Newspaper Page Text
JQf" Tlii* KNQII1KKH is published twico n \r«ck, n'lti rallv, anil
tbreu time* a week during the session of tbo Stale Lugulntuio,— I'riue, tliu .fine a» liurutoluru, Five Dollar* per annum, payable in ad vance. Note* of chartered, specie pa- mg bunk* (only) will In* re •x I Veil io payment. Tliu Kditor* w ill | unranteu tlie safoty of remit ting 1‘iuiu by mail; tliu poxl.i^e of nil let lor* being paid by tlie writer*. 'Sf ■ No paper will be discontinued, but at tliu discretion of tliu Ks iters, until all arreurago* liavu been paid up. \Vlioovur w ill guarauteu tliu paytnunt of nine papers, shall liavu tliu te.itli gratis. THUMB OF ADVKKTISING. Ono * punt, or lux*, Gr*t insertion, 7.1 cent*; onrli rontiminnco, S1) cent*. No a iverti*eiiieot inserted, until it tin* either been paid fur or asmnud by aomu person m this city or it* environs \ i:r;Ai>v iIict ■sFJiEiffw. IN < ’ll ANCERY—Viki.i m a.—Lancaster Cty. Court, November Term. I h:14: George W. and Surah Down man, Couiplt*. against John H. Downman and Harriett J. his wife, Thomas ■V/. Edmund* and A. O. his wife, Jas. F. Kali, Jane E. l-iiwniuan, William D. Montague, Richard 11., Robert, AVm. G., Julius, and Littleton D. Mitchell, Defls. This day came the plaintiffs, in this cause, and upon .'tearing their hill and exhibits in this cause, the Court •doth order, that the defendant Win. D. Montague, who r s not an inhabitant of this Commonwealth, be required do appear here on the first day of next March Term, to shew cause, if any lie can, why the lauds of which Jas. W. P. Dowuniaii died seised and possessed, lying und being in the county of Lancaster, should not be divided according to the prayer of the Compluinaiits' bill; and that tt copy ot this order Ik- published in some newspaper, published in tlie City of Richmond for eight weeks suc cessively: And the Court doth further order, that John Chowniug he appointed to rent out for the ensuing year, tlie tract of land called Morullico, in said county , having given public notice of the time and place cf renting; and that he take bond and security for the said rent, and re port to this Court his proceedings herein. Attest. ROBERT T. DUNAWAY, n. c. Jan. 5. 76—wdw IJNOR RENT, Uit Vutapaeo Hotel.—Tltis property is among the most valuable in the State, situated in the romantic nnd flourishing Village of ElHcoU’s Mills, ten miles front Baltimore, upon tho Turnpike, and thir teen upon the Baltimore and Ohio Ra-j-Road, where all the immense travelling to the West empties in tho Hotel. The improvements consist r.',' the Old Hoteland the large new Stone House recep'.iy built, fronting upon the Rail-Road nnd Turnpike, the large stone stable with thirty stalls, carriage -.ml ice house, und the splen did Garden of nearly thr.rC acres. To a good tenant tho rent will be made suitable. Proposals will be received until the loth January, und possession given on the first day of February, or sooner. Address JOSEPH BARLING, Balt. January 8. 75— 15thJ COX & BOYD, Commission Mkuchants, Portland, Maine.—Advances made on consignments of Flour, Corn, and Tobacco. Refer to U. B. Ha'.all & Co.. Lan caster, Dcnby & Co., Richmond; J. B. Ficklin, Fred ericksburg; Wm. Fowle & Co., Alexandria. January 8._75—w5w’ jnjYO SOU niKRN MERCHANTS.—Suydam anti u. Poyd, L>7 Pearl Street, New York, are now re ceiving a very extensive assortment of British, Irish, Scotch, German and American Dry Goods, suitable for the Spring trade, which they offer on the most liberal terms, amongst which are, Cloths, cassiineres, vestings, satinets, paddings, Irish linens, sheetings, diapers, damasks, white and colored l:npn drillings, assorted cold, grass cloth linen pantaloons, stuffs, cambric, jaconet, book and mull muslins, extra super and common light and dark prints, ginghams, fancy muslins, cambric and furniture diinits, furniture chintz, assorted colored embossed and watered moreens, Brussels, ingrain, Venetian and other carpetings, plain and figured floor baize, cotton and woollen table covers, Marseilles quilts and counterpains, brown ami bleached Russia sheetings, crequills, osnaburgs and burlaps, brown and bleached .sheetings and shirtings, hod ticks, checks, plaids and stripes, cotton pantaloons, stuff, silk and cotton umbrellas, negro cloths, Lowell,cotton, silk and cotton handkerchiefs, &e. Ac. P. S.—All orders punctually attended to. Jan. 8. 75—lfit 1 FARMERS BANK OF VIRGINIA.—The Presi dent and Directors have declared a dividend of three per cent, on the Capitol Stock, for the last six months; which will be paid to the Stockholders on the 15th inst. WM. NEKERV1S, Cashier. Jnn. fith, 1835. 74—4t BANK OF VIRGINIA.—The President and Di rectors have declared a dividend of the profits, for the last six months, of three dollars and thirty cents per share—which, alter a deduction of thirty cents on each share, for bonus to the State, will b<- paid to tho share holders on the 15th iust. Jan. 0. [74—4tj A. ROBINSON, Jr., Cashier. rjlHE Annual General Meeting of" the membera of H. the Mutual Assurance Society against Fire on buildings, of the State of Virginia, will bo held at the Society’s office in Richmond on Monday the 2<>th Jan uary, 1835. _ jamks Rawlings, Dec. 30 [71—tdm] Principal Jtfrrnt M. Jl. Society. fBlIIK IMPORTED HORSE FYLDE, will make Ji_ hia next season at tho farm of Robt. C. Williamson. 4 miles norili of Richmond, and immediately on the Brooke Turnpike leading to Fredericksburg.— Particu lars in a future advertisement. [Jan.fi.] 74—2awtf B^CLIPSE will make his next season—Spring 1835— atmy son’s, Edward Johnson's, in the county of Dinwiddie; 30 miles south of Petersburg, on the oldstage road. MONSIEUR TONS ON will make his next season ut my son’s, Goorge W. Johnson's, in the county of Ches terfield. Particulars in time. W. R. JOllNSON. Dec. 30. 71—tf tjlOR RENT, and possession given immediately, the House on E Street, at present occupied by Hall «V Moore. Also, a small tenement on Shockoi Hill, lately nut in good repair, and the House about two miles from Richmond, commonly called the Hermitage, with, or without the farm adjoining it.—For terms, enquire of Edward N. Allen, at the Rich inond Coffee House. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE.—All ncraoiu in debted to tlic estate of Garland II. MilthtU, late merchant of Ricinnond, deceased, are hereby notified and required to make immediate payment to tlie undersigned: And all person* having claims against the same estate,will present them, duly authenticated, for payment. JAMES RAWLINGS, Administrator of Garland II. Milr/nll, deceased. November 85. # 58-—3m I AW NOTICE. Komtitt H. Pkttis, late of A Orange county, having located in the city of New Y ork, irt the practice of I aw. respectfully tenders his pro fessional services to his old V irginia friends nnd fellow ( itizens generally. Being generally known through the State, he deems references unnecessary. All business communications to him addressed, post-paid, will receive prompt and faithful attention. N II Persons in the South, who have,or may hereaf ter have, runaway slaves, suspected to be in either New York or Philadelphia, may find it to their advantage to send a minutely descriptive communication, post-paid,as above. Septeinlier '.VI. 48—fun jfWERK IN A CHANCE FVr all you tint have a .ITl. fine colt, drop|M-d Inst Spring, by Iledgeford, Fylde, Lance, Milverlieels, Star or Tom Brown. A Sweep stake, mile heats, open till the 1st of June neat; )Jc800 entrance; J$5() fuffrit; to Is- run over the Piney Grove Cotirae, Charlotte county, Va., in the Fall alter they ore 3 years old. Confined to the pet of the above named horse* only—now eight subscriber*—and we e.vj>oe.t 80 or 30 more. This Stake is worth the attention of any gentleman that has a colt, not only foi the bear-fit of the purse, but the reputation of his colt. Any gentleman can make his entry hy addressing a line to HF.ZKKI All Met'ARGO, Proprietor. Wylliesburg, Charlotte O*., Va., lire. 1H. 07—tf rjlHF, Subscriber's School, limited to twelve scholars, JL will lie opened on the 15th of January, 1835, and closed on the |;>th of December following. The course of intruction will embrace the Latin, French, nnd Kng liah Languages; Geography with the use of the Maps and Globes ; Arithmetic nnd Mathematics.—The terms, for Board, including washing, lodging nnd candles, Ste.. are and Tuition AJD. My residence is situated 85 miles from Richmond, ti above Col. Good-ill's, and 8 from the Stage Rond leading from Riehniond to Louisa Court-House, Letter* addressed to the subscriber near Montpelier P. O , Hthiovor, will be promptly attended to. I IF, It MON DAVIS. December 0. (18- -8awtl5J M 1RKY HEARD will stand the ensuing season at the * W stable of the subscriber on Rockfish, Nelson County, Virginia. Particular* hereafter. Dee.lfl. [60~w3w] JOHN R COLF.R. mroriCK.—Will be sold. to the highest bidder, for -l-» cash, at Chesterfield Court-House, on the second Monday in January next, (that being Court Hay,) two very likely young Negroes—one belonging to the estate ol Hudson Johnson, and the other to the estate of Jere miah Hancock, dcc'd. SILAS CHEATHAM, Deputy for D. Wcisigcr, lute .Sluritf.and ussuih ttdm'r. Jan. 3. “ 73—3t* 0 OOK AT fills, EVERY HODY—Pant unkey Land " A for suer fur. or sale.—1 shall, on Thursday, the 15th January, next, on the premises, sell, (by virtue of a deed of trust, executed to me by William E. Gayle,) between and .UK) acres ol first rale I’umtiiikc v Land, near Dabney’s Kerry, King William county, it being a part of that celebrated estate, formerly in the occupancy of Maj. Geo. Dabney, dec d. This property will positively be sold, without limit or reserve, tor one half cash, the ba lance in 12 mouths thereafter. C. L. C. PAGE, 3. [73-tds] Trust™. IlIiiGRObS lOll SALK In obedience to a decree is °1 the county Court of Caroline, pronounced on the 8lh day of December, 1834, I shall sell, for cash, nt the tavern of Albert S. Hundley, (colled Ncedwood,) in the county of Caroline, on the 8th day of January. 1835, if t.iir, it not, the next fair day, two likely young Negroes, Overton, u man, and Jenny, a girl. Trader* will do well to attend die sale. LUCY HUNDLEY, Admtrix l)eo. 3t). [71—It*] ,j ll ni. K. llundley, dee'd. WOT1CE.—Hy virtue of a lieed of Trust, executed -1-» to me by Robe;i Sangster, of record in Allieuinrle County Court office, and in pursuance of an order of the Superior Court of Chancery, at Staunton, made on the Vflui day ol J\inc, 18Ji5, in a cause therein depending, in which suit' Sangster is plaintiff, and Thomas Sangster and otho',8 lire defendants, I shall, on the lUh day of Jan uary uext, if fair, otherwise the next fair day, expose to sal j, upon the premises, to the highest hid Jer, for ready i.ioney, a Tract of Land, now in the occupancy of Mr. Robert Sangster, containing S£M acres, more or less, ly ing in the North Garden, in the county of Albcinarlo, immediately on the turnpike from Staunton to Scotts ville, within about 15 miles of the latter place, and about the same distance from Charlottesville. This land is said tola* in a highly improved state of cultivation, ranks with the first quality of the very fine body of land in that section of the country—and is surrounded by a highly in telligent ami respectable neighborhood. The title is thought indisputable—such as is vested in me, howe ver, I will convey to tile purchaser. V. W. SOUTHALL, Trustee. Charlottesville, Dec. 2, 1831. (JO—tda MAIN STREET PROPERTY FOR SALE.—By virtue of a Trust deed executed on the 3Utli July, lf-'d*.!, hy the lab* Edward Henshaw, dee’d, as trustee for the late Jane Coutts, dec d, and by the said Jane Coutts, and duly recorded jn the Clerk’s Otlice of the Court of Hustings of the city of Richmond, and in pursuance of an order of the Circuit Sujierior Court of Law and Chancery for the county of Henrico, made on 7th No veniber, 1834, in the suit of Bowc, adinr., &e., against Jones’ administrator, Ac., the undersigned will, on SA TURDAY, the 10th duy of January, 1835, at twelve o’clock. M. of that day, on the premises, proceed to sell, to the highest bidder, for cash, the projperty conveyed hy the said trust deed, or so much thcrcol as may be neces sary to pay and satisfy the debt due and expenses of sale, which property consists of two certain thrte story brick tenements, with the ground thereto appertaining, situated on tile Main street, in Richmond, opposite the Eagle Ho tel, ami being the same tenements now occupied hy Hutson Hr tilt, and Scldcn 4* Word. JAMES RAWLINGS, Trustee. 1 )crrinl>«*r 71 f*la -MTEGROES AND PLANTATION STOCK FOR i.xl SALE.—On tlie 21st day of January inst, 1 shall well at Dover, in Goochland county, 20 miles above Rich mond, 150 or 70 valuable Negroes, the whole of such pro perty on the Estate of the late Thomas II. Harrison.— More valuable slaves are not to be found in the State.— At the same time will be sold likewise, al>out 500 bar rels of corn, all the fodder, oats, stock of horses and mules, oxen, cattle of all sorts, sheep, hogs, plantation utensils, Ac., Ac. An old carringe nnd gig, carts, wag gons and all the plantation utensils on the farm A hand some hay 3 year old Stallion, by Tonsoti, out of a well bred Bussorah mare —Terms, cash. RANDOLPH HARRISON, Jr., Ex'r. of Thomas R. llnrrison, dcrfd. Jan. 3. 73—tds 1AND AND NEGROES FOR SALE.—Will be _A sold, to the highest bidder, on Wednesday, the 28th January next, the Tract of Land, on which tne subscri ber at present resides, containing 200 acres, and within three-quarters of a mile of Clarksville, on the stage road lending from Relfield to Danville. On the tract, there is a large and commodious dwelling house, (a good stand for a Tavern,) together with necessary out-houses, a pump in an excellent well, and a good orchard. The situation is considered as healthy os any other in the State. lie also oilers for sale, a lot in Clarksville, containing one nnd a half acres, situated in a most eligible part of the town, on Virginia or Main street. Also, a lot of three and a half acres wood land, within one mile of his dwelling house. Also, the Mineral Spring, (known ns Watkins’s Spring,) lying in the vicinity of Clarksville, with six acres of land attached to it. Also, seven or eight likely negroes. A further description of said pro perty is deemed unnecessary, as it is presumed no one would purchase without first viewing it for themselves. Terms of sah.