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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, March 06, 1832, Image 1

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Wr The l‘*N(il)IHKK it puMiuhnil twice a week, generally, an<l
Ihreo timni it wink iluring (ho «r*«i<in of (ho Slum L^)(i«litloro—
pvieo, Iho <tmo a* horotoforo, foil IMtur* pur anooin |n«nbl« in ad
vance. Notoa of charlereil, ,pi-eic-p lying banka (only) will Imi teceiv.
oil In payment. Tht K<litur* will gimmuiee tho anfoty of remitting
thorn l»y mall; Iho pnrtnge of all lottora Inin; paiil by tho writer*.
OCT* No paper will be rii*emilinu«<l, but at tho ((iteration of tho
Rlitor*. until all arrearage* have born paid up.
. Whoever wl I guarantee tho paymunl of nine pipers shall have
the tenth lira U.
TT One iqnaro or In**—Fir«t insertion 75 coni*—oaeh eontinu.
•aoo. 50 cent*. No advnriiiomi-nl insortcil, until it ha* either been
ptnl for, or BMUinml by aomn par«on in thi* city or it* environ*.
k KJSWARD.—Eloped from the subscriber
Y/v Jmd\W about six weeks ago, his hlacksinitli, Edmund,
a strong, athletic man, vary lllack, aliout five loot ten
fuclics high, niul thirty years »M. IIail on, when ho left
homo, a suit of grey, nappy cotton cloth. Edmund
•|>eaks slowly, and never looks the person to whom he is
•peaking in the face, and is in the habit of rubbing his hand
over his cliiu when in conversation. About ten years
ago, I purchased him of Mr. Michael Vadcn of this coun
ty » who hud been in the habit of hiring him as a boatman
on James River. I think it probable that lie is cither sup
ported by some boatmen on that river, or that he is in the
ucighluxirhood ol his wife, at ll.inj. Hoisscau’s plantation,
near Petersburg, in Dimviddie county. Edinuml profess
ed to ho a Christian, and is, I believe, a member of the
Iiaptist Church, and occasionally, I understand, exhorts or
preaches. I'lio above reward will be given to any one
wlio will deliver him to mo in Chesterfield county.
March 3. [97—w3tv*] JNO. R. WALKE.
RAN A WAV from the subscriber, about the 13th of
February, 1832, a Negro Man, aged between 25
and 30, stout made, common height, named Hilly, lie was sold
to me a few tlays ago, in Richmond, and on my way to North
Carolina, lie left me in Halifax county, Virginia. He lias
been living for the last 13 years, in Granville county,
North Carolina, owned there by Richard Richardsiof said
county, hut when young lie was brought from the lower
part of Virginia, I think Essex county: however, I think
lie has not returned to his native place, hut lias gone to
Granville county, where his late master resides, llis ap
prehension and delivery to jail is earnestly requested; and
a liberal compensation will be given for Ids delivery in
Jail so that I get him into my possession. A letter addres
sed to me at Aspvillo, in Uumcoinb county, North Caro
lina, will he thankfully received.
. .. Lv' “v J " Oi»!i ill.
1‘ctcislmrs iHcMseii^cr.
MW. DUNNAVANT, having purchased the ina
• terials ol the late “Old Dominion,” intends to
publish, in the Town ol Petersburg, a tri-weekly News
paper under the above title.—In offering to the public his
proposal for patronage, tho publisher will frankly and
hnclly avow those principles which he incans to advocate.
In Politics his course will be determined, yet temperate.
The plain republican sentiments ol Virginia and North
Carolina, lie will labor to sustain.—The ('oiistitution as it is*
wi itten, being the simplest, so lie humbly conceives will
It be the safest rule of the construction of our mutual
national compact.
Kxpcrience having shewn Gen. Andrew Jackson
to he a man, not to be awed by his enemies, nor seduced
by his friends—a man, fully qualified to disoliargc the du
ties of the high station which lie now fills, the publisher
■will most cordially contribute, to his re-election as Presi
dent;—and, entertaining full confidence in the firmness,
talents and patriotism of Martin Van Burks, will he
open to declare his preference for, and should he he the
choice ot Virginia, will advocate his pretensions to tho
Vice-Presidency of the United States.
The Mkssknokr will he particularly devoted to the
Interests of tho Farmer, the Merchant and the Mechanic
of Virginia and North Carolina—To those, it shall bo the
constant careot the publisher, to render his paper both in
teresting and valuable.
Strict attention will he paid to the variety and importance
of other matter selected—and while every thing, both Fo
reign and Domestic, hearing the character of news, will he
faithfully noticed, the admirers of the more Literary produc
tions of the day, may find occasional amusement in the co
lumns of this paper.
Such as feel an interest in the sports of the Turf, shall
be gratified.—As this kind ol matter will occupy but in
ronsiderahlu space, arrangements will he made by which
the earliest and most correct information on this subject,
will be procured from every part of the United States._
In this department, therefore the publisher hopes to make
liis paper, second only to the “Turl Register.”
fhe columns of the Messenger will he shut against all
matter of a personal nature—hut will at all times endeavor
to cherish a spirit of “peace and good will to all men,”
colIcclreely as well as individually.
I l iving been for more than twenty years acquainted
with tlie duties which lie is about to re-assumc, M. W . I).
believes that those who know him, w ill admit that ho is
not entirely incompetent to their discharge. Me has al
ready the promise of assistance from several able pens,
which have been successfully employed on different sub
To those who wore the friends of (he “Old Dominion,”
the publisher particularly looks for’liberal encouragement.
1 lie M kssbngkr will make its first appearance early in
next month.
Conditions.—The Messenger will be published
every I ncsilay, Thursday and .Saturday evening, and
printed on a lair super-royal sheet—the execution good.
I’rice :k"> per year. For the accommodation of friends, not
residents ol the Town, a country paper will be issued
twice a week, containing all the matter (continued adver
tisements excepted) which will appear in the tri-weokly
paper, at ft, I p -r annum—All subscriptions demandable oil
receipt of the first number. Gentlemen subscribing, who
prefer the semi-weekly paper, will be good enough to de
signate it by writing (country) opposite their names,
• Papers will be packed in the most secure manner, and for
warded by mail or otherw ise, to any part of the country.
