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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, February 19, 1831, Image 4

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“ Much tkt hkmiim cnii’mi."
VISIT TO Til K liotfPI I AL.
f‘vs »trn tin* wrick of lovltnsl thing • —I've w»»pt
O’er Toothful beauty in her tally shroud —
All pole and fo|.|,u« when the moon liu’h slept
In tin whito foldings of a wiiittry cloud.
I've asen the wreck of gloneus things — 1 lu»e mvoruid
Oe’r fallen manhood in life's nclieet blooiu,
In whosn deep glance the immortal spirit burned
Mott brightly — what a victim for the tomb!
I've seen the wreck of proudest thing* —l’vo sighed
O’er sculptured mounds in low prostration laid,
Towers—that tlio blest of ages had do find —
All uiouMoiing durk beneath the Ivy shade.
Yot oh * There »■ a sc ne ol deepar won,
To which the toul cun never he resigned —
• l it irensy’s tnumph —reason's overthrow —
'Mm* ruined structure olThe human mini/!
Oh.* tu a tight of parultziog dteud,
To tuurc tin* rolling of 4 maniac’s eye,
From which the spui k ol intellect hath fled.
The luugb convulsive, or the quivering sigh.
To tee ambition with h * moonlight helm,
Aimed with the fancied panoply of war,
The mimic sovereign of a powerful realm
ills shield, a ahadvkt! and Ins sword, a slraur'
Tu set pale beauty raise her dewy eye,
Toss her white aims, nnd beckon things of air.
At if she held communion with the sky,
And all she loved and allsho sought were there!
To list the warring of unearthly sounds
That wildly rise, like ocean's distant swell,
Or spirits shrieking o’or enchanted grounds,
Calling dark magic Iroui her secret celt.
Oh/ never— never muy sacli fan bo mine!
J'd rather dwell in earth’s remotest cave,
t*o I my spirit calmly might resign
To /fims, who reason’s glorious Idcsjings gave.
Of the Committee of Itoade and Internal JYaeif'ation.
The Committee if Komis and Internal Navigation
have, according to order, had under consideration tile
various resolutions, petitions, and memorials, referred
to them, on (he subject ol internal improvement, and
beg leave to submit the following report:
Your committee deem it unnecessary, when the
House of Delegates is in possession of such a mass of
information in relation to the subject of internal im
provement, to enter into a detailed or minute examina
tion of the value and importance of a wise and judicious
system ol internal improvement, to the present interest
and lutuie prosperity of Virginia. They will, however,
briefly present their views to the consideration of tho
House. It is a fact which is irresistibly demonstrated
by the history ol man in all ages, that the strongest
connection by which men in an associated character,
arc held together, is a community ol in'ercst; and that
wherever discordant interests prevail in the same com
munity, alienation ol feeling and afTertion is the inevi
table consequence. Patriotism .done has never been
known to bind men together in a political connection,
fora great length of time, where tin ir interests were
directly opposed. Men’s feelings always accompany
their intcre*ts, and it is natural lor them to form attach
ments, and seek political associations and political con
nections, with those whose interests are identified with
th«ir own; and in proportion to the strength and extent
ol (he mutuality of interest, is the stiength of the houd
of union between them. Many of tiie Nations of Eu
rope, leeling the force of this tiuth, have availed them
selves of the natural advantages which they possessed,
and have applied their resources to (he opening of in
ternal communications between the dilfeient parls ol
their empire, where it was opposed, by natural obsta
cles, for the purpose of securing harmony and union,
by uniting and identifying their interests. To this ob
ject were he lir.st ellorts of internal improvement di
rected; and tlic great and unparalleled success which
has uniformly attended their exertions is too well Iden
tified with the history of their commercial power, (o
h-ve escaped the observation of thinking and rcfl cling
men. France, England and Holland afford, in their
commercial prosperity, the strongest evidences of the
salutary effect of uninterrupted internal communica
lions. We need not, however, look abroad“for proofs of
tho influence of Internal improvement upon the wealth
and prosperity ol the pet,pie who have constructed
them: the examples arc to he found among onr neigh
bouring sister Stales, New York. Pennsylvania, Ohio,
and several other Stales, which liavo commenced and
prosecuted with great vigour, enterprise, and persever
ance, schemes of internal improvement, which have re
sulted in the most happy consequences to the increase
of their wealth, prosperity ami happiness. |n (hose
States the desert may be truly said to have “blossomed
»s the rose:” Their agriculture, commerce, manufac
tures, and population, have increased with unparalleled
rapidity; and, what clearly demonstrates that it is the
result ol'their systems ol improvement, this increase
has been more rapid since they were commenced.—
These States having secured (he union of Iheir own
people by this connection of their interests, hare been
emboldened to extend their views to Ihe commerce if
their sister States, and are making rapid advances in
such improvements as will ul.imatcly cflect their ob
ject. These facts aro of more interest, and more in
structive to Virginia, than all the vain and idle specu
lations with which she can be amused. They afford
conclusive proof, of what a spirited, enterprixing. per
severing, and intelligent people can effect. Before
these schemes were so far extended, as to prove that
tho calculations of their friends w ere accurate, Ibal
they were not the visions of wild and enthusiastic poli
ticians, hut sound realities, they met with great and
pow erful opposition: speculations of every sort, forebod
ing disaster and defeat to the projects, were unceasing
ly employed, and greatly retarded their progress. But
the development ol facts, and the success of the schemes,
have silenced all opposition, and those improvements
are bestow ing upon the people of those Mates unex
ampled prosperity.
It such .<inii.il and unparalleled success has attended
the schemes ol internal improvement, in the State* a
bove referred to, it may he readily asked, Why it ta,
that Virginia, aboundin'; a* she does with natural ad
vantages, unequalled perhaps hy any State in the Uni
on; intersected by noble streams capable of the high
est state ol improvement, so as to draw into their bo
som the whole trade of the State; with a soil of great
fertility, capable of producing in abundance the most
valuable staples for market; and materials ami labour in
abundance, for (lie construction of any sort ol improve
ment, is not rivaling her sisters, in wealth, prosperity,
and happiness? The answer is obvious: She has not
been as enterprising. She has not brought into action
all her natural advantages. She has not improved the
resources with which riaturo bus blessed her. There
has not been, and is not now, one single facility within
the rcarh of those States, that is not within the reach
of Virginia, in anenual, k. in tn.iny instances, a superior
degree, as it regards soil, climate, and materials of con
struction. In addition to these reasons, it is a fart
which cannot, and need not he concealed, that there arc
more local and discordant interests in Virginia, arising
from natural obstacles to a community of interest, than
in any other State in the Union; which ought lo he sub
dued bv bringing into subjection theso natural difficul
ties. Peace, harmony and tranquility should and must
he effected, if the State would he great and happy; and
to effect this, the Alleghany must he made to bow its
lofty summit beneath the all-prevailing power of artifi
eial improvement. The effect which a want of com
munity of interest between the different sections of the
State, particularly the east and west, has had upon the
harmony and tranquillity of the State, has been and is
now too visible lo he winked at It has extended it
self to a degree of alienation well calculated to produce
painful reflection to every patriot, and awful apprehen
sions for the future prosperity ol the Slate. We should
he brought nearer together.
One great object to Virginia, should be lo secure her
own internal commerce, so a« to make it tributary to
the value of her own improvemen's. In fhe present
state of improvement, owing lo insuperable natural ob
s aefes, at 1ea<t oue hilf of her 'rado and commerce is
borne through other channels, and fs contributing
largely to (he value, of the public works of other Stales;
when, if these obstacles were, as they should he, re
moved, this trade would find its nearest, best, safest,
and cheapest transportations to her Atlantic towns, and
thereby contribute to their wealth, and improve the
resources of the State, by adding to the product of her
public works. If Ibis effort be much longer delayed,
it is greatly to be feared, that her own trade will he forced
into other (t more convenient channels, ft thereby fms
•rate all effort* to divert it in fultirc into her own. For,
when the natural wealth of any portion of a country be
gin* to develop i'se'f, it will not long suffer ifsolf to he
kept under by natural obstacles. It will force ifs way in
some direction, and the efforts rtf our neighbouring sis
ter .States being directed not only to a rivalship with us,
for the commerce of other States, hut to our own into
r or, seeking fo draw into their bosoms our own com
merce. will likely succeed Imhelr object, unless coun
tervailed by corresponding exertions on our part.
