OCR Interpretation


Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, October 16, 1849, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024735/1849-10-16/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

l'UETKY.
* For the Kn<,\drtr.
THE SPIRIT WHISPER.
I tov* tli* voice of the Autumn wind.
For I hear in every breexe
A spirit-whisper, ?oft and low,
From among the leafless trees :
Its tones ar<r sad, yet in promise sweet
They tell of a hippy land,
And tiiey say, "Come with us, from Earth away,
And Join ye our Angel band."
They tell me they dwell where the bright liow'rs bloom
Where Pleasure knows no alloy,
'Mid realmsof everlasting Peace,
And Truth, and Love,and Joy.
? ?0 listen, child," says the Spirit-voice,
"The flow'rs of Earth bloom bright
In the morning's sun, but sober eve
Biing* o'er them a chilling blight.
"Vet come with me to che Spirit-land,
And I'll show thee fadeless fl iw'rs,
Alike unchilled by beaming Morn
Or Evening's shadowy hours.
"The breath of Spring blows soft and mild
Along the Joyous Earth,
But Winter's biait falls on her buds,
And chills them in their birth.
.>pas,i?eavay! is the stamp of all
Helow our joyous skies ;?
We read it on Beauty's glowing cheek,
And within her sparkling eyes.
?4Yes?tney 're passing away, Earth's lovely ones,
Like leaves on the Wintry blast,
? Like the bk.omingflow'rs of yesterday
They 're journeying on to Vie Part
'Then come w ith us to the Spirit-land,
The land *here the brighi flaw'r* bloom,
The land where Destruction entereth not,
And Hope finds not a tomb."
Northampton, Virginia, October 7th, 1849.
FOKtilGN INTELLIGENCE.
Arrival oi'llie <^alciioni?.
ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE.
Teleerapbed for ihe Baltimore American.
B.stcn, Oct 12, P. M.
The Royal uiail sieamer Caledonia arrived
here 10-day, bringing one week's later advices
from all parts of Europe. London dates 10 (he
28ili ult., and Live-pool '29 h.
BARINGS'CIRCULAR.
London, Sept. 28.?The Colonial markets
were heavy during the week. Lower prices
were accepted lor coflee and sugar?public sales
o! which have been numerous ?nd extensive.?
The deliveries ot bo.h articles, however, conti
nues large. ...
The cotton market hat been very quiet, both
consumers and speculators acting with great cau
tion, and although a lair amount ol business has
been nansacted prices suffered a decline. The
giain nade has btcouie dull? there is only
a limited business coing forward, and prices
have rather a downwaid tendency. The holders
of Indian corn afloat in Liverpool have become
more firm in their demands, but as yet no ciders
from Ireland have warranted their increased pre
tensions. The reports from the manufacturing
districts sti l represent the Slate of tiade therein
89 being languid without any immediate prospect
of improvement, particularly as ihe recent advi
ccsliotn India are not favorable for extensive
shipments ot goods 10 1I111 quarter.
The accounts from ilic manufacturing dis
tricts are discouraging and trade languid wiihout
(he prospect ol improvement, particularly as le
cent advices from It.dia are unfavorable.
Money is in more demand, but the stock of
bullion increases, and (he trade of discount re
mains unchanged.
There is no marked increase in ihe demand
for American stocks for investment, but the par
cels which were offered having been taken from
ihe market at lO.'i to 104 for certificates and 104
and 105 lor coupon bonds, prices are firmer, and
we quote 104 and 1044 lor certificates, ol which
the supply is compatatively large, and 105J a
10C for bonds with coupon which are in more re
quest. In the stocks ol s -para'.e States we have
no varations ol consequence to mention to day.
In several insuncts U.S. 6 s have been bought
at 106
Livmpool, 29th.?The corn trade ru'ed dull
throughout the week ami closed ai a decline o'
about Is. per quaner in sales of considerable
quantities. Flour is also lower. The lop pi in s
for best western canal is :23s. per bbl. The libe
ral supplies of foreign Iudiau Corn caused ihe
demand 10 subside, though some were expecting
an advance, but without any real cause.
Cotton is languid and prices unsupported by
the speculative purchasers. The mles lor the
week are3:1,000 bale*, a"1' i,nP? ls 3 222 bale?.
Liverpool Cotton Mahrbt, Sept. 28?We
have agam to report a q tiet cotton market during
the pasl week. Price* of American are wi'houi
chaog-, but at the same time it his been diffi:ult
either to boy or sell on saiistac'ory terms. This
continaed dullness is not attributable to any
change in the accounts received of the growing
crops, which are still unfavorable, but to ih? dis-1
conragine state o! the Manchester markets,
which as yet exhibit no signs of improvement.?
The import for the week is only 322 bales ol all
?o??; the large sales ol Surats are 10 be attributed
io tie unfavorable reports of ihe crops in the
East, we cmnoi quote any advance; 8350
Americas, *500 Sural and 350 Egyptian, have
been taken on speculation, and 2200 American,
460 Surat and 10 Madras for export, the sales for
the week are 33,0Ufl bales.
GENERAL NEWS
The mortality irom cholera has further declin
ed, ihe deaths from all causes in the London dis
tricts for <?te weeks oi September, ending ?21,
were 3160, :<?42 and 1981, thus the cholera
deaths decreased from 2026 and 1682 to 839, in
the same period; the deaths Irom cholera which
were at the beginning ol ihe month 400 daily,
lellon the l9ihto 110, and declined on the 2d:h
w> 102, and on the 27th a further sattslactoiy re
port appeared showing the much greater dimuni
tion to 79 lor all L mdon, 331 tor all England
and 57 for Scotland, the cases of diarrloci being
174. Tnis is the most satisfactory, return which
has appeared since ihe first outbreak of the dis
order. In Liverpool Ihe disappearance of the
disease has been tqually signal.
The overland mail has arrived, bringingdaies
from Calcutta to August 8, from Hong Kong to
July 26, and Manilla to July I4tk
Bustntsi in China is dull. Heavy inundations
have taken place in the neighborhood of Sh snghai,
doing serious injury to the c>?U>n and rice crops.
fKANCE now enjoys a peifect tranquility,
and there is no prospect at present of another po
litical agitation; indeed pullic opinion is appa
rently becoming more and more averse to revolu
tions in proportion as the increase of trade and
.commerce exhibits :he advantages <t>f internal
tranquility. Mr. Rives, wh> succeeds Mr. Rush,
as Minister of the Uuited States to the French
Republic, has arrived in Pari*.
AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY.-Noihiag
new has taken place in regard to the determina
tion of the Sultan, not 10 yield the Hungarian
Refugees to Austria and Russia, except that a
Russian cflicer of high rank has arrived at Con
stantinople to demand their extradition. There
is nc doubt that the requisite facilities can be
furnished the Hungarians, to g^t out ol the Tur
kish dominions and go where they please.
The latest intelligence lroin Vienna is di,wa to
tfee 23d ol September. Cootorn h:id not sur
rendered; and nothing ol any iropor'snee Irom
that itk'iK'M was reporied. The Hungarians
made a sail}* on the 13 h, and obtained some ad
vantages over t^e fuiperiat troops.
Nothing definite has been arranged in regard to
Hungary. It does n. 1 appear '.hat there is any
insurmountable difficulty iu Uie way of a final
pacification on the ground of a complete union
? with Austria. The Emperor of Russia has re
turned to St. Petersburg!), and his troops aregra
dually withdrawn g within the Russiajn frontiers.
Correspondence ol me Baltimore Sun.
New York, Oct. 12, 9 o'clock, A. M.
Church Excitement ? The Fair?Ad
dress of Leoi Woidb-try ?Gn Scott?Stcn
t try Crawf ird, Army MoVinisnti. Sfc
The alleged mismanagement of ihe fiscal at
falia ol St Peter's Catholic Church, has induced
Bishop Hughes to interpose, and last Sunday he
visited the Church, and at the hour appointed
for afternoon smice he poured out a torrent of
indignant scathing eloquence upou ihe cleigy
and trustees. He declared his determination to
take iheir temporal as well as t-puiiual affairs
into his own hands, and informed the enngrega
tioa thai in future they were to consider him as
their pastor. He would do his duty, though he
regretted 10 say that St. Peter's was the only
Church that had descried him.
