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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, March 08, 1853, Image 1

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>10M?W MORNING, MAKt'll 7,
^ sa?T;jcr-jas-- ? ??
l~~ .^idrcss o! Pre-id-Mtt Pierce, Is now tbc
' "f ~e v tangof. T'i? #'>undne*> oi iu views, Ihc bold
?he"'* ^|i pr iflums. the spirit of earnest pat
AK..V anJ thf sincere, cner^etic thought and purpose
r ' , rvaJo it throughout, no loss than its pure clusi
* iivlV, distinguish it among th* official proclamation? of j
" l-s athwion t;? the domestic sorrow over which it? anjhor
{v,^n jjornctnto his e*alteJ office, Is eloquently touching,
:!*e chord of sympathy In every heart. It rc
" reverently and earnestly to the early periods of the
r auWtc, from which to ?j.\Juce lis true policy in our own
/yand'm which t<> find the true sentiments and principles
f<r the government of lis present rulers. It exults in the
' Dilating encouragement and potent apneal f?r fr-edom,
wh'c!i"he history. ,}ie lrij!s *nd ,!,e lriun,^hs of our Re"
? furnish t ? th * world?declaring its example to bo the
m v* powerful adt|j?w of liberal principles, tied reminding
!, *,y. no example can be powerful for lasting good, what
?ver apparent advantages may be gained, which is not based
up m eternal princi; les oi right and justice. By these prin
ciples, despite ?>f ail temptations to disregard them, will the
new aJministr+ilon or governed 111 its loreigu policy.
1: maint-tins the capacity of our institution* f"r inde ii?i-,?
ey.u.i?' withoiit weakening Mi'? Inherent forces wh.c.i b.nd
t^tvnfedc: icy together; and announces unequivocally, that
with a nitur >1 e""?erionce bj suggestive and cheering on this
v - me n.iiicy of the new administration will not be con
p .- my timid foreboding of evil from expansion. Kay,
it j-c.a-e* that Hi- position of our confederacy upon the globe,
anii our attitude in r.--pect to other great powers of the
w .u render the acquisition of ccitain possessions r.v>u
,irr 'to our protection, and essential, in future, for the
p-8 ervation <>f i'i" rghts of commerce and the peace of the
r j I. r .terates, however, that should these possessions
Mv.ined, it vill be through no grasping spirit, but vith
j r.c to obrious n.itionol interest and security, and in a man
" in>jrcly consistent iciiht'ic s'.rici:stobservance of national
J.?this connection, evidently alluding to the C uban
}Kry. It declares that the new administration shall leave
O.bi -t upon our fair record; but, at the same time, give? assu
f,nt\ that no act within the i.gitimnle scope oi const it u
tijnal control, win be tolerate.! on the part of any portion ol
our citizens which cannot challenge a ready justification oe
{>rj the tribunal of the civilized wotld. When?alter an noun
c n - these sound principles and just purposes, this noble Ad
jreii deprecu.s the seizing upon temporary oppor
iU-.itie- for national aggrandizement, however tempt
,n? 1.1 the expense of ri^ht ar.d justice; an ec-res
h a sound and comprehensive policy should embrace no
less the distant tmure, than .he m?ent present-no rational
citizen, however opposrd to the acquisition of Cuba, can
apprehend dancer from the ca.holic sentiments of the Presi
dent in that regard.
While expressing an earnest disposition to cultivate pcace
with all unnkmJ; to foster kindly and fraternal relations
with the nd.Uta.rioj nations on our own continent, and to
abstain fro m every sjveist of implication .n the wars tu
muirs and anxieties of European nations, the Addiess
bold IV and plainly declares that the right*, security and re
To,e of this confederacy rejeel the idta of interference or co
ndition, on this side of the ocean, by any foreign pover,
?YJSt> present jurisdiction. us utterly inadmUsible-ihu*
re-affirming the Monroe doctrine, and pledging the new ad
ministration irrevocably against fuithcr foreign aggression
in t'li* hemisphere.
The Aldre?s declares with equal plainness and clearness in
fav..r of ? li'.'i-ral untrammcled policy, in respect to our to
relgr, triJe and commercc; and announces ti firm deter
mination to require American citizenship to be respected
upon every sea and every soil, as sn inviolable panoply for
the protection of American rights.
It d-precah s th'- policy of maintaining a larire standing
arm.', uiiila: p..yin? a meriied tribute to its bravery and
e-;b:' under the discipline and instruction of ofTicern
D..t m re d.itinguishcd for solid attainments, gallantry and
J?;vo l >n to tno service, than for unobtrusive learning and
bi?h m j-al t im; and wliilst rendering also aju?t tribute to
the Skill aad sJf-devo:ion <-f the navy.
ftdec' .'cstha? the new administration will be felt by its
chief to be a humiinting failure, rfild,., snot sccure a devoted
late?ri:y in the public service, und the observance of a rigid
eccnimy in alidepirtments, s.. marked as n^ve- to be justly
q-.ttior.el. It announces thai the new administration will
re-uri - fti.-es onlv as aids to se :ure these leading objects;
rtMtivjfls the thought of dispensing tl.em with ref
ienc-1 supposed claims of upplicants. Vul it frankly de
ciares llit political hostility and partiman prejudice uill be
r-girded aj tuji :ertt ground for removal
Th-Ai ifs* is .qu-nlly d.cidfd upon the constitutional
i we ?oi t:. !?; !-_rii g :vernni^nt, regnrdlng it as the duty
of i'M&w 'o ??ppvte the tendencies I" consolidaiion, t > rc
spcci the an' *'>*crel?ntv of tho States, and i?? re^pecl
the Constitution hs the s > chart of their autho-ity. Not
com-11 u s?h ther- ? cent r-il dtchrations, it comes down t:
the special ins'.ltti!. -n of th* South, and asserts directly,
thut if Ihc federal governim n: will confine iuelf to the cx
crci^c *j! piiwcrs uietrly granted :*y the Ootistitution, it car,
h.t:i!y hij-pen :!nt i:s aeli. n upon any question th 'ulJ ci.
(Jaj^cr th- :;i-iituti 'i'1 uf the suifs, cr interfere with their
liiht to :n :nii- matter? strirt'y domestic, according to Hie
vili of their vu-n people; ilia* involuntary servitude, as it ex
jv> in difi-rent States of tliis conledvr-.cy, is recognized by
itieC r.?ti:u:;on, ?tar.^s ll?i? any otticr r.dmitted ri^ht; and
r-.t -hi. Where it exists ere entitled to efficient rsiae
C.?e to ci!' ree the constituiional urovieions. It pledgi!^ the
n.-.t aduiiid-tr.it,on to a ready and stern resistancs of every
t^'.ir. ?/ .- jiit:y or government, whether tile olFspring of
ft vi-ritli anibitiun : of n.otbid enthusiasm, calculated to dis
ilvetite- .;ids .flaw and sllVeiioti which U:-iio us. It
?! n:sr.cw administra'ion expressly and untquivocnlly
upon Hie c ipto nises of 1S50, and upon the preservatit n.
above ev , thor aim, and at every other liaxirJ, of the
tsi ;; 'if :Stales.
>V .;jVt' thus recapitulated the positions of the Inaugural
i,- i..f H.ruct with their peculiar truth and sound
nes-, ;r,! ^1114 satisfied that they will command tl.e un
q <::1 ,nd rxuliing assent of that large majority of out
C 'uutrv:;.-who created the now administration ?that thc>
will tlkit ;he candid approbation, and troure for their au
th r .;w ;Uj confidence of tin equally respectable
tnin.'.:'[.y wt, 5; opposed his elevation.
VSe ie>-| cmtilcnt that the s :und positioub and elevated
t^r.e of the ^. ..: will give to the administration a popular
fc'.rea.'tii ::ti- k-,:! curv thuti sately ..iironsih, and fur beyond,
l'> liit. o-i.n ur.d dil5cult;es which b^sct the first steps ol
tl;e.r catur.
'' W:il ii?. rem tr.'m i'i?- LegUlative proceedings of .SatHr
Jiy, thj' >mr vii.u-cot D..l> dceltnod visiting the Ericc
son sli-p to day, in putsunncc of the polite invitation of the
:n?cr.*oi; but th:t the Sen-.tc The whole .Senile
and :1 /iibtless a large nun? .fr <?( \\?c House, will therefore
e n -race the opportunity of wun.;,<,ni, tnir&v-te uf the
age We have r.O doubt they will ret>der tlte same verdict
wiiich has b?'?n p*onounced wherever the noMs vessel has
gone; and we nu?; that a fresh impulse will be given to tti?
ejuse of direct trade in our capitol. The invention is dee
-. tied -?> establish the commercial Independence of the South
u ril-hini'. .,?< it docs, a motive power, which will traverse
th- wid-.i-t parages of the ocean as profitably as the natrow
es* and < ij>;.lvi:;r; a spsci?? of marlnejtransportullon nearly
k^^-aptil siils and wind, whilst requiring a no large:
number uf >ett.i. ti th in she Southern Atlantic buteu art
<?*">? n'.iUt tO Hl\|.iv
Thecal irlc '" '. aumy ship'' Ericcson now lies off Aquia
Oreen. riioss . n tlie ? xcursion, will, at 7 this morn
In? leave ihp n,r.1( lr, M ,rajn liberally furnished by the
Hlciittior.J 2nd l*.>tjrnxc Riil Road Company. We advise
all, ?i-ho ca.-i possit.!y leave the city, 10 seiz-* this opportunity
ofscm.t! ?!. - x-r!l! A.;r :rr of the a,jc. On the Potomac yes
terday ;vo ' Krieis.in" coming down the liver
beautifully, v\,![> siruatticrtv flying. She lelt Alexandria ^t 6
'n the trorninc, an.l when th.j Steumcr "Mount Vernon"
'fichcil Aquia Creek at a * before 11, the "Krlccson" was
to sight.
