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Richmond enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1815-1867, August 04, 1857, Image 2

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" THE KKHMOM) ENQtlKEH.
UY ItlTClUK Jk IM1NNAVANT.
TUESDAY NOKKIN<;,AI?I;NT 4,1m
THE BRITISH EMl'lUE.
The iusurrecliou iu India seems to have awakenec
the home government of England, to an nuxiousense
of the duDger of disaffection among the colo
uies. And well it uiny excite the interest, it not th?
inost eerious appreheusiou of all who wish Great Britain
9 God-speed on her mysterious mission?whethei
of amelioration and liberty, or of extortion, imposi
' tion and ultimate despotism, (lie It u'nre alone can
determine. The wealth and strength of the British
Empire are dependent almost entirely upon its pro
Ytncidl possessions. And that magnificent territory in
the East, which is now tne scene oi reueusuu ouu
strife, affords a fund, which is to the exchequer of
England, as the waters of the Nile to the agriculture
of Egypt. The Sepoys are up in arms; and they
1^. coout their effective force by tens of thousauds of
welhtrained fighting men. The government at
home has, of course, adopted as immediate action
and as summary measures for the suppression
of the revolt, as circumstatioes will admit.
But India is not to be reached in a day, and
where the insurrection rages is hundreds of miles
from the landing places of the transported troops.?
Tee English army, in India now, is utterly unequal
to the task of crushing out the revolt?aud should
the spirit of disaffection continue to extend, as there
" is reason to believe it will, until the whole Hindoo
people are aroused with the fury of fanatics, from the
H:snma!eu mountains to Cape Coraorin, it may require
more men and mouey than England expended
in the Crimea, to subdue the revolution and maintain
her sway over her invaluable dotniuions in the East,
The British navy is propoitioned in its number of
vessels and guns, to the widely extended and uncon
nected empire and itscommensurate commerce, wbich
it is designed to protect. But no uavyor army can
be adequate to tbc subjugation aud continued control
of a people, whose numbers are equal to all the force
that ouu be sent against them; who have wealth without
measure, wbo are accustomed to exercire in arms,
and who have risen in rebelliou to buret the bonds of
oppression which nature never intended fhetn to bear.
The Sepoys, in India, wbo have been made soldiers
for the subjection of tbeir own country, their own
kinsmen and comrades, bave turned at last upon the
oppressors of tbeir race; and England shudders at
the loose.
The time has come when the British empire fur*
niebes a fruitful topic for speculation. Whether its
tendency to liberty at home is only the result of reluctant
concessions to an enlightened people, while in
tbedistantprovinces.it is grinding still more deeply
in the dust, every element of freedom ; whether
it is increasing or degenerating in influence and
power, and. indeed, whether its continuance even as
an equal among the first nations of the earth is not
threatened, are all questions which sages and states"
- -- ->: ... Tko nn>a.
viien may well Degin graveiy 10 uieeuso. r.vtige
of British arms was ominously impaired in the
Crimean war, acd the potency of the British name,
in arte or iu sciences, injdiploraacy, in every thing,
has had little to increase it for some time past.
Ttie destiny of the British empire suggests a problem
in politics difficult of solution, so much so indeed,
that the circuraataooes now surrounding it must be
sources of serious apprehension to its ablest acd astutcst
statesmen. Australia is inclining to the establishment
of a separate and distinct government of its
own. Ireland is ever restless and on the alert for en
opportnne occasion to throtv off the thraldom of
England. And now that India is iu open revolution,
it is truly a question of debate and speculation,
whether the "mistress of the seas," on
whose dominions it is said the sun never sets,
is not rapidiy declining in .some of the essential
elements of influence and strength. Is the
revolt of the Sepoys a result nf an insane
spirit of unprovoked insubordination, or of England's j
usurpation and tyrannic rule over a people who have
calmly determined to aveuge their wrongs ? British
dominion in India, from its first establishment until
now, has uever been regarded by mankind otherwise
than as an evideuce of the unscrupulous cupidity aud
rapacity of a people, whose empire has been extended
by fire and sword, and in contemptuous contravention
of all recoguised law, both human and divine. The
wealth of India has contributed millions to the coders
of Great Britaiu, at the expense of the liberty and
necessities of its dowu-troddeu Hindoos. It is, then,
no matter of astonishment that, at last, the luxurious
repose ot the oppressor should be disturbed by the
shout of war and the clash ot arms.* The poor, per- ,
escuted descendants ot the nabobs, who bent tbeir i
nocks to the English yoke, aud once bowed humbly 1
a obeisance to Warren Hastings, are no longer over- '
awed by Britl-h bayonets. The flame of revolution
is enkindled; and England, we apprehend, will
?od no little difficulty iu subduiug it. That she will
eventually succeed, however, we have little doubt.?
And it is probably better for the cause of civilization 1
and Christianity, for the development aud proper employment
of the resources of that rich region, for the i
commerce of the world, aye, for the interests of In- 1
dia, that even the power ot British oppression should
not be broken, rather than that people should relapse
into barbarism, idolatry and superstition. But this
revolt should teach the British rulers a lesson. It
is one thing to conquer and colon'.ze a country,
ta elevate it iu reiigiou and laws, aud ameliorate it in
morals, and it is quite auother thing to oppress the
weak and extort their riches, as a reward for that
civilisation which makes theiu feel the loss more
sorely still. Unless the iron rule\.f England is molli
tied, the day will come wbeu India will raise a warcry
that cannot be bu?bed by the roar of the British
lion.
SOCIETY IN NEW YORK.
The disorderly condition of society in the city of
New York is suggestive of serious and painful reflections
to the conservative people of the North. Some
of tne scenes lately enacted there were worthy of
the Parisian populace in the midst of an einsute.?
lluuoan life seems to be Unsafe, aud where this is
eo tbe tenure of property must soon be uncertain.?
Agrarianism is evidently on tbe heels of auaruliy iu
New Yv>rk.
As au evidence of the lawlessness of that city, the
establishment of a vigilance committee was gravely
proposed by the frieuds of Augustas C. Vanlew,
who was lately added to tbe catalogue of murders.?
Suob a suggestion too plainly bespeak* the necessity
for & restoration of law aud order. It iudicatcs n l
spirit of anarchy which, iu n Ueptibliean country. 1
and especially in a mammoth city, may lead to cot: (
sequences which the nation may deplore. Vigilance
committees are evil omeus. where the people claim
to be loyal and free. The truth is, Northern society
is wofully In want of that conservative element
which Is neoeseary for security in a Democratic
country. ^
PUBLIC SALE OK KELICS.-Mr. Samuel IIGover,
auctioneer, yesterday sold at public sale the* {
large walking cane aud spy glass which nre said to
have belonged to the Father of bis Couutry. Air.
Oover, in the presence of a large and intelligent au- .
dience, read a certificate from Geo. W. P. (Justis,
"Esq., stating that the articles were once the property
of Gen. Washington, after which the bidding pro.
ceeded quite spiritedly. Tbe first bid was for fifty
dollars; tbe second which followed quite speedily,
was lor one huudred dollars, and finally tbey were
knocked dowu to Col. Johu S. Gittings for the sum >
of two huudred and five dollars. It is understood 8
thar thi* geutleinao was acting as tbe agent of the a
ladies of the Mount Vesnou Association of Virginia, h
who desigu presenting them to the Hon. Edward h
Everett as a testimonial of their high regard and es- ?
itteiu.? {oammurc American, July dli. ^
We cannot allow the above finking incident to ?
p??e wi.hout accompanying it with a cordial tribute
to the patriotic enthusiasm of the ladies of Richmond I
ad the Slate, connected with the Mount Vernon en- r<
terpriee, who wo promptly seized tho precious oppor- ?
tunity of procuring and preeeuling the blessed relics, a
<w fitting memorials ot the valuable and disinterested
services of eloquent obampious of the Mount Vernou |]
cause. It was especially becoming that Vir^tlu,i j i
should aecure these interest,og memeutoaa ot hot ;
great sou?and tbe ladies of Hichmoud, aud of the 1 *
State, deserve eapecial thanks for the energetic devo- , v
tion thev have mauifeeted on tbe occasion. Tc6 iuci- ' v
' to the great work in a
'* should stimulittd j
' e successful; t
Mouut I '
i
11
resting and delightful occasion. We regret that we
will not bo abla to accept the committee's polite invitation.
/ or llif Kit'/tiif' |N?.l
1
ON" 1 III*! NKCKSSITY oK KHMOYJXtJ <?K KK
IM Cl.vt; To NI.AVKKY Till-: KKKK NK
UUOKS OFTIIK COM>1 ON WEALTH.
Those who have unti tled tlio growth and develop
netiiof public sentiment for th? I"--' lw,| or Hire,
earn, in n hpei t iotlielr<<- negro population ot our
-tin'-, will in.i il.Hin un precipitate in advancing i|i?views
suggested by I he caption of our article. Tli
'pinions winch w? entertain, ami to which we t-l.ui!
;tve u'lenince, me rapid'y b-ing adopted by a ma
jority of the citi/ei.s of this Commonweal*li. As ati
nimble representative of tiiat sentiment?as an advocate
of opinions which the progressiva necessity ol
the times requires should become laic*, we shall write.
If there be aught of value or utility in what we shall
advance?if we shall succeed in demonstrating the
truth ot our propositions, and in showing the practicability,
expediency, and legality of what they nf
tirin, then we shall hope that legislative enactin-uts
will sanction and enforce measures and a policy demanded
hv the best interests of the Commonwealth,
by a true regard for the peitiianen' V-neo: 01 trie nee
negroes themselves, and t.y our duty to posterity.
As a knowledge <>l historical (nets and of our colonial
legislation concerning free negroes, may be considered
germaiu to our subject, and necessary to our
arguuit-ui, we shall pre-ent an epitome of Ibe record
of the past. That a re\isw and examination of this
kind shoufd b? perfect and unbrokrn in all its parts,
is t:<>; practicable, on account of the time and space
it would consume; nor is it desirable or requisite for
the enforcement of our views. We shall exhume aud
oioduce ju?t enough of the thoughts, experiences and
iaws of our ancestors, as will bring this whole question
of our tree uegro population before the eyes of
our people, that by the past they may read the
future.
We need not tel! the p-op)e bow slavery commerced
by the introduction of A frican negroes into the Colony
of Virginia from a Dutch mau of war in 10-1. We
need not tell them how black slavery, after that, rap
idly supplanted while slavery, or the system of white
iuiierited servants. Xo; we shall seek to tell them how
the unwise humanity of our forefathers induced them
to make fne negroes of their negro slaves-, how, when
too iate, seeing their folly aud its fruits, they sought
to mitigate and preveut the evils that sprung from
their intended good.
Our ancestors, as we do, loved their sluves, and,
when tlieir meritorious services were extraordinary
and devoted, rewarded thein with what Anglo Saxons
deem the most valuable gift and highest boon?freedom.
The colonist had not then learned, nor had
history then demonstrated, that the uegro was unfit
ted for freedom, and that so far from being a blessing,
it was, to him aud to society, an evil and a curse.?
Contemplation of the negro's character and instincts,
no matter where he is found and under what circum
stAuces, now proves that the worst and most valueless
reward for his services is manumission, llut our
forefathers, not having our lights and experiences to
guide them, did uot see this, and continued to set
thein free, till coutiuued emancipation and their great
natural increase, rendered their numbers in the colo
ny large enough to be annoying.
