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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, March 17, 1832, Image 1

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BY RITCHIE Sc COOK.
_ MtMCMMTIKVB, I'MJRGM.Wt, SJiTi!RtP%M 1 *, .H.tUVMM 17, 1H»9.
YOL. XXVIII.—Xo. 103.
The ENQUIRER i* published twice e week, generally, «n<
tkree time* ■ week during ihn teeainn of tho Hint* Legislature -
priee, tho uiw n« heretofore, Fire Duller**per nonum p.tjr*hle in *d
eanee. Note* nf chartered, *peei*-pnying bink* (only) will b* rreeiv
ml in payment. The Editor* will guuranten the **fety of remittin;
(hem by mail; the portage of all letter* being paid b* the writer*.
Kr No paper will bn di*contiou*d, Itut at the diacrelton of lh<
Editor*. until nil arrearage* have been paid up.
JT Whoever wi I guarantee the payment of nine paper* (hall havt
(he tenth Urn'ie.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING. *
IT One iquara. or ln*e - Find inaortion 75 eente—each coetinu
•tA*. 50 cent*. -N» ndverli«em*nt interted, unlil it hn* either beet
paid fur. or nnttntpd by *onm permit in thi* eit or it* environ*
IVEW A1) V i:RTISEWEiWS.
Medical institute or Philadelphia.—
The Course of Instruction will begin on the firsl
Monday in April. Lectures on the
Practice of Medicine, by Nath'l Chapman, M. D.
Jtnatomy. “ W. E. Horner, M. I).
Materia Mediea, “ Samuel Jackson, M. D.
Institutes of Medicine and
Med. Jurisprudence, \ Joh,‘ Udl* M* D*
Chemistry, « John K. Mitchell, M. I).
Midwifery, “ Hugh L. Hodge, M. D.
Principles and Practice tf) .. IT . ~
Surgery, f Thomas Harris, M. D.
W. E. HORNER, Secretary,
Philadelphia, March 3, 1832. 20t—102'
ARTHEfT WARE an d CHINA.—Tito Subscriber
is now receiving per ship Nimrod, from Liverpool,
at New York, his Spring supply of articles in the above
line; also, Irom various Factories in this country, a general
assortment of (Hass Ware. Tho Earthen Ware and Chi
na having been put up in England, to his order, is ex
pressly adapted to this market. The assortment is very
complete—comprising many new articles,shapes,patterns,
&.C., and every thing in the line necessary for the country
.and city trade, which he offers on modcrato terms, by
wholesale and retail.
Country Merchants, who are in the habit of purchasing
at the North, are respectfully requested to rail and examine
his stock and prices. CHARLES I10LT, Jr.
March 17. 102-4 w
DRY GOODS.—Austin William* and Anson Hart,
late of Richmond Va. have established themselves
in the Dry Goods Jobbing Business in the City of New-York,
under the firm of II illiams If Hurt. They have taken
the house No. 71, Pearl Street, where they arc opening a
general and extensive assortment of Foreign and Do
meatic Dry Goods, which they will sell upon accommodat
ing terms—Southern Merchants are invited to call on
_ [102—lm] New York, March 12.
TO 1 Hh PUBLIC.—-rl newly-established Packet._
Samuel C. White will, on Tuesday, 13th March,
under a law passed during the present session of the Legi
slature, establish a packet from 9iinucock Town, about live
miles from Accomack Court-house, to Norfolk, Old Point,
*nd Hampton. i he boat will leave Onancock every
Tuesday, and Norfolk every Friday, unless prevented by
the weather; and will be ready to take stage passengers, ar
riving at Onancock on Tuesday horn the North,over to the
above places, without delay. Any passengers, arriving in
the boat at Onancock on any day, may depend upoji being
quickly conveyed to any part of the county of Accomack
at fair rates
The Schooner Accomack is at least 30 tons burthen,stiff,
a very fast sailer, copper-fastened and copper-bottomed.—
The proprietor will have provided comfortable accommo
dations for passengers—hoping, by so doing, to be encour*
aged by such a share of patronage, as will compensate
him for establishing this public convenience, without be
ing imposed on by oilier vessels unauthorised by law to
carry passengers.
The subscriber will bo prompt and ready to serve any
of his Iriends here, having commands in the above places,
or any of his friend* there, having commands here.
The Public’s humble servant,
SAMUEL C. WHITE.
Onancock, Va., March 17. [102-2t]
FBI * TEACHERS.—A teacher of satisfactory moral
Jl character, qualified to tench (lie usual branches of
a good English F.ducation, viz: Spelling, Reading, Writing,
^Arithmetic, Surveying, Geography, and a compcnd of llis
^ftory, See. &c., who will be satisfied with a certain salary
of $250, Including hoard,"[which can he had in respecta
ble families for $50,) and the emoluments arising from
such an increase of the number of pupils os may probably
take place subsequent to bis engagement, will meet with
a permanent situation, by addressing the |>0st Sl istcr at
Urgnhnrt’s Store, Southampton County, Virginia.
March 17. 102—3t
1.\I)I\\ Qt EEN HOTEL, formerly Hciskcll’s and
late II. Wade’s, No. 1-5, South Fourth Street between
Market mi l Chenint Streets, Philadelphia, is now kej>t by
11. Duke, who has, at considerable expense, made such
improvements to the House as will insure comfort and con
venience to his Hoarders and Lodgers. Till* House is
so well known that it needs hut litilo description, being
central to the principal Mercantile Houses in Market st.,
the Post O.Ticc, Banks, and public places in Chesnut street.
The Proprietor solicits the attention of Merchants and
Travellers to his establishment, and rests Ills claims !• their
patronage, on !.is efforts for tlwir comfort and accommoda
tion. March 8. 1)8—1 in
DR. lit)11A N N AN b is removed lbs ollice to the rooms
over the storo of M». Joshua Hallowell, four doors
below the Bell Tavern. Feb. 29. [91_tf]
B r-tiiiMi, I1IWM, UIJU, Me.—John I'of. M Co.
0 J respectfully inform their friends and the public, that
they have for sale an extensive assortment of Leather,
consisting of Sole, light an I heavy, Waxed and Russet
Upper, 1 n.1 dozen WaxetLKip and Call Skins, Skirting,
Harness, Bridle and Bag Hides, 100 dozen best oak tan
ned Sheep Skins, Hog Skirt--, Binding and Shoe Thread; an
assortment nl Findings for Shoo and Bootmakers, Spanish
Hides and Oil, Currier s and I .inner s 1 ools—all of which
will be sold on reasonable terms, at theirStore, opposite the
Mansion House and ft doers below the Bell Tavern,
Main Street, Richmond. [Mar. 15.] 10l-2aw3w
MU. JOHN FALING:—Sir—As you are not a resi
lient of Virginia, take notice, That on the 3rd day
of the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery, to
he held in the county of Scott, Virginia, in September
next, I shall ask that Court to Impannel a Jury for the pur
pose of ascertaining the truth of a statement of farts which
I have fried in the office of said Court against you, anil on
which I export tb a-k the next General Assembly of Vir
ginia for a divorce Irom you, for causes therein set forth,
when and where you may attend, if you choose.
