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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, December 11, 1830, Image 2

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Tv*»»at. 7, imo.
IN SENATE.
A mo**ag* tvaa r»efif«i| troin ilia Ho<i»« of Repre
aeuU'tre* l«y Mr Cla'ke inftm’ng (he 5eita'e that •
quorum ol the Hone* had a*aem*'led, <ttu! nrii realty to
proceed to hoidn*«a.
0 i motion o| M , Woodbury, it wa*
I{ slv d unanimoudy, I'lut the 34 h R .1* tor con
ductn v the ‘u-im-i-. ot ill- Sna o he «u*| emir t amt
liiMt ih* S rute proceed to ttie (!-tt|«n of the Chair*
n> >n ol the Commit!. • >>n Finance.
Ou 'ti- tirn billot, Mr. S . ith of Maryland, wa* re
elected Ct aim to ol *atd C'onind teo.
Ttie lotto in* Committee* tv*-e lUn appointed:
On Foreign Relations.—Merer*. TaKe\v«r,Sautoitl
Whi'e, Hell, »nd Kii g.
On Finance — Me-»r . Smith, ol M«l. Simi h, of S
C.. SiUSea King, and Jut n»ton.
On Commerce.— Mm*rt. \\ .rodbury, Johnatcn, Stl»
bee, S'it‘n d.and Foray'h.
On Manufacture»—Mrmiw, Dickerron, Haggle*,
Knight, S in nr, *n«l li bit.
On Jlgrieulture.— Me*»r». M«tk«, Wil'ey, Noble,
Brown, and Seymour
On .Military affairs.— Metara. Bentos, Barnard,
Trotip, Nam'efn. amt Iredell
Ou the Militia.-- Mr <r*—Barnard, Frelinghiiyreo
Clr>tou, Nolil mil B.hb.
On A aval Affairs.— Mc-r». IKyne, Tazetvell,
Rub’in*. L-vjiimon, and 'V«b*ter.
Ou Public Lauds.— Mrrsra Barton, MiKinUy,
Kane, B I a and Sprague.
On Private Land Claims.— M-trrr. Kane, Bnroet,
Poindexter, G tin-iy, aud Nauda n
On Indian AjJaiis —Merer*. White, Tioup, Han
dr k*. Dudley*, and Benton,
On Claims.—Merer*. K gglne, B-II, Cha*e, Foot,
ID 1 Bent* it
On the Judiciary —Mee«r«. R.wao, >1 • Ki:*l y,
W-t-i* er. fl <vo*, amt Fi el-iigli«v«en
01 tin Post Office and Past Raouls.—Meter*.
t»r m \ , Hu » •* , f li. K li*t juiI Seymour.
On Pensions.—Mrtara. Foot, II line*, Matka,Chare,
an I Ch rn'iHj
On the District oj Columbia —Meaare. Chamber*,
Tyler, Holm***, flay on, and Snragtle.
On the Contingent Fund. — Met.re. Itedall, Biker,
and Knight.
R On Engroised Bills — Mean*. Mark*, Willey, ami
On Roads and Canals. — M *>r*. Hendrick*, Tyler,
Haggle*, Dudley, at d Poindexter.
A tiienrage w a* received Irotn the Iluttta of Repre*
eenta ive* by Mr. Claik, inloiining the Senate that a
jetnt R-rolullon |<a I been adopted on the prrt ol
the If u-re, eppoin'.iig a Committee to unite tvi h a *iru
i‘.tr committee from the Sena e, to rvait on the Prerid nt
ol the United S ate*. and inform him that Congre-* wu
rea<ly to receive any communication he might be pre
pared to m»k», *n I that Mama. Hay no*, ol Georgia,
and John-on, ol Kenluiky, composed >aid commit*
On motion < f Mr Woodhury. thi* re*olntiou teat u
natiitiuurly agreed to; and Meter*. Woodbury, and
Grundy, were appointed tiie committee e i (ho part ol
the Senate. Alter wai in? on the Provident of the
United S at t, the committee retarnad, wh*n Mr
Grundy informed the Senate that the IVerident had
given lor an*tve . hit he tvuu'd make a cnmiii’inication
to both house* of Cong'es* at hall paat one o’clock.
At that hour the annual ineaeage of the President tv a a
recejvi d, after it wa* read by the Secretary and bi*
Cbirf C>ik,
0-, motion r-f Mr. King, it wa*
Resolved unanimously. That 5.000 copie* 0f the
Pr. eidem’a Manage, In printed lor the ore of th«
On mol ion of Mr. King, it w*«
Ih solved Unanimously. Th»t 1,500 copips of the
documen * accompanying the President’* Message, be
p< inted lor (hr u«e o! Che Sen ,te.
Tho VII mii Infixing »n appropriation io (he Sick ot
th« Loui.viile «n<l Po'tl.od C'.nal Company, retained
by 11<e Pirojilr-nt at 'he last session, and accompanying
hi-* memage, was ordered to lie ou the table.
Oi motion ot Mr. Grundy,
The S -net-a *<tjoiir:<*-4.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Ifoiire a-si-mbled at Id o’clock, when the Speak
er took 'll i hair.
T i IoImi.s in* n-w members appeared, were qua'ifi
ed, «rd took their a- ats.
I <‘oi a' >1 Jar via, trom Man*, iu place of Jame* W.
R pley, resigned; and Cornelius Holland, elected to till
a vacancy*
Samuel IV. Eager, ot New-Yok, in place of Hector
f rr'g. re ign <1; and Jonah Sanford, iu the place ol
Sda. Wfi«t|', j'in. resigned.
Jo»-p' Dr.tp-r, ot Virginia, in the place of Alexander
Smyth, d-ce-aed; and John M. Patton, iu the i lace ol
Philip P. Btrbom, r< a en« d.
Tne folioa u.g ai, iiib«r> also appeared and to.-k their
era'.;
From .Munachufiti.— Jan. L Ho'g>'».
From Fenny *lvania —J.iel ft Sitheiland.
8 *'■"« Mmyland— Micha lC. Sprigg and Richard
From Virginia —Andrew Steremon, Sneaker, and
Thomas D.vannurt.
From .S/mfA Carolina.— G.'orga Mr. Du the and
Warren R Davis.
From tTmtucky. —Nicholas D. Coleman.
From Ohio. — Wilnam Crelgh'on.
Mr. u tcklifTa moved th it, ttiere bring a quorum m*
a-iinbled, a committee should he appointed U r ilia pur
p ae o! into*m ng he Senate tha' the House wn rea
ey to proceed to biuin. a.
Pile committee in question, was accordingly appoint,
ed, »nd altar a similar message Iroin the Satiate to the
Mr ffayne* moved that a committee be appointed
hy the H mae in conjunc.iion with a cnmiiiitee on the
|v*rt el the Senate, to wait upon the President c,| the
United S afer, iu order to inform him tint a qnorun
cl ire two H >u»cs ot Congri-** was assembled, and tiny
were prepared in rtcive any communication which ha
in'ght be pleased to make to them.
I Hemotion having been agreed to, Mr. H ,yr„„ 0(
«» orgi.t, hii I Mr. Johii'on of Kentucky, were apjoiut
eullie rcminitiro,
Mr. 1 .*> I ji off-re>i tlio following reeoluMon, which
w aa agreed to.
Retolvfil, That two Cfnp'am*, of d-tf-ren' d.-no-ni
r"* i >n», be <-te-tpd to frrv( during the pieeent ooooion
o) Congre fjr.uj l,y each Home, who ahall interchange
weekly. *
The following rerolulion wa« offered by Mr. Hayne*.
and 4<top>r>!:
UtiolvcJ, Fliat the daily hour to which thl« ITou«f
•halt aland adjourned, be 13 I’clock, at noon, uiitil o her*
wise or 'ered,
Mr. Xaim-y off-red >he muni resolution, r-ep-rtinp
thi* tup ly t itie tn-nibeie of the Home wI h oeWaoa
per*, woirh w•* adopted
A message fr.’m he Senate w.i» received, stating that
they had, on their part, appointed a coir.mil «• to wait
on the Pie*id*ijt.
After *n infeival of about half an hour,
Mr. Hayriea, front the Committee of the flmj»e, re
ported ilia' they ha ! performed the duty a**ignrd them,
and had hem informed by the Pre*id-nt, that at half
pa«f one o clock he ebould be prepared to robn.it a com
munication lu Congress.
At 10 minulea put one, the menage mi preaenfrd
to the Hou*e, by Mr. Djii«I» >n, the P. iva'.e Secretary
C.fthe President, and read by the Clerk.
M . Hoffman moved that the mee.age bo referred to
a Committee of the Whole on the S ate «.f the Union,
and that thnu-and copie* of the same, tog- her wi h
the accompanying document-, be printed.
On motion of Mr. Haver port, the roo'ion wa« agreed
to; and, tile llmi-e m'j timed. [JJ, Ttl.
” AHHIWOTOW, Dae 9 —No bnificM r.f con»e
rtuaece wan done yesterday in ** 11 li - r Mount* tfCongreo,
Ibo member* having acarre y yet mine themelve
m t»<er»oi the content* of the Prerid tut’# Manage.
