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TO T1IK EDITORS OF THE ENQUIRER.
timtTLKMiiN,*! ho letter 1 lately mMic to 2*he People of Virginia, exhibiting a competed view ol tho recent proceedings ol the House ot Delegates on the sub ject ot the abolition ol slavery, uu explanation of their per nicious tendency, and a lair and candid account (lair and candid, surely, since it was extracted verbatim ln»n» the printed speeches ot certain friends of abolition) of tho in flammatory and mischievous doctrines broached in the debate, has brought u|ton me the awful censures of two honorable members of that august body ; of the dignity of which, 1 had not, I own, till I was instructed by thorn, formed any Vlequato conception. There are "car-marks” (as Mr. Pleasants says) which plainly indicate, that your correspondents, Jefferson and A Subscriber, both belong to that assembly. Under the mortification of censure '‘falling from such a height,” it requires all my fortitude, and all my pride, or, if they please, my vanity, to enable me to hold up my head. 1 see too, that you have on hand somo three or four oth er answers to my first letter, and that one of them is‘‘able and eloquent.” These IJioped to have had tho satisfaction of seeing in your last paper, amt have withheld this letter, In order that I might In* able to make a prompt and suita ble return for the honor ol their correspondence. No one knows better than 1, that be who publishes bis sentiments in the news-papers, on any subject of immediate political iatcrest, which it is impossible to discus* without examin ing the conduct and opinions ol the actors in the scene •mist cither invoke the protection of the Goddess ol Dull ness, under which lie may escape unseen and therefore unharmed, or must make up his mind to incur personal ubusc and to boar it with patience; and I know, likewise, that that abuse, however coarse, ami however unprovok ed and misapplied, never fails to tarnish, in some degree, the reputation of tho person on whom it is poured. There fore, il I had any purpose of personal ambition to accom plish; if I were placed in any station, which required a careful preservation ol iny own dignity, as essential to my usefulness; if i were possessed with the kind of pride that has been imputed to me; or if 1 could resist the im pulse ol duty, which impels me take part in the domestic nuairs ol my native Slate—for I have not, for many years, tncddlcd in any other—the public would never see a line of my inditing in the columns of a news-paper. I have very few Words to bestow on that poor effusion of personal abuse, by which your Subscriber has thought proper to expojc bis own soreness to the laughter-loving world. I think the gentleman might, with a little pains, have found a‘more significant and appropriate signa ture; for instance, Hector. Let inc assure him, "that he is welcome, for me, to order tho affairs and re form the governments ol France and Great Britain according to his wisdom—I make no doubt ho understands them thoroughly, since tho school of political philosophy to winch he belongs, has the advantage of an admirable simplicity ol doctrine, that exempts its oldest professors and youngest disciples, from all perplexities growing out ot the obstinacy ol existing circumstances, and fits them all, equally well, to give laws to all nations and societies of inankind. It wants, however, the great recommendation ol being a new school, for it is one of the very oldest And now l have only to ask him to explain the meaning or Uie following passage, which has I,allied my knowledge ot syntax and (lie utmost effort of my sagacity_"The effect of his rAppomattox’s] splenetic ebullition, may hasten the 'end which he seems to suppose is had in view by others, and, in that light, will be regarded by those who look to that 'end as tho object of primary importance (il any such there be) rather as a fortunate occurrence than a matter to he deprecated.” Di.l he mean, that the "effect or my letter—or that ‘‘the end" it “may hasten” —may he regarded as the “fortunate occurrence”? And xvliat is “f/ie end,” and “object of primary importance,” to which he alludes? For I, certainly, neither made allusion to any particular end, nor affirmed that there was any: the remarks ol mine, to which doubtless he relcrrcd, were hypothetical as well as general, and plainly supposed, that there might be various ends (of which i pretended to no knowledge and hazarded no conjecture) to the accomplish iiient whereof the annoyance of Eastern and Southern Virginia, by the agitation of projects for the abolition of slavery, m,ght be thought to tend. If ibis writer will vouchsafe to give, us an explanation of the passage 1 have quoted couched in simple old English, and nowise cloud ed wi h common-places "guiltless of a meaning,” be mnv possibly throw a.lighten the real springs of the late move ment, which will render it intelligible to the meanest ca nacitv. I willingly distinguish between your Subscriber and your other honorable rot-respondent: the latter (in the Ian guage of the real Jefferson) “merits the respect of a rc P.y- 1 ,,ero arc. indeed, some sarcasms in bis essav <nme,Ut the author ol the letter of Appomattox, not at llm letter itscll, and some rude expressions, apparently impu table to mere want ot fluency of speed.: but I find no thing that over-steps the freedom usually indulged in po lemics ol this kind, or that may not be reconcilable with personal good will. And I am glad to lind it so. No man Is more loth than I am, to incur the ill will of others it may be avoided, and none more desirous to culti vate the good will of all mankind, if it may he obtained (which 1 know, but too well, it cannot) by honorable means. Hut 1 shall never sacrifice any principle, or ne glect any duty, or suppress any useful truth, or tamely en sure any wrong, or surrender any right, or forbear to take the part which it becomes me to take, in order to conciliate the transient favor of others, which would soon give place to their contempt, or to avoid that idle imputation of an “extreme anxiety to appear as the champion of Old Virgi nia, and the exclusive defender of all her citizens.” ]jv the way, let me tell Jefferson, (and I hope he will not take the remark as unkind, for it is not unkindly meant,) that lie has no talent for satire worth the pains of rultiva ting, and no turn whatever for wit or humor. For ex ample; he quotes a passage from my letter, concerning cer tain slanders ol the people of Southampton, which lie wish es had been made somewhat more intelligible—propounds n string of interrogatories—answers them for himself, so as to implicate the abolition members of Assembly in the charge, though be himself thinks such an interpretation of It altogether unjust and absurd, but for the impossibility lie is under, of conjecturing the meaning of the passage upon any other supposition—and then adds, “If ^omo/lox lias been able to trace any connexion between the supposed attempt to slander the people of Southampton, and the recent pro ceedings ol the House of Dclagates relative to the colored population, then verily his sagacity can only ho equalled by that of the old lady, who declared, that she had foreseen, that the cow would eat the grindstone”!!! i wish he had told us where ilia sagacious old lady and her greedy cow lived; for I would lain know in what region wit of this order can be acclimated. Jefferson, in the order of ids censures, and even, 1 think, in the vehemence of his indignation, gives (lie pre cedency to the Hanover memorial over my letter_it w as a memorial, and a spirited remonstrance, as it ought to have been, and not, as he supposes, a petition. I appre hend, there can hardly be a member of the House ol De legates, who would have ventured, in his place ami upon Ins responsibility as a representative of the people, so fur to have questioned (lie light, the sacred constitutional right, ol any body or citizens, to lay their complaints and remonstrances before that House, concerning any mea sures proposed or advised iliere, which they think danger ous to their rights and interests, as