All persons except owners ol pews were ihen
desired io retire, atd a rnee ing ensued, the pro
ceedings of v hich have not transpired.
The Vice President visited the fair yesterday, I
and subsequently listen d to the anniversary ad- <
drerr by ihe Hon Levi Woodbury, at the Taber
nacle.
The Hon Geo W Crawford Secretary of War,
accompanicd by Major General Scott, left town
at 7 o'clock yesterday morning, for West Point,
to inspect ihe military works at (hat place. It is
his inten ion to return and devote to-day and to
morrow to visiting the several military posts in
this viciniiy. He stop? at the Irving House.
1 learn that General Garland, who has been
? aiioned here, iu conhtction with ihe recrui-ing
s rvice, hasb-en otdered to join his brigade a
San Amonjo, Tenas.
The Pennsylvania of Friday reports ihe Seo
ale all bight?17 Democrats to 16 ftderalists.?
The House ol Represeniattves consists of 100
members. Tee Democrats will have at least 60
members, securing a large majority on joint bal
lot
Reto-ns from the counties for caral commis
sioner-are not complete Wesimorelacd couniy
i? reporied to give Gamble (Dem) 2,000 majority
36 counties, w ih Philadelphia, are reporied. so
far, (ogive Gamble a majority of about 8,000.
RICHMOND, VA.
Saturday Morning, October 13# 1840*
"NATIONAL PR0SPERiTY"
Under this caption ibe Times indulge* in a
pleasing view of tl?e present prosperity of the
country, which it most strangely alcr'^t3 t0 1 'e
"benign influence. of the present Whig ad
ministration''? though the fact stares us broadly
io the face, that the whole Democratic system
of policy is in complete force, and we have but
a misiy glimmering of the "administrative poli
cy" which the Regency will recommend to its
party minority io each House of Congress. The
Times sajr
"The credit of the Government, at home as
well as ia the money markets on the Continent
of Europe, is4?//er now tianit has been at any
prior period in the history of the Govern,ncnt
and the policy of the 'Man of Peace now at
the helm of affairs, will have a direct tendency
to increase confidence in the stabi i y
institutions. He will not embroil the nation in
uorighleous and unconstitutional contests with
foreign States. He will not saddle fu ure gen
erations with tho payment of a public debt,
contracted in the prosecution of such contests.
All his ends will be f.r bis country e good.
Il is moil amusing to hear the Ta>lor press
lauding the "Man ul Peace," who, in the lew
months he has been in power, has through his
ministers managed to get the country into diffi
culties with several nations! Strange to hear
"the (high)credit of the Government" ascribed io
??confidence'' in a Whig administration, when it
is notorious that, np>n the revelations of the
Pcussin emcutt through a confidential friend of
Mr. Clayton, United States stock f*ll considera
bly iu New York I The high credit of ihe Gov
ernment ard the universal prosperity are jus.ly
traceable, not to the Whig Regency which has
done nothing to deserve cor.fiJenee, but io the sa
lutary and beneficent operiyions of the great mea
sures of policy commenced acd completed by the
Democratic party. And thes* wise and efficient
measures the Times proposes to tinker with, and
once more make the business of the country a
foot-ball for heated partizans. But, says the
Times, "Two important interests of the country
(coal and iron) do not share the general prosperi
ty," and the tarifl must be accordingly increased.
On the other hand, we have the evidence of the
Baltimore correspondent of that conservative
Whig organ, the National Intelligcncer, who
writes on the 9>h inst:
"After the most successful fail business cam
paign of the last seven years, our merchants are
gradually reducing their su>ck of goods. All t\e
ramifications of trade seem to be in a healthy con
dition, and the prospers ahead seem to le alto
gether promising "
Can language be more comprehensive and
emphatic] Are not coal acd iron properly in
cluded in "all the ramifications of trade;" and is
not Baltimore an important coal and iron mar
ket 1 Moicover, the recent endorsement of the
Tariff of 16-16 by Pennsylvania, the great coal
and iron S ate, should clo:e the grumbling lips of
ih? protectionists.
"ALL THE TALENTS AND DECENCY-"
The N. Y. Even in? Post gives a glimpse of the
primary meetings of the ciiy Whigs of New
York. We transfer a lew touches ot ihe pencil:
Discbdlr and Kitino.?Our whig friends
had a particularly nxe time uf it at their prima?
ry meetings yesterday. With few exceptions,
these were, throughout 'he wards, one scene ol
fraud, turbulence and riot.
On ad hands it is admitted, thai no such scenes
of disoider and outrage have ever, on any simi
lar occasion, disgraced our city.
In the First Ward, the "Dirty Sbirt" party,
8) called, carried the day, wuh the aid of the
W hilt hall boatmen, emigrant runners, ' baggage
smashers," &c., over the quiet and orderly peo
ple ot ili? ward.
Fourth Ward.?In the contrst in this ward,
quite a prominent part was taken by the notori
ous "Bill Sparks," now under indictment for an
attempt to fire the Astor Opera Hvuse, the night
of the riot.
Fifth Ward ?Here the proceedings were
most disgraceful- The election was, through
out, a continued fight between the friends of
Schultz and those ot Rodman, ana nnaiiy bu-ko
up io a savage and general melee Slung shot
and knives K-ere freely used, and the Tribuue
says one man had h?s throat cut! Several were
said to have been seriuusly hurt. The ballot
boxes were taken away from the inspectors,
and carried down the street, but recovered oy j
the police, who were ail for the Schultz ticket.
It is said there is to be another election.
Sixth Ward.-There was a fi^nt here, be
tween the partii ins of the regular and the Breu
nan <iclcet? No election.
Eiohth Ward.?Tne frier Us of Allen hid it i
ail ihiir own way. They called the election at
half-past 6 o'clock in the mornine, palled up ;
wards of iwelve hundred voxs iu hss than two j
luurs, and then started their otganiz^d banda ot
rowdies and bullies, "short boys," &c., into the
neighboring wards, io regulate thim without
much reference io the wishes of the voters in
them. There is an independent ticket in the
field in the Etghh Ward.
ELtyENTH Ward.?Four tickets in the field,
acd the fighting incessant. No man could gel
near the ballot boxes pithout injury to his clothes
or person. Several men hurt. No election.
FlCrtxentii Ward?Much lighting and tu
mult; and the ticket beaded William S>. Woodj
declared elcctcd.
Sixteenth Wabd ?The usual proceedings
here,?cheating and fighting.
There can be n > doubt that ihe scenes of yes
terday were thoroughly disgraceful, and rendered
ihe elections something worse than a farce.
While ibe Whi^s were ia a hopeless minority
in the city nothing could exceed tnc quiet of their
primary meetings. By Democratic divisi -ns
? hey have had the power and patronage ol the
city government lor two or three yeais and the ,
general government lor a few month*, and already ;
their primary e ectiuns are more riotous, fraudu
lent and corrupt than any ever witnessed in the
Democratic party alter nearly twenty years un
disturbed ascendancy in the city, State and na
tion. , .....
Undoubtedly all this proves that ihe Whig
party only wanted the opportunity and the temp
ta'ion to excel in wrong doing the worst of theii
opponents, and lodevelnpc those evil ins'incts
wnich unfit them to possessor retain the reins cf
power.
RUMORED RESIGNATION OF MR. CAL
HOUN.
The Columbia (5. C.,) Telegraph states "on
good authority thai tio such ir.tertion has been
either expressed or entertained by Mr. Calhoun;
and that ihe rumor is entirely without founda
tion.'' We learn from the New York Courier,
that the Mcssrr Harpers will publish before a
grea>. while, from the pen of Mr. Calhoun, a
Treatise on the Elementary Principle? of Gov
ernment and the Constitution of the United
States?and that it is so nearly complete, that he
expects io prepare it for publication in his leisure
hours during the coming session of Congress.
it is said ihat Mr Webster has marked ou; the
plan of a History of Washing'on's Adminisira
lion, and has done something towards its execu
tion.
RICHMOND COLLEGE.
In spile of ihe dark and raiuy streets on Wed
nesday nigh;, a large assemblage, including
many of the gentler sex, assembled in the Se
cond Baptist C.iurch, to wiioess the Commence
ment ot this young but fljurishing institution.
We had but a few moments to spare, but they
were most agreeably spent in hearing an address
from young Puindexter S. Henson of Fluvanna.
