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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, December 11, 1834, Image 1

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l|V RITCHIE cV (OOlt.l-----lliCH.lMO.VB>, 1*4 f. Vf.-f,
gjpTlia KNUUIUKK la publUhinl twl.:c a week, eein'ially, anti
throe tittle* u week timing the sea. on ef llie Hale la-girlaturo,—•
Fnce, thx »4nio a* liervtuibro, Five lloilar* per annum, payable in ail
vanct). Note* of chartered, <pecie peyin* leailk* (only) will be re
ix-ieed in payment. 'Flic K litor* will guarantee the »nt'..tyof remit
ting thorn b,. mail; tho paitti.pi of all letter* being paid by I lie w riler*.
ly No paper will be tlucu.UinU'ul, but at the diactetioii ol tho
Kdiiora, until all arrearage* have beeu paid up.
Whoever will guarantee tho payment of nine paper*, shall
have the tu.lth gratia.
{(fj- One * |U.iro,or le**, tir<t i.uertio.i, 75c*ut«; each continuance,
S I i*a.itj- No ivlverti .ouieiit iiuerte.l, unlit it ha* either beeu paid for
or aiiunm l by soma person in thi* city or it* environ•.
BY virtue of a Died of Trust, executed by Edwin C.
Ulankenahip, to the late Samuel Williams. of the
county of Halifax, in trust for certain purposes therein
mentioned, I shall sell to tho highest bidder lor cash, a
Tract of Land, containing one hundred and fifteen and
u half acres, lying in the said county of Halifax, on the
road leading from Mosoly’a Ferry to the Court House;
about eight miles from the Forrry, and ten from the
Court House. The improvements are, a comfortable
dwelling house, and all other necessary out houses for
the comfort ami accommodation of a family—likewise u '
good store house with a cellar the full size of the house. |
This is considered a good stand for business, as there is :
no store to compete with it nearer tlianyeiglil miles. Tho
attention of persons disposed to embark ill store-keep- ;
ing, is respectfully solicited to this sale. Tin* sale will j
take plucc the 18tJ> day of this present month, Decern- j
her. The title is believed to be indisputable, but acting
us trustee, 1 shall only convey such title as is vested in '
0th Dec. 1334. _ il-li
T^T EG ROES FOR SALE.—Pursuant to tin* provision* j
XnI of a Deed of Trust from George W. Crump tome,
dated the tidth day of November. lf‘2l>, and recorded in '
the Clerk's ollice of Cumberland county, to secure nnd j
indemnify Edmund Eggleston, James 11. Fitzgerald, and |
others, I will sell ut public auction, to tin* highest bid- !
der, for cosh, at Cumberland Court House, on Saturday, '
tJic 1(UA day of January nett, two likely negro m.'ll, Tom j
and Watt, to satisfy the purposes of said deed.
DANL. A. WILSON, Trustee.
December 11. 1*4—wtds
£4 ALE OF NlKiltUKS.—In obedience to a decree <>l
the County Court of Henrico, pronounced on the
1st day of December, IcKM, I shall sell .*;/at tho
Tavern of Win. Ilaley, in J.'.v tower end of Henrico
eoui^v. on .WUvrif.ty A\e '-J'.Uli day of the present mont h,
■"(December,) three likely negroes, to wit: Isham, (a
man.) Polly ami her child, ami a woman Jenny. Should
tin* day of sale be unfair, the sale will take place on the
next fair day. JOHN W. ROYSTER. Com'r.
Doc.11. LI—tds
IMGIIT OAKS FOR SALE.—1 have been pormit
'j ted to live* until I now am an old mini, and have
become quite wearied with the management of lam) and
negroes ; 1 therefore wish to sell my whole estate. My j
iiropcrty lies in Amelia County, Va., on the Appomattox !
liver, (South side.) 40miles west of Richmond,fk^north- j
west of Petersburg, 7 south-west of Pnwhalin Court
house, and 10 miles north of Amelia Courthouse. My
tract of land lies well, and is well adapted to the growth
of corn, wheat, oats and tobacco; and by recent surveys
contains 4f><> acres; and it is verily believed that all the
galled and gullied land on the tract would not exceed
six acres; all the other is lively, good laud, mid a conside
rable portion rich botbuii, (say fully one-fourth of the
tract.) well reclaimed by ditches, Ac. The situation
handsome, and believed to tie as healthy as any in Vir
ginia, and lias on it many Springs of the very best wa
ter. The buildings are, a good dwelling-house, f>2 by
32. in good repair, kitchen, meat-house, large granary,
corn-house, negro-houses, and five tobacco-houses, two
of them new, and a new stable building. My negroes,
2t> in number, say 5 men, 6 women, 7 children, 4 hoys,
(3 men hoys) and 4 girls ; are as likely and healthy as
any man's negroes, ami have been trained up to do dif
ferent branches of business to great advantage—form
ing, planting, ditching, slioc-nuiking, spinning, weaving,
sewing, house-business, cooking, washing, ironing, Ac.
Ac. An person wishing to purchase said property, will
please call oil me at my residence in Amelia county.
Dec 11. [64—w2w] JOHN ST. CLAIR.
7^TOT1CE.—The land advertised by me to bo sold on
il the 3d lust., in Cartersville, was not sold for want
ofbidders. I am still desirous to sell it, and can assure
tiny one disposed to purchase, that if lie will take the
trouble to come and see it, he will find his expectations,
founded on the description of it, more than realized:
that is to say, he will lind it more valuable than the ad
vertisement would lead him to imagine. It will be sold
at any time before the first day of January. On that day,
the arrangements for the next year will be concluded.
December II. (>4—wl25I)
IN CHANCERY Viroinix At Rules holdcn in
the Clerk’s Office of the Circuit Superior Court of
Law and Chancery for Henrico County, the 3d day of
November, ltf34:
Roliert Page, adm., tie bonis non with the will annex
ed of John Page the cider deceased, and other Pits,
James Drown, Sen., Bernard M. Carter, Charles C.
Lee, - Marshall and his wife, J. Smith Lee,
Childs ail’d Mildred his wife, formerly Mildred Lce,Thos.
Taylor Byrd, Lucy Byrd, Francis Voies, Powell T. Byrd,
Putrick Henry Randolph and Mary liiu wife, Evelyn
Byrd Jane Byrds, Samuel Bird, - Pickens and Mary
YV. his wife and other Delia.
The defendants above named, except James Brown,
Sen., not having entered their appearance and given secu
rity according to the Act of Assembly and the Rules of
this Court, and it appearing by satisfactory evidence,
that they are not inhabitants of this Commonwealth: It is
Ordered, That I lie said defendants do apjiear here on
the first day of the next May term, and aftswer the bill
of the plaiiititfs; and that a copy of this order be forth
with inserted in some newspaper published in the City of
Richmond, for two months successively, and posted at
the front door of the Capitol, in the said City.
