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The enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1804-1815, November 10, 1814, Image 2

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the bill, iv. did not know that they would be
improved by re-commitment, which would
- consume much time. Iii reply to the objecti
on to the compensation to those who arm
themselves, he said it would have much more
•weight if the U. States were able, conveni
ently to furnish them—which, however, was
not the fact, Ccc.
Mr. Calhoun of S. C. and A.r. Webster of
oV. H. favoured the recommitment on ac
count of the section which exempts two years
volunteers from all further militia duty, to
which they both had decided objections.
AFr. Troufi admitted in some degree the
force of these objections to a provision, the
insertion of which he hud himself opposed.
And,,
On the question being taken, the bill was
recommitted to a committee of the whole.
A short time afterwards—
The House resolved itseif into a committee
#f the whole on said bill, Mr. Macon in the
chair.
Mr. Kilbourn of Ohio moved to amend the
bill by striking out the clause authorizing the
volunteers to be commissioned bj the states
«s well as by the government of the United
States. His object was to obtain uniformity
in the service, and in the grades of commis
sion. 1
Mr. Johnton of Ky. opposed the motion
from various reasons, the principal of which
were, that the governors of states disposed
to co-operate with the general government,
“having i>etter opportunities of information of
personal character in their states, would bet
ter know how to dispose of commissions pro
perly ; that there were persons whose situa
tion might be incompatible with holding com
missions under the United States, who would
Rot be precluded from accepting commissions
from the stat -s, flee. On the other hand vo
lunteers might be obtained in some states hos
tile to the general government, and indispo
sed to commission the officers, for which case
it was proposed commissions shoul l be given
by the U. States.
Mr. Kilbourn, yielding to the force of one or
the other of Mr. Johnson’s reasons, withdraw
his motion.
Mr. Webster of AT. FT. renewed it. He did
»0 on the ground that there was no law or
clause of the constitution to authorize the
commissioning of these volunteers by the
states. The volunteers to be raised by this
bill were not and could not be considered as
militia, but, so long as they were in service, as
a part of the army of the U. S. under a peculi
ar organization.
Tnis motion was debated at some length.
The affirmative side of the question was main
tained by Messrs. Webster, Grosvcnor of N.
T. and Ingersoll of Pa. and the negative by
Messrs. Jackson of Virg. and Sharfi of Ay.
This discussion turned principally on the
distinction between militia and state corps,
and soldiers, whether enlisted or voluntarily
engaged, whether regulars or volunteers.
On one hand it was contended that the Go
vernors had constitutionally no right to com
mission volunteers, in the service of the states
—and on the other, that Congress could by
iaw give them the power to commission them
as militia volunteers, and then receive them
into the service of the U. States.
The motion to strike out th- words “ or by
the states** from that clause which directs the
manner in which the officers shall be commis
sioned, was finally agreed to, Ayes eighty
nine.
Mr. Lowndes of S. C. followed up this
amendment, by a motion u> strike out so much
of the bill as authorizes the volunteers to
chuse their own officers. Such an amend
ment, he said, would be merely formal, be
cause the indication of the wishes of the vo
lunteers in this respect would still doubtless
regulate the appointments—but it appeared to
him necessarily to follow the amendment al
ready made.
Mr. Johnson expressed his fear? of the ef
fect of these amendments, particularly of the
latter, in entirely defeating the intention of the
bill. Besides spreading a host of officers over
the country, without men to command, the
effect of the amendment will be to tie up the
will and energies of the people, which had
never yet been fairly appealed to, and again
to resort to inefficient measures. The amend
ment now proposed, he argued, would take
the soul out of this bill and destroy its utili
ty.
Mr. Lotonda in reply to the objection to
this amendment that it would create an ar
my of officers, said there was no fear, cer
tainly, that the president would commission
officers btfere men were enrolled for their
command.
T;.;s notion again gave rise to a consider
able debate, in the course of which it was
opposed with much warmth and force by
Messrs. J. G. Jackson, Troup and Robertson,
and advocated Dy ..viessrs. nownues .mu ricx
•ring.
