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' _ rt ms it. ii •, t'iuiiitiiii », f H3i. — -ivoLin mV wxiV-iio. oa* IO‘ RMUUIllEU i* published twice it wn k, I'onrrally, ai.d thu*«f tiuw* u \vi*t k during t!u* 'tsaion of tfie Hate t.«*~i-lMure,— 1’iico, tin* uaiuo a* 4»w,r«»tuu»rv*f l'\vo bullart; por luiiiuii^iuuiblc in ad vance. i\otu» of chartered, *;> •cic-pa) in# bank* (only) will be rt* cenred in payment. Toe fchlitor* will guarantee the rcijctrof tr mil ting tb :m by m ill; tho po-ta_v gf nil letter* beiittf piid b> the writ«r*. Xo W*r will be tlutotili.itw.l, but at thn diaeiotloii ol' the iafiior*, until all arrearage* hnvo been paid up. ter ^ hoover will guAruntoc tho payment of uioo patter*, ilmll uavo tlie leotii grati*. TERMS nr AbVKKTfPIXCl. (fy* *^*»e * |tinre,«»r l*'M, fir-t i i*«-itioi), 75ftout«; each contiitunnoo, 5J c.-nU. Xo mlverti^euieiit inverted, Until it Inn either been paid for or wi«unii*d by roiuo |#er*on in tin* city or it* environ*. ft K tv fi*V RjHTlKOKft’T*. HUM FORD AUaDKMY.—'l’liu exorcises of Jhlii Institution will commence, fi»r tlie ensuing year. on tlie 3d Monday in January, and terminate on tlie ad Friday in December. A vacation of one month to be given during the Summer. The course of instruction embraces all the branches of literature usually taught in Academies—Knglish Grammar, Geography, with the use ol the Globes and Maps, History, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Mathematics. &c.—and the Greek, Latin and F renoh Languages. Tonns, for hoard and tuition for the scholastic year, $110, payable (a:» heretofore) se ini-annually, on the first of Apr;l and October—with an uddilional charge ol $10, for bed, bedding and caudles, when those articles an; furnished by the Principal. Pu pils entering alter the commencement, to be charged proportionally. II. ROBINSON, Principal. 11. J. CHRISTIAN. December 0. (a-wlitv ADM IN I SIRA T() RS HA L K .—Will bo sold at tho late residence of John Goode, Sr., doc'd.. on Mon day l.r>th December, the stock of horses, cattle, sheep, Are., tin* crop of corn, fodder, &c., the plantation uUn /nls, the household and kitchen furniture, a chair and harness and four wheeled carriage; also, xioOO lbs. prime P^rkj For all sums of five dollars and under, the cash will be required, ami ibr all sums exceeding that amount, a credit until tlie first day of September next, will be al lowed; b^mls with approved security will be required. ■V. A. ’I (IIIl’)N, .‘hlministralor triUi the trill a mined uf John Goode. Hr., dee'd. At the same time and place, and on tho same terms, will Is' sold all the jierishahle property liclongiim to Dr. Thomas J. Goode. WM. AI. WA TKINS, Guardian of Thomas J. Goode. Powhatan, Dec. 9. 011_iit jSJTOLKN front the Subscriber, living in the neigh bordood ol \\ ilmington, Fluvanna, nbv.ut six weeks ago, a dark ha}' Horse, with black mane and tail, ubout live feet higli, and seven years old next Spring—a scar appears near tlie left nostril, occasioned by cutting oil’a wart. 1 have reason to believe that ho was taken by a tree black man, as he was seen in liiu possession on the Road to Richmond. 1 will give T«:it Dollars reward lor the horse, if delivered to Dr Jones, at Wilmington. Any information respecting the horse will be thankfully re<*»ved. RKUBLN llUGHLS. Dt?c- »•_ (ill—at FW1RUST BALE.—By virtue of a Deed of Tru I cx JL ecutod by Philip Car Ur Lighlfoot, to tlu* subVscri ber, bearing date on the 11th July last, ami duly rocoid, t'd iu tin.* Clerk b otiice ot the counties ol* Sussex and Charles City, for tlio purpose ol securing sundry debts therein mentioned. I shall sell to tho highest bidder, for cash, at Charles City Court-house, on Tuesday bill of January, ii lair, il not, the next fair day, acerlaui Tract ot Land, containing t>t»0 acres, in tlx* county of Sussex, on the Nottoway river, and adjoining the lands of Col. Jesse Hargrave and others; also the entire interest of the said Lighlfoot in the estate of Philip John Lighlfoot, deceased. Acting as Trustee, I shall convey such title as is vested in me, which is believed to Is* indisputable. GEORGE M. PAYNE, fr Peeembdr 4._Cl -Sawtds POWHATAN FEMALE SEMINARY.—The . orciscsof this Institution will be resumed oil Mon day, the 12th of January next, instruction will Ik* given in most of the blanches of a literary, scientific und polite education. The principal, as usual, will do voU* Ins whole time to the interests of his pupils; and, by a system of sound, menial and moral culture, will en deavour to prepare them tor discharging with success, the important and responsible duties of future life. The scholastic year will lx* divided into two sessions of five months each, at the close of which, there will he public examinations, so conducted as fairly to test the proficien cy and attainments of the pupils. Attached to the sehool, and accessible to all the pupils, is a well-selected library, to which, additions of such works as are suited to the young, will from time to time, be made; also, u laboratory well furnished with neces b.iry chemical and philosophical apparatus. Terms lor tho year of ten mouths., as follows: Board and Tuition in English branches, - $100 0D Ere itch, - - - - - - - ' 10 00 Music, including use of the Piano, ... ;tr, 00 Drawing and Painting, - - . . j- (gj 1 upils will lx* received at any time, and charged agreeably to tlx* above rates, winch arc payable at the clos.* ot ouch session; birl alter admission, no deduction Will bo made for l.iss ol tune, except only in cases of sickness. J. JJ. TINSLEY, Principal. Decombri 4_ 01—SkwlSiJ PUBLIC SALE.—Will la* sold at Plain Dealing, in the county of King and Queen,being the late resi dence of Richard Gaines, deceased, on Wednesday, the loth day of Deceitilcr next, if fair,and if not, the next fair day thereafter, the whole of the perishable projicrty, of said decedent, consisting of the present year’s crop of corn and fodder—also tlu* farming utensils, &c., together with a large and exceedingly valuable stock of cattle, sheep, horses, several yoke of very fine oxen,and hogs— n part of tlx* latter being already fatted for pork. The Ntocknof cattle und sheep are in part equal in quality and breed to any in Virginia,considerable trouble and expense having been incurred in procuring the original stork from whence they were produced. The sheep which are of tlx* Bokewell breed, are in fine order, and excellent health—and among the cattle there un* innny of the full blood Devon, and one-fourth, one-half and three-fourths blood of the Durham breed, of great beauty. This stock was originally procured firom E. Noel, Esq. of Essex, who has deservedly attained much celebrity for raisin^ fim* cattle. Persons wishing to procure stock of this Talliable de scription. tviJJ find it much to their advantage to attend thisaide,as so favorable an opportunity may not perhaps fora long time, if ever again, be afforded them to do so. Among the stock of horses there Lx a very tine and young chair horse, remarkably handsome, well broke to har nes*, and gentle—also several tine blooded Colts, and a thorough bred F’iUey, wbieb was trained this fill. Ronds with approved security will be required of pur chasers, for .ill sums of Twenty Dollars and upwards, aud cash for aJI jmrehas. ? under thatsuiu. MAHV ANN C. GAIN KB, v „ T> Ads* i nisiratrix. W. H.