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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, July 26, 1833, Image 3

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Richmond, Friday, July 90!
THE CHOLERA.
J>T. Orleans, July 5—The Argus felicitates itself upon
the health ol the city—on tlio S'h, there were hut 8 in
terments; on the 6th, 6—No Cholera! it also states, that
the “loul fiend” has nearly disappeared from the Western
parts ol the Slate. There had been no new eases at Ope
lousas, audit had entirely left St. Martinsville.
Indiana.—According to the last accounts, it was
spreading through the interior ol the State. The inhabi
tants were flying from Salem, with the exception of a few
families; and 40 death* had occurred. The Salem press
had been suspended.
Illinois.—The town ol Carrolton lud "been literal
ly clad in the habiliments ol mourning." On the morning
of the 3d, there were 3 victims—among whom, were Mr.
Q. Kennett, one ot the oldest and ino*t respectable tnei
chanls ol the place. ** He had just returned Iron) the
grave-yard, where he had followed an aflectiouato ami
lovely daughter, Mrs. Caroline Beebe, aged 18, when he
waa seized by Ibis unrelenting enemy, under whose tor
ture he languished for aboul 36 hours.” In the village ol
Alton, there h id been within the week prior |o July 2d, 4
deaths—but ter several days no new case, which had re
vived the hope of the plague’s being stayed. In Btlle
ville, there had been 15 cases; only 3ol which had termi
nated in death.
Kentucky.—The cholera had abated In Lexington.
In the town ol Lancaster, the disease was disappearing—
aboHt 6 new cases in the last 9 days, (July 8th.) It ap
peared on the 19th June, and had carried olf 116 persons,
viz. in town 33 whites, and 25 in the couniy, and 58 blacks.
In Mountsterling, it made its appearance on the 2d, and
carried of! 4 persons. In Maysville, there h id been 3 ad
ditional deaths. In Fleniingsburg, Hie whole number ol
deaths was 66, viz. 47 whites, and 19 colored persons._
In kilitaoille, (Fleming co.) 10 deaths, and in the vicinity
11. In Scott county, it was still raging. James Kelly
and 7 aiore of his family were cut oil in a few diys. A
letter in tho «• M lysville Eagle” ol the 18ih says, •• John
C. Talbott’s wile and fifteen ol his family are gone. Old
Jerre Tarlton and four of his family are also dead. Win.
Uhode’a daughter died yesterday, and his son is very bad.
Dr. Ferris ha* lately lost three children aud a black wo
man, and anothor daughter lie* dangerously ill—Bro. Da
vid Cassell, just from Illinois, on a vldt, died last Sauir
day. Betsy Williams (Benton) ha- lust her only child a
few days back. I .cannot tell all the dead in a lew days
back. The country suffers most. I forgot to tell you that
young Win. and Daniel Cooper’s wile, and Daniel’s son,
died ol cholera a lew days ago. Sami. Patterson** mo’hcr
in-law fell by cholera, a few days ago, and I expect by
this tha old man. 1 was just about to w rite of the destruc
tion in the Conn family. William has lost nine —James
Conn dead ” It was disappearing from Richmond, (K )
but was still raging in the neighborhood at Foxtown in
that county.
Maryland.— I here had been only one more death at
Hagerstown, and that wm* from a case contracted on the
canal.—The Williamsport Bannerol Saturday "mention*
that ca«eaof Cholera had occasionally occurred among the
canal.hands during the past week; but that the work, at
that date, may be pronounced (fiiite clear of the disease.”
Triadstphia. 1 he Cholera made its appearanrei n the
village ol Tiiadelphia, eight mile* east of Wheeling, on
Wednesday the llih in*t. The following report, made up
to Monday evening, the 16th inst., ha* been presented by
Dr Morton, and is published in the Wheeling papers :
David Knox's family, 6 case*, 2 fital.
K. Downey’s do. 2 do. both fatal.
J. D. Foster's do. 3 do. 2 fatal—Stranger conva
lescent.
James M’DoweU's do. 2 do. 1 fatal.
Sarah Clarke’s do. 2 do. both convalescent.
Henry Weddle convalescent.
Henry, (stage driver,) convalescent.
In all, 17 cases, 7 death*. Ol the whole number of casea
fi adults, 9 children. Ol deaths, 3 adults, 4'children.
- Virginia.
Kanawha County—The Charlestown Banner of the
18th, slate* that there had been tittle if any amelioiation
of the cholera. “Several ol the cases reported were ol
the most malignant character and of the shortest duration.
On Saturday and Sunday last the disease seemed to abate
—here and there a scattering case only, which led us to
hope that it had spent its lorce anil was on the eve ol
leaving us; but on Monday it broke out again with conside
rable malignity. The same was observable on the pre
ceding Monday, which irresistibly leads to the conclu
sion that the marked malignity of (he disease on the first
of each week, is owing to imprudences committed in eat
ing and drinking on Sunday*. Many, we believe, in
dulge on this day, in eating fruits, such as green apples,
blackberries, fitc. which, for want of leisure on other day*
they are unable to obtain; and hence the increased num
ber and groat malignancy of the cases on Mondays and
Tuesdays."—It states, that since (lie 9th inst. "the follow
ing person* have fallen victims to this disease:_
In Charleston and vicinity.—July 11th, Letitia,eldest
daughter of Mr. James A. Lewis; do. Mr James M.
Thomas; 14th, a child of Mr. Jacob Irwin; 15th, Baxter
Gore.—2 blacks. At Kanawha Salines.—July 11th,
Margaret Reynolds, wife of Mr. Clark Reynolds; 14;h’
Westly Donnally.—3 blacks. The whole number of ra
■etiu the county, since the 9th, so far as Physicians have
reported, is 74—Deaths, (including blacks) 11.”
VI KG INI A' SPRINGS.
Extract of a letter to a gentleman of this Cilv,
dated
“Warm Springs, 21d July 1S33.
•' Dear Sir,—Yours ol (he 17th was rereived yesterday.
I am happy to say that our neighbourhood i« now blessed i
with its usual fine health. The Doctor for some weeks 1
has had very few cases, and I have heard ol no death in
our county since those on the Cowpasture, of which 1 in
formed you some weeks since. The people became
alarmed into more prudence, and do not now, as they then
did, “ satiate their stomachs with green apples and other
equally unhealthy trash.”
A letter from Dr. A. P. Strother, of the 19th, (from Hath :
Court-IIouSC, or the Warm Springs,) denies “ unhesi- |
Ulingty the existence of that disease amongst ns. Here,
*.* elsewhere, there havp been some case* of common
Cholera Morbtls, more or less violent, but generally mild.
My practice extends throughout the county, and agreeably
to my recollertion at this moment, there have not b.ren '
more than four or five deaths in the county, dining the
last two or three months,”
Extract of a Letter, dated Red Sulphur, July 20th.
“ we now have about 70 white boarders; there are not 1
quite a* many at the Salt—about 230 at the White-, all
the Sweet Spring*, about the same number as the Salt." '
The last Fiucaslle Patriot states that, •• The number ol I
visitor* st the different Watering Places in Virginia, ex
ceeds that of any former year, at this early period of the
season. We have been informed (hat tho visitor* at the
White .Sulphur alone exceed 300. The superior accom
modation* and excellent arrangement* at this favorite wa
tering-place, added to its healthy and pleasant situation, i
render it a desirable summer retreat, as well tor the man
of pleasure and fashion a* for the invalid,”
Ail the Springs scorn to lie in a fair way of thriving dur
ing the present season. A late letter Irom Saiatoga (July
15) state* ttie number of Vidiors at 1000.
