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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, December 13, 1834, Image 2

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I'lii* re: Million submitted yesterday by tU'dlv. was
considered and agreoJ to.
Hu* Speaker laid Is'forc tin* Mouse a report |VoiU tin- Se
cretxry, in tie* case.it | l| II Soiitli A Son; which, on
motion of Mr M'Kim, was referred to the Coon ml tec of
Way* and Means.
runiur sr's Mr.vjAur
On in >tion of Mr ('.in lor. tin* li aise resolvej itself
into a t oiiiuiiitec of tin* Whole on ilir state of the
f **i '»i —Mr S,je,olit in ilir i ‘b ii. -on the Message of the
President of tile Uuiti d Stall's
Mr. I on nor submitted tin* l<>lloiviu<g resolutions:
Resol red, 1 li.it s r iiitieo ot In*' President s Mr« ; lire 1 ■■
relate* to the politieal relations of the United Slates w.th
other nation;, Ik* reli-rred t * the tdoiumiUee oil Foreign
Resolved. I b it *■> itiueJiof til** said Message a* relates
to the commerce of the United States with’foreign na
tions. be referred to the l' mimittcc on t 'ommerec,
Resolrrd, That s > much of s od Message us relates to
the finances,ami to the Bank of the United States, lie
referred to the Committee of Ways and Menus.
Ilcsolted, t hat so mill'll ot said Message as relates to
the Report of the Secretary of War. and the public in
terests intrusted to the War Department, be referred to
tb.* ConiinitU .* on Military Adairs.
Resolved. I hat so much ot said Message a* relates to
tin* Indian tribes, be referred tothe Committee on Indian
Hesoloed, That so much of said Message as relates to
the “existence ot extensive frauds under tin* various
IIWJ $*r;iutin*£ fH’iisioii » anil for revolutionary
services, and the re-examination of those laws,” ben*-*
f'erred tothe ( nnuiiltt-c on Rt'volutionary Pensions.
Resolved, 1 hat so mueh »d’ slid Message ns reiaies to
the Report of the Secretary of the ,\ ivy and the naval ser
viee, be referred to the ('ouimittee on Naval Allans.
Resultctl, | hat so much ol said .Message as relates to
the Post Office Department, bo referred tothe Commit
tee on the Post Office and Post Roads.
Resolved. I hat so much of said Message as relates to
the extension of the Judiciary system of the U. States
be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Resulted, I nat so much of said Massage ti.s rrl.iUo to
the amendment of the Constitution, in relation to the
election of President and Vice President of the U. Stales,
be referred to a Seles't ('-mnuittec.
Resolved, 1 li.at so much sit said Message as relates to
the destruction ot ills* building occupied by the Treasu
ry I >ep.irtuient. ami tsi tfioerection ol a now building |br
the use of the Treasury Department, lie referred to the
orU'ct 1 niiiimliut* ou liu* Public lluililtiitfH.
Reso.red, I hat the saiil Select Committees h ive leave
to report by bill or otherwise.
1 tie resolutions having been read. Mr. ('layton ur<loos
ed an amendment, in the f ’Mowing terms:
‘‘That so mush of the President's V i .
to till' treaty with Franco, M",|aItfl»
day of July, |,-j;J| be ref "V c 1 ;\l 1 ar!*' “'V S,h
• -erred to the Committee ol f o
damt to instructions to report that it is expe
, siijiit the further action of the French Cham
oors on the question submitted to them, of granting the
appropriations necessary to carry the Treaty into effect;
inasmuch as the delay of consummating its terms seems
to have proceeded more from the delicate and imp .rt ml
character ol the claims resting in voluminous document*
Ilry evidence, their long standing, and tbe peculiar com
plexity of the principles involved in then adjustment,
than from any design, on their part, to impair the friend
ly relation* witirii liavi* so I*»*iif ntul liTpftily suhsislutl U1
tween 111e l*n'iii*li and American (fov -rnmculs, or any
desire to evade the performance of ample justice when
the whole matter shall have been fully and lairfy cmi
sidered.” J
M. _ - ■ ... .. ...
. V v»»n!»i«\ n u ii»i' POllI UllCCl III ||IH
amendment, one ol the mom important which would
c.nie before ('ungresu al its present session. He desired
t>l.e distinctly unde ratnod. that in the remarks he should
make, ho should divest himself of all party feeling, lie
would bo till' last to raise an objection to tin* course* re
coiiiinended by the ICxeeutive upon mere party grounds,
rle had no doubt that this officer h id done what he had
thought rigid, and he had nothing tu censure on that ac
count. But the President, in regard t.» our relations
with 1 ranee, had imposed up-ui the legislature, a high
responsibility, and to this body, the whole People must
look for the consequences which uuist flow from our de
liberations upon the subject. It was not to be disguised,
that the course suggested by the President, was tanta
mount, to & declaration ot war. The tune might come,
an 1 circumstances might arise, when a war iiiudit be
come necessary; but tliat time had cerUiuly not "vet ar
rived. J
ivlr. C. read several passages from tin* President Mes
sage on the subject before the House, and appealed to
t i<* can i.»r ot gentlemen to sry v. nether, if the sugges
tions should he approved iuid acted on by Congress,
it would not eventuate in war. and that too with one of]
the proudest and most formidable nations in the world. ,
I t had Imtii said that delay was necessary—that the spies- |
tion in controversy might Ik; already settled by the action
ol t.iv* French l irunhers. II so. the course whieh hi* I
proposed. would show the irteiiJIy feelings of this nation
towards their ancient ally. By the debates in the French
Clumber, it seemed that tlu* subject of our claims was
iildy contested and opposed on the ground of right. Was
it then to he expected, that what Lins haughty and high
minded people would nolcoiiccdc. Ogpon argument, would
b* yielded, wh m they should In* put in possession of
til * menaces c ml lined iu tlu* President s M. *»8A{{C ? I
Air. I . s.iiil that there was not at present a justifiable
cause ot war oil the part ol France, but so soon as we
should proceed to carry into effect the recommendations .
ol the F.xeeulive-, war would is* inevitable, lie believed
our claims were just— that they ought to be satisfied; but
cmilciided, lliil as the FVeuch Chambers -under the
French ( .institution hid a right to arrest the treaty, it
v i.i improper that our (ioverimieut »h<.ttlB act soliastily
on the subject. I lose claims, it was true, had Wen
pending twenty-five years. We were, however, assured,
that the French Crown and I'abiiW were ill favor of
carrying the treaty into ellcct, and if so, wok wo pre
pared to precipitate this matter and plunge the na
tions, hitherto so friendly. in war? lie read from the
debates in the F'lrnoli ('hauihc-rs on this subject, and
com men ted at some length upon tlu* relations which
hay • hitherto subsisted between the livo (rovomiiients.
Mr. ( . said, we were aliOMi -to go to war without a sin
gle dollar in the Treasury. lie would go further: there
was a deficiency of .'^‘d.oOO.OOD. It was not seccssujry
to press this subject now ; but Ik* had tlu* vouchers to
prove what be said. 'Flu* Secretary of the Treasury liii.i
m-lt acknowledged that the hinds on hand amounted to
only This war mu 4 take place on the high
ueas, and tlu* vast amount of our pro|x*rty would have
to lx* defended, not only against FVance Imt the whole
world. We were about being relieved from a heavy j
debt incurred in a Inrun r war, wiien a new debt was j
proposed to be created. Consequence* bail followed that ^
war. which tended almost to destroy the Union. He be
lieved the course recommended by tlu; President would '
not receive the approbation of the American .People, ■
and lu* was suli.'iiii <1 that it would be opposed by tlu- en
tire South.
jTir. i laibnrm* coiixidoml l^iH u diomI irnportaut^icf?*
tion. Although not inclined to trouble the House, yet
were lie dumb, the lie lings which then animated him.
might bu nk tliu hands c.f miIcmco. The winds <J' Ilea
> i*ii would noon v.ull tin? I'rcsidcnt v Message to >he
Bhores of France, and with it he doored there"should he
sent an antidote. What would he the result of tin* I'pc
aiJeut n recommendations, if carried into edectr War,
ns certain as the rumbling tlmmlcr follows the lightning s
Hash; and that, too, with a nation, .which, when clouds
and darkness hovered over our land, contributed, by her
nwnrd, to erect tliis citadel of freedom. We should do
every thing but sacrifice our honor.ibefisp this step ivax
resorted to. Mr. 0. went, at some -length, into the con
sequences which might he expected to result from the
Executive recommendations, and declared tliat he was
actuated in his course by Hie highest sense of" public
duty, lie believed this nation would be found opposed
to the measure of the President, and lie should, there
fore, vote for the resolution of the gentleman from Oeor
Mr. Wii^no Aiid, tlj.it 1.)v lii*'*M jVini! wnv premature.