March 15. [101-Sw"] DKLILA FALING.
Ol It L.—Committed to the. jail of Amherst county
lx on the 3d of October last, as a runaway, a Negro
Man, who calls himself Ned, and said lie belonged to the
heirs of Mary Stith, rtf Prince William, but now lie says
Jio is the property of Thomas Lewis, Guilford county, N.
Carolina. The said fellow appears to he between 45 and
60 years of age, 5 feet 10 or 11 incites high, yellow com
plexion, with a very -thick head of linii, somewhat grey,
and a small scar across his nose—had on when committed,
an old plaid cloak, blue mixed pantaloons and vest, and an
old pair of blark elotli pantaloons and vest with him. The
owner of said fellow will come forward and prove his pro
perty and lake him away, or lie will be dealt with as the
law directs. ROBERT I.. COLEMAN, Jailor,
for Nelson C. Dawson, Sheriff.
Jnn. 2«. • *2— wl2w
Ali.\< ill.K w \\ li i> \ gentleman qualified
to teach the English, Latin and French Langua
ges, will tin. I immediate, employment, in a healthy, pious
and intelligent neighborhood, by application to
RICH A HI) EPPES,
Near Parham’s Store, Sussex Comity.
The sc.tool is already in operation, and the gentleman
now in charge ol it is unexpectedly called away to a dis
tant part of the country. The sehiiol may be taken on the
first of March, or sooner ii desired.
Sussex, Fell. ft. #7_wjf
IP' iil l( VV \ REHOUSE, Richmond.—Planter* and
others sending Tobacco to the almvc Warehouse,
arc informed that the same is now undergoing a general
repair, for the better security nl Tobacco. (John M? Shep
pard, Jr. having been appointed in the place ol Mr. Johr
Fisher resigned,) it is now under the management of llir
sulwcribers, who pledge themselves that every attentior
shall lie paid to any Tobacco sent to the Warehouse.—
Freight, toll, &c. advanced on all Tobacco sent to u«, an<
the drayage on such Tobacco the same as to other W«ro
houses in this city. M. C. LACKLAND,
JOHN M. SHEPPARD, J*,
J*eb. 21. fft2 -wfiwJ Inspector!
1 : liy the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia
. A PROCLAMATION.— W hcrcas an assault wait com*
I .Xm. mitted on the 16th August last, on a certain William
by “ »l*vc named JOHN, the property of Robert
I W. Carter, of Richmond county—the said Davis was etn
ployed as an overseer on a farm in the county of Rich
, moiid, belonging to the said Carter, and was so severely
wounded by repeated blows, as to die in 5or6days there
after; John immediately absconded, and is now going at
large: Now, therefore. I, John Floyd, Governor of the
Commonwealth of Virginia, do hereby oiler a reward of 200
Dollars to any person or persons, who will apprehend
nnd convey to the jail of Richmond county the said slave
John; aud 1 do, moreover require all officers, civil and mil
litary, and exhort the good people of this Commonwealth,
to use their best endeavors to cause the said fugitive John
to be aprehended, that he may be dealt with as tho law
directs.
Given under my hand as Governor, nnd under the seal
[Seal] of the Commonwealth at Richmond, this
2d day of March, 1832.
JOHN FLOYD.
John is between 25 and 27 years of age, rather under
the ordinary size, of black complexion, and badly formed.
Ills lace is marked in its character and'expression, in con
sequence of his forehead being very high, running up into
points above the temples, and giving the appearance ol
baldness—his eyes are also remarkable for being promi
nent, and thc^whites ot a smoky color. No bodily scar is
remembered, lie has acquaintances in the lower part of
Northumberland and Lancaster counties, Va.; also in
Loudoun, near Leesburg and W inchester, in Frederick
county, V a., in the vicinity of which places he is supposed
to be, if he has not left the State.
March 6.__ OT—w4w
PLOUGHS.—The subscriber respectfully informs
those who arc in the habit of buying implements
ol husbandry, that lie has now on hand a greater variety
than he has ever before offered them. He has almost
every kind of Ploughs now in use, with steel or cast points,
and stocked with seasoned timber, an advantage not gene
rally sufficiently appreciated. He has made an improve
ment id the mould-hoard of the improved liarshear Plough
which has been suggested by many practical farmers,
rendering it much more desirable—Component parts of
Ploughs always on hand, and mould boards sold at Foun
dry prices. He Hatters himself that his prices have been
so reduced as to give satisfaction. Should any implement
purchased »i*>m him, not perform equal to the expectation
of the purchaser, it may he returned.
Jan. 14. [76—tfj WM. PALMER, Market Ilridtre.
PRIN1ING OFFICE FOR SALE.—By virtue of a
deed of trust, bearing date on the 2nd day of Au
gust, 18.31, executed to me by True G. Elliott and Lind
sey Ware, and duly recorded in the office of the county
court of Rockbridge, I will, on Friday the 30|h instant,
sell at public auction, for ready' money, before the court
house door, in the town of Lexington, the Printing Of
fice and Establishment of the “Rockbridge Intel
ligencer,” with all its privileges and appurtenances.
There arc about 450 subscribers to this paper, and its
situation makes it a desirable purchase to a printer wish
ing to conduct a weekly paper. WM. TAYLOR,
March 3. [96—tds] Trustee.
RAN DOLPIl MACON COLLEUK_Am Ur. Emory
has declined the Presidency, a called meeting of the
Board of Trustees of Randolph Macon Collego will bo held
| at Hoydtown, to commence on Wednesday, the 4(h ol
April next, for the purpose of electing a President and a
Professor of Languages, as well as other important busi
ness. WM. A. SMITH, Sec’y.
Iloydton, March 6. 98—td
MONTVUK INSTITUTE, jYear .Middletown, Fre
derick County, Va.—The next Session will com
mence April 18th, anil close September 19th.—The plan
of this school is to prepare the student for college, or to
afford him a full course of instruction in the usual branches
of an English education. Moral and scientific lectures
on subjects relating to practical life, are delivered in a
familiar wav, either in walks for recreation or in the fami
ly circle. The buildings arc new, and the lodging rooms
large and thoroughly ventilated. The situation is retired,
and the location calculated to secure the morals and health
of the student. The number of pupils is limited to twelyo,
with whom an assistant teacher always lodges.