C. ON BANKING—tfgam.
C., alias Thomas Cooper, Esq., formerly Judge in
Pennsylvania, now President of Columbia College,
S. C,, Iras come out with two additional Nos. on the
Bank of the IJ. States. The President most have an
easy birth in the College, ns lie has so much time to
spare for the Press—in writing Cnssandras, Vhocions,
C.’s, &c. &c. And lie wilj permit us to say, that he
must have n very easy conscience also, as ho can so
unhesitatingly ascribe to (iov. Hamilton the merit of
republishing the Virginia Report, which belongs to
another—and as ho can so readily justify the re
chartering of the Bank of the U. $., which he con
fesses to he contrary to the Constitution of the U. 8.
—and ns he can moreover reconcile it to himself, to
introduce into his last C. the following miserable
misrepresentation of our own remarks: (Hear him!)
•• I proved now with my remark* «(l llio Now Vork *cli«mo. I tin.I
Mr. Ritrlfio nml *nma nibor of tho collar men, am very nn^ry at my
criticl«m« ; it i* ri*ht that, they should Inti nr in tlirir vocation : th*
author or theto o««rty* hn« no fault to find, and no rop y to m.tkc 99
Now, who would not conelnde from this insidious
paragraph, that we were angry at C.’s criticisms on
the New York Scheme; and that we wvro only la
bouring at onr vocation, because we were in favor of
that scheme? Hut this is not the fact; and .Mr. C.
knows perfectly well that it is not so. We have not
examined his criticisms on the N. York scheme._
Wo required no argument to convince us, that it was
unconstitutional—and therefore, it ought to he resist
ed. 0. knows this to lie our course, ns well as we
do—He knows, that we have opposed the scheme_
that we are against the present Bank, or any s'ubsti
tute. He knows, that we have scouted his support
of the If. H. Bank, and his whole wretched argu
ment in its favor, viz: that we must take it, or worse, !
!I« knows, that we have charged him with treache
ry to the Constitution—for, that cowardice such ns
hi« "would betray like treason.” And yet such is!
tb« honesty or the logic of the President of Colum
bia College, that in inn fare of these explicit decla
rations ot our own, ho does not hesitate to publish
the above sentence uhoot us. “Collar-men!” We
might, with more propriety dub Mr. Cooper ns the
i collar-ninn ol Mr. John C. Calhoun, tliun thut he
j should call us the collar-men of A. Jackson.
I Let that, however, pass.—In n word, ns “the
“Working Men's Advocate" (of N. York) lately eon
! c,,rred with us, so wo do now re-echo its opinion,
i that “we have no belief that the administration are
: favorable to the establishment of a Chartered llauk.
| Am! should evidence appear to change our belief,
we.should joiu all honest men in execrating an ad
ministration which could practice such dissimula
tion, and even then we should “scorn and scout that
sort of policy” which would persuade us lo adopt ono
acknowledged ovil to save ourselves from another”
—C. and Calhoun, and all such politicians, to the
contrary notwithstanding.
DEVELOPMENTS.
Mr. James Hamilton of S. C. wus invited to cele
brate the 4th July at “Slab Town”—but he declined
tire invitation in u letter, from which we make the
following extract:
"John Kandolph hn» left us at a moment when he wa»
prepared to have served us most. It Cod had seen lit to
have permitted him to have taken his seat in the next Con
gress ol the United States, and to have allowed him to en
joy even a temporaly respite Iroin his almost unrelenting
disease, no period ol his eventful life, (htilliant as it was.j
could have bacncontratled with tho splendour of those clos
ing efforts, which 1 know it w as hi.« design to have made lor
the regeneration of the liberties ol our country; or, if this
failed, of rousing his own Virginia from her slumber, and
lekibd ing the long extinguished fires on her watch-towers!
(Modest!) Existing, as there was, between us alu.o-t
an hereditary friendship, during the whole progress ol our j
struggle, I was in constant coriespoinlenca with this
highly gilted and most extraordinary man. Whatever!
errors ho may sometimes have supposed we had rommitied,
j from too much ardor in a good cause, he never faltered for
one moment to the strong and affectionate interest lie
look in our late and in the success of our cause, or in the
deep indignation which he expressed at the atrocious des
potism of the Proclamation, or tho time-serving profliga
cy of some ot its supporters. In one of his letters, he re*
marked to me, *lf 1 cannot be booted and mounted lor the
combat in your approaching conflict, I will at les«t be
borne, like Muley Molucli, in a litter to the field of bat
tle and die in your ranks.’
“ 1 l,ai1 designed to have sent you a letter, which hu
wrote me a lew hours alter tho President’s Proclamation
had reached him, when lie was stretched on what w as
almost his last lied of sickness; but, on imre mature re
flection, 1 have deemed it advisable to consult a mutual
Iriend both of the deceased and myself, in Virginia, as lo
such parts of our correspondence, as it might be proper to
make public, before any of his letters appear. The let
ter, however, to which 1 allude, shall sco tho light. When
it does, 1 promise you, that Andrew Jackson, Esq., will
not have skin enough left upoil his back to determine (he '
color of his Epidermis.”
Mr. II. ought nt least to have spared the last re
mark. It is no: in very good tasto, as a scholar or j
as a Citizen. The Epidermis (or outer skin) it is well
known, has no colour of its own—the colour of the
skin being entirely dependent on the rule niucosutn.
—As a figure of speech, therefore, it is incorrect,!
ami if it even were ehnste in this respect, the whole
expression is too violent to be used by a gentleman,
like Mr. Hamilton, towards any distinguished citi
zen.
nm WJHU Himu wc any 01 me design which he ex
presses of publishing Mr. R.’s private letters? We
liope he will first weigh the matter well—as the pub
lication of one letter may give rise to a great deal of
unpleasant discussion. The Globe gives somo
warnings upon the subject, in the following para
graph, being the conclusion of a long article it has
written on the “ G’real Doings at Slab-Town, South
Carolina:”
“To shew the people or Slab-town how Mr. R*n
ilolph meant io;«lenl with the President, the Generalissimo
was about lo semi to them, a letter he received Irom the
gentleman before his death; but declining it lor the pre
sent, he gives the slap-down people the following account
ol the matter:
[He.e follows the extract partly quoted above.]
“To 1,0 f°r one moment serious, we must say, that we
do not believe that Mr Randolph ever wrote such a let
tar, as is here described. II he did, what must the public
think ol the pretensions, to open, manly candor and sin
ceiily which his blends assert for him ? Mr. Randolph
wrote to the President the most friendly, nay, the kindest
letters—even alter the Proclamation appeared, he came
to Washington—wailed on tl»e President—dined with him,
and in his very last interview, evinced the same respect
ful, ftiendly regard which characterised all his previous
intercourse and correspondence. How, then, could Mr.
Randolph, if he were an ingenuous, honest man, have
harbored in his heart under all these shows of friendship,
the malignant, deadly hate, which it is now pretended
characterise his letters lo Gen. Hamilton? We hope the
General will feci hiinsell railed on, by what wo have
said, to produce his correspondence—hit whole corres
pondence, and nothing hut his correspondence. This is
due to the dead and the living.”
Now', we would rather hope, that Mr. II. would
not produce “ his correspondence.” But, if he does
begin the task, we trust he will go through with it.
Let us have Mr. K.’s “ whole correspondence.” Give
usiill his opinions upon the measures of South Ca
rolina. Let us have nil his views about Nullification.
We know- that he pronounced it an idle and a mis
cJtievous measure. Mr. H. owe* it to himself, ns
well ns to the memory of Mr. It., if he once opens
the Budget, to give us all of its contents—all his
counsels, all 11is protests, nil his remonstrances, as
well ngainst Nullification, as the Proclamation. Let
us see whether Mr. It. was one of those who sub
scribed to “the eternal truths which lie at the foun
dation of (the S. C.) principles ” Let the revelation
he complete. Give us the truth and the whole truth,
upon his whole Creed.