Advertisements inserted at the usual rales, and a liberal dis
count made to those whoadvcrtisc extensively. The cash
must accompany such as are sent from a distance, unless
the writer be personally known to the publisher, or the
ainmmt lie assumed by .some responsible person known to
him. Letters, connected w ith the.business of the estab
lishment, must he post paid, otherwise they will nol he
iiMendcdjin^j^ry—-gi | I’m nnsm hi;, Feb 21st, |s:i2.
am ..,■ • iikui ( miorm*
lliose who arc in the habit of buying implement*
*’• husbandry, ili.it lie has now on hand u greater variety
than lie has ever lie lore offered them. He lias almost
every kind of Ploughs now in me, with steel or east points,
ami stocked with seasoned timber, an advantage no! geno
r.illy sufficiently appreciated: He lias made an improve
ment in the 1110*1 id-hoard of the improved Ilarshear Plough
which lias been suggested by many practical farmers,
rendering it much more de*ii .iMe—Component parts of
Ploughs always on hand, and mould hoards sold at Foun
dry prices, lie Hatters hitnscli that his prices have been
so reduced a* to give satisfaction. .Should any implement
purchased from him, not perform mpial to the expectation
of Hie pureh;t«er, It may he rvturneil.
", 17*; ifj WM. PALMER, Mafket Bridge,
npHh snliserlhcr will he ab*cnt from Richmond until
M. April; during Ids absence Mr. Lethbridge will at
tend to hi* professional business, in whose skill, its a Den*
fi*t, the public may with perfect safely place the most im
plicit confidence. HOUSTON
■I.,,,.:., im, ,
I ANI>!')lt SALE.— the sub icrihcr wishing to move
i to the H cst, oilers lor sale |,j< trad of Land, in the
county oft umberl.ind, o„ Willi,* (’reek. about six miles
fromCartcrsvlllc, containing eight hundred ami sixty-live
acre.; three hundred and fifty of which is in woods, and
well t,,„bered. >o improvements consist of a brick
d welling house, a framed kitchen, granary, with a thresh- ,
ing machine, limit two years ago, tobacco barns, and eve
ry other necessary house belonging to a farm, with good
orchard* and water, in a healthy and desirable neiirhlior
hood. A further description is deemed unnecessary -
Persons wishing to purchase ran be shewn the land hv
the subscriber, who reside* on the same. The term* will
be accommodating. SAMUEL W. CARRINUTON.
fob. 2, 18-J2. 81—lawflw.
deed of trust, bearing date on the 2nd day of Au
gust, 1831, executed to me by True G. Elliott and Lind
sey "'arc, and duly recorded in tbc ollico of the county
court of Rockbridge, I will, on Friday tho 80lh instant,
sell at public auction, for ready money, before tho court
house door, in the town of Lexington, the Printing Of
fice ami Establishment of the “Rockhriduk Intei.
I.IOKNCkr,” with all its privileges and appurtenance.
There are about 450 subscribers to this paper, nud its
situation makes it a desirable purchase to a printer wish
ing to conduct a weekly paper. WM. TAYLOR,
March 3. [90—tds] Trustee.
PUBLIC SALE.—Will be ollercd for sale at public
auction, betbre the front door of the Eagle Hotel,
in the city of Richmond, on tho 20th of April, 1832, at 12
o’clock, on a credit of six months, a House and Lot, situa
ted on Main or E street, in said city. The House is of
brick, three stories high, well calculated tor a store and
dwelling house.—The lot trouts on said Main or E street,
about 27 1-2 feet, and extends back from said street, to
wards Exchange Alley, to a line drawn directly across a
yard, from a corner of a lumber or warehouse, on the en
tire lot, (a part now only being offered for sale) to a point
where another line drawn from tho corner of the kitchen
on said entire lot, to where it would intersect a line, from
the corner of the kitchen of Fulcher, (or what was former
ly Fulcher’s Kitchen) which said back line is nearly pa
rallel to the said Main or E street, and includes the privy
and reces r annexed thereto, on tho side of the said lumber
or warehouse, parallel to the said Main or E street, and
running thence (from the said point of intersection) along
the line drawn from the comer of the kitchen on said en
tire lot, to the corner of Fulcher’s kitchen, including nlso
a passage of 27 1-2 feet, extending from the before describ
ed lot to Exchange Alley, which said lot or parcel of
ground with the appurtenances, is a part of a lot purchased
by John King, of the representatives of Thomas Gilliat,
{reference to which title may be had, at tho othco of the
Husting’s Court for the city of Richmond.)
The above described property will he sold by virtue of a
Deed of Trust, executed by John King to John Macrae,
dec’d. ami John Gibson, Jr., of record in the Ollicc ol the
Hosting'* Court of Richmond, to satisfy Jane Boyle,
Adm’x of I). Boyle, dec’d certain debts in said Deed men
tioned. The purchaser will he required to execute a ne
gotiable note with good endorse!*, at one of the Virginia
Banks in the city of Richmond, (ofht one of their Branch
es in the town of Fredericksburg,) payable in six mouths,
and aNo to execute a Deed of Trust on the property to se
cure the purchase money. JOHN GIBSON, Jr,
Feb. 2. 83—tds Surviving Trustco.
D AND FOR SALE.—I offer .for sale a Tract of Laud,
JLA lying in tlio county of Dinwiddie, about 12 miles
Irom Petersburg, and 3 from the proposed Rail Road: it
contains 1618 acres by late survey, about 600 of which is
cleared, the remainder is in original wood, but little pillag
ed, an<l contains a great deal of valuable Umber. This is
generally considered the best Tract of Land in the county,
and I think truly so. Persons wishing to purchase, may
learn tho terms by application to Mr. Willis Cousins of Pe
tersburg, or to the subscriber on the premises.
Dinwiddie, Feb.,2-1. 93—lin
B\ virtue of a Deed of Trust, executed to the sub
scribers by Reuben Turner, bearing date the. 6lh
day of August, 1331, and of record in the Clerk’s Office
ol the County Court of Caroline, wc shall, to satisfy the
objects of said Deed, proceed to sell,by public auction, to
the highest bidder, lor cash, on Saturday the 17lh day of
March next, on the premises, the following property, viz:
one negro woman named Sarv, and her future increase,
one Gig and Harness, one Bay Mare, one Yoke olOxon,
three Milfh Cows and Calves, one Cow in calf, and one
Yearling, three Beds and Funilure, set Dining Tables, one
Side Board, twelve Chairs, fourteen Sheep, Kitchen Fur
niture and plantation Utensils.
IL 1332. 89—w4w
Fj virtue of a deed of trust executed to the subscribe
Si & ers by William Ballard and Fanny his wife, hear
ing date the 3d day ol November, 1830, and of record in
the clerk’s office of tho county court of Caroline, we shall,
to satisfy the objects of said deed, proceed to sell, bv pub
lic auction, to the highest bidder, for cosh, on Friday the
ltiih of March next, on the premises, all that tract or par
cel of hind described in said deed, which lies in the county
aforesaid, and said to contain 136 acres; out of which tho !
said Fanny Ballard has fifty acres during her life. Part
of this laud is well-timbered, and of good quality. Such
title only ns is vested in us as trustees, will be conveyed,
though the title is believed to be good.
