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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, March 15, 1853, Image 2

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RICHMOND KIV Q (] i K ft !t ?
A bii! was reported in the Senate, last neck, "To provide
more efectuilly for the removal of free Negroes and Mulat
tos from the State of Virginia," which has since been printed,
(containing 16 sections,) Had appears to embody a complele
system founded upon the principle of voluntary colonization.
The bill appear? to have been prepared with great care, and if
passed, will doubtless bo productive of much good. Several
ftehomeB have been befi u; the House of Delegates; but the
friends of removal mixed up in each measure so many con
troverted propositions, that after all had been referred to the
(Committee (or Courts ot Justice for the purpope of reconsid
eration, that committee reported a simple proposition lo in
crease the appropriation now authorized to be paid out of
the treasury, from twenty-five dollars to fifty for each adult
free negro transported by the American Colonization Socit
ty, and a proportional increase for minors. .And this mea
sure, it Is supposed, cannot pass. It is deemed by many u
waste of money to persist in making expenditures which
it is thought, cannot transport from the commonwealth
a number of free negroes anything like equal to the current
increase. The time has been when this argument was not
really sound, although it may be so at present.
While the colony was weal; and incapable of receiving a
large accession to its numbers, it might have been incon
venient and probably dangerous to the color 1 -?ts to pu-h tl em
too rapidly into the country. Bui such can liaidly bo the
case at this time. It would seem wise in Virginia, if she
means to do anything upon the subject, to do what would be
effectual, in ultimately extinguishing the mischief proposed
to be remedied; and as enough has already been eeen in the
movemeuts of the House of Delegates, to establish the
fact, that no act of direct expulsion, or for the imme
diate hiring out of the free negroes to raise the means
for their transportation, can piss; nor can any bill pass
to levy a tax upon the Slate for the urposc, tqual
to the object desired to be effected: yet the appropriation
of thirty thousand dollars a year, front the treasury (or five
years front 1350, may continue. But under the condition of
that appropriation, it is necessary that a sum equal to the
amount allowed out of the treasury for ? he transportation of
each negro, shall be raised by private contribution. Tlte6e
private contributions are inadequate, and consequently, but
a small portion of the appropriation has, as yet, been ex
pended. While the measure reported by the committee
of the House would prob-ibly enable the c.-l 'tm iii- s. lety
to expend the appropriation, very nearly within the term of
its limitation, yet it would be entirely inadequate to the
transportation of a number of free negroes, equal to the cur
tent increase. It is not at all material, therefore, whother ii
pass or not For it might effect as much good a few jeart
hence as at present, if an effective measure shall be adopted.
Those philanthropic citizens, who will not abate their exer
tions in the cause, will most willingly aecept the 830,000,
whensoever it shall be the pleasure of the Legislature to
award it to them, upon terms sufficiently liberal to enable
them to use It. But while thero is a hope of adopting a real
ly- effective and patriotic system, it may be just a? well to
preserve the fund to aid in lis execution.
The bill before the Senate promises mote, at least, than
can be expected from that In the House. The aet ol IS50,
appropriating 830,000 out of the treasury tor the removal of
free neg.oes, also provide? that a tax of one dollar shall be
annuaiiy levied aud collected irom every male free negro
over 21 and under 55 yearP of age, and which shall be ad<led
u? the said appropriation; and that the ta\ charge for the
seal* of Court used In the j?ttestation of ihe papeis ot free
Xiegroes ?hall, In like manner, be applied to trie same pur
pose. These taxes amount to about 810,000 a year, making
;be available appropriation about 840,000.
.Now the Senate bill provides fur ttie establishment ol a
iegal Board, of from five to seven persona, denominated
"The Virginia Colonization Board" Thie Board shall
have power "to provide fur the removal from Virginia, of
euch free negroes and mulatto-.*, as are now free and icsi
dents therein, and tSieir children, to tho wes'eru c-oaot
Africa, the Went India islands, or to any other suitable place'
and to apply the funds which may be appropriated by the Le
gislature, or contributed by individuals or association*! for
the purpose, In the bent and moot advant*?eous manu. i to
eflect the final removal ol all Mich free persons of col jr ftocn
this Commonwealth. Tho Board may employ the agency
of the Virginia Colonisation Socletv. or any responsible
person or persons, for the transportation and suitable care ol
such free persona of color, or provide their own amenta and
means of transportation."
It provides that an annual tia ^isll bo "levied up*>n al|
Iree negroes between the ages of t<vcnty-one and fifty-five,
that is to say on overy male five dollun, and on eveiy female
one dollar." The game tan, as now prescribed under the law
of 1850, ia charged on the seals of Court attached to frcn pa
pers. These taxes, with the unexpended balances of the ap
propriation9 made by the act of 1950,are appropriated to the
purposes of the bill, and put under the control of the now
Board therein established. No limit is piaccd upon the sum
to be applied for the transportation of any negro, and conse
quently the Board can effect tho object of their institution
under all circumstances which may arise. Tho sum which
these taxes will produce will be ample to remove a number
of free negroes more than equal to tho annual increase.?
The measure may therefoie be deemed an efficient one?
whtvh every person,desirous of carrying out the object, might
with propriety advocate.
Very minute details are provided for enforcing the pay
ment of the assessed tux. After the first yetr, land-lords
and lessons of froe negroes, are made liable for the taxes ol
such free negroes as t!;,y keep upon their premises, as
well as the free negroes themselves, /t is made the duty ol
the Commissioners of the lloventie diligently to hunt tip all
free negroes so taxed, and also the duty of tho negroes tc
cause themselves to be assessed; and if any such free riegro
shall be delinquent for the tax for three years, either by
failing to pay, or by evading the Commissioner and fail
ing to be assessed, he or she sit til forfeit nil right, lie or she
otherwise had, to remain in the Common weath ; and shall
be proceeded against. But there is a veiy humane provision
in this; that after a free negro has forfeited hi* right to re
main in the State, and his been proceeded against and ad
judged to be sold, at any time before the Sherifl has actually
nude u sale, if any white person will enter into a bond
wuli approved seenrity bt:lo.-r th.r Clerk ni' the Court, or
Sheriff, conditioned that he will take t!nr defendant in custo
dy, and remove him out of the State, within ninety days,
the salo will be stopped; and the delinquent may retai'i his
freedom. -A more humane system could hardly be devised*
to posstf.-a any of the energy necessary so effect the object
This Mil, while it proposes no ra. h or inhuman menstire(
nevertheless contains principles of active energy, always
operating on the minds of the unfortunate creatures fir
whose real beoeti! it is designed, calculated to wake up
within them, as much of intelligence and m inly enterprise
j.t seeking new lr>mes and a more exalted condition of life,
a* < an well ha expected from them They must be brought
to know unJ foi l tiio necessity of their removal bv firm, but
Itumaue and gradual action.
?? -????-- ?
11 ?.* amusing to witness ths spasmodic efforts of the Whig
pre?* to arouse their party in Virginia, to etiry the Stare for
the Whig- After the utter falsification ot all their piodic
ilona in the i?te canvass?after I lw electtiu effect of Presi-J
dent Pierce's noble Inaugural, which riuijs like true metal
throughout the Union, extolling the praises of Wings every
where -all the eiforts of tho Whig organs to reanimate their
party upon the old exploded i-eues, luvc a fabulous aspect.
There is great lorcc in ?v};at is said by the editor of the
Cnamhem (Alabama) Tribune, a Whig paper, which by re
quest p'ibll.-ifius the following urticb, advoca'.lng the re
oiganizuion of the Whig party of Aiibama, but at the same
time takes occasion thus to discourse with regard to the
propose I rally:
" VVc have no hesitation in saying that there never was an
undr: taking which promised less success. There are a doz
cn rcaS"n? why the Whig party cannot now, if Indeed it ever
can. pres-nta respectable front in Alabama. The most pro
minent of these Is. that the unfortunate ottcmpt to bolster
up the late- Presidential nomination, and fores a candidate
notoriously unsound upon the party, has resulted in loss of
confidence am >r>t? those who b'-licve that ioe conservatism
of Southern Whi.'gery should < \tend to and embrace tho in
stitution of Slavery. There were in the Presidential contest
concessions of principle made by Southern Whig leaders, (by
the adoption and endnisemetit of the Whig nominee,) which
we think must be fatal to iho party in the Southern States
ado&Mj of' Seward for President would not have in
jured us myre - an.!, In our opinion. It distrust of Whig prin
ciples on tnis most vital question had b?en engendeied, it Is
useless io attempt to sustain r patty organisation Tho peo
ple will say, 'The Whigs may be the party of progress?they
may, more than the Democrots, incline to such s course of
jj ;>IIoy a? will devel pour resources and stimulate our Indus
try?they may be against filibustering?but if they are will
ing to take Scotis and Sewards for presidents, we cannot j
and will not assist them to power. If they wish to organize j
hure. 1: is to make part of a national organization?and what '
Is tho Northern (and most powerful section) of the Whig j
party, hut one wide-spread nest of abolition and freesoilisml
Wbo besides Air. Kiimore, of eminent Northern Whigs, Is
jhere but utertains views which aim more or less dirsc
<:<>;( in U; i!. d i ?:! ?: W.i.g u
I nior. ; and lor ?> . wi ur< litid >.???? ?'!' >ln?t ."SoiSliUt.
. \, hi.-i- i.it- ; U".i ?: '? ?' Xv bi-'-.>ni?
? ;??'?< nMlian .lu-.-i: ol l';iliiio:c and Wiftj.tr. - mo..? all
that whs . ftTt>ervai!vi< in iho XVorth* rn wing has been beuleri
under fooi m make room for ' higher law' abolition and free
s lillatn."