His theme was "the age of eUvalry," io which
his well-turned periods, glowing composition and
striking grac.* ol elocution, did lull justice. He
gives bright promise of impressive oratory and
distinction. Wc regret that we lost the speech of
Josich RyUntl, of King ?& Queen, which we
hear highly commended. Ii a short Latin
speech, Rtveund Mr. Ryland, the President, de
livered degrees of A. B io these two young gen
tlemen, who were the first, and deservedly, io re
ceive them. Mr. R. concluded with an excel
lent address in English. The icterrring ceremo
nies of ihe evening were gractd by some fine
chants and anthems from an fd.nirable choir.?
This College has an able Faculty, and the
creditable performances at ihe Commencement
show thai it is des;ined to a prosperous and use*
fu! career. Success to ill
LATER FROM CANADA.
MOVEMENT IN FAVOR OF ANNEXATION.
Montreal, Oct lO-^-A. M.
A declaration in favor ol the annexation to the
Uni ed States has been drawn up, and in the
snon space of five hours, received the signatures
of 300 of our first merchants, land iolders and
professional men, including two members ol par
liament, and two ot ihe Queen's Counsel.
GEORGIA.
The Whig endeavors 10 sqaeez' oai a 'g
maioritv in the Legislature -but yesterday
mail settles the question. TheSouihern Recor
der (Whig) ol .he 9 hsays : "The prts.nt Exec
live has been le-eiectcd by a considerably ? ?
creased majority [about 3.000 ]
have likewise carried both branchesofthe Le
lature. In the Straie the Democratic ma ?my
House .1 Rcprtseniatnes u lbree !6f '
political opponent. In the ain>ve
county Ware is not considered, as the ca
10 that coUD-y were tied."
Our Legislative sirength would have
much greater, but for culpable di"en8io"'1? Se*
ven of the most decided Democratic counties n
,he State. On the whole, however, Georgia has
done nobly. As the Federal Union says:
?^Messrs. Stephens and Tocrobs have learn^
essSSSsSs
Zw congratu'late^he people of the State, upon
over vice Never, in this State, has a candi
date for the Executive chair bcc?90S?c^lo;ls9
ly villifted by the press opposed to him, ds
been Gov. Towns.
UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA.
Wc learn Irom a Iriend from Charlottesville,
that on Thursday night he was informed by the
Proctor that there were upward* of three hun
drci students in the College AfU' this period
last year 41 s'.ud :nts entered the College.
GOVE'.tNuK. FLOYD
Returned to the city oi Thursday evening in
pood health and spirits, after a tour ol severa'
weeks in examining the public works ol th*
State. a
FROM THE SHIP GLENMORE
The following very intercs-.ing extracts are
taken from a letter Irom a young Iriend to his
lather, win resides in this city. It>s dated:
Ship Glssmoke, Souih la'. 14" 30",)
Od thecoasi ol Peru, Aug. 1, 184J. J
We are now within a day's sail, or one hun
dred and fifty miles ol Cal,a0'.and. \ ^Itpnwe
mined to take thesaine precaution I did when wt
ran into Rio, and write before arriving at Callao
lor lear that something may transp.re to prevent
me (rom writing as lully as I desire.
When we lelt Rio we tell ihat we had a very
perilous and hiz?dous voyage before us, and all
looked with awe and dtead to rounding Cap
Horn, on account ol ihe many reports and r umors
circulated iu Rio in regard to its dangers. In (act
iwo or thtee vessels had been compelled to rc'?r"
to Rio, owing lo he damage and injury which
tbev bad sustained in attempting to round ti.
They of course gave the mo;i exaggerated ac
counts ol its dangers and difficulties, and you
will no doubt be agteeably surprised and grati
fied, when I intorm you that we lounded this far
la,n,d point, the dread ol all mariner!., on the 3d
of Julv, 1849, under siudding sails, iBtwfniy
tour hoar*: making a distance of more ihan -00
miles in th t short space ol time. But. know that
you will be still more *g'eeably surprised when
I tell you, that your humble servant, my dear la
ther, performed a list which is almost as remark
able as that of our gallant ship; a leal which I
venture to affirm, no other living or dead Amer
ican ever did, v hich was to deliver a 4th of July
oration on the Pacific Ocean, off Cape Horn, in
South lai., 57 deg , amid intense cold, snow and
hail Verily we do not know wnat the luture
and the fates will bring lorth and decree; for u
any man had told me this on the 4th ol
Julv lb4S, I wouli have laughed at him as an
idiot'or a madman. This was an undertaking
which I at first declined, bu: I was so pressed by
many ol my friends, and when 1 took inio consi
deration the pleasute which I knew it would af
f, d vou, I determined to accept it, and lo endeav
or to acquit myself as hantlh -mely as the circum
stances under which it was wrinen would permit.
I had onlv two weeks lo write it io, and what the
sailors termed "extremely nasty weather ' bor
below the River La Platte the sun scarcely ever
shines, and when i.d es, it is with that pa e, lee
bie and sickly light, 'hat i< moredi-agreeaMe and
depressing than cloudy weather. But I wrote a in
two data committed it to memory, and delivered
it in hall an hour-recciving, undeservedly, the
congratulations ol all. But all knew the disad
vantages under which it was written ar.d most
generously made allowances lor its many imper
leciiuus _ , , f fll .
The proceedings of the celebrution will bo
sent lo the Richmond nnd Petersburg papers for
publication; you will then seo the toasts, which
w re drunk in co d toiler, and you will also s- e
how the anniversary of our national birth day
11 commemorated on the bosom of the Pacilic
by a body of Virginia adventurers.
If my letters a>o ralhor loo egotistical in
their character, you must miko charitibl- al.
lowances and excuse it, for one can sea cely
write on shipboard without egotism; for he is
either directly or indirectly connected with ev
ery thing that transpires.
The weatner from Rio to the Horn was cold
and disagreeable without being really stormy,.
although we had some stiff gales?but we had
only one severe blov and ihat was off from the
Hirer La plattc. I thought that 1 had heard
frequently ibe wind blow, but it seems that 1
bad not the faintest conception of its power
until that night. We ran for twelve hours be
fore the wind under b3re poles, with not a rag
of canvass but a small sail called the "sponcer,
and which is attached to ihe tniinmaat, and ihat
was set io eive steerage to the vessel
T went on the poop deck, and the wind was
btowin? a perfect huriicane, creating a roar as
it rushed through the shrouds, shit resembledhe
tramp and bellowing of a herd o cattle , the
o-ean at times was li'erally levelled by us vio
lence and presented the appearance ol aii im
mense sheet ol loam, at o.her times waves would
roll not "mountains high," but some appeared
alike and a* large j,s "French Garden Hill;
ihey would strike the ship with gteat violence
anrl make her quiver in every timber, sending
ihe water Irom bow to stern. It was emphatical
ly th-; most magnificent and awlully grand sight
that 1 ever witnessed; and, instead 11 leeling that
dread which I anticipated such a spectacle would
produce, I experienced a leeling nt awe, a sen
sation similar to that tell in readme a description
ot a desperate charge made by two contcr.ding
armies-most ol our men were extremely anx
l0us to have a blow; they tpere all era,,fied''?f
this was truly the largest kind cl a blow. uur
ship braved the tempest most gallantly?there
was no tear manilrsied by a single man, for all
knew we had a plenty of sea room and great
confidence in our ship and bcr officers.
In latitude 40deg. ihe weather became coo),
and gradually increased as we approached the
Horn* but we all managed io keep ourselves
comfortable by patting on plenty of clothing,
and by keeping ourselves between deciis. I was
agreeably disappointed in ihe intensity of the
c.'Wl, for I have lreq'iently experienced equally
as cold weather in the month ot November in
Richmond. Soma ol our members soflered a
little trora chill blains, which were produced
more I expect, from the dampness and motstuie
in the atmosphere, than from the cold; but ft?y
??ot ril ot them as soon as the tm'd weather ap
nroachcd. They are all now in enjoyment ol
excellent health; in fact 1 believe there never
was a body men who havr enjoyed such an
uninterruptid state of good health as our compa
ny have been blessed with, since we left the Capes
ol Virginia. Tne greatest harmony and Iriend
sh:p prevail*
We will arrive at Ssu Francisco two wocks
beforo the Marianna, and I am firmly convinced
we will make Ihe passage quicker than most of
tbe ships that have left the ports of tho United
States Those which we have met on the two
Oceans bare been bealen badly by us, all hav
ing left weeks before us. Among those that
aro now fresh in ray memory are, tho Swan
from NewYork-lbe Yeoman from Boston?the
John Potter of Baltimore, uud tbe Marianna,
which we gol five d<ys' slarl of from Rio.