A Copy—Teste. J. ROBINSON, r. c.
Dec. 11. (il—wHw
tN CHANCERY—ViftnixiA.—At rules holden in tho
clerk’s office of the Circuit Superior Court of Law
and Chancery for the county of Henrico, the third day
of November, 1rf34:
Robert Page, adm'r dr. bonis non, with tho will annex
ed, of John Page, the elder, deceased, and other
against Plaintiff’s,
Benajah Thomas, Bernard M. Carter. Charles C. Ix-e.
--- Marshall, r.nd Ann, his wife, J. Smith Lee,
Childs, and Mildred, his wife, formerly Mildred Lee,
Thomas Taylor Bird, Lucy Byrd, Frnhcis Voies, Powell
T. Byrd, Patrick Henry Randolph, and Mary, his wife, j
Evelyn Byrd, Jane Byrd, Samuel Byrd,-Pickens, ;
und Mary \V.,his wife, and other Defendants.
The defendants above named, except Benajah Thomas,
not having entered their appearance and given security |
according to the act of assembly and the rules of this j
1 court; and it appearing by satisfactory evidence that they j
are not inhabitants of this commonwealth, It is ordered, j
That the said defendants do appear here on the first day !
of the next May term, and answer the bill of the plain
tiffs; and that a copy of this order 1m* forthwith inserted
in some newspaper published in the city of Richmond,
for two months successively, and posted at the front door
of the Capitol, in tho said city.
A Copy. Test)*, J. ROBINSON, c. c.
Dec. II. (14—wHw
R^ APPAHANNOCK academy:- This institution '
will be opened the next year on the loth January,
and chined on the loth December following, with a va- i
cation of one month, dividing the scholastic year into j
two equal sessions. The course of instruction will em
brace the Greek, Latin and French Languages, Natural j
and Moral Philosophy, Geometry, Algebra, Bel lea 1/ct Iren, j
and the other branches constituting a good Hit^Rsh edu
cation. The Trustees will attend quarterly, and exa- ;
mine the pupils; at which time the teachers will report |
to parents ami guardians, the progress and general mo
ral deportment of the students.
The Board of Trustees, in announcing the Hchoo], j
deem it dm* to Mr. Lawrence and Mr. YVhite to state, j
that from their excellent private characters, and rcpuUt* I
tion as teachers, combine 1 with the salubrity of the
place, the comfortable accommodationi, nnd tin* advan
tages of a good Library, there can hardly be found a I
more eligible situation for youths to prepare themselves J
for College, or obtain a good English education.
Terms—For Board, Tuition and Library fee,gtiri. If
bed and bedding 1m* furnished by tho Steward s depail
inont, which is submitted to Mr. Lawrence, an addition
al charge of six dollars will be made. Every pupil, af
ter entering the School, will Ik* considered as engaged
for the remainder of the session, and no deduction will
Is* made for loss of time, except on account of sickness,
or the purpose of cntcrin » College, or the University.
President of the Hoard of Trustees.
December 1!,
filUUST SALK.—By virtue of a Deed of Trust, ex
ecu tod by Philip Carter I lightlbot, to the subscri*
bcr, lx*arin^r date on tile Iltli July last, and duly record,
ed in the Clerk's office of the counties of Sussex nud
Charles City, for the purpose oi securing sundry debts
therein mentioned, I shall sell to the highest bidder, lor
cash, at Ciiaries City Court-house, on Tuesday (itli of
January, if fair, if not, the next fair day, a certain Tract
of Land, containing (kK) acres, in the comity of Sussex,
on the Nottoway river, and adjoining tin' lands of Col.
Jesse Hargrave and others; also the entire interest of the
slid l.ighifoot in the estate of Philip John Lightfuot,
deceased. Acting us Trustee, I shall convey suoli title
as is vested in me, which islielievod to bo indisputable.
December 4. Cl—2awtds
WKTQT1CK.—Hy virtue of a Deed of Trust, executed
J. W to me by Robert Saugster. of record in Albemarle
County Court otiice, and m pursuance of an order of the
Superior Court of diuncery,at Staunton, made on the
2"tii day of June, 1H25, in a cause therein depending, in
which said Songster is plaint.If, and Thomas Saugster
nud others are defendants, 1 shall, on the '.itli day of Jan
uary next, if fair, otherwise the next lair day, expose to
sale, upon the premises, to the highest bidder, for ready
money, a Tract of Land, now in the occupancy of Mr.
RoU rt Saugster, containing 2:14 acres, more or less, ly
ing in the North Garden, in the county of Albcinarfc,
immediately on the turnpike from Staunton to Scotts
villc, within about 15 miles of the latter place, and about
the same distance from Charlottesville. This land issaid
lobe in a highly improved state of cultivation, ranks
with tin* first quality of tile very fine body of land in that
section of the country—and is surrounded hy a highly in
telligent ami rfs|»cctable neighborhood. The title is
thought indisputable—such as is vested in me, howe
ver, 1 will convey to the purchaser.
V. W. SOUTHALL, Trustee.
Charlottesville, Dec. 2, lt£14. UO—tds
NOTICE.—Will be sold to the highest bidder, oq
Thursday the ISthinst., if fair, otherwise,tthe next
fair day, at the small farm of tin* subscriber, about
four miles from town, on the Meadow Bridge road, ad
joining the lauds of Joseph Pleasants, Henry L .Car
ter, (Vc., about lorty or fifty barrels of coni. tsgvtftor
with the crops fodder, hay, shucks, <w&, iVc.; and im
mediately alter, the farm will lx* ortbred for sale, unless
previously disposed .<d\rn'vately.—The farm contains one
iimuVi.-u* and tell and three quarter acres hy late surveys.
Terms made known at sale. THOMAS NELSON.
Dec. 4. Gl—2awtds
A'DMINISTRATORS SALE.—Will be sold at th •
late residence of John Goode, Sr., dec’d., on Mon
day 15th December, the slock of horses, cuttle, sheep,
Ac., the crop of corn, fodder, Ac., the plantation uten
sils, the household and kitchen furniture, a chair and
harness and lour wheeled carriage; also, 2000 lbs. prime
pork. For all sums of five dollars and under, the cash
will he required, and for all sums exceeding that amount,
a credit until the first day of September next, will lx* al
lowed; bonds with approved security will be rcqtfircd.
W. A. TURPIN, .Idministrator
trith the trill annexed of John Goode. Hr., dre'd.
At the same time and place, and on the same terms,
will he sold all the perishable proixwty belonging to l)r.
Thomas J. Goode. WAl. M. WATKINS,
Guardian of Thomas J. Goode.
