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nt^n.Mu.yu, iUESIMY, NOVEMBER 2:1.
THE STATES The Legislature ol North- Carolina convened on the 15th Instant—D. F. Caldwell, Esq. of Rowan wa« appointed A>eafcer ol the Senate, and Samuel F. Patter •on Clerk—Charles Fisher, Esq. of Salsbury was c»to mo Speaker or the Howe of Commons, and Charles Manley Clerk. Governor Owen’s Message tills an en tire page ot Ihe Raleigh Star—and w« must content our eelvee with making the following extracts: Internal Imptosement—“In my last animal commu nication to the General Assembly, I liad tlio honor of calling their attention to tho re-opotdng n communica tion from the Albemarle Sound, to tiie Atlantic Ocean, and I cannot injustice to my own feelings (much heigh tened upon this subject by a recent examination of the waters of this commodious bay under an act of the lust session) permit it to psss without calling your attention to it again. As much opposed as any one to theconstruc tive powers ol the General Government, by which the right to make appropriations from the public funds for dearly and undeniably national, is claim ed, it is nevertheless believed to be an essential ingredi ent in Ihe general economy of (ho nation, no less as re gards her puisuits in peace, than a preparation for war, that Congress should have (he right oi constructing harbours, erecting light-houses, and designating shin shanne's through dangerous bays. Is then the opening a direct communication from this hay to •* the great highway of nations” not a work undeniably national in Its character? Are not “the profits ot commerce_the dangers ol ship-wreck—pursuit by an enemy—conve nience lor privateers and vessels of war;” are these not national objects, and of sullicient importance to claim the attention of the General Government? Then a har bour constructed here, will, in the language of their own most distinguished Engineers. “ be formed precisely In that part of the coast where it is most needed.” , n,01 K°°^ ««nse ol the LogUlature will readily per eeive the special benolit which North Carolina would secure to herself by such improved navigation_Yet, whatever may be the peculiar advantages which locali ty may give to her, as growing out of this improvement, a strong conviction must rest upon the mind of every attentive examiner of the subject, that the general ad vantage to the whole nntion is of such preponderating influence, as to render it an object of peculiar advan tage and tobringit within the pale of constitutional ap propriate. for the General Government. The citizens of Norfolk, with a liberality and zeal, which have ever characterized the Commonwealth of Virginia are still pressing on in an enterprise, by which the rich and a bundaut products of this important portion of our State will inevitably be drawn from us, unless the course of com merce be diverted by the energies o( our citizens M we are then disposed to give tho aid of Legislative authority to our Representatives in Congress, by which that influence to which the State is entitled in the coun cils of the Union, shall he duly felt, nothing can more effectually strengthen them in their offorts at those mea sures, which. In the prosecution of this business may be sound needful.” J * no aiaie name nas already discontinued "• of its branches, and all dm local banks have lessen ed their circulation to a sum, within one-third of what it ■ra* but a few years since, an 1 by a conventional re gulation of these institutions with the State, they are all compelled soon to circumscribe their issues within a certain sum, much below even what it now is. When to these considerations is added tho fact, that they have ell ceased to produce much profit to the State, and less to individual stockholders, it is but reasonable to sup pose, that their eharters, if not surrendered, will certain *£ Dot “f extended by the Legislature, The State of JNorth Carolina will then soon have the alternative pre •euted to her, of submitting to a circulating medium fur stiAed by (be United States' Hank, (the existence ol which beyond its present charter is certainly doubtful ) or ot providing for herself such a medium of exchange •s will best subserve the interests of her citiaens, guard ing equally against ruinous excess, and sudden deficien cy. . It is, therefore, respectfully recommended, that a Hank be established, somewhat upon the principle of the l;. States’ Hank, neither exclusively the propeity of the State, nor exclusively ol individuals—relying neither on the prudence of directors alone, nor yet committed en tirely to the management of the Legislature. • » « lo ouch an institution, restricted in their annual divi <iend* toa specific aum, and this very little, if any, beyond the legal interest of money, it is believed (hat an innate check would be provided, whose lorce and influence from its very nature, would operate on the directory at the moment when loans were made, obviate the motive to excess of issues, and thereby ensure a uniform!'y in the currency with the precious metals—the primary ob ject lo be effeclcif'by all legislative enactments on this important branch ol political economy. And if for such a charter, or any other which the State may grant, a compensation should he required, it should be paid, not in an annual tax, but at the expiration of its charter, and out of the surplus profits of the Hank. For this modi fication of the system of bank’ng, now proposed and re commended to the adoption of the Legislature, I am in debted to the simultaneous suggestion of two of the most distinguished citizens of the State, who ’navi com manded almost an unequalled share of the public confi dence, which will, I doubt not, ensure for it the respeef fot consideration of the Legislature.” The Indians—“The Congress of the United States at their last session, passed a law, commonly called the "Indian Bill,” by which the President of the United States is authorized to have so much of the territory be longing lo tlic United States west of tbo Mississippi, and not included in any State, divided into a suitable num ber of districts for the reception of such tribes or na tion* of Indians, as may choose to exchange for them the lands where they now reside—and making an am ple appropriation for their transportation and subsis tence lor one year.