to have moved a resolution denying the right or reprobating the exer cise of it in the very form and language, which the memorialists of Hanover thought proper, with good reason, to adopt on the present occasion. This new horn zeal for the a ho it i on ol slavery, lias engender* ed all sorts of anomalies, so that one can hardly recognize (he moral identity of his native .State. The Society of Friends of ll.mover present their memorial, wherein they only assume to themselves (in the meekest language, to l>e sure, as their manner is) the King’s old Irisirprerogn tive, under Poy nines' law, of devising and proposin'* measures (or the Legislature, and hold forth doctrines lor its edification, derogating from the legal rights of slave property, and aiming at the abrogation of them, to the manifest detriment ol that property, even if their projects should he rejected, to the disturbance of the peace ami tranquillity ot their neighbours, and to (be jeopardy ol their safety—ami they ..re heard with respect. The par tizans of abolition in the House of Delegate*, hold Ian ..j ... >, huh ^considering mat it is re sounded through tin- land from our own Fcgislativc Hall and by our own public journals, and speaking still with re ference to (lie olfocts, not the motives) more calculated to incite servile war, than any incendiary writings that have been or can he uttered at a distance, and compared with ■which the language of the Free-Negro Convention at Philadelphia, is really moderate in (lie uxtremi—and they write out for the Press, and publish their speeches, where in they take occasion to disparage (lie moral and intellec tual character of our society—and they must be heard . with respect; and their speeches might to he read with respect; and no man may presume to examine the senti ments or conduct of their High Mightinesses, without observing the most scrupulous delicacy (they use aqua fortit, and we must use milk and water) under pain of be ing condemned lor arrogance, in solence and impudence._ but those forty-six memorialists ol Hanover, who and whose families and neighbours are to abide the jeopardy they have created, because they have dared Instate the grievance in the only language in which it could he truly stated, and with a warm'll which served but to evince the sincerity ot their apprehensions, are to he treated like the frogs of their own slashes, and pelted till they hide their heads under water, and cease their discordant eroakings. And here is a member of ihc House of Delegates, wuio goes into the newspapers, to heap upon them every rpi i fet of contumely and derision he can find—" Knights of (he . lashes “ Ford* of Hanover”—“Nabobs” owning “■princely domains m the Washes of Hanover”: and who, alter bestowing the utmost pains toreprosent their memorial as Mr height of eupereihout insoh„er, concludes, that “Doubtbs, they are all gentlemen no lets distinguished for their Intents and then kmdund humane treatment ol then slaves than they are likely to Income for their un■ effected diffidenee (It Is I that have ,he words in ilahes.) (/an Jefferson deny, that this passage conveys and was intended toeonvey, a plain insinuation. Or rather : charge in ironical form, that these gentlemen are distin guithed for then hard and cruel treatment to then •lasso? Ami can ho justify tli« imputation, or And An. least apology lor it loumled iu fact/ The men of Hanover, very probably, will luauifest no anger at this iinpntaliou to , them ot a cruelty they abhor; not because they are wanting in “IdIimiU to understand the irony, or iu spirit to resent the insult, but because their consciences are so perfectly void of offence in this particular, that they will not foci it. they will have heard it with the like temper witli which \\ asliington received the news-paper charges against him, ol partiality towards England. Hut 1 ask tlie men of the IVest, to note and remember the passage 1 nave quoted, and to let us know, at their next elections, whether we arc to regard the sentiments entertained con cerning us by Jefferson, and men like Jefferson, as a just representation of the state or their follow-citizenship with •is. Hut Jefferson, tbrsonth! “would not have thought it necessary to notice this memorial, had it not been for the unusual step taken in publishing it in the news-paper*”— whence. 1 infer, it is his opinion, that lie and his friends have a better right to publish their speeches iu the news papers, than the memorialists to publish their memorial_ but wherefore, lie alone perhaps can explain. As to his contempt for the “talents” of the tbrty-six Hanoverian*, I only wish that he, and I too, could have witnessed the mirth with which I am sure they returned it: they are a merry people. It is a general remark, founded on a thousand instances ' ot daily occurrence, that the most zealous professors of! democracy in theory, are of all other* the most apt to en tertain iu their hearts, and to manifest in practice, the greatest contempt for tho intelligence as well as the feelings ! ol mankind. The people, iu their minds, is an ideal ab straction, a metapby sico-political divinity, capable of con ferring every blessing, and requiring no return but wor ship, winch is paid without reserve, since it costs nothing but the breath expended in uttering it: hut men, who (according to the simplicity of my ethics) constitute The People, sre poor, frail, natural beings, like themselves: who, being subject to the same wants and passions, cross I them at every turn; and to whom no forbearance can be shown, no good offices can be ministered, not even sym pathy given to their sufferings, without some labour or trouble or sacrifice or self-love. I pity tho man, who values the atom ot the essence of The J)i vini to of\ , ? * ZV.' ,°r 1,10 l,ortion «• <l.o adoration paid to it, I which tails to his share; and so little price do 1 set on mine, I that I woulu gladly take tho slightest kindness to any set ol men or singlo individual, the most trivial good work ima- ! giliable, lor all the professions, the flatteries, the praises,! the worship, adoration and idolatry, offered to The J)i- ! vinity of The People. Conscious as 1 am, of being studious ol accuracy al- ! ways, and habituated to the practice of it, and of havin'' i been particularly attentive to it in my account of the pro- 1 ccedings of the House of Delegates on the subject of sla- I \ crj, I was a little surprized, when Jefferson announced j his purpose to mention some circumstances that had e*- j coped my observation, and to dispute some ol tho inferen ces I bad drawn from the tacts I bad stated. Hut I was I much more surprized when I found that the circuinstan ces which had escaped my observation, were—“a rumour, w hich prevailed to some extent in the beginning of the winter, “that a gentleman of distinguished talents from the south side ot James River” [Mr. Randolph of Roan oke] “had actually taken rooms at a boarding house in the city, in order to prevent any effort being made by the Le gislature, at its present session, to interfere with the sub- j ject of slavery many way”—and a conjecture, “that if the attempt to suppress any inquiry into the subject this win ter, should succeed, that then, the gentleman alluded to and the reputed author ol Jlppoinatfbk, were to come to the next General Assembly, to put the question of eman cipation at rest forever:” he adds, “Whether the conjee- I tine was well founded or not, I cannot undertake to deter mine; I did not think it at all improbable.” Now, what bad this rumour and this conjecture to do with any ac count of the actual proceedings of the House of Delegates on the subject? Surely, Jefferson would not have us in ter, that the rumour and conjecture constituted anu part of the motive, that induced the agitation of the question at the present session ! If they did, it is one oHIie oddest cirBuinstances (tho* the least important) of Ibis strange .history. 