"n Suturd jy ?-,!u Washington was uttimuted by the pre
scnecof eij,;. nu.n|,er (/f strangers. There was a report
('?.!. J t], Lu. s would not go into the Cabinet?but we
"?ve reliable i:if.jrmati<-.ti to ihe contrary. It is thought
,,l>t tlit CabJoe: apppointmcnts will be sent into the Senate
J"!:ni.i:) returned from Washington yesterday, with
a tiou:h?r of Senators and members of the House, the
' ^ >.u;S' Caard," <?c.
Sevenl inetn^ers of the Virginia ?Je^^i^l^turc remained in
^aiuinnton. with a view uf visiting the "Krlccson,11 at
Aqu.a ;Jrctk i,iy.
It pains t;s 10 announce the death of Rev. Stephkk Tay
toa, pas'or of iho Duval Street Presbyieti.tn Church. He
?hti iju Kiiday night last, in the 67ih yoar of hia ags. His
nnny virtues, his pious teachings, evenness of temper, and
practical benevolsnce and sincere and disinterested devotion
?o the holy cause of Religion, called down the blessings o
his flock, and his loss will be truly bewailed.
MARCH 4, l.sW.
preliminary Scenes?Snoic Storm?The Throng and Ex
citement? The Grand Procession ? Scenes in the Senate
Chamber?Ceremonies at the Capitol, 4'c.
Washinoton, March 4.1S53.
Tho important day has arrived, and Gen. H ranklin 1'iorce
| is Inaugurated President of the United States.
I The masses o( our countrymen from CVt-ry 01 the U.
States, near and remote, must tiave swel ed the population
of the National Metropolis to at least Hundred thousand
souls, ?no the estimate is certainly 11 ^alr un<! nt 'e".st
seventy-fire thousind persons this day cither participated in
or witness, d ihe interesting ceremonies of the installation.
Kirly morn was portent-us of unfavorable weather -but
from the Capitol, e.-vino houses, and other prominent places,
the "si?r-?p-nKli'<l oannrr" was displayed, the peopl-.- were
in 'motion, hankJ were closed, and every arrangement was
adopted for an early ni.d gemrul suspension o business
Instead ol rain, snow now commenced oiightly f-Iling, but
ihe frozen vapor preset'iedjio obstacle to the people. Ihe
rotunda of the Capitol was crowded to excess by the
ladies thousand* ot whom waited there from three to
four"n'ours to be present at the services in the Senate and at
the Kast trout of the Capitol; whilst Pennsylvania avenue
was so densely thronged that pedestrian progress ia either
[direction was almost impossible.
, The Marshul-in-chief was J. I). Hover, Esq., having
twelve special aids, four marshals arid eigniy-two assistants
| - ail of whom wcro mounted und designated by rich regalia
und appropriate implement* of tfuir respective ofiices.
Precisely at noon tho grand pot-session wax formed from
the City Huti in the following ordei.
United S'Aijis Light Artillery from Fort McHenry, con
sisting of ^venty-five, non-cominissioned oflicers, musi
cians and privates, with four braes guns and f< ur caissons.
They were commanded by Col. Frank Taylor and Lieu is.
Mori is and Elew-elMi.
Mechanical Artillety, Capt. Dully, from Alexandria, Va.,
in full strength, with t-vo beautilul brass cannon; ibis fine
corps nevi r appeared to better advantage. INVxt came
The "Young Guards" Captain John 11. Richuidson, ol
Richmond, Vn., thirty-five In number, as I was informed,
only "a detachment." These young soldiers attracted con
siderable-attention; their deportment and military discipline
gave pioniire ol ripe soldiery with the practice ot a lew
i years.
I United Slates Marine Band, from tho Barracks of Wash
ington city, 26 pieces, under Professor Pons, contributed
greatly to this part ol the line.
They were followed Immediately by two companies of U.
S. Marines?a fine body of recruits?one hundred men, rank*
and file, under command of Lieut. Grayson anJ Sergeant
Major Alundell.
Our old volunteer company, the Washington Light Infan
try, Captain Tate, forty muskets, accompanied by their full
land of music under Professor Marsoletti, appeared next, In
usual style.
Next advanced the Law Greys, Captain France, of Balti
more. with sixty muskets, and enlivened by Vollandt's cele
brated ban J of music. The presence of this beautilul com
pany und its commander revived many pleasing reminisceri
ses in the minds of many of our citizens. The Greys were
escorted to this city, from Richmond, by the "Young
Guard" and "German Venders," of that patriotic city.
Tht "Koy-Stone" State was here well represented by the
excellent volunteer corps of National Guards, Captain E.
C. Williams, ot Harrlsburg, Pennsylvania. They were much
National Grevs, Major Peter F. Bacon, of Washington,
turned out strong, und lo <kcd remarkably well.
Their guests sines Wednesday niglil? the Washington
Continental Guards, Captain Darrow, of the city ol New
York?-numbering forty-lour men, appeared next in proces
sion. Adkin's deliphtlul band of music enlivened this part
of tho line with great eflect.
Mount Vernon Guards, Captain Aslibv, from Alexandria,
Virginia. This popular company, as wil! as the aitillery,
never fails to bo heartily welcomed. Excellent martial mu
Delightful music, by Linhordi's band <>f Baltimore, clicitcd
high praises. Then came the
Washington German Guards, Captain Hoffman, of Balti
more?fifty men?presented a fine appearance.
Another Baltimore corps, the Jackson Guards, Captain
Schillings, elso received high praises.
The "Continental Guards," Captain Peter Wilson, of the
Island, Washington, D. C., with uniforms resembling those
of their brethren, bearing the same title, from New York,
appeared next; they numbered f..rty-one men. The Island
was well represented by their presence
Next came the large and magnificent company of Mont
gomery Guards, Cap'. Key. On this, their second diess
p.irade, they numbered seventy-eight men. Their general ap
pearance received enthusiastic applause.
At the battle of North Point no volunteer company dis
played more bravery than the First Baltimore Sharpshoot
ers. The appearance of this company here to-dav awaken
ed, in more breasts than one, spitii-siirwng recollections.?
Under the command of Captain Lilly, the venerable corps
continues to prosper.
The W ilker Sharpshooters, Captain Bradford, from the
Northern Liberties of Washington, turned out very strong,
ind their elegant uniforms were greatly admired.
Washington Navy Yard district, was next brought to
mind t>y that beautiful and newly organized company, the
Boone Riflemen?Captain Blight?-43 men all good and true
? in any patriotic cause.
That noble Washington city company, the German Yea
gers, Cip\ Schw vzmuti, numbered 90 men?their discipline
und "eneral appearance won high applause.
Not less, howev. r, was the admiration of tho German
Yeagers of Baltimore, under command of Capt. Prucht.?
i'ney numbered 45 rifles.
The Virginia Rifles, ''apt. B ideker, from Richmond, Va.,
? brought up th'i rear in fine style. Surely the capilul of the
Old Domini >n miy well be proud of her volunteers.
The entire command of tlie inilit.ily devolved upon Col.
Hickey and Adjt. Tait, of the volunteers of the District of
This gtand military pageant, with bright burnished arms,
waving plumes, new md splendid national banners, and un
surpassed music, at many points along the line excited feel
ings of enthusiastic patriotism. T;ie display has never be
fore u?t>n equalled in thl^ National Metropolis.
Consisted of the Jackson Democratic Association ol
Washington elty, with their handsome banner. Democratic
Plonexr Asscciation of Baltimore, bearing a splendid banner
presented to 1'ieiri by tho ladie? of Baltimore.
Democratic Association of Georgetown, D. C'., with full
band of music.
A large car, splendidly decorated with miniature flags, and
drawn by ten fine ftor$"% was fil!'.d with gentlemen. This
was the car of the delegation of the ?'Empire Club of the
eitv of B iltimoro "
i'he Baltimore Democratic Association, accornpoined by
Vollanot's c-lebrated b ass band. Tile banner here indica
ted ihe organiZJtion toliuvubeen in lS.r>2.
The Democrjtie A?socialioa of t ie conntr of Alexandria
?i strong fnnd of sturdy, industrions, ind'-pendent !arm<-rs
Delegations from the Empire Club of New Vork city, and
slso rcpresentinu several otiier demoeraiic nssociatlims in
virion- places, worn present, but I was not s < fortunate as
to obtain the particulars in thrir respective cas-s.
Columbia Fire Company No. 1 of Washington city, in
uniform. They form-d a handsome escort to the Manhat
tan Fire Company of New York No. 8?an efficient a?d
?levant associvion, diawin? a large and splendid tire engine
?and accompanied by the unsurpassed "Dudsworlh's Band.
The entire pe'/ear.t, thus formed, proeaeded down Louisi
ana aven'.ie to Pennsylvania avenue, and ihtncc to Willard's
Hotel, on 'he corner of 14th street.
Here ws8 received into appropriate positions of the pro
cession, Gt-n. Fiankliti Pierce, tho President elect, accom
panied by his EtceilTicv Millard Fillmore, President of the
b'nked State?; members of the Cabinet; the judiciary; the
?lergy; the committee of arrangements of ihe Senate of the
United States, Hon. Messrs. Jesse D. Bright, James A.
Pearce and Hannibal Hamlin; Foreign Ministers and the
i.-orps of diplomatique?all in carriages; and here the inag
nifiecn t coach and horses presented by tlie Bnstoniaus to
General Pierce, were genenlly noticed and admired.
The President elect w'as escorted on his lelt by citizen
mara'rils?and Rieharil Wallaeli Ksq., U. S. Maishal for
the District of Columbia, ard h^iieputir ?, on the right.
From this point the grand and imposing pageant n'surncd
'.fie line of march, and continued eastwardly to the Capitol.
In the Senate chamber the President elert and ex-Presi
dent took seats immediately in front ol tho Secretary's table.