In addition to what is already stated, the
principal argument in favor of the motion,
was, the alledged inability of Congress to
place the power of appointing officers to com
mand trr» ps of the United States, in any o
ther hands than those of the Executive. To
this argu ment, it was said in reply, th at it might
be allowed to have some weight, if the Presi
dent had no election to accept or refuse the
proffered services of volunteers thus organiz
ed: but after the selection by the volunteers the
power of confirmation still remained with the
Executive, and he was at liberty to accept or
reject the corps so organized. Gentlemen op
posed to the force contemplated to be raised
by the bill were intreated not to propose a
jnendmeots to it which would entirely destroy
any efficiency it might h.*ve according to the
original plan.
* Mr. Lowndes' motion havirg been reject
ed—
\1 r. Irving of .V. Y. moved to strike out
Z:i 1-3 cents, the daily compensation propos
ed to be allowed, and reinstate !:6 3-3, the
rate originally contained in the hill.
This motion was opposed hy Mr. Tlichof
Vt. and Mr. Jackson of Va, on tire ground
that no bounty being allowed to these volun
teers, their pay ought to be liightr.lhaii that
of the regulars.
The motion of Mr. i.’ving was negatived hy
a large majority.
Mr. Irving also moved to re.lore the per
diern allowance of *Jx and a quarter cents to
e icj» man for the use of the arms widi which
the volunteers shall supply them.'.* Ires—this
a’lownnce he conceived lr* la; u<.w too great.
This motion was, after •erne lemarks of
Mc»«ts. T coup and lack son in opposition to
it, like wise negatived by a large majority.
Mt. Co man ■>/ i n. male a motion going
to require the v planter e. to bn uniformly arm
ed : which motion having bt**n ofiposed by
Mr. Troup and Mr. Johns 11 t.s unnecessary
Mu 1 inexpv< writ, was negatived.
i • hei an ciubacnts were proposed and ne
gatived.
Mr. Calhoun of S. C. then moved to strike
out tlie section of the bill which proposes ex
emption from future militia service for all
those who shall volunteer for two years. Mr.
C. advocated the motion, on the grounds be
fore stated in objection to it by Mr. Webster
and h inself.
Mr. Johnson of Ky. opposed this motion,
but suggested a modification of the provision,
so that the volunteer who has served for
two years shall not be liable to Militia Draft,
until the whole body of the militia in his state
have served for a like term.
Mr. Hawkins ofKu. moved an amend
ment embodying the idea of his colleague
Mr. Johnson, which however was not in
oitler, until the pending question was deci
ded.
Mr. Forsyth of Gro. warmly opposed
this motion, and replied to those who advo
cated it. Without this provision, the induce
ments held out in the hill were not suf
ficient to call forth any number of volun
teers—and he denied the validity of any of
the objections which had been brought against
it.
Some further debate took place ; when
Mr. Calhoun’s motion was agreed to, and
the committee agreed to strike out this sec
tion.
Mr. Hawkins then renewed the mo
tion he had before offered, which was agreed
to.
Mr. Gholson of Va. then proposed an a
mendment to the bill, the object of which
was to authorize the President to receive in
to the service of the United States volunteer
corps organized under the authority of the
states.
On this motion, the committee of the whole
being equally divided, the chairman decided
it in the negative.
The committee rose and reported the
bill ; and the house immediate!*' adjoui n
ed.
Saturday, Nov. 5.
THE INVESTIGATION.
Mr. Johnson of Ky. said he understood
that in his absence from the House yesterday,
a* lion. Member from N. York had express
ed some anxiety to know what progr- is
had been made by the committee appointed
to investigate the causes of' the capture of
this city by the enemy, in the execution
of that duty. In obedience to the direction
of the committee on that subject, who at all
times were anxious and willing to satisfy any
hou. member of the House in his reasonable
enquiries, he now rose to state, that they
had not been idle in the discharge of the du
uus tomnruea 10 mem. nut, on a subject
so interesting and so important, it would have
been improper in them to present an imper
fect developement of events which had been
tbr foundation of so many different rumors._
And to enable the House to judge of the labor
imposed on this committee, he made the
following statement of the papers before that
committee, &c.
Communication* received by the Committee
of Investigation, viz :
1st, General Winder's report, accom
panied with 123 letters to Governors of
States, Regular and Militia Officers, 8tc. pp.
96.
2d. Report from the War Department,
sheets 34.
3d. Reports from the Navy Department,
[ accompanied by 21 letters to various officers
and persons, pp. 32.
4th. Report of General Smith ef District
Militia, accompanied with a few letters, pp.
