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Kiclmioml, ’li»s<l«y, I'eh. 9.
d"rrr; — --- - FLORIDA. The jYvlts of Preparation ore increasing in the South, lu addition to the several items which are given in our preceding columns, we have gathered the following par* liculnia from our yesterday's Southern mail. General Scott was expected at Milledgeville on the 2d mat., to conault with the Governor of Georgia, in relation to the necessary measures to be taken in that State. The Put nam State Feucibles, the Morgan Guards, ond the Han cock Rluesfamoiinting to about l!K) men, the very elite of thuAming men of tln-ir reaprclive counties, had reach ed flHMgeviile. They would leave it on the 2d for Ma^^Hkhere they were to be joined by the Macon Vo. lun^^^^thd Monroe Muaketeera—f/»tr« they were to take^W steam boat for L)at ien, and thence to Picolata in Florida. A mounted yager corps of about 70 men had ■volunteered their services from Duldwin county, and V-ere l» march on the 3d. Augusta alone Itaa furnished |70 volunteers for the relief ol Florida. despatches were received at Charleston, from Gen. Ill, on the evening of the 1st, containing a requisition (lie Governor of South Carolina forseren hundred unit \y nun, including the late Draft, to consist of ua inuiiv ““T^d men us can be supplied, his present force being Wred inadequate to meet the crisis.—The Charles" Courier of that dale had stated, that in consequence J of the Irish Volunteers having ofll-ird their ser vices for 3 months, the draft from the Fell- tCbgiineni '-^J'^iUUJiM.t.';;b'l,ieu'unnecessary. Such was the generous spirit displayed in South Carolina, that at a muster of Col. Frazers Regiment at Aiken, for the purpose of fur nishing the quota of Militia, by draft, “the commander of a volunteer corps which had been formed at Edge field, volunteered, and was followed by about halt his company. This was responded to promptly by a num ber of young men, and in a little time the required number was complete." Twelve hundred und thirty dollars were contributed on the spot, for the purpose of equipping these spirited Volunteers. Accounts had reached Charleston, from St. Augustine. The Charleston Volunteers had arrived there, and were in fine spirits. The captain of the steamboat Santee re ported that there were upwards of f>00 men now concen trated at St. Augustine. The plantations of Cols. Williams and Hernandez, Dupont and Hulow, are nil abandoned, and Colonel Hernandez's troop had to retreat to St Augustine. A letter received, dated 30lh inst. slides that Captain l’orter s Company at St. Augustine, wus to leave there on the following day, to reinforce General Clinch at Camp King—and that Capt Porter would remain in St. Auguntino to drill the Volunteers. It was rumored that Powell threatens the inhabitants of St. Augustine with a visit sltortly. I'ho Herman Fusilier* and Hamburg Volunteers either nre, or will shortly be stationed at a Picquet some three or four miles from St. Augustine. One letter slates that Gen. Clinch bad been beard of, and was still at Camp King—which removes all appre hension of his being cut otf. Filractoj a Utter from a Charleston Volunteer, dated “ St. Auocstink, Jan SR), IH:i(>. “The situation of Florida has been, nud indeed still continues deplorable, though infinitely belter by the ar rival of Volunteers, who have flocked in from the neigh boring States. '1 he Florida Militia have been sent nut in small detachments to scour the country, and conse quently when met by the Indians, they are sure to be de feated with great loss. The true plan of operation is to send out large and well equipped forces, to drive the In dians before them. One ol these Biuall parlies was sent a lew days since to Mosquito, and wereentirely defeated, leaving some dead and others wounded, one of the latter died yesterday. Okmo.ni> was wounded in three places, but not badly. Had the Indians loaded properly, he would have been a dead man, us one ball struck bis bend just over ilia temporal bone. A no km son was one of the par ly, but fortunately had been sent the very same day on an * express, so that be escaped. He expects, however, to be ordered off in a day or two—God knows where. “ The Indians are now in quiet possession of all South of this, having devastated the whole country. Ander son is among the sufferers. He tells me that ho has been completely burnt out. “ On our nrrivul, our officers were assailed on all sides Ly men possessing more valor Ilian discretion, to know it we would join in soim; ot the expeditions with small tiarties. Their answer has been, that they would not cave St. Augustine on uny offensive operation, but with such iv force os would be likely to operate successfully against any body of Indians which might be brought against them. The town of St. Augustine may now be considered as perfectly safe. We have Picquets so dis posed us to prevent any incursion of the Indians, except at great peril to themselves. Our men behave like lio roes, and the best feeling pervades the whole detach ment.” (From the St. .luaustine llcrahl, of the 2iUk ult.) 11 Wo are informed that traces of Indians have been dis covered in several places near the city of St. Augustine, und that they have made the plantation of Cnpt. Mat thew Solatia, their head quarters. This is about four miles South of Picnlata, where Indians have also occa sionally shewn lliemsevcs. “Brig. Gen. Hernandez and suite has just returned from the South. Copt. Gibbs, with the St. Augustine Guards, has also returned. “The men who were wounded in the battle at Dunn Lawton, arrived in town on Saturday evening last. It was a melancholy sight to see the relations of these no ble spirits, fheking to the boats to receive them, and the mingled feelings of joy nnd grief with which they were greeted, caused ninny a sympathetic tear to flow, from the otherwise uninterested liy-standeis. One of them, Charles Flora, died last night; lie received a wound in tiis arm and one in the groin, und was otherwise much cut up with balls. During the action he acted with the utmost coolness nnd courage amounting to sang froid.” (From the Pensacola Gazette of Jan ‘J'.C') “ Major Gen. Gaines arrived here a few days past, on a tour of inspection. While nl New Oileans, Gen G. heard of' the disaster which happened to the command ot Maj. Dade, und immediately applied to the Governor of Louisiana for a regiment of volunteers, to aid in the war which now seems to be inevitable, with our savage neighbors. We understand (but Gen. Gaines also gnvo orders to Col. Twiggs, stationed at New Orleans, to as semble all the disposable troops of the United States from Baton Ilonge anti elsewhere, nnd proceed with them immediately to Tampa Buy. Without knowingof the extent to which the Florida Indians had carried the war, but acting from bis intimate acquaintance with the Indian character, Gen. G. on first heating of their dis affection, wrote to Washington, requesting that the Gth Regiment, now stationed at Jefferson Barracks, might lie transferred to the const of the Gulf of Mexico. It is hoped, therefore, that before Col. Twiggs leaves New Orleans, the troops of the Gth Regt. may bo joined to Isis present command. “ Gen. Guinea hurried on to this place with a view to procure n co-operation of the naval forces stationed hero, hut was ^happily anticipated by the sailing of the Vands. lia on Tuesday last, for Tampa liay, and by forces sent by Corn. Gafins from Key West, to Charlotte Harbour and other points on the coast. It is understood that i Coin G. having learned that the Indians upon the coast kept up a traffic with V. ssels fromMlic West India Is- ! lands, and were thus supplied with arms and other ne- | cessaries, despatched sixty marines to Charlotte Harbour, and a number of boats to other places to break up this traffic; and, if necessary, ulford protection to the while ; inhabitants. * “ The St. Louis is now preparing for sea, and will sail ' on Tuesday next, for Tampa Buy. The New Orleans Morning Tost of the doth reports, 1 that “a regiment of troops is hourly expected from St. Louis, and as great a number as cun be spared was to 1 have l»een sent down in the Huntsville from llaton I Ko.ige yesterday. A concentration of these forces here w;il probably amount to 700 men, and these joined to .100 Volunteers, irhich it is eipeeled tcill hr. iaired here, making altogether 1000, will be despatched for Florida in the course of a few days. This body, acting in con Lg^l.b the troops already in Florida, should be sufli cieiwTor the extermination of the Seniiuoles; a measuro wliicn could hardly he desired, hut which at present seems to be tho one