A motion is made to refer tin* subject to/he fjoiuniitloc
on Foreign Relations, and the gculleinan from Georgia
iiiovca specific instructions to that -committee, winch
leaves tile committee nothing to d # but to act in uoufor
iriity to the instructions, and thus Ibis intricate subject,
winch the French Chambers have not bee* able to un
derstand in three and a half years, is to Is- decided with
out consideration l#y a competent coimnitU-e or the
House. Gentlemen treated the Message of tiv I’resi
•h-nt. ns a war^ message. IIe did not coiiHider it in any
Bitch light. The President merely recommends, in the
event of the French Chambers persisting in refusing to
carry the treaty into effect, the mildest measure. JJe
did not ask the power of making reprisals: ho offers to.cx
ecute that which Congresj may projx'rly conlide t > him |
There were tiro points in the case -one relating to the
interests of individuals the other concerned the nation
al honor. It was due to personal interests that this sub
ject should undergo the investigation of a committee
As it regarded the other point, it was equally proper, I/m
derail the circumstances, he considered the motion of
his colleague premature, and hoped thit U would not he
Mr. Archer suggested to the mover to withdraw his
amendment. The present was nut the proper tune to
discuss this subject. An opportunity would lie awarded
when the committee should make a report, if the motion
was pressed, ho must vote against it.
Mr. Clayton could not withdraw his motion. A mi
nority of one would he a proud position, lie wished to
meet the matter promptly. We should mg suffer the j
idea to go out that we were* in Invor of war. He baJ no I
objection to pr>*tpom* hi* motion lor a w04*k or tw«» U«i !
ho roulii not withdraw it.
Mr. II. M. Johnson was not prepared to vote ou the 1
proposition at this time, lie thought that action on this I
subject should tie postponed to the last moment, it de
maiidcd tire most mature deliberation. The mind, of
member* were not properly informed upon it, and be I
could sec nc good in pressing its consideration at Ibis
time Me concluded by upp-ab,ig to Mr. Clayton to
withdraw his amendment.
Mr. Clayton remarked, that tlm gentleman from Ken
tucky, (Mr. Johnson), had Ha.b red him, instead of
reasoning with him He would, therefore, withdraw his
The Committee then rose, tip- Chairman reported ihc
resolutions to the House, andtb-y were Jk-d :.d.<ptcd
On motion of Mr. Hubbard,
The Mouse adjourned
M’rdnndttj, Dcriintn 10
Ill* lion. Wni (' t'iestou,ot South I'ar.linr.. apprar
»• l and l Hik lua seat
I In’ \ ice Pres.dent 111■ I bi*. >rc the Sriulv a c iinmu
uic.llioii from the *Var Department, uccoiii|tuiiicd by a
Hep >rt tVoni the Hugiueer Bureau, relative tu the pro
gr s« of th«‘ work on the Cumberland II »ad
The resolu'iou submitted by Mr Southard, for the ap
|xiiiitiiieut ol the Standing t'oiiiiuitlces oil Wednesday,
(this day,) was taken up for consideration
Oil Ins motion the resolution was amended, ho as to
icad, I hurad.ty next, ft t-iuorrow.) at one o clock; and it
was then adopted.
The resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. Menton,
was taken up lor consideration.
Mr Tyler iiresuniod that no gentleman could have any
objection to tiie passage of the resolution—it was desi
rable that the information should be obtained, lint be
lelt that it was due to the (.‘om.iiittee on Finance to nay.
that it the honorable gentleman who otlVrcd -the resolu
tion hail waited a I'ew days, the necessity ot' submitting
it would have lieeii entirely obviated. The subject of it
bad attracted tin* attention oi tin* t -oiuinitlee. It was of
considerable importance, and in a few days a lull report
Would 1m* made on tlir subject by the committee.
Mr. Menton observed, that under the circumstances,
he had no objection that the resolution lie on the table,
ami made a motion to that died, which prevailed.
I lie lull to authorise .an issue of scrip to otlicers and
non c Miimisaioiicd otlicers of the Revolutionary war.
was taken upas in Committee ot the Whole, and, on mo
tion ot Mr. Tyler, was referred to the Committee on
Public I rinds.
Mr. VV ebstcr. from the Select ('oiuinitlee appoiuu*d on
the subject, reported a bill to inukc coiii|H*nsation for spo
liations upon American Commerce prior to I>00. Mr
W. nlso gave notice that, on Wednesday next. In* would
call up the bill lor consideration.
On motion of Mr. king. the Senate proceeded to the
eons.deration of Kxecutive business.
When lie? doors were 0|>eued, the Senate adjourned.
Petition s and memorials were presented by
Mr. Hubbard, of New Hampshire;
Messrs. Hriggi, Pliilbps. Osgood, Gorham, and Reel,
of Massacliuseits;
Mr. Pearce, of Rhode I daud;
[Mr. I earce, ol It'iode Island. pr<*seiiU*d tile petition ot*
John N Reynolds, lately returned iroui a vie:,.,,. 0j*(._
ploratioli in the Pacific ocean and Hie Northwest
coast, pray,,, r that an ev.K^-.r,, m;ty (». ,ilu.d out to
survey t ie isiaiuU and r,,|,ato[ean, and on that
L<i'iV-J • 1 " 1,1 was recommended by both brunches
■'t.‘.ib*legislature of Rhode Island; and .Sir. Pearce stat
ed that till* J.egislafures of several other States yyould
join in the prayer of the memorial, as would the mer
chants ami chambers of commerce in the principal cities
of the Union. To show the ini|iorlauce of the object in
view, Mr. Pearce stated Dial tlicrc were now engaged in
the whale fishery l.t‘i.000 tons ot shipping; that there
were employed Id,000 seamen, and that the ’busmens di
rect and indirect employed 170.000 tons of shipping; and
more than Pi,000 seamen; that more than ouc-tciitli part
ol our whole navigation was engaged in it, and the capi
ta) invested was Pi,OlMI.OOO dollars. He further stated
that the annual loss of property, upon the islands and
reels not laid down upon any chart, was fully equal to
tin* expense of the cxped.tion aiul survey requested.!
And various otlu r petitions and meiuorials l,y other
members, which were ictcried to tin* appropiiale t *om
4tir. imiiii'r iroin liio toiuimlu*c on Inui.-in Aluirs.
moved that the lull "to provide for the establishment of
tile Western Territory, and fir the security and protec
tion of the emigrants and other Indian tribes therein
mulled, he made the special order of the day for the tirst
Tuesday in January; which was agreed to. '
t tn motion ot Mr. tiiluier, the tbregoing bill and
amendments, were ordered to lie printed.
The resolution, submitted yesterday by Mr. Jarvis,
was considered uu I agreed to
On motion of Mr. t’nrr,
Hrjolrul, ‘I lial all the memorials, petitions, &c. to
gether with mi estimate made by (’apt. Henry Slirieves,
by o.sler of the fchcretaiy ol' War, of the probable cost of
improving the navigation through the Falls ol' the Ohio
river, mill heretofore referred to the Committee on Roads
ami Canals, be again so referred, and that said Commit
tee lie instructed to inquire into the expediency of mak
ing an appropriation for the above-named purpose, with
leave to report, by bill or Otherwise.
Mr. W lute, ol F lorida, moved tin- following resolution,
which lies on the table one day:
Hrsolrcil, That the Secretary of War lie directed to
report to this House, what progress It is been made m the
repairs of the Fort, and the construction of the sea-wall,
at St. Augustine, Florida;and what further sum will U*
required to complete the same, with the report and esti
m ite of the Kuginct r charged with that Work.