Powhatan, Dec. 9. G9—2t
WILL be offered for salo to the highest bidder,on
tile premises, on Tuesday Uie Irith day of De
cember next, my Farm on Willis's, in the county of
Buckingham. It contains eight hundred and seventy
two acres, n considerable portion of which is uncleared
and heavily timbered. On it there aie two good dwelling
houses; one (my former residence) a two-story house with
six rooms, three above and three below stairs, a good of
fice in the yard, a kitchen with two rooms, ice house, and
all other houses necessary for servants and the accommo
dation of a family, a good well of water in the yard, and
two springs very convenient, a variety of fruit trees, a
granary, with anew threshing machine, and six good To
bacco barns conveniently situated. The plantation is
enclosed by a good fence, and divided into four fields, all
in good heart, and in all of which there is an abundance
of good water: the Hut land is well drained and jiecu
liarly adapted to the growth of Tobacco; the high land
lies well, and is susceptible of very high improvement,
by the use of clover and plaster. A crop of Wheat has
la-en seeded this fall in good time and in good order.
There are few estates in \ lrginianow in market, combin
ing more local advantages than this; it is healthy, situa
ted in a good neighborhood, within a few miles of naviga
tion, and tolerably convenient to several manufacturing
Mills. The terms of sale will be, three thousand dollars
in cash, and the balance in three annual payments there
after. Persons wishing to purchase,are invited to view
the property, which will be shewn by Col. John Johns,
Josiah Moseley and Mr. Charles McKinney, who live ad
joining the premises.—On the same day, will lie sold the
crop of corn, fodder, hay, straw, oats, Ac. made on the
land this year, some plantation tools, and various other
articles. Terms on Uu*day. SAMUEL BRANCH.
Prince Edward, Nov. 14. fs>—tds
jVTOTICE.—Pursuunt to a decree of the County Court
J.^1 of Hanover, pronounced on the 2wtli day of Octo
ber, ISM, in the case of Eggleston and others, against
Eggleston’s administrator, Ac., the undersigned, Com
missioners appointed to carry said decree into effect, will
sell to the highest bidder for cash, at Cocke and Antho
ny’s Store, (Henderson's X Roads.) on Tuesday the 30th
day of December next, if fair, if not, the first fair day
thereafter, five negroes, la-longing to the estate of John
Eggleston, dec'd., in said decree mentioned.
P. B. JONES, ) Com mis
JOHN C. DICKENSON, $ sionrrs.
Hanover, Dec. 2. (JO—2u\vU10D
IhAWDOLPH A McCIlEDIE, in addition to their
8 %/ stock of Family Groceries are now receiving the
following articles, which they will sell as low os can ho
had in the market, viz :
Fine old Cog. and Chainpaigiie brandies
Old Madeira and Sherry Wines, oil draught and bottled
Pf. and i|t. Cliampaigne—lirst brands
Family Mackerel, in qr. and blf. bbls.
Buck Wheat meal in do.
Fresh Raisins, preserved (finger. Citron, Prunes, Cur
rants, soft shell Almonds, West India Preserves, London
Sauces, Current und Guava Jelly, Macaroni, Vermicelli,
Ac. Ac.
Dec. 4. Cl—2aw3w
rMlilK Subscriber's School, limited to twelve scholars,
JL will be opened on the loth of January, 1835, and
close on the loth of December following. The course
of intruction will embrace the Latin, French, and Eng
lish Languages; Geography with the use of the Maps
and Globes ; Arithmetic and Mathematics.—The terms,
Ihr Hoard, including washing, lodging and candles, See.
are $80, and Tuition $20. My residence is situated 25
miles from Richmond, (• above Col. Goodall's, and 2
from the Stage Itond leading from Richmond to I-ouisa
Court-House. Letters addressed to the subscriber near
Montpelier F. O., Hanover, will be promptly attended
December 0. 02— 2awtl5J
™ M HHIONABLE ARTICLES—The subscriber lias
made nrrnngemente to sell bis oresent stock of elegant
and valunble goods, on as moderate terms ns possible:
they are not to be- surpassed by nny merchant in the
Slate as bargains. I-ot it Is- understood, that everything
is of the best quality, find universally allowed to Is- the
handsomest assortment in Richmond. It is necessary
that the stock of Fancy Goods should be disposed of be
fore other arrangements are entered into, which are un
der consideration. The ladies and gentlemen of Rich
mond, and its vicinity, will do well to call and view the
nl»ovo extensive assortment of useful and ornamental ar
ticles. CHARLES HORN. Aqua.
Heptcmlmr R. 3(4-—if
M 11TY LOAN OF $25,01)0 fn pursuance of an Or
™ J dinance passed by the Common Council of the City
of Richmond, Nov. Nth, 1834—proposals will lw> receiv
ed at the Chamberlain's Office, until the 22d Dec. next,
for a loan of $25,000, hearing an interest of 5 per cent, per
annum, payable quarterly, ami redeemable on the 1st
January, 1847. No proposal will Ik- received for a less
ami) than $-500. nor ibr a fractional part of $100.
WM. F. 8IIEFFARD, Chomlirrlain.
Nov. IS. f>0—122D
Administrators notice - aiT person* in
debted to the estate of Oar hind II. MUrhrll, late
merchant of Richmond, deceased, are hereby notified and
required to make immediate payment hi the undersigned:
And all jieranns having claims against the same estate,will
prtMcnl them, duly nutheutica'ed, for payment.
JAMES RAWLINGS. Sldminiulralor
of (lartand II. Mite/itJI, drfMsrd.
November 25. f>a—.3m
I OS. H. HTREE 1\ of Woodville. Mississippi, Attor
_ ney and Counsellor at Law, offers his professional
services to his friends and the public.
November IS, 56—lafVm mlm
meeting of the Stock holders, for the election of Di
rectors for the Hank, and for the Oilice of Discount nnd
Depositc. will Ik* held on Wednesday the 7th of January
next. W.M. NKKERVIS, Cashier.
Deo. 2d, 1834 . til—fiawtd
BANK of VIRGINIA.*—The annual meeting of
tin* Stockholders will be held at the Banking
house, on Monday the Cth of January next.
A. IIUUINSON. Jr., Cashier.
December 4th, 1K14. til—td
ercises of this Institution will be resumed on Mon
day, the 12th of January next. Instruction will he
given in most of the branches of a literary, scientific
and polite education. The principal, as usual, will de
v«.te lii.s whole time to the interests of his pupils; and, by
a system of sound, mental and moral culture, will en
deavour to prepare them for discharging with success,
the important and responsible duties of future life. The
scholastic year will be divided into two sessions of five
mouths each, at the close of which, there will bo public
examinations, so conducted an fairly to test the proficien
cy and attainments of the pupils.
Attached to the school, and accessible to all the pupils,
is a well-selected library, to which, additions of such
works as are suited to the young, will from time to time,
be* made; also, a laboratory well furnished with neces
sary chemical and philosophical apparatus.