Terms, $75 per session, payable in every instance in
advance. This charge will not be thought high, when it
is considered that it embraces hoarding, lodging, lights,
fuel, washing (and mending, if the student furnish materi
als;) also tuition, including all books and every article of
stationery’; and that the pupil enjoys the advantages to be
derived from the united attention of two instructors devo
ted to a limited and select school; with the use of a mis
cellaneous library, in which arc statedly deposited, a
number of the most approved periodicals, devoted .to edu
cation, science and the arts.
No applicant received for less than a session, or that
part of the session remaining at the time of admission.
Feb. 28. [91—tlst My.] JOHN LODOR.
isa’iiimicr,
4 Beautiful bay, of great power, will stand the ensu
. lug season at my Farm, (Dover,) on James River,
in the County ol Goochland, twenty two .miles above
Richmond, and ten below the County Court House, and
be allowed to serve mares at the moderate price of fifteen
dollars tho season—discharged by twelve dollars if paid
by the fifteenth of July, (when the seaason will expire :)
twenty five dollars will be required to ensure a mare with
foal, to be paid as soon as tho marc is known to be in foal
oris parted witli—good pasturage will be afforded gratis to
mares lolt with the horse, and good care taken of them,
but no liability for accidents or escapes, Tho marcs will
he fed, if directed, at twenty five, rents a day. Brimmer
will he at his stand the 1st day of March, ready to serve
mares. T. R. HARRISON.
• J’rdigree.—Brimmer was gotten by Herod, his dam»hy
Robin Rodhroast, his grand dam by Shark, great grand
dam by Clive, g. g. grand darn by Lath, g. g. g. grand
dam tiy Baylor’s Fernought, g. g. g. g. grand dam by
Old Janus, g. g. g. g. g. grand dam by Whittington, g. g.
g. g. g. g. grand dam by Old Janus.
Brimmer't pedigree explained.—Herod was gotten by
Thomas C. Bunhury’s Diomcd Dioinod by Flori/.el, in
I England, Flori/.el by Herod, Herod by Mr. Croft’s cele
brated horse Partner, Robin Redbreast was gotten by
the Earl of Derby’s horse Sir Peter Teazle, Sir Peter
feazle by Highflyer,Highflyer by Herod, Herod by Mr.
CrOft’s Partner; Shark was gotten by Marsh, Marsh by
Lord GCHolphiu’s Arabian Horse, who was called the Go
dolphin Arabian, Clive was gotten by Baylor’s Fear
nought, Fearnought by Rcgulus, Kegulus by the Godol
pbiu Arabian; Whittington was gotten by Lord Lowther's
Barb Horse, who was called the White Legged Lowthcr
Barb. Feb. 21. [!>2—2aw8l]
Jcrii«<2ilpm !{»<'€<.
! f|lI!K second Spring Meeting will commence the se
ll cm. I Tuesday in April next, and continue I davs.
Fir*t day.—Sweepstake for 3 years old colts and fillies,
I mile heats—entrance $100, halt forfeit—four subscribers
to make a race, two already entered; and to close the 1st
of April.
Second day.—Proprietor's Purse—2 mile heats, $150.
Third day—Jockey Club Purse—$500, 3 mile heats.
Fourth dety.—Sweepstake for 3 years old colts and fil
lies, mile heats—entrance $500, half forfeit—four subscri
bers to make, a race, one already entered; to close the 1st
•lay of April next.
The Subscriber having purchased the entire interest of
this rourse, pledges himself to use all the means in his
power (and they are ample) to give general satisfaction.—
The track will lie put in complete order, and good stables
and litter furnished as usual.—The Newmarket rules to
govern in all ea»es.
RICHARD S. NICHOLSON, Proprietor.
Feb. 0. 87—wtd
SPRING SUPPLIES.—Raymond and IIrothmis
beg leave to notify country merchants and others,
that they are constantly receiving from their manufactory,
a splendid assortment of Hats of all patterns usually called
for—tioth black and drab.—They have also on band a large
assortment of Caps, suited to the season, together witli
about one hundred dozen of the noted Palm leaf lials,
i March 13. 100—w-fw
Carolinian.
■ fWlHIS Celebrated Horse, amongst the best sons ol Sir
| j JL Archie, lioth us a Racer and Foal-Getter, is now at
1 my Stable, Spring Grove, Hanover county, Va., 18 miles
j Iroin the city ol Uichmond, 10 miles from Hanover Court
| House, 4 mile* from Goodull’s Tavern, and 7 miles from
the Merry Oaks; where he will stand the present Season,
at $25 the Season, wliitji may be discharged bv the pay
ment of $20, H paid within the Season; $15 the Single
| Leap, to be paid when the mare is served; $45 to insure a
mare to be in loal; and One Dollar to the Groom. The
season will expire the last of July. 1 extend the season
longer, in consequence of being unable to get him in ear
lier from Tennessee. I have become interested in this
horse, believing him to be inferior to no horse in point of
blood and as a loal-getter. He stood several years in the
counties of Orange, Culpeper, Fauquier, Sic, &c., and at
a reduced prico : consequently, a number of mares were
put to him that were not thorough-bred. Those that were,
nearly every one of them brought racers of the first order,
that were trained, to wit: Bayard, Pest, Gentle Kitty,
Young Carolinian, &c. &c. Ilis colts, generally, are the
lurgest 1 ever saw, by anv horse, and lie has proven him
self n sure foal-getter. ’There is no horse of the present
day that stands at such a reduced price, of his celebrity.
As ho has been absent from this State several years, I deem
it properto insert his Pedigree, Performances, &c., as they
may have been forgotten by some that may wish to breed
. from him. 1 urn well prepared with good Pasturage, Lots,
&c.,lor the accommodation of inarcs that may lie sent to
him, and they will bo well fed at One Dollar Fifty Cents 1
per week. No responsibility tor accidents or escapes,
though every care will bo taken to prevent them.
Hanover, March 1st, 1822. WM. L WHITE.
Pedigree.—C/rolinian was bred by Major Philip
Claihmrnc of Set wood, Brunswick county, and foaled the
25th May, 1815. He is 6 fool 3 1-2 inches high, dark
nay. and was got r»y the unequalled horse Sir Archie; his
dam by the imported horse Druid; his grind dam by Old
Wildair, tho very best son of Old Fearnought; his great
grand dam by Amcricus; his great groat grand dam by the
imported horse Old Janus; his great great grand dam also
by Old Janus; his great great great great grand dam by
the imported horse Moor’s Partner; liis great great great
great great grand dam by the imported horse Old Jolly
•oger, out ot the imported marc Kitty Fisher.
