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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, March 15, 1832, Image 1

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bNUUIKhK it puliliihod Iwice a wwk, gonornlly, mu)
lar«o time* a we»*k (luring lh« iPMinn of (ho Htai© Lngialaturn —
Pr,c«, tlm *nmo a< hnr*n>fi>r«t Five llollai* per annum, pajrtbb in ad
vance. Notoa uf chartered, ipucio-pu)ing bank* (only) will Ihi rcceiv
•<l in payment. Tho Edilur* will guarantee Ihe »uf«ly of remitting
thorn by mail; tlm pn.tage of all letter* Immg paid by the wiilor*.
ftCf No paper will bo diaconlinund, but at tho diecrelwin of the
Editor*, until all arrearage* havo boon paid up.
Mr Whoever wi I guarantee tho payment of nine papor* ahall have
tho tonth Ura'i*.
717* On* square. or Inaa—Pint in.eruon 75 cent*—each cnntinu
■ten, 50 cent*. No advertisement inserted, until it hue either boon
paid for, nr assumed by some person in thi* oit or its environ*
WESTERN INN, RlOHMONO* Va.—Tho subscri
ber takes Ibis opportunity or tendering to his
friend* his grateful thanks, for tho very liberal support ho
has met with since taking tho old stand kept so long by
Claiborne Thomas, now leased by the subscriber for eight
years. A continuance of the Western Traders in stock,
and of the former customers of this stand generally, is
particularly solicited, as every endeavor will be made to
give entire satisfaction.
in addition to the establishment being newly furnished,
and the lots being substantially enclosed for the accommo
dation of every kind of stock, two first rate Drivers and a
break Wagon are at the command of bis Western friends,
which will be found desirable to those having horses never
before broke. W. H. PLUMII.
N. U. Any aid that can be rendered, in my power, to
assist my old friends, and all others calling at my old stand,
to dispose of their stork, will be cheerfully rendered. 1
also invite all my friends and others, to give my friend
1’bUMii a call. CLAIBORNE L. THOMAS.
March 15. 101—w4w*
MU. JOHN FA LI NO :—Sir—As you are not a resi
dent of Virginia, take notice. That on the 3rd day
•f the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery, to
bo held in the county of Scott, Virginia, in September
next, I shall ask that Court to impnnncl a Jury for the pur
pose of ascertaining the truth of a statement of facts which
1 have tiled in the office of said Court against you, and on
which I expect to ask tho next (Jencr.il Assembly of Vir
ginia for a divorce from you, for causes therein set forth,
when and where you may attend, if you choose.
March 15. [lOl-Sw*] DELI LA FALINO.
lATOTICL.—Tile undersigned, acting Kxecutor of the
J-w last will and testament of Jeremiah Jcrrell, sen’r, de
ceased, will proceed to sell, l»y public auction, on the 11th
day of May next, upon a credit and terms (to bo made
known on the clay ol sale), at the late residence of the
•aid decedent, in the county of Madison, on the Conway
river, about eight hundred acres of Land, lying and be
ing in the said county of Madison—four hundred acres
lying in the county of Orange, and about one thousand
acres lying in the county of Albemarle.—A particular de
scription, and localities of the respective tracts or parcels
ol land, will be made known on the day of sale. Also, at
the same time and place will be sold, 20 likely Slaves, con
sisting of men, women and children; also, different kinds
ol stock, &r. The purchaser or purchasers will be required
to give bond and approved security for the amount ol their
respective purchases. All those who may have claims or
demands ol any description, are requested to come forward
with them, legally authenticated, in order that they may
be immediately paid.—Those who may be indebted to said
estate, arc, in like manner, requested to make immediate
Ex’or of Jeremiah Jerrull, sen’r, dec’d.
Madison Co., 15th March, 1832. 101-wtit
IN CHANCERY.—Gloucester County Court, March
Thomas Cary, Plaintiff
against .
Westley H. Hawkins, adm’or of Win. II. Ilawkins,
deceased, Defdt.
The Defendant, Westley II. Hawkins, not having en
tered his appearance, and given security according to the
Act of Assembly and the Rules of this Court, and it ap
pearing by satisfactory evidence that he is not an inhabi
tant of this country: On the motion of the Plaintiff, by
Addison I.. Ilyrd, his Attorney, It is Ordered, That the
said Defendant do appear here on the first day of August
Court next, and answer the bill of the plaintiff, and that a
copy of this order be forthwith inserted in some newspa
per publi lied in the City of Richmond, for two months
successively, and a copy posted at the front door of the
courthouse of (his county. Copy. Teste,
March 15. 101—w8w
HARTFORD ACADEMY.—This Institution, fortlie
classical education of Hoys, is pleasantly situated
about one mile from the State House, in the city of Hart
ford, on the elevated ground which overlooks the valley of
the Connecticut. Tire Trustees of this School, are deter
mined that it shall always be under the care of able and
judicious Instructors, and they have limited the expense
lor tuition, board, washing, fuel and lights, to :$il2 > a year
for pupils under ten years of age, and .$ 150 for those who
are older, 'fbe course of instruction will embrace all the
.branches required lor entrance into College, and a tho
rough English Education for those who are not designed
for a collegiate course. The modern European Languages
will also be taught if desired, by the best masters, but the
expense will form a separate charge. Beds, bedding and
towels, are to ho furnished by the parents, and all bills are
to be paid half yearly, in advance. The buildings of the
Institution, are spacious and convenient; and the grounds
connected with it, pleasant and extensive. The pupils do
not leave the premises, unless accompanied by an Instruc
tor. All monies designed for their use, are deposited with
the Principal. There arc three vacations in the year,
viz:—One of four weeks in tho month of August, and two,
ol a fortnight each, at Christmas and Easter. The Do
mestic Department is placed un lerthc superintendence of
a widow lady and her daughter, of respectable family,
education and manners, from New York. The instruc
tion and government of tho youth, is committed to the
charge of Mr. .1. Lyman (Jlahk, A. II., a graduate
of Washington College, who has long been accustomed to
business of ..and to whom, all letters in regard
to the admission of Students, must be addressed.