Mr. Foster moved the following resolution, which lies
on the table one day:
Hesa/rrtt, That the (‘resident of the United States 1k
requested to communicate to this House, (if not in liis opi
nion incompatible with the public interest.) any communi
cation or corresp indence which may have taken place Le
t v, ecu our Mims ter at Paris, a ml tin-F renrh Oo vi-nu m-ii t,
or between the Minister from France to this Government,
ami the Secretary of Stab*, on the subject of the refusal of
the French < rovcrnmcnl to make provisions for the execu
tion nt the treaty concluded between the United States
and France on the 4th of July, I8d|.
Air. ( Jiiitoii submitted the lollowinir res diition:
lirsolml, That the Oomniittee on Roads and Canals be
instructed t.i inquire into tic-justice ami exjiedicney id"
making an appropriation of a portion of the publ.e funds
to aid the States of Kentucky and Tennessee in tin- im
provement of the road leading from tlu- city of fsiuisville,
in the State of K« ntucky, to Nashville, in the State of
A count I*dug called II.r on agreeing to the resolu
tion, Air. < Jiiitoii said, tli.il tin- object ol Ins motion was
perhaps misunderstood by tin- House. It proposed only
an inquiry, wbicii the House was in tin* practice of grant
ing to every gentleman. The road from Uouisville, was
perhaps one of greab-r importance than any other West ol
the Alleghany in.iuntaiiis. A most extrusive commerce
was carried oil between tin* cities indicated in his reso
lution, and this road was one of the principal mail routes
between Washington City and New Orleans. It was
coani-eted with the National or Cumberland Road, ami
its improvement was a matter of deep interest to.the
citizens ot' Kentucky and Tennessee. In times of low
water an immense part of tin- trade of Hast Tennessee
ami tin* Southern part of Kentucky, passed over the
j-oad in question. The proposed inquiry involved no
new principle, ami In- trusted that there would lie
no objection to it.
i lie i|iie.-iu>n was men iukcii, and I lie resolution was
rejected. Yi-ari 7'i. navri S'*.
The I louse, pursuant to order, proceeded to the elec
tion of (’liaidain.
.NJr. Ward well nominated the Kev. Mr. Smith.
Mr. Ro1k nominated the Rev. Mr. ( ’opp.
.Mr. ( him) uomiuaU'd the Rev. Mr. Sheer.
Mr. Th.minx of I,:i , noininated the Kev. Mr. Ungcrcr.
Mr. Deberry noiniirited tlie Kev. Mr. M«-K»-ever.
Messrs. Ward well. folk, (Miiiin, Thomas of Ra., and
Deberry, were appointed Tellers; who, after counting
the votes, announced the following as the result of the
Fourth llullo!:
Mr. Smith, ... <h)
t.'opp, ... oi)
Hlicer, ... <|
1’aJfrry, ... 4
-Uugercr, ... I
Me.Keever, ... I
Blanks. ... y
Mr. Smitli ot Washington t'ity. having a majority of
votes. was declared hy the Speaker, duly elected Ch ip
lain tor the souiion,
On motion of Mr. McKim, the Ilou .e adjourned.
( ommillec on the Alditury .Irudi mj—Messrs, llawes
of Kentucky; Smith of JVI.iine; fierce of New Hamp
shire; Briggs of Massachusetts; Pearee of Rhode Is
land; Young of (’oftsctlirdt) Hall of Vermont; Alatin
of New York; Dickersoia of New York; Raporte of
femisyIvania; Milligan of Delaware; (Jarmichael of
ot Maryland; (Hudson of Virginia; A. II. Hhcpperd of
North Carolina; Campbell ot S. Carolina; (Janihie of
Oeorgia; forester of Tennessee; Allen of Ohio; (Jar
land of latuisinn.a; ffannegan ot' Indiana; Cage of Mis
sissippi;-Caaey of Illinois; Lewis of Alabama; and Ash
ley of Miflaiouri.
Eepend!lurc,.i Liter*ry Food Messrs. K. Kverelt,
wv'ayne, and Royal!
1‘ohlir 11round* and I’uldie liui/dinos Messrs. Jarvis,
Ward, VVatmough, Lincoln, and W If. BheputA.— Olahe.
rjllll'iRFi was committed fo the jad of this County',
■- (Nicholas.) on the Iftth of August, H;(4, a negro
man who mys his name is James Dken up ax a runa
way; who says lie belong* to Col John Crocket, of the
county ot farewell, Virginia. Tlir said negro James
appears to l». about to or T<l yearx old, he is about o liel
10 inches Inph, stout made, wills a mark on his right
hrrast about the size of half a dollar—hix apparel indif
ton ut. '
• .^1°’ bl.i/'l; man who wax committed to the
jail of tliis county, ns n runaway, on Use !jr,th day of An
gnst. 4 <14. )fe appears to be between W> and :$0 years
old -is-of low stature, rntlier inclined to be corpulent I
about 5 feet fHnchen high; Lis clothing indifferent. fM |
both case*, if Kiev .are not taken out, they will be dealt
with ax the law direct*. WAI RKVlSA Y, Jnilor
Or*, 'll. [did- wrtw] for ll'm. filrrn, Sheriff.
FIIYNK/ANN The subscrilx-r being disposed
Jf- 1° (he place at which be now resides, rcspectfitl
ly invites bis brethren of the fxciihy who are in want of
a situation, to visit him. Ilix firm,comprising ‘dot) acres
land, (nearly half yet to clear) with most excellent im
provements. is situated in the county of Louisa, about it
index from Louisa C oiirt liousr-. unit | mile from Yaneey
vdle, and is a most eligible situation for the practice of
medicine,being m the centre of a populous and indepen
dent circle. Hlsould I he above place Ik- purchased by a
physician, the nttbscrilwr will surrender his practice in
the neighborhood; if otherwise, he will continue it. Ap*
rf.cStion should be made as speedily as possible,
N B — I he above place would suit any public charac
ter, whether physician lawyer nr tavern keeper, but is a
particularly advantageous situation for a doctor. M. 1’.
November I* fifl- wlf
ISiclimoml, Vilmil.n, I)<t. |:i.
Our account* from all quarters of tin* State are of the
most cheering complexion. A letter which wo received
l»V vesb*rday a Mail, L*yond the mountains, assures us
wit.i “the most uulxitiudcd confidence,” that the Slab*
Will be right at the Spring Elections, and that “alio will
return toiler first love, with an overwhelming majority"
—Ural “in the Valley and the Western O unties, the
Opposition is becoming every day weaker”—and that
“our victory is sure."
We refloat the information which we have received
from tlw best uud moat authoritative sources, that the
Spring Elections in Congress will go against tile Oppo
sition in every District, where there is to be a contest_
and that they will not Ik* able to carry one of their can
didates against us—that Messrs. Alien, Archer, Clai
borne. Davenport, (Hudson, Cordon. Moore and Taylor,
will in all probability lie superseded by friends of the
Administration—and that Messrs. Chinn and Eoyall will
bo re-elected. The wheel is turning in the Old Domi
nion—wa“ are now “in the midst of u Revolution ’—ami
the fortune of war is going against our opponents.
We cuu in our turn assure the friends of the Admin
istration, that wo jiuvc never seen a firmer spirit among
their representatives in the State Legislature. Their
Meads are up. I hey loci that their cause is good, nip'
that the l'ooplo are will, them '1'lu-,) bigs have
TlV.,,!r5 ~ ^‘legislature; but their efforts are
niar i jv JfJiIucIi violence, indiseivtion, and proscrip
ium. that their own errors are calculated b» rouse and
animate the other party. Noclfort is spared to keep the
ranks of our opfionenls together. Their cant cry is,
“ Let ns all hang together. li e say also. “ Ut „s till
trtnnd together. J'hrtr leaders arc determined nten. Most
ot them are oil the high-pressure principle—but their ilis
cretion is very fur short of their impetuosity. TJiey are
attempting to operate on the pride of tin* doubtful Men;
to lash them up to that stab* of political enthusiasm or
party fanaticism, which may prompt them to overlook
every olliur consideration; to urge them on to disobey
their constituents, and to sacritice every thing, even
themselves, for Mr. Leigh. They are persuading the
instructed men to disregard their instructions: and the
game partly is. to run lift the qualified electors in the
counties to a number, not only much higher than has
ever been given in, but beyond any number that has ever
been estimated, or that can 1m* g.,tinned from all the
Commissioners' Rooks or actual Polls. Another, and an
important part of the game, is, to precipitate the F.lcctiou,
before the Insti notion Pa|M*rs ean lie received, or oxuin
ined, or before flu* voice of tin* People ean reach their
Representatives. Mr. Leigh cannot be elected, without
violating the will of the People, lit* cannot again reach
the Capitol, without passing over tin* prostrate Principle
of the Right of instruction.