I’o-ilay the <Vnrnitte«f ol the Home of Repreeenta
***** will dfMlbtlf »a ba ordered to he appointed, and the
v*ri- u* parl« of the President's Vicarage will then be
die'ribnted among them. Both Home. w.ll probably
adjourn oaer Irom to-day to Monday, who the Caro
mit'eea ol tha Hi.n o id R. preaentative. will ha ao
li mi teed.
The trial of Ju 'gt P tk, Dia'rict Judge for the Mia
aattri Diafticl, before the flgli Court ol Impeachment,
mil roninifitca on Monday. Between tine t ill and
Ilia aitiiniaof the committee., tva think it probable that
little I-aiel.itiva htiainea# will ba transacted in Congrera
before the new year aeta in. [^Vof l,it.
Doctor Robert B. St. k~ «f thi-T It trough, hit, we
1 •*■“• I Hie offipe of Surgeon of the
U» 8. jlfiirint Jfo*pit(il9oi\ Wa*hifi|(nn Poinfy vamt^i)
by the dra'h of Dac'i' P BarranJ. [Norfolk It* non
i ntmi .. . . , . COMM1/JV7GVITtt>.
IMFPJ- n ihe 4 h m«t., it h'« rr.idrnce, n,. W
« mlj, «i Amelia, Willi i u H On.nl, in III* CV’.H »r", sf 'hj, „
In hi. public life, hr ««• iliHi'nijnh.d «• • Itiluin ■■•(i|r>4 I
• «t politician, enl »n .Me .l.tr.'i.an.—A brinr lii-my, |,,itn
Hc.pi.ii.ded to hi. country, hut unprejudiced m hi* d.y tom
I tl’I * nf I/ an.I i.al ,.f .1. ... . «
J t-m »»•* O- n«f*fuii. n. «n<l iraf.Mit uf Ht tioltlion •
!"* . f fr4' '* * ’ ►•«»< r|**«p»».n^ iff ti#ffrp«li0ftf9—N« »t-rfcil
»IN# b< * «fi"(i*« flf onnrl, ir. • rvl* to >».*.«
t«in th* mb'. i»f t hr Ht.tri, and the llbertie. of th* people. - Hut
,1 «... ih* , ,,„ rfi„f pne.i, |,f,, jo ,h# h„„,m of ,l(<
7;," *"‘"Vi"" "‘’'l J7 !"* ,"t" '*• ,h*' ,h* *'•»* an I
inle.iii* etrail.net** of hit rllMtrlff, utrt fully d»? lopej —
rh,m • one*,,, ny„ I'.iy .ppr.nal* hut >h ... •ho hay* kin*,. hrn,
|onf .n.l .ril.m.'.iy, t. th, iulr.n, , t h • h. nyV, t„b.,t. I„ I.,, m a,..,*
,M ’ "f TT'U *•’ « On I *„l .tt.jK,,. htI,h,r„f_., kirH lh4
,'.ti.t» f.tUer / . « n .ml ardent frir. I -The mnyt ., o I... mle.ri
ty m I ItKer.l ly, «, • e.m.piru mall t |, mterenof., mil, h„ fa*.
I * n.*n-,n unre.er.yd end' ll, in hi. foo,.n,m.r.t,.,i,., «h rli
. .in.d ,y II m* like cnrcelment-* rh.ro „| yerMlio* and
| ,7? „ *'.T' 7h'.h ..*•'?'*'< n- on fur I'tu (he
liay . p i.t 1 in. f u.afu ma and dlr'itKIim.— aft.y >,,|
efo«... „f . rel.nile*. ... f„ oior. th.o . r-en "I*
r .dually into ih, „/ d„.h, Wd». the a.re»My e^d . I
Mi'«orfT •Wrttbav.e. t.f
RICH >/Q.\D. ST.1UH DA V. ' HRCRMRRR .II
k! !L' ° Tiit: l‘UutsuivunK!t.
M . ol our taader. are l,, (hia tim* j„ n 0i
the P.c.d n. . »o Com*!..., ,„d ,jle .3owo.
o. * to Ih* Lrglataiura- o! Vt.glnia. The two
bod o* a a u.bUil ou the ratne Jay ; *nJ their proc.cd
1 1 4,lr,cn,»* ••rn«« a'teution ol the people.
lie |>r<-a nt i* the *A< rt Seaton ol Congre*.. an<l
mu.l .i|..r.oa lh. 4 h Mareh.-But the L-gi.l.ture *1
V ir* nu any ail without allot or limit. Th-.e i* no
thinic <n ihr n«w Cooatitution. which make. Ihrir pw
cr «a,,ir> ou the 81 t Match ; an.l they may .it until
Uctp >er. ur uu it thotr luoraiuu h^v. betu elected by
tor Pt-tn.1-. J
Th- Jay* ot Congre r ere, therefor-, numba-ed —
I he lamp of their life eipire. at nit h la't of the 3d of
"' d V*eoi e they have not an h »ur to lore in
!• l > debate," or abortive leg i.lation.—And yet we
eotifean, we never looked lo waid to any S a.inn, which
threaten* a more utmeewary coivutop ton tf the pub
The ordinary bill* will, of conrre, he parted. The
appro, riatit n. lor the «> vrral department* of the publir
ti rvice. however much tim.« i* columned, tnu-t be ef
f-cte.l—Hie .everal iimuina ion* ol the President, and
the tieatie. which have I ecu made during the recea
Will *o lar occupy the time of th- S-nale. There i*
one other au'.ject, which unfrunao y f II. upon (he
ehurt heerlon, and can rcarcelv he po-tpone l. Thi* i*
the impeachment of J id** Prrk Pf !\l„,ourf ; wh ch
I* *ef, hy an order of the laat 8 eat, n, for M nday n at
l t* expected *<> «*lt-up much ol thu time of the S n
ate, and towaate much ol the i.n-ol the other House
Out a.tde ol there que.tioo*, it is D..t ea.y to conjee
ture what public or private bu*ine*a w. I be done
what qu;etion« will be d.wUf**d. much l-ea decided
what hil a peered, wla: icaalu'ion. adoit-d.
Bu*. if w- I. ay judge horn the »sv-r .l .gti.of the
Oppoattion Priuta, we fear that a a-rie* of ,„* a*ur-*
will be brought forwatl, not .o much calculated to
P'oinVe the iuImcM* of th? cent) ry, ar ol a party ; to
emh.tir*a< the Administration, and (odi*tractit* tri nds
—'W i i .c-r-ly hope that ne m .V he miataken ; bu1 i*
tin* condudon to be resisted ? \Ve have invited ih
Kidica'ion* in the newapapsr*. W( have tern the omi
not., movement. of the O,.po*i inn.—And il we look
hack to the lari So.don. the er.n'fof it* few la*tday
hate ”ca-t it* shadow* be'ore” them. 11.11* ner.
brought to waid and pro*., d upon the Hou.e. and b.
aoine, with a v ew of trying tit- nerve, and .h iking th.
popularity o the Proliant. W* underhand, -hat tht
motive ol .o ne member- tva* not concealed nor d m ed
Appropriation* cl almost every variety ol da.crip ion
were crowd, d into the lame bill. The President wa,
lorc-d eiih.r lo .wallow or rej-ct the whole. Tht
Ught-hama hill, and the. Eoui-vtlle and Portland Cana
bt.l, were thrown upon him on the very rve ol an ad
iouin n ii* No re.pect vv«* paid ta the delib-r.itiv,
Ch.racier ol the Veto. No t.roa <va* allowed to thi
re.nl -nt to weigh all the inultifaiio.i* provision* cf *hi
I.ujlt -h-u e H II Lighl hotiae. and harbour., creek
and canals; improvement* a.di.tant from each ether ii
their niiuu a* in llirir location, were ndx-.l teg-thet
in • -II the of (l-gi-ladve) confuMon’*-Ant]
tht* ll vchpo* w.i* to be (oread down hi. throat, or to b
rejectvd attheti k cf injuting the puh’ic aervice —
W hat w«. u-ual and tight, wa* artfully combined with
wbat wa* equivocal or obnoxiou*. The matter wa«
concocted In the moil ind e-nt hurry ; and thro .ub
mft* 1 to the Eva utive K •.pondhility,— No candid
man could view .uch a icon, without di.gu.t, or *pea'<
0 t without indignation. It an ptr ly U»e cfT-prin*
01 local tnlrr-.te, and par ly of political manceuvre—
n.e Run. ho * ever, mi.tad tire. The .rheme wa. de
1 P'« *»""<» firm He net h- respon
Blbility a. b> came him—and while he incurred the cla
mour* of a lew, h* rcce v-d t! o thankaof the body of
in* pt»e, la. *
T»i^r« is loo much reason to bs l-ve, that a similar
•» ,0 s“ P''y«l iff upon him. The signs, if na
po-i ive. are at tea t suspicious. A ,,*.ty orgamy.rd.