1 do not doubt, that Jefferson heard the rumour and the conjecture, and gave some credit to the latter, be cause lie says so—besides, all sorts of stories are daily in vented, circulated anil believed for facts, about every thing and every body, and, especially about Mr. Randolph, concerning whom it is the rarest thing imaginable' to bear one word of pure truth. I never lieanf of cither the rumour or the conjecture; and if I had, I should I ir m krV,l t!,,y bo,,‘ "holly unfounded. I Mr. Randolph had any thought ot spending the winter here, I am quite sure he had no such view as that which he rumour attributed to him: lie did not impart the purpose to his friends: cvoi his sagacity could not have anticipated —mortal man could not have divined—the movement winch was made iu the House of Delegates; and he is the last man in the world, that would flunk of interfering with its proceedings upon this or any other subject. For myself, I never dreamed of what w as to come to pass, till I read the paragraph in the Enquirer, which caused the controversy between tho Editors and Mr. Alexander— .i' ’." .00, ’ Tr1 T? 'ike the cry of fire in Jbe dead ot night; and I saw, at once, that the flames had burst out, and quickly apprehended the extent of the mis ehiet. > ct I never thought, and do not now think, of seeking a seat in the General Assembly.—As to Jefferson's other corrections of my narrative, I should hardly notice them but for the ambition I have to establish my claim to V!L8t"C,C>“ nccuracy- 1 ■«'<*» that the petitions of the 1188 citizens, suggesting the removal of the free negroes “seemed not, as yet, to have attracted any serious notice" —meaning, the notice ot the House— public discussion there ’.Jefferson wonders, how it should have appeared to me, “that those petitions had not attracted the serious at tention of the committee”—namely, the stleet committee to whom the subject was referred. In my opinion, it was obvious that the views of those petitioners “were hostile to all schemes of emancipation whatever"—Jtfferoon, on Inc contrary, thinks it “perfectly obvious, to any unpreju diced man who will take the trouble to read the petitions, that the petitioners were not only not obviously opposed lo, but that they are obviously in favor ot, some scheme lor removing the w hole of our colored population.” lie will not allow me lo be, and I shall not allow him to be, the “unprejudiced man.” I bnve only to say, that 1 de scribed the general object and sentiments of the petition ers, as accurately as I possibly could, in the few words 1 gave to the purpose. My remark, that the select commit tee was ••rather slow in making its report,” was the simple statement ot the fact, w ithout approbation or blame. Hut JcJ Jersnn thinks it injurious to the committee. I might have said it was very slow—ns any man will think, who will rellcct on (he interest ol the stihjec(, and roun( the time between the reference and the first report. .Yet I did not ami do not mean, to impute any blame lo the committee on this account, or indeed any other. I did not say, that that slowness ol the committee in making a report, indue ed Mr. (ioode (o bring tho subject at once before the House, though, I dare say, 1 might have affirmed it with truth. I stated Mr. Goode s motives in an abridgement of bis own words. II IS impossible to make oneself understood by others, if they will insist upon cloathing his thoughts in their own anguage. / spoke not ot any “pledges” given by the western to the eastern delegation, in the Convention, to Hole! our rights ot slave property sacred and inviolable: 1 well knew there was hut one “pledge” touching the sub ject, and that that was given by the whole Convention una. '\occ' " Inch, explicit as it is, it is now attempted to explain away and evade; namely, the express provision of the ( ‘institution, securing private tights of property of all kinds, to the owners, against the power ol the Legislature. mentioned the “professions,” the “solemn assurances” ol the western delegation, on this very subject of slave properly. My purpose was, to illustrate the value of “proles-tons” made by politicians, and to exemplify the lolly ol giving trust to them. It vv;m a most pregnant ex ample. If a hill for the abolition of slavery anil deporta tion of the slaves, shall ever come to he gravely debated in the Legislature, and its opponents shall remonstrate, that the deportation, being impracticable, will he abandon ed upon tlu> first essay ot the experiment, and nothing loft of the plan hut simple abolition, the most solemn pro fessions will lie made, and assurances given, that the de portation is (lie main object, and never will be abandon ed; hut the successors of those who shall amuse us with such professions and assurances, will never regard them selves as at all bound to fulfil them, or to stop short of sim ple abolition. That is, in truth, th<?end to which all these projects tend; and the end, I fear, at which many of the projectors arc even now aiming. ■ 'jiiuirt. .1 iiurn a tipeecn 01 Air. Mirntncr*, wherein lie painted the national character of the citizens of the whole slave-holding country, as impressed upon ns in our very infancy and growing with our growth, in the mo t odious colors; and I said, that it was not "original.” Jr/ Jcrson, knowing well where the original was to be found, and having (it would seem) compared the passage with the answer to the |8ih query in Mr. Jefferson's Notes on \ irginia, lias thought proper to recast my remark in words suited to his own idea ot the tart, and to make me charge Mr. Summer* with "plagiarism.” I never thought ot making an objection so puerile: the orator might, tor aught I cared, have borrowed his whole speech from others, and I should never have take!) the pains to ascertain the true , owuer, provided the sentiments he borrowed were in themselves true and just. 1Wy objection to Mr. Summers' character of us, was not that It was borrowed, but that it was unjust. And it was because it was not original/ becait-c it was known to have bee n drawn by Mr. Jefferson_be cause, upon hi* authority, it ha« been repeated a thousand times—because, upon his authority, it has gone forth to •he world, us our true national character, the only one known to the nations ot Kurope, the only one known to' the citizens of some of the States of this Union—because it is a most odious one—and because I know and can feci that it is most i unjust; therefore, I took the op|Mirtunlty to refute it, by ; an appeal to common observation and undeniable tacts._ | And if my own father had been the author of if, ( would have refuted if in Die same manner. I desire Jefferson to understand, that I am perfectly careless, what motives be or any body else may find for my conduct.— Mr. Sum mer* put the finishing toilcii to the character of the i/rmng wan of Old Virginia. a» affected by the existence ot slave fy, w ith the ronnrk, that “he enter* the world with uii« era hie notion* of aelf-iuiportauce, and under the govern ment of an unbridled temper"—upon which I observed “ 1 WM afraid too many young men, evtry where, entei the world with miserable notions of self-importance.”