—One-third cash, nnd the balance in two annual instalments, well secured. in the mean time, however, he would like to effect a private sale of the whole, or any pnrtof said property. PHILIP LOCKETT. Mecklenburg, Dec. 2<>. 73—It VALlJ ABLE CHICKAHOMINY LAND fur Sate Pursuant to a decree of the Superior Court of Law and Chancery, for the county of Hanover, pronounced at the last session, the undersigned Commisioner therein 'appointed, will, on Monday, the 10th of November next, fit" fair, if not, the next lair day.) kcII to the highest bid der, upon the premises, that well-known piece or parcel of land, called Kidd's, belonging to the children or John Jones, deceased, adjoining the lands of Hugh Watt, John Paul, and others, and containing by a recent survey nnd plat, nearly three hundred and sixty acres. The improve ments are, a dwelling house, lately repaired, with four rooms and a cellar, kitchen, corn house, Ac. The open land is divided into three fields, each of which will pro duce an hundred barrels of corn ; one half of the tract is i,..., ..i.. ti.„ 1...1 .....n timbered, and as rich ns any mud land on the swamp. Terms.—So much cash as will cover the expencos of the sale, the balance upon a credit of one and two years, without interest, to be paid in equal annual instalments ; the purchaser giving bunds with sufficient security, and tin* title retained until the whole of the purchase money bchiaid. EZEKIEL 8. TALLEY, Commissioner. Hanover, October 23d, 1834. The purchaser of the tract of land advertised above, 'having refused'and failed to comply with the terms of | the sale thereof, I shall, on Monday, the 19th of this month, (if fair, if not, tlie next fair day.) upon the I premises, again sell it to the highest bidder, upon tho I same terms. EZEKIEL S. TALLEY, Hanover, Jan. 3, 183.1. [?3~ w3w'j t'omitnrsiom-r> IlEMALE EDUCATION Mr* Mitoi'i Female _ School, -it the Grove, will re commence under the • auspices yd Miss Lr.r., on tlie second Monday in January 1 next. ?,uss IjCC has had the superintendence of tins ; School nearly four years, and the rapid improvements her | scholars have made in their learning, manners and de portment, have given such general satisfaction, that but one instance has occurred of a scholar’s leaving her until her education was completed. She is well qualified to give instruction in all tlie useful and ornamental branch 1 es of learning usually taught. As there are but few va cancies at this time, parents and guardians would do well j to make early application. The Hchool is limited to 25. There will !*■ no vacation until the close of the yenr.— ! Terms of board and tuition (InIf in advance) for a ses sion of ten months, are ns follows: Hoard $80 English 20 Music and the use of 3 Pianos 40 Painting and French 10 Needle-work, washing and candles, and many other necessaries, gratis. ItHL'NsnrtK, Dec. U. GO—20t f TIlUA FA LG A R.—This beautiful and thorough bred JL Htallion, will stand the next season at Matthews Court-house, in the county of Matthews, and si I'rlnnnn, in tlie county of Middlesex.—Particulars will lie given hereafter. WILLIAM TOD. January 3. 73—w3t* n’OTBfUR, the Sire of Maiejipo, will stand the en . cuing season, at St. Leger, (Mr. John Hetli s,) in the county of Chesterfield. 22 mile# from Petersburg, 15 miles from Richmond, and (i miles south of the Coal Pi*#. Particulars will be given hereafter. Dec. 25. (70 ff] ’ JOHN H CHRISTIAN. POWHATAN FEMALE SEMIN AllY.* The ex ercisesof this Institution will bo resunx'd on Mon day, the 12th of January next. Instruction will be given in most of the branches of a literary, scientific and polite education. The principal, as usual, will de vote Ins whole time to the interests of his pupils; and, by a system of sound, mental and moral culture, will en deavour to prepare them for discharging with success, the important and responsible-duties of future life. The scholastic year will Ik* divided into two sessions of five months each, at the close of which, there will bo public 1 examinations, so conducted as fairly to test the prolieien- . cy and attainments of the pupils. Attached to the school, and accessible to all the pupils, | is a well-selected library, to which, additions of such . works as are suited to the young, will from time to time, . 1m* made; also, a laboratory well furnished with neces sary chemical ami philosophical apparatus. Terms for the year of ton months, as follows: Board and Tuition in English branches, - $100 00 French, - - - - . . 10 00 Music, including use of the Piano, - - 35 00 Drawing and Painting, ... - 15 oo Pupils will he reoeived at any time, and charged : agreeably to the above rates, which are payable at the j close of each session; but alter admission, no deduction ! will l»o made for loss of time, except only in cases of sickness. J. B. TINSLEY, Vrinrijml. Decemhei 4. 01—SSftWlSJ LABORERS WANTED.—The Subscriber wants to _ employ 25 or 30 laborers, mid 4 or 5 good teams.— On immediate application live or six months constant employ will 1m> given to industrious men. Such as turn accustomed to chopping and hewing will be preferred. Apply at the Jewellery Store of Mr. John McConnell, Main Street. THOMAS A. MERA. Nov. 7. 68—If (TON CORD ACADEMY.—'Theexcrcisos of this s7 J ininary. for the ensuing year, 18‘.$5, will commence on the loth of January mid terminate on the 15th of De cember—allowing August for a vacation. The course of instruction will comprise the languages and sciences ge nerally. The terms will be $110, each student finding his bed and candles. If those articles be furnished him, an additional charge will be made. Communications, directed to the Bowling Green, Caroline county, will re ceive prompt nttention. ATWELL C. COLEMAN, Vrcst. Dec. 10. 00—2awt30J rWV> SOUTHERN TRAVELLERS—Recent ar H rangenients of the Proprietors of the Fredericks burg and Washington City Steam Boat Company, hav ing deprived the Proprietors of the Mail and Pilot lines of Conches between Washington City and Baltimore of that support from Southern travellers which a (air com petition would enable them to procure, they respectfully inform all passengers coming up in said Boat, that a Coach will regularly be in readiness at Brown’s Hotel, Washington City, on the arrival of the Steam Boat Stage from the landing for their conveyance to Balti more, at the reduced price of $2, or for 50 cents less than the other Line, should the fare in it be reduced to the above price. Travellers will please take notice, that the fnre in the Mail and Pilot lines will 1m* received at the olTice adjoin ing Brown’s Hotel. Washington City, ami not on hoard the Steam Boat. TIIOS. COOK ENDORFEll, .Igt. Washington City, December 4. Cl—1 It IcoIhiimoii’n Practice—Yol. Sd. IN PRESS, the Practice in the Courts of Law and . Equity in Virginia, by Conway Roviiuun, Vol. 2. Containing Practice in Suits in