—This measure, emanating no less from humanity than from wisdom, is the only praeflea ble means of effecting the voluntary emigration of the remnant of Indian tribes still to bn found in the southern States—and its consummation was devoutly to be wish ed for. Certainly the friends of this measure had no right to expect the systematic opposition which it has received, knowing that it hail been approved and recom mended by successive Pre->idents of the United States, ever since the territory proposed to be exchanged, had been squired for the country. The unsuccessful at tempt of the present illustrious Chief Magistrate to car ry this law into effnet, *o far as regards the Cherokee Indians, is believed to have resulted from base advisers, many of whom, having fled from the just punishment which awaited them in the communities of which they were once members, had heroine intruders among these people, more ignorant, yet more virtuous (ban t themselves. It is therefore respectfully recommended that the laws of North Carolina bn extended over that portion of its territory ocrupied by the remnant or Chc rokees, who have remained within the State; regarding those who hnve sustained a good character among them selves, as worthy of all the rights of citizenship, not inconsistent with the spirit of our laws, and guarding al so against its violation, by such security, as (lie Lcgisla turi^riay deem it expedient to require.” I'he Tariff of duties, imposed by the Con gress ol the United States upon imports, lias ever been deemed not only unwise but unconstitutional, and calls at this tune for your solemn protest. Whilst agricul ture, commerce, anil manufactures, received equal en couragement from tho flcneral Government, all parts of these numerous republics were animated by prosperity but no sooner was a disposition to foster one, at tho expense of another inanisfesled, than tbo violence and nnitnosi y of parly spirit, which had been appeased, be- j e>-“ ""••icii nm 01 inn union, which would he nothing lea* than the overthrow of the moat beautiful monument oi liberty, that mankind ha* ever erected. During the deep excitement which ha* pre vailed on thia subject in the South, North f arolina ha* evidenced a magnnnimou* forbearance under the heavi eat burden* ahe haa ever been called on to aualain— and are we yet required to manifeat a patience, which ran never he exhautted and a “mcekne**, which ahall hear all thing*.-” I* it aopposed tiiat our feeling* are hut the alumbcring embera of di«content, wliich require on ly an opportunity to he biown into a flame? Have no: recent occurrence* in our own neighborhood, from whirh wc have kept aloof, proved that tiieae are not the reeling* which have actuated ua> Very little i* the character of our State under.atood, if it ia believed, that her patience and anhmiaaion under wrong* inflicted by the General Government, are tho eirect of aervile tear, -or aeonaeiouanca* of inaerurily within heraelf. Inter est it the polpf, upon which ahe, with all the other State* of the confederacy, formed their union, and to auppoae that the principle* of our government were founded upon any other eatimate, and particnDily upon any eatimate ot human character whirh admit* of no alley, would argue a want of experience in the framer* ot our eon*tit'Mion, which our own underalanding, and our own experience, diirard a* viaionary. A common trea agry, without d» riving a common benefit from |t, and a common contribution to rrpl ni«h it, i* aa unjtiaf, aa a community of good* without a community cf toil. It dtacourage* all energy by deafroying 'he reward* of la bour, and make* one portion of the eoun'ry dependent upon, and aubaervient to another —it counteract* the ve ry principle* upon which our government wa* formed, ’ * •tnwufofi dtftntt anrl ymtrnl rrrlfnrt'' pPhe Governor call* the attention of the LegUlaturo lo (Walker’*) “incendiary publication, which hi* been :itculateU vory extensively in the Southern couulry,** /•more recently in N. C )_An.l a* it ha* I,con satiric lonly ascertained that omc of tho free persons of color in the State, have perinitttcii themselves to he used as agents, tor tho distribution of seditious publication*, it is respectfully recommended that all this class ol persons •esiding within the Slate, be requited to give security lor the faithful discharge of those duties which they owe, in return lor tho protection they receive, Iroin the laws ol the State.”] Gkokoia—Tho Committee on the Sta*e of the Re public has made a Report to tho H.of R. “on the oc cupancy and .survey ot the lands in the present occu pancy ol the Cherokee Indians, and that from which they havo been removed.” Tho Hoport goes at large into the Rights of Georgia over the mines, jurisdiction, fee. of the Mate,and into the expediency of suspendin'' the full exercise of those rights for the present. , “I ha count ittea have no doubt ol the ntht el G-orgU in the rgerri** of her right ol juri*dirt.on, to proceed lo survey all the lam's within her limits, and now in the ecrup.t ey of the Cherokee Indians. a< well a* that (ion whirl) ih-*y have be-n removed. And hey art ol opinion, that it is bath eiprdient and proper •o proceed to an immediate survey of the whole, so far a> is necessary to ascertain the location and ex tent of the gold and other mines; and the situation, number anil value of the tineli or parcels of land and their improvements, to which the Indian right of occupancy has been extinguished; and for the purpose ",ore 'factually enforcing the laws of the State in that section of her domain Ooeolj-ct which y: u Commi'tee have in vi-w, in recommending a par i«l survey of the eeuptry. so a* to lay it cfl into district, or count!.., is. that J<l*tlc>* 61 the Pesos mav b- elected in rurli of the districts or counties, as have white men of good moral character jn them, who will he able to aid in enforcing our law*, at the -ame lime in pro 'ectlng the Indian* from lawless outrage on the part o' a andoned and profligate while men. In regard to that p rt'011 ot the territory which was originally in the occupancy if the Creek Indian*, and to which their right was extinguished by the treaty of the Indian Springs, aud from which the Cherokee Indian* have been lately removed by the order of the P endent ol the Uin ed S-ates, >nur committee are of opini m that the tract dee’are.l to be our* by the President, in accor dance with the opinion ol G.-neral Coffee, is ton small and inconsiderable to authorise t ie exptnee of a tot tcry The Cornmi't-e accordingly reported bill* embodying their several propositions—viz : “A bill to authorize the Governor to Gkr posses,! mol the gold, silver and other mines lying and being in that section of the chartered limit* of Georg a, commonly called the Cherrk«e country; and those upon all other unappropriated laud* of the state, ami lor punishing any person o- person* who may be hereafter found trc*pwiing upon iaM mine*—A bill to aurvey and lay oir in district* and lots, that part of the territory in ih s Slate, which was acquired from the Creek tribe of Indians, by a t-eaty made and concluded at the Indian Spring* in 1825 and which Im* b##n in the. occupation of tho Cheiokce nhe c*f Indian* aim! to dispose of And distribute th» •.line —And also to survey and lay offinlo district* that portion ol the territory of this S ate, now in the occupan cy ol the ( h'Tokc-s, lor tha purpose of more efT-rtuatly extending and enforcing the laws ol Georgia, in that part tf the State. Aud also to authorize tbe .urvvy mg and dividing of the same into small lots and the di* posing thereof when the Indian right of occupancy (hereto ah«i!I hivo been ex ** The Senate have adopted Mr. Woo l’* Preamble and Resolution*, disapproving of the Tariff „f 1828; strong ly approving bf an “ early and final ex'ingtii*hin*n-. ol I l»*cau«e when tha neriol arrive* the rail for revenue wilt only be in proportion to the immediate want*of the Government. Thu* a prolific •ource ot discord will be removed, aud ihe bier* ng* ol harmony and good will aga n p'rvade tlie whol-.;” pressing also “ their pointed disapprobation (ol appro priations by Congress lor Int.