The coi.diilon of the Whigs, however, should nut induce
? lie Democ-riif-y of Virginia to relax their efljrtsin securing
tlio fruits .-I the victory, and in sustaining our adiuimble stan
?lirJ beau r, Frank Pierce, by a decisive majority in our Stale
Legislative, as well a9 in Congress. Let good men be se
l cted ever y where, and let the good old maxim, " Measures
.-? it men," which has so often given us success in Virginia,
itid j rodu. e?i harmany and solid strength, be still the nolle
watchword and guide ol action.
liroat doubt hangs over the (nteof the political prisoners
ti Cuba?the government appearing to be either undeclJid
or anxious to keep its intentions a profound secret to the
last. The worst, however, Is feared by the Cubsns.
The Iectnre9 of the ltev Dr. Baiso at the .Alheneum have
not been so well attended as they deserve to be; perhaps, be
cause lectures of variovs sorts have been so numerous thin
winter, that the public appetite for such entertainments has
been satisfied; and yet other places, where little or nothing
that la new, can be leained, still attracts their crowds.
No lecturcs have ever been delivered in this city, contain
ing n greater amount of useful and interesting information
than Dr. Baud's; und they are delivered in that easy, con
versational wny, that fatigues les* than more laboured com
positions. one who hears him will regret it; but those
who fail to attend these lectures, will never meet such an op
portunity again.
The principal subject of the lecture, to night, will be
Francc, and many interesting events in tho city of Pm V
will bo iilustiatcd by reference to the map of that great me
Mr. O. Sackctt, ankeo Card VVriter," wiitcs tu that he
will in a lew days make a professional visit to Richmond.?
We do not know Mr. S.?but the wood cut on the buck ol
his letter represents him to be a good-looking fellow, and the
most accomplished pensman in the world having executed
in three years, upwards of 500,000 visning cards.
??? ??
Mr. John A. Johnson pioposes to publish in this city, in a
few days, a weekly paper entitled "The Mechanic's Friend
and Literary Emporium," at SI per annum. It will contain
original stories, essayo on Mechanism, Litcraiure, the Arts
and Sciences, notices of new inventions, experiments, &c.
If properly carried out, the work will be interesting and val
uable, and we wish it success.
Last night a full house was delighted with the successful
prriotinaricts of the Rousset Sisters, und Mr. John Sefion.
a great wag, was warmly received They nil appear stain to
Last evening James A. Scott. Esq , showed us a letter
from ex-Pre?ident Fillmore, in which he states that, in con
sequence of the illness of Mia. Filmorc, he will not probably
be able to leave Washington for Richmond before the Inst of
the present week or the beginning of the next. He will give
to ihe Committee# of the Council and Citizens timely noiire
of the day when he may be expected in Richmond
/? suj'i'Oit . I lhc Bill j>racribinp the duties and filing the
coinveiinit'on of the Public Printer, delivered in the House
of DiUj'itic', February the 9.7i, lSo'j, in reply to Mr. Sta
pie? ut I Ju trick.
Mb .-pcakkii :?The majority of the select committee on
Public Pi in. nig, of which 1 win a member, hav.t d< v..lvid
on me the t'uiy of presenting to the House the views and
considerations <hat influenced them to report the bi I :nw
unacr cousi.'c.atioo; and it i3 with mucn leluctaneu iImi I
bespeak the indulgence ol the House, whose path. nee. i fear,
h is been aln inv exhausted, by tho discussion which this
biil ius eiii r- !
It is tecor.:> d m holy writ, that "he who lh first in hid own
rause seeiiie o just; his neighbor conieih and - eau:!ie'.ii loin.'
Such, 1 appftteiid, is the case with the gr-ntlemun from I'm
rick (Mr. S.aplcs ) The warmth ol his declamation, and
trie zeal ainl ..fetor with which he enforced his specious argu
ments, wero i?? ll calculated to dcceive members who h.tve
not invesii?a:eii the ausject of public printine, an*! to im
press them v itfi the b?het that his came is juit. But, Mr.
Speak, r, it i.- my purpose to se.irch nit cause, to examine
lna lacts, to dissect his ur^utnetits, and to expose ins error-:; |
and, if I mis' ike not, tliu result will be !i complete vindica
tion of the action of ilio majority of the committee upon
the subject n.iJur consideration.
Before proceeding (uither, however, it i? proper t-iul 1
should espial 1 the main provisions of the hill, in order that
members iiihv correctly understand (lie rettl grounds of con
troversy. li will be recollected by tnc H.iuse thin, in the
eorly port of this session, a select i omrniilee was appoint f,
I .it the instant e ol (lie gentleman ironi Patrick, "to enquire
into the e.V|i. neitcy of reducing ls well the prices p.i.i ihe
| public printer of this Commonwealth. iim his annual sl?ry
j fixed by the I Jili section of chapter I4;h o| the Cod.* o! Vir*.
giuis." Tiie ;?'.iiilii: printer now receive*, under trie t lode, a.i
mnuai salary H ?4,300. Bui thin section was enacted h?>
fore the adop ion ot our present Constitution, when there
were anr.nil eessionn ol ti?o Legislature, and ihe duties the
public primei was required 10 perform for hi." e.ilary were
printing lor t ie most part done during the sessions of ilie
Legislature, or immediately aiterwurds. But iho sessions of
the Legislating being now only once In two years, should
the public primer be allowed to retain his present sal-tiy, he
would recti S9.6U0 chiefly for ihe pnniiii" devolved
on him by oril> one session of the L gi.-lsture. ^Ti.o com
mittee, theief >re, at first thought ihe salary should be re
duced, but, u;?hi examination of witnesses, they found groat
difficulty in .ia< eriainin(j the exact extent to which such re
duction shouid be made. In order to avoid all dilliculty
upon this point, ihe committee agreed unanimously to :ib il
iih ilio annua! salary of the public printer, and to allow him
i reasonable compensation for all printing that might he ex
ecuted by him. The majority of the committee, altera full
investigation ol the subjects referred to them, and after a
long and sea'ching examination ol many witnesses, most of
whom are pr.iciie.il printers in the city of Richmond, report
ed the bill now under consideration, which fixes the' prices
to be received by Hit- public printer at G2J* cents per 1000
ems for the c? imposition of plain work, 62 S cents per token
for press wok, and $1,25 for rule and limine work. It was
proven belore the committee by a majority of ihe witnesses
that these prires are not only fair and ju.-t, but that they have
been charged t>> the publie printer for the Inst twenty years.
The gentleman Irom Patrick has moved to amend the bill bv
striking out 6'-'.S cenis and 81,25, and inserting in lieu thereof
50 cents and SI 00; so that, ii his amendment should pre
vail, the compuitditiiofi allowed the public printer will be 50
cent# per lOOOems.'cj ihe composition of plain work, iiOcen'n
per token lor press work, and 81,00 for rule and figure work
I'iw House is now called upon to dccide between" the prices
provided by the bill of the committee and those proposed by
the amendment.
The gentleman from Patrick and myself agree that the
public piinter should receive a niyhcr compensation for print
ing executed for the Stute than is usually chargtd lor regu
lar work for individuals it was proven before the commit
tee, by Messrs. Page and Red ford, that the press of copy
sent Irom the House is frcquectly so great that the public
printer is com;" lied to pay his hands very high extra wages
fir working exira hours, in order lo get the work done in a
reasonable time a Her he receives ii"?tint, at other times,
"thehind-> who work on the public printing are fnquemly
idle for want of copy, during which time the public printer
is compeih d to pay ihctn lull wanes'1 ? that " ihe public
printer is compelled to do titis in oide: to keep hi." hand* in
aether, to meet any pr. ss of work that may be sent Irom the
House of Delegated"?that for these reasons the pnMic
printing pavs no better at 02* cents "than regular work
would ai 45 ?.r 50 cent.-." According to this evidenc', the
public printer oujjhl to receive from 12 to 17 cents more per
lUUOenis than is generally chargcd t?r regular work; and
the gentleman from Patrick admits that he is entitled to 10
cents more (? r 1H00 cms than tne average price of printing
in the city ?>! Richmond. Mow ihe impoitiiiit question pr?>
sents itself?vvhai is I he m urage price ol punting in ihe
city of Richmond, as established by rhn testimony I Here
in the evidence of .11 Iho witnesses up ?n this point ;
Mr. John N'wlm, i practical winter siid?'-l believe 50
cents to be tho Hv::r.i::>< p?i'-c of printing in 111" city. S-mie
pnni ai 40 cems. some as low us 33 cents, and others a*, hit Ii
as 62 cents.'' Mr. vVm. Ciilley, a practical printer, said thai
"tho average price of book printing in the city, is from 15 t..
50 cents." Air A. M Bailey, also a practical printer, and
the foreman in the office of ihe Religious Heiuld, and the
President of the Typographical Society of Richmu'nd, testi
lied, that lie usually chafed till cents for priming, and that
ho had undertaken work at 55 or 5u cents, bjt could never
realize anything at such prices.
So happens (hat the average price of printing, in ihe city
of Richmond, is somewhere between 15 anil 55 ccnis pci
j 1000 ems. Now. n the public priming b- worth i2 cis. more
I tunn ordlnare printing lor individuals, for the reasons which
I have just allu.h J to. and if t!?e average | rice of printing in
the city be 50 e- nts per 10U0 ems, then il w.ll follow that 62
ets. is a fair compensation for the public priming; or if ilv rve
iage average price of printir.g in the city be wo:lh 52 Cents,
then 10 cent* :ii luliitlon, which the gentleman from Pa
trick admits that ihe public printer should receive, will give
62 cents, the coiH;..-ns<i:j,>n fixed by the bill.