Meanwhile, we must he permitted to express our i
surprize at the tone which is now employed by
Messrs. Calhoun, Hamilton, and others. These gen- j
tinmen now set themselves up as the Fathers of the '
Church. It their declarations are to he received, I
they are the true Simon Pures—the only orthodox
Stutes Right Men in the Union. But why should
we he surprized at the violence of their feefings? Is
it not notorious that such Converts are worse ilwm
ten I urks? No politicians were every more decid
ed in their opposition to the Virginia Doctrines, tlinu
these gentlemen were. Mr. Culhoun wns once an
nltra-I' ederulist. He went for the powers of the
Federal Government throughout. He was so cx
treino in his opinions ns to declare, that hut for “this
stuff about State Rights,” it was impossible to see!
to what a height of prosperity this empire might not
attain ! ! Mr. Hamilton railed at the “eternal disso
nance” with which Virginia wns always sounding
... . ”i tjuiie iviguis:—imh umnKH to
)nm, he afterwards had the magnanimity to confess
and meant his mistakes.—Mr. McDuffie’s pamphlet
of ‘One of the People,* to which Mr. U. prefixed his
celebrated preface, was one of the most unqualified
tirades against the Rights of the States, that ever was
published. And Mr. Pinckney, the Charleston ora
lor of tlio Inst 4th July, in which lie attempts to !
Hoiirirl (he tocsin against the North, on account of i
the slavery question, was some years ago an orator
on the same occasion, iri the course of which, ho
stretched the |»bwcrs of the Federal Government,
“"d whittled down the Rights of the States, to the
then Calhoun standard! A little modesty then might
well becomo these gentlemen in the denunciations
they are uttering against others.—A little more grace
in these discourteous attempts to “ push us from
our stools.”
THF, SLAVE QUESTION.
It is impossible for us to mistake (lie Signs of
the Times. F.florfs are making to rally a Southern
Party around tlio Slave Question. We pass over,
for the present, the impassioned denunciations of
siieh factious agitators, as Duff Green, nnd men like
liirri. We lake up a man of talent and of character
—such n one ns Mr. Pinckney, late Editor of the 1
Charleston Mercury, and the Orator of the Nulli
fiers at Charleston on the Iasi 4th July. The Charles
ton Patriot gives us some extracts from this Oration
—and they arc remarkable enough:
“He Ims Hie ittklonirM lo oy, ‘Already the omens i
are alarming. The enemy defeated in one point, are pro*
paring lor another and more dangerou* a**ault. Already |
die air i* filled with portent* and prodigies ralnilaled lo
arou«e ii« JUriudy political mischief uhets the knife,
nnd the demon of fanaticism lights the toreh
“ Why (say* die Orator) t* ft it,at the regular pres.e* of
die North, instead of rebuking d.i* foul spirit nidi merited i
verily, are tbeieaelvr * di*<-u.*-tng die propiiniy of legi*. ;
laf.ve interference with our light.*! -And have not die j
regular pre**e*at the North relinked that ford .pi,it w hich
ha* hern engendered in the breast of Harrison and a few I
other {influential lanallra?—Have not the Southern paper*1
teemed widi satl.faclory extrarl* from the mo*t re.peeta
hle journal* at the North on thi* very point? * ' •
“ Hear the language of (hi* inflammatory Addreaa again
•I.ft tig not be fold dial «he Akolitloniafa are few and des-1
tifuta of Influence, tud that the Northern people general
ly entertain no feelinga or Uealgua untrienJIy to our poli
ty, or calculated lo disturb It. Week a* tlut parly may
be thought, by those who will not eee its strength, it is
decidedly stranger now than formerly, and is rapidly tx
tending amongst all classes of society. Petitions are now
preparing for a tear, and the worst of all tvart, on the
South.” Now, Mr. Pinckin-y is hound to produce ih<
evidence ol this. He leaves to he interred, or in lriuate-,
that III• people generally of the JVorth, are preparing pe
titions lor the abolition oi our local institutions. When
dnl Mr. I'iiukticy learn this Ijct? Why have the papers in
the interest ol Hie South, not sounded the alarm l or is it
a «ecict which has been locked up in his own breast
which he now reveals for the first time?”
\\ e also invito the attention of our renders to the
extract we make this day from that most despica
ble and slavish Hank print (the Phil. Inquirer,) and
the manly lecture which the Baltimore Chronicle
lius^rcud to him upon his insidious observations.
l‘or our own purls, we Imve spared no efforts in
getting at the facts of the case—and we shall hence
forth redouble our exertions. We shall apply for
further information—and \\ hute\ci be its description,
we shall lay it frankly before our readers. At pre
sent, our decided impression is, tliut there are some
fanatics at the .North, of very little consequence or
character, who tiro tampering with the scheme of
abolition. If there be any intelligent men who are
so infatuated as to listen to such schemes, wo are
persuaded that it isu smalt handful. We are assur
ed hy the N. Hampshire Patriot, which reached us
by yesterday’s mail, that “ a new cause is sought
for in the agitation of the slave question; and such
miserable fanatics as Cunison, and such worthless
publications ns the Liberator, are quoted hy the Te
legraph as indicative of the feeling of the Northern
people on the subject of Slavery. Such fanatics
and such publications are not less despised nt the
North than they are at the South, and aside from
some half dozen crazy-headed zealots, there is
scarcely a man in New-England who has the least
disposition to press this subject upon Congress or to
interfere with the slaves of the South in any man
ner. Duff Green knows this perfectly well; and
yet there is scarcely u number of his mischievous
publication that does not contain the charge in one
shape or another.”
'Vo must again warn our Eastern brethren upon
this solemn subject. Why should any one be so in
futuuted in the North, ns to touch it? Laisstz nous
fuire. We beg you to let us alone. We know the
evil. We alone understand whether there he a re
medy. You cannot he aware of wlmt is best adapt
ed to our situation. You cau senreely lie aware of
the sensibility of the South, upon the question.—
What matter too is so well calculated to he used by
agitators, on cither side of Mhsoii anti Dixon’s line,
ns this most delicate and difficult subject? Particu
larly nt a time like this, when the South has been so
lately thrown into a flame—ami when the unwise
and hasty movements of Great Britain on the West
India slaves are about to influme our sensibility._
Depend upon it, ifthis Union is ever to be split, Mis is
the rock. It ever the Federal Government pretends
to control this species of property, the Union itself is
gone. We, devoted as we are to the Union, would
be the first to cry for its dissolution. We, who
have so often prayed that the first hand which was
laid upon the Ark of the Covenant, might wither
like that of Uzzn, would be the very first to lay our
hands immi it.
Let all the friends of the Union be true to it; and
let them put down the agitators.
As the Inst Romney Intelligencer says:
“Now, it the honestly religious portions o( all societies,
will at once set their laces against I tic hypocritical
knavery ot the fanatic;anil our own people discountenance
all such as are loo olton engaged in promoting a hos tie
spirit towards the Eastern and Northern people, there will
be soon, very soon, entire peace and liannony throng limit
the whole Union.” (At least upon this delegate subject.)
“We will lie one people; ami there will he nothing to fear
from the fanatical influence of either political or religious
knaves. The number oi each kind in the U. States is very
far from being inconsiderable. There aie religious fa
natics in the East, and there arc political fanatics in the
South—and in this state of things exists the fell principles
of discord.” • r
ANTI-MASON IC.
The case of Avery, like that of Morgan, seems
destined to give rise to feuds and factions. The case
is under discussion in the newspapers of U. Island
—and the excitement has already produced A very
men and Anti-Avery men.