-rnal I nprovemeni) „„ il the Con.t,t"ti.o of the U S-a e. j. *o amended, as ex plicitly t» eiv- the power claimed.”—They also adopt ed the following r-«o|u ion* : ' nr n nesoivea, that the p*o,d* of O-orgia view wi ll dtep and increasing solicitude, the frequent and open expt ration of opinions, unfriendly to (he continu ance of our present happy Union; and thry cannat now refrain from declaring it, a* their tirin and olemn be h-l, (bat the preservation of Hie present General Gov ernment, as based on thn •« Federal Constitution," is the rock on wliicli our future safety resta, and that on the continuance of tins conf, deration, noi only depends it*'-but future *xik mice and hippineis nl these U cited Sates. Nor can this ptincipio In too highly cherished amongst our citizen*, ft is firmly believed that disunion will bring in its tram discord, rnhery. and civil war : and finally, that thn people of this State will deem those unworthy of tl.eir confidence, and il.eir worst en-ml-s, who seek ft saw among them the se.dsot disunion, and iulrndi.ee (he baneful doctrines ul null.fi-a'ion. Resolved, 1 hat *he people of Georgia by their rep resm uiiv.s now in Session view with deep and increas ing olicitu ie the re-election of Andrew Jack>on to 'be Pr-.*id ncy of the United Su’es, avowing an open and frank devo edness ot feeling to lii« limited con e'rurtioo of the Federal Constitu'ion and to the mea sures of t.is administration gen-rail.; and (hat the peo ple of Georgia cordially approve ol the late policy, uur si-d by the General G .varnment in relation to tiie Ui;r. k-0 Indian*, in trj ing to effect their removal West O. tile M Issis i| pi. Resolved, that the people of G,orgia, disapp'ovo of tiie political opinions of John Quincy Adam., a* ex pressed ul liis inaugural address.” The Milledg*vilie Rreorder stateg (hat Mr. Wood ha longa to the Clai k party w liicli lias now a small rna j jrity in (lie Senate—that an attempt was in vain made by tiie other party *» modify such parts of die Resolu tions a« seemed lo str,k« at the conduct of S. Carolina— and that die two last Resolutions, were added on the motion of Air- IJatiiell i t die Troup party. . MR. ^RANDOLPH. The public prints arc still teeming with mistake* ami misrepresentations about Mr. Randolph’s appointment for Instance—Ilie last Norlolk Herald says: I Imre is a report horn, tint upon what authority we baronet hcanl, nor do we nttnch any cro.lit to it, namely, that during hi* nut to Richmond tost fatl. the Secretary ot State enquired among our loading men than nttnndmg the Convention, wliat appointment wool* lie most acreptahte to the flute of Virginia? and that thn nnan.innu.wi.h ora 1 to whom he propounded the quostinn was, tlitl Mr. RamtolpK should be np^mintetl .Minuter to Ru«tiii.’ '* e <lo not relieve, that the Secretary of State made any such enquiry.—Certain it is, that we never heard ol it, either then or since. Mark die fart too, that die proposition to go lo St. Petersburg had been made to i ’*• before Mr. V. H. caine to Richmond—lie would therefore scarcely have enquired, wliirh apppointinent would be most nceeptahle, after die selection had been made. I lie sorond branch ol the report is clearly with out Hie least foundation Tiie Mission to Russia was never men toned I,ere at all—neither by Mr. V. II. as we have the strongest reasons to believe—nor by Mr. Ran dolpl. himself. In fart, the first hinf, which was given to hts most intimate friends in tiiiscity, was conveyed in a letter, written in April last, by a Citizen of Virginia who happened to be in Washington. There ran be no mtstake about it. The letter itself is now before us. 2dly. It has been asserted by the Opposition prints that the Office was given to Mr. R. in order to propitiate V irginia—dial the votes of her .Senator., showed her disaffection—and hence this Sop to Cerberus! This is false again—because Virginia was not disaffected ; and because the Mission had been offered before Congress met, and our Senator* had given a single vote. ff.llv. With these facts before us, we can appreria'c the falsehood of the following statement, made from that "highly honorable” source, the N. Yo k Commorrial Advertiser! • W« happen to know that when the appointment of Mr. Han ilolph was in contemplation, a Jackson -Senator, who is admitted i. one of thn mint rs.peeiahlo, mtclligont and influontial man of the party, remonstrated with the rtecein y or St,,,, against the kni-1Si 2nr7 rf*he Th« Secretary replied that ha knew Mr Randolph was eccentric -but >a d that the good of the farhj, an I the advantage of conciliating Virginia, rnqinrod it.’ The New York Commercial “ happens to know” a great de..l ationt Messrs. Randolph, Rives, &c. which is without the shadt-vy of » foundation. I.ct him tell this anecdote about the Jackson Senator and the Secretary, lo tiie .Marines, No man of common sense will believe a tittle of it. in me 11,1 pure, tins same honorable Commercial say* that Mr. Randolph "is no doubt on his way home” --( I ho last I-otters from l.nndon state, notwithstanding that Mr. It. means to visit the South of Italy)- Hut scarcely had the Commercial put for.li thin vert ion, b*. nre seeing some advantage in .hifting its ground, it ■ akes up the version nf another Kditor, and entirely changes Mr. R*a destination. It i* now to be represent *1 *'*, "r^ ry,rr journe,,r so celebrated in the an m a Administration. It is now affirmed, that Mr R. never Intended lo remain at St Petersburg!, —that l„s purpose was not unknown to the Cabinet at " ashtnglnu.and "the semi-official excuse of sieknew m account for hia abandonment of his post, PVCII .r „ " amy foundation in fact I. a suggestion of moRves wfdch they know to be false”—snd that the whole contrivance was a scheme for enabling Mr. H. to travel |n the South of F.urope at jn enormous expenee to the Oorernment' * Here then (says the “honorable” Commercial , t wenly-t wo thousand dollars of the people’s money to enable a favorite te recreate himself in the beautiful eli ma’c of Italy.” It was but lh» other dsy, that another of the Opposition prints estimated the expenee at £30,(tOU—Taking it for granted too, that Mr. H. is to receive the whole outfit Salary, fee. Now. what are ibv/arti upon which this ingenious hypothesis is constructed?— Firs', it is ''doubted, if Mr Randolph be really mors unwell ,h»n when be left the States." ft- w»* comparatively ju b«uer health and spir it* when ho left the United State*, than he had bocu for •ome time bctore—What liberal man can doubt hi* se rious iudispo* lion at St Peterahiirgh, w hen Capt. Tur ner expresses himself so unequivocally—when several letter* from St. Petersburg), represent him in the most desperate health, and when he v* as ro Weak that he wa* canted Irorn Ills edgings to the Steamboat? But, ills *aij, “the inference ol bis sickness from his leaving tho Russian Capiial, is a non seyuitttr, for (it is H'hrmcd) that lii» previous purpose ot doing so, was no secret in this city (Richmond") I lie argument is every way I'-ll.iclous—It misstate* the proposition it pro/esses to answer — and the /'act which it assume* tor proot. 