Terms for the year of ten months, as follows:
Hoard and Tuition in English branches, - :j:100 00
French,.- - 10 00
Music, including use of the Piano, - - - 35 00
Drawing and Painting, - - - 15 00
Pupils will Is* received at nny time, uud charged
agreeably to the above rales, which are payable at the
close of each session; hut nicer admission, no deduction
will be made for loss of time, except only in cases of.
sickness. J. B. TINSLEY, Trineipnl.
Decembei 4. 01—2awl2J
I AW NOTICE.—Font ax* r. 11. Putt is, late of
-A Orange comity, havM-j^mcAted in the city of AV«
York, in l.'.v praouce of Law, respectfully tenders his pro
fessional services to his old Virginia friends nnd fellow
citizens generally. Being generally known through the
State, he deems references unnecessary. All business
communications to him addressed, post-paid, will receive
prompt and faithful attention.
N. B. Persons in the South, who have, or may hereaf
ter have, runaway slaves, suspected to Is* in either New
York or Philadelphia, may find it to their advantage to
send a minutely descriptive communication, post-paid, as
above. September 30. 42—lim
ASITI ATION WANTED by a Lady, who is quail
. fled to give instruction Ln all the branches 'if an
English Education, French, Music, Drawing, untl Paint
ing. A line addressed to the Editors will he promptly
attended to. Dec. 4. (>l—tf
dh ^ REWARD.—Han away iroin the subscriber,
yj? j£d\W residing in the uppercut! of Nottoway county,
on the ] !)lh of tin* last mouth, (November.) a negro man
named George, lie is a black man, remarkably athle
tic, about (■ feet high, and between 33 and Ufi years of
age. with several large scars on his neck. I have rea
son to believe that George has procured a pass or free
papers, and will probably attempt to escape out of the
State. I will pay the above reward of and all rea
sonable expenses, for his delivery to me, or for his con
finement in any jail, so that I get him.
Nottoway, Pec, 4. [01—3t] JESSE VAUGHAN.
STOLEN from the Subscriber, living in the neigh
bordood of Wilmington, Fluvanna, about six weeks
ago, a dark bay Horse, with black mane and tail, about
five feet high, and seven years old next Spring—a scar
appears near the led nostril, occasioned by cutting off a
Wart. I have reason to believe that he was taken by a
free black man, as he was seen in his possession on the
ltoad to Richmond. 1 will give Ten Dollars reward
for the horse, if delivered to Dr Jones, at Wilmington.
Any information respecting the horse will be thankfully
received. REUBEN HUGHES.
Dec. !>. <;:t— 3t
I^EMAlJ3 EDUCATION—Mrs. MniiK't Female
School, at the Grove, will re-comiuence under the
auspices of Miss L»:k, on the second Monday in January
next. Miss Leo has had the superintendence of this
School nearly four years, and the rapid improvements her
scholars have made in their learning, manners and de
portment, have given such general satisfaction, that hut
one instance has occurred ol a scholar's leaving her until
her education was completed. She is well qualified to
give instruction in all the useful and ornamental branch
es of learning usually tnuglit. As there are but few va
cancies ut this time, parents and guardians would do well
to make early application. The School is limited to 25.
There will he no vacation until the close of the year.—
Terms of hoard and tuition (half in advance) for a ses
sion of ten months, are as follows:
Board £80
English 20
Music and the use of 3 Pianos 40
Painting and French 10
Needle-work, washing and candles, and many other
necessaries, "rati*,
Brunswick, Dec. 3. CO—30t
Messrs, john n.gunter and <iarland
EIEEY: Gentlemen—Take notice, that I shall,on
the 18th day of Dec., 18:t4, at the dwelling-house of Mrs.
Mary Gunter,in the county of Louisa, between the hours
of 5)o'clock. A. M. and 5 o’clock, P. M. of the same day,
proceed to take the depositions of said Mary Gunter and
others, to he read as evidence in a suit now depending in
the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery, for Flu
vanna county, in which you arc plaintiffs,and I and others
are defendants. Should said depositions not be completed
on that day, it will be continued from day to day, until
completed. I shall also, on the 10th day of December,
1834, at the dwelling-house of John Howard,in the coun
ty of Fluvanna, between the hours of !• o’clock, A. M.
and 5o’clock, P. M., same day, and continued as above,
proceed to take the deposition of said Howard and others,
to he read as evidence in tlio aforesaid suit—at which times
and places you may attend, if you please.
Krceulor of linos Gunter, elec eased.
November 18. fit;—w4w
NhXOTICE.—The heirs of William Garrett, jr., dcc'd.,
11 late of Lexington, Ky., and who. I am informed,
afterwards removed to Louisville, are hereby informed,
I hat J have a sum of money in my hands due the said
heirs, which will he paid over to them when legal appli
cation is made for the same,
Do lio.ii* non with thn will nnnfxi.nl,of
YVu. OitHilT, sen., ilcr’il,
Newtown, Kiti- A Cluofn ro., Vn., Doe. 4, [111—wttw)
Mr. VVM. a. ABRAHAM: Sm—Ah you are not
an inhabitant of this State, you will please lake no
tice, that on Saturday, the 10th day of January next, at
Buckingham C. II., and State of Virginia, we shall pro
ceed to take the depositions of Mordecai Abrahams, and
others, to he read as evidence in a suit in chancery, now
depending in the Circuit Superior Court of Law and
Chancery for the county of Buckingham, in which suit
we are plaintiffs, and you and others are defendants, where
you may attend, if you like. SAML. FORD A Co.
Nov. 14. f»f>—wl w
FBI IB t.Ylso.M AN A GENT/-—The Subscriber, who
.JB. General or Special slyrnt for Messrs. Jarvis,
Pike, A, Co., respectfully informs the public, that he
keeps constantly on hand, a large supply of Dr. H. Thom
son s Family Rights, Dr. S. Robinsons I/ce.turcs, tleno
| minated Thomson's New Tlieory, and yentiint Thomso
I nian Medicines for sale, at his residence, near Lombardy
; Grove, MeokU nhurg, Va. Also, in Prince Fdward and
Cumberland counties.—He would also state, that person*
wishing so to do, can, upon the production of proper tes
timonials, procure agencies from him on good terms; and
that he is authorised to receive .all f>vM to the firm of
| Jarvis, Pike A Co. for Th©ui*tmian Rights, and the T.
I Recorder MILKER W MeCKAW. Tlolanie r.jg'n.
N. B.—The Subscriber can he found regularly in his
vicinity, ready to perform his professional services.
Dee. 4. [lil- w:twj M. W M.
FBIO PM YSICIANH.— -The subscribes being disposed
.M. to s«'ll the place at which lie now resides, respectful
ly invites his brethren of tin1 faculty who are in want of
a situation, to visit him. Mis farm, comprising 200 acres
of land, (nearly, half yet to clear) with most excellent im
provement*, is situated in the county of louisa, about f)
mile* from Louisa Court-house, and I mile from Yancey
villr. and is a most eligible situation for the practice of
medicine, bt mg in the centre of a populous and indepen
dent circle. Should the above place he purchaser) by n
physician, the subscriber will surrender his practice in
the neighborhood, if otherwise, be will continue it. Ap
plication should be made a*speedily na possible.