Nor has tho^ Anti-Masonic-fever abated. A late
letter of Mr. Edward Everett of Boston, hits called
forth praises from the one side, and censures from
the other. I he Rhode Island Microcosm congratu
lates its friends on the conversion of so “distinguish
ed an individual,” so “ celebrated a scholar,so wide
ly known as one of the ablest writers of the coun
try.” I lie Boston Centinel, on the contrary, depre
cates the letter he has “ addressed to the Anti-ma
sonic County Committee for Middlesex, in which
letter, he publicly declares Inmsell to he in opposi
tion to the existence of Masonic Societies; in other
words, he clearly intimates a determination to se
cede from the National Republican Party, to which
he has hitherto professed himself to be devoted, and
to range himself on the side of the political Anti-ma
sons.” The Centinel asserts, that “in coming out,
at the bidding of the Anti-Masonic faction, nn?l de
claring himself with them, he in the same breath de
clares, in substance, that he has little regard for the
National Republican Party. Volumes of sophistry
will not extricate him from this position”—and it re
presents, that “the more intelligent and reflecting
people of his own District, and of the State ot large,
will feel ns much mortification at his course as do
the inhabitants of tiiiif city.”
Mr. Everett had certainly a warning beacon be
fore his eyes in the person of Mr. John Q. Adams.
That eccentric politician, poet and philosopher has
just addressed his Gth and last letter to Mr. Living
ston, “Grand High Priest of the General Grand
Royal Arch Chapter of the U. S.,” &c. Sec. And
cui bono? Mr. L. has not answered them, l’cw
papers republish them—scarcely any one reads
them. And the author is us likely to win ns little
literary fume, as ho has won political distinction !>v
his Anti-Masonic labours. ’ *
ON W A R D—in the l Vatch-word.
Internal Improvement. Tho host mean* of incrrn.inz ihr useful
operation nml ret.'ucini; tho friction of tlto .Miichiau of (.'uvorninml •
a machine constructed by the host political mechanics 0r the
[ Toast at Point Pit isant, Ka., on the Hh July
Cas( our eye* on liotli .ides ol tin, and we see our Suter
Sialosal work—seeking lo reduce the friction, and biing
our distant productions on cheaper terms to maiket. The
t envrnlion r>l North Carotins recommend an energetic
system of liiteru.il Improvements. On tlio other aide of
us, the Baltimore and Ohio Kail Hoad Company are doing
all they can to push their road to Harper’s Ferry, anil con
struct the road lo Washington. The Report ol their Com
mittee of the 12th ins!, is most encouraging.— Receipts ol
transportation for the last six months $92.056—the iepaii«
of the road, machinery, fee. only $13,374- expences of
transportation. &c. $11,534, &c. kc. still leaving, after
paying interest on loans, (instead of drawing fresh instal
ments,) a dividend sum ol more than $21,000.
Ami where are we? II.iw goes on our Central Work?
Wby—the General Meeting of the Farmers’ Bank have re
fused an addition to their Capital, and a Loan—sinning, as
we humbly think, equally against their own interests, and
those of the public. Shall we. therefore, despond?—
Shall we relax in our effort-? Shall wo abandon Hie
great enlerpri/.e in despair? Shall wo yield up Vir
ginia to a forlorn fate ? J\~u— no. Such Is neither our
interest—nor our duty.
Now, then, is the time for its cordial friends to come"
forward—and advise, and direct us what to do. Where is
Chief Justice Marshall, always the friend and leader of
this great enterprise ? Where are the oilier gentlemen,
charged with the important offire by the meeting of our
fellow-citizens? Now is the time for them to animate us
hy their example, and advise ns in their wisdom. Capi
tal may he got, if we seek it right—arid it must he
obtained. But how ? Seek it to the North ? Seek it
abroad ? Appeal again lo our own citizens ? Appeal again
to tlie l.egi daliire ? Petition lor an inerea-e of one mil
lion to the rapi'al of the Bank of Virginia? or the crea
tion of anew Bank? — We call upon them in the name
ol every thing de >r lo the City and the Sire, lo meet,
to consult, to Call a new meeting of our Citizens, if
neee-sarjr, lo aid, to advise, to animate iis to tho woik
before us.
II Avns orr, we sttll -ay tn i|1P Federal finvernment
aml hand* ow, we still say to the People and the Stale.
Heminttcencti — P rob no has published in the Norfolk
Rearnii, •Mlotch Potch, No. 20.” Mr. John Randolph i<
the Hero of this piece. Will he permit ua to no-tce twi
thing* in if?
1st. He tpaaks of the encounter between Patrick Hen.
nr and .1. Randolph In Charlotte county, when Mr. H
first offered for Conges*.and Mr. (Coffered tho last tlmr
nr i is '"gi-lature. He says that "every body knows P
H. was yfttremely jealous of federal power.” "And, at
there seems to have been some diff-renee between his am
Mr. R. *i sentiments on this subject, the inference wouh
, . . .. j v‘» mu mtnirrp n trinii'
seem to be that the latter was r.of at that period so decid
aoly and definitively a State P.ght’s man as He ha. sine,
been generally kuowu to be." But the fact Is exactly the
other way. Mr. H. wii rowing into the Assembly, to op
pu*e the tuinoua Ueaolulionsol ’98; and Mr. It. was direct
ly opposed lo the Alien and Sedition acta.
„ 2d- I’rol.iii* i» very far fiom doing justice lo John VV.
hppea. It Mr. K. "scarcely regarded him as an oppo
"*"t.” •* waa certainly not the case with die majority of
•lie people. Mr. K. wm a pare, able,andoccaaionelly.an
eloquent man. \\ e lo collect loltave heard die warm and
animated contort which took place between them in die
House ol Representatives in 1811. On that occasion, we
thought Mr. K. lolly able lo cope with hi* antagonist
i lie word* w ith w hich he roao to reply—"IJorn on die
same genial soil,and warmed with the same Southern sun,
as that gentleman”— thrilled throughout the House.—?
Mr. K. beat Mr. R at one time in the District.
W*- have received sundry toasts drank on tlie 4th at two
meetings in Halifax and Nottoway. Some of them at
tempt to deal pretty hard hits at ourselves. Yet we
would cheerfully pul>li-h them, iflhere were a single par
ticle ol w it or ingenuity, to compensate for their gross and
illiberal abuse. We may hereafter select as we do
in ►ome other cases, the patriotic sentiments of gentle
men'hat were uttered on these occasions—not doubling
but that kennel presses enough will he found ready tu pub
lish any attacks however coarse, bald, or illiberal, which
may be levelled at ourselves. Our opponents need never
tear on this score. 1 hey will always have tools enough
ol H»i* (Inscription to p.nnpcr to their coart»t*«t appetite*,
''nil the exception of a very short period, there has a|
, ways been some curri-h pit— in this City haying -u our
j bet Is—that w e could scarcely *toop so notice. It it were
woidi the while, we eon Id draw a gallery ol portraits of
our Masai'anrii, loi near 25 years, which might amuse, il
it «ii I ,not amaze, the reader. It lias been a most precious 1
group indeed.
7 Ac more. /Ac merrier / - Messrs. " m. Robinson & Co.
| aie about to publish in the town ol Buchanan. Botetourt
! county a weekly paper to he called "The Pilot, und
i y°",r5 liivcr Advertiser" " u hail its great object w ill
n.ucli pleasure, and hid it welcome. •• The Pilot will
j advocate the cause ol Internal Improvement throughout
| the State, and particularly that de-ignatad the Janie» Hi
ver Improvement."
T11E COKUESPON DENCE.
It is with some reluctance that we devote so much el
Ihi- day’s paper lo Mr. Gilmer’* Addie#.. The quarrel i,
almost too personal lor u« to introduce it. And the
game is scarcely wertli the candle. Should Mr. Rivet
reptin, w e shall |-.y hi* Reply b. lore our reader*—an.
then we will try to wash our hands ot the controversy
..... ... .... “avo t^vqvtnLit.
IO BENJAMIN " A I KINS LEIGH, ESQ.