'I lie proposition is, not th.it Mr. R s indisposition i< an it/erence, hut that it i« a fact, beyond doubt or dispute.—Nor is it true that Mr. R. ever expressed any intemion ol leaviug St. Pe tersburg in any event, D'e knoio better. “We hap pen to know,” that lie spoke in the highest terms of the climate of St. Petersburg)!—that lie expressed little fear oj being driven away from it hy the inclemency of the cl,,,,ate, acting upon his cons-itution—and it was only in event of his being unable to stand it, that he should leave it, ami for this purpose lie had asked and obtained the pcriiiis-ion of the government. We state tlie^e facts without hesitation—We had them from Mr. Randolph himself—who did not even speak of the Summer climate of Russia—as if apprehending any inconvenience from that circumstance at all. Hut. lie was most seriously affected hy the heat and atmosphere ot Sf. Petersburg!, —ami after ascertaining by his negotiations will. Prince Lievcn, that the interests of the United States would not sutler by tbe temporary absence ol its Minister, lie w a* induced to Icavo the country lor a more salutary climate—And no%v it is pretended, that tho whole wa a contrivance got up by Mr. Randolph and the Ainiuis. Ira ion; and that this trus only a journey to Italy via St. Petersburg!,—(something liku .Mr. Adams’s construe, her journey to Ghent via St. Petersburgh.)—The con duet which has bee,, ascribed to Mr. R. ami the Ad ministration would lie a disgrace to both of them. It is less suitable to the character of either, than to that of their libellants. These statements, which we know to be true, com pletely cut up alt tl,e miss,s c,neats 0| the N. Y. Daily Advertiser, and of the Delaware Journal—I he former speaks or “the strong expectations”which were formed of “his not being able to perform the duties of h:s mis sion”—ot (lie “gross misapplication” ol u “large amount ol the public mon«y,” kc., fee—Hut the 1). Journal speaks in a strain ot still more outrageous extravagance — when it declares that Mr Randolph “Wa. courted earausd, and «ccor.lln8 10 Id. owe account, ol mo* compelled to teat* * >\ign,aml .in.) lespon.ibl* sUOon. will, . fult km.wl„,l*„ th.tws. Ini, h phyMeaJI, aid morally, tncapaeda ted, nn.l with ctprn.. authority to abandon lii* r,o.t when I,. »«*•• tor hie health or pteasar. at the puLc ezpenee< * ‘ J\°"r<, a viler misrepresentation was never fabricated fir, in the 1st place, Mr. R. never pretended to say’ that he was caressed or compelled to go upon the mi* sion. All that he did, was to show a handsome letter Irorn the President offering him this mission in the most dignified terms—And, in the second place, if Mr. R were thus incapacitated, what became of those vigilant cciitinels, Massrs. Webster, Barton & Co.? Did then not approve the appointment? Tho misrepresentation about his abandoning bis t ost and travelling for health and pleasure at the public rxpcnce, ia too gross to de serve a reply. Such a course would he too much iu the spirit ol the last Administration, ever, we trust to obtain any countenance from the present. l‘tr- JJXiUtSJYCY” a Mhat opinion will the Public form of the modern Curtiua, woo would violate the sanctity of social in torcnurse, and tetail the conversations ol private tables? *>»t should wo think ot a man, who, instead of re tailing them correctly, grossly misrepresents thorn? who states that there were -several Western members of the Convention present at Col. P's., when there was not one W estern member present? - and who perverts the whole spirit of what was said at table? Still more— what shall we think ol a man, who fal«o ly states in the public prints, that a dinner w as given to Mr. \ an Horen and his select friends—that none but twe members of a certain political junto were present_ that the conversation turned upon certain political topics —what shall we think of the honor of this man, when it is known, that, bang mistaken at that time for a gentle man, he was invited to partake of the samu dinner, that it was a mixed party, amt that the conversation ran up on the most gene; al topics—perfectly harmless, even if it had come within the hearing of the most insidious spy or the most contemptible inquisitor? VV hat opinion shall we form of the same man, who picks up all the little anecdotes of a hoarding-house, and grossly perverts every conversation of Mr. V H. to which he alludes; whether it be with Col. Hcirnc, the Cheva lier Haynes or any body cl*e? Who will believe such a man hereafter as entitled to any civility from stran gers, or any belief, for any thing which ho can utter from men of honor? b rnm the mendacious Curtins, wa 'i|rn io his ind'i eus comPe-r«; the Edifo . ol <l.e N. IntelJ.gedcer— And we a.k. wl.iti.ro bethought of Kliln.,«r'o,un d.r the caption ef a letter ol Philip p, Ha.hour, c,'. co ated on its very face lo recommend concilia'o and to repress nulhticatinn, will d-xte-oudy smuggle the fal.r it commentaries, ard the foulest insinuation} |® identity the o d Republican 8ut Vnli * ,y'cV,tV i? ih,iCn''n' »nrtdet rminel Nulhfiers if Sou h Carolina —Editors, who thus *t. tempt to palm off an impres-ion, that the Republic.n 1 ariy, loins of the moat distinguished Itiendsof A. jacksnn, (and we know nr-, how many ol hi. fiiot.ds par tnuendi.) are the advocate* ot Nullification, re sHtanen and Disunion ?—and par consequence, ibirt 'l0 Al."‘,l,al Republicans,” the partizans of Adams arid of Clay, are the fastest friends of the Union of the States . W hat shall we think of Editors, who will thus pervert the plainest facts, and resort to the most insidi ous insinuations ? We do n it ask what opinion is to lie formed of Edi tors, who had falsely and heedlessly ascribed to us cer tain disparaging expressions about Mr. Madison and then attacked us with opprobrious epithets—Hut we tlo ask, what are wo to think of the randor or the jus tice of these same Editors, who, in the art ot coiiiinir forward to acknowledge their mistakes, and to transter their observations from the Enquirer to another paper are unjust and illiberal eno -gh to subjoin to their amen de honorable, such an iincouiteeus earresm as the fol low ing:—-- We have read so much of a like tendency in the Enquirer, (hat we are apt to refer all out-of-the. way notions about the General Government, to that source. " e lay the facts before our readers-and we leave them to make the commentary.— Yet these are the Editors, who once claimed the character of “ Decency"! JtJYTI -.M.dSO.