_ Jefferson, manifestly understanding ibis observation as a sarcasm upon his friend, Mr. Summers, and designing to retort it upon me, asks, w hether t •• might uot have added, that there were al least some likely to carry the same no tions to the grave ?” My this unhappy attempt at sarcasm ami rotort, ho has made a. general remark of mine a per sonal reflection, and applied it to Mr. Summers. /, cer tainly, shall not quarrel with that application ofit: but, in •ruth, I meant no moro than to suggest, that the presump tion ol youth (of which, by the w ay, I am very tolerant) Was nowise peculiar to a slave-holding country; and, so ir thinking ol any personal reflection on'Mr. Sum mers, it never occurred to me, that he could lie regarded as a young man just entering into the world, or that he had not been bred, as well us born, in Eastern Virginia, so that bis case was, by nome.mtptu my ow n opinion, anex ainple to my purpose. Jefferson also, by way of retorting the charge of plagia rism against me, which he supposes I was desirous offix i"g upon another, intimates, that all my sentiments, n.y whole political creed, and, especially, my ex clamation about overturning the Christian ‘ Religion in b ranee, have been borrowed from Edmund Burke's work [letter?] upon the French Revolution; and lie even insinu ates (.1 1 understand him) that l have borrowed Iron, the speechv*, In the House of Delegates on my side of the question. It is a matter of no importance to the only nia terjal question, whether my opinions are right or wrong— should have borrowed w hatever suited my purpose and I U.yscll approved as right, without (ho least hesitation— lu.t it has been near twenty years since I read tho work of Burke, to which ho alludes, ami a very short time sii.ee I read Mine of the speeches—and I may safely defy him to nx the charge ol plagiarism upon me. 1 ... help suspecting, that Jefferson is not very conversant with the writings ol Burke. Would to Heaven that a diligent stu <!y ol them could (ransfuso into his readers, his extensive knowledge and profound political sagacity! I have often wondered at the hatred which still pursues his memory I know nothing so remarkable in bis writing*, as the pre ciMon with which he pointed out the false steps taken by the [• rciicli reformers in their first revolution, ami predict ed tho consequences, which their subsequent history de veloped. My political principles and opinions, however, are rercrrible only to tho peculiar circumstances of my own country, and have been gathered, almost exclusively in the school ol American politicians. As to the nations ol Europe, I have long ago given them up to their fate— or rather to their own governance—being conscious of my own utter iiicoinpetcncy to make or mend, to preserve, abolish, reform, or re-construct, their political institutions — 1 am not, indeed, indifferent to their welfare—i cannot be —but I have no anxiety on their account, that ever affects my appetite or my sleep. U lien I said, that Mr. Randolph (the mover ol the |>i«iu for abolition and deportation, to coniinciiro in 1M |0) recommended that plan in debate, chiefly by the authori ty ol Mr. Jefferson, his speech had not been published and I repeated what I had heard, but with tho most cau tious delicacy to avoid wounding him. 1 sincerely re spected his feelings, tho’ 1 could not approve bis opinions. Ins motive tor referring to Mr. Jefferson’?* authority, 1 bad heard nothing, and, therefore, said nothing. Whether or no that authority was the chief recommendation of the plan, is, alter all, matter of opinion. " ,,v" * imiuenco ol umt authority, nn.l saul (as u consequence deduced from the view I had just l>e fore exhibited ol its inevitable operation and effects) that it was‘‘unwise and impracticable, pernicious, unjust and cruel, I anticipated ilie charge of presumption it would* bung against me; and, as I did not fear it in prospect, so neither am I appalled by it now that it is made. Air. Jef ferson's character must, ere long, he universally regarded as belonging to impartial history—/sd\egard it now: Con sidering how much lie had been engaged in real ami im portant business, and his undoubted capacity, ho was sin gularly addicted to speculations merely philosophical, and entertained some odd opinions. For instance; ho lias somewhere, gravely maintained tho opinion, that no coun try ought to be long without a rebellion, it was more re markable ol him than, perhaps, ol any other man known to history, that his opinions once formed, were adhered to, under all circumstances, without the least change or mo dification. I can call lo mind only a single instance of any such change, in the course of his long life, spent in lull \ ii \% ol the public; and that was his change of opinion up. on the question of tho constitutionality of incorporating Louisiana into the Union. 1 believe he never, to the last perceived the impolicy and inefficiency of his Embargo and Restrictive System—though it entirely failed to ac complish the purpose for which it was designed—though it was the principal and obvious cause of all tho embar rassments that perplexed tho Government, and distressed the nation, during the war which followed it—and though it affected injuriously every part of tho Union, more or less, and, especially, was the prime cause and origin ol that decline (as it is called) of the Southern Atlantic States, and particularly Virginia, which our orators scein to take a sort of melancholy pleasure in discoursing ot and exag gerating. 1 well remember, how foreign trade «m\ capital took wing from our shores, upon the first blight of tho Embargo, as the sorecs disappear up on the first hard frost—a long, severe, nml (to us) still continuing winter followed—but, whenever wo shall again experience our natural climate, the birds will ho sure to return, unless, pursuing Mr. Jefferson's advice for abolition and deportation, we shall, with our own hands, wilfully destroy the food they feed on. I thou "lit, till very lately, that it was knpwn to every body, That during the revolution and for many years alter, the' aboli tion ol slavery was a favorite topic with many of our ablest men, who entertained with respect all the schemes which wisdom or ingenuity could suggest lor accomplish ing the object. Mr. Jefferson’s plan was generally known, lmt never regarded as practicable; Mr. Wythe, to the day of his death, was for simple abolition, considering the oh. jection to color as founded in prejudice; by drgrers, all projects of the kind were abandoned as hopeless, by almost every body but Mr. Jefferson: he retained his opinion, ami now we have these projects revived. And it is regarded as presumptuous and dictatorial in me—after bavin" ex amined the principle of Mr. Jefferson’s plan, and stated a few of the arguments against-its practicability, which I had heard in my youth, hut those few (in my opinion, at least) quite irrefragable—to express my conviction, that “no plan for the abolition of slavery and the deportation of the slaves" (which was Mr. Jefferson's object) “is pos sible.” I’o speak of this as a simple annunciation of my opinion, without any effort to support it by reasoning, only evinces, cither that the terms ol the proposition are not understood, or that the whole of my letter has not been read—which is very probable. I shall be perfectly un derstood by those whom it most concerns. Your feffrrson (I must distinguish) thinks it a little marvellous, that I, who consider the speeches made in the Mouse of Delegates by the advocates of abolition, as of a dangerous and incendiary character, and who recommend to the people- to discontinue their subscription to the nows •papers, “in order to prevent those speeches from circu lating among them," should he guilty of the glaring ab surdity and contradiction of collecting what I myself considered the most exceptionable passages from those speeches, and of publishing them in one paper to he sent to every quarter of the country.” JITy letter was calcula ted Tor the meridian of the free white' citizens ofthe Com monwealth, and I am quite sure the negroes will find in it no encouragement to rebellion: on the contrary, the ad vice it contains, if attended to, will extinguish every spark of rebellion, in spile of the breeze that may otherwise fail it into flames. And I entertain an opinion, which Jeffer son will probably regard as very marvellous : I have no doubt, that the inflammatory matter contained in the speeches, had been communicated long before the publi cation of my letter, to all the negroes in this town ami in the surrounding counties. The peculiar interest they must take in the subject, lie may he sure, makes therr heat ing very acute. It is the most combustible matter that takes lire the soonest: it is among combustibles, that the flame spreads the most rapidly and the farthest. And I entertain another opinion, which Jefferson will think yet more marvellous: that the spreehrthiA not been n ad by (he citizens ol our society, before their attention was so loudly called to them. 7'he debates in t’ongress, as well as the debate* in tho Mouse of Delegates, were in a course ol publication, at tho same time; and there was such a ca i of speech, that tho greediest speech-reader could not swallow. For the