For further particulars in regard to tho character of the
Institution, reference may be made to tho Rt. Rev. Bi
shop ol Connecticut, and to the President and Faculty of
Washington College. By the Board of Trustees,
C. T. BROWNELL, President.
J. Toncf.y, Seer eta rt/.
Hartford, Jan. f), 1832. 101-wfw
IEATHER, H IDES, OIL, &c. i<i.i . i *.. i i
.J respectfully inform their friends and the public, that
they havo for sale an extensive assortment of Leather,
consisting of Hole, light and heavy, Waxed and Russet
Upper, 100 dozen Waxed Kip and (’all Skins, Skirting,
Harness, Bridle and B ig Hides, 100 dozen best oak tan
ned Sheep Skins, I log Skins, Binding and Shoe Thread; an
assortment ol Findings for Shoo and Bootmakers, Spanish
Hides and Oil, Currier’s and Tanner’s Tool*—all of which
will be sold on reasonable terms, at their Store, opposite the
Mansion House n *•- ■> ..
and ft doers helot* the Bell Tavern,
Main Street, Richmond. [Mar. 15.j 101-2aw3w
1^1'°' The subscriber respectfully inform*
. time who arc in die habit of buying implement*
of husbandry, that lie ha* now on hand a greater variety
than he lu« ever before offered them. He has almost
every kind of Ploughs now in use, willi steel or east point*,
and stocked with seasoned timber, an advantage not gene*
rally sufficiently appreciated. II0 has made an improve
ment in the mould-board of the improved Barshcar Plough
which has been suggested by many practical farmers,
rendering it much more desirable—Component parts of
Ploughs always on hand, and mould boards sold at foun
dry price*. I!.; (latter* himself that hi* prieos have been
so reduced a* to give satisfaction. Should any implement
purchased from him, not perform equal to the expectation
o( the purchaser, it may he returned.
Jan. M. [70—if] WM. PALMER, Market Itridge.
PS 7HK subscriber will be absent from itirlimond until
I April; during hi* absence Mr. Lethbridge will at
tend to hi* professional business, in whose skill, a* a Den
tist. the public may with perfect safety place the most im
plicit confidence. p. HOUSTON.
Jan. 5, 1832. 72—oawtf
The imported horse Cleveland, win
Stand the present season at tho south end of Trent’s
bridge, near the town of Manchester, in the county ot
Chesterfield, at TVcenty Dollars the season, to bo dis
charged by the payment of fifteen within the season,
which will close on 1st of July.
I his fine Stallion is the property of Admiral Sir Isaac
Collin, and has been procured by the subscriber for the
present season Only, alter which he will be returned to
the agent of his owner, near Boston.
Cleveland is a dark bay, with black mane, legs and tail.
He is seventeen hands high, and seven years old, of fine
form, and I doubt il there is any Stallion in Virginia pos
sessing equal bone, muscle and sinew. Ho is said to be
ol tho finest breed ot horses used in England, for harness.
A cross ol the mares of Eastern Virginia (which all partake
more or less of the blood stock,) with this horse, is calculat
ed to produce a most valuable breed for the draft and tho
Cleveland was sent to the United States in 1828, by his
owner, to improve the breed of horses in Massachusetts,
where I am informed his colls (some of them three years
old next grass,) are amongst the finest in the Union.
Mares sent to this horse will have the range of one ol
tho best pastures in this part of the country, gratis—or
will be abundantly fed on grain, at 23 cents a day. A
laithlul agent is employed, who will use every precaution
against escapes and accidents, but the subscriber will not
be responsible should any occur. E. C. MAYO.
Richmond, March 10. !)SMf
SALK, that thorough-bred Stallion,
Black Warriour, foaled in 1819, and purchased
at tho sale of James Dunlop, of Roslin, Esquire, [oppo
site to Petersburg, Virginia,] by Mr. Randolph, in 1S20,
tvlio then gave £100 lor him. lie was a most promising
colt, but from Mr. Randolph’s going soon alter abroad, lie
was shamefully neglected and injured in his growth. In
1827 he wa! farmed out to a person in Fauquier whom his
owner never has seen in his life, during Mr. Randolph’s
attendance on his seat iu Congress, which he took in De
cember, 1820, on bis return from Europe—and last year
he was kept by Nathan I.ulhorough, Esq. of the District
ol Columbia, who sent him home about two months ago
very poor. Mr. Randolph had not set eyes on this valu
able and noble animal since the autumn of 1825, (seven
years.) until the 13th of December last, (1831.)—lie is a
black with white feet.
PEDIGREE.—Mi.ack Warriour was got by the
imported horse Mcrrvficld, son of Sir Henry Tempest
Vane’s famous Cockhghter— the best racer by far of his
day his dam Philadelphia, by Washington, out of Miss
1 ottkrinor by Du.viia.vnon,(O’Kelly’s most favorite
son ol Eclipse,) her dam, Marcella, by Mamiihino
out ol Medea by Swket Uriah, (the best horse by far
of his day—and most favorite Stallion of Lord Grosvcnor,
who covered at 25 guineas,) Anoilica by Snap—Rk
gulus—Bartlett’s Childers—Hollywood’s Arabian,
dam of the Two True lh.ur.s.
Extract of a letter from James II. Lulborougli, Esq., who
resides at Salem,where Black Warriour stood three years,
dated Salem, Fauquier county, Feb. 27th, 1832:
“Ol Black Warriour, I must say, that no horse that ever
was in this neighbourhood, (I speak only within my own
knowledge,) stood higher—iu reputation—not price—for
he was put at any thing and nothing, to any thing and
every thing but thorough-bred. Lieut. Com. Dulaney of
the U. S. A. has a colt of his (Black Warriour’s) get. The
dam, he says, is thorough-bred; but he has no vouchers
for the (act. I his is the only mare that 1 know that sets
iipnny pretensions to blood. My father would have sent
him to this neighbourhood this coming Spring, upon my
recommendation—but you returned from Europe, and he
was sent home. A man, joining me, owns a tillvy—deep
black—with two hind feet while, that ho holds at $3t)<>.—
She is out of as common, cold-blooded an auimal as any in
the State of Pennsylvania.”
Miss Totteridoe by Dungannon.
Washington by Sir Peter (best son of Highflyer) out of an
own sister to Trumpatcr, a little black horse that was the
best ol his day, and the best grandson of old Matcliem.
N. B.—Ho generally got bays. (Sorcerer, the best
horse and stallion ol his day, sire ol Soothsayer and Smo
lensko, was an exception,) Smolensko also was a black.
Dungannon, O Kelly’s lavorile son of Eclipse.
Mamdrino by Engineer—the best and strongest horse
in the world—grandsirc to Long Island Eclipse.
Sweet Briar by Syphon, son of Squirt, that got old
Marske, the sire of Eclipse—covered at 30 guineas.
Angelica by Snap, (the best horse and stallion of his
day. Papillom by Snap, was the dam of Sir Peter
Teazle, the best son of High Flyer,) Regulus—
Bartlett’s Childers—Honywood’s Arabian, dam of
the Two True Blues.—He will be shown in Richmond
early in March.
Extract of a letter from Nathan Lti thorough, Esq. oj
the District of Columbia, to John Uandolidt of Jtuun
olic, dated 11/A Feb., 1832:
“ 1 have not seen Block Warriour’s foals myself, but I
have conversed with several gentlemen of Fauquier and
Prince William, every one of whom speak in the high
est terms of the foals of his get, as being both large
and handsome. My friend, John Hill Carter of Prince
William particularly, has given me favorable accounts of
Black Warriour’s Stock.”