\ 1C SPIRIT. If the result ot the El-rtion in N. York sheuM have mother effort, than to overthrow the fanatic party, th poli'lral An'l-Masons, who have attempted to lidr’intn power, upon surh a ranting stalking-horse, this bene tit alone will be a *'gt.al triumph to ih» country._Pa ses are frequently coming to light, which shew the pernicious trmlenry of th-ir design*. A perron was the Other day challenged and «et aside *- a Juror, brrausc he was a .Mason ! A mini.t-r ol religion in N York ba< refuted the 1 enetjt* of the Communio i to s man, fee. aitse he was a .Mos in! ! I he Albany Argu* is multiplying pro>f uroo aroo', Pelinn upon 0«a, at th* disgraceful and in.idioui m srs, to which the A nti- M non* re or »or the advance. meptofihoT ranting cralt and th-ir •«'fi*h amM i <n Yet this i* the tee-, to which Ersnci* G anger hit d* ro-c.l htmsslf—and this I* the sect, ol which the N. Y Cm march I aid the Am-riran, would have availed |h.’in*elv • a like true Jesuit*, who think - the end trill the meant'*— Mores ol 'ha other p*rasi'e<of Mr [l ay, more cunning than wise, have also r.que ted wtth the Anti-Msjoim, ami wooed h-ir euppo i_par* irularly at the late Conv-nfon in Pr.il idrlphii_Hut |he Motion Courier, comes lorward to deprecate such a i oalifion—in *he foll'min* ?rr»ind : “ W® kno.w toll,ing of Mr. Plajr'a faeling, in regard to this w; «•""*>» "*«" know that ha intend, or wi.hc lo I,a a ml.rt.to for tho f.r.t nlT.ce in the gift of the cent , eople. Rut *o cannot bohevo thnt any true and faithful friend to hi. ad 'nncemna', etc Ac — c«n wi.h for the eon.un.mil inn of ..id. a in.on a* that In which wo have adverted-e Union, which can re ult in nothing hut di.appoinln.erit, defeat, mortification, and the liter »<Unction ol thnt system of policy, which alone can make ndependVnt *n'1 Prrrn«"en(ly, pro.permit, happy, and i nr. r»/iwKRAI. COURT. A-'j timed yesten'o/ after » rsMlnn of Right days— 12 Judges present during the 'erm. They went through »'l their I u«lne-« — We understand. il.ar alt the egrep I n lak-n hy th Cxin'eife to * in Roteto' rt, Ate. hate ties never nil d—and fiat Ussy will be lelt to under* KO'lh rentm. e of the law. OffR . t.vn tAD1 VISIBLE 1 The last W I,e-ling Compiler give* rhe proceeding* ef a •• iiimierou* and respectable rnee'ing of the ci'i* r. na of Khz-hethfown an I it* • icer-liy" in Ohio re tin ty, nu the 13th I net —They tinaniinourly a.toped a re* • dritlon approving of the procetdtnga at Wheeling on the 1st. ' rela'tve m the prnpraed ee*eion of a part ol the territory of >1.1* *>gr» Maryland, Inc'i.ding all that ooriim ol the tetri'dry North ot a West line from the Sou h Wert corner ot rr.itrt Sr.ve to the Ohio river.” h*tract of a Inter Jrom "wAlHUiOTojf. Nor. 2® h. "Nothing ha i ever surpass, ri the hareneaa w| h which Mr. Randolph ha* h#en treated. Th«r* h*s h.en * o'hli g in hi* conduct which th* President disap prove*. He ha* written to the latter frequently «inr* lit* rctur* m Rnglard; and in l.i* u nsl elegant and *e cornpli.hcd style. Hi* l*,.rirg Sr. Pots,.burgh at the » "** t*h Clutety n-teseary to *a*e his life. - i. Krwd*nt will not abandon su< h a faithful friend to obedience to *>r« clamor ef hir hace and unprincipled riRGlXlA KLRCTlOXa. . jr®".?****- — ** A** count*, John Mon 970— Drape, l8S-Bum*. ,-W'— * h* Foil in til* tfJUi* JJutrut in about 9*40 to bini>*,_ 1704 to John.lon—MM to llu.u.*_nod 313 to 8ml h. (Smith d.alin.d •Itrr ihf Scott •IocIuhi. ) • U<> ntnjotity otnr Majro in 101—1„ the Vrlrgutt — Y. Ewing* by a majority of 119. . . CKNk Uo OF CUUbUKLAiSD la it a Male, “ ► eit a'r. Mile 81.*. a « F.iral* o Free color «d Mali' ** “ Ftuaalr* Crn.ix of I ISO In***.,* in 10 year. • Whit*, nilad-9 Ab.a.-9 Dial and Dutch 81.* ,_7 U ... . MaVri AD I C -l fF.I I FM'3414 « . . M'^Nf,US OF »*Uv**.NA-(r,rra.„d,. W n'lF 2i 17 F itr*ruloi e<* Male* 579 * “ “ Female. 101—jos CiBiu. of I'M C7IM _ . liter.... in 10 y-ar. ~7ai7 1 " W.i.t'.i .leaf and diimh-4 White, blind-3 Alien. —1 IV. k deal and dumb—ft Bl». ke t.'in.l. 9 Alien. —I 1.1. k „ , CENSUS OF WYTHE. • la »e Mel*, «u„ M.l* sT.V:. ' 4»M-»9^ F'e-o'oi.d .Male. 1«M—S094 “ “ Female. *._,,7 Ceoioi of 1*20 'viia: . —.. . . !“«»•*• I" t*> year. n.,( and^mk** •nd'""",*“7 b""tl A’irn.-.n.l t 81.ee. deaf .. citnnMoraiM.au. f'-f “™'" ’£-«*» Fern.l- •* Ft** c. lnred M |*« *-6,9 “ “ 17-SB Cen.a, of 1820 Sil . . In reeee in 10 year. aTnTa blmd! ’ “* ‘iMmb-a ~2 Alien.-Colored per,on-, 2 CENSUS OF GRAYSON. Totil In 1*20 I?99 Iocreaee i„ 10 vr.re ‘ While. CENSUa «a«. Fre. Colored Slate. <C7 0117 Total .... Cen.a. of 1720 y'^i _ Iorrmt in 10 ypri ^Xr.T:/>~UUui lo-A,,,u Whit* MoV.™3"8 OK 181 B °r WIGHT. “ F> uiilu M«l» 8I»»,» Ffinilf “ r Pt»« coin,id HT«let “ “ Friuil), , Ctn-i i of IG30 f .... . .. Iim'Mt inlOtrirt ; a . sit.*. ... 5'8Ut*’ «-»'•' -a n-n.b white o,rJ*« no dins justd cJjsrJiLk. > «<n* —Er?ITORS op THE enquirer. ! Mm! U .P^V relrr* n.e to certat . K t* nf , Me et,. Moure & Croze to prove „,o value ol ,»,e pro ! ho,vV o7T.rOVM.nr,,t| 'k 'he Nav,*a'*"» ol .he Jamei a otr Richmond. I hive I.o doubt three worthy e-t ■ Hetner, have demon.trated the advantage,; nor iMhere > ’"VT"0" lh*' P,ov'«ivd water I. ,o be barf they are t r,hl »i V C,rrPC*—1 *JV Partially, because, wih all ■ hn;!:x,:°be m*,ie in fav°,ir°f w««er co„v*y , ance.tl,a advantage# cannot equal land carriage- i„a, t ^cHo^lt'd 'l,l‘Unre 'vp *re confined to one W* alt* 1 h* m8V C° w,"*rFVl r we ehro.e I a-l,inglnn wa, the great fithec of Internal It,. prorement a. he wa, of every other good to h|. conn fry. To the in,create of hie own State be looked with an fmn*?u ln'77l - Af a"P,,,y «lirf lie a. e lbc Jame. o7,h I n’ Po,.?'n*e”-"» ‘be be.„lil„| » " r.T.f 'hr'* n”me.rof>* 'ribu-arlea from the Sum,,*. 1 * is 7* Ro"“,,ok,‘- »'» »n, l„g lo form the n.o«i » JJJX,B“nl e',U, ry °‘ ",e W”‘«n World—the Cheaa ' cI,‘.'t'!;!;>‘V'*Mnet (<"y: C‘ 3 Mar*!,all,) with hi, ae cuafotT.ed accuracy, the diatanra and the d ffiru'ti*. to he enrmounted in bringing the trade of th* Wet to d,f. fere,, point* „„ ,|,e Ad.n-ie. he e,p-e„ed un'qnivo. * V «h- opinion that the /fitter* of Virginia afforded VZLTT'T* anS "r,rr ,lirrct ,Uh “,,i E*7npe' which tvo",‘? '•W»tio». 1., P y,N > "k **A Pfnnevlv.nia, f„r RP ?l.* 7m n T,Puyof ,h" We.fern Commerce, and he d.tnrnlty which would he f„„nd in diverting |, , 7? fl ‘•i'an»''-l M had once trk-o ” If* did not ,7j.h Jodi,courage the exertion, of anv State to bring the Commerce of ,he W.e, to it* own Por a. hut, M*Vwn . e and Maryland, he *ier.jfirar,t|v add,: "Those to trhom nature afford* the best communication, n ilI. if they are wise enjoy the greatest share of the f/adc The Gifts of pi”0'}1'1 be ,n «*«»>». i*,that • At that ZLfL<atenee m“v nnt be »•"Sleeted Or^in » 7i 7 * S,ia,n Louisiana: ofcour-e, , Britain held Canada. S-.ain ha* yielded it* p ,s.e..io, ol he former; hut, after the declaration, of Mr Unto,. Stall!! t ! 7"d 'he a,,parp n» "'"b o' 'be trana-alleghany State, to look westward, I, eho.tld „em that the Iran, of „,* Government ha. been confine ! fo b. Jo i fr . r^r-F°. FtU r!n?i* ^°rk’ P"n7*V,' «r’iJ‘ Oea, Rri-atn. ih l!, d ’ • C ,<>n W,'h N*w York —the Wei lat.d Canal, it* connection with the S . Lawrence — a'l K^dliTS? f,h.e eame Vire,nia *»>'*uld have pittved III 1784, ebolild be attempted in 1330 ... °r b' t-t.