F.t/uihj. This volume is divided into twenty chapters; the first of which is a treatise upon equitable jurisdiction, embrac ing the following subjects: Account, dower, partition, fraud, mistake, accident, bill to perpetuate testimony; hill of discovery; removal of legal impediments; preserva tion of property pending litigation; aid to judgment cre ditor;. mortgages and deeds of trust; continuing trusts; resulting trusts; hill to contest or setup a will; disposi tion of assets; partnership; suretyship; assignment; set off; suits for freedom; husband and wife; infants; idiots and lunatics; suits lor forfeited or escheated hinds; scire facias to repeal letters patent; settlement of boundaries; bill f/uia timet; bill of peace; specific execution; nc ex eat; foreign attachment; and injunctions. The titles of the other chapters arc as follows: 2. limi tation of suits in equity; 3. proper parties; 4. matters which may be comprised in same suit; 5. process; (i. plead ings; 7. proceedings at rules; 8. evidence; !). change of parties hy death or marriage; 10. orders entered upon mo tion; II. hearing of the cause; 12. order directing issue and proceedings under same; 13. order of account ami proceedings under same; 14. order for sale of properly and proceedings under same; 15. rehearing after interlo cutory and before final decree; 1(>. final decree; 17. taxing costs; 18. mode of compelling performance of decree; 10. hill of review; 20.appeals. The volume will have in the first part of it atnhleof contentsnnd table of cases cited; and in the conclusion there will be a full index botii to this and the former vo lume. About one half of the matter is now printed; and it is expected that in December the publication will he com pleted. The book will, ns soon as it is published, lie for sale at the store of the subscriber, in Richmond. Ootobcr 17. [47—-if) ROBERT I. SMITH. IN CHANCERY- 1 ritm Status’ Court, 6th Cir cuit and Eastern District of Virginia. December 8th, 1831: Thomas Craig, George Rutherfoord, Robert Montgo merie, Robert Spier, Robert Fuuld, Alexander Kerr, Thomas White and David Wark, l'laiiititfs, against James Scott, executor of John Lesslie, deceased, who was executor of Robert Craig, deceased, Thomas Hon* die, Patrick Coutts, and the said James Scott in his own right, Defendants. The plaint ills this day preferred a petition to the court, in this cause; which is received and ordereil to he filed. Ami upon consideration thereof, and for reasons appearing to the court, it is, on the motion of the plaintiffs. Ordered, That a summons lie issued, from this court, hy the clerk thereof, requiring Thomas T. Swann, Samuel D. Swann, Dabney M. Wharton and Anne his wife, formerly Anne Swliiin, Nelson Robinson and Jane his wife, formerly Jntie Swann, distributees of Samuel Swann, deceased, (nil said, in the petition aforesaid, to he citizens and in habitants of the State of Virginia,) plaintiffs, in a suit, brought by them, and now depending in the honorable Superior Court of Henrico, in the State of Virginia, against Jefferson Swann, executor of John Swann, de ceased. wim was executor of Samuel Swann ileri-inn <1 to appear litre on the first day of the next term of this court, to show eas se, if any they can, why they should not he barred and precluded from any recourse against the estate, monies, nnd effect* of Robert Craig, decu. mi ller the control of thin court; nnd, in the mean time, Commissioner Hilary linker is ordered: 1st, to take an nceount of the debts, if any, still due from the said Robert Craig, deceased, or from his estate; and to enable him to ascertain the same, lie is directed to advertise for three months in one of the newspapers pub lished in the city of Richmond, for creditors of the said Robert Craig, deceased, nr of his estate, if any such cre ditors there he, who have not been paid, to coine in and prove their claims lie fore him, or he forever barred nnd precluded from ail recourse ngainst the estate, monies ami effects of the said RoIktI Craig, deceased, under the control of this Court.—2d. To examine and report to the Court, what progress has been made in the sniil suit, de pending in the snid Superior Court of Henrico, nnd what delnys have taken place on the part of the plaintiffs in that suit, in bringing the same to n final decision. A copy. T. ste, 111). JEWRIES, Clerk. Dec. IH,1834. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. <*OMM!S»fo!»!>n’s Orricr., ) Richmond, Dec. 13, 1834. $ Pursuant to the foregoing order of Court, the cre ditors of Robert Craig, deceased, or of his estate, if any such creditors there Is*, who have not been paid, an- hereby notified to coine in nnd prove their claims before me, at my office in this city, on or before the )Dtli day of March next, or be forever barred and precluded from nil recourse ngainst the estate, monies, and effect* of the said Robert Craig, dco’d.. under the control of the ; said Court. HILARY RAKER, i’om'r. Dec. 14. t»7—3m AfflTIl. JOHN (#. MILLER —Hiii: Take notice, you lfJL not being an inhabitant of this Slate, that I sfi ill proceed to take the depositions of Jtiggy Lowrey and others, at her own residence, in the county of Fluvanna, on the 38th day of February next, (1835;) also the depo sition of William Wharton, at his residence, in the conn- j ty of Madison, on the 5th day of March next—to he rend a* evidence in a suit in Chancery, now depending in the Circuit Superior Court of Law anil Chancery, held in the county of Ooochlnnd, wherein I am plain tiff and you, as administrator of 8usan Scruggs, dec‘4. And others, arc defendant*—at which times and places you are hereby notified to attend, if yon please. ELIZABETH LOWREY. Wilmington, Fluvanna, Dor. 20. —wlw Virginia Ijegielntiire. HOUSE OK DELEGATES. .Saturday. Jan. 3. Ill) IIMOMi INK >'R KHKHK'KKUUKG K AIL-UOAII. Oil motion of Mr. Johnson of Richmond, the engross ed bill authorizing the Board of Public Work* to mib Hcribe, on behalf of the Commonwealth, to the stock of the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Rail-Road, «« taken up, read a third time—and the question being upon it* passage— Mr. Watkins rose and declared hi* intention to vote against this hill—and he would state his reasons, which wrre few and simple, for that determination. The first ground of objection to this suhscrintion by the Common wealth, was. the doubt a* to her ubility to pay the inte rest on the loans \v liicli she would be required to make, without making sale of the fund for Internal Improve ment; and the moment she commenced the sale of tin* Eincipat of tint fund, would it be on the high road to nkniplcy. With a view of ascertaining our capacity at present to make the subscription now asked for, lie hsd drawn from the public documents a statement of the sums already borrowed, and those authorized to lie bor rowed—a* also the means of the fund to pay the inte rest charged upon it, a* follows: Loans already made - - $1,(580,">00 Do. authorized, and to be bor rowed - - - - 1,847,500—$3,528,000 Items of the Loans authorized, and to be made: North Western Road .... $00,000 Winchester nnd Potomac Rail Road - - 60,000 James River Company .... 