N. B. Tho Pedigree of all the ancestors ol Carolinian
is in my possession, as taken from the general Stud Book
of England—ed. of 1803. THOS. CLAIBORNE.
Brunswick County, State of Virginia.—I do hereby
certify, that l have faithfully traced the Pedigree of the
celebrated race horse Carolinian, on the general stud book
of England,of the edition of 1803, which 1 purchased my
•clf in Liverpool, in July, 1806, and from my own obser
vations thereon, pronounce the aforesaid horse Carolinian,
to be thorough bred, and the whole family from whence
he has descended, I consider to be of as pure blood as any
horse, either in tins country or in England. I urge this
the more forcibly on tho public at large, being my most
favorite crosses, and crosses which 1 prize more than
those of any other imported, because, alter (as I once
thought,) almost a fruitless search in order to obtain them,
for a considerable time, 1 accidentally came to the possession,
which I at present have, and nothing short of a Very con
siderable price indeed, would induce me to part with, be
ing nearly allied toCarolinian in the following manner: Fear
nought, Jolly Roger, Janus, Druid, and the celebrated marc
Kitty Fisher. Carolinian’s blood can be traced on the above
book as far back as the following horses in England:—
Place’s White Turk was imported by Mr. Place, stud
keeper to Oliver Cromwell, in the year 1G52, when lie was
Protector. The Lyster or Straddling Turk, 1G53. Dods
worth’s dam l.VIG. Given under my hand this 12th day
of February, 18*8. f/TflU It N KKIUITT ICIKiAU
PERFORMANCES
Carolinian's Performances on the Turf.—Fall 1818,
Carolinian commenced his races at Warrcnton; lie bent
Mr. Plumer’s mare by Sir Archie with case.—At Drum
mond sburg he won the great post stake, beating the great
horse Virginian, and Mr. John Worsham’s Quickstep
Spring 1818, he heat Mr. William Winn’s celebrated more
Lady of the Lake, over the New Hope course, near Hali
fax, with great ease, two mile heats. This race was pro
nounced one of the best ever run on that.turf. "At that
time it was the opinion of the ablest sportsmen as well as
of the spectators, that Carolinian was a tirstrato race horse.
He afterwards beat Mr. M’Lin’s brown horse by Sir Ar
chie, Capt. James J. Harrison’s Wild Rover, by Flori/.el, '
and several others. He, however, on Ills way to New
Market, alter the race at New Hope, accidentally received
an injury which thereafter was found so serious as to dis
qualify him from contending with horses, heretofore bea
ten by him with great ease. So very apparent was the in
jury that he was withdrawn from the turf, and no more
came on tho turf until fall 1823, when he was, (after co
vering three seasons,) trained, and during that fall ran
three races, namely at Boydtown, Va., Milton, N. G\, and
Charlotte, all which lie won, beating many fine horses
with ease. It is admitted that Carolinian lost several ra- :
ces, and after liis injury was beaten by horses that he had
before beaten. That he is a sure and excellent loal-get
ter, 1 have abundant evidence There have never been
trained but two of his colts that I know—Mr. Rood's ce
lebrated horse Crawford, who proved himself a winner and
first rate race horse in the State of Georgia, in many races, '
and Mr. Edward B. Bolt’s colt, who was trained by my
late excellent friend Thomas Foild, Esq., dec’d, but a lit- !
tic time before his death, and I learn was thought highly \
of by him. (Signed,) A. B. DRUMMOND, i
February 14,1827.
I, William C. House, do hereby certify that I stood
Carolinian two seasons myself and resided within one
mile of the place he stood a third season, and still reside 1
in that vicinity, and I can say with truth that he proved
himself a sure and certain foal-getter, and hiscoltsnrc greatly
admired; insomuch that the people of Fauquier, Culpeper
and tho adjacent counties, give him the decided prefer
ence over any horse they ever had in that section. I
moreover saw the race at New Hope, N. C. near Halifax
town, when ho beat Gen. Wynn’s celebrated mare
Lady of the Lake, which race, in the highest possible
style, was won by Carolinian with ea«o; and it is my
opinion, after considerable experience in regard to train
ing and running horses, that Carolinian was able to have
contended successfully with any horse in Xmericaon that
day. Carolinian’s colts are large, sprightly and active,
insomuch that the people of the above counties are anx
ious to get him back to stand amongst them, after having
bred from him three seasons. Given under my hand this
17ill day of February, 1827. WM.C. HOUSE.
This is to certify that at the annual meeting and exhi
bition of the Agricultural Society of Federicksburg, Va.,
on the 10th of November, 1824, seven stallions were ex
hibited, viz; Carolinian, Pretender, Oscas, Young Archi
bald, G'eler, \\ alnut and Sir Bolingbrook. The commit
tee of judges of horses, mares and colts, reported that
the horse Carolinian, owned by Philip Claiborne, Esq. of
l Brunswick county, was the best Stallion exhibited, and J
entiled to the premium offered. Whereupon, it was
“Ordered, that a silver cup of the value of thirty ilollars i
be awarded to Philip Clailmrne, Esq. of Brunswick county,
in compliment fo his horse Carolinian.”
JAMES M. GARNETT, President.
Wm. F. Gn ay, Sec’ty. March 8. »8—fit
IN CHANCERY—Vjhoiwia.—At Rules held in the?
Clerk’s Ollier of the Circuit Superior Court of Law
and Chancery for King William county, on the 6th Feb
ruary, 1N32:
Alordecai C, Booth, complt.
against
Robert llrookc, adm’r with the will annexed of Mor
dcria Booth dcc’d, and as guardian of Mordecia C. Booth,
John ralinferro, as security of Robert Brooke, adm’r as
! aforesaid, Cornelius Dabney, ex'or of Win. Dabney Jr.
, dec’ll, who was also a security of Robert Brooke, as adm’r
i as aforesaid, Robert Temple,as secoritvof Robert Brooke,
j guardian as aforesaid, and Mildred Talialerro, exe’x of
! \\ alker Talialerro dec’ll, who was also a security of Ro- 1
; brrt Brooke, guardian as aforesaid, defts.
rho defendant, Robert Brooke, not having entered his j
appearance and given security according to the Act of As
sembly anil the Rules of this court, and it appearing by sa- j
; tisfoctory evidence that he is not an inhabitant of this |
1 country: It is ordered, That the sai<l defendant do ap
’, pear here on the lirst day of the next April Term, and an- j
; swer the hill of the plaintiff; and that a copy of this Order
: he forthwith inserted in some newspaper published in the
city of Richmond, for two months successively, and post
ed at the Iront door of the Court-house of this county.
A Copy. Teste, RO. BYRD I’OLI.AHD, D C.