5th. Gen. Armstrong’s letter, accompani
ed by 2 or 3 letters, pp. 20.
6th. Richd. Rush’s Report, pp. 21.
7th. Secretary of the Navy, in rela
tion to the proceedings of the Cabinet, pp.
5.
8th. Report frem the Corporation of A
Icxandria, accompanied with 19 letters, pp.
16.
9th. 2 Reports from Ordnance Depart
ment.
l#th. Estimates of the value of public
property destroyed, (excluding the Navy
11th. Report from the Superintending Sar
geon, pp. 10.
12th. .35 letters from various persons,
(Gen. Hungerford, Col. Tayloe, Capt. Cald
well, Capt. Burch, ?cc.) upon subjects relating
to the object of the enquiry, making toge
ther eleven reports, containing 359 paees,
and 210 letters, besides daily and almost" hour
ly interviews with persons upon the sub
ject.
Letters and reports yet expected.
Letters from Col. Monroe, Walter Jones,
William Pinkney, General Van Ness, Gen
eral Stansbury; an estimate of the pub
lic property destroyed at the Navy Van! ;
a lett r front General Douglass ; the pro
ceedings of the Court Martial over Cap
tain Dyson ; a letter from John Law, ike.
&c.
This statement and enumeration, Mr. J.
said he hoped would tat;sfy the gentleman
irom new- ioa anu uie rmuse mat ine com
mittee have not unnecessarily delayed a re
port. They would make a report at as early
a day as was consistent with a due discharge
of their dntv.
TAXON SALARIES, ?cc.
Mr. Farrow of S. C. offered i'or considera
tion the following Resolution :
Rrxoii rdt That the Committee of Way*
and Means be instructed to enquire into
the expediency of laying a duty on all salary
officers, and on the professional income
of lawyers, solicitors and counsellors, and
the legal proceedings of civil courts of jus
tice.
Mr. F. said it appeared to him, whilst Con
gress were engaged in devising taxes on eve
ry description of articles, there were a num
ber of officers under high salaries paying com
jmratively no taxes to the government, who
lie thought ought to be taxed in some way.
Whilst wt are taxing the poor man who has
hut an hundred acres of land, and from that
has besides to maintain a large family, where
"n ihe propriety, Mr. F. asked, of exempting
a man who receives annual thousands, and,
aflci maintaining his family, can lay up a
Urge part of it? The object of Mr. F. was
lolay a certain prr-c.cntage on the salary.—
•is tome in. -.ne of lawyers, 6cc. he thought
them equally worthy of taxation, &c.
The motion of Mi. Farrow was agreed to
without a division.
A mess irre 'vas received from the P« aatc,
informing the House that they had parsed the
• hire million Fan full, with amendments.—
On motion of I' 'r< Jnc\ <r>n nf Va. (the chair
man of the rooiMiin.e of Ways and Means
being absent fr- m indisposition)- -the bill and
amendments were referred to the committee
of Wavs and Means
THE VOUTNTEER PILL.
The bouse renmed the consult ration of
< i unfinished business of yesterday, being
the amerdiref.ts of the committee of the «
whole to the bill authorising the President of 1
the U.States to accept the services of such ;
volunteer corps as shali organize themselves '
and offer their services to the President of 1
the U. States.
The amendments having been all agreed t
to, until that came under consideration which '
goes to strike out ttie 12th section, which is i
in the following words :
“ And be it further enacted. That the of- ]
ficers, non-commissioned officers and privates '
accepted under the authority of this act who 1
shall serve two years in the army of the U. <
S. shall l>e exempted from militia duty during
the pi*esent war.” I
On the question to strike rut this section, to '
which he w as decidedly opposed, Mr. Haw- <
kins required the Yeas and Nays.
Mr. risk of Pt. opposed the erasure of this 1
section. He deplored the errors of a false i
economy which had pervaded the measures
of Congress from the commencement of the
war, and which he saw with regret in the <
determination to withhold this, the only in
ducement to volunteer under this bill. The
section proposed to introduce no new priu- 1
ciple ; for exemptions were already recogut
zed by law in particular cases, and in none
more rightfully than this. If they went on by
scanty means, as they had heretofore done,
the war might continue not only two years,
but ten times two, &c. 8cc.
