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Tba Legislature, by nompaut la ISM, obtsiuod firua
the Old Jamea River Company, a aurreuder of their rights in the improvement of the river, by paying to tho Stock haldera therein, the amount of sixteen thousand eight hun dred dollars per annum, up till the 1st Jan. 1832, and tho aihount of twenty-one tlwusand dollars per annum, forever afterwards, with a view to the prosecutiou of the work bv die State. J Tho various improvcinonts since effected are well known; and that their cast »u far exceeded any ustimate which had been formed, that it was judged advisable to stop in the prosecution thereof, as it did not appear that the tolls had been much iucreased in consequence of what had been done.' Much of the ill success attendant upon this business, may be ascribed to the novelty of the undertaking in this coudtry, and want of skill in tho conductors; hut more than all, to the vacillating policy of the country, mid which may still be expected to follow It, unless a change can be made, and tho work he conducted under happier auspices. —To effect this, 1 would propose, that the Legislature should incorporate a joint stock company, with a capital of five millions of dollars, for the purpose of forming a con nection between tho James and Kanawha rivers, l>y good navigation and roads, so as to command a free and" unin terrupted communication between the Eastern and West ern waters:—That the State should take two-lifths of the capital therein, and that it should sell out to tho company its interest in the improvements made on (ho James ami Kanawha river*, aiul Kanawha road, at a lair valuation, which should be received by tho company at such valua tion, as part payment of tho two-lifths to bo subscribed by the State. To come at tho value of the improvements, l take their cost, and the revenue arising from them, as follows, viz: The $21,000, pay able annually to the stockholders of the ojd James River Company from 1st January, 1S32, 1 es timate at an interest of 6 per cent., os a capital of , $350,000 I ho lower James river canal to Lowry’s croek and river bed, at 610,113 12 The llluo Ridge canal also, at cost, 368,401 64 The Kanawha road do 176,190 04 Tho Kanawha river do 91,766 72 Forming uu aggregate of $1, 626.501 52 Tho nett profits derived from tolls and rents for the year 1830, as per the Second Auditor’s Report, from which I deduce the foregoing data, amounted to $56,615 19, being a little under 3 1-2 per cent, on the whole amount of cost; but as tho revenuu lor the year 1830 exceeded that of any preceding year, by about six thousand dollars, it might bo fair to estimate the nett revenue at fifty thousand dollars annually, which I should deem equivalent to the payment of one million towimls-the subscription of tlic State, as 1 doubt not that loans may be obtained by the State at 5 per cent. On these premises; I think there is every reason to be lieve, that the remaining threo millions‘might be sub scribed itk tho course of the present year, provided a char ter wa* offered on such terms as might hold out suitable inducements. As many persons, having money -to spare, cannot get along without an interest therefrom, and as a fluctuating or uncertain income, during an indefinite period, perhaps ton years, while the works were in progress, might ho con sidered in the light of no income at all, I would propose that dividends be paid to the subscribers semi-annually of two per cenWtill the time when the improvements, at least as far as Covington, should be completed; and after1 that] time, that the subscribers or stockholders, should be entitled to dividends of all the nett profits forever, (ill they exceeded eight per rent, per an num, and when the nett profits should exceed eight per cent, per annum, that the surplus should 'be laid out in such further improvements, as the stockhold ers might conceive would promote their advantage, or that'ol the State; or in lieu thereof, that they should so graduate their tolls, by favoring such articles as could least bear them, as to bring down their nett revenue to an amount equal to the payment of eight per cent, on the ca pital stock, and no more. In order that the funds subscribed might not he hurthen «d by the payment of dividends before the works were completed, as before mentioned, I would propose that a judicious augmentation uf tolls, by a new tariir, should commence.on the first of January next. 1 understand from thftjreports of the principal Engineer, that live cents per ton pFr mile, would he a rate sufficient ly low for transportation on a canal: this rate, however I suppose to include the tolls to the Company, and the freight to the boatmen: therefore, until the Company un dertake to become carriers, I would propose to allow the Company no more than three cents per toil per mile, for f° n,,u1. ns their canal or rail-road might be usad, in addition to such tolls as might be thought to bo fair and proper for the use of the river only; and that as tar as the transportation was exclusively within the canal, the tolls “V-eusc ol the canal only should be collected. To illustrate my meaning more clearly, I will state that the tonnage carried up and down the river, rated at about tons for 1SaJ* I,aid la tolls the gross sum of $58,777 22. ° The same amount of tonnage, according to my plan rwould pay as follows:— Suppose half the tonnage taken in below Maiden’s Ad venture locks, should pay for an average distance of 20 miles, at 3 cents per ton per mile, the amount would * . * . * * * - $15,000 And suppose half taken in above Maiden’s Adven ture kicks should pay four-fifths of the old toll for the use of the river, say - - 33 600* And also for 28 miles of canal, at 3 cents per ton per mile - 21,000 Tlic’ft would form no aggregate of ‘>•159,000 <V, about eleven thousand dollars more than is produced by the present tariff. Again; suppose the canal was extended a distance of 10 miles, and that half the tonnage was taken in and carried on the canal an average distance of 30 miles, at the same rate per ton per mile as before, tint product would *)C * - - - §22 5U0 And the other half in on the river aborts, would ’ pay for liver toll at three-fourths the old toll, 31,500 And also for lorty miles of canal toll - - 30,000 In all 81,000 I fins, lor twelve miles of additional canalling, which at twenty thousand dollars per mile would amount to $240,000, there would he an increase in tolls of about $14,400, with out making allowance for any increase of the trade while thu Work was carrying on. liy due attention totlie amount of tolls now collected, and what might he expected to re sult from the increase thereof, in the manner before sta toil, I think it will he scon that 1 have ntatlc adequate provision for the payment of the annual dividends of 4 per 1 cent, without touching (he capital; as an equivalent in- j crease in tolls, I think, might be expected to bo tlie gene ral result, while the work was in progress, at least as far as Lynchburg. Whilst on this part of my .subject, 1 think it proper to observe, that cn reference to the List of Articles, winch paid toll on the lower section of the .fames Kivi r C anal, during the year ending Dec. 1839, I find lifty thou sand tons is far below the aggregate, as the articles of to bacco, wheat, flour, corn and coal alone brought down will form an aggregate of upsvardsof sixty-two thousand tons, without taking into account the iron, stone, wood, plank, he. or any part of the ascending trade; but, notwith standing this,and that I made my calculations as on fifty thousand tons, because I saw that the coal and other arti cles taken in below Maiden’s Adventure locks, would form a considerable part of the tonnage, I am doubtful whether a t°H of three cents per ton per mile for the use of a Janies Inver t anal, or even five cents per ton per mile for trans portation on a rail-road, will be sufficient to compensate lor (lie expense of making and keeping them in repair, al ter passing Lynchburg; as, not withstanding lh« increase of trade, which may be expected from increased cultivation, i and a development of new sources of revenue, yet I fear that for tome lime it can scarcely