calculated to ensure a permanent peace. ’ Lieut. Col. Twiggs, stationed at New Orleans, had been unable to send any rc-inforeemenl from his post to F lorida, lie had not more than ;tt) men with him, and was not empowered to send a single man from any other post. / We lay lief6rC our readers the following extract of a letter which we have received from a Correspondent at Charleston, dated on thefllsl ult: “ *re rapidly organizing and arming in this quarter for the overthrow of our savagr foes in F'lnrida. By the middle of February,! h ive no doubt, n large and efficient force will have readied the theatre of war, and the cam paign be in a course of vigorous prosecution. (Jnder a General so able and gallant as Winfield 8colt, we may safely calculate upon a speedy and auspicious termina tion of this most unexpected and savage war. An nbnndsne.o of sinunition, money and provisions hos al ready been forwarded, arid a considerable number of volunteers are also in the field from this and other neigh boring cities. The requisition for six hundred militia upon our Governor has l»een promptly complied with, and the orders for a draft extruded by Brig. Gen. Kamil ♦on. The draft takes pluce to morrow The gallant General now talks of 1 a common country,’ which it is ‘patriotism to defend; yet stoutly contends, doubtlessly In conformity to his nullifying principles, that Ilia 'gal lant men owe no allegiance to this beloved ‘common country' and ‘government of the Union.’—But we will not quarrel with them at a time like this ’—(when Flo ritla it in ao much danger, and Hamilton is acting ao vi gorously to rclit-vs her.) tori —A report was iu circulation yesterday, that mi Lx press had urrived at New Orleans, from Kin ■ r.da, announcing that “fort had been forced to i • .11 render to the savages, and thut vvery soul was ruas a «cred , that subscription lists were immediately opened | re (N- Orleans) for the purpose of raising Volunteers; that a recruiting party Imd just passed, headed by the 1 *,oV‘ J ,or» ^C; We Imve truced the report, ami been favored with un extract ol the la tter. It hear* date ! January d.UI, Ac. Ac —We have New Orleans papers to Uie *->th January, and they do not confirm the ruui. r | Wi sh i s, we have St. Augustine dale* (of tno UOth) ! which state that the coiinniiiiicatioii with Gen. Clinch, at r ort King, was then open, Ac: The report cunnot he correct. . THE BANK BILL. The 'Vines an-confident 0f the passage of the Dill tlirouglMlie Senate of Pennsylvania. Wo sliall never behe\e it, until we *ce it—although we are satisfied, that the Dank will move Heaven and Karllt, and Hell itself (.Irheronta moetbo) to secure a charter. I'hc Htnusylranian still places its 41 reliance on the Senate of Pennsylvania. To the Democratic majoiity in that body we look for such conduct ns will crush the monster monopoly, and defeat insidious treason. The people of the Stale are rallying round them to sustain and reward their intrepid efforts in behalf of the good cause. The voice ol encouragement is ringing from every town, village and hamlet in the Stale, and it can not be thut it will not be obeyed.” The Philadelphia Democratic Herald gives us the fob lowing letter Iron) Harrisburg : °f Ua,,k !*’ ^rtune. for oil rmic.rnod in ll,« ■wvolunou 1.. lUo politic. of Urn State, lo 11.0 th. ,.r.“,C“l |mw“r '° •petals on Iho 1‘re.idoocy ol Ihf foiled . luto*. 11,0*0 are il.o object. of tlio flai.li! Now, u l.at Sill.." CT.f7" ' o' * lo (A« f Sail to the United Stole*. II would Ik- i.IIo in me lo attou>[>< to Hate the... coo.n t:?Z‘ ','!i“ '“-V,"* bu‘ “ ?,u“ »"'ku f011- lll»t ouch o system w.oul.l , directly either to entire and eb.oluto slavery in the pooi.lo —or « evil e~.vul.ioa*! All who know tl.o pcoplj of tl„* State ond ^".r* * *ol they will never fell in..very. Who! then tH2a2l««? t .• 'uC‘“ phy.ico] force will he loiortod to-oo I . revolution will eii.ue. The Bank bovine th. pow mi’.J.r m. “ ",e |,CO,'le hav|n* P*4y«i««l power, will re.i.t it. " ■ “ •/'- .Vi.ft.rn mu pao.r t tiiii.K not. I l.o So nolo will pull n party volt- ogain.l ill” J he Stock has risen to 125 or (», in conscquenco of the prospect of success. If It gets a charier, it may mount to l.dlor more. The Philadelphia Sentinel contends, it ought to pay a higher bonus, because “fheser. /t millions ol udd.t'i.nul stuck will, the moment the lull passes, sell ut sn advance of at least three millions and a half of dol lars. ^ Tlie Baltimore Chronicle of Saturday last, says the , was reported to the Senate of I'eiinsylvnnia on 1 hursday morning, by the Committee to whom it had been referred. The coinmilt report an amendment to the bill, prohibiting the issue of notes by the Bank of a less denomination than ten dollars, ft is probable that no action was had upon the bill in Senate on Thursday; but we presume it was taken up in that body yesterday, and doubtless, its fate will be known in a lew days.— opinion grows more and more confident that the Bank will obtain a charter.” This portentous Institution itself excites the most vio lent indignation in the Democracy of Pennsylvania._ I he gieut Democratic Meeting of Harrisburg on the 1st inst., where, alter a full hearing, the Resolutions wero carried by more than GOO citizens against some 30 or -JO, expressed aitioncr others the following sentiments: “ Resolved, That the application or the Bank of the United Slate* !"l'of * unn,>lv“"'°.,of “ rs-cbsrtcrof iu whole capi tal ol 93o,t)Q0,<)00. un amount which it* friend* have admitted to he amply sufficient lor the want* of tho whole t/aion, i* ono of the n.o.l high-handed insult* to the good sense *1 the people, and one of tho roo* glaring attempts lo prustrute thoir lilicrly, that can be found iu nil the history ol political profligacy mid audacity. RoootrmL That the hypocritical lorn, of the kill reported in ac cordance with till* application of Hie Bank, and tho pulpalile ofloit to bribe the people ol I lie dilferent acclio.i* of Hie country into its support by the artful distribution of the proffered bonus, are causes ol universal public indignation and alarm, and ouglit lo arouse the people to an instant assertion and maintenance of their rights. Resolved, That llio legislature of Pennsylvania, even under the present constitution, ha* no right lo enact any law which will ho in its tendency injurious to the interest* and dangerous to tho liberties of the peoplo—that such a law is unconstitutional and void—that any subsequent legislature map und are in duty bound lo declare it so, anil that we have conlidencu iu the virtue of the people bf Ponnsvl vema to believe, that should this lull pass, the next legislature will ho o.io which will manfully perform this duty.” “ Resolved, That any llcinorrat, w ho votes for this bill, is annpos !. d*!S.,Ur ',?“l,hw l’,i"cil*los of his |«irly, from his duly, mid fiom the welfare ol his Country, who desorves to Iki flung into’ irretrieva ble ouiciirily and disgrace, us totully unworthy to be trusted by tho peopl*, who had oluctcd tlicm their K«‘|iroscniaiivt?«. “ Resolved, That wlion tho Bunk of tho United mates has made application lor a re charter lo hosliea in which honest man and patri ots held Hie ascendancy, it bus ignobly foiled in it* attempts—and should il succeed now, the strong presumption will arise, that it was because Hiuso virtues were wanting iu those who rejudged tlioques llio liarnuburg Reporter declares, that “as might have been expected from a people ever watchful and jea lous of their sacred rights, the news of the corrupting bill now before (lie Legislature, is universally received with the most indignant bursts of surprise and condem nation. But one sentiment of anger and alarm appears to pervade the Commonwealth upon the subject, from one extreme to the other. 