Mr. Hawking of Ay. spoke at some length
and with much force, in favor of retaining this
section, which he believed vital to the utility
of the bill. He addressed himself to the ma
jority of the house—for, as to the minority,
they were opposed to the administration anil
to the war, and could not be expected to go
along with those who supported either.—
What, said he, do we now want ? We want
soldiers, arci expect to obtain them under
this bill, and under another of a more ener
getic character, new before this House. Ap
peals to the patriotism of the country, to
. volunteers, said Mr. H. are beautiful in sound ;
they please the ear—but, when brought to the
test, this species of patriotic spirit may be
worn out by too severe a pressure. If gov
ernment rests its claims to the services of
its citizens exclusively on the patriotism of
the country, in the time of most need they
will be found most Wanting. In particular
sections of .the country, particular classes of
men had borne the brunt of the war by vol
untaiy contributions of service, as far as they
could so bear it. There was scarcely a man
of any standing in the western country who
had not contributed in some, wav his nervnn
al services in support of a war which he be
lieved to be righteous and just. Let future
calls on their patriotism be made in such man
ner as to convince them the government does
not wish to tax exclusively their patriotism.
Mr. H. then examined the inducements of
land bounty and pay held out by this biil ;
which he said were no temptation to the
hardy backwoodsman of the west, who by
latr* i:ig one-fourth of his time, can earn a
subs stcnce frr his family, See. He then made
a few remarks on the military services al
ready rendered by the citizens of the west
ern states, where these men were expected
to be had—that portion of the country was
already exhausted by the services they had
frequently and successively rendered. It was
impossible, therefore, that any large force
could be collected under this bill, even retain
ing the section which had been stricken out
in committee of the whole. Hut if gentlemen
persisted in calling upon men for a contribu
tion of voluntary services, not to defend their
homes, but to fight our battles, to march
here and there, without appealing to other
inducements than patriotism and bra\erv,
they would only deceive themselves and the
government.
Mr. Calhoun of S. C. remarked, that the
military force by which we can operate con
sists of two descriptions : the regular force,
whose general character is mercenary, the
soldiers enlisting for the sake of the bounty &
subsistence ; drafted militia called into ser
vice under legal obligations ; and volunteers,
bro’t into the field by patriotic motives only.
If volunteers were to be obtained only by the
greatness of the inducements or tiie amount
of compensation held out, why call for volun
teers at all ? Mr. C. said he would not consent
to derogate from the motives of those who vol
unteer by supposing them to be altogether ac
tuated by such motives. There were tempta
tions of one kind held out to those who enlist
in the regular army, and of another to those
who volunteer. Love of country is the boast,
it is the jewel of the volunteer corps. They
are unfit for the tug of war, for its drudgery
and fatigue. They are peculiarly adapted
to cases of emergency, of great personal dan
ger, but not great fatigue. We must rely on
regulars to be enlisted, and if not to be had
in sufficient numbers, on those who shall be
dratted from the whole body of the militia.
These two constitute the bone and muscle of
the army. If great reliance had been effaced
on a volunteer force,why had another biii be«*n
reported by the military committee, with ex
traordinary provisions for filling the ranks of
tiie army ? Certainly, the volunteers had on
ly been considered a co-opf rating or subsidi
ary fo-c*-, the regulars being the basis. A
body of volunteers, for instance, might indivi
dually and collectively, possess the same spi
rit as the little army under Gen. Brown, but
they could not be expected tc render the same
kind of services.
Mr. Fink of Vt, s tid that the argument of
the gentleman from S. Carolina, extended a
little Iarther, would favor the denial of any
compensation to volunteers for their service.
The gentleman would then see, how many
patriotism alone would indnee to take the
field for two years. Volunteers, Mr. F. said,
were of the same materials as regulars, if not
better. None of Brown’s army had been in
service two years, many of them not six
months, and yet they had covered themselves
with glerv, and established the national char
acter. Under the guidance of men who know
how to bring into action the military spirit
with which the country was universally in
spired, under such men as Brown, volunteers
would soon be fitted for the “ tug of war.”
Mr. Harnett of Go. said he. was in favor
of the war, and always had been, and yet he
was in favor of striking out this section. In
old times, he said, the patriotism of the peo
ple had burnt till its object was answered ,—
now it seems patriotism is to burn out in two
years. He hoped, however, it never would he
extinguished until we obtain the object of the
war. Tic was in favor of the war, he said.