We all feel great anxiety and intereu about
ihe info:maiion which we expec: to obtain on
our arrival at Callao in relation lo the gold in
California, for we aro sanguine of a confirma
tion of the reports which induced us to leavo
ournativo Stale. Our compauy are all in fiue
spirits, and if there is gold io California to ihe
extent represented you imy rely upon their
willing dispositions and complete o'ganiz.ition
to ensure tut.cess.
EXPEDITION oK?ltt JOHN FRANK
LIN. The Cleveland Plaindealer of the 5th
instant, has a letter dated "Sle Marie Ri*".'
Stpterabor 28th, announcing thp arrival of Sir
John Richardson, from the fruitless search
after the lost Polar expedition of Sir John
Frank'in, of whose dreadful fate among Ihe ices
of the Arctic Ocean there is left little or no
room to doubt. Sir John Ricbardsou, having
laileU to find evrn the remotest clue to tbe j
Franklin Expedition, is now on his l? ,
England. He left there in April, 1 = 13; and
fro.n the Sauli S:o Maiie has made the ?0)age
in canoes and boats ar.d overlau-j, a distance
of three thousand and five hundred miles and
back, by way of Lake of the Woods, Macken
zie's River, itc After reaching the Arctic
Ocean, they traveled five hundred miles along
ihe coast. He speaks confidently of the exis
tence of a northern passage; practicability, be
says, is another question, the summers being
only from 30 to CO days long. He goesby way
of Toronto and Montreal to Boston.
To tke E lit 'Tt of the Enquirer:
Wash kgt?k, Ocl. lOvh, 1849
"As you like ii," is one of tbe b:s: productions
ot the English bard, and one of ihose plays thai
speak forth the inimitable delineations ot charac
ter there displayed. But Becock's "Li'-e maslc,
like man," is being enacted over again in Wash
ing on, superior to 'he days of Shakespeaie, m
the person ol Mr Swing, and his confidential
clertf, Mr Coffey : Mr Ewiug in his irar.sac
tions by deputy, with Mr Douglas in the low
rent of a r,ouset and Mr Coffey in his contract
with his land-lady in the rent ol a sui*? of roo'"s
at a rcduced price. The first promised the be
stow meni of public gar e'en r,a salary ol twelve
humlied dollars per annum,?the s: cond, copying
from his iliusrious predecessor, promised l^e p'
s owraeni of toaUknan Id the land'a 'y's kusband?
but, both premises having failed in compliance,
i the fi's: has bad to vacate ihe premises of Mr
' Douglas; and Mr Coffey, having deceived the
I crtdulous lady, has been required 10 pay more for
' his room?, or comply with his contract, wh eh ne
savs, he will do, it not hurried too unmeicilully.
These are pretty exampks of the Whig
transactions in this ciiy; and perpetrated, one
of them by a member of General Taylor's
Cabinet, Mr Ewing; and the other, by Mr Ew
ing's confidential clerk. Truly, these ate
limes for serious reflection toih; people of the
United Stales?trading, bargaining politicians,
even to the parcelling out of public offices at cent
per cent, for thtir emoluments?these things are
no fictions; they have occurrtd, and arespoken
of freely by many. Shame! shame!!
The Secretary of the Navy goea to the North
with Gen. Taylor, who left this city this morn
ing, lo resume bis journey ol observation to the
Northern manufactories, and to look alter iheir
wants of further pro:ection.
The Secretary of the Navy has ordered the
abrogation ol the station of "Chief Navy Con
j siructor," and says that Corn. Skinner is to fill
I that place. The supposed cause for this, is that
Mr. Grice, who filled the place alter the death of
Ceil. Humphreys, during the latter part of Mr.
Polk's f dininisiratio.), being a Democrat, has had
leave to vacate the place, and go to l'hdad 'lphia,
lo make room for Mr. Sou;hall, Whig, ordered to
Washington. The idea of Com. Skinner being
the "Chief Navy Constructor" is original, and
will go far to advance the science of Mr. Preston
in Navy tactics. Mr. Preston Ins also ordered
certain work to be discontinued at Portsmouth,
one of the best local stations for good work
in the U. States, and lhai tbe same is to be
done at Philadelphia or some of the East
ern stations. It is shrewdly suspected this
order has some bearing towards crippling
the prospects of Messrs. Montague and
Cunningham, in the establishment of the new pa*
per ai Portsmouth, as most of the workmen be
long to the Democratic party. Such plans, if
such are intended by the Secretary, will tail.
The Democracv ". ill soon supply their place?;
and wheiher the work is done at this or that sta
tion, Wbiggery is getting its due, and will get
it, until it is rooted out of being.
The few items from Pennsylvania that have
come to Jnnd fr< in the e.'ection yesterday, justify
the prediction, that Mr Gamble, the Democratic
nominee for Canal Commissioner, will be elect
ed by at least 15,000 majority. It is a pity the
Congressional Elections do not take place at the
same lime. At any rate, next year, when they do
take place, General Taylor must take another
journey, and like effects wilt produce like :c
snlts. Whiggery, as the Intelligencer quaintly
observes, in two years "will not know what hurt
them," for there will be none left to tell the fate
of the present deceptive party in power.
Jacob FjItuful, Jr
STATE OF DE5ERET.
It has already been announced that the people
residing in tbe Valley of the G.eat Salt Lake
had instituted for themselves a form of Govern
! meet, which is to be submited to Congress at its
next session. The Editors of the St Louis Re
publican, who have been permitted to look at
certified copies of the Constitution thus establish
ed, and of the procerdings ol the Legislature under
ii, and of the reasons which'led ;o these move
ments, give the subjoined account o! them;
The new State is quaintly styled the State of
Dxsiret, which implies according lo ihi Mor
tntn history and inierpretation, the '7/uney Bee,"
and is s gnificant ol hduit'y an.l ihe kindred
virtues. I; is scarcely necensary io say to our
readers that the population ot this new State is
composed altogether of persons confessing the
Mormt n laiih, of whom ihe number is rap id ;y
increasing every year, ihat being ih? State lo
which all their emigration is tending. In these
proce'd ng?, as in every thing else, the peculiari
ties of 11)is people an* preserved, thourh we can
not see that this will offer any good bar to their
application for admission into the Union.
In one respect, at least, the Convention which
formed ihe Constitution for the new State has
S?t a good example. They ware omplnyarl only
one week in action upon it, and we do not see
| but what it is as good a one as some of our
States have been able to form alter months of
deliberation We proceed to give some of its
j main features.
Io February last notice was given to all the
citizcns of that portion of Upper California ly
ing east of the Sierra Nevada mountains that a
Cnvention wouid be held at the Great Salt
Lake city, on the 5th of March, for the pur
pose of taking into consideration the proprie
tv of organizing a Territorial or State Governs
ment.
Accordingly, on the day appointed, the Con
vention met, "consisting of a largo portion of
the inhabitants of ibat part of Upper Ca ifornia
lying east of the Sierra Nevada mountains''?
Daniel S;>oncer was electei chairman; William
layton, secretary; Thomas Bullock, assistant
creUry; and Elorace S E dridgo, marshal.