The committee of arrangements were seated on their right
and left. Chief Justice Taney, and the associate Justices of
the Suprome Court, occupied seats on the right and left, In
front of ihe eastern lobby. The diplomatic corps, in full
dress and insignia, were without the bur on the left of the
("iticlpal entrance. Heads of Departments, Governors of
States and Tenitories, und other privileged gentlcrR' U, were
Alter a Shc-.t pause those assembled In the Senate Charn
-pk Pvi'C u'!1'? t,le Eastern portico, in the following orden
Ine ill^rshalI of th- District cf Columbia; Supreme Court
or the united States; Serjeant nt-nrms of the United Siat!*s
Senate; Commitue ?f Arrangemtnts; the President elect
? ar;d the ex-Presiden1; PreklJtT.i pro tempote nnd Secretary
?. >'f ttic Senatt; Wctnhtra ot i|?- ^ifnat*-; i*:** Diolomatic
i Corps, Heads of Departments; Govcn,o;r ot t tr'.iS and
Territories; Mayor of Washington.
All being in readiness, a moment of intense and indeed
absorbing Interest had arrived, and indeed the mighty multi
tude seemed to be impressed with the solemnity. Then, tho
oath of office, was by the Chiei Justico of the Supreme
Court, administered to the President elect.
President Picrco then, remaining with his head uncovered,
deliberately divested himself of his overcoat, and, without
ihe slightest embarrassment, advanced to the front of the
extended portico, where, from memory, in a disiinct voice,
with an eloquence of delivery and gracefulness of action,
probably never before witnessed on any similar occasion, he
delivered the inaugural address.
The President was frequently interrupted by loud and on
thusiasilc checrs from tho immense assemblage-und when
he rtsumed his scat the clr was for some time filled with
joyous asclamations.
The ceremoniea of the day were closed by a national salute
"f thirty-one guns by the United States artillery.
The various military companies and civic associations re
I snniad thf ir line of march for their respective quarters, and
I the vast assemblage dispersed happily to their homes, with
out the occurrence of a single accident.
In the aflcrnoon thero was a rush for all the modes of con
veyance from the city, as thero had been in tho morning in
?:oming to it. Several extra (reins of cars left for Baltimore,
crammed aod jammed, and yet many bad to romaln behind.
IX.-U IiTJui, AIMilitSS
Hlv Cnnsxnvmk.n" : Ii is a relief iu fee! that no heart but
my own can know tin: pcrt-onal regret and bitter sorrow,
?v? r which 1 have been borne i?? a positiso ?t?iiablj lor
oiheis,::>itier than desirable for myself.
The circumstances. under which 1 have been called, for a |
limited period, to preside over the ?!? slinies of the Republic,,
l"iil me wiih a profound sense >-l responsibility, butwnn;
noihii-g like shrinking t.ppreher.sion. I repair to the post j
t>feiigrud me, n it :;8 to one nought, but i'1 obedience to the j
unsuPclltd expression of your will, answer.-;bio only (or a
fearless, fniihItii and diligent exercise of r.iy best powers. IJ
ought to lie, and ni, truly grn'cfui (ut the rare manifestation
of the nation's confidence; but this, uofar from lightening my
obligations, only adds t ? their weight. Vuu l> ?vc .-ummort
cd m. in niv weakness: you must nnstuin ?!'-? by yur
strergth. When kokin: for 'he fulfilment of reasonable re
quirt-mcnis, you will not lie unmindful of the srrat charg.s
wh'.cit have o.vttrrc.l, even wi'hi'i the Its. ..-.ltrter <?! a cen
?nry. net! the- c-ic-i qiicn: :;'v.'!:ien'.a'i->n an! complexity ? '
duties ini" .sed, mi the '? ltnii<is'r jtion bu'h of your home and
lorei'Mi iillair-. ..
VVhethrr the element of Mien -n? f-roe in the Kept:.;he
have kept pa re with its unpar Holed pr< ^res ion in territory,
population, and wealth, hos been tho subject o. earnrst
though*. and discussion, or. both sides of the ocean. Less
than sixtv-lh'ce vears ?'g'i tlie Fai'tor i I his conn'? i--'
"the" then "recent accession of the iinporia:;: State ol .V.-'th
Carolina to tho'C'or.siittition of the I'nite.l Stut-s, '?'?
the subjects of I i- special coiigratul.rlun. At that inou;--rit,
however, wlinn agitation ?? ?i???ti1 upon the . '???
tionarv ."trnyule had hardly feui-si.lid, wheavo %\??c jus>t
envaittf' fr.m the w.:akn. ss ami i-iniia-'ussm<-iiH ot i-ie
Confederation. tin re was an ovid. nt cons-, i msiicr? of V'5W.
equal to Ihc great mission so v. i.udy a i i l?r ? y '?
oar latliets. It wm not a presumptuous assurance. but a
calm Inlth, Bpringitu' from "? ck-ar view of the suuro. ? ol
nower, in a government co??.s:iluti-d like ours It lb no para
dox t>i ?UV that. although emr. para lively weak, the new-born
nation was intrinsically s'rong. 1-icon-idei.i jle in popula
tion and uj?par--tit re.<nirees, it was upheld by ti broail am.
intelligent comnreht ncion ol rights, and ati all pervadinx
niirnost to mrnntain the.n, ttroncer thin armaments It
cutne troni the furnaeo ..I th- rev.d.itl^n, tendered to tho r.e
,'?s?it.eT? o| the times. Tie. theurhtf of the men of tharday
were uft practical ad their sentimentn were patriotic. J . v
wasted no pmlion of their energies upon idle and . luetve
speculations, l>at with a firm nod ten I ?'ep r.rt v inet.l be
v'ond the Hovernnivntiil I .ndma.-fcs v.-hich had nttliert i n^
cutitseribed the limits of human freedom, and :?! fi? tr
standard wlnre it has stood, otfaim-t ilanprrs, which .rvc
threatened from abroad, an.I internal nuitaliiin, which ens at
times fear fully menm-cJ at home. T!n.-y a. provc.i theniielves
,ouil tithe solution of the j/reat probinn. t-> unuerst inU
wlii h their minds had b>-n illummatf d by the dawniut;
Lights of the revolution. The object sought was n it a thin-r
?reamed of: it was a thine realized. 'Ihevhid exhibited
not onlv the power to achieve, but wliat nil history ofitrnis
id be so mueli more unusual, th* envc^it" t'? murntain. I tie
oppressed throtiuhoiit the w..rld, from tli-.t day 11 thn pre
sent have turned ihe-r eyes hiilierward. not to hid tliofo
iighlH extinguished, or to ftar k-st th-v sk uld wane, but M
be constantly cheered by their steady and increasing rad;
J"h ih!s our country hat in my judgment t!tus far fulfilled
itrt hi"he.it dutv to si.li< rin^? humnnity. !? has spoken, and
will continue to speak, not only by i- words but by its nets,
the language ot sympathy, ene.-jroK. iii. nt and hope, to those
who earnestly listen to tones which pronounce for the
largest rational liberty. But, after all, the most animating
encouragement and poieut appeal for freed-.ni will he its
I own history, its trials u~d its triumphs. Pre-eminently, the
| power of our advocacy reposes in our example; but no exam
! nie be it i.numbered, can be powerful for listing good,
I whatever apparent advantages may bo gained, which is not
bn?ed upon eternal ptincipl's ol right and justice. Our
lathers d. eided t'..r thtms- lves. bdh upon the hour to iu
clare end the hour to strike. Th-v were their own judges
of the circumstances, under which it be.-nme them to piedse
to each oilier -'their lives, their fortunes and their sacred
honor " for the acquitition of the priceless inhentance trans
mitted to us. The onergy, with which that great coiiHict
was "ppn"d an,i unrierthugiiid inceof a manifest ami bench
cent Provid! nee, :he tin. omplainir-e cndurntice with win. h
it was prosecuted to its consummation. ?? re only sureasset
hv the wisdom and patriotic spirit oi concession, which
characterized all the counsels of the e.iriy faih?-rn.
One of the most impressive e.-l.lcnr.s of t.tal wirdom is
i to t.e found in the 1'act. that ihc actual working of our fv?
i'em his dispelled a degree of solicitude, which, at the out
set HiM'irbed bold hearn and far-reaching intrli-cts. Hie
M.inrt>w-i.in - f dan"irs from cxkndcil territory, in .liljo ?.d
???<! !?
proved to bf: un!?un?ied- riici ftnrs upon >'?ur .< inner hay<
become nearly thr?.#ofoid ilicir ottirinal nutnbir. yourLcnsvl)
populated nosses-ions skirt the sh ?r-.- ?f th- two ere.il
oceans and yet this v,?st increase ol peop! -and t? rn' :v has
, not onlv shown its. If compatibl. with Ihe htirmon.ous acti n
..f the Stat, sand the Kedenlfvt rnment in i.-cir te?p.,ctivt;
j constitutional t5f.li. res. bi.t h.<;, atloMcd ..n additional guar n
r leu of ttte strength and integrity of ontli. .
With an exp- tience thus suggestive and cheering, the po
licv of -i,y a.!t:.:: i?trati-.ti will not beeontr lit.', by any iiini.':
fortbodingx of evil from expansion. In i:> n ;t >?.
d;*guised that our attitude as a nation, ar?. <o.ir p.;- i'i<>n ???.
ili?> i'lt-be, render the ae.iuisilieti ol certain p..--.--i.::,- n-.t
w'th'n otir juiirdijtion, emir.enily im. ortarn :.jr our pro -r
lion, if not, in the fu'.ute, e-?cntr'l f.-r th<- n-. ^v?n. .| .-!
the rights of eommeice and the peace of the v- l.
ihey tit- obtaiunl, i' v\ill be throtif' i e . i'1.. i '
with a view to obvious nation*! inteicst at.! .?<ru:l:y. am.
in u manner entirelv eoasistei.t with th---tri.-t.-st observai.e.