_89—w4w_ HENRY DOGGETT, J Trustees.
j^T oriCE.— By virtue of a Deed of Trust ex.7cutcd*m
1 w George Winn and the subscriber, by James Fielding
and Joanna his wife, on the 9tli day of October, 1S29, and
of record in the Clerk’s Office of the county of Fluvanna,
I shall, for the purpose therein mentioned, offer for sale,
for cash, on Wednesday the 28th day of March inst, ir
lair, it not, the next lair .day, on the premises, a tract of
laud containing ,ono hundred and twelve acres, lying on
the waters of Brcuio Crack, within four miles of the Mid
dleton Mills: also the following property, to wit—Three
leather beds, one cow and yearling, one cupboard, one ta
ble, six chairs, and sundry kitchen furniture.—Such title
only as is vested by the Trust, will be made to the pur
chaser. DANIEL STONE, Acting Trustee.
March 1. 95—w 4wi
HMRUST SaTk OF LAN D._ By request, :7ml iu pur
U_ suancc ol a Deed of Trust executed by John S.
" inston, to the subscribers as trustees, bearing date the
bill of June, 1829, and duly recorded in the Clerk’s Office of
Goochland County Court, the undersigned, or one of them
will, on the 16tli day of March next, upon the premises,
sell at public auction, to the highest bidder, for cash, the
tract of land in the said deed mentioned, called Wutkins
villc, lying on the I I tree-Notched iio.td, in the county of
Goochland, adjoining the lands of Joseph Hodges and
others, containing by estimation 269 acres, he the same
mure or less, in order to satisfy ihc purposes of the said
I rust I Iced. 1 he title to the lands is belie veil to be good;
but such title only as is vested in the Trustees, will be
conveyed to the purchaser.
Goochland, Feh. IB. 1)0 wlw1’
fA.VI) !• OR 8 A EE.—Tito Subscriber* being desirous
J or removing to (he West, will sell a bargain in their
Tract of Land, railed Woodlawn, in the county ol Cum
berland, containing 8*0 acres, nearly 300 of which is well
timbered woodland, excellent for tobacco, lying on Willis’
Ri ver, 10 utiles above Cartcrsville, ami I mile above Durr
Mills.—The plantation is in good repair, and Inis on it
every building necessary for the accommodation of a large
family, and from it* healthy situation and convenience to
market, is rendered every way desirable. As it is pre
sumed that no one will purchase, without first viewing the
promises, a further description is deemed unnecessary._
<)ne-tldrd of the purchase money to he paid down, and the
balance in three cipial annual instalments; the purchaser
giving bonds with approved security, or a deed of trust on
the property to secure the payment.
Feb.9._[laflOt*] JOHN v LEWIS.
imaONTVI E i Ns 111 i I E. . \ .1/UltUttown, /•'; <
-1 'Irrich Count}/, Va.—The next Session will com
mence April 18th, and close September 19th.—'The plan
ot this school is to prepare the student for college, or to
a fibril him a full course of instruction in the usual branches
of an English education. Moral mid scientific lectures
on subjects rela'ing to practical life, are delivered in a
familiar wav. either in walks for recreation or in the fami
ly circle. Die buildings are new, and the lodging rooms
large and thoroughly ventilated. The situation is retired,
and the location calculated to secure the morals and health
of the student. The number of pupils is limited to twelve,
with whom an assistant teacher always lodges.
I erms, ?<7.t per session, payable in every instance in
advance. This charge will not he thought high, when it
is considered that it embraces hoarding, lodging, lights,
fuel, washing (and mending, if the student furnish materi
als;) also tuition, including all books and every article ol
stationery ; and that the pupil enjoys the advantages to he
derived from the united attention of two instructor* devo
ted to a limited and select school; with the use of a mis
cellaneous library, in which are statedly deposited, a
number of the most approved periodicals, devoted to edu
cation, science and the arts.
No applicant received for less than a session, or that
part of the session remaining at the time of admission.
Feb. 2*. [01—(1st My.J JOHN LODOH.
FOK 8AI.K, that thorough-bred Stallion, i
Black. \\ ahkiouii, foaled in 1S1!), and purchased
at the sale ol Jittnet Dunlop, ol Roslin, Esquire, [oppo
site to Petersburg, Virginia,] by Mr. Randolph, in IS20,
I who then gave £100 for Inin. Ho was a most promising i
rolt, hut Iroiu Mr. Randolph’s going soon after abroad, ho
was shamefully neglected and injured in his growth. In
1*27 ho was tanned out to a person In Fauquier whom his
owner never has seen in his life, during Mr. Randolph’s
attendance oil his seat in Congress, which he took in He- !
ccmber, 1326, on his return from Europe—and last year
he was kept by Nathan l.utborough. Esq. of the District
of Columbia, who sent him home about two months ago
very poor. Mr. Randolph had not set eyes on this valu
able and noble animal since the autumn of 1323, (seven
years.) until the 13th of December last, (1331.)—He is a
black witli white teet.
PEDIGREE.—Black Warriour was got by the
imported horse Merryliold, sou of Sir Henry Tempest
\ .me s famous Focklighter—the best racer by farof bis
day—bis dam Philadelphia, by Washington, out of Miss
Iotteridge by DuNUANNON,(0’Kully*s most favorite
son of Eclipse,) her dam, M arcella, by M amurino
out of Medea by Sweet Briar, (the bust horse by far
ol his day—and most lavoritu Stallion ol l.ord Grosvcnor,
who covered at 25 guineas,) Angelica by Snap—Re
gulus—Bartlett’s Childers—Honywood’s Arabian,
dam of the Two True Blues.
M iss Totteridge by Dung vn.yon.
M ashington by Sir Peter (best son of I ligbilycr) out of ail
own sister to Trumpater, a little black horse that was the
best ol bis day, uud the best grandson of old Matchem.
N. B.—He generally gut bays. (Sorcerer, the best
horse and stallion of bis day, sire ot Soothsayer and Smo
lensko, was an execution,) Smolensko also was a black.
Dungannon, O'Kelly’s favorite sou of Eclipse.
i Mamurino by Engineer—the best and stromrost horse
m tho world—graiulsiro to Long Island Eclipse.
Sweet Briar by Syphon, son of Squirt, that got old
Marsko, the sire of Eclipse—eovercd at 30 guineas.
Angelica hy Snap, (the best horse and stallion of his
day. Papillon hy Snap, was the dam of Sir Peter
Teazle, the host son of High Flyer,) Regulus—
Bartlett’s ChiLUERs—Hollywood’s Arabian, dam of
the Two Truk Blues.—Hu will ho shewn in Richmond
early in March.