Until about the year lGbO, we see no legislation about
free uegroea ou our statute book; nor uutil a few years
after this do attempts appear to have been made, rcgu
latuig and restraining, within certain bounds, tlieir
-mancipation The right to mauumit sueins, for a
I mg time, to have been regarded as any other private
right of property, wiih the exercise or disposition of
which the legislature had no power to interfere. In
1652, the number of free negroes in Virginia was
about 1600. Small, comparatively, as this number
was, it was sutllcieut to creute, in the minds of the
legislators of tliat day, solicitude for the future, and
to arouse a desire to limit and restrain, as far as practicable,
the further increase of a population worthless,
vicious and abandoned iu its character. Accordingly
the House of Burgesses, in 1684 passed the follow
ing law, which we give with the old orthography unaltered
:
"Forasmuch as great inconveniences may happen
to this country by the Betting 01 negroes auu uiuurutoes
free, by their either entertaining negro slavbsfrom
their master's service, or receiving stolen good.", or
being grown old, briugiug a charge upon the couutrejjj
for prevention thereof, Be i! enacted, That no
negro or mullatto be, after the end of this present session
of Assembly, set free by any person or persons
whatsoever, unless such pereous, their hirers, executors
or administrators, pay for the transportation of
such negro or negroes out of the countrey within six
months after such setting them tree, upon penalty ol
paying of tenn pouuds sterling to tho church wardens
of the parish wl.ere such peraou shall dwell, with
which money, or so much thereof as shall be necessary,
the said church wardens are to cause the said ue
groe or mullatto to be transported out of tho countrey,
and the remainder of said money to imploy to the
use of the poor of the parish."? | Hening's Statutes
at Large lrom 16M to 1710, vol. page *7.
This old law speaks in language not to be misunderstood,
in its recital of the reasons for its passage.
Our minds readily comprehend the evils which urged
its enactment, and we appreciate that provident care
and parental foresight which induced our old-lawgivers
to watch over the interests of posterity. Shall
we he less mindful of those who shall come after us
Shall we, when the evil threatens us and posterity
now more than theu, shrink lrom our responsibilities.'
The statutary enactment above quoted indicates n
change in the minds of the colonists of Virginia towards
free negroes?a change fuify warranted by n
better knowledge of tree negro character. Before
the passage of this act people had emancipated their
slaves subject to no conditions or testrictions, and
they (the tree negroes) had been permitted to remain
in the colony. But the colonial Legislature saw the
necessity of abridging and subjecting to certain qualifications
this private right ot emancipation, wiiicli,
before that lime, had been ubs'dute. Private rights
have ever been jealously guarded by our AngloSaxon
fathers, and mruuld never be invaded or
abridged, save when required by public necessity
and the interests ol society. Of such necessity was
the law to which we have alluded; and its provisions
were acquiesced in; because the grievance end burden
of this population to so< iety was eveu the.; lull;
and any measure likely to diminish the evil or keep i
it stationary was earnestly desired.
Tfie next act we notice is that of 17t.'3 This
act prohibited slaves from being set free, save for
meritorious services, to be aujucged by the Govern*
< ?1 - Ui?rwiri,,n drained ?
nr HIKI COllIKII, nuu ? uwciico --
tfeuiug's Statutes fit Large, vol. 4. png?_ 132, chip.
4, sec. 17. This law was r-j-enac'.ed m 174S, id. vol.
j, page ll-.'. clinp. 38, see 20. In 173.'an not was,
passed to authorize the macumission of slaves with
certain provisos aud conditions. II Hen. Sta\
W. This was folio wed by the act of J 733. emancipating
those slaves wlio iuul served nssoldiers in the
war, Id. 303. In 1 liev Code of 1819, chap. Ill, we
lind a summary ot aM the laws about emancipation j
and free negroes, in force at that time. Theouiy section
ot that chapter to which we shall allude at pre- '
tut, is, that wliuli enacts that emancipated slaves,
from the passage of that net, shall forfeit their free
dom by remaining more than I'd months in the Com-j
luouivealth, uud may be sold by the overseers of the!
poor for the born-tit of the literary fund. Hut a re- I
:;ord of extraordinary good character and acts of extraordinary
merit, might, in the discretion of the
. ounty or corporation courts entitle the slave to remain;
and this provision nullified the act.
The principal f-atures and provisions of the laws
concerning free n<>groe?, embraced in chapter 111 of
Revised Code of ISl'J, are coutiuubd and incorporated
in the Code of 135,1. Hut the latter is not nltog-ther
as satisfactory and etlicient ?.sthe former, for it makes
no provision tor thecnle of the uegro in caso ho violates
the law by retiiaiuing in the State twelve months
after his emancipation* S > it seems that our laws in
this respect, uro not a.-> good under the Code of ISo'i,
as they were under the act of JGS4, passed by our
ancestors one hundred and seventy thfec years a^o.
So defective and ixietlicieut, so carelessly obeyed
and loosely administered were the laws respecting
emancipation and free negroes in our Statu, that the I
people, through their delegates, uttered their voice
upon this most important uud momentum question,
recognizing its grave lentures ami importance iu
Ihe organic and fundamental law of the laud. The
Convention of 1830-*.">1 did its duty, in the following
lections of the 4th article. We shall see how the le-.
,'ielaturo has done its duty before we finish :
S?kc. 10. Slaves bcreaiu-r emancipated shall forfeit!
;heir freedom by retuniiiMig in tho Couiuionwealth
uore tlinn 12 months alttr they become actually free,
ml ahull hn reduced to aluveiV uudef such regula
:iou* its may he prescribed by law.
Sti'.L'i). The General Assembly may impose such remictions
aud conditions as th-y shall" deem proper ou
he pnwer 01 ulnvo owners to emancipate their slaver;
ind may pass laws for the relief of the Common
realth Iroiu the frec.'iegro population, by removal or
itiierwise.
Sec. -I. The General Assembly shall not otnancirate
any elavo, or the descendant of any slave, either
>ef?>ro or utter the birtli of such descendant.
Wo liuvo thus taken a brief and imperfect review
if the laws concerning free negroes, from the esriiesi
cgislntiou on the subject, down to the adoption of our
lew Constitution. VVe have thought this necessary. 5
is a preliminary to what we shall hereafter add, in
idvocatiou of legislative actiou for their removal or
msiuvoineut. We invoke the aid and assistance of
ither and abler pens in this behalf, and solicit from
ill quarters of the Commonwealth an expression of
entiuaent on the subject, and such light and iuformaion
about this degraded population iu different lo alities
ot the .State, us will he uuxiliary to our
heme. 0L1.1N.
1 #"
For the Ftu/uirrr.
ilCETIFG OF THE CoNVESTIOM? HoN. JoHN Tvt.ltlt?
l?r ami i?.m? Diva' procetiiufls?Speeches ?
Taking of Shakes?Visitors?The Weather?
Keuoval or Tight Ilovsr. Kf.epek.
oi.t? Point, July -'to, ik-V.
The Convention met here yesterday. Kx President
['yler was chosen President by acclamation. Iu a
hurt, but very appropriate address, he accepted the
ippointmeut. I noticed his healthy appearance and
ine spirits. Certainly no one will deny that he com
lines all the qualities of an old Virginia gentleman,
losers. Hank*, Linib and Brnughtoii were appointed
iecretaries; and the Hon. Harringer of N. C-, Mr.
lamlin of Tenn., Capt. Page of I). C., and 31. N.
ttllS 01 naiumure. were ruuaeu ? toe rrtetunu?.
L'-tter* coin/uendtnif the scheme ot the lion. A.
)udley Mann, were received by the Convention and
98d. 'Among the number, I notice one from Governr
Wise, Hon. Jacob Thompson, Hon. Lewis Cam.
Ir. L>o Bow, Lieut Maury, lion. James M. Mnsou,
ud other.*.
After the appoiutmcnt of a committee on resnluious,
and a committee oa subscriptions, and ilie
rausactiou of some other preliminary biwiuesa, the
cuvaction adjourned until to day at lit o'clock.
Tae Convention was called to order by the President,
.'he committee reported e series of resolutions. The
louvoutiou was then addressed by (jut. liauu. in ex j
dauatiou of bi.s proposed Steam ferry luie. i otn i
leased to say his speech gave generai satiifaciion to j
dl concerned. Hon. Mr. Barringer ot X. C-. tol'ow- '
:d in an aide speech?strong and argumentative. j
Mr. L J. Chaudlor of Norfolk City, came forward j
tod addresced xite Convention in one of the most.
vitty, argumentative and elooueut speeches to which
t has ever been my privilege to listen He took
he true position?shearing all the advantages to the
'h to be derived irom the establishment ot this
' line.
this Occasion to express his views upvn
'ton s mission. He could not see
V conflctiug opinion. The on
affecting, or calculated to
with Mr K'? project ?
' v Col. Mann, will
| be of infinite more importance than merely bringing
into Hampton Roads or Norfolk harbor h steamship Hi
for exhibition. Ho would as noon see an exhibition | u,
of iri/.l am nulls. One will do as much tfoud as the
other.
At tlm conclusion of Mr C.\ able ndd-.^s, the Conventh.u
to, k a recess until 1 o'clock. Copt. P?K*. of
the Navy presented his vietva in a short b.tr iuteiest- ,r
'l!~ address Aft, r i-otno remarks limn Mr. Segnr. d
and l!o; aii.'p ioii ,.t a report 1.0111 the cointoiltee on cl
nhecMprjon*?which report shows that nearly one ai
hundred t-hares nave been taken, and the liope ex fr
ptc.ssi d. that luicn the number tit Ibis place and te
its vicinity will b? subscribed? resolutions n! it
thanks were passed for rhe very ab'e man ?
ner in which the duties of the otfice had been n
disclia^oMij |,v t||? venerable President; also, resolu A
'iotis commending Col. Mann's enterprise. 8t
Tim Convention then r.dj ntrti.-d to assemble in
Richmond the Wednesday after the t!d Monday in h
December. ti
This has b"en ,/ vurkins Convention: all will admit I
" I have oeeti intoi ined thai President Tyler says be o
lias never presided over any assembly of the kind
where there was a more thorough determination on the si
part of gentlemen to woik an I accomplish something d
t'tia best le. lit,.' prevailed throughout. Money is the II
only thing now n<|tiired. I. ,t the South come up as (
one man, and so m wo shall be commercially indepen II
dent of the North. H
At this time tlmro ij q>r?f? a largo number of vi<it e
ors here. Tiro w-atber lias been pleasant, though o
quite rainy. The keeper of the light house at this '
place (Mr. .left) b"? been removed, and a lady ap- P
pointed in his plaro. Sinis Democrats nave gruin- c
bled a little, but surety no otio, from all I can learn, ft
ought to object to the appointment which has beet. 'I
made. Observer.
i,
southern commercial convention ti
A meetingof the citizens of Northampton county l'
- . i||,|, ,lau a
w HS held at the OoUHUoUStl on r nuay, inn ,-im .4...,
0} .July, 18j7, for tho purpose of appointing Dele- s
gates to represent said county in the Southern Corn "
mercia! Convention, to be 1j?I?1 at Kuoxville, 011 the "
second Monday in August next.
The meeting was called to order by Hamilton S
Xenle, Esq., on whose motion Mr. Leo. H Nottiog *'
ham win chosen cbuirmau; eud, on like motiou,
Lafayeito Harmnnsoii was appointed Secretary. a
Mr. Neale then stated the object of the ineetiiiu and
urged the importancu of Virginia's being represented, P
aud particularly tliis portion of the State, in tho Con w
vention. " ?
Dr. Win A. Thoin offered the following resolutions, P
wh-cli. after being mid, were unanimously adopted : ?
1. liesolvid, That wo, citizens of Northampton M
1 county, in th? State of Virginia, feel a lively iuta'esi *
as ciiizens of the tZoitlh in every scheme having f-r *
its object tho advancement id tlio prosperity of tin- '
South?agricultural, luechunicnl or commercial, and
are anxious to contribute our aid to any plan likely to
promote thes^ interests. 1.
'J. Resolved, That we have a peculiar and especial 1
interest in the commercial prosperity of tho South, a
from the geographical position of our county, moored 0
as she is at the portals of Virginia, bordering on the ^
Chesapeake bay, and within sight of whose shores
the white-winged messengers of commerce must !"
pn?s, if tho present plans for tho commercial iude- 1
pendente of our section should succeed. 11
J. Kesoived, That in view of these facts ntid this
state of public sentiment, it is highly desirable and
expedient that this county bo represented in the v
Southern Commercial Convention to meet at Knox-, '
ville, on the tenth nf August next.