At was in hopes we were to fight it. out with
ball and powder—we are now lighting It with
words and wind, and never shall bring it to a
conclusion if we spend so much time in talking
about it. Mr. B. concluded by saying he was
opposed to exemption in any way.
Mr. Duvet qf Ky. asked whether, after
faithfully serving hia co-intry for two years, a
volunteer was io be teld, Lis patriotism was
/ »
ot worth a rush because it had not curried
iiin tQ the cud of the war? I.et gentlemen
face themselves in the situation of die vyion
ccr. Why not serve th*- nation here
ioin motives ol pure and . unadulterated pa
riotisin ? If we have so much of it oti the
ungye, why not a little m practice * The
nenibers of this House, lie presumed, were
n general more wealthy than the volunteers.
,et them begin with themselves, and then
ln-ach disinterested patriotism to others ;—
heir doctrines would then be much more at
ended to than now that they talked of patri
>tisiu, and jiocketed the fur diem. Patriotism
vill not feed a man ; it is most of it air ; and,
mwever anxious to serve his country by fight
ug, a man mu t eat, and all the patriotism
>f the world will not enable him to disperse
vitli it. The bill contained no temptations to
lie service, he said, save the section which
s proposed to he stricken out. When a man,
ifter two years service, came home seamed
•vitli hoiirable scars, was he liable the next
lay to he again called into the held ? This,
lesaid, would be the monstrous di et of stil
ting out the section. Hut this species of
mops, it appeared, was not fit for the tug id
war. This Mr. 1). denied. They hail given
ividence of tlieir ability to l>e;«r every hard
ship. In the campaign on the Wabash, in
>.e depth of winter, they had marched bare
foot without complaining. Vitim the severe
lattle of Massissiniway, how many had re
turned who were not frostbitten? Tlie men
who wili volunteer have no idea of enlisting—
you come at a species of force to be had in no
jther way, and as effective as anv in any
scene of action, but in the open field which
must be contested by military err alone. He
did not believe mot e than ten thousand at the
utmost could be got by this bill—but if we
had a hundred thousand such men, ofTiceren
by such officers as Brown, Scott and Gaines,
divided into three armies, they would c ud the
war in a single season, by conquering the
whole of the enemy’s adjacent provinces, the
post of Quehec perhaps alone excepted, &c.
He hoped therefore this section, the main in
ducement to volunteers, would not be stricken
out.
Mr. Cholson of Va. was clearly of opinion
that, in consequence of their service, the vo
lunteers ought to be entitled by law to some
exemption from militia service, but not so far
as this bill proposed to go. The section
which had been substituted, in committee of
the wide, for that now under consideration,
(going to exempt them until all the other mi
litia in their district shall have served an e
rninl tcvm) he thought went fur enough. But,
itthe war continued 10. 15 or 20 vears. would
gentlemen require the main body of the mili
tia to do duty two, three or lour years, and
continue the exemption in fa\or of those vo
lunteers who shall have served only two
years ? Mr. G. said he could not agree to do
sc.
The question on striking out the section
before recited, was then decided as follows :
For striking out 105
Against it 43
This question having been carried— 1
The section reported in Jieu of it going to
sxempt all volunteers who shall serve cwo
years under this act from being in future call
ed into military service until all other militia
men in their states or districts shall have
served for two years, was read.
Mr. Jackson of Va. moved an amendment
to this section, to strike out tnvo years in each
instance, and insert in lieu thereof one year,
nr any longer term, which the volunteers may
engage to serve.
Mr. Gholaon of Vn. embodied Mr. Jackson’s
amendment in the following form, which Mr.
J. accepted as his motion:
“ That any volunteer whose service shall
be accepted under this act shall be exempt
from military service until all the militia in
any slate or territory in which he resides
shall have served a tour of duty equal to
that which the said volunteer shall have serv
ed.”
After a short debate, this motion to amend
was 1 eqatived, 54 to 47.
On motion of Mr. Fisk of Vt. the section re
ported by the committee was amended by
striking out those words which have the ef
fect to exempt such volunteers from subse
quent service, wliehevcr the militia are called
out en masse.
Mr. Grosvenor of A*. Y. denying vhe consti
stutional power of Congress, to preclude the
states from making use of the militia fur state
purposes, moved an ame ndment to toe sec
tion, going to make the volunteers therein
mentioned, liable still to state calls for mili
tia.