«t.Hr To a member of Congee*, h- oh,erv*d. "there I, a m» , r winch, though it doea not come before Congress ^ 'n ,,r,y Tn,°" ot po!i.lc.» impor* , ncc, and oil el , lo he attended to in time. It is to prevent [hr trade of the Western Territory from ^ be hand* Of eith.r the Spaniard* or the fini sh If either of these happen, there is a tine of Joneelh between the K. .V W country «f oner, the consequence* of which may be fatal » Waiting,on. accompanied by Gate*, attended thr'l... gMature ol Maryland to procure it* accent to the mea Surh were the vi-w* of the great father of hi, con,, fry- f h*v prove hi, polfical foce-igh, equal ,o rlVvP«, ,n* "• *,ul p-rlect pafriotiim and pit ri'v ol hi, character. ' The It til way from Raliimoce to the Ohio I* now f.,1 fillmg In. .entente to the Northern di«|*lon of the Ch»eape*ke. 1 lia Mtcce*. will prove that two aimilar road* from Ah ,Ogdon or it. vleh.lty, will bring a„ Immen.e commerce of th* seer to Richmond; and that ano h-r fro,,, th the ptan^ ° S°"lh lo Norfolk will cott.p'e * Rut, wha'I, to he done will, the J*m-*> Win* ha, h-en done wuh It? Wha, permanent „nd uniform ,d I , 7177 t” 'O''1*"'* "« Yirglula? F.,r. rommttni Wo,7. nAu‘,7”' T"*, 7 "nil uniform Would no, Ibe lime have hern better apent in r.p-„i,.e fT.erely fcorl Hoa<Nt anil w,|| (hr impiovnl R R. tiotn ^#!ir a roriKMrinon with im/or,..,._i_ *• .. i Hive? .v. ...r What hat been th- re-tiH in S Carolina of the |m ; "2 «2f?00in0°- '»Vn« an annual ' l 120 000 on ,h,> ProP,*» have hern waited. No-hm, can reconcile me m an adh-rence lo ,n old danaeroua plan ol improvement, when a n»w and •afe one la off-red to m* fir adoption. Such I contend I ,hV*V' *" 1 "'at it affn-dt the .troneeat retain for Ihe^ahaudoninenl of the one and the adoption of the » 1 '* itnuefng to ae« the N Carol na Ma nia for Porta. Ctirrinck, fortooth,la to he opened. Cm any one believe that a vr..,| with Notf. It, compara tv-fy m * lew, and the Di«mal 8e amp Canal open, nil) ever think r.f going to teal However, a demand wi'l porbapa he made f.r an an. nroprlallnn to open Curr.trick an ) remove Ki'l Orfit o'’ """'’'l feeomrurnd rather a rout.ibu lor* m - K. H. from ffali'ag—all the N. Carol na and U, Sta'e money apent, on fAe coaet, will he loti. What would have been the • It nation of N C arofina, "inatead of tqttabblfng about the £ 1200 per annum, ?*#r*'* prom'Mil in Kn^Urul to H. Fulton r-«q lor hia rerv-ee* a* Engineer, ibey had IMeired lo n . , .'r* and laid down an experimental Ka.lway Irom It'leigh to, I think. Stall1 Cruk. Thnnaand* would rave b»rn»*Vrd anil the If ydf opbobisi eured. A POLITICAL ECONOMIST. FOR THE FJYQU1RER. To Mr .Tnmro IV. IVnlker, Mailieon County; Your U«t publication in lb* Knqmrcr of the Hih ol Oflolwr, (ablrh woe not coon by mo 'ill com* "in* »f cr If* dole, owin* loth* wrolchfil lrr*|||<rlit "f iho Mail, (com eornj unknown raur#,) oceuio io ro quirc coin* lifilo i o'lce from me. You »cf mil wuh much »ff-r!«ti->n ol riifA'tence enH roluofanco, *( „n pc*iine in A'nrupaper conlrooeretea, particularly of * rerwu,*! anH *l*i»feroua ch«r*clcr ; alter bovine ireticif ft ur-r fi*o violent perron*! philippic* r*ainrf co rn'll Without any pUudhie «u<r, and that too. «u a •ubj.ct that had juat aa much hearing on the one in dir pule, aa one of the fifty chrpt.ra of Cenotl*. The deficiency ot p*trie'i«m or courage, in anv other rnlliila-m.n. in any other part of th- S at*, (which (or the credit ol Virginian*, 1 tru**, I* not quit* a* great in *nv, aa you -trive lo make it in one.) tvonM be j>, •cuiul an argument to p-ov* the cotredne a of Ma.tj. *o" Court, in ih-ir prgcao.ling*, which prodi ced tt-i* ' 1‘ptite, a* the rhaigca you have brought foiw.nl for , 1 l’J"P a-. T he conree doe* not .i ff r, howeter, J’..’"' that ol n't lame adv. cafe* in any de-p-rat* cure, lie) at! !1\ off light at gtea, to «!r.w *he alt n tou to " " * 1 hj-et Ir.ui, (I,* right one ; hu* p-r*nn»vl ordinary ,'i cc,r,went. rra.'tly an the eta llgtv device, •ndle-mui. wt.hd.elde lo.r* up n the c. u- ttlilchl 4,1 iiiiiUIriid«*t9 h\ i « Ip d ttortt tie •r./rra, than tho«e they are n .w hurting ini', and h.tng.ng o .rut tor .heir nh.col,, , j(, „ie Ulr w.„ . Madison Ccnrt i« to hrju.tifi.d bv auch a detente of it* Irrenular . fficief ,t,en it- „w„ dtaingvlthed namk. ai d imac vther team,,(rings i„ the l.e war. bro"'h» •" hy vou a* a much ?'yir*vr"‘-,o ^ y®» »•»« >o.»r dim cult care . . But 1 beg you ,„.t !o uke th/, |(), j proceed further in aurh ... unw.,rentableeoU,*t_ you must aee,»/ yon can »te at alt. tl.t I, n.iba lo which it will lead. 1 i.guia to 3fo,'r,'#,f* e*n. Pr,'fe*' reluctance at troubling the puh'tc again in n.i. t.ivjal ,ff.,r_nav | c*n Jo moia t I c n not only remind the pubic that I have .ton.! mute, ami i*en my-elt -ever*) tin,** *t. I.nled to by you, lit a way tha' it could not h- siiino-rd entirely ag.ec.hl* to me ; hut can remind you al o d poaiuve pitvatt aett. to cnnrili. e aid 'crn.ltiate ihl» unp'e.aai.t cuntruverey. In . wny pe.f-ct’y cr-dt a*<l to all concerned. I | riv.trlv and freely admonnlf d vonr opponent, Mr. hiiika, again*! a p-r*o»al r-toit lie w*a about to make upon you, on an nfl.ir w hich I thought a* iirelevant n* >our attack on him; and in which, bon. hiaown s'at-'i.ent, I considered you r o' only in . i fi hie, |.ut would have he.,, terming in At v o v»ur **lf. to have pnr-ue.l a difT. rent c. urae ; a c nr* • I would have ruraned really ,„***'f. i wa« strong!v U'g <1 to reply puhli. lv to your al'tida,,* t • me ; hut I prefe.r-d a rfilt* rent rour.e. I wrote p,iv,.r|y to a f.i-nd myoum igl.hourhood, who I ascertained we* yottr perecnal f.iend, and a personal rrie.nl to »h- o h.r m-mher* of 'he ( «.Urt. who acted with >ou ill th -im proper proceeding*—di-claiming all p-r*cral allurio.,*. or improper attark* on any one, in my fir*t puhltra tion. That letter. I .va* into ,n*d. a* wa« intended, »vaa .hewn to a'l concert c l, ami *aii.fied all, it ooni. but yn«r«p|f, 'vlo-* tier Ilf reptfePMif***, av„| ftcli for li'eraey fame, which you can never reach, have caua *.! ymt to make a fie.-h allusion to me, which I ,, u*t now notice. V".*U i “ A pMb,ir,,ion in ,h'’ Enquirer of the 16Ih ol February, over the signature ol • A R-volu ti .tiaiy Man, anpe.re.!, ass.ilitg Hie private eharar'er ol the t ourt. in the ino«, wanton manner’*—Ag in, \ou »ay : «• Mr Fink* might *ey. with prnnrietu, tha' he did not write il.e pi-re signed *A Revolutionary Man-hut will he say it was not written in his room in Richmond, and that he was not it* prompter ?*'_ 1 "r* Ihe expression,, Sir, which have again call eil me on', and tli*, wnh very great reluctance, I rat. assure yott. n «u it a ,-etty controversy, an>) with mch an opponent as yourself. The piece comp'aired of, i* 111 itself .how how far \ • a**atled 'lie private character of the Court in the moft wanton manner"—and the public pror-edir gx in •It* ease Mat wan antailed, will show how fir it wot nece-s.ry to he informed. hv nt y part'cuNr Individual, of the imprrpr,. ty o! ti e coma-of -he Comf.crfohe pr .mptrd by anv, to po'ntout the party, n-ighbourbood and family comhlnath n*. loo crtnoitnin miter County Court* ; and which, otherwi-e mn*t excellent ln-,i U. non*, the whole S at* i. deeply i „cres,ed it. keeping [Miff, 1 ** A public petition wa* presented to tlie C-n*ra1 As ;;r*b,V-«° P’nnit Madi.cn Court to do a verv improper • mg That petition was attempted 'ol <e fainted through lit- H'.u*e, in palpable viola'lon of j-s twenty seventh ru.e. which very property provide* again*, the public, or individuals, b. tog taken off tl.