Mr. Staples. The gentleman misapprehends my posi
tion, if he supposes, that I am willing to allow the public
printer ll? cenis moro than the average pri. e nrinting in
ihe ciiy of Richmond. I contended, that ihe average ptico o!
printing, according io the testimony taken btfore' ihe com
mittee was abou: 40 cents, and 10 cenis in nddition, to ? hlch
i thought the public primer was "milled,for rea-ons assigned
by Messrs It' diord and Page, b.f>re the committee, would
make 50 cents the compensation proposed bv my amend
ment, According to the testimony,40 cents ?ouldbsabout
a correct avenge of the pticcs charged for public priming in
the States of Virginia, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts;
and It is the picc paid the printer for the Court of Appoal?.
Mr. Bott-.v The gentleman Jrom Patrick sees very
clca-ly, that )' ??;?> admits that the public prin?;n? is worth lit
cents more ii.au the usual price for regular work done for in
dividual? In this city, he will be driven inevitably to the
conclusion, fit ii compcns'i'iori ofC2S cents, provided
by the bill, is fair and renaonab.'e; lience he seeks to avoid
tllis conclusion by adding the 10 cams, not to iho average
price of printing in this State, but to ihe average piieeol
printing ia the throe Sta-es to which lie has referred
which he says is about 40 cents. But, Mr. Speaker,
it is not my purpose to permit him thus to avoid the. legit'
imatfl conclusion ol his own admission. He makes allow
ance, he says, for reasons ossignod by SWers. Redford and
Page, und adds 10 cents per 1000 ems, for such allowance.
Now what were the reasons assigned by Messrs. Redford
and Page, which entiil-s therublic printer, ercrt in the opin
ion of the gentleman from Patrick. 10 the additional com
pensation of ten cems per 1000 ems 7 The evidence of those
witnesses, upon this point, i have already stated, Their
evidence proves that there are certain disadvantages which
are only applicable to the public priming aud which do not
attach to private printing, In the city cf Richmond Now it
does appear to me that it is a proposiiion too plain and palpa
ble, to need elucidation by argument, that if the public
printer, in the city of Richmond, is eubject to disadcanUsn
which, the private printer in the city is not subject to, and (f in
consequence of such disadvantages the public pi inter Ls enti
tled to additional compensation, such compensation should bs
in addition to tht usual prices charged for priiale printing
?* ? ...i '<1 t > t>.? ??:si "!v In ?<???? ''.t
, , , .1 - ? i i ".i.iii ii ? II.I 'Hi. ?li tl3l J'lalli'tf ?
V.: ? ? i ? :;?r.ii<m>'? ! ?'?>? I'.iti:> k |i olessi*, by h's
;.ii!> ii-!.'i.ont (?? .illuA ilit? public ("iiniir 10 ctn:3 j. r 1000
fi- iifiaiV.Hii.il >! ?i?;???.iriiiii.it, yet "airinge, pi.rj-iog
?i.rir.lff, and pity *!!.-? 'tis Mransfi*," l-e lurdiy all .ws Hi.,
public printer the usual priccs charged j or private printing
in tlii- civ! This is certainly keeping the words of prom
ise to the ear, hut breaking them to the hope. But wo are
told that tliio amendment allows the public printer ten
cents more per 1000 ems; than the average price of printing
In the States of Virginia, Pennsylvania or Massachusetts,
which if about foity cents per 1000 cms. But what propri
ety is there in going to Pennsylvania and Massachusetts
to ascertain what compensation should be paid the public
iirinter in Virginia ? The causes that depress the price of
urinting in those States do not exist to the same extent in
Virginia. The wages ol labor is always In proportion to
(he density of population. The sparser the population of a
country, the higher the wages of labor; the denser the popu
lation, the lower the wages of labor. Massachusetts has a
?opulaiion of 120 to the square mile?Virginia ha!? only
21 to tlif> fquare inilc. Hence, In Massachusetts, journey
in^ printers can be employed for much less than they can
m Virginia. But to expose fully the absurdity of consider
ing the price of priming in Pennsylvania or Massachu
setts as a criterion by which to fix tho price of
public printing in Virginia, suppose that in those
States the average ptice of public printing were
30 cts. instead of 40 cts., the gentleman from Patrick, I sup.
pose, would add 10 cents to 30 cents, and (jive our public
printer 40 cents per 1000 ems, and would contend, no doubt,
that he had allowed him an additional compensation of 10
cents, "ior reasons assigned by Messrs. Bedford and Page."
Thus he would contend that he had made ample allowance
tor ail disadvantages connected with the public printing,
while#* would actually give the public printer ten cents
less than the price usually charged for private printing in the
city. And what does ho, In fact, propose to do by his
?mendmeni? Why, lie says lie make9 ample and liberal al
lowance, ' for reasons assigned by Messrs. Bedford arid
Page," and yet ha do. s not allow the public printer as high
a eoinpen-ati in as is frequently charged in Richmond lur
private printing.
Bu', again: If the gentleman from Patrick will insist upon
going to Massachusetts to ascertain what prices should be
paid the public priutcr, 1 suppose, with < qual propriety, he
shoe'J go there to ascertain what prices should be paid other
pubnc officers of the State. Now, if J misiake not, the
members of the General Court, or Legislature of Massachu
setts, receive a salary of only S2 per day; whereas, the gentle
man from Patrick, receiver ?1 per day and mileage. JN'ow, as
that gentleman seems to be the peculiar advocate of re
ttcnchmen:, reform and economy, in the adinininistratioit of
the ijovi tnnunt, if he thinks the prices paid the public prin
ter in M isiaehusettB. should regulate the prices that should
:>e allowed the public printer in Virginia, by parity of rea
soning, no more/ier diem than is aliowed lur members of the
L.egisiuture, should be allowed our members. Why does not
the gentleman, then, who seems to be so warm and vigilant
a guardian of the public interest, introduce a bill to reduce
the per diem of members to two dollars] To adopt the ele
gant language of the gentleman, "What is sauee lor the
*;oose, iw suiice for the gander!" By doing this, he would
reduce the taxation of the Slate to the amount of nearly
fifty thousand dollars for every session of the Legislature
that is held. VVhy, then, does he riot apply the knife of re
trenchment to this branch of the public service? Is he
afraid of disturbing a certain nerve, which, when touched,
is said to vibrate through one's whole system? 1 Oh, consis
;cney, what a jewel thou art!"?a jewel, however, which
the gentleman seems not to appreciate.
Mr. Speaker, when ihe deep-toned denunciation of the
gentleman from Patrick, ot wasteful appropriations, and
reck lets expenditure of public money revcrbirated through
- tits hall?wh-n 1 listen to his lugubrious notes, relative to
'?ihe people's money, wrung Irom theoi by heavy and grimi
ng taxation;" "the very earnings of the sweat ol their
brow?;" "the people's money flowing like water," and
many other similar expressions ol patriotic sympathy lor
the masses, 1 could but contrast the gentleman's vote? up
on questions involving the expenditure ol millions of didlars
with his loud professions ol strict economy in ihe appro
priation of ?'the p.-opie's money." He has voted, with
few exceptions, for every internal improvement bill thai
his as?id aid ol the treasury, whether it was for a rail
road of naiional importance involving the appropriniion ol
millions, or whether it was for,a mud-pike,six miler.in lengih,
from Cle< k's Mill to Peter Lightner'a, in the county ol Bith.
Well, then, might the gentleman exclaim, as he did in iiis
speech, c itiseioiis of direliction of duty in this respect, alike
to In? constituents, and to the State, "our Legislature while
they have l ei n squandering millions upon millions of il.e
public treasury, have never conceived of the necessity of
any economy in their appropriation, orol shielding the Siate
I'mm reckless extravagance." Yes, the gentlemen has aided
in 'Squandering million- upon millions of ihe people's"
inofiev. ".uid, now, to redeem ihe promise tnat he made to his
'?oiistiiufmt* of economi?ing tho udininisiraiion of tho go
vernment, he relies on the evidence ol certain entioiu and
riv?l prinien in the city ot Richmond, to strike down Win
I-'. Ritchie, ihe pui.lie prime;, and a most faithful officer, for
e.'i ir^ln^' the veiy same pi ices that have bet n allowed ev. ry
public piietei, lor the iast twenty year?; the same price- that
were Char^td by Samuel Shepherd: his ichig predecessor as
,-.ubl c primer without oiij-eilon from any quarter whatever.
Sir, the gentleman is estopped Sy ihe nora from laising
?his hiit and cry wgain- r wasteful and reckless expenditure
of "the people's ni'#!it-y"?his lips should be forever sealed
upon ti.i-i .-iihj-cf, or at least, until ??vercome with rem irre,
i.e shall have kne< led upon the stool of bitter repcntar.ee,
and olitaintd unmerited fufgivsnees from a wronged and
outram d constituency. I
But, .Mr. Speaker, I propcc to examine and to analvts (he
evidence taken More the committee on printing, anil if I j
mistake r.ot, upon a deliberate review of the loetimony, j
every irnjiaitinl an.l unptcjudiced nun.I will be ean?fi-d |
liiat thecompensation provided by the biil is |u?j?, fiir anil j
reasonable, and should not be reduced.
The evidence ot 13 wiinew.-s was taken before tho cutn
?nil u-e. 'I n?i gentleman from Patrick says, "summing up
til? opinio t ? t all the w :i?oes, ri?ht mouirlit ti- St en. too
much, nntilivc lit .uuht not." The eight wiinesses he claims
ire the ti?l!0*iir': Messrs. Wnrrock, Culley, Bailey, Colin.