Extract of a letter from Nathan Lufborough, Esq. of
the District of Columbia, to John Randolph of Roan
I oke, dated 1WA Feb., 1882:
I “ I have not seen Black Warriour’s foals myself, but I
[ have conversed with several gentlemen of Fauquier and
Prince William, every one of whom speak in the high
est terms of tho foals of his get, as being both large
and handsome. My friend, John Hill Carter of Prince
William particularly, has given mo favorable accounts of
Black Warriour’s Stock.”
Also, Peacock, five years old next grass—and nume
rous brood mares, and colts, und fillies—of all ages from 3
years old upwards.
Apply to Mr. Wyatt Cardwell, at Charlotte Court-bouse,
\ irginia—to which the U. S. Mail Coach from Washington
to Milledgeville, in Georgia, and from Milledgcvillu to
« ashington, runs every day, Sundays excepted—if bv
letter post-paid. 1
Charlotte C. 1L Feb. 23,1832. 01—tf
If riiimici^
A Beautiful bay, of great power, will stand tliocn.su
ing season at my Farm, (Dover,) on James River,
in. tho County of Goochland, twenty two miles above
Richmond, and ten below the County Court House, and
be allowed to serve mures at the moderate price of liiteen
dollars the season—discharged by twelve dollars if paid
by the fifteenth ot July, (when the scaason will expire :)
twenty five dollars wilt Wo t'oqmro't to ensure a mare with
foal, to be paid as soon as the mare is known to he in foal
or is parted with—good pasturage will he afforded gratis to
mares left with the horse, and good care taken oil’ them,
but no liability for accidents or escapes. The mares will
be fed, if directed, at twenty live cents a day. Brimmer
will be at bis stand tho 1st day ol March, ready to serve
mares. T. R. HARRISON.
Pedigree.—Brimmer was gotten by Herod, bis dam by
Robin Redbreast, bis grand dam by Shark, great grand
dam by Clive, g. g. grand dam by Lath, g. g. g. grand
dam by Baylor’s Fernoughl, g. g. g. g. grand dam by
Old Janus, g. g. g. g. g. grand dam by Whittington, g. g. I
g- g- g- g- grand dam by Old Janus.
Brimmer's pedigree explained.—Ilerod was gotten by
Thomas C. Buuhiiry’s Diomcd Diomcd by Florizcl, in
England, Florizcl by Herod, Herod by Mr. Croft’s cele
brated horse Partner, Robin Redbreast was gotten by
the Earl of Derby’s horse Sir Peter Teazle, Sir Peter
Teazle hy Highflyer,Highflyer hy Herod, Ilerod by Mr.
Croft’s Partner; Shark was gotten by Marsh, Mar.-li by
Ford Godolphin’s Arabian Horse, who was called (he Go
dolphin Arabian, Clive was gotten by Baylor’s Fear
nought, Fearnought hy Regulus, Rcguhis hy the Codol
pliin Arabian; Whittington was gotten hv Lord Lowthcr’s
Barb Horse, who was called the White Legged Lowthcr
Barb. Feb. 21. [92—2aw8t]
7^X0 1 It E.—Committed to the jail of Amherst count)
is on the 3d of October last, as a runaway, a Negro
Man, who calls himself Ned, and said he belonged to the
heirs ol Mary Slitli, ol Prince illi.im, hut now he says j
be is the property of Tbomas Lewis, Guilford comity, N.
Carolina. The said fellow appears to be. between 15 and
50 years of age, 5 feet 10 or II inrbe- high, yellow com
plexion, with a very thick head of hail, somewhat grey,
.and a small scar across his nose—had on ivhen committed,
no obi plaid cloak, blue mixed pint a loons and vest, and an
old pair of black cloth pantaloons and vest with him. The
owner of said fellow will come forward and prove, hispio
perty and take him away, or lie will be de-all with ns the
law directs. ROBERT I.. COLEMAN, Jailor,
for Nelson C. Dawson, Sheriff.
•Fin. 28. 82 - w 12w
OHIo AND KENT! ( Kl LANDS_The8ubscri
her oilers his services to non-resident proprietors ol j
lands in the States of Ohio and Kentucky, for the sale !
thereof, and payment of the taxes. All letters addressed !
to him at Cincinnati, or to John II. Price, Esq. of Rich
mond, post paid, will hr duly attended to. IIC refers
those to whom he may be unknown, to Chief Justice Mar- ,
shall; Chapman Johnson, Charles Copland, and Snm’l My- i
P- S.—J. S. will also attend as Attorney at Law to suits ■
in the Federal Courts at Columbus and Frankfort,
j 'Nov. I 01—wtirn
treasury Department, ) j
1 Hth Jan. 1832. 5
^"OTICE is hereby given to the proprietors of the lour
i * and an half per cent, stock, created in pursuance ol
an Act of Congress, passed on the 21th day of May, I
1821, (hat the Certificates ol the said stock, will be paid. I
on the lust day,ol Apiil next, to the proprietors thereof, or
their legal representatives or attorneys duly constituted,
on the presentation and surrender ol tho said Certificate*,
at the 1 reasury or at the Loan Olficc where the same may
stand credited.
NOTICE is further given, that no transfer of the Cer
tificates of said stock, Iroin (lie hooks of the Treasury, or
any l.oan OJTico will he allowed alter the first day ol
March next.
And also, that the interest on all the Certificates of the
said stock, will cease and determine on tho 31st day ol
March next. •
LOI IS McI.ANE, Sec’y of the Treasury.
Jan. 12,1882,__ 71 laflAp
™ J The canal is open, and navigable by vessels drawing
•>ix licet water. In a few weeks, a culvert, now making,
will he finished, when vessels of eight feet dralt may pus
as usual. Tho Tolls ami Itegulations ol Passenger Bar
ges and vessels with merchandize, remain the same as
they were last season. The faeililies and despatch afford
cd on this route will be continued as heretofore.
It. M. LEWIS, President C. and I). C. Co.
1 ’1 M M0t
fc'^ILS I IC HOODS.— CJeorue Carey, corner of
■ P Ilaltimore and Charles Streets, Baltimore, has lor
.■ale a general assortment of Domestic (foods, consisting
in part ol •• Watt ham," ".tpplrf»n," t-owrtt," "Hamit
ton" "vXnufma,” "Exeter," •v/rery” and "PUttfield”
M A VUE Af.'Tt/RKs, which will he sold on favorable terms)
by the package or piece. Feb. 2. [H |—2aw3m]
BOH A N NAN has ro moved his office to the room* j
■ r over the store of Mr. Joshua Hallowell, four doors I
below the Bell Tavern. Feb. 29. |7M_tf)
»LA( KSM I I H I OH SALE.—The sut>scriber. liv-j
ing near I hoinp^on’s \ Hoads, in Lotii«a county,
wi lies lo sell a valuable. Blacksmith.