*ir gut d. without thoir t-s'i'nony, and n,.prep r d for d*fence, ln all mat 'cr* cT intrigue and pirly e'rite. A spirited counter n monsfanco was go ten up, in a thin neighbourhood, w.thout any put l.c m eting. *ub*cribe<| wil, *ix'v-.ix names, .* d to 1 e re-p-dahle, and presented -o 'he As s-mhly with astonishing rxpedi'ion. Thi* Remon* •trance poincd out lh« private motives and design*-I l .e Court petitioner*, the nuis.nces h*v mean, to . reel "So"'libo,h '»>“ PUl 1 c and indivi. ! , If "'t* P'e.enudt.y Mr. Finki, who well up. • erstood the whole air.tr which he exposed end blew up. in a s yle that could no, tail si.ikc every one who heard ,t. | ilif|. fo., , „ln ashamed to rJus.t that few counties send even o-e member of s-rt n-r natural powers, and of a natiiotic attention and wiuli hil. e-s to In* constituent-’ interest, equal to hi* w-ll known temper of hospitality. and vigilant kindness in a ! hi* private and social re|..iion*. And Ihe good pro P e of Madison, I presume, are no, quite certain that «hl* ner.i.inahle war that is waged »gai, st , i„». ia ,.„r auelec ton-eimg party combat, to keep that pnrioth sen-lnilablpoH, of the way of so,,,- imrrop,r ,|-.|gB, ra-her than to b,mg him to trial and execution for his mil 'a-y desertions in the last war. Wi.h sesp-ct ;o my personal ho-tililies and a*-aut,s on the private cl,arac-r of M.,d|-on Court, I could l ave had no such hostilities, and knowingly have made no such assaults ; tor I assure you. Sir, I did no' know ihe name of a Magistrate in the county aid,- ij„.r, or a single individual, ti.-.r rhar-Cer*. or view*, save on v your two Representatives, for whom I have had an equal resp-ct and e*'e-m.) and two old Revo lulionary b.ethren, whom I h ,d not seen for SO y. ar il was ih- public complexion of your proceeding-, and your public, and not your private charac e-., I a-snre you, I attacked My strictures, it was said, applied equally to another Court, in ,|,e lower et.d ol the Slate who were bstore the A*-e,nhly. , retiy much in tha -..me way. Tl.ea- Magistrates, however, it see ms had more discretion than to blazon forth ,heir painful scorching. .„d writhing*, „„der the JVetr,paper flame ha, was raised to expos* sneh doing* ,o the public eve a* you, unwisely for yourself and yo,ir aisociatesfin this case, have done. A* v-'H seem anxious to visit my sins on Wm Finks ■ n t fasten the elegant eamplimmt on „ e. ol being tbe humble duPe fc instrument ,0 l.ia selfi-h ot p*,,v ,|e sign*, have no ejection to furnishing you with ,, f„| view ol that part of Htsci,*. Mr. Fmlcs and ,ny-elf tu. true,quartered „-h- same House i„ Richmond -s did many other M-int ers of the same Assembly _ HI- Room and mine were a.'j doing each other. Hence with the na-tve -ociability, frankne-, and ..lea •aoity of hta disposition, we became intimate and free n our friendly interchange.. Tha pern/ wl„, hore the cotiofer-Remonsinmce, had. of course, interviews «ith Mr. F inks, who seemed to have the entire man »gernen, of that part of the ca-e. From him. I le»r», most tha I did not gather from the paper* themselves ft. Indeed, there was any thing to learn, that tliey ,l|.| no, most lolly and am, ly furr.i-h The n.lgmila were lurnlshed me at my me n particular requent—1 do not row distinctly rememb-r, (with a*ve„ y.three year,’ men al .acuities ,o draw upon.) whether by F,„k* or another Member, who seemed to take an equal j„. teres! ami p'-asnre, it, what I held nut t0 he my views and designs, in bo h ca-e* t . which I have a |,„le.t _ ” -,ny distinct recollection at all. 0„ f, a, p,r.jc„ lar head, I am certain it „iu*t fnve been a Member », no other would or shot. ,1 hive been entrusted with'the original papers, so lar from their right j.lac-. Whether my Srlrtursa were written in Finks’. R .on, a. you seem to Ihi-dt, ,|,a' of ,|,e oth.r member ». nded to. my wn, (in No. 1,2 3. or 20, nr what No. rit icr occupied,) I r«ally nevei wa* r» parficular a* to impress upon my mind. *o a* lo give retain inform, ■ toti, nicer sti-pectng that woulJ he .....i. or *nm lip pot la,ire ; nor ran I now perceive that i, j. I>el cr calculated lo prove the pro, ridy ol ihe Mali.on ! proceeding*, than Fink.’* epedilation* in e.nle with o.M telling u* whether they were bought for the lamia Me pur pore ol applying o.tr Troop*, a* there could have hern no greater demand* lor them at that time < And, finally, lowar > your.elf, f ran have no p„,.,. Me hoattle, nr even the *l,gh(e*t unfriendly (echo*. — having never eee,• you. that I know of or rrrollert’jn my hie, and hare learnt from ih >*e I can rely on that y .n are a re.pertalde, tmnr rahle, and high-mir.ded’mnn and that the oth^r Mntil'fr.ol the Court, with who,,! you acted, are *l«o men o respectable and fair rharar terr—md, therefore, have long .(„re c m* to the co„ c.ueicn, and e*pr.**ed I, in 'he private letter alluded >o that die e«r .r proceed-<1 'r in another defect cien'ty unfortunate far Judicial character* > and not from any impure and corrupt purpose \. ,« , _ ‘ , «!.»» the •'reiigth of your temper ahnuld . . weaken rrurn judgment, m par'lrnlar, in perpot,,." vi-w to other*, that m emn fact, which ,1m Mod Mr" rromb,ih:;:ypo:.e.*,::rr/r",#,if'* b"« ■ ... f -.wore already, p ,hap., than such a ■" »»»•« o-'y hoping "hit the r I. ion m h ar* lo the public wellare, «r.d he p«r*on,.| allumoi a M .h ** !! "V ,lf"' ,nv •lw,W. with yuu a. Well a. the public, 1 n,w, with he.i Wi.he* for your I* Monal pro pertly and h*p,lne... hid van and ih* whole subject an everlasting n lieif— however you „,„v ehuee to eonlinue io *rt tour*eII toward* J * A REVOLUTIONARY MAN from lire Winchester Virginian To the General Annrmhly , f Virginia Hie memorial of the undersigned, citizen* of_ •ounty, respectfully represent* : I hat your memorialists cherish Ihe most unfeigned regard lor the law* and institutions, generally, of our ancient commonwealth; hut while! they yield to norm ‘ in affectionate attachment for the political institution! of t «he)r Mrth and of their adoption, they are not Insensible ■ that daUoto. glmug dehrct*. •«„, in of Ul# ZZ ECSSU?** 1 our memorialist* disclaim entertaining any desire for wanton innovation on long-established usages experience has proved to he salutary and wise; but th. v aro coustruined to pronounce the existing law. fur hold clu«« ,C ** *Cl °"> °* ,,li< comuiottwealth, a* not of that . V’"r memorialists deprecate that provision ot die l l r ' " >*‘ch directs that the elections shall b II* *'«« • °"r' •'»>* »» «»>o month of April. ' 7 V ,,,c" "*'« give* r:*e to. are parti Your memorialist. .lee,,, it ,ct ot supererogation o »| Tr.,U ,° •"•U,’or*"» d*«-l «' «».