Nvt, iV>> a |.iiit Gii-'-t .ml K!lv**of
.Mr. W.-uh k stitcs, i:i his t.:.".i:ilo|iy,!It.tt he had been the
printer to !!:? Senate of Virginia for 35 years; and that the
p-ices received by Ititn durinu the whole "I tliat time have
in en 63 ft- per 1U00 ems, and >l*.nt xiirh prices do not yield
more man a rcasoOHbl*1 pr?.tit. Hfl in then cross examined
and testifies as follows: (See p 9 ol (.vidence taken before
the select committee on printing.)
?'By M'. Stapi.es I! von had double the Biai?<untot print
ing to do tlrit you have, couid you atl ird to do it at less rate*
per 1U00 and per token'/
1 ?u;jp.i. " 1 eoul I
Do you tliiul; you could do it as well as It Is done lor a
less price ?
I think that (03 cts) a tolerably fait p;let
Do 1 un l< r-t tin! you to <?.iy you could do it for lees.
For a very lii j*o job."
Here, Mr*. W nrock state, that a very large jo', of printing
is worth more thin a smn'1 job, which every one know#;
but he does not state that the printing for tne House o( Del
egates is worth Ies9 than 62.S' cts.; for he expressly > iy?
that he thinks 03 cts. a tolerably fair price. It takes several
thou sand copies of ihe same docu nent ti constitute a r r.ry
argc job; and there arc, not generally more, than 250 or 500
copies <>1 ?? docuciien1 printed (or the House of Dt-legaies -
So the gentleman cannot eke out his case by press-in? Mr
?Varrocli ic.io his i-crvicc; but, on the contrary, his evidence
sustain* III-: coiiunittee iri the compensation provided by the
Win. Culley is next relied on by the opposite side. This
grniltiman ccnlracicd to do the printing li>r 'he late Reform
Convention at 35 cts. p r 1000 emr; but finding that he
would be tuined hy such prices, petitioned the convention to
allow him 02'acis., the cumpennition received by the public
printer, nnd his prayer was granted. It would, therefore,
have been extremely inconsistent and illiberal in him to have
denied to Win. F. Ritchie the compensation he himself re
ceived from the convention. Here is his evidence upon this
point: (p 2s of evidence.)
'?Do you consider 62 Si cts. too much for the public print
ing 1
1 do not kn <w i! it in. It is neccssnry to have cood prac
tical piint'.rs, and persons familiar with the proceedings of
the Lcgishtutc to read the proot sheets. It require* attain
mentsother Ih.in mechanical."
It seem::, thtm, :tiat t.'nllcy. likejWarroek, has been pressed
into the service ??t the t'cntlcm-m Irom Patrick, contiary to
his will.
The next witness relied on is A M. H oley. He says in
his cvidedce, "th it if the public printer has an open field,]
and c a take in "liter work on which to employ his hands,
he can a'lord to do it lor )????! rlnn 62.S cents; but not, if re
stricted to the public work." He stales that he would not
undertake Uiu public printing lur less than 60 cents. So '
Bulcy thinks ih it the public, printer is entitled to 10 cents;
more than toe amendment proposes to ?ive him How, then, j
can the "eiiileman fiom Patrick. claim him as his witness? '
The evi ience id iN'ye ,s not entitled to much wci^nt, lor,)
j while he trs oil cents per 1000 eins to bs a reasonable |
cmnpeiiM!! >n P>r the public print-r, lie yet says that L'ulicj .
was entiilr-d lo 62 "s cents f ir the printing done for iMe Con- !
vc.ntion; wl,d ? he admits, as Ciiiiev docs himself, that the j
punting for the Convention, was inferior to the prlntiug
don'j (or the Legislature, l?y the ptescnt public printer.? !
i\ovv, "what is sauce for the goose, is sauce lor the tander;" i
and if Cnlicy's printing for the Convention was worth, in
tint opinion ?>! Nye, G2.S cents, wnh wiut surt of consisten
cy couid It" conteml that the printing o* W. F. Ritchie, for
l the l.cgis::>lure, i- worth only 50 cents, when it is n*ftniitctl s
I that the p'riling of the Litter is vastly superior to the lort
i m*.r1
Tile tie*t witness is John iVotvlan. Hero is an extract
I from his testimony, ip. of evidence:)
I '?Viiii say you have uAamiiied the work dono by Mr. Cul- j
j ley fur the Conventi-tn. Was it as well done as the public |
j prlntingi snd should the satr.o piiccs be p.titl forit?
I Ans. 1 should .-ay n ?', eitber as reuards the iju-Jity of the i
I work or price that .-hoiiid be paid for >t."
Now, i: .Nye be ri?!it in liis opinion, that Culley'i printing .
j was worth 62S corns, then, in Nti?vlait's opinion, ths piint- J
ing of W. F. Mitchie is worth more ihan 62S' cents. But, I
J if Nye be vronL* iu liia opinion, and Nowlun ou right?who j
j says tint i. Till lev's panting is worth only 50 cents ?then !' '
! follows, con-.'liifively, that in Nowlan's opinion, the [irintin^ j
| n:' W. F. ititchie is worth moro than 50 cents; and, in either j
| event, John Now!an i# no witness lor the gentleman (rotn ,
? Patrick.
| The next witness relied on i* John B. Colin, who was lor |
i many years (lie partner of Samuel Shepherd, lato public
I printer. He believes the pubi c printing can b-j done lor 50 j
cfints, though Shepherd received 62.S cents, which he con- j
s;dcred/air. ||p, moreover, stated that the "public printing ,
is worth more itlian prlntins for individuals.) because it hits'
to take pTui edenc ? ot every tloi.g else. It requires a larger j
amount o! material, end a larger office " [See p. 5 of E*i-1
4ence.] But it was p oved by the testimony of other wit J
nesses, thai the avers 'o price of printing for individuals in j
tho city of Richmond s about 50 cents: now, the ad litionai
I compen.^sti n .if 10 ?wts t-i which 'he g?-iitlemin Irum Pat- |
| rick Mink- t'i- pifdn ptm'^r is entitled, makes 60 cents So j
I Colin'* Uc In * hrn ilioroii^nly eif'sd. does not snsi.fiu
) the minoiity in ineir icpoit or tbe amendmeut
i The evijpnte oj lames Guest, who had been discharged j
from tiie employment of the olT:ce by Win. W. Dunnavant. !
the partner of the publir printer, save ihat SO cents Is enough j
fjr the public printer to receive.
These are all the witnesses upon whom iho gentleman
from Patrick relies, with the exception of II. K. F.ilvson,
whose quiitbllRi! testimony I shall notice presently. It is
thus seeu that of the ? ijlu witnesses claimed bv the gentle
man, In my opinion, three te>tify po/ilirely againti him, tnJ
Ihat at least three, when their evidence ia properle weighed,
do not testify for him. Soot t!,e U witnesses, (Including
the evidence of It. H Oallaher, whose letter was read be
fore the cemmiuee *.ni! received as evilence,) whose
ttsilmony whs before the committee, at least eight sustain
me in the fairness and reasonableness of the compensation re
ported by the bill; and at least four of the remaining six be
lieve that the compensation proposed by the amendment is
inadequate The result is that two witnesses testify against
twelve. But however this may be, every one must nnJ
will conclude that, if any regard Is to be paid to weight of
testimony, the amendment to the bill should be rejected.
Tho gentleman from Patrick seems to have been
conscious that the weight of testimony was against him;
hence, he argued, that even if the evidence of & ma
jority ef the witnesses were against blm, yet " Usre
'? .: :!>. if c\ ; ?; v.-:.; -'i
m II- t?>l? rj i.-'i .;i !?. ,1.1)4) tuo possibility ol vioti&i. I lio-se
'! .cl ? ar.*, ttiat tli-- !;-.i!iiirr ','jt piiming ?"ucjnu.ii ?rei!er
a ?v ihitn loruurly. Such wa.i (lie reason aligned l?y
John b. vyi>li.i iur i.;.- opi. i.?ii 1 mi? 11 v. .* lit*!.1 ::iu1 p. J?cr
for the I tie VVhlg piil>i:e pri.tier, Sam.i' i ii?l, to have
received G2 ^ cents, but nut ri^nt ami proper now lor a
Democratic public (.rimer, W. F. Kitchie, 10 receive llie
same co.upensition. As to facilities in printing, every one
knoHr, that there tins been no machine yet invented by
which tj pe can bo setup. It must, ami I suppose always
will be, iet up by the hand. There have been some improve
ment in priniin;; presses, it is trui; but then it appears from
lite ivldeiice that Shephard himself, a part of 1 ho lime he
was public printer, had thoso very presses; and it was, more
over, a la led by Peter 1). Bernard, a prominent Whig printer
in the city of Richmond, and by other witnesses, that the
improved presses ate not of much advantage to the public
primer, except on "large editions" or "large numbers," say
from live to ten thousand copies of the same work. Bui
the public printer very seldom prints "large editions" or
"long numbers" of a document?250 to 500 copies beinj; the
usual number printed.
But, tl.ere wasanother fact elicited during the examina
tion oi witnesses, which is relied on as decisive of the qu-.-s
tion at issue; and that is the fact, that (I. K. F.llj S->n prims
the rccorda of the Court of Appeals at foriy cents per 100'J
cms. The gentleman from Patrick says that Ellysm makes
a hnnds unit profit at such rales and is desirous to retain the
work, and therefore the public printer ought to bo satisfied
with fifty cents per 1000 ems. Now, Mr. Spaaker, 1 submit
to thegentlernin from Patrick, who was the chairman of u
select committco, appointed on his own motion, to furnish
corrrct information to the House upon the subject of public
printing, whether h<? should not have been more cautious
than to hive vtniured to assert thai Kllyson m ikes a hand
some profit at iortv ccnts, when there is no evidence what
ever 10 sustain hi ml
Mr. Staples. 1 desire to know of the gentleman from
Amelia, what authority he ha3 for i'npuiing lo me such a
statement? I do not think I said that Kllyson makes 1110
ney at forty cents.
