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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, March 18, 1853, Image 1

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JJIK KICSINOSU EXaU&KER,
j;1.1SII::l> DAILY ANII SEMI-WEEKLY,
0 W11.MAM K. & TIIOMAS RITCHIE, JH.
TLKMS:
?H.;y ,\r er.seveiu'.oliarspcrannum.aud at the rate ofnigh"
*?%". -jiff! lora shorter period than one year. For the Semi
t]- 'tT\" .-'vo dollar* | rr annum atid three dollar* fur nix months,
V ',r H'!vu4<v, (o hepuitl in the office,or remitted by mail, punt
>?*!* ',l. ,.|X ,'<oiiat> per annum ut the end of the year.
, ? "due* to thisoflicc may \>e remitted per mail, in good and
? ? , ii.n.k notes, Hi the risk oi the Editors. the yotfizovf atl let
''V '*e 'rri,t"s? The. postaee ni a single irt.ei is
? t"4,; i.nvai"<"t'iiiiito tlie writer. It is the accumulation ol post
*?"" , ' j (xtVn^ivt business, whichoperates as a eetiou>tnx upon
TERMS Or ADVERTISING.
IN Tilt" VAILA ENQUIRER:?For tkn lines or less. first if
'? rl '%r, >>u am! every succecding insertion twonty*live eentr.
1 ewrted once ? week ' wire a week.nt three time* a week, thirty
?tV nr.it * half cents l>'r each tnsemon after the first.
' *?!!?".<' advertisers arecharged any dollars lot miriy line* and in
"p,!:" . f ? advertisemeiitMif a gr- mer iength;exc-pt i oitrr)
Viv er. ur.I .v.-'toi:eers.-.\h...ire charge.! #UV,(pa|>e mcludod.)
'iv ilit; *?I.M1-WEEKLY?Fo, tbs lines, or loss, firs; insertion
?See--' A'rosen cimtimtnnce o" ce.tt
' Or.lers i'r->:i: i iis'-ani'i must b? accompanied with the advance
I, ' r- ?'erenccs. t? insure execution
' font's of TMjtec/, exceeding eight lm??,
ar. -tcrj?<:' f?T ?> .iiitv-t'semenfi
r. y- ~\ - '? Marriage* Irom c is country, whenever
v, , Ar , .'.ii.i' is uakRov.". :o us, mui': he ntiih-niiciji#' t>y
ti ?!. ?? as u, the neighborhood, or they w !l
in i ease fl'lish ? ? Every measure, t'..it ha? been iancn to
nrrr c ?juiizes. nas. heretofore .proved unavailine
.% i-i ihrrefnre 'i>isi upon such coiiimunicati" ' tiei-ie cetuhed
. Iif r.!"i- ?" ii? Postmaster ?"rittr-n nn the fair* t?f tli* trttir.
COP.t ii i \i:KnH~1P Vbi'lC K.
fS'HK Vrstgned have ? I* iih* niie'cil into copattnership. uni'er
J ; ' i ' od tir?? oi S:IK'P.1K1) A- CI!AMIIERI.A\NK. lor
?!ic: Jt.-vi.' t;-.i;.?a> nog a G -ii ia! Comini.~si.?ii llusiiie?.<, and of
i'i.-t'.cr #-r?'i-*cs :!i?ir i.'iei.<lsdinl the public generally, for the
?a't ii' I.'iHfC'i. Wftent, 1" .iir. Corn, ami allotbei produce, wiih
. ; hey *il use timir best endeavora to advance the in
??rou ! nil who may pu'i'miize liiein
Hit; ate prepared to make liberal advai cm on all produce con
?|j..rd to tlie.'n.
JOHN M. SHKPl'ARD. Jr
i I)WIN H. CIIAMUEKLAYNE.
? '? I. v? . March 1st. 1n>3
T".n ?!" or tiie .ii'rra! pittonaae lirsiowet! "n me t'or the last ten
vctu.l e? ettlully solicit a contii.uati. n of thf sum- to the new
c.\n?vi; Wl 'i 'he .i>suratn*e that every effort will be made to please
i, t; :. ? iniy lieill*p to palronilo it.
JOHN M. SHEPPARD. JR.
Murch I?til
i:sr!.'i Ke?'iste.- P.i'ivi! ? Uepuhlican. Lynchburg Virginian,
(? - vol > Jetfersotitan. will pieiise copy as uttuv?, nuJ SSnutli
r. ( i:t - Mi .an copy two nion'hs. and fend bhlslo this office.
LAW SOTTceT
,'IMII: ;-J.:::e. si-ip !:? >hc piactice of the l.a*v, h-retolorc ext?ting
1 <jt'.T\r:r t'.e ui dcrMgued. Is f is d,iy oi.-s %ved bv nitCual e?'i.
ft?, i' 'liiliiilsiie hM'iness i f the partnership will" be at!el.d?d
t y'.i'th ?: ti4 Join M 'Jr^gory wit I continue io practice snail
tltr Vuj r t.cre:ot?ic attendt d by linn. Il? inains the ofllce oceu
| im uy (fieji'ry 4:Stegrr, over the store of Thos. R Price & Co
.! i? S'e-'-r will con.inue to practice in all the Court-i held l*ithe
city of Kictnnotnl. Hi." oRicc is o:i Franklin strei t. one ? oor below
C'lv-Ttioi stseet. JNO. M. (<REU<<RV,
>l.ircii 8?c-iw JNO. O STEUliR
S K ABUOOKS' \V~AKKTiOUTb:.
5 ^ ,? i*1 t-.j?l1.. e ol the recei.t ?'han.'e *>I Itiij.'ectors a this aie*
I . t. . snt>>criher has resigned .he III.") eclor ship held bv hl i
6 "i Warehouse K?r ihn la?'. i:ir;eyears, .niJ':ow ort'ers his services
ti? tii*- ;>a roijs of the Imuse. au>] the 1'Ubi'C eetiernii*. as a
COMMISSION MERCHANT.
U - c.xpeitetice as Inspector and salesman, and intimate
a ce wi'h h ! persons rn^aeed in th^ tobacco ttade in ti.is
nfr-.i'.. '*i., enable him'o p roc us he highest market prices i#rall
w:io "i iv : vvi hmi with the ?.iie nftheirc;ops. ile will also pay pur
IICU nr attvf.tlon to 'he sale >'l Wheat and F our.
BaT't:1! ?? tr' fjilili..' SOoc?oe Warehouse.
Dec 31?r.i l UOMAS T. JOHNSON
JOHN W. Ul.ANTON. OEXTISTr J
HAVING availed m?.-.-l- ?t th- advanMf. <of the Ualtimore College
o! ti ita: "?arg<ry. 1 "rter my j' ?"!?s*loi;al service* to the citi
"I i'tniihetla; il an i the a Ijoimi^ counties 1 am prepared to
per/.'i.i' a.i i , erati -i.s oi, !(.- teeth in the most perfect manner ?
Teeth inserts i from one to nn entire set. !
1 Ail! at'etid to any Call, by .vddre-iug Faftnville. Prince Edward
? ""i'ly- March I?civ
CN1 ON VlOTEl,, at R1CH.UOAU, VA.,
Foil Hli .NT OR I.EASiE.
^IlflK at,"V# Ihve: is t -r rent or lease. It is situated in the citv ot
ft KK'f:ii ?: J. it the corner ol Main :ind Is h streets, qniie lieai
. the I' "?? allien |.?sooti t ? tie couiplevd.and veiy convenient to
the l?-| ?.?*o: In- OativiMe at.d Centra! Kail Roads.
I'.ell' t thoroughly altered and repairtd, about l wo vears
sj-Mr ? ? i:. :!??? uio?t perfect order It litis accoimuodatiune ttpaal
. a y other IK.'.ol in this city, ami presents lUtteriug inducements
?? ' ?i-: i'.-ed to engage jn |{"tel keeping
Kictim i< daiiv incriasini; in wealth and population, am! the lo
1 ?1 l': '-is Ho'-I in a ; art mi ihecity where busine ?? i? ?<>on to
it tie recomnieU'is it to those who may wish to engage in the busi
I he present i*n.mt. (Major Tdlmun.) will vacate the house on the
l?. A. .t, aextt and should uny one desire it. they can puichase all or
????;? ? ? :he turt iture. which is mostly new and in good oider.
I lie t- ii* wi i tie reasonable tv> a tenant. Peisnns dis|>\i ed to
tit-.' ? tie refine of this piopertv. will address
M " elm * VV. GOtMUN. Richmond. Va
I NVVkI) STATES iiOTKir
I t.Mi.MBlA. MH TII CAROLINA.
'l *ii: ? ?* '- vwi. and 1'oj uiar lin'l'EI. is *tilJ under the manife.
? ? '? r liiulersigactl. who return* his Mincers tlmike to the
? ?? is i South Carolina, (ieorgia. North Carolina. VirginU, Hal
?hi.vi l'M.aile pi'i i. N a' arnl Hoston. for their many favors
t-vici. ? . ..i i. rt v?: .mi him. ?...! n eo,!,i by unicinntej ot e:ition,
?v ?:it i c<>ni:tiiihf!<*-..
I't- ? a- -I Jaiin-s vi*itins t 'oiumbia. the-, will find at this Ho
' ?! l-i I.. ? ? *i .'m iry: also, la^e and airv ro-iin- or ttieir cmnivrt on
uv j*.. it. ;i. if.rt.ri.' Mii'tit to 11?- Ladles' P ?hir
I ? ?-'i-tr . rs ei-itu Coiunihi i they vvi1! lit d tbr.A'ctVge'. *> nth
l.j'.e r uv-t..et itsi public:nt'.u:wrorr1??>. .ir . ,vc
? ?' f e.'; ? U-:is? i t'ia lh- I i;i:.tl States Hotel ?h.ii
"d any Ho ?. in the r*t ?'e for good eating, clean an !
I'lt'i- ft ih e rooui.i. and attentive ?ci .'ai. s; ail or wrlinm have liecn
lUli.e.t :?v A M iH. NT.
?la nn c.Ot
WII.SON Sc JOHN.SON. I.sfPESTORa.
JIAttBLV; YARD.
1<?HN i Ro(JBR>."t.i :$< reet. near Main. Richmond. Va.. Dealer
? 5 i D'vpiaii.lit'unar:.! American Marb.e Monuments, Tmnbs.
Gr..v Swnes. Mut.'.ei pir-res ??very description. Wail Plates.
1 '? ?*.. .
A ? .'?-i a* Cnrvi????;>;cc uto? * \n t.ur : ^ate juuiuner.
iT;e country .*r.h '.r.y ref"reii.'.promptlyattendedu>.