which will leave no atone unturned to drive hun Irom
th- (.hair. I hey mi<ht use the cla.-ic motto o'
Aeheronta moveho. They wit) move Heaven, and
Ktr.h, and ev il Hell Itself, to cover him with defe at
and disgrace. They would invoke the Genii o/ War
I « tilence and Famine. What have th-y not done ?—
What weapon, t ave th-y .pared ? Before Grn. Ja k
<011 had h.-en se-ted in the Chair, by the overwhelming
v‘"c'* of hla conn'ry rn»n • beto a he had adopted a sin
ile measure ; before hie Administration could nimbly
ue “tried by iU fruits,” the Lsadtr ol hl»Opro»i
non indecently denounced hie eomp-ti'o- in the face of
the nation. The active vpirit ofper.ecutina baa neve
alopt from tha* day to this. Dinner after dinner wa
given — Speech del vered after Speech, and Mr. Clay**
wlir.le chorue ha. be-n the ini-deeds or incapacity of hit
Rival. The aamo cue has been given to his partisans
ol Hu Preu. 1 li-y have employed (h« mod poison
on* weapons g.iiust him Ttiey have had rereuree
to the irroracat mi.r-pr-sen ation-', the in st shameless
falsehood*, and even fmgery itsrlf. A Helium ad in
ternecionem, war to the knife, has been openly pio
claime I. Nothing can propitiate them—No hii g can
satisfy th-m, hut the elevation of Henry Clay on the
ruun ol Amir w .Tark.cn. Men.ure., which the r own
party at empted io rff-ct in vain, have since been
damned, became Jack-on adopted thera He ha« suc
ceeded iu r«« overh.g the Wet India Trade, which they
had loaf— *nd then the Intelligencer cal'e it •• another
Bubble ; arid H. Niles has tho mod-ly <o affirm. that
we are b -iter without than with if. The Indian Quc*
non was warmly »iipp rt*(l by Mr. Adame aid hi.tfe
creiary—the juried c ion of the « ate* affirmed, and the
emigration ol the Cherokee* enforced; but no soon'r
does A Jackson attempt to accomplish it, Ilian the inea
'me change, it* complexion, and h* is to he condemn
ed a* the inhuman Oppressor of the poor and per.e
ented Indian*. From such an opposition, what are wv
not to ex >ret ? Will they he more forbearing at this,
'ban they w-te a- the last, Session of Congress ? Arr
they less d .posed to embarrass his A Imini.tratioii ?
*' c see suggestions already thrown out, that an a -
tempt is to be made to repeal the Indian B II i f ihe la^t
S-s.ion n»y, to defeat the ra'iticaiiou of the very
I r« a'lep whieh hive been ma le under its provisior 9 —
7 •*"'» in ,he Roclioder Obse’ ver, the alarm sounded
..f m rv petitions against Sunday Mails beiog pressed
upon ihe pre-ent Congress—and we see the Synod ol
Ohio en'ering into the lolloping te<olu'ion :
Aassh-rd T/i.t on the ciy pf fs.tln< snd prayer, appointed b,
lt.eOrna-siA.irm ly,the mrmher, ,.f ,h„ 8,no,I present to then
respeeties ejnrrs**tion» for signature, pttiln nt to he f< rwardr-l I
1 pr,v,?< ,h* of I** rerp.i ,he .F,0,n, th
hsTh.u , 40,1 fon’,'lM“ll,y **»• carrying of ihs Mail, on tbs 61*0
Let us not bo surprised, therefore, to see a sy.temath
assault upon the time ol Congress, and the quiet of th<
admit,istratiot.! We shall see (lie Opoosilion figh.im
under a many-colored ff.,g. Indians, Road and Cao.il
Ultra-Tariff, Antl-Suuday Mail, Anti-West India Trad
Anti-nomination —all the unties, which are against th
<ilministration no, forgetting Anti Reform an I Anti
Retrenchment. W# apprehend that much lime ia h
r»a lofi iu thh manner; and aorno m^lturei may be en
Hungered, which aro ealeulatrd to promote the publi
B.», will the friends of th« administration .uff.r them
selves -o be distracted and defeated hy (he marceivre
of the Coalition? Will they permit the Indian Questioi
to be rtpt up; and days and weeks consumed upon a
unavailing discussion? Sha I th- tariff be exfende.lt
other article., or pushed to greater oppression?
W* ought to keep constantly in vi-w the extinguish
men of frit I D«p(. Thoic nutn«roti< apprnnrin
lionM. which ore intended for petty and eertianal pnr
poaea, ought to be arre«fed at the outset. They are no'
aierely drains upon the Treasury; hut they violate th
Constitution, and corn., t the integrity o( ,ll# me,nhere.
A large and magnificent system of Internal I mprove,
menfe attacks the vi’al principles o( the Constitution
and retard the payment of the publie debt. They ought
to be suspended, until the Stales shtll pass upon ll e
power, and 'he U State, be free Pom debt.
The Iriends o* Free Trade ought to make atio'h'rat i
temp' during the present sesdon. Tite coun'ry egpeets 1
'iVr£m The interest of the Union demands It.
If they rarnot abolish, th-y may at least modify the
tanfi T he last session, 'he duty on tea, coffee cocoa,
and s»K wa. reduced. The duty on sugar is t >o high:
some effort should be made to abolish It. Let any on
only sit down to calculate bow few persons there are
who receive th-benefit of the day; end low many
wt o pay i* *u»t| he will he *nrprifft<| to find b<m much
the consumers outnumber the p-olucor,; how many
feel the burden, and how tew rereive the beneti* of al!
such duties —Under all the circumstances of the c.i<e
snl especially under tho present ami pro.pectise slat
'd things, another and a bolder struggle ought to b*
nude, for a modifi> a’hm of the Tariff Th- President
»nr>ug»» more in favor of n 'b^n mo*f of our
readers, himself contend that " The present Is* ifftaaer
some ol the coo,lo ts of life ur necessarily high. lt un
der taker to protect in er -s'e too local and mnutr, t • Jus.
tl'y a g-ncral eeactionj ,„d it .|.o attempts f,rCe
some k I ode of msnt.factur-s for which the country Is
not ifpe. Much relief will be deriv-d. In some of these
re.perfr, from the n eimm of Urn |*.t session”—end
tt is to b« hoped, nitfch may ba eapec'ed from tho met
*Ur"s of 'he pres-n'.
We p-erume (►•su'J-rts of the Land tssri'aml of
I r«i a III a* It, b* ul»f»end‘*.B«! there 1e on* rlas*
ol topics which w# fetr will not recoiv* tbo attention to
which they are eutiiUd. There are tbu>*i In the
peoditureol the public money which require ilie hand
of Rolorm. No man can look over the “Black LI#!,"
which has been published iu the course el the jear,
without being conscious of the irregular I'ie* of the last
Administration. Shall no efficient guards be raised a
gainst thsir lepetitioo.' There ought to be a law or an
authorised regulation lor every official act which the
accounting or payiug officer is required to peilonn _
But there has been a lauienublr omission n his ret peel
rti*> Reports ol the 4th Auditor I are uurua kid abuses
which eight to be corrected.—IVe c-ll up n the mem
bers ol Cor gr •**. therefore, to cast behind them far the
present, all the intrigues and mat oeuvres ol presidents)
elec ions, aud to unite in the passage ol sucli lawe aa art
necessary to communicate system, activity and securi
ty to the operations of ,he Executive Departments.
VMC1JV1A LEGISLATURE.
L»t ua tu n our eyee to this City, and w* find a Le
gisla'u-e whose act* come even nearer home to ‘'our
own bt sinese and b isome ’’ We see a body of citisens,
brought here lor the purpose of organiatug the new
(government; of laun*hing ho vessel ol Sale iuto her
l,f *f clement. Ol course, the business of the sessi >n
will b-* more eiter.eive and dura'iiu m ire protract
, Brsides it* ordinary and iu>|0 tant concerns, thr
i i * *',ur* w.ll hive 'o now- ..ode I every D-par tu-nt
ot the Csovetniurnt. It tias to work double tide*, anil,
with reduced number*, to accompli h a gieaer viiistv
of objects. J
1 lie cs'raordinary busings* of the session is vastly
important.— \\ hat has been done with tha rule* ol the
Mouse, is to be done more or le •» with every geneial
law in the s atute book, Thero may be something iu
applicabla to iho present Constitution, or some provision
may be rsquii ed o adapt it to the pie sent state ol hiug*;
something tray have te be strut k out, or to be put m,
anil though it may not be rcfeired to a committee, it i
still to be resit- wed by some tnrtnber or o her. Very
many rhtitge* may riot bo r q tired; hut who shall ray
how many, until the law* he eaamin d?
Oue view p»r*ict.l.irly re-ulu from the new Conrtitu
• lou. The Senate has not tl.e power to originate hilia,
aj was originally propo-oi in the mnv ntion—but it
cannot now a journ “lur more than three day*, without
the consent < f the oth r.”
The e ec«ion l "v none of 'he first that m -etsnur at
teution. The netv Constitution has changed ths rul
ofenffra e -and the number ol contv.t.d elections,
which t* hi-fore the pro-nt Assembly, is one evidence,
at least, ol the necessity of a revis on Petiaps it ie
fort-ma'c that so many cast* occur •< once, since there
will be more point* produced, and inor.- principles to f>r
settled. These contested elect! <ns will of rou se occu
py much ol the early time ol the session—ami we need
scarcely ray, that the Committee of Piivil ges and E
lecttan* is to be t >e fir«t whore servic -s are to ha pu
into active requisition—But there are poinls, which
evco th us contested elections may net embrace. There
are abuse* ol tl e -uffiage, for which an effici.nt rente
<ly may b* required iu the elecion law. Each of ths
member* will of course give iu his own experience;
but wa have heard ol such cases as this; A man Its*
no taxable proper'y arid he wi-hes to ro> || . give*
n a horse to the taxable list, and by pifine eight cents
tax on h* hor«», he c’aitn* Ibe r'gh to volt !