Also, Peacock, five years old next grass—and nume
rous brood mares, and colts, and fillies—of all ages from 3
years old upwards.
Apply to Mr. Wyatt Cardwell, at Charlotte Court-house,
Virginia—to which the U. S. Mail Coach from Washington
to Millcdgcville, in Georgia, and from Milledgeville to
Washington, runs every day, Sundays excepted—if bv
letter post-paid.
Charlotte C. IT. Feb. 23,1832.
liLIl, SALK.—\\ ill be offered lor sale at public
H. auction, bcrorc the front floor of the Eagle Hotel,
in the city of Richmond, on the 20th of April, 18:52, at 12
o’clock, on a credit of six months, a House anil Lot, situa
ted on Main or E street, in said city. The House is of
hrick, three stories high, well calculated lor a store anil
dwelling liouye.—The lot fronts on said Main or E street,
about 27 1-2 feet, and extends hack from said street, to
wards Exchange Alley, to a line drawn directly across a
yard, from a comer of a lumber or warehouse, on the en
tire lot, (a part now only being ofl'ered lor sale) lo a point
where another line drawn from the corner of the kitchen
on said entire lot, (o where it would intersect a line, from
the corner ol the kitchen of I- ulchcr, (or what was former
ly f ulcher’s Kitchen) which said hack line is nearly pa
rallel to the said Main or E street, and includes the privy
and recess annexed thereto, on the sido of the said lumber
or warehouse, parallel to the said Main or E street, and
running thence (from the said point of intersection) along
the line drawn from the corner of the kitchen on said en
tire lot, to tlnv corner of Fulcher’s kitchen, including also
a passage of 27 1-2 feet, extending from the before describ
ed lot to Exchange Alley, which said lot or parcel of
ground with the appurtenances, is a part of a lot purchased
by John King, ol the representatives of Thomas Gilliat,
(reference lo which title may be had, at the ollice of the
Husting’s Court for the city of Richmond.)
The above described property will be sold by viituo of a
Deed of Trust, executed by John King to John Macrae,
dcr’d. and John Gibson, Jr., of record in the Office of (he
I Listing's Court ol Richmond, to satisfy Jane Hoyle,
Adin’x ol I). Hoyle, dec’ll certain debts in said Heed men
tioned. 'I he purchaser will be required to execute a ne
gotiable note with good endorsers, at one oi the Virginia
Hanks in the city of Richmond, (or at one of their Branch
es in the town of Fredericksburg,) payable in six months,
and also to execute a Deed of 'I rust on the properly to sc
! cure the purchase money. JOHN GIBSON, Jr
f eh. 2. 83—tils Surviving Trustee.
BN 1)1 AN Ql I'.F.N HOTEL, formerly llciskeli’s and
. late if. Wade’s, No. 15, South Fourth Street between
Market and Chcsmit Streets, Philadelphia, is now kept by
B. finite, who has, at considerable expense, made such
| improvements to the House as will Insure comfort and con
| venienre to In i Bonnier* and Lodger*. This House is
so well known that it needs but little description, being
; central to the principal Mercantile. Houses in Market st.,
the Post Office, Banks, and public places in Chcsnut street.
The Proprietor solicits the attention of Merchants and
| Travellers to his establishment, and rests his claims t» (licit
patronage, on his efforts for their comfort and accommoda
tion. MarchS. f)8_hn
nR. HOMANNANhas removed his officetothe room
over the store of Mr. Joshua Mallowcll, four door
below the Bell Tavern. Feb. 20. [04—tfj
AW \ l >i i u \ WINE Fine old Madeira Wine, Im
ITS ported by its direct Irotn Madeira in 1827, an
since then has had the benefit of a voyage to London.
For sale by C. & A. WARWICK
Feb. 18. 91—w8w*
deed of trust, hearing date on (ho 2nd day of An
gust, 1831, executed to me Ijy True G. Elliott and Lind
t sey Ware, and duly recorded in the oHice of the county
| court ot Rockbridge, I will, on Friday the 80th instant
sell at public auction, for ready money, before the court
: '"»»«« door, in the town of Lexington, the Printing Of
Jice and FstublixUnxcnt of the “RocKiiKiiMiK In tel.'
liuevcer, with all its privileges and appurtenances
I here are about 450 subscribers to this paper, and it!
situation makes it a desirable purchase to a printer wish
ing to conduct a weekly paper. WM. TAYLOR,
Ma»=h 3-_[98—td»] Trustee.
Randolph macon college. a*Dr. Emon
has declined the Presidency, a called meeting of the
lioaiil ot Trustees of Randolph Macon College will be held
at Hoy<1 town, to commenco on \Vodnes<Iay« the -ltli ol
April next, for the purpose of electing a President and ;
Piolessor ol Languages, as well as other important busi
nc»3- WM. A. SMITH. Sec’y.
Koydton, March 6. y^_(,|
jMTONTVUE INSTITUTE, Near Aliihllctoum, Frc
-ITM. <h rick Count!/, I 'a.—The next Session will com
mence April 18th, and close September 19th.—The plan
ot this school is to prepare the student for college, or to
afford him a lull course of instruction in the usual branches
of an English education. Moral and scientific lectures
on subjects relating to practical life, are delivered in a
familiar way , either in walks for recreation or in the fami
ly circle. 1 lie building.' are new, and the lodging room
large and thoroughly ventilated. The situation is retired,
and the location calculated to secure the morals and health
ol the student. The number of pupils is limited to twelve,
with whom an assistant teacher always lodges.
Terms, ;js7.» per session, payable in every instance in
advance. This charge will not be thought high, when it
is considered that it embraces boarding, lodging, lights,
fuel, washing (and mending, if the student furnish materi
als;) also tuition, including all hooks and every article ol
stationery ; and that the pupil enjoys the advantages to be
derived from the united attention of two instructors devo
ted to a limited and select school; with the use of a mis
cellaneous library, in which are statedly deposited, a
number ol the most approved periodicals, devoted to edu
cation, science and the arts.
No applicant received for less than a session, or that
part of the session remaining at the time of admission.
Feb. 28. [94—list Sly.] JOHN LODOR.
TIIK subscriber, who, (or several years past, has turn
ed bis attention to the breeding of blood horses, from
some of the best running slock in (he State, finds his stud
so much increased, as to render it necessary for him to dis
pose ot a part of it. He will, therefore, on Thursday the
loth ol March next, if fair, if not, the next fair day, at
Aldie, in the county of Loudoun, oiler lor sale, to the
highest bidder, on a credit ol six months, the purchaser
giving bond with approved security, a number of Marcs
and Colts of the purest Idood and highly approved crosses.
Among them he will offer:
No. 1.—Nettle Top, a sorrel marc got by Trafalgar,*
her dam old Nettle 1 op, by Spread Eagle imported by Col.