Xr ii'V'i ishavii.i.'ervVd !ni>.?j? t*-litl|> ia Jfie "I tHC large*:
ti .t til..nyi.tr in N?? w \ <rk? r.y. ni't ii.iv!r-rr.iuch-:jcpeiieni eintlc
t>u?lui- ''I" !? I mm* i l! I W?f" ci'CCU'.e- at his >!l'Jp Will i!!Vt
b- 'iiKiHi'iitniar any done North or Smith Oct."? clr
Vr oTIC'K.-.My hiiii-u wvs entered some weeks ago, during,
the i.ijlit, hy ."iime person or peisons. who s'o'e irom my secre
tary a cert Scale of -sock of the >t..if 01 Virjrniii. No. . and da
i?.{"? he day of October, 1S5I, lor one thousand dollars. I heie
tiv turwarn all persons iiosn receivin? the Mine, us i; is my intention
!i> aj-ri1 v to tin* treasury iui ? renewal of ?.iid lost certificate.
W.M alllLTICE.
Muhsa'j County. Uec 2"?ceowGt
VKD -Si:.MIRUOK>' '.VAKfc) HulaK. Richmond, Viigitna.
t*? n.wttios.
llK.N' J.J .lOII.NSON,
TtTv bus iVA.VI KD.-t mil ite d liberal pure lor six
st Driver* who htve been accustomed tt? iin*l >? thre.- or
horses. I war,; them tor uiv own u.?o. to remain ir.
t. vr, LE&IS DILI., 13.hstre-t.
Mh.th S-rlt
j.'iMtS t. SPOT'l'Si i omruissioii Merchant and Utusral
'' A of tin- Virginia Penitentiary. Pearl S'.seet. Richmond.
!? cu.'.y received J<;!IN <?. >-POTl'S a.' a partner in Ins
1 I-. i'j?ines< lt,?\ b ctoinf tin 'heir li'ictine and ihspub
?ir; t ? tliittl?v will siv^ their personal attention to the ssle of
? i 11 'u-r d i-;c jrdeti t'ur ifobd*, ana receiving and for
?I-.:.1 J U?
I ? . w...? cr'ni.-'H ii;* J c: v m bush e ? t i Wctero
vif:i i.t. a.nl it> this city, ana by our devo id to the iutere-is of our
i^'t1 ? : c !'** p-cei*** u portion''' the large iiUMucHa itiat hum:
?""Hi'" I- i iiif-rv. Tnc t>u?iu-is wkI he conducted as heiato
t> ? .. . oi jAMi;s c sporrs.
j*s. c ppotts.
M.rr 7 - e.., JNO. O. SPOTTa.
~ TToti.vS-:wallekT"
"ivW!<?|ii.v MLRC JIANT, lUC'll.MOXll.VA.,
5>K1' KN- to tlioie who have ?> liberal y ;>aU0lliz*d
?* 1 :ht >< yt:ur.?. H?still continues injrive hi? per
lie vsV evi:ry iltscnptitm oi COl'NTR V PRO
IN * '' 1 ,,fc ? ** r \|.,in and IMi s'teeti*. Dei*. 6 ? f6m
?Mt'.Ui.VA iliTKSK SII.VUKKS.
j "I" '? ?: v. ,j .(n; j.)-!jei:t .eajon at Glou- ^
*? ' "? 1 e lin:io|t <1 hv tin in ISla.di- 7) -;?%
fr ? t * ... .. ... y ~X *
I ?: ix now so well known
K.'nj 'ioi' ?'.?her oi race or qniilt
?Htm. *; .
P'tttrnw
r-rj...
- - For tMitticular?,?i-c handbills.
V.: I- 1 -ci? WM. ItOia.VV.AHE.
|UA ?EV > CU.K.5;UTEDlvnKAT KEAPIfilt.
\ i :.? p.at; ? r?. Hl'ssKV's intea: unproved jfiBh
iLiifacinmr's price*. The demand will be iW"
r er.-i.ii.,' lliercf .re. tiKMr wi"lnng ,
-j ' orwarj Uieu orders to uh- at once toavoiil tu-ap
?ior?-P'.wer*, r?n Corn Sheilors. \c., lortiUh
'W'T."cim,t',t' " *?' TMOS BRANCU.
PKe?8lMir?:, Va.
TO TOBACCO PI-ANT K its \ vi? ? L nc
HAUNU !.ce? nppo.oted V *'K." n*,, ?
W .litiiou f. in the City oi r.-.. ? *.. ,,
??'t .11 ?i,,.iicli. to all I'lunteiN .i: .. ' tll" -y ,,Utl
u' ? <ft. thai hi'eran exiK'iience?f o?el( ll L.J'
I rii s? Oil .Mrtcllollt, when Tob.t' Co w;,? ,,j . j ?' ! u"'
. . . ' ''I' .ll'tl.
? t* ? :i i.e. ajul .4ii? xp^rienre ol sou?t? tLsri*->? IM ^ (fl.
"I. jjtv i j- this.-ulu Warehouse, we do ot lll4J,.j",
?" J; fi ? e-.* lor !I;e Elation, when wp ask a libeml ciiroutiu^i'n,,,,
? ?? l e | . ii?. j.\-l a coi.imucd and more extended paitouat c ^
'?>(. i ;... i..u? U . si-lhll.and Irom our personal Iricm:* c-itcmi-1
* ?\ i- tii?i ..t!-r our jervtcei lor the sale of Tobacco a'. W?i j|il!
' or in l.i.,is, no; (lotiOtll.s tMat a ilaily ob?'rv?;n,n of the
f''fi-ii :ri u.oii.'.. .n il cooil lacilitiea for inlorm ition from ab:o;.j,
' i ^?:n-rai j- .,u,ijiitr.m*e with the buyers, will enable us to obtain
!-?i itimv-' j,:,. - 4". nil-imer; and lor this service we shall makr
!ic ? u?t ciwut which Is. * been nude for many years back, and
*' ? ? i* !ir,v* ' tins m.ide ai every warehouse in the cities ot Pe
?* 5 !'?: -j lai" s-- we kniw or believe, i. ?. flf'y cenu
\' ?.?ejus ami pavios, or otherwise appropriat
lu , i".,ri, j, . w, ri ju?Nt ti,o?e di-|<>seil to patronize us in this
Mo *' c fu'lv marked BRAN?a&t)TDN0B.We9!
; '? --'"I.- ?"???oi; thiEC in'm home. We will also
:o,.ar .-ai " ": ' of freight on all Tobacco cotisijncd
.V.. .c ' '? "jt'?i'.;i. we protznie every exertion todi>charge
-a.i n? yi iuty ar.d Jfiendslup.
D H BRANCH,
JO>EPH A. SVUN'OR,
. luspectois at West-Hill.
*'.v' ?' ?w ifitnos w!,o consign their Tobacco to Com
511 '?'??'I1 de-ire to have the same Inspected at Wast
inut thy mirk it -West llill" before it
"C :r ij, . v *???? t,] jfiisrLCiiOn :o their metcliatiis.
fK. 1 ej ifcf. . .%j - r^n, II. ^ S.
'?v1!?l,<r,CKA'1, AMKKICAN IIEDC.K PLANT
I-' HA. tm i.SAUK ORANGE. ? i'lTKIN'S SEK1> ANH
At-,.... PLANTS.
v',.Vt'h|,|'o,|'.v clap.-ed, since the introduction of this
I : '.??"?xperimeiitB have already ihowu that the
I' r lire fcncis is now discovered. The objections
'??a.-u." h-r h.'tisc plantf. do i ol apply to the
i v_ I'vii?ily propagated and of rapid erowih. from
?| i-, j'ii 'll' '"*? !|cais fluoding or drought; does not
i?:waa'"r p r.' ,1'%h " vrry ?',isl'l' thotn, and Hie wood contains
< Ai , ' w:'!; h renders it a*inile*tructa de by linio or insects,
...i j |*' ^ ei-<r- It nukes a cheap fence ol singular beau
?l i: . a'mo*i i?a |,Ir,|
?K,A-o?'V-,Vet'l-c'.,?? discouraged in their a.teuipt togro#
Ai'''Iieit rtpeatcd falluren m making the seed
* * - -.4. ir - ? . ""?)? t??- h?iritfur^ct alone lo the worthless soed usu
01 1*ljlCl1 w " destioye I Iri the process of ex
f*- '1*i-rd"-,? .',a^c! ln 'he business oi raising j.tantB, my feed Is all
>t..| i'ji|, *trT u"der my own caie, and w:ll be wariantid
0*BS" 0ra"ie Plants, all reaJv for sotting
'Y ^I'ru.'s 'p.arj'n'.g ,orWlirJ,;J lo unY l?rl 'hj cju'mty. in sea
l-iin^liiet containing full directions lor planting
i, i.ie iieo^e. atc., sent on application to
_^ar-rij-,_<.lrH H. W. PITKIN,
MaiiChesier, Conn.
i 1 fcY-rTT ? uonn.
V C,SMlNG,<i?WNS.-A frssh loi Oent
f,t ^ jus1 tg hand.
L H*RTWELL Si CO .Opposite Xwan Tavern
RICHMOND E N <i l< IK 8 R.
THURSDAY HOltNIXC., MARCH 11, 1853
Tiiu Auditor of pujlic accounts, in his last annual report
on the revenues of the Stale, reports the capitation tax on
free negroes for the fiscal year ending the 30ih September,
1352, at 87,429 78; and the tax on seals affixed to re
gisters, at $4,723 91, making: an aggregate of 812.153 77.?
It appears by til* same report, that S,9i7 male free negrors
woro assessed with the tax of one dollar tach, according to
law; consequently, 1,657 of tlios* assessed, were delinquent
? much too large a proportion. I' Wl" t?-collcctcd that
malts between 21 and 55, or* the only class now taxable by
the colonisation law of 1350. It can hardly be denied that
a population, so negligent of a duty, so easily performed for
l!ic benefit of their fellow creatures, is not worth retaining
in the Stale. It I? conclusiveevidence, that firm and effec
tive measures should be taken to rid the country of it.
By the Census or 1850, the free negro population of Vir
ginia numbered 53529; yoi so defective Is the act of 1S5U,
providing for the levy and collection of this fmnll tax, thst
lens than nine thousand malts of the taxable class have been
found, and Imb than seven thousand five hundred have paid.