But th« Judiciary Dcpaitmmt is particularly impor
taut. I s orgauixation is to he made new —amt all the
Jtilgc* are to be rc elected. The Constitution rerog
ms-s oi.ly a Supreme Court ol Appeals, and the C. u .tj
Courts. All th.s intermediate cou-ts are to be surh “a*
from timo to time ordain art) es
tablish. tv hat there courts are to b«; how they are
to he organi-ed; whether Common Liw anti Chanrsry
Juris iictions a e to h « hi nde I or kept dt tim t: how in r
ny Judges there are to be—their durl-e, salaries and
•elcc' ons, are to bo left to the present J.egnatura to
ueridt*. •
Hi- lJovernori« now to !»® elected for three years—
and ihe Council to bo reduced Iroiu eight to three
member*.
The Militia Uw will probably he reviled —The man
n-r ol appointing the officer* i? now lobe provided for
by law. r
O.i* of the moit delicate an I important duties of the
preneti* L- gida urs i* the elertion of a ho*t of officers.
All the Judges, tt e Governor and Councillor*, bride*
the officer, usually elected, are to come within review
of the present Legislature. The lad Article ol the
Cor.titiition declare* that “The F.aecutive IJpartmrui
ot the Government ahall remain a. at present or g.mistd
dnd the Governor and Pi ivy Councillor, shall continue
in i.fltee, until a Qovernnr, elected under thia Condim
lion, ahall come into office; and *11 other pnrson* in el
fire when this Constitution .hall he adopted, except n<
is herein otherwise expres.ly dirreted, dull continue
in offic. till .ucret.nra shall he appointed, or tfio Uw
.‘•all oth-rwiee provide; and .11 the Court, of Ju*tice
now exi*ii«g, .hall continue with ih-dr present jurlidic
!ion, until and except so far a* the Judicial .y.tem
may, or .hull be heretft.r otherwise organized by the
Legislature."
Hut, eacl i.ive’y of the.- great an 1 gen-ral subjects,
there .re others < f vast importance to the interest, ot
th. Commonwealth. The Governor's Message ha.
brought many of these into vi* w The question ot the
Revolutionary Pension* will claim their atten ion —
I urn there are si prupriation* lor school. — applies ion* !
tor charters — not toep-alc ol ihe mas. of oidinary peti
Ilona of every hue and degree —Hut the great subject
ol Internil Improvement, presses wi'h an irresistible
force upon their atten ion. Th. p*op|* are m wing in
•I flercnt quarters of the State, and ih-y must be heard.
A new spirit is exp-rted trom a new Constitution. We
have much o do; and it ia the time to be a-doing. Vir
ginia begins to be outstripped hv her sister S *u a in die
career ot improvement. The Census of 1S30 will read
a melancholy warning in cur ear*. Shall N. York,and
Pennsylvania,and Ohio, and Maryland, throw usinothe
back ground—acd r*au ilia advantages which are pro
per ly our own? Shall their population so far surpas.
our own? Shall these S ates erlip.e u*. wdhnntotir
making tho-e effort* which are worthy of our chancier
■uni our situation? No Sfa'e can huasi of finer water
■ Pr"”nU » n^rer approach or a more
-Iijjit.le situation »>y canal, aid rail roads, be'ween the
Atlantic b. ard and the Western wa'ers, 'han our own
We occupy, a* it w ere, (he very centre of the Union—
Our staple, are numerous, rich, and abundant. Our
tobacco, are ol the first quality—our Indian Corn is
sent to every part of the Union, and to the Wr.t Indies
Our wheat ripens earlier than in (he other Stars-,,nd*
irom the advantage ol bringing the fint and fine-' flnir
te market, wn are enatded to reap a rich harv» st Irom our
own, as well a« the Sautb American consumer—What
wanting, in Virgin!i, are the he-d road, and canal*
(or hringiog liie prod act ion* of various quarters of the
State to mark-1 la there not, ala ,, another considers
Mon which Is entitled to the most seriou* attention’ We
claim to b> the friends of the Rights of the Stales—We
•tickle for a limited cens'rtielion of the Federal ConstiH
1 ar^devoted to those great principles, which
eui.led the rchool of the Virginia Politic!.ns of OS-9!)
e resist, therefore, all the enrroachmrn's of the G«
nerai f.»vernment, while we venerate tbo ark of our
Union. We dispi-e ihe seductions of its power_Wr
refuse to ta.te of the flesh-pots of Egypt. Much as the
situation of our Commonwealth demand* roads and ca
nals, we have never aoltcitcd the munificence ofth
O neral Government to shed its trr..„r.» among u.
Hut is it not, therefore, more the du'y of the S ate
Governments to put a .ids such a temptation, to super
sede the necessity of such an appeal, and to contribute
their own funds 10 the benefit of their own citizens?
1 lie real difficulty in lha case is, to know, in (ho first
place, what works ought to be first unJertak-n—(having
regard to .he wants of the people, and the mtant iii
the rreasury)—in the second place, how ihe commu
mcalion i« host to be made, whether by rail-ro.tds, hy ca
ns U. or river will, Ick and dam navigation-and in th«
bird pl.eo, by Ihe puMie fund, slot,-, as our worthy
, **J »• **•*•«'• seems to suppose,or a* wo ar« inclined
to think, in most:ca*o», by uniting the public and pri
vate funds together; thus giving the vigilance of pri
vate interest, a. the best help and guarantee for the
safe and discreet e *p-r,dilure of the public funds— W«
•hall, however, touch the-e qu-etion. hereaf-er-par
Mrola'ly ihe great problem or canals and rail-road.
Wo have sought Information from the best source-, and
hope to lay itsiesnlrs before our readers.
Meantime w. antiomly press upon our readers U
be up and a doing.
THKSIATKS.
f.Vor^ui—Th» amendment* ol the Senate to the bill.
aolhoriziriK *h« Governor to take pottnsion of the Child
here p.eaed .he II.of II A.non« .Hmo, the
iji " t ProP<>‘,•,, »trike out the 8lh etc . pro
. /i 'he "r* not K» into operation until the
i ' i i ..n,,,ry ,ni1 lo«ert, the. the penalllea for
!«. of I °n •?.*• ,houM not "ke •»*« until the
t.win ioJ|7- iiV ~.A T' *"on h3,) •' '■••I been
!« k|nJi° °0 *tie Indian Land Dill: aftet
th!!,Xm.!*»" «0”M 'Peak'nlf—«ln-, one file of
the queation, and nine the other—twenty-three net
apeechoa in all. --Noque on hail been taken on Mr.
Iliyne it tuhttitule, which proper*. the imm dia*e or
eiipahon anri eunrey of the Indian counfry ; but on the
o'UiiM b IIItaelf— which w«« rejected, ye.. 84, nay*
(>0 -Mr- Me Donald then pr-poaed hit rub-thuie m
Iteu of Mf. Ilnyne *, which went ♦ provide " tur the
et.rrcy and dlmoai ion of the whole country Eatt , t th •
H.ehtowor, Without dlrfurMn, any Indian’a immediate
po**eeab>n—and to survey the remainder of the coun
try, it roon •• II • Preiident eha'I no'.fy the State ol
Georgia, that he he# eatablijUd at. offieJ to record the
name, of em tent*.”- Ilut Mr. Mr Donald*, prPpo.i.
t.°n WM rejected, yea. 47, nay. 72.-The r,u ehon th-n
recurred on Mr. H.yne a rubatito'e, which the Mil
Mr-rille Journa! thinka w.ll fire tiaa t, oumerour
•ictimi.hea on the detail, of »he biM.**
,,5’"^ Cnrollna Lepi'laturr—i, proceeding rapidly
- "h tbetr eleetiou*. Pol fl .n.mond h»r been el-eted
a . * *,WI • iviiiiviiu nt'r wfl dl<rf^il
i rfe» *rJr..°T tl'riV*nd ^ * Halley, Eq. flt.t, Re
p tt t. To ft.) (he T»«»ocle* on *ha c mro-m Eaw
Btoeh. occasions* by tha resignation of Judge Huger.
»n.l it.* elevation of Judge O’Neale to tho appeal
bench, Hay es J. Earle. E-q . and tho houoiablo \V,n.