March 8 m 09 wflw
I N FOX, Attornc y at Lain, will attend the Su*
J perior and Interior Courts of I.aw and Chancery,
I held in the counties of Hanover, Henrico, New Kent,and
•j King William Address Old Church, Hanover county.
I March 8. fw_n9w
FOR SALE, that thorough-bred Stallion,
Hl ack Warrioi/R, foaled in 1818, and purchased
at the sale of Jamet Dunlop, of Roslin, Esquire, [oppo
site to Petersburg? Virginia,] by Mr. Randolph, in 1821),
who then gave £1<>0 for him. lie was ti most promising
colt, but train Mr. Randolph’s going soon after abroad, he
was shamefully neglected and injured in his growth. In
1827 he was farmed out to a person in Fauquier whom his
owner never has seen in his life, during Mr. Randolph's
attendance on his seat iu Congress, which he took in De
cember, 1826, on his return from Europe—and last year
he was kept by Nathan Lulborough, Esq. of the District
ol Columbia, who sent him home about two months ago
very poor. Mr. Randolph had not set eyes on this valu
able and noble animal since the autumn of 1823, (seven
years.) until the I3th of December last, (1831.)—lie is a
black with white feet.
PKDIL’REK.—Black Warriour was got by the
imported horse Merrvlield, sou of Sir Henry Tempest
Vane’s famous Cock Aglitet—the best racer by far of his
•lay—his dam Philadelphia, by Washington, out of Miss
Totteridqe by Dung v.ynon,(O'Kelly’s most favorite
son of Eclipse,) her dam, Marcella, by Ma.murino
outol Medea by Sweet Briar, (the best horse by far
ol his day—and most favorite Stallion of Lord (irasvenor,
who covered at 23 guineas,) Angelica by Snap—Rk
gulus— Bartlett s Childers—Hollywood’s Arabian,
<iam oi me two i rue ijluks.
Extract ol a letter Iroui James II. Lulborougli, Esq., who
resides at Salem,where lllaek Warriour stood three years,
dated Salem. Fauquier comity, Fob. 27th, 1832:
“Ol Black Warriour, I must say, that no horse that over
was in this neighbourhood, (I speak only within my own
knowledge,) stood higher—in reputation—not price—for
lie was put at any thing ami nothing, to any thing and
every thing but thorough-bred. Lieut. Com. Dulaney of
the 0. 8. A. lias a colt of his (Black Warrioot’s) got. The
dam, he says, is thorough-bred ; but he has no vouchers
for the fact. 1 his is the only marc that I know that sets
tip »»y pretensions to blood. My father would have sent
him to this neighbourhood this coming Spring, upon my
recommendation—hut you returned from Europe, and ho
was sent home. A man, joining me, owns a filley—sleep
black—with two hind feet while, that lot holds at $300.—
She is out ol as common, cold-blooded an animal us any in
the Stale ol Pennsylvania.”
Miss Totteridge by Dungannon.
" asliington by Sir Peter (best son of Highflyer) out of an
awn sister to Trumpater, a little black horse thatwasthe
best of his day, and the best grandson of old Malchcm.
N. B.—He generally got hays. (Soiiceber, the best
horse and stallion of his day, sire ot Soothsayer and Smo
lensko, was an exception,) Smoleusko also was a black.
Dungannon, O'Kelly’s favorite son of Eclipse.
M ambrino by Engineer—the best and strongest horse
in the world—gramlsirc to Long Island Eclipse.
Sweet Briar bv Syphon, son of Squirt, that got old
Marske, the sire of flclipse—covered at 30 guineas.
Angelica by Snap, (the best horse and stallion of Ids
day. Papillon by Snap, was the dam of Sir Peter
Teazle, the best son of High Flyer,) Kegulus—
Bartlett’s Childers—Hollywood’s Arabian, dam ofj
the Two True Blues.—He will bo shewn in Richmond !
early in March.
Extract of a letter from JVathan Lufborough, Esq. oj
the District of Columbia, to John Randolph of Roan
oke, dated 11/A Feb., 1832:
“ I have not seen Black Warriour** foals myself, hut 1
have conversed with several gentlemen of Fauquier and
Prince William, every one ot whom speak in the high
est terms of the foals of his get, as being both large
Hid handsome. My friend, John Hill Carter of Prince
William particularly, has given me favorable accounts of
Black Wamour’s Stock.”
Also, Peacock, five years old next grass—and nume
rous brood marcs, and colts, and fillies—of all ages from 3
years old upwards.
.Apply to Mr. \Y yalt Card well, at Charlotte Court-house,
* irginia—to which the U.S. .Mail Coach from Washington I
o Millcdgcvillc, in Georgia, and from Milledgcville to
Washington, runs every day, Sundays excepted—if hy
etter post-paid.
Charlotte C. II. Feb. 23,1832. 91—tf
C.'BcvcIaBicl.
The imported horse Cleveland, win
stand the present season at the south end of Trent’s
•ridge, near the town of Manchester, in the county of
Chesterfield, at Twenty Dollars the season, to he dis
charged by the payment of fifteen within the season,
•vlnch will close on 1st of July.
This lino Stallion is the property of Admiral Sir Isaac
Collin, and has been procured by the suhscriliur for the
•resent season only, alter which be will he returned to
lie agent of his owner, near Boston.
Cleveland is a dark bay, with black inane, legs and tail,
lie is seventeen hands high, and seven years old, of fine
orm, and 1 doubt it there is any Stallion in Virginia pos
tering equal hone, muscle and sinew. He is said to he
»t the finest breed ol horses used in England, for harness.
A cross ol the marcs of Eastern Virginia (which all partake
more or less of the blood stock,) with this horse, is calculate
cd to produce a most valuable breed for the draft and the
saddle.
Cleveland was sent to the United States in 1828, by his
owner, to improve the breed of horses in Massachusetts,
where I am informed Ids colts (some of them three years
old next grass,) are amongst the finest in the Union.
Mores sent to this horse will have the range of one ol
Iho best pastures in this part ot the country, gratis—or
will he abundantly fed on grain, at 25 cents a day. A
laithfiil agent is employed, who will use every precaution
igainst escapes and accidents, but the subscriber will not
l>e responsible should any occur. E. C. MAYO.