Feb. 9. [H7—wtwj L.YUNCELOT MINOR. •
IN CHANCERY—Virginia.—At* Circuit Supc
rior Court ol Law ami Chancery, hohlcn at tho Capi
tol in the city of Richmond, on Saturday, tho tweuty-fourtli
day of December, olio thousand eight hundred and thirty
Thomas Price, Jr. und James T. Sutton, plllls.
, Bvi*l George, James Lyons, Jr. Tliomns Priddy, Joseph
I'; Price, Philip If. Winston, Richard Morris, Joseph C.
Wingfield, Robert Copland, Henry R. Winston, James
Potts and John 1). Andrews and Eugenia his wife, late
Eugenia Thiluian, defts
This cause, in which tlie bill of the plaliitills hath I’cen |
coniessed as to tho defendants, Myrd George, James Ly
ons Jr. Thomas Priddy, Joseph F. Price, Philip 13 Win- 1
sion, Henry R. \\ in-tun and James Potts, came on this !
day tube heard by consent, as to the defendants, John l). j
Andrews and Eugenia his wife, on the hill, answer of the
said defendants, John D. Andrews and Eugenia his wife,
and exhibits, and was argued by counsel. On considera
tion whereof, tho court is of opinion that the defendant,
Eugenia Andrews, who was Eugenia Thiluian, widow of
\\ i I limn W . i iiilman, dec'd, is entitled to dower only, in
the equity of redemption which the said William W.Thil
man held, in the laud ami appurtenances conveyed by
him and tlie said Eugenia, by the deeds of the first day ol
December, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-live,
and the twenty-sixth day ol September,one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-seven, and that those deeds, or the
sums now duo on account of them, must ho first satisfied,
before any assignment ol dower can he made to the said ,
Eugenia, or any oilier debt duo by the said William W.
I hihiian is paid; and that it is the right of the grantees, in
the said deeds, to have the said lands sold; doth therefore
adjudge, order, and decree, that the plaintiffs trustees,
named in tho deed of tho thirty-first day of January, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, do sell the tract
ol land wall its appurtenances conveyed by that deed,
and tho deeds herein before-mentioned, at public auction,
at Hanover Court-house, having given thirty days previous
notice ol the time and place of such sale, in any two of the
newspapers printed in the city oi Richmond, and by ad
vertising the same at tho door of tho Court-house of the
said county of Hanover, on somu court day, at least ten
days before such such sale, upon the following terms, to
wit:—The sum of two thousand live hundred dollars, to
bo paid in cash, and tho residue thereof, within twelve
months from the day of sale: the said trustees taking from
the purchaser bond with good security, for the credit pay
ment, and retaining the title tothesaid land,until the further
order ol the court, and deposit the said sum of two thou
sand fivo hundred dollars, after deducting the necessary
expenses attending tho execution of this decree, not in
cluding any commission to themselves, into tho Hank of
Virginia, to tho credit of this cause, subject to tho future
order ol tho court, and report their proceedings herein to
the court. *
And the court doth further udjudgo, order and decree,
that tho plaintiffs render an account of all monies received
and disbursements made by them, as trustees of William
W. Thilman deceased, under the aforesaid deed of the
thirty-first day of January, one thousand eight hundred
and twenty-eight, before one of the Commissioners of this
court, who is directed to examine, state and settle, the
same, and to take ail account of (lie out-standing debts due
from the estate of tho said William W. Thilman, after
causing the usual advertisement, fixing a peremptory day
for creditors to come in and prove their claims before him,
to be publised Ibr two months successively in the Rich
mond Enquirer, and report the names of all the creditors
of the said VI illiam IV . Thilman, and the amount due to
each. And the said commissioner is also directed to ascer
tain and report the value of the said Eugenia Andrews'
dower in the sum arising from the sale of the land afore
said, after satisfying tho debts due to the defendants, Joseph
r. Price or Byrd George, or their assignees, and to appor
tion the residue of the money arising from surli sale,
among tho creditors of tho said William VV. Thilman,
giving priority only to those, except the said Joseph
F. Price and Byrd George, if any such there he, who
obtained judgments against the said William W. Thil
man, prior to the execution of the deed of the first day
of .December, one thousand eight hundred and twenty
five; and to report tho said several accounts to the
court, with any matters specially stated, deemed pertinent
by himself, or which may he required by tho parties to
l»o so staled. A Copy. Teste,
_y. ROBINSON, Clk.
Commissioner's Office, }
Richmond, tit It Jim., 1832. J
Tho parlies interested in tho matters referred by tin*
above decretal order of tho Circuit Superior Court of Law
and Chancery for Henrico county, to one of the Commis
sioners ol said Court, arc hereby notified, that 1 have ap
pointed Thursday, the fifteenth day of March next, li>r
their attendance before me, on the matters so referred, at
my ollicc at the Capitol in the City of Richmond, with their
accounts and proofs. And l do, further, in pursuance ol
tlie said order, hereby notify all persons having claims
against the estate of William VV'. Thilnian, dec’d, in said
order mentioned, to come in before me, on the said fifteenth
day of March next, at my ollicc aforesaid, and prove their
claims, in order that an account of said claims may lie
reported to the court in obedience to the said order.—
Punctual attendance of the parlies concerned will he ex
pected, as tlie commissioner will proceed with all practica
ble despatch in the performance of his duties.
WM. G. PENDLETON, Com'r of the
C'ir. Hup. Co. of I,. If Ch. for Henrico.
Jan. 14._ 78—w8w
v-11 AI\I. r.K 1 .—in Pow liat.ui C utility Court, Janu
ary 18, 1832.
Thomas Moseley mid Benjamin Moseley, Pltffs.
Joseph 15. Davis, ndm’or ot Richard Moseley, dec’ll,
and John Moseley, Bennett Moseley, Richard Moseley,
Edward Moseley, Robert Moseley, Henry Howell, and
Pamela his wife, late Pamela Moseley, Mary Susan
Moseley, and Arthur Moseley; whieli said John, Bennett,
Richard, Edward, Robert, Pamela, Mary Susan, and Ar
thur, are children ol Arthur Moseley, dec’ll; and Elizabeth
Williamson Moseley and Robert Moseley, children of Ro
lirrt Moseley, tier'd; the said Robert Moseley, (son of
Arthur,) Mary Susan Moseley, Arthur Moseley, Elizabeth
Williamson Moseley, and Robert Moseley, (son of Robert,)
bring infants under the age of 21 years, Defdts.