1 lie proceedings of township, county, ward and city meetings, expressive of the most inflexible hostility to the Bank and its bribes, are crowd ing in upon us Iroin all diiections, and prove most tri urnuhantly that neither the Nobility of Europe, nor the federal Aristocrats of this country, possess money enough to buy the free people of Pennsylvania into sub mission, fur a moment, to their dread engine of grinding exactions and slavery.” The Washington Globe denounces the whole trans action in strains ot the most indignant eloquence. Our limits confine us to the following extracts: l|lri TUB UNITED STATES BANK. J hs bill now duponding baluro the Pennsylvania Legislature to ro-ctiartcr the Bank of the Unitoil States, it a measure which con cerns the whole Union. It is n National Hank, to he chartered by s State, with ospress authority toestuhlr.h branches, which authority win hardly nerotaury,asllio Hank, from its inimonsu capital of thirty tiro ntll.ions, will be alilo to convert as many local banks ts it pleases min agencies, anil thus porvado the wholo Union with it* organized ramification of blnnches. Tints, whether branches aro established by mifoc, IS porfortly immaterial, though authority to that effect ts gtvon in the Brink. It is in fact, in mime, in object, und in declnted design, a National Bank to bo chartered hy n Mate, und that Hank the same tlmt the nation has for years rejected, and with new i.riv i leges not contained in tiio foimer charter, and with un oxomption from the few restriction* which the picsent United Ktates Bank cliurter contains. Kor instance; tho present contains a clauio Hint tho ilnnk may be inspected by a committee; but Hie Peniuylwiiiia charier dis pensas with that formality; so that the oi l Bank, under its new char ter, will ho wholly free from the slight chock of an inspection. “ 1 '* ‘bo Bunk which is to bo given to the Union by a State Legislature ! ** The charter is for tliiilj years ! “ I lie moment it passes, ifpas* it <loes, tlmgreal ganto of intrigue, onuorv, amJ corruption commence j in 4'ongrtts* nmi in wry Hlato Legislature. Toobtain authority to estahlisli branch**, and to cel a new charter from Congress, will be the daily and nightly work of the Hank until it is accomplished. It is to no purpose that llio democra cy mny tloleal it once, twice, throe, live, or ten times. Tho effort will bo continued during the thirty years that the clinrtor has to tun. It will bn a thtrly yearns war. It will be, what Mr. Murignm pro claimed, a war between ltoino and Carthage; in which, not victory, but subjugation and extermination, is the object. Congress will im mediately liecoino the great control thoatroof operatic,in. To elect mambors by fraud, favorable to tho Hank, will lie ono pnrt of Ilia game; to corrupt others, urtor thoy aro oloeted, will he the second part of it, Ut the local linnks in existence, far tho largest part of them will become the confo.lerate* and instruments of the iimmmoth monster, end will work at elections, attend Icgisluturea, intlucnca legislation, oppress democrat*, and uphold the scrub aristocracy, precisely according lo the orders that they shall recoivc from Philo dulphiH. What a gulf of corruption, wliut a field of intriguo. what an agony of trial ami suffering is now preparing at Harrisburg, for tho Whole Union! Hut let ns not despond. There are two hope* yet remaining; first, the Democratic majority in the I’ennsylvania nenate; than, the Democratic majority of the people of the Stato. Ol the Senators, strung hopes are now entertained, nntwilhatanding the boasts of the llank party, Hint seven have been secured; of the people, not a doubl remain*. The wholo Mate is in agitation; and it is affirmed that not one llamocratic citixen, and nut ono Demo cratic press, lias joined tho monster. Tbit the whole will be over, thrown by tho people, like tire Yazoo fraud was, is tin) confident be lief; and in the mean tiuio tbs public sentiment, both in Pennsylva nia and here, at Washington city, soems to ho ueiniinou* in son during with the following resolution adopted at tho largrat meeting or the citizens ever known lo he assembled in Btrks count r. “ ‘ Mreoiral, That we hold that member of our Legislature who si.Is in Hie re-establishment of ibis monster of corruption as unworthy ot future confidence, und ns n IHtlliK.il ami IIABK sycophant, merit tog the worst fine of n TttAITOH to the cause of etittal right* and fron government!!’ ” •‘ Among the numerous signs and evidences of fraud and treachery which ths Uailsd iUiito* Hunk muvsiuont in ths Pennsylvania l.ogn Inlur© exhibits, thsro is nun which pre eminently claims a moment’s attention; it i« tho seven million, of stork now owned hj the Uni ted fttntes, nnd which, in tho I’mmsyIvnnis charter, is left without an owner, and without mode proscribed Of disposing of it. As the char ter will stand, those seven millions of stock will Tall into the hand* of tho Director* of tho Hank, to dispose of ns they may think tits psr; nnd it is very certain that tlisy will think proper to divide it among themselves and their family connexions, and, perndven torc, soma of the voters fur the Hank in the I’enns) Ivania legis lature. By this surrender of so much stock to the Directors, to do with *s they think proper, a great prsfu is ••rururl to them and their partners in the division of thn *poil. Tho stock of tho Hank ia now at 9 J per cent, ndvaneo in Philadelphia, which on seven miliums, gives an advance of 01,890,0011, and e* the stock rises, will he increased until it probably reaches 1W) per cent, ad vance, and eoneerjnnntly fives seven million* of profit to it* holders. Now, the r)U*«tion It obvious snd emphatic; why wa* not this sto-k surrendered to the Hlste of i'ennavlvnnia ? Why was tho Htate not put in the place of the U. Htntc*,’ nnd thereby ullowed to reap »ho benefit of the stock, which i* already 01,WO,000, and which will eventually be seven million*t This »insl* circumstance shows treachory to the Htate, and collation with the Director*: and if ever Ih* time shall come whnn n committee of the l,©*ia|aturo of thn State shall proho thi* foul transaction, it will undoubtedly he found that there was a secret, treacherous, collusive, fraudulent, and cor rupt arrangement between the Rank ami it* lvgi«laiiv* friends, on the subject of this identical seven million* of stock.” Mow rMIVwefiily *Jni N. York act in 1818, from whnt Pennsylvania threatens to tlo in |83<i! How superior is the course of Martin Van Buren to that of the Whigs Thi* lliagrnpher tells ns, that— “ When the projet of replacing (the oltl Bank of the U. 8 ) by Ihr Honk of America in New York (only too with a capital of six million* out of Ihe original ten, in ilea,I of the 'k> millions!) was brought forward, Mr Van Buren took tile moat decided stand against it. He wa* active in originating* Convention of the Hcinocra j cy of his county to oppose it, and delivered an elaborate I and powerful speech against the proponed measure. In ! the Wprir.g of J8I8, Governor Tompkina prorogued the | Legislature, to prevent the passage of the charier for the Bank; and Mr. Van Buren yielded (hits energetic, 1 l>ul neceasary, exercise of power, hi* firmest support." Most truly doe* the Norfolk Beacon observe, that "the proposed re-charter of this ialtei institution ought to on fage the attentive consideration of Ihe whole country l* power »* loo colossal f„r a private institution. A j I .egisliiture may grant one, two, or even twenty millions banking capital to separate and isolated institution* with i impunity, a* ha* bten done, but when such an amount ] is consolidated in a single bank, the Commonwealth which grant* the charier, not only agree* that it* own limb* should bo bound, but presents at the same time a I *word to its tyrant to pierce its own vitala. The whole country would Buffer from the power of such an institu tion, when one man may determine to exercise it, and m a republic at least, we ehould refrain from confiding to l,'*1 d'seretion "f any sot of men a power wbish is not cmJleu lor by the occasion.” ^Ut' !' *l »l«»*uld succeed in seducing the Senate of I enusylvania into a charter, wlial then? In the 1st place, we say again us we said on Thursday last, ‘‘If the char ter contains a clause-, as we believe it does, allowing a sub sequent Legislature to cancel it, in ease the public good or safety icquires it. we have so hesitation in saying at once tint the sponge ought to be applied to it." In the place, the whole history of its passage should be ri gorously sc inned. mid it there be corruption found at the bottom of it; if bribes, direct or indirect, have been held out to obtain s cli.ii ter, as was attempted in the Legisla ture «.t New York in LSI2,then who will hesitate to hunt it down In the 3d place, if Pennsylvania can lie so blind to her own character, as well as to the interests of the other Sutvs, as to quarter so tremendous an institution upon us. then it will become the duly ol the Republicans of the other States, to rite in urms against it—to piosvr ve their respective Legishiluica pure and uncorrupled, and thus prevent the extension of its proposed brandies—und confine the Hydra to the State which creates it._We arc s w arc tin- struggle \vill be violeul—for, its meantufcorrup tion are ample und insidious It may appeal to our own Legislature for countenance—it may w ait its time toad dress itself also to Congress for a re-charter—but it will become the duty of the People of Virg.nia to make it a question at their Spring Elections; to cull upon their candi date* to say, ‘‘Are you for this Bank or not?"