The people ol Virginia, parliculuily in the E.iateni p .rl
have more confidence in you than they have in any utlie
man within her limit*. You have sustained in pm-ato lit.
a character without reproach. A* a lawyer. \<>u liavi
been true to your clients, and may be justly called masltt
ol your profession. As a representative o( the People, boil
in the Legislature and the Convention to form the Stats
Constitution, you maintained ami enforced with abilih
and zeal, all just and pioper measures lor the good of the
“ Old Dominion.” A* commiv.inncr, whether to K. n
lucky or to South Carolina, you gave general satisladioi
to your employers. In fact, I may with s..feiy say, ilia
vour principles generally, so far a* they have been tieve
lopal by speeches made, or by essay* written, aie in sc
cor-lance with ours. But, sir, there are subject* vitalh
into.eating, not only to our Slate, hut to the Union y
Stales, on which you have not given an opinion. Fo
your silence, however, you are not censurable, as no sta
(ion to which you have been called required an iitteranci
in relation lo them—indeed, while acting as commisdone
“ "eiir **'e government of South Carolina,” it would havi
been highly impolitic to adopt any course other than tin
on« you did, which was to lean to neither side. Sileiin
now, though, is not called lor by any circumstance conned
ed with the welfare ol the countiy ; and since it ha* heei
proposed by many in th* Slate, to translate you from re
lirement to the head of the American nation, we mus
desire you to break the seal and let us hear from vou.
I V 3 : , "> Hits Idler, nor
will I use a word intentionally, that would wound (lie
leelings of the moil delicate sensibility. Ii is ,„y ,ni,p(m
withouti unkind intention, to put , few questions to you’
winch I hope you will answer lor the following reason*-—
In the first place, you have through choice ot your own
been playing parts below the ability of the actor and’
I ••‘freby have done a retail, when you had the means of
doing a wholesale business. For, you know very well,
I *,ult s°,,,e °* >°"r friends have long wished to let your
light shine out of the limits of your native State, and en
treated yon from time to lime to let them intioduce you to
! 'he American people, l.y sending you to the Senate of the
i Um'ed Slates, which you refused iodo. it will be impos
j sthle then lor them to he gratified in their ardent wish to <
I y°" President ot the United States, unless they can
J get your opinions before the public, on subjects connected
I with the General Government
j II then you are in favour of that protect ice polio/,
which has produced so much discontent of late *•„»>„, it .s
due to the people, for and against, (hat they should know
It yon believe it constitutional fur Congress to nnuropri
ate money for making roads and canals, it should be known:
If you 'htnk that Congress has a constitutional tight to
charter a Bank similar to the present United States Bank,
It you arc opposed to dividing the proceeds of the sales
ot public lands among the Sta'es, as was proposed by Con
gress at the last ses-ion, tell it to the nation. You aro a
stranger to the people of the United Slates, and in vour
case they will not (I mean out of this State) <o:r for the
man, but on knowing his principles, may vote for them_j
On the foregoing subjects, a monosyllable for each will be 1
sullicieut.
I now come to the main reason for making this rail on
you. i out State, to which you have always shewn the
greatest devotion, is much exriled by party leeling, p,o
flycfd by thy South Carolina dilleieiice with thy (atuicrul
Government; and it is very piobablc you may put dow n
the discontents that now irritate nml divide us. You ran
do more in accomplishing this desirable object than any
other man ; for, it is my opinion, (and in it l do not stand
alone,) that no other individual in the whole Sian* could
have united, unanimously, the different parties in the Le
gislature, w hen a commissioner was selected to request
South Carolina to stay the execution of her Ordinance.—
I hose who had been opposed to the election of Gen. Jack
son to the Presidency, were willing to trint you, because
you had voted against him yourself,qnd they believed you
had no prejudice in his favour. Those who set up them
setves as the exclusive State Rights men, preferred you,
because they looked on you (very properly) as a real Virgi
msnm every respect, and would, if called on by h.-r “go
to the devil for Virginia.” Such a* did not think the acts
complained of by South Carolina, were so oppressive ns
to justify Revolution, having confidence in your prudence
good sense, judgment and known attachment to »old
tlnng-, cl.ecifully united with the other two parlies, in
sending you to say, ••that Virginia does not regard the
Resolutions of ’S)S and •«#<), sanctioning the proceed
mgs of South Carolina, ns indicated in the Ordinance
of her Convention.” If you think theie is jus! cause lor
keeping up the excitement to which 1 have alluded, you
may be excused lor silence, and we will cease to think ol
making you Chief Magistrate of the nation. If, howe
ver,,yon concur in opinion with the “Father of his coun
try, “that it is the duty of every man to indignantly
. * . ^ — r-t • j . 7 i.: kku uucii
alr any portion of our country from the rent, or to rn
feeble the sucrnl lies which note link lofrether the various
yurts," do not, lot in«* entreat you, unitor the fact ol
your name tiling before tlie putilir .is a proper perron for
'he Presidency, cau*e you lobe silent; but do justice to
y ourself and friends at this time.
Mr. Leigh: I »m an indolent man—so much so, that I
read very tew men's speeches without getting to aleei.
and „r course am not benefitic l by the speeches ot many
mill. Hut, Sir, when I take up one of yours, I am alway s
*w"’c profilling by the truisms they contain; and
. r a rea*°“ **'nt «iH l»e seen in the sequel, I beg pertr i*
>ton to place befoio you an extract from your speech in
Convention on the Ills day of November, 1829, w hen con
sidering the basis of representation. Yon said, “Original
iy, under the articles of confederation, each Stale was to
contribute quotas in proportion to the as-es«ed value of its
landed property; hut that principle being deemed inron
venient in practice, it was thought best to substitute a
principle of contribution, apportioned to the population of
tho several Mates. In the discussion of this proposition,
the bo,thorn States insisted, that slaves were persons,
and that ive ought to contribute in proportion to our whole
population, bond and Irec; ami the Southern States eon
tended, that they were properly and ought not to be taken
into tiro estimate of population, in settling the rale of con
tribution; each party maintaining that tide of the ques
tion, on which in that aspect ol It, their interests lay. No
wonder. all mendoso—always have done—and ever wtll
d° so. Again: “Xfte Ketles-al Convcotion of 1787 had,
fir the first lime, to arrange a represent I'ion of the people
in Congress. The .Statesmen #f the North ami South
now, doubtless, changed rides with their interests. In i|,i
ii.w of the former, slaves were now property: in the
view of lire latter, they were persons. However, they
made a compromise, and agreed on the same Federal num
ber Which bad been proposed in 1783.”
As a verification ol the foregoing truth laid down by
you, I will tntv give you an extract Irom tiro report of a
Conveniionoi.ee held in N*w England, and get you to
compare the doctrine therein contained, with the Ordi
nance of a Convention lately held in South Carolina —
Here it is: “That acts of Congress In violation of the
Constitution ere absolutely void, is an undeniable position.
It does not, however, comport with the respect and for
hearAure duo from a confederated Mate towards the Gen
eral Government, (o fly to open resistance upon every in
fraction of the Constitution The mode and energy of op
position should always conform to the nature ol the viola
tion, the intention ol its authors, the extent of fire Injury
inflicted, the intention msniftsted to- persist In it, arnithe
danger of delay. Hut in eases of dangerous, deliberate
and palpable infractions of the Constitution, atb cfuig the
sovereignty of a Si alt and liberties of the People; il la u«t
only tlivir i iglit, but the duty ol such u Slate to interpose ita
authority lor their protection, in tin* manner brat calculated
to secure that end. When emergencies occur, which are
either beyond the reach ol the judicial lilbunala, or too
j preening to admit of the delay incident to their lorin, States,
which iiavc no eoniinon umpire, must ho their own judg
es and execute their men decisions ” Tbi*, Sir, 10 uiv
j tli® langu «g«* ol (iriicrul Uioduax, In hi* celebrated speech i
! oil redcint IteiaMon*, was the productirn ol “such turn
a* Harrison b'roy Otis, und other Black Cuckaile
Ilarlf'oi d Contention min." For, il h a p.ut ot the lie- '
portof the llai ilord t'oinren'ion, »« will be seen On refer
ence to the 7ih vnl page 808 of Niles' Register.