In; expected, there will be so much trade above Lynchburg, as will afford a sulli- I cient remuneration for such expensive improvements: therefore I incline lo the opinion, that the company ought to be at liberty lo form tariffs of lolls, suited to the times ! ami the circumstances of their operation, and that their ta- 1 riffs should undergo a revival once in every three, or five years at farthest, that they might be modified by experi ence, and the changes produced by time and clrcumstan cc*. I make tins suggestion, because I sro no danger that the ! company would abuse Ibis liberty, while restricted to! making nnnii.il dividend* of 4 nor cent, only till tlie work was completed, and no more than 8 percent, at any peri od thereafter. It lirj't been suggested to Aic, by persons who have a better right to understand the inclinations of this Legislature than I can pretend to, that they would 1 prefer giving up this work altogether loan incorporated company, without the State’s taking any interest therein, to their taking two-lifths interest, even on being allowed a fair valuation for the work already done. On this plan, I do not think the work ran proceed for various reason*. Can it bo believed, that future Legislature* would be satisfied with an act, whereby this Legislature had aban doned works which had cost the State so much, without an equivalent? Might it not, therefore, be expected, that It! i *»sunn"e**» cvcn*upposcd, deviation from the terms of their f..barter, they might he arrested in their progress, and thus a stop, perhaps, ho put to all future proceedings/— < an * fiiib.Mn iption, even at homo, be obtained to any i amount, if such apprehension* are entertained? Will not I subscription* abroad depend entirely on the confidence entertained at home? Why shoul.1 the. State abandon the work, if it I* one which is likely to he conducive to the prospenty of the Commonwealth, and to he beneficial to the S.oekhohlers? Is it not perfectly compatible with the view* of former Legislatures, that the State should take two-fifth* interest in great works of Internal Improve i ment and public utility? y i I trust, therefore, this idea will be abandoned. I^t this great and valuable enterprise proceed, under a Charter containing fair and honorable provisions, and terms safe ’t’or, the fo!I ffi 1* *0 cfi*7ehac€‘9 VVh• tf ru,., •f *• foliar#. ’ * r'cx"' aud Mfv.iuf»K«di<« to all pa, (<•*. nil ! such a* (hall bauiih all want ol coufulroce in its operation*. Lot (lie State either choose two-fifths of the Directors,1 or let the vote of the State bo os two-tilths in tbo choice ot the whole. Let other Stockholders vote according to tho amount or their Stock; for, in a work of this kiud, it would he improper to let small Stockholders defeat those w ho took the greatest interest in it, iu the choice of Di rector*, Engineers, 8tc. 1 hough I have Of late read with some degree of at tention our Principal Engineer's Reports, iudLsoiiio essays on the subject of Internal Improvement, I confess myself lar from haVing made up my inind, as to tho test course of carrying on the improvement in contemplation; and as perhaps a great many others may In; in the same sitpation, I 1 would suggest that the Company be left at liberty to adopt such plan or plans ol improvenient, ns, alter due in quiry into the subject, mny appear to them most eligible; more especially as it may appear best to adopt caii'aliii" lor part ol the distauco, rail-roads for another part, and even an improved and well-graduated turnpike might, for a number of years, l>c dcorned sufficient between Coving ton and Charlestown. For my own part, till more instruct ed by experience, I am not disposed to throw away all that has been done—Therefore, f would propose the immediate extension of the Canal Irotu Maiden’s Adventure to the Rivannu river, of the same width and depth vs that below; and also the immediate commencement of a Rail-Road Irom Lynchburg towards Covington, along I ho valley of James River, crossing the river with the Rail Road, oil bridges, at such points as nature might direct for facilitat ing the road, and giving advantage to the circumjacent country. By udoptiug this course, it would be ascertained, by the time the Canal could reach the Rivanua River, whether it was best to continue tho Canal from tho Ri vanu.t to Lynchburg, or to adopt the Rail-Road between these two points; and I should then be for immediately ad> pting that which was found nidst expedient, as in the moan time the route for either might be explored and lo cated by competent Engineers, and the trade of the Ri vanna River, ns tar up as it is or can he made navigable, would be accommodated all the way to Richmond, without the necessity of transhipment mi mmiii as a junction could be made between the Canal and the Rivanna. iMttpie examination of wliat 1 have written, will shew ,hat in my scheme 1 have been attentive to the in teiest of stockholdcr9»-by providing for them annual divi 'Tenasof four u'er cent, on their subset iptions, from the time ol payment till the work is 1'mUhc.l, ami thut, without (as I verily believe) encroaching on the capital; and to ensure this, I would further propose, that the capital should be rcccivod by instalments of nut mure than one-tilth or one Imirth at most annually, unless U was satisfactorily ascer tained thut a large amount could he laid out annually, in the most advantageous manner, and after the completion of the undertaking, that their dividends might annually amount to as much as eight per cent., which, when realized, It doubt not, would enable such us were disposed to sell ou their stock, to obtain double the original amount lor it; as 1 think it probable that the time is not far distant, when a well-secured lour per cent, stock will command uur at least. r It may be asked whether, in my zeal for the benefit of those who may become stockholders, I have not last sight | ol the interest of the Public.—A few wonts will suffice to shew that I have not been inattentive to this. I presume the lowest average of expense attending the, transportation of producu and merchandize, (in which is I included river tolls, freight, und finding to boatmen,t from Lynchburg to Richmond, has Dpt, during any year! come under two shillings per hundred pounds, or $7 tti per ton; whereas the highest rate I pivpaso to be charged,is only hv^cenU per ton per mile, or about seven dollars per ton, from Lynchburg to Richmoiid, shewing a diminution liv ely plan in the cost of transportation, when estimated at its lowest average, whereas, if I am correctly informed, the average expends will more generally exceed two shil lings and three pence per hundred pounds nett: and if the expense is lessened from Lynchburg to Richmond, it will be found to lie reduced in a still greater proportion at the I places intermediate, ns it is believed that the freight from : Lynchburg to Richmond, (slower in proportion than at any of the intermediate places, on account of the distance and the greater quantity of back loading, &c. lint the reduction ot the co»f of transportation in valua ble goods and produce, is the smallest of the advantages that will bo derived from the successful completion of this j work. The risk of damage during transportation, will be ; greatly reduced, as is fully evinced by the use of the canal so far as it is already made. Immediate dispatch also in sending forward at convenient seasons, with an almost ab- ! solute certainty as to the time ofarrival, may then lie re'- I lied on, in place of waiting as formerly for high tides to | forward, and great uncertainty as to tho time of arrival, i which still prevails to such a degree, as to induce many i farmers and planters to send their crops to be sold by Com- ! mission Merchants, that they may not be exposed to the i trouble and expence of waiting at Richmond au iadefmito time for their arrival. me Dcnenu resulting from it will also bo diffused! through all parts of the country within striking distance of the river, as it will ufford encouragement to making turn- I pike roads to the river, by which the quantity of wagon age will lie greatly reduced. A particular illustration of this mny he found in the ScotUville