• cumioi remain ^saui i\lr.’Anderson ot ISoletourt. to |
llu* Senate, on Wednesday last.) a passive spectator to
tlie tremendous ami systematic cilort wlncli is now mak
ing in this City, to bring tire Instruct ions of tlie Peojtlc
into ridicule ami contempt—ami thereby to suppress their
wall. lo U> silent now, sir, would !*e treachery to my
Constituents and my Country. 1 wish to see, (and will
use all honorable means to procure it.) not only a majori
ty ot the legislature. 1.ut a majority of the People, repre
sented in the election of a Senator.”
\Ve cannot close this article without laying lieforo our
readers the billowing animated and eloquent appeal from
the last “Petersburg Constellation” upon this very suh
ject. As ho sis-nks, MO we doubt not will tlie People
ot \ irginia feel, when one ot their most inestimable rights
is brought into jeopardy. If gentlemen can now tly from
the orders of their coiistitueiits, the right of Instruction
may henceforth he considered as a phantom m Virginia.
Let the jieople see to it!
<h'rom the Constellation.J
“To the Signers of the. Instructions.
“Fki.i.ow-Cit i/.kns : You are disregarded, defied, bo
tray ed. Your instructions are buried in the pockets of
your I >elegates with indifference. Ity pressing the elec
tu>" «l Senator, ns was done in the f|. of Delegates on
I uesdny last, they have in died sd at defiance any fur
ther action on your part; you are in truth, fellow-citizens,
transferred to the interests ot Federalism, Jiankism. and
Nullification ; tor of such discordant and abhorrent mate
rials, is the party composed, who, in opposition to your
expressed will, have tin* benefit of y’our whole strength
in the V irginia Assembly. Do you confirm the bargain,
brother Republicans:? Will you ratify a contract, which
obliges you to light the battles ot’ y’our iratiniiul enemies,
and make war on your best friends? Will you W trans
ferred, without your consent, to garrison the Castle ofthc
enemy? fciuch is the position you occupy rtt this moment.
Your recreant Delegates have delivered you “unto the
Ishiuat lites, and the light of' day, already lieginning to
dawn on it. will soon make the transaction hut too uiaui
I’es' to us all. We do not speak lightly or unadvisedly’
on this subject. While a hope remained that the voice
ot the people would be respected, we cherished it. YVe
gave no place to fear in our bosoms. YVe distrusted the
political principle of no man. YVe believed in things as
they appeared to us, and we should have felt no obliga
tion to the officious counsellor, who had warned us of
the fallacy of the dream we indulged in. YVhcu the
press abroad assailed those sous of Virginia, in whose
pure republican faith we confided, we fell indignant
ami repelled the assaults. YVe were satisfied, that in
tin- ju ttjiit" witu Mi|)rt*nu*. .Hid ijint
t!i<-ir I Jclegutes would not hesitate, much Iom (hire to
disobey Hie will. But we were mistaken. We ac
knowledge our error with grief and shame. A vital
principle id Republican Government is stricken at—|>er
liaps is to receive its death-blow, in a laud, which above
all others, Ins heretofore cherished, obeyed and defend
ed it. Man-worship, that heinous and crying sin, charg
ed ol late with such assurance ami so incessantly,against
the friends of the Administration, has develop'd itself in
another (piurter, and we acknowledge with what truth
the Opposition press spoke, when some of them recently
asserted that the instructions of the people of Virginia,
would be laughed to scorn by the original friends of
Benjamin Watkins Leigh. He "is now the object of!
pirty adulation. The man who never lias been the
Imn advocate of popular rights—never has been the
trieml ot the great body of the people—is to lx? elevated
at all hazards ami sacrifices, t'Or him, J'elloic citizens,
these men of straw, " made what they are by your breath,
and who, by your breath, ran he unmade again," hare
"laughed your instructions to scorn.” They close their
l ps and smile »*i their sleeves at your suffering them
t > pocket them, until the very moment they are to
vote on the question most important to you. They will
I ben vote against your expressed will, and defend them
selves, by telling some of you, that the majorities you I
claim are not legal; that they were not fairly obtained— )
that your enegates told them so, and that they believe your i
enemies in preference to yourselves. The Certificates of i
your Commissioners of the Revenue, will not be admit
ted as satislactory evidence. No estimate is correct !
no assertion is positively true, but that which your '
opponents make. Will you suffer yourselves to he j
Hum lolled, brother Republicans, by the deep and :
designing schemes of your cncinioi, countenanced i
and given into by your faithless delegates? No—we )
trust not. \Y lien we unfurled this sheet, we in- j
SCI died oil it as apart of our motto "FOR TIIF. I'EO-'
I lil'i. J he banner which hears that motto, is trebly
nailed to the llng-statf. YVe never have—we never will |
desert it. . YVe will war for the rights of the people to the j
last shot in the looker. If the citadel we essay to save, 1
is battered in fragments about our ears, be it so. Our
conquerors will find us, like the gallant defender of the j
< ns tie of Antwerp, ready to receive them among the
rains. In the struggle thus far, we have been aided mid
supported by a noble band of Virginia freemen, recog- j
lining and acting on Republican principles. YVe call up
on that band to stand firm and perish, if need Ik*, in the '
last ditch with us, in defence of the cardinal points of re
presentative government, the Kioiit or tiik l’r.oei.v.
io IssI'Ht'i r tiir. Ri i-ri sks i ativ k-—anil of their duty
to exact and enforce olx'dience to those instructions.—•
Aye, unlimited and unquestioned obedience. A tnajo- j
rily of the members of the Virginia Senate. are with us
in feeling and iti principle. We can assemble and act in j
our primiry capacities—we can remonstrate against
Hie Election ol n I niter) Stall's Senator this win- j
ter, on the ground, that tbe result will not express the
sense of Virginia and the Senate, knowing the justice of 1
our appeal, will listen to us YVe cm address ourselves to 1
tin' Ilona- of Delegates,and tell them to withdraw from
the secret places in which they have been hidden, our
paper* ril Instruction, and spread them upon their Journal
—-spread them licforc the House and the world—that the
House and the world may hear and decide on the justice
ofonr cause. The humblest minority of the humblest
County or Borough in the State, have the right to
he heard on that lloor hy petition. 1s t us, a do- 1
ruled majority, demand mo to Is* heard, lad u* demand
ot that body, a formal recognition of the principle of the
right of instruction, and of the authority of tbe poo- '
Ide to prrscrilie the mode? in which that right shall !
be exercised. Tbe Coitslitiitiou has designated the
qualifications of the voters; we will ask the Legislature, i
to name who among th. m, shall compose a tribunal to '
decide on tbe number and qualifications of person* claim* :
tog n rig./ vote in the State and in till the subtlivi* 1
sions ot th#- Hint#-, whenever it shall be deemed necessa- i
ry, to r*w>rt to the right of instruction. Il'e will not ijir/d :
them that inner. We will place it out of—we wish to
sre it /dared (rut of, the reach of parly bias or faction, |
principled or unprincipled. But fi.r the great right of!
instruction—the riaht to /rrrsenhr the method of I net rue- \
lion, and ovi-rv other reserved and inalienable right of the i
people, we claim the attribute, of (with us at least) the
revered emblem of Caledonia We point gentlemen to I
the cherished motto, the indelible
which snrronnd* h# r Thistle an#l eontinii.illy warns the
sicrilegir.iis "(hat tliey cannot touch it with impunity'
A thorn await • the hand that tamper* with—a wound
impend* tin- foot that dare* trample oil tin* right*
<f the jM'opte. We poiitt them, too, to the April
ELECTIONS. Then at least, will Im* a W KITING
oil tin' wall, tut terrible a* that which made Br |.