After isveral addresses a poqimittee qf ten
was appointed to draught a Constitution, under
which they could govern themselves until the
Congress of ihe United States should otherwise
provide. Alfred Carrington, Jos L Heywood,
William W Phelps, David Fullmer, John S
Fullmer, Chas C Rich, John Taylor, Parley P
Prait, John M Rirnhisel, and Eraslus Snow
were appointed said committoe. The Conven
tion then adjourned to Thursday, the Sill, when
they met to receive the report of the commiltcc
This report was then made, in the shape of
a Preamble aod Constitution for the govern
ment of the now Stale. Tne first clause is as
follows:
"We, the People, grateful to the Supreme Be
ing f ii the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling
our dependence on Him lor a continuation ot
these blessings, do ordain and establish a iree
and independent Government, by the came of
the Stale of Deitrit, including all the, following
boundaries, to wit: Commencing at the 33J (leg
north latitude where it crosses the 108 deg. lon
gitude, west of Greenwich; thence runnine south
and west io the northern boundary ot Mexico;
thence west to, and down the main channel ol
the Gila river, on the northern lice of Mexico,
and on the northern boundary of Lower Cali
fornia t-j the Pacific ocean; thence along the
coasi northwesterly to tbe 118 deg. 30 min. of
west longitude; ihence north io where said line
intersects the dividing ridge of ihe Sierra Nevada
mountains; ihence north along the summit
ol the Sierra Nevada mountains to the divi
ding rarii>e of mountains ihat separate the
waters ffjwing into the Columbia river (run
the waters running into the Great Basin;
thence easterly along Ihe dividing range ol
mountains ihat separate said waters flawing
into the Colon bia river on ihe north from
the waters fljwing in?? tbe Great Basin
on ihe south, to summit of the Wind
river chain of mojntains; thence southeast
and south by the dividing range of moun
tains that separate the waters flowing in'o
the Gulf ol Mexico from the waters flowing in?
to ihe Gulf of California, to the place of be
ginning, as &et forth in a map drawn by Charles
Preus--, and published bv order of ihe Senate
ot the United States in 18-H"
The powers ol the Government are then divi
d.-d into three d*pariments?legislative, execu
uvc, ardjudicial.
3'he article in relation loihe legislative depart
ment is noi essentially different from ihe Cor.sti*
tuiions of ihe several S atcs Members are re
quited to be free white male citizens of the Uni
ted Sta'es, and to lake an oath to support the Con
j stituiion thereof. The firs; Senate is io consist
of seventeen members, and the House ot thiriy
five members.
In ihe Executive Department provision is
[ ma le for the election ot Governor, Lieu enant
Governor, Secretary of State, Aaditor ot Public
A:coun>s, and Treasurer. The jalicial power
is vested in a Supreme Conrt ar.d tjch inferior
tribunals as the Legislattue shall establish. A
Chief Justice acd i\yo As-ociates compose the
Supieme Court.
1 he fifih article provide. lor the el -ciion of the
(fibers named in the Constitution, on ifae first
MonJayof May, llast.Jaud lor a vote for or against
tne adoption of tbe Constitution, "and if a majo
rity of all the legal votes shall be in favor ot us
fd ption, the same shall take effect from and af
ter said election."
In the Declaration of Risk's, it is declared "that
all m?'D have a natural and inalienable right to
worship God according io the dictates of tbeir 1
own consciences, and tbe General Assembly
s'tall make Do law respecting an establishraeu
ot religion, cr prohibiting the free exercise there
of, or disturbing any person in his religions wor
ship or sentiments ? Provided he does nut dis
turb ite public peace not obstruct others in their
religi us Worship."
This Constitution was adopted on the 10th
March, 1849.
The first General Assembly met on ihe 2! of
July. Millard Snow was elected Speaker ot the
Hoose; Alfred Carrington, Clerk ; John D. Ltr,
Assistant Clerk: acd Geo. D.Grant, Sergeant".
ai-Armi.
Alter ihe organization thr chairman announced
to the House thai a majority of all the voles of
the people had been givtu i r the adoption of the
Constitution; and ihat Brighara Young had ie?
csivtd a majority ol all ol the votes lor Governoi;
HeLrr C. Kiaida'l lor Lieuien3nt Governor;
Will.ua Richards Icr Sccre ary ol State, Win.
Clayton lor Auditor of Public Accounts; Jjs. S.
Hey wood for Treasurer; and they were severally
informed thereof.
On ihe 3J a lesolat.on was passed providing
for a joint committee to memorialize Gonaress
for a Sta.e or Territorial Government; which
i was alterwarJs report'd and ailopied.
On thi 5 n insiant, acceding to previous tesc
I lutions, the Legislature met in joint srssion, and
proceeded to ballot for a Delegate and Represen
tative to Congress, when Almoo W. Babbitt, hav
ing riceived a majority of all the votes was dc
I clare.1 duly elected.
On the 9th the Legislature adjourned tint die.
| Before doing so iltey adopted a memorial to Con*
gress, in which they set loith the reasons which
have induced them to oigamzj a State Govern*
, tnent They ciie the failure ot Congress to pro
vide a government kr ihe terntory acquired
I Ironi Mexico, the abrogation of the Mexican
law, the anarchy which has followed. "The re
volver and the Bowie knile," they say, "have
been the highest law ol the land?the strong have
prevailed against the weak?while persons, pro
perty, character, and religion have been unaided,
and virtue anprotccud Finally, they represent
that there is now a suftitrun' Dumber ol i''h hi
tants rtkiding within the State of PtStrel to sup
port a S:a e Government, and to relieve the Ge
neral Government from the expense ot a Teiri
ti rial Government, and they therefore ask that
the Constitution accompanying this memori.il
be ratified, and that the State ol Deserct be ad
mitted into the Union on an equal looting with
the ether States, or that suih lorm of Govern
ment may be given to them as may be deemed
expedient; and that their Delegate may be receiv
ed and thi-ir interes s properly rep.esented in the
Congress ol the United State?. *
No: a word is said in the Constitution about
slavery or the Wilmot proviso, such things not
having entered into the imaginations ol the law
givers as important for their welfare. The Con
stitution will beprefsed upon Congress, and, il
ratified, two new Senators and a Representative
will soon appear in that body (rom ihe S al: of
Deserit?a State which was without a set'led in
habitant (our yeais ago, and uhich j$ some
twenty-five hundred miles from the seal of the
Federal Government.
From tke Philadelphia Ptnnnj'-vaaian, Oct. If).
PENNSYLVANIA REDEEMED!
A Dimocatic Canal Cjmmi'sion-.r ?A Demo
cm ic Lsgu'atvl- And an tiveriohelming Dj
m crati'. Majority on Popular Vote
PHILADELPHIA. COUNTY REDEEMED!
A I) mneralii SkeriJ', Regist-.r, Cummissiour,
Cltrkof Ik'. Oipiant' C/U'l, County 'i'reusu
rtr an. i Auditor, probibly elected!
DEMOCRATIC SENATOR ELECTED, AND A DE
MOCRATIC GAIN OF EIGHT MEMBERS OF
THE ASSEMBLY!?THE INDEPENDENT CAN
DIDATE FOR MAYOR OF THE CITY ELECT
ED. I
We knew thai noble old Pennsylvania w?uld
not disappoint the hopes of the country. The
result ol yeserday's election has proved that
the people of this Commonwealth, uniting wi.k
their lellow citizens ol other States, Nurih 3nd
south, have declared against the corrupt and
imbecile Regency now in power at Washington.
Never before were ihe train ban is ol Federal
ism so active, unscrupulous and desperate.?
Headed by the reckless and bad man who now
occupies our Gubernatorial Chair, and simulated
by promises of < fire from the lead.-rs, ihey ex
erted themselves wiih an energy worthy o! a
good cause. The money ol the G neral Govern
ment wa? openly u^ed to deleat me Democracy; ,
and in this city the corporation party resorml to
the worst means to avert tbe doom that has be* '
fallen them. Hundreds of false voters were col - |
onized in our midst, and the most s.andalous j
coalitions were formed. B it the people, burning
with the recollection of ihe deceptions that have '
been practised upon them, and aujious to pn-ve j
themselves worthy ol liie responsibility devol- j
ved upon them, marched to ihe polls, and spurn- !
ed the iniamous leaders and iheir vile schemes,
by a vote singularly impressive and overpower- '
ing.
I The defeat of the Whigs io this city, is an 1
era in political annals. It was brought anout :
by peculiar ciroumstances; and while the credit >
is raatoly due to the Independent men of all i
parlies, we cannot forbear congratulating the
Democrats for their uniUd stand in favor of tho
Independent ticket We cannot yet say if the
Independent Council ticket is choson. It is
glory enough for one day. nowever, to proclaim
that J->el Jono. is clected .Mayor of tho city of
Philadelphia.