—and again, Bunk, or ho Hunk / must become one of the tests ut the rolls. Jlccumulattd iceahh is the most ularining power ol* Biodren tuues. But wlial can compare with this Insli tulioii—armed as it is with the gigantic command of 3.*# millions—managed a* it lias been, to corrupt the Press succeeding to all the political feelings which have di rected its operations —chartered, us it was originally, in direct violation of the Federal Constitution—continued, ns it will be, by direct and insidious bribes to the locul interests of Pennsylvania, and the votes of her Repre sentatives and wielding a fcaiful power over the mar kets the currency, the property, the politics of a whole people ?— It we quietly acquiesce in its efforts to throve its Brunches or .fgeiutcs into our Slates, we may indeed almost tremble for the Republic. I jifOut: trui tv: All tlic signs are gathering against him.—Alabama lias deserted him—Mississippi has elected Wulker._ The strongest reaction now prevails iu Tennessee. I He Nashville Union ol the lllilh January, gives, 4lAs further evidence of the unprecedented reaction’ now in progress in this State, and elsewhere, the ani mated proceedings ofa Van Uuren meeting in Overton county ; and an extract ofa letter from u highly respec table gentleman in Mississippi, to a member of our Le gislature. The Overton preceding* were by the most respectable and influential portion of the people of that county, and speak a language not to be misunderstood. The spell is breaking.—These unquestionable evidences ol reaction seem to alarm our neighbor of the Republi can. That print afl'ecls incredulity on this subject, and significantly asks, ‘where are the public meetings2’ To winch we cheerfully answer,—in Last Tennessee—in Middle Tennessee—ami in the Western District of Ten nessee. Meetings, alarmingly large, h ive been held in j Sullivan, iu Overton, in Muury, in Sumner, in Duvid- I son, in Lincoln, and in Hickman counties! If the Re- ' publicans assertion be true, that4«iine/eea-/toe/i(<e(Asof the people of Tennessee were originally in luvor uf J ud<rc Wlnte, we think the reaction hus, indeed, been unpre cedented and alarming. Nor will it long be confined, iu its public maiiiteslalioii, to the counties above named._ The whole Slate, we dare believe, will be thoroughly re generated from White U iliggery long before the No vember election." The following is the emphatic Preamble to the Reso lutions of the citizens of Overton county: 44 We must all view with deep regret Uie division that docs existamongstthe Republicans uf these United Stutes, which division is partially proven to us by some late po litical movements in relation to the approaching Presi dential election. Viewing, as we do, the union-of the Republican party, as the surest means by which to secure to all of our fellow-citizens equal rights and equul privi- I leges—we have thought that zn houestand candid declare- ' tiou of our sentiments, seems to be colled for by the pre sent political efforts that are making to divide the Re publican ranks. It is probably wiliiin the recollection of all present, that the want ot union in the Republican runks placed John li Adams iu the Presidential Chair ugaiust liie known will ofa large majority of the nation, ’ihis is an evil with which we are again threatened, and we must be united in order to prevent the like occur rence. There ure at this time before the people of the United States, three candidates, perhaps four, for the presidency: the lion. Judge While of Term., Mr. V. llu ren ol'N. York, and Mr. Webster of Massachusetts, and the friends of each of these individuals are now pressing their claims with great zeal before the American people, j Mr. Webster appears to think that the election must go to the House of Representatives and he there decided, ' which will give him an equal chance of success with’ j any other candidate. The friends of Judge White insist ! that neither Mr. Webster nur any other Opposition can didate will be run, and the contest will be between Judge While and Mr. Van Rurcn alone. In behalf of Air. | Van Rureit it is urged, that the great body of the Repub licans are iu favor of his election, and that he should bo preferred.—Now, uuu it bo possible dial there is a citizen of Tennessee, who would wish to see the election of our Chief Magistrate go into tile House of Congress.2 In that event, Rhode island, with her small population, would be equal to one of the greutest Stales in the ! Union. We venerate the name of our fellow-citizen, j Hugh L. While, yet circumstances convince us that lie’ | was nominated by designing men, forllie purpose of get- 1 ling into power and dividing the Republican ranks. This is more clearly developed every day. We see the Hon. Mr. Hell, who was very etiicient in nominating Jud'r,, White for the Presidency, hurled from his high station of honor to the seal he first oecupied iu Congress. From an examination of all the facts and circumstances con nected with this subject, we must be convinced that Mr. Van Hureu in the choice of a large majoiiiy of the Re publican party.” Gnn any one, however, doubt that the plan of the Whigs is to throw the election into the II. of It > What ■ays the last Kentucky Observer of the dOth ult.? Hear him—and then let Mr. ltrown of Petersburg still repeat that the contest is to be narrowed down between While and Van Buren: “ H e now understand each other dis tinctly, and us the friends of Gen. Harrison had no other motive in his nomination, than the belief that he could bo instrumental in defeating Van Buren—so arc they ready to subscribe to any honorable means for the attainment of that end. Had this been tbe position assumed by the friends of Mr. Webster, from the first annunciation of him, there would hove been no difference of opinion between them and the friends of Gen. Harrison. Let the friends of Mr. It elster 'cordially co-operate with those of Gen. Harrison, in States where the latter is the strongest, and so with Judge While, and rice tersa, and there can be no doubt lliat the Whig principles will tri umph, and tho office-holders sustain a most signal defeat. That such a course will he adopted', we have now a right to expect.” That is to say, divide the Electoral votes, and trust to the II. of It. for defeating the will of the People! The Norfolk Bencon indignantly lashes the members of the Legislature for their cucoethcs lotjuendi. “ Speech after speech passes away, and time—invaluable at tins particular epoch—is utterly disregarded. The third month of the session is rapidly running off, and not a so litary important domestic measure lias been entertained by the body. We will not go behind the curtnin, and ; examine the wretched reasons assigned for such an un- ! wise employment of the time and treasure of the peo- I pie—we will only say, that, if the face of things be not quickly changed, the members of the Assembly will deserve the reprobation of their constituents.” J he Norfolk Herald seems to hold the friends of the Expunging ltesolutions to account for this waste of time j and money, &c «Jkc. Now, we have not kept an account ! current—but we are much disposed to think, that the Whigs have spoken oltener and longer than their oppo nents. The Kepubliran Party were placed in this pre dioament: ll' they called lor the Previous Question, they would have been charged with a design of culling off debate, ll they remained silent, they would have been twitted with an incapacity to answer the arguments of the Whigs. They were at one time so reproached;— und they hud to come out and reply. At all events, it is now high time to terminate the debate, and act. We understand, that just before the House adjourned lust evening at J-Sf alter \, Mr. Watkins announced Iris intention to address some remarks this morning. As he opened the case, perhaps he may dose it. It is believed, that the question will be taken to day. EIRE /A EETERHBVRO. W<- sincerely sympathise with our Brother of the Pe- j ternburg Constellation in the loss lie has sustained. The following is n private letter addressed to the Editor of the Enquirer—but it is writlen in so fine nnd manly a spirit— 1 it speaks so much for the buoyant character of its author under such trying circumstances—Hint we must take the i liberty of laying it before the public —No wonder such 1 a man should succeed in his political career—nnd should 1 so nobly entry the cause which enrrirs him : Eitrart of a letter to the Editor*, from the Editor of the Eeternurg Cancellation, dated « Bchimt. “ I am all at sixes and sevens—not burnt up, but burnt ' out, by tin unexpected fire Inst night. My property of every description broken and scattered to the four wind* of the Henveuns, and not a farthing insured. However, it might have been much worse. The dwelling house 1 occupy, my Coffee-House and all its stock, my Printing Oftiee and all the materials, were w ithin an nee of the flames, nnd. for n long time in imminent danger. A providential change of the wind, at a most critical mo ment, alone saved the hard and bittor earnings of years. As it is, I nm much damaged. But, never mind, " Hioli mond will soon be himself again !