John I loonies of the Dowling Green—her dam by Shark_
grand dam by old Janus, out of a thorough bred mare._
Nettle Top is seventeen years old, and is in foal by La
fayette, the property of J. M. Botts, Ksq. of Richmond.
No. 2.—Vixen, a sorrel marc, full sister to Nettle Top
No. 1. Vixen is fifteen years old, and was put to Mr.
Bott’s Cohanna, but it is doubtful whether she is in foal.
No. 3.—Meo Mf.rru.ess, a bay mare, got by Tra
falgar, her dam by the imported horse Dragon, grand
dam by LampUghtvr—herg. grand dam by HlgliOycrTg. g,
grand dam by Eclipse, g. g. g. grand dam by Shandy.—
Meg Merciless is thirteen years old, and is in loal by Mr
Botts s Gohanna.
No. 1.—Minerva, achcSnut filly by Doct. Thornton’s
Katler, out of Kosalba by Trafalgar—her dam old Kosalba
was got by Col. Hoomcs’ imported horse Spread Eagle out
of Alexandria, which was also imported by Col. Hooines’.
Alexandria was bred by Mr. Kidd, and was got by Alex
ander, her dam by \\ oodpecker—grandam by Philigon,
out ol Lord Egreinont’s High-flyer mare. Minerva will
he four years old in May.
No. 5.-Nkll Gwynn, a sorrel filly, got by Doctor
1 hornton s Katler, out of Vixen, No. 2, and will he lour
years old in May.
No. <».—Mabel, a dark hay filly, got by Sir James,»
out of Meg Merrilics, No. 3, and will be three years old
in March.
No. 7.—Thorn, a hay colt, got by Sir James, out ot
Nettle Top, No. 1, and will be three years obi in April.
No. 8.—Sky-lkaper, a bright hay colt, got by Sir
James, out of Vixen, No. 2, and will be three years old in
No. 9.—Co Li. i no wood, a sorrel colt, got by Thorn
ton's Katler, out of Vixen, No. 2, and will he two years
old in April. J
No. 10.—Constellation, a sorrel colt, by Thornton’s
Katler> out of Nellie Top, No. 1, and will be two years old
No. 11.—Vivian Grey, an iron grey colt, by Lons,
dale, owned by F. B. Whiting, Esq. (See Turf Kcgister,)
°ot of Meg Merrilics, No. 3, and will be two years old in
No. 12.—Septimus, a sorrel colt by Mr. Butt’s G«
hnnna, out of Vixen, No. 2, and will be one year obi i
All these marcs and colts arc of fine size and appearance
some of the colts are uncommonly large.
* I'rafalgnr win got by tlio imported liurao Mufti, out or Col Tin
lcr« celebrated race mars Calypso, lull sister to Itellnir—aha was
hy I>|,| Medley, her dnm Helena by Yorick,-Grand thiui black s,
Imia hy fearnought,—groat grand dam tho imported H.ilima hy tli
(aoilo'phm Arrtkiun 1
(Sir Jamoi was got by Sir Archy, bis dain by Uiomodo-his *rni>
dam by 1'ilgriin,- bis great grand dam hy old IViirnoughi, w hich w,
hy rtegulu, the bust sou of the Qndolpbln Arabian. fearnought. u
the dam side, was descended from Harley’s Arabian, Hir .1 one’,
directly buck III nil bis crops to the best blood in England and in h
Ainoiic in pedigree, besides Ins iminudiato dear ml fiom IJioniedi
ill rough r*ir Achy, been, lenes the blood oftw oil,,, horsia, a,..
the host ever impurlcd into Amoricu, vis: Old Fcainought uni'l ,Mor.
Ion a irurellor.
Altllc, Jan. 30.
A Beautiful bay, of great power, will stand the ensu
ing season at my Farm, (Dover,) on James River,
in the County of Goochland, twenty two miles above
Richmond, and ten below the County Court House, and
be allowed to serve mares at the moderate priee of fifteen
dollars the season—discharged by twelve dollars if paid
»>y B,c fifteenth o! July, (when the sc a a son will expire :)
twenty five dollars will be required to ensure a mare with
foal, to bo paid as soon as the mare is known to be in foal
oris parted with—good pasturage will be afWded gratis to
mares left with the horse, ami good care taken of them,
but no liability for accidents or escapes. The mares will
be fed, if directed, at twenty five cents a day. Brimmer
will be at bis stand the 1st day of March, ready to serve
mares. T. R. HARRISON.
Pedigree.—Brimmer was gotten by Herod, his dam by
Robin Redbreast, his grand dam by Shark, great grand
dam by Clive, g. g. grand dam by Lath, g. g. g. grand
dam by Baylors Fernought, g. g. g. g. grand dam by
Old Janus, g. g. g. g. g. grand dam by Whittington, g. g.
g- g. g- g. grand dam by Old Janus.
Primmer'g pedigree explained.—Herod was gotten by
I'liomas (’. Bunbury’s I homed I homed by Florizol in
Kngland, Florizel by Herod, Herod by Mr. Croft’* cele
brated horse Partner, Robin Redbreast was gotten by
the Karl of Derby’s horse Sir Petes Teazle, Sir Pcfei
Toa/.jo by Highflyer, Highflyer by flerod, Herod by Mr
Croft s Partner; Shark was gotten by Marsh, Marsh hj
l.ord Godolphin s Arabian florae, who was called the Go
dolphin Arabian, Clive was gotten by Baylor’s Fear
: nought, Fearnought by Regulu*. Regulu* by the Godol
(iliin Arabian; Whittington was gotten bv l.ord l-owlhcr’
Barb Horse, who was called the White Legged Fow the
B Keb. 21. |o ' ■
rBlWKVi V IXM.FARS KFAVARD.—Ran away, it
I fl July, is:in, my Negro Woman Foui«a, about 21
i years old, tawney complexion, and very likely. Sin
i has a small sear on her forehead; when she looks at ant
person the whites of her eyes appear larger than com
j mon. She is a very good weaver and knitter—can spii
i on the II it ami cotton wheels. She has acquaintance
; Smith's and also at Miller’s Iron Work*
in Rockingham county, whore she may have gone will
some negro wagoner. She has *omc acquaintance* in tie
county of Louisa, in tiic neighborhood of the Grcei
Xprmg* and I’otlysville—also in Fredericksburg. I hav
no doubt she ha* procured free papers and passes as a fre
woman. I will give the above reward for her apprehen
*ion. and pay all reasonable charges for her delivery t
me. In Orange county, five miles above the Court House
I March#. [M-w8l‘J GEORGE BRADLEY.