Tli< re *r* t»*n gres* rVffifltl «« »<i the rerompli h
*••..1*1 a chein* f ( rtipror mrnl in Virginia wbtrh
have tor » v-r.-| yers p,••f*nf(d any vig»rou« exef.
lion t« eff eti’. The fint arises 'row* <he failure of
the rrt'1 srhc rr.e of im tor m m heretof re etlrrnpred
!oT the coon#*'k> el the eastern sod western waters.,
Th* reasons o( the failure of that illrmpl, your c )tu -
aitlra believe are ho apparent, *n<l itlset to little the
raa»on* (jr 'he improvement tow sought to be coua'ruet
od, that it would eeem unnecessary to argua they
*hou!.l not in the sligh o.’t decree afford auy objection
<o the r. imurticeir.enl ul them at thia time. Among
ti»e labourers and superintendent* who prtaaeutad tha
cont'runioo ol he prrarnt James K ver caoa1,there was i
<c*rrely a single m ,u who %vas well verged it* the tub- 1
jart, orjiad au>| xperienc* w batevar about it. Theetn
l’>o) nit M ol incxpei ieurrd persons to conduct any work
ia ol way a ?ure to end in «l»f a*. The Junes River ea
ual wa* M II-,. |, I c; |i w ii cot ducted t.y inexperience,
and ii la. 1 -«J. At ha: time too, ilia sources u| informs
tiou were not ao numerous. There had then been no
Kr*st sell, me peilect-d, ao ■ « to prove it* utility. Now
the ran < is d Herein: experienced pracl.cal K g nears,
whoae lalen'e ai d calculations may ha relied upnu.cau
be procured. Ureal acliamea have been perfected,rfT>rd
•«K undoiibted proof of^lieir practicability, utility k va
lor; to that now the State would act iu tha d rk blit upon
the intvriitt< light* of practical experience The Janie*
r,r r ‘"'PW»n»*-nt ha* uot teen conducted to an extent
tfiirnrieut to lent itj Tiivlridl c«u n»*v«*r be fair
until tha tit.|>r o ve in - ii t through tha wLola line be com
pleted. It doe* not new afford any facility to tran»por
tation, or lessen it* co^t. and could therol> re alfjrd no
lair teat of it* value. 1 he s coud dilficul y ariaea from
the jealousies w hich hive arisen houi local eauaea.
In vaiiiu# pai la ot the S;ata there are various s re.turs
cap.ibln ul navigation, w hich create an imaginary col
luion vl in eieat, and wi ll it c dliaion of feeling, which
ha* Irtlii no much r> tanhd the iikci uIuI prorcculiou
of any great acheuie of improvement. Ii ehould be
rart'lltctiJ, (hat it ia not essen'lal to Ilia prosperity of
.•ny onj ol it,esc iutereata, that the other* should be
depressed. Toe prosperity ol one will uol only uot de
prea* Ilia other*, but ruay contribute to ilia benefit ol
thu whole. This ia l.terally true a* to the Jamea and
Itoanoke rivers; lor each chaunel will empty itself in
8 great measure at No f jlk, as a cotuioou reservoir,
horn which wealth and prosperity would fl >w through
out the country. By in ion and concert ol action, the.
uiprcv uienlof the who e State, ar.d with it an increase
ol wealth, po-pe ity, and liappiue.a, cau be eft. cl
od-' by discord and division, desolation and ruiu Will
II H be proper to commence a syatem of internal
improvement, yovr committee would strongly recoin
mer.d the present as a most auspicious peiiod. The
meaue are as ample, and may be piorured on more mod
* rale term.' now, than at any period of our history; and
there is no reasonatfe probability that t|!Cy can, at' any
future time, be had on better terms thin at (lie prescut.
Your committee are sx'i-fied that the necessary funds
can be had on loan, at lour per rent, interest.
I’ Virginia shall etubatk in a scheme of improvement,
it Is important to ils final success, that it should be such
an one as would, in its program, exhibit such utility as
to command public confi Imre Trie failure ol the for*
in-r attempt should warn the Legisla ure to be cauti
ous in i vety movement which it makes upon this sub
jcc*. N i irheme c*n bo successfully conducted bv
lb j l.egt.lntur*, unl-»* ti e peop'e go heartily with i .
They will not do this, unless t'.eir confidence is secur
•d. This cannot bt done in any other way, thin by
prac ical deinonaratiou. The former failure deatoy
ed public confidence; at d, to prosecute auo'hsr rcli iue
eurcpssfully.it mud b- restored.
In nuking appropriations for public impriretnt nts<
yrur committee would earnestly recommend that such
“rhemes only be adopted, as will, in all human proha
I biliiv, produce stu b a revenue at l-asl, as will redeem
III* inter*si on the* mini appropriated. Any improve
ment IV hirh M ill not do this is unworthy ol public patron
»ge. And wlxnihis rule is observed, the result of
every improveinetit will be ntislactory to the public
mind, inrtea-cit* rm li fence, ami invigorate I** exer
tions. To this rule ill -re may ho so.lie exceptions, but
it is sound as a general piiucipl*.
Among the vaiiotis tinprovemenls which Ifave been
brought to ill- consideration ol your committer, that
which demands the hist ami most important conside
ration of the legislature, is the improvement of J .mes
anil Ihe connection of the ea*'«rn and western waters.
The James river rises in the Alleghany mountains, ami
may be made navigable to -oine didance abuve C .virg
•oti in Alleghany county, li win Is its corns* through
ill- heart il li- S'a'*; iml through a Very fertile conn
try, to the Chesapeake Hay. It is the natural channel
ol trsu-pnrtation, to all the country through whirh
it runs, end affords (he i r-are-t pi iut ol connection with
tt.e western waters. Th-j tract of country through
which il tuns, and lor which it is the natural channel,
Its the lamest tract ot Virginia, compared with those
wh'ch rely upon u>her channel* ol transportation lor
their trail*. The. increase ot wea'th and population,
•i:jd thu ill:prov< ment in agriculture, render it desira
ble and iieci-esai y that incr. ased facilities should be af
ford*.I, by (lie improvement of the navigation of Ihe
stream. The obstacles, tba dangers, end tbs price
of transportation, on this river, cousltute a great bar
rier to the advauct ine-ut of agriculture, in the country
it water*, am) to prev nt the cultivation of many arti
cle*, n liia'Ii wt uld be valuable for purpos-s of commerra
if they coiibl be carried into inaiketat rsa-oiuble pri
ce*. A reference o a lata report of the Second Au•
ditur iiisale in response to a resolution of the House of
f) .legates, shews that th.» tolls on the Jjmes Kiver ca
nal weic. for tha year IS2fi §41,837 51, and for the
year 1830, §62 317 63, (hewing an increase of §2(),
510 11. Tins increase was gradual, and exhibi.s iho
act that the J .mes liv. r tra 'e has bead, amt is rapid
ly increasing It was doubted whether ihe trade of
1830, would have I eon equal to that ol 1829, owing
to Ihe opening o! the Roanoke navigation, as it was ex
pert-d that ih*re. won il be a division of a put of the
James river trade down that river. Rut ihe expect*,
tatiun was not realix-rf, and the Jnnes river trade coi
t nued to increase, notwithstanding that diversion. Tha
reasons are therefore strong, why increased far llities
should be gi v*n to a trade, improving under (lie onerous
hunhn* ai d o'iffii-u-'lies with which it is oppi eased
The 8 corid Am i'or'a report exhibits the strange fact,
that i ol withstanding il e compla ills against ih>* Jam'*
river improvement, ami the prodigality wi li which it
was conducted, it is now redeeming the int-rest on the
money t o rowr d to cons ruct it, and promise* shortly,
from i s increase ol tratle, not only to redeem the in
teies-, but also a part of tli.i principal. And that the
product of the improvements sought to be made, on the
J.vi.h* and Kamwlia river*, will be equil lo lb-* re
I ileu p'iuii of tlx- interest on the expenditure in • lit ir con
struct hi, and finally produce a surplus lo be applied to
| Ih* exuiigoidiii.eiii ol the piiucipal. ai d ornate ul i
m.itely a source of revenue lo die S ate, is maipfest
Horn ilie re; orl of the I'micipal Engineer of 1828, and
toyonr rominittee during tlis present session: For ih*
details of wl ich, your committee b-g leave to refer to
that ieport.