rest, Jefferson will he pleased to remark, that it was not “the speeches” only (as he suppos ed) hut the abolition news-papers, tho editorial remarks and the essays, of which I counselled my fellow citizens to prevent the dissemination, by withdrawing their subscrip | lions from the journals in which such dangerous and (in I eflcr.l) incendiary doctrines ard published; and that, not | for P»n»o*o of preventing the dissemination thereof “among them" hut among their slaves. It is upon theso only that they can produce any mischievous effects. And ; what is the security against the mischief, upon which we are gravely counselled to depend? The assurance, that |"THF. Nr/inors have too much inteli-ioewce not ; to know, that any effort they can make to throw oil the i yoke must he unsuccessful, and attended with the most I dreadful consequences to themselves,”—“that they are not able to contend without arms against the whiles,” -—an/I that “notwithstanding all the insinuations that have been thrown out to the contrary,” [by whom?] the IV estern people would march at a moment's warn* ing, to any county in the State, to suppress an insurrection among them. Really, this sounds in niy ears, very like downright mockery. I adhere, upon the fullc.st consideration, to the opinion I before expressed, as to the propriety and necessity of pre venting the circulation of the abolition newspapers through out the slave-holding country, by the just and rfjrhllul means of declining any longer to take them: and, for the , sake of greater ami more prompt efficiency, I hope lo see the example of the people of Mecklenburg (with the ex j e.eption ol the Freeman) followed in other counties, and , mel tings held .it the f .ourt houses, to take fhe subject into consideration, and to produce eeneerf. No man w ho know , me, can believe, that I have any personal animo. ity to • j wards the KJilun; for, 1 repeat, that 1 do not suspect them | ol designing the mischief, which, novorthclois they are doing, lie their intent* “wicked or charitable,” the mis chief is the same to u*—-the effect is the •ante upon the slave*—and tho same means of obviating It ought, in pru dence, to be resorted to, as have been resorted to, and with success, to prevent the dissemination of the wilfully incendiary writings ol The Liberator. Jefferson, it •cents, rannot I shove that I w as serious, w hen, alter having expressed “my shame and indignation “t thought” ol pro|KM|lions being addressed to “ our /ears of danger, cither present <>r prospective, from oar slaves,” | so earnestly recommended to my fellow citi •.sens to provide arms, and concert measures, to obviate that very danger. Ami the same remark (in substance) bad been made be lore, hy another commentator upon my letter, who thought he had detected me iu a glaring in consistency. 1 must think these gentlemen have read niy letter iu detached parcels, without taking the trouble to combine the whole piece in their mitt.Is. | first shewed, that there was, when the House of Delegates look uvthis subject, nosuch panic terror prevailing in the country us had been represented, and no danger that could possibly justify, upon the plea of necessity, the abrogation ot the tig its ol slave property; and then I showed, how the pro ceedings ol that 1 louse, and the infhunmatory doctrines broached there, and disseminated throughout the land, wore calculated to aggravate all tho causes of danger that really existe I, and to create and add new incentives to servile rebellion; which is the danger against which I warned my countrymen to stand on tiiclr guard. Whether the argument is convincing or not, those w ill judge to whom especially it was addressed: il they trill not take the wanting, they must incur tho risk. Tho const*, tetiry of its several parts with each other, can hardly tail to lie understood by any one who gives his tniitd fairly to the consideration of it. I I imputed to a certain orator “ a wilful attempt to dig-1 suade the tioii-slavo-holdersamong tts from uniting with the slave-holders, in executing the ordinary duties of po lice, intended to keep our slaves out ol iiiLschict and in due subordination”—and said I eoul I not see a paragraph (extracted horn his speech) iu any other light. The whole po^ngc wan given; thccliargo, I lit* cvidnicc, the infe rence, all fairly .stihiiiiHed lor examination. K thi* In* not lair play,! should be glad to know what is. Jefferson (without quoting the passage) pronounces this condruc , " . Orccd, unnatural, and palpably unjust,” am) thinks, that I myself will, on cooler ivlloction, he w illing to ac knowledge that it is so. I should be willing to acknow ledge any thing I was convinced of; but I still think the design 1 ascribed to tho author, was that which (hel.n guage naturally and fairly indicated. I am very clad, however, tnat Jefferson entertains a different opinion; for I take it for granted, that he Ins learned the author’s real design from himself; and ho may be assured, that the pas- ' sage, in the sense in which 1 took it, gave me no pleasure. ' It seems, now, that the only object is to create a schism in j our society,—a sort of civil feud, founded on the ihwscs- 1 sion or non-possession of a particular kind ol property; in other words, to set the slave-holders and non-slave-holders •it o|»rti variance—which is benevolent citouirh * Jefferson assures us, that our Western brethren have ready no intention to violate our l ights of property ; that the idea, that they wish to take away our property, with out our consent, is loo preposterous and absurd to he en tertained by any man; that all that is wished is, to a<cer lam the sense of the majority of tho people, and if that be in favor ol abolition, tho minority must submit, lie does, then, really think, that, if a majoritu of the people consent to abrogate the property of the mi nority,they may rightfully do so, ami that this woulJ In: taking away the property of tho minority, with their own consent.' . 1 here can ho no difference between slave property, in this respect, and any other kind; and If the consent ol a majority is all that i- wanting to justify the ab rogation of slave property, the consent ot a majority would suffice to justify an agrarian law, and to abrogate the rights ot l;in<!eri property. All our institutions arc founded on the principle, that every man’s private property is abso lutely his own, and that lie holds it independently of the power of the Legislature, and of tho will ol tho majority; atiit when that principle shall ho abandoned, republican government must lie destroyed with it. It was the know ledge I have Jong had ol the existence and progress of the opinions, which Jefferson has now openly avowed upon this point, that induced mo to say, in my former letter, “I most conscientiously believed, that the day is not tar distant, when a direct attack will he made on tho very principle of property.” In conclusion, I beg leavo to notlco the remark made in the Whig, upon the iirst appearance of my letter—that it had been farsurpassed by a discussion of tho subject by a stripling—meaning, I supposed, by the Speech of Mr. Brown of Petersburg, in the House of Delegates. If that I meaning, 1 believe the remark was perfectly just; - and I earnestly recommend the perusal of that speech to j tho whole public. APPOMATOX. _Virginia la'gislaturc. housk or 1 )ki/koates7 Friday, February 21. Tho Sennto 1ms passed tlio hills—to legalize certain ! acts ot the Kcgl.ter of the Hand Office—and, to repeal so i ,”uch 0tr.a,, aot changing the days of the County Comts ot' ' Hampshire and Hardy, us concerns the county ol' Jlamn ' ^riire. 