— l lie Pi.ain Dr.Ai.ivo Thact or J,a.no may also lie bought noon accommodating terms, if a purchaser can Is* found. It contains about 7tK) sere* of good land_hO of which aw valuable Meadow Land—is situated about the Centre of the county, and about midway between T amwhnnnock and King and Queen Oonrt-honre. The soil is well adapted to the cultivation nntl growth of Corn, Wheat and Cotton, and is very level. The improve ments are, a large two-story brick dwelling, wiUi suita ble and convenient out-houscs, all of which are in good repair—and is in every respect a most desirable and handsome form. Dr. Win. Fleming Gaines. of Lloyd’s Kxscx, and Mr. George K . Carlton of King ami Queen, arc authorised to contract for its sale. N 'T’iH’ ___ rdj—tds NO I ILL. —Uy virtue of a Deed of Trust, executed to me by of r*'*ot/i in AIIhmiittK* Oounty (,‘ourt oflice . and In pursuance of an order of the Huperior Court of Chtuicory, at Staunton, made on the it^Ui day of June, !«£*, in a cause therein de.iending, in which said Fkiiigster is plaintiff, and Thomas Banes ter and others are defendant*, I shall, os the 5Hh day of Jan uary next, if for, otherwise the ne xt fair day, «xpo*e ,o r.ile, upon the premises, to the highest bidder, for ready money, a Tract of Land, now in the occupancy of Mr. Robert Hanwxt«r, containing 231 acres, wore or les<, ly. ; ingin the North Garden, in the county of Albemarle, immediately on the turnpike fram Staunton to Ssotts- | ville, Within about Jo in.le i of tlie latter place, and about i the same distance firoya CharloiteevHle. This land is said | to Ik- in a highly improved slate of cultivation, ranks i with the f.r.st quid it./ oj the very due body of land in that i section of the country—and is surrounded by a highly in tc'ligcnt and r< .metallic neighborhood. The title is thought mdisputaole—such a* is vested in me, howe ver, I will convey to the purchaser. , V. VV. BOUTHALL, Trustre. Chariot tear Hie, Deo. 2, 1*34. GO—tdi TAJOTICF:.-—! hereby forbid all fox-hunting, shooting, ^ ^wo C iiRi] nil ollmf ntion my premisf«..Her (his date. H.VM. M. HOOK WA Malvern llil), Not. Tkf, 1634. 56 -wJw T%P^,!iI( bo sold to tin* highest balder, on ■r. . hursday the ldthinst., if lair, otherwise,-the next tuir day, at tho small larm of tlio subscriber, about f.mr miles from town, on I lie Meadow Bridge road, ad joining tho lands of Joseph Pleasants, Henry I, .Car ter, iSio.j about lorty or filly barrels of corn, together with the crops fodder, hay, shucks, oats, «.Vc.; and im mediately all* r, the firm will Ik* offered for sal**, unless previously disposed of privately.—The farm contains one hundred and leu and three quarter acres bv late surveys : ’Perms made Known at sale. THOMAtt NEI.SON. [ 1)tC- 4-__ 61—Maw tds WILL be ottered for sale to the highest bidder,on the premises, on Tuesday the loth day of i)e , comber next, my Farm on Willis's, in the county of I Buckingham. It contains eight hundred and seventy j two acres, a considerable i>ortiou of which is uncleared ; and heavily timbered. On it there are two good dwelling houses; one (my former ro.»iclriiee) a two-story hou*o with six rooms, three above and three below stairs, a good of fice in the yard, a kitchen with two rooms, ice house, and all other houses necessary for servants and Uu* accommo dation of a family, a good well uf water in the yard, and two springs very convenient, a variety of fruit trees, a granary, with a new threshing machine, ami six good To ; banco barns conveniently situated. The plantation is | enclosed by a good fence, and divided into four fields, all I in good heart, and in all of which then* is an abundance of .mod water: the fiat land is well drained and pecu liarly adapted to the growth of Tobacco; the high land lies well, and is susceptible ol very high improvement, by tin* use of clover and plaster. A crop of Wheat has j*eeii seeded this fall in good time and in good order. 1 here an* few estates in \ lrginia now in market, combin j in«r more local advantages than this; it is healthy, silua I ted in a good neighborhood, within a few miles of naviga ! tion, and tolerably convenient to several manufacturin'? I Mills. The terms of sale will he, three thousand dollars in cash, and the balance iu three annual payments there after. Persons wishing to purchase,are invited to view the property, which will be shewn by Col. John Johns, Josiaii Moseley and Mr. Charles McKinney, who live ad joining the premises.—On the same day. will Is* sold the crop of corn, fodder, hay, straw, oats, &c. made on tin* land this year, some plantation tools, and various other articles. Tenmi on the day. SAMUEL BRANCH. Prince Edward, Nov. 14. 65_ VERY VALUABLE KANAWHA LAND FOR SALE.—We offer for sale one moiety of a Tract of Land, containing 1.20? acres, situate in the County of Mason, on the West side of the Great Kanawha Ri ver. This land is part id- a survey of 10,540 acres, inado for the heirs of the lab* Gen. George Washington, und marked in said survey No. 10, ami is to lie so laid off as to In- next, or nearest to, Point Pleasant. The title is indis putable, being conveyed by Col. Lawrence Lewis and wife, of the County ot Fairfax, (whoinherited from Gen. Washington.) to E. G. W. Roller und wife, by whom the title will be conveyed. It will at once Ik* seen, that the situation ot this property is most desirable, and it is a rare occurrence that such is in market. Persons dis posed to purchase, can apply to E. G. W. Bullet, lbber ville P. O., Louisiana, or to the undersigned in Richmond. LANCASTER, 1>ENBY vV CO. Nov. 18.__ 56—8t j^J tJi icr.,—1 ursuant to a decree ol the County ( \>urt .1 w of Hanover, pronounced on the 2*<th day of Octo ber. lc:W. in the ease of Eggleston and others, against Eggleston's administrator, Ac., the undersigned, Com missioners appointed to carry said decree into effect, will sell to the highest bidder for cash, at Cocke and Antho ny's Store, (Henderson’s X Roads,) on Tuesday the 30th day of December next, if fair, if not, the first fair day thereafter, five negroes, belonging to the estate of John Eggleston, dcc’d., in said decree mentioned. 1*. 11. JONES, ) Commit' JOHN C. DICKENSON, j siouers. Hanover, Dec. 2. CO—2awl30D ElJ ANDOLPH A- McCRKDIE, in addition to their stock of Family Groceries are now receiving tire following articles, which they will sell as low as can bo had in lha market, vko: Fine old Cog. and Champaigno brandies Old Madeira and Sherry Wines, on draught and bottled ft. and qt. Champaigno—best brands Family Mackerel, in qr. and lilf. bids. Ruck Wheat meal in do. Fresh Raisins, preserved Ginger, Citron, Prunes, Cur rants, soil shell Almonds, West India Preserves, London Sauces, Current and Guava Jelly, Macaroni, Vermicelli, &c. Ac,. J>‘-e.4. _ 81—3»w3w npjllE Subscriber's School, limited to twelve scholars. will he opened on the lf>th of January, 1^35, and close on the loth of December following. The course of induction will embrace the Latin, French, and Eng lish Languages *, Geography with the use of the Maps :uid Globes; Arithmetic and Mathematics.