* • ere fK.va been three mcdei of improvement ft* com
mended on Jamvs river, to wit : by sluires, forks ami
llama, and « continuation r f the ir asi.t canal, The
alnice navigation renni not to be favoured from any
quarter, ami would p obat.ly not afford,at all seasons,
sufficient depth i f water for vessels of heavier tonnage
than the hatteaux with w I irh the river i« now navigat
ed ; wliith, It ia thought, will he inadequate to the de
man's of the increased trade of t‘ e river, with a ron
i or fed line of improvrm-nt Co i-e highert rource of na
vigation. The estimate, however, of the ro«t of improve
toent f y .* tiii e«, ha* been made by the Principal Edgi
n'er, in hiarejortof 182S ; and your committee, from
the beat source* of in hr mat ion in th ir power, believe
it lo be accurate. The Kng'neer charged with that du
ty, has made an estimate of the cord of the continua
tion ol the canal, and of'he lurk and dam ryatiin, from
Maiden’* Adventure to Lynchburg. He climate* the
eo*t of a canal, at $1,0 It) 0(10, and of the lock* and ilame
at $626,690, and after a long course of rea-oning upon
the comparative advantage* and disadvantage* of each,
recommend* the latter. The Hoard ol Public Wo ks
haw alro examined th s i estimates of the Engineer,
and regard them lo he coir ct. That holy, alter n te
dious session, ar,d a lung rep rt 'n he *u> j-clof infer
nal improvement, recommended no »y»|em by which
the Janie* rivrr should be improv'd. There are many
objection* to ei h»r system, f uf or.e or thf other is ne
cessary to the navigation of Jams* river, by vessels ol
heavier trnnage than arts row in use, nlirtfur propell
ed by etearn power or otherwise, so as to give the laei
lilies neres'tiry to the irrrunsed trade and Ir«-en the cost
of its Irsnspor ailon. Your committee a*e inc'lued to
the opinion, that th;* Improvement by lock* and dams,
bo h ss regards economy and durability, is pref-rahle ;
although thvy exprer* this opinion vi ry doubtfully.—
Your committee beg I av* to accompany tbl* report hy
a report of the Engineer, addressed lo the »uh-conimi'
lee on rivers dining the present *hs,Ioii, 'or a full view
on this *uhj ct
Tic manner of the I mjf overrent of Jrtn« • river, from
th* f’iiie ftidge to Covington, h»< engcg d the serious
attention of your committee, and roostdering 'he end
in view, and the difficulties ,.(ii« accomplishment, they
have rm been iMs to rom- to any sa'I factory conclu
fon. Leaving. however, the mode of hnp ovemrnt tu
! e directed hy the Legislature, they esrnestly recom
mend that the Improvemr nt he n»d» in the rro*t t ffif en'
* ay, both as it regard* the trade of that put of »h*
r' ttntry through which it will run, end s* a part of the
connecting link in the scheme of unit n* the eastern
k wes'ern water*. The rest of the improvement of th *
stern o' the riv r, ha* not entered in'o the ron'lderatlon ol
the Engineer, sod yonr coo rni'fee are without suflirt
ent dst* upon which to'make a >a l-fsc'ory estimate —
They think the mm of $500,000. estimated hy the
Hoard of Public Works, erectly too high.
The Improvement of h* James river Iv Important,
because its sot rce* of ra»lga'lon are nearer the wes
tern n»vlg*h|- ws'er*. than * >y o her stream In the
9 st» east of the Alleghmy mountains The Import
ance of tbl* ronnnerfon mu*t be obvious to every orv-,
•o say nothing of the moral and physical effect which
an extended intercourse between the ripens ol eastern
and western Virginia, wouIJ proJucs. The opening a
rout* to the toitkt'i oo the Atlantic, to the ’western
trade, would almost be inestimable. The larger portico
of the people of the S ate, west of ’he Alleghany, would
avail ihern'eire# of thla communication, to hnd a mar
ket iu the Atlantic town*, for the products of their ao;|,
and for purchxriug their merchandise. This would
greatly increase the ascending and descending trade,
and add fire fold to the va'oe of tha improvement*.—
The eatent ot thean advantage* may he jneily estinia
ted, when we take ttt’o the account the extent of ter
ritory, the fertility «f *ctl the rapid lucres o of popu
, latlwu and consumption in that part of the Slate. Ad
d'd to tl i*. there l« no kiud of doubt that much of ti e
i trade o' th • O in, Krntucky, Tenneiree, AUhuna, and
North Carolina, would lake itiia direction, for the obvi
, oua reason, that the ma’ket* which it wouli afford th*m
i is merer, aud Iran spot tatiou wou'd be cheaper. Thu
fact may be clearly ascertained, by comparing the di»
tanr-a from the contiguous parts ol thosj States to the
i other a'lautic towns of the United States. A great por
i tiou ot the trade down the Ouio and Tennessee river*
l would be diverted to this channel; thereby adding, not
only to thh value of our resources, hut creating an un
ion of interest and of feeling with our neighboring sis
ter S at. s. which would add much to our moral influ
ence aud | hy ical strength.
Added to llieso con-id* rations, this woo'd toon be
come the chctnuel ot trade between the south western
parts of Virginia and East Tennessee, and the great
■Itiipoiiumsol the Nordi, from whence their tnerrh.in
« it i* nureha-ed, as may be aeeu by an esiin a'e ot the
expenses of transportation on this route, and on the Fit's
burg-rout*, which is now taken, in consequence of the
had its*e of the James river navigation.
From Philadelphia to Pit's urg,by waggon-,
which is the inode of transportation, per
hundred pounds, $ 2,62 i-2
From New York to Pithburg, the expense is greater.
Hy Richmond:
Ftom New Yoik or Phils lelphia to Rich
mood, - 15 ceuts.
From Richmond to Covington, 40
From Covington to Falls ol Kanawha, 75
Hecrivii g aud forwarding at Richmond, Co
vington aud Kanawha, 25
Contingent expenses, 20
Making $1 73
The statement of the costs trom Philadelphia to Pitta*
bnrg t* accura’e, the o her rotij'etural; blit your com*
uiit.ru believe sutrtriently high. So that the whole
cost tram tho'e points, through tho James river route,
tvoubl not equal the cost to Pittsburg alone ou that
route. The (balance being shutter, ami the expense
less, it necessarily follows that the James liver route
w«nld be preferred.
Iu order to eirect this valuable and important object
ot larilitating the in'ercourse between those sections o'
couirrv, by the Jani-s river improvements, your coin
uiittoo have deemed it necessary to examine (h ■ routes
*y which this connection »li >uId be in.da. The re
sult ot their examination at once pointed ou* tho ra
vines <•( tli« Greenbrier and New rivers. Tbs i;n
proveniout of tli s*riv-rs to their highest poiu's ot
good navigation, would extend the lines ot wai.-r com
iitutiic. tion o-i each side to nearer points, an I reduce
the pat tig'. Your commit ee therefore earnestly re
vommend the innnedia'e improvement ot one or both
of these rivers. Your comm tt-e have a<certsiued,from
sources of information entitled >o the highest d-gree
of credit,that the N. \v river, hy sluicing, and with the
aid cf uvo locks and dams, would be made capable of
safe batteaux navigation from 'be falls of the Great
Kanawha to Howyer’n firry, and would aild very much
tv the convenience o( the people of ihv couuties lying
ou it« waters. In relation to the Greenbrier, your
coinmittc* are not in po’so s on of accurate information,
nor do they deem it necessary to examine this subject
in dcail, as the want of aoc irate information wculd
render a survey necessary before a.y expenditure
coul l b* judiciously made.