•'DllIIS Celebrated Horae, amon^t the best sons ol Sii
JB Archie, both us a Racer and FoaUGelter, is now a!
my Stable, Spring Grove, Hanover county, Va., IS mile!
iretn the city of Richmond, 10 miles from 11.mover Court
House, -t miles from Goodall’s Tavern, and 7 miles from
the Merry Oaks; where he will stand the present Season
at £25 tile Season, which may bo discharged by the pay
ment ot n2:>, il paid within the Season; £15 the Single
I-cap, to be paid when the mare is served; £ 15 to insure ;i
mare to he in loal; and One Dollar to the Groom. The
season will expire tho last of July, f extend the season
longer, in consequence of being unable to get him in ear
lier from l'cnnesseo. I have become interested in tlii>
horse, believing him to be inferior to no horse in point ol
blood and as a ibal-gcttcr. lie stood several years in tin
counties of Orange, Culpeper, Fauquier, &.c, fcoc., and at
a reduced price : consequently, a number of mares were
put to him that were not thorough-bred. Those that were,
nearly every one of them brought racers of the first order,
that were trained, to wit: Huyard, Pest, Gentle Kitty,
Young Carolinian, &c. fcc. Ilis colts, generally, are the
largest I ever saw, by any horse, ami lie lias proven him
sell a siiiu loal-gelter. There is no horse of the proscut
day that stands at such a reduced price, ol his celebrity.
As lie has been absent from this State several years, 1 deem
it proper to insert his Pedigree, Performances, tie., as they
may have been forgotten by some that may wish to breed
from him. 1 am well prepared with good Pasturage, Lots,
&c.,lor the accommodation ol mares that may he sent to
him, and they will be well led at One Dollar Titty Cents
per week. No responsibility Ibr accidents or escapes,
though every care will be taken to prevent them.
Hanover, March 1st, 1832. WM. L WHITE.
Pedigree.—Carolturiax was bred by Major Philip
Claibrome ofSetwood, Brunswick county, and foaled the
29th May, 1815. He- is 5 feet 3 1-2 inches high, dark
bay, and was got by the unequalled horse Sir Archie; his
•lam by the imported horse Druid; his grand dam by Old
W ildair, the very best son of Old Fearnought; his great
grand dam by Aincricus; his great great grand dam by the
imported horse OKI Janus; his great great grand dam also
by Old Janus; his great great great great grand dam by
the imported horse Moor’s Partner; his great groat groat
great great grand dam by the imported horse Old Jolly
Roger, out ol the imported mare Kitty Fisher.
N. B. 1 lie Pedigree of all the ancestors ol Carolinian
is in my possession, as taken from the general Stud Book
of England—ed. of 1803. THUS. CLAIBORNE.
Brunswick County, Slate of Virginia.—1 do hereby
certify, that I have lailhlully traced the Pedigree of the
celebrated race horse Carolinian, on the general stud hook
of England, of the edition of 1803, which 1 purchased my
self itt Liverpool, in July, 180(5, attd from my own obser
vations thereon, pronounce the aforesaid horse Carolinian,
to be thorough bred, and the whole family lrom whence
he has descended, I consider to ho of as pure blood as any
horse, either in this country or in England. 1 urge this
the more lorcibly on the public at large, being my most
favorite crosses, ami crosses which 1 prize more than
those ol any other imported, because, alter (as I once
thought,) almost a fruitless search in order to obtain them,
for a considerable time, I accidentally came to the possession,
which I at present have, and nothing short of a very con
siderable price indeed, wohUI induce ine to part with, be
ing nearly allied to Carolinian in the following manner: Fear
nought, Jolly Roger, Janus, Druid, and the celebrated mare
Kitty Fisher. Carolinian’s blood can he traced on the above
book as far back as the following horses in England:—
Place's White Turk was imported by Mr. Place, stud
keeper to Oliver Cromwell, in the year 1(552, when he was
Protector. The I.yster or Straddling Turk, 1053. Dods
worth’s dam 151(5. Liven under my hand this 12th day
ol February, 1823. PATH I K NKSBETT EDGAR
Carolinian's Performances on the Turf.—Fall 1818,
Carolinian commenced his races at Warrcnton; lie beat
Mr. Plumer’s mare by Sir Archie with ease.—At Drutn
mondsbiirg he won the great post stake, beating the great
horse Virginian, and Mr. John Worsham’s Quickstep
Spring 1819, he beat Mr. William Winn’s celebrated mare
Lady ol the Lake, over the New Hope course, near Hali
fax, with great ease, two mile heats. This race* was pro
nounced one of the best ever run on that turf. At that
time it was the opinion of the ablest sportsmen as well as
of the spectators, that Carolinian was a first rate race horse.
He afterwards heat Mr. M’l.in’s brown horse by Sir Ar
chie, Capt. James .1. Harrison's Wild Rover, by Florizel,
and several others. He, however, on his way to New
Market, alter the race at New Hope, accidentally received
an injury which thereafter was found so serious as to dis
qualify him from contending with horses, heretofore bea
ten by him with great ease. So very apparent was the in
jury that ho was withdrawn from the turf, and no more
came oil tho turf until fall 1323, when he was, (after co
vering three seasons,) trained, and during that fail ran
three races, namely at Iloydtown, Va., Milton, N. C., and
( liarlotte, all which lie won, beating many line horses
with ease. It is admitted that Carolinian lost several ra
ces, and after his injury was beaten by horses that lie had
before beaten. That he is a sure and excellent foal-get
ter, I have abundant evidence There have never been
trained but two of his colts that I know—Mr. Reed’s ce
lebrated horse Crawford, who proved himself a winner and
first rate race horse in the State ol Georgia, in many races,
and Mr. Edward 13. Bolt’s colt, who was trained by my
late excellent friend Thomas Feild, Esq., dee’d, hut a lit
tle time before his death, and 1 learn was thought highly
of by him. (-Signed,) A. B. DRUMMOND.
February I I, 1827.
L >> iluaua L. House, ilo hereby certify tliat I s<too<l
Carolinian two seasons myself ami resided within one
mile of the place he stood a third season, and still reside
in that vicinity, and I can say with truth that he proved
himself a sure and certain loal-geltcr, and his colts a re greatly
admired; insomuch that the people of Fauquier, Culpeper
and the adjacent counties, give him the decided prefer
ence over any horse they over had in that section. I
moreover saw the race at New Hope, N. C. near Halifax
town, when he heat Gen. Wynnes celebrated mare
Lady of the Lake, which race, in the highest possible
style, was won by Carolinian with ease; and it is my
opinion, after considerable experience, in regard to train
ing and running horses, that Carolinian was Tilde to have
contended successfully with any horse in America on that
day. Carolinian’s colts are large, sprightly and active,
insomuch that the people of the above counties are anx
ious to get him hack to stand amongst them, after having
bred from him three seasons. Liven under my hand this
17lh day of February, 1827. WM. C. flOUSK.