To such demagogues as Johnston, Fuller, ar.d ;
others, eager to promise or to bargain with any
and all parlies ?foremost in thn falsification ot I
faola on/I in |ho moat inilfftnnt <"?lnntni?M? this
result is alike a lej<on and an adimnitioo
To morrow we hope to give more ample de- 1
tails of the great victor/ which has bjen
achieved by the Democracy of Ponniylvania ?
We refer our readers io the return^ as given in
the proper column.
P S ?5 o'clock, A. M.?There is no doubt
whatever of the election of the Democratic
candidate for Sieriff; an 1 we think tho rest of
ihe Democratic City and County Tukel is also
safe. The frauds and co!oniziog of the City
Corporation, have probably defeated the lode*
pendent Council Ticket.
i from the .Yea York Triiune.)
DEATH OF EDGAR A POE.
Eoqir Allan Pot is dead. lie died in Bal
timore the day before yesterday. Tnis announce
ment will startle many, but lew will be grieved
by it. Toe poet was known, personally or by
reputation, in all this country; he had readers in
England, and in sercral of the States of Conti
nental Europe; but he had ft* or no friends; and
the regrets lor his death will be suggested princi
pally by ihe consideration that in him iiterary art
has lost one of il> most brilliant but erratic Mars
The family of Mr Poe?we learn Irom Gris*
wold's "Poets and Poetry ol America,1' lr?"n
which a considerable portion of the lacts in this
n.-tice are derived?was one ot the oldest and mosi
respectable in Baltimore. David Poe his pater
nal erandlather, wa< a U'lartermasier-G.netal in
the Maryland line daring the Revolution, and the
intimate friend ol Latayette, wbo, during his last
visit to ihe United States, c-tiled personally upon
the General's widow, and tendered her acknow
ledgments for the services recdrred io him by her
husba .d. His great-grandlaiher, John Poe, mar
ried in England, Jane, a daughter of Admiral
Jamr.s McBride, noted in British naval history,
an i claiming kindred with some ot the most illus
trious English families. Hislaiherand mo her,
?both ol whom were in some way counccted
with ihe theatre, and lived as precariously as
? heir more gilted and' more eminent son?
died within a lew weeks ol each other, ol con
sumption, leaving him an orphan, at two years ol
age. Mr. John Allan, a w.-althy gentleman ol
Richmond, Virginia, took a fancy to him, and
persuaded his grandfather io suffer him to udopt
him. He was brought up in Mr Allan's family;
and as thai gentleman had no older children, he
was regarded as his son and heir. In IdIG he
accompanied Mr and Mrs Allan to Great B i
tain, visited every portion ol it, and afterward
passed lour or five years in a school kept at
Sioke Newington, near London, by Rev. Dr.
Bransby. He retnrned to America in 18-J2, and
in 1825 went to the Jefferson University, ai Char
lottesville, in Virginia, wnere he led a very dis
sipated lile, the manners ol the college being at
that time extremely dissolute. He took the first
honors, however, and went home greaily in debt.
Mr. Allan refused to piy some of his debts ul
tenor, and he has ily quitted the country una 1
Ctiixoiic expedition to join the Greeks, ihen 1
straggling lor liberty. He dul not reach his ori> j
ginal dcsiinatlon, however, but ma le his way to
St. Petersburg, in Ru-sia, where he bicamcin- j
volved in difficulties, Irom which he was extri- '
cated by the late Mr Henry Middleton, the Ame- i
rican Minister at that capital. He returned
home in IS29, and immediately afterward euier
ed ihe Military Academy at West Poiui. In
aliout eighteen months (rem thai time, Mr A!Un, !
who had lost his firs; wife while Mr Poe was in
Russia, married aeain. He wass;x:y five years
ol ase, and Ihe lady was young; Poe q-i.urelied
with her, and the veteran husband, takirg ihe I
part ol his wife, addressed him an angry Jener,
which was answered in ihe same spirit. He died
sjon alter, leaving an infint son tr.e heir to his
property, and bequeathed Poe no hmg.
The army, in the opinion ol the young cadet,
was not a place for a poor man; io he left
West Point abruptly, and determined to maiu
tain himself by authorship. He printed, in
1829 a small volume of poems, most of which
wero written in early youth. Some of these
poems are quot'd in a revicwal by Marg ret
Fuller, in the Tribune in 1316, and are justly :
regarded as among the most wonderful exhibi
tions of the precocious deyelop nent of genius.
They illustrated the character of bjs objlities,
and justified bis anticipation* of success. For
a considerable time, however, though he wrote '
readily and brilliantly, bis contributions to the !
journals attracted little attention, and hit hope
of gaining a livelih od by the profession of lite
rature waa nearly ended at length in sickne:s, :
poverty and despair. But in 1831, the proprie- ;
tor of a weekly gajelte, in Baltimore, offered
two premiums, one for the best slcry io prose, j
and the other for the best poem. In due time '
Poe sent in two articles and he wailed anxious- i
ly for the dccUion. One of the Committee was
Ihe accomplished nuihor of "Horse Shoe Ro
binson,''John P. Kennedy, and his associates
were scarceley less eminent than be for wit
and critical sagacity. Such matters are usually
dispose 1 of in a Tery off hand way. Commit
tees to award literary prizes drink to ^he payer's
health in good wines, over the urex8miued
MSS, wbicb they submit to the discretion or
publishers, with permission to use their names
io such a way as to promote the publishers ad
vantage. So it would have been in this case,
but that oDe of the Committee, taking up a lil
tle book, in such exquisite caligrap.y as to
seem like one of the finest issues of the Pre,s
ol Putnam, was tempted to read several page3,
and being interested, he summooed the atten
tion of the company to the half dozen compo
sitions in the volume. It was unanimously de
cided that the prizes should be paid to tbe first
of geniuses who had written legibly. Not ano
ther MS. was unfolded. Immediately .he 'con
fidential envelop' was opened, and the success
ful competitor was found to bear the scarcely
known name of Poe.
Tbe next day the publisher called to see Mr.
Kennedy, and gave him an account ol the auth >r
that excited his curiosity and sympathy, and
caused him to request that he should bs brought
to hie cftice. Accordingly he v*as introduced:
the prz* money had not yet been paid, and he
was in the costume in which he had anwered
the advertisement ol hisgood fortune. Thin, and
pale even to gha^tiioess, his whole appearance In
dicated sickness and the utmost destitution. A
tattered Irock-cnai concealed the absence of a
shirt, and thewuins of boots discLsed m 're than
the want ol s ockings. But the eyes ol the young
man were luminous with intelligence and leeline,
and his voice and conversation, and manners, all
won upon the lawyer's regard. Poe told his his
tory, anJ hisambiion, and it was tleteimined
that he should not want means lor a suitable ap
pearance in society. n-T opportunity lor a just
display ul his abilities in Irerature. Mr. Ken
nedy accompanied him to a clothing store, and
purchase I lor hin a respectable sui?, with chan
get ol linen, and sen: him to a bath, trom which
hi returned with the suddenly legained bearing
ol a gentleman
Tne late Mr. Thomas W. White had then re
cently established The Southern Literary Mts
tcnger, at Richmond, and upon the warm recom
mendation ol Mr. Kennedy, Poe was engaged,
at a small salary?we bclk-ve o! 8503 a year?to
bs its editor. He en'eie:! tipon his duties wi It
letters lull of expiessions ol the warmest 8r?tj
I tude to his friends in Baltimore wi:o in five or
six weeks were astonished to learn that with
characteristic recklessness ol consequences, he
was hurriedly married to a girl as poor as him
self. Poe continued in this situation about a
year and a hall, in which he wrote many brilliant
articles, and raisrd the Mtutngerio the first rank
of literary periodical.
He next removed to Philadelphia, to assist
William E. Burton in the editorship ol the
Gentleman's Magizinc, a miscellany that in
ltJ40 was mprged in Graham's Magazine,
ol which Poe becant-i on* i?t the principal
writers, particularly io criticism, in which
his papers attracted much attenkn, by
their careful an I skillful analysis and gene
rally caustic severity. At this period, how
ever, he appears to have been more ambitious ol
securing distinction in romantic fiction, and a
' collection ol his compositions in this depart
ment, published in 1811, under the title of "Tales
ol the Grotesque and the Arabesque," establish
ed his reputation lor ingenuity, imagination, and
extraordinary power in tragical narration.