—The terms, for Board, including washing, lodging and candles, Ac. are jjjjtfO, and 1 uition $20. My residence is situated 2;^ miles from Richmond, 6 above Col. Goodali’s, and 2 trom tile Stage Road leading from Richmond to Louisa Court-House. Letters addressed to the subscriber near Montpelier P. O., Hanover, will lie promptly attended to- HE11MON DAVIS. December 0. 62—2awt 1 oj AS IT l IATToN WANTED by a Lady, who is quali fied to gi ve instruction in all the liranclies of an English Education, French, Music, Drawing, and Paint ing. A line addressed to the Editors will be promptly attended to. Dec. 4. 61—tf Cl REAT BARGAINS OF ELEGANT AND K \ « SI HON ABLE ARTICLES.—The subscriber has made arrangements to sell hi* present stock of elegant and valuable goods, on as moderate terms as possiiile: they are not to bo surpassed by any merchant in the State as bargains. 1st it he understood, that every tiling i.i of the best quality, and universally allowed to lie the handsomest assortment in Richmond. It is necessary that the stock of Fanry Goods should he disposed of be fore other arrangements arc entered into, which are un der consideration. The ladies and gentlemen of Rich mond, audits vicinity, will do well to call and view the above extensive assortment of useful and ornamental ar ticles. CHARLES HORN, September f). £ 11'l'V LOAN OK $‘>5,000.—Jn pursuance of an Or \.y di nance passed l»y Ui<» Common Council of tlie City of Richmond, Nov. 11th, 1234—propo/ial* will Ire receiv ed at the Chamberlain’* Office, until the 22d l>ec. next, for a loan of $2.»,(»(>0, hearing an interest of 5 per cent, per annum, payable omirb rly, and redeemable on the 1st January, 1^47. No proposal will be received for a lens sum than $500, nor for a fractional part of $100. WM. V SJIEPPARD, CUttmberlttin. Nov 1ft 66—t22D I AW NOTICE.—Koxtaink ft. I'k.tth, late of J Orange county, having located in the city of New York,in the praetmc of Caw, respectfully tenders his pro fessional service* to bis old Virginia fro nd* anil fellow citizens generally. Being generally known through the Stale, lie deems references unnecessary. All business Communications to him addressed, post-paid, will receive prompt and faithful attention. N. it. Persons in the Houth, who have, or may hereaf ter have, runaway slaves, suspected to be in either New York or Philadelphia, may find it to their advantage to send n minutely descriptive communication, post-paid, as above. September 30. 1.NARMKRS’ HANK Of VIRGINIA—Thi-annual meeting of the Stockholders, for the.eleclion of Di rectors for tlie Hank, and for the Office of Discount ami Deposifr, will lx- held on Wednesday Die 7th of Jimua/y WM. NKKEHVIS, Ctuhirr. Dec. 2d, 1 J.H. til—2awtd JBAiVK Oh \ 1RGIN J A.— TJie annual meeting of ** *» Ihe Stockholder* will bo b*'id at the Hankinc bouae, on Monday Die 5th of January next. A. HOHlWrfON, Jr., Ca$k irr. December 4lb, 1831. til td dlt KKWARD.—lianaway from the subscriber, 7r " residing in tlie upper end of Nottoway county, on the I'hhof the lust mouth, (November.) a m gro man named Georg.*, He j* a block man, remarkably aUtle tic, about (’* feet high, ami between if! and 35 years of age. with several large sears on bis neck. I have ren- ! sou to lielieve that (Jeorge has pr.iciircd a pass or free paper*, and will probably attempt to esriue out of the State. I w ill pay the above reward of $20, and alt rea sonable expenses, for bis delivery to me, or for hia con nlK TiK nt in any jail, so that I get him. Nottoway, Dec. 4. ffil—jtj JE8HK VAUGHAN. ADM1N1H J It AT OR ft NOTICE.—All person* in debted to Die estate of Varlnnrl II. M t,k'll, late merchant of Richmond.deceased, are hereby notified and required to make immediate payment to Die uiulereigned : And all person* liavingclaims against the name estate.wili present thom, duly authenticated, for payment. JAM Ml R A W l,l,M( IS, /Ulminiriral/ir of (larlawI II. Mittkrlf tlttrttttd November^, W»-3m Navy CoMMiagtoxr.iii* Orncr,) yd December, l&M. j £3 KAM’,1) proposals.endorsed ‘-Proposals for Powder,” ^ will be received at ilie Navy Commissioner’s Office until .1 u clock, 1*. M., of the first day of Janunry next, fm- supplying nine hundred and fifty barrel* of cannon, ami liily barrels of musket Powder. The powder must be manufactured in the best manner and from the best and purest materials; must be glazed and bo granulated of such size, and 1m-subject to such tests and ius|M-ction, ns the Navy Commissioner* may di rect, for ascertaining its strength, density, and ability to resist the action ofhumidity without serious deterioration. The strength of the powder will 1m- determined by the distance which one ounce avoirdupois weight will throw a twenty-four pound ball, from the established Navy Eprouvcttc*. No barrel will lie received, from which the range shall not exceed two hundred yards, nor shall unv barn 1 he received, excepting such as will, when taken collective ly, tor the whole quantity deliverable at any one time .at any one Navy l urd, give a general mean rungc of not less than two hundred and fifty yards. In selecting the powder for tin* proof*, one sample shall U- taken from near one of the heads, and one from near the centre of each barrel, and if tin* two ranges frouvthe samc cask shall differ more than twenty yr . Js, a third sample shall be fired to determine the mi an .ange for that cask, otherwise the mean of the two rang .. shaft Ik- token as the mean rang- of the cask—tin- tests for determining the density and ability to resist moisture, will be coinparu tlvc, mid the powder must in these resjK-els lx* perfectly satisfactory to tlie Commissioners, or will not he receiv ed. whatever man be its strength. The whole must bo packed in good sound, well-sea soned, substantial, oop|M>r-hooped casks, of such dimen sions, that with one hundred pounds of powder in each a vacant space will bo left of two inches in depth at tiu lu-ad, when they stand on end. One half thcipinutity of each kind must lx* delivered on or before the first day of June next, and the other half on or before the first day of October next, and onc-liiird of each delivery must be made at each of the respective Nave Yards, at Charles town, Mass., lirooklyn, N. York, and Gosport, Virginia. Persons making proposals must state the price asked per pound, including all tin- expenses of casks, packing, und delivery, and ot every other kind, excepting the c-x ix-nscs of iiiH)H.*ctioii; payable when the powder shall have been delivered, inspected, tested, und received, to the entire satistaction of the Navy Commissioners. Hut should any payments be authorized after the first half shall have been delivered, und before the iin.il comple tion of the contract, then ten per centum of the value shall be deducted and reserved until such final comple tion; ami no extension of time will be granted for tin- de liveries beyond those named in this aavertiseiuont. December G. <;o_j f | \0 CONTRACTORS ron Excavation \m> M \Sun Jl. M.