Mr. Bottom. If the gentleman will r?fer to p rg^a G and 7
of the report which he submitted on the part of tin; minori
ty, he will there lind the exact language that I haveascrib d
10 him. Now, 1 think, Mr. Speaker, that i can prove by the
testimony of Kllyson himseli, that he neither makes a hand
some profit, or any money at all in printing the records ol
the Court of Appeals at 40 cis. He siys paye IS of Kvi
dence, that in priming tiie records of the Court of Appeals
at 40 cis., he makes 'no additional charge lor press-wink,
paper tolding or stitching;" and on pace 19 of EvlJenee, he
Mjyb thai he einpl iys "thu best workmen, and pays them the
prices established by the Richmond Typographical Society,
which aie the prices paid in all the offices in this city." By
reference to the By-Laws of the Tvpo?iuphie;il Society, it
w ill he seen, that compositors are paid 30 cts. per 1000 ems,
or $10 when employed by the week. Now, it 30 els. per
1000 ct/ls lie equal .to Sit) the week. 40 cts. ptr lUUU am. are
eq juI $13.33!i cts. per week. So Kllyson makes S3 33 j the
week for composition. Bui, as he chargcs nothing for press
work, and yet pays his press-man at the rates of $10 the
week, according lo mv calcul ition he} loses SO Go'* els. p. r
w> ek. I!.it I have also a letter written by Kiivson lo Judge
j Cubcli, s ion after he undertook the printing for the Court ol
Appeals, in which he complains oi the contract, and says he
j had inide nothing on the job lor several months; and tie r j
lore he desires "a snnll modification of the contract, whieh
is not any increase of price ;ti nine-tenths ol the records,
but only in a lew that may cli.incc to contain rule and figure
work." The contract was modified as he desired it; and it
he makes a handsome profit, or any profit at a:l upon the
job. it must be upon one tenth of the records.
But, suppose ;hnt Kllyson doc in ike money at 40 cts f ir
piintim; tho records of the Court of Appeals, it furnishes no
criterion by which to estimate the worth of the public print
ing. Thrrc is not much particularly required in priming
the rci o:d?,nnd ii can be moreover doi.eaf leuiwc which i*
of very great advantage to n prin'er; lor, ih'ii such ; r -I'inj
cati be done, when otherwise nis hands would w;ihoin em
plnymtnt. For these reasons, nn employing printer will
sometimes consent to execute printing at the verv prices
ni.ii are paid his journeymen, rauser than be und- r the ne
cessity of discharging them
Bui, thii gentleman Irorn P.i'iiek. not relying upon tin
evidence tik-n before the committee, as t" the wo.-th of
priming in Virginia, directed the attention of the Hons- to
Hie prices paid ny Congtcss to it* printer, nod contended
'lint they ate less than muse provided by the bill. Now, so
far as 1 h ive bet-n able t? make the calculation, I find the
prices do n it vary. Congress pays for its Jncun.enM SI 00
per pii-e; !>ut f-aeh p-itr" is ri quired to c>m dn 16U0 s _
Now by the r.ite of proportion. I GOO e:ns . *100 : : 1000 e?:s:
ti2.Sicie the p. lee paid our public printer. And in iaoktng .ver
the processing of Congress,] observed that the following
joint rest Union in regard to printing the teiurns of the ceo
8'is, was recently adopted by thu Il.-use ot lv prestmaiites !
i>y a vote oi 117 yens to 34 nays
"Kes-.-l'-ed, Tint noioitii'more n.ir !?'*s than the returns
ordered to l>u laker, by in?* net of May, 1520. be primed by
the public printe-; arid that tlie;-j be printed in .ddiiioit lo I
? the usual number of documents or-hrni by etch iiotise. I
i 10,000 copies fir il.e use of the House ??! Represent aivts, 1
i and, copies tor the use ot ihe Sennit; provided ihaf the cos:
| oj' com/uxilion for plain mutter, shall no! exceed the j
| ?'<m ot sixty-two and u| half centi per lU'JU ems; that let |
! t ibiil.ii s'siemt nts, not loexeetd the biiiii ol seventy leni-i, :
| and ;he ro-i of.)reas-work no: to exceed tip .-um of ? rem; ;
t per 1L-00 quiiio pu^es."
V\e w,?ie t!if n leierrca :o the prices paid f, r public p.lnting |
! in vari ii' Northern State?, to prove that our public printei |
I ii. naid too ntuch. it seems to ma thai it we nr- to enquire j
o! other Siu'es ^nai prices we should pay our public printer,
ilicrc wnul i be much in 'it propriety in directing our alien
lion to ?!??? Southern States, where tin.- causes that elt.ct
iIip pri'-?f of printing ore sumewhat rimilar. I find ihr?t in
Arkansa-, ilic Sti?le printer Is allowed 32C2S cents p-?r
fur piloting the fit's rl *t?e General Assembly. Our
public p .nter, ?t !).?? I??? prtitM .i 220 j.t.g. h ol the
.iiirunitu r.wliirii ?.?*,02 : ? .-i.t< I ?
a n lite *.nnt: re pr* ? woii:, toldini;, Michina ;S1 iup l'U
ii would navi cite!, ui Itii rules chiitiM'd i" V'k'tiiras.
to punt !:.I >ixin.' number >*l p.iu" >? I l;' I"j I" A'"ii ?" u ? ? "
lion <>( chapter 1st p. 75 ol !lic eodte "! Al iban.a.on the sub
isct of p ? ?lit* priniir ji.
-N.i proposal .niiht bo accepted al-v.- tlx |. Iluwin? rates:
For each page of tin acts and joint resolutions, binning tin:
requisite n?i:nt>?-r included, three dollar* and eighty-five
cent-; lor tiall pa?e ol the journals and revenue la ws, two
dollars ni*d < iahlv-five rente. fin blanks |>r?f?t.*.l on paper,
one dollar per qu'tre ; (or blanks print'd ? n paiehiiir nt, on.
dollar and fifty cents per quire; for pinning done (or each
while in session, or lor oth- i printing, loi composi
tion per 1000 em* plain matter, ninety crnts; figure woik
per 1000 ' ins, 11.25," &e.
It ? ill thus be seen that the maximum price itUowt-il in
Alubama is nearly twenty-eight cent- more than in propos
ed by the bill to be allowed our public printer I have iio
doubt that if the price* paid by oilier Southern Slates which
have noi .dopted the contract system, could 1? ? ascertained,
ii will be found thai they are at hast equal to those provid
ed by i lie biil.
Mr. Si" aker: The gentium in from Putiick thought proper
to eliar^' tl> ? Legislatureol Virginia not .:nly with cnrckrs
neHS and ex tru valance, tint wi'h ntt.-r dis cgard ot the pnii
lie interest, relative to the priririr*.if r?| the State, .tud to
sustain this diarize, reference is made to 'tie publication ol
?he New <Th? !o inwin^ is an i from the aei ol
i!?. I,.ri |linn;; '? 'l'hc price, to be paid !>y tit miiion
\\eulili t* f Hie said copies, (It'000 copies of the code.) shall
be riot !< : p tlriti two, nor more than three dollars, and with
j in iliee.' limits shall he fixed by the govt rnor up >n upon the
i d? livery ol the same or a portion il.eieol, 'l'ho public prii t
er shall have the option of furnishing the Stiim: within the
lime and on the terms aforesaid," provided he shall, within
I one month -ifttr the pn????cof this t, sjiw b mil, wtrh auf
i fieie.it security, &c. And it is further provided tltat if ."in-ti
hond I".1 not ^iveu within one month after the prtL-s.iL"' ol
the aet, tiis governor fhall advertise lor proposal!, &e.
public pi inter did, however, within the time prescribed by
the act. i ?"eti:r bond, with sufficient security, and the Gov
ernor, rii he wa? authorized by the act, cave him the j 'b at
93 per volume. Yet, the gentlemun from l'a'rick is ?.i in
eoii'itlcrii as to charge the L'-yislature with "cloeini; the
door ncainst all competition," in order '* to reward favor
ites," while, at the ?.un" time, he charges the Governor with
r'ol'itiny the art in not advertising f"r proposnU. T.'ie vi.ry
iiieonsixteney of the accusation is its o.vn refutation.
1 have iluis. Mr. Sp. akor, hastily reviewed the hading ar
(iiments that wi re urged by the etntleinan (roin Patrick;*
nnd i cannot believe imt this House will adopt the nigard
iy policy of inadequately compensating a fiitl.ful otDccr fm
thn repponiiiblc duties he ii rnquired to perform. It was sta
te.) before the committee, that the public printing ??f Win. K.
iinchie "is ol a very high order, i qiial to tli it of the
lu st fctand'trd works published in Amciu a." Ami the ques
tion now i>, whether we ?:ia!l pay the public prin'i r th?r j .i-i
and reason ible compensation provided by the bill, and thus
continue to have printing of "a vny hich oti'er," or
whether w? -hall adopt the aim ndment, and hereattei have
priming unworthy of the Commonv.ciith.
'I'llK I'UIU.IC PRIM ING-We olisc-rvo that the pub
lic printing is mtracting somu I' intiiderablo atten'i >n at Rich
mood, soiJ an iiitemiit is being made to ic.luce the price ol
the work liiciio lesra Htr:.ng<: than true that lt-_-i.-lativ?
b idit'Huie ready to commeiie ? reforms nt the small end.
'I .icy will curtail the wages of merhinics and at >he sa*ne
u.nu iuciease theflilaries ofidlieer^. This may he "Ii right.