shazxur tremble. MKNK, MKNK, TEKKL, t'lTIAR
SIN, will be inscribed ill many places. *• Thou hast beeu
weighed in the balance and found wanting;" will sound
in many ear*. True, some will not heed that sound.—
The veteran Ckntauiu's who tor a lifetime has made the
heart* ol mankind and tin" In**I* ol tin* next nobloxt aui*
mill to man, hi* play-tliinos; amt tin* treardless Paiiis,
more fitted “to eaper nimbly in a lady's chamber" than
to sit in a solemn Legislative Hall, w ill retire from a
station thay are so little calculated really to adorn.
to one where none will *liine with brighter lustre_the
lealhs of pr irate ttfr, without a sigh. But thou, gifted
and classic V ALKliHJS, who Imuilcd among* the hill*,
and hath blossomed and borne goodly fruit in the valley
—to whom your State looked with pride, and your coun
try with Ii<>|h-; and thou list,caustic, though coarse I'oa
chula, wln> will make a worthy law-giver, when you
learn to urine tin- solid esteem of your fellow-men, above
the idje laugh of the crowd on a court-green, where will
you hide your heads, when driven by the vote-* of Un
people from your present stations' Keho, answers
nr he re/ You belong to your Country—bury not your
selves by one fatal uct, in tin* depths of political obscu
r>ly—however dear retirement may be—that solitude
must prove irksome, which is w ithout end."
Literary lutrJUgencr,—We have received two volumes
of “the writings of George Washington, with historical
note* and illustrations, and a litb of the author, by Jared
Sparks, id Best at. 1 Im following prortteclus will show
tin* character of this admirable work :
“It ts-iu" now more tli.ui live year. vim*- this work «u first an
l, 0,1 ... tor publication, so.ih-oisiiupy ..leveMary poor tin
t-.itior to tin- public, for ru Im* ttdelay. On tUi* point, however, lie
thtuh.it ii.oe.-iary tu rcienrsu.ly, t..ut diiriu* thi« period, l.e ha.
I> eu luiuf. il with opportunities u.id made nc.ruidlio.i4, which hiv
rendered linn better ipi ililii .l to do ju-tice lo tliu t i.k he-*- * .
ken. Hi. n-M-arche. iu the public otlu. - ,* . ,, ’’V ulo,.,',*u
ill-toil, and oil the Slates. *• d . * - -' l.oudon, i uri., U a-h
ltnol.ilii.il,;.- : ,r . ■ '-“T during the
.. .veila, tin- uroe*, he ha. gamed to \aliunde private
i ;!. .4 In dillere.it part. ofthu . om.tr>, l.aie brought into l.i. hand, a
inn., ol muti-rial., original nnj im|>o.taiit in their chumelor, wl.i.-h,
In- iru-.li, will Is- loiin.l to havecoutrilnrted en«-iitinl aid in . nnlili i
him to exeeut • with more m eurney nmleoiupl. line., hi. iii;uii pur
iHMi>, Hud tliu, to have coiiipon.ated in vonje degree lor the lime uud
labour tle-y have eo I.
“The work i» to rou.-Ut of the writing* of Wa-li in-ton, •••lorlcd
from the yolu.iiiiibna paper. loll by him at Mou.it Vernoa, which have
all been in til |ies4i-.m.n ofthe Editor I'or six y.-ar.. The object
ha. been to -all.r from the whole of then- |>aper., niiiouutiag to loo.u
thou sixty lolio uiaiiu-rcripl volume., the Is »t |Miitioii4 of Wu.liiii*
Ion .i willing., and lo comhiiii- lln*ni into a inellie.heal arrai|-*eiiietit
ac. iiiiijmilied with explanatory mile, mid historic .I i lu. idationr.
I lii't will bo I'tiMi'.»»*.i in tin* luUutviiij onl«*r:
I. layer*and other Payer* retatiny to Ifa-kinytau'* early Militarn
luren- ,n the h reach liar, unit a* Caumtandrr of the I irg.uio Borer/.
-.. letters, Ji, i>rar*i,-nt, Addrexce*, and other paper* rrtatiuy ,u thi
.lumenn liraolatwii. .1. Pre ate Vorrtapamdenre front the 'pane of
hi* rej.yntny the Command of the Arm* to ihr Bryiamioa of the lrc*i
dmru. I t'aU.c and Pricnte tetter-, Inntructiuoe, and other Paper*
frumtr Tanc.fh,* Inauyarution a* Per*,dent to the cad of hi* tefc
.>. At real or* to Cany re*, and Putdie Mders.-t*.
i 7 V"'.J?l,0*° uomls-r ol volume. eamiet Is-|ir ei.ely uii-ertuined,
bill il will not lie |e.. than i-i jht, nor more ths:i twelve. The work
w ill he printed in tin-octavo form, and executed in the best maimer
e;ieh volume averagm* inure tbun live limidred page.. It will he rm
he.lidn l vvithmi accurateengraving of Stuart’, original portrait and
Ilinidoii - hunt, II. III. II w ith a aerie, of plan, and .kelclin., illu<tralii
•ri|,U|,|,°,l,,"l °lK>r,“,0,w “i which Wn.hiugtou wa. eon"
I In- lir.t v elmnc will eon.Sit of al.ile of Wa .hill-ton, vv r it ten with
a v icw r*i In. pei *oiia| acta a id character.
“I lie M-emi.l and third volume, i.re ju-t pn'ili-lied, and the other
vvdl ippeiir at the late ol* three or four a year, till the work «hall he
... UI. .U.IUUUIUU, us wi ll as ilcllgim-il. to liiiil llOW
niurli of this great man's writings it lias been Mr. Sparks'
good fortune to procure, for the benefit of Ids country
men. The materials he has pres4*rved, are excellent._
1 he letters ot Washington breathe that strong, comiuon
seiise, and lofty sentiment, on a variety of subjects, which
best illustrate his own character—the character not only
ofthe first man of Ids country, but of his age. It gives
us a distinct view ot his manly views as a politician, at
the time of tile Revolution. It also lifts up the curtain
which concealed his private relations and usual occupa
tions on his farm and in his household. We have copi
ous extracts from his Diary, Ac.—and we are every mo
ment struck with his habits ol regularity as well as with
his sagacity. He was attentive to l.ittlr mutters us well
as to the Great.—'The whole Work is lull of attraction.
We recommend it to the patronage of all ids countrymen
buteapecially oi the \ irginians. We may make some
extracts from the volumes hereafter, when we have more
sea-room than we have at present. One curious
anecdote only, shall we extract at this time. It relates
to a remarkable sating ofthe Rev. Mr. Davies, who was
himself a very distinguished Minister of tin* Church :_
After Bruddock s defeat in !?•>■>, “tile Reverend Sam
uel Davies, at that time a Clergyman in Hanover coun
ty. preached a sermon to one ofthe Volunteer eouipa
nios (which were embodied to march to the frontiers) on
the I<th ol August, which was printed in Philadelphia
ami London, entitled •• llc.igion and Patriotism, tliu Con
stituents of a good Soldier.'’ Afh-r applauding the pa
triotic spirit and military ardor, which had la.giin to ma
nilest themselves, the Preacher adds:—“ As a remarka
ble instance of this, I may point out to the public that
heroic youth, Colonel Washington, whom 1 cannot
lmt hope Providence has hitherto preserved in so signal
a maimer tor some important service to his country."
I he work is beautifully priitb'd and bound.
1 lie Milton Spectator assures us, “that in the lab*
flection of United Stab's Senator, by our 1-egislature.
such ol the members as had been specially instructed to
vote for the re-election of Mr. Brown, or for the election
ot some friend ofthe Administration, yielded to their in
structions. •—Is it possible, that tin* Politicians in North
Carolina will turn out better Republicans than those of
\ irginia ?
From Washington.—A friend informs us, that he has
never seen so quiet a commencement of a session—that
the t Opposition seem to lx* entirely at a Joss what course
to take—that the attack of Clayton, on tlu* Message, in
regard to 1* rench ult..irs, though bucked bij Claiborne, was
an abortion.