Tlie object ol Hie liner Mew KngUml States that rent
members 'o (lie 11 at fiord Convention, was to force Con-|
Ifrea' to abandon the war with Great llritain. They were I
tho “friends ol Commerce" and ol "I’tnce" and »aid i
among mans other (I logs, that the %vat wa< iinron-titu- j
tionally conducted; mid I lie re lore thought, by virtue ol !
their snvcieignty, they could mako term* with the enemy !
or withdraw lioln the Union.
Against lliia Convention, the republican uiamhera ol the
Legislature ol Massachusetts protested in the following
language;
*• I lie iindeisigncd, (76 in number of the II. of Repre
sentatives.) Ihrtelore, r.inmjl di«gulu* their apprehensions
that mote must he dc*-igncdi tli <n in distinctly avowed.
I he reasoning ol the report n supported l»y the alarming
assumption, lh.it the Constitution has tailed in its objects,
and the people of Ma-t.idiiurlu air absolved from their
allegiance, and at liberty to adopt a no her. In debate it
ha* been lei'ernted, that the CouMitu'Init is no longer to
he re-pected, and that revolution is not o he deprecated.
The bond ol »our political Union is thus attempted to be
re%t*|-,.,i, nnj in a *ta'e ol %vai and common danger, we
ate advised to iliu mail expeiiiuent of abandoning that pro
'Celiuii, %% hivh the cumhin -d energies ol the na'ton might
olloid lor the selli-li enjoyment of oor present, triougli
partial resoitices. I he resolutions, it is to he (eared, will
he received hj other States, as productive ol this couse
tjuence, that ‘.Mnssucliustlts shall gavei n the itilmtnis
trillion, or the government shall not be administeied in
. Massachusetts I Jcaloti-y and conieulion will ensue.
I he ton titutioti, hitherto lespccted as the charter ol our
nahoual liberty, and consecrated as the ink ol our political
sahdy, witl l>e violated and destroyed; and to civ11 di-se11
sions and convulsions, our independence will lie snuthila
fed. mid our country i educed to the coiT.lniuii ol vauquish
evl nnd triluitary colonies to a haughty and implacable
oreigli foe.”
In 'In- protest of the Republican members of (he Sen
aleot Massachusetts. you will fmdthis language: *• The
respective States of N» %v England cm now pieserve all
their resources, except such as arc under 'lie constitution
al control of ilie U nind States. Will tiny combine to
hike thist? Such a combination would bo a resistance ol
fed**ral authority. It wa< wisely provided by the Consti
tution, that no State should enter into any compact or
agreement with ano'hcr, without the consent of Congress
It %va# probably foreseen,that disappointed^Htulambitious
men would attempt to lorin associations prejudicial to the
general welfare nnd dangeiou* to tin- union oj the States:
that these nun would excite local jealousies, and attempt
geographical distinctions ; and that, despailing of go\‘ein•
jug the whole, they would attempt a severance, that they
might govern apart. Ambition liasdestioyed every otliei
republic on earth. The United Slates stand alone, like a
solitary roclf in the midst ol the ocean, surrounded und as
sailed by storms und tempests, in vain may we look lor
aid, except fiom Union, Energy, and llenven."
In addition to what wa« said in these able remonstran
ces against the Hartford Convention, see what was s.,id
at the time, by the leading Journal ol our own Stale—the
Journal that was patronised bv Spencer Roane, and the
"only one” read by Thomas Jrfftrson. It spoke boldly,
ami was supported throughout, by the predominant patty,
in the opinions advanced, anil was not then charged with
••federalism” or ‘‘with looking one way and rowing the
i nr uiut in u-as gtven m inese words: "The Union is
in danger. Turn to the Convention at 11 ai third, anil learn
to tremble at tlie madness of its authors. Ihnv far will
thcio mailmen advance? Though they may conceal
from yott the project of disunion, though n lew of them
may even conceal it horn themselves; yet who will pre
tend to set hounds to the rage of disaffection ? Will you
support the men w ho would plunge you into this ruin ?” *
“Countrymen of the East! we mll'tipon you to kep a vi
gihut eye upon those wreUhed men, who would plunge
tis into civil war and irretrievable disgrace. Whatever
be the temporary calamities which may assail us. let us
swear, upon the altar of our country, to save (he Union." j
Those “friends of commerce” wire not called in that;
day "State Sights men" although they pushed State I
sovereignty far beyond (ho Vuginia Resolutions of ’93'
and ’99. They were called “Boston Jacobins” by some,
and they caused tho Slates in which they lived to he'
dubbed w ith the title ol “Tho Nation of New England.” i
Some ol the advocates of the satno doctrines, according !
to my understanding ol them, dilfeiing only in violence I
by their regeneration, may say, they have been contend
ed lor under different circumstances; the first struggle
being in a time ol war, and the second in a time of peace:
| again, they may say, the war measures of the govoi nuicnt
| were constitutional, and “ palpably” »0; but that the
; Tariff acts were “palpably” uticniisllHiticiial: or, they may
I use the language of their leader, Mr. Calhoun, and say,
I “ Men cannot always go straight .forward, but must re
\ gard the obstacle which imjiedes their course." “ True
wisdom consists in properly adapting our conduct to
circumstances ”t To which 1 reply, that if each State
lia« all of its original sovereignly, and can judge for itn-ll
separately, anil “ execute its own decisions," its right is
pet feet, ami will always lie regarded by the circumstances
siirioiiiiding it, whether the nation is engaged in war or '
manujoctui ing. If she thinks a war measure iinconsti* i
tuiional—if, lor instance, the administration puttier militia
under the command of United States Officers, when she j
thinks they might to bo commanded by State Officers, she 1
could avail herself of that ciicuinstance to become un in- I
dependent nation, and li. vo the advantages ol neutrality. '
Yes, at such a lime, she ought to put a higher value on
this State Right than at anv other time, as the only ad
vantage to be derived from its enjoyment is, to cave her j
citizens fiom oppression and misrule.
Now, sir, to make the application intended, when 1 i
made the quotation from your «| ecch of the 4th Novcm- !
her, 1829. Let me enquire, whether you think the ob
jeris contemplated by the Hertford Convention were war
ranted by the Constitution of the United Stales, or whe
ther they were influenced, regardless of right, by what
they (houeht would redound to their interest, provided
they could succeed in their scheme ?
1 heir doctrine was repudiated ami exploded in 1S14,
whether sound, or unsound. II it was wrong then, it
cannot he right note, became it Ins, alter a long absence,
made its appearance in the South. Il it w a* Tesnrted to
improperly by Massachusetts, to get clcarol one measure
of the government, can it lie resorted to propeilij by South
i arolinn, to free h.-rsilf from I tic effects ol another of the
same government ?