As tho most successful and profitable mode of form
ing the desired connection between tho eastern and
western waters, your committee are saiisfied, that a
rail-wuy from some point on the James river to the Ka
nawha, is preferable to any other. The recent dcvel
opements in England and the United States, of the ra
pidity and value of transportation on rail-roads, have
astonished (he most anient and zealous friends of in
ternal improvement, ami soetn to warn us not to preci
pitate any measure, until the value of this system shall
bo further tested by actual experiment. Your com
mittee, however, believe that rail-roads never can suc
cessfully compete with or supplant good safe water na
I vigation. They will no doubt succeed, and arc highly
[ important, for the purpose of connecting commercial
points hy a direct route, where there is no safe naviga
tion capable of floating vessels of heavy tonnage; but
(he costs of construction, and liability to be put out of
order by h^avy rains, and other causes, where they are
located on rolling ground, deny to them the permanent
advantages of safo water navigation. Your committee
do not now recommend an appropriation for a rail-road
to connect these waters, because the prosent trade on
the river will not demand it until the improvements be
completed; and its profits would not now justify it.—
Your committee deem it highly necessary to complete
the navigation of James river, so as to afford some pro
bable ground, upon wl.icli to base the es'ioutis of (he
rapacity of the (ra le to encounter the expense of con
structing the lail roiil, having in view the principle
heretofore advanced by your committee, that the im
provement shall pay the interest ou the bind appro
priated to i . Your committee, however, recommend a
survey ot u route with a view ultimately to the con
struct ou of a rail-way, so as to ascertain the nearest,
inosi practicable, and best route, aud the prohibit ex
pense of its conduction. Your committee would re
commend the a-« ciatin of two gentlemen, acquainted
wi’h the localities of ihs country through which it
would be likely to piss, with the Engineer, as lies, cal
culated to furnish th-s informa ion neci-ssiry with tho
g eatrsl accuracy. Your committee deem (Ins course
expeitjen , because they do not doubt, if ilia improve
ment Le carried on ari l completed, that the great in
crease of trade w II demand such a road. The present
road will not, and cannot satisfy the demand* of speedy
and economical tran-portation of so entensive a tract ot
country, (hounding in min»ra>, arid capable ot such »
bundint vegetable productions. That this will be the
re.u't, jour committee beg l-av* (o refer to ail extract
fruui the Engineci’s report of 1926. The truth ol this
estiniafe'may be relied up n, for it has been more than
realized by the increase ol die tra le for-tin last five
In ord. r to gtvi perfection and esluo to the (treat lire
of the Jan,eft ai d K ntwha river improvements, it i<
necessary to connect with them improvements wl i h
will give facility of access to them from all par e of tbs
couirry which will seek ihie channel of trenajieriatior,
because much o( the benefit of the improvement would
be lot, if it were inactee»ible to iiiO't of the eotintry,
’he trade of n hich it ie wished tv bring to it. With this
view, your cotambtea would earrevtly recommend the
conatruclio i of a road from Salem, in Ihe county of Bote
tourt lo the Tennessee line running through Mont*
go*? cry, Wythe and Washington. Tlis r>ad would at
onre bring into action the resource* ol the whole of the
•oii'liwed ol Vi(|fiuia, a country abounding in minerals,
and with a soil of great fertility, and would >nvite he
trade of East Tennes-ee. Your committee era satisfied,
hit the Stale would sustain no loss by such an invest
ment For the advantages to be derived bom 'he con
>trurticn of such a road, your committee cmi only re
fer to the extent of country, fertility ol soil, and abun
dance of ininrr<.|s, which would be throsvu into market
by it. The continuance of this road down the Vall«y
to Harper’s Kerry, would be of iufiuile huyorlance to
the people ol that fertile region, both as a travelling and
a commercial road. It would he the neare.-t route to
Washington City, G*orgetown and Alexandria, and
would open to the people of Ihe Valley access to the
navigation of the Potomac, their natural channel. The
rapid inrrea-e of populat on and agricultural produc
tions ol this enlerpriz'itg people demands, at the hands
of the legislature, the lac liti-s which the extsiil ol
th'ir c mmerce, and increasing prospects, demand
This road, on the wh do mire, is about m.ies
long. Your com milt-e do not douLt the stork would
he v a'liable.
The next improvement which your committee deem
essential to tho perfection of this scheme, is the con
struction of a turnpike road from some convenient pun*
on the K anawha Turnpike, to Point Pleasant, on the i
O. io riv<?r. This ro’il would apprta-h the S a'e,
ol Ohio ne ir the cen're cf her territory; and is in the
direct line, and Indeed lor ms a part of a contemplated
communication through the bent of that State, from
Portland on S«ndii*Uy Hiy, to Ihe Ohio river, st or
near Ihe mouth of the Kanawha, ft Is understood that,
anticipating the formation of the proposed road,on the
part of Virginia, (lie Legislature of Ohio, some (wo
years since, incorporated a company to construct a
turnpike from Chilirnthe, lo Callinpolis, In the imrnedi
ate vicinity of Point Pleasant; and there is every rea
son to believe, that should Virginia determine on the
construction ol a road to tho latter place, it would im
mediately he pushed on lo the centre ol Ohio. At fifty
miles distance Irom Point Pleasant, this line reaches the
proverbially rich valley of the Scotia anti tlu-nce would
proceed up that river along the very margin ol the
Erie anil Ohio Canal, fifty-five miles to Columbus,
theses' of government ot Ohio; freni tvliidi pl>reto
P'<tsnd, (one of tLe trod enmmerei J points on Lake
Kris,) there is now a read of gnat travel and Inter
c ur • At Columbus, Ibis tine crosses the Curnbrrl.rnd
road; ar.d would offer, by Point Pleasant, and through
the centre i f Virginia, a nearer route to any eastern
des'lnstion *,uth of Washington City, than the national
r tad by Whirling, To <he greater portion of Ohio, the
*e<rifory of Michigan, rn-l the 8 ate* of Indiana amt
Illinois, this line would furnish Ihe most direct com
munication to Ihe Atlatii.e (owns. <fy a resolution rf
Legislature, passed on the day of , the
Principal Engineer *i» directed to survey • road
down the Kanawha river, lo Point Pleasant. The an
|a<«m<uli ol that officer did not penult the execution
of that duty until th® fall of 1828. The distance aa as
c^rlain»d by th® survey, f.oua Cha-lenon to Point
Pieeesnt, *«>• nearly 55 mile* ; but the principal Eu
glneer, ill hi* report, remark*, that “it wa« merely ex
p-runeutal; lone course* were taken through low
ground*, which would be inr practicable tor a location.”
He conclude* by eipre**in« bit convict! u, that, the
straight iiu« b* log but 42 1-2 mil®*, a location could
be made in from -18 to 5<l mile*. lie reeoni
■r.eoda, in bit report, a 12 loot road. The committee
have, however, obtained Irorn that gentLwau a
communication in which he r*tiir.&t»s the eipenae
of a road from Charle*lou to Point Pleasant, at
t'ae various width* of 12, 18, and 22 lee I. The first i*
a* above given; the second $22 500; and the last Vf,
500. Aa to the eligibility ol these different w idth.*, he
remark*, “I wi 1 outy add her® tint the difference he
tween the coal of a road 18 feet, and one 22 fuel wide,
” not conimeneuiat® to what I conceive to be the dif
ference between the facilities afforded by both.” The
fact* ub< ve mentioned will be strengthened by the o
»d don ol Mr. \ in'.on, a highly intelligent member ol
Congre** bo it Ohio, in a letter addressed to a member
u! the House of l)»lc«ii**.
(To be Continued.)
The i ulxcribera have entered iulo co-paHnei-ship under
the firm ol A. G. &. F. Cochran, and have takcu tha
extensive premises 132, Pearl Street, I or the transac
Hon of the general Fancy Dry-Good* hu*ine«*.
New \ oik, 21at Sept. 1830.
A. G. & F. Cochi-nu have uow on hand, inch an as
«or«i» -nt ol Faucy Goods, as, liny behove, is not sur
passed by any oilier in this country, in variety and se
lection, comprising tho foliowin^ articles, in Canton,
I* rtiuch, I tali tn and Bri'ish Fancy Goods:
nia;k and colored Italian lustrings
Imitation plaiu and changeable do
Black, colored aud changeable Groa de Naples figured
in great variety
Colired, changeable, black and blue-black marceliues
& •! black and colored bombar.inea
(.rape de I-you; plain and figured mandarines
Plain and fixurrd poplins, algertne*, paliuariues, of ihe
uewest stylo
French priu's and ginghams, and Foulard muslins
Pongees, aud many other articles f r ladies’ diesscs
Mpitalfield and pongee flagg and bandanna hdkfa.
Groa de Naples, gauze and crape lidkls. aud ecarls
^:Ui aud ki<l rtocks snd fancy cravats
Black and ciljred Italian aud imj'atiou cravats
Buck, beaver, silk and ho-kin gloves
tiros ilo N ip and gauzs garniture ribbons
Cap and belt ribtons ot newest style*
Kngli.-h and French silk huso end hall hose
K itbo-sed mi I opvll-Work do
I-tu»u cambric and cambric handkerchief*
Black and colored French crape; worsted liarrege
Brown cotopally; sewing silk and twist
fancy button-; hooks and eyes, &.c. {tc.
Will also have an extensive assortment of lace goods;
eonsiriing of—
Fnglish bobinetts, gimpts, and thread ed,ings
Caps, capes, pelerines, cheriz-ttes
Black aul white lace veils and shawls
With a complete assortment ol Thybet and Merino
shawls of 4-4, 5-4, 7-4 and 8-4
Caskinera and Merino long shawls, &c fee.
A G. & F. Cochran have selected their stock wilh a
particular reference to lire southern aud western mar
kets; and as they will add to their assortment constant
ly, lr<sh roods as they arrive, their slock will he kept
up throughout Ihe year,—all of which they now ofler
at low prices, and on lbs :->ost liberal terms. They re
spectfully invite purchasers to call and examine their
stork. Orders will be promptly executed with care
aud fidrllly.