Near the end ol 1841 Poe removed to New
York, where he conducted for several months a
literary miscellany called "The Broadway Jour
nal." In 1815 he published a volume ol 'Tales"
in Wiley and Putnam's Library ol American
Books, and in tbe same series a collection ol his
poems. Beside these volumes he was ih- author
ol "Arthur Gordon Pym," a romance: "A New
Theory ol English Versification;" "Eurtka,"an
essay on the mateiial and spiritual universe: a
work which he wishtd to have ''jud^'d as a po
em," and several extended series ol papers in Hie
periodicals, the most noticeable ol which are
"Marginalia," embracing opinions of book* and
authors; "Secret Writing,1' "Autography," and
"Sketches cf the Literati of Nc* Yirk."
His wile died in 1S47, at Fordham, near this
City, and sens of our readers will remember the
paragraphs iu the papers at the time, upon his
destitute condition. His wants w^re supplied by
the liberality ol a few individuals. We r-'inem
ber that Col Webb collected in a few moments
fitly or sixty dollar lor him at the Union Clut;
Mr Lewis o Bro< klyn, sent a similar sum from
one of the Courts, in which he was engaged
when he saw the statement ol the poet's povmy;
and others illustrated in the same manner tlu el
fo.t ol such an appeal to the popular heart.
Since that time Mr Poe had lived quietly and
with an income Irom his literary labors sulliciem
lor his support. A lew week, ago be proceeded
io Kichmofid in Viiginia, where he lectured upon
the poetical character, &c ; and it was under
stood by some ol his orrespondents here that he
was this week to be married, most advantageous
ly, to a lady ol that city, a widow, to whom he
had be-n previously engaged while a student in
the University.
The character of Mr. Poe we cannot attempt
to describe in this very h istily written article.?
We can butalinaeto some ot its more sinking
phases.
His conversation was at times almo-.t supra
mortal in its el q lencc. His voice was mo du
lated witli asiom-hing skill, and Ins large and
variably expressive eyes looked repose or snot
fiery tumult into their3 who listened, while his
own lace glowed, or was changeUs* in pallor, as
his imagination quickened his blood or drew it
back frozen to his heart. His im igefy was from
the wotlds which no mortal can see but with the
vision ot genius. Sud.'euly starting from a pro
position exactly and sharply defined in terms ol
ii'most simplicity and clearness, he rejected the
forms of customary logic, and by a crystalline
procrsiol accretion,built uph.s occular demon
strations in lorms of gloomiest and ghastliest
gTandeur, or in those ol the most airy anJ deli
cious beauty?so minutely, and distinctly, yet ?o
rapidly, that the alctnion which was yielded to
him was ch lined lill it stood among his wonder
I'll creations? till he himsell d ssolved the spell,
and brought his hearers back to common and
base existence, by vulgar fancies or rxhibi ions
ot the iguobiest passion.
He was at alt times a dreampr?dwelling in
ideal realms?in heaven or hell ?peopled wuh
the creatures and the accidents ol his brain. He
walked the streets, in madness or melancholy,
with lips moving in indistinct curies, or with eyes
up urned in passionate prayer, (never lor him
sell, for he It-It, or prole-sed to feel, that he was
already damned,) but (or iheir happiness who at
the moment were objects ol his idolatrj; or, with
his glances introverted tc a heart gnawed with
angui-h, and with a lace shrouded in glo>?', he
wouid brave the wildest st-Aras; aid all ni>ht,
wuh drenched garments and arms beaiin.' the
winds and rains, would speak as ifios.mits that at
>uch times only coul 1 be evoked by him Irom the
Aidenn il >se by whose portals his disturbed socl
sought to lorget ihe ills to which his constitution
subjected him?close by the Aidenn where were
those he loved?the Aidenn which l.e might nev
er sec, but in fitlul glimpses, as its gates opened
to receive the lessliery anu more happy nature*
wh >se destiny to sin did not involve the doom cf
death.
He seemed, except when some fi.ful pursuit
subjugated his w.II and engrossed his (acuities,
always to bear ihe memory ol some controlling
sorrow. The r?markible pt em of T\: Huncn I
was probably much more nearly ihan has been
stippn-d, even by iko-e who were very intimate
witn bun, a reflection and an echo ol his own
history. He was that bird's
Unhappy master,
Whom unmerciful dM.vner
Followed fj?l and followed faster.
Till ht? *ong? the burden bore
Till the dirgei of his hope, the
Melancholy burden bore
Of "Nevermore," of "Nevermore."
Every genuine author in a greater or less de
gree leaves in his works, whoever their design,
traces ol his persoual charade ; element- ol his
immortal being, in which ihe individual survive- '
(he pet* >n. White we read the pag?*8ol ihe f\.ll ?
oflht Hiusc of Ut'ier, or of Mesmeric R^vdatiom,
we sec in the solemn and state y gloom which in
vests one, ana in the subtle metaphysical analvnis
ol both, indications ol the idiosyncrasies ?of
what was most remarkab e and peculiar?io the
authoi's intellec-ual nature. But we sec here
only the better phases of ih:s nature, only the
symbols ol his jester action, lor his harsh expo- ,
rience had deprived him of all laitb, in man or [
woman. He had made up his mind upon the
numberless complexities of the social world, and
the whole sys em with him was an imposture, i
? Tnis conviction gave a direction to his
shrewd and naturally unamiable charactt r. Still,
though he regarded society ascompote.t altoge her
ol villains, the sharpness ol his intellect wjs not
of that k?n l whicn enab'ed him to cope with vil
lainy, while it continua'ly caus -d him by over- !
shots to tail ol the success ol honesty. He !
was in mar.y respects like Francis Vivian in
Bulwet's novel ot 1 Ths Cax ons." "Pa-sion, !
in him, comprehended many cf the worst emo-. |
tions which militate against hunun happiness j
You could not contradict him but you raided j
quick choler; jdi could not speak of wealth,
but bis cheek paled with gnawing envy The
astonishing na ural advantages of this pocr boy
?his beauty, his readiness, the daring spirit
(hot breathed around him like a fiery atmos
phere?had raised his constitutional sel.'-cotifi
dence into an arrogancs that turn-d bis very
claims lo admiration into ptejudices against
him. Irascible, envious-bad enough, but not
the worst, lor these salieut anglesj*ere all var
nished over with a cold repellent cynicism, bis
passions vented themselves in sneers. There
seemed to him no moral susceptibility; and,
what was more remarkable in a proud nature
little or nothing of the true point of honor. He
bad, to a morb'd excess, that desire to rise
wbieh is vulgarly called ambition, but to wi-h
for the esteem or the love of bis species ; only
the bard wish to sueceed?not shine, nor serve
succeed, that he might have the right lo despise
a world thai galled bis self conceit."
We have suggested the influence of his aims
and vicissitudes upon bis literature. It was more
conspicious in his later than in bis earner writ*
ings. Nearly all thai he wrote io the Ian iwo
or three years?including much ol his best poe%
try?was in some sense biographua'; in drape
rics of his imagination, ibose who had taken
the trooble to trace his steps, cculd perceive
but sligb ly concealed, the figure of h mself. '
There are perhaps some ol our reader* ?bo
will ucdeiaiatd the allusions of the following
beaunlu. poem. Mr Poe preseo'ed it io Ms i0
the writer'ot these paragraphs, jual before he lelt
| New Yurk recently, remarking that it was the
last thing he bad w.itten.
ANNABEL LEE.
It w as many and many a year ago,
In a ki? gdom by the *ea
That a maiden thera lived whom you may know
By ihe name of Ajinabbl Laa;
And tins maiilen she livrd wllh no other thought
! Tuan to .ove and be loved by me
/ was a child and skt was a child,
In U,ii kingdom by the sea,
But we loved u ith a love that waa more than lore-.
I and my Anxtiu I.bi?
With a love iliat the ? ingrd seraphs of heaven
Coveted her and me.
And this waa the reason that, long ago,
In this kingdom by the sea,
A wind blew oul of h cloud, chilling
My beautiful Akmhfl I.it;
So that her high born kin.mm came
i And bore her away from nie,
To shut her u|> In a sepulchre
In tbl> kingdom by the sea.
The angels, not half so happy in heaven,
Went envying lirr and me?