2,500 Portsmouth Rail Road .... <>5,000 James River and Kanawha Company - - 1,500,000 Price’s Mountain - - - - 100,000 $1,847,500 The resources of the fund for Internal Improvement, and tliechurgcs upon it, (actual and contemplated,) are in gross, a* follow*: Interest on loans - $115.(503 50 Do. on sums to be borrowed 1>2,445 00 Interest on Fredericksburg loan, if made .... 14.000 00 Expences of Board of Public Works .... 12,000 00—$254,18850 To provide for which, wo have the following resourcas of the funds:— Bank dividends, into rest on loans of the Board of Public Work*, the dividend* of Joint Stock Companies, together with the bonuses given for Bank char- , tors .... $122,487 80 Surplus of James River toll* 25,(MX) 00-$147,487 80 Shewing a deficiency for the payment of tbo interest of loans already made and authorized, of .... $8(5.(520 70 Mr. Watkins said, lie was disposed to go as far as any one in favor of Internal In .... not consent that the State make further loans, the interest of which would be made chargeable upon a fund, which was undeniably incapable of meeting the increased charge. The interest upon the loans hitherto made, had been chargeable on the fund for Internal Improvement, because its resources had been known to be sufficient for its payment. But when we know this fund is unable to pay the interest on further loans, it would be a compromise of the inU'grity of the State, to make them, and charge the interest on this fund—a compromise which he should lie very unwilling to make, lie was in favor of the creation of a fund for the payment of the interest on such sums as it might he found expedient to Imrrow on the credit of the State, for the prosecution of Internal Improvements. Ho was disposed to extend the public patronage to all works having for their object the improvement of the Com monwealth, so far as it could be done without a resort to oppressive taxation. If the demands of all sections of the Slate could not lie met and gratified as fast as they were presented, a selection must necessarily be made, and the preference ought to be given to such works as were best calculated to developc the resources of the country. The work, to the stock of which we are now asked to subscribe, contemplates merely the accommo dation of travellers, and no great reliance is placed upon it for the transportation of the produce of the country or mercantile commodities; and it did not, therefore, in the opinion of Mr. W., rank among those which were entitled to the primary attention of the Legislature. Mr. \V. observed, that from the estimates which he had presented of the resources of the fund, and the charges to which it was already liable, to meet the payment of interest on all the obligations of the Suite, on this account, some other source must he resorted to besides this fund. To create a fund for tliis purpose, the Treasury must be directly applied to. If the Legislature wore unwilling to do tins, they must pause where they now are ; and decline authorizing the loan requisite for the subscriptionto the stock of this company. We have before us, in the Second Auditor’s report, the most con vincing proof, that the fund for Internal Improvement will, during the year 1836, be insufficient to meet the unavoidable demands upon it. Under such circumstan ces, be could not give his assent to any act which should authorize the borrowing of money from foreign capitalists, contracting to pay the interest, out of a fund well known to us to he inadequate to the charge thus placed upon it. The uniform punctuality of Virginia in her former transactions, had given her a Fiigli credit among capitalists, so that she had been obtaining her loans at live per cent, with a premium. But this would no longer be the case, if the legislature should shake the credit of the State, by authorising loans, charging the payment of interest on a fund, whose entire resources were pro-engaged. By such a course the character of the Commonwealth would lx? tarnished, and her pros perity seriously impaired ; a result, which all should de precate, and which it was their duty to prevent, if possi ble. Should a loan be authorized to provide for the State’s subscription to this stock, the interest made chargeable upon the fund, and that fund being, as wo have seen by the estimates, unable to pay that interest, the two semi-annual instalments which will have brcoinc due,before legislative action could again Ik* had upon the subject, must remain unpaid, and the credit of the Com monwealth thereby be sacrificed. Mr. W. had a further objection to this subscription, arising out of the uncertainty as to.what would be the cost of the work. The estimate of the Engineer, made lust year, stated the cost of its construction at about $703,000. But, another estimate had been made, this year, by the same Engineer, by which wo arc informed that the improvement will not cost as much by about wan Lint voar nutiinntnrl Ilia i.rnm.i.i mate fixes the whole cost at about $700,000. Mr. Wat kins understood this sum as calculated to carry the road from Richmond to Fredericksburg only. The title of the Company, however, seemed to contemplate the exten sion of the work to Potomac Creek. The improve ment is called, in this bill, the Richmond, Fredericks burg, and Potomac Rail-Road ; and if it were to lie ex tended to the last-mentioned point, it would be done at an additional cost of about ‘2(H),000 dollars, making an aggregate of 100,000 dollars It then becomes a question of lomc import, to know how far we are to go. Are wo, by the passage of this bill, to be required to subscribe our two fifths of this additional $‘200,000 ? and even then, shall we lie required to go no further ? He had seen no detailed statement of these estimates, ami lie did not place implicit -confidence in their accu racy. In doubting their correctness, he was i, newhat actuated by the recollection of the discrepancy which occurred between the first estimates of the cost of the Petersburg Hail Road, and the ultimate cost of the work. The first estimate of the Engineer on that improvement, was, that the cost would lie $!WO,000, not including en gines and cars; hut Mr. W. believed, embracing every other item ofexpenditure. That Kail Road had, however, actually cost, tip to the present time, tint sum of $fs>q; (»00. If then, we are allowed to judge of the correctness of the estimates in this ease by those which were made at the outset of the Petersburg Hail-road, there was reason to apprehend, that the estimates of the Fredericksburg float!, would fall far short of the real cost, and that the work would in reality, cost upwards of a million, lie was therefore in doubt, as to the sum which it would ultimately he required <>f the State to subscribe; and as it Would, should the subscription he made, he necessary to resort to the Treasury, for the payment of the interest upon the loan proposed to lie authorized, he was aveise to making the subscription until he was informed of the full extent to which lie was involving his