This is to certify that at the annual meeting and exhi
bition ol the Agricultural Society of Fc.deriek-burg, Va.,
i on the 10th of November, 1821, seven stallions were ex
hibited, via; Carolinian, Pretender, Oscas, Voting Arclii
I’ lld, CYler, Walnut and Sir Bolingbrook. The commit
tee of judges of horses, marcs and colts, reported that
the horse Carolinian, owned hy Philip Claiborne, L ai. of
I llrunswiek county, was the best Stallion exhibited, and
entiled to the premium offered. Whereupon, it was
‘‘Ordered, that a silver cup of the value of thirty dollars
awarded to Philip ( laihornc, Ksq. of llrunswiek county,
compliment to his horse Carolinian.”
JAMF.S M. GARNETT, President.
W’m. F. Gray, Scc’ry. March 8. f»H—fit
in com
a \ ' WANt ER\ : in Chostcrhcld County Court
. January 0th, 1,832:
Austin Spears, . Plaintiff
W innitred Cheatham, Sally Landrum, Lucy Landrum,
Laban Landrum, Kghert Landrum, and Joseph Landrum,
I ho defendants, Laban Landrum and Kghert Landrum,
not haying entered their appearance, and given security
according to the Art of Assembly and the rules of tin's
Court, and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court,
that they are not inhabitants of this Commonwealth: ll i.*
' Orilrml, I hat the said defendants do appear here on the
j second Monday in April next, and answer the hill of the
I Plaintiff} and that a copy of this order be forthwith insert
, «'* msome newspaper published in the City of Richmond,
i ',,r *'vw months successively, and another ropy posted at
tile Iron! door of the Courthouse of this county.
A copy. Teste, LAWSON NUNN ALLY, !>. C.
•'an* 21- 80—w«w
I^OR SAl.L. - (',»/;/i/, <//. on,, mill' Iioiii t!,is< |i% |)l(
residence of the late Philip Haxail. The Dwelling
, | House, and all the out-buildings arc very commodious_
11 Among them, a good Ice-llouse, now filled, and tw>
Orccn Houses. 'I ho premises contain four acres of land
i highly improved, with a well of fine water.
■ Continuum Lotn of nine acre*.
.1 Family, consisting of a man and his wife, first ratf
house servants, and their live children.
> .4 Tonson Filly, two years old, and a year old Sir Al
• colt.—Terms may he known on application to
I Feb. 11. wflfj KD. BARTON IIAXALL.
I_ ro\«ui;^i«AA!i. i
On the subject of .Mr. (.'toy's Itesolutions providing for
a reduction of the duties on im/iorts.—Delivered in
the Senate of the United States, February i), 1S32.
Air. 1 vlvh suiJ, that it lie was permitted to consult his
1 personal feelings, ho should remain silent. His state of
health, which hud been but ot late so far improved as to I
enable him to resume his seat in the Senate, admonished j
him to silence. Hut he could not reconcile it to himself,
to remain a mere “looker-on here in Venice,” while this I
great question, so deeply and vitally a fleeting the interests,
, *1'® endurtng happiness ol America, was under discussion, j
He owed something to himself, hut much more to the State
which lie had the honor, in part, to represent. It did not ■
seem to him to he proper that the sentiments of Virginia j
should be withheld at a crisis so momentous. He should,
therefore, give free utterance to his opinions, and, in lining I
so, he believed himself to be representing, fairly and lion-'
estly, the sentiments and opinions of his native State. j
The honorable Senator Iroin Kentucky (Mr. Clay) had
drawn a glowing picture of the condition of the country,
lie had spoken of this as the golden age of those conlvde- 1
! rated States. Hy the magic ol his eloquence lie had Iran*- |
! ported us to what, with classical taste, he was pleased to j
| call I,a Helle Hivierc, and, sailing down its stream, he
i pointed out to us a smiling, animated scene—\ illugcs rising i
up 111 euuie.is succession on us oaiixs, unite me arts wore
^ lily meeting us at every step. From tlieuce lie led us
into the interior of his own Slate, ami there again all was
beautiful and enticing. Widely extended law ns—animat
ed groves—and hills, covered with numberless iloeks. All
was gay—all was beautiful—all enchanting. He then
translated us to tho north, and again w o stood in lairy
land. Here nourished tho arts, ami the buzz of industry
arose from numberless villages—and finally, to touch oil
with still deeper tint the glowing scene, he poiuted to us that
great mart ol commerce, the city of N. York—the modern
I’yre. Hut tho lion. Senator here stopped—his pencil fell
from his hands, when he turned to tho south, and she was
not found upon his canvass. Where were her rising
towns?—where were her lawns, her animated groves and
living hills’ I said she was not on his canvass—I mistake
—she was there, hut she was enveloped in gloom. She
had ventured to utter complaints—to put forth her griev
ances respectfully, but strongly, and she was scowled upon
—reprehended as uttering unfounded complaints—enter
taining unwise opinions, and as advocating a system which
would re-cotonize Jlmerica. II the Senate could see no
thing in all this to justify complaint, then arc wo indeed
fairly subject to reproach. What, sir! could not that fer
vid and glowing fancy create 011c animated spot—find one
oasis in the wilderness of gloom, on which to rest? llow
comes this, Mr. President? Is there any thing in soil,
in climate, in position, to explain it? Do wo sow and not
reap? Hus the earth suddenly refused to yield to us her
harvests? Comparisons are said to lie odious; but I only fol
low in the footsteps of others, and rely upon citations which
have already been made in this debate. Look to Mr. Geo’s
pamphlet ol 1750, upon which tho honorable Senator so
strongly relied, urging upon the British Government the
adoption of a policy which would prohibit the use ol ma
chinery in the rolotiics, and compel them to take the man
ufactured goods of the mother country. That writer
dwells with apparent delight on the profitable exchanges
w hich would lie carried on with the south—there would he
raised the richest products in the raw state, which would he
exchanged for the costly manufactures of England. Of the
north, that writer speaks in terms of opprohium and con
tumely. “The cast-oil rags would do for the north. Now
England and the northern colonies have not commodities
•amt products enough to send us in return for their necessa
ry clothing, hut are under great ditficultieu, and therefore
any ordinary sort will sell with them. And when they
have grown out of fashion with us, they are new fashion
ed enough {here." Mark you, Mr. Providenf, this is not
my language; it is the language of the pamphlet, introduc
ed and read by the honorable Senator from Kentucky. I
beg leave to give you an anecdote, which is said to'have 1
occurred at the table of General Washington shortly after
the adoption of the federal constitution. 1 do not vouch '
for it, hut have oltcn heard it mentioned by others. The
party consisted of several southern gentlemen, and one
gentleman from the north. That great and good man was
dwelling on the benefits which would arise Irom the adop
tion of the constitution—lie portrayed the countless bles
sings which it would bring to the south—dwelt on its ricli
productions, and the profitable interchange which it would
carry on with all parts of the world. At length, turning
to his northern friend, he inquired, “but what will the
north do?” 'The briel and laconic answer was, “we will
live by our wits.” And well has this reply been realized.