It >ou decide that Massachusetts bail no right to nullify,
uni would accession hive been a constitutional and peace
ful measure in her, except with the consent ol (hcro-Slates;
il is to be presumed you will not sustain Carolina in either
position taken by her, unless h he done on the ground ol
that aforesaid interest. If the people in the South did se
riously think, twenty years ago, that it was treason for
•'•■'I. " iu ittcir rigm or Wlllitlran me
fiom I lie (Tfiion, and now believe, that it fan be constitu
tionally done, nothing ran be iroer Ilian what von assert
ed. There is but one other way ol accounting for it, anil
I #ni indebted to you for that Mao. «* It j* a remarkable
trillli in flu* natural history of man in 1111«« country, that the ^
*ons are invariably wiser than their fathers.” V.w, “surh I
is the march of mind,”} that 500 years hrnrr, if the go- !
vernment should r.xi«t as long, the generation then living, !
will know infinitely heller what the makers of the Con- :
slitution intended than they themselves knew Iwen'v '
years ugo. I am rharilahle enough to attribute it to (bat
fart, in preference to the other. Yes, lei it be, that the :
young inert ol the Sooth understand the instrument better 1
than did Washing ion, Jefferson, an I others who have left us,
or Madison who is lning, and trlh them ihey are wrong!
Alter having said thus nrueh, more no doubt Ilian will
he agreeable to you to read, I submit the matter to your
consideration, with a ref|iie*t that you will divest yourself
ol party feeling, and look on yourself as being railed on by |
the North and the South—the East and the West, torn
pound their rights, Slate and Federal, an ordmg to \ our best *
understanding of the Coii'fitulion ol the United States.
H<*rolleet that Mr. Calhoun has said »inre the adjust* !
merit of theTarill, that whirl has occurred within the last !
twelve months, 11 is but a beginning of the struggle against
federal usurpation " Uet every man then do Ins duly. It
is no lime lor " Algernon Sidney” to withhold Iroin the
nation his powers of argument. Uet the author ot " Ala
•on ol ’7f>” again rai«e his Cassandra voice, to warn and to
deprecate; for he "now ha*strength to make them hear,
and weight of character to make them herd.”
In conclusion, the humble writer assure* you, that
he i* an old friend, (hut that you would have known
by his name,) and takes a dorp interest in you—so
much, that unless he is very mtieli deceived irr sonr
opinions on the subjects to which he has alluded, when
the presidential election comes, he will,noi be a ”Ch»i*- I
•cipher Quandary.” It is out of Ids power though,
sinco the establishment of the new tehool, of which he !
* IV, havn taken the liberty of omitting two short paragraphs on !
the Right ot 8»ri*ssion, which ham'berm lately republished in the
Maqnirrr, nod for wliii-h we havn already made the amendr. hnnorahl*. ,
They do nm present ths opinion of the F.ditor, at this time—nor, In ’
their unqualified form, at any time ; and we most repeat, that nothing
hut the strong and impassioned feelings produced by the alarming amt I
unjttstiAililn roman of the llarlfoid Convention entih| knvs drawn
forth such a broad and unqualified declaration. Wc hold, that "when
soever Ihn powers granted under the Constitution shall bn perverted
to tlis*It injury or oppression,” they may t>o “resumed” —hut certains
ly it ought never to be done, except in eases of great extremity,
where every other appeal has been made ro the cn nistes, and avert
amicable expedient has hern previously exhausted.—(h'.lilitrs ]
t In e Speech on the fsh April, 1814, upon the repeal of the J“Tm
bergo end Non Importation Acts ”— !'•»’ Register, 8th--ot. ptge I*/).
| This it from owe of Mr. Ueigh’s Spe«c hes in Convention, and In
justice would he done him bv mailing the quotation, without saying,
that every notion wool* see by reading the whole Speech, that ha
was ridiculing t|>* spirit in the lend for innovation on Io"g established
principles
Uiiot a graduate, to iay **bather, according to the modern
acceptation of epithet*, you tkrtll conetder him a Republic
c»u or Federalitt. Of that you must judge alter you are
informed, that ho i« no Jneobin— no JVW/i/icr— no .S'rce
<frr : but concur* with Madison, that in the Just report,
• be States may judge of infractions ot the Constitution.
Hut in tliis way, that there must be in determining on an sU
leged inlraction, Imtnty-four Judges to make up the de*
ctee, each State having given an opinion, not * decree;
lor the decree must be made up liom the opinions ol tint
t choir.
I be opposite doctiine vv.i« contended for by the “Dos
ton Jacobins, si it is niiersti d |,y the tteie school ot the
present d.i y in tin* South, Ui.it there may l»« twenty-/our
decrees snd e.ich decree crnimi u.'oeffect, tuav'tle t con
stitutioiMl difficulty. So lliAt. bv dm ••blue Eight*. of
boston,” they w ould smuggle in the South, but lor the
Hod spoken of by our (Eout A|>o*tlr&.
Yours very respectfully, \ ELEO W j \CKET
July 22, 1*33.
t ft Mr. Jefferson, In the year I7SC, In a letlei In Mr. Monroe, said
"there'never will be tnoiii-v in the Tieaaory till Iho Confedutacy
«liew« its The Stales inuit see (ho red; perhaps ll must be
loll by •omo outof th^m.**
tn a letter tu .Mr. Cunin.'ton, In 17«7, Mr. Jeffureon said, “when two
parties innko a compact, (here results to cacti u |!bwer of compelling
1 in ot tier to execute it. Compulsion was navel so eery ns in our cast*,
.1 *je«* ,*ul* e •“<»•'> woo'd soon levy on the commerce of uny tSuto,
the deficiency of its cunliihntione."
In 181 I, Mr. Ji l1»iton said, in u idler to Mr. Tracy, “that certain
, Iroin local and occasional discontents, might attempt to secede
irons tliu Union; l.ut it is n..r probable that local discontents can
spread to such an extent, as to b« ub e to taco the setend parts ol eo
exloitsivn an Union “
MAKUIAtiES.
At Savannah, on Wednesday evanihg, 10<h iusihnt, by the Kef.
.Mr. Preston, the Honorable John Maepheison Berrien, to Elixa
t.'ccil Hunter, c.'dvsl daughter ol Colonel James Hunter, all ul Six
DEATHS.
Deputed this life on Friday, the 19lh inrlnpt, in th.i Mlb year of
tier age,at the tesidenoe ol her husband, in the cuunly of Southamp
ton, Mrs. Nancy Edwards, wile ol Peter Edwards. The illness which
terminated the moitel existence of this incstutiahia Indy, was very
delusive, having attacked its lamented victim with a degree of vio
lence, which continued to tnctease, until it had become alarmingly
severe, which continued unlit the Sunday previous to her dentil,
when a gradual amendment commenced, end pio£rn«<ed till Wcdnoa
1 i‘f l*‘<hl following. inducing nil around her to nuticipule « favoura
ble ismie. Ilu», nine! tlie anticipation wot delusive— the hope vain :
eml While her friends vv re cliocrine theme. Ives with tlio prospect ot
n speedy recovery, the last enemy, unexpected, as if with inervasod
Vio once, seised upon liar lechlii frame, nml sho ylebleJ, tumble long
er to resist or piotiact- The vutites of this excellent woman would
reoiiire inure than the writer fcala hiln<elfoomp. tcnt to do ; therefore,
will not presume to nllempt it ; hut this much will lie say, that in all
her relations in h o, slia surtuinad an endearing rbniuctet, being an
streetioinun ami devoted wife, a lender mother, a humane and kind
mistress, and a fiieudly and good neighbour, With n disposition calm,
serene, mild and gentle, which ul who knww her could hilt admire.—
Sim hole her affliction with clnistian lortitudc, almost without a
groan, and not u murmur to be licsid. Sho Imi left an ntroctionate
husband, a tender and aminhla little daughter, one brother, to whom
shu was endeared bv every tie, hueidei an extensive circle Ot ft lends,
to deplore a loss which cannot bo repairnd. Hut wlml is otir loss i«
liar gain ; for she is gone to take pusso-sion of that inheritance, which
is incorruptible, midulllad,and that which fnilrtli not away,
<J ye mortal souls, why do you
Weep and nioum,
Win n Uod In hie infinite wisdom,
Calls a way and lukee Ids ov. n.
Died, at the Red Sulphur Springs, on the 10th Instant. Henry >1.