?if national fault. We hive nothing in our history or | >,i
ti?n tn invite arigrt-ssior-; wu have .-very tl:-ng to ;eiK-:n '??
to the cultivation f uliMons ??; peaee h . i ami.) '1-'
nations. Purp "'c**4, lliore-ore, til uiu*o Jl?>t nn?i [ r?c'ifs**. w jIs
h-- f?lirr>ifi--ar.-!- marked the con-iti ??. of our f.-rei^jn afliirs.,
I intend th i- my ndmiristrali-.n si-al. I .-^e i.-> .dot upon uur.
fair record, mid irurt 1 may saf. I) g:ve t.'.i. a.^.i'jranee itiat no ,
net within the legitimate scope -f my coi.siitutionnl.-.ntro. |
will be toler.tel, on the p trt of any ;..>riion of ..ur citizen?,
which c.n:; .t :-!\a!lf!iije a ten !y jirs-'i.'*? b.-fi-re 'h trm *
nal of th* ' *'?>! worl.l. An administrati ;i would be ????
worthy oi e-mfi k-n.-c at home, or rcryrct abroad, should it j
ceas" to lie ii.f. itnced tiy the conviction, that r.o spparet.t,
a,lran'..i:e can '?; pUi i.h.isi at a priee so d. ar as tliat o. r:; :
tional ?:oi:: .,r di.-.h rn.r. 1; is n.t v..ur privilege, a ana-,
lion, ijfNik *'1 n ?:;.*! iiii pft?'. i tic fctvikif:^ <?!
your ln-t- ry, :> let- w.ili instrut "io", nn l furt.isliin^ auutt-.
dant gr-.-ur.ds f jr In pe'iJ t. nfij-nee, are tvin;-!ised in h pe-,
ri-J comparatively brief. H-:t if your past is limited, your j
future ic boundless. lis obligations th.-.uit: the ui.explored (
puhv/ay of advancriiieiil, anil will be litn.lh-fs as duration, j
llcncc, a Boio;d and compr'-iicn'i?-e policy >houid embrace i
no: Ichu !h?diit?nt future, than ih< urgent pr. ?ent.
The grcit o'-ijrc'.s of our pnr.-mit, <a people, are best to I
be atnined by peace, an ! are entirely cunsiaient with the j
tranquillity .-?nd interests of the rest of mankind. Woh the j
neighbor ini; nations ui.-*n uur continent, we Mi*.?uld (-ultima.
nin.lly Rri-i ira't-mal telati-ins. ^ e can de?;r.; n-eliiii.-j in ry
gard lo thetn so iii'k Ii, t'-' to them confolidatc tIi'-:r
-ire.i?:ii, and purs'ie the p.u!;s ol prosp. ritv and happinc
ll, in t!" c mrs'inf t'? ? irgrowth, wo ?hnn!J op< n ne-v < Itttn
nils of ::?!id it? adihuor.r.! fa il *1 -s f.-r fri My It.
tsre-Mifs-, tie- b. nt fi'S r.-ali/.-d will be tq'ial and miifual.?
Of the complicated i'. ;n,.ean ? ; "jnf ?>! :? ?jiooa! ;? !'.< ;?* ?'?!
hnvu heretofore been iii.it - u :it- K ?on tie-i w :r.
tunv.dis and anxici s, we have been, happily. alm-JS'. < ^
ly exempt vv! j!; th- are confine 1 io the nvion- v\l eh
aave :h. m c\.:-e;ict*, .*ii d withi:. lie .r le stitra:. jur .-d-.ei ?
they cannot ,'ir.ct u-. except as tht-y app<-m oor r.yr, ??
thics in the cause of human lrc'l'iui an '. u iiv. rr.l d'. !-?'? ?
j rfwr.t. I*ISC tliv VJiyl IfilffCHta '* HTf? roil1?" ? '
.illinaniJinl, and the advantages of :r ;-'e r.n l int. r.^tioy-j
' intercom e uiu ' alu-avs pr; rent a noble fk'J ? v-r the rnoru.
! ?; flacnce >i n groat i-n
With iln-wj views firmly .a'o! hon'-s'ly carri.d out, we In--'"
i riijht to expect, r.nd -h .!! end..- ..II ein em^ir.nr.M o q .ire.
prompt re-' iproeity. The rialits, v.hlch bil-.r-o (.> us a-s a na
! t'on. are n-.t al-me io rugard.-d. but those which p-r'iin to
j every cili'/en in tiis itulivi lual capacity, at b un ? and a >." 'Ui-.
I must be sacredly mainiu ncd- So long as '..o can di.je. ? n
j every ^tar in its place upon ihnt ensign, with.nil wo dth t->
j purchase fur him pti-fe.-ineet, or' i 11 ? to secrc lor him pi a- e.
| ii will he hit. privilege, and must be In*acknowledged rigln, t '
! stand unab-ished even in the presence of prince.', with a
I proud consciousness that he is himself onf of a nation <>1
| tfovertigns. ar.d that he eann >t, It: legititn ttc pursuit, wan
! der so far from home, ihat th?? agent, whom he shall!
? behind in the place which 1 now occupy, will n-it see titat
; no rude hand of pov.-ror tyraririical passion is laid up"''
him w-.ih Imptiiiity. He must reai'zc, Mi it upon every sen.
and on every .-oil, \.lif-rt? our enterprise mny ri::!:'.'ully 6ceK
! the protection of our tl?r, American citizenship is an invio
lable panoply for the security??t American righis. An..', in
j this connexion, ii can hardly he nece-sary 'o rcaflirm -i l'r1"'
j ciple which ^tioul I n >w Ik: rewarded as iun'l.nnie.ataj. he
I rights, sccuriiy, and repose of tiiiu Confederacy n-j-et the
j Idea of interference or colonization, on this side of the ocean,
j by any fore ign power, beyond present jurisdiction, as uUuily
' inadmissible. . . ri
The opportunities of observation, furnished by mv brici
' experience as a sillier, confirmed in my own mind th ? '-p'n
! Ion, enteitaincd and ni ted upon \v oth- rs from tl.e iormati-in
: of tin-onveriuiieii', th it the niaintainanco oi I'rge standing
| armies in our country would be net only dangerous, bu. un
necessary. Tliey ?iso illustrated the lmporiaio-e, J
. well say the absolute neee-sity, of the military sci'-"-"''
J practicnl rkill furnished, in ctieh an eminent deyiee, by
I institution, which has made your army what it u. tim-er its-'
1 discipline anM instrticion of . flictis n.-t n ore distiti.'Ui?.i ?'
| for their solid attainmenta, gallantry anil tSev.-tion to 1,1 ??
' public set vice, than for unobtrusive bratiny and l.i^ii 3
j lore The armv, aj organized, must be ihe nucleus, aroun'
: which, io every iirneof need, the riren'jih of your ir.io-a >
j power, the sur.r bulwark of your defence,?n r. oi n-' ']
' ?may be readily formed into a well disciplined ar.d t?ascien
organization. And the skill and self-devotion ofthcniv)
assure you that you may lake the performance of the pas ,
as a pledge for Ihe future, and may confidently expect that,
the flag, which has waved its uniarni?hed folds over cver> j
eta, will still float in undiminished honor But thee, ov ,
many other subjects, will be appropriately brought, m a j
ture time, to the attention of the co-ordinate branches ot ,l- ]
government, to which i shall always look with profound ns-i
pect, and with trustful confidence that they will accorc
mo the aid and suppoit, which I shall so much nee., ai?u,
which their experience end w; dotn will reu-Jilv suggest. j
In the administration of domestic affairs, you expect a de
voted integrity in the public service, and or. observance
rigid economy in cl! departments, so milked aa never ju ..y
to be questioned. If this reasonable expectation be n" .
alized, I frankly com' ss that r.iio of your Uad.ns ^
doomed to dis ippoiniment, ar.d that m-.- cflorjs, in a j
important particular, must r- f It in a immiliaMng ] ' ' , ,1
Offices c m he prapi r jy ri-gardt I only in the light o at s 1' !
the accoinplishuient of these oljects; and ur- ,*rr"'"?C'(_(,tll!
confer no prerogative, nor impoitnnste de?ire for,Pr^'r . !
any claim, the public intercut niiperaiiveiv demands th ? ? . [
be considered with sole reference to the duties t" I * j
formed. Good citizens may well claim the pr??.c - ,.1
good ??W8 and the benign Influence of good governm-n.,
but .1 da "in ior cdli ??? is vvh;.i the pc ? j?le of a republic should
r.'-'. cr i?*c--i::ii;v-. An reasonable nun u| any p.ir:y will . z
! eel the dilniinutrntion to be -o regardless ot it* rosjonMtolt
ty, and oi the obvious element? o! sui:ci ks. as to retain per
sons, known to be cnd:r the ititluptivu ?f put ??tical hostility
and partisan prejudice, in position*, which will n quirt', not
t'j'.y severe lib' r, tut i.-rraial i'0 tptraiioti. Having no iin
p;icd eng.-gatitents to rni!y no reward' t?> tieMow, no re
ttiiiiiivMs lo ioinciiiiicr, iuiu no persona I wishes to consult
in selections for oilicial siution, 1 t-hull fulfil tins difficult
an--. fitlioiti'11ua imitiio^ no motive r.s worthy either of
toy character ?>r p >?ition. -.vf.icli does nut contemplate an cf
It 'irnt i!i<( h1rr;?,. f duty nit! the l??'si interests of my country.
1 lukreav.!- ill;,- tpy oo:i^nti<>ns to the master of my country
j tntn, anti ti? them alone. Higher objects than pert-on.il air
i crani!!/.tn/>nt gave direction and energy to their exertions in
j tie: I ue cativii.su, and :it- y shall not re disappointed. They
I n quire at my hands diligence, integrity, and capacity, wiiere
I ov r there aro ditties to l>e pcrfjrmtd. Without these quali
j ti. s in their public? servant?, more stringent laws, lor the pre
vention or punishment ot' fraud, negligence and ttpculntton
will be vain. With iht-m, they will be unnecessary.