A much larger number ought to be assessed; certainly from
| ton to twelve thousand might be, if the minute details of the
bill, now before the Senate, could be brought to bear uf.on
them. At iaa"l ten thousand males could be made to p;iy
the tax. The females, of like ages, would be quite ns nume
rous, and much more punctual in the payment of any rea
sonable levy made upon them. If, Man, the Senate bill
should pass in its prcsml form, und u tax of ftvo dollars be
levied on the males between 21 and 55, and onu dollar on the
females of like ages, it would not bo unreasonable to expert
a revenue of S50.000 from the former und 810,000 from the
latter, making S60.0UU.
But suppose we allow for delinquencies an J expenses of
collection ?10,000, and that realty there will be realized lor
the purposes of col<>nizition 850,000; and it' we odd to this j
fie annual appropriation of 830,000, we shall have the hand- j
some amount of 880,000, besides the t ix on seals. 'I'm9, at [
an average cost of 875 each, for collecting, transporting ?f'd '
sustaining six months, would be sufficient to remove K'6'J; i
or at an average of 850 each, it would remove 1600 anuually. I
It is probable that the cost would exceed the last mentioned j
sum; as it is, the Board would be under the necessity of in- |
curring some expenses In bringing the colonists from the vn- j
rious counties to the points of embarkation. This sum, it
judiciously expended, would transport a number more thun
equal to the current increase, (.supposed to be about 1,000
annually,) which, In a few years, being applied generally to
the young and enterprising, would cut off the source, ond a
final extinguishment of the evils of the population would
soon be effected. Those who would refuse or ncekct to pay
the taxes according to the provisions of the bill for three
years would forfeit their right to remain In the State, and
would be compelled to leave, or be sold. While this bill
would not operate with any immediate harshness, it would
most certainly effect its object, its influence over free no
groes would soon be manifested by them in a inorejudt ap
preciation of their true condition, with proper efforts to avail
themselves of permanent homes, where they can enjoy
whatever of freedom and civilization their own sense of
justice, morality, Industry and capacity for civil government
will produce.
THE CLAYTON AND BULWER TREATY.
Our Washington correspondent, "Virginius," 6peoks the
voice of a large number ot tho Washington letter writeis, in
commending the bold, wine and masteily speech of Senator
.Mason on tho Central American question. K..r example,
the correspondent of the Baltimoie Argus thus w.uto on
Monday from the Senate CUanibt r:
Poor Mr. Clayton ie likely to be completely demolished
upon his English (so called) Clayton-and-Bulwer Tretuy.?
Judge Douglas handled him most unmcrcifuljy on the last
day of the past werk'e session; and now, while 1 am writ
mg, Mr. Mason ol Virginia, is tearing linn in piecc-mcal.?
.Mr.' Clayton is listening very attentively, and rather uneasi
ly- occasionally referring to a map of Central America. The
.Senate is not full; but all pretent arc lending a willing ear.
.Mr. Mason charge* Mr. Clayton with subsidizing the Na
tional honor. He appeals from th ? "Senator from Dil i
ware to the Secretary of State ot" 1750;" otherwise, appeal
ing from himself to himself-from Senator Clayton of '53 to
Secretary Clayton of '50! t ..u?n
Mr. CI a ytunjjafl ,J t)fl Wfelf ~a ncf so far as logical reasoning
is concerned, he is succeeding admirably. But I anticipate
before he Is done, that it is but making'-the wor^c appear
ilia better rtnson." The strong American ground taken by
Judge Douglas and Mr. Mason must be more acceptable to
the whol- people of our mighty Republic than all the argu
nii iits that can be brought forward, however plausible, by
sll the orators and statesmen who can find more interest in
the affairs of England than th<<se of their own country. The
subject is likely to lead fo a protrnctcd controversy, occupy
ing some ten or twelve days to coine.
Judge Douglas has just taken up the cudgcl*, ami n cross
fire between him and Mr. Clayton, of gre?t aseerblty, is go
ing on. Both gentlemen are much excited, and are absolute
iy personal. To prevent difficulty, an adjournment was
moved and c-.rrled, and the Senate went Into Executive ses
sion.
So soon as we shall receive a copy of Mr. Mason's speed:,
we .-tiall lay It before our readers. Much weight Is attached
to Senator Mjson's official position, especially in connection
with the news from Honduras. If it be true, as reported,
that a British steamship has openly, by force of arms, taken
possession of the port and town of Truxillo, In the name of
the "King of ilosquito," and an attack has been made upon
Limits, with the view of adding another port and town to
the dominions of his "Sambo H'ghneBS, tho royal Sachem
of tho Gallmippers," the question assumes a grave and Im
portant aspect. Men of all partiss will, doubtless, agree
with the Philadelphia North American, that no good plea,
on th* part of Great Britain, can be "advanced in defence of
the seizure of Truxillo, and the hoisting over it of the Mos
quito flag. Truxillo is, and ever has been, a part of Central
America, which England agreed to evacuate; and she selr.es
it in tho name of a Protectorate, which she also pledged
Iter faith to abandon. The whole proceeding Is an outrage,
not meiily Upon the weak Stale ot' Honduras, but upon the
!j >vernment and people of the United State*, w ho are trer.it d
in it with a degree of practical contempt and dignity which
It is scarce to bo expected thvy will patiently endure. The
Ministry, who mu?t have authorized?who must have di
rected?the proceedings, have played the worst game their
worst enemies could have devised for them."
Until further advised, we cannot believe that the BrMsh
government nas been guiliy of such a piece of gross Infatu
ation. Mr Mason will be uhheid by the whole country in
his declaration that Great Britain has "gone far enough 1 in
her movements iu Central Arnctica. It \t hard to believe
that she has authorized the proceidinga described ubovr,
when we remember that by express treaty she has stipulat
ed that her subjects should abandon all portions of the Span
ish continent except the settlement a: Belize, and has agreed
to evacuate the Mosquito country, eo nomine, hs well as the
continent in general, and the adjacent island*, without ex
ception. But, in tho langiage of the New-York Evening
Post, " though she has never occupied tho country of the
Mosquitoes again in her own name, she has dt?ne what is
equivalent tn taking the king of tho Mo^quitos under her
protection, assuming to define the limits ol his dominions,
and sending troops thither to protect her over interpretation
of liis riyhts. Her claim rests upou a mere arrungement :
with the M'ipquito government, has never been reoognized !
I ttie Central Americans, and Is a mere pretence for main- i
[ '"'n'nu her ascendancy In these regions."
cannot yet believe in the truth of the repeated war
like movements, in view of the provisions of the treaty of i
IbaU, and of ihc recent propositions of the British Minis
l tor to Secretary Everett, in respect to n joint protecto
rate of San Juan dc| No.!Cj ,hug d,.scribcd ip Mr. Eve- I
rett s late communication to Congress :
'?The British Minister had been instructed to sicnify to
this department that since Great Britain first assumed tho ,
protection and defence .?! the >lo?q?i(o Indians, the por
tion of all parties had chunked. Sp.iin, Instead of exercis
ing absolute sovereignty over Central America, and pro
hibiting oil commerce on the Co jets under hot sway, ba
enllrelv lo?i her dominion overall pans of n,.s eminent. |
1 he Mosquito Indians, Instead of uove:nin'' their own 1
tribe according to the custom i|,0 i?Ce, furnish only a
name and |litle by which foreigners} Hading m San Juan
Del Norte, and along the Mosquno Coast, arcoiding to the
usages of civilized states, exercise the effective government
of the country.
"In consequence of these changcs, Great Britain, instead
of having, as formerly, an interest in the defence of the .Mos
quito Indians, for the sake of exempting a psrt of the terri
tory of Central America from Spanish control, and thereby
obtaining admission for her commerce, has no other interest
in Mvsquito, but suck a* she derives from an honorable record
to her old connection with the Mosquito nation of Indians.
it has been further stated to the department by the British
minister, that her Majesty's government has for st-veral years
endeavored to suit her engagements to the altered stateu.'
the case, but that every proposal to that effect has encoun
tered Insuperable obstacles. The contentions in Central
America between Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Honduras, the
absence of ony outhority with which a permanent agreement
could be made, and various other causes, hava hitherto pre
vented a settlement of this vexatious question.
"The British government regards the committee of gov
ernment ol San Juan del Norte above referred to, as, in fact,
the real power which cxercisea authority in that part of Cen
tral America. It would be a matter of Indifference to G. Bri
tain whether that authority was exercised in tho name of the
King af Mosquito, or In the name of the city of Sun Juun
del Norte itself. But It Is desired by the British government
thai ih? apparent stale of ihinjjb should he made to corit.-i n;
to the reality, which is not now the case, the government j
being nominally named on in the naino ol the King ? I Mo?-1
quiio, while it id really exercised iiy the committee organized j
nt San J u mi del Norte, or Grey town, under .1 population. - !
What thf Britirh government would consider 0 good and j
final adjustment would be : 1
"First That San Jiiun del Norte or Greysown should 'h? j
1 free ur?d independent port, connected with Slosqutoiu by |
such relations of friendship and alliance us may be agteed j
upon.
".Secondly, Thai indomifi :attk-n or ndvantbges cqnlw
Imt to those laid down in the project of convention of the
I8ih April, 1352, should be assured to Mosquito in return
for its withdrawal froin its present position in reference to
Siin Juan del Norte.
"Thirdly, That the United States and Great Britain,
without formerly guaranteeing San Juan del Norte, should
be ready to act in concert to defend the Independence of the
free city or port, in whatever it may be a-uckcd. The Bri
tish government deem It essential that the city end port of
San J tin it del Norte, or Grey town, should be established
eiiher in a ?ta'e ol unequal independent^, willi an curare
ment to defend .Mosquito, or of qualified independence, ow
ing allegiance and suppoii t ? Mosquito."
Mrs. Sumner Lincoln Fairfitld, the accomplished widow
o( Faiifi- Id, the poet of genius, is now at the Exchange Hote',
receiving subscriptions to the forthcoming volume of her
; daughter, Genevieve Gcncvra p liifulJ's works, to bu issued
from the press of I. Hart & Co., Cincinnati. The volume,
sayr. the Philadelphia Argus, will contain "The Wife of T ?o
Husbands," ''The Vice President's Daughter," and t-'.her
tales by thischurning author. Miss Faiifi-M is no mere
sketch writer, who delights in pretty words and flowery
sentences, but she takes hold of the springs of human ac
tion and lays biro the motives that impel men to exertion,
with the skill of u master. Her knowledge of the world and
all its experiences, its exhibited in her work.-, Is wonderful,
when her age is considered, 11 ud proves that with her the
light ot genius takes the place of Ion:,' years, and makes her
knowledge intuitive. Ail her chiractcrs arc strongly indi
vidual, nnd appesr Hko living and acting creatures, moving
in the same world and speaking the same language we do, ]
and not the ideal and visionary nothings that are fabricated j
by the popular writers of tho day, and sent Into the market j
lulf made up. unsatisfactory and Incomplete Mi?s Fiir-1
field's easy und graceful manner ol telling a t.toty Is iru!jr
bewitching, r.nd makes one follow her to the end, ua ii him- ]
self one .>1 the actors in the scene. This volume will prove !
a valuable n Ulition t ? tho stick of nstivo litera'ure, and wc \
are satis tied that the subscription to it in our city will le a j
most liberal one.