New-York, Jan. 13, 1831
Rappahannock academy.—Tim Public
are respectfully informed, that this Institution
will be opened indiit, on the 15th ot January nt x‘, tin
Jar the immediate superintendence ot the present Teach
•rs - The course of Instruction will embrace the Eu
glivh, Latin and Greek Languages, Geography, with
the use e( Maps and Globes, Arithmetic, Algebra, Ge
ometry, plane and spherical Trigonometry, and the
Theory and Practice of Survey ing. The French, Span
ish and. Italian Languages will also be taught, should
tho number ot scholars be sufficient to justify th«
employment of a competent Teacher. Thankful for
the liberal patronage extended to the Institution
during the past year, its claims are again before the
public. Whilst the unwearied exertions which the
uuder-lgned have heretofore manifested, in the dis
charge of tlirir arduous duties, may ho received a
some pledge of their future conduct, they trust, that
the improvements which experience will enable them
to make, hotii in the mode of teaching pursued, and the
judicious organization ot the Institution, will enlarge
ttie-sphere of its usefulness. As a suitable situation for
the instruction of youth, few places it is believed, com
bine more ad ventages than this. Among these, its well*
articled library, salubrious air, commodious buildings,
and facilities of communication with dilL-rent parts of the
country, merit especial notice, Terms for boarding
and Tuition, including washing, mending, Stc. $110,
each Hoarder Lading his own lied, bedding, towels and
candles. Parents and Guardians, wi.hing to place their
children at this Institution, are requested to make time
ly applications to Charles A Lewis, Jr.
Address, if.ippihannock Academy, Caroline County,
QT’A young gentleman, uow a student of the above
institution, ot unexceptionable character and amiable
manners, who is well qualified to teach the Elemen
t try Branches of Millie.uaticks, together with the
English an 1 Latin Languages, Geography with the use
of itie Maps and Globes, and the Theory and Practice
of Surveying, wishes to obtain employment as Teacher
in a private family.—Letters addressed to either ol the
Teachers, at the Kappahanuork Academy, will meet
with prompt attention. Nov. If). 56—2iw2tv wtf
A V i.N(» WHEAT—V aluable to a
k? Farm Yard.—The Subscriber having purchased
ilia Kirill of Hr. C. Clark’s Patent Wheat Thrashing
Machine, for the counties of Buckingham, Cumbei
lan I, Goochland, Louisa and Fluvanna, takes iliij me
thod of informing the citizen* ol those counties, that
•hose machine* are admirably adapted to the usage* of
• hi country, b.-ing of aim pie and permanent construe
'ion—not liable to net out ot order—they may be at*
tached to those horse power*, which are common in
the emu ry, by removing the old drum*, with very
little oxpeuse, which will be a great savin* ol power,
an I facilitate the cleaning of Wheat,or other a naif grain.
He will evil the Rights of three of the above coun
ties, upon rearomble term*—and will furnish Machints
to order at short notice, with or without horie powers,
otP or portahly or stationary. — Persons wishing to buy
single JKights, vvill be accommodated—Apply at El
dridge Post Office. Rockingham Co , (Vs.)
Feti 17 91—fit JOHN I*. WILLIAMS.
AUCTION. —Retng desirous to Close my busmr**
in this place, I shall proceed to sell by public
auodon, on the premises, (sale to commence on the
23d ol uexl month, February,) the Tavern situated at
Hi* West end of the town, called THE WESTERN
HOTEL; with tic Household ami Kitchen Furniture,
slock nt Haeon, fee—The LIVERY STABLE oppo
site the above—Gigs, Hulktys, two Wagons, a light
H ick, fee. —12 HORSES, two ol which are Stallinnj;
a pair ol MULES, matched and well broke—.between
2o fit 30 SLAVES, consisting ol men and women, l>ty*
and girls. There is an lee-Housa on the Stable Lot,
and a Pump, from which water is conveyed to (hr
Tavern, hy means of pipes under ground. A full de
scription ol the above property is deemed unneces-ary,
•s person* wishing to purchase ran view the same at
any time befo c the day of sa'e. The Tavern ard Live
ry Stable will be sold on a lot g credit, the balance ol
the property for Ca-h, or on a short credit. Should
the Tavern and Stable (Ir r the want of bidder*) re
main unsold, they will be for l-ase or rent. Tim e to
whom 1 am indebted are invited to call and receive
paym-nt—longer mdiilg nee cannot be given to those
indebted tome. ROSWELL ALSOP.
FRKnERicKHBURn, Tan. 18. 7S—td*
Thk Static or Alabama, ) Circuit Court,
Tunealoom County. $ October Term, 1830.
Thomas X. Hulling, plaintiff, i
»r. > .Attachment.
Richard Dennta, Sen., defendant >
IT appearing to the eatlslartion of the Court, that
the dr fendant f* a f.sn-re*idrnt of this Stale, it is
•he re fore ordered by (he Court, that all proceedings in
tl’ds cause, bo stayed until the expiration of six month*
from the return of the writ in this eaure, and that no*
tire he publi'hed for »ix weeks successively, fiom and
after the first day of Januiry n.xt, in the*' Richmond
Enquirer,” a newspaper printed In tl e State ol Virginia,
requiring ihe defendant to appear and make tils legal
Jr f.-nce within die time limited as aleresaid, or pro
ceeding* will he had according to law, fee,
Jm 13. 76-wfiw Clerk,
pany will be held at the house of William I). Fitz in
th* town of Charlottefvllle, on Friday (lie IIth day of
March next. Ry order of the Foard ef I rector*.
Feb. 12 W vlai ftc'ry R -■Y' Company.
’N.puwhaUa 'Manly rami, D>c«xik<i la, Rlaihcili R*J.
i f»rd. Jaui*. Radford, U.njaiuui Kadfoid, William Radio'd, Tbo
ii Whitlu'k* and Ktbacca hu wife, foi marly Kibicti KiilfirJ.
Ana Hike. formerly Aun Raoford, children and heir, of John Rad.
laid, dec.) alto, Juba Kikn, tad Nancy hu ailt, formerly Nancy
Blunder, John Bajby and Muibibn «i(t, l.'rrerly M.ith. Saun
der., Jjl.u W OO.I .id Lucy hu wife, formerly Lucy 8>uad«i., U«
ncr.l Phelpi *ad Bitiey hu wife, formerly b.(..y Saunderi, John
Haunderi and Rlmd. S.und.r.: the ..id Nancy Rake, Maiiha Ua*.
by, Lucy Wood, Uel.ee Pbcl|>t, Jamri (launder.,J>hu S.uuder. and
Rhode (launder., ara children and hriia of J.„« Hiuuder., foiiacrly
•on. Mil. ., Joaiah, Ueaiamio, Charlea, JobuN., Thmoai and Rrubiii
liadtord, and Kl.m Buhletl and Paebe Uiupinn, aiathr children ol
Riubin Utdloid, (b< aldri, wliu wa* ilro a ion of Jubu K.dfoid, dc
C*»**J| . • Plaintiff..
Uad for it, Wiltisiu Illarkburn and Jainri UUikHiirn, which
• ■ill \Viliiiu> aud Jauiea U'tckbutn art the cbilduu of Elizabeth
ll|«< kbui ii, lot u>«t ly Elizabeth Hiilfuiil, Fnncii Appei sou aud Juhu
Appruou; Ole said Frmtiiau'l J»hn ire children til Hiitau Apper*
»ou, formerly Sunn Kadloid, Juhu Uauuifax Mid Nancy tin wile, fui
uierly Niury lladlurd, Juhu M< Cargo iwl Maty hi» wifr, formerly
M»ry Raillid, logelbei with Aun Maxay. furuitily Auu Ituuduranl,
Jnlin Apperaou aud Klizihelh hie wife, f.,nearly Eliz -belli Uandu
rant, Luay liar i, widow of JtllViy Dana , dec., forinuly Lury Uou
duranl, Joaeph it mduraiit, Kiwa-d Uoudiirant, William Uuuduranl,
Nathan Avne aoil Miry Ilia wife, formally Miry Uomluraut, which
end Ann Mazey, Elizabeth Apptre- n, Lucy liaen, Joeeah, Kdward
•°d ” illiau! Uuu lurau>, and Ma.y Ayna, are children of Acuna
Uondurant, dec., fuiuieily Acneaa Ka il >n', Hofriidania
IN CHANCERY—Thiaday Came the |>laiutiffa,by J .tin W.Naih,
Kao. their Attoeuey, and fi!ed then bill, and the defendant Richard
Radford, William Ulackfcuni, Jamea Dlacklurn, Aim Maxe», for
merly Ann Ucodureut, Krancia Apperauu, Juhu Apperaou, JobuOau
nifax a ad Nancy III! wife, John MtOrrjO und A/.ny hia wife, John
Appereou and Elizabeth hia wife, forizei y Kl rahcth llouduraut.Ju
eeph Bundleaid, Kdwaid ffoudui ant, William Uoudm aul and Nathan
Ayrea aud Mary hia wife, not hieing eutered their at pcarance and
Rieeu eecurny, according to the act of Aaaeiuhly aod lha tulra oftbia
cuuit, and It appearing to the aatiafaeliou ol the court that they are
not inhahitanta of tlda coniinoiiwealth—ou the niotiuu of the plaiutifTi,
hy their attorney aforraaid, It ia ordered, that the raid Richard Rad
ford, William Blackburn, Jamea Ulcakburu, Kianci. Apperauu, Jehu
Apperauu, JohuCauuifax and Nrncy hie wife, John Mctiargo and
Maiy hia wife, John Appeitou, Joaeph Uoudurant, E iward U uidu
rant, William Uenduraut and Nallian Ayrea aod Mary hia wife, do
appear here on (lie (bird Wedueaday in March next, mud amort the
bi.l of (he plaiotifTi, and gi»e aecurity for the performance of auch
decree aatheeourt ahall make herein, aud (bat a copy of thia ordtr
he forthwith iuaerted in tome newapaper published in tha city of
Richmond, for Iwo months successively, aud that auother copy be
posted at the front door of the coutthouie of thia couuty.