D. M<rim, w*r* elected— Warfdy Thompson. Jr E«q ,
*ra< elect'd Solicitor oi iho Western Circuit, id place
oi Mr. Karla, and F. H K'more, E q , re-slecled So
liciior ol the South ru Circuit.*'—Jub Johnson haa been
vleclrd Chancellor, in ihe place ol Chanrellor Harper,
elevated to ihe Appeal B-nch.—Some interest has been
excited by a protest sent from Charleston, against the
returns ut Msn-j. I'mcknry and Horry ssKprrten
tslive* fo toll City, od the ground ol ill gal votes.—
The result cannot be conjectured. The election ol
tioveriior is not yet over ; though no doubt ir.me to
be enterato-d ol the success ol M .j->r Hatml on._
“ The proceedings of the Legislature, (rays the Co
luihbia Times,) are heginning to assume a more iin
P**rtanl aspect ”—A bill haa been repotted to the Sen
ate by Mr Soahrook. Chsiruisn of the Special Com*
•niitec on Fedfrral K-lstton*, on the subject of a Cou
vewtion. “The Federal Cou.initlee of the House are
aho prepared to make a report in favor oi calling a Con
vention. «sh c’t will prohaMy h» lad belore 'h- House
to-day”—(the 4 h.)—The bill beto e the Senate sets
ottl « i'h the following Preamble :
“IVhihii in the opinion of this Legislature, the Congress of
the United Htates. on divnrs occasions, and on sovnral important
subjects, hath assumed, ami exorcised powers not granted in the
Constitution of tho Unitod Stales, either directly or by any ration
al implication, by enacting law- both in telutioii to appropriations
for r.otds and canals, anil in relation to imposts and duties on foreign
importations, for the pnrpo-e of encouraging mid protecting Domes
tic or American Manufactures; which laws, tho legislature of South
Carolina hath more than once, pronounced to lie unauthorised by
the Constitution of tho United States, and a direct infringement of
these rights of self-government, which legitimately belling to tho
smd Legislature, and which it alone should exercise—and hath al
so, on more occasions than one, attempted the esercise of other
powers, equally dangerous l« tho well-boing of tho said Xtato.
“.hilt ir.irrr.n. It is the opinion of this le-gislature, that in such
exigencies, the people of Ihe Stato pencoably assembled in Con
vention, are too sole Constitutional judge, as wall of the nature
end extent of ths evil, as ol" the mode and measure of redress_
therefore,
‘'Me »t enacted by the Honorable the Senate, and Itouee of Rtpre
eentativee, now and sitting in General Aeeembln, and bn the au
Ihartly of the same, {teco-thtrde of both branehee of the tehule Retire
eentation. eonenrrwf in faoor thereof,) That a Cunvenlion of the
people of the Slate of South Carolina, by their Delegates, to bo o
Isctee as hereinafter provided, lie culled, and that tho said Convsn
lionshnl I assemble, at Columbia, on tho . *’
1 hu bill tlicn procec’s to organize Ihe mode of elect
ing (I e Del 'gates, and concludes with the two follow
ing sections;
wi i it further enacted, Thai Iho p:\» l Convention, whon *•
sontblml, vlinll taka into cmisidercUon such Acts anil Lutvi <»f tlm
t.ovcrnmsnt of the United Slate* u« thii Legislature hath, (rom
June to lime, doclatud, and pronounced lobe unuuthoiisnd by thu
Constitution of the United States—and against which it hath pro
letted at an infringement of right*, which, by the laid Comtilu
«'on, are resorved to the State*, and can bo legitimately exercised
ny them only : and *ueh other Acta and Law* of Die General Goy.
eminent a* the laid convention may decree tinconiiitutiunnl u,*,t
enactment, and dangerous in their tendoncy. and that the *aid con
veiition shall adopt *uch mode and memniro of redre** for the ovil*
• rising from the unconstitutional legislation of Congress a* it may
on "oce,1,*,J an,< proP*r protect the right* of the State of
noulli Carolina—to presorve the kcdcral Conatitutiun, ami toco
muut Inc union of tho SiRtti.
•'.lad b»it furVUrenaclrd, That the Delegate* elected to iho
•aid Convention, before they take their seats, in adilitinn to the
oath requited to be taken by Member* of the Legislature (hall
take the following oath:-*! rwnar (or affirm) that 1 will not in
the discharge of my duty a* a Member of thia Uenvontion, tako
into consideration any other metier*, or engage in the discharge
i ,*uy ,°t.r proposition* than such a* relate to iho unconstitution
al legsilatton of the Congress of the United Slates—ami that I will
not concur in the adoption of any other measure* thuo such n»
“ intended to provide a remedy fertile evil* anting there
Judge Smith published (on tho 30th Nov.) a Card
complaining of tho course taken against hint by two of
tho S. C. presses, ami concluding as follows:
“It never waa my intantinn to enter inte a now»paper contest for
tho purpose of obtaining an election. A friend of mine, Dr Jen
"logs, of York, preaonted a piece signed -‘An old faahioned radi
cal, at the oflica, on Thursday lust, lor puhlication in
my Ilermice. and waa told in my prntcnc.ii, in a cold manner, it could
nol’»• publish'd unht ntit Merle, lie limn sent it to Camden for
publication, and when it returned t procurod ita suppression here
until the puhlication of the odilors that llioir papeia wero open to
ins and my friends. And then it was circulated against my posilivo
Injunctions—but a copy was first sent to Governot .Miller, whom it
implicated. I know not vrhat it contained; I nnvor ahull know bo
cause 1 have never read it, nor shall I overdo so. I havo novor
indulged in tho ahuao of an opponent to procuro my own success
Instead of falling under tho daily and roitorated ebuso of two
presses, I would rather fall under that of twenty presses than
resort to so foul a source as n newspaper warfare to put down a ro
•psctahle opponent, whom I hud yesturday considered ns my ooliti
eal and private friend. Tiinsa who can enjoy a tri imph achieved
hy such means, may do to. 1 shall neither ensy their success. nor
iir«itAtn thoir pxtrnplo.”
North Carolina—A 4;h h Hot for S-na»or, and f0
election! Owen 96, Mangttin 86, Scattering 13 —It
,}*®1 •* «* 'hey have nol our rule ul dropping the low
cot ran lid tie—On Friday Evening, the Senate tat
writ closed doort—supposed to be on a ro mmunication
from the Executive, cn the Wa'ker Pamphlet*.
THE IJVlil/iJVS.
All (he State* where the Indiana roim, ara comirg
forward to arsutne the right o' jiiiijdicii n over the soil
and its inhabitants Georgia, A’ahsms, Mississippi
have paired law* upon -lie subject; ai d them are the
Mrnrge.t signs el such a disposition in vh - S ate of Mis.
souri Who can dr.ulii its scroti p'i hm»n', when he
p-ruses tho fo'lewir.g Et'rnct fr in Givernor M.llm’
Mass..(re to the Legislature of Missouri, of tho 16 h
‘T'!a of extending tho jurisdiction of tho State
over ton Indian I rtU., remaining within our limit., in submit!* i to
the eon.idefation of tl.o Imgi.lnture. Tim .mto. in tho north e-.t
quartnr of tlm Union have Ion* .inert done «o. Some of tho .outh
•rnSUiMlim i.ialy foiin I it expedient to ilo «o. and, for tho ex
•rei.oofthi. prorojatWo of •ovnroigi.tx, ono of them i. nhoul to
plftccd on trial bolero iho .Supremo Court of tho U Htnto* A
roffiilar and oxton.ivo oppo.iiion to th. pnrforinanee, by Georgia
of Iho aaino net which hn. boon done without con.iiru hy manv
mate. Ill another quarter or tho Union, ha. fully developed itself—
and tin. opposition to tho exnrciaa of nn ordinary nttrihnte of novo
reignty hy one of the *tatos, render* still more apparent tho ne
cexaity for those in aimtl.tr circumstance* to step forward at once
and assert this indubitable right. Missouri lie. .evornl tribes of
Iniiiatia within nor limits. Tho ground thoy occupy i« not attached
to any county, and hence too Stnto officer, cannot act in relation to
the offence, commuted upon ,t. Thi. i. manife.lly inconsistent
with the sovereignty «nd policy oftho Slate Her sovereignly ex
tend, to her linos ., Hied by her coui|mct with Iho U. .State, .ml
by her Constitution.—further forbearance under tho circumstance*
hy winch wo nro surrounded m':;1" he construed into n surrender
oflhu right ofthe.tala.-for it is now clear that tho inon.trou.
doctrine of Indian Sovereignly, within the limit, oftho state.. i, to
-i—.—;' DI,,,,rcO(i -j u -.I-'V i-iii'iui™ comnniiktiun, who
'«om determin'd to piov,,ko nn.l nl.i.lo tho di.aiirou. consequences
wlncli may roiult Iro.n thin attempt against Iho .overni-nty of tho
itat.s— I ho erection of n sovereignty within a sovereignty,.. n *olo
Bi'm oflha utmost absurdity. A* independent fc .ove?eign nation.,
tho Kickapoo., Shawnee., fc Delaware., would abridg.i the «„vo
romnty and! cir.nm.cribe thejun.iliclio.i oftho .into,The territory,
orthoir right In independence and aovoreignly ho conceded, would
boemnatho wotk.hop of crime, and th.. refuge of criminal.. Indian
territory in the N ha.torn slate. i. not exempt fro ntho operation
of .tale law., nor are Indian, thmn.elvcs, in whotover pert or tho
Stnto they maybe, beyond the roach of the civil and criminal
code, oftho Stato. I hue it .linuld bo in every well regulated
*'11 ' 77 ' ? c,Ux)8"* of M‘*',n".ri 1,,,vo al,"A'ly <» on greatly hurra..
rr/otei tnin’la n °v of Indian.-.ml appeal, to • ongro.a are
rtfortod to in va n ^ ear after year pa»o. away before indemnity
ear? he obtained, and often it cannot ho obtained ai all. Ju.ticn to
tbn citi7.cn., and the light, and dignity of iho .late, require Mi.