*’ My brother, the Uev. J. Haines, who a few hours previous had arrived from the mountains, and myself, fought the fire until himself and til! my friends thought it would be vain to attempt to stay their progress—nnd the fiery element was raging within aix or eight feet of my premisea. We then commenced moving household furniture, print ing materials, Are. Ac > and the way they aro scat tered nnd broken, 11 is nothing to nobody J” The “ Constellation" will, however, appear on Tuesday, as usual, na well as we can get it out, under the circum stances. The fire commenced in a square of wooden buildings, stables, Ac. in the re nr of Bank street, where I reside, and I have no doubt was the work of an incen I diary. Th« tdace, th« tint#, all was admirably chosen I lor hayoc. I suppose the aetuul damage done may bo covered by 8 or In thousand dollars. The number of building* destroyed, of every description, may amount to 12 or 15.” IT Mr- * I si nos in a subsequent Note says, that ho “estimated tin.* dimage bv fire, yesterday; too high— the buildings were generally old." run Mnm.iT/o7y. We understand that the three British nll'iecrs arrived last evening at 3 o'clock, and immediately took the stage Tor Petersburg. They left Washington on Saturday evenmg—and were hastening to Norfolk with their des patches, to set sail in the Pantaloon. 'I’lie Mediation would no doubt be nccrfitrd—upon cni^ ditions, which we haven* little doubt will prove urrtnt aMt toonr country men. We have now little question that an amicable adjustment will be made —But while we hope tor the best, we should prepare lor the worst. , to Tin: kvjtoks of rut: Ljvqumr.n. Col. Mallory appears t> adhere to the amendment "hull fie bad the honor some days ago to offer as a sub* stilule to the Expunging Resolutions. It is Hue that this amendment is called, and treated ns Hie amendment ol the gentleman from Brunswick. But this is not the luct. Col. Mallory is nut the siulhor of that amendment. It was put into hi* hands by a member of the Whig party m the Legislature, for tile purpose, 1 suppose, of getting some ol the majority to go for it. I am therefore a little surprised that Col. Mallory should lend his nid in any xvuy which is calculated to di vide, and split up the party to which he professes to be long, as lie observed at the time he first offered the amend ment, tliul he should desert Ins parly but (hr a moment * , ONE WHO KNOWS THE FACT. Richmond, Feb. 8. TUB BIUIIT of INdTBUCTIO.V. (■rayfon ’ wralk. over tlio courts to day, fetid ly without a com merit, “Charm ho war .o wi.«ly,” he it tending Mr. Lvigh to hit political rum. The vary f rounds ho taka, am fatal to Ilia ftimiaman t«l Right of Intlructioa. Iflhv greatest antmy w hich Mr. Leigh hat ; U|H>n the earth Wore to advis# hiin.it would ha to the vary coorto . • “•'Jr-»€«■»• eatoutially urging upon him* II u brnotoroo bound ncitbtr to resign nor obey instruction* v.. Llfreal j curtualiaui question., touching the tight, and sovereignly oftlto State, ilia gtout Kight of In.triictiun i. nothing hut “.oundtog liras, an l a tinkling L-yuilml.” Wa really do not know from what .ourco "Orayaoti” iloiiva* hi. a«.ortion,that it wa. only wutAi* the lari year that the Itrpra .ontativo waa held Itoiind to ohoy on con*tilntional question.. For one, we know, that wo mainlainuil, bafnre Mr. Leigh's ltcport wa. made, the Senator wa* a fortiori hound to obey on constitutional points t or to resign his seat. TO TIIF. EDITORS Oh THE H.YQV/nER. A writer in your pnpor of Saturday, (the 30th ult.,) who signs himselt ".Mason, has attempted something which will he culled an answer to the very clear, logical, and conclusive article which appeared in the preceding number ofllie Enquirer, signed "Pendleton ” “ Mason" is in error "abtoco usque ad mala." He says, “It is a singular coincidence that “ Pendleton” should’ have taken the grounds which Mr. Giles did against Mr. Leigh's Report, in vindication of his course as°t Senator from Virginia, in 1811.” “ Pendleton dues not take any such grounds. To the contrary, “ Pendleton" expressly admits the right of instruction, and the duty of obediettco to such instruction; provided, the instruction does not require the representative to violate the Constitution._ “ Pendleton" quotes the resolution adopted by the Vir ginia Legislature in 1812, to sustain his position. “Mason" says, “that Mr. Giles admitted the right of the Legislature to instruct; but, contended that the Se nator w as himself to judge of the extent and nature of the obligation.” In Mr. Giles's speech in the Senate in 1811, lie said, “the influence of the true obligation of in structions, theiefore, arises from the expression of opi nion by the State Legislatures, and the very high re spect which is at all times due from the Senator to the expression of such opinion by the Legislature of the Stale which he represents—a respect which I feel so strongly that 1 never would dissent from an opinion thus expressed, unless in a clear and indisputable case: but the point I contend for is, this opinion is not imperative, compulsory or mandatory; that it is not in the nature of a command, but addressed to the discretion of the Sena tor thus instructed, taking into consideration all the cir cumstances of the case connected with that instruction,” «V.c. This is Mr. Giles'language. Is it not clear and conclusive, then, that Mr. Giles did not admit that it was the duty ol the Senator to obey any instructions, whatsoever might be their character r Dues he not con tend that instructions are not compulsory or mandatory? That the Senator is to consider them us addressed to his discretion-only? It is. Let us now see what “ Pendleton" contends for. That, | according to the Report and Resolutions drawn up bv | Mr. 1^‘igli, and adopted by the legislature, in conse quence of the disobedience of Messrs. Giles and Brent to instructions given them by the Legislature of Vir ginia, “a Senator is bound to obey all instructions given him by the Legislature of the State he represents; [ provided such instructions do not require him to violate the Constitution, or do an act of moral tur pitude." .Murk ! Is not the Senator bound to obey all instructions; provided, he is not required to vio late the Constitution, &c.? Is every thing here left to his discretion ? No, he is bound— mipciatively bound to obey all and every instruction given him by his Legislature; provided, he is not required to vio late the Constitution, or do an act of moral turpitude."* Tin re is as much dirf'erence in the views ol' Mr. Giles and those laid down in Mr. Leigh s report and resolution, as between light and darkness. The sentiments of the one are those of a Republican, an enlightened freeman; the sentiments ol the other, should and do properly be long to a subject of a monarch. The right of instruction I c-nsider a cardinal principle in a republican form of government. Take it away from I the people, anti 1 would prefer a monarchy. But l can j not consent that this precious right shall lie abused; that it shall be used to subserve party purposes; Ihul it shall 1 be used to minister to the revenge of a disappointed i I I'trly. I lie right ot instruction, unlit the last twelve months, was ulways understood, iri Virginia, to mean the right to instruct a representative, and that it was the duty ot such representative to obey or resign on all questions of expe diency. It never has been insisted on that the represen tative was bound to obey on constitutional questions, until within the last year. The oath which our repre sentatives nil take to support the constitution, has always been considered a sufficient guarantee, that lie would do nothing to violate that sacred instrument. Such was Ihu understanding of this principle by the Virginia Legisla ture in 1812, when Mr. Leigh's report and resolutions were adopted; and this report lias always, until now, been considered as the Virginia interpretation of the right of instruction. “Mason” quotes from Mr. Giles's defence bofore the legislature in J812-13 to shew, that it was