1 Yeg ! that was the reason taa all men know,
In this kingdom by Hie era)
That the wind came out of the cloud by night,
| Chilling and killing my Akmibbi. Leb.
But our love it was atronger by far than the love
| of those who were older than we?
Of many fir wiser than we?
And neither the angels in heaven above,
Nor the demons down under the sea,
' Can ever dissever my soul from the soul
Of the beautiful Ansabel Liu
! For the moon never beams, without bringing ms dreams
j Of the beautiful Aisn*Br*. Lib;
And the stars never rise, but I frel the bright eyes
i Ol the beautiful Ass??si. I.Ki:
i And so all the night-lldi-, I lie down by the side
Of my darling?my darling?my life and mj- bride,
I In her sepulchre there by the nea?
In uer limb by tt.e sounding sea.
i We must omit any particular criticism ol Mr.
! pL.e's wotks. As a writer ol talcs ii Mill be ad
| milted generally, that he was scarcely surpassed
in ingenuity ol construction 01 effctive painting.
As a critic, he was mote remarkable as a dis*ec
ter ol sentences ihan 2s a commenier upon ideas;
he was little better ihan a carping grammarian.
As a poei, he will retain a mcs: honorable rank.
01 his ' Haven," Mr. Willis observe*, thai in
bis opinion "it is the most tffectivc single' exam
pie ol fugitive poetry ever published in ihi* coun
try, and is unsurpassed in English poetry lor sub
lie conception, masierly ingenuity ol versifica
tion, and consistent sustaining ol imaginative
I ill," la poetry, as in prose, he was ruo* suc
cessful in ihe metaphysical treatment ol the pas,
sions. His poems are constructed with wooder?
Jul ingenuity, and finished wi It consummate art.
Tney illustiaie a morbid sensitiveness ol leehng,
a shadowy and gloomy imagination, and a tasie
almost faultless in the appiehension ol that sort
ol beamy most agreeable to bis it taper.
We have not '.earned lie circumsiatc.s o( his
deaih. It was sudJen, and 'rom ihc laci ihat it
occurred io Baltimore, it is io be presumed that
he was on his return to New \ork.
??After life's fitful fever he Bleeps well."
LUDWIG.
THE PHILADELPHIA RIOTS.
Tne following Iron) If Philadelphia Ledger
gives an account ol the continuation of the riois
Irom the p >int where our report leli off yester
day:
We resume the details of the riots from the
point ai which our account ol yesterday broke
off li si correcting an error, waich was the result
ol'supposing that the authorities, having control
of the military,alter going to the trouble ol rou
sing them at m dnight, wou d, al leas1, take eili*
cieot measures to prevent a recurrt nee ol the riot.
From their marching down Six h street, the sup
position was natural that they would be posted so
as to be most effective; but it seem> ihat, instead
tf this, the force was marched as lar as Shippen
street, when they returned by way o! Fifth street
to Ch'e-uut, and oul to the Museum building, and
soon alter were dismissed.
The consequence was, that the riotets ascer
taining that tnc military lorce had retited, te
commenced their lawless acts, and by daylight
the disturbance was raging furiously. Some ol
the rioters jumped the fence . bove the California
House, and set fire to ihe Iramc building in the
rear of the open space between it anJ the dwel
lings above. Tne colored population residing
in ""the vicinity commenced moving, when even
the females were pelted wiih s ones by the riot*
ors while carrying off articles of furniture.?
The flames spreading in ihe meanwhile, brought
ihe firemen again to the spot. They sailed down
thefireet, and the rioters retreating before theru,
the Phoenix was put in service. In a shi-rt
time, however, the rioters returmd, and let fly a
volley ol b'iplm, um'H ol B'o arms,
and the member's of the Phoenix were forced to
tly from their carriage. Ths firemen, however,
were reinforced by citiz-ns. and returning again
to the ft re, the Good Wiiland Pl.u'nix were put
into service, and prevemed th: further spread ol
ihe fire, which, at this tim?, had communicated
to a tow ol court houses, ruuning west Irom Sixth
sir. ei, the roots ol vaich were all d maged.
The Robrt Morris Hose Company had laid
their hose for the purpose of assisting in extin
guishing ihe lire, when the momueri were bea
t*n off the carriage and taken possession of by
the rioters, who ran off the hose, (wbieb was
cu; by them,) and then carried off the nppara*
tus into M .yamonsing. li was afterwards re
stored to the company by John Kueas and some
other watchmen of that district. Tho hose ot
the Diligent Fire Company was hacked with
knives so as to be useless The State House
bell again gave the signal for the assembling
of the military, but up freight o'clock a suffi
cient force bad not mustered in the Siate Housp
yard to warrant their going down to the scerp
of riot At this time Sixth street, from Wal
nut to Lombard streets, was thronged with
people curious to mj ? whit was goin^ on, and
from Lombard to South the battle of r-ricks ai.d
buckshot w.is going ? n, with occasional in er
missions. By half past 8 o'clock the tumult
had ceased, the rioters having nearly all dis
persed, and those remaining coild not be dis
tinguished from the spectators with whom they
were mingled Several persons were wouni ed
in the atlray, of whom the following were ad
mit ed into the hospital:
J.imes lieasely, a member o! the perseverance
Hose Company, received a ball in his bteas' ?
He was convey d to the hospital, where fie re
mains in a crmcal condition. He lived in il?e
vicinny of Broad and Arch street*.
La trance McShane, while looking out of the
window of a hous: in wmch his sister lived, ?a?
struck ih the temple with a chance shot, and re
ceived a severe wound, which will probibly prove
fatal. . . .
A young mecical student received a ball id his
thigh, while linking ou the afliav.
Tne following colored men were also taken !
the hospitals : R. Kandall, badly hurt, sboi in t <
batk of his head. Charlrf Anderson. s.at>b>u i
ihe thigh, and George Tilletsoq, stabbed to t
brcast- *
A colored buy, in the employ ol Saenu L. i ?
hJd ihree shots ex racirii Irom his leg, whu
were received while passing Six.b and Lom?a -
A young mm, the son of Captain Walker, he
keeper of a tavern in Seventh below South was
wounded during Tuesiay night. A nnrble h-t<i
from a musket struck a rib, and glancing, ir>u?r *
td a severe flesh wjund. The marbe was ex
iraeud by Mr. Uizer. .
Ai about 9 o'clock the military, in command
General Pauerson and Colonel Bohten, too ul
ih; line ol march. On reaching th* scene nt
not, ihc companies were posted soas 'o com
mand all the approadrs to it. The line ol - '
tinels were rxtendel aloeg Sixth, Irom f i'
Shippen, and along Lombard and South s.ree ,
from Fifth to Seventh. Two field piec^
posted in Six'U s reet, p .inting North and b?o.o,
and a company ol cavalry was in readiness to
ac, il nece sity r?-quirrd it. The """P _0.ho.
provided wuh ball cartridges, and fully aa
riz?d tolire on the riotern. . ;n
Cornelius Speel, one of the election jUu?
the Sixt-i Ward, Southward, was struck on tf.e
forehead with a ipent ball. The injury was not
Sf The colored church in Lombatd street, beV*
Sixth an I the oldchJrch ed.fi.e a t Fifth atd 0
kill streets, have been converted into barrack
lor the use of ihe military. .. , 0[
Wi ll the exception of several discharge
.0
lor signal* by the rioters, no diaturbaiice ofc
last ev.-ning. in vi.i ing the scene of the ?
distuib^nce, we loon l the streets id th . -
cojipletely desrrua, ihe rain having ha l t '
of driving me rioters as well as the spectatots
iheir hom:s. , enirg
McSnane died at the hospital !??
about dark. Tnts mak-s the third
He had arrived in this country but a I
since, and was making preparations .
intending to s'ait the l?s' ot 'his w.e<,
LATEST FROM RIO ^g^VruV,
The Baltimore Clipper bark W ti u
Rooms lurnishes us with the lollo g Wrigh'#
'?She brings as passengers, wf||( E
Esq , Ot R.O, and Thomas C ^ {j ol
U S Consul at St. Catharine , at R"5
dispatches Irom the American u WaJling!..n
d; Janeiro to onr Q-"v<frfl,nMr'D,'iient io the B'l"
also, from the Brazilian Go" GoVefn<net.i of
zilim Minister ies.id.og near id
^the United Siates. Sun,

xml | txt