A copy —Tote,
January 18. 78w8_ w R. F. GRAVE#, D. 0.
is authorised by the heirs and distributees oi
Mary M. P. C. Routes, dec'll, to make sale of that valu
able estate in the county of Gloucester ami state ol Vir
ginia, called H HITE MARSH, supposed to contain
about two thousand acres, 1209 of which arc first rate
Low Grounds; and the Hills of the best quality in that
section of country. A minute discretion of this Estate
is unnecessary, a* it is certain that persons disposed to
purchase will examine it particularly: they are invited
to do so, and Mr. A. Smith the Manager, residing on
the premises, is instructed to show any gentleman who
desires it, every part of the Estate. 1 will only add,
that these Lauds lay between Ware and Severn Rivers,
and extending to both, affording navigation to vessels of
largo burthen, and furnishing fish and oysters of (he
best quality, and in great abundance. The improve
ments consist of a large brick Dwelling House, with
lour rooms on a tloor, nearly new, and finished in the
best style; all necessary out houses, some of them
brick, and most of them new. The Low Grounds lay
in one compact body, immediately in front of the house,
without a single break, and every part to he seen from'
the dwelling at a single glance of the eye; they are fine
ly calculated for the production ol Barley, Wheat, In
dian Corn, Ootton, &c.; in fact, this Estate is generally
acknowledged by all who have seen it, to be the best
ol fiic same extent, and one of the handsomest in Va’
The time of payment will be made to suit the pur
chaser, and the necessary number of hands to cultivate
the Estate, together with tho stock of every kind, farm
ing utensils, &c. will be sold with it, if required.
May II. 1—wtf JOHN TAHB.
I R CHARLES.— lids iliaiingui>h:tl foal-getter
whose Colts are o teuer winneis, and more oi them
selling than tho-e ol a;iy oilier horse’s gel in America
and at higher prices, will aland this spring, at my st this
in the county ol Chesterfield, ui bin oue mile of Moo
dy's tavern,13 from Petersburg, and 22 from Richmond,
aud is now at his stand, ready to serve Mares at Thir
ty Dollars the leap, and Forty-five Dollars the seasou,
payable the ?5th ol July next’, when it will expire—
Seventy Dollars to insure a marc, payable as soon as
she is known to be in (oal, or parted with—One Dol
lar to the groom lor each mare, to be paid when the is
sent to the horse. Pas'urage gratis, which for quality
and quantity, is very desirable, being all well eucloaed.
and well watered. Every care wilt be taken to pre
vent accidents, but no liability for any that may hap.
pen. Servants sent wilt be found without charge, aud
mares with or without colts, well fed, it desired, at 2o
cents a day.
My sou George Jr. Juhnton, will reside on the
plantation, and will atleud himself particularly to all
Sir Charles is full 15 hands 3 inches, 15 years old
this spring, and ol a tine chesnut colour; lie never waj
»u higher health, nor was there ever aswier foal-get
ter, tor was any horse ever more admired for form,
beauty, aud commanding appearance. He has beeu
so et'.cu advertised, that 1 consider it unnecessary to
state again his numerous and successful races. The
records of the different Jorkey Clubs will shew that
his Colls are performing on the Turl wiih unequalled
success, and by their performances are doing much to
sustain the high reputition ol their sire, who was got
by Sir Archy. h's da>n by the imported horse Citizen,
who washy Bacolet, he by Blank, and he by Uodol
P! In Arabian; his grand-dam Commutation, '• imported
Dare Devil, impoited Old Shark, imported horse Old
Fearnought, imported tot re Jenny D smal, g it by old
D s/ual. ” WAI. K JOHNSON.
Chesterfield, Fch. 10. 83 —wt!6:hA
following property comprising all (he Heal Esiate
of the late James Dinrntore, deceased, uml which hi?
heir auJ executor John D.nsmor* ol L'juMana is de
sirous to dispose of—is offered lor sa'e on liberal terms,
either for cash, or on a credit to suit purchasers.
A tract of Land called Orange—dale, situated within
| three quarters of a mile of Charlottesville and the Uni
versity of Virginia—and comprising 185 acres. It is
tolerably well timbered, excellently watered, and em
braces a largo portion ol meadutv. Its vicinity to
Charlottesville, and Ihe many oth;r advantages it pos
sesses, must render it a desirable acquisition to thora
wishing to purshase real estate. The next is a tract
of lores! land, (as but a small part of it is cleared.) ly
iiU on the watets ol Moore’s Creek and Uuiscuit Run,
coutaing 860 acres; and within three miles of the Uni
versity of Virginia. It is well timbered, and in a few
years would become of great value for fuel to fami
lies residing at the University, or in the town of Char
lottesville. Also, Ilia property on the north rid* of the
main road leading from Cha-loCesvilile to the Univer
sity of Virginia, containing87 1-2 acres of land, with
a number of tenements and buildings included. This
por ion of Ihe estate will be »r 11 together, or separate
in (he following divi ions, lo suit purchasers: 1st. The
brick store house and lot now occupied try Mr.
Wood, near Ihe University. Its situation is, and must
continue to be,goad lor business. 2 1. On Ihe main road
below Mr. Littlelord’s are several half aero lots, iu
good situations to build on. 3d. And adjoining these
lots, is a neat frame house with kitchen, ftc. attached
to i*. <lth. And adjoining the others, is the house and
tot on which the late Junes Duiimoc resided. The
site is very handsome; and Ihe garden good; besides,
on the eai I lot is an excellent corn home, smoke house,
large work shop, stable and kitchen, ftp.— rendering it
in the wiole a very complete and neat place of retl
deuce. 5'h. The remainder of the land not heretofore
enumerated in the above divisions, will ho sold either
lo suit purch **er» a ij'icent, or together, as the interest
of (he estate n ay reqi ire. The whole of the last men
Honed diri-iou would ha a pr triable and secure in
verimsnt of capital.
•ALSO—on tbs south side of said road, adjoining the
land of John li. Cocke, Kiq. and (’apt. James Miller,
are two small lots rnd tenements- and in Ihe town ol
Charlottesville are two goed houses on lot No. 32, bo:h
fronting the main street—one a neat brick dw> lling
house, Ihs oth-r very conveniently situated for burl
nets, being a dwelling house ar.d store corjomed.
Tart of the aforesaid lands and tenements are rented
for slioit periods, and ol coruse will be sold subject tt
their rents. Those wishing fo purchase will please
apply to ANDREW I,KITCH, Agent,
For John Dinsmore, Executor of Ihe esiate
of James Dinsmore, dec’d.
A I.L p"r on» having rfaitns agiin8t the c tale of
/A Jatne* Dinsmore, dec’d., the estate of A drew
Dinsrmre, dec’d., and the e*taie of John NeiLon, dec.
will please present them lo me, f <- 11 y proved. And
all prions owing Ihe above estates, will plea-m come
forward and aet'le their deh s w'th
Efecuttr of the estates ol John Noilaon, and
Andrew Dmrmore, iter., and Agent f r John
Din*fnors, Etectitor ol the estate of Jame«
Dmamore, dec.