N. B.—The above place would suit any public charac
ter, whether physician, lawyer or taverri keeper, but is t»
particularly advantageous situation for a doctor M. P.
November I1?. MV vrtf
( Conclude,l. i
An arrangcineitt has been made with tin* Miamies for
the cession of a [*art of tlieir reservation in the Slate of
Indiana. The tracts held by them there, are far mure
extensive than they require, and as they appear to Ik?
not yet prepared for removal, this relinquishment, with
out mjHriiig them, will relieve tho Stall*, in some mea
sure, from the embarrassment caused by such large re
servations as they possess, embracing a most valuable
part ol tin* country, and interrupting the settlcineu'.x and
Instruction < were given immediately after the last ses
sion of Congress, for purchasing from the Wyandot* in
Ohio, it they were disposed to sell, the reservation se
cured to them in that Slate, and for their removal to the
West. The Commissioner, Governor l.ueus, conducted
the negotiation with great fairness ami propriety, fully
explaining to the Indians their own position, tin: wishes
ot the Government-, and the course of circumstances
urging their removal. The matter is not yet terminat
ed, the Indians having requested time for further con
The necessary appropriations will lx* asked for the re
moval of tile Seuunoles, agreeably to the treaty formed
with them. And arrangements have been made for the
I emigration of the Creeks, as fast as they are piepared
lor a change of residence. There has not yet been suffi
cient time to ascertain the result of those measures.
1 am not able to submit to you any more favorable
views of the condition of the Clicrokees, than were em
braced in my last annual report. While every dictate of
prudence, and in fact of self-preservation, urges tlieir
removal, unhappy councils and internal divisions pre
vent the adoption of Unit course. Where they are,
they arc declining and must decline: while that por
tion of tin* tribe which is established in the west, is re
alizing tin* benefits which were expected to result from a
change ot posiliou. The system of removal, however,
by enrollment, is going on, and during this season about
one thousand persons have passed to the west.
The treaty-oo/ichjded !iu' 24U) of May Kith the
Chickasaws, has ullered the relations in which they were
placed with the United Slates. The proceeds derivable
from a portion ol tlieir present possessions have been as
signed to them, and reservations have also been provided
for such aschoosc to become citizens of the United States.
1 heir iulurc condition now depends upon tlieir own
views and experience, as they have a right to remain or
remove, in conformity with tlieir own judgment. The
means placed at tlieir disposal are fully adequate to their
permanent cumfortablc establishment, and it is to lx: sin
cerely hoped, that they will apply them wisely.
1 he acts of the last session ot Congress on the sub
ject ol Indian Affairs,have introduced important chang
es iyto those relations. Many of the provisions of form
er laws had become inappropriate or inadequate, and not
suited to the changes which time and circumstances had
iitauc. in uio act regulating the intercourse with the
various tribes, the principles of intercommunication
willi them are laid down, and tlie necessary details pro
vided. In that for tlie re-organization of the depart
ment, the number ot officers employed has been much
reduced, and the current expenses diminished.
Any changes which experience may show to be neces
sary in these acts, can, from time to time, lie provided,
until they shall become fully adapted to the situation and
condition of the Indians, and to the intercourse, both
commercial and political, which ought to exist between
them and our government and citizens. The system of
removal lias chuugcd, essentially, the prospects of the
emigrants, and has imposed new obligations upon the U.
States. A vast tract ol country, containing much more
than one hundred millions of acres, has been net apart
for the permanent residence of these Indians, and alrea
dy, about thirty thousand have been removed toil. The
Government is under treaty stipulations to remove near
ly filly thousand others to the name region, including the
Illinois and Lake .Michigan Indians, with whom a
conditional arrangement has been made. This ex
tensive district, embracing a great variety of soil
and climate, has been divided among the several tribes,
and definite boundaries assigned u> r«ch. They
will there be brought into juxta-position with one ano
ther, ami also into contact, and possibly into collision,
with the native tribes of that Country, and it seems
highly desirable that some plan should be adopted for
the regulation of the intercourse among these divided
communities, and for the exercise of a general power of
supervision over them, ho far as these objects can lie
effected consistently with the power of Congress, and
with the various stipulations existing with them. It is
dillicult, indeed, to conceive how peace can be preserved,
and the guarantee of protection held out to the Eastern
Indi um In!Itilrd, without some legislative provision up
on this subject.
It will be seen by adverting to the estimates, that the
ordinary expenditures of the Indian Department have
been reduced to the sum of fifty-nine thousand eight hun
dred dollars. A material diminution, which the provi
sions of the law of tlie last session, organizing that De
partment, has rendered practicable, and which brings
down its expenditures to a sum less by one half than the
average annual amount for some years past. The ap
propriations for annuities being fixed, and depending up
on treuty stipulations, cannot be reduced by administra
The resolution of the Senate of December 33<1, 1833,
requiring tlie correspondence of the Indian Department,
together with a detailed statement of expenditures for
some years past, has been complied with. These docu
ments will enable Congress to judge of the operations of
this branch of the public service, both in its administra
tive and fiscal concerns.
I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedi
ent servant, I.EYV. CASS.
To the PnKsiUKNT of the United States.
Tmiui'iir HarmTMc.HT, IVc.9.1,1834.
The Secretary of the Trenrury respectfully present* the following
Hoport, in ohedteiw.i to the “Act supplementary to tlie Art tuestuhlisli
llm Treasury Department.”
lie woul.l invite the attention of ('ingress—
Tlie Istlnnco in the Treasury oil the 1st January, A.
1). IKW, was $ 4,509,914 45
The actual receipts into tlm Treasury ilurim; the
year A. D. 1839, from nil sources, were 31,805,501 16
Mnking tlio wlioio nmount in tlio Treasury in that
y*','1,: 30/108,475 r,i
I hn nctunl expenditures during the «atno yenr, in
cludi ig the Public Debt, worn 34/»5<i,C98 00
Tim balance in the Trcnxury on tlio 1st of January,
A. D. I8.TI, was, llicrr-foro 9,011,777 55
In n Iditiun to this Imlanro, tlio receipt* during tho
yoar ItSCt, were, f.onr nil sources 33,918,420 95
Vix: from
Customs .... $99,032,503 91
Isolds .3,007/189 55
llivi lend* on Rnnk Stock - . 474,!H'■ 00
Hales of Rank Htock - . . I;igs,;h» 0.)