Bet th'rearenot the only point?, to which you look for
1 valient v.ntchftlnc.*?. The dangers of a concentration of
a'i power i:t the general government of a confederacy so
va^-'. "- ???:-=, --re too obvious to be- ?'iprctratdtd. Vc-ti have
ti riirh*. tlwref.'-e, to r.tooct your agent", in every depart
ment, to r*-y r>l s-tricilv !' e l:os'ts* imposed upon ila.-m by the
C - . it;-, a of tttc Utti'eJ h?atc9. The jjreat seheme ot
our r.'ri?ii;u:l- ral liberty r-:sts upon a proper distribution of
powt-r h"-twf-en the Siitnati-1 Federal au'tioijues; and expe
(ri' ttt'C has s':. wn, that the harmony and hapriifs* of our
I !e it- :-t t; ??r><! uo.-a a just diseiim nation between the
!:<?;? r :!er.^:--i ami res; ms.ibil'ties ot tin; States. a- I voir
jc t -'ii:in rigbN and obhg I'ion.a ottdi-r the general if-vem
I titer t .A"** h.?*", in mv i!;iint'!f( are tae considerations,
j * !'.<?:? hl-.i i'id !??:;:( me true basis o! I'tture coruord in regti'd
! *?? ?' i;at 'if, ?? bicli ?? ive ? 'Ot! ??--<??:i :|" distort;:-1 public
: trtsq-vl.ty. i t!" .-dt-r *1 u iTfm"nt iil con'tni- it>? If to
I tl." i x of powi-r" i I- ir!y jrniiti'd by tile (T<>n^11:titicti.
it <*n (Mr - ? h?',!'i-r tivi' tti< *t 'tlon t.jniti any que^!'
j s!\ .uld i n-taut!'*r t i- mr-tiiurioi. i .. t'-.c SU'i j, ?? f>t>-?!.
{ villi th' ir risht to titi-m ? mait-.-s strictly <1 nue^'.ic a ?o,,rJ
i iit2 > 11:*- *ii! i f th'-ir im n i.":ople
I lo pxprusbing brictly oiv vi>.-wj upon trti important aubji'et.
, which !i:t!< reeti.t'y tuinatitd th* na'iin t-> almuM a fearful
I t.ivtt-e. i ;itn moved by it;? o:het tm;>ul^e tit;;;', .t in--^t e-rncst
d-s.re 1 >r tin: t <'rpi tit itio" of th.ut Utii'>u, wliich !.-t- iuad<
tt^ what wi* ore.?si ower.n'j uii'-rs us l-lcseinj.'.-', ?rd conl'-r
I ii'i^ ji iv.i:r and ii.titlctiei.-, which otii fi'.liOis c.iuld 'inutl,'
| hiivo an!iciputed, even with titcir in-'si titfjuine hopes di
looted to a f.tr-ofl In n i-. Tl"; scoli.nootit 1 now atiiiooin r
! ?\vri- not tinkno'vn hi-t?oe the expression ?>! ?v will :'i
'???lied nit; Here. Mv i>wn p ?-?iti?>n upoa tuis <nit?j?-et was
r!t-:ir r.nd ttiv qiiivoit;]'-in the t; >4 Inv *w., mil toy |
a< rid i' is only r- nrr I to -t* this tium ber tu- s;l. nee j
iiiijl'lt p'tlnps, he tui-' nsrru* 1. W,r'i the Lui^n, in;- b*.'-' :
andditiri-.i'. farthly hope- tr?-"n?wined Without it, what ate :
' we. itt Uviiltiiuly or colleetivelv! Wh.:t bvcoiii'" ot lite n >? '
I hir-t fi?-ld ever opened f??r tin advancement of our f s ? in
! r M ion, in .vernment, :n the a:'s, and it; .ii! "'ifii di'.'r.ifv-s
I atiit udomn !n.v>kiad? Fto-? that ra<!i.iiit con.- iiiatl-ui,
j winch b-'tli iiiumincs our own way and p ints out !?/ stniij
1 c-iiif nations their course, let hut a s nirle star he hist, .md.
j tl there be not utter d.irSf'K, lustre ot t'i ? ?liol.
diuitn.'d. Li ' rt"' ei?unirv:r.' rt iu ? d any urnsj. e th i*. so. Ii
? a eat.istrophc is r.'?t to ' vertak-r tlieo:, while 1 !???- s.- ;ln
; power to slay it? It H with t:te an eurr.est and vit; I b-.lit f,
! that iis tie- L'n; >n lia? h-i-n (source, umli-r I'l-ovidenee, of
o-ir t.ro.?.;-'-riiy t i 'It's i ir j ,??. so it t- ttie r'i'--t pi- '.:e o| ,i
contin'iatice <? > tie- bl< .-rinj*- w-- ti.?v.* ?.-nj yrd. an<l wtneh we
are sacrcdlv bound t-> tranrtnit ur.iiitniiiished to our children,
i he field ol calm an i free dl.-et.s-ion to our Country isop<'n,
an^1 will always be so. but it never has tteen and never < an
i he traversed tor food in a tpirit of secoionuiisio and isnehari
j tablfinc?9. The founders of the Kepublic dealt with thintia
I as th^y were presented to them, in a spirit o: seli-naer4icin<;
' patriotism, and, as time luts proved, wilt) a comprehensive
| wisdom, which it will always be safe for us to consult.?
Kvery measure, tending to strengthen the fraternal b-rlings
of nli the nif-T.bers of our Union, hss had mv heartfelt ap
probation. To every theory of society or gi-v-.-rnment, w.'te
ih-r the olisprinif ot feverish ambiiion or of morbid
enthusiasm, calculated to dissolve tin: bonds of law
and nU'cciion which unite u?, 1 shall interpose a
ready and s'.r-r.i r'-sistanec. 1 i??-li?;v? tliai involun
tary si: itude, as it cx-sts in diliercnt .State* ot this
11 ? ??e
IUi y .
I ennf'derscy, is reoogniz'd l>v the Constitution. 1 !><?]??
J Mini it i-rnnd? like nny other sdmiivd ri-r'it, and lliat the
! Slates where it exists are entitle-; io ?- tr:'.i?'iit remedies ;o en
force the constitutional pro*isions. 1 h .-IJ that the taw* ?>:
19(50. commonly called the '?compromise measures,M are
| -tr-.elly corisiituiioral, and to he unhesitatingly i:arii>-i< in*.)
t-ffeet. I beli^M- tint the coiirtiinted an horit'n- ot
itepiiblic af bound to r'x' ud the ristiits o! i:se ."^outii in tots
rnHp.-ct, ns they w->u!d view any other !t-oa! at. I t-onsti' i
:i?)ti -t rijiht, and ti.it the laws to ep.f.'.-re tiiei i-ii ? t:-i .,e
. re^'a ett.d afd idjeyd, po' wl'h a r Itvtanc ? ? it-? ? ? i - ? ? by
I ahstiftet oj.inior.s as to their aroprie.'y in a uilf-.v;t toil; ot
i society, but cheerftJiv, and ice inline to t.ie deri.-io: - . ! lie
i trih'tii il to wliich their exrie-ition belonirs. JSut:ii h r < i.-ev,
??in! are, ujy conviction.- an I upon thi-ni I niiali r.i . 1
j ventlv hope that 'iic q't- stion i> at r. st, an 1 that - -eti?:u!,
j iin'ii i.ies, or faa iticii excitement ma", ajaia thicit< n lit'
| r*i;itv of our institutions, or obscure the i;ii?:t >d our
| pro-pe'ity.
But let not the foundation of our hope rest upon man's
j wisdom. 11 will not be stnlieknt that sectional prcju iicea
i find n ? pl-ic: in lit1 puhiic d< liberations. 1: will n-.-l be stif.
fie'- n: tn.it trie rash t-- ??. !? "f hiinnn [n ision are ri-j- <:t* d.
It ovist !' felt, that Mi- re is no nati rial security bu: in tin
? rnti ":'s hiimblr a-lino'vlcj^ej depend'.nee Ujion God and
ifj-s oxi ? ? i rovi it -? a.
V. !i.v b. m: cat' . in s ifi tv through a perilous crisis.
I Wise counsels like thog* which yavo us the CoRntitntian;
t.n-vail. d to u;4ioi i it. Let the perio.! be reitu-iiiSered as an
;.:-'ni n tion, and n-it if an en::ouraaciiH-:ii, in any section o!
:he L'r, mi, r ? make experiments when: exp.-rimenti are
}rini'!ii witn sued ttarlu! hazard. L-.-t it be impresst d u*ton
i'l h> <sits, tint h ? 111!i:i:I ?> t fabric i... n-'i earthly p jW.t o:
wisdom could ever r^-unlte Ms broken fragment- Standing
i as 1 d > .lo:-j?t within view i>t the gre' ti -lope?o; .Mutitict llo,
I and. as it w.-re, withit; r-. -ch of the tomb of W.-Jiin^t.m,
with all th-- cherished riem n;-s of the pi 1 ?.i4teri?c?around
rr", 11?A s i many eloqatrr voices ol ejuliortuii- n from f! -a
von. 1 can egress n :???'ter hope tor my ivii.ntry, than that
, ih" kind l'rm: lent-c, wi-.ich s<ni'- d ur-o.-i "isr Fith-. .-. may
e -i'/e ttif-it chil-Jr!-:: to prt.vrve the birssinys tli-.y have itt
I Thl'R?oav, .March d. ljoj
hoi s;: or niiMKrvris.*.
Cvri's Van: k I" -; , 'be P-c!-^ le elect 1 roili the cour.'y if
j Harris >r, t > !oi ? lie va -'tticy <t easiotud by th.e rtM^tniion
' of 'Jhaui.es -S. Lk'vi?, i'.sq , huuni; tietu qunhfied, appeared
i to-day and took hi* scat.