Richmond, March 10. 99-tf
SjfUHJJi. ^ALh.— Will be Offered for jinlc at public
auction, before the front door of the Eagle Hotel,
'« the city of Richmond, on Uic 20th of April, 1832, at 12
a’clock, on a credit ol six months, a House and Lot, situa
^•1 on Main or E street, in said city. The House is of
brick, three stories high, well calculated for a store and
lurching house.—The lot fronts on said Main or E street,
about 27 1-2 lect, and extends hack from said street, to
ward* Exchange Alley, to a line drawn directly across a
yard, from a corner of a lumber or warehouse, on the on
lirc lot, (a part now only being offered for sale) to a point
where another line drawn from the corner of the kitchen
:m said entire lot, to where it would intersect a line, from
I he corner of the kitchen of Fulcher, (or what was former
ly Fulcher’s Kitchen) which said hack line is nearly pa
rallel to the said Main or E street, and includes the privy
uid recess annexed thereto, on the side of the said lumber
ar warehouse, parallel to the said Main or E street, and
running thence (from the said point of intersection) along
the line drawn from the corner of the kitchen on said en
tire lot, to the corner of Fulcher’s kitchen, including also
a passage of 27 1-2 feet, extending from the before describ
ed lot to Exchange Alley, which, said lot or parcel of
ground with the appurtenances, is a part of a lot purchased
by John King, ol the representatives of Thomas Hilliat,
(reference to which title may he had, at the office of the
Hlisting’s Court for the city of Richmond.)
The above described property will he sold hy virtue of a
Deed of Trust, executed by John King to John Macrae,
dec’ll, and John Hibson, Jr., of record in the Office ot the
iListing’s Court of Richmond, to satisfy Jane lloyle,
Adm’x ol I). Hoyle, dec'd certain debts in said Deed men
tioned. The purchaser will he required to execute a ne
gotiablo note with good endorsers, at one ol the Virginia
Hanks in the city of Richmond, (or at one of their Branch*
es in the town of Fredericksburg,) payable in six mouths,
and also to execute a Deed of Trust on the property to se
cure the purchase money. JOHN HIBSON, Jr
Eeb. 2. 83—tils Surviving Trustee.
I AND AND NEtJROES FOR SALE.— Hy virtue
A of a deed of trust, i xertiled by Foushce H* Telib.s,
and duly recorded in the Clerk's Olfice of Essex county, I
shall proceed to sell for cash, to the highest bidder, on the
premises, on Wednesday, the 14th day ol March next, or
on the next fair day thereafter, that valuable estate situa
ted in the county of Essex, called “Paradise,” together
with several likely negroes, or so much thereof as may he
necessary to raise a certain stun of money secured hy said
deed. Paradise is handsomely situated on the hanks of the
Rappahannock river, 10 mihis below Tappahannock, com
manding a beautiful and extensive water prospect. The
improvements consist of a large two-story dwelling house,
kitchen, smoke-house, dairy, ice-house, and a large new
harn and granary, lately finished.—The tract contains
about 530 acres, nearly the whole of which is river low
grounds, and well adapted to the growth of corn anil wheat;
the water abounds with the finest oysters, and all the va
rieties of fish and wild fowl.—Selling ns Trustee, I shall
only convey suefr title as is vested in me.
• WM A. WRIHHT, TruUrr.
Feb A 8ft - w7t*
I _COI\CRE^IO!\ AL.
SPEECH or MU. TYLER OF VIRGINIA*
On the subject of Mr. Clay's Jiesolutions providing for
a reduction of the duties on im/iorts.—Delivered in
the Senate of the United States, February 9, 1332.
[ContinuedJ — Friday, February }>.
Mr. Tylkh resumed the remarks which he had left
unfinished on yesterday, lie said, that, on resuming his
seat, ho had ionnd on his desk a letter from a valued ami
highly esteemed friend, one sentence of which he would
take the liberty of reading in his place. He then read the
following paragraph Irotu a letter which he held in
hand. “1 have sold my corn to a Yankee, who takes
it to the north to feed tho manufacturers—who hut lor
the tariff would make corn themselves.” It is not ne
cessary for me to say to the Senate, that inv friend and
correspondent differs from me in sentiment upon this great
and all-absorbing subject. Our social intercourse suf
i tors no interruption Irom our dificrenccs of opinion, since
I neither of us, in the eye of the oilier, can be considered as
actuated by any unworthy or improper motive, I have
taken the liberty of reading n single sentence from Ins let
ter, because it purports to present in a practical and there
fore more imposing lorm, a text worthy of a serious com
mentary. 1 he first inquiry which presents itself obvious- i
ly is, whether this sale might not have been made, bad
the American system never existed. The mere fact,!
that corn has been sold by the south for the consumption
ol the north, proves nothing in itself. The day’ never was'
since the revolution, not to say before, although 1 believe i
that the fact would be ascertained to have preceded that j
period, if our researches led us as far hack, when bread1
stuffs were not exported from Maryland, Virginia, and N. !
1 arolina, to the eastern States, Why*, sir, when I was a |
mere boy, I remember well the existence of that trade. Wo >
had annual visits from New England vessels up all our rivers !
well supplied with a variety ol exchangeable commodities,)
which were bartered for wheat and corn to be transported J
to the north. They gave us chiefly New England rum,!
which then filled the place ol common whiskey at tho ‘
present day, in exchange for tho productions ot our soil,!
a proiiiaiiio traite tncy undoubtedly made ol it. Hut,
I rest not on that fact alone hut from information derived
from those who have watched the course of this trade for
the Ja.^t thirty years; and I appeal here, in my place, to
Senators representing tho New England States, to say 1
whether my information is incorrect, if tho statement re- j
main unconlradictcd, it will be considered as avouched by j
honorable Senators. I hose sales of corn from one place to I
another occur under all circumstances; not only between !
separate States, but between counties of the same State,
and neighborhoods of the same county. A drought pro
duces a scarcity in one county or neighborhood, while ano
ther is blessed with genial seasons which cause its garners '
to overflow. This was the case last summer—for while ,
in lower V irgiuia wo were blessed with copious showers, i
similarblcssings were denied, as I have lenrncd since yes- I
terday from a resident of that county, to the people of Ha- |
lilax and the counties contiguous thereto. My friend
left out one important ingredient in his coinmnnica- ;
tion. I should have been highly plqtsed to have been
informed of the price which he obtained for his corn. I
rather apprehend, that, notwithstanding his ascription of:
influence upon the sale to the American system, the corn
buyers of his own State would most cheerfully have given !
him as much as lie obtained from tho northern purchaser.
I learn, for example, that the price of corn jn that portion j
ot the country to which 1 havebefore had reference, is now
three dollars per barrel, andthat the price is advancing.