4 Kcolved, That the chairman appoint three dele- 1
gates from each district of this county, to represeut '
the same in said Convention. '
Under the last resolution, the following gentlemen
were appointed delegates, viz : Dr. Thomas E. Spady,
James 11. Nottingham and Edwin Goftigou, from din- '
trict No. I; Dr. William A. Thorn, Hamilton S. Nenle )
and Edgar J. .Spady. from district No.'J, and John }
W. Tankard. Louis D. Heath and T. W. Jacob, 1
from district No. J. f
Ou motion, the chairman and secretary were added *
to the said delegation. '
On motion, it was? 1(
Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting
he published iu the papers of Richmond and Nor- 1
folk. '
And, thereupon, tho m?oting adjourned. ,1
LEO. B. NOTTINGHAM. Chairman.
L. IIinvinso.v, Secretary.
* _ r
KANSAS.
We Lave, up to this moment, religiously abstained ,
from speaking on this question, the merits of which ,
we believe did not warrant the considerable abuse
and inconsiderate defence of which it has been equally
mude the victim. Itisagrent misfortune for any (
man, principle or circumstance to be thought necee j ,
eary of defence aguiust abuse, however violent, or ! ^
hot headed abusers. however numerous. In such j ,
cases, what is intended as a defence is only a provocative
of greater abuse; and, so far from convincing
the reason, it but inspires the adjectives of fboae who,
having nothing to argue from, are but too glad fo nave
something to talk al. You may bridge, but you can-; .]
not stay the mad cataract. By patience, you may !
span it; hut in attcmptiug to stay it, you, direct the ) ..
froth aud fury from one iuto a dozen channels. You !
inay walk over it on solid ground, but cannot walk j .
through it on any. So is it a wajfc of energy to re- , ,
ply to frothy and furious abuse. To those upon '
whom abuse is effective, reason is useless; therefore j
it is not only needless to speak when you cannot do so j
with reason, but criminal to imagine that one is up- '
holding or defending a \iuse or principle by giving I
its wilfully obstinate v.lifiers texts for further and
still more obstinate nonsense. .
It will he said that the abuse is harmless as the
defence is needless. Kvenso; and there is no reason
. why virulently violent people on the one hand, and
violently virtuous people on the other, should go oti
abusing and defending, to the amusement of no one,
and without oven a plausible show of instructing. | [J
much lee# defeating, each oilier. P
In the matter of this Kansas excitement?for we '
csnnot cail i* a discussion?Iheabusu was ungenerous, (-(
as the defence of the Administration was unnocetsaO';
. n
I resident Buchanan, or the policy for the carrying ^
out of which lie j-j responsible, needs no defence. T? y
say that ho does, is to reiterate, in less prominent i
i tones, the spirit of the Black Kepubiieau journals, I
j and to impugn aud impeach the Democracy, by whose ^
will and vote Mr. Buchanuu was elected. Tfie Kan- ji
sfts Nebraska Lit; wr.?, as Senator Douglas said at ^
Springfield, the tiakeii an J dis'inct issue upon which
Mr. Buchanan was elected. Therefore, while it is a ()
bold iueult to the people wiio voted tor him, it exhib t|
ifa u nervous weakness iu Democratic faith to say yj
that Mr. Buchanan needs a defence for carrying oat
i tho*o principles he was distinctly elected fo carry out. '
Mr. Htich.'ir.an nerds no defence, ar.d in touching w
(lie subject we o'Luisiin any audi purpose or idea as j
offering or listening to yuc. What was wuitod, and
is wanted, is :;n exposition ni..*c than a defence; a w
simplification more than a coir.plicattou of tbe points ?
illustrating; the question, ,?ud rendering imperative q
sutdi tu.tiou as tiie Administration has taken. < [?
Solemnly bound t<> the letter as well as tha spirit of I p
tiie law, as the {'resident is, it would have been weii jj
lor those Southern journalist? who bave gone iuto opposition
to have cultivated a knowledge of the law,
before they flung their flippant and pa-sinuate ol j--c- jq
tions in its way. Thev should constantly remeinber
the provisions of tiie Kiin-as-Nebraska bill, as amend-1
ed by Mr. {ladder's proviso, and never forget tlial the 1
South passed it. _ 0|
The President's instructions to Gov. Walker are in ?i
strict compliance with the bill; and it m-e in ridiculous tr
that a few Southern politician- should have succeeded w
to some c-ztenl, in creating antagonism to the Presi w
de::t for what the representatives of Southern men ri
and measures had done. If these excitablo and sfctioual
gentlemeu are inconsistent euough to scout
what tbe Southern statesmen tiud politicians sustain- j,
ed, it is uot to bo wondered at that their eectiounl j]
brethren of the North should hope to rnnke cousider- jj
able anti-Democratic capital out of it. s.
This is no lime to embarrass the Administration.?
AuJ if these lew Southern politicians, either through
a well-meant, if even factious siucwity, or a wilful e,
love of disorganization, have made proselytes to t(,
their untenable phantasies, we beg of both to look
quietly at the facts before tbey irremediably absolve !.(
themselves of ail recognition of the law of the laud, tf,
The South made the hill what it is. y
In January, I8.VI, Mr. Dixon, of Kentucky,gave rt
notice that lie would oiler an amendment to ihe Ne- j,j
hraska bill, the spirit of which was ?o repeal the Mis :i
souri Compromise; that snid Compromise "shall not
be couetf u*-d as to apply to the territory contemplated
by this act. 01 to any o.'her territory of the United \\
Stab s." Next day {January 1?) Mr. Sumner, of 0[
Massachusetts, gave notice of au ameudment, provi- eti
ding that the Missouri Compromise should remain in jn
full force. On Ihe iKM, Senator Douglas announced tk
the determination of tbe Committee on 'i'eirilories to at
amend the Nebraska hill so as to make two Territo- !
ries, (Kansas and Nebraska.) and also declaring the
Missouri Compromise of 1820 inoperative, being *u |jt
perseded l>v the Compromise measures of ISoll. Mr. qq
Chase supported by Mr. Wade,opposed tbe abrogation
of the Missouri Compromise; and, on the 7th of Februnrv,
Mr. Douglas presented his proposed amend- to,
inept to the 1 If h section of the bill, tliu*: c
"Which (the Missouri Compromise) being itienn- ,u
sisteut with the principles of non-intervention by tb
Congre.^ with slavery in the States nnd Territories, (n,
as recognized by the legislation of 18.00, commonly ?u
called the Compromise measures, is hereby declared fic
inoperative and void; it being the true intent and
meaning of this act not to legislate slavery iuto any
Territory or Slate, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to uv
leave Ihe people thereof perfectly free to form and wj
regulate their own domestic institutions in their own
way, .subject ouly to ibo Constitution of the Uuited
rt, ;i ' Wri
.States.- , .
Tho Ubhnte continued in the Senate with great for ....
vor mid no little animation by Mr. Everett of Masan
nhuaette, Trumau Smith of Connecticut, and General t)r|
Houston, in opposition to. and Mr. Weller of California,
in favor of the bill, op to the 13th of February, :
when Mr. Douglas* amendment was adopted by :ti to
10, tim only Southern Senator in opposition being V,J
Gen. Houston. A useless amendment offered by Mr.
Chase oaused some debate, and for several days lead
ing Senators cave their opinions?Seward, Sumner ,
and Chase presenting petitions against the hill, and '
Messrs. Badger of N. Carolina, loombsot Georgia,
Hunter of Virginia, Butler of South Carolina, Bmwu "
of Mississippi, Dodge of Iowa, and Cass of Michigan, .'e'
speaking in support of it; when, ou the U'd of March,
Mr. Badger moved to amend by inserting the follow- ?r
iog after Douglas amendment quoted above ,
' provided, That nothing herein contained shnll be
construed to revive or put in force any law or regn'a
liou which may hava existed prior to the act of G*h * ,
March, ldJO. either protecting, establishing, prohibit
iug or abolishing slavery." m
This was adopted by 35 ' > C?Adams of Mississippi.
Brown of Mississippi, Jobasou of Arkausoe. Ku>k ;
of Texa*, and Sebastian of Arkansas, voting In the i . '
negative.
This proviso declared unrepealed what the pre- 41,1
vious sentence ot the section, (M> into which it was "*
incorporated, declared repealed. It was, in etiect, L-'
eu'li ks Mr. Sumner suggested he wou:d off.-r.
The prohibition of the revival of any law or regu |
latiou existing previous to ld-0, was ius? the same as , bu
endorsing e-id double knotting the Missouri tJoapro- 1 fou
mise, Mr. Millsjn of Virginia, was right when ho j ot
declared against the proviso, in a speech of great j bm
calmness and ability, proving that the proviso did M
exactly what the Missouri restriction did. He nnti
cipated the decision hi the Dred 6coft ff&sa by a clear J
exposition of. and a drin reliance on. the shelter a.f-j art
forded by the Constitution, Since then, the highest /he
. ?ga! tribunal in th-< country has given it? opinion.? ! or,
it is tut reasouablo to itutgiue that the President, 1
guided by such lights, is uu\ and will not be, dis ! 1
traded by tiio political fireflies that imagine, at ! am
every twiakliog spasm, they are shedding light upon ! cat
a continent. ! cut
If those gentlemen have anything to compl*m of. j
my should not badger the Administration.? IH ;
isf?n S
CITa AMI STATU PIKVV8.
DKATH OKA RlCH.MO.Ml PkI.NTKK. -TilOS. Btti'if. h
met worthy member of the typographical corp-,
led in this <*sty lint Sunday night. Mr. 15- hue dtsliarged,
with a fni'hfuliie** worthy of emuiutioti.und
11 iuduetiy uusurpaseeil, nil I lie railing* of li printer,
oin apprentice to editor. Hi ?i? beloved aud es
milled by all bin associates?most fondly loved by
lose who knew him Uu?t. lis leaves a devoted
ite and several young and interesting chiidlcu to
lourn a loss, which to them is irreparable. The
inericnn. ot last evening, pays the following drrved
tribute to his memory;
> ?/ !Thum'i.? Bin/?The community will
e none the lees ehocked than we were, nt the anounceinent
of ttio deatli of this estimatile citizen ? !
lo died a' his residence mi Sunday night at twelve
'chick, atter a short and unanticipated illness.
"Mr. IJailiecommenced a career of active editorial
srvice under the guidance of the late John dampen
Pleasants. He was afterward associated in the
lichinond Times and Compiler with the lamented
larrington, which paper ceasing nt hi* death. Mr.
Uilie commenced the editorial conduct of the live
ing Bulletin. This journal lie managed with mark
d ability, and secured the respect aud commendation
I his associates of the pres-i. In the private walks
f life* his universal popularity dictates the most noropriato
eulogy. Kind aud generou-- to a fault, e>>ial
and gay in disposition, be gathered around him
rietids whose eyes will be budiuiuied with tears at
lis sad intelligence.
' His hearty laugh v '!l be heard no more, for Death
as put his seal upon it; cold and ashy are the lips
!iat onco breathed forth the lire of liuinor and wit;
uiilb is the voice that once lent argument to dubate,
nd paralysed the brain once so pregnant with reuoil.
The sad tale is told in one short aud solemn
ford?Death 1 The sable curtain is drawn. The
roild yet contaius his body, but eternity his soul."
"Chesapeake Female College."?We under(and
that the Hoard of Trustees ot tlio above named
rcstllutlun, intend to complete the present building so
s to commence tile school in October,
Notice will be giveu in time for all necessary prearntiou
to be made by parents or guardians, who
fish to patronize the school.