Mrs. F. has shown the utmost i:ner?v and zeal In carrying
out her laudable purpose ot supporting and o.lucatlng hor In- !
terebting family
?
COMMENCEMENT OF THF. MEDICAL DEPART
MENT OF HAMPDEN SIDNE V COLLEGE.?The fit" !
teenth annual commencement of Hamden Sidney College
took place on Monday night Int. at the Medical College In
this city The Chemical Hall was cro.vded with u most
fashionable ond intelligent audience. Alter appropriate mu
sic by the Armory Ban ), and prayer by the Rev. Mr. Manly
Jr. the degrees ot M D. were conferred upon the following
graduates:
Witt Henry Abbott, Appontntox. Va.: Acute Gasirlila.
Thos. H. B-trnes, Nonsernond; Pleuritis.
Blair Bur"ell Jr., Powhatuit; Moral, i'iiysical and Physi
ological distinctions ot the sexes, Ac.
Win. M. Clarke, Warrenton, N C,; Psciido-uismbratioii.
Larynguie,
George H. Coeke, Kielimond, Va.; Typhoid I' ever.
John Syng Uorsev Cullen, Richmond, Vu ; Cyusnche
Laryng"u.
Eiward Currington Drew, Henrico; Aneurism.
Alfred T. Goodloe, Franklin, Ala.; Inguinal Hernia.
John It. Hendricks, Ruse. II, Va ; Pneumonia.
Thos. S. Heiiing, Chesterfield; intermittent Fever
Robert R ii. Hough, Morgan tow n; Menstruation
Wm ri Hughart, Prince Kdward; Dvseniyry.
Thomas F. Jain-.'S, Portsmouth; Menstruation
Isham L. Jordan, l=lr ol Wight; Abortion.
Win. Latane, Ks9".t: Auscultation.
Horace M. M ickun, Middlesex; Dysentery.
Marion L. Mjvo, Cumberland; Puynieal and Chemical
constitution of the hum-in blood.
Tin odorick P. Mayo, Richmond; Pulmonary Ausi uiutlur.
and Percussion.
Sumutl Meredith, Richmond; Anulomy and Functions of
the Spinal Marrow.
Thomas M. Page. New Kent; Menstruation.
Edward Ran?oiie, Gloucester; Pneumonia.
Joseph A. Reynolds, Patrick; Hydrarg)nim.
i-' t ".?Jh J "kowiee, Hanover; Gouirrha* 1.
< .'1 brasher, Monroe; Pneumonia
Alt HinderC. \V. Young, Portsmouth.
The Gold Mnlal lor the prize essay uti the ?'Ab>orptiuii ? f
Medicines and their mode 0/ action," was awarded to Edwatd
I'arrington Drew,of Henrico.
Prolessor Maupin delivered the Valedictory r.d.lnss, which
was an able and eloquent pr? duction; an 1 with the benedic
tion the exercises ol the evening were concluded
j lieitabliean
[Prom ths Naristintn I Rnquirrr ]
SurroLK, March 9:h, 1853
Mr. Editor -Sir: For the purpose of giving a more gene
ral notice, you will confer a lnvor by publishing the enci JSed
correspondence, tog.'thcr wiih the resolutions annexed, and
oblige Vour obedi* nt servant,
ROB'T It. PRENTIS.
A W. Starkk, Editor of Nansemond Enquirer, Suffolk,
Vn.
isLK or \Vi?ht C. H., March 7,1953.
Ros'7 It. ('mentis, E?tj ?Sir: At a convention held at tin
Court House of this county to-day, to nominate 11 sui'ftbU
person to represent ilii? district m the Senate of Virginia,
you have bci.n unanimously chosen and recommended to the
voters. In announcing this fact, Fir, by the order of the
convention, we nro proud to add our individual approbation
to the proceedings of this body. We reiv implicitly upon
your exertions to s-eure your election and upon your accep
tance of the nomination. The convention have seen fit to
adopt some resolutions uc a platform, and hope you will see
in tliein nothing objectionable, and lhat you will accept
them. In your democracy wL- have the highest confidence;
nnd wishing you succpbs, we beg leave to subscribe our
sclvet Yours, &<j., ami fellow citizens,
AllCH'D ATKINSON,
W.V1. H. EDWARDS,
WM. J. ARTHUR,
Committee. J
Svpr.tiK, March 9, J95V.
Gkstlejien : Vnurii nf the 71ti inst. announcing officially
my nomination by the Convention held nt Jslo of Wieh
Court House, on that day, for the purpose "I nominating a
Senator for the 4th Senatorial District; and also three r< -o
luiions adopted by the Convention, have been received. an'!
whilst 1 feci grateful for ! lie honor conferred, regret !ha'. 1
?ni compelled io decline the nomination for the following
reason*.
Within thi* last three days 1 have determined to change
my residence beyond (lit- limits of this Senatorial District,
and made <?w:ry effort to reach home in time, to attend tli ?
Con?en'i'jn, t?ui tailed in consequence of the public convey
ances failing to mnlte their usual connections, and did i
reach home nil to-day. But for this disappointm nt, I. r
some fiiend in my behalf, (whom 1 hid advised ol my in
teniions, but who whs also detainidfrum simil <r cau-'S.)
would have at once declined the nomination, and the con
vention could at once have made another selection.
Bui 1 could not accept thi* nomination even if I contin
utd my res dence in the District, because, 1 cannot give a
hearty approval to all the resolution* adapted a* a pia;
form by the Convention. The first tc'dIuI on niret" my
hearty approval. The tecond, I nee no objection to, but eai<
see no necessity for making it on Issue in the canvass, na v
Involve* no question of principle. 1 do not believe "that a
system of Public Schools to be supported by taxation upon
llie property of the citizens of this Commonwealth, wyL'Id
be uiiicisc, impolitic and nppntsivt." Hu!, on the contrary,
believe that It is iri*e, politic and nut oppressive, to impose a
tux on property for tile support of Public School.". My views
on this qut-mioti were well known when a candidate f?r I he
late Slate Convention, and were made known by a public
card addressed to the voters of the Disttiet, und ulso by a
letter addressod to a committee appoiuted bv a Democratic
meeting in Isle of Wight County.
1 am now, and ever have been, In favor of establishing
Public Schools, and supporting them loo by taxation: and
the late extension ol the right of suffrage to every white
man who hart attained twenty-one years of age, has increased j
tie' necessity for the Public Sehool system.
Deeply regretting the position In which it will phec cur|
party, and earnestly hoping that you may sclc-ct ? 'me ' " \
better qnaliSid for the position, una mere np: to succeed. 1 J
must again repent, and for the reasons assigned, perempto'- ;
ly decline th- nomination 90 generously tendered me
I am, with the highest respect,
\ our most ubedient servant,
PO R. PRENTls
Hon A Atk;^
Dr Wjj. H Edwards, .? Committee.
Wm. J. Arthur, ^
The following are the resolution* referred to in the above'
correspondence:
Resolved, un&nimouslv, That the ptoceeds of the publifj
lands ought to be sacredly applied to tho national objects
specified in the Constitution of the United Stales; and that!
wo are opposed tetany law for the dsitribution of such pro-i
coeds among the States, or a division or donation of said j
lands among the several Si .tes, as alike Inexpedient in pol
icy and repugnant to the Constitution.
Resolved unanimously, That no member ol either house,
of the \ irginii Assembly ought to receive pay for any dav i
that he may he absent from hi* seat, unlets in case ot sick
ness, or when leave of absence is granted i.? him bv theI
hounu to which he may beioru'; and no member ot either
house should receive pay for the period between the com
mencement of the w ?sion and the time he shall take his sept;
and that it i* the duty of the gt-ccral assembly so to provide
by law.
Resolved unanimously, That any system of public schools
to be supported by taxation upon the property of the citi
zens of this commonwealth, would be unwise, impolitic
and oppressive, and ought uot to be enacted by the General
Assembly ol Virginia.
SANTA ANNA RETURNING TO MEXICO.
New Obleans, March 12. ? .An English steamer was mil
seven days ago, entering Vera Cruz with Santa Anna on
board. He Is returning to the capitol to assume tha reitfns
of Government.
[Ktoin (he Me-" Vnrlt tleraid 1
THE UNITED STATES UM)F.R ELEVEN ADJllN-1
. ISTK.AT10NS.
iyotires of the President* and thrir Cabinets frevn. Washing
ton to Pierce.
The oci"isi n tif the ??<(>iru!ioii i t the of the eleventh
adminrr lion, and th> ndvi n' ? the twiiM. national cxem
tlvc? ?'?? enii a proper tlhie 10 take a brief retrorp.-ctivej *U w
"? the character and influence tip n the progr??s oi the
country of ihvarious Prcsiden'9 and their administration?,
during ilit: sixty-four years which Ivve transpired since the
or^aniz itinn i.f govt rnment.
j "irst Srttninislruliuu, i7SO to 171'7 eight years?George
j Washington, President.
i The Inauguration hating taken pl.iC< atN. Yo'k, Ap:130,
I/S9, the firat Congress, dining its fir?t session of nmrly six
months, were employed principally in framing Iuwh nrccssa
rj to the organzjtion of (he government. In this spice of
time the construction of tij?* powers intended to be given
was very ably discussed. The subject* of commerce and
finance received the tally attention of Congress,as well ao
ihe organization of the different departments, and ol a nn
'i"n;il jtiuiciary system. Among tin; subjects slrenitocsiy
debated wa:'the President's power of appointment and re
moval oi public officers. Th? appointment v;ja constitu
tionally subject t'? the ^saent of iliu Seuato. The removal,
on which point the C-im u'tittoii was sil> nt, war- thtu Settle:!
to he in :t:?- power of the President alone. The powerful
opposition to the run-titiiti./n m several of the States. caus I
t'ongres. >o adopt sixteen articled of amendment, in Sep.
ii-uih.-r, 17:0; ten of tnese articles Were a,'>pr?>ve1 by Hie re
quisite1 number of Stater, >hruugh tin.tr Legislutnus, and
tmaily became parts of the cons'ituiiun in December, 1791.