Miller, Esq Agent of the Bank Newbetn, at ltaleigh. -Mr. M, was
a native ol V*ir*iiiia, hut hud resided fioui bis youth iu Huleigh, aud
was highly respected.
General S a. Krepps, meinhorof the Senate ol Penney 'vanla, died
at Hiuwnsville, s low days sinco. bf Cholera, commuted, it is suppos
ed, iu Pittshuig.
Iticlk’d Wholesale Pi'iccsCiirrcnt.
I onACCJ— Luge
Other ref’ll
I'om. 4i mill, parted
flood *
Fine chipping
Fine inNiniftictarinii
Flock—City MiIIm (
Canal (eld)
Net* counlry
\YItui—Crop*, ted
“ “ Hed
Corn M*al
Utttt
Hoef
Bacon, per lb
Butler
Cotl'oe
Cotton
3 75 a 4 1(1
4 50 a li t 0;
iMtliSO
7 » 8;
8 50 » 11 50
10 n 13
new) no «*le*
5 3 8
li 0<>
ft white 1301
115
05
80
oa n 4o
S 1-2 H li
7 a 8 1-2
14 a 10
13 a 13 1-3
12 a I4i
■Mijriir, brown
Hide*, Bpnniilr
Llrninly, Cur., gull.
Do. Applo
Whiskey
Hum, We»t Indin
Do. New England
Wine, Muduiru
Do. Sicily Madeira
Do. Mulugn
1'na, Imp. ami Gunp.
Do. Vuuu; Hynou
Moluiea
Balt, per (nek
Knr Iron
l*ork, per brl.
Shad, do.
But Herrins*, new
7 I-8 a 10
I3 a Hi
1 20 a 1 67
35 a 35
38 n 35
80 n 94
35 n 3d
2 50 a 3 00
1 00 a 1 10
40 a 80
90 n 1 00
80 n 90
32 a 30
1 90 a 2 OtJ
100 a 1 30
3 3-1 a 4 1-9
12 00
7 HO'
4 1.3
?'• L>onungo aiuiiognnjr, Iroin 12 1-2 to 15 cunt* per foot,
llon.lurni 10 to 10 l.o ,i„
meet qj Slock*.
U. 8. Bank lu» a 109 1-/1
Hank of Virginia in
t'ntinera’ Hank 105
Cliestvrfiflld It. It. ICS rtiv. oil
Course vf F.zchunfi.
'forth Carolina Dank Notua 8f
<outh Carolina do. 3
Juorgia do. 4
F
I(jII1 lN(i CRtt.K E.S ! A l E—The above I'l.mta*
— lion w ill be offered on the premises,for lease or safe*
on Thursday, the l-t day ol August next. Having been
prevented by indwpo-itibn, from attending on (ha 24th ul
timo, I have engaged an Agent to be present, in tho evcuf
ol my absence on the 1st of August.
On tho same day, I khall oiler the reaiduo of the last
year’s corn for 6ale.
I have at Horn Quarter, one of Exall’s, and one of Dr.
Clark’* Wheat Threshing Machines, (quite new,) which
I will sell at halt the 01 iginal cost. 'l'hey ore on good at
any I have seen of the same description.—1 still wish ttr
purchase a number of m-uioo«, (or my own use.
f'EO. 1 AYI.OU, Near Haiiover Court-house
July 26. 23—21
B AND FOR SALE.— in obedience to the WiFi of
JLJ Daniel Guerrant, dec’d., ol Cutnherllind county, will
be ollorcd for sale, nt Cumberland Court Hou«e, on Mon
day the 26ih August, that being Court-day. (il fair, if not
the next fair day,) live hundred acres of Land, mors or
less, about five mile* from Farmsville, adjoining the Fiat
Lick, Clover Forc-t, Mrs. Wilson’s and others; on (he sur
face of thi-i Land there is every appearance of Coal; tfrrf
buildings (with some repairs) comfortable. Terms—ono
third ot the purchase money on tho first January next)
and tho other part in two piymenls, tho one hull on tbs
fust January. 1835, and the other 1336—Bonds, w ith ap
proved security, will he requited for the fir.t payment,
and for the two last (in addition) a Deed of Trust, to se*
cure payment. Cap'. Gannaway, on the premises, will
shew this Laud, ot- Col Herrick.
PETER D GHERRANT, ) „ ,
ABNER WATKINS, ^ Lx ors.
July 26. . 23—W4W"
HN CHANCERY — Virginia.—At Rules held in tho
Clerk’s Office ot the Circuit Superior Court Ot Law and
Chancery, for the County of Gloucester, on Tuesday tbtf
4th day of June, 1833:
Edward S. Aniory, Plaintiff,
A gainst
William Muiro and Ann Muire Ills wife,Thomas Muir#
sml Joseph Powell, Defendants.
The defendant, William Muire, not having entered his
appearance, and grven semi i y according to the act of As
sembly and Ibc mlcs of ibis rourt, and it appearing by
satisfactory evidence, that he is not an inhabitant td this
country—on the motion of the plaintiff, hy Thanias C.
Amo.y, his attorney, it is ordered, that the said defendant
do appear hero at rules, to ho held in the Clerk’s Office,
aforesaid on the fir«t Monday in October next, and an
swer the plaintiffs hill; and that a copy ol this order bo
forthwith inserted in some newspaper punted in tho City
of Richmond, lor two mouths successively, and posted at
the liont door of the Court house of this County, on two
successive t'onrt d-y*. A Copy —'Teste,
•Lily 26. [23-wRw] ARTHURL DAVIES, C. C.
ef \0-FA It 1’N LRSf 11 H.—Tli« subscribers have asso
rt f ciatrd themselves under the firm ol II. W. U J. J.
FRY, lor (he purpose of conducting the Grocert and
Commission Business. They expect to receive in a
few days their Fall Supply, and intend keeping a largo
ami general assortment of Groceries, Domestic Goods,
Cotton yarns, fyr., which will he soKI oil accommodating
term*. They lender their services for the sale of all
kinds of produce, upon w hich liberal advances will be
made, if required. All orders promptly attended to.
HUGH \V. FRY.
July 26. [23—2tif] JOSHUA J. FRY.
BIOGEH’S
t:xchajstui: ji.yd lottery office,
RICHMOND, Va.
*/ Another prize of $10,000, in a whole Tickat, sold
and paid as usual at right by Bigger.
SPLIuN Dl I) SC HEM F.S!
I iiloia ( anal lioftrry, I%o. IO.
'lobe drawn in Philadelphia, Saturd‘ay\ August 10th.
66 No. Lottery — If) Drawn Ballots.
CAPITALS:
1 Prize of $25,000 is
1 10 000 •'
1 4,080
1 8.000
2 2.500
2 2.000
2 1,600
20 1,000
Tickets $8; halves -1; quarters 2.
$26,000
10,000
4,0.80
8 000
6.000
4.000
8.000
20,000
$30,000, 20.000, and 60 Ftt/esof 1,000.
Y. Consolidated Folfrrv, IVo II.
To be drawn on Wednesday, August 2i*t, 1833.
66 No. Lottery—10 Drawn Tlallatf.
SCHEME.
$30,000 is
20,000
10.000
8.000
1,000
600
Tickets $10, halves 5, quarters 2 60.
Tickets, and shares in the usual great variety of
fortunate Numbers, for sale at the Exchange and Lottery
office of THOMASB BIGGER,
Comer opposite Eagle Hotel.
IJ* Bigger Iras recently sold and paid nt sight, no less
than 2 Grand Capitals of $30,000 each, 2 of $20,000, 7 of
10.000, fee. fce.
Ordeis meet the most prompt alfen'ion
July ?». 22—tf
1 Prize of
J
1
1
60
60
$.30,000
20,000
10,000
3,000
60,000
38,000

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