Charlotte*ville, Jan. 21), 1831. 83-wlm
Mr. Lewi* Duke will open a School at my home
within two mIDa of Lotils* Court-House, on the 80:h
of January, 1831; his School will he a limited one not
escredIn* fifteen scholars; ho will teach the Litln snd
English language.*, Aiithrne'lc,' fee. Mr. Duke ha*
t»een leaching ior fhree year* pa**, lo the entire *atis
faction of hi* employer*. A* to hi* qualification* aa a
teacher, he refer* to Mr John Kidd, Mr. Wrn. Cooper
Nel«>n, and Mr. Thorna* Owen.
Term*, for Biard ami Toltion for ten months $100;
tuition alone, l.alin $23, English $20.
Jan. 19. 76 —w 8w" CAR HIT M. QUARLES.
Mjf 1KUINIA: In Ol i'iiHr -Ji «»:•! b«M>ii « It' c1' W*
W bet of lk« County luoitof Caiohua ou Uit 7lh i» «l 1.
Ssmutl D. Ptalroti, PI 'ff.
J«iu*a Tboapiod and 8u*an hia wift, and mid Jaata aa adn'ai
da bouia non with Ibc will anutitd of William Paatioaa. da’U h|
uthnia, Delta.
Tha defendant*. K .hart J. Paatioaa, Char'at A Uuirwaa, Mallhtw
Ptatrou, William paalrott, tha btira o( tiaibata 1). iludtou, Utai;
Y. Kaintt and Sarah hia wifa, and J. hu Uoodwin and Jana bia wifa,
uot having antirad thair apptarancr and giirro aarunty according la
Ihr A't of Aaitinbly ami lha rulva of tin* ci'iirt, and it appeal irg by
aatiafact >ry iTiilanc* tbat tiny aia nut mliabilau a of tbia common,
waal la — It la ordtrad, that the aaiJ dafandanla d<> appear bafoia Iba
Juilicaa of *»nr aaitl Coarl, at tha rnuithouaa on tha aa*oud Monday
in April nail, aod anewtr tha plaintiff*, bill; and that a copy of ll*u
ordai hr minted in aoma atwapaptr puhliihtd in iba city of Rich
mond. foi two uinniha auccaaaivrly) and that a c< py of thia vldar ba
potted at Iba front door of tbacuuithouia • f thia county. a
A copy. Tatta,
Fab. ij. 80-w«w*
IN ('HANUEKY:—At Kulei bald ib tha Olnk'i Office of Gnu
A Couutv Court, »u Monday, (he Blh Ji; uf December, 1830 —
Liuiui Jluni'llJt, «t. infant under the i^c of twenty.ont tain, by
Tbouiat M^ lleiitiy, her gbtidiau noil mxt frtand, PllJT.
fPilliatn 1). Keunolds, Alfcert Rrnu^dr, Iteory 8. Renoi-lds, Otway
IleiinuUi,, Arthur Reuuoldt, and Robtrt Kruuoldi, heirs and dnn
of 8thre«lily Keunolds. l)«fdla.
The defendants, Albert Itonnoldi nod Henry 8 K* Uloldi uot bar.
in* « bit red their appearance aod gie.n security aecouliog to the Act
of Aiiemhly and the rulea of th.. Couit.auu it appearing by aalia.
factory tvidcuca, tint th.y are uot inhabitant! of Ibis Commonwealth,
on uiotiuu of the 1’laintin byfcouuiel— li u Oiderad, That lha said
dafeiidanta do apprai hera uo Ilia third Monday m March out, and
aniwtr the bill of Ibe IMaictilt; anj that a coi y of tbit ordar be
forthwith luaerted to aotnc Newipaprr puhluhed to the city »,f Rich.
---- I.i.vuic dtn-| 0| r. I'liuinaru in IUC ill* UlCb*
mot. l for two nionlha auccaaiietly, aud that another copy be potted
up at lha front door of tha Com (home, i f thit county.
A copy. Teate,
Dec. 23. 68 —w8w JAMhS HOV MIOOU. jr. Clerk.
1 r830 *u t*u0<'*,1*u<1 £#ui,*y court, 2U(b December
Ohediab Jordan and Jane hia wife, formally Jana Mormon
againat fltfc.
Mai y Mormon widow of Malcolm Morriton, dcr.’d John ;Biggii>
and Nartatel bit wile, formerly Moigtrct Mormon. William Wood
ward and Ma'y hu wife, formerly Mary Mormon, Nancy Moriiaon.
John Montgomery and 8arab hit wife, formcily 8aian Mcrnaan, and
John M oiii .u, Deft*.
Tba bill of lha Plaintiff bring read and filed, and tba Defendant!
John Montgomery aud 8aiah h.a wife and John Mormon, not hav
ing enteied their appearance, aud gieen accuiity according loth*
Act o< Aaaeuibly, and the Rules of tbia Court, aud it ai pealing to
tha aatulacliau of tba court that they ara uot iohahitauta of this
btalc— On tlm motmu of the Plaiuliffi, by cnuniel—It u ordered
ilutlhe said Defendaiitr, Jobu Montgomery and Saiah hit aaife, and
and Jobu Morriton, do appear hereon the thud Monday in Much
next, and auiwcr the bill of (ha Plaiutiffi; and (bat a cony of Ibia
aider be lorlhwilh married iu tome oewipapcr published in Ibecily
of Richmond, foi eight weeka aucceuirely, aud potted at the front
door of (he com (house of (bit county cu two successive court days.
A oopy. Trite,
- N. W. MILLER, D. C. «.<C.
Jan. 23. 8l-w8w
IN OftiANoKKY.— At iul«t held for Chettrrfitld cutiu'y #vr(
in the OWrk’a O fic« thereof, on .Monday lt« 6th day of
»er, 1H30.
Joseph Urouks, E Iward Burnett and Rebecca hi. wife, late Rt
»>id Elm Brock,,jr. Plaintiffs.
Joseph Wood and Polly his wife, Martiu Uroi k i, Hi at kiab Cheat,
haul, CdiiiiP plivr Chttli.iu, Jonah Akm ard Nam y bia wife, Jeaae,
Ooadiab, William, Malin.la, Auden n, Thomas, Sally, Peter, Luce.
Mtlilda and Janie, M idling, and It. heccallr.Kjkr, Itefeudants.
„.Th* Josepli Wood and Polly bis wife, Hraikiah
‘“T’ Chll,,0»,l>*' Cheatham, Josiah Akin and Namy hia wife.
Wil iam bnellingr aud Sal y Sr elln>K>, md haring entered their ap
pearance and g>vcu at turiiy according to ll e act of the Qeueral Aj
ermhly ami the rules of thi- court, an] it appearior that they are not
inhabitant, ofthis U.miu natalth; on the inclioii ol the c'mplam
ants by course 1—11 is oidrred, that the said defendant. Joseph
Word and Polly Ins wife, llrtekiah Cheatham, Christopher Cheat,
baui, Josiah Akin and Naucy his wile, William Snellings and Sal'*
* “dlinge, do appear litre ou the second Monday in Man h neat aud
answer the complainant’s bill, and tint a copy of this order be forth
with listened in some one ot the public nesr.papeit, printed in the
l,ny of Richmond, for two mouths successively,and alto posted at
the front door of the Count, ute of this counfy, for two auccatiive
court days. A Copy. Te.le,
V th^taVtbi1831-0h*UC*tJ,~l0 Uuitl'rl',lll®ll»|Csitt,Jii.
U-^waH, Complt,
Li ke Lincoln, O.oree W. Clift, auJ Alei. O. Smith, DefJ’t.
• k Ji'sfrl^fo.'v* br h's Attorney,aud filed hia hill, and
Ine L efru Jatil Lnk* Lincoln nol having entered hit appearance and
cieeu •cciinly according to (he Acp .1 Aneiuhly and ihe rules of
this Court—and rt appearing ty sa itlaclory evidence that he is not
«u inhabitant of this Commonwealth,it it Quirted, That the said He.
ftuJanl do appear here ou (lie lit day of April couit neat, aud an
swer tue I laiutiff > hill, and give security for performing such decrat
li liecfuil uny nuke hemu-Aol that a copy of (hit order be
forthwith minted m some urwspaner published id (he City of Rich
mond for two months successively, and that aurther copy be posted
up at the fiont door of the Courthouse of this county,
T on A copy. Tulle, P. H. NUNN ALLY, D. O.
_J,B 89 83 _w 8w
IN Cll ANCKRY.—At Rules holdeu in the Oierk’a office of thi
R^cvsuiijr couit i«f Cu °berl»uJ, ou Monday, the 3J day of January
l'l|'l|'"|L"'sh‘ri1*' Jf. Compl't.
James A kin a 'ui’or de boms uon with the will aoeied of Ohailei
Blake, dee’d and John W. W.lmu, Deft”
, • A k.o, not hiving entered bia appceraaci
lu RIV C11 lf*Cltlll V irrnriliiin I.. sk. * • • ft.