IT/’Wo must further beg the patience of our Corres
pondents. Virginius—A communication on the South
ern Literary Messenger—One of tlu: People on the
Right of Instruction, ifce., A c., are laid over for our next.
p*We received, by List evening’s mail, a Communi
cation from the Chairman of the Committee of Cutnbrr
land County, in reply to “An Err. and Ear Witness,”
too late for this day's paper. He states, that the letters
ot Instruction were bunded in at the November Court
with subscribers—that they adjourned over till
December Court, and that •• if he will open iiis eyes and
ears, (at that Court,) In- will see and hear something not
exactly to his taste.”—We also received, by the same
mail, (too late also for this paper,) a letter from a gentle*
man, who, though he “differs from Mr. Hives, in his po
litical creed,1" comes forward to do him justice, and clear
him of the charge of his having lieeii “secretly a frieml
of the Tariff," with which lie lias been charged in the
newspapers. Our Correspondent produces, for Mr. R '*
justification, the extract of a letter which he received
from Mr. R. himself near four years ago.
We made an Erratum in printing the number of signa*
tnres which appear to the Cotter of Instructions from
this county. It should have been M77, instead of Jil7.
A letter lias lieen since received from the county of
Amelia, which stales that “ The Committee had been all
alive last week, and the result was a triumphant" one for
the friends of the Administration—that additional sig
natures had lieen obtained —that the number of voters
in the county were only fiGO (“ without counting the
dead, non-residents of the State, and those who have for
feited their right to vole from any other cause what
ever )—and that the ascertained majority on the In
struction paper, was 35.
Biu'Vswuh, December 10, 1 tf34.
Mv.ssns. hiUTons:—The county of lirunswick has
been for the last three months, the theatre of much ex
citement and iliseu sion, upon the question of instruction
to onr Delegate*, respecting their vote for United States
Senator. Each party lias been firm fo its prineiples, and
disputed every inch of ground. Nothing, however, has
happened, to mar the |*.-ace of the people, or to disturb
the social feeling, which exists between the two parties
—each has treated the other with decency and respect;
and while it is cause for joy mid mutual congratulation,
that the strife has ccared and storm subsided, succeeded
by a calm of mutual good feeling and friendship, is it not
strange to hear of the reports, that have gone abroad.’
I will name one, among many others.— Ih-ing out
of my county a few days ago, I was accosted'some
what in the following manner—“Well, I understand
the instruction has failed in Brunswick, and that you
have burnt your papers in disgust." 1 replied, it was
not so, and that there was no reason or sense in the
report “Well, we have heard so here, and have heard
a I>et of five hundred dollars offered upon it.” I stated
in reply, that the money could be easily won, arid that
the gentleman who offered it. could not he in earnest,
because, in the first place, no body had any right to des
troy the papers—the committee of scrutiny had not—be
cause the pii|M-r.< entrusted to their care, were the pro
perty of the people of the comity, containing a fair, full
uud clear expression of their opinions,upon an important
The committee, appointed to prepare copies of the let
ter of instruction, with complete lists of the signer* nn
nexod thereto, performed that duty, and delivered on Sa
turday preceding last Brunswick Court day, a copy to
each of our Delegates, and also to rmr Senator, from
onr Senator, Mr. Dromgoole, and our delegate. Mr Turn
hull, the committee received prompt answers, acknow
ledging the receipt of the letter of instruction, admitting
the right of tho constituent body to instruct their repre”
sentatives. and pledging themselves to vote for some
member of the administration party who will oppose the
renewal of the charter of the U. St it*-* Rank.
The committee wailed more tlnn ten days for Mr.
Shell’s reply. It has not yet conk- to hand. As the per
sonal friend of Mr. Shell, I regret that he has not thought
proper to respond; It is due to the importance of the
subject—it is due to the committee, out of courtesy nml
respect—it is due to the people of the county, whoso
sentiments had been so fully ami clearly expressed.—■
Mr. Shell, I suppose, however, aided by Ins political
friends, has convinced himself, that he ought not to obey,
and therefore no further notice should lie taken of ns.—
I lie party b» vornhle to instruction, desiring no advan
tage, and wishing no concealment as to their course,
as early a* September Court, appointed a committee
to examine, and ascertain a* near a* they could, t‘ e
number of leg.il votct* uPthe county. At OcioLtr
Court they reported, that, alter a e.ireful examination of
the Commissioner* hooks, they found ilie nuniher to be
or thereabout*. Although tin* i 'ouiiiiissioiier*'
I looks ute notuu unerring guide, they aie the heat evi
dence of the number of voter*. There are many non
resident voter*, that cannot be ascertained exactly; and
hence it wa* admitted, that there might be a few more
than were re|x>rted.
At October Court, a Coinniillee was up|>oiiited to call
in the paper* ot Instruction; to scrutinize the same, and
expunge therefrom, the names of all such per* ms as ap
peured to them, not to Is* legal voters. The Committee
ascertained the aggregate number to l*e |:i|—and utter
deducting :k» bad Vote*, left It! 'i to In* addi*d to tin* (s-ttcr
of Instruction, which was tlie number presented to our
Delegates uiid Senator.
But. our opponents, we understand, have arrived n)
\ery d.Dereut Conclusions from the same premise*, al
though nothing official has appeared, a* yet, from them.
I hey have made a variety ot calculation* to swell the
amount of voters, so as to require a larger
number to constitute the majority—they have travelled
out ot the county,%iu every direction, to ruke up vote*,
whether they Ik* Administration or Op|Htsitiou. Bank or
auli-itaiik—mid rumor says, they have ascertained the
number to Is* '-MSI or thereabout*—and that they are au
thorized to take oil names enough to reduce our majority
to :*5u. J J
II tins I** s >, we contend tli.it it is tlicir duty to show
it, Olid not put their pa|H*r* in their pocket* fi»r salc-kecp
i'»g. Our opponents first attacked the inode of getting
UP,instructions. It was denounced us sly and insidious_
us intended or calculated to impose upon the ignorance of
the people—that “deception, intrigue, fraud, and
|y, ;• forgery, would be resorted to. They Ji^ufliowever,
in the progress ol the disc^.-.n. Unit objections to any
particular uioder^lloullll,d lt) a denial of the right, and
- -• concede the right to instruct, there coidd be no
sound objections to the manner; because, to suppose the
people too ignorant to instruct, is equivalent to saying that
they an! too ignorant to vote at the annual elections, und
consequently incapable of self-government. The peo
ple saw, that it was a stroke at the very existence of free
Government. Abandoning this position, our enemies
next came into our own ranks, and attempted to neu
tralise our men ; and by art und management, (1 will not
say “intrigue, deception, und fraud,'*) by bringing to bear
on the question .Mr. Shell's prrson.il popularity, by np.
is als to the sympathies of the people, in such language
us “ Will you force Mr. Shell to resign?" “Will you
draw him from his scut?." they succeeded in inducing
many to take no part in the matter, und thereby had the
bencht of counting some, who were, on principle, oppos
ed to them.— In this stall* of tilings, we requested our op
ponents to start a counter paper, aud then they could only
count such us would sign—blit they saw clearly, tlie ad
vantage to be derived from appearing to lie imlitirrcnt. in
order that they might be l>ciiriittcd by counting all who
did not sign our paper. We urged them to tins course;
for, if they succeeded in obtaining more signatures than
ive could, we would, atjince, acknowledge that we were
instructed. Nut lieing suiliciently successful at this lost
expedient, they determined finally upon the attempt to
persuade the people that they ought to recall their name*.
()! this, we had no notice, aud never knew, until since
the Letter of Instruction was closed, that (lie effort was
seriously made; hut it is reported that they are authorized
to take oil'many, llow tliis has been effected, if true,
ive know not—whether by “cornering, nliHreprcscntatioii,
intrigue or fraud.” I should feel great delicacy in
riding “hog paths and bye-ivays,” in travelling through
“thickets and recesses,” and “scouring the country',"
to persuade the free, independent und intelligent citizens
of Brunswick, to reverse their recorded opinions upon a
solemn and most important subject.
1 have taken some pains to ascertain the average vote
ut the polls for the last live years, and find it t«» be *145.