1 | Also, with amendments, t»n net consolidating the certifi cates of seven per cent, stock held hy the Literary Fund ami, to raise money, hy Lottery, for paving the roads at Orange Court House; which amendments were agreed to On motion of Mr. Carskadon, leave was given to hrim in ;• hill authorizing a chnngc of tho location ot the North Western road through Uouincy. Air. Carter ol P. \Y ., from the Select Committee on the subject, presented a hill providing lor an erection of a mo nument to George Washington, which was rend twice, and re-committed. [The hill provides tlm* the Washington monument turn! shall he applied to the erection of a monu ment at Mount A eruou—the Governor to correspond with tin: proprietor uf Mount Vernon, for the purpose ol ac quiring for the state ol \ irginia title to the monument and the land on which it is located—and such additional sums to he appropriated from the Treasury as may he necessary lor its erection, not exceeding,with the monument fund,the sum of $30,000,] On motion of Mr. Mcllhnney, a hill requiring a classifi cation ol the Justices ol the Peace, was taken up, and hav ing been amended, Mr. Helms moved the indefinite postponement ol tlm hill, which motion, after discus-ion,! in which Messrs. Miller, Poindexter, and Filziiugl) look part, the ayes and noes having heen ordered on motion of Air. Helms, was carried by the following vote: Ayes.—Messrs. Banks (Speaker,) Grinalds, Wood of Albemarle, Randolph, Booker, Garland, M’Cuc, Brooke, Cameron, Pate, Anderson and Wilson of Botetourt, Ghol snn, Bolling, Spurlock, Daniel, Halyl.urton, Richardson, Pendleton, Broadus, Wilson ol C., Hrodnnx, Jones, Ritchie, Ball, Chilton, Marshall, Stillman, Ilelins, Hale of I’.] Woods or Franklin, Smith ot F., Srtidow, Smith of g!| Bryce, jr. ofQ., Hail of G., Spencer, Bruce, Sims, Poston] Roane, Johnson, Gravely, Jordan, Shield, Gallnhor, Sum i'ncrs, Harwood, Dabney, Carter of L. and R., Hays. Lawson, Street, Hudgins* Goode ol M., Billingsley, Vaw ter, Preston. W cbh, Cabell, 1* isher, Anderson of Nottoway, Davis, Adams, Iliner, Swan-on, Zinn, Dupuy, Shands’ (’artcr ot P. W„ Hart, At’ Mahon, Cline, Jcssec, Kilgore! Cobh, Powell, Newton, (’rocket!, King, Brown and Ru llicrfoord—.82. t .A oc*.—Messrs. Faulkner, Good of B., Campbell of Brooke, Shell, Patteson of B., Rives, Dickinson, Patteson of C., Wood of Frederick, Alullen, Berry, Allen, M’lllia- j ncy, Cordell, Caldwell, Poindexter, Smith of AL and J., j Henry, Chandler, Harvey, Fitzhugh, Parriott, Robertson! Miller, Land, Moore, AFDowell. Bare, Carson, Crump Hargrave, M’Coy, M’Culloch and Keller—31. The following engrossed hills were read the third time and passed:—Authorizing the Guyandotto Turnpike Com- ; pany to extend their road—amending an act establishing certain forties aero s the Big Sandy and Ohio rivers—! to enact, with amendments, an act passed by the Legis- j lalui e of North Carolina for extending the lake Drummond j and Ornpeake ( anal—changing the mode of appointing ! overseers of the poor in the. town of Petersburg—to amend the act for the extension and improvement of the naviga- ' lion of the Rappahannock and its branches—to authorize j a Lottery for the paving the streets of (he town of Fairfax, in tho county of Culpeper. wii immon 01 >i r. luunerioru, n report ol (lie t ominittcc of Finance, declaring it inexpedient • <> to amend the reve- i mic law as to make it (lie duty of the Sergeant ol the ] City of Richmond, to collect and pay into the Treasury of the .State, that portion of the public revenue, Queued upon ; the citizens of Richmond. Mr. R. moved lo amend the report, by striking out the word inexpedient and inserting in its stead, the word ee- : pcilicnl, which was rejected, and the report agreed to. Mr. l’arri"M, bom the Select Committee onthe subject, | reported a hill making appropriations to certain counties, ot the revenues of said eotiulies, to he expended in the repair of roads and bridges, destroyed by the late freshet. j On motion ol Mr. Allen, the Mouse adjourned. Saturday, Feb. 25. F lie Senate have passed (lie hills—concerning the Farm ers Hank of Virginia—and authorizing conveyances of! certain lots, sold by N. Tomlinson, dee'd. Also, with1 amendments- -toauthorize the Common Council of Fred ericksburg to subscribe lor stock In the Rappahannnek Ca nal Company, [agreed tol—to provide lor opening and im i prerving the navigation of the IWonongahela river, [agreed to] and, to amend an act incorporating a Company to con . struct n turnpike from the north hank of the Rappahan nork river to Potomac Creek. Amendments laid on the table, on motion of Mr. Cartcrof P. W. On motion of Mr. Jones, leave was given to bring in a I hill to incorporate a Company for the purpose of construct ion a Rmwl Irom the City of Richmond to York I Town. j Rutherfoord presented the petition of Philip Max all Co. tor the incorporation of a joint stork, cou.pany in ! the city of Richmond tor the manufacture of iron. The following engrossed hills were read a third time r and pa.sed:—<1, Concerning D. Mernweather; 2, To | change the time of holding eerlain courts of the counties PRINCIPAL. KMilS'EKR. Tlio joint order ol tho day being the election vi a prin | cip.il hnginoer, inn taken up, nihl «n motion ol Mr. Me- i ! Coy, wai post-Miucd until Saturday next. PEN ITKXTIAHY AUK NT. I ho Speaker presented the lollop ing lettur from the Agent ot thu Penitentiary : Penitentiary Stjrk, ^ «, , . . February 21* INJ2, K r» iht Speaker oj the If. of Delegates : Sm. I.earning that charges and insinuations prejudicial to mo us a public Agent, have been mudt *, and an* nmv go- i ing the rounds, mjuring me, no doubt, in tho estimation,,! gentlemen unacquainted with me; justice to myself, re quires that I should appeal to the j«siie« and iiiagu.mimily ol the hcgislature oi my native Slate, which has so ofteu evidenced it* confidence in me, by ru-clccting me to the olhce 1 now fill—and I make the appeal with the more con hue nee, as 1 am satisfied it will not coiidemn any man, without affording him the opjiort unity of repelling unjust charges and groundless insinuations: to nflbrd w inch op portunity, I most earnestly request that a committee be ap pointed ui soon as may ho to investigate mv official con duct. It upon tho strictest scrutiny, I do not satisfy the column tee and the Legislature that I have faithfully and horn- tly discharged all thodutic required of me,account ed for all thcirgoods received, anil monies collected on ac count ol sales, and have done no more than was my duty in regard to the Superintendent—then I will submit'with out a murmur, to be turned out of olHco and consigned t > that.. w Inch l sltouKI have deserved if I had pursued any other course than thut i have pursued, lie spcctlully, your leliow citizen, THOMAS NLLKONV P. A. P. Mr. Gall liter said he presumed the letter just read, allu ded to t »me remarks made l.y him oi, » lurmcr dav: l.iit no atl.irk had hern made on the o2YU*i:il conduct ol'the peni teniiary agent. On tlio contrary, the report of the Peni tentiary ( ommitlcc had spoken highly of his fidelilv, and attributed the delects to tlio system, and not to the .7 It was true that Mr. G. had spoken of the manner in winch the store was kept, and had urged as reason for tlie change proposed in tin* agency, that the business u not performed w ith the energy which was iwualtv ex liihitcd in private establishments. He had, pcrh .iw, spo ken willi some wariutli on these points, anil it sorhij man ner was caused by a sense of the conduct of Die Agent to wards himself. That individual had made a most aboini "aide charge against 1dm. (Mr. G.)_he had stated to one of die Senators, that he (Mr. G.) as Chairman of the Joint i ( omimttoo on the Penitentiary, was under the influence— w as iu fact, the mere creature of (lie Supcriutcnden’. It would iianlly he ncce^ary lor him to rep id such u charge —hut no one could think of it without just indignation.— I he warmth with which ho had expressed himself u day or two ago, would therefore lie accounted for, and lie thought justified. Mr. G. remarked. that he would scorn to avail hiiuscll of liisotiiciul tation to injure any man_bill he would do whatever duty required of liim. II.