« various objection, to ehK h the present system, generally. U obnoxious. L‘t , f'r ’Attlee—otliers will doubtless occur to tho mind, of your honorable body: Humiliating as is,ho ,HCf> (, nevertheless cannot be ti‘ ; ,‘h,* ,n,crv«n,n* «lme which occurs he, wee-, tlu iliflorent elections of the counties comprising either a congressional or senatorial district, when dtUerent can did.,te, present themselves, is generally employed in pursuing a system of electioneering and intrigue, to tally incompatible, as your memorialists believe, with the purity and independence of the elective franchise, and disgraceful to freemm. The political strength of a particular candidate (tor example) in an election which has passed in one o, more counties, being ascertained, he political machinery, of others, yet to follow, is sot in motion to defeat him; combinations are formed_com promises made—the passions ot the people ate atouse.wi. county is arrayed against county—and in fine, a slat, lungs revolting to every honorable und patriotic mind is engendered. i In*, your memorialists aver, is not mei'cly a favru 'e I’, *UC,h in#,*nco* hnve occurred, and, under the ^vt . nt«»t necessarily continue to occur_ avirYtfievlrjL*.?so ''•"-calculated to , . del, have been enumerated, a* f* have tioim- lu'-r A pint nitty of votes governing our elco tail »I* v i |>roj»o*t tj would dot) bile** ensure the latu tixpressme uf the will of (he people; the voters eontralIvH e*T ’**• • ** el‘*c,ive franchise totally un controlled hy adveiiniioua circumstances; a day or two wouddeiermlne ourelec,,0"., ,»,0 strife would have hut an ephemeral existence; n would promptly ,e •S™* ''Jtr harmony he a* promptly restored. the enn .VUf® °f """"" when contrasted with the evils which (he present system gives birth to' \VH| -iSE eEyrSKSS,““r~ °* ",0..•“ "'» of ,,,a* t,,e p,ec,lon l*w* of he commonwealth be also to amended. in reference 0 the duration of the elections, as to leave nothin* in the discretion ol either candidates, sheriffs or coir,ml*. oik in. I he provisions of he law, upon this subject yotir memoriiists dccm vague =»«1 undefined, and sus ceptible of great abuse. Sherlfis are but me.n-prone /fc riT ‘“"T"* "nd ibftrniitiea that other men are; n.^ I ur !® 1t.he,r Pr®Judices and their predilections. 1 ho sheriff is the at biter to dclennine whether thero exists any just cause to continue open the polls: his fa vorite perhaps is hindmost (for he must be more than man „ he have net a preference)-. contest adles-be crmi»m,0c„n,d°C,dU~!'C ,n <>oubt-bul at length de SK dl7!,l’rhl1";10 ",e j°dK,,,en* ol others. llh?.!’ be eonllntied open, or ho, periinps. c oses Ihetn, as best suits the views ol bis favo.ite ean ,J| d : ArC°n,C*!ed e,erlion is 'bo consequence, ami <- time of your honorable boilv is occupied in trying obir;,aernnc?r;;:!Mioiie7,r®r ,,o,di,iK ®ie‘ti^«»re &£ Otbe same In, ltms; and instances have not l.ecn want I f’m which the polls have been kept open in one dis | others ! “ C°U",yi 80,1 C,“’ed ®" Gening in iho It is far from your memorialists (o ascribe corrupt mo t testoanv man, orset of men; hut they would deem mo«t wise and proper to remove every temptation to .‘ife’."*0- ° P°'ver. They, therefore, pray that a dc Imile period (say one or two days.) he fixed by law lor keeping open the polls. The division ol the counties, generally into convenient election districts would seem tiorflaws inP,hr!ICtU “rly aPProPria‘« »o change the tlcc ton laws in (bis important particular. I be annual period (or holding the elections of tba be benefiei' .'I "k*’” ®V“* ” ' y°'!r believe, ri „ i y,rh8,nS"l!,Vi',,‘r ",e ®» Aug.,.! ; , ‘yrln September | he weather, a, tbs, season , f l*Zl' J ,.V 7® y ,n0,° isvot,Table Chan in the V * '• a,!*°® ■*»»«« of lei-ure and recrsatlor. reMr/,r •*»-* .be .i,„e 1*^-1. Jt ' r'l"!1" '""I*1** wool I have more time enabled to , , f, r p",dic •*»*■"»*. and be le«t-r the - f m, '‘k";6 UnW Unh*y be entitled to I 'u,® e°: Bdenee; at,d the candidate, on the <d ler hand, would he allowed more time ,n repel or ex! b-' ewy ,nvl‘rpr°,rr,r bn|,ii'atlons wlti. h may have b- n rvt ,,non I,is public course. J nrmo,.ril‘eho^"r pray nay receive ,bn I-m , '•'.n-Hrr.tn,,, „i y„„r »,o».or«t>,^ h,dy. And ',M,V bout ,1 Ihey will evs r prav, Sic nfrJ/T’h °fJhe "br,')f Pe,iton '* 'Icpotifed at the received J qmrtr’ t0 “Air/. Signarures will be T,ul,''^7'llIlTr",)!?;'.',b,, 'b,.l. by the Rev Charles ...... a:ar?a; \\ VN v; 1 •" '» *>"- M*IM( RNTICK II 11inl!l1* BuMneiw-OiHf from the Country will b« *pn f. rre<l — " »v:v,7,:;ruVhkt^'v *,arauw r^ri. the stKrle qV»CL,rou.,n^N.y ,"” -No"° b,,t ,"°*0 ..■»»« Nov. ‘.Si. 11 7 bigger^s office a jh RAWING Ne*v York Lottery No—lo : m, 2 ri:,‘ 24 9 w « 36 66 2 61 N • z o? rr' CJ^;"aTo, $6 500 8 31 66, do. 000 Moth sold *nd paid at sight a- usual by UNION CANAL LOTTERY -No! 22_m be llrawn on Saturday 4 h D camber 1830. n HP LEA DID CAPITALS. ; i’rize o( $3o.ooois f so ooo \® UW 10,000 '® J».000 16,000 3“ uiooo loo,,,, 3®. 6 000 !o £ ?.r 10 each 600. 5C0, 400 and 3oo. • 1 ick»le $10—shares in p'eportion. VO-^ers meet the most pr ,n,pt .Mention from Npv. 23. H°S‘ H ,mSOER» Richmond, Va, JNOUCAI lON.—My scl,OKI wTli fe .n,Kimi^rTh7 I a A ensii'KK year, at my residence in Hanover C , n 1 V. about 23 n.ilrs from Richmond, aid 6 aboIeCol* Oo dal. s My course of mstru’etion w,l. compHs. ibc La in, French, and E ,gl si, Languages; Ge l I! pby. with ih- „re of the Maps and Globe-; a rogu II course of Its ory with Chronology,ArnltmeJic, Ma/hl! K.”h S.S*.t!i',,,rV,,iBr! E"*",U -«* My teru.s 'or toani. Tuition, Washing, f^,|giIlir ari, iiel are $.t0, -h- scholia,ic yea. ol te,, ’ 1%| achm I Will commence on ,|,e 15 h pi January 1831 and t rmina e on the fdth l/ecember. A vacation oV(«?.. weeka Will he given m the summer ' °f ‘®Ur I here will be an examma'fon at th« rinse of ik~ year. T|.o rrJi.lt ol which will he sen, to the parents ami guar. Ians of children rsum itied lu my oa e P<r ttc.ilsr at enimn will be paid to the moral conduct of I.y pii| tl*. Slid good discipline msin emed in school I have been engaged in ie.rh.ng r„r right vZ. nas, orofTii'I iy 'r“‘ible °'",r B-a, responsibility^ whi* | y' . profea.lon impos,. My lemdonco is uni,anally hesi re is i bln 'i*™0'* *'®m of v've nnd dissipation. In relation to my charter and qual-bcal.ons, I »,n au" h/l <J#r*f'r'®fc,h'‘.,0l,"wi"«lf gentlemen, *,/: lluhmJi Channing Moore, D D. of lien William Armstrong, of Richmond, r f*. K. James, H Co. of ,to Rev. William Meade, f) D. of Frederick County llauevrr, Dec 182W, H KKMON i/A V1U * Certificate of Bishop Moore. Mr II l).,via was employed by Bishop Meade a* private tulor ol hi- children lor upwards ol two years, and I hive every rea to I all, ve w *, approved by I, m. . -here for a, can with propriety recommend Mr avi, lo such p.r nt. „ may be di-, osed f„ employ f"'"’ RH-HARD CHANNING MOORE A letter sddiesanl to me, must bo directed lo Moot seller, I la,lover county, Va. HER MOV LMVJH, Nov. 23 67-wif ■ BUOOD MARKS FOR SALE —Vjbeiuu'i II,.,., MW I >U m ftohanna, wax grd by Trafalgar; d.in Roii_ «l ». by Spread J£ag>, oik of Alexandria, a mare trn pi>i*led bp Cnl. HoOfn-*i I ibe fl wlmg Grtmn. Alex.ri rlria tea. bjed, l.y Mr. Kidd, and got I jr Ah'*and r l»«r dam by tVoodp.cker; G. D. by Pblegon; out of Lo*d Fxremont*. Hig' flyer mare, An.afagta H M waa got by Tom Tough, dam hv A merit*n»; O. ft by Mngar; whirl, waa hr, d by R,, l*age.F.-q. o II nadnerk.-S-e Turf K.gia'er Vol 2nd’ No 3, d, pag- ir.2. Addreaa Richard Hill, near Fred arlealu'g,, or the Suba fiber, near green Mont P O _«-« WillUm, No., a._' ■ H A V K lor rale, on a credit or lor cab,a large TaclT ■ five year, old next ep.ing. Any eommunicafion -o I hnmpaon t Store, llaonee'.pnat paid, will be aRond <1 low CHARLES THOMPSON ' Nor 3». #7- w4o