Dr. \Vm. K. Vaughau, of Hampton, Vn., correeouding
secretary of the Hoard, will take pleasure in
iving any iuiormation that may he desired. Those
fho prefer a location on tlie Hay Shore rather than
inoii,; itie mountains, with, we believe, r-qual intelictue'
and moral advautuge, can be accommodated
t this College.
The Vounc Guard ? We aie pleased to learn that
liis young and popular corps are about tore-organize,
'hey will select, as their Captain, Hugh W. Fry, Jr.;
nd have now on the roil between 41) and 60 of their
Id members. It is the intention of the Company
n abandon their former name and adopt that ol the
Old Guard." We hope they may soon be able to
esuine their place in liue, and claim for llieina-lves
be title of the old Company?" the pride of the Kegiaent."
Like Insokaete.? Frederick Hoyden, Esq.,
rhoee death we announced a few days siuce, was inured
in the New York Life Insurance Company for
>6.000. Mr. Hoyden insured his life with Sir. Clias.
Vorthatn, the Ageut for the above Company about
en years ago This is another plea forLieiusuunce.
Destructive Haii. Storm.?The Lewisburg
Jhroniclesays : "4>n Friday evening last this vicinity
vas visited by the severest liail storinever witnessed
n this county. Hail fell to the depth ot three or four
ncltes, destroying corn, fruit, gardens, ,V.c. Town
jardetis, were completely destroyed. We have uever
leeu such ruin. All hopes of vegetables have been
innihilated. The loss will be severe on the poor of
>ur village, whose whole hope consisted in the vege
ables from their gardens. We are happy to know that
he storm was confined to a very small space. It was
vorse in town than in any place else, bnt did some
lumago on boiue farms West of this place."
A.votuer Revolutionary Soldier Gone.?
Irchibuld Campbell, aged tut years, nnu an active
mrticipant iu the revolutionary war, died in Green
>rier county, on Monday, "Oth July. The Lwisburg
,'hroniclo says : " We brieve that we have now in
ireenbrier no witness of those eventful times that
ried men's souls, to relate the many hardships of
hat memorable period. With Archibald Campbell,
he last of the noble Romans of '7i>, residents of
Jreenbrier county, have passed away. None now
,10 left to tell tJte tale of our early struggle for liberty.
,et us kindly cherish their memory."
Lynchburg Culi.eck.?We learn that Messrs.
Irockett and Ulaiikeuship. who were recently elected I
i Professorships in this College, hpve untitled the
toard of Trustees of tbe acceptance of the jiosts aligned
tiieis. Tbe friends of the College will begm1led
to learn that Ike prospects for the comingeession
re of tbe most encouraging character. A c nsidt-ra
1? number of applications'have already been made
ir tbe admission of studeuts from abroad.
Kit Etc FiCVJ'.?We are informed by "the rcsn about
iwii" that the quiet village, of Falm utfli wn< enliven
d nil Thursday by a ' Free Fitfht," in which a man
amed Dickens was very seriously injured. Abbott,
no of the parties ift the affray, was crrestud. lie gave
ail for his appearance at next Stafford court. Since
'riling the above, we learn that Dickens isti'texpec- i
til to recover.? | Fieiirrirkslmri; Rrcordrr.
Chakgeii with Abdocting.?Titos. J. Dunn, suposed
to liave been engaged in abducting a nave, the
roperty ot .Mr. Mojby of Lynchburg, took passage
k that city o:i Saturday last, in tbo cuatocy of ?liier
liraithwaite. The prieouei's wife readied lo re
torn Winchester on the saino day, and ac .uipauied
iin to Lynchburg. She is of very prepos?r<siug apenraiico,
and evinced much feeling at the unenvia
In position of her busbaud.? [I!ihyiso/iia/' Vuliry
)(moci'til.
Aecinent?Wo regiet to leorn that Mr. Jehu Gib
ous, rending below McGuliey.iviilo, on Shenandoah
liver, in this County, ;ya? severely injuted i. the Hole
liy a reaping machine, u fortnight since. Ono of
10 bones of tbe ankle waseiitiiuiy cug'ed or cut in
vo by the aiacbiuo! IIo suffered very i?u<-h from
)c accident, but is now gutting well.?[liockiu'jhum
'.center.
C&ors t." Western Virginia.?-A corre.-poudeut
riting us ftoin Harrison county, under date of tbe !
Irb July, alluding to ttn^rops in tbat section says : j
The farmers aro now cutung cue of the largc?i
heul cropa that was ever secured in Western \ irgi- j
iu. T lie bat vest is about two weeks later tha., usual. j
lats ntitl grass are equally good. The corn ami po- |
itoe crops are looking wel'. Taken altogether, the
resent is every bountiful harvest in this portion of
Jo Old jpoioiuicu."?|}Vniclir.\!cr Virginian.
Struck bv Liciitmnc..?On Wednesday las', Capt j
[. Durrett, of the North Garden, had a mule aud a '
arse killed by liglituiug. The ploughman, when i
>e ?turi? came up, placed his team under a tree, and
i company with ijje rest of the hand), some twelve
rthuteeii, sought shelter in a stable some thirty
srds off. The stroke of lightning that struck the
ee and killed the mule aud bnrtc, also atuuurd tin*
hole parly assembled in the stable ; not one of
hoin, however, was seriou;ly injured. ? [Ch/trh-flc*it
It AdeocaU.
Dbowxi.no ok Cxir. Uo?:.?We ootic.ud iu yesterty's
Gazette, that Capt. John liou, of the schooner
iary June, had been drowned. Capt. If. and Mr
enry S Weaver, a passenger, were iu a small boat,
id in attempting to put a sack of meal on board the
lioouer, the boat moved off aud they both fell over
jard. Capt. Ifoe never rose, and Mr Weaver, remainI
struggling in the water, until a boat was sent from
iu shore whiuh rescued biin. Capt. It. had on his
arson, upwards of $<" ) iu gold. His body has not
at been recovered, though every effort was tnnde to
id it. Capt. Koe was from Westmoreland County,
a. Mr Woaver is a native of the same county, but
icenily removed to Washington City, und was on
s way to viait his former home.? [A.'craitdna (in
tie.
Supft.v of Watkr ion NonroLK, Jcc ? Geu'l
'nrd ]J. Burnett, who is spoken of as the "bravert
thy brave," to whom the gold snuff box bequeathI
by Gen. Jackson is to be awarded, ts now engaged
makiug the preliminary surveys for the introduc
in of a supply of water for Norfolk, Portsmouth
id tbe Uuited States navy yard at Gosport.
4.HS0.V.?A negro uained Uandolph Green, has
e;j trres^eil in jTiilaiitjjiUia on the charge of arson.
ie accused waj formerly a slave iu Xorfolk, Viruia.
He purchased thetreedom of himself ami his
ft-, and iu September last, went to JPhiladefphia and
>>k a house iu ??.-iex (greet 1^0J vpeued u .small grory
in the basement ul it. If is entire stock in trade,
ruilure, <Sec:., were probably worth SfTOff, and npou
esu he effected an insurance of in the Coinjuwoaltb
Insurance Company, Keceutly, lie aired
his goods (or $250 additional in the same ot
e.
ICxTitAonoixinv Yiki.o.?We havo been shown,
our triend, Win. L. Goggin, Esq., eome stalks ? f
mat, that excel any tliiug of tlie ktud that we have
<r.._ 1 ..f ivli-nf
er JBBU. i lie pruuuwi vi iuicu ....?., ,
is 2,001) grains?a yield that, wo imagine, has never j
eu excelled. Toe product ol a single grain, from,
lich there sprung 27 stalks, was 1.0*') grain?, ave j
;ing 4U grains to each stalk. The several grains j
uduced, respectively, 2?, 21 nnd 20 stalks. While J
! entire crop ol Mr Goggiu has not thus been prolific i
its yield, this circumstance alone tends to show the ;
pacity of Bedford 'and for the production of grain, i
hat county in the State, or Uui<?n, can beat this? j
[Bt'f/orii Smtiiwl. i
St.nolt.ir Occurrence?During a v-;ty heavy J
rm ou Mouday evening last the lightning struck a j
x k of wheat, in a field of Mtyor Charles Snyder j
sr Salein, Uosuoke county, Va-, which instantly |
>k fire, and nutwiihitandmg the rain was falling in
reuta, the whsa: was entirely cousnm -d.
Passing Counterfeit Monev.?Kich'd Koowles. j
veil known character iu Wheeling. Va., was arreet
thgre on Tuesday night iost, charged with passing j
iank bill of the denomination of ten dollar?, of the
irth Western Bauk of Virginio, letter A. payable at |
elUhurg.
Desi htc in e Rain.?A vary destructive rem fell i
the ut gbbothood ot Pugb's Uun, iu this county, on ]
nday last, which damaged fences very much, ard '
xhed aw&y the 'i'urupike bridge ot tbat place.?
tic Murk-.: Spirit rf Ifcmuerary.
I'all Oais.?We were abGwn a few dave jin.-e a ;
ach of oats which measured fee'- and txret-!
riL< iucuet in height. It was grown upon the farm |
Mr. Joseph Giick on Smith's creek. Without j
utiag at&li we ryould like to see it beat.?| -NVtc i
irket Spirit of Drmocr.try.
Another Statue or Wasiiisctos.?Powers, the j
i?t, i? now engaged upou a statue of Washington in [
i dress cf a Freema-'ou, nnd with the in>ignift of the I
ler. Irs destination is Richmond, Va.
mprovement.?Some of the cars on the Orange |
i Alexandria Railroad, have been fitted up with I
le seats for summer uss, instead of the hot velvet; i
ihious. j
ICorrespondetiea of the Baltimore Suu.j
New York, Au?<1>
'lhe steamer Yanderbilt, Capt. Ili&fins, ?e" to-day
for Southampton and Havre with I VJ passengers and
|tl -jircie. Tlio Vanderbilt also lariiesoui
two fine horros for tii- Emperor Napoleon. rhe
lisiniiti'i: fttaioer lluiuitmiiin, Captain lieydtinunalso
lett to day lor llaniburc with .* ? cabin and
steerage pass enters. She takes out $o,i)UU in specie.
I'lm Collins mail steamer Atlantic, Captain Kldrtdste,
J likew ise suite 1 :<i..1hv for Liverpool, witb oi" passengers
and .< iij|.-|t)ti t',r. Among i??r passengers are tlie
li.ni \V. U. I'reslon of Ya ; Kev. Mr. Uolfe. Mr.
(.'rati;,' and Joliti J. Sissoti of Mil . aud Gov. Wright,
L*. S. Minister tn Prussia, and sen.
A case of yellow fever was ve?ierday received into
the Marine Hospital at quaiantiue from on board the
the brig John Iloyiitnn, which arrived on the VI?t.
and has since been lying at the low er anchorage.?
The ?tuVi-dorn who fins beeu employed ou board i- the
person attacked.
?
LATEU FltOM MEXICO.^
We have advices from Mexico to tbo J'th u it - As
far n* lizard I'roin the elections tvero favorable to
Cotnoii'nrt. It was believed that Benito Jaurez, a
protjreasisto, was elected Presidegt of the Supreme
Court- In tli- election for deputies in the city ui
Mexico on the I ?;h the liberals Were triumphant.
Serious alarm was telr regarding tho statu of al
lair- ?iin ojmio. juu .-ecreiury in urn uiioiwi >iu-i
addressed circulars to the Governors o! tfit* States on
the subject, stating that n tupture was inevitable,
Hud calling upon the Governors to hold the National
Guards ready tor orders, Hint to tiaii-uut reports <>t
thr-ir numberj and tllioieticy to headquarters.
The Ecu National .'ay.- Unit in<n*o of war Coiiioatort
will len t the army, and Juarez act us President
iu his stead.
(Jen. Loptz Uruza, wiio was formerly exiled, has
0 lie red his services to Comoiifort iu fuse ot a war
with Spain. Santa Anna is believed to be iu Cuba.
HE-UNION* OK PKEtsliV 1 EKIES-?The Nrsli
villa Presbytery.^ Old School, and the Now School
Presbytery of \Vest Tennessee have been uuiied.?