Ky their wits they have acquired much of tho wealth which
properly appertains to a more genial climate and richer
soil. Their ingenuity has brought forth useful inventions 1
! for tho benefit of mankind: hardy, industrious, enterpri
sing, they have, in the pursuit of fortune, roamed over
distant lands, and braved the terrors ol the mighty deep.
The compliment paid them by Edmund Burke, on tiio Bri
tish Parliament, was every way deserved. Every south
ern man rejoiced in their prosperity, so long as it was the
result of their own indefatigable industry. Even their
wooden nutmegs excited hut a smile, and nothing more.
They may, for me, make trade and profit ol all their no
tions, except their tariff notions. Against that 1 do pro
test with all my strength. But let me return to the course
ol my inquiry. How comes it now about, that while tho
south is impoverished, tho north has suddenly become so
rich? Why is it, that while the north is dressed in rich
and gave attir c,the cast-off rags will now do for the south?
This is the great subject of inquiry; and I shall prosecute
it with patience, and, 1 trust, with a becoming temper.
The honorable Senator from Kentucky has told you that
Virginia was more bcnciilted by the tariff than any other
State in tho Union. In one breath he has dwelt upon the ;
large amount of our export of bread stuffs, and in the next '
has told us of deserted farms anil abandoned houses_of
families which have gone into decay, and ol younger bro- '
tbers Hying to the West. Why the younger brother
should lly to the west, and not thc'cldcr, since the descent
law operates equally on all, I cannot tell—but let that
pass. If our exports are so very large, and so excellent a
market is provided in the north, then our farms ought still
to be cultivated—prosperity should still be ours, and our
families should be preserved Irom decay.
Nor can these results How from the abolition of the law
ol primogeniture. [Mr. (’lay explained. lie had said i
I that the ancient scats of the great families of Virginia hud ;
gone into decay from the abolition ol the law of primoge- !
| iiiturc, and he had instanced Shirley, Wcstovor, tcc.J Mr. '
! Tyler had understood the honorable Senator, -and the re
1 mark was undeniably true, to some extent, although
I not so in reference to tho particular estates alluded
(to.* I speak of tho effect ot tho abolition ol tho law
! of primogeniture upon (lie aggregate mass of produc- 1
tion. It has expelled the spirit of aristocracy from'
j among us, and has substituted, in place of it, tho spirit of*
, a hold and fearless and unbending republicanism. And I
I can say, with perfect truth, that tho wide world does not
V*"’ ■'* *•»«' passage ill Mr. Clay's speech,to
which Mr. T. uituilei*:
“wc have been toKl of deserted castles, of uninhabited
j hall», and ol mansions, once the ae.it of opulence and hos
pitnlity, now abandoned and mouldering m ruins. I never
had the honor o! being in South Carolina; but I have
heard and read ol the stories of its chivalry, and of it* gc
ncrous and open-hearted liberality. I have heard, too, of
the struggle* lor power between the lower and upper
country. The same causes which existed in Virginia,
with which I have been acquainted, I presume have had
their influence in Carolina. In whoso h inds now are the
once proud seats of \Vestover, Curl, Mayeox, Shirley,*
and others, on James river, and in lower Virginia i Under
the operation ol laws abolishing the principle of primngc*
niturc, and providing the equitable rulcol an equal distri
bution of estates among those in equal degree of consan
guinity, they have passed into other and stranger hands.
Some of tlm descendant* ol illustrious families have gone
to the far W est, whilst others, tigering behind, have con
trasted their present condition with that ol their venerated
ancestors.—They behold themselves excluded from their
fathers’ houses, now in the hands of those who were once
their fathers’ overseers, or sinking into decay; their ima
ginations paint ancient renown, (hr- fading honors of tlieir
name, glories gone by ; loo poor to live, too proud to work,
loo high-minded and honorable to resort to ignoble means,
of acquisition, brave, daring, chivalrous, what can be the ;
cause of tlieir present unhappy state? The “accursed” ti- j
rifT presents itself to their excited imaginations, and (hoy !
; blindly rush into the ranks of (hose who, unfurling th.- j
banner of nullification, would place a State upon its sove- j
* As to Whitley, Mr, (lln* ftcknowVdc»-» his mist«ke. made in the
I warmth of d.baie. It is yet Ike «tH>»|.. of the respectable and hraiii.
, table descendants (if its former opulent propiiotof.—.Vets la
Jflr. Cl.ATS Kputh,
contain a population more devoted to tlic grout piincipfes
of human liberty, or more ready at every hazard to muin
taiu them. Our prospeiity ought to he greatly increased,,
and would be greatly increased hy the o|>eration of our de
scent law, would Government con-cnt to unshackle com
merce. Nothing is batter calculated to increase produc
tion, than the division and subdivision of estates: lands ar*
thereby brought into cultivation, which would otherwise
remain unreclaimed, anti industry exerts all its sinews
in their cultivation and improvement. To none of the**
causes, then, is our condition ascribable.
The honorable Senator, in his dibit to find out other
causes of depression, has seen proper to remark, that wo
were “too poor to live—too proud to work—too liigh-uiiud
cd and honorable to resort to ignoble meansol acquisition—•
brave, daring, chivalrous.” That wo are too poor to live,,
as did those who, but a short time ago, preceded us, is
most true—and, sir, it is our misfortune to he growing
poorer and poorer: the cause of this I shall attempt pre
sently to explain. Hut that we are indolent or idle, 1 ut
terly deny, 'I hero lives not a more industrious popula
tion under IhjB sun, taken in tho mass. Let the honorable
Senator revisit his native Slate—let him go witli me to
Shirley and to W estover, the actates which he has repre
sented as dilapidated and in ruins, and he would promptly
abandon the er ror into w Inch he has fallen. The first,,
the ancient seat ol the Carters, ho would tind in the pos
session ofa descendant ol that respectable family, who in
his own person would illustrate the correctness of the last
touch to the portrait drawn by the honorable Senator—
brave, daring, chivalrous—that bravery, that daring, that
chivalry, displayed on hoard the trigato Constitution.'
during the late w ar, in a bloody engagement on the ocean.
Not too proud to work, as the highly improved condition of
his estate, the reclamation ol an extensive body of swamp
land as rich as the delta of the Nile, would bespeak.—
Wcstovcr, it is true, has passed out of the hands of tho an
cient family of the liirds, /or debt* contracted htfore the
revolution; but tho honorable Senator would find in its
present possessor no idle drone. There, too, he w ould be
hold thoetiectsof an untiring industry—and let me also
tell him that ho would bu received with the extended
hand ol hospitality, and welcomed by the inmates of that
venerable mansion, after tho manner ol the olden timo.