We contend that Brunswick has not more than seven
hundred good voters, aud that we have a majority of that
number. If we are wrong in this, it is the duty of our
opponents to show it. Hut, admitting for argument'ssake,
that ive have not a majority, we contend that our dele
gates stand instructed torthe following reasons:
Because the number ive furnished is the best evidence
ol public sentiment tli.itjias been obtained;
Because it greatly exceeds the majority of the average
vote of tlie county for the last five years;
Because it is more by one hundred, than Mr. Shell ob
tained at the last election;
Because it is such a vote as would insure any man’s
election in tin* county forever;
Because it is more, by double, than could be obtained
in the usual way of calling tlie people together, either on
the one side or the other;
And lastly, Because it is more than our opponents can
obtain^m the same ivay.
II, however, Mr. Shell, in the face of this mass of evi
dence cf public opinion, shall feel himself at liberty to
disregard it, the responsibility will lie on bis head; un is
sue will have been fairly made up between him and his
constituents, which will be decided at the polls.
.. cov hi uxicjcrr.n.
A Supplemental llrport of I lit Hcsults.
At an adjourned meeting of the Conimjttee, acting in
pursuance of tlie published Resolutions, held on tliis Sth
day of December, L-'iH, at Cju-sterfield Courthouse, for
further ascertaining and reporting on tlu* number of qua
lified voters who have signed the Letter of Instructions:
The Committee.—Archibald Thweatt, James Elam,
Charles F. Woodson, Edward II. Moseley, Higgisnu
Hancock, Richard N. Thweatt, Green Hall, George W.
Cole. Benjamin Moody, Richard Elam, Silas Cheatham
William I* islirr, Willimn (inode, jr., Kdu'urd Anderson,
John B. Goode, \\ illiam Ellis, John Gregory. Daniel
Wcisigcr, Austin Spears, William S. Overton, Rowlet
Jackson, Archer Traylor, A. 11. Branch and Patrick
Guo. \V. Coi.k, Secretary.
i ue yoinnmu-u on examination ot lurtlier returns of
Instruction papers, report the additional signatures to be
twenty-four, which produce an aggregate of six hundred
and twenty-seven, being a majority ol the whole number
of legal voters, which amount to about one thousand, as
heretofore reported. It is proper to stale, that titles to
property, by descent, marriage, division of estates, and
decrees of courts of justice, make it dillicult to ascer
tain the precise nunilier of qualified Voters, as all their
names do not always in due time appear on (lie Commis
sioner's books.
The Committee are well informed, that many other
voters would have signed, had the Letter of Instruction
been presented to them. A majority being ascertained,
and it being a fact of general notoriety, that a considera
ble majority of the legal voters are in favor of President
Jackson s Administration, the Committee deem it ex
pedient to close their commission, after adopting the fol
lowing Resolutions :
1. That the Chairman enclose a copy of this supple
mental Report with the Resolutions, to Mr. Johnson, our
State Delegate—a like copy to Mr. Old, our State Sena
tor—and a like copy to Mr. Archer, our Representative
in Congress.
9. That the Chairman publish a copy of his letter to
Mr. Johnson, with the answer, now before the Committee;
ami that the Chairman also make due publication of the
communications lie may hereafter receive from Mr. John
son, Mr. Old, and Mr. Archer, on the subject of the In
structions, in consequence of official letters addressed to
them by the Chairman, in performance of the duties as
signed to him.
3. That the Chairman and Secretary sign these pro
ceedings, ami that the Editors of the I'ublic Journals in
Richmond and Petersburg be respectfully requested to
publish the same in their respective papers.
4. And lastly. That this Committee now adjourn with
out clay. A RCHI BA I.D TIIWEATT, Chain.
Oku. W. Coil:, Srinj.
The following are true copies of the letters above
Ciirsrv.nFiri.n Countv, Nov. 90th, IH3-I.
To Wilmam It. Johnson, Esq.
Drni Sir: As Chairman of the Committee acting on
the subject of Instructions in this county, the duty de
volves on me, of now enclosing to you, the Delegate
from this county to the General Assembly of this Com
monwealth, certified copies of the letter of Instructions,
list of the signatures ol the qualified voters, and of the
Report of the Committee thereto annexed. Permit me
to tender you the assurance, that the utmost confidence
is entertained by the Committee, and by those whom
they have the honor to represent, in your ready obedi
ence oft hose Instructions, proceeding immediately from
a majority of your constituents.
An early nnswer to this eoimimnication is rcsjiectfully
requested. With great respect, yours, &ic.
A IK If I BALD TIIWEATT, Chairman, fyc.
(nir. ANSWF.R.)
Richmond, Dec. 2d, I HIM.
j To Archibald Th treat!, I'.sij , Chairman, f,-c.
j Dear Sir: I received on yesterday, by Col. Cole,your
I favor enclosing me a lisl of signatures, on the subject of
I Instructions, which 1 beg you will inform the Commit
tee, shall have due attention and consideration.
With great respect, 1 am your very ob't. servant,
Tine copies— A Tuwr. » rr. Chairman, fj r.
| Gf.sti.i.mf.s—I have just received a letter from a friend
| living in Is-xington, Rockbridge, Va., a part of which
i being of a political character, I give you in the following
j short extract :
*' We instructed onr Representatives, bint Monday, to
I vote with the friends of the Administration. I think
[ Mr. Moore will stay at home next session. The Admi
nistration candidate will ls» elected over him by (a large
majority.) The friends of the Administration are in
high spirits, and count oil rertain victory ! You thus see
the hone and sinew, the Democracy of Old Rockbridge,
rising in the majesty of tlipir might, sustaining those
great principles for which the virtue and intelligence of
this enlightened part of the Community are distinguish
ed. Yes, the lights that have emanated from that insti
stitution. (situated in the mid I of lier people) that the
immortal Washington aided in establishing, will now
shine in the effulgence of their greatest brilliancy. In
the language of the immortal Henry, “Give me Liberty,
or give me death.” There can be no doubt, but that the
members ot Rockbridge will obey the I ns true, lions.—
I hoy are too high-minded, nnd know the duty of a repre
sentative loo wi II. to disregard the voice of the People,
the only safeguard and refuge the constituent hrdy can
have when their rights an* invaded To disregard such
I ,,ul f.u‘ “ *• WtU*d be to disregard that great hulwaik of
gi.hh.- liberty; and they will justly .... r.t the rebuke ,.i'
an indignant I eoide. hy countenancing a doctrine that
si. ikes a deadly l lmv at the first principles on which the
I I ul \ irgmiu have ucled ever since the llcvolu
I lieu.
7*,k , . .*'<>•* rut: iwnvmt n.
To those membra of the l.rg-suture who are ixrstx acini
to rote ur'oinrt Hinjumin U'athius Leigh.
J It is n. t my purple t.. address you in the soil ikiigttaee
| ot |M>rsuasion or entr.-tty, nor to invoke popular veil
geance upon you. My ckvign is, to plead the claims of
Ijonr /ironic, II gainst the cluitvjs of yolir /uirty -to remind
you ot the delicate positions \\hirli yon occupy—to warn
you against the seductive iiitluences by which you are
| surrounded—and to repel the slanderous imputations by
which some ofyour partix.ni presses, und associates, a»i
seeking to invalidate these instructions, und disgrace
those who liave signed them.
You arc instructed to vote against the re-election of
Mr. Is-igli. You ure for him. Some ofyour party friends
an1 endeavoring to take advantage of your purty attach
ments, and ure insultingly pleading the ignorance of your
constituents, in bar of your obligations to ol**y their in
structions. They tell you, thatu number of your people
have been hoodwinked and cheated—that they would not
have instructed you. if they had been fully informed
upon the questions involved—that you ure Uund to pro
tect the ignorant from such im|iostiircs. and impostors,
and to guard the sacred Right of Instruction front such \
abuses. 1 hey appeal to your independent * . «ur grille
"* cl,«rar,t‘:r» >',>'*r1 loy **'r.Vi/U' ,rxnj. “ There must be
“ ." « ■ u.....<«g.«i/»—Is-igli must bo sustained,
’*-V • an Riircnism will rule the Uhl Dominion_Kvcry
•* Whig must pull true, else the Whig cause is deleutvd,
“ und the II hig jiarlij annihilated.'’