The basis ?f re-union was that of the Synods of New
York aud Philadelphia, as found on pugo null of Assembly's
Digest, l?!fS ? | True ft it nets.
OCR MINISTER AT PARIS -The Paris cornspondent
of the Loudon Court Journal writes as follows
:
' Hit Excellency Plenipotentiary Mason, having
beeu reprimanded lor throwing ins arm round the
buck of the Empress Eugenie's chair, is making up
his pack to rty to some retirement where tie means,
so says report, to study the ulliuities, in order to be
Lave better ntst time."
-
massacreok MISSIONARIES.-a letter from
Rev. A. Medlaud, ot Meerut, uaied .May loth, s?ys :
The missionaries and native Christians at Delhi me,
1 believe, killed." A letter iu the London Times,
from Rev. T. C. .Smith, Chaplin of Meerut, India,
says :
The Rev. Mr. J en flings, Chaplain of Delhi, aud his
grown-up dauglner (an amiable and much respected
young lady) w-re murdered in the palace, wh-re they
were living with Cnptniu Douglas, (also killed.) comuiaodaut
ot the Guards. The Delhi bank was plundered
aud burut.us were all the cautoiitiients, together
with the premises of the Delhi Gazette, the treasury
sacked, uinl the church burnt. Hut a very few, I
tear, have escaped.
COMMERCIAL RECORD
RICHMOND MAUIigTS, Al'Dl ST;:, is;,;.
TSy'l li-- following uuoUtious are wholesale. For small
orders higher price- will be charged
Al'l'l.f.-.?None in luarki-t. Dried .\pplc.s 'jl f,",.; "fj
bushel ,.f 'J- !hs.
11.\<'O.V -Tin- marki't ha-improved slliee last Week, the
lock i- ii* .4rI> exhausted. We continue the <|Uo'atintis of
last week, but with a demand which cannot, wiUi the pre
sent slock, to- supplied. Itone Sid- lf? Shoulder. 1J-,
111 fTf.lt.?We u'lote Mountain 17(T? '-'o; (ioslien ZUtff.'doc ;
t'o-ami 'ii i'.'tii.l'J V.c. The market is better supplied.
i.i'i ai , v 'r.r., it, _ a.....
Iili<i-tr- : accordiny to quality.
ItlVKKr.'. ?.\ Painted Hii'lieu, is i? dozen: Hire
hoop painted Pails, * > "(J dozen. Heavy Cedar Tub-, neat,
?1 j} not. Heavy tVilar FVed ifitckt-t4, ? <(</,.'f '[J
tjo/etl.
COFFFF MY i|tiole HI" 1 HTrI2rlit.; Liiguoyra !>'
ci- ; Ja> I'!Mocha Iti.'otJLK ct.-.
MuLAssllS. .New Mclean*, 7e<&-o . t-, Culia Wet*.; Porto
Hie.. . 1-.
COKN MEAL.?$1 JO. "I,a|.;iCli.Gtl? ill Meal
CORN'.?Market dull nt '.'J ct- per bushel?po rtly
ill tile retail waV.
COKE.?For city con-uniption $."> 2.*. per cart I unl < f
j ^-]" :*, P.r suit lu.np, .-oil liail 4 I 77?. Hard lump and liail
COTTON W cent- \> IV
j COTTON YAKNS, tc Cotton Vara- JI(o SS. ct- . Cotton
1 Cordage 2'2 ct-.; Seine Twine ".'7 ct . Carpet Warp '2S ct- ;
Wrapping Twine 'S2 ct-.
j COAL. Wliitc and H. d A-li Antliracltc Coai, eijk U.'' ' >'
I family use. *'i To 1 per ton of 111- ; Silmylkill White
. AnIi, iuinp. $' Mt&ifi per Ion; Lehigh l.iiinp, torfoiindiv-,
|7 .' 'II e above are retail price.-.
| t"ANull's.- Ty|I...?' U'm . V f>-i Jack-on'- litfi.17; Hull'*
19c Adanian'itie. '26% Jrc., S; erin J.V Patent Sperm PS
cents.
CEMENT. -Jaine* Hirer *1 T.nT. 7T. '( l.lo. IJu.NoItiver
-I To'1,11 Ilotrmun it TnCj.l 7.', I,.iu
41 .0ui.fl 7."i.
JT t.'l'H RMtllFLS Dull a: M ill , the grinding
having cio-eo
i i.OlfU?Tliere is 1. > ci.ccrc in quotations I.at iirtlc
new Inn yet ur: red.
We rcnow quotations of ln?r week, which, fxc.'pl the
limited rules lor It.one cotiiumptioti, may he con.-tdcr. il
merely nominal. I ..r Shipping X Mi.Idling-?ti all; Fine
7 eit superfine i'7. Kxtrn .">'1 n - ' >. To the trade X
Middling* Ml i| a Jo; Sepertiiie 11 r -Vj; Extra r 11T
f 1 r.i'y 'J vj.. Ii,
WHKA 1?The mar's, t couiinu '- at t'l for wi/le, innl
l*t.5 mr red. New w heat lie-in- to e iniu in pretty lre? ly.
' EFutTILIZKKS.?Peruvian Guano f.">- p. .-ton, very-care.W'c
nuote Mexican Jo'T/*tio per ton. according to quality :
Pe Berg's Manipulated Guano f.'-i; Kc.-i.. ' ) do. He
Beig's Super Pftoisplial. Lime flu t-1 ton.
TOIIACCo.?Tito break- or Totiacco continue larrc, l.nt
receipt* are much lighter during' tiro la-t week, with a (.- t
demand. We quote Inferiof I.ug* at if'.' 7io(o,ll; Good $11
@1 Fine manufacturing 4II: Shipping faj'p.i:!;
Interior Leaf at fl.ifqjl 1; Good #14 l."J : Fine .-hi;
ping 4lo oiCp.17 .'.o; Fine Stemming, scarce, f I'.'.r. 17 ;
Good Manuia-turliitf fl.'.ftUJ; Fine .'otff/.Wr j'.
Fancy Wrapper?, in light cast-.
CATTLE. IIOGS~~AXD .SHEEP.
Shook 1 Chocki.tt'a lit" port.
BEEF CATTLE?Arc worth f I to |.*> by the scales. Supply
moderate.
Ml'TTON?Are worth 4'5 to 41 SO per head. Extra qunii1
y ivoeld demand a little more.
HOGS- tv
HALT.'MUHE MARKET, A,u 1,?" M.
(7UFFKK.?The Coffee market to-day ruled vu; quiet. |
hut bjuvift. We have nit irnuMctiiin^ til moment 10 no
hi it. Holders nl Kin c- fire are now asking an advance
til i to t cent per ih on the quotation* given below ?
The sih's iiotetl have been exclusively to Jobber* unit
Grocer* Wo quote prime ami choice Kij 1 Is a 1J cents;
good il ! !?, !i|ir Hi; JnVu 10 1-2 u 17 cent*: l.aguay ra
13 I t! rents.
Fi.OL'R.?The Flour marks;. thoggb not Scry active,
ruled steady to day. In Howard street super Ve had ie |
ported a sale of l.TObbls fur retni'ing purposes, at f ". 7*.
The slock of this drscriptinn ol Flour on the market istill
very light. City Mill-' super Ht the opening of 'I'hango
wit* in lair demand, and wns held lirtnly ?f from 47 to
7 37 1 I!, but towurd* the close it wns otl'ered Iri ely lit
47 It! 1 tl, without ending buyers. For iminediatc use
buyenrs would hate readily gi?en 47 in Old super we
bitve mi change to nii'e. Holder* are goiierrdiv ilid'.llg
47 7.0; but there seems to be tin d-'utfitni Itq it. I..v." a
Hour ruled lull, but we s-il! quote it 47 7.) a > for Ohm
Kxira, ami 4s 27 ti ? .1" lor Howard Street nnd City Mil!
do.
CORN MKaL.? There wns notiiiiir done in Corn Meal
to-dny. Hol lers hi..-ttiH iisutnj 43 7j lor Country, nmi
41 27i per bid for City Meai.
RYt FLOUH. -There was some inquiry lor U"u Flour
to day, but wc had no sales repotted on 'change It woubl
readily have brought 4.7 per bul lor nrot <junii'y, bat there
were no sellers in market.
GRAIN.?Wheat to day was in fair request, nnd the
market for it ruled stoady. The receipts were raihar
limited, there being only ?oine i.iiOO bushel* at uiark"!.?
Reds sold ?t 15<) h ICd els for liiir to prime parrel* ?
Whiles sold at 154 a liiJ cm fot lair to good, hi.d 170 r's
for priuie lots of do. There were no choice Family Flour
biunples on 'change.
CURN.?Corn toalay wn* in very light rccipt. but the
dcinniid lor it ruiitiiuirH guoa, and the market tiriu. Theic
were only 1100 bushel* white offered, all oi which sub I
a? S(j ols lor fair, and SS a !M) eta lor good to prime parcel*.
There wore some 450 bushel* yejlow offered, and ?nld at
So H P' Cts fir good allil pi loll' lot*.
OATS ?The tiiaiket lor Oat* to day had rather a drooping
tendency. There were some vl/goo bushels rill-re.!,
ali i the greater part sold at 17 a 7s) ell lor new Mnrvlatid;
.77 a '10 cts for old do, and CI a f>l cts fur old Pennsylvania.
Wc quote Virginia nominally at -17 a .7.7 ct* lor new
ami old.
RYK ?There was no Rye oifered on 'change to .lay.?
We quota Pennsylvania nominally at 103 a 10.7 i t- per
bti-liel.
PROVISIONS?Provisions of all descriptions eontiniie
active and buoyant. In Karon we have I i note an in ;.e
inquiry and n! h slight advance in price. We liadj-e,i -ited
sale* to-day of lgOhhd* Itncnn Shoulder* on tl: ? spot
am! to arrive, at II j rents; 'gU llbdsdo. oil tiie sp it at ]" {
cents Cash, ami some 3-7 hints do in lot-,, at the same rati .
t!7> hhd* Kmc in Side* at 1-1 cm, (70 day*, interest ad led;
hlni* lo. at II ccnM cash, u-7 hh Is do. .it II I i 1 c-n *. and
300 pieces ennrasted Hams a* 1.7 cts I' Ih In hulk Mc.it*
..... h ,r.. n., ... ..... It'.. ......... K..H, <!....,I,l..r* li,..i,i.
na'.ly at lOtalOi c!.?; do. Hums 1.1 1!: c!?; M.lc? lv!J cts?
Barreled l'ork ruled quiet, lot' tirrn, to-day. We qicte
nominally MeiH l'ork hi ijjl 50u?2T, and prime do. at
ii'lTOailO per l.lil Bee) continues quiet, hut tir.n. We
??i!l quote Baltimore parcel tness Beet'M do No I at
?17, and We*ten: No l.nt Slfalo pi r bid In Lard we
u?ve no tuove-nt tits to note to-day We quote city Lard
ht 14 cents No Western l.nsl tn market. iL-tiued I.Mil
may still he quoted at In l-2ul7 cetiU i:i kegs and t" 1-5 .
eu. in tins.
new youk market, ^atckdav, Arc. i?o i'. m.
FLOUR, Arc?The Flour market is n shade Inciter lor
common and inediutu grades, with abetter demand bjth
for the locd and Eastern trade. Receipts light. N/.li-a
.1000 bbls. nt $0 *,s)*8C 45 fir common to good attperrine
State, (with hut little offering lielow $0 30); S-'i lion So To
for extra State; ?1, )5a$'l 47 for common to good superfine
Western; and St. .VmST for common to medium extra
Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Ohio?the mar*
ket closing tiriii. email parcels 0! tit. Louis extra wens
sold at ST slhiSlO o.T, and extra (f?nesS'o n! ST '.'iaS'' To
The market is a shade tinner for Southern Fiour, with ?
fair demand. Sales 1,030 bills at ST 4dnS7 *0 for common [
to choice tuportine, and 6* TTiSs .TO for fancy and extra.