Incidental items .... 337,919 79
These ntnde, with tho alutve Imlauca,
«;> aggregalo of .. 35,000,2*13 80
flic cxjienditnrc* during A. D. 1833, were . . 9t,25i',99ti 4J
Vix: on
I'ivil list, foreign intercourse, and mis
colluneoiis subjects .... 5,710,915 93
Military service*, ineluding fortifica
tions, ordnance, Indian affairs, pens ions,
arming militia, and internal )m prove m*t* 13,090,153 13
Naval service, inriurliug gradual im
provement .... 3,901,35*; 75
Public debt ..... Ir5t;)r5t3 38
Thu* a balance was left in tlie Trenail
tfon tho 1st January, 1831, amounting lo ... 11,702,905 31
'I'li" receipt* into tho Treasury, a*cor
tained mi.I estimated during A. 11. 1831,
Hie computed to bo ... 90,031,717 91
Of these, the receipt* during the first
three quarters nro ascertained to have
been.1C,391,717 «l
Vi* : from
Customs $12,740,872 25
Ruuds 3,076(416 .si
Dividend* on Rank Ptock,
Pale* of Rnnk Htock, in
cidental items, 507/77*1 19
And those during the fourth quarter, it
is expected, will Ire 4,300,000
Thru, with the bnlhnee on tho first of
January, 1831, they form an aggro
gate of $32,397,023 15
Tim expenditures of the whole ymr
are ascertained nml ottMunlcil lo be 95,591,39) 91
Of them, th expenditures during the
first three quarter* nre ascertained to
have hco.i.$ir.,5Vv3Pl W
Vi* : on
Civil list, foreign Intercourse, and mlscel
taneous, _- . 3,47.6,527 08
Military «erita%|P Includ
ing foriific-itions, fee. 8/119,103 04
Naval service, ineluding,
Vc. ... 2,913,183 13
Duties refunded, - - 108,544 111
Public. Rohr, . . |,b<M,i,8ti 47
The expenditilro for the fhtlrth quarter,
including $1,449,33.1 99, on account of
tire public debt, It i* supposed, will li»
*'»mt. 9,040,047 99
Thus leaving, on the fir*t of January,
1835, an estimated bnlauee of ... 6,736,932 34
This balance include* what has before
been teporlod by tbi* De|rartmcnf, n*
not available, the sum of a'leut
$1,400,000 00, hsrt which is now as
certained to lie reduced to about llm
wi n of $1,159,000 Oft
Making tin* computed available balance, on tlio 1st of
January, 1835, to lx- $».:Vti.2.r2 :U. It is estimated that
«>l former appropriations there will remain uuexjNMided.
at the close of the year, the Mini of $3,0U2,'t2T> 13. Of
this amount, it is aupnosed, that only $>,I41.UC>4 27 will
lx* required to.accomplish the objects' intended by tiio cur
rent appropriations; leaving the sum of $!»'.»»,742 'J3 ap
plieable afterwards, under permanent appropriations; and
tint ot $1 ,">23.303 7ft t» be ap|>lied in aid of the appro
priations for the ensuing year, without re-appropriation,
an will be seen in tin; estimates when submitted, and tin;
balance of $337,00!) I I. wliieti lias not been required at
all. or seasonably for the objects contemplated in its ap
propriation, and will therefore be currii d to the surplus
iund. In the examination of this result as t > outstanding
appropriations, it should be noticed, that one small amount
ot unclaimed interest on the public debt, and another of
unfunded debt, though chargeable on the Treasury, ore
not included. Kmhraeing these, and the amount appli
cable afterwards to permanent appropriations, there would
not Is* money enough in the Treasury to pay at once eve
ry clanu outstanding; but excluding them, it will be seen,
mat the effectual unexpended fund* outlie Istof'Janua
ry. lJtoTq will Is- $,:>:a;,232 34, to meet what will be re
fini red for the remaininguud unexpended appropriations,
being $5,141,IJC-I 27; or. in other words, that our atuila
ble means then on hand to discharge nil the old and exist
ing claims <>u the Treasury, with the exceptions before
named, will be about $444,203 07 more than their actu
al amount.
The next tmbjec! deserving consideration is the condi
tion of
II.—The Hcdi.ic Dkut.
All the four und a half per cents, outstanding at the
commencement of the present year, have kern redeemed,
except the sum of $443 2,». Money, sufficient to meet
til*- whole balance, was placed in the United States Hank
ami its branches, as Commissioners of Loans, in May last,
and that portion not yet paid to the holders of the debt
still remains in those depositories.
A part of the five |ht cent, stock created in March,
A. 1). 1321, amounting to $4,712,000 2ft, w \s nil of the
123,000,not) uf debt, existing in A. D. 131$, and of the
imbwsYuml jMiiioas Utbiz. ’dfiYKWkU
It did not become payable till the 1st of January . I83f> ;
but ns there was sufficient money in the Treasury for the
purpose, und it having l>eeu considered beneficial to the
public to save, as far as prar tieable, all the accruing in
terest, early in July las! agents were employed by Ibis
Department, to purchase, at par, if possible, liie whole of
the remaining debt.
utHweeii uiai nine anu tnc .win ult., the Drjmlmeat
Ii.k! sticcci'di'd in irdrcmingabout f lill.iOT 245 of it, and
additional purebases art? constantly malting. In Octo
ber last, the undersigned gave notice that the whole of
this debt unredeemed after the 1st of January next would
cease to hear interest, and would be promptly paid after
that date, on application to the Commissioners of Loans
in the several States. Under the authority from the
Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, this Department
has sincc pluced and made arrangements to place, sea
sonably, in those otlices, ample luiuls for the above pur
Thus, before the close of the year, the whole will ei
ther be paid, or money provided to pay it; and the Uni
ter! stales wdl present that happy anil probably, in mo
dern linn's, unprecedented spectacle, of a people sub
stantially Iree from the .smallest porti-m of a public debt.
Considering these facts, it was deemed proper to charge
the whole amount of tho remaining debt to thcex|M'iu?i
lures of th.' present year. Interest on all not paid be
l.>re tile ‘.UHli ult.. has been computed till the 1st Janua
ry next, the time being so short, aixl the account for the
payment ot the public debt, during the year, will then
stand as follows:
All tlit- disbursements on account of the
public debt, during the year 1634, will
bo, ru before al.own, - - $-4,161,01? 4*5.
Of which there will huve been applied,
to Principal, - 5,9154,774 04
And to later, a, .... lOe^lta 53
■Muking, together, the sum above mentiuned.
T he alecks which will huve tier'll redeem
ed by the application of this Hum during
the year, urn
Of the residue of tho exchanged I 12 pen
cent. Mock, is .vied under the act of'i lit.
May, Isajl, . - l',332,025 90
The residue of tho 5 per cents, mul'd uo
rler the act of the 3d .March, lsQt, 4,712,1160 20
Certain portions of unfunded debt, 74
Aii'i Treasury notor, M on
Making, ill all, the piincipnl before named.
There is uu unfunded doht of nhnut
$37,533 05.