.nun to make the operation of her law. co exten.ive with her lim
it*. I bo expediency of doing an i. .nhmittril to you.
The (imertior th n proceeds io enumerate Iho v.ri
on. t>u rage, which had been committed for sem- time
past by the resident Indians, upon the person and ,ll0.
perly of II.o citizen ; and lie contends Dial tbay caimo’
be effdually restrained without the kid of If e civil
an I military authority of the *!at„.
An outcry ha. been raised against such an extension;
but upon whit grounds? Dane Iho principla of sover
eignty, or precedent, on (he nulh -ri y of great name.,
w .fiction eticfi an objection? Th- Opposition ar» c amorous
against such a power, while th-ir leader, Mr. Adam ,
tva* warmly in favor of estendme if over the Choro
kees.—The privilege is (o he denied to O-orgi* and
Alabama, while i( hag b-en hi h-rln exercised wi Imiit
dispute by tho older slates of Ma sichu'etis and N-w
York. The jurisdiction of Itie siat.s .xtenda to their
.pmntest border?—-and it is this principle, .anciion-d a
it is hv the uniform p-actice of the (tat s and th* dec -
sion ot ihe Supreme Court it-e.f, which is now *o ve
hemently re-i.lcd, We iidmii that humanity should
preride over i s applicat’on; that everv respect should be
paid to the f-elings of the Indian.. Th • right of juris
<-ic ion is one thing— the right lo the soil is another. Ii
is far better for the states t„ w.it „ year* longer,
than to wrest the lands from 'he hands ol th- Indians’
What they might lose ii, point of interest, they would
gain In character—And th- time cannot be far rfi*tan’
when the exertions of (lie President will be accompa
nied with success. His plan as it is developed by Mr
Mr Dona’d of fJ-orgia, will hav^ it. effect, if every olh
er proposition (hnuhj tail. Open a register in the Ch«
rokte Country. Let every Indian who chooses to emt
grate fie put down—and every one who prefers to re
main where he i«, he set down, wl h the quantify of
land which he wishes t» reserve. (J-oriia will then
proceed lomirvey and locate ihe land*. having reject
lo there reaerva ion-, for which *he i« t>» be Indeimnli-d
by thi U, Su** h Can any *or» el doubt exM of ti e
anal ty t>l he Pieaident upon thlaatil jee;? Can any eais'
ol the aoiemn ohlig ition* of the U. Slate*,to eilingniah
the Indian tide within her territory? Will no! G rieral
Jackson eaert l.imaelf todi-rharge thi* obligation? Much
ha« been *aid in the ne w->pauera, of an Intention on the
I art ol the Opp-xiiion, to obtain a repeal ol the I iw ol ihe
U*t *e«ron of Cotgess—to a rip (he Prerllent of the
power to negcclafe and to yurrhN'e—ami ihn* to put
ihe whole anbject again at eea. William Penn ha*
retimed h * pen iri Ihe N. Intelligencer—and I ke an
oth- r Peter,wih* a lo »»<« another croeade again-t the
Ktght* el the S’ate*. Away with aurh enthu-laMd
Pney at * He litu'e of humanity a* i*y ai e of iliaerelion
They e a- neither Ihe friend* ol th-* Indian, nor of the
while nun. Such men are for repealing the law ol the
lo*t ae»*ion—and we hope there i* ivrone*>and prudence
j enough In ihe Congree* ol the United S *t»a, to eeoti:
»ny aurh proportion, and lo relme even leave to bring
, in the bill, or to entertain the rerolu'ion. The egperi
| men' ha* *ol»r been attended w|ih niece**, I wo out
; *he f -ur Sou-hern tribe* have conremed lo emigrate lo
the Wettrm Mi*»l**ippl— and every lair egpeltenl for
J inducing the oih*re to lollow iheir example, ought lo
I be e x ended and ex hauated — A nil our live* for it_that
I before (« ner.il Jarkaon retire* from 'he a-lminietralien,
he will rightfully and honorably nieceed In the negotia
tion— ml will fu'ly derervethe following loa t, which
»m drunk at Natchez, on ihe 10 h Or'ober, in •* honir
I jf ih* ChirkaetW and Choctaw Trratle*:"
"P** P/e$idtnt of the fTnited Statei — He feund
»*>• h»lf o( our torrlt iy occupied by a few wandering
Indiana. He will leave it ju t|10 cultivation ol ihou
••nds of grstelul freemen “
And again!—*• The Chiekataws and Choetawe.—
Our deparliug brethren, demined where they are going
to learn (be right of individual property, and eeIf go
vernment. May the voice of their delegate soon ra
sound in the hall* ot Congress.”
. And Again!—" The Creek» and Cher ok res May
'hsy turn a deaf ear to the advice ot th.-ir Jnlec Jriende
and learn wi*doui from the example o’ their brethreu."
THE ERESlfjE.YrS MESS.iUR.
It ia the highsrt praise to aay, that this document i»
equal, if not i uperlor, to ihe tir*t roemorahle Message.
Au opposition priut iu Baltimore declares it to be bet
ter. A* a composition, it is aa luminous as the most ap
propriate word# aud tire cl.-areat thoughts can make it
dignified in its mauner—aud passages are interspers
ed throughout it ol commanding eloquence. The whole
disquisition upon the condition of the Indians is vns ol
the most beautiful pieces ol composition, which we have
ever seen iu any state paper. The view# throughout
the Message are strikiug and powerful—many new
propositions are advanced—but t ie whole is supported
with an abi'i'y which delights the iniud and mint com
mand respect Irorn all imp.riial persons— even from hia
political enemies. And there is one f mure ah ml it,
which is entitled to the highest commendation Nothing*
cau be more explicit, more d reef, more frank, than all
its statements. There is no chicaneiy, no iniuification,
no ‘»Ute (rick. Every body see* the man's heart_H-*
carries it in hi* hand—and all dir proverbial subth ty
et tl.e politician i* exchanged for the nul ls Irankues
ot the man. Even hi* rnrm<*s are cotnpell'd to do him
|'i*tire in this re«pec». The Baltimore Cbrot.lcle. which
predicted that (lie Me-sage would he ambiguous sod
deceptive, is now com pc lie I n> admit ihai “die -ent>
inents of the President aro rleaily and intelligibly >t -
led"—l i* a S a e Paper which abroid nil *hei| a
uew lustre on thi literary and pilidra! character ol our
country.
THE POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
*V * the Mobile Patriot of the 17th ult. iiro court,
to testily ou tod behalf ot Mr. Bitry. The Wimem
lives upon the irr-st N-w Orleans route, ami sees ami
know» the bt-neti « id the new arraognui u>t« whirh he
n e mad > in the Mails.—The amount which is said to
be raved by the late contracts, is tiere variously ©,ti
mated from 270,000, to between 60 and $30,000. The
latter one proves to he co red, as the President's Mei
sag- and Mr. Barry's R port states it at more thin
$72,000:
,. '• mir.r Mrr..
The citizens of Mobile ami of New Orleans memorialized, lire
or in months ago, for a ilnily or fi limes n wank, mini. This aupli.
cation w»s refused by tho l'.m Otli -,, Department, ,m the .round
or eipenmeuots, ttml the weight of existing hur.lena. It was slat
od li» Mr. li.irry, that the It.'pnrtinont was already under obligations
lor disbursements of $100,00*1 greater than its receipts, tty the
great saving in the conclusion of the late contracts at Washington
this objection h is liocii obviated; and we may reasonably look Tor
and*New*Orloans'accor‘,'n® wil1' 1,10 interests of Mobilo
“In one of the Charleston papers, we saw it slated, that the
department, m all its lato contracts, hail saved $970,000. If it bn
Hue and the writer spoke with conllJonce, the Department then
will have a surplus of $170,000, with which to faniluaiv and ei
tanrl itsarrangumenls. flul if this ha exnggoratoil, there will he
seen by an extract in this evening's paper, fro n the Richmond En
?UQnrAnHn? Ii"' “cco,,l,l> which states the saving to ho from 00,000
to »u.ooj dollars, ami the information has boon corroborated from
various other quarters. From this fset, we may certainly found
salu expectations upon an immediato mail nrrangnmonl, such as
prayed for.
“Uut, it w ill bo seen in the same extract, that the saving on the
ident ical route, upon which llieso improvements are ask'd, amounts
within a trill i to the additional sum which they would liavu re
quired. And, hutides, in an eitract which appeared in vasterdav’s
Register, it was statml that, one of the leading contractors, n .«n
tinman who travelled over this mail route list mason. ami iuvet
Dgnted the suhjaet, prouosod to continuo tho line daily from Fort
Mitchell through tma place to Nnw-Orleans for the maoism of iht
au'iihctnal postage that would accrue to the Department out of this
arrangement. it to be fearml that Mr Bairy will refuse our re
•jUfl! IIOW.' #
i.I f'hjai0n*r*J.Pl,r0r"7,Bnt ** now heslowin? with a litioral hand,
,|te.i..’|d,Kln .Pk“ if ‘be arrangomei.t which Ima boon
desired by the citizens of Mobile and New Orleans were even a
heavy burden upon the Department, these funds could not be bet
ter employed than in supplying it. deficiencies. Every one under
?m«.Tm!^\,,^nt,C.!l*dV0VNew 0rl8*n* «"'■ *b# innumerable
interests that connect it with the great commercial points of tho
r.ast, is asionishe that this meusuru has Imen so long over looked,
lor there is noot ier suggestion connected with tho mails that has
called so loudly i pon the attention of tnn Department.—Hut it is
not to b« a burden, the saving on ono part of tho route as has
been shown, furnislies the means demanded by the proposed im
provement on the other.