Mr. Jackson of Va.i called the attention of
Mr. Grosvenor to one of the earliest acts of
the general government, to exempt certain
persons (public officers) from militia duty,
which fact overturned the whole of the gen
tleman’s argument on this head.
This remark of Mr. Jackson’s was applied
to others, who took side with Mr. Grosvenor,
2c some debate took place on it.
On the question, Mr. Grosvenor’s amend
mem w as agreeu tu oy a majority oi two or
three votes.
Tlie question being stated on the adoption
of the new section reported by the committee
as amended, the yeas and nays thereon were
required by Mr. Webster.
At length a motion fur adjournment pre
vailed, and the house thus ended a long day’s
sitting.
Wasiijubtow, Nov. 7.
Extract of a letter from J1. Sim'air, Ekj. cnmnnn
tling the United Sir.tetf rurvttlforce ov the Upper
Lakctfto the Sc cretnri/ of the Winy, thtleil
U. 3. 8. Niagara, Howls o^K.c,
Ovt. %tb, ItiU.
sin,
I am un*l*T the mortifying necessity of stating
to you thm die i>;|>ort mentioned in my last letter of the
vessels left in the Upper Lake having beer, surprised
and raptured by the ImmU of the enemy, Li.j turned
out to lie correct. The Imcil.xwuin and four men froen
tl.u Scorpion mu le their escape, on wLrir way to Kings
ton, and n osaed Lake Ontario in s'silli from the Bay
of Quinti to the (iennenee lliver, (i-om tlienee to thii
place. The man’s story ix a most unfavorable one
ami xnr.h as ! am loth to believe trie, from the well
known character of Lt. Turner, lie gay* the block
ade i>f the N'autawavtnga river wax mixed a xhort tinn
after my departure—tint the i^h-utenant who torn
mxnded the Navy (and who escaped in the wood:
when she was destroyed) bad jisxxed up to M.xckiuRi
m lienlx, and it waxby him and his crew they were cap
tured. The’/logi cs* lad been • itcif from bln
five days among the /.lands, in which time she h»i
been ruptured. They came in sight of her, laying a
anchor, in tlie evening ; the wind being light they an
chored some distance fioro lier, without fntennt? titf
tta’t. In tli« n»on»injj there was onlv four or fixe men
and no officer on deck. The Tigrex* got under wav
nm down, f red into them, and were on board with oil
any report ever being made to .Mr. Turner, noe wr
there an officer of any^ratle on di rk when she wa
raptured. The wind was fight, tlie Scorpion had tin
adv intti'ju nf a long JV-pourder over the other, ft rotili
have re-c.i->tllred her v.ifh much esw\ The Tiere*'
liad mnde gn it rv-ststanee, I Kit was nverpoweml by m
overwhelming force. Her eotivnsitdcr, (Sailing ma
ter ‘JI* vlabi) atj<J alt btx «¥a«rf were Wounded, a
i were runny ot'hh men. andwicne Jdl!e<*. i I.^l
\ :cut. ’! uroftr* picked crew ir,«nili «wc!, tr-.h tav
i S< iiug-mMU:r,^tn! I'iMl .nk*.* t»o V*th their cr v. *>*;
i chnten uk" l»**rr'>v.e<i from ( n» <Jr*yJ-:i*;, to act as
marines I had ats'i1 *lt hi>n a boarding netting ; in
deed, there u i,ii. precaution 1 did not Take in nt.Cci
pnlKm oi ev*-ry , Port, 1 knew the enemy votiM muki
to rvgiiiu their line of conumriication,*m wlncli their
very existence depended.
i herewith entiise yon my instixctions to Lieut,
rOllier—after which I cannot express to ;r;.
chagrin atlearning die little fegHixl which appears i\>
have been p:.a] to them, stui the evil cui*sec*v*nce8
growing out oi such negleot; cooiequrnti* l ot too
w> II known to yon and p*tl.o gor. rm.ient. mi must
‘■ft believe the infinite inti.- • t l ;.i,«| tftKen in the e\
pi ilior. from the moment I had been cnsro.'.d with
couductr.git, un! liietasigjpne I wipe ! had formed .»»*;*«
comp^to xiicecvx,ickI the h aei'ts r*. - iltua; from it to
tr.v ciwatcc, to ens-.hlc y t. >riu un na. .pmte «le.x -*t
the rnort»tjcn*:**n i now » ja*: .