Such is in Hiihstauee, und spirit, the language of the
Whig paper*, and a fair picture of the ffrdmgs ami ef
forts of some ofyour Whig associates, with our II big
Gorrruor at the head of them, lie calls upon you. to
••act in all tiling* ns become* this Commonwealth.’’ lie
leaves you at no loss to guess what course, in his opinion
will “become this Commonwealth.” You must, first ami
foremost, oppose -the K.xccutive head of the Federal
Government,” right nr wrong.—You must sustain “the
faithful Representatives of the States, in the Senate of
the United States,"—and Senator la-igli. of course. “ In
doing so," say* the Governor, “you will surely find the
consolation of;/our oxen approving judgments—will enti
tle yourselves to the gratitude Yd your constituents ; and,
whether you receive them now or not, you may justly
claim the thank* of u o hole country, whose future desti
ny depends, in a great degree, upon your acts."
In the name ol consistency I who can read this sen
tence, without wondering what has become of the ter
rors excited by the doctrine of the Prochunntion, upon
the subject of Representative amenability? Yvho
can read the Governor’* praises of the Senate_“ the
faithful llc/irfsrntatirrs of the States,"—without conclud
ing that he wishes the instructed members of the legisla
ture of Virginia to display their fidelity, just ns did the
instructed Senators, who, in contempt of tin* expressed
will «.f their constituents, persisted in a course of reck
less hostility b. the Administration, and of friendship to
the Rank? According to the Governor, they arc entitled
to the gratitude of their constituents, and “may justly
claim the thunk* of the whole country!" “Faithful
Representatives of the Slab s ! •’* llut li-t that pass. I
ask you, gentlemen Senators and Delegates, whether it
is not your duly to represent your /ic.o/ili y Can your
Whig brethren, ami your Whig Governor, ubaolvc you
from your obligations to those for whom yon an* acting 1
Do thry teel the force ol tin* claims which your co.istilii•
cut* have upon you y No ! They go for their party, ami
would have you to do so, though, ill doing so, you he
guilty of perfidy to those whom it is your duty to repre
sent !
Hut a \vor«l or two moro, about this plea of ignorance
and imposture. Cun yon us faithful Republican repre
sentatives, hear, without repelling. the slanders which
are uttered against your constituents? ' Admit that there
are ignorant voters, and that there are designing dema
gogues, who would not seruplu to lake advantage of tlieir
ignorance. It is folly to cite individual cases. They are
not confined to one side of the house. They may bo
plead as strongly, and as justly against the “liA/gs,” as
against the *'luries. Yea—I will venturi* to assert,
tliat for one instance, in which a voter has been misled
in signing these instructions, a dozen instances can bo
adduced, in which votes were given last Spring against
Administration candidates, under the firm persuasion,
that tieneral Jackson was striving to become King— and
another dozen, in which voters were induced to believe,
that if the “Jackson collar men” (as the friends of tin:
Administration were called) Were not put down, wheat,
tobacco and cotton would not sell for ane-fourth of their
usual prices. To such deceptions, artfully practised, se
veral members of the legislature are indebted for their
election. This is plain talk, but it is truth. To such an
extent, and witli such success, were them* deceptions
practised, that the heart of the Democrat grew sick._
llis faith in the principles on which our institutions rest,
was shaken; and, not a few holiest “Whigs,” were de
prived of the joys of victory, by tin* consciousness of the
wicked means, by which it was achieved. The scene is
now changed ; and many voters do not hesitate ft> ac
knowledge, that they were deceived. Rut it seems, that
although their rotes were good' amidst the panic and
gloomy predictions of the Spring, their instructions now,
after a whole Summer’s reflection, are deemed entirely
unworthy of notice, by those too, who swear eternal fide
lity .to the Right of Instruction!—1 repeat, that this
plc,a ot ignoranoo.il applied to here and there an in
stance, avails nothing. It works both ways, llut it is
aimed at the muss, and those who arc urging it,are striv
ing to set tin* representative above his constituents. We
shall soon see, how far they have succeeded. We shall
soon tliscover, whether the party influences, engender
ed, and exerted about the Metropolis, are stronger than
the claims of your constituents at home—whether you
serve your J‘u rlu, or your People.
11cware of the “ALTERNATIVES.”
A plain citizen begs permission to appear in your co
lumns, to say a few Words upon u subject that is of vital
importance to tin* |>eoplc o! a free country—1 allude to
tile instructing of some of our Delegates. Alteniptsaro
making to induce tin* instructed Delegates to violate
their Instructions. And 1 am very apprehensive that
some ot them have a hankering inclination to set
their own wills up for those of their constituents. The
vote for Speaker and l’ublic Printer lias an awful squint- ’
iug that way. For, 1 contend, that those who were in
structed to vote against Mr. Leigh were virtually bound
by the spirit of such Instructions to vote for Mr. Banks
as Speaker, who was known to he a firm friend of the
Administration, and who had so long presided in that
character in the House of Delegates. I have always
umlerstoood that lie m ule an able and a faithful Speaker.
Why then was the attempt made at this time to displace
an old and taitldiil officer? Did tlu.se members, who
were instructed, and who voted against him and tin*
Public Printer, do so from spite? To show tlieir disap
probation of their instructions? To let the People m »
that they will literally obey Instructions, nnd not tlieir
general spirit and meaning? Or, do they intend hereaf
ter to disobey both tlieir letter and spirit? Wo shall see.
It they do, it will be time enough tor the people to de
termine what they will do.
1 am awiirt* tliut tho lligm of liiHtruntion ia not openly
denied. But, the course that is recommended to be pur
sued. in order at present to defeat them, in faet aiitounld
to a denial of the right. The people will not he satisfied
with the reasoning which lias been resorted to on this
subject: They perfectly understand tlieir own rights,
aiiif will take especial care to vindicate and enforce
them—even it they have to make those who sport witli
them, play the game of rough. roll, and tumble. A tree
People are not to be trilled with. When a Representa
tive knows tlieir will, it is his duty to act accordingly,
without putting them to the trouble of formally instruct
ing him. There are some honorable examples, which
have been set in the case of United States Senator, in
this State. Some of the Representatives, knowing tho
sentiments ol the voters of tlieir counties and districts,
as relates to the re-election of Mr. l-eigli, at once came
forward and informed the people that they would cast
their votes according to tlieir wishes, without direct and
written instructions on the subject. 1 wish 1 could be
able to state that these instances were more numerous
j than they really are. Such a course, reflects honor upon
, the persons so acting, as well as the (Hale at large. To
bear a man elected by the (teople, say, that he does not
know their opinions upon important political matters,
and require written instructions, you may at onco s» t
him down as one who may lx* justly doubted—who
would lx- apt to betray the |X'op!e, and take his own will
as his guide, livery man who aspires to represent tho
people, ought to know llieir sentiments—at least, ujxni
matters of great public concernment. If they do not,
they should remain at home, and should never be select
ed as public agents.
Rut, it has been said, and some of the instructed Dele
! gates, I am told, entertain the same views, that tin1 In
structions, in many instances, have not been signed by a
| majority of qualified voters of the comity. In some of
I the counties this may lx; the ease, for aught 1 know; but
I in all, this cannot lx? presumed. In some I know,
1 however, the fact to lx> otherwise. If there is any Dele.
1 gate or Senator in our l-egislature instructed l>y less than
j a majority of tlx1 qualified voters in sneh county or dw
jtrict they represent, I wiltyiazard the assertion, that such
jf instruction papers are signed by at least a larger majori
! ty °f voters than sneh Delegate or Senator ever reeelv
; ud at the polls upon their election. If this be tho
| fact—and there can be no doubt of it—such men onght
to have the modesty to lx* satisfied, and obey such in
structions. Home, f understand, who doubt the valid!*
I ty of their Instructions, never got one half' of tho
| number of votes upon their election, compared to tho
i number who have now actually signed tlieir instrue
I tions. Rot, those to whom i allude, are certainly
■ mistaken. Ujwui investigation it will be fonml that
there is a great and decided majority rtf voters who
have signed tlieir instructions, with the exception, pro*
bably, of one or two counties. Hut it is remarkable how
some of these instructed persons Count the voters of a
County They say that there certainly should lx- a ma
jority of aunhlied voters, or the instructions are not ole
ligntory. But how do such men view the matter? They
take care to count every man in the county w ho dc.es not
sign the letters of instructions, as Ix-ing opjxieed to in*
strurtion— when the fact is, Ui.it there are almost in every
ei only many voters who nc.flier vote at i lections nor sign

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