memorial, which show* ! that a graduated turnpike has carried a great increase of' produce to that place, and thereby has enabled ihc form- I ers, who in part do tliuir waggonage themselves, to extend ' their cultivation; so that in the coutsc of a few years, it is 1 not improbable hut that the lands convenient to that road, i will double their present amount of produce, and conse quently he greatly enhanced in value; and similar effects I may he expected from all quarters similarly situated. An- ' other important advantage, while the work is carrying on, will of course ensue: that it will turnish employment to la- \ borers and mechanics, and thus he the means in a great \ degree, of removing pauperism from amongst us;—the al most inseparable atte ndant of idleness and dissipation. I would farther observe, that after the stock is suhsrrib- | ed, and the plans ol execution are determined on, no time ' ought to be lost, in pushing forward the work with as much j dispatch as possible; for it appears to mo from the present ' condition of our country, we may rather look forward to an advance in the. prices of labour, provisions, and other necessaries, than to a decline; and consequently that the work may he dono soon, on better terms, than at an after period. I (i conclude—I have to observe that the present time is more propitious for procuring subscriptions to this work; as while the General Government is paving off its debt, there must he a great deal of money seeking for safe and profitable investments. I cannot, therefore, doubt, hut that the funds necessary will readily he procured, if the Legislature will only incorporate a company with suitable (lowers to carry on the work, and to establish from time to time, such tariffs of tolls, as will insure the dividend I have proposed. And be it observed, that by the establish rnent of suitable tariffs, the most ample security will he afforded that the State, after the payment of one liiillion dol lars, will forever he exempted from any additional contri butions on account of the two-liiliis it may subscribe; and will, moreover, participate in the forge dividends lobe ob tained on the completion of the work. SLNLX. FOll THE ENQUIRER. TO THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. ^ ou are assembled for the purpose of enacting laws to ! protect the persons and property, to advance the interests ' and promote the prosperity of your fellow-citizens. This authority, delegated to you, is attended with honor, and its exercise accompanied with responsibility. As guar dians of the public welfare, you will, I doubt not, ma turcly investigate the subjects before yftu, and pass such laws as shall be deemed conducive (o the gloiy and hap piness of your country.—The subject of Internal Improve ment ami the propositions likely to he introduced, in con sequence of the late insurrection, will command much of your attention, and (hey obviously deserve the most seri ous consideration.— Important as these subjects arc, there are others of profound internal to the People of Virginia. At no time, during the last fifteen or twenty years, have our • re lations with (lie Federal Government been more ealeu- ! fated to arrest our attention.—The subject of Hie Tariff and the renewal of the Charter of the United States’ Bank, are before Congress, and I scarcely need say that they arc subjects of absorbing interest to the American People.— In relation to tho / a riff, tho opinion is very prevalent, that it will be greatly modified. That there will he a re duction of duties to some extent, I doulit not—but will that reduction he made on those articles which come into competition with the American manufacturer! If not, there will ho no modification ol that obnoxious principle, against which the Southern States have so long protested. Judging from the past, have we not good reason to believe that efforts will he made in Congress to continue the sys tem of protection, and continue it. too, in such manner as still to paralyze the industry and retard the prosperity of tiie entire South? And nro those who decry the Tariff, on the ground of unconstiliitinnalily and impolicy; those who feel the burdens and oppressions of tho restrictive system, j willing to fold their arms and exclaim, that remonstrance ! is of no avail—that they are prepared to submit, with j “passive obedience,” to the exactions of Northern avarice 1 and cupidity! I cannot—I will not, believe it. The Peo- 1 pie of the Southern States have asserted, and are right in j asserting, that Congress possesses the power t« impose duties for revenue purposes, and that the incidental and collateral Incitement thereby afforded, is the only en- ; coiirageinent which can ron-titut$r>nnlly he extended to 1 the manufacturers of the l nited States. The right to i pass a law avowedly and professedly to encourage tfomos- | tic manufactures, had been repeatedly denied by Virginia and other States ol the Union, tn its practical effects, it i makes no difference whether a power granted lor one spe- j eiftc purpose he perverted and abused for another purpose, or a power assumed which has been retained. Under the operation of the Tariff' laws, the Southern j States have Buffered, and will continue to suffer, unless the j American Congress abandon a system which conflicts with < the equal rights of the people—a system condemned by [ tbe most eminent political economists of the day, and one which is the stigma and the opprobrium of this enlightened age. The policy adopted by the Government ol the U. Slates tends inevitably to rootrol and direct the pursuits of the different chases of the community, create animosities, excite distrust \uJjealousy, and alienate those who shouki bo endeared to each other by all tho associations which 'cement and unite socioty. The Statesmen of lids Coun try should bear in mind the immutable truth, that Con federacies, composed of independent and Sovereign States, ■ cumin united so long, and no louger, than the union is productive of reciprocal advantage, happiness and security. Hence the necessity of exercising power with caution, forbearance and moderation. If our Union should ever be dissolved, (which Heaven forbid!) in consequence of that legislation, which is so sectional and unjust—that species ol legerdemain which attempts to establish na tional independence and augment national wealth, by im poverishing the South to enrich tho North, much us wo should deplore tho event, we should Mill enjoy the con scious reflection, that we hail endeavored to avert the evil, and that the censure was due to other*—no! to us. The preservation of our Union iiof infinitely more importance to the happiness of tho American Family, than the success and triumph ot any experiment, let that experiment be what it may; and that man is a political fanatic, who w dll Id endanger the tranquillity of this Country and the existence ol our Confederacy, In testing thu practicability of unphilosophical and visionary schemes. rernni us, now-over, to Impo, that the perpetuity of our Goveruiuciit will not bo long hmttrdpil on account of the 1 arid. Let us indulge the anticipation, that Con"ro«a w ill leel a returning sense of justice—that the Represen tatives of the Southern States will reiterate tho inviola bility of that Constitution, w hich is ba.od upon the pure principles ot an equalization of benefits and an coualiza lion ol burdens. Let us indulge the hope, (hat the Le gislature of V irgmia is composed of men, who ore ani mated by the elevated patriotism and inspired with that moral courage which characterized Uieir ancestors Let us indulge the hone, dial they will not decline expressing the sentiments of those whom they represent—that thev will not allow the people of the United States to think, that wo have abandoned our principles from despair or from a conviction that they are unsound and untenable.’ I bo time has arrived, w hvn it becomes those who con sider tiro Bank ol tho United States unauthorized bv the Constitution, to coitio forward and express their views uu on tins momentous subject. Application for a renewal ol the charter, haa been recently made to both Houses ol the Congress. 