—Proposals will be received by the Richmond. 1 redcrickslmrg and Potomac Rail Road Company,at their office in Richmond, between the 20th and 51?th of Decem ber, for the excavation Slid embankment, bridge al.ut inents, culverts and dry stone drains, of from twenty to forty miles ot their Rail Road, extending from the City of Richmond northwardly. Maps and Profiles of the lirte will lx* exhibited, and any farther information given on application to John II. Hop kins, Principal Assistant Engineer, or to the Assistant Engineers on the line. MONCURE ROBINSON, C. E. November 18. 50—tli-lthD rHUDlHKKS WANTED AT THE PENTTENT1A 0 RY .—-2,000 feet 1 inch yellow nine plunk 1,000 feet3-4 inch yellow pine plunk 500 do 3-8 do do do crooked edge, for wag gon sides G 500 uo 1 do do poplar plank, clear of knots and shakes 500 do 5-8 do do do do clear of knots 500 do birchjscantling, 4 inchessouarc, 12 feet Ion<r. clear stuff 500 do do 3 do do do do do 100 hickory axletrocs 2,OU0 wheel felloes 2 cords split white oak, 1-1 feet long '| 3 do do do 12 do young and 3 do do do 10 do lough, but 2 do do do If do cuts clear 2 do do do 7 do of knots. J do split hickory 7 do 50.000 flour barrel billets 40.000 hoop poles The whole, save the billets and hoop poles, to be deli vered at the Penitentiary by the 1st day of March next, (18:15.) Proposals will be made either to Col. Morgan, (Superintendent,) or the subscriber. THOS. ti. MONCURE, _ 0cU,',cr17'_[47—tfj General ,-lgenl. IABORERS WANTED.—The Subscriber wants t<« _J employ 25 or 30 laborers, nnd -1 or 5 good teams.— On immediate application five or six months constant employ will be given to industrious men. Such as are accustomed to chopping and hewing will lie preferred. Apply at the Jewellery Store of Mr. John McConnell, Main Street. THOMAS A. MERA. Nov. 7._53—tf II I’Y LOAN OK $25,000.—in pursuance of an Or dinancc passed by the Common Council of the City of Richmond, Nov. 11th, 1834—proposals will he received at the Chamberlain’s Office, until the 22d Dec. next, for a Loan of $25,000, bearing an interest of 5 per cent, per annum, payable quarterly, and redeemable on the 1st Ja nuary, 1847. No proposals will be received for a less sum than $500, nor for a fractional part of $100. \\M. P. SHEPPARD, Chamberlain. Nov. 18. ' 50—122D r■ lO SOUTHERN TRAVELLERS—Recent ar rangements of the Proprietors of the Fredericks burg and Washington City Steam Hoat Company, hav ing deprived the Proprietors of the Mail nnd Pilot lines of Coaches between Washington City nnd Baltimore of that support from Southern travellers which a fair com petition would enable them to procure, they respectfully inform all passengers coming up in said Boat, that a Coach will regularly ho in readiness at Brown’s Hotel, Washington City, on the arrival of the Steam Boat Stage from the landing for their conveyance to Balti more. at the reduced price of $2, or for 50 cents less than flic other Line, should the fare in it l>e reduced to the above price. Travellers will please take notice, that the fire in the Mail and Pilot lines will be received at the office adjoin ing Brown’s Hotel, Washington City, and union board the Steam Hoat. THOS. COOKKNDORKER, Jlgt. Washington City, Dccemlier 4. Ill_f it. EtomiiMoir* Practice—Vol. 2il. I N 1'KKSS, the Practice in (lie Courts of Law and . Equity in Virginia, hy Uuswat Koninson. Vol. 2. Containing Practice in Suits in Kquitij. This vofuine is divided into twenty chapters; the first of which is a treatise upon equitable jurisdiction, embrac ing the following subjects: Account, dower, partition, fraud, mistake, accident, bill to pe rpetuate testimony; bill of discovery ; removal of legal impedimenta; preserva tion of property pending litigation; aid to judgment cre ditor; mortgages and deed* of trust; continuing trusts; resulting trusts; bill to contest or setup n will; disposi tion oi assets; partnership; suretyship; assignment; set otf; suits for freedom; husband and wife; infants; idiots and lunatics; suits for forfeited or escheated lands; scire facias to repeal letters patent; settlement of boundaries; hill quia timet; hill of peace; specific execution; ne n cat; foreign attachment ; and injunctions. The titles of the other chapter*arc as follows -. 2. limi tation of suits in equity; 3. proper parties; -1. mutters which may be comprised in same suit; (>. process; t>. plead ings; 7.proceedings at rules; d. evidence; t». change of parties by death or marriage; It), orders entered upon mo lion; II. hearing of the cause; I *, order directing issue I and proceedings under same; 13. order of account und proceedings und r same; 14. order for sale of property and proceedings under same; 15. rehearing afier interlo cutory and before final decree; 1(1. final decree; 17. taxing costs; Id. mode of compelling performance of decree; It*, hill of review; 20. appeals. The volume will have in the first part of it ft table of contents mid table of cases cited; and m the conclusion there will be a full index both to this and the former vo lume. About one hall' of the matter is now printed; ami it is expcr lcd that in December tin’ publication will be com pleted. Thu boob will, as soon us it is published, be for sail! at the store of the suiiscrihcr, in Richmond. October 17. [47—tij ROilKRT I. SMITH. H 111/A I ION W \NTKD \ , lunggetillernan, who has had several years experience an an Instructor of youth, and who can produce OfttislHctory testimonials of his ability to teach the Rutin, English (Irammar, Arith me lie, (Iroptiphr, and the elementary branches of VI .thematic i.widies to engage a sit nation in a private family, in a healthy’ section, lof the ensuing year, Gotn mnnication* directed to L. M., Turner's Store, Caroline county, Va , will meet with prompt attention. 1 bccmhei 4. f.l .2tw3w" ^_^lh:\lALh EDUCATION.—Mrs. Mudk'i Female -*- , S^ehool, at the Drove, will ro-commenco under the nu ipices of Mis* Lkk, on the second Monday in January next. Miss J* o has had the superintendence of tins nearly four years, and the rapid improvement* her scholar* have made i^> their learning, manners and de portment, have given such general satisfaction, that but one instance has occurred of a scholar s leaving her until Iter education^ was completed. She is well qualified t<> gt re instruction in all tins useful and ornamental branch es of learning usually taught. As there are but lew va cancies at this time, parents and guardians would do well to inaaeearly application. The 6eh»ol is limited to 25. IJiere will be no vacation until the close of the year.— lermsof board and tuition (half in advance) for a ses sion of ten mouths, are as follows: ' Board $-0 English Music and the use of 3 Fianos 40 Fainting and French . JO Needle-work, washing ami candles, and many other necessaries, gratis. December 2. GO opt PUBLIC SALK Of MINING FROFKRTY.