J r -.ince ?d -..I . li, St.?tr#,"\v?ro |un;.o.
. *ed at subsequent nession- of Conerejs, In 1791, and I si)',
i Ihe Picsilcnt seleeit ! hi.s cabinet In September 17S9,
nntnely : Secretary of .s'tate, Thomas Jefferson ni Virginia;
?Secretary of the Treasury, Alt .vaflid-r H un Iton ? ( i\Vw
Virk; Seen 'ary of War, Henry K..ox o! Massachusetts;
AMori.ey General, Edmund Rtutlolpli of Virginia. Ti e o'
fi :e of Secretary ot the Navy did not exist until the Presi
dency of <i-. Adams, w :tu'!)!;tdepartment wa* established,
viz: in 17'.'2 Although Washington and Hamilton wer?
era bled to curry t'i- measures they proposed th:< iugli the
fit-M and seen;'. Con:jresSj;lhire wm ?n early crijantz>'ion
!ormcd nualfist ih?;;u -the opposition composed m - ly oi
anti-led'Tiltsiv. or those uhu had opposed Ihe (,ViM:tUtinn,
t'itilni! the nam.. r-puhlie-.n.", as advised by Mr. Ji tferson,
and the friends id' '.he ti.'Jmtiiisiration ret ;i:iiiti; t!:'; r;aine o"
lederaliits. The cabinet ?>! Washington was diviiled in sen
timer.t. Hamilton nnd Ke.ox ndvinin^ strong federal mea
sun.:' while Jefferson and Uandolah generally act' d in op
position to their coli< agues, and In nnir-on wi'litlte ?p;???i
!!?. n in Conjresi W<shingto:i i t v.iin c.xetted all ma iollu
enee to feonctle Jetir'rsofi ami Il.uniiton I'Iik hostility oi
tntSM iii-tin juislie.t men to each '<'li r hiistain>..! nbjeiinlnu
'i- n. nnd its consefjoer.ces ri cnme every day more ditf.ssive.
I'tio Kreneh revolution hn>t an important tnrl'ienee on tlu*
politics oi the United Stales at this lime. Jelletson .tn.l hu
ropohhean friends svmpn?hiz-;d with the Frrneli rev.?lutt<in
ists, w hile Washington, Hamilton and thi.lr f deral friends
considered it important tin- United States to initiiiuin
ftlcndly r lattons wi h Gre:<t Hrit iin. The lust t?vo >t ari of
>\ aslun^ton's first term w?re turbulent time.-; party epirii
r.in Itich, both in Con:;re s and amon-j t!it- pf pie, und such
w.ts ilie violence "f l?.t!ir'? an I c\eite;it< nt that the f itional
government would have probably pr-rished in its infancy hail
it ni't been for the wisdom arid limine-.! of Washington
and th?* public e.ntiieiru In hu guidance of tiie bhip of
state.
Tnc I' adera of both parties expreased a wish for t!w re
I election of tlii' I'residt nt, and he relinquished his intention
j to retire at the end of the tirst term?auelt was the eriti'-a!
situation of public all.tirs, that lie consentel to umain at
the head of the government Notwithstanding the hich party
f. i ling amon? the people, he was unanimously ru cl- cud.
On '.lie qu-i'i n oi Vice-PrcMdtnf, 'he state of parting v\us
exhibited .Vir. Adams, the ledtrii cundidate, received sev
eniy-uevtn electoral votes: Georgu Cinton, ?i'.ppurieil by
the refiuidicans, lifty; Jeliers in, lour; liurr, one; ??liowicg a
federal majority ot twenty-two in the electoral colinfe* ?
South Carolina ^un the only State south ol Maryland w liieh
voted lor .Mr. Adams, who received at this cl- ction the sop
pot' i^f a!! the northern States, e.veept New York, where :;i>
r?pi:ldir,.: s t ?'iPi! in me ascendancy in the Ley i.! t ire,
I choa ? cl ?' tors lu\ ..-raide t.> Oovernor 1 'lintoti.
Daring Washington's second term, when the third ,.\>n
I grehS assembled at Philatieiph i. in I 'cccinber, 171)J . .e ? ,i
j.osiiioii to the ndministratien iuceccdcd in elect.ii<( uic
Speaker of the House, wl.ieh bode wa? afterwards -i:.!
equally divided '>n great political measures. In the H<-r ite
the Vie*; President tefieatedly settled important questton
I by Ins cistini; vote. It ;s worthy ot notice that a I .tie il p
1 tsser.tativea and Senators frooi Virginia, with one or t ? ? x
' ceptions ol the former,were in the opposition n< W t?htni.!oii's
Iailndnistration, throuaiiout his tw<> terms. Mr J<ll-iMin
resigned, nB Sccrttury of Stat", in December, 179.1 \ th
President appointed Edmund Randolph to sticn id tnui, and
' Wiliiam Etadfotd, ? i Philadelphia, to suceei d Mr. ltand-dph
? as A' orney Geneml. .Mr. Bradiord died in i-ilice, ..til wa
! succeeded t.y Clnrlcs Lee. of Virginia, in lie. em; ? r, 1795
At the Hose of toe vtiir, I79<, Gt n. Knox rctmd from ili<
iv tr dep'.rtnieaf, and in .' iniiary, 17'J5, he was suceei.- led b>
. Tin-.'i.i PtelCeiinc. then Pennsylvania. Mr. h tmilt.'ii
tl.?< ..< I%JI1
try 1795 and was H'l-eecded by Oiiver Wuieof, ol Cotinec
ticj' In Auijusi, 1795 .Mr. Itmdolph reaige.l as Secretary
??[ S iv ind was surc< e.led in D* cember by Timothy Pick
? ring, in whose place Jam< .? MtHenry, ol Maryland, wasap
' pointed retaiy ot War.
vV-ishiii-iton having tri^ i the Mpt rimcnl of a mixel Cab
in:-t during his tiirt li-rm, tin lily eompo-fii one which agreed
' in i dti;' :;i sentiments, and the lour Federalists whom he
lei; in ofliee, viz : Pickering, Wullcott, McHeory an l Lee.
were coiitui* 1 in the t'abinet by John Adanib. President
'A a^'iin^t'-n an i tn* tost t' lSinct were unanimously ol rhe
. pit.ion that tin ? c-tnntry was not bound to take part with
i France in her war with Lnglan.l; and in April, 171>3. tin.
Ieclcbratcil j'rocl.i.'ri ition of nenttality, by the President, ?a^
I i-*ucii, wliicti t.as bi.en the ?uide ot the r.nt on ever since In
; .diairs with foreign nations.
i During ashington's administration all the disputes be
I twecu till' United States and foreign nations had b-.in ad
juiitd. with the exception wf those ol Franee; at home pub
'iicamt private credit was featured?the amount of p-vmoes
had excerded the most ean-iuine calculations Tliepf-spe
? ;i:v ??! the country liad bc?n, indeed, without exan.pl -, r.ot
nlutaiidin ' uifit losses Iroin belligerent di predatioiis To
1 the hifeii tespvnsbility ??f tiving motion and ellect t" th
| new sy.-lcm ot government, among discordant elements it
wa* the !' t of Washington to bo called. In llH!v?'iscrciioii
| ary t sen ;se of the tat cutivo power, the ndminisrratim wu
wise and talented. In lilting offices, the pn -?? lent p. .'terie I,
! wtien ho coul-l, revolutionary patriots, ol whose integrity
and iibtlit> he had ample proof. He displaced no man tor
the eXi>.es-i m ol his opinions, even iii tile feverish excite
ment of sympathy with France. With regard to our foreign
relations, Washington persisted in his neutrality to the last
liuur ol his administration, and was nt le to countervail the
poiiti!:ir clamor in favor 111 France agaimt Knglaml. With
re-ar.l to the judiciary, the finances, the mini, ih-j Iniliun
tribes, hi Ins deportment to Ins own ministers, tits commu
nications Congress, his c.msttuction ol tlie Lon'itiiUtion,
ind bis sacred reiiaid lor it, his devotion to the whole Union,
his magnanimity and Ivtbearancc, Ins (icrsonal dignity, in
all those, and in relation t > all other auhjects, th ? ex imple ol
VV,i?.hln^toii coniiuands general respect an l veucrjtiori
,n:on" men uf a!l shade* ol ditletcnea of opinion :n oui
timer."* Aslormins the .-t itling p.uut in our pontieal In torv,
and ihe foun lation ot the ?. -vernment, we have d welt I nger
on tins aSHimisrrali n than we shall on; either -.1 i.ts s eces
s >rs. To ihem we must necessarily allot a very brief opace
Second Administration, 1797 to 1801. fjur years-Jokr.
Adams. President.
j Tin* administration ol .Mr. Adams u is considered by thr
i.'.lcr.ili.its, by whom In: was elected, in u c miinunion oi
the r-.?licy an i measure* in* predeccs-or, General VVush
jtii-iun. Mr. Adams, however, did not pos-sc-'s tIn: fidi con
fident ? ot liitf political asaoeijies; and alili'iugji i!|f> federal
ists, us a pari), were str.myer ia Congress tretn s*u;ini; tile
? iiriliue.? ation n| U a;lnni{iiiii, die w ij iv;nd . ..induct ? t trie
i'resii'eitt, anJ the urtpopul.irily of cntiie ol the acts 01 Con
i:rc;s, caused the doivnl ill o.' the led. r.:l party and (tie suc
cess o! their political opponents ai the end ot four vears ?
I'lie cablii*'t which lind hi- n ft by '.V t~i:i'iv"t- n. ne we hnvi
?tati:.'!. wef ''"titinni.' t iti > IiH;v '.v Mr Adams, In nhli.li was
?tddftl, in 179S the Secretary of tic iS'uvy, H. nj irriiri .S;od
? |f (t ol .Maryland, who v. ju npp.uiiti.1 alter the cstab!:dim> nt
? if t111t department lit Hie print' of 15UU, air. Adam* tjuar
reihd wan two niorish- rs ot the cabinet, and di?mi?Sfd them
from of'.icc, viz: .Mr. Pi Ir.-rini;. Secret,trv of .State, and M-.
i .VI. H'-n'y. Secretary o! >?'*r, an event which caused much
! excitement, und li st! eom- influence in throw),-i" the federal
! party in the mi'iority. U-n Hamilton putdishe't a pamph
I fit against Mr. Adams, which contributed to the sime result.