Canadian dour may aiJo be quoted a trifle better, with 11 I
inoilernte demand. Sales 400 bills, at S'i 3Oa50 47 lor sit- 1
pertine. and $0 ?TaS!' TO for fancy and extra.
Rye tiour i- selling slowly at Si n ii for common tine to 1
choice mperthm. Corn meal rules lirtn at $4 10 tor Jer- |
n-j, and Si to lor Brandy" inf. The sale of puncheons on- j
tired yesterday should have been at S-Jt). instead of ?. - f,y .
as w?< printed.
OHAIS2.?The Wheat market i* somewhat irregular, hut j
prices upon trie whole do tint show any very matins! (
chance; sales 10,000 bushels at ii 15 tor prime white i'a- j
tind.Aii; ?l 45 for Milwaukio club and 11 14 c 1 95 fur J
white Southern, ihe latter price for 1,(k?) bushel* aery i
choice Marylnud. Rye 19 dull and uotttina! n; ?; III a ;
1 l:'- . I
1 he ("urn market opened -leady but closed dull and 1
drooping; --,1c* li,OXI bushels mixed Western at FT *. late ,
Jot uasaucd to prtute, closing at about ;9c lor the latter t
kind Oatsnrcin better demand at friip-oicd prices: sales i
st 5T a f3 cfs for Cana jiatt. CI a Si cts lor Slutc: -nd f i a j
en cte tor Western.
COi rON ? : he tnr. k' f con: n- --S ':tu> wttu a hunted i
business doing at !5tc for Middling Uplands, l.'-l for Mo j
bile, and 15 i-2 t,r New Cvi;onrto
pI'GAR.?Tfc demnad continue* grod, r.cd tpr market |
steadv. Nale? OOO hhda Cuba Muscovado af Ft a luc; I X) ,
do Porto Rjco '.'i a ]0 l-2c, and 1"0 hhds Mel ado on terms |
not made public Stork August 1st. !-57, 76,547 bhds Cu- j
ba Muscovado; 10,256 do Porto Rico; 350 English Manas,
end 2".u do St Croix. Total e7,9t)l hhds Also "1 ,704 Me- j
li lo. 3J 04.. bags and do,473 boxes.
MOLASSES?Remains inactive, an 1 price* are none. :
na! The rt".k is iihPi" Id. Is Cuba Muscovado. I.7.V, do
Cub* Clayed, 4,246 do Pcr.o R.co i-.tu! 1'.',?.10, t.id
17.56? bbls ol all * n !<
COFFEE.?For Rio there is an active demand, and I
sales were made of t.uCO bnga at lit a 12cts, 4 mouths ?
Other kinds are quiet, aud prices, ;n tee absence of sales, j
are flowtatily the saaic as fast quoted. 1
LITEST B? TELEGRIFH.
Teletrnphed for the Richmond Cuqel-er.
AXOTIILR KXFiiDITlOX TO NICARAUTA.
Wa iit.w.r .%. An-;. :i -0ri). llei,ninirs*ii r.ii I Dr.
11-11 liin brother-in-law. ieft ! >r lite South this utterii"
a to vi.-it tlie former's wile, who is now in Geor
i'li.w lie-t informed nf Gen. Walker's movements
e IV lliut llenttiiijfarli'e visit lor the purpose of run
f-iring with Walker in relation In a new expedition
for the inv-.-i iti lit' Nicaragua, to -tart iViitii some
je.iiiit near New Orleans about the lfdh of October.
FROM NKW OHLKAXS.
Xkv. Oki.ka.vs. Aug. u ?Thr French war steamer
rmmerre. tr.nn Vera Ciuz, bound to Havana put
in here to quarantine to day, with the yellow fever on
board.
The deaths in this rity last week amounted to 10'i ?
none of which, however, were by fever.
sKRiors accidknt.
Hi it-. t.o. Aug. 3 ? Veeterday, a piece of rock,
weighing about one hundred tone, foil frrnn a precipice
on Goat Island, over 'he falls. Three permute,
who Were uuderneftth at the time of the fall, were
badly liur*. one ot whom. Mr (?. W. Farsous, is believed
to have been tVnlly injured.
| X! '\V YORK, Aim. ? Mour in nrm ?i mi ?u
; vhii.'? ..| .. i ii : I" State brands 'it $ii 25 to
, I ">, < ?!iio tiO a $r -15; Southern >7 45 a ?7 ?
' Wh.-nt is tint), with n declining tendency; sales of
I white at $1 85; red $! 75. Com is drooping, an ! 1
I cent hiwi-r. Stock* ate lower; Virginia's unchanged.
BALTIMORE. Ai o. H-Klotir is heavy; sales of
i Howard street brands at t?7 75; City Millsfri W Ileal
j i* tinner; salts i1 red at ?l 55 a $1 05; white $1 tin a
! tyt 75. Com is dull; sales ol white at8Sa9l ceulr;
j yellow 85 a S7 cfs.
I INDIAN' OPPOSITION TO THE WAGON
ROAD EXPEDITION,
j Sr. P ut, Minnesota. August 1.?Col. Xi hie, the
superintendent of the \V'*gou li >ad through the South
Pars, is here, The expedition is at present suspended,
and the encampment We?t of the lli(? Siuox broken
up on account ol thefuither progress of the cxped tiou
being violently opposed by the Yunkron Indians.
The objection of the Yunktoiis to Col. Noble's party
rrixs'ti^ the (vumtry, is thai tliey will frighten oil'the
; bulValo. which is their sole in-ans ol subsistence. C?\
I N'dile t< to hold a c unci! with tin; Indians oti the
; Jstli of August, hut should Itie negotiations fail, it is
his intention to proceed in d-spite of hostility s.
??? ?
IlKAVi It AIX A I 'lll K SO L'T 11.
At i;i sr.v, August I.?There ha* be-n nearly a del
nge ot ruin from .Macon lo Montgomery since Friday.
Bridges are swept sway, embankments injured, and
train* running in aveiv direction are stopped. The
crops are damaged, and floods on the rivers are feared,
i as rains continue daily throughout the South,
1)1 ED.
I Iitrn yesterday morning, at .5 minutes to one
oVIei a, THOMAS 1) All. 1K, iii the tl>t year of Id* age.
Ills friends and acqiiiiiiitnnces are invited to alien 1 his
fic rrtil lioni hi* Into residence, ejrner ot Adam* mid
Jackson streets, tins i ruesd.iv, i morning, at 11 o'clock.
..y The Washington mnl i.ynclibii'e papers will please
copy.
At Murris'own, New Jersey, on thn l.Vh July. I. A U It A
8ANIiRMtl) 151'It!;, wife of Win 8. Iturr, ot this citv. and
daughter of the !?to llun. Lewis Jt. 8?n<lford. ot New
1 otk.
OBITI'AR V.
The vvi-dom t'the <f ings of Providence is often hidden
fiom mortal eyes ; ! ui vvlien we behold an ali.-.tioimt'
wile mid /levoie.l uti * ler, in the midst of her --fulness,
suddenly cut <hi.vn, we are miistrnhii'd fu wonder at the
mysteries .! l)ivi;.ity, ? d almost to impugn the vvijiJ '.;.
o! Rod it; !i 5 dt-pclls;,lions
f I' ll III-.-dilation. v.e;i elimted, on th? d?n..lsg i.f Mrs.
81'.-tN KiXiKii8 (ig.iY consort of Mr Ji.bn (J <!i,.y. ol
(1 I'hlaiid county, on ti.e night ol the olh July iu tl?* l?|th
year >1 her age.
8iie hud long been in feeble liettltli, iclf l;er death wn?
not Njo-rtrd hi early, the shock, therefore, to hrinitni',
mid triends was intensely severe.
I to o an intimate acquaintance of thirty yoars wiili the
deceive.!, the w liter is justified in sayin/, ilial in all the
retati. n- of life, sin- sustained hii irreproachable character.
Modest, un -inning and retired in icr disposition
she mingled bur little in society. lint delighted rather lo
dwell hi the i.os..h1 ol lu-r family, where tier vir lies ap
poured in all their attractiveness, Itut she is gone, and
though not recognized as a member iii any ("hri-lian
t.'hureh, we imve reasons to hope that her immortal spirit
is litre--. 8he has !>*tt a bereaved and atlbctcd husband,
eiglit c ildr* n, of whom sin are lovely daughters, and
I many 0i1...1 .elati * mid Irielld 1 to mourn her loss.
AltHI VAI.N AT THK^SfKlfll'AN UOT?;
AI'OrST 3. KIT
W.iO Kliis ;? ?<*- itev Wm It Christian, Petem,
bur;; Wu: ii Kidd, Carolina; 1' A Crenshaw, Iir J M Jeter,
Aw m; C'Iih* Mi lulotnn. Amelia 0 II; Thus Tin-I'Vi JjLii
^tvlk w T Noel. Thos C " ^,1 M'.;"""";; 7?
V f" l.lpa-Mihli. Jr, Wnihiegt'ii,
Im'j S \V S 'ntt, Mi>* Si-nit. Harbin."; tbi?-> V/jMiinis, NorIn!!;;
Mim l!i-tii?' Knl.anlt, MiJdleihx, S I' Cock'1, Hoic'ii
lati i; I! \V Sa.iiidom, I'llutyra; Sain I A'fiuy, Cuorhlnud
S A l.'icKiidu, HuvMim*.
0 0
UXriJANHK l!OTIII. AND lUI.I.AItl) house,
li.OIIJ'ONIL Arnsi r it.
II flnrtinit. Virginia; J ti Mooriy, , II Bj n-rtt, Chester- ;
ticlil: ti A Wright, Kpui-x; .1 W'jiion'-. \V L'Dy>ou, K - .
WiUmi, Mi>-i.-?l|i|il; S I. Howard. a V f>?w-oii, j II W.f- ;
h iii. I I I .' ! servant. N Iv lioodrioli, South Carolina .! I, '
' i! I.miriii'' Hiii kituiimi; Mm II J Woodlill, child nii-i -ir '
I vniit, How ilii ton \V Ii rii 'ipiuiO, Ricbmiind; A II Wa-Ii 1
| insti'ii, Nn.hvill..; 0 \w lirm.nie, (i.'.irnia; K L lletiot, S?- (
ViiniMi',(iro: h ? A'ard. It.irhuiii. i mid ..irk ICi- .-r Rail- ;
r.ii l; A r.:or!;i :)l>riii:cii f ami, Tdpiinkniiitork, 4 I- Mo--, J
?;-?v-lr i t; 1' : J'o-tfll, OinrJc?inn, S f. (II Clarke, fl.y I
n I! rai.coni, !':;tjr. I-rnncr; L L Muriel 1'ctiphur^, j
|C I. I urn-den. IVtiT.-l'iirc; I! Craw 'ird, A?:itr}-i; |
H 1'riito, Mio i i.rni r. Mr tjivj.i;y, Mr M-'-hui la. II M '
Hi.'kiiip'in, K J K.-u.-h, Ii Vy hylo M:?i.^in..? ij j
Hirer. Atlanta.(ia. J I. Smith, Mi-c ii I.nun-,,or, St ;
I.".ii- W h"t. irv hnly. child and ?v'j, l.me.-ty. Iir Tsm !
jili*. Mr-Temple, Mi-s I!"hx:'.ii Hanover; T Swo.-i.i-y v?, !
Mu;i II K Mi*n ''"I J I Cnriing'-in. Mw< ii Oarnii.h m.
p,.t, rs' u:_' r K I'r r,;tUiin, Nn)'!<i!li; <J T Andrnwi.. Wm-h- '
in.'loii. T s (II nlilii.r. '-i!?- ty; C W Button, Lynch1 ure.