Let me not he understood as denying the value of the j
northern market lor our bread stulf's. " Wc find valuable
customers in the great and flourishing cities of the north. I
lo Now \ ork and to B.r ion we annually export large I
quantities of flour and Indian corn, and so do wc also to Hal- ,
limorc. Much of it is, doubtlessly, consumed by tbe in-'
habitants ot those cities, but the far greater part is export
ed abroad. But the true question is, not how much wc
export to tho north, but how much the export is increased 1
by the manufacturing establishments. No one would as-J
cri.ie the existence ol those cities to the American system,
not only because they existed anterior to that system, but!
because all history informs us that large cities are the ofl
spring of an extensive foreign commerce. Let any man
visit New \ ork or Boston, and the countless soils which
flutter in every breeze, and have come from fin- distant
lands, will hold to him a language which lie cannot mis
understand. It we look to the table of exports, it will
he found that the largest of the northern States, and those,
too, most deeply interested in manufactures, so far from
drawing their supplies from us, export annually to a very
large amount. Pennsylvania and New York export an
nually large quautitiesof bread stufls; and whilo Baltimore
is an extensive and valuable market for nil the tide-water !
country of Virginia, every body knows that Maryland is *
a large exporting State. I can assure my esteemed cor- '
respondent ol the further fact, that not an acre less is cul- i
tivated nowin tho northern States, than formerly. I state !
this fact upon the authority of a gentleman from one of
the eastern .States, whose assertion may be most implicitly
relied ou. I
Hut, Mr. President, while this market, produced by !
the American system, is a mere matter of surmise and
conjecture, it behooves us to look more minutely into the
foreign corn trade, so that we may avoid realizing the fa- '
blc of the dog and the shadow. I' have extracted"from the
tables of exports of the last year, tho following facts. Of I
flour there was exported abroad $6,075,953
Of Indian corn, 221 823
Of meal,
Of rye,
Of oats and other grain,
Biscuit or ship bread,
Making the sum ol # $7,025,591
And of tobacco, 5,586,365 j
Milking an aggregate of $12,611,056
And this, independent of a great variety of other articles,
the product ot agriculture, which I have not deemed ne
cessary to exhibit to the Senate. And yet wc have, in the
very lace ot this fact, been asked, over and over again, to
point out (lie foreign market lor our surplus productions.
England and her depend'ncies take of our rread studs
alone, 2,460,015 dollars’ worth, more than a th.nl ot the
whole amount exported—and of our tobacco, $1,761,673.
This, sir, is the nation against whom onr wrath It he en
kindled; and we are to ho subjected to the charge of ro
coloni/.ing America, unless we shut our ports against her
manufacturers. We are called upon, under these heavy
denunciations, to wage commercial war against our best
customer; and a comparison is attempted hy.honorable Se
nators to he run between foreign markets of almost incal
culable value, and the little, paltry,contemptible markets,
created by manufacturing establishments—mere neigh
borhood affairs, no more deserving of attention than tho
markets produced throughout tho country by the numer
ous watering-places which are found dispersed throm-diont
the Union.
Important aj is the foreign market, notwithstanding the
embarrassment* imposed on commerce, its benefits are ca
pable, under a wise system of policy, of incalculable in
crease ? What would not Spain lie willing to concede li»r
the free admission of the sugar from her islands? France
has recently manifested her desire to trade, with the Unit
ed States on tho most liberal terms, in order to have our
ports opened to the admission of her silks and wines. Other
powers would speedily follow her example, if hone could
i>e indulged that the nnti-coinrnercial system of the coun
try would lie relaxed, f have heard it stated by a gentle
man who resided for two years in Cuba, that the consump
tion of flour in St. Jago alone was equal to four hundred
barrels per day; and he expressed the opinion, that the free
admission of sugar into this country would augment the con
sumption of bread stuffs in that island fully one-fifth.
The truth is, that no scheme which the wit of man could
devise, ran be more destructive of agriculture than this
American system. By reason of the exactions which it
levies on the productions of other countries, it forces a
change of employments abroad, and compels the culture
of bread stud's in foreign countries, ivhieli would other
wise gladly exchange lor our corn and flour; and thus,
while it cripples tho farming interest of the Union, ope
rates as a direct premium to that same interest in other
countries.
Before I recur to (he rotir«o of argument which I bad
prescribed, i beg leave to notice an annunciation which
the morning papers contain, proceeding from the great
State of Pennsylvania. The f.gislaturc of that Stale have
unanimously/ resolved against all reduction of the dudes
I laid for protection. I deeply regret this decision, became
] it would seem effectually to close the door against all hope
of settling (lie distractions of the country, f! is not for me
to reprehend tho course which any one of the Slates may
think proper to adopt. How much s ever I may deplore,
f cannot censure. That State has been called the main
' arch which supported our political edifice ; and on her
' wisdom and patriotism my reliance was placed at tho pre
( ,<cnl important crisis. She should have recollected that
there were two sides to this question, .and that n pertina
j cious adherence to her opinions w as likely to be met witl*
a similar feeling on the part of other States. That if she
I was excited upon this subject, n> would others he also;
1 a,'d *h'at her elevation in the Union would not he lessened
by the inauilustation ot a conciliatory spirit, out of whici*
this Government it-ell sprung, and by which it can only ho
preserved. One remark l may he indulged in without giv
ing ollcnce- Tho resolutions to which 1 luvo alluded, ar«r
said to have passed unanitnousK . Now, sir, strange as it
may appear at the first glance it is nevertheless true, that
per fie «t unanimity in any deliberative body ..on any subject
; ol interest, is tlie strongest evidence that the subject ha*
, not boon properly examined. This is not :tn original ideis
with me. It claims its origin Iroin the venerated
Lowndes, who, while he lived, reflected so much honor
| on the State ol his nativity, and gave the promise of a life
J of so much usefulness to the United States. It was not
i long alter T had taken my sent for the first time in tho
other House, that u proposition !o amend the Constitution*
rame there to be discussed The Legislature of Virginia
bad acted upon it with perfect unanimity, and every tunc
; tionary of the Government, so tar as my observation ex
tended, approved the decision of the legislature. Sir, I
| had approved it myself; but niv opinion was thoroughly
changed, and 1 found myself opposed to the contemplated
I amendment. ( expressed to Mr. Lowndes the alteration*
i which my opinion had undergone, and my astonishment
: at the unanimity which had prevailed in the legislature
! Ho then let tail the remark which 1 have quoted, and
\ added, that men's opinions wore as liable to differ ns their
watches, and that differences would inevitably arise ifdis
j (Mission and due deliberation were resorted to. 1 am asked
i by gentlemen around, what proposition it was i alluded
j to. I Intvc no hesitation in unsweting. It contemplated
the districting tho L ni'.ed States tor tho election of mem
\ oers oi lougreto anu doctors ol f resident and \ ice IJre
; si<U>nt, thau which, nothing would go farther to strike out
I of existence the federate feature ol the Government. 1
I will go so fur as to say, that, if the same proposition which
formerly received tho unanimous support of the Gcueral
Assembly, was again submitted to its decision, it would ho
rejected by a largo majority- of that body. But let u»
I return to tho resolutions of Pennsylvania. In 1701 or’G,.