In May, IcUO, the President appointed J'fhn Marshall id Vir
giaitt, S? eretary of St ite, and Samuel Dexter of Masaichu
s-tts, Secretory o. War. Un the Ji.-t ot December, 1500,
.VIr. Wolcolt resigned a.-. Secretary of the Treasury, and :Vlr.
De.xter, sueeeeeded him. K"i;- r (Jriaw'dd of Connecticut,
was uppninted Secretary of War on the 3 I of February, J301
Tin; r.ile ol the f'-deriil parry trrmin iled wish tin; close nf
the administration of J"hn .-tdams, uhic.'i was principally
remarkable for the strife between the two jjreat parties in
Concresv, the establishment r.f n ntvv, the passage of thej
rdirn and sedition law?, and the 'i-tpit'ci between France i
??ml the United S'ates, which ?tr? fins"y settled by the !
course pursued by "dr. .Adams, against t'tt opinions and ad- j
vice iff many of the fcaeral leaders. The stat <jl govern-}
mi nt VjS removed So Washington durir.? the summer of I
13C0 an.1 President A.1-.tas delivered his last onnu.,1 speech i
to Congress at :i,-j c'apitol in >ve?i'i.r, ISW.
Th.ird Administration. ISO: tr. 1 ?08. years? Thomas
Jffcr...n, Pmidtnt.
The fallowing nictbsere<-d :hr Cibint" ? or?. appointed hv
Mr. Jit! fv.>n, liiiiine lii- a ' 11: rostra1 u.i, ^ <z :
S>ec;e:arv of S:^te--J.nne; iM^dii .m i ; Vir.'.ri, ;| ap;.i;ti!ed ?
March 5 1501.
Secret try of th- Tnasuiy? Alport i'.li. iti. Perils', ivania;
May 14, 1301.
Secretary of War?Henry Dearbon, jlas.'achuaetts; March J
5, 1301.
Secretary of the Mavy?Robert Smith, Man land; July 13,
1301. ' 6
Attorney General?Levi Lincoln, M.i?s; March 5, 1501.
John Hreck'enrHge, Kentucky, Dec. 23, 1505; Caspar A.
lictducy, Delaware, Jan. '29, 1507.
The principal imssutes id Mr. Jefferson's administration
were the acnuisiuon ot' Louidana; the surveys of the
eoaft, and the eiploring expedition t>l" Lewis nn I Ciurke
across t!-e continer.l; hdvantajje u? ireaties with th ? I.i j
diane; Hie adoption i f th; einbatm.' anti other !t-.-iiricti\e [
measuio on commerce; the ledui tioti oi the na?y, BnJ thu j
tii<l of the gun host system; and ?ueres-l'ul hostriilies with :
flit Hjrbarv pt>wc'? in the Mediterranean, rise administration !
wns 'hori'Uiflily *o-inned in t.otn houses id C'nnerei!!t. ?nd j
(he President acted iiis pleasure in appidntmeii's and rerno- I
vjla from olEce, the federalists being Kraduallv displaced, and I
republicans appointed to p!ar?-s of honc-r an.t emolument.
Fourth Adinciit'rat-on. 1509 .' > 1517 eight years-Jjmet
.Madison President.
The changes in the cab.net were more numerous under
Mr. Madison than under his predecessor, as i:.e f jllnwtng
shltwn :
State-Robert Smith, Mtrvland, Much 6 !S09. Jatr.ei
ilunroc, Vli^'iala. Aov. 23, 1311.
Treasury?Albert Gallatin, Pennsylvania (c in |
ffi .1;) George W. Campbell, Tennessee, li. It'll", AI -1
xand? r J. U;i!if, I'ennsvIvariiii. Oct. 6, 1314: WH'U.n H
Jrawfors!, Gc>rrU, Oct. 22. 1S15. ,
War-Win. Kus'is, Massachusetts, March 7, 1=0'J; John
Armstrong, New Vork, Ja-.. 13. 1313; Janus Monroe. Vir
ginia. Sept. 27, 1311; William U. Crawford, Georgia, March
2, 1313.
ISavy Paul Hamilton, South Carolina. March 7, 1309;
W ill, mi Jooe<?, Peoria-. ivtiDi i, Jan. 1*, 1313; Benjamin W.
Crowuinshitid, Massachusetts, Dec. 19, 1314.
Attorney General.-Cajsar A. Rodney, Delaware, (contin
?icl;) William Pinkney, Maryland, Dec. 11, 1311; Richard
Rush, Pennsylvania, F< b. 10,1314.
Mr Monroe returned to the Slate Department, February ,
23,1615, having acted for some time as Secretary of War,
after tliK resignation of General Armstrong.
The leading measures of Msdison's administration were
the dei lirmiuu of war with Grout Bri'aln, and the acu con
nected therewith; the establishment of financial and other
.-ysteros nllor the return of peace, including a na'i >n.sl bank,
and revised tariff on imposts; also, the provisions made for
paying off the nationji debt. The administration was
uniformly sustained hy republican majorities in buth houses
ol CongretP. The views of President Madison on subjects
of national policy, as developed in his la*t annua! message
to Congress, in December, 1816, were con-idertd liberal, and
important lo the interests of the country. When a member
of Uelcborative bodies, Mr. M*dison was an able debater, and
as a writer he has lew equals among American statesmen.?
Hi* was fond of society, although he hud traveled but little;
never having visited foreign countries, or seen mucn of the
people over whom lie presided. He wjis of small stature,
his manner war. modest and retiring, but n conversation he
was pleasing and instructive. On his accession to ine Pre
sidency lie restored the custom of stitoJ levees at the White
House, which had been abolished t>y Jefiersmi. It wa* on
:he uci ftMon of these levees that Mrs. Madison displayed
lirr polite and attractive attentions, which had much influ
ence, and distinguished this period us au era in society at the
eity of Washington.
Fifth Adminutrution, 1317, to 1525, eight yeart?Jjs. Mon
roe, President.
The following arc the Cabinet appointments made by Mr.
Monroe, during h;s eight years, viz :
State.?John Uuincy Adams, Massachusetts; March 5,
1317.
Treasury?William 11. Crawford, Georgia; March 5, IS 17.
War-liav; Shelby, Kentucky, (declined;) Geo. Graham.
Ya.. April 7, 1317; John C. Calhoun, South Carolina, Octo
ber 8, 1317.
Navy?Utnj. W. Crownlnshit Id, Ma?s , (continued;) Smith
i Thompson, tiew York, Nov. 30, IS 18; John Rodgers, U. S.
) iw. Sept 1, 1323; Sam'l L. Soutlurd, New Jersey, Sept.
| lo, 1523.
Attorney General?Rieh'd Rush, Penn , (continued;) Wra
i Wirt, Va., Nov. 15, 1317.
; The administration of Monroe wss eminently prosperous
| m i su* cessful. It has been called the "era of gotd feeling,"
! forno ji.no I in otir history had party spirit been so much
; subdued, and the attention of the national legislature more
exclusively devoted to objects of public benefit. The inde
i pendeticei f the South American Republics was acknowl
? di^i.d; the acquisition ol Florida by treaty with Spain was
! accomplished; the national del.t greatly reduced, and tha re
vsnuu increased.
dixth Administration, 1325 tu ls2ii. tour yeaie -
John C^uincy Adams, President.
The Cabinet appointments were an follows:
i Stat-:.?Henry Clay, Kentucky, March 7, 1325
i Treasury.?Richard Rush, Pennsylvania. March 7, 1825 !
i War.?James Harbour. Virginia, .March 7, 1325; Peter B '
, Porter, N. V.. May 26, 1323.
Navy.? Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey, (continued.)
i Attorney General.?William Wirt, Virginia, (continued.)
It will !,e observed ihat there was but one change in the
I cabinet during this administration. Mr. Birbour was ap
j p./mtc.l Minister to Great Britain in May, 1323.
; The administration of Mr. Adams was violently opposed
J throughout hi* entire term, and the opposition being concen
i rrated'on Gen. Jackson as his successor, a new formation ol
I parties took place. The administration was sustained in
Conjjr ss for one-lmlf of the term, but the remaining two
I years ihere was an opposition majority in both houses ol
i Congress Toe aliairs of the nation, domestic and foreign,
i witk however. generally admitted to have been well con
i ducted; the United States enjoyed uninterrupted peace, and
the commercial relations were extended, although there was
I nfailure to ob'.uin free trade with the British West Indies.?
: In the domestic policy of the government, measures were
! t,iken todevilp the resources of the country; favorable
i treaties were made with Indian triber; the tarill whs revised;
i internal improvements encouraged; five millions ol dollars
I appropriated <?> pension officers of the revolution; and thirty
I millions of the public debt paid off; besides expending nearly
! fourteen millions of dollars for various objects ol permanent
; tienefit to the country during this administration. Mr. Adams
insula bui vf-ry faw removals frum olticc; and by his refusal
| to' j'lve a preference to his political Irlends in appointments
? in many case? disgusted his supporters and accelerated his
' own downfall. , . .
i S.rruth Administration, 1829 tu 163.-ugld years - Andrew
JtcLnjn, President.
' The Postmaster General was added to the cabinet by
... . '"'??? w?t?l??? ojipvluioicnln cm nil.
J' i w #: # ^ ,
State?Martin Van Burtii, New Vork, March 6, 1329. Ko
ward Livlngeton, L luisiana, 31ay 24, 1331; Louis McLane,
11.Inwue, May 29, 1333; John Forsyth, Georgia, June 27.
I 1334.
i Treasury.?Samuel I), lnjliam, Pennsylvnr.io, March b,
I lf-2l>- l.ouis Mchanc, Deluware, August 3. 1931; William J.
| Du'ine. Pennsylvania. Mav 29, 1333; Roger B. Taney, Ma
i rv land, September 23, 1333; Lavl Woodoury, New H.imp
I ,-iiire. June 27, 1S34.
War.?John H. Katon. Tennessee, March 9, la-9; l.ewla
Cn-s. Ohio. August 1, 1331.
\ ivy.?John Branch, iNorth (.arrditiu, March 9, 19.J, 1-c*
?.! Woodbury. New ilampst.ire. May VJ 1?21; AluMon Uic?
e:f> n, New Jersey, June 30, 1334 ,, .
i' "tmaster General. ? W iilixm T. Barry. Kentucky, March
?' 13^1'; Amos Kendall Kentucky, May 1, 1335
A torm v G-neral.?J"hn M. Berrien. Georgia, March 9,
(soy. |{ ,ji. r II Tnney, .Maryland, July 20, 1331; Benjamin
K.'i.'.iiier, New York, November 15, 1833.