' A cotonuiniestiin w-ea received fr- tn the Senate, and
j rood, tiaunniitinjr sundry bills, wliith wcrecairita tiicou^h
) their pn llrt:it:ury s'rijf' ?.
The J>,>tck-Jt :i:tn Itid bef ire the House tb>- following
! communication from the Governor:
Executive DceAarMKNT. it
Mnrcti 2, 1653. )
I To the Gtncrul Assembly of I'irginin:
' A cm', ntiot; nf Del- J^'es of i.:n- of the orl-jinil ol the
I 'C'-i. S:>::e- oj ihe t onfeder-iey, ..s-m d< in Phi! i-.l-.l
11 ink
i. Ji ly i ;f-f, t".? i r:t-:>'er the ptopiii-ty of t-rrct oi; in
iiii;' rit> i ftnt memo o- t io "Dec! ration ol lod pen
I d'yt'-e," by those rtti.'e--, ? of the i'-?errnce for the ?;n ?!;?
! if end ::;c men bi whom that ir.de, endtnee was
de"iar? -1.
j I have rferived from the oflicrs of thai convention a copy
j ?? : . m? cuiiti.irir ; an utl.lr--? a.^kinr.' 'he cu-;-:-a
! r .t -m and a:-l ? t ibis S: : e, in their design.
itiioi'cj; \ i; /? j * ;?) v.i> n-'t iiprcsented io ilif eon ventioii,
[ I do-.iV. not h . .-yi.-.p:t: \ will hr > irlis'ct! in t!::? sacetss oi
i he iindbttakie.y. T.'te?- nt- ntitLI- ;,r^ ii'?t neees-aiy uj
I '[t;icken t-? -j/!iit ill .i Ims animated this *vho't contiiicni,
; "l l!i- y c'iii mi ij Jt have their morn! leil-t.nee ii; ? u su<j?
<? ? Jii.e generations, an 1 upon other n. ti -o-: tli' V r-.rve a;,
mm iit:>s of ih pas1, and a.-living inciienuats to si.,oldr
achii v mi nts in th future.
i Wim ti:.- view of :-in :dy c-*.?iitijr your attention to the sub
ject, 1 submit lo y-u t!i-^ adoj tion ofs'jiO in- a?iircst is tn
! your j'.d;:em< nt, wall comport -.v;h th" interests, the uieni
ty ar.il tsonor of the Sta'e.
\ cry rcspcctf'jlly. jours, J-. scpii Jojikson.
(>n motion of Mr. T >ws*bs, the satii" was laid on ihe table
and ordered to be print'd.
Mr. IlenBAKD, from i!:-.1 eomoiii'eo on I'.inks, reporteJ
i'hoiit anrenotti'.r't ."senate bills ?
Authorizioij ine Treasurer ot tte* fc'tate to receive from the
inks at.y bonds, guaranteed by t!ic State, as security for
their Isstit s.
Mr .Viapp from th" eommitt:e on J'ropopiti .ns, tie., ftre
(.-ruled lulls couc-riiiitc the Serjeant of the city < llieh
I tnund, and the Ch-tk r?l Hustinus Court of said cilv; and
jncerrtinic ihe ciiarn r ?j| the city of Rielimond.
Mr. .''.ni'Ekson, from a Eelcct comm.iti .? presuiied a bill
| concorninj; the Capitol Square; ami. a bill to amend the 3d
j -ecti in uf an act i'<r the porrtiase ot a rt?I ur.d hoye, arid for
I other purposes, passed March 29, 1331, an ; authoriz;i>s the
j tmrchase ol certa.n grounds in and adjacent to tiic Capitol
j Square. ^
On motion of Mr. To>:lin, the ;oirii resolution front the
i Senate, authorizing the Ktitister ot the Land t)f'i<-e to issue
i p. land Wutrani in lavor id the limits of .j! \jor George f.yne,
j wjh t.'h'en up, and alter a shmt disctissiyn. ic'erted to the
committee ol Claims.
Mr. Goook of i;, j i res itted the petilii-ji of I he elt.zens nt
Hedfo.-d a.el t'aoij.'.-! )i, !.tr ;<:e inco:tiofj;ti.m i f u tompanv
to construct a piitik read irot.t Daws' Store, in lit-dford, to
? Lyncfiburtr, whieh ivj? referred.
i Oo u'otitn of J?ir. Wub7 ?K Ived, That t'lti Cornmiiiee
of I'isii.asenquire ie.tu tit.; ? *Vedicuey of ret?riing a Oil! re
fiindi: :; J M. I'rice. of the count) of ;tourt, S'.'o, im
prepcrh' paid by him into th* t;e;yui>, .s Ii- cos- lax tor tile
)c?SI li^J I.
A bill ."uthorizing ar exchange of aru.s .'or the II ? bin t.J
Light Infantry Ulues. was liken l-n, on motion of Mr. .4y
derson, amended, an! pi^st'd.
On motion of Mr. ILossell, tiic title lo said bill, w-as so
amendrd as to tcad as fi-liows: I
?'An act authorizing voiunteer companies to be supplied j
; with pcrcuosiun lock muskets."
| A message was received from the Senate, through Mr. j
i Db.veale, tiiat they had passed a bill authorizing the
1 County Court of Kockin?hcm, to subscribe to the capital
'of ine Manassas Gap Rail lload Company.
I CO.Mill6S'' NEBS or THE /. ?'? t.NUE.
Mr. Kilbv ufF.-ied tl.c ii !l wi: ?/ r- soi-.tion, which, after |
i heinit support'd bv Messrs. Veiisv, Kilbv. 1'atkici?, Ro- j
j flttUTaox, Townes, Mabiz. ImB 'UE.v. i-'ice an.-l Kevsek, |
I v a? referred to a select committee of jleisrs. Kilbv, iUce,
j Goods of B., Ijipodek. Jacicscn of D. end T., \ ebsv, Key
1 ser. Patrick an:! King: i
J t-esolrcd, Tiiit l-ave he civen to bring in a bill to regu- j
late the compens tit-tt of Couot-t-sioners - f the Ivtvtiiue. j
The in:crn^t hn|*:-.>i i mcnt siiia can.e up the ordi.r of the
da y. !
A hill to authorise a Stcte subtcripfion (three-fifths ofj
320.000) 'o the stock of the W> tlivvilln aiid G. tyson Turn j
pike Company, was explained by Messrs. Fa*as and B 'vn
aod passed?ayes 79, noes 15.
The bill providing for an increase of ihc capital siorlc of
(he Virginia Centra I Ball Road Company, by thp addition oi
SI 000 UOO thernt", and requiring the Board of Public Works
t.> ntbscribe h:r throe-fifths thereof, was, on motion of Mr.
Imb .den, made the order of the doy lor Tuesday m-xt, ui
11.Si o'clock.
An net to authorise the Virginia and Tennessee Rail Road
Company to construct a branch to Cumberland Gpf! a"d to
riinliotiie n Slate subscription to the stock for th# purpose;
and io authorise an independent company to ucccf" 'he pro
visions of this net. whs taken up with the amendment pro
posed thereto by the Senate, and then agreed to.
A larye number of bills on their second reading were ad
vanced to their enerossnient.
Air. Tuwnes saiJ there was a maxim "inter arma silent
Icga," which he did not know ivn.< applicable on 'he present
occasion, hut when the drum wan beating on the rquare, it
was known that no business could bo doue. He therefore
moved to take a reo';H3.
Said motion was rijected.
On motion of Mr. Edwabds, the Houso adjourned.
Friday. Mahch 4, 1353.
The President, (Lieut. Go*. Leake ) presented a com
nrir.i::atii>i> from the Auditor ol Public Account?, in reply
'?i ills.' resolution of enquiry as to the number of cli'ik.* em
t! , ;d i: th".r oQ'i'.e, which wan, on motion of Mr. St cart,
laid on the ublc, ai:d ordered to be printed.
A communication from the Howe of Delegates was read.
Mr. Tiiosias moved that the Semite disagree to the House
ami r.dment to trie t i a u i.!iors.:i:ii? an exchange of arms with
tilt Lialr. infantry Blue-, 'i he House amendment makes
t!>e bill a general one, authorizing an exchange of arma with
ill volume.-r companies. Th;; proposition of Mr. Thomas
wan agri ed to.
Tne other bills from the House were read and referred.
Mr. Thomas, from the Coi'.imut-ii for C>iurio or Justice,
r?; ted ;i substitute for House bill shotting fees to the
Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen of incorpttalul towns iu
(?' : tain ea-eS.
Mr. Simrrev, from the sunn; committee, u-poried the bill
?or' oi i.. Commissioners of t;:c H aid of Public Works,
; with amendment.
.V r. L'knkale, from the committee on Roads, &c., report
li'.j 1!< sjbills to provide for the construction o! a rail road
'row the Virginia and '!'? mtessce Rail Road to the Coving
ton and 0 tio Rail Ron!; and, changing the lime for tile
am.u il meeting ol tile new Shenandoah Company.
Mr.' AnaisoToK, from tiie committee on Banks, reported
numerous H >use bills.
A ilK-iHAOS raoil THE HOUSE,
!!y .Mr. Parkeii, was tecelved, announcing the dimgrec
muiit o; th it body to the Semite's amendment to the bill mm
? urning 11:?j Wil; m Cr?.ek and South Fork Turnpike Road,
I:: G.ayson ami Smyth counties.
Mr. Barnett moved that the Senate recede from itnir
n ner d men t.
Ou motion ut Mr. SnurFisv, the bill was then laid on the
*. t Me.