\ t! He.ill I, N irlolk; H W Ti tv -r, N irtllMtiljJtnii
SO I' ?-jiAI X- 4 fir -Wll Snnp, I r *hIi- by
An; I I. A: <?. B. DAVKNTORT
5 til-II l.lND, I?l>?l MNT-N-I Iihvi- ill i-tur.9
ii v.-ry 'ii ni|i;.ly of Irish l.lni'tmot my own :ntj>ortiitii.n,
whoii I i'hii wurrmif ti h" jure. AIph, ? coiiil ?*
p.irtu nt ! I.men .':!ieetinc? ?h eh I urn I'lo-iing out very
clji.'iiji fur ci.sh.
A.i,- I lIAII'rWKI.I., 11.1. Ilrondpt
B 1 lit" TO It DAVIS. AUUTIOMKEK, PKANK*
ii a. I.IN sTIiKKT, prlip r.luvea hoth publicly nini p i
vtt-ly Ih-pleJar.t his lit ct .'Xeitiriiig to iiiHmiri1 tin-int
!? ! of th a p'.tron'.iing him. Liberal ndvnuces io.iiIc.
Aoj ;
' hVllltlOl I. lOIIIKIMiS.
I OM.MISSION ASH liitOClfilY S'lOUK,
Xo .'(j. Main Srunr.T.
K EEI'S always un baud it lull stock of Groceries, m
wiiifii ho invite* iiin cimtoineisiiti.i iSi" public gem;rutlv.
Also pays s'.rict a'tentton to the o.le of cuuniry
Produce, mill i- mm prepMrctl to furnish grain bag* to bU
f.loi.il- who wi-b to semi their grain to him to sell.
GEO. 1 HERRING,
Aug -I ?etc No. !i?i Mailt St.
NEW AILH1C."
W* A fit HOLE POLKA, b?- Wilson, colcretl ficoettc
Wil'r 'I f'i i Whisper Mv Nam? * song by iho author ot
Grave of L'nele True tiic
Bell liritn lou -on,-, by Wooleo", iiml vignette, ir; tl)c
'Tis Mi.im.i.: on 'J'lu* Stormy Deep: ballad; by l! K l..;ie<:
. r , (li:' ri r, in II My .- .dli, cm: by liulUiul; S.'.c
Come. De.iresi. 'J he Daylight ii (tone; variations; !.y
(ir :'
Gen. Wtiilcei's Nter.ragunn Grand Mnrch; by Haskell; Voe
\ e.:.: i ii. son.;; by nuthor of (i ilhlei'ii M .v.juruccn, v:g
Iiet'i. J.V. At
Aiil' I R ANDOLPH'S Bookstore and Bindery.
f7vi.TvitAjrsToiTsii.ti; i \ ,('<irsvTTva\ia
COUNTV.
' "ill! FARM on w hteh I rejnle i? ori to I for sain?*js t. '
S the one on wh-ch Mr Frank Tompkins rt ?Me?, unci |
owned by jointly. The hr?t rout-in* nil acres wi'h
excellent improvements?the Inttei d.'si, with ordinary improvements?both
seven r.lile? South ot Hie fourt House
They nre well iolnpte.1 to tile cultiru'.ioii i.l grit n and h;
lineco, well wn^ered. mid equal in ouahty to any landa in
this recion. Terms liberal. Any iriionnntloti in rtmard to
these I nrnuiiiny be obtnined by l|i|itri!>*ll|o the Subscriber !
lit Mt I'leiouml, Spotsylvania county, Vs
Any I- *wil l> M WHARTON.
V A I. I A II I. K i'UOI'KUrV AT HALIFAX
V fOt'K r HOI SK F(?l{ SALE?The very valunhlr
properly "t iln.iinx Court House, known it- I(itliMx li eel,
is now ollcred P>r sale private y. it m deemed uum res.
snry to ifetnil tie many advantage* of this property, a* it
Inis been for tnniiy yenrs itckii-iwledged to be nne ot the
most reputable and w. II e miucted hotels in the countty.
There inve 1 een, within the past eighteen months, some
substantial improvements made upoo the lot, nn.l others
nre now in progress
It tin- property not disposed of privately before tipitttil
cay Id September, itiiBl being eou-tday.) it will then
be ofl.-'ed lor sale on the pretnises, Mt public suction
'1 lie term- "hall In- libernl.
Those who may wish to ninke enquiries in relation to
tin above property, will please aildrcas Dr. T bos .1 W||.
limns, lit Mount Laurel. Hallux county,or Mr GoorgcW.
William* Hi Kicbmond, Vn.
TIIOS .1 WII.I.IAMH.
Aug 4-cWS-l GEO. W. Wll.l.l A Mr1
FKAIAI.K HCIltMll. AT~\SHLA.NIl"
//1 hover cocxrr. r.r
MRX CH ARLES B STEWART, I p ., .
JOHN W. STEWART, jPnncipals.
Miss FANNIE M lltBY, Assistant
The first session of this School will com iirnre oil the
rir?? (1mv of October
tj. Vtuart U ? yrKrlim:^ of the Kurkin^linrn Iuifitotr. ? I
.*>*. J.jJjii W Stuar? W Hi ciluCMtnl itt llMn'iufjih Micoft f'o |
I.I-.-, w.|4 J,(r M win!.: I'rincl^l ..i ti,.- J'repHfhtory .-chool |
connected therewith. and l'-r tlm last thru., years l.a? been |
Kt the head ot m lur.fi' High -School in Noith Carolina. in
w hich young ladles were taught Miss I.'hy i* u graduate
of Buckingham Institute, and has bi-.'ii teaching wtth groat
accepts!,;! ty, tor tin- lint three years, in the luintly ot Mr.
F. W S- .tt, of Caioline
It is the purpose ot those enexgeJ to thisfchoul to make
it. ill aP r. i;n' t., of the hr?t ciius; and while they huve an
extensive I thorough course ot "-tu-ly, they With it dis
tinetly understood that the y-ouuger pupils shall !?y 00
means tie neglected.
Coiiim-diuiis building* hive been erected w ith especial
relereti to o ?rhool, anil twenty rive hoarders ran be he*
omoi'Mi i'- l in the family ot Mrs. J: uart, who will have
eon I ml of tlii? ft men'.
Ashim-i. situ itetl on the railroad 'radio;; from Kirbmond
to Fr?-!":ick.-biirg. I'< inilei frotn the 'oriner place, is a
healthy and beautiful vitiage. ea?y of arceM, filling up with
an intelligent and refined p -potation. and presenting
111 -r.y of the a Ivai.tag-'J of a city, without it* expense,
Tuere will bean annual session of forty-one week*, divide
i into two term", thi^ first ending on the Iffh Februa
rv, the seeoud beginning on that day and ending on the
- Oil J jly. Ther-' will he a week's vacation at Chris' uas,
but no additional charge wi 1 be mide for those wha do
not choose to vi-it their homes.
Pupil* will t * admitted at any time, and charged only
for th'i reiirtinder ot th-- term, except that no deduction
will :..a I for ?! "iic? luriu; lh-i first two weeks o! a
term.
1 iiABiti yon a -hm, rx..viiLK in av-aio
lionr-i, including washing, iuol and lights a'."# IX) j
Tuition in iiugitsb brnu-.hes .... j;, to
French 10 uO
Latin and Greek. 10 00
Caeiuutry and Natural Philosophy. '"0
Music jii the IV -io, including u e of lustrvueut -J -V)
Orna:n?..n.i branches at toe usual prices
For lartut-r iutoru ati-.n, nduress ( hurlcs B. Ftuart, at
Rnud-.iph Magon College, Va , till lt'.h September, and
after tha' time ct Ashland, Va.
KKFKRKSCKr
Wi-,. A.Lmiu., B. R , President it. M. College.
Rev. John C. black v.-t>{l, kresid'ji.t Hi .-kin-ham Institute.
*
J.er -y M f.ee. 1> I) . James II. Grant, Ksc^ ; John Howhi
!. l-.-J If.. Inn >!id
Rev <i-?rg- W. Nolley, Joseph II. r-'nead, Ksq , Dr.
\V::t II i >. HanOVer.
rr-uie.s W -4,'iitt. Fr?|, Wesley Wrizbt, K?q., Carolioe.
Rev. Win K Row zee, Fre lerick-burg.
Thomas ti. Fuban*. Krq , Kin; Wdliarn.
Fcter Toombs. Keq , King an4 Uueeu.
Aug (?cwtlstO.,
I
>IAI!!\E \KWS. f
fOK'f OK RICHMOND. Aiv.. :> 1?7T~~~
hh;h watkb this i?av at :if n cio. k
ARRIVED..
Steamer .Jauitstowii, 1'nrrifli, New VorK, indiea;.passengers
Steamer George IVaboJy, 1'ritchett, liultiuii >
m<lse
1'ropeller Knhukeo, Taylor, Norfolk, ui ise
Schr John \V. Katnsey, Taylor, New Yoik, j
l Schr Win .lam*- Wurr-n. Ch?rry?-oiie. corn
liaruue Aim E. Grant. NeL?n, Rio, coffee
SAILED,
J Schr Win. H. Jenkins. Peterson, Troy, N. Y-, j
Schr Martha Collins, Collins, down th? river ly* J
RANGE OK TIIKKMOMETKir
1 A' J. Hi'iJotph'* Dook*torr, 101, Main Strift i j
Augu>t3, Ie57. Is I?oobs. OcrDooi, a
i seven o'clock, 77 7'.t 5
Twelve o'clock, h;'
Five o'clock. ** '
??? ???
1 K.UHKV ANI? HKMIY OiU.I.KGE, W.\SltJ\,
Tun cor.vrv. va
r 11{K t'?Il Sesvion. for the pr-aent yesr, of fhu [??...
I tioii, vvill ley in on the '-"Jlli August Om term,j
i ii? heretofore?
| Tuition, p"r ?e?ion of rive months, _
I r mr<i , ; ?.
| Wwhioj( " ?.,, ;
1 . w,
i Contingent charge* ? _ I,
Tim-- -"eking a gojd school. nt wind .a ;.., / n-ij c ".I:
giate or business education may be ???-^uir ?-<i, are mi ?
| to consider the advantages u.iirh we are od ring. I; ;
1 health. govd halms, tint* scholarship urnl im-it ,!j. . j ?
j are objects desired by 'tuy young mat). we believe .
I obtain thorn here, if any whore; uur terms, too, ex vei j
1 |y low A catnleguc, containing a!l needful informs:
! tuny t?e had by addressing K. K. II.IA , Pre?t.
Aug 4?cJw Emorv P (1 . \ .
| ciT^f*ICA LA N ii Al ATII Ell AT ll'AI. ]
j tilllK subscriber will <>:? ti on the 1st ot Ootnber,
Ji n select school at Oi'iisilan i. within one mile o! 1-iv3
, tcrsburg He has reason to believ , ;h*t during an- j2
| pin lencc ol eight years, both is Principal and As*s?t< a
in Academic!, he has given ontire aitiaiaetion to tk. 1
' who have confided their children to his iri-fiucti.in.
Bo ird and tuition, (payable semi annually in advt,:;i j
torsessi >u ot nine and a hail months, $000.
DAY gf HOLAKS.
English department
Classical do :
1" much and f*?ei niaij each.... . .......... ... rif
A? the number of pupils uil' be Itmi'ed, those win I;.
desire T>. patronize tin* schiail, sh<iui i address, witl/oar M-,
lay James 11 ("oft . Esq , Winterpuck I' () . <"h. .re. B
i jnnfy. or the subscriber, Otange Comt House, Viry fj
ItKi tar sck*?James 11 l og. Esq , Itiglit Rev ?