—On Monday the loth day of December Inst, if fair, if nut', mi tiie next fair day, will be sold at Maj. Urasty’s, on the 1 uriipikc Road leading from Fredericksburg to Orange Court-house, and on the premises of the Virginia Mining Company, (hr. entire Stuck uj Machinery anti Innilt incuts, I” hinging to that welhurrauged Mining Es i-aiii.ism mi.nt, on a credit of (J nmnllis lor all sums above ^25. Negotiable notes, with improved Endorsers, payable in one ol tile Ran I. s in Fredericksburg, will be required on dull very. Among the articles aie, vix:_ 1 12-horse Fower Steam Engine, with 3 boilers. 1 25-horse Power do. do. with 2 boilers. I lie above Knyinos, complete in all rt'Hpeclii, may be applied to pumping of water, raising of ore, &«.; grind jng ol ores, or grain of all kinds; uawiug of timber, boards, plank, See., for all purpose** where power is re quired. Stamping machine for reducing ores, Cold chilled-head stamps, for reducing ores, Iron plates for bottom of stamping troughs, Cast Iron pipes with brass cocks, tor stamping troughs, 1 ron cams for lilting stamp-heads. G sets lyrolcHc Mills, for amalgamating, with iron gear ing, complete, l set iyrolose Mills with iron runners, 1 Cast Iron Mill for grinding rcsidiuuin, 1 Jturr-stone Mill for grinding residiiium, 1 l ast Iron Mill for laboratory, 1 set of inciting apparatus for laboratory, consisting of bellows, furnace, plates, hoops, tongs, ingot, dec. t ast Iron Retort tor distilling quicksilver, J - 2 Last Iron mortars and pestles—wash-pans, bowls, pitchers, Ate. * ’ ’ 1 set scales and weights, for weighing gold and silver, 3 horse whims with putties, ropes, Ate.—buckets, land ing-hooks, Avc. 1 (5 inch cast iron pump, 112 feet long with rods, boxes, screw bolls, See. 1 (> inch cast iron pump, GO feet long, with rods, boxes, screw-bolts, Sec. 1 1> inch cast iron pump, with several pieces injured, 4 inch cast iron pruinp, G4 feet long, with Ik*II joints. 14 inch cast iron pump, 64 feet long, with bell joints, Jwacksmilhs tools—anvils, hammers, toun’s,bellows, See. A, y.1. ol ercry description for Mining, with the buildings, ALc. JAMES WILLIAMS, Jluet'r. December 2. 60—wtd I AINl) r OR SALK.—I’lio iiuhscribor being desirous -* to move to the Southern country, will self his Farm in Cumberland and Prince Edward counties, lying on 1 .K,deH ol t,,e Appomattox river, six miles above the flourishing town of Earmville, ami eight from Jlamp den Sydney College, and within ten miles of four manu facturing mills. This Tract contains 7(>3 acres, 150 or l bU are bottom land, on the river and creek, of good qua hty, and a large portion wood land: the land is well suit ou to the culture ot tobacco, corn, wheat and oats.— 1 here is on each side ot the river a good and convenient dwelling-house, with all other necessary lioimcsfit uuir !UP :i croP <d wheat and tobacco, all in good repair. It is impossible to state all the advantages and convenien ces attending this farm, in an advertisement; 1 will only say liirtber, the Appomattox is navigable for a nonsider nole distance above this firm, ami there is a bridge across the river belonging to the farm. All persons wishing to purchase land in this section of country are invited to look ami judge tor themselves. „ , „ NATHANIEL PENICK. December g._ w.w '■PURSUANT to a deed of trust.executed' to the sub . flC,r, ,Vr l’-v 'v,n- 11 ■ on the Mist of April, 1 Ml, which deed is of record in the County Court of Amherst, uml in the Corporation Court of Lynchburg 1 will st 11 on the premises, for cash, in the town of Lynchburg to the highest bidder, on Wednesday the 1/tii day ol December, 1834, the following property, to wit: a i.ot and iiovsk, on Main Street, adjoining Plan tir s Warehouse; also, a House and l.ot on Oh street near the I .ancasterian poor-house; also,a two store Brick’ House, near Mrs. Brown s, (the daughter of Mr. Hovie 1 on Nth street. J And,on Thursday the 18th of December, 1834. 1 will sell, to tbe highest bidder, on the premises, in the countv ol Amherst, for cash, that valuable estate called Sphivo innr.K, on which Wm. K. Roane, dec , formerly resld ml, containing 075 acres, according to Urn trust deed. 1 Ins is a valuable estate, 1) miles from Lynchburg Acting as trustee, 1 shall convey the title derived from the deed, winch is believed unquestionable. _ , THOMAS A. HOLCOMBE. December 4._ <U—wllw* fAND FOR SALE.—The subscrilier, as nmnt fora A part of the legatees of Col. John Quarles, deceased oilers for sale a Bract of Land, lying on North Anna river in the upper end of Spottsylvania county, and adjoining the lands of Waller Holliday, Esq. and others, and con taining by a late survey B.77 acres. Nearly hall the above land is Inst rate Tobacco land, in woods, and the balance in good farming condition. Persons wishing to view the Land willupply to Mr. James Dillard, or tile subscriber . . „ DAVID THOMSON. Louisa, November 18. rgj_w,jw D’ Reference may be made to Wm. Ellis, Richmond. VALUABLE POWHATAN LAND FOR SALE. 'Bo be sold at private sale, the tract of land in Pow hatan county, formerly the properly of Mr. Henry An derson. It is supposed to contain about twelve hundred and thirty acres, is situated on the north side of the main Buckingham road, and on the waters of Deep Creek.~ J his property will be sold on a liberal credit. It is in the neighborhood of John VV. Nash, Esq., ami Dr. William Crump,both of whom are well acquainted with the land ami can give information to any person desirous to pur chase. t or termi, apply at the Ear mors’ Bank of Virginia Nov, frith, 1834 _ _ fct ’ €» foLi I REWARD.— Ran away from my son, Li ft 9*\T turns II. Knight and McYoung W. Red man, near Moulton, in tho State of Alabama. my negro man George, sometimes calls himself George Going; ulioiit five feet ti n inches in height, of a dark hrown or nutmeg color, lie lias a very nice bond of hair, and shows Ihe whites of his eyes very plain. Me has a largo soar on one of his lege, just above the ankle-bone, which }.?n 1 Tccolh-et. lie was purchased by my son. L. II. Knight, in Ihe city of Richmond, some time during the last summer, of a Mr. Newton Holey, who said tho negro was raised in the county of Jetfiraon, Va., and IJiat Jus father was a free man, living in the State of I’enn sylvania, where I suppose* ho will attempt to go I will give tlm above reward to any person who will secure nun in Atiy Jail, so flint I pot him n^nin; and if deliver ed P. nie, living i„ the county of Lunenburg, about three miles from JeOress' Store, Nottoway county, Va.. will in addition, pay all rcasonnlde expen-o., The said George is a very shrewd, artful fellow, and from infor mation derived, he can read a little, and says he has worked at the fanning business two years. He may attempt to pass as a free man, and r< t employment as sin i. I Caution all masters of vessrds and others from harboring or conveying said negro away, under the pe nalty of the law. TARLTON W KNIGHT. Lunenburg County, Va., Dec. 4. Cl_wCw SEducation.