constituents. Had the advocates of the bill, been able to convince him that the legitimate fund was in a condition to pay the interest on tlic subscription, he should not have opposed it. Hut the contrary having been shewn to be the cssc, lie must give his vole against its passage. Mr (Ircgory said, that he had come into the House intending to vote against the hill now tinder considera tion, and having hut. just taken his seat, he had heard none of the remarks upon the subject, with the exeep tion of the closing observation* or the gentleman from Ooochland. He would now briefly stall’ his reason# for , opposing the subscription to the stock of this f .'oinpany. I When a charter of incorporation fnT this Company was first presented to this House, he entertained no ob jcotion to its bring granted, as lie was in favor ol the improvement of tin' State by the construction of such works as the company contemplated. Such, also, wore his sentiments, in relation to the bill for its incorpo ration, when first reported—but when in its progress through, a provision was engrafted upon it. giving to the company the exclusive privilege of tins lino of com munication, for thirty years, and prohibiting the incorpo ration during that |X'rmd. of any other eoinpuny lor the construction of a parallel road through that section of the State, a monopoly which had never, up to that time, been granted to any other company in the Slat*, his opposi tion to the scheme commenced. Ilediil not nttlial time, however, make any o|m‘ii opposition to the bill, as it was stated, that unless tliisexclusive privilege were granted, it would not he in tin- power of the company to hold out such encouragement to capitalists, as would induce them to subscribe to its stock. The bill passed the House, con taining this odious feature, hut with an understanding, on his part at least, that the usual subscription by the Commonwealth was not to lx* asked for. This irnpres ■ion lie derived from the frequent declaration* of the ad vocates ot the Company on this fbx>r. The conclusion was n natural one, from the exclusive privilege granted by the bill, which could only have been obtained under a supposition that the Company intended to prosecute the work independently of the aid of the State, lint, for a moment supposing (hat this understanding had not existed, if we advert to the arguments made use of to siixluin the application for a charter, and the reiterated statements that this improvement promised to lx* immensely profitable, he contended that it would he highly impolitic in the Common wealth, to suhscrilx' to the stock of this Company, after having grant ed to it this exclusive privilege. Should she do so. her participation in the work would assume a stock-job bing character, entirely derogatory to the dignity of the State. It was not tor Virginia to |xirticipate in any such scheme on a more money-making principle. Ib-sides, should the State participate in the stock of this Compa ny, after extending to it a monopoly of the line, the Statu would thereby become sharer in the exclusive privilege, and the odium ii|x>n her would be greatly increased—she would stand convictedof erecting a monopoly for herown benefit. The fund fbr Internal Improvements was not cre ated for such objects. It was established for the purpose of applying the funds of the State to the increase of faci lities to tlie farmer and the planter, in the transporta tion of their produce to market, and for the more convenient carriage of merchandize. The construction of roads for the mere convenience of tsavetkm, formed no part of the object in view when the fund first had its birth. If we look to the mate proposed for this Hail Hoad, no one could believe that the transportation of pro duce or merchandise along its lira* could Ik? an object with the company, or tliut it would produce two per cent, oil the capital to be invested. No one would pre tend that this road was intended for tlie facilitation of such business, or that the trampoftatioiv of commodities, entered into the calculation* of profit made by its pro tectors. This lx-iiktr 11 u mbuilti'il fiiM. n unb-u-rii>lin>, ln> the State would operate us a diversion of the fund for Internal Improvement from its legitimate propose, whi<th was to afford all the benefit within tin* means of the State, to its agricultural uud mercantile interests. Mr. Gregory was aware, tliut it was said by the advo cates of the hill, that this Road would not be employed for the conveyance of travellers alone ; but it could not be supposed, that its profits from any other source would be worth the computation. It was urged that litis wouldLe a peculiarly profitable investment of the public money, and that the State, by engaging in it, would make a handsome profit on the amount invested—licit iw to say, that the State would en gage in a money making business. Such was not the object for which the- State first engaged to take part in such schemes. He was averse from diverting any part of the Fund foi Internal Improvement from the purpo ses for which it was originally intended, to apply it to a stock-jobbing speculation:. llut. said Mr. G., if the stork of this company promi ses to be so umxunmoidy profitable, why not allow it t-> he taken up by individuals? In reply to this, it has been said, that tire State’s subscription was neccasury to tire welfare of tire company, in order to encourage and confirm the private stork ladders, in their confidence in its success. Jt was also said, that if the State refused the solicited assistance, it would cast a doubt over the pros pects of the work, which would prevent any further sub scriptions from being made. He did not tlrirrk this rea soning sound. Time was within sight of Richmond, a work of some importance, tire entire stock of which had been subscribed by individuals, huving no ollter induce ment tiian tin* prospect of its being, profitable. In all cases it would be so—wbesever it is obvious to the com munity tint a work of the kind will produce a profit on the investment, its stock would lie eagerly taken, up by monied men. When the immense profits anticipated from this enterprise, and the monopoly bv which those profits were t-» be swuced to the company for tliirty years, arc taken into consideration, the necessity of tlfis subscription by the Suite, stems a doubtful question. Surely a work, promising such brilliant results, cannot require the aid of the Commonwealth to s us Lain it in the confidence of capitalists, who are good judges ot their own interests, and' andk'rstand making profitable investments of their funds. An argument like this is scarcely worthy a reply. He had already obsCEwd, that no such monopoly .vs this Jiad ever bcfoie lieen granted in Virginia. And on what ground could this have lieen asked and bestowed, but on the implied consideration that the State should not be asked for a contribution to the stock of the Com pany ? Although he fell assured that such was the un derstanding, it was proper to strengthen that impression, by a reference to the proceedings of the House, when tli* charter was before it. An amendment to the bill, was> it seems, offered, distinctly pledging the company that it would not claim. the State's - ubsvription to its stock. —Mr. G. laid an indistinct recollect ion of sovh a motion, but lie believed no vote was taken upon it.