Johns, I> If the President an i J'r dWaore <>! VVI'liwtl
Maiy College, and the former patroni and pupils or K
I subsClibi rin Chestertiehl. Williatifburg and F/eJer ,1
j burg. JOHN UAN.<BKCl'GII, M. , I
ilOW TO III V I'MNUS."* i
SN pure basing so eostly an ioc.cI" ?? a |
Piano, very one wishes to be sure o'iilS-g-JI rTf'
j petting the to st atnl clnni; est; and as ther>-"T'Y
'are degrees in quality, #>W. DKTrrtK, J J w } .H
j BUST, and all makers arc Hot equally dosirnlde, ov . |;
gest that til" wisest all i s -test plan would be |, -nit,. ( L
' on tkiai . from houses ot established reporei . y
spouaihility, wince character would be HI'*.-;, :,t . I
I tee against imposition. We have hecu selling |'
i more than twenty veins, our itistruineutsiintel
! aim st hr 'ajrast over the eountry, and no one. aussy T
| we ever sold a hail one. |
I Aug J K. P. N .It'll, Petersburg. V I
JOHNSON A- I'ToTf f
C O M M I rf 5s I t? N M K It C 11 A N T :?, 1
richmond. \ i
JVrt'if /To.u'dinA', Shili'Vjc >for, //'jr., J
this method ut saving to their Iriends and; I
rims and all oth'-rs u ho me dn|a>eu to pun i. td
I them ith t. e m i- ot tli-tr V, heat Crops ... ..hcj Eg
} furn -h..'l ll'i-o.o I es wit:. a la gc lo. ot . Eg
' wilt; h will I* sem ;.s soon fu orubreil Ttii'ir chargi > Kl
1 in ' the sat. as herotofor.; > iiarg... ny the li...!.< . | . i I
' panies. Tl:s Uichmoii 1 and linn/tlle Itq^lroTi.l, a a-;
> llicllino.ld. Kred,:l,. I.shurg l.ll l I'oiO l abroa.I, E
dispose i ol then haps
J .v p , coiiTiiuui <o pUv liie.i I'. -t ...o-niii;. to tr. Li
; ?f Tobacco, J'lour a,;d C?rn. if , J. c , aial ; > spc>. R
' solicit an increase id patrc.nape. Agp /??. "
i ~hT; iTkai i?tj 6 n < V" \ TuTi i m\ pi\"i. i-i
CKVT nTIH'K.
A HI! holders ot the following Cerlilicsles of . ,j
issued b- the State < t Virginia will take notiie ij
the "Commissioners ol the Sinking Feud," will p: ^
| on the Hist day of October. I-.V7. to redeem the s? I
tilbtntesat theTreasiiry<d the(.'"imiiouwealth. I'ii" . , '
I ol said Certitioates arr r> ipitt -'d >>n the said d.tt 0.: ;
Ir.'o. to surrender the sam-i at th" Office of the id
Au Ittor. Wnether siirren*!, r>-lor uol the interest t;. '
i will OH IIIMl U*?\
i 1 I'mler Art Itlrh I-VI-rit'irv, l-OA, i-ii'itleilt ,
jt.it i ,-ether |no?i-i.ej i?j oitv i'ii<? liio-'t 'hi- A.' , \
t ili .1 "An Ai.t i"i , fnt.i.l *, . itryr it.tr l' k
Jli.-of iiii-l hjr i.i;i:jnL' ii;e H-izfi-rij elwl W'">> ^
J l'j rfci juui"? aj.'j liannvlis rivp;.-, uuJ ?,,i"
, purple*
. ' tr'i i" Hi"u i*?nrl. .{" 'p
I )Si"., April 1?It'. Kitrine. Jlrothera A i'o of
i" Lo'i'loii. S V' | s
1?3I. It?.. TKiiitn of 5'iirJ m
i*i tlx* l oun'y of Mii i j. ii,
l;?g!i:ridt f
j " " *?. rt.-ri'.' If
> 1 !a4'J. May 1J?lot'. Jum.'s llulrlilnam of to.* V3
K?rli1ll^o, ; ml.in, f:
if'litN'mni. hnn illl .ni I
. f Darlington, J, :c I ,
!iiim, in Kii.Ihihi, ("rem'.**
mnn. with oriielit of'aur-ivoftinp,
Ij
It* I. Ai.j '. Ha Ri,:lurn tiioin.on oj Oi l
swanVVniuf lippet *f i'Hi:iLe
Six-cr, | omloK. >1. :i |;iii.t, \C<
' " ivy <iiitn
lJlii, F> !i 13 ?12:', Priilic-i. V. W.llonr, I'lnne:,!
< l!o :.I. Juoi l, W. Morton,
Julin iJnj' iv, Henry L Wn! ,
liin?. Thouin* T. 'In-ill
way h tnl (.'hNi'ins S t.'urrinrtihi
Hti l ibsir survivor*
in truer, tor ton hem-lit ! i
tin1 I'iiioii Tbeo.ogicul tn- I
iiiiuurv, -1.1
" " 1-M. ditto ,\s* 1
" -Inly 10?127, Tiiotnn Colteri'l, require.
ii eitizen ?il the I'nite 1
iiii.'H H, | r Bi nt redding
at Kiruiitiahnin ill Kn-jinnJ, ?,( '
ISH1, feb. *i?130, William lloaflt n! Harlow,
I'Imok, (iouil, rnitii, \,0 I I
" " Mi), Wooiilimii Itttath nt Nellie*well,
t*>e\, (ieml-oioiii, 1/- '
" April 23?1II,Th-jniai Cofterili, l><|uire, ?
ilizeu ot tin- fnr.-ii Stare.,
a! present r^-thling nt llir
iniiigliani in KiiglHiiii, AO
l*A0, June I?MO. ilittu I,1"
" I>ee 1--113, Genre , Pealmdy, Kequiru, of
iiiiDJnil,
K' l, July ID?I I'.i, Thomas Gotrerill, Kfyiire. n
ri'iz-1: nt the United Stat*-*, j
ui |.rc.etit refilling ?t lirr
iniiu-In,in in Ktigintiil, A'
" " " 150. ditto A."' ,
" " l.M, ditto '
" " 150, diiln I J
" " " 15$. ditto I
" ju'v V2?.54. Renin':e Mni 'i* of ! oii l-It. fl
I AprilV?Fctboity ? Ca. of ,
I-otnloU,
.Ii.ro -i "
1-VT, * 1111 /** 'w' " 4
1 J% ditto ** h
" " " IW. .into ' fi
July _'J? IrVi, Hech Hrowti. K?n . of Rro?>l- (l
r!-'. Ptuisi. ??l B?. iU, Ay. ^ i?
shirr, acotihP'j,
" " " 1?1,
ditto !>'*'
lfi't, lulu
" " " l'il, ditto J
' " ]?i\ dito, ' oi
It-: lipl.) Fl
- - u
V
if Uu.lt'i till A'*t bu'ii rlzluf tliu B'>hr.! of Public W *~
to flib*itnl>r op bclitill of til.# ' #iiiui.?ii?i'ei?lt4, t?. th? * ?|
.#1 the l'.'fuiel.uri Kuiirrjol fonijuny, | ?no1'! '.'Tits "
miiiy. Ijkfj. , le
f3|, June :m -j*;, The Ml#-. NobleUrol^e G.?u tb
villi., I'.ifcf* ot Sutbr rluii.l, 1"" ktj
.?:?. J:-t.# I'1" P.
;ki, ditto
T,
fT/IFKOKO 1/ I' tKKKU, Res>ii>rer f Coinifi" f { 1
GKOItGl. W MI'NKORIi. "f M# 1#
r1#* 'y of the Cotil'th of V?. ) ,<> rk'tf I'M cti
Norn ?Those ti*?l.lorit of Ceriihc.itei wlm desirt I
<le<:hi l#y Attorney mutt, if residing beyond the l' B
tli'1 I'uiteil i.t. .? H.'koow !.*.|'.'ir the power l.eli.r# *B *
Miniver I'lenlnotent my. Chiiree d'Afl hires, Coo?ti "
rul. Con-ill. We (' tii.iil or Commercial Acnl, it; jt
by the Government of lb.* I"?n* I f' -it tunny '
country. #.r before the proper oilier #.l <my court ' * kt
country, or lie Mayor u other Chiel Mi.-'str#.
city. town, or nirperation therein. If ro?idit>({ In - u?
led fiates, the nrknnwIeiiKineut h. lore #> Justice ?
I'eiire, Notary Public, or Commi-mon# r o? liesdn >
> 1 by the Governor <#l Virginia io sufficient. In >.
the certificate inuat he delivered. L*
Richmond, Vircini*. July *>, le.%7. >*'
AI'FOI NTH KNT OF IIOTKI. KEEPER" '
the rNivKitsrrv ok Virginia
rilHK Executive Committee of the li.mrii of * ' je
I of the University of Virginia. will, on 'he ^
SEPTEMBER next, till two inrinri.!, in tie- I'nb'*' .
Hotels, oeen-inned by the resignation of Addison Mi fl
arid the (allure to accept of John fi. Iiix, . cent [7
pointed. j."
Appljcunfs will i.ilurer.s tuetr ?omtnui.le?o"e' wJ
undermuned UOBT U I'KENTP
Auz .'I?et5?eep Procter of Uni?er>ity of #
-- O
TWUNTY-NI vrn AN.M'AI, FA I If OK I '<
AMERICAN 1N.-TIT"TK, AT TIIK CRYiiTAh FAL'B .
IN TIIK '.'ITV OK NKW YORK. :-'7 I A
TAHK .Manager* announce that the Pa! <" > "
opeued toi tho reception of gooda from Mouda B
Till, un-il Tucaday the l.'.rh of September. Heavy B u'
and ariiclea from ? di-tnnco, will be received and fl "r*
in the I'alHccun and after tbe Nt ol July. I ?l!
No article entered after the l*?lh of September can B
per#- for the Premium#. I a
Premium*. eon *i Mine of Oot.o, Silver and '!? .A
Mr rutSilver Cfp,,Diplomas, Ac., will t>e aUo
on the recommendation of competent and iiupar t?l."--^B p,
'I he Machine Department will be increased in eaten' S jt
additional facilitii ? furnuhed f.ir operating M-rhin'rv
cannot too forcibly iniprc#i upon Mechanic# and In"' W
the neceaalty oi earlv attendance and ha-.ing thrir ?-m Br
properly located and in working order at the epen
the fair; immediate notice however, ?h m!d he s' 'W i?*1
the 6pace they wiih to occupy, and th<>.e requiring p'B
the am nut. The Agricultural Department will ron?JB *hc
an Kxhihition of 'iraln and Standard lira## Meed#, f K?ni
Dairy Production#, Fruit*, Flower* and Vefetablw *
which libe#il P'cinlutns arc offered. , ,. ? 1
CotiiinuQicationM add retard to V.'M B LKO>'?
Corro#j'ou liug Secretary, will m ot with imwu:"
Circuit#. coutaiuiug uli | irueui.tr, '.?u
plication at tbeothie ot the Ai'tofh an Inaf.tutc. e- A
Broadway N > . B
Hy o.-dct of the Mauajer#. B heb
CHA's A. WHIT.N't I . CaancB Hon
Jo'iv W. CiuttBE.ts. Secretary Ju !??t - ? *hj
KIWIIT TEAKb' UL'LE t'ONTlM'E^ I -ii
Till: iijtit ot July it hai bcca tny rule to gr- at.jr
the Caah Price of all Summer Clothis.' *&'
niabing Good#. It i* not dcairahle or profitable :? I'
over to the aecond ?ca*on a stock of Summer_ ,'3
Notwith#t* tiding my ftock it large, comprising ' M*. 1
Suit#, Marseille# do, White and '.'olor?d tineiido, a , Jul
c?, Merino, Drap De Kte , Ac. and Ft'riii?lun?'
such aa rib; it#. foliar#, Sock*; Gliv??. B BBl
vat* of the greate?t variety, Ac. it will oe ral * ?".B wj
ditced price# a# will itiattre aa|e? AH in W*"' U,'V,B *hic
to call while the variety U good. J. P. B *orn
July thT?tf X ' 11 H?ni
CallKAP TIIER.UIOIKTKK*. (wntjee?

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