—Mr. Jawm M. McKr.a7.tr. an~7x A prrtenced and coui|>ctriit instructor of youth will take charge of Washington Henry Academy, the next year ; where will be taught all the' branches of an Kng lisli k/ducation, including Geometry and practical Hu”, ▼eying; also the Latin, and the rudiments of tho Greek Iftngnagc. Price of Tuition in the P.nglish branches for the sch oln<: tic term often months JpjO—inciuding the Gfooncs, ft**). Tlie Academy is situated in the county of Hanover, not more than ten miles from the city of R,< h mond, in a. healthy and highly respectable neighborhood; Where board may be procured lo tiny extent that may Is• (.esiralde.—The requisite buildings of the institution me n comfortable condition, and Mr. McKr ntie in willing to hoard seven or eight of its pupils in his family, at * AJ for the term. HK.NKY GURTIR, PrtfultM of (he Pn/trJ of Trust teg II H 1 December 2. y ,;o . wf w IMMini'VIS. REPORT OP Tin: SEcrfETARTf OF \\ \i: War Dr.i'Aimir.sf, ) ,. , . Nov. U7th, Itftl. $ hut: I ik* nurinal period for submitting to you a slate lnoiit of the proceedings of this Department, having ar rived, I have the honor, in conformity with your instruc tions, to lay before yon an abstract of its operations, to g* tber with tin* re|»oi La and estimah k from the various bureaus, exhibiting the condition of those blanches of tin-public service, connected with its odiuiiiialraliou. Since my last annual re|iort. no military movement of any importance, with the exception of the expedition °* l*"' regiment of dragoons, has been remlered neces aary. I lie reports and information which have reached the Department, respecting the situation of the Army, an* highly gratifying. In it i discipline, it3 moral eha racter, and the gi-iieral performance of its duties, the Government and the country have every reason to be satisfied with its condition and prospects. As a safe guard for tin* Souliers—an a school ot’ practical instruc tion as a depository of mil.tary information, and as the means ot preparing and providing in jw*!ice for the exi gencies of war. the present military establishment has tully answered the objects ot its organization and sup port And it is but an act of justice to stale, that in all the essential requisites of capacity and conduct, the of ficers of the American Army <lt« honor to themselves ami their country. It is known to you that some of tin* western Irilics of Indians, roaming through the extensive jtrairies west of Arkansas and Missouri, particularly the Cainan cues and K is was, iiave, for some years, interrupted the peace ot that quarter, hy predatory attacks upon our citizens, and upon the indigenous and emigrant Indians whom. we art* under obligations to protect.— I heir war parties have annoyed our citizens in tlieir in tercourse with Hie Mexican Stales, and have rcudered the communication difficult and hazardous. It be came necessary to put a stop to this slate of things, either by amicable representations or by force. Tlios remote trihes have little knowledge of tin* strength of the United States, or of their own relutive w» akness, and it was hoped, that the display of a respectable military force, for the first tune in their country, would satisfy them that farther hostilities would lead to tlieir destruction. I go dragoons, being peculiarly adapted to this service, were ordered to peuetrate iiito that region, and to endeavor, hy peaceable remonstrances, to establish permanent tranquillity, und if these should fail, to repel any hostile demonstration which might be made. For tunately, the efforts to introduce amicable relations were successful, and the object of the expedition was obtained without a single act of hostility. Colonel Dodge, who led the cxjM dition, ami his whole command, appear to have performed their duties in the most satisfactory manner, and they encountered with firmness the priva tions incident to the harassing service upon which they \vt*re ordered. It is to be regretted that live prevalence of sic.11less prevented the whole regimelU from ioinimr in this duty, as the same zeal for the public interest per vaded the whole ; that sickness deprived the country of some valuable lives, and among Olivers, of brigadier Ge neral Leavenworth. Impelled by his anxiety to forward the views of the Government, he exposed himself, while yet weak, to the hardships of a border campaign, and sunk umlci the malady which these induced. J lis high personal cli uactcr, his services during the late war. and his exemplary official conduct since, are too well known to you to require from me any tiling more than this brief allusion to his worth and fate. Among ure accompanying documents will he found a full statement of the proceedings of Col. Dodge, ami of the satisfactory result of his expedition. i he Report ol the Chief Engineer contains a summa ry «>t the various objects intrusted to his supervision, and of their progress and condition. It will be seen, that the Cumberland Road, east or Wheeling, will be’soon completed, in the manner required by mi act of 1 the last session, and for the amount allowed by law. No further appropriations will be asked for. As much progress h.»s been made in the other works as the advanced state ot Uiw season, whuu tin. appropriation:! were made, would permit. 1 beg leave to ask your particular attention to that part ol the Report ot the Chief Engineer winch. recom mends nil addition to the number of the officers of his* corps. I believe the public service requires this measure. New duties have recently been imposed upon the Engineer Corps, by express acts of Congress j while, in other cases, it has been found necessary, by Execu tive regulation, to require from the officers, services not originally contemplated in the organisation of llw Department. Iho erection ol fotiilicirlions, the con struction ^>f roads, the establishment of fixed points by astronomical observations in boundary lines, and the improvement of harborsand rjvers, are among the objects committed to the Engineer officers. And 1 feel bound to report to you, that as tar as my observation, or iiifornintiou lias extended, their duties have beau pertnrmcd in the most satisfactory aud exemplary manner. In scientific acquire ments, and in their practical application, these officers are deserving of high uommcndatiyu, and it is very de sirable that their numbers rhould-lic so tar augmented as to ensure (heir personal attention to nil the object* with in the control of the Engineer Department. “This can not now 1-e done, and the public service suffers in conse quence of it. Similar reasons call for a re-organization of the Topo graphical Corps, and the officer at the head of it ha« sub mitted aprajn tor this purpose, which, while it will ren der that corps more efficient, will not increase the public expense. 1 nsk for it your favorable consideration. The duties connected with this branch of the service, require peculiar attainments and great practical experience.