clearly proved by him, (Mr. Giles,) that the Legisluluie had a right to instruct on constitutional questions, and the Senator was bound to obey. If'Mr. Leigh’s report was to be con sidered a correct interpretation of the right of instruction, I admit Mr. Giles made such an attempt, but insist that it was a complete failure, and considered as such by the whole Republican party. His defence was considered an ingenious piece of c infused sophistry In proof, Mr, Giles was laid oil the shelf in the political closet, and re mained there for fifteen years. Why was Mr. Giles disgraced, politically, 1 mean? Was it for refusing to do un act by which the constitu tion was to be violated? No. The act he was required to do, was to prevent the constitution from being violat ed. He was disgraced, because he denied that Senators were hound to obey the instructions of their Legislature; he denied, most positively denied, that the representative was bound to obey instructions unless he thought proper; that it was discretionary with him in all cases, whether of constitutionality or policy. _ “ Mason" contends, lli.tif the Legislature has not the I right to instruct her Senators on questions of constitu I tionulily, the right is not worth any thing; it would lie usc | less. 1 differ with him. Constitutional questions arise hilt seldom; whereas, questionsofexpediency are ot every day occurrence. The one, is of the most serious importance; the consequences arising Irom them may prove fatal to 1 j our liberties. The other may do injury, but not tor any j , length of time. The constitution, pure and unsullied, ! is ulwuys the check to any system of policy which may ! prove injurious to the country. Witness tin; Tariff Establish the principle that “Mason" contends for, and j j what will it lead to? It will conclusively prove that the j Constitution is nothing more nor less than a piece of i parchment—a thing to be put in any form or shape the I | then majority may wish. A Legislature may instruct ! her Senators that a certain measure is unconstitutional, i Tins instruction is carried by a majority of two; the j ! next l^gi slature may instruct the Maine Senators, that 5 the measure is constitutional—this instruction is car ried by a majority of twenty—the succeeding Legis lature coincide in the opinion, that the measure is unconstitutional-—this is carried by a majority of one : 1 — the jjiiio Senators obey the instructions in each I case—what, then, is llte condition ol'lltv Constitution’ 1 1 Which vote is to be considered as the real “Simon 1 Pure?"! Establish this principle, and our glorious Con- | | stitution becomes a nullity. Anarchy and confusion must inevitably ensue. Then will be the time lor a bold, j j daring, talented, and popular man to seize the reins of Government and direct tint car whithersoever lie may choose. 'I'll* people will submit to one in preference : to the many — hi the hope that calm and repose will fol low hi his train. The people of England submitted to be governed by Cromwell in preference to the tyranny of 4 parliament elected by themselves GRAYSON. 0 It will lx? rr< o)lett«<|, that fh* IrOgi^liiiift of Gvo^is w§# Grit* #<!, « r rather hnhn I th«ui«ilv<*4t in the nofml Vuxoo nilair. Will it Pontrnijvl, that Ihoir JtfinAtoftf wrotiM liivp !nm ttouiirt hr imtrur lion* from that body, in rtlilion to lucli n riii* Amt nn*l«r ••ch cir r>lll)«t.lftr»« f f Almort a *»rotUr cato ha* alr«A«t* oecnirArt in Ohio. In tho lhr«n |a«t year#—tht l**gi<lnttirA r»f \Unt £tato. ho* givon <liHVr#fit in rlrurtinn* vAoli y#Af, on tli* *Amc to th« tarn# Honatur*.— Thir, thou, i« by no an ii»|irolnh># cn«*. FOR TUF, VIRF.R. THE HJOHT8 OF THE I’ROIEE. Vtnut THE OICNITY OF TWO MEN! To Uid Mtmhrn nf Ihe Utveral jttatmhly! Many good Republicans tliink it wrong to command • Senator in Congreve to resign. It i« true, that llie l,e gislalure has no constitutional means of forcing a Sena tor out of his seat, during hi* six years. lint is it true that ‘.he Stele ha* no right to disapprove the course, and disown the doctrines and sentiments of a Senator? Is it right that two men shall, for six years, annul the voice of » Plato, in the highest branch of the National legislature; tlmt very branch which lias l>een looked to to represent, fnard. and defend the State sovereignties of this Union ? l is notorious that Messrs. I.cigh and 'I'yler have, both in the Senate, nl barbecue*, and upon" the hustings, denounced in the most hitter and 'unsparing inaniu r, the sentiments entertained, the men, principles, and measures approved by a large majoiity of the people of this Stale. Are you, gentlemen, ready to admit that these Senators may thus war HgomKl the will and wishes of Ilia Stale, and that you, standing in llie capacity of , Uie immediate representatives of the people, as the or gans through which nl uc the will of the S ate c an he authoritatively made I,iio.ro to our Senators, have no right to echo the voice of the people, defend their senti ments, and maintain their rights, for li ar of encroaching upon the dignity of two men? It is not necessary that any disrespect should he offer cd, either to our Scliatois, 01 to the sovereignty of the ot.ile Hut if either is to be disregarded, wlneii ought II lo be 5 Whicli ought lo prevail—tie* mm, or the ma jority ol the People of the State ? That is the question, gentlemen. “ No flinching or dodging!" There is but one course which you onn pursue, consistently with the line honor and dignity of our Senators, and the rights unj interests of the people, bclio the voice of your people. I ell llie uhole truth rcspcctfullv, hut plainly. Disapprove the course ol our Senators—Tell them that they have warred against the will and wishes of the Stall*. Disown Mr. laugh s doctrines of "precedents," “dtrclupemenis ' and "uUrriuiliees." Disapprove their cojiiiioii with the filends ol the liauk, their sanctioning the course ol the Hunk, in expending the money of tin people, in publishing and circulating s|H‘cchvs and pam phlets, with u view tu the elevation of its friends, and the downfall ol its opponents. Disapprove the wnr waged by the Dank and the Senate united, against the I resident and representatives of the People. Tell the whole tale, and what follow*? Why, our Senators, if they uiean tu be faithful, will conform to the will of the State, if honestly, truly, and faithfully they can, or resign their seats. Here would be no indignity or dishonour, either to the sovereignty of the State, or to our Senators. Dul, it in despite of the voice of tbo peo ple, and in contempt of the sovereignty of the Stale, they still cling to their seals, and cotii-onntuously defy the people, they may hold tlu-ir seats,but the people w.ifi be entirely without remedy. A lasting, and blasting mark, will lie placed not only upon our Senators, but upon all who sustain them. borne oi uie iricmis ol Air. Leiifli maintain, that neither lie nor they can bo held responsible for violating the right of instruction, because he has not been instructed._ 1 liey deny, that a Senator ought to pay any regard to newspaper accounts, or the writingsot newspaper essuy isls. I liey contend, that he is letl free to preserve Ins own course, until lie receives the will and wishes of his constituents, directly from the Legislature. Gentlemen, they rely upon your flinching, und shrinking from the discharge of your whole duty to your people. They expect to escape the responsibility of warring against the will ol the people, by conforming to your instructions upon un isolated question, whilst in every thing else, they are to subserve the interests of their party. 1 repeat, that our Senators, both in the Senate und out of it, have been bold and fearless in the expression of their sentiments, and bitter and unsparing, in denounc ing sentiments, men, and measures, which have been approved by the people of this Slate. How will you ap pear before your people, nnd answer for your failure or refusal to defend their sentiments and maintain their rights ? Will you say to your constituents, that the of fice of Senator of the United States, ought to be treated with respect ? Agiecd. But can you, w"th honest faces, tell your people, that the dignity of two Senators is so exalted, that you dared not offend it, by telling them the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, in plum but respectful ter.i.s? That you dared not speak the sentiments of the people to two men, who have been loud, unmeasured, and unsparing, in dcnouncing those sentiments? I again ask you, “shall faction be honored, shall States, and people bo degraded, to sustain the dignity of two men?'* Gentlemen of the General Assembly !