nf the time, in foreign countries, or in o'h-»r state*. Every one knows how inevitably a Virginia es'ate go*s to ruin, when tha owner I* so far di* ant a* to be tinabb- to pay attention to it himself; and the more especially, when the line of hi* etnp'oymen' i*of a character to abstract and alienate hi* mind en'irdy 'roin the know ledge necessary to good, atul even 'o «aving, management/ “Lord Herbert mentions, a* a strange coincidence, that Ferdinand received tlie news of the dbeorery of America, whilst unking bis triumphant entry into CJrentda. We cannot wonder, thereb-re, that American patriotism should dwell with something of superstition on the ex’raerdinarv fact, that Adam* and Jefferson si oufd both have lived to July 4, 182(i—to the jubilee anniver*arv of American independence—and should ho'h, rt their remot* Inme* in di*t n‘ quarters of the Union, have died on that very day. Tlie last words which Ad'm* littered, after c tiling it a ‘great and good day,’ w*r“, ‘Jeff rson survives;’ whilst Jefferson him self seem*, in (he intervals of delirium by which his la-t hours were di*furbc I, to have been carried bark to that stirr'ng time. He talked in broken sentences of the Committee of Safety, exclaiming, ‘Warn the Com mittee to he on their guard ’ He io*e in lti« bed, and wrote a hurried note. The only anxious wish he had expressed for himself had been, that he might live to breathe the sir of this memorable day, who*e glories were so much hi* work. Among hi* papers wa* found the following inscription, to he pi iced on a small granite obelisk, in case hi* eoun'ry should ever vote a monument (o hi* memory: 'Here lie* buried, Thomas Jeffeison, Author of the Declaration of Independence; of the Statutes of Virginia for Religion* Freedom; ami Father of the University of Virginia’ Thu* mar shalling his titles 'o ptlhlie remembrance, he evidently meant to teach bi* countrymen that nation it indepen dence might he of li tie v.ilu* without religion' free dom; and that a large and libera! e.loeation wa* the b -*t security lor maintaining both In respect of a monu ment. if will soui.d singular to European*, 'ha' 'lie o> Iv one which Emigre** ha* yet erected, i« to (Jerry. An ad dress w i* voted, begging the body of Washington from hi* widow. Whether there should lie a monument or an erpn-sfrian statue, w.i* made a parly question; and it Wasso n found rh -aper to raise neiilier.” * * * " * “It is a* an American citizen that Jefferson earned and deserv* s In* fame. We have not spare to enter, exerpt very bri-tly, on the honourable detail of bis pub lic life. A* a Virginian legislator, himself a slave own' r, lie th-re set tlie example ol an rffirt (unfortu nately for hi* countrymen, an tinstirees*fu| one) for perini«sh n to emancipate th«ir slave*. Again, himself a lawyer, aided only by his two friends, Wythe and I’endlelon, lie completed, and reported to the (Jeneral Assembly, in eighteen months, the extensive improve ment*, both in tiie principle and the form of their laws, which their new circumstances required. The extra vagant compliments with which our own little attempts at consolidation nf some charter* in criminal l.nv hiv. h*en overlaid, and the fatted calf which Sir Robert Peel kills thereupon regularly every session to his owo glory, are things which must make our legislativo wisdom reasonably suspected among the Americans. They know what they have themselves done in the sell-same matter, and can therefore estimate our vaunt* ing and our astonishment at its true value. In a few months, anil in thi* single work, the three colleagues ‘brought so much of the common lave a« it w»s thought nere-ssry to alter — all the lJnfi-li statutes from .Magna Chatter to the i resent day, mid all the laws of Virginia from lilt estsbli-hment of thrlr legislature in -I .fas. I. to the present time, which they thought should bo retained — within the compass of one hundred and twen ty six-bills, in iking a printed folio of ninety pages only.' Neatly a volume ami a half of the present rorrespon denre, amt a con-lil»ra*de portion of his Memoir,relate to the remarkable period from 1785 to 17W wirirh J-ff-rson passed as an American minister at I’ari*. His watch lulness over every su' jsct which might bear on th* most favorabls arrangement ol tbeir new commercial trea'I-s; hi* perseverance in seeking lonegotisfe a ge neral alliance against Algi-rs; 'be skill and k owl-dga with which be argued the different question* of na tional In'ere*! that arose during hig r*s| teriee, will m,| suffer even In comparison with Frinklin’s diplomatic talents. Every thing he sc •• seems to suggest to Mm the question, Whether It can be mad- uselul in America’ (billhi we compare a tw-lv-m nib's l-Mc-s Pom mr Ambassadors' hags at Paris, Florence, or elsewhe-e, wa should see whether our enormous diplomatic salaries are aoy thing else than very succes till r„. s b-r securing our hnsin-ss b ing ill and irlly d >n-. .1 ff r son's history, after he returned Item**, wh-ther as, Fo reign Soctetaty to Washington, *» Vice-Prasiduut no