— 1 hey can best be performed by officers devoting their w hole time nml attention to the subject. A system of de tnil, requiring pcriodici'.l changes, however proper it may be, with relation to a j vst routine of military duties, so long us temporary assistants are selected from, and con tinued in the line of the army, it is still not calculated to ensure the best execution ol t he functions appropriately belonging to the TojxigrnphioaV Engineers. Tl»e tciw dy Would be to re-inoilel the corps, and permanently to attach to it ns many officers as may be necessary. Anil by consolidating with, it the Civil Engineers, the general operations would be simplified., and the duties of the corps might embrace oil the objects connected with sur veys for oivi I or military purposes. There is in this corps a fund of experience ami information., which cannot but be useful to the country. It will be seen, by adverting to the report of the officer in charge of the Topographical Bureau, that difficulties have occurred in the execution ol the joint resolution of Congress, passed at the last sestion, and providing for the construction of a tail-road through the public grounds at Harper s terry, home modification Will 1 -e necessary, before the object ol Dongreiw and-tif the ('ompauy, can be attained ; am! this may probably beeft’ectod by requir ing Iho latter to pay the value of any improvements in jun d by the roau, or by giving authority to replace llicrn in other posit ions, should they Ik: deemed ol sufficient importance to require being paid for or removed. I lie preyeni ronuumn ct tho work of the Delaware 11 teak water, ii shown m the Ke]ii>rt ol tlie (^uartermaster General, tind in tliat of tlie (*<>niiniski- n lately instituted by your o.-d. r* to examine it. It baa been known, for some lime, that gradual dc|Mcilions were making in tlie vicinity of this work, by which the depth of water was somewhat reduced. Hut, until tins season the proeuss was so slow and uneexlnio, that no anxie ty was felt with reaped to its final effect upon this great National improvement. Recently, however, tlie accumulation of sand in the artificial harbor, lias been much more rapid, and indicated the ne cessity « f a thorough examination, by reii ntific per m.iis, in order to aseertnin, if possible, the causes of this oconrri nee, end to check or obviate them. The view s ol the oltirers sel. eted for (bis purpose, will lie found in their rep* rt, and ngr* ( ably to your direction*, they have bien adopted by the Department. An rsti tnate f<»r on© htnuln <t tlimsand doll ars, to he applied to this work, is among tin* annual estimates of the Depart ment, arid if approved by ('ongriv-v, that sum will he tip preprint! d in the innunir pointed out by the report, to llii> completion of that part of tho work already begun, and yet iinfuiatiled. In t1u» mean lime, by a seines of observations frequently and enrefutly taken, the proba ble one ration *,f the (ides and currents may lie aace* lainr.l, mid tho beat remedy to counteract them pointed out. The act of March yd, 1 --.'ft, “to continue the present mode of supplying tin- army of tlie United State*," ex j.ires hy its own (mutation on Uie gd of March next.— J*hi> Subsistence Deportment. which was continued by this art, has been found highly useful to the army, and I Kf no fie ini to the pttblie hy the efficiency and economy of its administration. From my own knowledge of its offi ce** end operations, ns Well n« from what I have other wise learned of these, I feel culled up-n to present this subject particularly to your attention, Satisfied that the continuance of the department is dmnanded by the l*oxt interests of the service. The /teport i c.l the Major-General and of the other heads of bureaux, will communicate all the necessary in formation in relation t.i subjects respectively comm tied to them 1 am n't awaro that tin re is any pirtieulni “““■ -—.. ... - — nutter, requiring your special attention. These reports aiy satisfactory in the views they exhibit of the course of the admin strati, n, i;nd of the redureJ expenditures, winch are required I’nr flu* service of tlio coining year. A t the last session of Congress so much of the laws as authorizes the conferring ot brevets for ten years’ sor Vii*e in one grade was repeal. cl, and the nomination of all officers who hud completed that term prior to the re l»cal, was confirmed. '1 Ii:b change seems to bear with B.une ho verily upon those who liad served during the greater portion, but not the whole of such term. The existing laws,and the practice under them, held out toall officers, as an inducement to good conduct, the prospect ol promotion, alter ten year a** faithful »• rviees in one grade. In military life, the hope of professional distinc tion, is essential to a high and honorable discharge of the duties to which its members are devoted. If tins is do stroyed or neglected, little nu.re than a mechanical exe cution of these duties can l»e expected. In our army this sentiment in as dear and as much cherished as in any other; ami if not the cause, it is certainly tin* accompaniment, of zealous devotion to the public iideiest. All the officers, who, bolbre the repeal ol this law, had entered upon what may be termed their probation, expected, and had a right to expect, Umt il at its termination they should have complied with the condition, by faithful service, the reward held out would lie granted to them. I venture respectfully to suggest, whether justice does not require such a modification of this law as to authorize lin* granting of hrevetH to every one u iv.so term of ton years had commenced before its rein'll!, at the end ol such term, if tin* condition of the law shall be fulfilled. This would ensure the ultimate abolition of the practice, which Congress had in view, while it would seem to bo giving due weight to claims, founded, if not in right, certainly in strong considera tions connected with the cervices and situation of the of ficers. This valuable class.f the Community is exposed | to every vicissitude, incident to climate and Kiluxtinn, l ,U1,L .u pecuniary consideration they receive is barely sutucieut to enable them to meet the demands to which ! they are liable. Disclosures have been made, during tlie past a *a»on , showing the necessity of a thorough investigation into the operation ot the laws granting pensions arut gratuities J°r military nervier*:. It is ascertained, that many frauds hav* been committed, some in the application tor pen sion and others in tin* continuance oftnose payments. Ab these disclosures have been the result of accident, it is impossible to judge to what extent frauds may have been committed; but enough has occurred to satisfy- me, that Borne now mode of|*roceedmg ^essentially in cersary to detect and check thoBC abuses. In tlie administration of the laws on thin subject, the parties are required to make certain declarations before tlie judicial tribunal ’, aivd tile opinions ol'theue tribunals are requested in order lo determine the validity of tlio application. In tho administrative