This day came the Plaintiffs, by their Counsel, and filed
their hill, and the Defendant, Davis, tiled his answer; ami
the Defendants, Bennett Moseley, Elizabeth Williamson
Moseley, and Robert Moseley, (son of Robert,) not hav
ing entered their appearance and given security according
to the Act of Assembly and the Rules of this Court, and
it appearing by satisfactory evidence that they are not in
habitants of this country: It is Order fit, That the said
Defendants do appear here on the first day of March
Court next, and answer the hill of the Plainlilft; and that
a copy of this order he forthwith inserted in some news
paper published in the City at Richmond, for two months
successively, and posted at tho front door of tho Court
house of this County. A Copy. Teste,
Jam 21. [79—w8w"] WM. 8. DANCE, Clerk.
IN j|< 11 \ \ ( I .K \ , Virginia: M Rules, holdeu in iho
. (Jerk’s Office of the Circuit Superior Court of Caw
and Chancery lor Henrico County, the (5th day ol Febru
ary, 1832 :
Robert Poore, Plaintiff
Benjamin Sheppard, Sheriff of Henrico County, to
whom was committed the estate of Neil Met‘mill for ad
ministration, John Parkhill and others, Defendants.
The defendant, John Parkhill, not having entered his
appearance and given security according to the Act ol As
sembly and the Rules of this Court, and it appearing by
satisfactory evidence, that lie is not an inhabitant of this
Country: It is ordered, that the said defendant do appear
helore the Judge of our said Court, at \he Capitol, in the
City of Richmond, on the first day of tho next May Term,
to be Imldcn for the trial of civil causes, and answer the
bill of the plaintiff; and that a c»py of this order be forth
with inserted in some newspaper published in the city of
Richmond, for two months successively, anil posted at the
Iron! door of the Capitol, in the said city.—A Copy. Teste,
21. [M «j J. ROBINSON, C C.
r ■ 411 r. Steamboat for Rt< h most it, until further notice,
JL will leave Nor rout on the mornings of Tuesday,
and Saturday—returning, will leave Richmond on Thurs
day and Sunday, at the usual hour.
[94 fit] WM i CITAPMA *>
ffVIOS. K. JETER, Dentist, will be at McCoy’s
Tavern, in Cartersville, on Monday, 12th March;
at Paine’s Tavern, in New Canton, on Thursday I5ih; at
Dr. B. P. Anderson’s on Monday 19th, and at May’s Ta
vern, Buckingham C. H, Thursday, 224 of March, where
lie can be consulted, and will attend to all calls in his pro
fession. [March IJ 95—w.lw
JLoyixlaUvc Debate—Continued.
[Seventh Day.]—Wednesday, January IS.
Debate oN.lfr. Goode's Resolution, J\fr. Randolph's
Substitute, the Report of the Committee on Slaves,
amt J\[r. Pres ton's Motion to amend.
Mr. Brown rose and addressed the House ns follows:
Mr. Speaker*\Y'lien tlio subject under consideration
was first brought to the notice ol this House, in the unos
tentatious form of a petition from Hanover, 1 felt but little
apprehension about the result. I avowed, at that time, my
firm conviction that no scheme of emancipation was prac
ticable, ami that none should bo attempted. Yet, I was I
willing that the petition should he referred to a committee, I
and disposed of, with all becoming respect, in the ordinary !
manner. 1 believed the -discussion ol this question to be I
unavoidable, and was desirous of giving it such direction
as would be best calculated to settle and to sink it lor ever. I
I know that some intelligent gentlemen, who concurred
with mo in the object, were of the opinion that it would be
better attained by a different course, and that the petition I
ought to be rejected at once, as the most effectual means •
of arresting the inquiry. 1 doubt not those gentlemen
are now convinced that tlio agitation of this question was
inevitable. If suppressed in one form, it would have arisen
in another. Even the effort made by the gentleman Irom
Mecklenburg, to arrest its progress,has been seized by the
advocates of emancipation, as a favorable oppurtuniiy lor
tlio lull expression of their sentiments. The very char
acter of those sentiments, and the zeal with which they '
have been urged, must be sufficient to satisfy every omi 1
that they could not have been repressed. It i< useless to talk 1
of avoiding discussion. It will he fortunate if we can pro- ;
vent action—immediate and decisive action—oil the sub
Siw>t /»f amnnnin'ilinn
1 havo listened to this debate*, w ith (he most anxious and
painful interest. Tho evils of slavery havo been ugniu and !
again enumerated, and set in uppalling array be lore our!
imaginations. Its impoverishing elects, its immoral leu- 1
dcncies.aud tho dangers to which it exposes our lives and {
property, havo all been the theme of eloqueut and exag- I
gc rated representation. Wo have been told that tho body I
politic is languishing under disease—that it is “a mass of
corruption”—that there is hidden in its bosom, a pestilence
more fatal than that which “wasteth at noonday.” The
sufferings of the unhapny patient have drawn forth suc
cessive expressions of pity, reproach, and scornful sarcasm.
It might havo been expected that, with so perfect a know
ledge of the malady, the physician could havo recom
mended an effectual remedy. None has yet been propo
sed that commands my confidence. 1 have examined the
various schemes which have been suggested, with un
wearied attention, and with un unaffected wish to find
them worthy of adoption. I have analyzed them as far as
my mind is capable o( doing it, and have endeavored to
trace through the mists of futurity, their probable opera
tion and consequences. It bus resulted in tho conviction,
that (hey are ail visionary and impracticable.
There are u few leading considerations, of paramount
importance, which seem to mo to constitute a standanl to
which we may refer every plan of emancipation, and by
which we may test its merits. There are now in Virginia
about -170,000 slaves—their aggregate valuo is about one
hundred millions of dollars—the assessed value of all tho
lands, houses, and lots in (he commonwealth, is two hun
dred and six millions of dollars. Other kinds of personal
property, bear but a small proportion to these three princi
pal items. Paper currency and credits add nothing to the
actual resources of the community; and it is apparent,
that slaves constitute nearly one-third of the whole wealth
ot the states. Tho value of lands, houses and lots, in Vir
ginia, east of the Blue Bulge, is hut little more than one
hundred millions of dollars. The value of tho slaves in
the same district, is about eighty millions, or nearly one
hair ofits entire wealth. These slaves constitute the nett
proceeds of (lie labour of our ancestors and ourselves, from
the foundation of the colony at James Town, to tho pre
sent moment. We found the soil where it is—it was no
acquisition of ours—we cultivated it, and it has yielded us
one hundred inillionsof dollars, which have been gradually
invested in slaves. Many think it a had investment—an un
profitable Investment—an unrighteous investment.—But
whetherltlie for good or for evil, the investment is made. It
now forms our capital stock. It is the sum total of the hard
earnings of successive generations, during the long and toil
some lapse of more than two hundred years. We derive our
subsistence from the labor of our slaves, precisely in the
same manner that we would live on the interest ot our •
money, il die one hundred million i had been invested in
hank stock. I'roin the animal products of their labor, wo!
obtain tho necessaries of life, and have a surplus of more '
lhan four millions for exportation. Take from us these
slaves without compensation, and what havo we left? Our)
land. Mis true—hut even that would bo depreciated to a!
great and incalculable extent. By depriving us of labo-I
rers, and leaving us destitute of the means of procuring 1
others, you throw out of cultivation a proportionate part of,
the soil—lessen the demand for it, and reduce its price.— !