—Let an hum ble, private individual, who neither holds office, expects office, nor wants ollice, entreat you to review the course of our Senators, during nnd since, the memorable Bank panic. Were they not allied with the friends of the U. Stales Bank, in a bold, during, dangerous struggle, to disgrace not only the President, hut the Representative branch ot the National Legislature, ami to alarm e.nd drive file people by clamor and by pecuniary distress, into siibuiissiun to the arrogant pretensions ol a monied corporation? Theorise as our Senators may, about the meaning of tiie Constitution, was not the whale spirit and tendency of their course a warfare upon the people, the Representatives of the people, and in favor of the Rank, the friends of the Bank, and the principles against which Virginia lias contended from the very foundation of the Government? Review the speeches.1 Look to the ayes and nucs! Where were our Senators? Waging a war of extermination against the men who liad'jm” vented the re-charter of the bank—the only men w ho stood firm ngiiinstil in the heat of its contest for power ami perpetuity. Read the speeches of Air. Leigh._ What were their spirit und tendency? Why, to encour age the hopes of the Bank, and to paralyze the opposition of its enemies, und inculcate the belief, that even Vir ginia, under curtain “dceelopetnenlt" nnd “a/t»rr»afice.«," which were confidently predicted, would give up her constitutional scruples, set aside its obligations, disre g.ud oaths, and acquiesce in the re-charter of the Rank, lie pleads precedents and the tremendous power of the Bank in justification of its re-charter—und this, too, in the very heat of its contest for power and for victory over the only men who stood in its way—the only men it feared. After all the wars which you have waged against the “general welfare ' doctrines of the Federalists, will you puss by the still broader and more dangerous doctrines of one ofyour oti n Senators, und this for fear of offending his dignify? I once more entreat you to read the “developcuicnts" and LOOK TO THE "■JU.TF.RifA'/'/fTS.1' WASllLXG TOM COHllESPOMU LMCE. “ Washington City, Feb. Glh, IrtiG. “ Since my Inst, nothing lias transpired in Congress worthy of Communicating, save only that the spirit of latitiidinous debate seems not to have flagged in the slightest degree. 1 hope, however, in a few days the fiery temper of the members will have become u little more temperate, and lliut the business of the Nation will at least he commenced. “The wrath of the Whigs seems pouring upon Mr. Adams without measure and without mercy. With them lie has committed the unpardonable sin, in exposing what he regards the Anti*American character, of the remark of Mr. Webster in the Senate. In the midst of the storm ns angrily and as threatening us it howls, the old man stands, like tin* aged and majestic oak of the forest, un bending and unyielding toils pitiless pollings, lie seems only to be concentrating his strength for an effort which will confound and overthrow hi* enemies. Tile friends of Mr. Webster seem to be rushing to his rescue. Mr. Clayton, on Thursday, made a violent attack upon Mr. Adams in the Senate, and sat down amid the cries of or der. Mr. Adams is, ns to his patriotism and tiulli, im pregnable, and upon these points bids defiance to every assault. Time will develope the result of this singular contest over the dead bones of the fortification bill. The people, 1 imagine, arc satisfied how it was lost. “ The ardor of Congress to enter immediately upon the consideration of the necessary measures of prepara tion and caution growing out of our relations with France, st ems somewhat abated, since the tender of the media tion of England, calculating with great certainty on a successful result, i do not, however, opprnvc this apa thy, although 1 believe that war will not ensue between the two contriea, yd there are chance* to tbe contrary. Though the Administration has accepted the mediation, it has not come under any obligation to accept the term* of reconciliation which may be pro posed. 1 am perfectly assured that if the condition proposed, should be, that the I President should either trplain or apologize, for his mes sage to Congress, he will not do it; lie will not, under I nny circumstances, do an act which France has no right to demand, and which the honor and dignity of the coun try forbids. Under these circumstances it would lw the j>art of wisdom in Congress to be prepared for the. worst; if War ensues, we should lie prepared for if; if not, there ' would be nothing lust, as our defences are in a most de plorable condition of insufficiency. The increase of the navy is indispensable also, to the protection of our ex tended commerce. “On Wednesday, Mr Calhouns bill to allcr the te nure nl office, or in oilier words, to a/Ur tlm Constitution, by prostrating the Executive at the feet of the Senate, came to the I louse of Representatives, where 1 have hut little doubt it will receive a decisive overthrow. Mr. Hell, of Tennessee, a lending friend of Judge White, strongly indicated an intention to sustain it, although lie Speke equivocally. “ Mr. Clay’s Land hill is no doubt destined to the same fate—as probably Col. Menton's Graduation hill. I regard both as unconstitutional, and nt war with the various compacts of cession and the just appropriation of the sales. “The surplus revenue dirisiun srhrme, has not yet been decided upon in the Semite. Its fate there is ex tremely doubtful. Home of the Opposition members, I understand, will not sustain it. If, however, it should pns.« the Senate, its doom is, I am confident, inevitable in tfie House of Representative*. The idea of amending the Constitution for a short period, to divide the surplus revenue, is to me, ridiculous. If it could succeed, wc should have no permanent principle in the Constitution; for there would l»e interminable efforts to amend it, to suit either local interests nr particular partisan views — so much so, that the people would I >*« all reverence j for it. “ I lie progrcsaol the (V a ) Legislature remind* me very much >>f ii soldier I once heard of, who, being mounted nn n itortlrn borer n* n punishment for mine offence, de clared to hia officer, be wne going nn uti rtpreee." Ifntrbine, tbr Mail Robber, taken - We learn that a i gentleman in tliia city ho* received a letter from hia j friend in (-ineinnati, communicating tire intelligence that Hawkins, the mail robber, hnil been arrested in that plai e and aafely bulged in jail, fie waa arrested on tlie dfMh ultimo Mr Anderson, nf our city, who went in pursuit of him, arrived just in time to seo him taken and identify him. (I / We are authorized to announce John Hibson, now ! of the House of Delegate*, as a candidate (bribe county I of Washington, at the Spring election. The GREAT WIIIO CAUCUS meets to-morrow evening, to ratify the nomination of Judge White by a previous Legislative meeting—and to nominate a Vice President, «fcc., »Vc. The Special Deputies are, of course un.ler special obligations to their Whig members ol tlie Assembly, lor allowing them to take such a limit ed part in the great Drama. Rut we suspect, from all that we can hear, that these deputies are llictnscl vew the de legates ot very thin meetings of the people. In the county of Monroe, for example, we are informed, that alter much drumming up, and out of near five hundred citizens upon Urn ground, the Whig meeting consisted j* u,,t k*lh—Afid hi Midtili nex, irenrv inform' d uy letter, that, alter a wry general notice of 3 or 4 pre vious wet ks, the Whigs made out to assemble about 13 * or 14 |H*rs<>us, ;* or 3 of whom were not considered as members of the meeting. Thus ict go! A, .• , .. COM.Vu.