1 here is no power assumed bv Con gross, which is exercised with less do fere nee and regard lor tlic instrument which enumerates and defines tl^ powers delegated to Congress, than that of incorporating” Bank. I ho power of erecting corporations, is not enuino rated among the rights relinquished by tho Slates; neither u the power to fabricate and circulate a paper currency delegated to the Congress of tho United States The* right to “ coin money, regulate tho value thereof and fix the standard ol weights and measures,” is ono tilin '- hut to make paper (the representative of money,) current throughout the United Slates, is another and a totally ddlerent thing. No man who is not biassed by self inter est, or misled by the dangerous argumeut ol expediency can readily conceive how the power to “ coin money” U synonmious with the power to faluicato paper, or that it comprehends and includes tl.c latter.—In the Convention winch framed the Constitution, propositions wore made to confer upon Congress the authority to erect corporations— hut they were all rejected, ll w as proposed to giant the power to establish a National Hank—but it was warmly op posed ami rejected also.' The right ol Congress to im-irpo rate a Bank, was id ways considered unconstitutional by Mr. JcUerson. and for a long period, so considered by the ve nerable Madison. In the emphatic and expressive conclu sion of tho speech delivered by Mr. Madison in 1791 against tlic Bank of tho United Stales, ho observed that the |>owcr was “Condemned by thosilenco of the Constitution:” “ Condemned by the rule of interpretation uriiiar out of the Constitution:” “ Condemned by its tendency to destroy the main cha racteristic of the Constitution:” “ Condemned by the expositions of the. friends of the Constitution, whilst depending before the public:” “ Condemned by the apparent intention of the par ties which ratitied (lie Constitution:” “ Condemned by the explanatory amendments proposed by Congress themselves to (lie Constitution:” “ And ho hoped it would receive its final condemnation by the vote of the House.” At that time, 1791, Mr. Madison acted in concert with the republican party, and was disposed to confino the ope rations of the Federal Government within the sphere ol its legitimate functions. He has recently changed his opinions, and now supports the Bank upon the score of precedent and expediency; judicial and legislative sane- ! lion! “Oh! most lame and impotent conclusion.” Much as the intellectual vigor and moral worth of the Ex-Prcsi dent arc to be admired, 1 cannot think of the late change of his views, without surprize and regret. And shall the reasons lately urged by Mr. Madison.be adopted and acted upon by the Representatives of Virginia? Are they pre pared to say, that the day lias passed—that the question of the constitutionality of the Bank is res «d/Wic<ifa—that tlic cxerciso of the power has been approved of by a in a juiilyof the States, and that we arc hound to acquiesce ? No; 1 hope not. I trust that they will reject tho argu ments ol precedent and expediency, and proclaim to the people ol this l. nion, that no practice cgn sanction error, no length of time consecrate usurpation. 4J , , BUCKINGHAM. *»«*.Jtfler«t>n’s Works, 4th vo! , pago 5-'C. FOR THE ENQUIRER. TO THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA. Recent occurrences, whcli it is as unnecessary as it is painliil to mention, seem to render it a matter of policy as well as of necessity, that your attention should bo di rected towards the adopting of such measures as would tend to revive the military spirit which, for some time past, has been in a languishing sialu in Virginia. It is perhaps well known to most of you, that the last Legislature did little or nothing to etiect this object; Tor mu mg the timed its session, there seemed to be no ne cessity, and the CflFct was rather to depress than to pro mote the condition of the militia. For my part, 1 do not apprehend any immediate danger from Hint unfortunate and deluded portion of our population, with which it seems to be our fortune to tie so sorely afflicted, but am sirongly inclined to the opinion, that it would be well if some more energetic system of militia regulations were practised, by w hich flic number of musters would be Increased, and the discipline of the military thereby promoted. The writer of this article, Ins had it much in his power to ascertain the sentiments ol Commandants of Regiments and other military officers,on this subject—Most of then, spoke in terms of disapprobation, and some declared it as their in tention to resign the commissions they held, unless a prompt and suitable rc-organizniion ol the militia system were speedily effected. Iljsccms to me, tinder all the cir cumstances, useless to enlarge on the subject of it« im portance; since sound and conclusive arguments will be apparent to every reflecting mind, by which w ill he seen the necessity of a preparation adapted to any emergency which might arise in the country. WASHINGTON. 3 COMMUJS 'ICJl TK D. POLITICAL ECONOMISTS. If our Political Economists wore as much interested about devising the most judicious .anil most frugal manner for conducting the necessary duties of our federal adminis tration, ns they nre hy unnecessarily intermeddling with "i® economy of individual enterprise, they might then have some claim to that too much-abused appellation—a Politiral Economist. Their intermeddling with individual indus try and enterprise, is a gross perversion, an unjustifiable ami unconstitutional assumption of power, which cannot he too speedily arrested. To be silent on such an oeca*ion, would be committing treason against the Union. To be silent, when there ii a corrupting power unknown to the Constitution, offering rewards and punishments to those who are opposed totliis assumed power-—the exercise of which is conducted on the principles of low ambition and sordid avarice—would be treachery to the People. It would be superfluous to pourtray the advocates for bounty Tariffs, a national Bank,restrictions and unnecessary pub- I lie expenditures. These men have embraced the cxplo- I ded logic of writers on political economy, who lived under the aristocratic governments of Europe. They have over looked what Adam Smith says on bounties—“That any branch of pursuit that is unprofitable for individual enter prise, cannot he profitable by govcntnctit giving a bounty for its encouragement.” Nevertheless, our would-be Po litical Economists, acting upon this system, have unblush ingly baptized it “The American System.” But wliat H most astonishing, is, that the people of the several Slates should have conducted themselves with so much philosophical moderation, when (hero has been so much cause for lliscord. No doubt, the approaching natural death oi the Tariff, hy the extinguishment of the national debt, Is the best reason that can be assigned for that for bearance.—Shall wo be disappointed? Will Mr. Clay have it hi his power to defeat tho wishes of the South, and the interests nf the People, hy Ids recent Resolution? Will the Senate countenance such a scheme? Can the House of Representatives, the immediate agents of the People, subscribe to such a bill of “Abominations?” it is impossible. Mr. Jolm Quincy Adams will not, we are told—He sees the danger the ship Is in—He hears the breakers that are roaring ahead of her—He has no inter ests of ambition now to obscure his vi«ion, or*to form a party for Ins own elevation at the expense of his country, (loon, and tranquillize the South, ami receive the plaudits of a grateful country ! A SENTINEL A proportion of th^ people of MrrMcnhnrg rounty having with deep,regret seen the course puf*<icdnnd the doctrines promulgated hy the Richmond Enquirer, upon the all-important subject* of Emancipation and Internal Improvements, called a public meeting, which was held at BoydtODfin the Court House, on Monday the IDth inrt., which was very numerously and respectably attended— Col. Sami. I/. I/©rkott, of Richland, who had, in the early part of the day, in a very long, able, and eloquent address to the people, stated the object of the Intended meeting, wes called to the Chair, and Wm. R. Baskerville appoint ed Secretary. On motion of Col. Peyton R. Burwell, the following gentleman were appointed from the Chair, a Committee to prepare a Preamble end Resolution*. vi*: Char!