— If he recollected rightly, the proposition was made by the gentleman who then represented F.lizalu-lh City, and withdrawn by its mover. The feature of tin; bill, which then engrossed lire chief attention of the Mouse, was the last section 'tonlaiiting the exclu sive privilege. Mr. G>. hadi lieen opposed to that fea ture, at a time when he supposed it settled, that this sub scription was not to be asked for from the State: but it be came still more odious when the aid ofthe ('onimnnwealth was sought for. The legislature laid, avowedly for the purpose of inducing individual capitalists to subscribe to the stock of tins company, declined that no other paral lel work should be made to iidarferc with its profits for thirty years-—iu»d now, when by this privilege the stock has been mwlcrul uncommon)v valuable. it is proposed to ns. that the State shah become n sharer in the profits of the speculation, ti>* which silo had tlnvs paved the way. The dignity of Virginia would he com promised by an acquieseoiwo in swim manaa/re. The gentleman from Richmond, in his remarks of yesterday, anticipated the various objection* to be made to tin-bill, before nny member lunl given utterance to tLwui. He bad doubtless drawn the conM«iion,tlmt they would be offered, from a consideration of the nature of tins application. Be ing, Mr (». presumed, aware that an examination ot all the circiimsbinr.es of the case, would suggest these objec tions, he, with much adroitness, took occasion to attack them in advance. But how did be succeed? Did he shew that this work would be beneficial to llte ('ornmnu wealth In any other than n financial point of view ? Me did not; but saw fit to rest its claim* chiefly on that consideration. Viewed in this light. Mr. Gregory was strenuously opposed to it, and would liave voted against it had he not other reason*, which he had already stated. He concurred entirely with the remarks of tlie gentle man from Goochland on this point, so far as lie had heard them. If the State is to borrow fund* for works of this kind, they ought to he sm h ns would prove beneficial to the agricultural and commercial intercstn of the Slate, and not merely’ such as would bring a revenue into the Treasury. This work promised no other hone fit to tlie Commonwealth thanthis. It was true, that it would enable individuals to travel from Rich mond to Fredericksburg, in some four, or even perhap; eight hours less than the journey is new performed. Itul this would yield no tonent to the Slate so far as its agri cultural and commercial interests were concerned. The facility would be enjoyed by the birds of passage on their way from one section of the country to another hut their migration would leave no solid benefit to tlir country through which they would pass with such velo city. That, travelling would Ik- facilitated by thesf means, he did not deny, nor did he contend that it win not n desirable object; but the question w-as, would tin Legislature, merely for the sake of ntVording facilities t< travellers, saddle the State with an additional di bt, whrr the Treasury had not a dollar to spare for the payment of the interest, and that, too, when there were so many other works calculated really to benefit the State, wilier it was necessary to postpone f >r want of funds to earn them on? No one could be more willing to give eneou rage merit to works oftliis kind, when it was made ch-ai that they came within the intention with which the fum for Internal Improvement tvns created, and were ealeu lated to tie really beneficial to tliC State; hut in view o all the circumstances under which this application tva made, lie could not give his consent that it should hi f anted, and therefore he should vote against this hill. iideed, from wliut had been advanced by its advocates, it did not appear tliat it was very essential to the inter ests ot the company that the bill should pass. If the enterprise promised to be so very profitable as it bad •been represented, the slock would unquestionably be ta ken by individuals, so that there would be no need of a subscription by the State. •i^r *u<^. he was in favor of the passage of this bill, mid in order to shew the grounds on which ho siiotild vole for it, he would ask the uttention of tho House lor a few moments, lie rose, however, more to reply to objections, than to present arguments in its favor. Several objections had been undo to the bill to-day. which Mr. II. could have wished hail been inude yesterday, when the bill was ordered to bo engrossed. The gentleman from Richmond had an ticipated in his remarks, many of tho objections which are now made, and waited until the remarks of its op ponents should call for further arguments. And had the opposition now made to the bill, been offered then. Mr. II. lielirvcd it would have been met, and that it would have been in the power of its friends to shew that the bill ought to pass. Hut as the objections bad been reserved until lb*- bill was on its passage, it devolved upon its friends to defend it ns far as in tlieir power. I lie gentleman from Goochland lias commenced his opposition, by arraigning the estimates of tho cost of the work. And it was wortiiy of inquiry, on what ground the gentleman has founded his opinion that #700,0t>0 will not In* sufficient to complete the improvement ? Last year, wlien the Legislature was applied to for the incor poration ot the company, the report of an able and com petent Knghiccr was also presented to tho House, in which it stated that the work would cost #70:1,000, in cl wiling all the items—warehouses, depots, locomotives, Ac. IU- gentleman from Goochland doubtless saw llint report ami examined iLs details. Since that time, the location ot the road has been completed, and tho means ol arriving at correct data have conse quently been increased. And the Kiigineer's report presented this season, states that the whole cost oft he road, anil all its appurtenances, will not amount to moro than #/( 0,1 (HI, and probably not more than #<itid,(XX). A more advantageous location, by which the distance had been considerably diminished, had reduced the estimate ot the cost, to this sum. It seemed, therefore, to Mr. IL, that the gentleman from Goochland, ought to bo satis fied with tint evudboce before the House, that the work would not ttoae more than #700,000. Hut the gentleman calls Ln question the cnrirectncs* of tliese estimates, and found*his belie! in their incorrectness upon an apparent discrepancy in the first report of the engineer, of the cost 1 ol tlu> Petersburg Rail Road, and the ultimnle expenditure in it* completion. The gentleman does not advert to the fart, thnA the first report included only the construc tion ot the* road and fixtures, and did not provide for tho | cost of locomotives, cars. Ac. Mr. Brown did not ex uclly know the