Mr. St'Ivall, from Hie select committee on that subject,
re;i ?rr. ! a s'liisiitiite for House bill extending the charier of
the H.irpcr's Ferry Savings Institution. The substitute
v* ix agreed to, and the bill read rt third time and passed
Mr. Witciiei presented tho petition of the citizens ol the
town of Danville, asking authority to subscribe, by said
town, to the Caswell Plank livad.
Mr. Parker explained the oil! amending thn 17th section
'of chapter 101 of the Code of Virginia, and it passed. The
;itle whi amended by adding thereto the wordu?,-so as to
uuthori/.e the taking of oysters in Matchapungo Creek, in
' the county of Accomac, for the purpose of converting into
, lime."
! On motion of Mr. Braxton, the Senate Calendar was la
j ken up.
A bill to Incorporate the Mineral Brink of Virginia, was
i read a third time and passed.
i A Iaige number of bills were ordered to be engrossed and
' read a third time. The Senate then adjourned.
Prayer by the Hev. Mr. De Fob est.
A Senate bill authorizing the county courts of Rocking
! ham, to subscribe to the Manasaa Gap Rail Road Company,
I was read ttio first and second times, and, on motion of Mr.
i Bars the same was retid a third time and passed.
A Senate bill to annex additional territory to the county of
Lewi?, and provl ling f^r a county government for the .-ariie.
wns uid "n ih.- liibie and made the order of the day forMon
' d?v next at 7 o'clock.
| A Senate bill authorizing the Treasurer of the State to re
j ceive from the Hanks, any bonds guarantied by the Stale as
,v:t urity f-r t!c:ir it:-:ijc*?, was rend :i third lime and passed,
i Th ? i II living engrossed bills were read a third timo and
I A bill anth ?rizing an inspection of Tobacco at Sal. in in
j Roanoke county.
A b::l amending the second action of an act entitled an
I ict to ineorporaie the Liberty Mining Company, passed
? March Ttl? 1534
A t.iil eur. earning the militia fines assessed in 1851, bv the
regimental Courts of Inquiry of the 39th regiment of Mili
A hiil to annex a portion of the county of Monroe to the
county of Craig, and
A bill to amend and revive an act passed the 6th of F-.hru
iry. 1?53. entitled an act appointing Trustees for the towns
oi Buchanan ami Puttonshurg in Botetourt county, and
vesting tlicm with corporate powers.
An engrossed bill to refund to tho Executors of Jas. B.
Hill d-:c'd. of the town of Sti-union tho sum of 310*2 20, be
?u t!i,> amount of v.-x imposed on the estate of their testa
tors in their hands and exempting said usiate from taxation,
was ri ud a third time and passad, ayes 87.
An engrosssd bill to authorise the county courts of Fair
fix, 1'rin e William, Augusta, Monongalia and Jefllrson to
impose a tax on d? -^s, was read a third time and passed.
An engrossed bill to authorise tho Northwestern Vi^'inia
Railroad company to construct a branch to thair road was
;akt'n up i.-n motion of Mr. Jackson of Wyod, was read a
third time and passed.
Tile bill was amen lod to read: "An act to incorcporatc tne
IiiImpendence Railroad Company.'1
A great number ol bills were ordered to be engrossed and
ro.id a third time. . .
After the tr.inraction of some othrr unimportant business
?he House adjourned until 7 o'clock P.M.
Wepsesoav. .AIarch 2, Ic53.
The reading of the journal "us dispensed with.
Mr Hunter reported back the Indian Appropriation bill
wlm 'amendments; and also the Navy Appropriation bill,
without amendments. He then moved to take up the Civil
and Diplomatic bill, which pre?aii?d. , ,
Mr. J.imi s moved ou amendment, admitting, free ot duty,
machinery tor preparing il ix.
\lr B.irlnnd moved to add?"and cotton.
A vote vvas taken-ayes 11, noes I9-no quorum voting.
On a sccoi.d vote, the amendment was lost, and Mr. James
nmetidinent adopted.
M- ''p'eh moved an amendment, prescribing that when
ever i ante e.-nstmcts nil roads through the public lands,
lip re fhall be rerervtd from sile, the sections of land lying
or thn' lin<- of said roads, for six miles on each sid-'.
.Mr. Walker moved to add tlte"itoa proviso, that the said
l;tnds may be purchased by any one swearing that he intends
to settle on iU ,. ,
Mr Underwood opposed, and Mr. Wilker warmly icplicd.
After'f irs her debate, Mr. Walkei's proviso was agreed to.
and" th- n the v.hnh was votrcl down.
Mr. Foot proposed .m amendment appropriating S^a.UUO,
! ? test the capacity of French's Improvement on rail road
track* and locomotive*
-lid, itnle5fi the Senate voted down all nmen !?
met '.-'the appropriation feills would be lost which w-mld in
volve an cxtrc seiHi';ri of Congress, and Ihc death of the par
iv now in power. , ,,
Mr Ru-h supported 'lie amendment, and Messrs. Mti.ii...
Sorri's and Pearce opposed it. After the debate the arr.en.:
ment was njee'ed. , . ,
A*:?t lu i'iv u'nen<litients> had been jmip'ised anJ
til ? biil pR9?cd? %
' The Senate next considered, amended and pafsO'. t.ie
House resolutions, for printing the eensm returns.
The Post "Ific: Appropriation bill was taken u:', ami iiu
no r-'i? amendments were adopted. A motion to amend, by
sireetmr- the Postmaster Genere.l to contact with Messrs.
Aldcn & Eddy to constiuct a aubferranean Telegraph line to
*;i Pre' lie. Rejected.
Mr Houston askeil to h* allo veJ t? express his views on
ft... Monroe .I ?etrlr.e. Rciuse^. . L
Mr (7win moved io amend by authorizing 'he Postmaster
General io contract for a s. mi-monthly mail s'eam>hip line,
from San Francisco to ''hina. at 8600000 per annum.
Mr. Houston spoke for an hour against the pae-:tge of the
re-oiuti""* HS being nnneccsjary.
Mr. Gwiii'h amendment wa? withdrawn, and the bill pa?e
The nnval appropriation bill wn* taken up. end the appro
rirlntion." cut down by ihe House t'.-stori"!! to their ort^inM
!imounts Various additions were made, including 5500.000
! ;or buildings in S in Francisco.
Amendments tn complete the contract for the construe
! tion of a basin and railway in connection with a <.ry dock at
! i 'alifornia, were debated end rejected
' Mr. Mulicry moved t- add to the hill?the cms piseed
I heretofore by the Sttiaic lo reorganiza the nsvy o. th- Uni
1 Mr fltll movv-l toamsnd this by adding?a bill lor the ea
tabiishment ol a court for tr.e iovcs:iga;ion o! claims against
the* United ?States- . , c
Pi-ndina these, the commi"e?s of con'prcpce on t. ?* .tu
! clencv bill nnd the army appropriation bid. madu reports,
which were concurred in.
The Senate, at half-past nine, adjourned.
The House passt'd ti??? Sonata bil! pr?vidinjr for jdrrjinia
: wring the oath of office, to William R. king, \ ice I resident
! tlect at Havana, or any other place. '
Several conunitucs of c'>n*?rt*ncc on ui^i^rccing nmend
ments of the two Houses to certain bills were appointed.
On m -ti'^n of Mr. Mason, it was resolved, that the Clerk
1 of the House, under the direction of the committee on ac
! counts pay ;he per diem of numbers, who, from eickn. es,
I or other cause, were unavoidably detained from the House
L.n the first day of the session.
Mr T>urican made an intllVctual eliort to take up inc Se
nve resolution, in relation to the powers of steamboat inspec
! tors which he said was necessary to carry out the law on the
! .abject passed list session. ,
^ The House proceeded to act on the Senate s amendment
i IO the army bill. That appropriating five hundred thousand
.'olhis k-r daf. nccs a? San Francisco, was concurred in.?j
V *' "'J r.avs 66. And the following were also concurred
j.\,r F ft JftTersi.n, at ix?rd?n K-vs. or Tortoga*
;.' ;ijd. 0100 000; Fort Pulaski. Georgi i, S20.0W; Fort bump
,.f. South Curollna, 3110,000; Fort Carroll,
?or, 350,000; Fort Delaware, 3150,000; Fog_^?*'s?|QOO"
I ver, 355,000; Fort Warren Boston Harbor 3,5,000,
I* .rt Wlnthrop. Governor's Island, Boston, ^,673
The Honsa concurred in th. S.nate's amendment, appro
printing S!52 000 for the exploration and survey of ihe mon
practicable mid economical muie tor a rail road from the
Mississippi river u> the Pacific oeran.
The House non-conctirtid in tiie Senate's amendment,
providing for contracting :or protection of emigrant* on
their way 'o the Pacific, &;e.
All the amendment having beef disposed of, the Hou.i
went into committee en the Light-house bill, which was
passed without dtbate.
The bill for the aurvty of the Public Lands in California
was passed.
The Civil and Diplomatic bill was received back from the
Senate with eighty-five pa^es of nmendinents, and the
House went into committee to consider t"ie Fame.
A debate occurred on the amendment establishing nn As
my Office in New York, which was carried?ayes 66, navs
Amendments creating an office of the Assistant Secretary
of State, and increasing the salaries of the Vice President
and Heads of Departments. Agreed to.
The House bill establishing the territory of Washington
was passed.
Wkd.hcsdw. March 3, 1553.
Mr. Miller presented the credential* of t!:c Hon. Win
Wright, Senator clcct from New Jersey for si.t years from
the 4:1) of March, 1S53.
A bill making appropriation for the completion of public
buildings in Minnesota was passed.
The Naval Appropriation bill was taken up.
.Mr. Hals'e amendment waa lost.
Mr. MallorvV. adding the bill lor a re-organization of tint
Navy, was agreed to?yeas 22, iiuvs 2U.
A message w?s received from the House asking the ap
pomiment of a second committee of conference on the Dc
(iciency bill.
Mr. Hunter moved that the Senate appoint such commit
tee?the report of the first committee having been adopted
by the Senate and rt j- cied by tiie House.