In short, Sir, whether the emancipation and removal of
our slaves he effected in one year, or in fifty years, when- j
ever the work shall have been accomplished,you will have
reduced us to beggary and want. A few instances of in
dividual bankruptcy may pass unnoticed, hut it is a fear
I'll tiling to drag down a whole community from affluence
and case, to abject poverty. If the people of Virginia are
prepared to make this sacrifice, he it so; the question, in that
event, is at attend. I presume, however, that they have not
yet been mada sensible of the expediency or necessity of
surrendering one hundred millions worth of property, and
voluntarily embracing pauperism. Whenever, therefore,
a scheme of emancipation is presented, my first inquiry is,
whether it admits the right of the slave-owner to an ade
quate compensation for his property ; and if so, whence is
the one hundred millions, required for (lie purchase of our
slaves, and the additional fifteen millions necessary for the
[ transportation, to be procured ? If, on the contrary, the
scheme does not contemplate a compensation for slaves to
he emancipated, I am prepared, at once, to decide that it
is impracticable and ruinous—because, the people of Vir
ginia cannot afford to lose ono hundred and fifteen mil*
lions of dollars.
Keeping Ihcsc cardinal considerations in view, let us
examine more closely, the proposition of the gentleman
from Albemarle, (Mr. Randolph) which provides, in sub
stance, that the children of slaves, which may be l>orn af
ter the year 1810, shall he free at a certain period—the
males at the age of 21, and tho females at the age of IS_
be hired out by the commonwealth, for a number of yoars,
and eventually transported (o Africa, or elsewhere. No
compensation is contemplated by this plan ; but some gen
tlemen, whoare scrupulous about taking (his property w ith
out paying for it, are, nevertheless, reconciled lo this
scheme, because it is not lo affect slaves now in ex
istence, but only their future increase. It istruc that it
I will not take from any man the slaves now in his pos
session, but it will lessen their value. Those slaves afforded
a certain annual income, and (lie capital which yields it is
kept unimpaired, and is even augmented by the ordinary,
natural increase of this population. When you determine
that the owners shall not lie entitled to (Ids increase, you
roblhcir property of one of those inherent qualities which
constitutes the chief clement of its value—the capacity to
re-produce and perpetuate itself. At the end of some in
definite period, say eighty years, fire wholo of the
slaves now in existence, will li.ive ceased to exist, and the
only residuum in the hands of the owners will bo the pro
fits of their labor, accrued during the interval. On the
other hand, allow their owner* the benefit of their increase
and at the expiration of the eighty years, they will not on
ly have received an equal amount of profit, hiit the capital
stock, which generates the profit, will he undimmMicd.
And not only so, hut at the usual ratio of increase, it will
he doubled, and he actually worth two hundred millions of
dollars. The present value of any kind of property, de
pends on tho extent to which it can he augmented w ithin
a given period, (‘.in there he a doubt a- to which i« worth
most at this time—-property which, in (he lapse of eighty
years, is to perish and he extinct—or property which, «ln- ,
ring the same period, is to he increased two-fold— I
each, in the interval, yielding the same profit? .Pass
this law, and all will he anxious to sell out their in
terest in property w hich yields only an ordinary profit,'
while the capital is gradually sinking, in order to invent it
in that w hich yields an equal profit, while die capital is
secure. All will prefer hiring slaves—none will wish to
own them. Their price, In tho aggregate, will -ink to a
point at which it will he equal only to the value of an an
nuity calculated on the probable duration of theb live-,
and the yearly profits of their labour. We hate now an
interest in our slaves, analogous to a fce-»Lrpfe date in I
! lands; but. by the proposed law, this perpetuity will ho
converted into an usufructuary interest, for a term of about <
eighty years. I repeat it, Sir, can it he double I which is
worth most at this tunc?
Independent of the < (Teet of this scheme on the i aluo
- - — - f- i Mir- -—:r->r •| | - f
of slaves now in existence, the destiny of their incrc.v>c, or
tho altcr-born children, involves prospectively, an interest
amounting, iu the course ol eiglity years, to two hundred
millions ot dollars. Is it not natural, and reason able, tiiat
tlie slaveholder should fool tlie deepest solicitude about tho
disposal ot so immense an interest?
ihit, Sir, it was scarcely necessary to enter thus far into
an examination ot tlie mode in which this plan is to opt
rate, it is ceoituh to look at its ultimate consequences,
it proposes no compensation to the owner of slaves, it
contemplates a period, ut which, through tlie instrumen
tality ol its provisions, tlie whole ol our slaves will liavo
been swept from our possession. No matter when this
shject may he attained, whether in eighty or a hundred
years—no matter what particular aspects tlie work may
assume in ihe course of its execution—whenever the con
summation shall he eflected, the w hole ol our available
property will have vanished without an equivalent, leav
ing our country desolate and our people bankrupt.
I liavo, thus far, confined my remarks to the financial
diameter of this scheme. There are other considerations
connected with it of a different nature and well deserving
attention. It is saiij that our slaves arc disaffected and re
bellious—that out lives arc in peril, and that some immedi
ate precautions arc necessary to insure tlie public safety.