!iui we can't fee it. The pub i>: priminii of this Hiate in ii"W
well ex'emiti'd and a! very reasonable rales, but if our legisla
ture is anxious to he bored with bad wtnK and petitions !? ? r
r.-lii I, It t it adopt tl.e contract system or put down the juices
The clrcumsiancrs under which public punting is d.'nn,
(most of it having to !>?- executed in jri jt It pte, and at night,
when im ii should oecnj >>inij ihs repose required oy nam*' )
m >I. .1 ii w.trill at least t> n per rem. n.or-: iliin any other
kind, and until more than t!?i-? is paid, ilu re n*:rd br noap
prchensiood ih<t tin- Common wealth ik beinj chcattdJ
tooj-er's I'laik.ihurg (la.) Register.
1 EG I SIjATU R ii <?!'? VllttilMA.
?Saturdav, March 12, l?53.
SUNA n;.
A inri;e uuiiiber of bills were repot!o.l by t!io vuriou6
standing cuumit es, among others, H e 'till apportioning
the State into Congressional distiicts?wuti sniendments?
which was, on motion ot .Mr Amblrr, laid on the table, and
nude thd ordir for Friday r.*.xi, 15th in.-.t.
The following bills were rend u third time and passed:
for tt>e extension of thu J ifksonsville and Christians o.rg
Turnpike Company. Ay s 27, noes 7,
To Incorporate the Strasbutir and Cipon Turnpike Com
pany. Ayes26. noes 9
To increase the capital of lhe .Moraani'jvcn ar.d Bridr?
port Tu.-upikc, and to connect the sarna with the Ohio river
and h:.d road. Ayes 25, noes 10.
To am nJ the charter o! th-.' M ioni Coal ity'ning rom*
an approprlaitv-.n !0 construct a roed from ?st.i
ven's C tn'.n on in-- S'a?i3'"f? aru Pa?kerabure road to Hum
mcrsvilitf. Aye# '25, noes a
To incorporate a jtiin stock company to improve a p'l.i
in Matr- iil county. Ay<s29, noes lu.
To extend the time of the Shirston Turnpike Company ">
Increase its tapital slock, nn I pr. vi I.- i .r ? :ir: sub ;':riplion ol
ihe ?-imo. Ayes 2H, no. s 3.
To authoriie the U> irtl of Public W irk' to subset ihe 'hp
Increased capital stock ol ttio Mechitiicsburg aud Wvtho
Turnplko C'inip.iny. Aves 31, noe? &
To pi 'vldo fcr tiio i'on-ruction of a rail Mid from ths
Virginia and Tcnness- e Rail Road '?> tiio t *..no?;i ?n a: d
Ohio Rail Road. Ayes 32, noes S
To empower ill-.. Mayor an.i Coni'ii .nalty ol the town
of Fredericksburg to sell and convey real oat:?tc now held by
the corporation ?.f Fredericksburg
To Bmer.d the *1 Miction of au act to incorpoisii; the
White Hall Mining and Manufacturing Company.
Auth 'rizinsi the Lynchburg and Campbell Court tiouse
Turnpike Company to convert their turnpike into a plank
road. At es 33, r..:t3 00.
To amend an act incorporating the V\>st Colombia Mi
ning and Msnufacturinij Company, in the county of Ma
In relation to a branch bank at FlncastU
To authoriie a liirtner subscription by the City Council of
Alexandria to the stock ot ibe Or?n?e and Alexandria Raii
Road Compoay.
t To itiifi if z" the town . ' Danville to subscribe tu ihc Co?
; well county I'lunK road. ? ?
For the coiisTuction of n bridge across ihc '1') c^r's* V.?l
lt*y KiVtr Ay.s 32, noc.- 3. (l"i;e ink- w<>3 amended, on
iii''ti.>n ? I i*-?n ki.l, s > ;.s to ??!?'), "A.i Ai: to | r>>v...r fo!
mac iVAthz cr planking ?*cit?*;??r?a ? ihc ' latkat'uiK
and Buchanan Turnpike Road."
To Incorporate the Loudoun and Button Bridge company.
Ayes 21, noes 7.
Authorizing a losn to the Rivanna IS'atisjation Company.
Ayes 30, noes 5.'- [The title was amended, on motion of Air.
>Vat9on, so as to road?"An Act Authorizing a subscription
to Ihc stock of the Rivanna Navigation Company."
A mend i lory of en act incorporating the Chri?liannvllle
un I Rey.-ville Plank Road Company.
The bill concerning Commissioners and Collectors of the
Revenue, was taken up on motion of Mr. Catlett.
tifi Mr. Watson's motion, it was made the order lor Wed
nr.-'Piy, lfi li inst.
On motion ot Pitman, the S.nate adj lurr.ed.
The H iiimj icsolved to meet on and after Monday at 10
??'cluck, morning, and at 9S o'clock, evening, This dis
pen?t s with ilu! nlternoon session.
A resolution was adopted, appointing a special committee
to enquire into the expediency of paying to the wife of G-o.
lv. C. Price, the delegate of Hardy countv. the per diem dtie
liioi as :i member of the present Mouse of Delegate*.
A Senate bill, incorporating the Brunswick i.nd Roanoke
Plank Road Company, wan rejected?ayes 70. noes 33.
'I'll1; Pillowing bills were passed;
A Senate bill incorporating the Alexandria and South
Branch Boating Cum. any;
A biil auihoM.-iiii! the payment of the forfeited school fund
of ISj- for the county of Alloehany?and
A Senate bill incorporating the town of Wiliiatnstown.
A bill providing for elections by the people, fur the appor
tionment of representation, the qualification and ??rivil?*i?f ??f
voters, tiii.' meeting ot Klectors ol President and Vice Preai
dee.i, and prescribing rules for contested elections. b> io^' the
speci.il order ol tin: day, was taken up and considered.
Thursday. ihc4t'tof Ahv, was fixed upon for the eleetiori
of member* o| thetioncral Asseintdy. Auer considering the
bib l?r ttiri a liouis. it^ further consideration waa postpone.!.
And I!it*n. during r!;f pendency of a motion to rccon.-i del
the v.ite be which a loll Incorporating the Frederick-burg
.Southern Female In.-liiuie was rejected, the House ad
Monday. March M, ln53.
A I.iil'c nin.iii- r of bills were reported fioiu the various
standing commit lees.
The resolutions hereioforii reported by the eonimittoe on
the Library were called up bv Mr. Pakkeii, ;sti>) adopted.
The bill providing for the emolument ol the mih'-ia by the
Commissionns of the Revenue, the abolition ot nnsters
and a reorganization ol the volunteer corps, occupied nearly
the tt hole Sitting.
A nioii.in to nub finite!'' postpone, made by Mr. Catlett,
was lost ?ayes 12, noes 25.
The Si nat ? Mused to posiji.me until the first Monday ill
December next? ay? s 13, noes 29.
.Mr. IJovkin proposed an ani? ndimrit fo the substitute re
porled bv the committee of (ieueral Laws, which was not
agreed to.
Mr. Cow'av demanded the previous question, but the
main question was refused?ayes IU, noes '."J.
Pending a proposition ot Mr. Mason, to postpone until
t - innrow,
On ii.olii-n ol Mr White, Ihe Senat'! adjourned - sves 22
no- 13
1?L 1.'.'11 L'jJ. JL*
four dm/A later I'rum hlurupt.
Tnf'v VonK. Mar-.'li 1' - The .??t'-arner Africa lias arriveil
from Liverpool, with dmes of ihc 27'h and $100 000 in spec!'1.
Sue lei' on the forenoon ol Sunday, having been detained a
lay !>r "ti unprec-dmii'd hnrrieioc. She passed the Cinn
?'a on MotHay. T o- Franklin arrivi I ntt (JowtH on Satu -
day. The city ot Glasg -w arrived at Liverpool nn Satur
day night
FiN'OLAXD.? lo the Common*. on Fil.iay, ihe snb|c< t
of ihe JewWi disabili'ie? was discussed 'he object being -o
I'M. i..! i'? Je<vi?h s'lbj-ct* the same privileges enjoyed by
Prvitesisi.t Dissen-ers. Trie motion by Lord John Russell
th it the Mouse go into committee to consider thesuhjeit
wa- cirrjed In ? vote ol 224 lo 205
Th" chip flemlsphe'o. fr -tn iVe?v Orleans, at Livirpool,
brl' g- the crew, 16 in number, of t?i#? barque Charles of Lon
d'ir, f."'ii '' :r.itli'. forS-m Fram Isc", ahjindoiie I at s.a.
The chief mute of the steamer Victoria, lost off Dublin,
had been indicted for manslaughter.
The returns of 'he Board of Trade, for January, show an
Ineteased export ol nearly il uOO.GOO over the returns of last
The ???if Thro* Bells had arrived in the Thames from Mel
boinne wjih 78 000 ounce# of "old.
It i?not believed e.ji th?' f.opdon K^clian.L'H that ilie diffi
culty tw.vii A list i in nr,<! Turkey s<ill result in wi-.r.
A ?r? at stiirm occurred a; Liverpool on Siiturday. Sever- i
nl vessels broke their moorings in the river and sot in colli
FRAiV'E - foe t.udijV! is (i, be placed Oelore the AbSi.ni j
bly in >larcli.
A dei* re-* of emnestv !sa i i.en putftted ti Ir.u j.ilitLal {
j) iSoll'T-l.
A L i rP.l A. \ iei.ii i letters are (nil ol ilie recent a'temtit
on the life of the iiinp tor. Tiie as?assio eiiv^ h? hud no ae
coinii'ii'ef-. He had it in con>ein|datio.i lor three, vears He
had b^ert watching for three weeks to find the Rmperor un
attended When iio was iitfcen i.? pri*mi ho cried " Vive
1'Yhm we/e Kit nil outbreak fhmugliout Hungary.?