Tin* soace which this administration occupies In our his
tory is one which must always bo considered on evontlul
, f(, 'eharitf terised by scenes of continued agitation and ex
riicu-.nl of the public mind. The democratic party claim
thai Jackson's course as a statesman was wise and tnneh
nal to the country in us foriign and domestic relaiionf; that
? in;Miration was of an energetic character; that under
the national debt was extinguished, and the attention ol
,he people turned towards u specie currency, and enlarging
. c ? .ccie ba^is f >r bank circulation; that the t.rmness ol the
I'-e^id. j t in refusing to sanction a renewal of the charter ol
til'.- LT-.i*ed States Bank, and hid removal of the public de
posits ir'oin that institution, effected the destruction ol ? dan
serous moneyed monopoly and that his vetoes of In ernal
Improvement bills, as well a a of Mr. Uay ? Land b II, or
rested the prugreas uf extravagance and speculation in I He
Sf^trsj and atnonij tlitj ppoplc,
Lijiht'i Administration, 1?37 to 1S4I, four yeart~Mat tin
Van Burtn, Pruidtnt.
The Cabinet appointments were as tollows:
b* :i!. ? John Fon-yth, Georgia, (continued )
'i'rt i.-urv? Lt %i WuoJbury, iN'tw Hampshire, do.
War? Joel it. Poinsett, South Carolina, 31 arch 7, 1337.
Navy ?Mehion Dickinson, New Jersey, (continued;)
J inwr K. I'iiiililinu, New Vurk, June 30, 1 S3r.
i\?.-:m .ster (General.-- Amos Kendall, Kentucky, (contin-!
tied;) John 31 Nile#, Connecticut, 31 ?iy 13, 1840.
Att mey ncrai. ?Benjamin F. Bit/ir, New York, (con-:
liruivil;; Felix Grundy of Tennessee, July 7, 18i3: Henry D. ?
Crilt;;;, Pennsylvania, J nimrv 10. 1S40.
administration of Mr. Van Buien was marked by but j
("? v. public measure* ??r ??r*j?ict9> ut interest, except thedis-'
i i ii'feucy questions n;rJ the ?. stuMisfjuicnt ol tilt-'
?s?irr? f.-urv. :.e recommended by the President. Ttio cnt?i-,
t.t ! I ; . b> U.n. Jackson were generally continued in office j
! .r ci ine tiiii'-, and ?here were but few changes rind appoint* (
nts to office during this administration, which gent-raily J
was tiii'aiite i by a majority in Congress, particularly in the
deruv. iltliu .. !) i: wn- i:t j minority on eome questions iu
?lie Hi>tii:-ul Ke;>u ^eiiti'ivsn.
.Xtnt'i Administration 1S41 to 1915, four ytara? William 1
II Harrison JJres 'dent, died April 4, ];41, and vat tuc- |
I c.tiled by the Vice President, Jain TyU.r.
The LVii'i' t uppointments were us lollows:
S'ate.- D.itiii I Webster. ^Mass., March 5,1841; Abel l*
I'jishur, Virgin*Jely 24. iS43. John C. Calhoun, S. Caro- I
l na, 3Iarcii 6, lt44.
Trcasurv ?Thomas Ewlntr, Ohl?, March 5, ISJl; Walter
Forward, !Vriii.-y!vunio, September 13. 1841; John C. Spen
? e:, iN? iv V<?? k, 31'ifch 3 1;!3; Cieorye 31. Bibb, K' ntucky,'
J Joe i j. Is 14.
War.?John Br-ll, Tenn., 31 arch o, ISllj John McLean,
Ohio (?! clinedji John C. .Spencer, New York, Dec 20. IS41;
j tin M. Porter, no , 3larch3,1543; Wm Wilkin*, Penn ,
KeD. :j, 1=14. ;
;\.i w v. ? G'.o'ge E. Bidjjer, North Carolina, .Mjreli5 1541;
AV! i' I'jirl'.ur, Virginia, Sept. 13, 1341; iJaviJ Henshaw,
.Made . July 24. 1813; Thos. W. Gilmer, V,i , Feb. '<ia, 1544; j
Jo'm Y. Mason, Va., March 14, 1844
P,?<tmasisr General.?Francis Giantrer, New York. March
o. 1541; Charles A Wicklirfe, Kentucky, September 13,
1541
A torney General.?John J. Criuenden. Kentucky, 31arch
5 !Sli; Hugh S. L'g'iie, S. C., Sept 13, 1341: John Nel
a >?:. 3id . Jaly i, 1343. j
Toe ?tdrr.inistration of J.-hn Tyler was noted for his vetoes
of bii.'a for a fiscal a?ent uod corporation, rr national bank,;
and other incisures pas=>d bra Whig Congress, and the ;
consequent tlis'uptlon o!' t';e Whig par'y, which had cleva- i
t?d Harrison and Tyl-r to p -wer Tlure ??a^ a m?jo-!
lity ir, fcj'h H'.'UJea of Coi.?'rc?5 dU'lng 'he fir?< t*vo year? '
i f mi? administrition, etui a Democratic majority the re- j
irriinifig iwo >cars. The leadinc measures accomplished by
this adminiairati i:i were the revision of the tarirf; the set '
tlenient of the Northeast Boundary with England, through j
tile energy and skill of the Secretary of State, 31 r. Webster;!
and the annexation of Texas, so far as the action of Congress I
and the Executive were concerned, and the final admission j
of Texas into the Union, taking place under Polk's admlnis
tration.
Tcnlfi Administration, 1 ~45 to 1849, four ytars?
Jiinici Knox lJuLk, President.
The only Cabinet appointments of 31r. Polk were the fol-1
lowing: j
Stu.'e.?J Hires Buchanan, P.nn., March 5, 13-15
Tieasury.?Robert J. Walker, Mississippi, March 6,
1:45
War. ? Wm. L M?rcy, N. Y., March 5, 1845
Navy ?fjeorge Bancroft. Mass., March 5, 1945; John Y.
M tson, Vjrcinia, Sept. 9,1846.
Postmaster General?Cave Johnson, Teun, March 5,1345;
Attorney General ? Joho Y. Ma?oo, Vs., 31arch 5,^ls45.
?Saihan Clifford, Maine, Oct. 17, 1546; Isaac Toucey, Conn
1543.
The administration of Mr. Polk was marked by measures
nJ events of the mo?t decided character and important
tieaiirnr on the interests of the country. Among its most
: oportant measures were the settlement of the Oregon
s.tuitions with Great Britain: the war with Mexico, and con
. qu??ni arquiiUlon of California and xNew Mexicoi the ss
loiisnnient ot tn-j suo-treasury; a revision of the tarirf on
Imports; by which an ad talonm system ol duties b; d -.he
wa'flii us policy were u. J' ?;?? ei-'. 'ilia new def an titer, t of
'he Interior was created. Time was a democratic nu.jori y
In both brunettes of Congress me first two years, t.nJ a
small whig majority in the House in the other two year*, ct'
Mr. Polk's term.
Eleventh Administration, 1 ?-?9 fi 1153, four yean? Ziehary
Taylor Pretident~d:-d in njfice July 9ih, 1550 and vm
succeeded by the Vice President, Millard Fillmore.
Th?' folljwin# were the Cabinet appointments by Taylor
and Fillmore:
State?John M. Clayton, Delaware, Mitch 6;ti, 1849 ?
Daniel Webster, Mo8SAchimeti=. July, 1350. Edward E.er
ett, Massachusetts, October, 1352.
Treasury?^Sillinm 31. Meredith, Georgia, .March, 1S19.
Thomas Car "in, Ohio, July. 1SS0.
War?George VV. Crawford, PennsvlvjnU, March, 1849.
Charlej M. Conrad, Louisiana, July 1=50.
Navy?Wm. B Preston, Virginia, March 1349. Win A.
Graham, North Carolina, July, 1850. John P. Kennedy,
Maryland, 1852.
Interior-Thomas Ewfng, Ohio, Ms.'" h, 1349. Ale* H H.
Stuart, Virginia, July, 2350
Postmaster Geneial ?J. Ccliimer, Vermont. M?rch, 15*9.
Nathan K. Hall, New York, July, 155'). Samuel D Hut^
hard, Connecticut, 1S52.
Attorney Genoral ?Reverdv Johnson, Maryland, March.
15-19. John J. Crittenden, Kentucky, Julv 1350.
The pas-sage of the compromise union measure?, hy wh'ch
the admission of California Into the Union and the S'-ttie
ment of ihe Texas boundary question were effected, and the
ami slavery agitation checked, have been perhaps the rri'-at
Important measures of the late administration, which has
been in a in.noritv in both branctie* of Congress throughout
the term ol its existence.
On examining the character end h'ntory of the past ad
ministrations, we think it will b>' observed thit the persi rial
qualities and principles of th<' disf r?nt Pre.Mden's have had
much influence on tti' operation* <>f the Government In c
.Relation as will u? it: the exercise of rr?- executive power*.
Thus Washington, Jeff<-r*on, Madison, Monroe, John Qo;n
cy Ada ma, Jackeon and Polk, have left the impress of their
minds on the legislative annuls of the country and the j io
grtf-ts ol Ihe nation; while the wayward ar.d whirr,aietl
i: oir?o pursued by John Adams and John Ty let. und their
quarrels with their Cabinets and political ?upp??rtet?\ effes I
ed the destruction ol tlie power of the respective parte*
witii which they were eonneevd.
Ttie itihnlnis'iMiions of V in Buren and Fillmore, although
quite different in their political character, may be said to
have been both of a negative character, owing partly io th*
decline of their reepectivo politic :l parties while tli'-v vce
in power. It remains to bo seen \?-h?-ther 'he new ndmir's
(ration of General P'etct* will exhlbi', as we ih:? k It will,
leatures of n 'tecided und poslriv ? character, under ihe le.d.i
e:ice of Its distinguished head, whone innugun:l r.drcsshsa
produced ho profound an impression on 'he public mind
We repeat the names of ihe new cabinet, as here:- fore >
en.
Twelfth Administration, 1S5H-?Franklin Pierce prtildtn:
Statk?Wiilium L.Marcy, N. Y., March. 135ii
Theasuby ? James Guthrif. Kentucky, do
War ?Jefferson Davis, Mississippi, do
Navy?James C. Dobbin, N Carolina, do
Interior--Robert McClelland, Mich . do
Postmaster Gen.?J. Campbell, Penn . do
Attorney Gen.?Caleb Cushion. Mu-s , do
VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE.