1 hr* me honor to it ni„ i .*;,h li'.jh ii*-»ecf, si,
yourob’t. serv’t.
A SINCLAIR.
lion. Wit li v?*.Toxr«,
Seen-tar j of the Navy.
C'a/m of c Utter Jrmt: f'af-t. V '.r’rir, (>, IJeuf. DiieScl
TiB'm " tbilrtt
h . r hoop .if V.'ar 'int.n,
NautHwas*. h,\cr, A ■?. 15. ;st4.
SiR.
Having i-eopiphsionl the !>}>•<• t till ithijli
squadron cnine mtothis ipiairer, in the - nt'oii of*
the enemy’s whole navnj fo*r ■ oil tins Inkc, 1 am <vx
the eve oi rrtuniiiig to Lak^ Erie ; hut as it is sIHin.
port art to eat th. en-n.y’s hue of onhonniiiouti.i’i !ixm»
Mii hi'irr.’iokii.nc to York, which is tint . h the V.nita
vv isunga river, Lr.k • Sinclair, $:».* nr.tl c . v inch If.j v*
ry existence depends, yon v.fll :*ero:t»n h re ami fc-i^p
up n rig <1 block vie until you shad lie driven fi on» tho
Lake bykhe iaoteraeocy of the 3cn ~i., » iffering not a
boat or croon to puss in or out of this river. I itr.il
h ave the Tigress wi;*i you. In ec-sc r.cei.iu it duaiitl
happen to either one of the vessels, the otVr may af
ford her imcc s*nry r.-.,umici- Should you de-.it* it
proper to seed the Tlgtbsmp to cruize a week «— two
alniui 5? Joseph’s in orddrtointriwopt the enemy’s far
Cmi< es between St Mary’s end french river, vou cam
dr. so, as one vessel is sufficient to blockade- this river,
I I fliuuki recommend your immediately finding out
anchorage toe iver you from X \V. gai* s, a . this i; th«
j only h ind which cr.« aft'.-ct you in this hay. I see from
j the Vanity’*. I ,og Hook, that the small i>ia ai on tin- S.
j V»\ of this hr.v is ..ucii i. place ns yon ct uhl wiri>,i!ir *c.
j tinvis foi which I here with give you. Iht Vi.i.id i;*it*th
: of us, may abo'^ve you good a*ichOu.ge; hot :l*a\x
| he sere of good bottom before* nnoiKii age, ar the hi- nt
| un anchor might prove of scrums cMii'equwtice .uciv
i Should you ti*;d anchorage *m ha’; side*, i wnr.i • e,*.
e* mmrrid your ;l...oging frequently, ::n*l in a ur.y not x
to he olnervcd b* ih . nomy, vrh.o m. ;h: n*.i only aval
hit iself ofxonr prmthn t*; n nvr otu |«is h us'ii. ‘he
niithf on tin- opposite side, hot h - m: ht aUenpit «jt ~
piisii.g yotahv throning a nnmLer of iiuxm-i hoonl.—
A gai- st attacks *<♦ this ki';*', which hr might he unveil
to hy !iis dcsprmle si'iintim*, as this’ r)lfi* ka*le mart
starve him into a sttrtvi’-Vr by Spring, I most fiani
nt!r-fr caation vim. When She 1 iv h. :r
be fwti to be on ti e nojuMtf ^htMV'-Hinil «w»ni*'
times to run out of sight tr.kiiig tare to «<-.->nr b-ii,
shores as you return. I sie.ilt cKtScavor «i> annoy ;).«*
pavigntion of the river by *’• llm * t'-tes acr.isi t-. rr.01.1j
in older that a portage must be performed ti.cr--,
which liiiat he seen by you.
I wish yen to take an accurate •nrvc.v of this bnv, nl
its isl-rndf, nrd if possible ti.6 nirnn tic o-tr. if i3
culled Matsckadswit, observing tdl it* islz.nKs, c*-eef ,
buys,shoals, nr qlinrugea, courses, divtnnera, n -1 \ism;.
inga, particular! v aUcixling to tin-, kind el't
Should ary ■ hing occur to make it neewsary, y.ai
can send the Tigress to ire. If we can keep their
mm pasting ant'd Ociobcr, i think the w asher will
cfioctnally cat off all ciointr..intention hv anv thing drey
fiave oil float, and in thy Spring an caily blockade *iA
possess iis of Alackinno.