\'lQATKI) /\i a rneolirig of tla* Voter* of the county of l'owbat&o, op|»o*«-(J to the iioiinntttioit of President ami Vice Presi dent ol the United Stules. by the Rullimore Convention, assembled at their CourtHouse, on Court duy, the fust of February, 1836: i .’ri,e 'meting was organised by appointing William hsiiruian, nmi Y\ illiani 8. Ounce 8ccrctnry. I homos Miller, Esq , ullcr a lew remarks explanatory o! the objects of the meeting, offered the following reso lution, which was unanimously adopted, to wit: hcsolrttl, lhat the Chairman appoint one or moreper sf.ns to represent this county in the Convention to bo held on the 10th of this month, in Richmond, to nomi nate ii \ ice President and Electors of President and ' ice President, in Virginia, and a Central Committee and Corresponding Committees in the different counties anil towns ot this Common wealth. '' l>prr”P"n» R*c Chuir appointed Thomas Miller, William Old, mid William Crump, Esurs., as Delegates from this comity to the said Convention. And, on motions se verally made, the Chuirman and Secretary were added to the Delegates so appointed. And the meeting huving resolved that a copy of these proceedings bo forwarded to the Editors of npwspajiers in Richmond, with a n ?uest that they will publish tho same, then adjourned. WM. LICON, Ckmirna*. »* m. S. I'awce, Sccrcli’rif. I VIKiilAli IV peuuon was presented by Air. Uaniel, of Inspector, ol tobacco, in Lynchburg, for an increase of compensa tion. r The following engrossed bills were read a third time and passed i A bill t» provide iin Index to the Journal of the House ot Delegates—A bill directing the survey and location of a route tor u road from Moori field to the North-Western ! lur,,H‘he A bill to change the place of holding a se parate election in the county of I Iainpsbirr—A bill to aiut-nd an act entitled “an act to limit the assessment upon tilhablrSj and to authorise a tax upon properly, for t, PwrPOBe ol defraying the county expenditures within the county ol Berkeley," passed March f>ll», 1835. , engrossed bill concerning Georg® Johnson [remit ting a fine tor unlawful gambling] was read a third time and naviiijf been supported by Mr. Frk.vtiss, and op posed by Messrs. Witcher and Craig, was rejected. An engrossed bill concerning Shelton Ford [remitting a fine imposed by the County Court of Preston, for sell ing clocks without a license,] was rend a third time, und having been supported by Messrs. Willey, Morgan and Harrison, and opposed by Air. Witcher, was rejected. KXI’UNUI&i; KliSOLUTluNS. Mr. SriNAKi) closed'the remarks commenced by him on yesterday, speaking about Unco hours. Mr. IIakhiso.n signified his intention to address the House, and on his motion, The House udjourned. Monday, February 8. A message was received from the Senate stating that they had agreed to the Resolutions relative to the inter ference ol certain associations in the Northern Stales with domestic slavery in the South, with amendments. [ I he amendments were, on motion of Mr. Gregory or dered to bo printed ] 1' On motion ol Mr. llAnms, leave was given to bring in a bill ti> incorporate the Big Bird mining company. ° Mi. Busrkari) presented a report of the probable re venue of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company uf tcr it reaches the coal mines near Cumberland and uf ler its completion to Pittsburg, which was, on motion of Mr. S., ordered to be printed. On motion of Mr. Neii.l, the Committee of Courts of Justice was instiucted to inquire into the expediency of mo amending the criminal laws of this Commonwealth, as to authorize a conviction and sentence to the Peni tentiary, of persona charged with counterfeiliiio, or knowingly passingcounterlcit bank paper, lor a term less than that now limited by law, with a view to a greater certainty of punishment. On motion of Air. Wu.so.v of B , the Coinmiltoo of Schools und Colleges was instructed to inquire into the expediency ol increasing the number of Visitors of the University ol Virginia. On motion of Mr. Gari ani> of A., 250 copies of the report ol certain commissioners appointed to ascertain the loi.es by fire in the county of Norfolk, in I77G, trails nutted to tins House by the Auditor, were ordered to be printed. i, °v* were presented l.y Mr. Crutchfield, of Tho luas r . Knox ami others, tor an act incorporating the l otonne Silk and Agricultural Company—and of Win. Bcowuf and Olliers, ibr the incorporation of a Company for the culture and manufacture of Silk—by Mr. Daniel of the members of the Bar, aVo., of the Lynchburg Cir cuit Superior Court, for n change in holding the Terms of that Court, Alc.—by Mr. Hopkins, of citizens of Bow liatnri, for the construction of a rail-road from Richmond to Lynchburg—by Mr. Moffett, of officers and privates of the 116th Regiment and 145th Regiment, for the re peal of u:i act of the last Legislature, establishing thoso Regiments. On motion of Mr. Barker, (after a debate, in which Messrs. Barker, Craig, Gregory, Murdaugh, Wilson of 15., liiillemnn, anil Gilmer, took part,) the rule of the House, for the appointment ot a standing committee on the subject ot Revolutionary Claims, was rescinded, and ihe committee was discharged trout the consideration of the subjects referred to them. EXPUNGING KBSOLUTIONS. On motion ot Mr. Uakkiso.v, the resolutions on tho subject of Expunging a resolution from the Journal of the Senate ot the U S. was taken up. Mr. Madison said that by the consent of the gentle men from Harrison he rose to state his views as to reach ing the question on these resolutions. He had hoped that the debate would have closed on Saturday; but hav ing been disappointed, he now expressed the hope that it would be reached this evening in a regular way; and apprised the House that he should by to-morrow alleast move the previous question, and insist upon the motion. Mr. Mai.i.okv asked whether the previous question would cut off the amendment which hu proposed to of fer, should he submit it now. The Speaker said it would not. Mr. Mar.r.oav then moved to amend the first resolu tion o! the series, by striking out llie following—" To be erpungtd from the Journal of the Senate of thr. U Stairs. j by rousing him I; lines to hr. druwn around the said rcso I lalion, as it stands on the Original manuscript journal, and these wards plainly written across the face of said re solution and entry : l.rpungcd, by order of the Senate of the United Stairs' — and inserting the following : “ To be repealed, rescinded, and declared null and void.” Mr. Barker said, lie was glad that the duty of offering an amendment to tile resolutions, was not thrown on his back by the declaration of the gentleman from Brince Ldward. Had not the gentleman from Brunswick of fered this amendment, Mr. B. would have offered one which he thought would have been a greater stuuibiing Ulook to the Democratic parly than the previous ques tion, which be presumed was offered for the purpose of cutting off all amendments. Mr. Madison said, that such would not be hit object in moving the previous question. Mr. Barker said, whether it was ao intended or not, such would be the effect of the motion, and it was un worthy the Legislature of Va., in either case to make use of the previous question, after the debate was over, to cut oil' amendments. Mr. Madison repealed, that he should not endeavor to cut off any amendments which might be offered. Air. Harrison asked whether the ntnvndinenl would preclude the discussion of the main question; and being informed by the Speaker that it did not—Mr. II. proceed ed to address the 1 louse fur nearly two hours in support of the resolutions. Alessrs. Eontaine and Austin succeeded,also in sup port of the resolutions. ^r' Witciier then took the floor, and spoko for about an hour in opposition to tho resolutions. On motion of Mr. Watkins, (at a quarter past four o clock,) the House adjonrned. IlM’li'd W lu»trs;il(- larir<*Mftirmtt. Toimm-Iwi $A 50« A 50 I Vnniniiii reCineil <> .VI a V Ml Ollier relimeil 7 |lj ' emu. lo mill, 0 50 « 8 00 (5 Cm it I anil lino V Ml ft 11 00 1 Korn lino Hcoleii II (Kin 13 00' Fine mnimlnetneiitK lOOOo li Oil | Pu>V»—Ciljr Mill* $7 no Cuunlry $<i 75 Wiiut—lleil I :w While I 35 Corn 79 0 75 Corn Meal K» a !n> Out* 65 n lAl Aeef, |>er cwl. fl Ml a 1 on Pork, (Circe n,) >• i cwl. M ii-im, per |l>. 9 I ? i l-'J el*. Util tor 11 15 <r 'JO Coffee « 18 3 1 a 11 1-9 Cotton •• Mel 15 i Ce.llnn Yarn*—geiewl 85 Cotton Varna, flip. A n 19 9ft n 30 Htiifnr, lirnwn 10 q |g |_«J Hid««, Hpaniah 13 q 1ft liinndy, Cog gall, « 1 90 a I 571 “ Apple 95 <1 3A Whfclkoy 31 „ 39 Moot, Weal India ft0« P4 “ New England 37 a lift I Wine, Mndeira 9 .V) n 3 <HI | “ Airily Madeira 90 a I 00 I ** Malaga 40 a AA Ten, Imp. nod Coop. ftO a I 00 ! " Voting llyaoii 00 a ftO Mnlni'ni 35 « 40 I r'all, per *»ek 9a 9 14 Hemp H'mi | fn II"f lion 3 3 10 4 1-9 ISIm I. p< r Id. (ttnw) II (10 Cut llnttinga, new, fi 54 H (..»!«, <• 454 Hi. itomingo Mahoyany, from 10 lo Ifi eent« |wr fool. lliMidiiraa, 7 lo ID do. Viinoai), rhmlo iml rroltli, A to 10 do. COtlfTBV ■ Rurkimi 10 | Mixkrnt 19 19 Mink *> R»fi r»* m, Omjr Foi 10 H.w 18 19 I »»»«••» ft9IKla-t Putin nr Rk>c*«. U. R. Hank 100 Hank V*., Ill I* Pitiwti' Bank 11.0 llirhmnml *nH PrM'lthf. R R. I Rtot-k d>0 |>ar alia fa alrfifa pa»*_ I CH .torfir-M B. Ro.d $rn 0OVIl«K nr Ko lliain ! N. Carolina Rank Notae I a I It Hnnlh Carolina dr*. Sat It (ftorgia do. 4 00 MnffieH, oo Tb-iwlay, »h* 4th in*!., by th» R#v. lame* R T«y lor, Mr.Wm. II. Hcnton, to Mir* Klim belli R. A. Parham, *11 of thu ci«j.