'.Mr. Badger oppose I the motion; he commented in strong
terms upon the course pursued by the House in lefusine t.?
c.ticur in any important amendment Bdooted by the Senate.
1 he Senate, under the House, hadtqu .1 legislative fimctioim
wish the H >u-e, and ii should nut reduced t*? the mcie
I rivik-ge of registeiiojj the decrees of the House.
Messrs. Pearce, Davis, Mason, Hunter and otte rs suppli
ed the million, which was agreed to? yeas 4U, nays 3
Messrs. Badger, Borland ami II 'idtieud
The amendment providing tor the execution of the con
tract for :i haein and railway in California, was renewed in
a muddied form and ui?rced to?yoas 27, mys 24
A commutes of conterencs was ordered on the civil anJ
diplomatic bill.
Mr. Miller moved an amendment providing for cn exploi.
ti.in of Africa north of Liberia, and after some rcmstks on
the subject of colonization, it was rejected?yeas "20, nni-*
Mr. Gwin moved an amendment directing u contract with
Mr. Ericsson tor a propeller triucite. with a caloric engine, o:
a cost n'.'t exceeding 4500,000.
This was rejected?ye-.." lo, navs "...
An amendment proposing the construction of one steam
frigate, two steam schooners, and two ste.im sloops, all pro
pellers, was rejected?yeis 19, nays 23.
One appropriating 3300,000 lor n nuvy yard and depot at
or near New Orleans, was adopted.
One lor the incorporation of th'- Texas navy into the I
States navy was opposed by Mr. Rusk, to which Mr. l'ra:!
moved as a substitute one giving them the pay ot oftio rs oh
duty, but no grade. This was rejected, and then the whole
amendment was rejected?yoas20, nays 32. ?
Several other amendments were offered, all of ?tiich were
rejected, among tliein the oft attempted one to purchase
Winder's building in this city, now used by_the Pension
OlBne, which was this time reject id by yeas, 15. nays 24.
A motion to abolish the spirit rations, was rejected?yeas
U, nays 23.
The bill was then passed.
The light-house bill was taken up und passed.
Committees ol conference were oidtrsd on the civil and
diplomatic bill, and on the rost route and post-office sppro
printion bdl?. The report of the second committee ol con
icrenco on the deficiency bill was concurred in by both
Houses?so that bill is passed.
The Indian appropriation bill was then taken up and sev
eral amendment were debated.
The Bitting yesterday lasted till 12 o'clock Inst evening,
and go: through with the Senate's amendments to the civil
and riiploin&tic bill, but the clerks having been unable to
complete the journals, they were not read this morning.
The House resolved itself into committee of the whole,
and considered the amendments of the Senate to the post
office appropriation, most of which were rejected; binunii
I un til was one appropriating a sum of money lor placing an
ice boat n the Potomac, lor the conveyance ol the tonil
I .luring winter; the discussion was conducted under the five
minutes' rule. . .
The committee of the w hole rose, and its decisions were
confirmed oy the House.
A number of bills were passe.! amid a scene of unparal
leled confusion; one of which was the Georgetown and Co
cnoetin rail road bill.
Mr. Walsh of Md., endeavored, without success, to induce
the House to take up the Senate bill tor the relief of I.ew is
H. Hates, H. Bites una Wm. Lacon, formerly merchants ot
larife capital, reduced to poverty by the action of the officers
of "overnment, and now day laborers on the Capitol.
A bill was passed to remunerate W. liarard Wtggsfut
losses sustained during the Revolutionary war.
Mr. Stanly submitted a resolution requiring the otticers ol
the House to keep strangers without the bar, whu h was
agreed to; and the Speaker called upon tin m toperlorm their
duty; and if they met with any obstruction to report U to
Reports of committees were received, ami reports of heads
of departments were submitted by the Speaker, and ordered
in be printed or referred to a committee Of t.ie whole on tin.
state of the Union.
A motion to suspend the rule', for the purposeoftakint
in tho private bill- of the Senate on the Speaker stable, was
negatived?tellers having beeu ai poinied-vcas j0, nays not
t;iktn; and a motion is now ponding to suspend the rules, or
tiie purpose ol" taking up a private bili.
KminAT, March 4, 1353.
A'tor the close of the L'ttors of yesterday, the two Houses
were engaged in proceedings on the several appropriation
bills These were contested by the two Houses on tho
amendments,and various committee* of conference were con
stiiuted and their reports were debated and rejected.
Towards 5 o'clock this morning, however, a better spirit
prevailed in the two Houses, and the reports of the confer
ence committees were adopted, and all the appropriation
bllA large number of private bills were passed during the
? The Senate, in the intervals, had under consideration the
homestead, the bill granting land to the indigent Insane,
.ind tria bill granting 100 aerca of land to the oltl soldlers.
The bill to establish a territorial government In INeoreska
was also debated. _ , , ,.
At 12 o'clock, the presiding officers of the two Houses
pronounced their respective bodies adjourned nine dit.
The Senate re-assembled, and was called to order by . Ir.
^'a*resolution was then adopted, authorising the Hon
Lewis Cuss to administer the oaths to the new senators.
The following named Senators were then sworn m
Messrs. Atherton of New Hampshire, Benjamin of Louisi
ana Claj ton ol Delaware, Douglas" of Illinois. Evans oj
South Carolina, Kverett of Massichusotts, Houston ?>i
l'exiis Hunter of Virginia. Jones of Iowa. Sabastian ol .
kansas, Stuart of Michigan, Thompson of K'nlMtfc>;
Thompson of New Jersey, Toombs of Georgia, nn I *
?' \cw Jersey. Mr. Wriglit, new member from Alabu
i?a, not present. There U a vacancy in Maine, in Kho^e
1-lir.d, North Carolina, Alabama ai.d Mississippi.
The Hon. L>. R Atchison ?:t? chosen presidint
The Senate then awaited tin."arrival ??l the I resident el.. ..
and accompanied him to the eastern portico where l.e
inaugurated. The Senate then reassembled, and adjourn. 5
Nbw Yonit, March 5.?The comments ot the press iff
on the itiaiigural a.ldrr<.s are highly fiv..rab:e. without u.,
Unction of pariv. Tl.. same in Beaton and elsewhere.
. *
THE IRISH HEART.-O.-e of tlx most admirabl
traits of the Irish character in. the fine vein of true g?dde.<
slUciion that runs through it. 1 i? a perpetual thi.n.
find in the newspapers aceouots of h ?w poor starvma w,.
men who have come from the old sod. ond. Iron- .?uj wr^...
havcaved cnouah to bring over either nn infirm fath. r, a
desolate and starving mother, or a rrolhcr who?e lilc w a
:.-i eternal toil with harrtly a subsiatciKc. Ihvse an noble
irails of character, .md may he foiJ{?i everywhere am. ng t ..
IrWh peasantry. We see that ev.n sot.r oil as Austrtlia
Witt 's so common In this country I* noted. An In-h r;a
per slatt s that at the Li*:i<trick post ?jffine L iter* are .nntir.
ually received end 'siri^ from s50 to SnOO, sent by pn.,r en.i
2rants to their poorer kin to h-lp them onward from ?he de
solato home <>! thur birth to thos'; far-oil g..lden fi; Ids
l [iuo'ule I rioune
I f>iB6. on Fridav ?le!,i 4th March, at Vi o'clock. In this mj
! pnsumwnia, i;cv. STKfll :S l A\l.??U I| U, horn in
[ fountv. Massachusetts,vOili February. I?8?> and i euscii
1 ver PrMbytcfv cu piert' h?hc ??? '5> - ?
' Tllfc: RICHMtl.Tl) BSftUiREB,
T K K M S:
. 'I \ in, > shorter c or.e year, torilns ?
Jol'srti-'a*'^ 1 ' ' Er,?,jrn ai;d thrsedollar* for ?u* u. ?
to>'. '? ?" I"?** b"V ?'
paydbla ?n a..vance, ^ tl the enj ot year.
pt^Al d?sto thwoff.ee may P" r....;!. in
iu"k Votes at the risk of the Editor j. "<tr
i,riiiable jn irri;^s The poM .^eol a i r u
?sM h'-:wr"'s account to the writer. It is the accumuiaii..?
r^h.a,"exMissive business, whichoperatesasaserioii-stu>. ?
iv Titr DAILY ENUU1RER:?For ten lc.e* or ? ?'
iirtion. fittv cents, and every sttcccedmr ir.semor, tw ,?
If inserted once a week.'wics a weejr.<.fthw-'.tm^" t
.-ran and a half cents lor cacii laser ion after the tint.
Anr u.tl advertisers are chargcC ur.? J"iiars i .rtniriy mie ..
i,,a, pro.K,rti"ii for advertisementHOi a greater l :rigih;exr ? ? ,
Vrniter*- ami Auctioneers, whoare charge ?
IN THE SEMI-WEEKLY?F'?r tbn liuss, or !- js, r.ri. . ?
"? cent-1; for each centiiiuance ;"i0 ce:.n.
Orders from a distance rami b? accompany-! v.ith th*a.:*i.
.a. u fdiisfactory reference!", to insure execution.
c?T At' (>! ituarics and tribute of reaped, exceeding etgiu
? -tared fur as advcrlUtHmtU*. _ t
Ai! Ul'iluartr.* anu Marnagf ' on - couti'-ry, v.-.,
t ? p.trty'> hand-wruini is unknown :o us, mu-.- tie
i ?- endorsation of ths Ponma* -r in the neighh"rho-l rt. <?> ^
ISO r^ti b?; published. Evenr msasure, t! at bar .
r<v-ni tinp->aiuonsand?iui?es. has, heretofor. ,provs>J ^cnv.-. inc.
must therefore.insist upon such communication^ her" -
|l ,?^tha nameofthePoetinastsr. vrittenonthelcikoftfc

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