Tuesday, M abcii 15. 1653
HOUSli OV- DELEGATES.
A Senate bill to incorporate the Prince George und ;.ut: <
Plank Road Company, was taken up, read a Kurd unio anj
paused.
An i nijrossed bill to authorise an inciea*- ol ihe capital
stock of the North River Navigation Company, and to au
ihorizethc Board of Public Works to subscribe three-flit!;*
of -aid increased stock was taken up, with the Hinrridriier.it
proposed thereto by the Senate, and determined in the sffii
?native.
An engrossed bill to authorize the Kxchmge Bank of Vu
'Jnlu or any other of the Banks of this Commonwealth t <
I establish an office In the town of Blackeburg wn- read ?
third time and passed.
An engrossed bill authorizing the borough of Morgnntow n
i subscribe to works ol Internal Improvements, was reaa a
. third time and passed.
| An engrossed bill to Incorporate tha Putnam und (inns
>v!in mining and manufacturing company was read a third
; time arid passed.
| An engrossed bill to extend the lease of the Borlne Mill ai
| the Armory, to J. B. Braag to <in additional i<?rm ol teu
I years, wa<i read a third tune and passid -ayes 102.
A Senate bill incorporating the Tug Fork Navigation
! Company, was taken up, read .i tiiird time, ami passed?oye?
! 30, noes 26.
I A Senate bill incorpornting ihe AUsandrhi, I. ardour, and
! Hampshire Rail Road Company, was taken . on mo Ion
of Mr. Massey, enrt on his motion omenit-.!, rend n >hird
l time, and pa?ned? sv? 73. noe= "t> fit makea a thrce-liftht
j siihseription o| 31,200 UUO.j
On motion of Mr. Patrick, It wn?
I Resolved, That the use of the Hill be gmnttJ to Captain
i Erircimn n> explain rhe Caloric Engine, bet we<-n the hour*
lot half-past 4 o'clock and ua!f past 7 o'clock, P. M.,
! Thursday next
j A Senate bill io Incorporate the Rorkurldeo and North
; Etiver Macadamized Road Company was read 9 third time
j and passed.
i An engrossed bill to pr eesion land In the coi.my oi
j Louisa was read a third tin and pussed.
| The bill was amended to read, ' und certain other cou>?
j ties therein mentioned."
I An engrossed bill authorizing the Councils of Noifolk lo
establish a ferry between Norfolk and Portsmouth, was
read n third time and passed.
On motion, the House ud| turned until flils ? voclng at half
j past 7 o'clock
KXTHA SESSION' OF THE L'. S. BiiNATE.
Washinotos, Tue'Dav, March 15, ISc'J
After an Kx"CU'.ive Session of nrnrly two h?-sr?, the doius
were opened, and Mr. Clay ton concluded his remarks n l?
tivu to, and in vindication ol the treaty which he, as Secre
tary of State, negotiated with Mr. Bulwer, relative io C?n
ttal x\inerica.
.Mr. Douglas obtained the ft ?or, when th?> Senate sd
journed.
,??*
APPOMATTOX RIVER.? We le irn from me South Side
Democrat, ih?t Col. Manstie!d l.ae rnsJe a o- ntri.ct wIth
Mr. Norman Otis of Syracuse, New York, lor deepening
the Appomattox rlvir to au averuye of I waive ieci at iti'-er.
high water.
ADJOURNMENT Ol-' THE OHIO LEGISLATURE
Cixoivmati, March 14.?Tlie Ohio Legislature adjoumud
tine dit to-day. The bill esmblishlng sub-treasurers we*
passed. An amendment providing for the payment of tax* j
in specie was rejected. _
| MOB BY STRONG-MINDED WOMEN.-Hie Cliw
| Linn Herald ?ays that on the l*t Int'unt, somo 30 w.-inerj,
i wdi backed by gentlemen, proceeded !?? Ihe srocery of An.
! ihony Jncobe, in Ashland, an.! :<?sS>J him to dlicurit.nui- tiio
sale of liquor and the use of u bairn telle board, which hud
| policed many of the youth and some of the married iren
j from their hom-a. He refused, ami the ladies chopped fi.a
? bagatelle table into kindiioi; wood and emptied in* Jiqii<<r?
into the street. They then v ltd led inoi.'ier grorejy and a
tavern, b'lth of which capitulated.
-4M^
DEATH OF HKOK. HORNER.
Philadelphia. March 13. 1533 ? I'rof. Wm. L H-.r:iet r
the P< nn<vlvania Univtrrsiiy, <Sied 1 'St t-?????5nt?
M vitKItCU.
.Married, on Thurs I1?, the I" h Invt., ti (he Livi'Cnp .1 O.Uieh
\ViHiirn<:>iirg. ny f t lie/ lit m y M IJenrii'oti. Mr JoJIn i
FlTCHKTT o! N"f hamptori ?:onr.t/, V , . j MaRY WELL
I>i? 1JVRL)';I Wiiiiaiusburg.
m>
Dir.D.
Duo. 'j:i :!tc .?? January. a: ? fi?* re*ide:i<.e ol h'.: ?in-inliw
Dr *Wi'iianiwn. iri the c.'uuiy ??! New Ks',\ ale. ar: i? ? <? ' I :I r- ?*
month* hi t'ie oO-.li yenrut herttge, >li- MARIA WII.KI>ViX
In 'tie Vatli (it thiii esilriliD c td-ii. r-t ?:i?i-? hi d (nit,-:* ? ?? '? -si
called'? innurn. am! iouji. >il he -?;i4?lfr?r"fi lit* of csrth h**? b"*i
severed; while every u.'-irnony wi?nn th?in. to think <'I l et t
ui frc a rol.e* tin) been washed. od made Wiite.iii Uie bluo'
of the f.amb " Her naiura'l* .'enMe manner*, (?-setiicr with.. cairn.
i e>.? wh'Ch wa? ever in..nile?le t in h*f ? luuteuanco sp'.ke 'it t .
t.tace imparled by tli.ar holy relicm* ?.ho profe->ee<l ar,d ador.'.ed
uunug hei protraCted illm*- while th? <>u'-ward tenement was ?ul
leiing. ?he ufteii remarked, a.) wm | r'ire wi Bui, and wher. talis.',
from eatti. her happlnc-" would he peileCted. Love filled ber *>?;
love im G'j I, and love to all in iiilii'd. ??l.-t me die :lie dea.r. af '.ta
riehfeouf. in ' iet niv las', etid he like he:?.
HOT The 1 lines will please copy
M'Ll'Ilfc HOl'SK, \VIIKKLI.\G, Vllltil.MA.
JAMKS CARKOLL. PKOPRIKTijR
'^MllSrplendid Hotel is now in lull operation. provided will, i'.
* the appi ance* ol u first rla-^ House j'.b ?i:u-*ted on Mm
roe street, only twu squire- from the e'taoi boa: Lei:d.i g, and this*
hundred yard* from the rail road Depot
The Proprietor, having been ernr. luted lor the U" *e -er. yjarc
th* Eu'.nvr ilou-e. Ba'tnnore. H conlident he <-?n satufj- lie c?f 3c:c
uons o'" the tra'ellinc public, and ?o uisrit ictir pauouoge.
wbsxuxo. Feb. 16.1=53 ?17
JiOTlCE TO COSTRACl'OKS.
SCALED Proposal* wilt be rcr#;*ej until Satui J^y. ihcStt'Jty j;
ADrll next, at or.t oV!t>cit. p M.. for'.he e'ec'.Wn of a Ctaps
Mu?iol Hall. A-c . at the ln?'.ita'ion. for th? D-?f ?.r.d Dumb, tn4
the IJIi" I. Ht Staunton. The r!an? 11>! 'periScationj t>li! fcs r?ad>
lor induction, at :r,? inailtutioi:. on the Tih ?! April cie'eJIr.j "i t.i
Building will be of bsicK, and pribubly a>J b) SO !-::t. :.nrf aco?: it
in height The payment* will be or.o-ihird in ^'j?a?.C!, one-third
wlien the buiMlnir'la under ror.f, an ? the t.a'acce wr.tn delivered
ready loi uie. Th* cor'tricor r-i!i be r*^'iiift:! to er.^er in'o bor:2
?viih aood *ecur;iy lor he lar.bful pTi-'r ai.c? vf *>)*con'ract Fti
further inlurii.aii.'i., apply t-i Itt. J. C. Mcrrilat, Principal it '.h?
ln?tltu ion JAMES If sKINNEIt, i
OEORCE UAYLOR. ' .. . _
ABSOI.OM KOINER, /t*?tu?l?e Pa<o
Mar?(i 12?CM SAM II. JJROWN. )
NOTICfc.
f a HARRINGTON, Importer and Manufacturer of Cigan
,9. T'ih.ifco, Sr.uff. Pipe'. 4tc , at wholesale aud reta !. No !?-i.
Main?corner of 10th?street, ?ign ?f the Scotch }?"hliKr. keep* r>>i,
?:antiy on hand all the moat popular brand* ol Cizar?, in large . .
pinalI |jta. to *uit purchaier* on reasonable term?, and ai priren
c unpete with the Northern dealer*.
Oct. -?tf .IAMES A. IIARRINCTON, Tohacconiat
All E HI.NDREO DOLLARS KEWARD.-Kn.
n J .iway fiom the S-iw Mill of S 5s. Perry, agent, in Charlea Ott;<
roun'^i about the first nf ihi? month, my r;e;ro man EDH IN Re u
known to have stolen free paper* In in* possession, ar.ij may be rr.a
?.ins hi* way to a free State, lie i* about 23 y<-ar? ot aee. f> feet ??
i ,che* in height, and v#rj hlack. The above reward will he gj.fr.
if taken out of inaStaie.and tf& if taken wi'hln the State.
March 7-c3w THOS H MARSTo ?
^Ott ilALK-A pleasauilummtr reaid*uce, aujjIi ing the ???-,
.1 residence ol Conway Kobinaon, E?q on the one *ide and Jajjp
he Female Orphan A*ylum on the other. The lot iror.t* i'j f*e- riilfi
;.i, 7sh street. Tha hou?e has 9 rooms. wi:ha kitchen and meat house,
^'.so an ot?l'-e for a profe??ional gentlemau. A long credit win be
iven on hall of trie pur.:ha*e money, the puichaser paving interest
hinitially. LEWIS HILL. l3th mice-.
March a?c4t
*J| Ca?K? Rockltt.'C Lime. Jim arnved per a..nr .aa?t
Acron, Capt Oregwry.aud ft-r sale by
March 8 HASJCINS i LIBbY

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