1 lie danger is represented as being imminent, ami we aro
urged to act at once, even during the presold session of
the General A-scmbly. And yet tlie favorite measure ot
tered for our adoption, is not to have any visible ellect lor
a quarter ol a century. Wo are, by this act, to make a
public confession of our leurs—to acknowledge that*
the sense ot security is gone—to announce to tho
slave, that the principles ol natural justice entitle
him to lieedoin—that reasons of expediency demand it, ,
and he shall ho free—but yet, in the lace of these fatal ad
missions, not a solitary slave is to be liberated from boil
dage, or sent out of tlie commonwealth for nearly thirty
years. Sir, the ingenuity of man, if exerted for the pur
pose, could not devise a more efficient mode ol producing
discoutout among our slaves, aud thus endangering tho
Dnacc of llip miiauiiiviiif
There Is another fouturo of this plan which tends to si
milar consequences. There are horn, annually, of this
population, ubouttwouty thousand childreu. Those which
may ho bom before Iho year 1840, are to be slaves—thoso
which may bo born alter that period, are lo be freo at a cer
tain age. These two classes will bo reared together_
they will labor together and commune together. *" It can
not oscope the observation of him who is doomed to servi
tude, that although ol the same color and born of the same
parents, a tar dillercut destiny awaits bis more fortunate'
brother. In reflecting on the causes of this distinction, ho
will litul no satisfactory reason for it, in tho circumstance
of tho one having come into being a few months bctorc the
other. As his thoughts again and again revert to the sub
ject, ho will begin to regard himscllas tho victim ol injus
tice. Ilis fancy will exaggerate the blessings ol liberty and
tho miseries ol liis own lot. Cheerfulness and contentment
will llco from his bosom, and the most harmless and happy
creature that lives on earth, will he translormed into u
dark, designing and desporato rebel, in ancient history,
there is an apt illustration of this fearful tendency of the
human passions. Cain and Abel, (be children ol our first
parents, built their altars side by side, and worshipped their
Creator together. Abel’s ottering burnt freely and bright
ly, and the fumes of hisinconse rose high towards heaven.
Not so with Cain’s. No flame or fragrance issued lrom
liis sacrifice iu token ol its acceptance. The demon at
onco took possession of his soul. Envy, hatred and de
spair, urged him to madness, ami then was shed by n bro
ther’s hand, the first blood that ever stained the earth._
Lotus not expose liis “children iu misfortune,’’ who hear,
like him, ou their persons, tho mark ol divine displeasure,
lo (he same trial which overwhelmed with ruin, their
guilty ancestor.
Such are some of tho objections that would apply to the
scheme of the gentleman from Albemarle, even if the own
ers ot slaves were disposed lo submit to the loss resulting
troiu il, and to co-operate iu its execution. But we have
boon told by gcnllouieu, whose opinious are worthy ol en
tire confidence, that the slave-holder vv ill insist on his legal
rights, and call upon the laws of the country, to protect
him in the enjoyment of hi- property, lly what authority
shall it he taken from him, without compensation? Strange
doctrines have been advanced on this subject. Wo have
been gravely told, that although the slaves now in existence
belong to their owners, and cannot bo taken from tliem,
yct tho unborn children of those slaves aro not properly,
and may he emancipated or confiscated to tho state, with
out injustice, because they arc not iu w in being, and
thereforo cannot belong to any one. Is it necessary, Sir,
to enter into an argument he loro this intelligent hotly to
show tho utter fallacy ot (bis position, and that an indivi
dual may acquire in any future, incorporeal interest, to is
*uo from property, already belonging to lum, as valid a
rigid as lie has to the property itsofi? It would be just as
useless as to attempt to prove that a man lias a present and
perfect right lo the interest vv liich is to accrue lrom his mo
ney during the ensuing year. Those gentlemen contend
And the rigid to the lulurc children of slaves, cannot vest,
until they shall have been horn, and that in the meantime,
the act lor their emancipation intercepts the right, ami
prevents it from ever vesting. 1 presume it will bo
mniiiiivii» wi.ii iiib mi ui LMii'Uicipa.iou cannot lake el
feet until tliero is something lor it to operate upon.
If you cannot own a child until born, you cannot emaii
cipale a child unborn. At tlio insinut of birth, tlio
light of property vests. The act divesting it, can
not he antecedent in its application. It must he con
temporaneous or subsequent, and in either case, is con
flicting and illegal in it operation. J.et us extend this
doctrine a little farther, and see to what absurd consequen
ces it leads. The wages of your labor, or the produce ot
your lands, during the coming year, are not yet in your
possession, and therefore, you have not n valid right to
them. The legislature passes a law directing that they
shall be paid into the public treasury, as soon as they ac
crue. What cause have you to complain/ According to
the principles assumed here, these wages, and the Iruits
of your soil, are nut yours. They cannot he yours, until
they shall have actually conic into your possession. Hut,
in tlio meantime, the law interposes, and places them to
the credit of the commonwealth. You are not aggrieved
because norrs/rd right is infringed 1 Sir, these subtle and
1 refined distinctions, arc beneath the dignity of the subject
under discussion. I should not have noticed them, hut lor
an absorbing desire to leave nothing untouched, tlm! might
obscure (lie truth, ami I cannot dismiss them, with a morn
appropriate argument than a “rcductio ad absurdum."
And why should gentlemen waste their ingenuity ami
eloquence in attempting to prove that the owners of slaves
are not entitled to their increase, when they arc prepared
to assail the right to tlavet themselves, whether born or
tinhorn. The gentleman from Kanawha, for the purpose
ot showing dial slaves arc not property, upon the general
principles of law and justice, has referred to the celebra
ted decision in England, in the caso ot Somerset, where
was held, in Ihc language of Curran, that “(he moment a
slave treads on British soil, his shackles fall off, and ho
stands regenerated and disenthralled, by tho redeeming
spirit ol universal emancipation.” I shall say nothing ol
the merits of this proud boast, nor how far its consistency
is preserved throughout tho institutions of that country.—
But surely it is not scrion-dy intended to quote as authority
here, the decision of an English court, made under a law
totally different from Iha1 which exists it* Virginia. British
opinions on this subject arc, moreover, the last that should
he arrayed against in. They sold us these slaves—they
assumed a vernier’s responsibility, and it is not for them
In question the validity of our title.
The gentleman from Montgomery contends, as I under
stand him, that slaves air properly by the statute alone—
that this stale was passed by tin ordinary legislature, sod
may be repealed by the same authority- that there is no
thing in the constitution which secures thr ri ;ht ot proper
ty in a slave He admits that those flames in tharonsti
tudon whirli provido that “property shall not he taken
without tine process of law,” and “ private property shall
not lie taken for public mos without just compensation.”
do afford protection to some kinds of property, but not to
slave property. The admission is fatal to his argument,
for it i* Impossible to find any grounds of distinction. The
constitution uses the general term “property,” and what
ever comes under that denomination, i< equally protected.
To ascertain w hat i< “property,” We must refer to the law s
which define it. The statute declaring, slaves lo he “pro
perty,” was in force at the adoption of the constitution,
and is to he regarded a» supplementary and explanatory ol
th<- provJ Ion in that instrument. !• is not necessary to show
that the right of property in slaves is founded in nature.
No one, I presume WOuM contend for that. It is a right
purely conventional, and derived from the assent and
agreoincntof those who arc united w ith ns hv compact, In
the same political f,roily. The right to our lands j, not a
natural one. The earth i< the common property of all,
and the privilege of Appropriating a portion of its surf,sen
to our individual me, u derived from the social compact,

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