** Bas kervlilo, Win. Towe*«, Dal id Rbelteo, Edward R. Chain b«r*, John Cobb, Peyton R. BurweU. Wesley W. Young, and Robert Moore, and by unanimous consent, at the sug gestion o£ some gentleman present, tho Chau man was added to the Committee. After a short recess the Committee presenter! the fol ing, each Resolution of which was put, and unanimously agreed to. The pcopleof Mecklenburg had seen intiie newspapers a good deal on tho subject of what ought to bo done with tho free pcopio of color, bolero tho mcctiugoftho General Assembly, but they regarded it as oul pourings of the feel ings which' had grown out of tho affair of Southampton, riiey saw, too, that some Quakers had petitioned the Lo gisla'uro to pass a law fori lie gradual emancipation of our slaves. All ibis they looked at with iiidiiroreuc'r, suppos ing no man in Uiu Slate could be iound mad enough serious ly to consider of tho proposition*. When they saw that n Urge majority of tho House of Delegates consented to re fer the petition of tho Quakers to a Committee, (thereby admitting the justice and propriety, uud practicability, ot what was asked, as we humbly think.) as mere courtesy to tho petitioners, they did uot for a moment believe that any respectable number of person*, in or out of the House, could be found seriously to discuss and consider of a pro position so manifestly impracticable; so injurious to the owuers, and to the slaves themselves, and so alarming to the safely of properly and persons. When, however, they saw, by the “Signs ol the Times,” that more might grow ontol this mistaken courtesy to the Quaker;, than they had supposed possible, they still hoped und belie vedlbat the good sense of the Legislature, and tho good feeling and 1 justice ot their lellow-cilizen* at large, was a safe guaran tee that all Would be well. But, when they saw the Edi tors ot the leading print of Virginia unequivocally declare themselves, in their number ol the 7th iust., the fricuds, it not the champion.*, ot the balelul doctrine ot cmaiicip iiiou, they felt alarmed lor the safety ol their families, persons and property; and indignant, that those Editors, whom they had suppmted through good as well as evil report, should become their worst enemies, ut a time when they required the exertions ol their best friends. J ficir Sdnntor, Nathaniel Alexander, Ksij. with a man i Ilno.-S Hitd Independence, with a fidelity mid promptitude (for Which'we cannot be too grateful, and of whom wo Idol proud,) has laid before us tho schemes and machina tions of otir eucmics, and warned us of our danger, l'or this, he has been assailed by the Editors of tho Enquirer, ami by them held tip fo the scorn and contempt of the People ol Virginia, a< a proscribe!' of the press, and an enemy ol the freedom of opinion. Wc shall not enter itilo a discussion w ith those editors, to she w whether thov are the friends of the whites or the friends of the black's. This much we think wearo safe in assuming, that they are not the friends ol the whites, who own the blacks, and there fore not our friends—neither will wc stop to enquire hew much others may be bene tit ted or injured, nor what thiser that great or little man may write, think, or speak on this subject. The occasion not calling for it, we shall not give our reasons at large, lor what we feel called on to do; nor scud forth a laboured essay on the rights of pro perty, the rights of the press, the freedom of opinion, or on any other topic whicli a full discussion of tho subject might require—neither do we interfere with any thing of a personal character between these Editors and our Sena tor, if there ho any. But we proclaim it “irumpcMonvu* ed” to the Editors of the Enquirer, to the Sute of Virgi nia, and to tho whole world, that wo arc tho enemies even unto death, ol all men, whether editors of newspapers, members ol tho Assembly, er of any otherLcgislative body or canting philanthropists, who shall, directly or indirect ly, undertake to rob us of our property, in our slaves, by word, act, or deed—nor will we be w heedled by any insi dious promise of compensation which shall he offered. On the subject ol the loan now pending in the House of Delegates, wc take this occasion also to express our opin ions. If money is to be borrowed on the credit of the State, to ho expended in the improvement of particular sections of country; and topay the interest thereon.and to re imburse the principal thereof, the property of all the citi zens is to be liable; what is it hut taking away one man’s money and giving it to another? We understand it is pro posed to borrow eight millions. The interest w hereof at live per cent, is lour hundred thousand dollars. To Ui-1 vide this sura amongst nil the counties equally, would com pel us to pay annually, upwards of three thousand dol lars; and it it be apportioned according to population it would be four thousand dollars per annum.—Wo having no interest in tho improvements contemplated, w hat right have any men to make us twenty cents poorer every year, that others in ay he an hundred cents richer every year? j As we never havo complained, so we never will coin- J plain of any fair, equal and necessary tax or contribution (or tho good ol the State—bat we protest against construct ing roads, or cutting down mountains for the benefit of a few olour fellow-citizens. Resolved, therefore. That the thanks of this mcctin", of tho district, and of the slave-holders ol the State arc due to our Senator, Nathaniel Alexander, for the manly, inde pendent aud patriotic stand he has taken—and, for our selves, die same are hereby cordially tendered him. Resolved, i hat the thanks of this meeting be and they are hereby tendered to our representative, William O. (*oo<ie, ior liis independent and manly course in opposition fo the petition fbefore the legislature upon the subject ol slaves apt free negroes] being referred to a committee. Resolved, 1 bat any' legislation on, or discus-ion of, the emancipation of slaves in \ irginiai, endangering onrsale- j ty, destructive of our property, and an invasion of our lights. I Resolved, That our members of the House of Delegates and our Senator, urc hereby instructed, to vote against,! (in any shape whatever, in which they may be present- I ed,) the emancipation of slaves, or the creation of any loan I on the credit of the State. Resolved, That wo will support no press nor any Editor i of a new-p;q>er, which advocates the emancipation of the slaves; ami that wc w ill u- e our influence and exertions to prevent the circulation ol auy such newspapers an.angst us. liesoleed, That the Editors of'.lie Constitutional Whig and the Petersburg intelligence!* bo requested to publish these proceedings, Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting arc duo to t!ie patriotism and zeal of its Chairman. SAMUEL L. LOCKETT, Chairman. Wii.i.iam It. Uaskerv i i.i.e, Secretary. [1 lie respect which we hear li»“a largo portion of the peo ple of Mecklenburg,” as they style themselves, induces us to lay before our readers (he preceding resolutions. Had they sent them to us in the first instance, their proceed ings should have been promptly inserted in our paper, instead of our being under the necessity of extracting them from anottier journal.—But justice to ourselves, and re spect to the good people of Virginia, require us to sav, that “a Urge portion of the people of Mecklenburg” have taken an unnecessary trouble with regard to this paper. W c can scarcely be deterred from expressing our opinions on an affair of great public concernment, by the Inhumations of the good people of Mecklenburg. W'o should be sorry to lose their good will—Wo respect them ns they deserve —Wc owe thcinour best acknowledgments for the support which Biey have given to us “through good as well as evil report”-—-But we owe also something to ourselves. Weowe something to the independence which a free press should claim in a free country—and wc say it with all due de ference to these gentlemen, that the path of duty wc must continue to tread, not withstanding their (we humbly think extra!scant) denunciations.