These estates uro embraced w ithin the limits of my native
county, ol the citizens of which it gives me both pleasure
and pride to speak.
Aik! now, Mr. "resident, let me express an honest opi
nion—it may bo a mistaken, but it is an honest opinion.
1' ive estates upon the James river,ami within that county,,
which, Cor the informationnt the honorable Senator, l w ill
name: Shirley, Berkeley, Westover, Wcyanokc, and San
dy Point, would supply, from their surplus production,,
every manufacturer in Uhode Island with looil, ami I in
cline strongly to think that you might throw Connecticut,
into the scale along with Uhode Island, I.et me he under
stood. 1 do not mean that they could supply 75,000 bar
rels of flour for Khodc Island. No, Sir; this would he al
together extravagant. And if the honorable Senator’s sta
tistics be correct, (they are furnished him hy others,) then
do these manufacturers in Uhode Island devour more of
the fruits of the earth, than ever did an iiqunl number of
men in any portion of the globe. [Here Mr. bobbins
begged leave to explain. He said that the flour imported
into Providence was not destined exclusively lor Rhodo
Island, but found its way into the interior of Connecticut,.
&.C.] 1 am happy to hear it, said Mr. T., for I began to bo
seriously alarmed for our good friends in Rhode Island,,
lest they should tail victims to plethora. No one coming
bom that State had ever impressed mo with the beliei
that the inhabitants possessed such voracious appetites—
ami certainly the two honorable Senators had not produced
with me such an impression. The whole population of tho
State is hut UG,000 souls, men, wwicii, and children; und
/•>,000 barrelsol flour, over ami above their own produc
tion, would be a supply altogether too extravagant for the
ivhalo population, not to limit it to f/ie manufacturing class
That we aro proud, Mr. President, 1 do not mean to
leny—proud ol our native land—proud cf our illustrious
mccstors—have we not cause to be proud ol their high
leeds in arms, and of their wisdom in the cabinet—of
heir devotion to the rights of man, in the maintenance ol
ivhieli they wasted their once ample estates, and consid
'red them as nothing. And if their descendants arc
•ometimes found in penury, while the mansions of their
latliors have passed into stranger hands, who among them
would exchange their humble habitations for the splendid
abodes of tho ungenerous and selfish? lias not Virginia
now cause to bo proud ol her sons. J.ook there, and
llicro, and there, and there, and there, and there, and
there, (pointing to Messrs, (irumly, Kills, Forsyth, Bibb,.
Poindexter, Buckner and Clay;) and although some few
»l them are found the advocates ot a policy which she re
I'anls as ruinous and destructive, she nevertheless feels a
pride in the intellectual strength which they never fail to
display. But if she had no other cause of pride, the State
which had given birth to aWashfogton and a Jefferson,would
have sufficient reason to exult and rejoice. The rest of
the poi trait drawn l»y the Senator reipiires no comment—
‘Moo high-minded toobtaiu their objects hy ignoble means."
\ es, sir, this, I trust, is true; and if the honorable Senator
bail succeeded in proving (in which, however, he will he
found to he mistaken) that this tariff hcnefiltcd Virginia,
il it did so at the expense of some other State, she would,.
I am sure, ho too higli-mindcd to sustain it for an hour!"
flic honorable Senator, then, is mistaken as to tho true
cause ol our distress and impoverishment, i have looked
carefully into the matter; and my inference is, that it re
sults, to a great extent, from the single fact, we sell cheap,
ami purchase dear. Other causes may conjoin with this,
but this is tbo great controlling cause, and amply suffi
cient in itsell to account for the condition of the south.
i lie home market has been represented to ns as of vast
importance, more especially in reference to bread stuffs.
Ibis delusion lias now been kept up for 15 years. An in
crease of duties has never, at any time, been proposed, but
tb.it wc have had representations made of the great im
portance of the home market, produced by the cncomuge
ineij of domestic manufactures. And yet, Sir, no man has
ever known produce so low as it lias been during the last
seven years. I obacco down to an average price of from
three dollars and lilty cents to four dollars—wheat averag
ing during that period, in the seaport towns, seventy-five
or eighty cents—corn fron ten and six pence to two dollars
per barrel—rice, cotton, in short, every production oftho
soil, at the lowest minimum price of production. Anil if
it was not for the foreign demand, prices would become
entirely nominal produce would either rot in the grana
ries of the country, or, what is still more probable, the pro
cess of production w ould cease altogether. Who does not
see the wide-spread ruin which would desolate the land.*
From an cxtractMaken from a merchant’s books in Phila
delphia, claiming and rr reiving imi|ii:di tied confidence,flour
and wheat commanded a much higher price in 1771,’2, '3
than now wheat then sold tor one dollar the bushel,’and
Hour fur seven dollars Iho barrel; and yet we are continu
ally told of the great importance of the homo market crea
ted by the tariff. The corn-planter and wheat-grower un
derstand their interests in this respect somewhat better
than they are supposed todo, and so do (lie manufacturers
of flour. They look abroad for their important markets.
I lie* corn, trade to Month America h carried on to a great
extent, flic millers in liichinond find, in that country
an extensive, and, I have no doubt, a profitable market for
bread Stuffs; and shipments are actively carried on in the
same direction from all parts of the U. States. My hono
rable friend from Mass., who sits hclorc me, (Mr. Nii.s
nr.r,) a few years ago, inquired of me as to the prospect
of procuring a cargo of (lour at Richmond, which tic w as
desirous of shipping to South America. The trade to En
gland, notwithstanding her corn laws, it extensively car
ried on. When the ports are occluded, the flour shippod
thither is placed in bond, and is sent to the different mar
kets of Europe, as they respectively bold out the prospect
ol commercial advantage. Exchanges arc thus beneficial
ly made tor i’rilish fabrics. Canada also opens an ex
tensive market tor American wheat, with n view to
convert it info flour, when it is exp<*tcd, uuder all
the advantages accruing from important discrimination*
in favor ol the colonics, made by the mother country.
Nor is this all—other markets arc. presented to the corn
grower of considerable value. The foreign price regulates
the domestic price; and the fluctuations which take place
every fall in the wheat market here, are aseribable to hopes
excited by the slightest circumstance ol an increased prieo
abroad. II a cloud is seen over the face of the sun during
the harvest time in England, prices advance; ami if ac
counts are brought of a fall of rain, the spirit of specula
tion immediately^ becomes more active, and the farmer
pockets the benefit, fender these circumstances, the ad
dition of an important market at heme would not fail to
bring about an increased demand, and, with that, a great
ly augmented price; hut so f ir fiorn this being the rase,
produce, f repeat, was never lower than it has been since
fits American system has I ccn established. That the
price borne by the various articles created by agricultural

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