Twenty iihvcI-i9 h..J been arrested at Pesth. The garrison
111.-: rifv were !.(?;:*. i onjta:itly tinder arm', <>nd sentinels
[i.iM ' i' -til th?* "iiU.* !?-?>.!i?-?r i<> Ihe fortrt-ra 01' ti.idu
I I'AI.V.?Mil >n let tore of the y;!i slate thai tli?> Aijeiritn
ne.rhnr (!??" 'u ln v.il M .-'/illi w in its llit- i-iry, mill (lie most
irons ui-nsund liiid fcivn taIferi to pr?-v?*:?t hi? p>ci|if -
The inhabitant-! <vere ?;l>i>!>]?? n i" .ap^e.'r on ihe bastions
:i!"*?? r 1 n'cbn k In r.i c o| liibitirhaniv. hnin-iholdeiH wete
'?> i !?. v ill- it .iii.ir,-, and i very (??tin f-oinU in thi: H'rcet# was
i i In* lr>:it*d :?* concerned in ill" filiVnv.
A rn'i ? r in Paiis Mates that the. (ijiuIh "I iJs?; revolutions
i? I'lriiuiitt"!.*, I. >n.Inn. "..ii Minted to 700,000 pound-'. just
t cfi'K' lit- I'liiliruik at i\til.iti, 'l'h?! number ol si Libra
kvonn !???! Mt Milan, ?va? 70, f>l whom 10 have since J Jed -
Tin* in'- "I thi.* i"ini?(iirm v was it ,M ilc'oirii.
|; in Mated, in a Retlin I'lip-.-r, that the Hiin^'iii-in repi
nient, ai Milan. refund to lite on thi- ui-uifci'nt-, and it i- to
le sen' !?? f'r Mil The Piedmoiite; Got'crmm-nt routinm*
tn e>p I lid f?i;?-pi?*;???? =? i-hataeti'iH
TUitKFV ? I.i tter- from Cor.iiianil?op!c,of the lith mat.,
announce that Count Lt irninuMn had Mem the Austrian
ultimatum M tl:e I'iritu rcs?i?eci>nt? Mnntcnetrro, to which
l:c required a i!r-finite answer in live dayw The ultsmntiini
demanded the cession by Turkey to Austria of the two port*
? of Klerk ind Sntornii. The Porte refused the demand, ar
; th" Attslti.an tioop-: were marching on she Turk if Ii Ironicr.
I A Paris journal that as soon a* the |)iv m heard of the
| .A iiri.>ii iiltimatuni, tit** French arid fcl*i?li*h Ambassador*
were sent for; and had several d inference* on the subject ?
! f t will runiofi d at Vienna, on tin: -I-', that it had .Seen
1 'lii'ied tii jelcr the ??:h-ji? ci to the dccisioi of France. The
| Porte, i: i* said. ha* L'lvrn assurances in Austria ihiit tlie
i Pnli-h nod liunaarlan r> fillers s -rvini; in the Turkii>it nrrriy
| v iii h ? rei oninionded to i_'n in America, cxceptini' those who
11 tv e t m lira"1'! tie' I-hi nnist fa I'll
SPAIN ? The Hank of Shi Fernando, at Madrid, ho*
! aeri-ed '?> ailvar.ee the Ci ?vcrninent 52,WO. 000 r* I?> on the
[ err.lit nt the receipt* fr'*in Havana fur 135*1.
S'A'J'I ZF.KLA.N 0.- The Federal Council had tint come
! to any ihcisimi te<; ect ng Zienio The bleckude of that
I castle c 'ntintie*.
i Liverpool., Fkb 2ti. ?.Sales of Cotton durinc tl;p we?k
34.000 bale* at C ",d fur Fuir ()rlenn?; 5 '? n 5 \ d for Middling
di; 6 I I >r Fair Uplands, and 5 S a5sd for Midding. The
ucm- ? ' v I? t tir, but sales were made at lower rates.
T:..i' iii the manufacturing districts had largely declined.
HicadhiulH had declined. Flour had receded with mode-1
d'.ret- Mile-s of Weston 'Janal at 2Gs., and Ohio at 27s.
LATEST.?A ti legraphie tle?|iatch t > I!it* French fio* I
vcrnrii.nt siuti 9 that, on the rijecli.ti by I he Porte of the
Auitrlan l.'l-imatuiii. the Austrian llaif ??.??? struck, and
t*<.iint I*i iinirp n, with the whole Atistri.in Leeaiion, left
fur' ..m^ianttno|de.
'I'll-* Porte ennsidets itself under the protection of France
.itn! Kni?land.
The Swiss Republic b is resolved to expel all rt'fu?ers "I."
hav<j be. n comproiiiirteil in the late insurrection.
The Colnf-ne Gazettet?ays that Austria had rejected the
;ir>iir**rei| ar;11? ruti ii? nt Franco and England in the dispute
wiili Turkey.
It is said that the IIunitarian, who attempted the life of
the Kinperior, at= a lius'.iand nt' the woman who was tJog
eed to dentil at Pesili by 'he Aostrians In 184'J.
" " Port ?jf ri''H>ioi\u, mar>;h 11. i.
AiOuvKur *
Sfean-ir Koaiioke, t'avi n iy. Mew Voik.
S'cani'-r H Kid*te, Uill??rd. Pdiimore
'Sehr Haltiniore, Philips, Raltiinor'*
>l \ ll it I V. I).
Mami.ii:ii, t -'.i: Haul ? v rt House. Vn . |im?. M.ur!i PM, I./ i|l(
It* v JuJri 'ii luiti.'o. f'.i| A K|. t UK ill I'a^wll rmiiitv. N'Tlli
i'.iiinni-i. tu Mt-- ^ 1 T.V\ I.Oil, -t. :;ind d nir'ii?i of I* .i. p T,v
4 ' 121 <; I IA i '.I Rules held in tie- t.'ni k* ofllcu ni I In- t irons
Cour "t 'In* <'itv ill Iti liinntiil, mi i!u* lii-i Mon.U, in M.ii.-ti.
1 i-.vt i lieu.; ill.* s. i.;li?!.?? . t in. i,:l. ?
I I! ?. lelustt rintutiil
i Jo epliifie Kiiif, Difrn.l.iii'
|>. aii.l e11. ii mi a 'rt- lien t ? ?I iti n?*?l i-yctn. i!
I | tn object nt this ?"it i- iu reco*?r?i it <- lUiovlmit ilia sion ol
' . 1..???! .itlil -?* '.vuty-iw ni .p.iJi; H' it It (if.peiftiui^ by arrnlAvu
Hi i, '!.* -l-'leiiiliu. .i ii-*1 a Modern Ol tliif Stn'e mi n.#- . ? (!???, < |
ll,.. |i'.in nS !?>"' ;? .fT". > i' ? mi : ., ! i|,a' f!u: Jo uppear heie with*
I i-,Mi :il-' . 'i alter .lite puk>l|.-ali?ii <??' lbi? nnler and il" ? ln( i? nffi-i.
? ,? > to pnee.-i Ii i int-n.-l, and thai ihl? order tic nubllnhe l onre a
i \ *-*ik i ir lo'ii ?uefe .-ivi *ee!(? iii ihe Itrctun'iri.l t-'iirjulier. a in * ??
p a11.1 |..i:.1- J Hi fl e my ol Itli'liniiitnl, nn>! nlsii t.n j otftial r ? ],c
;i it ?".-ifMi .I,' I 'mil! II-. use ol tins coipoiii'liiii, mi, iiic liot ,?rt y
',, -rt I'orp'ii'itioii foil t
March I -c?-4? A cnf.y?Teste: EIJS. l;OBIN9'">N. Clerk
?"IRGIXIA.?Ai Kaie-i iieKn tho I'tcrk oltiee ol ihe I iiruu
. i ,i|.t .f t:.e f.1*.) .1" Rich *101111, nn ihe 1.1,1 Muniiay 111 Mir.-li
l- .tt i 1.1 ni 'lie ^evrn;I, ,!?./ **1 th? niuntli )
.l one- V. t?'jode. Hlaiiilil?
rt 11 St
C I. I.ukiin*. G^ r.-; r":rit: an l I II Wallace. r?-t?, jji.tn
!r. rite tud u( a*, at afimenl rtturr.oH iXc-u cil
; 'f- " ? i^ft r,i 'I.'1 "tit* i1 ' 5 r nf the tleler.iaiit' the put?-, r>f
i r.i' e l.l,,t 'i***'' *tri' 'ttrty-'.?n d ilrar^ an I ?evcnty.five cent?, wch in
tere t tii rc.in tn'ni tie- i7tii day ol Octub* r. 1551, till payrr.tnt:an ! |
ii apt ? tn' l'> said dclcud^ii' Lukins id ii"t * '??' ;
! i. 1.1 ? ; is >'.?(??. 0*1 the iiwv:ni oi'ine platniitT. by hi* alto t.ey. 1: tf
| ordered ?' t^ !?" do t?|"*hr '??*r? "He month aiterdue pufiticati 'i 01
j iIih r.r'? !. ?mI ?? Trhat j.? ,ry jo protect his |.itrre?t.aii'';h?
| ;is 1 j .-r-i- i' ti'd on'e?? ? I. :**i four?ureessi?e weik-'im't
R|.-it ,-1 ! f'e rioei". a l.rrt-;;iaper l.rinteil III ;??- Cliv nt lite .
. ns?'i- " T ? '.e ? a: ifce ti .oil ur: lli.ii?e <if .it >
I con. * 13" tii ? t. * if-y .-.1 'h** 1 tx". f'..rooia'-iun l.'auit
-1 Ij-Cft4w ...t-; Eti- IHIIIiNSON. rierK
ivoiio -a111?. ;?;! s I'IiAimmi .ajACiiiNfei.