—W c scorn to propitiate the good will even of “a large portion of the people of Meck lenburg” by the slightest sacrifice of the Liberty of the ' Press. We are as free as they are—We will not lay our own rights ns Citizens of a free Slate—nor our rights as the Editors of a free Press, at the foot of the one or of the many. Wc will neither how to the. dictation of power, nor to tho proscription of a county meeting.—The issue is made up, between us and those who call themselves “a large portion of the People of Mecklenburg.”_ There arc our articles. Here are their charges. The ver dict ofa Virginia Public is to decide, whether for the ills-1 erect expression of an honest opinion, this paper is to be j put under the relentless ban of proscription, (aye, even > untodeath)—and whether, instead of having freemen to' conduct their presses, they should look out only for supple and mercenary slaves.—No men are more willing than we i are lostudy the interests ofotir countrymen—to listen even to their wishes.—None certainly more ready to yield con- i viclion to their reasons, and to acknowledge our error?_; but we should despise ottrs-lves if wo could tamely bow to the denunciations of gentlemen, who resort to clamor,! without condescending to reason. \\ c arc not *o visionary a* to expect tlir n|>prol>ationft( all. ( Italics tile 5th could not make, oven two watches go alike—and how can two minds always think alike ?—- An Kditor, beyond all other men, must he prepared to en counter the severity ol criticism—though certainly we were not prepared to expect from any portion of a free people, so public a proscription of a free prc','>. We meet it, however, without repining and without remorse.—One tiling tre know well, that those who expect to please every hotly will often fail—while those who honestly pursue the course, which they believe to he correct, will frequently succeed in their honorable ends; or, if they should he de feated,^they will still “find in their souls one drop of pa tience.’ If wo cannot obtain the public approbation, we will at least attempt to deserve it. He expressed a very brief opinion upon the lessening of an evil “that has Increased, is increasing, and ought to hr diminished.” The article which we put forth was dis creet and moderate—-We thought so then, and we i think so still, If any opinions have since been advanced by : others, which strike at the strong and inalienable right of the white man in hia slave, are we to blame for that error? If some gentlemen have fallen into any wild scheme of emancipation; if any should disregard those rights of property, which havo been sanctioned for ages by the laws and usages of our land; if they should thus svt the Slave-holders in arms against any mild, and salutary, and most discreet mode of lessening the evil; and throw hack the cause, which they desire to serve, for we know not how many years, shall we be held up as the enemies of the whites?—We scorn to make any appeal to the feelings of the Citizen* of Meekhrnbnrg, but we ttjftow ou retiree upon fhtlr calm sense and just considera tion, and of every man who hears us, whether we can he justly reproeolud with any dispoaitWfo toueh any man'* property—who titer we liavo net uniformly held that the vested rights in slaves wero inviolable; wlwthcr wo have not maintained, thst every slave must be fciirly paid fin; not by “insidious promise* of compensation;" but by bn aw plo c(4mivalciit at a fair valuation; that before lu? in <Jt»pci t e<i, he must bo purchased; and that not the hair of a slave’s Hoad must bo touched, without the free, voluntary, cheer uil assent of his lawful proprietor? Many will, >vo have j no doubt, be freely ©tiered lor transportation by the owners. Several will ho h:tt at the option of the Slato by ilia dying master But all beyond these, must bo paid for, at a full I price and fund a shookl be ruisod, at the public and general ! ex pence, and in other ways to purchase, to transport I the young men and femule*;— thus to keep down the | increase, und reduce by degrees this otherwise grow mg evil. Unless some such scheme as this is adopt ed, the thing never ran he dene; a»d nil discussion h unavailing. It is worse—it sets section against see- i tion—niati^ against man—and brother nocdle^ty .'nfc.dnst ‘ brother. The angry passions will be roused—neat in- < terests will b>c jeopardised—and Eastern Virginia will al ways raise her voice and her hands against unv such »i tempt. ilie Citizens of Mecklonburg nny itvlo us, if i!mv please, tho friends of tho hlaclu. We nflbct n-»,uch phi lanthropy.—'1 lie title is .just us much misplaced, us to cull us the enemies of the whites. We have too many inter ests ofthis sort st stake ourselves—and have too ninny dear friends, whoso interests are deeply pledged upon this subject, not to feel a sympathy in the case of every slave holder around us—not to move in thh subject without all the circumspection and precaution in our pow er. e have said thus much in sheer justice to otwiolvos. We say so much to-day, because wo arc very !o‘h indeed to <poak on such a subject, and in such a Strain hereafter. These Mecklenburg proceedings sp -»k nl-o very harsh Ivof the measures w hich are supposed to he prosecuted in the Legislature for tha cause of Internal Improvement. They speak ol u loan of eight millions to he taken up hv t?ie State. Such a one uny have been mentioned—but it has never been our lot to hear It.—Will they do iis the fa vor to read the very sensible scheme, which we lay be fore our readers tin's day, from an experienced and able pen? 'I hey will see hour far moil of sons.* are willing to carry the State lot the sake of the greet Wc«tcin Commu nication.—-If the ideas ol these gentlemen litid prevailed elsewhere, where would Ik\vo been the limnd Canal ol N. York, the Canal of Ohio, or the Turnpike and Hail Hoads of Pennsylvania?—Virginia hat fallen behind softie ol tho States—And it is fltiia for her to be up and a-doing.J »u*ffiiiisi U^iMaluru. HOUSE OF DELEGATES- ' Friday, Jan. 20. Mr. McCuc submitted the following remark* upon the presentation of a memorial signed by 215 gf the Indie* ol Augusta—praying the adoption of measures for the abo lition ol slavery tiom tlie Commonwealth: Mr. Speaker: I feel it to be my duty as well ns my pri vilege, to bring this subject to the consideration of |he i House.—The number and character of the subscribers to i this memorial, entitles it intention—and I am authored to state, from a loiter which I received from a highly cs tcemed and much valued friend, accompanying Hie me morial, that if an opportunity had been a Honied, it would have been much more nuiiicrousry subscribed by the ladies ol tlie county; and coming, ns it does, from a county otvn iug one-tenth of the entire slave population west of the mountains 1 do hope that it will receive the respectful consideration to which it is entitled, and that It <pill be re ferred. The memorialists do not wish to mingle in the political transactions of the country, but they have an uiiqueslion-1 able tight to be beard on a subject so deeply iiitcres'ing to I themselves and their posterity, as well as the community 1 generally. That slavery ha curse, is conceded by nil.