* hoped a Committee would be appointed upon the letter ol the Agent; although lie knew of no charges haring been made agiinsl Ids official conduct. But, whatever he (Mr. C,.)had stated, lie was ready at all times to sustain. Mr. Fisher hoped a committee would not lie raised on tins subject. No charges had been made against the Pe nitentiary Agent, and there were no good grounds („r Ids appeal to the House. He moved to lay the letter on the table, which was agreed to. r I.h® engrossed hill changing tho mode of compensation of the General Agent or the Penitentiary, fie. was rend l l,l.ird Rme, and the blanks in tlio bili were tilled, on motion oi Mr. Gallaher, so as to give the Agent seven per cent, on the ordinary sales ol goods, nnd tico and a half per cent, on such as are sold at auction. The latter allowance was opposed by Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Mardiiill, and Mr. Bryce of'G. On motion of Mr. Bryce of G., the ayes and nocs wore ordered on tlio passage of the hi 11 which was decided in the affirmative: -'lyes— Messrs. Bunks, (Speaker,) Grinalds, Wood of Al bemarle, Porsingcr, Garland, Cameron, Wilson of B., Put ter,on of B. Bolling,Spurlock, Hroadus, Wilson of C., Jones, Ititcluc, Ball, Chilton, Hale of F., Woods of F., Smilli ot Erskine, Spencer, Bruce, Sims, Johnson, Gravely, i Gallaher, Berry, Harwood, Allen, Hays, M’ilhany, | Cordell, Caldwell, Poindexter, Hudgins, Smith of M & J I Billings)y, Henry, Chandler, Fisher, Harvey, Fitzhiigh’ [ I arrfott, Davis, Hohertson, Adams, Hiner, Swanson, Mil 1 ter, Zinn, Duptiy, Land, Hart, M’Mahon, Cline, Jcssce, Bare, Carson, Moncure, Crump, Hargrave, M’Coy. Keller, Morris,Crockett—GG. J ‘VC9SM- Randolph; Booker, Prooko, Gliolson, Miell, Daniel, Dickinson, Daly burton, Patteson ot Ches terfield, Brodnax, Marshall, Stillman, Wood of Frede rick,Bryce of G., Poston, Koane, Mayo, Dabney, Goode of Mecklenburg, Webli, Shamls, Carter of P. \V., Cobh, I oweII, Newton, Kiittierloonl—2l>. nr.j_ i.i i The Senate have passed'the hills—to authorise tho rais ing ol money by lottery lor the purpose ol paving the streets ol the town ol i- airfax, in tho county of Culpeper_ and with amendments—to amend an act authorising the Hoard o\ 1’ublic \N oiks to subscribe to the stock <7 the i [*ctcrsburg Rail Road Company—and to authorise John IJ. .sharp and Nelson Preston to erect a dam acless Po well s River, in (he county of Fee. Tho amendments were agreed to. On molion ol Mr. McCue, Icavo was given (o tiring in n bill (o amend an act incorporating the Staunton and Po tomac Rail Road. Mr. Marshall, Iroin the Committee of Privileges and Flections, made a report on tho memorial ol Isaiah Ruck complaining of the undue election of Henry A. Rymc, a member returned to serve from the county ol Morgan’— Hie report is unfavorable to Mr. Ryme’s right to hold i.i< seat, on the ground of inclegibility. On motion of Mr. Faulkner in behalf of Mr. Byrne* the consideration of ibis report was deferred until Wednes day On motion of Mr. Rtilherfoord, leave was given lo bring in a bill, authorizing the Governor lo assign' lo the Attor ney General an office in the Capitol, lor llie transaction ol public business. Petitions were presented—by Mr.M.irsh.ill, of Lawrence Fcw is, sole surviving ex.-enior of (F orgo Wa-hinglon, praying lie may be relieved from the further execution of a certain trust confided to him by his testator, and that the same may be transferred to other trustees, under the direc | l,,,‘ Conor,il Assembly—Also a petition of citizens ! ot f auquicr, remonstrating against the establishment of one ol the separate elections at tiie place designated, and asking for its establishment at annthur place. On motion ol Mr. Marshall, a hill authorizing twosepa rato elections in tho County of Fauquier, was taken up and committed. 1 On motion of Mr. McCue, leave was given to bring in a lull, to amend an not incorporating the Staunton amt Po tomac Rail Road Company. On motion el Mr. Moiicurc the bill (o amend an acl to incorporate a company lo construct a turnpike road from I be North of (he Rappahannock lo Potomac Creek, with the amendments of the Senate, was taken up, and the amendments having boon amended on motion of Mr. Moncure, were agreed to. SLAVES AND EREE NET,ROE*. On motion ol Air. Sims (be Fill to amend several acts regulating tho police laws concerning slaves, free negroes and miilnttocs, as reported by the Select Committee with amendments, was taken up, and the amendments of the committee were agreed to. On motion ot Mr. Carter of P. \V., the -l(li section of the bill was amended by striking from the following sentence Jii<» words in italics: “No free negro or mulatto shall hereafter ho capable ol purchasing, or othcricmc oc qwnng a title lo any real estate, &.c. Mr. ihown moved to amend the seventh section by the; insertion ol a clause, prohibiting slave mechanics from going at large ami making bargains lor work, w ithout the privity of their masters. 'Ibis motion was opposed by Mr. Booker, who argued that such a provision would prtxluce great inconvenience— and was agreed to. Mr. im><!n«tx moved to amend the same section, so as to j permit tree negro tradesman or mechanic* to teach their i trades to their own children, which was Agreed in. .Mr. Carter ol i’. >\ ., moved fn amend the following sentence in the wine •cciion—“Nor shall any slave, free negro or mulatto, hereafter he employed, or act as a musi cian to any military company,” fcc., hy inserting between the Words any and s/urethc word such,—referring to those who shall have refused to he removed hy the public means. This motion was opposed by Messrs, lirodnax, Houne and (ihoi«on, and supported hy Mr. Cartcrof I*. \V\, when it was rejected. Mr. Bolling moved the rc-eonsideration ol the vote on an amendment ol the committee prohibiting masters and owners of coasting vessels trading to ports north of Balti inore, from employing on hoard slaves and tree negroes. Considerable delude arose on this motion, which was sup ported hv Messrs. Bolling, .lone* and ( handler,and oppos ed hy Messrs. Hrodnax, Williams and Handolph. The motion was negatived, Ayes 31, NoesWt. On motion ol \fr. Marshall, llie ffth section was stricken *>ut |prohibiting slaves and free negroes horn selling spi rituous li<|uorimdcr certain circumstances—J a similar re striction being provided in the law regulating licenses. Mr. Bare moved the. indefinite postponement of the Bill, which was rejected, Aye* M, Noes 72. On motion ol Mr. Miller the IHtb section, being as fed lows, was stricken ont—“Hereafter no court ke. shall grant any license to any per- in whatever, to keep a tavern, or retail groceries unless the party applying tor sm h li-1 cense mH make oath, to lie entered on record, that ho or j | she had not sold lupiors to any slave, contrary fn the pro vi ions of this act since its pa-sage, and that he or she j would not do so during the continuance of the license ” Mr. Newton moved to strike out f he 5th section prohibi I ting free negroes from selling any thing whatever, with' j out exhibiting a written certifirate of two free holders that) ; the articles were raised or owned hy such free negro_' ! and insert a substitute confining such prohibition to agri- j \culturnt products or stock A^raed to 7 ''I - 1 ' I mg from the follow ing p»-s#re, -“now lute pet von, IreeY.v gro or mulatto,chilli buy. Ml, or receive, ol, to or Irom a slave, any <»ni,nodity tcAuhtur, without the written con | sent of tin* master, fee.”—the words m italic, and inserting in their place “agiicultur.il productions, stock or low Is ’*— 1 Rejected. Air. Moore moved to strike out a clause in the 3.) sec tion winch prohibits a tree negro from going out o| tbo •■oiuity in which he resides without a certificate, He.— Kejected. r n f" 1J£,n~n rf*° fo »no^o the indefinite postponement ol t .<• bill.ohsers ing that tin* iiiiirndinents it had already undergone, reminded him ol tl»v attempt ol the black Mii.th to ineed tl.e broken legof . dog. it. doing which bo broke it in two o'ucr places. r^»,tc»v'a »VV T!"1'’'' Afcssrs. Brudrvx ami Cartel* ot 1 . Mi. Johnson withdrew liis motion <>.. motion ot Mr. Caldwell, the HI. section was »sl hv lidding to the passage declaring the disability ol ;r tree negro Irom “purcliXMi.g or liking, or otherw ise ac quiring title or ownership permanent o. temporal v, to any slave, the w ords “except their w ives or children.”—Tine section was timber amended on motion ol Mr. Bryce. ’Hie hill being oil its engrossment, tlm ayes and noc* were ordered cm motion of i r. /inn, and it was passed to be engrossed lor a third reailing, as follows: UK f,7%ll|?