S st'.V 1:1 :V ll-i'-i-rn: ye-rrda;..aii a.t?eni?-iiiml ul' -me W.
I f t; -la 1*. 1 ? - I t'.i- n.-h* to i?.j -ho "Wi.njivnr.h I'i^inir.j
Micliii.es" in Richmond W lm Mr. Kneeland is, I Vnow no'. All I
Can eav i?. that I tiaee puiCliaf- d the Mr.'i/nre ri^lit tnyself ?o m
I it e.-*- inarliine- in lti?-.:.moin!. and leu mile* ar.iitaij; at*d would t'orr*
! by c*'i ;:,u *1 I jers. l.1 ag-ti. ?t ; i.ietiasir.s the .auic liom Mi. Knee
' l^'ri Mv nu' i I'erived 111 Mr Jaine. '! WiUon of New Vnifc.
wtio co'.v.-vnl Mi-.^er*1 I*<?!.ii 1- ^ t ivinhaw. by 1J1;? I mio-d tj.ll
M.:r Ii. ? M'J. ami dulv r*'*->r<!r ! in tlie Patent Oinre. M?nri Dan.
tsl'i* t'rCi.aluW r. .r,*ye.| tn Mi-^-r? F it er A" Ktd li-r ol Wi miBr
! ton. Nni't i t af i ? ? t.v .ti*. : .L ? I iOUi March. I&jJ. likewise ilul'y
I recorded, and i puiclia't-d lintii Me-nm I'mter & Kidihr I am dai
? I* -v( ec in.' by the s iiuonci feirl. nlucli cieaied th? port of New
; \ rk. n lb# .".ti iiiu.ii i > tie o' Woodwmlh'a ?wry t>i>tauj coatiiest
I heavy iron tram*-11 nwn.'. lomrueing and gioorin^ Machir,o-?. on the
I arriv.ii of nhicb, t'I t?e prepared to do at 1 Itirnlj of plainin?. as
l ?ell a- KHV.-n e. at my miil below the Peter?buiv Rul Road bridge,
- it* ih- varv bi'i.11'.) c a.id ajiOn if.-' ?lioite^i notice
i M ,r.- ir. a. R. r?DVAl.
HOINTtAU MAC'ltI>K8, ol the moat approved eonsiruc
lion, for -a.c by SMITH dr HARWOOL)
j Mji. a lo So. S5. Main Sir*-tf.
! if AMLLA HOPt, iron; to 1% inrh in diameter, lor -aie
I .72 by SMITH 4: HaRWOOD,
I March IS >ia. 55. main S'reU.
I '1MMOTHT IffED-?lis.'t b'j?hel: new crop, for fais by
1 1 March 15 WM. PALMER.
i cicjjru for the lliciuiiuui! Kii<iuin
3^-Xol Jiiiijj t?y Te!e;;rnjili ln-1 Mi^lu.
CUMMEKC1U itii'Cltlti.i,
WllOI.ESAI.E PRICE* cihrcn r
KiCHiiOMb, March 14, IS53.
TOBACCO.?'The market is without clian^r gn,rp 0
rrport for leaf Tobacco; common lues? \v. rc rather T*
The breaks are full for the season, ami the quality
very inferior. N. M- MARTIN a i '
Silee <>f Tobacco by N. M. Martin & Co : ?> fj?| s
."Mann. $/" 02 and 8 G'J; 4 P. Finch, 4 ?5 7 02 8 75 rJ?j i,
7 H. E. l.'oicman, I 4 .<0, 2 at I 40, 4 50. (iui-ilg-.
lin<fs very li^tie weights, and very po. r, 3 70 and 3 y''"
FLOUR-Marfcet very dull ami nothing diinir; tliVi,.
,.cr last steamer front Europe, together w ith news from \
Vo.k, lias caused a complete prostration. Huldors
$5 25 for mixed brands, and straight ixtra brand- 35;
?3 75, as 10 quality, but are unable to find purelias.fi
[he*? prices.
VVIiHAT-Good Red 81 20; good White SI 25; ch.
lots command more; Inferior lots i?0a IO0 etc.
COLIN?Sales nt GO a G2.S eta.
COLIN MEAL?70 cenn per busl.? I for country. ,y
asking 75.
OA 1"S ?:>7 n 40 cts. p.T btislul.
BACON Mo'iniai.i cured hog round, 'J\ a !u cent.; (
cured lioi round, 10* a 11; good old Western and p?
more cured s?u1 S 11 3.S; Shoulders u a 3; Huns [rum |
a 13 ; New I!.icon, Sides 1) V 11 ii* Ctf, dull; Slioui.lcrs
S '* S* c'e.; Jules 7 a 7.H ct?.
CUT I'ER?Goilien, 1G a 20 cts., Moan! tin, lo a 13 c
some poorer forts, not suitable for table use, are sold a*
as 12 a 15 eta.; 14.'>11 from i3 a 20 i ts.
CANDLE*!?Tallow 13 cts.; Hull's and Jackson's pj;
14 ; A ' imaritine 25 ,123 , .Miuludl's patent 31 a 33 ; Sit.
31 a 3G ets
COFFEE -Wo quote Rio y Sj a 10; Lawiivra 10 ? 1
?? (* a r 11'; J .1. t 11 /S a 12 v; 31 oiiin 14; t ^ U ets
COi i t' s - i)'i a 1" cis. *
COAL--Virginia II a 13 els, on board, good Mixid I
and Lamp; Smith's II c:s.; Anthracite is only sold at
1 . I rates?loi loid ol 2000 lbs. S7>\ toad; pm tun 01 ..
lbs. jo !=.
FISH .M n k- r. I No? I ai d 2 ? none of any eoiiMi;ijt
in market; No. 3, *7 \ . i\o N. C. H> rrincs in lii.-t lur.
Nova Scoiii cut Hi rriiiiip, .'No, 1, 5 a 5 4 ; No. 4 ^ ; (;?
No. 1. SI.
LKiUuR.S?'Atii-k y,R:el;m lidrecMfi.d,25 * cents e.
I'ii-:m!. i.b 1 35 to37 '*j; Cir.cinnuti, neiitieri, 25SJ ets , i
scarce; Okt Family Rye 45; Mountain (jo a 65; Hi4
t, ir;i:''ii lui U i"e, 33 to 37; Hiaiuly, common 4ih lJr.
to 40 cis. c.ifti; Hr-inily ?wiaii! I>j;.uy's j.' t.> $3 SO;
u. say S2 1 to Si; l'inet & Co., 51 i'? H- Ap;,/e 3?X
cell's. Oiti ? Am- Mean coiiiniun, 3lJ to HI Hoi
SI 10 to SI 20 V E. Rum 31 to 33 >:i?.
LIVE STOCK?(J. bl.ouk s Rpori)-Beil Cattle,,
v.-viirl:S3 25 to SI 23; extra Jat will ci iuniaiil n,uu; |j
Sim p, SI '? 'i nelt, a? in .j .a.i.>
1 iiO.S - J'ly >33 a >10 j er t a ; .>w? J< - SI00; i redie.'ir
Liiijiish n tiued ilOO; 1 "omoion Enjrliiih S^.?; up comiirv
I.A HI) i ll. ro irk I for tin- ai'i.le C-.111imioa v. ;y^_
I a l>.-<' 11 I- i' iJ u rrtll 10 S I I I "* III ke_'>s II -i II*, o
I.KA'I H Eii?."'olc, ijooJ stamp, from 1 ti ? i '.0 ct> ptr
I -I.) !_;< i !'.'<? til 12 o 1 ?? c!s.
I.I .WE?N.o Hiiirii demand; sal.* trorr. s-t -r- si jl f
.. It .r! I 12 .
'?lOL \S>'E^ N. O. in liarie;<?. very si-pcrior, 2'J? j]:
1'.. a MoIj.-m i- 23 . 33; su>?ir H-.u-"*, in banei*,;.,
2.' ?? -; I'orto K in Im" -hi . 2i i<> c's; P r'.i j{
111 ti. ice.-, .'3 to 2t? ct.-; siii?i?r H01.se Syrup, 111 uarrtlj ,
4". et-; common do 21 a 25 cts
NA1L-J ? Hcl I hi b!i to G c-nt^. and
I EEL-Ameii' in iliister< S 8110 per ton.
SUCAi'S?N? H. 1! ot any eon?:qii.nee in niirk-t t
q'io: i;i m.r in.riiinal. V'.eqaoie Porto Klco 5\ a 0*; r
..op Ni ?v Oilein.-4>? no Cuba 110101n.1l 5 a a ; Refii.
L a ;? 1 : ' ru-!ie.t r ? 9; Powdert J 6 lj ; t;..rtro Suj.
SiJ 11'?Turpentine 3i* a 7,'i cis ; Fancy c don.i 12 tc
SHOT?7 11 7SI ct? per lb.
SALI'? Liverpool fine per eiek 2! 5t.i ail^atandii
in storr; Ground Aim ii 30 a si 35.
I'LASTKR?S.ile.- L'liiij: -j5 jjrr ion it VV ;i?,ri. S at ?
sin, cupp v v od; Cbleincti 1 -. a i|in t.Ui ; Kiihr.
..'round -3S a io '* ;
SEEDS?Clover Seed $<i 5u per busiiil; Timothy ?.
t ? S3 ; Herd's Cras- 80 c-'ii!?: KlaxsecJ ; 1^ scarce a. S
???ia m? o j- ? > wwntMMM?n??
'I'llIC I'll V Ml-' Uli; MliStl ? Ai II'.' ..ir;.?t rr; j
o< m l iiyr iiumt).' r "I mv !?:;.>?? riiiien". I ? m ? ? .u c. 1
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March 15

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