— | 1 bis c\ il they have long felt, and it is daily increasing in 1 strength, and numbers. Daily and hourly exposed c\on in ! their households to objects ol fear, reared'and sustained by I their bounty, they cannot longer “sit under their own vine 1 and lig-trec, with none to make them afraid.” Tlie bloody 1 tragedy of Southampton, lias awakened horrors that appal the stoutest heart; but to females, exposed as they arc, t j presents horrors tenfold more terrible. i I hey call upon tins lfou>c, through me, as one of their ^ | Representatives,—as legislators, parents,fathers, husbands ! and brothers, to arrest this desolating scourge—like the lo custs of Egypt, threatening to devour ail that is green,' and all that is lovely—by providing a speedy and an edi- j cient remedy. They tell you that iliey lovoVirginia, their ! own native State, their mountain*, their green Kills and val- j leys. It is the laud of their birth, with w hich every tender recollection ol their infancy, as w ell as their advancing years* arc most intimately and iudi'^olulily connected. It is tile land which contains the graves ot their fathers and mothers; hut that all these ties must be torn asunder—* and (bat they shall bo compelled to lly to foreign lands in pursuit of happiness and safety, if something is not .lone to arrest this threatening evil, alike ruinous to their peace and safety, and that of tho .Commonwealth. They entreat I you by all the tender sympathies of their nature, by the love which they bear you, and by their fervent aspira | lions to Almighty God, to exert j our wisdom and indepen dence, in the adoption ol su'-li measures, as in lime will extirpate slavery from tho Slate, ami restore tranquillity to (hem and tiia country. Tuesday, January 24. On motion ol Mr. ('allulier, the election by a joint vote with • lie Senate, of a Siiperir.UunU nt of ll.e Penitentiary 1 uvilution, was lived fjr Saturday the 28th insb On mution of Mr. Broad us, leave was given to bring in a bill to amend an act appointing CiimiiH-ionors to view and mark a way for a road from Thornton'* Cap to the l.itdu River Turnpike. On motion ol Mr. Witcher, the Committee of Claims wus discharged from the further consideration ol the peti tion of Alfred Berkley. Petitions were presented—by Mr. Paniott, of citizens of the county of Ohio tor the passago ol an art to author ize Iho County Court to raise tin additional tax for the erection ol a bridge across Wheeling Creek—by Mr. Par riott and Mr. Fitzhugh, sundry memorials of the same, against the appointment of Commissioners to fix upon a silj tor the seat of justice in said county—by Mr. Fitzhugh, of Charles P. Wells, for the appointment of surveyors to run the dividing line between the counties of Ohio and Tyler—by Mr. Shield, of Win. Kdloc and C. Dnrfey, for permission to build a bridge across the creek se parating James Town Island from the main land, &c._ —hy Mr. Mullen, of the citizens of Wartlensvillc, in the county of Manly, for the incorporation of that town_by .Mr. Williams, of Daniel Kossct, a native ol Switzerland, lor the pasaage of an net authorising him to purchase and’ hold lands in this commonweal'll*—by Mr. Uuiherfoortl, ol Robert Pickett, remonstrating against the incorporation ol ' a Company to construct a Rail Road from Richmond to II tr ' rison's bar, in James River—hy Mr. M arsftaft, dfcitizens ol 1 auquier, for lie; adoption of some measure lonbf.v.ii ihc amendment ol the Constitution of the United States, to as to vest ill the Congress of the United Slates Iho power to purchase and tran <port slaves. 'i ho engrossed bills—In establish (he town of Mounds ville, in the county of Ohio—providing for the payment ot a judgment in favor of James-S. Foley, and Daniel Dugger, wore read a third lime and passed. A report from (he Committee of Propositions and f.'He vanccs, in favor of Iho petition ol inhabitants of the town of Point Pleasant, for (he establishment of a ferry from the land of Robert Roschcrry, acrovs the Oiiioriver, ivasasreed to. The Committee of Claims reported in favor of the peti tion of William D. Merriwathcr, to lie discharged from the payment of certain military lines. Agreed to. ABOLITION OF S LAVEIIY, On motion of Mr. («oode, the Report of the Committee on Slaves, and the amendment oil bred by Mr. Preston, were taken up. Mr. Ooode addressed the House in support of the re pori, and in defence of the course lie had taken, in a speech of about two hours in length—and was followed by Mr. •lories. Mr. Moflre then spoke at coivdderuble length in fe ply to various members. • On motion ol Mr. Bolling, (be Mouse adjourned. Jl'cilnrsttay, .fan. 25, The engrossed bills -to establish a separate election in Goochlanuto amend llio 10;li sectioned llio act to estab lish a Court ol Law and Chancery in each county, tic,_ were read a third time and passed. The Speaker presented a communication from the Go vernor inclo.ing a petition from S. Allison, Consul «>T the U. S ates for llw city oi Lyons in I-'ranee, received through the agency of Gen. Lafayette, for time to pay thedclin- I fluent taxes on certain lands purchased by him ill the Stale of Virginia. Referred to the Committee of Finance. Mr. Ruthcrfoord presented a petition of citizens of Rich- * mond for the Improvement of the navigation ol James Ri ver. from this City to Harrison’s liar. Mr. l’atteson of C., of Beverley Randolph, John Hcth, and others, proprietors of Coal Mines, tol»e incorporated into a joint stock company for carrying on the bittiness of Colliers. On motion of Mr. Crtnnp, the Militia Committee was directed to enquire into the expediency of allowing the officers of Volunteer Companies attached to any Regiment, the right to vote in all election of field officer* In the re spective regiments lo w hich they may he attached. Mr. Ruthcrfoord from the Select Committee, on the j Subject reported a bill to amend several ,els ,for rcgulat- i ingieoculation ami for the prevention of the Biuall pox. j ABOLITION or 8LAVT.RT. * On motion of Mr. Wilson of B., ihe Report of the Com mittee on the Coloured Population, and Mr. Preston’s amendment thereto, was taken up. Mr.. Ruthcrfoord explained the reasons on which he should vote against the amendment. Mr. Bolling addressed Ihe House at much length. Messrs. Patfeson, ol C., Booker, Brodnax, Jones, Ball, Gallagher, Roane, Ghoison, and Moore continued the dr- , hate. . • . . . . • Mr. Rives said ho wished merely do point out Ur tha gentleman from Montgomery, (Mb Preston,) the anoina* yxj* posPioo in which the House was placed by hi* mo tion to amend the report. Mr R. did not heifer* there ! member in Ilia Hou«a who wm ib favor of Icjrfrda ting upon the subject of abolition this year. In saying Mils no did not regret that the debate upon (hr subject hr.d jflken place; on the contrary, ha thought it woulJ be highly beueheiaf. Yet, if this motion wore to be voted upon hh the measure of the fi lends of ubohlioii, this result would happen: it Would bv entered on the journal that iho House voted tor acting this year,—at the same time every mcnihor when asked the question, said he was not in favor o acting. I he iepnrt seemed to him fully in accord | ance With the views even of U o>e members who were In, ftvor of abolition. He ouUJ not »pc .k u0»i ivcly, but he did not ihinr'i there vv.»» a member Iron, a county east of tho Ridge, who would vote lor the amendment. There were many gentlemen who like him* •dr would devliira that their opinion* were not chang ed as to the subject ot abolition, but who did uot wish to have it put down on the journal that they were ready for action now, when in reality they wore not. The whole subject was still before the Committee, :>nd a vote upon the Report would procuro tho souse of tho House. -'Jr. 1 res'on declined withJravrlnjj hi* motion. Ho wh.hcd tho House to decide whether they would adopt some preliminary mode of uction. If titty scheme should he presented which did not meet hi* approbation, lie should not consider himseli pledged l>y his vote for the amendment, to vote lur it. JUr. Hives said that if the gentleman would submit a motion to recommit the report to the Committee, with in structions to report upon apian of abolition, it would meet the views ot the House, it the ameiulment was agreed to, the committee would as a matter of course be instruct* < <l to bring in a bill,—while there was not, he believed, a smg o member who thought a plan could be presented lor which they would bo willing to vote, Tho gen tleman limn Montgomery shakes his head, said Mr. K. I believe lie i< aloue, if lie is prepared to go for any plan of abolition at this time. Mr. \\ ilson ol 1)., said, that ns voting for the ainendmcnt • i would imply no pledge to vote for an? particular measure th.it would lake hum tho citizen his property* he should l *or ',l|c amendment. A large number of tho citizens ’ Botetourt were convinced that the existence ol slavery i was an evil, and desired lira adoption of some measure : " !,,c” fltfiuld loud to its ultimnte removal. They hadask | «hl that something should bo done—nor could he return to , Bieni and say that ho liud made no exertion to meet their wishes, lie should, therefore,. vote for the amendment. Mr. it itrher said he did not rise to make a speech. He li.td listened to u'l the speeches which laid been made on this subject with tho most profound attention, und he now io«o to make a motion, the first ho hail made since this ques'.iou came hetnro the House. Hi* motion was tiiat tli*j Report und aiiieiidment be indefinitely postponed. Ho made this motion because if the House voted out_as ho l had no doubt they would—the amendment ol'the gent'c man from Montgomery, discussion would bo excited by i other attempts to amend. IIo wished to prevent this— ( and he also wished if possible to obtain the vote of each member, j>ro or com, on the question of abolition. i he question being then put on tho indefinite postpone- • inent, it was negatived by the following vote : -lyes—Messrs. Banks, (Speaker,) Giinahls, Booker. Campbell ol B., I’ute, Gholson, Shell, Pattern ol II., Daniel, llalyhui-.oii, Richardson, Pattern of C., Pendle ton, Broadm, Wilson ol C., Bnxlnax, Ritchie, Ball, Chil ton, Stillman, Hale of F., Woods of F., Bryce of F., Smith ol^ !