‘f<i f,?nk** (Speaker,) Grim.Id-, Wood oT Albemarle, Randolph, Booker, Garland, Brooke, Camp l.cll ol Bedlonl, Anderson mid Wilson ol Botetourt, Ul.ol sim, bliell, ! atteson ot Buekiiigbum, Rives, Daniel, Dick mson, I lalyburton, Richardson, Puttc-son ol Chesterfield, . . iidleb." Jtroadus W dson ol Cumberland. Brodm.x, . ..us, Ball Marsh.. I, Milln.un, Smith ol Gloucester, C M ^000l: a.V: - h,,ki"'-. Spencer, Bruce, Sims, Roam-, Mullen, Williams, Mayo.Gravely, Jordan, Slieild, ■.illaber. Berry, Summers, llarwom1. Curler ot L. St R , AI.en, M Hh.ii.ey, Lomdoxtcr, Hudgins, Smith ol M. H. I., Preston, Webb. Clutodler, Leigh. Fisher Him.i Andeison Ol Filsdiiigh. D.ivK Witcher,’Swanson' i Idler, Duj.uy, Laud, SI, tuds, Carter ol P. W ., Moore t m-o", Cohh Powell. Crump, Margrave. M’Coy, Keller, New Ion, Crockett, king, Brown and Hutlici foord—79. .• , ?n :r"\ ,,1?'m*"r’ Al’Cue,Cameron,FauTkucr, Good ol IL, t ainp.iell of B., Spurlock, Chiilou, Stephen’ s-.'.’ Meims, Mule and Wood* ol F., Wootl und Brvccof Livd., Smdmv, ll.nl <;., Carskmlon, Poston, Johnson, .lays t oid.dl ( aldtvcll, Btllingsly, llenry, Vawter, Par •V.!“',,*v,,l,«’r./•!»•». I*«H, M’iM.ihon, Cline, Jcssee,. J>JWi ;iii«l 4M01! Tim lull making provision for tl.e redemption of lands delinquent for non-payment of tuxes, was taken .... w ith the amendment* reported Iron, the Select Committee, WilliIi were severally itgrceil (o. Mr. Krskine moved m amend tl.e lull *0 as to exempt tho 1 ounty ot Greenbrier from its dft. ration. Tl.is motion was opposed l.y Messrs Summers and Preston, und was rejected. Alter having been amended on motion or Messrs Pro ton m.d Snnuners, tl.e bill w as ordered to be engrossed. 1 he following engrossed bills were r.-ad a third lime, and passed:—to ...corporate the Sl.adwell Mauuluclu.ing Lompany—Ituorporuting the Barbour*\ ille Toll Brideu ( ompaiiy—appoiming T.at-tees of the Town of Warden. v.lle-chang.ng the pfaec of balding a separate election in the county ol Hardy, &c. An engrossed bill concerning memorials of deed, and other writings, was taken up, on motion ol Mr. Brodnax. and, tin- blanks having been filled, it wax, on it* possa-o, rejected. 1 n r On motion of Mr. Allen, the House adjourned. A t a meeting of the citizens ol Norfolk county, friendly to the rc-eleclion or ANDREW JACKSON to the 1>J stdcncy ol tho United States, held at the Court-house, on l hursday, the 23d in-t.. Den. John Hodges was called to the Chair, mid II. Roiiinso.v appointed Secretary._ I lie o >joct of the meeting Inning been briefly staled, no on motion of Jon n U . Mdhiiauoh, Esq. tlio following prcamhlo and resolutions were adopted: ... l“-r.cas B» adjourned meeting ol the members of tho , c „gislature is to he In-Id on (he 2Sth inst. to nomi nate a I resident and Vice President of the United States, fi-om the Itli of March, 1833, and tolbrn. an Electoral Tick et tor the Mate; and whereas, tlio Delegates lrom this cwunty are opposed to the republican party, and uro un willing to attend such meeting; Resolved, therefore. That Col. Moiidecai Cooke and’ . .v,1 **L, AM he, and they are hereby, appoint ed Delegates to represent the republican patty of this county in said adjourned meeting, to ho held in Richmond, on the 28th inst. And upon motion of Col. M. Joiipan, tho following re solutions were also adopted, viz: Resolved, That this meeting have untlimtalfthod conli dcnccin the talents, Integrity and patriotism of onr pro* sent ( net Magistrate; highly aprove of his administration; and fully concurring in the numerous recommendations tor lu- re-election, will, i:i concert with the Republican party throughout the Union, use all honorable moans lor its promotion. Resolved, That tlio unparalleled success of his negotia tions abroad, his luminous expositions to Congress ol our relations, both foreign and domestic, reflect upon our count ry and himself the highest’honor, command the ad miration of the wo. Id, n„d ,„,t at defiance the low in trigues and machinations of his enemies. I. TI'at,0Ur Delegates in the Convention to ho held Richmond, are hereby authorised (if in their opin ion It Should seem expedient,) to delegate the power of nominating a \ icc President of the United States to tho Republican Convention to be held for that purpose in tho t itv ol H.iKimorc. 1 Rest deed. That a ropy of tho proceedings of this mcct ng, signed by the ( hamiinn and Secretary, ho furnish.-.! tho Editors of earl, of tho Norfolk p-.peis, with a request lor the publication ol the raine. Ami then, on motion, (he meeting adjourned. „ JOHN llODGES, Chairman. riENnv Rouinhov, Secretary. rrWe arc requested to state that William C. Scolf Is a candidate to represent the county of Powhatan, in the xu'.vi I 01 \ irginia. DEATHS. balmrU hy nil wlm know l„m Jnmlnry, Kiohard Ovnrion F,kt-.! ri.8,,imkl’i,„,.,','2on'‘ ,l"nC0 in "r eunotv of Olooenrter. on riHi.tj (n< lUih in»t , niter ti •evem mu) immfrrt it ni.«. »>.• , ' aptnui folini:. T»mliir».-The rhnraoli-r nfo.,r (lepnrtcil frion-lVo" r "o vain euloK.,.m to r.nl.lnz.m i.n ...cuich. on' i, looXi/ r triftfuctionfl, thi* il. c*a*. <1 wn* I'crupiilou'lv correct in tii« frinmlihii* ho wn* nnlcM umi awenrr. m hi* rnnnm»r« in. wn* m;i,i » . n. I* oan nci|fhhour hn wa. <-h-iriiahln awtnbliifinz- in h rnAlatr'irrI* h. «•„, ohrr.fnl nn-l rid,Is. h,. ronrrr.a.hm^v". 0,0 Xte?ill ViV.Vn r* i;r ""p •«■**"» i»trr.,i w,,y i / i . . ' Mtglil olilr.olnunn h i* swrpi »V.„n snrin.y onn ol Ihw na. '"T «»»». IucmI hand of d„.h „ *n Kumid ivh.nl. p.-rh,.,,. will novr, t,„ fr,..i,r.|. ||„ Wll, ,.n rtowr.l ,th on into I hr. I of .hr Ii,.. n,which ho ^ Ijrmmily to improve u wn. .hr ii.ii-.,r» of f.itur., di.tit.n.ion ...... .. I,ilno..— hot ,1 hnt [drc.rrf nn in.i-r.i-alVo Providoncn lo r. .novo hint frorn (I... ynln .» t. nr* M l ws h .vr tho consnlmi.in to hop,, f„m, !* n-ifosp ri of hi* i.ro ..nd Ihnmnny vir-u... which ho eomh.n.,1 ihw hr ha. goon ton world Hint ... n„ l„„,hlo It,, ha. |«f, IT?1 ^WO>rnt iinlittirly ilnntl) ^ * biggers EXCHANGE ff TOTTERY OFFICE, RICHMOND, Va. Virginia \\ Sicclin^ l.olln v ]\o. 2, Drew in iliu City of Richmond, Friday, Fob. 24th insi 27- 50 3t 11 ,,i •'(! 311 38 0TN°. 27, 31, 50, (lie highest capital prize ot *10,000 was «old fo a gontleanan of Richmond. tr> No. I I, l(i, 38, prize of $1,000, sold lo a Member of 11 if* I*r#Mnturf*. n ; ‘No, 3, 11,60, *old In a gentleman of the City • All Hie above capitals were sold and paid at sight, as usual, in a few minutes after the drawing was completed—they he seen together, with six other capitals *oh| nnd p-rrd at sight during the last week, at IIiugkr'h Office. . *20,000 ( apital—and 100 prizes of $1,000. \ ii^inia I». Su.imp B,oiicry i\<>- 4. To he drawn in the City of Richmond, Friday, U>th .March, 1832. fib No. lottery—10 drawn hallots. CAPITA LS. 1 Prize of $20,000 is $20,000 •. 10,000 ... 10,000 *. 5,000 - - 5,000 1 3,000 ... 3,000 R’fi.i,ooo . . . ioo.ooo Tickets $10, Halves *5, Quarters #2 50. P.iour.H continues to sell and pay at sight most of the f 'i|iif.tl Prize?, ;iiifI In |Hirrfi:i«e almost every rlrgrripiion ot Cnenrrent Rank Notes on the most liberal terms. II 1 Orders meet the most prompt attention, and the Offi ri.d drawing forwarded to all those who may desire it 1 • !" I ;i<> B. BIO Of it nioimlTi office. I» India £ 3,ol (cry, flaws \o. D hawn N it mn r n s 50 31 II |(i fiO :i 14 3*. 3 11 14, < apital Prize of $300 sold at this office, mak Ur„ sj\ capitals witlnn a few .lays. Friday, March 2nd I’KTERfiRURO LOTTERY, ( i.Ass No. 2. to lie drawn at Itichlnond—Capitals $10 ! 0‘tO, 4,000, 2,500, 2.000, 1,800. 1,500, 5 of 1,000, Kr.-^ Tickets $>. Monday, March 515a—At Norfolk, WFI.LSBURO LOTTKHV, Extra Ci.ass No. 2.— $10,000. 2,600 2.000. 1.200. 1.022. 2 of 1,000. Ke_Tickets $4 Friday. March 9th.- At Richmond. 'V F.LLSBTTRft Col li.HV. Ci.ass No. 2.—Capitals $12,000, 5,000. 1.270, o of 1,000, &(*,—»'Tickets $4. [I i Orders from the country, enclosing cn«h, promptly attended to. as usual, by If BID'VRLL. 4/5 f)oor hejntr the Market, Main Street. Feb. 28. . 04 -tf