You will ne particulurlv Wcfnl jin having comrau
1.1 rat inn with the shore, nod when you s< i.d n pnrtv fta*
woo let it be on an island, under the pmt' ; !i»iii ol yo.tr
guns, ant! u guard from both vox els.—Wishing you a
pleasant cruize.
T remain very respectfully, your most obedient ter
V8- t,
(Signed) A. SINCLAIR.
Ic'.ut. Con: It. Daniel /’nmer,
Zj. S. Scl.ocnigr Scorpion.
Baitiwo-rx, Not. 1. *
’ Fc.trart to the Kdut/ro—Hated
Ntvn Heuiuku Hat, a»- 10 t»Vs.ot-K tjti“ i it,
f'.o>- 1st-a Kt v.)
"The enemy are now under full sail Mainline uown
tlie bay, [Chesupt ak. ,]
“ in the very galla tunnel-- made. on them yesterday
morning by rape in Biol, of tin l'nki-d Star. Caval
ry, himself m:ri three of Ids men were slightly woun
ded, and nine h-rs--3 h died. The ki-t ut tin: enemy in
killed and wounded not known. YYo took five- prison*
er»” _ Jitter.
Trr.snAT, Nov. 2.-—The commodore’s ship gntiin*
der weigh yestenlny at 8 o’clock, and .'tnod down the
bay, and was followed in succession by the whole of the
squadron, which was >een at 10 o’clock liy ourenUiJrttae
from Air. John G. D eeiunuini t.f full .cil. Thr*'v more
prisoners were taken yeslehlav—they state, it’was un
d^rstoud among the crews that the destination of ths
squadron is Halifax. C. H. Is.
Die Editors have a letter iroin a friend su Lennurd
Town, under date ofSamrday, N nv. 5, which slat \ that
“ there are some British ships ir. the tuouth of the St
St. Alary’s.” JYut. Lit.
Bai.timork, Nov. 7.
From the C II. Book*.
LATEST FROM THE ENEMY.
Authentic accounts received this morning
from below, state that the Patuxent w.is r-_
conncxtered yesterday, no cnemv’s vessels
were or liad been there for a long time.
A boat came up this morning from Tangier
Straits, the captain reports that on Thuxsclry
evening, he saw a ship an i some sniaii vessels
enter the Potomac.
Annapolis. Nov. 2. 1
Extract- of a letter from Cot. ./no. F. Mercer,
to hm E-xccllmcy the Governor.
“ West River, Oct. 31.
“ ' must say, that the men I commanded,
with one exception, behaved in ?. manner hon
orable to thenisrlvesj and even gratifying io
me. acting in the situation 1 did—and i m .st
particularise the obligations I was under to
tliat cxc-ellent officer Captain Franklin, with
out whose aid the men could not have been
provided for or kept together. On every oc
casion they discovered spirit ami -activity, and
although unable to make xny serious im pi ess
ion on the enemy, who cursisted of from 3 and
400 or even 500 at different periods, yet by
firing on their pickets, and shewing them
selves on every point, they circumscribed his
marauding, and kept him close within his
posts.
“ 1 felt much at stake, and when the ene
my moved up to iand on the Swamp shore
this morning, I made every exertion to have
him promptly met. 1 accompanied Captain
, Hurd to the spot where they were debarked
and drawn np in a line in a cornfield, protec
ted in front uy a creek, and on their right
(lank, where alone they could be approached
by a fence. Captain Hurd after waiting for
the infantry two hours, and seeing the enemy
were beginning to re-embark a mile Iwdow,
consulted me, and I gave my opinion in favor
of a charge, which he immediately executed
in the handsomest style—ti e fire of the ene
my was received, but pa»t unheeded—the.
\ fence thrown down, the line of the encmv ir,
mil flight; their men throwing down their
• arms and surrendering ; when by one of t1 ose
1 unfortunate accidents whi'-h narrthc L
J directed military movements, soine one In ' •
, rear cried “ a retreat,” and the Vagoons < ,<
way. Cajit in Burd rallied part of thro
renewed the charge, but the enemy h- .:»•*
* leh.u*e tn g :n another fence, u*vcredi '■

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