Consisting of claims registered prior to
1798, for service* and supplios during
the Revolutionary war, of about $27,437 9
Treasury notes issued during the last w ar, 5,975 00
And Mississippi flock, 4,)S0 09
Nothing lias been paid on any of t Note, during the present year, ex
cept ,«Ks 7 I. Hut should the cerliliciites ever be presented, which j*
not very prnhahle ns to many of them, tho means undoubtedly will ul
ways i msI for their pav-icnl nt this Department.
Next require attention, and are a. follows:
The receipts into tho ’Treasury, from
all sources, during the year 1835, are es
timated at ------ $22,000,000 00
Viz: From Customs - - 10,000,00.)
Public hands - - - - 3,500,000
llunk Dividends nml Miscellaneous Re
ceipts - - - - - 500,000
To which add the balance of available funds in the
Treasury ou the 1st January, 1K15, estimated at 5,536,93$ 21
And they make together the sum of $95,586,232 34
‘The necessary appropriations lor the year 1*15, in
cluding those under new and permanent acts, ate esti
mated at $15,6602232 771, Imt the whole cxpcudiluieH,
for tlm service of that year, are i ntimated lo require
the additional sum of $1,523,303 79, which bus before
lx’i'll appropriated, nnd mentioned as applicable lo thu
wu its of 1335, without u ^appropriation, muking lo
K'-'hir $17,183,541 52
Viz: on
Civil foreign intercourse, nnd miscellane
ous items, $2,788,225 85
Military service, .tc., Pensions, mi l the
appropriations under the nt l of 7th
June, 1839, 9,672,654 50
Naval service, and gradual improvement, 4,1772,661 17
l'ticlaimud interest on Public Debt, .'>0,000 Oe)
To this add, ns n contingent expenditure,
about half of the amount of the average
excess of appropriations heyoa.l the es
timates during the last three years, 2,500,009 00
An I they make the sum of $• 19,683,54J. 52
Leaving mi available balance in tlm
'Treasury, til the close of the year
1835, or on tho 1st of Jan., 1836,
estimated at 5,902,690 82
mil kiiouui the whole amount ol lornicr appropriations,
current amt permanent, that will be outstanding on the
1st of January, 1b35, and be needed to complete the ser
vices of former years, amounting, in all, as before shown,
to the sum of $0,141,707,20, l»e actually called for dur
ing the year I.8M5, there would be an apparent deficiency
in the Treasury on the 1st January, l'.ttt. It usually
happens, however, that of the new ami old appropria
tions a sum of five or six millions remains uncalled lor at
the commencement of each year; and, lienee, no rval de
ficit is then anticipated, nor much, if any, excess, after
defraying .all the expenditures then chargeable to the
This estimate of receipts is formed on live supposition,
that the value of imports during the ensuing year, aud es
pecially of those paying duties, will notdiilcrcMKcntially
from tin1 average value during the last 3 years. Though
our population has, within that period,probably increased
over one million : yet our ni imifactwria and internal
trade have probably increased nearly in an equal propor
tion; and this circumstance, coupled with the greater
caution and frugality practised during the past year, and
still continuing, wifi, it is lielicvcd, tend to prevent any
considerable augmentation in tin; consumption or im
p uiation of foreign nrticlos. Those during the three
past years have, on an average, been about $111,038,14*2.
riii'exports during the same year are estimated at $f*7.
H18,7*1, of which $74.444,4** were in domestic, and
$1W,874,«>r» in foreign products; being, compared with
the preceding year, an increase of $tj,t'Jir»,d‘«M, of winch.
$d.wt)g.d!tt) were in articles of domestic, and jjc*,8.r>y.!tgg I
in those of foreign products. Tin- avenge exports during
the last threcyenrs have been about $!H .7111,WH),of which
$••!*,4i>7.!<7<! are the average in articles of domestic pro
ducts, and $**311,714 in thorn* of foreign.
It will thus be seen, that the imports of the last year
varied in amount $1**055,*011, from the average of' the
three past years; and those paying duties are believed to
have varied intirli less. It is, there Care, in connection
with tin* reasons liefore named, considered sale to infer,
that tlie imports of the ensuing year may not differ nia
'terially from that average. 8lionl4 they not so differ,
the revenue from customs will probably correspond in
substance with that id' the past year, except so far as it
may be changed by the whole amount of nil tlw impor
tation i. when compared with the above average, He
cans' the classes and value of articles paying duty, for
ought which is known, will probably be similar, and the
rate of duties on them will not, by existing laws, be es
sentially altered till the Hist of December, A. I). 1835.
The revenue from the sale of public lauds lue> been es
timated at half a milion more than the amount it was es
timated for the current year, and one million move than
the amount for 1834, This estimate would have been
< made still larger, bad not the silos of the Chickasaw
lands, which will probably exceed half a million of dol
lars, been pledged by treaty to other purposes, mid not to
tin' general revenue of the G iverninent. This large com
put-ition in founded on tin* facts of the progressive in
crease lor whir- time evinced; the sum Actually receiv
ed during tin* past ycur ; the greut quantity of new und
saleable lands coming into market; the enlarged demand
lor them to satisfy tlic necessary wants of our growing
population, and of the emigrants from Kuro|>e, und the
high prices which their produce fortunately obtains both
atliomean.l abroad.
The revenue from Bank dividends has been estimated
at somewhat less than heretofore, in consequence of tho
sales o.t our Bank stock, under the act of July 10th,
Id’fcJ, lor the investment of the uccruing income of tho
Navy 1’einion and Hospital Funds, having already
amounted to (13(1,U50 dollars, und on which the Treasury
can now receive no dividends applicable to generuI pur
poses^ It might, perhaps, lx* advisable to deduct a still
turther sum to meet any contingency like that of tho
present year, in which the United Slates Bank, without
the Consent of this Department, or the sanction of Con
gress. and without any forewarning of its intention,
seized on uboul 170,011 dollars of the estimated revenue
from this source, and has since withheld it from the pub
lic Treasury.
Copies of the opinions of the Attorney-General, and
the whole correspondence on this subject between tho
Department and the Bank, which took place previously
to the request l’or these opinions, urc annexed for the
consideration and action of Congress. [B.] it may bo
proper to add, that, within a few days past, a new commu
nication in relation to this transaction has boon received
from tho Bank, and, when a reply isfinishedf both will bo
submitted, if desired. No foundation appears to have ex
luted in luir or equity, for tho groat claim Of damages
made by the Bank on account of the protest of what has
been called, in common parlance, the Bill of Exchange,
drawn on the French Government by this Department.