an excise was laid on domestic distilled spirits, which
' operated with some severity on the people ol that State;,
j and wfial was her course? She protested against it, M»d I
I must say, with much justice, as viol at or y of the priuciplo
[ of equality on which the Union rested. The exactions ol
! the Government fell upon her citiv.ens with more force
than on those of any other State. Nor did they content
l themselves with merely petitioning and protesting. They
! resorted to more decisive measures, and for a time set the
i law at open defiance. 1 express no censure upon this
j conduct—looking at the subject now that party feeling
| has ceased to operate, 1 can but say that their complaints
I were but too well founded. Tho act levied unequal ex
actions, and fell with the greatest force upon Pennsylva—
i nia. 1 submit it to honorable Senators, to say if there i*
I not a striking similarity between the enisling system and
! the whiskey tax. If that was partial, so -also is this; it'
! that levied unequal exactions, arc not the requisitions of
this grossly and palpably unequal. And yet, sir, the one
' excited the citizens of Pennsylvania to arms, while this
| invokes to its support all her power and all her influence.
The one deteriorated from her interest—this advances that
interest at the expense of others. 1 make no commentary „
\ lint submit the subject to the deliberation, the calm and
| dispassionate deliberation, of her representatives here anti
i elsewhere.
When tho Senate adjourned on yesterday, I was about fo>
enter into an examination ot various items on the list of
protected articles, with the purpose of making good the hist
branch of the proposition, that wc buy dear. I will not
fatigue the Senate by going through the entire list of tho
| taxed commodities—tlia process would be altogether too
i tedious for thin place, Uuwover profitable sueh an investi
gation might he—but shall content myself by looking into
tour branches of the system, the results of which will serve
to illustrate the whole, i take, for this investigation,,
iron, sugar, cottons, and woollens; and, unless I have de
ceived myself, will show not only the oppressive charae
turof the taxes they impose on individuals, but the enor
mous burden which they devolve upon the whole com
munity. To begin with iron. 1 have been struck with
the fact, Mr. President, in investigating this particular
subject, that the manufacture of iron began in this country
nt a period long anterior to the revolution. 1 find that iron
was exported to England as early as the year 1771, ’2r
’3, from Philadelphia, and sold in Liverpool at $53 33 1-3
cents per ton, including the charges of transportation,
and other incidental charges. [Mr Tyler here read a
statement to sustain this fuel, appended to the examina
tion of Mr. Sarchct, taken before a Committee of the Se
nate at the last session.] Tho fact is aim undeniable,
• hat this branch of industry was successfully prosecuted at
an early period of our hi tory, and that considerable for
tunes were made at it. Mines were opened, and worked
| successfully in Virginia, and General Uidgely,.of Mary
land, is known to have built up a large fortune by the
j iron business;and at this moment it is pro-rented succcssful
j ly at (he Trois K»\ iercs, in Canada, under a duty of hut {V
; per cent, ad valorem. These facts would seem to prove,
, after the most conclusive manner.that the iron tax is entire
ly gratuitous and unnecessary. They are aided also by tlnr
fact, that this pursuit w as commenced in the U. States at :r
time certainly as early ns it was in England, and thaf tlur
iron-inaster in this country had the field ol competition
fairly open to him, anifclear ot all impediments. Tho
truth is, that without governmental agency he possesses
the monopoly of the interior, anil is secured thereby, tv
inaf-ket otgrc.it extent and immense Value. That monopoly
j arises Irom the position ol the mines; and the great cost of
l transporting over land so heavy an article as iron. A
friend, in whose statement I have the most implicit con
fidence, has informed me that the cost ol transporting tv
ton ofiron from the.works in northwestern Virginia lo thc
seaboard, would not fall short of $30. This monopoly is so
entire, that iron sells at a higher price in the vicinity of
(lie mines, than at a distance of one hundred miles from
them; and it is the foreign importation which alone pre
vents it from becoming a monopoly of the most oppres
sive character. The foreign iron presses in upon the lim
its of the ironmaster whenever his prices are exorbitant,
and forces him to content himself with a somewhat rc
dneed price. The whole struggle of the ironmasters ol
j Pennsylvania and New Jersey is toextend their monopo
I ly to the seaboard: and in order to do this, the duty must
J necessarily he sufficiently great to cover all the expenses
of transportation to the Atlantic markets. Hence, Rus
sian and Swedish iron is subjected to the duty ol $22 40
I cents the ton, and English to a still heavier charge of
$37 the ton. The latter bears so great a disproportion
to the prime cost, as almost to amount to a prohibitory
j duty, while the former is scarcely affected by it. In 1H10,
when the population, of the country was but 7,000,000,
| there wore imported 16,000 tons, arid in lMffOthc importation'
; was equal to 32,000 tons, increasing in a ratio nearly equal
j to our |iopula(ion. The iqquiry naturally arises as to the
I cause of this utidimished importation of Russian and 8wedi-4»
. iron, notwithstanding the high duty added to the heavy
: charges of transporting it from so great a distance. Sir, it
is found in the fact, tli.it no iron of the same quality, and
I suited to the purposes to which this is applied, is made
within the United States, or, at most, hut a very small
quantity. I inquired into this matter, of the Senator from
\ New Jersey (Mr. Dickerson,) the gentleman who has had
the almost exclusive management of the subject, aod who
is largely engaged in the iron business, lli< answer was
brief and sententious, hut full of pith and moment—"wo
shall soon make it.” Now, «ir, is it not intolerable that this
heavy tax of $22 40 cents per ton should be continued on
the community for an indefinite period, under tbe promise
that, sooner or later, there will be made, in the United
States, iron of a duality rqual to that imported from abroad?
I did not stand in need of the information front the honora
ble Senator. The New York price current had assured
J me that the Russian and Swedish iron was indispensably
I necc««ary for our consumption. I there lotmd that it sold
at $U>0 the ton, being equal to an advance ol ten dollars in
i the ton over our Iron: which excess of price would long
1 since have driven it out of the market, if a proper suhsli
* tuto bad been found’for it in the domestic article.
The tarilf lias had the effect ol keeping up >',ic price of
this article, notwithstanding die great fall which has taken
. place in foreign prices. I make good (his assertion, by
referring h> the report of the committee appointed at New
York by I lie Tariff Convention. In 1700, bar iron sold on
Ihn Atlantic seaboard at $W,*hc ton; in I*<30, it sold in the
same market at from H’> to $>)!), while the price In the In
terior, I speak more particular ol the north-western por
tion ol \trginh, has undergone no diminution. [Mr.
I’yler here read an extract from n letter written by a gon
I tinman in Monongalia county. Virginia, in tho following -
words; "Irqn in this county is now acareer and higher

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