examination of the papers submitted in sup|>nrt of a claim, if the name of the applicant is found upon, the recorded muster-rolls, and Ins identity is established by his own declaration and the proper certificates, the pension is granted ns n matter of course. In far the greater number of rases, however, no muster-rolls of the corps exist, and frequently where they (U> exist, they ant defective, and a resort to other testimony in tlie examination of the claim becomes, therefore, necessary. Here, a more detailed statement ot services is required from tlie party, combining the va rious circumstances connected with such *luty. best cal culated. to enable tin* proper examining officer*: to com l>are the statement with the records of the office, and will* other facts known to them, and thus to assist in de tecting trjud, it any exist. In addition to thin a certifi cate ot two respectable persons acquainted with the party is made necessary, stating his age, and the. opinion in the neighborhood where he resides, that he is a soldier of tho devolution, and thoir concurrence therein, and to this must he added tho certificate and opinion of the proper court upon the whole matter. Hunities this conns* of jiroceedin^r, which is applicable more particularly to the militia claimants, very fi>w mus ter-rolls of which remain, the testimony of two persons actually acquainted with the services of tho ujiplicaut, it* lu coiMary wherever he served in the regular army, and his name is not to lie found on a must- i-roll, as in that case evidence is necessary v» rebut the ]>resumptiou against liim. This system was adopted upon great consideration, ainli: is dHlicult to see how the law can be administer ed, if further requis ites are demanded. Hut experience has shown that the proscribed certificates are sometimes granted without duo caution, and that persona ib-sirona of converting the provisions of the law to their own be nefit liavt boon enabled to procure official attestations, and even tho seal:of tlie court, under circumstances cal culated to weaken, if not to destroy, the public confi dence in these safeguards. Seals have likewise liven taken fi«m sweh ssattestations and affixed toothers, and direct lorgeries have boon committed in tho preparation of tho whole papers. And these proceedings have been resorted to, not only to establish the original claim, by placing tiu* applicant upon the roll, hul'alno to establish hisrmht to each semiannual payment, by proving his identity.” It is obvious, that a system, depending for its correctness, ujKm tlie conduct of such a variety of persons and offi wi.-:, not responsible lo the General Government, nml wiierv frequently a natural sympathy for tiu* claims of the time and won-worn veterans would lead to much practical relaxation, must be liable to abuse; although till very roeently the extent to which such abuses may hove was not suspected. Some plan is now neeen sary, by with h a se-examination may he made. A j»lnn, which, while it ensures to the honest and gallant survi vors of the HvvolutioMv ;vll that they expect, and all that the country has provided, shall at the same time lay open tho* frauds which have been committed, and prevent tln*ir occurrence hereafter. 'In the Ih-port. of the Commissioner of Pensions, hf» views noon, the subject are given, which appear to mo practical and-judicious, and as such I ask for them your favorable recommendation to Congress. An examina tion, at the resilience, or in the neighborhood of eacli person now drawing n pension, into tile circumstances of lu.s'ca.se, appears to me to present the only effectual means of accomplishing llw desired object. Undertaken by proper persons, and nonducted with proper discretion, it could seurcely foil to confirm the grants made to ho nest applicants, and to detect those which have been fraudulently obtained by dishonest ones. It appears to me tleit tlin expense of such d measure ought not to delay its immediate adoption. It is impiae-dde even li» conjecture the amount of surreptitious claims. It muy lie tar greater than ihc data now before the office enable ns to estimate. And possibly conjecture anil recent dis closures may have led to the suspicion that the ramifica tions of the system have been more ex ton ded, anil tho abuses greater, than a rigid inquiry may confirm. In the one case , tbe beneficial result would be the relief of the I'reasury from fraudulent payments, and tbe punishment of those concerned in them. And in (lie other,it would hi satisfactory to know, that, while the bounty offhe (fo ment has been iu-.tly appropriated, it luis not been im i properly applied. The provision of law for the establishment of it pension office, as a branch of this department, expires by its own limitation lit the end of the prar.eni session of Congress. U i* c:> enlial to a due execution of the duties connected with tlur system of pensions anil gratuities for military services, that this arrangement should lie renewed and continued, 'flic applicants and grantees are so numerous, tin* aggregate amount disbursed so great, equalling at least three million* two hundred thousand dollars an nually, and the doubtful questions, both of fact aiulptin eiple, so frequent and complicated, that unless a branch of ndn.iniitr.itioxi, carefully superintended, is devoted exclusively to tins service, the public interest must ma terially sutler. The CnitmiiH liouer of Indian Affairs has exhibited in detail llm trane.-etiomi in the important branch of tho public wtvieu confided to his superintendence. It is only necessary that I should advert to the more prominent subjects, which ha ve received, or which require the ac tion of the Government. The commission for Die adjustment of unsettled refa tioiw witlitls; Indians, West of the Mississippi, termini* eil, hy the provi»■'>!>* of tbe ae.l instituting it, in July lust. Important benefit* have resulted from the hiboro of the Commissioners the adjustment of dilfieult ques tion#, connected wit h the Indians of that region, and in the treaty arrangements which have been entered into | by lb» m. Tim country assigned for tlie permanent rosi | ilence of the llistrcn Indian#, has been so apportioneil ; among them, that little difficulty is anticipated from con ; flic til ig claims, or from doubtful lioundurics. Atid both in qn&litv and ex!« ut, there can l>e no doubt hut that the j region allotted to them will be amply sufficient f..r their comfortable subsistence during an indefinite period of time. An Important council has been held at Fort Hibson, l»y Colonel Dodge arid by Major Armstrong, tbe Super intendent of Indian A flairs, with the Cilicia of several of the tribes of that quarter, including some of the wan dering band.i, whose predatory operations In vo hereto fore Kept the frontier in alarm. At this council, the *.i f nation of the Indians w.ri fully discus <cd, nod amicable r< Is tion* established. It is to be hoped that the feelings with which they separated will be permanent, and llv-ir nt< teenrse hereafter uninterrupted.