‘‘ I'b® f«n‘J«man who is now at the head of tho Department, lifts
exhibited ability er.d industry. and a desire to promote tho welfare
or his country, in nil measures connected with his olfice— unless
thoreroro, them be reasonable objections to our wishes, and there
ZE.VSZ'F 'TV W0 roIt with lh8 fulla'1 «°nfiJ»noe on tl.sir
■peiMiy accoinimthtnoiU.”
NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW.
No writer who review* Book*, ought to be ignorant
of their con ents. Wh it the,,, hall we ray , f the E,t.
• lor of the N. Atneticm Review, with Mr. Jeff-rson’i
Correspondence before him, and yet tloub s whethe
he was the Author of (lie Kentucky Re*oJu«ion»
An.l, more e,pSul r still! The Review quotes M
Jefferson , lette r .0 Mr. Wilson C. Nicholas, of Sept
17J9—and overlooks ar.oth r letter, in the a.itne ptibli
c.tHon, addressed to Mr-Nicholas of D-c. IS21
wbun completely se'tlee tho question. The R vice
lUi "i j fr° i 7, J| r *'*• purpose of showing
that Mr. J. decline l the task ol writing the K-n'ti k>
Kesolutiona &. transferred it to Mr. W.C. N. But if it hat
consulted tho letter of 1821, it would have aeon at one,
that Mr. J. acknowledged to a son of Mr. George Ni
cholas that he himself drew and delivered them to hit,
ii ' “,niL ,n keeping their'origin secret he fulfilled hi
r , 0,l0r’ occlusive of this leite
ol 18_1, the letler cited by the Reviewers would hi
entirely inconclusive as proof of the authorship.
the slightest reference to dates would settle the ones
non. For, the K. Resolutions, (wo mean the f.tmoti
Kentucky Kesolutiona, so often quoted,& so much distin
ctitshe I by the force andjnaiorfe 0I style,) were draw,
93’ *n‘l adopted hy the Kentucky Legislature i
Nov 93—whereas the letter to W. C. Nicholas invitin
him to a very ililTereut task, was written in Sept. ’99 _
I he Roview is thus guilty of an anachronism, whicl
would be discreditable even to the columns of a com
mon newspaper. And in truth, the whole articlo is
budget of blunders; disgraceful to so grave and itnpos
mg a publication. ‘
T,!.K ro.v connkspojYDkjyce;
I he Session of Congress, will ol course, open the
floo l gate* one w and the new*pap»r* will once more
he .lehiged with letter* froin the “Mercenary Swiji"
at Wa-riington. Thorn who are paid by the paragraph
or ti e piece, will pi<k tip all the varioiei ol Iranh
•vhich I* al ways found afloat in the kennel* of a pnliti
Cal metropolis—and they will send it to a di* ance
•made up” according to the paitirnlar fa-hiun o( th
w iter “to order.” No subject loo low lor ihsir us '
All t ie little dirty .caudal Ihat i* whispered about the
able* hotels, ot cfficesat Washington, will he caught
up anil rir iildtetl—from the <Mib*ra'inn< of ihit C*r»i
, tlowii (o ihe fold* of a ).nlyfff petticoat. We »h<i|)
have all the old sto ie* of thi last winter’s drama got
up ‘‘with new sc-n-rv, machinery, and embellish
ments —JYiiui terror!
These literary Mercenaries indeed are already at
r* r Li_Tl./i ..I ..1 .t .t •.» -mr . /
■ ’ > iiouniir" imirru ftre
work—Tho Correspondent of the N. Y. Journal ot
Commerce ha* put lor h an arant Court!
a . , —. . Courier about the
SecreUii a ol W„r and the Nsvy-ar.d a concerted
Scheme between Mo*sre Van Buren and Khind to
secure to the latter the fee simple ol hi* Arabian
, ™e inimitable and endl •• Correspondent ol
the I hlledelphia United State. fJazet!e, is also on Ih
alert —he has readied hi* one hundred and »'xtufi-r»t
lett r; and il he ran be assisted by (he Genius of th
Arabian -Tales, may yet travel on lo his Thou
wind and one Tales: What a rikes us strongly is a tusr
vellnus e incidence between l.i* tables an I the tpecu
L'ticn* of ha Nat Jour—an I w# would nenou-ly advi-e
tiiin, the nut lime he commit* a plagiarism, to steal a
leaf from some mo o worthy authority. That Miry,
for instance, about Van Boren’s vMt to Richmond his
■dedgesagainst the United States’Bank, the Richmond
Junto, and .he President’s suspicion* of a Richmond
Birgain have been worn out in the Column* of (be
"National." They are gro««ly fal»e! But that would
b ■ no objection with th“se Circulators of ha*» coin—
'! if were only miersMy n»w. Hut tho whole S ory i
worn out; and it t n’y show* ihe poverty of their inven
(mi: to retail such antiquated tales.
Tlie N. Y. Co’i,m«ftnl is apt t-n >ii(ih to *et info *• a
pf»t« of beautiful entanyleui-ni,” butv.ry unhappy in
of The rn in mu*t he Wo/te-blind; or h
would aometlme* lecollect Ihe (able ol the Ko»f wh,
w<g adviu-d never fo get into a well, until he had rou
pul-red which wa» the heel way of getting out of il _
The Commercial .aye. that “ loon- of .ft late number*
contradicting a *tateinent made in tide paper a ehort time*
•inea, that Mr. R.ndolph had been allowing the ort
vate porrcepondcr.ee of the i’realdent and Src.etarv.
the Enquirer declared that fba r, rrrapondence bad
never baona-n even at Kichmunlor any where
— It ia not trua. We m <d* nt> aueh *tatem*nt. Wc
happen to know that Mr. R. eh-w-d to thiee or (our
person* here, hi* priva'e correspondence with the Pre.
•blent, ft hoooret le <o both ptrlip»_Hul we deny hip
•^vcr ■howu<R Mr. Van Horen’* Di-patrlie*.— It the
Commercial eannot di*ijngui-h between lb» letter*,
personal to Mr. K. Irotn the ina motion* of h * (tavern
inent, It* K.litor muet be either wilfully blind or groa*.
• v ignorant—The Commercial will have '9 “r.t it*
own word*,” bef.re It call* upon u« *• »o eat our*,"
We contratti'a'e our worthy triend* \h<*r< Ode* k
S-atonon the Vote eh rh they have obtained in the
Virginia Legislature. It i* an honorable tribute to their
merit* a* printera—or, a* p dilirian* hut we au-poet
• urh a vote would have been more welcome to them at
Washington, than »t Kichmond —** there, it might per
chance have he’pnt them out at a deal lift— hm here
the diatioction ia utterly unavailing. I* j( p0»i.t.le
that lha»# worthy polituium intend to remove with
arlcq taht encouragement to tlila City; and that the vote
I* te he the apart! courier thrir it rival- or, hr or
treter expedition, the public printing of
Vtr*inia is hereafter to be execu'ed at the City of W».h
iogtou ? > loeredible a* either o( three aupcorilloQ*
• hay are notwithstanding haarlily Wilcoino la fAc rota
'bay have received.
MlT CLAY jSD VASYCIjYG !
Th« Hart'ord Mercury ataerla that “ Mr. Clay la ad
aanc iu” - (backward, aa lha Irishman aaya.)—And
ita prooft a o truly worthy ol 11. e»nelu*ion». *• Indi
ana ta with him ; Ohio w with him ; liltnoia and Ml*,
-oii'i ore overtaking” (I. u will navar overtake him)—
*• N- York trill b« with Mm ; Penn.ylvaHa h.a coma
forwar.t moat nohy(ior him !)—•« Will New Hamp
■hire? Na, Miinets with her—and these two New
hngland Slate* have abandoned tha Coalition to
tbnr fat*. And “w ll Virginia humble harerlf wholly a
a-coud time ?”— No ; Virgin a will not humble herself,
hut her second voie will ratify her lonuer roiea*
Jark-on ha* pioved him.rK worthy ol bar confidence’
and ho mu//ur quemiooahly rrrelre it — li.i'. such ar*
the fallacious eaiimataa ol the Coalitionist*, the air-buill
ca.tl. a of their wilyl Imaginations!
Yesterday lie Committee ol Privileges and Elec
I rna was btHily engaged for aevrral hoi* a on the coo
t-»trd M-ctton ol Miwn. Barbour and Davie_Mr.
Jamea Barbour addreeaed thcmaereral time* and at eon
siderable length. TOU
W e intended to uke a Review, thfa morning, of tha
tu'rVa" of* V‘r-°*virl',*?ni.D* •"d “I ‘h*
tiiree of lha N. Intelligencer on P. P, Barbour**
Letter-Hut our MS. S. had acrntnalatrd so much up
on us, that we »ra compelled to l,y them n r lor ano
thr op; ortunry.—But, all a la mo**,* hcvrc!
VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE.
HOUSE OF DELEGATES
T, , „ WKDWBsDAlf, l)*c, 8. 1830.
I he following I'eitlioD* were presented and ief rrsd
lo tlieir respective ccmmltt es: 1
By Mr. Helms—<>f citizens cf ti e countv ol Grav
of'Vsn'u r rt' 'l?1* *'e Kran,rd <®r ‘he redemption
loftl, h°rtT. dJ° lhe Llt,r,,y fund for non-payment
^,*y‘.eTr,uUdrype‘“iou,of ,h* inhsbi
of .,he cou,‘ly 01 B*lh. for the p*.#aKe of e law
author,8.n< e. r.siu person* to releb-atethe rite* ol mZ
''Zl'L'! ;“,KC°Unly; by M • d'tckmn—of sundry
in habitants ol the county ol Wont, (or the relinquish
tnent ol the i ii(bt of the common wesith to certain lands
citiz'.V.CTN;,byMr ««"■«*•» Nt Iron—of sundry
Ne'son county, for the suspension or repeal
a 111 ,, ,,C#rn,DK th" Pro«“-» « "tinz Of land*, no far
a* relates to that county; by Mr. Vawters-of certain
of l nt0 J“,,n Sh.wverto be authorised to sell a tract
heir “dbv Mr M »“ «>f hf*. infant
heir , by Mr. Moore—of C yrus, a free mao of colour.
u Peri*,l*,ion to rttnain in the coinmoi.wealth; by Mr
Se • k 1t°f £.*».« bee colored man. to the .am. ,fl
tect, by Mr. Kutherloord—of Imsc Salomon, for a di
vorce Iron, hi. wiV; by Mr. Jarkso„_(rnm sundry in
habttai.ts °l Wood county, |„r a |ovr authorising th*
‘ “JJ ® ol »®i I Iroin Winchester to the Obie rl
v r oppmite Marten<. &e.—Simt.r pcMm , Wer. "
sr;:,;y w 1 i<m- °f h- *mi D..vis,0n. c,,
ha ci izen. ol the county ol Harrison; by Mr Zi..n
from the citizens of the county o Preston; and by Mr’.
Car-kadon, Iroin the citizen*ol Hampshire coun'y
Petnons were a’.o preseiit-d and referred: by Mr
Williams of Shenandoah—ol sundry citizena cl that
county. .0 bo all w d to raise a suj ol money by |0?
tery to-the construe ion ol a road Irotn Winchester
up the Va-lay.&c.. by Mr Newman-r f sundnHnhl*
b.tan.s of the county of Mason, for a ro d Irotn ,h. pJel
sen Ivanawb* road ,0 P int l»l*a.an»; hy Mr. Jackson
of the citizens ol (lie county ol Wood, hr a law coin
pel tn* the proprietor, of m.fl d.nn or. the Kanawha
< Hughe,. rivets to make sufficient elopes lor the
w Me°.l boa,*; br Mr‘ Campbell Of Btooko-" !
Washington and Wellshurg Turnpike Company mac
lub-cribi to 1 ba d °oPrbl!C 'Vo,k< be ■Shii.Jd I*
sub-cribe to the stock Of .he said company; by Mr
'Ilia ns of Harrison—ol stind y citizens ol th.^couo
y. I»r an alteration in the law, so as to compel owuers
K°»'riV"nve r by M^'m na'i*{la(ioH ol ,he
K . r» hy Mr- M’yse—ol the ci'lz ns of Bath
Si kT,_ *k
r;":TH:,v;;r,',ir,:Locb“"J * ... *• -• -22
A t’ u ol*rd ,hfn pte-ented the petition of
Archer Brown, tor pertt iesion to erect a loll bndeo a
d M»**P°ny r verst Dunkirk. g
Peti ions w re aio presented; by Mr. Jjrksrn — of
sundry inhab lanls of the counties ol Harrison Tyler
Wood nod Lewis, for the for “,r,*ou' * y,#r.
ol parts ol ..id counties- by m/ S,?i , "7_C°;,’*,y ?u‘
uii«r .ttsss TcZ\ [z NHe,£S
!iei:ta,rrrnf, w:* cr\
i5SS-S££?5;=ii3
Monongalia counties, ,or tho 'o-ma ion ol *,;trr,90n *f‘d
out ot parts of said ceiiutief cl o a i,„ i * "ow county
citizens O. the coun.i.. ol Hlrri,on M„7n0 i' un 'r0n!
Randolph; hy M,. Venable-o,^S.w .n.."!,*'?S'*
El ward county, for a se, ara.e election'Sic? R'g*
N ".man—of inhabitants,,! t/.c counties ol Maron K.
nawh.t and V\o,<l, I ,r the formalin.. . 1 i>,a,on>K**
Irorn pattsol 'ho e counties; by Mr Luca"* of .ri°U” ^
ha'aiiants of Hart er’-Kerro I rr - i-uca.—of the to
*am- county, pi.yin* the enactment of a Saw , , „
rtetr.g a separate election to he held at Hamer « 1.^°*
ol Jefferson county, lor as. pirate . lectil. . • . 1* ?*
• bat county a. H .rpers* Fe rl - bv u1;1'1 in
o« Euzst.eih ManVy. ..kln J * h7b, D“y
live year.* full pay! to wh ch h P^V, ',f#* 0r
t,M. d; by Mr. Chti- un - of J,jn^*k‘
.dared on the p.n.ion list; and by Mr Hart "
.-tm-'af pet.Mon f Henry Whiteman'' bv V«T
Y®"'V*7°.f ,un,!ry inhabitants of Momoe eVutfly hr
«he re 1 a^e from conbnpu en! in (ho p nii*t »s j
l^r H.n of Marvel Allen; by Mr V 1, r ‘
' cinder, for payme. lor . hor s TmmeT.ed o'mn
Vey a convict to the l>enit.,n iary. an 1 which?
u -aid servic-; by Mr. Yanc v „f t.,1 ,c*' l]",d »h,ls
Nurlhan Spenmr, loV'be ' -o vmenr ^f M°r ‘j aD''
-ey paid by them to the treasury. for which crarfli w°'
no, aiveu.th- m; by Mr. Barbo„r-o( J bn C H,r7i.
for remun ration Iron, the Literary Fund for u.M’
tnz certatn poor chi drsn in the county of Or.nse
by Mr. Keller,the petition of sundry citizens nfth„5
ly ol Washington.' asking that \hIZJ! ^
may be changed so that tho electk .s .ha.! Si ,|JCT
«be same time throughout the Com., -mwea t , Lf t ?
the duration thereof shall be fixed bv ’ ,w ™ I
to Ibc discretion of the officers couductii - the lu0*' ,efl
and that the elections may be authorised '1 ,hl mo°mh
ol August or September—by Mr 1 ° .
tion from sundry citizens of the county of A
pSUl.is £,*Lsr?~>«
missionerof t'ne Revenue for th .t 'PPoinltng a Com
the court from
the court o appoint a commissioner witMn the
preset bed by l,«;-lly Mr. Gootle-of he tru.tels .f
Handolpli Macon College, for pecuniarv Ti t r ‘ V*T
Literary Fund to enal.Te theuf to "S.nle thT “
ration, of said Institution. commence the ope
w»,Tc»; :ze^\0rbM ,he r°"--Kro.0,utloB.
Hesolveii,'I'hat (he Mouse of Deleo-ate. .
rst'Ki,; So,:.1 "u1;'
J,2!lii" ,,e «o enquire into the eipedienci
of amending an act incorporating a company in rr»^
a turnpike road fioin the eastern side of (tie &arm Spring
Mountain to Harrisonburg, in the county of RocHn*.
ham, with leave to report by hill or otl *, wl.e *
Mr. M observed that (he object of the proposed hill
was to reduce the amount of the capital stock from fJ,
ty to thirty thousand.. it had been ^
that if Mich a reduction should bo made by Icel.f.ri**
authority, the road could bo constructed wifhout* further
%7r’ MiTrrf ? C°hM ,>fl ^nmedi.fly. ”
regain J
ternal Navigation h i * committee on Hoads and In*
hc'referrcd (ok' Y i/‘.‘M.V.vofl^o^refer*^l'"ion °"*h‘ »°
the committee of Road, and internal N.v^tS. °° *°
mi.tee wTtl p^nt°«K Pr0p0,,in« * ’P'ci.l
decision on .»,[• qu.ation .ftuld >c"hi iVSLSff 1
MbMr:;rrs:8;:;;,;:£'r£
n referring the subject to the committee on Hold, rhU
in referring it to a special committee, fff foSS, w "
already organised and could report immediately Xed
nothing could be more certain than that JL' A #
time wa. attained by referring ,*bjeciVto rim °f
committers, instead of ap oi ring numiron. ^
mittees winch retarded Jnd eJdKrZZSS&ST
Mr Mays, acquiesced in the motion of Mr JUm.*
a nd t h e resol "don was adopted as above, *' ’
Mr Ws.hml of Nelrotr, «*«d Ic.rc to withdraw the

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