reason for excluding from the first esti mate, the cost of the moving power. It was known to the company, that the cost of these extras would consi derably swell the cx|M'mlilurc of die company; and hence , it cannot lx- siqiposed that any tciuuceulment was intend * «*ci, ,«» iMw ciju not protest So mirluuu them. 1 h.kl ■ estimate was $'180,000—the cost of tlie whole, including locomotives, Jtc Lid Went, according to the last report of tlie Board of Public Works, $515,000. Tli s is tlie seeming discrepancy to- which, the gentleman Frmn Gooclilnnd alludes, and upon which he founds his sup* position, that there may be a similar discrepancy between tlie estimated and the real cost of the Itieliinond and Fredericksburg improvement. But he should take into 1 consideration, that the estimates in this case, include all those extra expenses, wtiich were omitted in the first os timafe of the Pvtrrsbmg work. Mr B. trusted the House woufti’ftBy comprehend the m/rks of this objection, without further couiiurut. Supposing, then, as was perfectly reasonable, that tin* estimates MB" aorrcct, has tlie company subscribed the throe-fifths, which in ordinary eases has hitherto enti tled similar works to a eontribution of two-filllis on the par t ot the State? The gentleman from Uieliiiiond sta ted, yenterday, that the company liad complied with tliiu reqjiisition. It was understood, nt the time when this bill was first brought into the House, that tlur three* fiitlis- hid not been fully made up ; amt that $3t),U0O re mained to be subscribed. Since that period, tlv> books hurl been re-opened in this city, und tin* residue was subscribed in a single day. ykr. Uroww was rant one of those who believed that rim State was bound in all cases to subscribe to the stock of companies, whenever the three-fifths of their stock Ivad. beun taken by individuals, lie had urged n contra ry policy on a> former occasion, when he was more di rectly inlorostad than in the present question. And the prinr inllt which,he had sustained then, he still adhered tfi». was itnavuiovd tliat thvve was no obligation up on the State to subscribe to the stock of aft companies indiscriminately: but that it was contemplated by tho law establishing the two-fifths system of Internal Im provement, that the Legislature should use a sound dis cretion in judging of the merits of the various applica tions, and subserilie only where it was apparent that the works were worthy of public aid. The present applica tion. was one which Mr. B. thought particularly entitled to tin- State’s sub.scriptuon. as it promised to confer signal benefits on tin: community'. The gentleman fm*ia Williamsburg has informed us, howovvr, that this company Ivis excluded itself From any claim for legislative assistance, by a pledw given at tli*.* last session, when the application was maflr for its incor poration, that it would not ask for aid from the Common wealth. I bis objection, Mr. Brown had supposed, could scarcely have been seriously made. And bad it not been tor the fixed gravity ol the gentleman’s face, when ho advanced it, Mr. B. should have taken it for a jest—a mere bantering rejietition. of some idle gossip, picked up in the lobby. Is it to be smpposvd that nt the period to which tliis pledge was referred, there were in this House any persons authorised to make it? \Vl*o could have entered into an agreement nt that time, by which the just claims of the company were to lie set aside, and legisla tive aid refused! when it was demanded? From wliat individual could such a pledge have emanated, at a time when tlie company was not as yet incorpora ted5 The gentleman I'vom Williamsburg has been here long enough to know that ofl tlie opinions ad vanced by zealous advocates of certain measures, nro *»°t to be taken tin binding flio future course of legisla tion^ and that each subject must be coi**idcred according to its merits, Without reference to the declarations of its tcU-u/Js. But tho gentleman has sought to strengthen tliis objection by reference to an attempt, made during the proceedings ol the House on the incorporation of the company, to hind future legislatures not to aid this .........W........ i It .1 I 11 . . . .. —r-~ . .... ..... .... m.u u-'i iui 'uivu »» j I vt t uic pro* cecding* on ihflit proposition were. lie recollected that such a motion ww made, and that it was either rejected or withdrawn, lhit, supposing it to have been adopted, would it have been binding upon us, or nny future Le gislature;* ( an one Legislature tie up the hands of its successors, and prohibit them from noting according to their views of justice and the public welfare ? Much n principle bad never been tolerated ; nnd an argument founded upon it, was too futile to receive farther atten tion, than had already been bestowed upon it. The gentleman from Williamsburg has also adverted to a feature of this bill which he characterizes as a mo nopoly. lie complains that the Legislature has tied its own hands for thirty years, nn/J eutered into an agree ment to incorporate no comwmr t«> construct any cither similar improycmcntal.ng the line of this road: Bui he does not tuke into consideration the exemption from this restriction, of the two only routes, on which it is suppos ed rival improvements would eve* bo contemplated—tho route Ironi Richmond to Tirp.pa.han nock, nml that from Richmond to (Jrbanna. The Legislature lias simply pledged itself not to authorize nny other Improvement by which the travel should be drawn off from this Rail ( Road, OI its receipts from that source diminished; but has not precluded the establishment of any improve ment fc.r the transportation of produce or merchandize, even on a parallel lino witli thin road. '('his privilege, which has been stigmatized ■ « * mono poly was made under oire.ninstances w hich it might bo well to explain. When the fund for Internal Improve - mont was first created, the great < t,j«.ct of the State w as to encourage the prosec u tier. of works of public utility by individual capital's'.*, and to that end, in the lUtli section of the r.ct, it was provided that the Com monwealth was to receive no profit upon its in vestments of two-fifth* in such joint stock compa r'i,-*> "ftil the individual stockholders sliould have netted six percent, ew their subscription*, from tho pro fits of tin- work ; after which, the Htnle and the irulivi dual stockholders should share the profits. This provi sion clearly evinces the strong desire of the legislature to encourage capitalist* to engage in such works But this section of the law was repealed in IdSJH. Whether it was because of the goat charge which the State had Incurred on account of these work*, and that it wna deemed equitable that the Common wealth should ho placed on the same footing with the private Stockholders, I or whetlrer it had been found necessary for the perma nence of the fund that the State should derive a larger r nrofil than was originally contemplated, Mr. B. did not i Know. Be the reason for this change what it might, the t inducements to capitalists arc not now so a** cring as foj.