•., Smith of G., Spencer, Bruce, Sims, Grarelv, ’ Jordan, Slieild, Gall.iher, Harwood, Hooe, Dabney,Carter ; of L. and It., Poindexter, Street, Hudgins, Goode of M.. Knox, pel’ll, ( aliell, brdier, Harvey, Anderson of N., Davis, Witcher, Swanson, Miller, Dupuv, Land, Shauds, Carter of P. W., ( arson, Cobb, Cruinu, Ilarrravc, New ton, ami Brow n—60. ■, .Vues—.Mess,-*. Drummotyl, Wood of A., Randolph, PeHiiger, Garhi.ud, M’Cue, Brooke, Cameron, Faulkner, Good ol B., Anderson of D., Wilson of B., Campbell of !)., Bolling, Spurlock, Rives, Jones, Marshall, Stephenson, Helms, Wood of l ied., Snidow, Bivce of G., Hail of G., Krskioo, Carskadoti, Poston, Roane, Mullen, Williams, Johnson, Mayo, Berry, Summers, Allen, Hays, Lawson, M’llhancy, Cordell, Caldwell, Smith of M. and J., Billingsly, Henry, Vawter, Preston, Chandler, Leigh, Fitz.hugh, Poniott, Robertson, Hincr, Gilliland, Zmn, Hart, Moore, M’Dowell, M'Mahon, Cline, Jessi-e, Kil gore, Bare, Powell, Moncure, Gillespie, M’Coy, M’Cul locli, Keller. Morris,Crockett, King, anil Rutherfoord—71. The question then recurring on Mr. Preston’s amend ment, it was determined iu tho negative by the follow ing vote: ' * •■'lifts. Messrs. Drummond, Randolph, Pcrsingcr, Gar land, McCue, Brooke, Cameron, Faulkner, Good ol Ber keley, Anderson of 13., Wilson ol'B., Campbell of Brooke, Bolling, Spurlock, Jones, Stephenson, Helms, Wood ot Snidow, Hail, Erskioc, Curskadon, Poston, Williams,' Johnson, Mayo, Summers, Allen, Hays, Lawson, Mell haney, Conlell, C aldwell, Smith ol M. and J., Billingsley, Henry, Vawter, Preston, Fitzhugh, Parriott, Robertson, Hirier, Gilliland, /inn, Hart, Moore, McDowell, McMa hon, Cline, .lessee, Kilgore, Bare, Gillespie, McCoy, Mc Culloch, Keller,Morris, Crockett—58. J\ ocs.—Messrs. Banks, (Speaker,) Giinalds, Wood of A., Hooker, Campbell ot Bedford, Pate, Glmbon, Shell, Patteson of IL, Rives, Daniel, Halyburtoo, Richardson, Patteson of C., Pendleton, Broadns, Wilson of C., BrotM [ flax, Ritchie, Ball, Chilton, AJar-hall, Stillman, Hale, Wood of Franklin, Hrycc of F., Smith of F., Smith ofG.. Bryce of G., Spencer, Bruce, Sims, Roane, Mullen Grav. ly, Jordan, Slieild, f.’allaher, Berry, Harwood, Hoop, Dabney, Carter of L. and R., Poindexter, Street, Hud cins, Goode of M., Knox, Webb, Cabell, Chandler, Leigh l isher, Harvey, Anderson of N., Davis Wileher, Swan ton, Miller, Dopey, Land, Sbands, Carter of P. W., Car *?!’» * Powell, Moncurc, Crump, Hargrave, Newton King, Brown, and Ruthcrfoord—73. M r. Bryce of tl., then offered the preamble, proposed by Intn at a former ttage ot the discus-ion, aud sustained it by some brief remarks. | Mr. Booker moved to postpone the report and nmond ment until llic 31st March. Rejected—Ayes 50, Noes Go. L • f inis opposed the preamble at some length—some further discussion took place, in which Messrs. Bryce nf Goochland, \\ itchor, Miller, Broilnax, Blown, Marshall am. r.'allahcr took a part, the question was taken on the preamble, which was adopted by the follow ing vote: </y,s—Messrs. Grinnlds, Randolph, Pcrsingcr, Garland, j Met.lie, Brooke, Cameron, Faulkner, Goode, of B.„ Wil •on of B., Campbell of Brooke, Bolling, Spurlock, Rives .Ws Wood ol F., Bryce of F., Snidow, Bryce of G., | Hml, hrskino, Cnrskadon, Poston, Roane, Mullen, W'il liarn.M, Johnson, Gallagher, Horry, Summers, I fooo, Allen* Hays Lawson, Mcllhany, Cordell, Caldwell, Smith of , *n*| ' dllngsley, Henry, Vawter, Preston, Chnnd er’ Gcigh, I-itzhugh, Parriott, Robertson, Hiner, Gillc lan.l, l.inn, Mart, Moore, McDowell, McMahon, Cline .lessee Kilgore, Bare, Pow , II, .Moncure, McCoy,McCuI j locli.^ Keller, Crockett, King, Ruthcrfoord—G7. -VVs-Mos is. Banks (Speaker,) Woo l of A.. Booker, Gamphell of Bedford, Pate, G'holson, Shell, Patteson of B., I l amel, Halyburtoii, Richardson, Patteson ol C., Pcndle ; ton, Ihoadus, W ibon of C., Brodn.ix. Ritchie, Ball, i( Inlion, Marshall, Stillman, Helms, Hale of F., Woods 1 c ranklin, Smith of F., Smhh of G., Spencer, Bruce, Sirns, Gravely, Jordan, Slieild, Harwood, Dabney, Carter j "f - Poindexter, Street, Hudgins, Goode of M., Knox, Webb, Cabell, Fisher, Hwgvcy, Anderson of N., ; Davis, W itchcr, Swanson, Miller,™ upuv, Lnnd.Shands, I C,ar,«Cof " ’’ Carson, Cobh, Crump, llargrave, Gilles pie, Newton, Brown—60. I 1 1,0 question then recurred on the resolution ofthe com mittee, am! was derided in the affirmative withoul a divi sion—and the question being taken on the report of tho committee as amended, it was adopted by the following vote, the Ayes and Noes having been ordered on motion of Mr. Ritcbic. .Yf/r.t Mem*. GijnnM?, Randolph, IVr^ingor, Garland, MrC'ue, Brooke, Cameron. Faulkner, Good of B., Wilson of B.,Campbell ol Brook, Bolling, Spurlock, Hives, Jones. Wood of k., Bryce of F., Snldow, Bryce ol (J., If„j|' Krskine, Poiton, Roane, Mullen, Williams, Johnson, Mayo, GalKher, Brn-ry, Summers, Hooo, Allen, Hays Mellhanev, Cordell, Caldwell, Smith of M. ft J„ Henry* Vawter, Preston, ('handler, Leigh, FiUhtigb, Parriofl | Roberson, Iliner, Gilliland, Zion, llart, Moore, Mr. Dowell, Me Mahon, Cline, .lessee, Kilgore, Rare, Pow ell Moncure, McCoy, McCulloch, Keller, Crockett, Kina’ Hutherfoord—01. r » J\"oe$—Messrs. Banks (Speaker,) Wood of A., Booker* Campbell or Bed lord, Pate, G hoi son, Shell, Pa tie son of B.. Daniel, Ilalyhurton, Itirhardson, P.ittesonof O,, PcDills. ton, Brondus, Wil«„nof C., Brodnax, Ritchie, Ball, Chil ton, Marshall.Stillman. Helms, Hale of Franklin, Woo<lo | ol k ranklin. Smith ol k'.. Smith of (J., Spencer, Bruce, Sims, Gravely, Jordan, Sheild, Harwood, Dabney,Carter j of L. & If.. Poindexter, Street, Hudgins, Goode of M., | Knox, Wehh, Cahell, Fislier, Harvey, Anderson of N., Witcher, Swanson, Miller, Duptiy, Lind, Shnnds, (’arter I of P. W., Carson, Cobb, Crutnp, Hargrave, Gillespie, | Newton, Brown—ft.M. The Report as amended is as follows: The Select Committee to whom was referred certain ! memorials praying the passage of a law providing for tho ! gradual abolition of slavery in this Commonwealth, hava | according to order, had the same under console ration, | and submit the following report and resolution:— Profoundly tionsihlo of the gieat evils arising from the j condition of the colored population of thisCommonwealth: induced by humanity asuell as policy, to an immediate | eflort lor tho removal In the first place, as well of those , who are now free, as of snrh a.< may hereafter becomn , IfCe: believing that liiis effort, while it Is in just accordance With the sentiments of the community on the subject, will absorb all our present means; and that a further action for the removal of the slaves should await a more definite de velopcrnent of public opinion, fiftotvrri. as the opinion of this committee, (hat if is In expedient, few the present, to make any Legislative enact Imenfs for tho abolition ofslavory. On motion of Mr. Gallaher, it was ordered that when the House adjourn, it .vfyourn until tn-mormw at l2o>!i*ck. On .notion of Mr, Summers, the House adjourned* U’ Th« gentleman who advertised for a MrTical .?*. sf.stnnt ha* beftn supplied.