It is believed that the bill when protested, ought, by our
agents abroad, bad they acted with due regard towards their
principal, to have been taken up lor the credit or that
principal, wh ih was the United States, ratlier tlian lbr
the credit of tlu Rank. Or, at the farthest, if similar and
conflict!, <r rel-li inscxi**1^ "tween them and the Rank,
-i^v slvArcV-rWcv iiufSilM^rfr', equitable eourse Tif-fetiw^f»—
it up for tho^ dit of both the United States and tho
Hank, or the V re liberal one of giving the preference
to thf <i.iveriiinViit, which was tile drawer, and, in either
of these events. n<< room for diniculty*Jiy this extraordi
nary claim, would probably have been left. Hut as those
agents preferred a different course, thereby justly im
pairing the further confidence of the Government, in
their discretion, it would seem that the Rank,in the next
place, having long been the general fiscal agent of tiic
Government,and the primary one, in importance, should
have returned the hill, and made no charge against its
principal, the United Stall's, except for the actual ad
vances, aiul the actual costs and cxiM-nses it hud incurred
in the transaction. The actual advances by the Rank,
whi'n the hill was originally received, had only been a
matter of form, and were nothing.
1 lie money, in fact, never belonged to this Department,
exerptin trust for the merchant*, or their widow* and
orphans, who had suffered liy French spoliations, and a
sum exceeding the whole amount of it having been left
wtlie Hank and its branches, and no part of the money
having evei been brought into the Treasury by warrant,
it was immediately, on notice of the protest, restored iri
form, and a willingness ivas expressed to make remunera
tion to the Hunk for all reasonable cost and expenses.
But the Ic'upt alien of an opportunity to obtain more from
its principal, by a novel species of litigation, through a
virtual judicial prosecution lor damages against the go
vernment of the Union, seems to have been too strong
for resistance, and the Bank concluded to depart from
the above equitable rule, and, by some technical regula
tion. of strict law between individual*, to attempt to pro
'Uirc a large sum, as mere constructive damage's, and by
(Ju* extraordinary mode of seizing on the dividends, which
had been declared, by the Hank itself, to belong to tho
United State*, ami of withholding them to abide the or
dinary contingencies of a law-suit, it seems to have
preferred this unprecedented course, rather than to pur
sue the usual mode, of a petition addressed to the justice
of Congress, though Congress is well known to be tho
..u..i..n.,„j ...»a only tribunal for adjusting controverted
claims against the Government , when no suit is pending
by the United States, and the only tribunal, which, un
der tho Constitution, is over empowered to appropriate
money, to discharge any claim whatever. After apply
ing to this Department, and being so long as a year ago
last June, informed of its inability to admit on authori
ty to discharge tin- damages demanded, it is remarkable
that tin* Hank should have continued to pay over the ac
cruing dividends, and not till after flic last Session closed,
and when any deficiency in the current revenue could
not he provided for, should, without any prior application
to Congress, have resorted to this unusual proceeding,
and sought to have its claim against the United States,
adjudicated by the judiciary, when the United States arc
not amenable to any citizen or corporation, high or low,
before the Judiciary, for tho decision of any claim, union*
they liavo,oi their own accord, been pleased to resort to
tliat tribunal by a previous action against a debtor; and,
in which cventlonly, is a set-off, under certain limita
tions, authorized to be pleaded as cither equitable or le
gal. Hut, here the United States had instituted no such
action against the Bank, and had no intention or foun
dation to institute one; and yet the Rank, not in the caso
provided in the charter, where dividends might be with
held, hut by un unfaithful act, as an agent, and as a pub
lio corporation towards its principal and the community,
proceeded to seize their dividends in a case entirely dif
ferent, and most questionable, in equity as well as law,
ami refused to fu!HI the duty, imposi-d by its charter ami
by civil and moral!obligations, of paying over those di
vidends promptly to the Treasury. In the adoption of
this reprehensible course, nn attempt is made to force tho
Government either to lose their dividends entirely, or to
pay a controverted claim for damages, which, so far as any
of its Departments or officers have examined it, was found
and pronounced to he groundless; or consent to let tho
United States bo arraigned ns a debtor, and compelled to
submit the claim to decision before a branch of their own
Government, to which such claims are not ordinarily
submitted, and to whose decision it could not be referred
in this instance, hut by the previous commission, on tho
pavt of the Rank, of a deliberative violation of its obi bul
I ho further attempt appears to ho made in this wav to
take from Congress and tho Executive, tho Constitution
ill power, on their hij^Ii official rt*H|>onsibiliticH and deep
sense of duty, to make or withhold appropriations todis
eharge nil controverted demands against tho United
States, and to enable the Judiciary, instead of them, in
directly and unconstitutionally, to make these approprin
tioiiH, in all cases of citizens or corporations, who possess
doubtful eLai m». and are unscrupulous enough to commit,
in order to prevent their adjudication by Congress, a de
liberate attack on the property of the United Stall's ora
deliberate sequestration of their acknowledged dues.
For further and more detailed views on this extraordi
nary ease, a reference is made to the whole correspon
deneo and opinions annexed, without the discussion of
any course, which live power and the wisdom of Congress
ate ablw t> select for evincing its opinions on this outrage,
whetlicr. by withdrawing indiilgenoies from the Bunk mm
to the receipt of its notes for public dues; or by adopt
ing some Other measure on the subject, which the nature
of the transaction, the rights of the United States, and
the constitutional anthoritv of Congress, may be thought
to justify and demand. Believing that a similar seizure
was not likely to Ik: repeated by {lie Bnnk in 1835, un
der the other pretence of satisfying claims for damages,
in consequence of the removal of the depositee, as set up
in its second lottos, this Department has estimated tho
probable revenue the ensuing year from this source, at
the 11 Him I rate of dividends lately made, on all our stork in
the Bank, ..aiuing after the aalen which have token
place for the investment of the Navy Pension and llos
pit il funds. But should Congress, on n full examination
of the subject, think otherwise, it may be provident to
supply some other equivalent for this portion of the esti
mate receipts.
The estimate of revenue from miscellaneous sources
has horn computed a little below the actual receipts of
the current year; because the dividends applicable to ge
neral purpose* will he on a less amount of Bank Htoek,
and the anticipated sales of such stock to meet the fur
ther wants of the hefore-nnentioned funds will be much
reduced. In this ex.plnnation of the est imate of the re
ceipts during the coming year, it if hoped that sntisfaeto
j ry reasons have lieen assigned to shew its general nee urn*
i *'y. This estimate briny one and a half millions larger
Ilian that of lust year, it ih more likely to exceed than like
that, to fall short of the actual result. That estimate
proved to lie less than the actual receipts probably about
100,000; or, from customs, about it 1,900,000 from
lands, nearly .$H00,ft00; nnd tho residue cfiiofly from larger
sales of ha iik stock ,na before named,than was anticipated.
:V; the first deduction of 10 per cent, from the excess of
duties on go ids imported and paying over yo per cent.
; m/ ralurrm. took effect on the :tl*t of December last, it
was not practicable to fix, before-bind, with much cer
tainty, the amount of the diminution on account of it
from the revenue of the year; as the name value of mer
chandize might not be imported as in any previous year,
which should he selected for a guide in forming the m
timatos; and the particular kinds of merchandize thus

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