.. i atAt^uwi iiRviur cniereu nis anptaiaac
viid given secunty according tu lb. Act o? A.semhly, .ml it .rp,a
ing by satisfactory ev.deuce, that he is not an inhabitant if It
Oosainunwealth, It n Ordered, That the said Hefendant do appe
if' im°“ l,‘* Af** d*y °< March Court oral, and answer Ihe Bill
ih. llaiut.tr, and give security fur performing auch decree at tl
Court may make berem; aud that . tony of this order he fortim.
inserted nnuuie newst aner published in the C ty of Richmond.ai
continues, for two months successively, and that anotbercopy he pui
edup at (he front door of the courthouse of this county. V
, A copy. Teste,
Jan. .5 Bl_w8w P. H. NUNNALLT, d. e.
V — lu OLauceiy — Halifax CouUv July Court, 1830
^ A'amir1"’ PUiuliV,
liaidale GrawUy and John If. Wnnhi*b, administrator
of Di ke W. Hewlett,<ler.. n,r,
count between the plaintiff and the defendant DxJalr G twice, and
aUn between the aaid Hilda * Otateley and Duka W. Kowletl. dec.
wtm-h laid accounti (he to umitiiouei aforesaid it directed to flat*
aod report to the c.iurf, with any muter specially Hated, deemed
pertinent ty himself, cr required hy the parties to he >o Haled, aud
Hit court ci tli further order that Jdiu If. Wiuil>i-b do render to
accouul of bis administration of the eitatc of >aid Howlell, before the
•aid commissfl.ti.r, who ■> directed to itetr, leltle end report Ike
•ante, with sty matter specially atalcd, deemed pertinent by bimaclf
or r» nmr ho lha ...ei!.. iI.__» r *
or rirjuired hy the parties to be 10 itated
A copy —Teite, 8AM’L WILLIAMS, Clerk.
*********'*' wiH I'leMe take ootire that I hare appointed
the lrfth day of April ui xf, to lake the accounts di e«ted in the fora
S0,UK order of court, at Halifax courthouse, on which day they arc
required to attend with tbeir papete aud r uchers ready |u, ciami
THUS EA9LY, Commissioner.
uatiuti and aeftleiuclit
Jan. 16. 78— wHw
VIRGINIA.— in Ct.iii-rry. ila'lit.x County, July Ocuit. i830>
Jaicej W. IlnyJ and John Boyd, Piamliffi,
George Greiham, adui’r. of James Bsyd, Sen. and in
hi* own right,John Koulkes, Christian Godty, Francis
Boyd, John Biy I, Sarah Boyd, Ucorge Boyd and
George Adams,' Defendant..*!
rhu cau.e catre on this cj.y lobehea d on the I ill, answer o: the dr.
fendauls, except Gt". Adams, Frauds Boyd and Sarah II yd, exhibit.
anJ txemulation! of witnesses, and the deteudant Sarah Boyd baytne
Hood out all process of eonleoipt, ihe bill n taken a< confessed at
K ,/1! fou,,ll*r»,,uDi 'he court doth adpidee, order aud decree,
that the defendant George Gresham do sender before commnsionar
fca-liy the followsne accuums: an account of hi. admit,istrilioa of
the estate of James Bsyd, Jun. dec., and an account of hia adisiiair
tralion of Ihe estate of James Boyd, Senior, deceased, which
said account elbe said cuoimissione r is diiected to rxsmiue, state, fet
tle and report Ihe same, with any matter specially alaltd, deemed
pertinent by himself, or required by either of the parlies to ba ao
’c*1 j j ,n“ ,l‘* Gouit, doth further adjudge, order and decrac, that
the defendant,John Boyd, do render before Hie same Commiisioaer
an account of bis Guardianship of lha Plaintiffs, who it directad t.
examine, slate, settle, and report the tame to Ihe court in like mao.
ner ; and Ihe Court doth aim adjudge, order and decree, that tbe
same Commissioner do tak. an account between Ihe plaintiffs aud th*
said James liuyd, dec’ll, of his Iraortclions during the petiod he
claimed to he their Guaidiau under the will of James Boyd, jr. die.
ehicli account It* said Coiuuiiisirner is dirscled to report’so |,ka
oaniier j and Ihe court doth further ecljudge, order, and decree,
hat Ine defendant, John Boyd, do render an aee< mint of hia transac
tions, a. eiivut.ir in hia own wrong, of J,m,( ft sr. deaeasec*
helore the same commissioner, who is directed In examine, .late and
reporlthe same in like manuer lo Ihe comt. A Copy, Tesla
Column,inr.ei’. , (Sre, 11 ■ la fa ■ county, i
. . January 12 h,IPS'- t
The part.e. interr-ted will pleax t,k* nni.re, lhal I haw ai P. int
, (be > St la day of April lo commence ibe accouola directed in taa
foregoing order of court—on winch day ihey are required to attend
at toy nfBc e, with their acc ouut* and voucher. ready for eitmioalMO
and acttla ineot, and with' ffi: e ropir. nfthcnecexery court pa peri*
• <0 THO.1. KA8I tY,Coaam*er.
Jan- U- 7* -ntIw
I *30,
Tlmum, II. Walton,
ibeiland county emit, December 27tb,
C Inpl’f.
.''"f.:1 k «"';>]•">, Janiea Si tph n, Marlin U Ilawkea, VTm. A.
m' urlii Ur'"*' p Walton, e*Vr of Tbia.
itfl. Walton, dec’ll Peft'e
Tin. ceiiar came »o thi.day to he hrar.l, Ac. and if appearin'
tltt •Aliifarfiuo of (l:« c »ur( fIt4ii the <»td*r of |/uh icatiuo heretofore
made m thn cao<e araioil the defendant Henry Sulphn, had been
duly complied with* the eon,I doth adj edge, order, and decree, lhal
onr of thecumut’.tionera ol dm court .late and ,o He the partner*
lllip account, of Walton it Sutpluni aln, like an ar count „f all tha
liefit. for which the rai l Wall.. liable, either a. the copartner or
loeurity of the .aid tiutph'n individually, an I report the tame te
Court, w.nh any nutter deemed pertinent ly hie.itlf, or fOquired he
the .aid parlie. to he .peeiady .tated. ’ ’
. A copy. Terte.
.... , , . Caavggarru,*, Jen. Bth, 1831.
The perfiei inteee.ted will plea.e lake notice,Ibn I have appoint*
el III* llth day A March n»«l, to coo,rpei,ce the account directed
hy lot fOregon.* order of court| on which il.y, al 5) ,’clo, k, (hey or#
required to attend at my offi e In thi. place, with iheir hook., ac*
contitfy An I touch*n, rea«If for tiisioitioii an«l lettlem* nt, and with
• rntf «tpifl of the iiere.'iHry court paper*.
*th- 10 9a~"lw> JOHN DANIEL, Jr. Commit.ruuer.
I ?A«h,u‘?‘TlxKi!<|V'“|,» Ccon')' Couil, January 10th, l»91
1 Agaliat ’ "r"J L'J°r’ fr,t tliSr#.
Marjaret Poiud»ti*r, ffiehola. J. Poindeater, (fun M Quarto
and Mryhu Wife, Who w„ M..y J Poindeater’, Lee. 3. Pomdaa.
ter, Job" P indeiter, WaHer 8. I’»i»riea|er, John 8. Pnudeiter,
William H pomdeiter, Mildred Pnnrfvaler, William q. Pomdta
er, J .ho U. Poindexter, Nichcla. Jame. Puiudeiler, ffeorgr Pain
deatcr, Henry Pomdeiter, Tb«ui< Johmon, and Sarah hit wife
who wiit Sarah Poind,*'ee, and Pat,re Poindexter, Drfffe. *
Tha defendant., John Poind,iter, John 8 Poind.ytt, William
K Poindeater, and Mildred Poindr aler, not having entered their
appearance, and given aenurrty according to law, .and the rule* of
thu Court; and it appeanoe te the aaliifartmn of Hue Court,,kvt the*
ar« n 4 inhabitant. ,.f (hi. State, On the nvMlon of Ih, cl
their Oonnsvl, it i. Ordered, that (he .aid John Poind, ate. fuhn K
Poind, aler, William R. Pnmde.ier, aed Mildred (’• in,tealer, appear
here on the let day of April Court neat, and aorwe, rhe hill Ji m
Plaint,8. ; and that a c ,, of (h.a ,„de, h, f nlhw lh lawriY.d I
•ome new.p.per nnMi.he/in Ih. Crt, of R„h.. ,7f„ tZ lioi*
j.n.aa, «i-w*w John hontbr,

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